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Ejercicios y problemas resueltos de números enteros guia 1

Ejercicios y problemas resueltos de números enteros guia 1

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Published by: Denisse Paula Bello Peralta on Nov 04, 2012
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06/26/2013

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Ejercicios y problemas resueltos de números enteros

1
Ordenar, en senti do creci ente, representar gráfi camente, y
cal cul ar l os opuestos y val ores absol utos de l os si gui entes números:
8, −6, −5, 3, − 2, 4, −4, 0, 7
− 6 < − 5 < − 4 < − 2 < 0 < 3 < 4 < 7 < 8

op(−6) = −(−6) = 6 |−6| = 6
op(−5) = −(−5) = 5 |−5| = 5
op(−4) = −(−4) = 4 |−4| = 4
op(−2) = −(−2) = 2 |−2| = 2
op(0) = 0 |0| = 0
op(3) = −3 |3| = 3
op(4) = −4 |4| = 4
op(7) = −7 |7| = 7
op(8) = −8 |8| = 8

2
Representar gráfi camente, y cal cul ar l os opuestos y val ores
absol utos de l os si gui entes números enteros:
−4, 6, −2, 1, −5, 0, 9

op(−4) = −(−4) = 4 |−4| = 4
op(6) = −6 |6| = 6
op(−2) = −(−2) = 2 |−2| = 2
op(1) = − 1 |1| = 1
op(− 5) = −(−5) = 5 |−5| = 5
op(0) = 0 |0| = 0
op(9) = −9 |9| = 9
Sacar factor común en l as expresi ones:
1. 3 · 2 + 3 · (−5) =
= 3 · [2 + (−5)] = 3 · (2 − 5) = 3 · (−3) = −9
2. (−2) · 12 + (−2) · (−6) =
= (−2) · [12 + (−6)] = (−2) · (12 − 6) = (−2) · 6 = −12

3.8 · 5 + 8 = 8 · (5 + 1) =
= 8 · 6 = 48
4.(−3) · (−2) + (−3) · (−5) =
= (−3) · [(−2) + (−5)] = (−3) · (−2 − 5) = (− 3) · (−7) = 21
5
Real i zar l as si gui entes operaciones con números enteros
1 (7 − 2 + 4) − (2 − 5) = 9 − (−3) = 9 + 3 =12

2 1 − (5 − 3 + 2) − [5 − (6 − 3 + 1) − 2] =
= 1 − (4) − [5 − (4) − 2] =
= 1 − (4) − (5 − 4 − 2)=
= 1 − (4) − (−1) =
= 1 − 4 + 1 = −2

3 −12 · 3 + 18 : (−12 : 6 + 8) =
= −12 · 3 + 18 : (−12 : 6 + 8) =
− 12 · 3 + 18 : (−2 + 8) =
= −12 · 3 + 18 : 6 =
= −36 + 3 = −33

4 2 · [( −12 + 36) : 6 + (8 − 5) : (−3)] − 6 =
= 2 · [24 : 6 +3 : (−3)] − 6 =
= 2 · [ 4 + (−1)] − 6 =
2 · 3 − 6 = 6 − 6 = 0

5 [(−2)
5
· (−3)
2
] : (−2)
2
=
(−32 · 9) : 4 = −288 : 4 = −72

66 + {4 − [(17 − (4 · 4)] + 3} − 5 =
= 6 + {4 − [(17 − (4 · 4)] + 3} − 5 =
6 + [4 − (17 − 16) + 3] − 5 =
= 6 + (4 − 1 + 3) − 5 =
6 + 6 − 5 = 7
7
Real i zar l as si gui entes operaci ones con potenci as:
1 (−2)
2
· (−2)
3
· (−2)
4
= (−2)
9
= −512

2 (−8) · (−2)
2
· (−2)
0
(−2) =
= (−2)
3
· (−2)
2
· (−2)
0
· (−2) = (−2)
6
= 64
3 (−2)
−2
· (−2)
3
· (−2)
4
= (−2)
5
= −32
4 2
−2
· 2
−3
· 2
4
= 2
−1
= 1/2
5 2
2
: 2
3
= 2
−1
= 1/2

6 2
−2
: 2
3
= 2
−5
= (1/2)
5
= 1/32

7 2
2
: 2
−3
= 2
5
= 32

8 2
−2
: 2
−3
= 2
9 [( −2 )
− 2
]
3
· (−2)
3
· (−2)
4
=
= (−2)
−6
· (−2)
3
· (−2)
4
= −2
10 [(−2)
6
: (−2)
3
]
3
· (−2) · (−2)
−4
=
[(−2)
3
]
3
· (−2) · (−2)
−4
=
= (−2)
9
· (−2) · (−2)
−4
= (−2)
6
= 64
8
Real i zar l as si gui entes operaci ones con potenci as:
1 (−3)
1
· (−3)
3
· (−3)
4
= (−3)
8
= 6561
2 (−27) · (−3) · (−3)
2
· (−3)
0
=
(−3)
3
· (−3) · (−3)
2
· (−3)
0
= (−3)
6
= 729
3 (−3)
2
· (−3)
3
· (−3)
−4
= −3
4 3
−2
· 3
−4
· 3
4
= 3
−2
= (1/3)
2
= 1/9
5 5
2
: 5
3
= 5
−1
= 1/5
6 5
−2
: 5
3
= 5
−5
= (1/5)
5
= 1/3125
7 5
2
: 5
−3
= 5
5
= 3125
8 5
−2
: 5
−3
= 5
9 (−3)
1
· [(−3)
3
]
2
· (−3)
−4
=
(−3)
1
· (−3)
6
· (−3)
−4
= (−3)
3
= −27
10 [(−3)
6
: (−3)
3
]
3
· (−3)
0
· (−3)
−4
=
[(−3)
3
]
3
· (−3)
0
· (−3)
−4
=
(−3)
9
· (−3)
0
· (−3)
−4
= (−3)
5
= −243

3 · 2 + 3 · (−5) = = 3 · [2 + (−5)] = 3 · (2 − 5) = 3 · (−3) = −9 2. 6. 1. −2. −5.Representar gráficamente. 9 op(−4) = −(−4) = 4 op(6) = −6 op(−2) = −(−2) = 2 op(1) = − 1 op(− 5) = −(−5) = 5 op(0) = 0 op(9) = −9 |−4| = 4 |6| = 6 |−2| = 2 |1| = 1 |−5| = 5 |0| = 0 |9| = 9 Sacar factor común en las expresiones: 1.8 · 5 + 8 = 8 · (5 + 1) = . (−2) · 12 + (−2) · (−6) = = (−2) · [12 + (−6)] = (−2) · (12 − 6) = (−2) · 6 = −12 3. y calcular los opuestos y valores absolutos de los siguientes números enteros: −4. 0.

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