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EARNINGS

(GANANCIAS)

PRESENTADO POR:
CUTIPA CCALLALLA, MARIA DEL CARMEN
ALVAREZ PALACIOS, DEYSI
CASTILLO RAMOS, JUDITH
EARNING - GANANCIAS

Profit is the action and Ganancia es la accin y


effect of gain (gain or efecto de ganar (adquirir
increase flow, get a salary caudal o aumentarlo,
in a job, stay with what obtener un sueldo en un
takes place in a game, trabajo, quedarse con lo
win a seat). The term que se disputa en un
usually refers to the utility juego, conquistar una
resulting from a treatment plaza). El trmino suele
or action. referirse a la utilidad que
resulta de un trato o una
accin.
EXAMPLE:
It is known as economic gain If a person spends two hundred dollars
or economic benefit to the on bread, ham and cheese to make
utility that an actor gets the sandwiches and, following the sale of
economic, commercial or these, receives three hundred soles, have
production process. It can be made a profit of a hundred suns. There
calculated as total revenues are, of course, intangible values, such as
(from sales, interest on time spent preparing the sandwiches.
investments, etc..) Minus total
costs (production costs, taxes).

EJEMPLO:
Se conoce como ganancia
econmica o beneficio Si una persona invierte doscientos
econmico a la utilidad que soles en pan, jamn y queso para
obtiene el actor de un elaborar sndwiches y, tras la venta
proceso econmico, de stos, recibe trescientos soles,
comercial o productivo. habr obtenido una ganancia de cien
Puede calcularse como los
ingresos totales (obtenidos soles. Existen, por supuesto, valores
por las ventas, los intereses intangibles, como el tiempo dedicado
de inversiones, etc.) menos a la elaboracin de los sndwiches.
los costos totales (gastos de
produccin, impuestos).
GLOSSARY
1. GAIN: Acquire one thing, usually money or something good with the work,
effort or luck.

2. EMPLOYEES: The person who serves on a charge making outstanding


tasks, developed in an office with intellectual qualities and which receives a
salary.

3. WAGES: It is the payment received by a person regularly performing their


work.

4. UTILITY: Income is interest, profit or fruit you get from something.

5. PAYROLL: The term payroll indicates the amount paid to employees for
the work they have done in the company for a specified period, usually
monthly or quarterly time.

6. UNEMPLOYMENT: Refers to the lack of work. An unemployed person is


one subject that is part of the active population (found in working age) and
seeking employment without success
GLOSSARY

7. RETIREMENT: Termination of work directly involves not getting your


monthly income, so when a person retires receives a monthly cash
benefit for life.

8. INCREMENTAL SALARY: When a person receives an increase in


salary as a result of an incentive for good performance or because
there has been a discussion and then wage stipulated by law an
increase in the basic wage.

9. TAX DEDUCTIBLE: A deduction is an exception in the fiscal


framework to encourage certain activities by further relief for
expenses that have already been included in the income statement.

10.ENTITLEMENT: It is the right of every worker to the employer to


grant paid leave by the fact of having worked a certain time break.
USE THE WORDS IN BOLD TO FORM A WORD
ARE CALCULATED AND PAID:

weekly.
1. Wages are earnings which are calculated and paid ...
Los salarios son los ingresos que se calculan y se pagan
semanalmente.
employees
2. The payroll contains details of all the who work
for the company.

La nmina contiene detalles de todos los empleados que trabajan


para la compaa.
deduction
3. The employer makes a for tax from the workers
gross salary.
El empleador hace una deduccin de impuestos de salario bruto
de los trabajadores.

relief
4. When calculating how much tax to pay, personal .. is
set against the amount someone earns.

Calculando cuanto impuesto para pagar, el alivio personal es


puesto contra la cantidad alguien gana.
5. In the UK, people who have worked and paid into National Insurance
unemployment
can claim benefits from the State. These include Benefit
retirement
and a pension for ..
En el Reino Unido, las personas que han trabajado y pagado al Seguro
Nacional pueden reclamar beneficios del Estado. Estos incluyen la
prestacin por desempleo y una pensin para la jubilacin.

contributions to
6. To provide for their old age, people may pay monthly ..
a pension scheme.
Proveer para su vejez, las personas pueden pagar las cotizaciones
mensuales a un plan de pensiones.
deductible.
7. Payments to a pension scheme may be tax .
Los pagos a un plan de pensiones pueden ser deducibles de impuestos.

non-contributory.
8. Pension schemes operated by a company may be
Los planes de pensiones gestionados por una empresa pueden ser
de carcter no contributivo.

9. The law in some countries says that an employee who is ill should get a
statutory.
certain amount of pay which is known as ..

La ley en algunos pases, dice que un empleado que est enfermo


debe recibir cierta cantidad de salario que se conoce como ley.
v

entitlement
10. In some companies the employees have a holiday Of
20 days.
En algunas empresas los empleados tienen derecho a vacaciones de
20 das.

incremental
11. They receive an increase each year as they are paid an ..
salary.
Ellos reciben un aumento cada ao, ya que se les paga un salario
incrementales.
widths
12. The government sets the tax band between one tax
threshold an the next.
El gobierno establece los anchos de banda de impuestos entre un
umbral del impuesto un otro.