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PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA MADRE Y MAESTRA

DEPARTAMENTO DE INGENIERIA INDUSTRIAL


Ingeniera Econmica (SD-II -318-T-001)
Profesora: Katia Montao

TAREA Para entregar, a ms tardar el MIERCOLES 8 de ABRIL en la


clase (10 a.m.)

En un CD

VALOR: 25 puntos

I.- Calcular el Valor Presente despues de impuestos, y la Tasa Interna de Retorno de un proyecto con un capital
inicial de 7 millones. De los cuales toma prestados el 55% por 6 aos, a una tasa del 10%. La tasa de impuestos es del
25% y la tasa de rendimiento es de 13%
Ao
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Ingreso
Bruto IB

Gasto
Operacin
GO

950,000
1,995,000
2,960,000
3,225,000
3,580,000
3,830,000
3,990,000
3,890,000
3,890,000

290,000
310,000
350,000
380,000
Planta
Elctrica
430,000
Monta
carga Elctrico
430,000
Monta
carga de Gasoil
Carro
456,000
Camioneta
500,000
500,000

comprado el
31 de
diciembre
del
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005

costo
2,050,000
580,000
450,000
1,100,000
900,000

Valor Salv.
800,000
90,000
85,000
115,000
120,000

vendido en
2012
2006
2007
2008
2009

precio venta
810,000
650,000
120,000
100,000
190,000

Vida til de los vehculos 5 aos.


Vida til de la planta Elctrica es de 6 aos.
Vida til de los montacargas 3 aos.
2005 es el ao cero.

FEADI = IB + otros ingresos Gastos Operacin


FEDI = FEADI Impuestos Intereses Principal
IG = FEADI Depreciacin - Intereses + Ganancia neta de capital perdida neta de capital + recuperacin de
depreciacin.
Direccn para buscar la tabla de amortizacin: Tabla de amortizacin en WWW.drprestamos.net

II.- Al final de cada ao, todos los propietarios y empleados de la cooperativa Bel Country Utility reciben un bono segn
las utilidades netas de la cooperativa en el ao anterior. Bart acaba de recibir un bono de $8,530 . Planea invertirlo en un
programa de anualidades que paga 7% anual. Los planes de largo plazo de Bart son renunciar a su trabajo en la
cooperativa, cuando an sea lo bastante joven para iniciar su propio negocio. Parte de los gastos de su vida futura se
pagarn con los crditos que el bono genere.
a) Si el piensa trabajar 15 aos ms, cuanto ser la anualidad que percibir durante todo los aos a partir del inicio
de su retiro.

b)

Cuantos aos deben transcurrir para que Bert pueda tomar su retiro, si l quiere que su bono le genere una
anualidad de 3,000 anuales.

NOTA: La funcin NPER dice cuntos aos se requieren para que un monto actual X se convierta en un monto futuro Y.

IV.- Compare las alternativas de un Sistema de seguridad para una subestacin de distribucin de energa
anlisis del valor anual. Con una tasa de inters del 10%. ul es preferible?

Condi

Aldi

Torri

Costo inicial

200,000

550,000

1,000,000

Op. y Mant. Anual

50,000

20,000

10,000

Costo acond.

5,000 cada 5 aos

Ingresos anuales

120,000

120,000

130,000

VS

25,000

500,000

Aos

10

20

infinito

V.- Qu es la tasa interna de retorno? Puede haber ms de una tasa interna de retorno en un proyecto?

por medio del

VI.- Benet/cost (B/C) analysis


Water Treatment Facility (Case)
Allen Water Utilities has planned for the last 25 years to construct a new drinking water treatment facility that will supply the rapidly growing north
and northwest areas of the city. An expectation of over 100,000 new residents in the next Several years and 500,000 by 2040 prompted the
development of the plant Starting in 2012. The supply is from a large surface lake currently used to provide water to all of Allen and the surrounding
communities. The project is termed WTF3, and its initial capital investment is $540 million for the treatment plant and two large steel-pipe
transmission mains (84- and 48-inch) that will be installed via tunneling approximately 100 to 120 feet under suburban areas of the city to reach
current reservoirs.

Tunneling was selected after geotechnical borings indicated that open trenching was not supportable by the soil and based upon a large public outcry
against trenching in the living areas along the selected transmission routes. Besides the treatment plant construction on the 95acre site, there must be
at least three large vertical shafts (25 to 50 feet in diameter) bored along each transmission main to gain underground access for equipment and
debris removal during the tunneling operations.
The stated criteria used to make decisions for WTF3 and the transmission
Mains were economics, environment, Community impact, and constructability. There are major long-term benets for the new facility. These are
some mentioned by city engineers:
It will meet projected water needs of the city for the next 50 years.
The new treatment plant is at a higher elevation than the current two plants, allowing gravity ow to replenish reservoirs, thereby using little or
no electric pumping.
There will be an increase in the diversity and reliability of supply as other plants age.
It will provide a water quality that is more consistent due to the location of the raw water intakes.
The facility uses water supplies already purchased; therefore, there is no need to negotiate additional allowances. The disbene ts are mostly
short-term during the construction of WTF3 and transmission mains. Some of these are mentioned by citizen groups and one retired
city engineer:
There will be disruption of habitat for some endangered species of birds, lizards, and trees not found in any other parts of the country.
Large amounts of dust and smoke will enter the atmosphere in a residential area during the 3 years of construction, tunneling, and transmission
main completion.
Noise pollution and traf c congestion will result during an estimated 26,000 truck trips to remove debris from the plant site and tunnel shafts, in
addition to the problems from regular construction trafc.
Natural landscape in plant and tunnel shaft sites will be destroyed.
Safety will be compromised for children in a school where large trucks will pass about every 5 minutes for approximately 12 hours per day, 6
days per week for 2 years.
There may be delays in re and ambulance services in emergencies, since many neighborhood streets are country-road width and offer only
single ingress/egress streets for neighborhoods along the indicated routes.
The need for the facility has not been proved, as the water will be sold to developers outside the city limits, not provided to residences within Allen.
Newly generated revenues will be used to pay off the capital funding bonds approved for the plants construction.
Last year, the city engineers did a benet/cost analysis for this massive public sector project; none of the results were publicized. Public and elected
ofcial intervention has now caused some of the conclusions using the criteria mentioned above to be questioned by the general Manager of Allen
Water Utilities.

The situation with the location and construction of the new WTF3 and associated transmission mains described above, has reached a
serious level because of recent questions posed by some city council members and citizen groups. Before going public to the city
council with the analysis performed last year, the director of Allen Water Utilities has asked an engineering management consultant to
review it and determine if it was an acceptable analysis and correct economic decision, then and now. The lead consultant, Joel
Whiterson, took engineering economy as a part of his B.S. education and has previously worked on economic studies in the
government sector, but never as the lead person. Within the rst hour of checking background notes, Joel found several initial
estimates (shown below) from last year for expected consequences if WTF3 were built. He realized that no viewpoint of the study was
dened, and, in fact, the estimates were never classied as costs, benets, or disbenets. He did determine that disbenets were
considered at some point in the analysis, though the estimates for them are very sketchy.
Joel dened two viewpoints: a citizen of Allen

and

the Allen Water Utilities budget.

For this homework use: a citizen of Allen viewpoint to identify each of the estimates as a cost, benet, or
disbenet.
Citizen of the city of Allen, viewpoint Goal: Maximize the quality of life and wellness of citizens with
family and neighborhood as prime concerns.
Rates of return: 10%
Economic Dimension

Monetary Estimate

1. Cost of water: 10% annual increase to Allen households

Average of $29.7 million (years 15, steady thereafter)

2. Bonds: Annual debt service at 3% per year on $540 million

$16.2 million (years 119); $516.2 million (year 20)

3. Use of land: Payment to Parks and Recreation for shaft sites and construction areas

$300,000 (years 14)

4. Property values: Loss in value, sales price, and property taxes

$4 million (years 15)

5. Water sales: Increases in sales to surrounding communities

$5 million (year 4) plus 5% per year (years 520)

6. M&O: Annual maintenance and operations costs

$300,000 plus 4% per year increase (years 120)

7. Peak load purchases: Savings in purchases of treated water from secondary sources

$500,000 (years 520)