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Yoav Ben-Dov

EL TAROT DE MARSELLA,
AL DESCUBIERTO
Una guía exhaustiva sobre simbolismo,
[QOVQÅKILW[aUu\WLW[
Si este libro le ha interesado y desea que le mantengamos informado de
nuestras publicaciones, escríbanos indicándonos qué temas son de su interés
(Astrología, Autoayuda, Ciencias Ocultas, Artes Marciales, Naturismo,
Espiritualidad, Tradición…) y gustosamente le complaceremos.
Puede consultar nuestro catálogo en www.edicionesobelisco.com

Colección Cartomancia y Tarot


El Tarot de Marsella, al descubierto
Yoav Ben-Dov

1.ª edición: marzo de 2018

Título original: The Marseille Tarot Revealed : The Complete Guide to Symbolism, Meanings & Methods

Traducción: Francisca Tomás


Maquetación: Natàlia Campillo
Corrección: M.ª Jesús Rodríguez
Diseño de cubierta: Enrique Iborra

© 2017, Yoav Ben-Dov, por el texto


© 2011, 2015, Yoav Ben-Dov, por las cartas
(Reservados todos los derechos)
© 2018, Ediciones Obelisco, S. L.
Publicado por acuerdo con Llewellyn Publications
(Reservados los derechos para la presente edición)
www.llewellyn.com

Edita: Ediciones Obelisco, S. L.


Collita, 23-25. Pol. Ind. Molí de la Bastida
08191 Rubí - Barcelona - España
Tel. 93 309 85 25 - Fax 93 309 85 23
E-mail: info@edicionesobelisco.com

ISBN: 978-84-9111-312-6
Depósito Legal: B-3.859-2018

Printed in Spain

Impreso en España en los talleres gráficos de Romanyà/Valls, S. A.


Verdaguer, 1 - 08786 Capellades (Barcelona)

Reservados todos los derechos. Ninguna parte de esta publicación, incluido el diseño de la cubierta,
puede ser reproducida, almacenada, transmitida o utilizada en manera alguna por ningún medio,
ya sea electrónico, químico, mecánico, óptico, de grabación o electrográfico,
sin el previo consentimiento por escrito del editor.
Diríjase a CEDRO (Centro Español de Derechos Reprográficos, www.cedro.org)
si necesita fotocopiar o escanear algún fragmento de esta obra.
Índice

¨,M[K]JZMMT<IZW\LM5IZ[MTTI ................................................ 7
8ZMNIKQW ..................................................................................... 9

Capítulo 1. La baraja del Tarot


4W[WZyOMVM[LMT\IZW\ ................................................................ 12
4IM[K]MTINZIVKM[I.................................................................... 17
4IM[K]MTIQVOTM[I ...................................................................... 20
-T\IZW\aTI6]M^I-ZI6M_)OM ............................................ 21
-T<IZW\LM5IZ[MTTI ................................................................. 23
4I[JIZIRI[QVOTM[I[V]M^I[ ....................................................... 24
4I[JIZIRI[LM5IZ[MTTIV]M^I[ .................................................  
-T<IZW\LM5IZ[MTTI+*, ........................................................ 27

Capítulo 2. La sesión de lectura


<WLWM[]V[QOVW ....................................................................... 34
-TM[XIKQWLMTITMK\]ZI .............................................................. 35
-TUIVMRWLMTI[KIZ\I[ .............................................................. 37
*IZIRIZTI[KIZ\I[ ....................................................................... 39
4I[LQVnUQKI[LMTI[M[Q~V ........................................................ 42
§+]nTM[TIXZMO]V\I' ................................................................ 47

Capítulo 3. La lectura de las cartas


-T[QOVQÅKILWLMTI[KIZ\I[......................................................... 52
4I\QZILIJn[QKI ......................................................................... 55
=VIXIVWZnUQKIOMVMZIT .......................................................... 59
)TO]VW[MRMUXTW[ ......................................................................  
4I[KIZ\I[QV^MZ\QLI[ .................................................................. 71
Capítulo 4. El lenguaje simbólico
4I[LQZMKKQWVM[ ...........................................................................78
4W[KWTWZM[................................................................................. 83
4W[VƒUMZW[ .............................................................................. 87
4I[ÅO]ZI[ ................................................................................. 92
4I[XIZ\M[LMTK]MZXW ................................................................ 95

Capítulo 5. Los Arcanos Mayores


-TIZKIVWMVMTKMV\ZW ............................................................... 97
7ZLMVaKIW[ ............................................................................. 98
6WUJZM[aVƒUMZW[ .................................................................. 103
4IM[KITMZILMTIKZMIKQ~V ......................................................... 104
4I[XIZ\M[LMTW[IZKIVW[ ...........................................................  
)ÅVQLILa[QOVQÅKILW ................................................................ 108
-T^QIRMLMTTWKW ......................................................................... 111
Letras hebreas ........................................................................... 118

Capítulo 6. Las cartas de los Arcanos Mayores


+IZ\I "-T5IOW .................................................................... 124
+IZ\I "4I8IXQ[I ................................................................... 128
+IZ\I "4IMUXMZI\ZQb............................................................ 132
+IZ\I "-T-UXMZILWZ ...........................................................  
+IZ\I "-T8IXI ...................................................................... 140
+IZ\I "-T-VIUWZILW ........................................................... 144
+IZ\I "-T+IZZW .................................................................... 149
+IZ\I "4I2][\QKQI .................................................................. 153
+IZ\I !"-T-ZUQ\I}W .............................................................. 157
+IZ\I"4I:]MLILMTINWZ\]VI .............................................  
+IZ\I"4I.]MZbI ..................................................................  
+IZ\I"-T)PWZKILW .............................................................. 170
Carta 13 .................................................................................... 174
+IZ\I"4I<MUXTIVbI ........................................................... 178
+IZ\I"-T,QIJTW ................................................................... 182
+IZ\I"4I<WZZM .................................................................... 187
+IZ\I"4I-[\ZMTTI ................................................................. 191
+IZ\I "4I4]VI ....................................................................  !
+IZ\I!"-T;WT ......................................................................... 201
+IZ\I"-T2]QKQW ..................................................................... 205
+IZ\I"-T5]VLW .................................................................. 209
-T4WKW ...................................................................................... 214

Capítulo 7. Los Arcanos Menores


4W[[yUJWTW[LMTW[IZKIVW[ ...................................................... 220
4W[LWUQVQW[LMTW[XITW[.......................................................... 221
)ZKIVW[[]I^M[aL]ZW[ .............................................................. 223
+WZZM[XWVLMVKQI[...................................................................... 225
4MK\]ZILMTW[IZKIVW[UMVWZM[ ................................................ 227
4I\QZILIMVTyVMI ...................................................................... 233

Capítulo 8. Los Ases


)[LM7ZW[................................................................................. 239
)[LM+WXI[ .............................................................................. 241
)[LM*I[\W[ .............................................................................. 243
)[LM-[XILI[............................................................................ 245

Capítulo 9. Las cartas de la corte


:IVOWaXITW[ ............................................................................ 247
4I[ÅO]ZI[P]UIVI[.................................................................. 251
+]ILZyK]TIMQUIOMV ................................................................. 252
4W[K]I\ZWZIVOW[ ...................................................................... 254
4I[W\ILMWZW[ .......................................................................... 258
-T+IJITTWLM7ZW[....................................................................  
4I:MQVILM7ZW[ ......................................................................  
-T:MaLM7ZW[ ..........................................................................  
4I;W\ILM+WXI[ ......................................................................  
-T+IJITTWLM+WXI[ .................................................................  
4I:MQVILM+WXI[ .................................................................... 270
-T:MaLM+WXI[ ........................................................................ 272
4I;W\ILM*I[\W[ ...................................................................... 274
-T+IJITTWLM*I[\W[ .................................................................  
4I:MQVILM*I[\W[ .................................................................... 278
-T:MaLM*I[\W[ ........................................................................ 280
4I;W\ILM-[XILI[ ................................................................... 282
-T+IJITTWLM-[XILI[............................................................... 284
4I:MQVILM-[XILI[ .................................................................   
-T:MaLM-[XILI[ ..................................................................... 288

Capítulo 10. Las cartas numeradas


4MK\]ZILMTI[KIZ\I[V]UMZILI[ ............................................... 291
-TTMVO]IRMLMTI[LQZMKKQWVM[ .................................................... 294
-TLQ[M}WOMVMZIT .......................................................................  !
4W[K]I\ZWXITW[ ........................................................................ 298
1V\MZXZM\IKQWVM[LMTI[KIZ\I[V]UMZILI[ ................................. 309
 LM7ZW[ ................................................................................. 311
 LM7ZW[ ................................................................................. 312
 LM7ZW[ ................................................................................. 313
 LM7ZW[ ................................................................................. 314
 LM7ZW[ ................................................................................. 315
 LM7ZW[ .................................................................................  
 LM7ZW[ ................................................................................. 317
 !LM7ZW[ ................................................................................. 318
LM7ZW[ ................................................................................. 319
 LM+WXI[............................................................................... 320
 LM+WXI[............................................................................... 321
 LM+WXI[............................................................................... 322
 LM+WXI[............................................................................... 323
 LM+WXI[............................................................................... 324
 LM+WXI[............................................................................... 325
 LM+WXI[...............................................................................  
 !LM+WXI[............................................................................... 327
LM+WXI[............................................................................... 328
 LM*I[\W[............................................................................... 329
 LM*I[\W[............................................................................... 330
 LM*I[\W[............................................................................... 331
 LM*I[\W[............................................................................... 332
 LM*I[\W[............................................................................... 333
 LM*I[\W[............................................................................... 334
 LM*I[\W[............................................................................... 335
 !LM*I[\W[...............................................................................  
LM*I[\W[............................................................................... 337
 LM-[XILI[............................................................................ 338
 LM-[XILI[............................................................................ 339
 LM-[XILI[............................................................................ 340
 LM-[XILI[............................................................................ 341
 LM-[XILI[............................................................................ 342
 LM-[XILI[............................................................................ 343
 LM-[XILI[............................................................................ 344
 !LM-[XILI[............................................................................ 345
LM-[XILI[............................................................................  

Capítulo 11. Tiradas adicionales


:IUQÅKIKQWVM[LMTI\QZILIJn[QKI ............................................ 347
4IMTMKKQ~VLMTI\QZILI ............................................................. 348
<QZILI[WJZM]VINWZUI ............................................................ 350
4I\QZILILMXITIJZI[ ................................................................ 352

Capítulo 12. Interpretaciones rápidas


4W[IZKIVW[UIaWZM[ ................................................................. 355
Oros...........................................................................................  
Copas ........................................................................................  
Bastos ........................................................................................  
-[XILI[ ..................................................................................... 371

)KMZKILMTI]\WZAWI^*MV,W^ ............................................... 375


¡Descubre el Tarot de Marsella!

-[\MTQJZWM`XTWZITINI[KQVIV\MPQ[\WZQILMM[\IJIZIRINZMK]MV\MUMV-
\M QVKWUXZMVLQLI a XZWXWZKQWVI KWVWKQUQMV\W[ XZnK\QKW[ [WJZM []
]\QTQbIKQ~VITIPWZILMZMITQbIZTMK\]ZI[[WJZMTI[XZMO]V\I[Un[LQ-
^MZ[I[AWI^*MV,W^KWUXIZ\MMT[QOVQÅKILWLMTW[[yUJWTW[KTn[QKW[
LMT <IZW\ LM 5IZ[MTTI a LM TI[ \uKVQKI[ KWVKZM\I[ Y]M \M Ia]LIZnV
MVTIM[K]KPILM\]XZWXQIQV\]QKQ~VEl Tarot de Marsella, al descubierto
M`XTQKI\WLWTWY]MVMKM[Q\I[[IJMZXIZIMUXMbIZWIPWVLIZMV\]
XZnK\QKIKWVMT<IZW\LM5IZ[MTTIQVKT]aMVLW"

™ JIZIRI[LMT5IZ[MTTIKTn[QKW
™ JIZIRI[LMT5IZ[MTTIV]M^W
™ TIM[K]MTINZIVKM[I
™ TIM[K]MTIQVOTM[I
™ MT\IZW\aTI6]M^I-ZI (New Age)
™ MTUIVMRWLMTI[KIZ\I[
™ JIZIRIZTI[KIZ\I[
™ §K~UWTMMZTI[KIZ\I['
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™ \QZILI[Jn[QKI[
™ KIZ\I[ITIQV^MZ[IQV^MZ\QLI[
™ TMVO]IRM[QUJ~TQKWLMT\IZW\

7
Prefacio

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R]MOW[LMIbIZL]ZIV\M[QOTW[M[\MUQ[\MZQW[WR]MOWLM[M\MV\IaWKPW
KIZ\I[PIMV\][QI[UILWIQVV]UMZIJTM[XMZ[WVI[)TO]VI[PIV][I-
LWTI[KIZ\I[KWUWUMLQWLMILQ^QVIKQ~VaKTIZQ^QLMVKQI7\ZI[PIV
\WUILW MT \IZW\ KWUW LMXW[Q\IZQW [MKZM\W LM IV\QO]W[ a XWLMZW[W[
KWVWKQUQMV\W[0WaMVLyIU]KPI[XMZ[WVI[][IVTI[KIZ\I[LMT\IZW\
KWUWPMZZIUQMV\ILMKWV[]T\IO]yIa\WUILMLMKQ[Q~V0IaY]QM-
VM[TI[][IV\IUJQuVKWUWIa]LI^Q[]ITXIZIO]QIZTIQUIOQVIKQ~Va
TIUMLQ\IKQ~VWKWUWIU]TM\W[UnOQKW[)TWTIZOWLMM[\W[[QOTW[
QVKWV\IJTM[ ^QLI[ P]UIVI[ [M PIV ^Q[\W INMK\ILI[ a ITO]VI[ ^MKM[
\ZIV[NWZUILI[XWZTITMK\]ZILMM[\IKIZ\I[
4TM^W\ZMQV\IaK]I\ZWI}W[KWVMT\IZW\"TMaMVLWTI[KIZ\I[ITIOMV\M
MV[M}IVLW M[KZQJQMVLW a M`XMZQUMV\IVLW <WLI^yI [QOW IXZMVLQMV
LW4W[[]\QTM[MV\ZM[QRW[LMTW[LM\ITTM[LMTI[QT][\ZIKQWVM[KWV\QVƒIV
ZMOITnVLWUM[WZXZM[I[6]M^W[MQVM[XMZILW[[QOVQÅKILW[VWKM[IV
LM MUMZOMZ a IƒV UM I[WUJZW K]IVLW TI[ XMZ[WVI[ [M [QVKMZIV a
KWUXIZ\MV[][[MV\QUQMV\W[Un[yV\QUW[L]ZIV\M]VI[M[Q~VLMTMK-
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LMTI[KIZ\I[LMT\IZW\

9
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MT<IZW\LM5IZ[MTTI+*,]VIMLQKQ~VLMTI[KIZ\I[Y]MZM[\I]ZuLM
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KWTI[+WV^MZMV
¨*QMV^MVQLW[

10
CAPÍTULO 1

La baraja del Tarot

=VIJIZIRILM\IZW\KWV\QMVM[M\MV\IaWKPWKIZ\I[Y]MX]MLMVLQ^Q-
LQZ[MMVLW[XIZ\M[4IXZQUMZIXIZ\M[MTTIUIIZKIVW[UIaWZM[aKWV-
[Q[\MMV^MQV\QL~[KIZ\I[KWV]VI[QT][\ZIKQWVM[MTIJWZILI[aKWV]VI
V]UMZIKQ~VKWV[MK]\Q^IKWV]VVWUJZMM[XMKyÅKWKILI]VILMMTTI[
4W[IZKIVW[UIaWZM[U]M[\ZIVQUnOMVM[LMXMZ[WVI[aIVQUITM[R]V-
\W I U]KPW[ WJRM\W[ a [yUJWTW[ )TO]VW[ M[\nV \WUILW[ LM TI ^QLI
[WKQITaW\ZW[ZMXZM[MV\IV\MUI[UQ\WT~OQKW[ZMTQOQW[W[WÅTW[~ÅKW[
4I[ZM[\IV\M[KQVK]MV\Ia[MQ[KIZ\I[[MLQ^QLMVMVK]I\ZWIZKIVW[
;MTTIUIVIZKIVW[UMVWZM[a\QMVMV]VLQ[M}WUn[[MVKQTTWY]MTW[
IZKIVW[UIaWZM[4W[K]I\ZWIZKIVW[\WUIV[][VWUJZM[LMWJRM\W[
[QUJ~TQKW["WZW[KWXI[M[XILI[aJI[\W[+ILI]VWLMTW[IZKIVW[
UMVWZM[M[\nNWZUILWXWZKI\WZKMKIZ\I[LM\ZM[\QXW["]VI[V]M^M
KIZ\I[V]UMZILI[LMTLW[ITLQMbaK]I\ZWKIZ\I[Y]M[WVTW[XMZ[W-
VIRM[LMTIKWZ\MQLMV\QÅKILI[XWZ[]ZIVOW";W\I+IJITTW:MQVIa
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[QUQTIZITI[KIZ\I[VWZUITM[Y]M\IUJQuV\QMVMVK]I\ZWXITW[4I
LQNMZMVKQIXZQVKQXITM[Y]MTI[KIZ\I[LMR]OIZ\QMVMV[~TW\ZM[KIZ\I[
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aWZM[aTW[UMVWZM[[MTTIUIVI^MKM[XITW[UIaWZM[aUMVWZM[4I[
KIZ\I[LMTW[IZKIVW[UIaWZM[[MTTIUIV\IUJQuV®\ZQ]VNW[¯

11
Los orígenes del tarot
,]ZIV\MU]KPW\QMUXW[MPILMJI\QLW[WJZMTW[KZMILWZM[WZQOQVITM[
LMT\IZW\TIuXWKIaMTT]OIZMT[QOVQÅKILWLM[][[yUJWTW[KWUXTMRW[
MQVKT][W[WJZMMTWZQOMVLMTVWUJZM®\IZW\¯#\WLWMTTWPILILWT]OIZ
\IV\W I TI M[XMK]TIKQ~V KWUW IT LM[IZZWTTW LM V]UMZW[W[ M[\]LQW[
MZ]LQ\W[)K\]ITUMV\MTIUIaWZyILMTW[PQ[\WZQILWZM[KZMMVY]MTI[
KIZ\I[ LMT \IZW\ IXIZMKQMZWV MV MT VWZ\M LM 1\ITQI I XZQVKQXQW[ LMT
siglo XVa[]OQMZMVY]MMT\IZW\PIM`XMZQUMV\ILWKIUJQW[[QOVQÅKI-
\Q^W[IV\M[LM\WUIZTINWZUIY]MKWVWKMUW[PWa
4I[LW[XIZ\M[LMTIJIZIRIXZW^QMVMV[MO]ZIUMV\MLMLQNMZMV\M[
WZyOMVM[ 4W[ IZKIVW[ UMVWZM[ [M KZMM Y]M \QMVMV [] WZQOMV MV TI[
KIZ\I[][ILI[MV+PQVI5n[\IZLM[MXZWXIOIZWVXWZTI1VLQIIV\M[
LMTTMOIZI1\ITQII\ZI^u[LMTW[XIy[M[Q[TnUQKW[MVTI-LIL5MLQI
+QMZ\IUMV\M+PQVIM1VLQI\QMVMVIV\QO]W[R]MOW[LMKIZ\I[KWVXI-
TW[NWZUILW[XWZI[M[KIZ\I[V]UMZILI[aKIZ\I[KWVXMZ[WVIRM[LM
TIKWZ\M4I[KIZ\I[LMTW[U][]TUIVM[LMTXMZyWLWUIUMT]KWQVKT][W
U]M[\ZIV[yUJWTW[Y]M[WV^Q[]ITUMV\MU]a[QUQTIZM[ITW[K]I\ZW
XITW[LMT\IZW\

El Mago, 6 de Oros, As de Bastos, Caballo de Copas, 3 de Espadas

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M]ZWXMI6WM`Q[\MVILIXIZMKQLWMVTW[XIy[M[I[Qn\QKW[a[]QUIOQ-
VMZyIIX]V\IKTIZIUMV\MI]VIQVÆ]MVKQIUMLQM^IT\IZLyIWLMXZQV-
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LMK]I\ZWXITW[XZW^MVQMV\M[LM7ZQMV\M4WY]M[IJMUW[M[Y]MI

12
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19
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W\ZIM[K]MTIY]MKIUJQ~\IV\WTI[KWZZM[XWVLMVKQI[KWUWTI[QT][\ZI-
KQWVM[LMTI[KIZ\I[

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20
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El tarot y la Nueva Era (New Age)


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21
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22
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23
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original.

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