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VERBO TO BE

It is the most important verb of English and at the same time, the most
complicated, is used as main and auxiliary verb, is irregular in present and
past

Es el verbo ms importante del ingls y al mismo tiempo, el ms complicado, se usa


como verbo principal y auxiliar, es irregular en presenta y pasado

Contractions are generally used during a conversation and not in writing


unless it is an informal text or transcribing a dialogue

Las contracciones se usan generalmente durante una conversacin y no por escrito


a menos que sea un texto informal o transcribiendo un dilogo

The contractions of these forms are usually used

Se suele utilizar contracciones de estas formas


Examples (Ejemplos)

1. I am Spanish. Yo soy espaol

2. You are old. T eres mayor

3. They are foreigners. Ellos son extranjeros

4. We were young. Nosotros ramos jvenes

5. He is to stay here. l va a quedarse aqu

6. He is to study medicine. l va a estudiar medicina

7. It is hot. Hace calor

8. He is here. l est aqu

9. They were in Paris. Ellos estaban en Paris

10. We were playing football. Nosotros estbamos jugando al


ftbol
Exercises (Ejercicios)

1.- Escriba la forma correcta del pasado simple del verbo to be.

1) I intelligent. Yo soy inteligente


2) You young. T eres joven
3) They teachers. Ellos son profesores
4) We dancers. Nosotros somos bailarines
5) He drinking wine. l est bebiendo vino
6) He coming. l est viniendo
7) It cold. Hace fro
8) He there. l est all
9) They at home. Ellos estaban en casa
10) We singing. Nosotros estbamos cantando
11) I your father. Yo soy tu padre
12) She young. Ella fue joven
13) We students. Nosotros fuimos estudiantes
14) I rich. Yo era rico
15) He my best friend. l es mi mejor amigo
16) She my girlfriend. Ella era mi novia
17) It yours. Esto es tuyo
18) I running. Yo estoy corriendo
19) They with him. Ellos estaban con l
20) We recording the interview. Nosotros estamos grabando la entrevista
2.- Elige la forma correcta del pasado simple afirmativo del verbo to be.

1 I ____ in New York last summer.


was were am

2 My dog ____ white and black.


did be were was

3 Where ____ your brother from?


're was were

4 Our old car ____ red.


's were was

5 ____ you and I enemies?


Were Was Are

6 Your English books ____ in the bookcase last weekend.


were was are

7 ____ your mother pregnant?


Was Were Did be

8 ____ your uncle from Australia?


Was Were Did be

9 I ____ fat 10 years ago.


am were was

10 He ____ at school yesterday.


was were is

Yo ____ en Nueva York el pasado verano.


Mi perro ____ blanco y negro.
De dnde es su hermano?
4 Nuestro viejo coche ____ rojo.
5 ____ t y yo enemigos?
6 Sus libros en ingls ____ en la estantera el fin de semana
pasado.
7 ____ su madre embarazada?
8 ____ tu to de Australia?
9 I ____ grasa hace 10 aos.
10 l ____ en la escuela ayer.

Ejercicios
1.- Completa las siguientes oraciones con el pasado simple del verbo to be en forma
afirmativa.

They very happy.


I very angry.
My friend Tom in New York last summer.

2.- Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma contrada del verbo to be en pasado y
en forma negativa.

You at school last Monday.


He fifteen years old.
Our houses very old.

3.- Completa las siguientes oraciones con el pasado del verbo to be en interrogativa
afirmativa.

she a beatiful girl?


Where my car?

4.- Completa las siguientes oraciones con la forma contrada del verbo to be en pasado
interrogativa.

we here last holidays?


it a nice present?
Sentence structure of the verb To be in past progressive
(Estructura de oraciones del verbo To be en pasado
progresivo)

Affirmative sentences (Oraciones Afirmativas)

Pronombre /Sujeto + was/were + Verbo ing + Complemento

Example:

Alina was running in the court football last weekend

Alina corra en el campo de ftbol el fin de semana pasado)

Negative sentences (Oraciones Negativas)

Pronombre / sujeto + wasnt/werent + Verbo-ing + Complemento

Example:

Alina wasnt running in the court football last weekend.

Alina no estaba corriendo en el campo de ftbol el pasado fin de semana

Interrogative sentences (Oraciones Interrogativas)

Was/Were + Subject + verbo-ing + Complemento + ?

Example:

Was Alina running in the court football last weekend?

Alina estaba corriendo en el campo de ftbol el pasado fin de semana?


Exercises of the Progressive Past (Ejercicios del Pasado Progresivo)

Elabore en ingles las siguientes oraciones en espaol

Yo estaba durmiendo cuando t llamaste


I was sleeping when you called
T estabas estudiando tranquilamente, cuando Carly te bes
You were studying quietly, when Carly kissed you
Estaba comiendo mi almuerzo cuando me estaba muriendo de hambre
He was eating my lunch when I was starving
Cuando Martn lleg, Ella estaba besando a Ral
When Martin arrived, She was kissing Raul
Cuando encend la calefaccin, ello estaba consumiendo mucha electricidad
When I turned on the heater, it was consuming a lot of electricity
Cuando l trajo la maceta, Nosotros estbamos cortando las flores
When He brought the flowerpot, We were cutting the flowers
Cuando empec a trabajar, ustedes recin estaban llegando
When I started working, you were just coming
Cuando el ladrn lleg, ellos estaban contando el dinero
When the thief came, they were counting the money