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Hfsc dc fskibfnkþb dc n`st`s? eët`d`s
 
 
Qfrf fskibfr m`s n`st`s sc dchcb fskibfr prkecr` m`s
ncbtr`s dc rcsp`bsfhkmkdfd
. Cxkstcb trcs tkp`s dc ncbtr`s dc rcsp`bsfhkmkdfdcs, ncbtr`s dc n`st`s, d`bdc s`m` sc fnueumfb dft`s dc n`st`s, pucs su pfpcm cs ubknfecbtc  pr`vccr ub scrvknk` y su `pcrfnk`b cs f n`stf dc fmiubfs cr`ifnk`bcs n`rrcsp`bdkcbtcs. M`s ncbtr`s dc utkmkdfdcs, d`bdc sc rcikstrfb tfbt` n`st`s n`e`kbircs`s, y m`s ncbtr`s dc rcbtfhkmkdfd, d`bdc mf utkmkdfd rcsumtfbtc dc m`s kbircs`sy m`s n`st`s s`b n`epfrfd`s n`b mf kbvcrsk`b quc lf skd` bcncsfrkf pfrf su gubnk`bfekcbt`. Cm pr`p`skt` gkbfm dc t`d` skstcef dc n`st`s dchc scr m`irfr quc f t`dfs mfs ubkdfdcs dc m`s pr`dunt`s pr`ncsfd`s mcs scf ftrkhukdf ubf pfrtc dc mfs cr`ifnk`bcs nfusfdfs p`r mf pr`dunnk`b dc mf efbcrf efs oustf p`skhmc y quc nfdf ubf dc cmmfs rcgmcoc mf rcbtfhkmkdfd rcsumtfbtc dc mf gfhrknfnk`b dc nfdf  pr`dunt`. M`s skstcefs dc fskibfnk`b dc n`st`s s`m` kbv`munrfb m`s n`st`s ` ifst`s kbdkrcnt`s dc gfhrknfnk`b, yf quc m`s dkrcnt`s s`b pmcbfecbtc kdcbtkgknfhmcs n`b cm pr`dunt`.
 ECT@D@M@IKF^ DC F^KIBFNK@B
 Qfrf m`s n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s dc gfhrknfnk`b sc nfmnumf ubf tfsf (rftc)  prcdctcrekbfdf dc n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s, tfehkcb n`b`nkdf n`e` n`cgknkcbtc rciumfd`r dc n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s, dkvkdkcbd` m`s n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s prcsupucstfd`s  pfrf t`d` cm nknm` n`btfhmc (ub ecs ` ub fö`), nuy` nfmnum` sc hfsf cb l`rfs dc efb` dc `hrf dkrcntf, n`st` dc csfs l`rfs, l`rfs efqukbf, ` n`st`s dc m`s eftcrkfmcs kbdkrcnt`s. Cm rcsumtfd` dc dknlf dkvksk`b, yf scf cb pcs`s p`r l`rf ` cb p`rncbtfoc, cs mf tfsf quc sc dchc fpmknfr hkcb scf f mfs l`rfs rcfmcs dc efb` dc `hrf dkrcntf, n`st` rcfm dc csfs l`rfs, l`rfs efqukbf rcfmcs, ` n`st` rcfm dc m`s eftcrkfmcs kbdkrcnt`s. Cm nfmnum` dc mf tfsf cs hfstfbtc skepmc, dc fnucrd` n`b mf skiukcbtc g`reumf?
 
 
Ect`d`s pfrf nfmnumfr mf tfsf prcdctcrekbfdf dc n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s
 
 
Cxkstcb vfrk`s ect`d`s pfrf n`b`ncr mf tfsf prcdctcrekbfdf dc n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s quc sc bcncsktf pfrf n`b`ncr cm tcrncr cmcecbt` dcm n`st`, y cm quc sc skif ub` u `tr` dcpcbdc dc mfs fntkvkdfdcs dc nfdf ceprcsf, nufbd` sc trftf dc ubf tfsf im`hfm, ` dc mf g`ref n`e` trfhfof nfdf ub` dc m`s dcpfrtfecbt`s dc  pr`dunnk`b, pucs ekcbtrfs ub`s m` lfncb n`b ub n`st` euy cmcvfd` dc m`s eftcrkfmcs dkrcnt`s, `tr`s m` lfncb n`b fhubdfbnkf dc mf efb` dc `hrf ` n`b eunlfs efqukbfs quc rccepmfzfb cb irfb pfrtc cm n`st` dc mf efb` dc `hrf luefbf. Cb t`d`s cmm`s, mf tfsf sc `htkcbc fm dkvkdkr cm e`bt` dc m`s n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s prcsupucstfd`s pfrf ub pcrk`d` p`r mf hfsc prcsupucstfdf ` bkvcm dc `pcrfnk`b prcsupucstfd` pfrf csc ekse` pcrk`d`. T`d` m` fbtcrk`r pucdc cxprcsfrsc n`b mf skiukcbtc g`reumf icbcrfm?
t 5 NKGQ /
 
HQ
 D`bdc? 
t
 5 tfsf prcdctcrekbfdf dc n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s 
NKGQ
 5 n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s dc gfhrknfnk`b prcsupucstfd`s 
HQ
 5 hfsc prcsupucstfdf Dc n`bg`rekdfd n`b cm tkp` dc hfsc prcsupucstfdf quc sc cmkof, sc utkmkzfb fmiub`s ect`d`s pfrf nfmnumfr mf tfsf cb ecbnk`b? 
* N`b hfsc f mfs ubkdfdcs pr`dunkdfs?
 
 
Cstc ect`d` sc fpmknf cscbnkfmecbtc cb fqucmmfs ceprcsfs quc pr`duncb ub s`m` frtknum`. Cb cstc nfs` sc `htkcbc ubf tfsf cxprcsfdf cb pcs`s p`r nfdf ubkdfd pr`dunkdf, ecdkfbtc mf skiukcbtc g`reumf?
t 5 NKGQ / SQ
 D`bdc? 
t
 5 tfsf prcdctcrekbfdf dc n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s 
NKGQ
 5 n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s dc gfhrknfnk`b prcsupucstfd`s 
SQ
 5 ubkdfdcs prcsupucstfdfs Cst` lfnc bcncsfrk` quc mf ceprcsf prcsupucst` cb g`ref fbtknkpfdf cm v`muecb dc vcbtfs y dc pr`dunnk`b cspcrfd`. Cocepm`?
 
N`b hfsc cb ub prcsupucst` dc vcbtfs dc 71,111 ubkdfdcs pfrf cm  prkecr scecstrc, ubf ceprcsf dcscf nfmnumfr su prcsupucst` dc pr`dunnk`b pfrf
 
cm ekse` pcrk`d`, y pfrf cmm` tkcbcb cb nucbtf m`s skiukcbtcs dft`s? Kbvcbtfrk` rcfm dc ubkdfdcs cb Cbcr` 16 81,111 Kbvcbtfrk` dcscfd` dc ubkdfdcs cb Oubk` >1 61,111 Cm nfmnum` dc mf pr`dunnk`b prcspucstfdf sc `htkcbc dc mf skiukcbtcefbcrf?
(+) Qrcsupucst` dc vcbtfs 71,111(-) Kbvcbtfrk` rcfm f Cbcr` 16 81,111(5) Qr`dunnk`b Qrcsupucstfdf 41,111(+) Kbvcbtfrk` dcscfd` 61,111
(5) Qr`dunnk`b rcfm prcsupucstfdf31,111
 ^k mf ceprcsf nfmnumf pfrf cm ekse` pcrk`d` ub`s n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s dc gfhrknfnk`b pr`ycntfd`s dc $81,111,111, mf tfsf ` rftc prcdctcrekbfdf pfrf nfdf ubkdfd gfhrknfdf scrkf dc?
t 5 NKGQ / SQ 5 81,111,111 / 31,111 5 $411 p`r ubkdfd
 
 
* N`b hfsc cb mfs l`rfs dc efb` dc `hrf dkrcntf?
 
^c `htkcbc ubf tfsf cxprcsfdf cb pcs`s p`r nfdf l`rf dc efb` dc `hrf dkrcntf prcsupucstfdf, ecdkfbtc mf fpmknfnk`b dc mf skiukcbtc g`reumf?
t 5 NKGQ / LE@DQ
 D`bdc? 
t
 5 tfsf prcdctcrekbfdf dc n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s 
NKGQ
 5 n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s dc gfhrknfnk`b prcsupucstfd`s 
LE@DQ
 5 l`rfs dc efb` dc `hrf dkrcntf prcsupucstfdfs Cocepm`?
 
Mf ceprcsf tkcbc cb cm pcrk`d` n`btfhmc ub`s n`st`s  prcsupucstfd`s p`r $>,111,111 y ub prcsupucst` dc 31,111 l`rfs dc efb` dc `hrf dkrcntf, mf tfsf prcdctcrekbfdf dc n`st`s kbdkrcnt`s dc gfhrknfnk`b p`r nfdf l`rf tcbdrf n`st` dc?
t 5 NKGQ / LE@DQ 5 >,111,111 / 31,111 5 $71 p`r l`rf
 
* N`b hfsc cb cm n`st` dc mfs l`rfs dc efb` dc `hrf dkrcntf?
 
Hfo` cstc ect`d`, ub` dc m`s efs fbtkiu`s y efs utkmkzfd`s cb ceprcsf dc trfbsg`refnk`b,
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