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GUIA DE TRABAJO

 Lea atentamente el texto.


 Escriba los datos más importantes en su agenda o libreta de apuntes.
 Responda los ejercicios que se proponen.

1. PRESENTE SIMPLE

Normalmente se utiliza para hablar de acciones habituales, pero en ocasiones


puede tener sentido de futuro.

1.1. Afirmativa

I work
You work
He / she / it works
We work
You work
They work

1.1.1. He/she/it : Sólo la tercera persona del singular (he/she/it) es diferente de las
demás, ya que se le añade “-s”.

1.1.2. Existen verbos a los que se añade “-es” en lugar de “-s”:


- do - does.
- go - goes
-s pass - passes
-ch watch - watches
-sh wash - washes
-x mix - mixes
-z buzz - buzzes

1.1.3. La terminación es “–ies” cuando un verbo acaba en “consonante + y”. La


“y” se convierte en “i” y se añade “-es”:

- study - studies
- carry - carries

1.2. Negación

1
forma completa forma contraída
I do not work I don´t work
You do not work You don´t work
He / she / it does not work He / she /it doesn´t work
We do not work We don´t work
You do not work You don´t work
They do not work They don´t work

1.3. Interrogación

respuesta breve + respuesta breve -


Do I work? Yes, I do No, I don´t
Do you work? Yes, you do No, you don´t
Does he / she / it work? Yes, he / she / it does. No, he / she / it doesn´t
Do we work? Yes, we do No, we don´t
Do you work? Yes, you do No, you don´t
Do they work? Yes, they do No, they don´t

2. PRESENTE SIMPLE 2 (PRESENTE HISTÓRICO, FUTURO)

Además de para expresar acciones cotidianas o verdades universales, el presente


simple se utiliza también en otros casos:

2.1. Presente simple con valor de futuro.

Utilizamos el presente simple para hablar de hechos futuros que dependen de


algún horario o programa, pero no para hablar de planes personales o
predicciones. También es posible utilizar el futuro con will en estos casos,
ejemplos:

- The train to Norfolk leaves from platform 7 in 10 minutes.


- The next conference takes place in the other building.
- They arrive before lunch tomorrow and catch the last bus.

2.2. Presente histórico

El presente simple se puede utilizar para hablar de hechos pasados. En estos


casos, el presente confiere una sensación de realidad y cercanía a los hechos
narrados, ejemplos:

- Christopher Columbus discovers America by mistake in 1492.


- She was very late and then she tells me she must leave early because she has
to work the next day.

VOCABULARIO
Panadería Baker Optica Optician
Peluquería Hairdresser Farmacia Pharmacy

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Frutería Greengrocer Gasolinera gas station
Taller Workshop Quiosco Newsstand
Cafetería Snack-bar Discoteca Disco
Joyería Jeweller Hospital Hospital
Carnicería Butcher Pastelería Pastery
Banco Bank Ferretería hardware store
Iglesia Church Supermercado Supermarket
Juguetería Toyshop Tienda de ropa Clothes shop
Librería Bookshop Anticuario Antique shop
Zapatería Shoe shop Tienda de muebles Furniture place

VERBOS
Infinitivo/Presente Significado Forma pasada Participio
To notice Observar noticed noticed
To bend Doblar bent Bent
To grieve estar afligido grieved grieved
To keep asking preguntar con insistencia kept asking Kept asking
To bet Apostar betted / bet betted / bet
To bid Ordenar bade bidden
To bid Pujar bid Bid
To bind Atar bound bound
To bite Morder bit bitten
To bleed Sangrar bled Bled
To blow Soplar blew blown
To break Romper broke broken

3. EJERCICIOS

Simple Present (interrogative)

1. Write questions as in the example.


1. You / speak English. Do you speak English?
2. She / work hard.
3. They / have dinner at eight
4. Jill and Tom / study at university
5. You / do your homework every day
6. John / watch TV after dinner.
7. He / wash the car at the weekend.
8. Her friends / live in London.
9. You / have any brothers or sisters.
10. Your friends / go to the cinema very often.

2. Complete the questions with do or does.


1. ...... she take her gog for a walk in the morning?
2. ...... your friend Paul work in the shop over there?

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3. ...... they know the answers to the exam?
4. ...... your parents know that you smoke?
5. ...... Bill teach maths?
6. Where ....... your sister live?
7. What time ...... the lessons finish?
8. ...... you go to the coast in summer?
9. ...... it rain very often in Ireland?
10. Why ...... they ask so many questions in class?

3. Write short answers to these questions (yes, I do / no, I don´t / yes, she
does / no, she doesn´t, ....)
1. Do you speak French? ................ 6. Does your father work? .............
2. Does your mother like chocolate? ............ 7. Do you go to the cinema? ............
3. Do you study a lot? .............. 8. Does your best friend study? .......
4. Do you usually watch TV at night? ............ 9. Does it rain a lot in Africa? ...........
5. Do you play a musical instrument? ........... 10. Do you live in a flat? ...........

Answers
Exercise 1:
2. Does she work hard?
4
3. Do they have dinner at eight?
4. Do Jill and Tom study at university?
5. Do you do your homework every day?
6. Does John watch TV after dinner?
7. Does he wash the car at the weekend?
8. Do her friends live in London?
9. Do you have any brothers or sisters?
10. Do your friends go to the cinema very often?
Exercise 2:
1. Does she take her gog for a walk in the morning?
2. Does your friend Paul work in the shop over there?
3. Do they know the answers to the exam?
4. Do your parents know that you smoke?
5. Does Bill teach maths?
6. Where does your sister live?
7. What time do the lessons finish?
8. Do you go to the coast in summer?
9. Does it rain very often in Ireland?
10. Why do they ask so many questions in class?
Exercise 3:
1. Yes, I do / No, I don´t 6. Yes, he does / No, he doesn´t
2. Yes, she does / no, she doesn´t 7. Yes, I do / No, I don´t
3. Yes, I do / No, I don´t 8. Yes, she/he does // No, she/he doesn´t
4. Yes, I do / No, I don´t 9. Yes, it does / No, it doesn´t.
5. Yes, I do / No, I don´t 10. Yes, I do / No, I don´t