Está en la página 1de 94

Guas de salud infantil

De 0-6 meses
Osasuna aukeran, zuk zeuk!

LEHENENGO HILEETATIK
DESDE LOS PRIMEROS MESES

Elige salud, t ganas!

O-tik 6 hilera

Haurraren osasun-gidak

Argitaraldia: 1.a, 2013ko abendua Ale-kopurua: 22.000 ale Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoko Administrazioa: Osasun
Saila Argazkiak: M. Arrazola (Eusko Jaurlaritza) Argitaratzailea: Eusko Jaurlaritzaren Argitalpen Zerbitzu Nagusia /
Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vasco (Donostia-San Sebastin, 1 - 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz) Inprimaketa:
SACAL Lege-gordailua: VI 868-2013

La realizacin de esta Gua ha sido posible gracias al aporte desinteresado


de conocimientos y a la experiencia del personal de Pediatra de Atencin
Primaria de Osakidetza.
El Departamento de Salud del Gobierno Vasco muestra su agradecimiento a
las familias que han tomado parte en la elaboracin del material fotogrfico.

Esta es una gua dirigida a todas las personas cercanas al beb que vayan a
participar de una u otra forma en su cuidado.

Amari, berriz, atal jakin batzuk eskaintzen zaizkio, hala nola


Zainketa erditzearen ondoren eta Amagandiko edoskitzea.

Amaren

Gida hau era batera edo bestera haurra zainduko duten pertsona guztiei dago
zuzendurik.

Esperamos que os sea de utilidad.

Probetxugarria izango duzuela espero dugu.

Tan slo apartados concretos como Cuidados de la madre desus del parto
o Lactancia materna estn orientados especficamente a la madre.

Eusko Jaurlaritzako Osasun Sailak material fotografikoa lortzeko parte hartu


duten familiei eskerrak eman nahi dizkie.
Gida hau egiteko benetan lagungarria izan da Osakidetzako Lehen Mailako
Atentzioko pediatrek eta erizainek, bere ezagutza eta esperientzien bidez,
egin duten ekarpen desinteresatua.

Edicin: 1 diciembre 2013 Tirada: 22.000 ejemplares Administracin de la Comunidad Autnoma de Euskadi:
Departamento de Salud Fotos: M. Arrazola (Gobierno Vasco) Edita: Eusko Jaurlaritzaren Argitalpen Zerbitzu Nagusia
/ Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vasco (Donostia-San Sebastin, 1 - 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz) Impresin:
SACAL Depsito Legal: VI 868-2013

NDICE
A. CUIDADOS DE LA MADRE DESPUS DEL PARTO ............................... 3
t1VFSQFSJP ................................................................................... 3
t3FMBDJPOFTTFYVBMFT..................................................................... 4
t"MJNFOUBDJO .............................................................................. 5
t5BCBDP BMDPIPM NFEJDBNFOUPT.................................................... 8
t"DUJWJEBEGTJDB........................................................................... 9

B. CUIDADOS DEL BEB RECIN NACIDO ......................................... 15


t$POUSPMFTEFMCFCSFDJOOBDJEP ............................................... 15
t"MJNFOUBDJOEVSBOUFMPTQSJNFSPTNFTFT ..................................... 16
t)JHJFOF ................................................................................... 26
t3PQB ....................................................................................... 29
t4VFP...................................................................................... 30
t-MBOUP ...................................................................................... 32
t1BTFP ...................................................................................... 34
t7JBKFT...................................................................................... 37
t)JHJFOFEFMBNCJFOUF ................................................................ 38
t+VHVFUFT................................................................................... 39

C.

SITUACIONES FRECUENTES Y CUIDADOS DURANTE


-0413*.&304.&4&426)"$&3 ................................................. 41
t&TDPDFEVSBT ............................................................................. 41
t0CTUSVDDJOOBTBM ..................................................................... 42
t3FBDDJPOFTEFMFNCBSB[P .......................................................... 42
t'JFCSF...................................................................................... 42
t.VHVFU.................................................................................... 43
t$MJDPT .................................................................................... 43
t7NJUPT.................................................................................... 44
t%FQPTJDJPOFT............................................................................ 44
t-FHBBT ................................................................................... 45

A. CUIDADOS DE LA MADRE
DESPUS DEL PARTO

-BNBUFSOJEBEFTVOBSFTQPOTBCJMJEBERVFTJMBIBTBTVNJEPFOQBSFKBEFCFT
DPNQBSUJSMB DPO MB PUSB QFSTPOB 5BOUP FM QBESF DPNP MB NBESF OFDFTJUBO
BEBQUBSTFBMBOVFWBTJUVBDJOZBMBTOFDFTJEBEFTZSJUNPTEFTVCFC
5SBTFMQBSUP BMFTQFSBEPFODVFOUSPDPOFMCFCZMBBMFHSBEFFTFQSJNFS
NPNFOUP TF VOF MB JOTFHVSJEBE EFM DVJEBEP EFM CFC -B NBESF QVFEF
FNQF[BSBOPUBSTFOUJNJFOUPTDPOUSBEJDUPSJPTRVFRVJ[TQSPWPRVFOTPSQSFTB
P JORVJFUVE &T BMHP OPSNBM 4VFMF EFCFSTF BM DBOTBODJP Z B MPT DBNCJPT
IPSNPOBMFTRVFTFQSPEVDFOEFTQVTEFMOBDJNJFOUPEFMCFC
&TDPOWFOJFOUFRVFIBCMFTEFFMMPDPOUVQBSFKBPDPOBMHVJFOEFUVDPOmBO[B
5FQPESOBZVEBSZPSJFOUBS

t16&31&3*0
&M QVFSQFSJP FT VOB QPDB EF SFDVQFSBDJO  BEBQUBDJO Z EFTDBOTP EF MB
NBESFEFTQVTEFMQBSUP
%VSBOUFMBTTFNBOBTTJHVJFOUFTBMQBSUPUVDVFSQPTFWBBJSSFDVQFSBOEP
*STFYQFSJNFOUBOEPDBNCJPTGTJDPTRVFQVFEFOJSBDPNQBBEPTEFNPMFTUJBT
ZEPMPSFTFOMB[POBEFMUFSPZPWBSJPT&TUPFTBMHPOPSNBM4FEFCFBRVF
FMUFSPFTUWPMWJFOEPBSFDVQFSBSTVUBNBPIBCJUVBM
-B prdida de sangre  OPSNBM EFTQVT EFM QBSUP  QPDP B QPDP JS
EJTNJOVZFOEP&MDPMPSEFMTBOHSBEPJSWBSJBOEPJOJDJBMNFOUFSPKPPTDVSP QPDP
BQPDPTFIBSNTDMBSPIBTUBMMFHBSBTFSCMBODPBNBSJMMFOUP4JUVWJFTFNBM
PMPSPBQBSFDJFTFmFCSF BDVEFBMBDPOTVMUBEFUPDPHJOFDPMPHBPBUVNBUSPOB
4JUFIBOSFBMJ[BEPVOBepisiotomaFTQPTJCMFRVFOPUFTVOBTFOTBDJOEF
UJSBOUF[FOFTB[POBEVSBOUFMPTQSJNFSPTEBT&TBMHPOPSNBM-PTQVOUPT
UBSEBOFODBFSTFVOQBSEFTFNBOBT

$POWJFOFRVFUVNBUSPOBWBMPSFMBFWPMVDJOEFMBIFSJEB
&TJNQPSUBOUF
t-BWBSFTB[POBEPTPUSFTWFDFTBMEBDPOBHVBUFNQMBEBZTFDBSTFCJFO
t6UJMJ[BSKBCPOFTOFVUSPTFIJQPBMFSHOJDPT/PFTBDPOTFKBCMFFMCBP
t6TBSDPNQSFTBTEFBMHPEOZTJOQMTUJDPQBSBRVFQFSNJUBOMBUSBOTQJSBDJO
t$BNCJBSTFEFDPNQSFTBBNFOVEP
"MHVOBT WFDFT FT QPTJCMF RVF BQBSF[DBO P TF BHVEJDFO hemorroides P
BMNPSSBOBT4JUFPDVSSFFTUP MBWBDPOBHVBFTB[POB&MFTUSFJNJFOUPBHSBWB
FMQSPCMFNB1SPDVSBFWJUBSMP
*OUFOUBdescansar todo lo que puedas"DPNEBUFBMSJUNPEFMCFCZ
QSPDVSBIBDFSMPTJFNQSFRVFEVFSNB
/PQBTFTQPSBMUPMBTTFBMFTEFDBOTBODJP
/P EVEFT FO QFEJS BZVEB  BT QPEST PDVQBSUF DPO NT USBORVJMJEBE EF UJ
NJTNBZEFUVCFC
&M BDPQMBNJFOUP GBNJMJBS USBT FM OBDJNJFOUP EFM CFC MMFWB TV UJFNQP  FT
DPOWFOJFOUFRVFEPTJmRVFTMBTWJTJUBTBMEPNJDJMJPMPTQSJNFSPTEBTIBTUBRVF
FTUTSFDVQFSBEB

t3&-"$*0/&44&96"-&4
&MEFTFP MBOFDFTJEBEEFDBSJPOPEFTBQBSFDFOEVSBOUFFTUFQFSJPEP QFSP
BNFOVEPTFOFDFTJUBVOUJFNQPEFBEBQUBDJO
5BOUPFMIPNCSFDPNPMBNVKFSQVFEFOTFOUJSNJFEPFJOTFHVSJEBEFOFTUPT
NPNFOUPT-BNVKFS BEFNT QVFEFTFOUJSNPMFTUJBTPEPMPSZOPEFTFBSVOB
SFMBDJODPOQFOFUSBDJO
/PFTQPTJCMFEFUFSNJOBSQBSBUPEPTMPTDBTPTDVOUPWBBEVSBSFTUBTJUVBDJO
$BEB QBSFKB WJWJS FTUB TJUVBDJO B TV QSPQJP SJUNP Z QSPHSFTJWBNFOUF
SFTUBCMFDFSTVSFMBDJOIBCJUVBM

&TJNQPSUBOUFIBCMBSEFFTUFUFNBFOQBSFKBQBSBCVTDBSMBTPMVDJOBQSPQJBEB
&OUPEPDBTPOPFTOFDFTBSJPEBSTFQSJTBQPSSFTUBCMFDFSMBSFMBDJODPJUBM
PUSBTGPSNBTEFSFMBDJOQVFEFOTFSJHVBMNFOUFTBUJTGBDUPSJBT
$VBOEPSFJOJDJJTMBTSFMBDJPOFTDPOQFOFUSBDJOZTJRVFSJTFWJUBSVOOVFWP
FNCBSB[P VUJMJ[BEBMHONUPEPBOUJDPODFQUJWP
&TVOFSSPSQFOTBSRVFMBMBDUBODJBFTVONUPEPBOUJDPODFQUJWPPRVFTMP
TFEFCFOUPNBSNFEJEBTBOUJDPODFQUJWBTEFTQVTEFMBQSJNFSBNFOTUSVBDJO
USBTFMQBSUP
&OFTUFQFSJPEPTFBDPOTFKBMBBEPQDJOEFNUPEPTEFCBSSFSB QSFTFSWBUJWP

5BNCJOQPEJTQFEJSJOGPSNBDJOBUVNBUSPOBTPCSFRVNUPEPVUJMJ[BS

t"-*.&/5"$*/
5SBTFMQBSUP MBNBZPSBEFMPTDBNCJPTmTJPMHJDPTRVFTFQSPEVDFOEVSBOUF
FM FNCBSB[P WVFMWFO B MB TJUVBDJO QSFWJB BM NJTNP QSEJEB EF QFTP USBT
MBFYQVMTJOEFMGFUP FMMRVJEPBNOJUJDPZMBQMBDFOUBQSEJEBEFMRVJEPT
FYUSBDFMVMBSFT RVF TF IBCBO SFUFOJEP EVSBOUF MB HFTUBDJO  SFDVQFSBDJO
EFMWPMVNFOEFTBOHSFZNPWJMJ[BDJOEFMPTEFQTJUPTEFHSBTBBDVNVMBEB
QBSBMBQSPEVDDJOEFMFDIF0USPTSHBOPT DPNPMBTHMOEVMBTNBNBSJBT 
BVNFOUBOEFUBNBP JOJDJOEPTFBMBTIMBTFDSFDJOMDUJDB

-BMBDUBODJBTVQPOFVOEFTHBTUFFOFSHUJDPJNQPSUBOUF1BSBRVFUVDVFSQP
FMBCPSFMBMFDIFNBUFSOB SFRVJFSFTVOQSPNFEJPEFBQSPYJNBEBNFOUF
DBMPSBTFYUSBT-BNBZPSBQSPDFEFSOEFMBTSFTFSWBTEFUVDVFSQP QFSPFM
SFTUPMBTUFOESTRVFUPNBSDPOMBBMJNFOUBDJO
&MBQPSUFJOTVmDJFOUFEFOVUSJFOUFTFOMBEJFUBEFMBNBESFRVFFTUEBOEP
QFDIPQVFEFBGFDUBSBMBDPNQPTJDJOEFMBMFDIFZSFQFSDVUJSFOMBTBMVEEFM
CFCZEFMBQSPQJBNBESF
1SPDVSB RVF UV BMJNFOUBDJO TFB $0.1-&5"  FT EFDJS  RVF DPOUFOHB UPEPT
MPT OVUSJFOUFT RVF OFDFTJUB FM PSHBOJTNP Z FO DBOUJEBEFT BEFDVBEBT Z
&26*-*#3"%"DPOVOBNBZPSQSFTFODJBEFVOBBNQMJBWBSJFEBEEFBMJNFOUPT
GSFTDPTZEFPSJHFOQSJODJQBMNFOUFWFHFUBM ZDPOVOBFTDBTBPOVMBQSFTFODJB
UBOUPEFCFCJEBTBMDPIMJDBTDPNPEFBMJNFOUPTDPOCBKBDBMJEBEOVUSJDJPOBM
t5VT OFDFTJEBEFT proteicas TPO FM EPCMF RVF FO DPOEJDJPOFT OPSNBMFT
$POTVNF QSFGFSFOUFNFOUF DBSOFT QPDP HSBTBT  BWFT  QFTDBEP CMBODP Z
B[VM IVFWPT MFDIFZEFSJWBEPT NFKPSEFTOBUBEPT

t"VNFOUB MB DBOUJEBE EF BMJNFOUPT SJDPT FO hidratos de carbono
DPNQMFKPT  DPNP DFSFBMFT QSFGFSFOUFNFOUF JOUFHSBMFT QBO  BSSP[  QBTUB

QBUBUBTZMFHVNCSFT
t/PEJTNJOVZBTFMBQPSUFEFgrasasSJDBTFODJEPTHSBTPTFTFODJBMFTZ
WJUBNJOB& BDFJUFPMJWBWJSHFOPGSVUPTTFDPT
FTFODJBMFTQBSBMBQSPEVDDJO
EFMFDIF
t-BHMOEVMBNBNBSJBOPQVFEFTJOUFUJ[BSvitaminas,QPSMPRVFTVBQPSUF
QSPDFEF OJDBNFOUF EF MB TBOHSF NBUFSOB  DPO MP RVF OFDFTJUBT JOHFSJS
NBZPS DBOUJEBE EF 7JUBNJOBT "  $  %  &  #  # Z cido Flico 1PS
FMMP BEFNTEFDBSOFTZMDUFPT FTJNQSFTDJOEJCMFRVFDPOTVNBTNVDIB
WFSEVSBZGSVUBGSFTDB
t$PNP MPT MDUFPT TPO MB QSJODJQBM GVFOUF EF calcio Z FTUF NJOFSBM FT
DPNQPOFOUFJOEJTQFOTBCMFEFMBMFDIFNBUFSOB UFDPOWJFOFDPOTVNJSEF
MJUSPEFMFDIFPEFSJWBEPTBMEB0USPTBMJNFOUPTRVFDPOUJFOFODBMDJPTPO
FTQJOBDBT GSVUPTTFDPT TBMNO TBSEJOBT TFNJMMBTEFHJSBTPM FUD
t-PTBMJNFOUPTSJDPTFO bra QBOJOUFHSBM WFSEVSBT GSVUBT FUD
UFBZVEBSO
BFWJUBSFMFTUSFJNJFOUP

t%FCFTBTFHVSBSUFVOCVFOBQPSUFEFlquidos[VNPT JOGVTJPOFTZTPCSF
UPEP BHVB ZBRVFMBMFDIFNBUFSOBDPOUJFOFVOEFBHVBRVFTF
EFCFSFQPOFS
t$POTVNFpoca sal QFSPRVFTUBTFByodada ZBRVFBQPSUBSBMCFC
FMZPEPRVFOFDFTJUBQBSBTVEFTBSSPMMP
tEvita el picoteoFOUSFIPSBT FOFTQFDJBMEFBMJNFOUPTSJDPTFOHSBTBZ
B[DBSFT DPNPMBCPMMFSB MBQBTUFMFSBPMPTSFGSFTDPT
&TDPOWFOJFOUFRVFEJTUSJCVZBTFMBQPSUFFOFSHUJDPZEFOVUSJFOUFTFODJODP
JOHFTUBT EJBSJBT desayuno, almuerzo, comida, merienda y cena.
%OEPMFNBZPSBQPSUFEFFOFSHBBMBQSJNFSBNJUBEEFMEB EFTBZVOP 
BMNVFS[P DPNJEB
RVFBMBTFHVOEB NFSJFOEB DFOB


t5"#"$0 "-$0)0- .&%*$".&/504


Si fumas TUBFTVOBHSBOPQPSUVOJEBEQBSBEFKBSEFGVNBSEFmOJUJWBNFOUF 
QPS UJ NJTNB Z QPS FM CFC -B OJDPUJOB Z PUSPT RVNJDPT EFM DJHBSSJMMP TF
FODVFOUSBOFOMBMFDIFNBUFSOBZQBTBOBMCFC"EFNT MPTCFCTRVF
DPOWJWFO DPO QFSTPOBT GVNBEPSBT UJFOFO FM EPCMF EF QSPCBCJMJEBEFT EF
TVGSJSQSPCMFNBTSFTQJSBUPSJPT CSPORVJUJTZBTNB
RVFMPTRVFDPOWJWFODPO
QFSTPOBT OP GVNBEPSBT 5JFOFO UBNCJO NT QSPCBCJMJEBEFT EF QBEFDFS
DBUBSSPT QSPCMFNBTEFPEPTZBGFDDJPOFTEFHBSHBOUB4JOPQVFEFTEFKBS
EF GVNBS TJO BZVEB  consulta en tu Centro de Salud  BMM UF QPESO
BZVEBS
&WJUBFMDPOTVNPEFalcohol&MBMDPIPMQBTB QPSNFEJPEFMBMFDIF BMCFC
ZFODBOUJEBEFTJNQPSUBOUFTQVFEFBGFDUBSTVEFTBSSPMMPZDSFDJNJFOUP
.VDIPTNFEJDBNFOUPTQBTBOBMBMFDIFNBUFSOB BOUFTEFUPNBSVOmedicamento DPOTVMUBFOUV$FOUSPEF4BMVE

t"$5*7*%"%'4*$"
-BQSDUJDBSFHVMBSEFBDUJWJEBEGTJDBNFKPSBSUVDBMJEBEEF
WJEBZUVFTUBEPEFTBMVE
5FBZVEBSB
t.FKPSBSUVTJTUFNBDBSEJPSSFTQJSBUPSJP
t.BOUFOFSUVUPOPNVTDVMBSGBWPSFDJFOEPFMDPOUSPMEFMFYDFTPEFQFTP
t&WJUBSMBEFTDPNQFOTBDJODPSQPSBMPSJHJOBEBQPSFMFNCBSB[P
t5FOFSVOBQPTUVSBDPSQPSBMTBMVEBCMFEVSBOUFMBMBDUBODJB
t5FOFSNTFOFSHB NFKPSFTUBEPEFOJNPZNFKPSJNBHFOEFUJNJTNB
t&WJUBSMBPTUFPQPSPTJTBMGBWPSFDFSMBDBMDJmDBDJOEFMIVFTP

1VFEFTDPNFO[BSFMEBDPOVOBBDUJWJEBEBFSCJDBMJHFSBDPNPQBTFBS BOEBS
FOCJDJPJSBOBEBS5SFTEBTBMBTFNBOBUFDPOWJFOFSFBMJ[BSBDUJWJEBEFT
NTJOUFOTBTEFSFGVFS[PEFMBNVTDVMBDJOZFTUJSBNJFOUPT HJNOBTJB ZPHB 
CBJMF BSUFTNBSDJBMFT FUD
&TUBBDUJWJEBEEFCFSBJSPSJFOUBEBBSFGPS[BSMB
NVTDVMBUVSBEFMBSFHJOQFSJOFBM SFDVQFSBSFMUPOPBCEPNJOBMZFMFRVJMJCSJP
QPTUVSBMBMUFSBEPTEVSBOUFFMFNCBSB[PZQSFWFOJSMBBQBSJDJOEFnFCJUJT

&KFSDJDJPTQBSBEFTQVTEFMQBSUP
-PTTJHVJFOUFTFKFSDJDJPTGBWPSFDFSOMBDJSDVMBDJOEFMBTBOHSFFOMBTQJFSOBT
Z IBSO RVF TF SFDVQFSF NT SQJEBNFOUF MB NVTDVMBUVSB BCEPNJOBM Z EF
MB[POBHFOJUBM/PEFKFTEFIBDFSMPT"MHVOPTEFFMMPTQVFEFOJOJDJBSTFB
MBTIPSBTEFMQBSUP EFGPSNBTVBWFZEVSBOUFQPDPUJFNQPPUSPT MPT
QPESTJSSFBMJ[BOEPBNFEJEBRVFUFWBZBTSFDVQFSBOEP
Ten en cuenta lo siguiente:
t-PT FKFSDJDJPT QVFEFT IBDFSMPT FO UV QSPQJB DBTB EF GPSNB SFHVMBS 
EJBSJBNFOUF
t"MSFBMJ[BSMPT FWJUBNPWJNJFOUPTCSVTDPT
t$POTVMUBDPOUVNBUSPOB5FBZVEBSBIBDFSVOQSPHSBNBQFSTPOBMJ[BEP
EFFKFSDJDJPT
&KFSDJDJPTSFTQJSBUPSJPT
5VNCBEBFOMBDBNBDPOMBTSPEJMMBTTFNJnFYJPOBEBTTPCSFVOBBMNPIBEB
PTFOUBEB DPHFBJSFQSPGVOEBNFOUFQPSMBOBSJ[MMFOBOEPFMWJFOUSFZFDIB
MVFHPMFOUBNFOUFFMBJSFQPSMBCPDB

10

&KFSDJDJPTDJSDVMBUPSJPT
5VNCBEBDPOMBTQJFSOBTFMFWBEBTTPCSFVOBPEPTBMNPIBEBT
t%PCMBZFTUJSBMPTEFEPTEFMPTQJFT
t%PCMBZFTUJSBMPTQJFTNPWJFOEPMPTUPCJMMPT

t3FBMJ[BDSDVMPTDPOMPTQJFTHJSBOEPMPTUPCJMMPTIBDJBEFOUSPZIBDJBGVFSB
t5VNCBEBFOMBDBNBDPOMBTQJFSOBTFYUFOEJEBT QSFTJPOBMBQBSUFQPTUFSJPS
EFMBTSPEJMMBTIBDJBBCBKP DPOUSBMBDBNBZSFMBKB
&KFSDJDJPTQBSBSFGPS[BSFMQFSJO

&TUFUJQPEFFKFSDJDJPTTJSWFQBSBSFDVQFSBSFMUPOPNVTDVMBSZMBTFOTJCJMJEBE
EF FTUB [POB NVZ BGFDUBEB EVSBOUF FM QBSUP Z QSFWFOJS QPTJCMFT USBTUPSOPT
FTDBQFPQSEJEBEFPSJOB

1VFEFTFNQF[BSBIBDFSMPTBQBSUJSEFMPTPDIPPEJF[EBT QPDPBQPDP TJO
GPS[BS FODVBOUPMBFQJTJPUPNBUFMPQFSNJUBZTJFNQSFDPOMBWFKJHBWBDB
t$POUSBFMPTNTDVMPTRVFSPEFBOMBWBHJOBZFMBOP DPNPTJUSBUBTFTEF
SFUFOFSMBPSJOBZMBTIFDFTNBOUFOUFBTEVSBOUFVOPTTFHVOEPTZSFMBKB
EFTQVTEVSBOUFFMEPCMFEFUJFNQP

11

t3FBMJ[B EJF[ DPOUSBDDJPOFT DJODP WFDFT BM EB DPNP NOJNP 1VFEFT
BQSPWFDIBSNPNFOUPTDPNPDVBOEPFTUTEBOEPEFNBNBSPNJFOUSBTUF
EVDIBT/PSFBMJDFTFTUFFKFSDJDJPNJFOUSBTFTUTPSJOBOEP
t5VNCBEBDPOMBTSPEJMMBTnFYJPOBEBT DPMPDBVOBBMNPIBEBFOUSFBNCBT
Z BQSJFUB GVFSUFNFOUF VOB SPEJMMB DPOUSB MB PUSB DVFOUB IBTUB DJODP Z
EFTDBOTB

&KFSDJDJPTQFDUPSBMFT
3FBM[BMPTTJFNQSFEFTQVTEFMBUPNB
t%FQJFPTFOUBEB DPMPDBMPTCSB[PTnFYJPOBEPTEFGPSNBRVFMPTDPEPT
RVFEFO B MB BMUVSB EF MPT IPNCSPT 4VKFUB DPO DBEB NBOP FM BOUFCSB[P
DPOUSBSJPZDPOUSBFBQSPYJNBOEPMBTNBOPTIBDJBFMDPEPDPOUSBSJP
t4FOUBEB SPUBMPTIPNCSPTIBDJBBUSTDPHJOEPUFMBTNBOPTFOMBFTQBMEB
&TUJSBMPTIPNCSPTZMPTCSB[PTIBDJBBUSTDPOUSBZFOEPUBNCJOFMQFSJO
DVFOUBIBTUBDVBUSPZSFMBKB

12

&KFSDJDJPTQBSBMBFTQBMEB
&TUFFKFSDJDJPTFSFBMJ[BFOUSFTUJFNQPT$PMPDBEBBiDVBUSPQBUBTw
B
$PHF BJSF QPS MB OBSJ[ Z  BM FYQVMTBSMP QPS MB CPDB  CBKB MB DBCF[B
DPOUSBZFOEPBMBWF[FMWJFOUSF OBMHBTZHFOJUBMFTEFGPSNBRVFMBFTQBMEB
RVFEFDVSWBEBIBDJBBSSJCB

C
"MDPHFSOVFWBNFOUFBJSFQPSMBOBSJ[ FMFWBMBDBCF[BSFMBKBOEPUPEBTMBT
[POBTDPOUSBEBT
D
%FTQVT EF SFQFUJS WBSJBT WFDFT B
 Z C
 BOUFT EF BDBCBS Z FO MB NJTNB
QPTJDJO  TJOUBUF TPCSF MPT UBMPOFT  DPO FM WJFOUSF FOUSF MPT NVTMPT Z MPT
CSB[PTFYUFOEJEPT&TUJSBCJFOMPTCSB[PTZMBFTQBMEBNJFOUSBTUFSFMBKBT
VOPTTFHVOEPT"MMFWBOUBSUFIB[MPEFTQBDJP QPDPBQPDP

13

B. CUIDADOS DEL BEB RECIN


NACIDO
&MCFC QPDPBQPDP TFJSPSJFOUBOEPFOTVOVFWPBNCJFOUFBUSBWTEF
MPTTFOUJEPT&TJNQPSUBOUFRVFFMBNCJFOUFGBNJMJBSTFBSFMBKBEP-PTCFCT
DBNCJBOUBOSQJEBNFOUFRVF TJOPiEJTGSVUBTwMPTEJTUJOUPTNPNFOUPTEFTV
FWPMVDJO IBCSTiQFSEJEPwFTBPQPSUVOJEBE
5VCFCTJFOUF WF DPOPDF DPNQSFOEFZQVFEFTFOUJSTFTBUJTGFDIPZRVFSJEP
"QSPWFDIB DVBMRVJFS NPNFOUP DVBOEP MF BMJNFOUBT  DBNCJBT P CBBT

QBSB USBOTNJUJSMF UPEP FM DBSJP Z UFSOVSB RVF TJFOUFT )CMBMF Z BDBSDJBMF
EFTEFFMQSJNFSNPNFOUP
/FDFTJUBUVBZVEBQBSBQPEFSMMFHBSBDPOPDFSUFBUJZBMBTEFNTQFSTPOBT
6OBTSFMBDJPOFTSFMBKBEBTTPOHSBUJmDBOUFTQBSBUJZQBSBUVCFC

t$0/530-&4%&-#&#3&$*//"$*%0
.FUBCPMPQBUBT
&YJTUFVOBTFSJFEFFOGFSNFEBEFTDPOHOJUBTDPOMBTRVFFMCFCQVFEFOBDFS
RVF TF EBO NVZ BJTMBEBNFOUF  QFSP RVF  TJ OP TF USBUBO B UJFNQP  QVFEFO
QSPEVDJSQSPCMFNBTHSBWFTEFTBMVE
&TUBT FOGFSNFEBEFT TMP TF QVFEFO EFUFDUBS NFEJBOUF VO BOMJTJT TFODJMMP
wQSVFCB EF NFUBCPMPQBUBTw P iQSVFCB EFM UBMOw RVF DPOTJTUF FO FYUSBFS
VOBTHPUBTEFTBOHSFEFMUBMO4FSFBMJ[BBOUFTEFMBMUBEFMBNBUFSOJEBE
6OBWF[DPOPDJEPFMSFTVMUBEPZFOFMDBTPEFRVFIVCJFSBMBNTNOJNB
TPTQFDIB EF RVF FM CFC QVEJFSB UFOFS BMHO QSPCMFNB EF FTUF UJQP  TF
JOGPSNB JONFEJBUBNFOUF B MB GBNJMJB &MMP QFSNJUJS DPNFO[BS DVBOUP BOUFT
TVUSBUBNJFOUP

15

)JQPBDVTJB
-PTQSPCMFNBTHSBWFTEFTPSEFSBTPOQPDPGSFDVFOUFT QFSPTJOPTPOEFUFDUBEPT
QSPOUP QVFEFOSFQFSDVUJSEFGPSNBJNQPSUBOUFFOFMEFTBSSPMMPEFMCFC
-BEFUFDDJOQSFDP[EFFTUFQSPCMFNBEFBVEJDJOQFSNJUJSJOJDJBSMPBOUFT
QPTJCMF TV USBUBNJFOUP 4F USBUB EF VOB QSVFCB TFODJMMB Z SQJEB RVF OP
PDBTJPOBNPMFTUJBTBMCFCZRVFTFSFBMJ[BPFOFMIPTQJUBM BOUFTEFMBMUBP
EPOEFZDVBOEPTFPTJOEJRVF

1SJNFSBWJTJUBBMFRVJQPEFQFEJBUSB
&OUV$FOUSPEF4BMVEUFJOGPSNBSOEFMFRVJQPEFQFEJBUSBRVFUFDPSSFTQPOEF
1JEFDJUBQBSBDVBOEPFMCFCUFOHBVOBTFNBOB JOEJDBOEPRVFFTMBQSJNFSB
WJTJUB
$VBOEPWBZBTBMBDPOTVMUB MMFWBMBCARTILLA DE SALUD INFANTIL RVFUF
IBCSOEBEPFOMBNBUFSOJEBE

7BDVOBDJPOFT
-BTWBDVOBTFWJUBOEFNBOFSBFmDB[ZTFODJMMBQBEFDFSBMHVOBTFOGFSNFEBEFT
ZDPOUSJCVZFOBDPOUSPMBSMBTPBFMJNJOBSMBTQSPHSFTJWBNFOUF
4JHVFTJFNQSFMBTQBVUBTRVFUFJOEJRVFFMFRVJQPQFEJUSJDP

t"-*.&/5"$*/
%63"/5&-0413*.&304.&4&4
%VSBOUFMPTTFJTQSJNFSPTNFTFT FMCFCOPOFDFTJUBPUSPBMJNFOUPRVFMFDIF 
ZMBNFKPS JOEVEBCMFNFOUFFTMBMFDIFNBUFSOB4PONVDIBTMBTventajasEF
MBMBDUBODJBNBUFSOBTPCSFMBMBDUBODJBBSUJmDJBM QFSPTJQPSBMHVOBDBVTBno
te es posible darle de mamar, no te agobies. Sigue los consejos
de tu pediatra.
&ODVBMRVJFSDBTP EBSEFNBNBSBMCFCEFCFTFSTJFNQSFGSVUPEFUVEFDJTJO
QFSTPOBMDPNPNBESF

16

17

-BDUBODJBNBUFSOB
La lactancia materna es lo mejor tanto para el beb como para
la madreQPSRVF
t-BMFDIFNBUFSOB
DPOUJFOFMPTDPNQPOFOUFTOVUSJUJWPTNTBEFDVBEPTQBSBFMCFC
MFQSPUFHFEFJOGFDDJPOFTZEJBSSFBT
TFEJHJFSFGDJMZSQJEBNFOUF
SFEVDFFMSJFTHPEFBMFSHJBT
t3FGVFS[BMBVOJOFOUSFNBESFZCFC QSPQPSDJPOBOEPMBTBUJTGBDDJOZFM
QMBDFSEFVOBDFSDBOBOJDBFOUSFBNCPT
t'BDJMJUBBMBNBESFVOBNFKPSSFDVQFSBDJOQPTUQBSUP
t4FMFQVFEFEBSFODVBMRVJFSNPNFOUPZOPSFRVJFSFQSFQBSBDJO

"MHVOBTDPOTJEFSBDJPOFTTPCSFMBMBDUBODJBNBUFSOB
-P JEFBM FT QPOFS BM CFC BM QFDIP UBO QSPOUP DPNP TFB QPTJCMF EFTQVT EFM
QBSUP DVBOEPFMJOTUJOUPEFTVDDJPOBSFTNTJOUFOTP$BTJUPEPTMPTCFCTFTUO
MJTUPTFJODMVTPEFTFPTPTEFNBNBSEVSBOUFMBQSJNFSBIPSBEFTQVTEFMQBSUP

18

t"MQSJODJQJP MBDBOUJEBEEFMFDIFRVF TFHSFHB FM QFDIP FT QPDB  EFOTB


Z BNBSJMMFOUB  QFSP TVmDJFOUF QBSB DVCSJS MBT OFDFTJEBEFT EFM CFC &TUB
MFDIFFTNVZSJDBFOQSPUFOBTZSFDJCFFMOPNCSFEFi$BMPTUSPw)BDJBFM
UFSDFSEB TFIBDFNTnVJEBZCMBORVFDJOB
t$BEBCFCUJFOFVOPTSJUNPTEJGFSFOUFT&OHFOFSBM las tomas deben
darse cuando las pida el beb"MQSJODJQJPMPTJOUFSWBMPTFOUSFFMMBT
TVFMFOTFSJSSFHVMBSFTIBDJBMBTFYUBTFNBOBEFWJEBTFJSOIBDJFOEPNT
SFHVMBSFT
t-PTQSJNFSPTEBT QVFEFQBSFDFSRVFFMCFCUJFOFQPDPBQFUJUP"WFDFT 
USBTNBNBSEVSBOUFVOPTNJOVUPT TFRVFEBQSPGVOEBNFOUFEPSNJEP&TUP
TVFMFEVSBSQPDPTEBT%FTQVT FMCFCFTUBSNTEFTQFKBEPZUPNBS
TVBMJNFOUPDPONTGVFS[BZEVSBOUFNTUJFNQP
t"MQSJODJQJP MBTUPNBTTFSONTGSFDVFOUFT MPRVFFWJUBSMBIJODIB[OEF
MPTQFDIPTZGBDJMJUBSMBCBKBEBEFMBMFDIF"NFEJEBRVFFMCFCTVDDJPOB
NT FTUJNVMBMBQSPEVDDJOEFMFDIFFOMBNBESFZBTMBDBOUJEBEEFMFDIF
JSBVNFOUBOEPEFBDVFSEPDPOTVTOFDFTJEBEFT
t&TOPSNBMRVFFMCFCQJFSEBQFTPEVSBOUFMBQSJNFSBTFNBOBEFWJEB
t .VDIBT NVKFSFT EFKBO MB MBDUBODJB NBUFSOB QPSRVF DSFFO RVF OP UJFOFO
TVmDJFOUFMFDIF"NFOVEPFTUPFTVOFSSPS QPSMPRVFDPOWJFOFDPOTVMUBSMP
DPOFMFRVJQPQFEJUSJDPBOUFTEFUPNBSVOBEFDJTJO

19

5DOJDBEFMBMBDUBODJBNBUFSOB
&T NVZ JNQPSUBOUF BEPQUBS MB QPTUVSB NT DNPEB B MB IPSB EF EBS EF
NBNBS BM CFC &T VO NPNFOUP JNQPSUBOUF FO WVFTUSB SFMBDJO NVUVB &T
QSFGFSJCMFIBDFSMPFOVOambiente relajado y sin ruidos.
1BSBEBSEFNBNBS FTDPOWFOJFOUFRVFMBQPTUVSBRVFBEPQUFTUFQFSNJUB
TPTUFOFSBMCFCDFSDBEFMQFDIPTJOFTGVFS[P&TUPTFQVFEFMPHSBSVUJMJ[BOEP
BMNPIBEBTPDPKJOFTQBSBBQPZBSFMQFTPEFMCFC
%FUPEPTNPEPTFTJNQPSUBOUF
tMBWBSTFMBTNBOPTBOUFTEFDPNFO[BS
tSFDPSEBSRVFIBZRVFDPNFO[BSDBEBUPNBEOEPMFFMQFDIPDPOFMRVF
BDBCMBUPNBBOUFSJPS
tDPMPDBSBMCFCGSFOUFBMQFDIPDPOMBOBSJ[BMBBMUVSBEFMQF[O EFUBM
GPSNBRVFOPUFOHBRVFHJSBSMBDBCF[BFOMBNBZPSBEFMBTQPTUVSBTFM
DVFSQPEFMCFCFTUBSGSFOUFBMEFMBNBESFiUSJQBBUSJQBw
tBDFSDBSFMCFCBMQFDIPZOPBMSFWT
tDPOMBNBOPMJCSF TVKFUBSFMQFDIPEFTEFBCBKP QSPDVSBOEPOPQJO[BSMP
OVODB
tQSPWPDBSFMSFnFKPEFTVDDJOUPDBOEPDPOFMQF[OFMMBCJPTVQFSJPSEFM
CFCZ DVBOEPUFOHBMBboca bien abierta, acercarle al pecho

Incorrecto

Correcto

20

tBTFHVSBSRVFDPKBFOTVCPDBOPTMPFMQF[OTJOPUBNCJOHSBOQBSUFEF
MBBSFPMB&MQF[OOPEFCFEPMFSTJEVFMF FTVOBTFBMEFRVFMBUDOJDB
OPFTCVFOBIBCSRVFFNQF[BSEFOVFWP
tQBSBBDBCBSDPOMBTVDDJO QPOFSVOEFEPFOMBTFODBTEFMCFCFTUPMF
IBSBCSJSMBCPDBZOPIBSEBPBMQF[O
%VSBOUFMBUPNB FMCFCQVFEFUSBHBSDPOBWJEF[ NPTUSBSTFQFSF[PTP TPMUBS
FMQFDIPZEFTDBOTBS5PEPFTUPFTOPSNBM$POWJFOFFTUJNVMBSMFTVBWFNFOUF
Z BZVEBSMF DPNQSJNJFOEP MJHFSBNFOUF UV QFDIP QBSB RVF BT nVZB NT
GDJMNFOUFMBMFDIF$VBOUPNTTFWBDFUVQFDIPFODBEBUPNB NBZPSTFS
MBDBOUJEBETFHSFHBEBFOMBTJHVJFOUF
/PEFCFQSFPDVQBSTJ BMmOBMEFMBUPNB TJHVFiDIVQBOEPwJODMVTPFTUBOEP
EPSNJEP&TUPOPTJHOJmDBRVFTFIBZBRVFEBEPDPOIBNCSF&TGSFDVFOUF
RVFMPTCFCTIBHBOFTUPTNPWJNJFOUPTEFiDIVQBSwRVFJSOEFTBQBSFDJFOEP
QSPHSFTJWBNFOUF
-BEVSBDJOEFCFTFSJMJNJUBEBFOFMQSJNFSQFDIP IBTUBRVFMPTVFMUF EFKBOEP
RVFEFMTFHVOEPUPNFMPRVFRVJFSB$POGPSNFBWBO[BMBUPNB FMCFCJS
IBDJFOEPQBVTBTZ DVBOEPFTUTBDJBEP TPMUBSFMQFDIP-BTJHVJFOUFUPNB
TFBMUFSOBSFMPSEFO FTEFDJS TFJOJDJBSFOFMQFDIPRVFFOMBUPNBBOUFSJPS
IBTJEPFMTFHVOEP
%FTQVT EF DBEB UPNB QVFEF TFS DPOWFOJFOUF QPOFS BM CFC TFOUBEP  P
BQPZBEP TPCSF FM IPNCSP  EVSBOUF VOPT NJOVUPT  EOEPMF NBTBKFT FO TV
FTQBMEBEFBCBKPIBDJBBSSJCB"TTFMFBZVEBBFSVDUBS/PFTDPOWFOJFOUF
JOTJTUJSTJEFTQVTEFVOUJFNQPQSVEFODJBMOPFSVDUBPUJFOFIJQP
"MHVOPT CFCT BQSFOEFO FOTFHVJEB B DPMPDBSTF BM QFDIP BEFDVBEBNFOUF 
PUSPTOFDFTJUBONTUJFNQP&OBMHVOPTDBTPTIBSOGBMUBWBSJPTJOUFOUPTFO
DBEBUPNBQBSBDPOTFHVJSVOBCVFOBQPTUVSB

1PTJCMFTNPMFTUJBT
&OMPTQSJNFSPTEBTEFTQVTEFMQBSUP MPTQFDIPTEFBMHVOBTNBESFTQVFEFO
MMFOBSTFZDPOHFTUJPOBSTFFYDFTJWBNFOUFFTUOEVSPT FOSPKFDJEPTZEPMPSJEPT
EFCJEP BM BVNFOUP EF TBOHSF Z EF PUSPT nVJEPT  BEFNT EF MB MFDIF &TUB
TJUVBDJOQVFEFNFKPSBSNBTBKFOEPMPT QPOJOEPMFTDBMPSBOUFTEFMBTUPNBT
EVDIBDBMJFOUF WBIPT CPMTBPQBPTEFBHVBDBMJFOUF
ZBNBNBOUBOEPBM
CFCBNFOVEP

21

t &T QPTJCMF TFOUJS VOB MJHFSB NPMFTUJB FO MPT QF[POFT BM JOJDJP EF MB UPNB
EVSBOUFMPTQSJNFSPTEBT&MEPMPSEVSBOUFUPEBMBUPNBTVFMFEFCFSTFB
RVFFMCFCFTUNBMDPMPDBEP
t4JEFTQVTEFEBSEFNBNBS MPTQFDIPTTJHVFOIJODIBEPTZEPMPSJEPT TF
QVFEFOBMJWJBSTBDBOEPVOQPDPEFMFDIF MPDVBMQVFEFIBDFSTFEFGPSNB
NBOVBM-BMFDIFTBMESNTGDJMNFOUFTJTFIBDFNJFOUSBTUFEVDIBTDPO
BHVBUFNQMBEB
t Si apareciese en la mama una zona enrojecida y dolorosa 
BDPNQBBEBBWFDFTEFVOBTEDJNBTEFmFCSF IBZRVFBDVEJSBM$FOUSP
EF4BMVEQVEJFSBTFSFMJOJDJPEFVOBNBTUJUJT
tSi apareciesen grietasFOMPTQF[POFT QVFEFOTFSUJMFTMPTTJHVJFOUFT
DPOTFKPT
$PSSFHJSMBQPTUVSBEFMBNBESFZEFMCFCBMEBSMFEFNBNBS
%BSMF QFDIP NT GSFDVFOUFNFOUF  DPNFO[BOEP QPS FM QFDIP NFOPT
EPMPSJEP
/PMBWBSTFMPTQF[POFTOJBOUFTOJEFTQVTEFDBEBUPNB$VBOEPBDBCF
MBUPNB EFKBSRVFMPTQF[POFTTFTFRVFOTPMPTTJORVJUBSMPTSFTUPTEF
MFDIFZTJFNQSFRVFTFQVFEBEFKBSMPTQFDIPTBMBJSF
4JMBTHSJFUBTTPONVZEPMPSPTBT TBDBSMBMFDIFNBOVBMNFOUFZBMJNFOUBS
BMCFCDPOVOBKFSJOHVJMMBIBTUBRVFMPTQF[POFTFTUONFOPTEPMPSJEPT

&YUSBDDJOZBMNBDFOBNJFOUPEFMBMFDIFNBUFSOB
"MNBDFOBSMBMFDIFNBUFSOBUFQFSNJUFBMJNFOUBSBUVIJKPDPOUVMFDIFTJ QPS
DVBMRVJFSNPUJWP MMFHBVONPNFOUPRVFOPQVFEFTFTUBSQSFTFOUFQBSBEBS
EFNBNBSBUVCFC
-B FYUSBDDJO QVFEF IBDFSTF EF GPSNB NBOVBM  P DPO MB BZVEB EF VO
TBDBMFDIFT&YJTUFOFOFMNFSDBEPUBOUPTBDBMFDIFTNBOVBMFTDPNPFMDUSJDPT 
FTDVFTUJOEFFODPOUSBSFMRVFNFKPSTFBEBQUFBUVTHVTUPTZOFDFTJEBEFT
&T JNQPSUBOUF observar unas mnimas normas de higiene como
el lavado de manos y de los utensilios que se usen para la
extraccin, MBSFDPMFDDJOZFMBMNBDFOBNJFOUPEFMBMFDIF&MMBWBEPDPO
BHVBDBMJFOUFZKBCOZVOCVFOBDMBSBEPmOBMFWJUBSMBDPOUBNJOBDJOEF
MBMFDIF

22

1BVUBTQBSBBMNBDFOBNJFOUP
-B MFDIF TF QVFEF BMNBDFOBS FO FOWBTFT EF QMTUJDP EVSP P WJESJP BQUPT
QBSB BMJNFOUPT P UBNCJO FO CPMTBT FTQFDJBMNFOUF EJTFBEBT QBSB FM
BMNBDFOBNJFOUP EF MFDIF NBUFSOB &TDSJCF TJFNQSF FO FM FOWBTF MB GFDIB
BOUFTEFHVBSEBSMP
$POTFSWBDJO
3FGSJHFSBEBFOUSFZ$EFBEBT
$POHFMBEB
t&OVODPOHFMBEPSEFOUSPEFMBNJTNBOFWFSBTFNBOBT
t&OVODPOHFMBEPSRVFFTQBSUFEFMBOFWFSBQFSPDPOQVFSUBTFQBSBEB UJQP
DPNCJ
NFTFT -BUFNQFSBUVSBWBSBTFHOMBGSFDVFODJBDPOMBRVF
TFBCSBMBQVFSUB

t&OVODPOHFMBEPSTFQBSBEP UJQPDPNFSDJBMDPOUFNQFSBUVSBDPOTUBOUFEF
$NFTFTPNT
1BSBESTFMBBMCFCCBTUBDPOMMFWBSMBBVOBtemperatura de 37 C.
1BSBFMMP EFTDPOHFMBZDBMJFOUBMBMFDIFTVNFSHJOEPMBFOVOSFDJQJFOUFDPO
BHVBUJCJB

23

/VODBEFKFTRVFMBMFDIFIJFSWB TFEFTOBUVSBMJ[BSBODPNQVFTUPTJOEJTQFO
TBCMFTQBSBUVCFC
"HJUBMBMFDIFBOUFTEFQSPCBSMBUFNQFSBUVSB
3FDVFSEB
-BMBDUBODJBNBUFSOBTFSNTFYJUPTBTJ
tTFUJFOFJOGPSNBDJOBEFDVBEBTPCSFMBTWFOUBKBTEFMBMBDUBODJBZMBUDOJDB
EFEBSEFNBNBS
tTFJOJDJBMPBOUFTQPTJCMF
tTFIBDFUFOJFOEPFODVFOUBMPTSJUNPTEFMCFCBMNFOPTEVSBOUFMBTQSJNFSBT
USFTPDVBUSPTFNBOBT
tTFBTVNFOMBTQFRVFBTJODPNPEJEBEFTRVFTVSHFO

-BDUBODJBBSUJmDJBM
4J OP QVFEFT EBS EF NBNBS B UV CFC P IBT EFDJEJEP OP IBDFSMP  OP UF
BHPCJFT$POTVMUBBMFRVJQPQFEJUSJDPZBMMUFJOEJDBSOMBTQBVUBTBTFHVJS
QBSBTVDPSSFDUBBMJNFOUBDJO

24

1SFQBSBDJOEFMPTCJCFSPOFT
&YJTUFO FO FM NFSDBEP EJGFSFOUFT UJQPT EF UFUJOBT BEBQUBEBT B MB FEBE EFM
CFC6UJMJ[BMBNTBEFDVBEB UFOJFOEPFODVFOUBRVFFMBHVKFSPEFMBUFUJOB
EFCFQFSNJUJSVOHPUFPDPOUJOVP QFSPOPFYDFTJWPQBSBRVFOPTFBUSBHBOUF
"OUFT EF DPNFO[BS B QSFQBSBS FM CJCFSO  MWBUF NVZ CJFO MBT NBOPT DPO
BHVBDBMJFOUFZKBCO
-PTCJCFSPOFTZUFUJOBTTFMBWBSODVJEBEPTBNFOUFDPOBHVBDBMJFOUFZKBCO 
VUJMJ[BOEPVOBFTDPCJMMBQBSBFMJNJOBSDPNQMFUBNFOUFMPTSFTUPTEFMFDIFEFM
JOUFSJPSEFMPTNJTNPT4FBDMBSBSOEFTQVTDPOBCVOEBOUFBHVBDBMJFOUF
%FFTUBGPSNBTFFWJUBSFMDSFDJNJFOUPEFNJDSPPSHBOJTNPT
"MBIPSBEFQSFQBSBSFMCJCFSO sigue estrictamente las instrucciones
indicadas por el fabricante del producto./VODBBBEBTiQSPQJOBw
QPSRVFDBNCJBSBTMBDPODFOUSBDJOEFMBMFDIFZQPESBTQSPEVDJSQSPCMFNBT
EJHFTUJWPTPEFTIJESBUBDJO
$PNQSVFCBMBUFNQFSBUVSBEFMBMFDIFWFSUJFOEPVOBTHPUBTTPCSFMBQBSUF
JOUFSOBEFMBNVFDB
$NPEBSMFFMCJCFSO
t.JFOUSBT UPNB FM CJCFSO IBZ RVF UFOFSMF FO CSB[PT QBSB FWJUBS RVF TF
BUSBHBOUF
t4F EFCF NBOUFOFS FM CJCFSO TVmDJFOUFNFOUF JODMJOBEP EF GPSNB RVF MB
UFUJOBTFFODVFOUSFTJFNQSFMMFOB"TFWJUBSTRVFUVCFCUSBHVFEFNBTJBEP
BJSF
t%KBMFEFTDBOTBSEVSBOUFMBUPNBQBSBRVFFYQVMTFFMBJSFJOHFSJEP
t&MCFCOPTJFNQSFUPNBMBNJTNBDBOUJEBEFODBEBUPNB/PBDUVFTDPO
SJHJEF[/PMFGVFS[FT/PSNBMNFOUFUPNBSMPRVFOFDFTJUB
"MHVOBTWFDFTEFTQVTEFMBUPNBZBMBDPTUBSMFFMCFCQVFEFFTUBSJORVJFUP
PMMPSBS QVEJFSBEFCFSTFBRVFOPIBFYQVMTBEPFMBJSF1POMFEFOVFWPFO
QPTJDJOBEFDVBEBQBSBFSVDUBSZWVFMWFBBDPTUBSMF
1BSB QSFWFOJS QSPCMFNBT EF TBMVE CVDP EFOUBM OP IBZ RVF EFKBS EPSNJS BM
CFCDPOFMCJCFSOEFMFDIFPEF[VNPFOMBCPDB

25

3FDVFSEB
t$BEBCFCUJFOFVOPTSJUNPTEJGFSFOUFT&OHFOFSBM MBTUPNBTEFCFOEBSTF
DVBOEPMBTQJEBFMCFC"MQSJODJQJPMPTJOUFSWBMPTFOUSFFMMBTTVFMFOTFS
JSSFHVMBSFT OPUFEFTBOJNFT FMCFCFODPOUSBSTVQSPQJPSJUNPZTFJS
SFHVMBOEPTFHOQBTFFMUJFNQP
t-PTQSJNFSPTEBT QVFEFQBSFDFSRVFFMCFCUJFOFQPDPBQFUJUP"WFDFT USBT
UPNBSFMCJCFSOEVSBOUFVOPTNJOVUPT TFRVFEBQSPGVOEBNFOUFEPSNJEP
&TUP TVFMF EVSBS QPDPT EBT %FTQVT  FM CFC FTUBS NT EFTQFKBEP Z
UPNBSTVBMJNFOUPDPONTGVFS[BZEVSBOUFNTUJFNQP

t)*(*&/&
#BP
$PO FM CBP EFM CFC OP TMP DPOTFHVJST TV BTFP  TJOP RVF BEFNT MF
WBTBQSPQPSDJPOBSVOBEFMBTNBZPSFTTBUJTGBDDJPOFT&TVONPNFOUPNVZ
BEFDVBEP QBSB SFGPS[BS WVFTUSBT SFMBDJPOFT NFEJBOUF DBSJDJBT Z DPOUBDUPT
#BMFTJFNQSFBOUFTEFMBTUPNBT4JMPIBDFTQPSMBOPDIF TFSFMBKBSZ
GBWPSFDFSFMTVFP&OQPDBTEFDBMPSOPIBZJODPOWFOJFOUFFOCBBSMFNT
WFDFT
t"OUFTEFJOJDJBSFMCBP UFOUPEPTMPTVUFOTJMJPTBNBOPNunca dejes al
beb solo BVORVFTFBQPSQPDPUJFNQP
tNoMMFOFTMBCBFSBNTEF10 DN.
t-BUFNQFSBUVSBEFMBHVBEFCFTFSBHSBEBCMF(34-36 C
&MTJTUFNBNT
TFODJMMPQBSBDPNQSPCBSMPFTTVNFSHJFOEPFMDPEP MBNBOPOPFTTVmDJFOUF
QVFTTPQPSUBUFNQFSBUVSBTNTBMUBT
&TDPOWFOJFOUFDPNFO[BSBMMFOBSMB
CBFSBDPOBHVBGSBZTFHVJSDPOMBDBMJFOUF SFNPWJFOEPIBTUBDPOTFHVJS
MBUFNQFSBUVSBBEFDVBEB
t&MCBPEFCFTFSCSFWF/PBCVTFTEFMKBCO FTQSFGFSJCMFMBWBSMFTMPDPO
BHVB &O DBTP EF VUJMJ[BS KBCPOFT  FTUPT EFCFO TFS OFVUSPT Z BEFDVBEPT
QBSBMBQJFMEFMCFC
t&T JNQPSUBOUF RVF TVKFUFT BM CFC EVSBOUF FM CBP  QBSB FWJUBS RVF
JOWPMVOUBSJBNFOUFTFTVNFSKBFOFMBHVB1BTBVOCSB[PQPSEFUSTEFTV
FTQBMEBZBTFBMFDPOMBNBOPMJCSF

26

t4F DPNFO[BS MBWBOEP MB DBSB " DPOUJOVBDJO DBCF[B  DVFSQP Z


FYUSFNJEBEFT/PVTFTOJCBTUPODJMMPTOJPUSPTVUFOTJMJPTQBSBMJNQJBSPSJm
DJPTOBTBMFTZPEPT
t4FDBCJFOBMCFC FTQFDJBMNFOUFMPTQMJFHVFTEFMDVFMMP PSFKBT BYJMBTF
JOHMFT BCBTFEFUPRVFTTVBWFT TJOBSSBTUSBSMBUPBMMBTPCSFMBQJFM
t4J MB QJFM FTU TFDB P EFTDBNBEB  VUJMJ[B MFDIFT IJESBUBOUFT /P TPO
SFDPNFOEBCMFTQPMWPTEFUBMDP OJDPMPOJBT
t$SUBMFMBTVBTDVBOEPFTUOMBSHBTFOTFOUJEPSFDUP TJOQJDPTZFNQMFBOEP
VOBUJKFSBEFQVOUBSPNB

&MDBNCJBEPS
t6TB VOB NFTB P DBNCJBEPS FTUBCMF EPOEF  QSFWJBNFOUF  DPMPDBSJT BM
BMDBODFEFMBNBOPUPEPMPOFDFTBSJPQBSBTVBTFP%FCFUFOFSBODIVSB
TVmDJFOUFQBSBFWJUBSFMSJFTHPEFDBEBTJFMCFCHJSBTPCSFTNJTNP
tNo le dejes NUNCA solo en el cambiador, ni sobre la cama,
ni sobre ninguna otra supercie elevadaMMWBMFTJFNQSFDPOUJHPP
EKBMFFOVOBNBOUBTPCSFFMTVFMP

27

$VJEBEPEFMDPSEOVNCJMJDBM
&MDPSEOVNCJMJDBMTVFMFDBFSTFFOUSFMBQSJNFSBZTFHVOEBTFNBOBEFWJEB
)BTUB FTF NPNFOUP FT NVZ JNQPSUBOUF NBOUFOFSMP CJFO MJNQJP Z TFDP /P
VTFTGBKBTOJQPMWPT
/PDPOWJFOFCBBSBMCFCIBTUBMBDBEBEFMDPSEOVNCJMJDBM&ODBTPEF
IBDFSMP DPOWJFOFsecar muy bien esa zona.
4J OPUBT RVF MB [POB EFM DPSEO FTU TJFNQSF INFEB  EFTQSFOEF MRVJEPT
PIVFMFNBM DPOTVMUBDPOFM&RVJQP1FEJUSJDP$VBOEP FOUSFMBQSJNFSBZ
TFHVOEBTFNBOB TFDBJHBFMDPSEO TFTFHVJSDVJEBOEPEFMBNJTNBGPSNB 
IBTUBRVFWFBTRVFFTUDPNQMFUBNFOUFTFDP

28

t301"
6UJMJ[BSPQBTDNPEBT BQPEFSTFSEFBMHPEO RVFTFBOGDJMFTEFBCSPDIBS 
RVFOPDPNQSJNBOBMCFCZRVFQFSNJUBOUPEPTTVTNPWJNJFOUPT
1BSB FWJUBS BDDJEFOUFT  OP DPOWJFOF VTBS SPQB DPO BDDFTPSJPT QFMJHSPTPT
MB[PT QPNQPOFT WPMBOUFTMBSHPT MBOBEFBOHPSB FUD
BTDPNPJNQFSEJCMFT 
BOJMMPT QVMTFSBTPDPMMBSFT
&OTVMBWBEP FWJUBTVBWJ[BOUFTZMFKBT"MmOBMEFMMBWBEP BDMBSBCJFOMB
SPQB
/P MF BCSJHVF FO FYDFTP 5V CFC OP OFDFTJUB NVDIB NT SPQB RVF VOB
QFSTPOBBEVMUB

29

t46&0
-BNVFSUFTCJUBEFMMBDUBOUF
4FEFmOFDPNPMBNVFSUFSFQFOUJOBEFMCFCBOUFTEFMBPEFFEBETJODBVTBT
RVFMBKVTUJmRVFOZDPOTUJUVZFMBQSJNFSBDBVTBEFNVFSUFQPTUOFPOBUBM
1BSBFWJUBSMBFTSFDPNFOEBCMFRVFDVBOEPFMCFCEVFSNB
t-FDPMPRVFT BMNFOPTEVSBOUFMPTQSJNFSPTNFTFT PIBTUBRVFTFWPMUFF
TPMP
 TJFNQSF CPDB BSSJCB  DBNCJBOEP MB QPTJDJO EF TV DBCF[B IBDJB
MBEFSFDIBPIBDJBMBJ[RVJFSEBFODBEBTVFPQBSBFWJUBSEFGPSNJEBEFT
DSBOFBMFT
t&WJUFTDPMDIPOFTNVZCMBOEPTPEFMBOB BMNPIBEPOFT DPKJOFT QFMVDIFT 
DPMHBOUFT BM DVFMMP P DVBMRVJFS PUSP PCKFUP RVF QVFEB QSPWPDBSMF BTmYJB
EVSBOUFFMTVFP
t/PMFFYQPOHBTOVODBBFTQBDJPTDPOUBNJOBEPTDPOFMIVNPEFUBCBDP
Es desaconsejable que si el padre o la madre fuman o han
bebido alcohol, compartan la cama con el beb.

30

t&WJUBFMBSSPQBNJFOUPFYDFTJWPEFMMBDUBOUF FTQFDJBMNFOUFTJUJFOFmFCSF 
DVJEBOEPEFOPDVCSJSMFMBDBCF[B.BOUFOFSVOBUFNQFSBUVSBBHSBEBCMF
FOMBIBCJUBDJO JEFBMNFOUFEFB$
$PMDBMF lejos de fuentes
de calor SBEJBEPSFT FTUVGBT DIJNFOFBT FUD


$PODJMJBSFMTVFP
6OTVFPEFDBMJEBEEVSBOUFFMEBNFKPSBSFMTVFPOPDUVSOP
&MSFDJOOBDJEPEVFSNFNVDIP QFSPOPQVFEFIBDFSMPEFGPSNBTFHVJEB
$BEBIPSBTTFEFTQJFSUB/FDFTJUBDPNFS RVFMFDBNCJFOZRVFIBCMFO
DPOM
%FTQVTEFDPNFSJOJDJBMPRVFMMBNBNPTiTVFPBDUJWPwNVFWFMPTHMPCPT
PDVMBSFT IBDFNVFDBT SFTQJSBJSSFHVMBSNFOUF FNJUFBMHORVFKJEPZSFBMJ[B
QFRVFPTNPWJNJFOUPTDPOMBTFYUSFNJEBEFT"VORVFQBSF[DBRVFFMCFC
FTUJORVJFUP FTUFUJQPEFTVFPFTUPUBMNFOUFOPSNBMZOPTFEFCFJOUFSSVNQJS
4JMBTQFSTPOBTRVFFTUOBDBSHPEFMCFCOPDPOPDFOFTUBTJUVBDJO FTNVZ
QSPCBCMFRVFMFUPRVFO MFDPKBOPMFBDVOFO DPOMPDVBMSPNQFOTVTVFP
OPSNBMZEJmDVMUBOTVNBEVSBDJO%FTQVTEFVOPTNJOVUPTFOFTUB
TJUVBDJO FMCFCFOUSBFOFMTVFPNTQSPGVOEP RVFEFOPNJOBNPTiTVFP
USBORVJMPw&TUUPUBMNFOUFSFMBKBEP ZSFTQJSBTVBWFZQSPGVOEBNFOUF

{%OEFEPSNJS
Capazo o moiss: SloDPOWJFOFVUJMJ[BSMPmientras no sepa darse la
vueltaOJNPWFSTFBVUOPNBNFOUF FTEFDJS IBTUBMPTDVBUSPPDJODPNFTFT
EFWJEBBQSPYJNBEBNFOUF&MGPOEPTFSSHJEPZQMBOP DPOMPTCPSEFTBMUPT
ZBDPMDIBEPTZQSFGFSJCMFNFOUFEFBMHPEO
Cuna: -B DVOB EFCF FTUBS IPNPMPHBEB -B EJTUBODJB FOUSF MPT CBSSPUFT OP
TFS NFOPS EF  DN OJ NBZPS EF  DN -PT DPTUBEPT EF MB DVOB EFCFO
UFOFSQPSMPNFOPTDNEFBMUVSB1BSBFWJUBSRVFTFHPMQFFMBDBCF[BP
TBRVFTVTNBOPTPQJFTFOUSFMPTCBSSPUFTNJFOUSBTEVFSNF es til colocar
un protector por dentro de la cuna&MDPMDIOIBEFTFSEVSP/PFT
OFDFTBSJPVTBSBMNPIBEBPDPKJOFTIBTUBMPTBPTEFFEBE
Cama1FHBSMBBMBQBSFEPQSPUFHFEMPTMBEPTQBSBFWJUBSRVFTFDBJHB

31

*OUFSGPOPQBSBCFCTZUFMFGPOBNWJM
"VORVF OP FYJTUFO FWJEFODJBT DMBSBT RVF EFNVFTUSFO RVF MBT SBEJBDJPOFT
FMFDUSPNBHOUJDBT QVFEBO SFTVMUBS EBJOBT  DPNP NFEJEB QSFWFOUJWB Z ZB
RVFFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTPEFMCFCTFFODVFOUSBFOQMFOPQSPDFTPEFEFTBSSPMMP 
FTSFDPNFOEBCMF
t$PMPDBSel interfonoQPSMPNFOPTa un metro de la camaEFMCFC
4J FM JOUFSGPOP FTUB DPOFDUBEP B MB DPSSJFOUF DPO VO BEBQUBEPS  UFOFS FO
DVFOUBUBNCJOFTUBEJTUBODJBQBSBFMBEBQUBEPS
t3FHVMBSFMNEVMPEFMCFCTPCSFFMNPEPiQVFTUBFONBSDIBBVUPNUJDBDPO
MBWP[wPi709wNo utilizar los aparatos que emitan constantemente.
tNo colocar telfonos mvilesPJOBMNCSJDPTBNFOPTEFVONFUSPEFM
CFC

$IVQFUF
t4FQVFEFPGSFDFSFMDIVQFUFBMCFC QFSPsin forzar a que lo use.4J
ZBTFIBEPSNJEP OPQPOSTFMPEFOVFWP&OFMDBTPEFMBDUBODJBNBUFSOB 
OPTFBDPOTFKBFMDIVQFUFBOUFTEFM QSJNFS NFT QBSB OP JOUFSGFSJS DPO FM
FTUBCMFDJNJFOUPEFMBMBDUBODJB
t&TQSFGFSJCMFVTBSMPTBOBUNJDPTZEFVOBTPMBQJF[BComprobad que
el chupete est en buen estado.
t6UJMJ[BEDBEFOBTIPNPMPHBEBTQBSBDPMHBSDIVQFUFTZFWJUBEFMVTPEFPUSP
UJQPEFDBEFOBT DPSEPOFTPMB[PT
tNunca untes el chupete en azcar, leche condensada, miel o
cualquier otro alimento azucarado.

t--"/50
&MMMBOUPEFMCFCFTMBGPSNBEFFYQSFTJONTEJSFDUB FTVOBMMBNBEB VOB
QFUJDJO EF DPNVOJDBDJO :  DPNP FO UPEB SFMBDJO EF DPNVOJDBDJO  MP
JNQPSUBOUFFTIBMMBSFODBEBNPNFOUPMBSFTQVFTUBBEFDVBEB FMNFOTBKFRVFTF
RVJFSFUSBOTNJUJS&MMMBOUPOPTJFNQSFFTTOUPNBEFIBNCSFPEFNBMFTUBSGTJDP

32

$POWJFOF UFOFS DVJEBEP EF OP DBFS FO OJOHVOP EF FTUPT EPT FSSPSFT OP
BUFOEFSBMBMMBNBEBRVFFMCFCIBDFDVBOEPMMPSB PFTUBSUBOFODJNBEFM
RVF BMNFOPSRVFKJEP DPSSBUPEBMBGBNJMJB&OQPDPUJFNQPJSTBQSFOEJFOEP
BEJGFSFODJBS QPSFMUPOPPTVJOUFOTJEBE FMMMBOUPZTVTNFOTBKFTJNQMDJUPT
-B IPSBT EF NBZPS JOUSBORVJMJEBE TPO MBT EFM mOBM EFM EB Z MBT QSJNFSBT
IPSBT EF MB OPDIF $POWJFOF USBOTNJUJSMF USBORVJMJEBE F JOUFOUBS DBMNBSMF
"CS[BMF OFDFTJUBTFOUJSUFZTFOUJSTFTFHVSP-PTCFCTOPTFiBDPTUVNCSBOw
BMPTCSB[PT
"MHVOBTWFDFTFMMMBOUPEFMCFCWJFOFDBVTBEPQPSQFRVFPTEFTBSSFHMPT
DMJDPTEJHFTUJWPTNFDFSMFZEBSMFTVBWFTNBTBKFTFOMBUSJQB TJFNQSFFOFM
TFOUJEPEFMBTBHVKBTEFMSFMPK QVFEFOMMFHBSBDBMNBSTVNBMFTUBS
&MDPOUBDUPDPOMBQJFMEFPUSBQFSTPOBEBSTFHVSJEBEZDPOmBO[BBMCFCZ
DPOUSJCVJSBTVEFTBSSPMMP

33

t1"4&0
&MQBTFPBDUBDPNPTFEBOUFZMFQPOFFODPOUBDUPDPODPMPSFT TPOJEPT FUD
1SPDVSB TJUFFTQPTJCMF QBTFBSQPS[POBTEFQPDPSVJEPZTJODPOUBNJOBDJO
"QSPWFDIBMBTIPSBTNTBEFDVBEBT FWJUBOEPMBTIPSBTEFNVDIPDBMPSP
EFNVDIPGSP

&MDPDIFEFQBTFP
$PNQSVFCB RVF FM DPDIF UFOHB FM GSFOP Z MPT QVOUPT EF BODMBKF FO CVFO
FTUBEP"DPTUNCSBUFBGSFOBSFMDPDIFDBEBWF[RVFUFQBSFT BVORVFFTUT
BVOQBTPEFMNJTNP
"M DSV[BS MBT DBMMFT  QBSB FWJUBS SJFTHPT EF BUSPQFMMP  EFCFT FWJUBS MMFWBS FM
DPDIFEFQBTFPBEFMBOUBEPFOMVHBSFTDPOQPDBWJTJCJMJEBE PJOUSPEVDJSMPFO
MBDBM[BEBNJFOUSBTFTQFSBTBMCPSEFEFMBBDFSB

34

"MBJSFMJCSF
-B QJFM EFM CFC FT NVZ mOB Z TFOTJCMF Z TV SFTJTUFODJB B MBT SBEJBDJPOFT
TPMBSFTFTBONVZECJM1PSFMMP ZDPNPOPSNBHFOFSBM, no dejis nunca
expuesto directamente al sol a un beb de menos de 6 meses 
BVODVBOEPFTUWFTUJEPZDPOHPSSPDebe estar siempre a la sombra.
Los fotoprotectores no se aconsejan antes del 6 mes de vida.
/PDPOWJFOFMMFWBSMFBMBQMBZBPQJTDJOBBOUFTEFMNFTEFWJEB

35

36

t7*"+&4
&MCFCTJFNQSFJSCJFOTVKFUPNFEJBOUFVOTJTUFNBEFSFUFODJOIPNPMPHBEP
tEn el capazo o cucoEFMDPDIFEFQBTFPDPMPDBEPTJFNQSFFOQPTJDJO
USBOTWFSTBMFOFMBTJFOUPUSBTFSPZmKBEPDPOMPTDJOUVSPOFTEFMWFIDVMPZDPO
MPTDJOUPTRVFTFBERVJFSFODPOFM,*5EFTFHVSJEBEEFMDBQB[P"EFNT 
FM CFC JS TVKFUP BM DBQB[P DPO VO DJOUVSOGBKB DFOUSBM BOUJQSPZFDDJO 
JODMVJEPUBNCJOFOEJDIP,*5
t En la silla de seguridad RVFTFQVFEFQPOFSUBOUPFOFMBTJFOUPEFMBOUFSP
TJ FM DPDIF OP UJFOF BJSCBH EF DPQJMPUP
 DPNP FO FM USBTFSP  TJFNQSF FO
TFOUJEP DPOUSBSJP B MB NBSDIB Z mKBEB DPO FM DJOUVSO EF TFHVSJEBE EFM
WFIDVMP
3FDVFSEBRVFFMBTJFOUPNTTFHVSPFTFMDFOUSBMUSBTFSPZFMNTQFMJHSPTPFM
EFMDPQJMPUP
5SBUBEFMJNJUBSMPTWJBKFTFOBVUPNWJMDPOFMCFC/PEFKFTRVFQFSNBOF[DB
TFOUBEP QFSJPEPT EF UJFNQP NVZ MBSHPT Z QPS TVQVFTUP  nunca le dejes
solo en el coche.
3FDVFSEBRVFFTUBTSFDPNFOEBDJPOFTUBNCJOTPOBQMJDBCMFTDVBOEPFMCFC
WJBKFFOWFIDVMPTEJTUJOUPTBMIBCJUVBMPFOUBYJ

37

t)*(*&/&%&-".#*&/5&
5BCBDP
&MIVNPEFMUBCBDPFTQFSKVEJDJBMQBSBMBTBMVEEFUPEBTMBTQFSTPOBT EFMBT
RVF GVNBO Z EF RVJFOFT FTUO B TV BMSFEFEPS  FTQFDJBMNFOUF MBT EF NFOPS
FEBE  RVF BEFNT OP QVFEFO FWJUBS EF GPSNB WPMVOUBSJB MB FYQPTJDJO BM
IVNP
&WJUBS TJFNQSF Z FO DVBMRVJFS DJSDVOTUBODJB  FYQPOFSMFT BM IVNP EF UBCBDP
FODBTB FOFMDPDIF FODBTBTEFGBNJMJBSFTZBNJHPTZFODVBMRVJFSMVHBS
QCMJDP &M IVNP RVF TF MJCFSB BM BNCJFOUF B QBSUJS EFM UBCBDP DPOUJFOF
OJDPUJOBZDPNQVFTUPTDBSDJOHFOPTZUPYJOBT
7FOUJMBS MBT FTUBODJBT EPOEF TF IB GVNBEP OP TJSWF QBSB MJNQJBS FM BJSF
"VORVFEJTNJOVZBFMPMPSPSJHJOBEPQPSFMIVNP TVTDPNQPOFOUFTRVNJDPT
UYJDPTTMPTFFMJNJOBOEFNBOFSBQBSDJBM QVFTUPRVFTFOFDFTJUBVOUJFNQP
DPOTJEFSBCMFQBSBSFOPWBSDPNQMFUBNFOUFFMBJSF
-PT IJKPT F IJKBT EF QFSTPOBT GVNBEPSBT TPO VO HSVQP EF FTQFDJBM SJFTHP
ZB RVF QVFEFO QBEFDFS DPO NBZPS GSFDVFODJB UPT  PUJUJT Z FOGFSNFEBEFT
SFTQJSBUPSJBTDPNPOFVNPOB CSPORVJUJTZBTNB"EFNTEFFTUPTQSPCMFNBT
QBSBMBTBMVE UJFOFONBZPSQSPCBCJMJEBEEFTFSUBNCJOQFSTPOBTGVNBEPSBT
FOMBWJEBBEVMUB

1SPEVDUPTUYJDPT
&TGSFDVFOUFVUJMJ[BSFOFMIPHBSTVTUBODJBTRVFEFTQSFOEFOWBQPSFTUYJDPT
MJNQJBEPSFTEFMIPHBS JOTFDUJDJEBT QJOUVSBT EJTPMWFOUFT FUD
-BJOIBMBDJO
EF FTUBT TVTUBODJBT FT FTQFDJBMNFOUF QFMJHSPTB QBSB MPT CFCT  QPS MP RVF
OP EFCFO FTUBS FO DBTB DVBOEP TF VUJMJ[BO OJ NJFOUSBT EVSB FM QFSJPEP EF
UPYJDJEBE

38

t+6(6&5&4
-PTKVHVFUFTEFCFOTFSsiempre ms grandes que la boca del beb y
que no sean articulados.
$POUSPMBRVFUFOHBOMBNBSDB$& ZUFOFODVFOUBMBFEBEQBSBMBRVFFTU
SFDPNFOEBEPFMKVHVFUF

39

C. SITUACIONES FRECUENTES
Y CUIDADOS DURANTE
LOS PRIMEROS MESES
QU HACER?
$VBOEPFMCFCFTUNPMFTUP QVFEFTPGSFDFSMFFODBTBVOBTFSJFEFDVJEBEPT
RVF FONVDIBTPDBTJPOFT DPOTFHVJSORVFNFKPSFTJOOFDFTJEBEEFDPOTVMUBS
BMFRVJQPQFEJUSJDP0USBTWFDFT UFOESTRVFSFDVSSJSBM6OBHSBOQBSUF
EF MPT QSPCMFNBT EF TBMVE EFM CFC TF SFTVFMWFO TJO NFEJDBNFOUPT "
DPOUJOVBDJORVFEBOJOEJDBEPTMPTQSPCMFNBTNTDPNVOFT

t&4$0$&%63"4
-B QJFM DVCJFSUB QPS MPT QBBMFT BQBSFDF JSSJUBEB EFCJEP B MB IVNFEBE
QSPEVDJEBQPSMBPSJOBZMBTIFDFT
t.BOUOMJNQJBZTFDBMB[POB
t/PVUJMJDFTQBBMFTOJCSBHVJUBTEFQMTUJDP
t6TBEFUFSHFOUFTTVBWFTZBDMBSBCJFOMBTSPQBT
t%KBMFDPOFMiDVMFUFwBMBJSF TJFNQSFRVFQVFEBT
t$VBOEPMBQJFMEFMB[POBEFMQBBMFTUJSSJUBEBVUJMJ[BVOBDSFNBUJQPQBTUB
BMBHVBQBSBQSPUFHFSMB[POBEFMQBBMZOPVTFTUPBMMJUBTMJNQJBEPSBT

41

t0#4536$$*//"4"&T OPSNBM RVF MPT CFCT FTUPSOVEFO MFT BZVEB B MJNQJBS MB OBSJ[
 UPTBO P
UFOHBOIJQP
1VFEFTVDFEFSRVFFOMBTQSJNFSBTTFNBOBTEFWJEBMBOBSJ[TFPCTUSVZBQPS
NVDPTJEBEFT/PUJFOFJNQPSUBODJB QFSP BMSFTQJSBSQFPS QVFEFQSPEVDJSMF
JODPNPEJEBENJFOUSBTTFBMJNFOUB
t1POMFFODBEBMBEPEFMBOBSJ[WBSJBTHPUBTEFTVFSPmTJPMHJDP

t3&"$$*0/&4%&-&.#"3";0
4FEFOPNJOBBTBVOBTFSJFEFTJUVBDJPOFTEFSJWBEBTEFMQBTPEFIPSNPOBT
EFMBNBESFBMCFCFOFMNPNFOUPEFMOBDJNJFOUP
t"VNFOUP EFM UBNBP EFM QFDIP QVFEF IBCFS JODMVTP VOB MJHFSB
TFDSFDJOEFMFDIF
/PTFEFCFIBDFSOBEB ZBRVFMBJOnBNBDJODFEF
FTQPOUOFBNFOUFZOVODBTFEFCFBQSFUBSFMQFDIPQBSBFYUSBFSMBMFDIF 
ZBRVFTFQVFEFJOGFDUBS
t &YQVMTJOEFVSBUPTFOMBPSJOBRVFUJFOMPTQBBMFTMJHFSBNFOUFEFDPMPS
TBMNO
t"CVOEBOUFNVDPTJEBEPMJHFSPTBOHSBEPWBHJOBMFOMBOJB"NCPTUBNCJO
EFTBQBSFDFOFOVOPPEPTEBT

t'*&#3&
4FDPOTJEFSBmFCSFBQBSUJSEF$
4JTFUPNBMBUFNQFSBUVSBFOFMSFDUPUFOFSFODVFOUBRVFIBZRVFEFTDPOUBS
$
%FBNFTFT UPEPQSPDFTPGFCSJMEFCFTFSWJTUPPDPOTVMUBEP

42

4JFMCFCFTNFOPSEFNFTFTFTVOBTJUVBDJORVFIBZRVFDPOTVMUBSEF
VSHFODJB

t.6(6&5
.BODIBTCMBODBTFOMBMFOHVBZQBSFEFTEFMBCPDB QSPEVDJEBTQPSiIPOHPTw

t$-*$04
-PTDMJDPTTPOFQJTPEJPTEFMMBOUPQSPMPOHBEP BWFDFTJODPOTPMBCMF RVFTF
SFQJUFODBTJBEJBSJPTPCSFUPEPQPSMBTUBSEFTZOPDIFT4FQSFTFOUBOEVSBOUF
MPTQSJNFSPTNFTFTEFWJEB/PFTVOBFOGFSNFEBE

43

$HFMF FO DVBOUP FNQJF[BO MPT QSJNFSPT TJHOPT  BQSFUOEPMF TVBWFNFOUF


DPOUSBFMQFDIPZNBOUFOJFOEPFMDPOUBDUPQJFMDPOQJFMPBDVOOEPMFNJFOUSBT
MFTVTVSSBT1VFEFSFTVMUBSUFUJMQBSBDBMNBSMFT

t7.*504
&TOPSNBM RVFEFTQVTEFMBUPNBZBDPNQBBOEPBMFSVDUP FYQVMTFBMHPEF
MFDIFFTPTFMFMMBNBiSFHVSHJUBDJOw/POPTEFCFEFQSFPDVQBSNJFOUSBTFM
CFCHBOFQFTPZOPFTUJSSJUBCMF
%FCFNPT QSFPDVQBSOPT TJ MPT WNJUPT TF FNJUFO DPO GVFS[B Z MB DBOUJEBE
FYQVMTBEBFTBCVOEBOUF

t%&104*$*0/&4
&MSJUNPOPSNBMEFMBTEFQPTJDJPOFTEFVOCFCFTWBSJBCMFEFTEFVOBWF[P
NTDPODBEBUPNBIBTUBVOBWF[DBEBWBSJPTEBT-BDPOTJTUFODJBUBNCJO

44

QVFEF WBSJBS EFTEF MRVJEB IBTUB QBTUB FTQFTB $PO MBDUBODJB NBUFSOB
OPSNBMNFOUFTPOEFDPMPSBNBSJMMPPSP DPOHSVNPT MRVJEBTZFYQMPTJWBT
/PTEFCFEFQSFPDVQBSTJTPODPOTBOHSF SPKBTPOFHSBT
PTJODPMPS CMBODBT

&MSFTUPEFMBTUPOBMJEBEFTEFQFOEFOEFMUJFNQPEFMUSOTJUPEFMPTBMJNFOUPT
QPSFMUVCPEJHFTUJWPZOPTPOJNQPSUBOUFT
/PTFDPOTJEFSBOPSNBMRVFFYJTUBODBNCJPTSFQFOUJOPTFOMBDPOTJTUFODJBEF
MBTEFQPTJDJOFTUSFJNJFOUP MBTIFDFTTPOEVSBT DPNPACPMJUBTw
PEJBSSFB
MBTIFDFTTPONVZMRVJEBT


t-&(""4
4JUJFOFMFHBBTFOMPTPKPT MJNQJBSMPTDPOVOBHBTBJNQSFHOBEBFOTVFSP
mTJPMHJDP6UJMJ[BEVOBHBTBEJGFSFOUFQBSBDBEBPKP
$POTVMUBSDPOFMFRVJQPQFEJUSJDPTJFMPKPFTUSPKPQPSEFOUSP

45

Aurkibidea
A. AMAREN ZAINKETA ERDITZEAREN ONDOREN................................ 3
t1VFSQFSJPBFEPFSEJUVPOEPLPBSPB............................................... 3
t4FYVIBSSFNBOBL ........................................................................ 4
t&MJLBEVSB ................................................................................... 5
t5BCBLPB BMLPIPMB CPUJLBL .......................................................... 8
t+BSEVFSBmTJLPB .......................................................................... 9

B.

+"*0#&33*"3&/;"*/,&5"........................................................... 15
t+BJPCFSSJBSFOLPOUSPMBL ............................................................. 15
t&MJLBEVSBMFIFOIJMFFUBO............................................................. 16
t)JHJFOFB.................................................................................. 26
t"SSPQB .................................................................................... 29
t-PB ......................................................................................... 30
t/FHBSSB .................................................................................. 32
t1BTJFSB .................................................................................... 34
t#JEBJBL.................................................................................... 37
t*OHVSVLPIJHJFOFB ..................................................................... 38
t+PTUBJMVBL ................................................................................. 39

C.0)*,0&(0&3",&5";"*/,&5",
-&)&/&/(0)*-&&5"/;&3&(*/ ................................................... 41
t&SSFEVSBL................................................................................. 41
t4VEVSCVYBEVSB ........................................................................ 42
t)BVSEVOBMEJLPFSSFBL[JPBL........................................................ 42
t4VLBSSB ................................................................................... 42
t.VHVFU.................................................................................... 43
t,PMJLPBL .................................................................................. 43
t#PUBLB..................................................................................... 44
t(PSP[LJBL................................................................................ 44
t#FLBSSBL .................................................................................. 45

A. AMAREN ZAINKETA
ERDITZEAREN ONDOREN

"NBJ[BUFBCJLPUFLJEFBSFLJOFSBCBLJCBEV[V BSEVSBIPSJCFSBSFLJOQBSUFLBUV
CFIBSLP [FOVLF /PMB BJUBL IBMB BNBL FHPFSB CFSSJSB FHPLJUV CFIBSSB
EBVLBUF VNFUYPBSFOQSFNJFUBSBFUBFSSJUNPFUBSB
&SEJU[FBSFOPOEPSFO VNFUYPBSFLJOMFIFOBMEJ[FHPUFLPVOFBJSJUTJEBB[LFOFBO
QP[B EB OBHVTJ  CBJOB  BMEJ CFSFBO  TFHVSUBTVOHBCF[JB FSF TFOUJU[FO EB
VNFUYPB [BJOU[FBSFO JOHVSVBO "NB TFOUJNFOEV LPOUSBKBSSJBL TFOUJU[FO IBT
EBJUFLF FUBCBMJUFLFIPSSFHBUJLIBSSJUVUBFEPLF[LBUVUBFHPUFB/PSNBMBEB
6NFUYPBKBJPPOEPSFOHPOFLFBLFUBIPSNPOBBMEBLFUFLFSBHJUFOEVUFIPSJ
,PNFOJHBSSJ EB IPSSJ CVSV[ IJU[ FHJUFB  CJLPUFLJEFBSFLJO FEP LPOmBOU[BLP
OPSCBJUFLJO-BHVOEVFHJOHPEJ[VUF FUBBIPMLVFNBO

t16&31&3*0"&%0&3%*560/%0,0"30"
&SEJU[FBSFO POEPLP BSPB EB QVFSQFSJPB JOEBSCFSSJU[FLP  FHPLJU[FLP FUB
BNBLBUTFEFOIBSU[FLPBSPB
&SEJU[FBSFOPOEPLPBTUFFUBO [VSFHPSQVU[BJOEBSCFSSJUV[KPBOHPEB
"MEBLFUB mTJLPBL TFOUJUVLP EJUV[V  FUB CBMJUFLF POEPF[B FUB NJOB TFOUJU[FB
VNFUPLJBSFO FUB PCVMVUFHJBSFO BMEFBO /PSNBMB EB 6NFUPLJB CFSF PIJLP
UBNBJOBIBSU[FOBSJEFMBLPHFSUBU[FOEB
&SEJU[FBSFOPOEPSFO OPSNBMBJ[BUFOEBodola galtzeaQJYLBOBLB HFSP
FUB PEPM HVUYJBHP HBMEVLP EV[V 0EPMBSFO LPMPSFB BMEBUV[ KPBOHP EB
IBTJFSBOHPSSJJMVOBHFSP QPMJLJQPMJLJ BSHJBHPBJ[BOHPEB FUBB[LFOFBO
[VSJIPSJYLB0EPMBLVTBJOUYBSSBCBEVFEPTVLBSSBCBEV[V KPBO[BJUF[[VSF
UPLPHJOFLPMPHPBSFOHBOBFEPFNBHJOBSFOHBOB

Episiotomia FHJO CBEJ[VUF  CBMJUFLF BMEFSEJ IPSJ UFOLBUVUB TFOUJU[FB MFIFO


FHVOFUBO/PSNBMBEB1VOUVBLBTUFQBSFCBUFBOKBVTUFOEJSB
;VSFFNBHJOBL[BVSJBSFOCJMBLBFSB[BJOU[FBLPNFOJEB
(BSSBOU[JUTVBEB
t"MEF IPSJ FHVOFBO CJUBO FEP IJSVUBO HBSCJU[FB  VS FQFMBSFLJO  FUB POEP
MFIPSU[FB
t9BCPJOFVUSPBLFUBIJQPBMFSHFOJLPBLFSBCJMU[FB&[EBLPNFOJCBJOBU[FB
t,PUPJ[LPFUBQMBTUJLPSJLHBCFLPLPOQSFTBLFSBCJMU[FB USBOTQJSB[JPBFHJUFO
V[UFLP
t,POQSFTBTBSSJBMEBU[FB
#BU[VFUBO hemorroideak FEP PEPMV[LJBL BHFSU[FO EJSB  FEP BSFBHPUV
FHJUFO EJSB MFIFOEJL [FVEFOBL )PSJ HFSUBU[FO CB[BJ[V  VSF[ HBSCJUV BMEF
IPSJ *EPSSFSJBL MBSSJBHPUV FHJO EF[BLF BSB[PB 4BJB [BJUF[ JEPSSFSJBSJL F[
J[BUFO
"IBMFHJOEV [BJUF[ BUTFEFO IBSU[FO  BIBMJL FUB HFIJFO &HPLJUV VNFUYPBSFO
FSSJUNPSB FUBBUTFEFOIBSUVVNFUYPBMPEBHPFOHV[UJFUBO
,BTVFHJOOFLF[BOU[VFJ
&TLBUVMBHVOU[B-BHVOU[BFTLBUV[HFSP MBTBJBHP[BJOEVLPEV[V[VSFCVSVB 
CBJUBVNFUYPBFSF
6NFUYPBKBJPPOEPSFO EFOCPSBCFIBSJ[BUFOEBFHPLJU[FLP)PSSFUBSBLP 
FUYFSBCJTJUBFHJUFSBEBUP[LJ[VOBLHVUYJLBFUPSU[FBLPNFOJEB JOEBSCFSSJU[FO
[BSFOBSUF

t4&96)"33&."/",
%FTJSBFUBNBJUBTVOCFIBSSBF[EJSBEFTBHFSU[FOBSPIPOFUBO CBJOB TBSSJUBO 
FHPLJU[FBMEJCBUCFIBSJ[BUFOEB
/PMB HJ[POBL IBMB FNBLVNFBL CFMEVSSB FUB TFHVSUBTVOHBCF[JB TFOUJ
EF[BLFUF VOF IPSJFUBO &NBLVNFBL  HBJOFSB  POEPF[B FEP NJOB FSF TFOUJ
EF[BLF FUBCBMJUFLFQFOFUSB[JPSJLOBIJF[J[BUFB

&[ EBHP [FIB[UFSJL FHPFSB IPSSFL [FOCBU JSBVO EF[BLFFO  EFOFL F[ EVUF
EFOCPSBCFSBCFIBSJ[BUFO#JLPUFCBLPJU[BLCFSFFSSJUNPSBCJ[JLPEVFHPFSB
IPSJ FUBQPMJLJQPMJLJ CFSFPIJLPIBSSFNBOBLJ[BOHPEJUV
(BSSBOU[JUTVBEBCJLPUFLJEFBSFLJOIPSSJCVSV[IJU[FHJUFB JSUFOCJEFSJLPOFOB
BVSLJUVBIBMJ[BUFLP%FOBEFO F[EBHPQSFTBSJLLPJUPIBSSFNBOFLJOIBTUFLP
#FTUFIBSSFNBONPEVCBU[VLFSFBTFHBSSJJ[BOEBJUF[LF
1FOFUSB[JPCJEF[LPIBSSFNBOFLJOIBTUFO[BSFUFOFBO CFTUFIBVSEVOBMEJCBU
TBJIFTUVOBIJJ[BOF[HFSP LPOUSB[FQ[JPNFUPEPSFOCBUFSBCJMJ
0LFSSB EB FEPTLJU[FB LPOUSB[FQ[JPNFUPEPU[BU KPU[FB  FEP LPOUSB[FQ[JP
OFVSSJBLTPJMJLFSEJU[FBSFOPOEPLPMFIFOFOHPIJMFLPBSFOPOEPSFOIBSUVCFIBS
EJSFMBQFOUTBU[FB
"SPIPOFUBO IFTJNFUPEPBL QSFTFSCBUJCPB
FSBCJMU[FBHPNFOEBU[FOEB;VSF
FNBHJOBSJFSFJOGPSNB[JPBFTLBEJF[BJPLF[V [FJONFUPEPFSBCJMJKBLJUFLP

t&-*,"%63"
&SEJU[FBSFO POEPSFO  IBVSEVOBMEJBO HFSUBU[FO EJSFO BMEBLFUB mTJPMPHJLP
HFIJFOBLIBVSEVOBMEJBSFOBVSSFLPFHPFSBSBCVFMUBU[FOEJSBVNFLJB MJLJEP
BNOJPUJLPB FUB LBSFOB LBOQPSBUV POEPSFO QJTVB HBMU[FB [FMVMB[ LBOQPLP

MJLJEPBLoIBVSEVOBMEJBOBUYJLJBLoHBMU[FBPEPMBSFOCPMVNFOBMFIFOHPSBU[FB
FUBFTOFBFHJUFLPNFUBUVUBLPHBOU[CJMUFHJBLNPCJMJ[BU[FB6HBU[HVSVJOBL 
BMEJ[ IBOEJUVFHJUFOEJSB FUBPSEVSB FTOFKBSJPBIBTUFOEB
&EPTLJU[FBL FOFSHJBHBMFSB IBOEJB EBLBS ;VSF HPSQVU[BL FTOFB FHJUFLP 
CBUF[ CFTUF  LBMPSJB HFIJBHP CFIBS EJUV[V  HVUYJ HPSBCFIFSB ,BMPSJB
HFIJFOBL [VSF HPSQVU[FLP FSSFTFSCFUBUJL FUPSSJLP EJSB  CBJOB HBJOFSBLPB
FMJLBEVSBSFOCJEF[IBSUVCFIBSLPEV[V
Titia ematen ari den amaren dietan behar beste mantenugai
ez egoteak esnearen osaerari eragin diezaioke, eta ondorioz,
umetxoaren eta amaren osasunari ere bai.
4BJBUV[VSFFMJLBEVSB040"J[BOEBEJO IBVEB PSHBOJTNPBLCFIBSEJUVFO
NBOUFOVHBJ HV[UJBL J[BO EJU[BMB  CFIBS EFO OFVSSJBO FMJLBEVSB PTPB FUB
OREKATUAJ[BOEBEJMBFMJLBHBJGSFTLPBLFUBCBUF[FSFMBOEBSFKBUPSSJ[LPBL
KBO  NPUB BTLPUBLPBL F[ IBSUV FEBSJ BMLPIPMEVOJL FUB OVUSJ[JPLBMJUBUF
FTLBTFLPFMJLBHBJSJL FEPBIBMJLFUBHVUYJFOIBSUV
t;VSF proteinaCFIBSSBL OPSNBMFBO CBJOP IBMBLP CJ EJSB -FIFOUBTVOF[ 
HBOU[ HVUYJLP PLFMB KBO  IFHB[UJBL  BSSBJO [VSJB FUB VSEJOB  BSSBVU[BL 
FTOFBFUBFTOFLJBL HBJOHBCFUVBLIPCFUP

t Karbono-hidrato LPOQMFYV VHBSJ EJUV[UFO FMJLBHBJBL HFIJBHP IBSUV
[FSFBMBL MFIFOUBTVOF[JOUFHSBMBL PHJB BSSP[B QBTUB
QBUBUBLFUBMFLBMFBL
t&[HVUYJUVGVOUTF[LPHBOU[B[JEPVHBSJEVUFOLPJQFBLFUB&CJUBNJOB PMJCB
PMJPCJSKJOBFEPGSVJUVMFIPSSBL
GVOUTF[LPBLCBJUJSBFTOFBFHJUFLP
t Ugatz-guruinak ezin du bitaminarik sintetizatu #FSB[  BNBSFO
PEPMBSFO CJEF[ IBS EBJUF[LF TPJMJL  FUB  IPSSFHBUJL  "  $  %  &  #  FUB #
CJUBNJOB eta azido foliko gehiago hartu behar duzu )PSSFHBUJL 
PLFMB[FUBFTOFLJF[HBJO F[JOCFTUFLPBEBCBSB[LJFUBGSVUBGSFTLPBTLPKBUFB
t&TOFLJBLEJSBLBMU[JPJUVSSJHBSSBOU[JUTVFOB FUBNJOFSBMIPSJBNBFTOFBSFO
GVOUTF[LPPTBHBJBEFOF[ LPNFOJ[BJ[V3/4MJUSPFTOFFEPEFSJCBUVIBSU[FB
FHVOFBOKaltzioaEVUFOCFTUFFMJLBHBJCBU[VL[JB[FSCBL GSVJUVMFIPSSBL 
J[PLJOB TBSEJOBL FLJMPSFIB[JBL FUBC
tZuntz VHBSJ EVUFO FMJLBHBJFL PHJ JOUFHSBMB  CBSB[LJBL  GSVUBL  FUBC

JEPSSFSJBSJLF[J[BUFOMBHVOU[FOEVUF

tLikidoFLBSQFOFHPLJBCFSNBUVCFIBSEV[V[VLVBL JOGVTJPBL FUB CBUF[


FSF VSB VSBCBJUBBNBFTOFBSFO FUBCFSSFTLVSBUVFHJOCFIBSEB
tGatzHVUYJIBSUV CBJOBIBSU[FOEV[VOBiododunaJ[BOEBEJMB VNFUYPBSJ
HBSBU[FLPCFIBSEVFOJPEPBFNBOHPCBJUJP
tSaihestu PUPSEVFUBUJL LBOQPLP mokadu-jateak CFSF[JLJ  LPJQF FUB
B[VLSF VHBSJLP FMJLBHBJBL PQJMBL  QBTUFMBL FEP GSFTLBHBSSJBL  FTBUF
CBUFSBLP.
,PNFOJ [BJ[V FOFSHJB FUB NBOUFOVHBJFLBSQFOB CPTU PUPSEVUBO CBOBU[FB
FHVOFBO gosaria, hamarretakoa, bazkaria, askaria eta afaria.
&OFSHJBFLBSQFOHFIJBHPIBSUVFHVOBSFOMFIFOFSEJBO HPTBSJB IBNBSSFUBLPB
CB[LBSJB
CJHBSSFO[BUJBOCBJOP BTLBSJB BGBSJB


t5"#",0" "-,0)0-" #05*,",


ErretzaileaCB[BSB BVLFSBCJLBJOBEV[VFSSFU[FBSJCFUJLPV[UFLP [VSFHBUJL
FUB VNFUYPBSFOHBUJL /JLPUJOB FUB [JHBSSPBSFO CFTUF FMFNFOUV LJNJLP
CBU[VL BNBSFO FTOFBO EBVEF  FUB VNFUYPBSFOHBOB JSJTUFO EJSB (BJOFSB 
FSSFU[BJMFFLJO CJ[J EJSFO VNFUYPFL  FSSFU[BJMFFLJO CJ[J F[ EJSFO VNFUYPFLJO
BMEFSBUVUB  QSPCBCJMJUBUF CJLPJU[B EVUF BSOBTBSB[PBL J[BUFLP CSPOLJUJTB
FUB BTNB
 1SPCBCJMJUBUF HFIJBHP EVUF  IBMBCFS  LBUBSSPBL  CFMBSSJBSB[PBL
FUBF[UBSSJHBJU[BLJ[BUFLP;VSFLBCV[FSSFU[FBSJV[UFLPHBV[BF[CB[BSB 
galdetu zure osasun-zentroanIBOUYFMBHVOEVLPEJ[VUF
&[ FEBO alkoholik "MLPIPMB  FTOFBSFO CJEF[  VNFUYPBL IBSU[FO EV  FUB
BTLPIBSUV[HFSP VNFUYPBSFOHBSBQFOBSJFUBIB[LVOU[BSJFSBHJOEBLJPLF
4FOEBHBJBTLPBNBFTOFSBQBTBU[FOEJSB#FSB[ sendagaiCBUIBSUVCBJOP
MFIFO [VSFPTBTVO[FOUSPBOLPOUTVMUBUV

t+"3%6&3"'*4*,0"
+BSEVFSB mTJLPB FSSFHVMBSLJ FHJOF[ HFSP  CJ[JLBMJUBUF FUB
PTBTVOFHPFSBIPCFBJ[BOHPEV[V
-BHVOHBSSJJ[BOHPEV[V
t;VSFCJIPU[FUBBSOBTTJTUFNBIPCFU[FLP
t;VSFNVTLVMVUPOVBSJFVTUFLP FUBHBJOQJTVBLPOUSPMBU[FOMBHVOU[FLP
t)BVSEVOBMEJBOTPSSBSB[JUBLPHPSQVU[EFTLPOQFOUTB[JPBFLJEJUFLP
t&EPTLJU[FBOHPSQVU[KBSSFSBPTBTVOHBSSJBFEVLJU[FLP
t&OFSHJBHFIJBHP HPHPBMEBSUFIPCFBFUBJSVEJIPCFBFEVLJU[FLP
t0TUFPQPSPTJBTBJIFTUFLP FUBIF[VSLBMU[JmLB[JPBSJMBHVOU[FLP

&HVOBSFOIBTJFSBO KBSEVFSBBFSPCJLPBSJOCBUFHJOEF[BLF[VQBTJFSBOJCJMJ 
CJ[JLMFUBOJCJMJFEPJHFSJFHJO"TUFBOIJSVUBO KBSEVFSBHPHPSSBHPBLFHJUFB
LPNFOJ[BJ[V NVTLVMVBLTFOEPU[FLPFUBMV[BU[FBLFHJUFLP HJNOBTJB ZPHB 
EBOU[B  BSUF NBSU[JBMBL  FUBC
 +BSEVFSB IPSJ QFSJOFPBMEFLP NVTLVMBUVSB
JOEBSU[FLP BCEPNFOUPOVBFUBKBSSFSBPSFLBCFSSFTLVSBU[FLPoIBVSEVOBMEJBO
BMEBUVUBFHPOCBJUJSBo FUBnFCJUJTBTBJIFTUFLPCJEFSBUVCFIBSMJU[BUFLF

&SEJU[FBSFOPTUFLPBSJLFUBL
"SJLFUB IPSJFJ FTLFS  [BOHPFUBLP PEPM[JSLVMB[JPB IPCFUVLP [BJ[V  FUB
FSSB[BHPMFIFOHPSBUVLPEV[VBCEPNFOFLPFUBHFOJUBMFUBLPNVTLVMBUVSB&[
VU[JBSJLFUBIPSJFLFHJUFBSJ"SJLFUBCBU[VLFSEJU[FBSFOPOEPLPPSEVUBSB
FHJOEBJUF[LF MFVOLJFUBEFOCPSBMBCVSCBUF[CFTUFCBU[VL BMEJ[ HFSPBHP
FHJOEJU[BLF[V JOEBSCFSSJUVBIBMB
Gogoan izan:
t"SJLFUBLFUYFBOCFSUBOFHJOEJU[BLF[V FSSFHVMBSLJ FHVOFSP
t"SJLFUBLFHJUFBO TBJB[BJUF[NVHJNFOEV[BLBSSJLF[FHJUFO
t&NBHJOBSJLPOUTVMUBUV"SJLFUBQSPHSBNBQFSUTPOBMJ[BU[FOMBHVOEVLPEJ[V
"SOBTLFUBBSJLFUBL
0IFBO FU[BOEB  CFMBVOBL CVSLP CBUFO HBJOFBO FSEJnFYJPOBUVUB EJUV[VMB 
FEP FTFSJUB  TVEVSSFUJL TBLPO IBSUV BSOBTB  TBCFMB QV[UV[  FUB HFSP  BIPUJL
CPUB QPMJLJQPMJLJ

;JSLVMB[JPBSJLFUBL
&U[BOEB [BOHPBLCVSLPCBUFOFEPCJSFOHBJOFBOEJUV[VMB

10

t#FIBU[BLUPMFTUVFUBMV[BUV
t;BOHPBLUPMFTUVFUBMV[BUV PSLBUJMBLNVHJUV[
t;BOHPFLJO[JSLVMVBLFHJO PSLBUJMBLCBSSVSBOU[FUBLBOQPSBOU[CJSBUV[
t0IFBO FU[BOEB  [BOHPBL MV[BUVUB EJUV[VMB  CFMBVOFO BU[FLP BMEFB
CFIFSBOU[QSFTJPOBUV PIFBSFOLPOUSB FUBFSMBYBUV

1FSJOFPBJOEBSU[FLPBSJLFUBL
"SJLFUBNPUBIPOFOCJEF[ NVTLVMVUPOVBFUBTFOUTJCJMJ[B[JPBCFSSFTLVSBU[FO
EBBMEFSEJIPSSFUBOoFSEJU[FBOLBMUFIBOEJBKBTBUFOCBJUVo FUBBVSSFBIBSU[FO
[BJFHBJU[FJ HFSOVJIFTBLFEPHBMFSBL


&SEJU[FBSFO PTUFLP [PSU[J FEP IBNBS FHVO POEPSFO IBT [BJUF[LF BSJLFUPL
FHJUFO  QPMJLJQPMJLJ  CFIBSUV HBCF  FQJTJPUFNJBL V[UFO EJ[VOFBO  FUB CFUJ
NBTLVSJBIVUTJLEV[VMB
t#BHJOBFUBV[LJBJOHVSBU[FOEVUFONVTLVMVBLV[LVSUV HFSOVBSJFUBFHJOLBSJFJ
FVTUFO TBJBU[FO BSJ CB[JOB CF[BMB FHPO IPSSFMB TFHVOEP CBU[VFUBO  FUB
HFSP FSMBYBUV V[LVSUVUBFHPO[BSFOEFOCPSBSFOCJLPJU[B
t)BNBS V[LVSEVSB FHJO  FHVOFBO CPTU BMEJ[  HVUYJFOF[ 5JUJB FNBUFO BSJ
[BSFOFBO FEP EVUYBU[FO BSJ [BSFO CJUBSUFBO FHJO EF[BLF[V &[ FHJO
IPSSFMBLPBSJLFUBSJLUYJ[BFHJUFOBSJ[BSFOCJUBSUFBO

11

t&U[BOEB  CFMBVOBL nFYJPOBUVUB  CFMBVO CJFO BSUFBO CVSLP CBU KBSSJ  FUB
CFMBVO CBU CFTUFBSFO LPOUSB HPHPS CVMU[BUV  CPTU BSUF [FOCBUV  FUB IBSUV
BUTFEFO

#VMBSBSJLFUBL
5JUJBFNBOPOEPSFOFHJOCFUJ
t;VUJL FEP KBSSJUB  nFYJPOBUV JU[B[V CFTPBL  VLPOEPBL TPSCBMEFO QBSFBO
KBSSJ[ &TLV CBLPJU[BSFLJO LPOUSBLP CFTBVSSFBSJ FVUTJ  FUB V[LVSUV  FTLVBL
LPOUSBLPVLPOEPSBIVSCJMEV[
t+BSSJUB  CJSBUV TPSCBMEBL BU[FSBOU[  CJ[LBSSFBO FTLVBL CBUV[ 4PSCBMEBL
FUBCFTPBLBU[FSBOU[MV[BUV QFSJOFPBFSFV[LVSUV[MBVBSUF[FOCBUV FUB
FSMBYBUV

12

#J[LBSSFSBLPBSJLFUBL
"SJLFUBIBVIJSVBMEJUBOFHJUFOEB+BS[BJUF[iLBUBNBSLBw
B
"JSFB IBSUV TVEVSSFUJL  FUB BIPUJL CPUBU[FSBLPBO  NBLVSUV CVSVB  FUB
BMEJ CFSFBO TBCFMB  JQVSNBTBJMBL FUB HFOJUBMBL V[LVSUV  CJ[LBSSB HPSBOU[
LVSCBU[FLP

C
4VEVSSFUBUJL CFSSJ[ FSF BJSFB IBSU[FSBLPBO  HPSBUV CVSVB  V[LVSUVUBLP
BMEFSEJHV[UJBLFSMBYBUV[
F
#FIJOCBJOPHFIJBHPUBOB
FUBC
FSSFQJLBUVPOEPSFO KBSSFSBCFSFBO FTFSJ
[BJUF[ PSQPFO HBJO  TBCFMB J[UFSSFO BSUFBO EV[VMB FUB CFTPBL MV[BUVUB
EJUV[VMB-V[BUVPOEPCFTPBLFUBCJ[LBSSB TFHVOEPCBU[VFUBOFSMBYBU[FO
[BSFOCJUBSUFBO"TUJSP[VUJUV QPMJLJQPMJLJ.

13

B. JAIOBERRIAREN ZAINKETA
6NFUYPB  QPMJLJQPMJLJ  CFSF JOHVSVOF CFSSJBO PSJFOUBUV[ KPBOHP EB
[FOU[VNFOFOCJUBSUF[(BSSBOU[JUTVBEBGBNJMJBHJSPMBTBJBJ[BUFB6NFUYPBL
PTP B[LBS BMEBU[FO EJSB  FUB VNFUYPBSFO CJMBLBFSFO VOFBL iHP[BU[FOw F[
CBEJUV[V iHBMEVwFHJOHPEV[VBVLFSBIPSJ
;VSFVNFUYPBLTFOUJUVFHJUFOEV JLVTJ F[BHVUV VMFSUV FUBHVTUVSBEBHPFMB
FUB NBJUBUVB EFMB TFOUJUV EF[BLF &EP[FJO VOF BQSPCFUYBUV KBUFO FNBUFO
EJP[VOFBO  QJYPJIBMBL FEP BSSPQBL BMEBU[FO EJ[LJP[VOFBO  CBJOBU[FO
EV[VOFBO y
 TFOUJU[FO EV[VO NBJUBTVO FUB TBNVSUBTVO PTPB VNFUYPBSJ
USBOTNJUJU[FLP)JU[FHJP[VMFIFOVOFUJL MB[UBOFHJP[VMFIFOVOFUJL
;VSFMBHVOU[BCFIBSEV[VFUBHBJOFSBLPQFSUTPOBLF[BHVU[FLP
)BSUVFNBOMBTBJBLBUTFHJOHBSSJEJSB CBJ[VSFU[BU CBJ[VSFVNFUYPBSFOU[BU

t+"*0#&33*"3&/,0/530-",
.FUBCPMPQBUJBL
(BJYPUBTVO CBU[VL TPSU[FUJLPBL EJSB  FUB VNFUYPB HBJYPUBTVO IPSJFLJO KBJP
EBJUFLF  PTP CBLBOLJ HBSBJ[ USBUBU[FO F[ CBEJSB  PTBTVOBSB[P MBSSJBL TPS
EJU[BLFUF
(BJYPUBTVO IPSJFL BOBMJTJ TPJM CBUFLJO EFUFLUBUV EBJUF[LF iNFUBCPMPQBUJFO
QSPCBw FEP iPSQPQSPCBw 1SPCB IPSJ PEPMUBOUB CBU[VL BUFSBU[FBO EBU[B
"NBUBTVOBSFOTFOEBBHJSJBFNBOCBJOPMFIFOFHJUFOEB
&NBJU[B KBLJO POEPSFO  VNFUYPBL IPSSFMBLP BSB[PSFO CBU EVFO TVTNPB
CBEBHP TVTNPUYJLJFOBJ[BOEBFSF CFSFIBMBKBLJOBSB[UFO[BJPGBNJMJBSJ&UB
IPSSFMB MFIFOCBJMFIFOIBTJLPEBUSBUBNFOEVB

15

)JQPBLVTJB
(PSUBTVOBSB[PMBSSJBLF[EJSBPIJLPBLJ[BUFO CBJOBHBSBJ[EFUFLUBU[FOF[
CBEJSB MBSSJLJFSBHJOEF[BLFUFVNFUYPBSFOHBSBQFOFBO
&OU[VNFOBSB[PIPSJHBSBJ[EFUFLUBUVUB MFIFOCBJMFIFOIBTJLPEBUSBUBNFOEVB
1SPCBFSSB[FUBB[LBSFHJUFOEB FUBVNFUYPBSJF[EJPNJOJLFHJUFO0TQJUBMFBO
FHJUFO EB  TFOEBBHJSJB FNBO CBJOP MFIFO PTQJUBMFBO FHJO F[FBO  FTBOHP
EJ[VUFOPJ[FUBOPOFHJO

-FIFOCJTJUBQFEJBUSJBUBMEFSB
;VSF PTBTVO[FOUSPBO FTBOHP EJ[VUF [FJO QFEJBUSJBUBMEF EBHPLJ[VO &TLBUV
IJU[PSEVB VNFBL BTUFCFUF J[BOHP EVFOFSBLP  FUB FTBO MFIFOFOHP CJTJUB
J[BOHPEFMB
,POUTVMUBSBKPBUFO[BSFOFBO FSBNBOF[B[VBNBUBTVO[FSCJU[VBOFNBOEBLP
)"633"3&/04"46/,"35*--".

5YFSUBLFUBL
5YFSUPFOCJEF[ FSSB[FUBFSBHJOLPSLJTBJIFTUFOEJSBHBJYPUBTVOCBU[VL FUB
HBJYPUBTVOBLLPOUSPMBU[FOFEPQSPHSFTJCPLJEFTBHFSSBSB[UFOMBHVOU[FOEB
1FEJBUSJBUBMEFBLFNBOEBLPKBSSBJCJEFBLCFUFCFUJ

t&-*,"%63"-&)&/)*-&&5"/
-FIFO TFJ IJMFUBO  VNFUYPBL FTOFB CBJOP F[ EV CFIBS  FUB POFOB  BNBSFO
FTOFB EB  [BMBOU[BSJL HBCF "NBHBOEJLP FEPTLJU[FBL POVSB BTLP EJUV
FEPTLJU[FBSUJm[JBMBSFOBMEFBO CBJOB[FSCBJUFHBUJLUJUJBFNBOF[JOCBEV[V 
F[[BJUF[MBSSJUV;VSFQFEJBUSBSFOBIPMLVFJKBSSBJUV
&EPOPMB FSF  VNFUYPBSJ UJUJB FNBUFB  BNB [BSFO BMEFUJL  [VL IBSUVUBLP
FSBCBLJBJ[BOCFIBSEBCFUJ

16

17

"NBHBOEJLPFEPTLJU[FB
Amagandiko edoskitzea onena da, bai umetxoarentzat, bai
amarentzat.*[BOFSF 
t"NBFTOFBL
VNFBSFOU[BLPFHPLJFOBLEJSFOPTBHBJOVUSJUJCPBLEJUV
VNFUYPBJOGFL[JPFUBCFIFSBLPFUBUJLCBCFTUFOEV
FSSB[FUBB[LBSEJHFSJU[FOEB
BMFSHJBLJ[BUFLPBSSJTLVBUYJLJU[FOEV
t"NBSFOFUBVNFUYPBSFOBSUFLPMPUVSBTFOEPU[FOEVFMLBSSFOBSUFBOIPSSFO
IVSCJMFHPUFBQP[FUBQMB[FSJUVSSJCJIVSU[FOEBCJFOU[BU
t&SEJU[FBSFOPTUFBOIPCFUPJOEBSCFSSJU[FOMBHVOU[FOEJPBNBSJ
t5JUJBFEP[FJOVOFUBOFNBOEBJUFLF F[EBHPF[FSQSFTUBUVCFIBSSJL

"NBHBOEJLPFEPTLJU[FBSJCVSV[LPHPHPFUBCBU[VL
&SEJU[FBSFO PTUFBO  VNFUYPBSJ BIBMJL FUB B[LBSSFO UJUJB FNBUFB EB POFOB 
PSEVBOUYFCBJUBHPCJ[JFOYVSHBU[FLPTFOB*BVNFUYPHV[UJBLEBVEFHFSUV 
FUBHPHPUTVFSFCBJ FSEJU[FBSFOPTUFLPMFIFOPSEVBOUJUJBIBSU[FLP

18

t)BTJFSBOUJUJBLFTOFHVUYJKBSJBU[FOEV MPEJBFUBIPSJYLBJ[BUFOEB CBJOB


OBIJLPB J[BUFO EB VNFUYPSFO QSFNJBL BTFU[FLP &TOF IPSSFL QSPUFJOB
VHBSJJ[BUFOEJUVFUBiPSJU[wEFSJU[P)JSVHBSSFOFHVOFSBFEP BSJOBHPFUB
[VSJYLBHPCJIVSU[FOEB
t 6NFUYP CBLPJU[BL CFSF FSSJUNPB EV 0SP IBS  umeak eskatu ahala
eman behar da titia)BTJFSBO IBSUVBMEJFOBSUFLPUBSUFBLJSSFHVMBSSBL
J[BUFOEJSBTFJHBSSFOBTUFUJLBVSSFSB FSSFHVMBSSBHPBL
t-FIFOFHVOFUBO VNFUYPBLKBUFLPHPHPSJLF[EVFMBFNBOEF[BLF#BU[VFUBO 
UJUJB IBSUV POEPSFO  NJOVUV CBU[VFUBO MP HFSBU[FO EB  TBLPOTBLPO &HVO
HVUYJJSBVUFOEVIPSSFL
0OEPSFO  VNFUYPB FSOFBHP FHPOHP EB  FUB UJUJB JOEBSUTVBHP FUB MV[FBHP
IBSUVLPEV
t)BTJFSBO IBSUVBMEJBLTBSSJBHPBLJ[BOHPEJSB FUBIPSSJFTLFS UJUJBLIBOEJU[FB
TBJIFTUFOEB FUBFTOFFUPSSFSBFSSB[UFO6NFUYPBLHFIJBHPYVSHBUVBIBMB 
BNBLFTOFBFHJUFBFTUJNVMBU[FOEB FUBIPSSFMB FTOFLBOUJUBUFBIBOEJUV[
KPBOHPEB VNFUYPBLEJUVFOCFIBSSFOBSBCFSB
t/PSNBMBEBVNFUYPBLQJTVBHBMU[FBMFIFOBTUFBO
t&NBLVNF BTLPL UJUJB FNBUFBSJ V[UFO EJP  OBIJLPB FTOF F[ EVFMB JSJU[JUB
4BSSJUBO IPSJQFOUTBU[FBPLFSSBJ[BUFOEB)PSSFHBUJL QFEJBUSJBUBMEFBSFLJO
LPOUTVMUBU[FBLPNFOJEBF[FSFSBCBLJCBJOPMFIFO

19

"NBHBOEJLPFEPTLJU[FBSFOUFLOJLB
0TPHBSSBOU[JUTVBEBKBSSFSBSJLFSPTPFOBIBSU[FBVNFBSJUJUJBFNBUFLP6OF
HBSSBOU[JUTVBEBVNFBSFOFUBBNBSFOBSUFLPIBSSFNBOFBOIngurune lasai
bateanFNBUFBLPNFOJEB zaratarik ez dagoen leku batean.
5JUJB FNBUFLP  FSPTP KBSU[FB LPNFOJ [BJ[V  VNFBSJ CVMBSSFUJL HFSUV FVTUFLP 
FTGPSU[VSJLFHJOCFIBSSJLHBCF#VSLPBLFEPLVYJOBLFSBCJMEJU[BLF[VVNFBSFO
QJTVBSJFVTUFOMBHVOU[FLP
(BSSBOU[JUTVBEB CFUJ
tIBTJCBJOPMFIFOFTLVBLHBSCJU[FB
tHPHPBOJ[BUFBB[LFOIBSUVBMEJLPCVMBSSBSFLJOIBTUFBIBSUVBMEJCBLPJU[B
tVNFB CVMBSSBSFO QBSFBO KBSU[FB  VNFBSFO TVEVSSB UJUJCVSVBSFO QBSFBO
EBHPFMB  CVSVB CJSBUV CFIBSSJL J[BO F[ EF[BO KBSSFSB HFIJFOFUBO 
VNFUYPBSFOHPSQVU[BUSJQB[HPSBFHPOHPEBBNBSFOBSFOQBSFBO
tVNFUYPB HFSUVSBU[FB CVMBSSFOB  FUB F[ BMEFSBOU[J[ CVMBSSB VNFUYPBSJ
IVSCJMU[FB

tMJCSFEV[VOFTLVB[CVMBSSBSJCFIFUJLFUTJ TBJBUVJOPJ[F[QJOU[BU[FO
tYVSHBU[FLP FSSFnFYVB FSBHJUFB  UJUJCVSVB[ VNFUYPBSFO HPJLP F[QBJOB
VLJBSB[J[ FUB ahoa ondo irekita duenean, bularrera gerturatu

Gaizki

Zuzen

20

t[JVSUBUV UJUJCVSVB F[ F[JL BSFPMBSFO [BUJ IBOEJ CBU FSF BIPBO EBHPFMB
5JUJCVSVBLF[EVNJOJLFNBOCFIBSNJOFNBUFOCBEV UFLOJLBFHPLJBF[
EFMBFTBOOBIJEVCFSSJ[IBTJCFIBSLPEV[V
tYVSHBU[FOBNBJU[FLP KBSSJBU[BNBSCBUVNFUYPBSFOPJFUBOIPSSFMB BIPB
[BCBMEVLPEVFUBF[EJPUJUJCVSVBSJNJOJLFNBOHP
)BSUVBMEJBO  VNFUYPBL JSSJLB[ JSFOUT EF[BLF  OBHJUVUB FHPO  CVMBSSB BTLBUV
FEP BUTFEFO IBSUV %FOB EB OPSNBMB -FVOLJ FTUJNVMBUV CFIBS EVHV  FUB
[VSFCVMBSSBQJYLBCBULPOQSJNJUVFTOFBFSSB[BHPBUFSBEBEJO;VSFCVMBSSB
IBSUVBMEJCBLPJU[FBO[FOCBUFUBHFIJBHPIVTUV PSEVBOFUBLBOUJUBUFHFIJBHP
KBSJBUVLPEBIVSSFOHPIBSUVBMEJBO
&[BSEVSBUVIBSUVBMEJBBNBJU[FSBLPBONJB[LBU[FOKBSSBJU[FOCBEV MPFHPOEB
FSF)PSSFLF[EVFTBOOBIJHPTFBLHFSBUVEFOJL6NFUYPFLNJB[LBU[FBSFO
NVHJNFOEVBLFHJOPIJEJUV[UF.VHJNFOEVIPSJFLEFTBHFSUV[KPBOHPEJSB 
QPMJLJQPMJLJ
-FIFOCVMBSSFBO F[EFOCPSBNVHBUV VNFBLOBIJCFTUFVU[J CVMBSSBBTLBU[FO
EVFO BSUF CJHBSSFOFBO  OBIJ EVFOB IBS EF[BLF )BSUVBMEJB BVSSFSB KPBO
BIBMB  VNFUYPBL FUFOBL FHJOHP EJUV  FUB BTF EBHPFOFBO  CVMBSSB BTLBUVLP
EV)VSSFOHPIBSUVBMEJBBMEFSBOU[J[FHJOHPEB IBVEB BVSSFLPIBSUVBMEJBO
CJHBSSFOBJ[BOEFOCVMBSSBSFLJOIBTJLPEB
)BSUVBMEJ CBLPJU[BSFO POEPSFO  VNFUYPB FTFSJUB KBSU[FB LPNFOJ EB  FEP
TPSCBMEFUBO CFSNBUVUB  NJOVUV CBU[VFUBO  CJ[LBSSFBO NBTBKFBL FNBOF[ 
CFIFUJL HPSBOU[ FHJOF[ )PSSFMB  LPSSPLB FHJUFO MBHVOU[FO EJPHV &[ EB
LPNFOJCFIJOFUBCFSSJ[FHJUFB CBMEJOFUBEFOCPSBUBSUFCBUQBTBUVPOEPSFO
LPSSPLBFHJUFOF[CBEVFEP[PUJOBCBEV
6NFUYPCBU[VFLCFSFIBMBJLBTUFOEVUFCVMBSSFBOFHPLJKBSU[FOCFTUFCBU[VFL 
BMEJ[ EFOCPSBHFIJBHPCFIBSJ[BUFOEVUF#BU[VFUBO IBSUVBMEJCBLPJU[FBO
TBJPCBUCBJOPHFIJBHPFHJOCFIBSLPEBKBSSFSBFHPLJBMPSU[FLP

(FSUBMJUF[LFFOPOEPF[BL
&SEJU[FBSFOPOEPLPMFIFOFHVOFUBO BNBCBU[VFOCVMBSSBLHFIJFHJCFUFU[FO
EJSB HPHPSKBSU[FOEJSB HPSSJUVUBFUBNJOCFSBUVUB FTOFBF[F[JLPEPMBFUB
CFTUF KBSJP CBU[VL FSF HFIJUV FHJUFO EJSFMBLP &HPFSB IPCFU[FLP  NBTBKFBL
FNBO CFSPBKBSSJIBSUVBMEJBLCBJOPMFIFO EVUYBCFSPB MVSSVOBL VSCFSPLP
QPMUTBLFEPPJIBMBL
FUBVNFBSJTBSSJUBOFNBOUJUJB

21

t-FIFOFHVOFUBO HFSUBMJUFLFUJUJCVSVFUBONJOBQVSCBUTFOUJU[FBIBSUVBMEJB
IBTUFSBLPBO )BSUVBMEJ PTPBO NJOB TFOUJUV[ HFSP  VNFUYPB HBJ[LJ KBSSJUB
EBHPFMBLPJ[BOPIJEB

t5JUJBFNBOPOEPSFO CVMBSSFLIBOEJUVUBFUBNJOCFSBUVUBKBSSBJU[FOCBEVUF 
FTOF BQVS CBU BUFSB EBJUFLF  NJOB BSJOU[FLP &TLV[ FHJO EBJUFLF &TOFB
FSSB[BHPBUFSBLPEBVSFQFMB[EVUYBU[FO[BSFOCJUBSUFBO
tBularrean alde bat gorrituta edo minbera baduzu  CBU[VFUBO
TVLBSSB FSF CBJ IBNBSSFO CBU[VL
 PTBTVO[FOUSPSB KPBO CFIBS EV[V 
NBTUJUJTBSFOIBTJFSBJ[BOEBJUFLFFUB
tTitiburuetan erroitzik agertuz gero  CBMJBHBSSJ J[BOHP [BJ[LJ[V
HPNFOEJPIBVFL
5JUJBFNBUFSBLPBO BNBSFOFUBVNFUYPBSFOKBSSFSB[V[FOEV
5JUJBTBSSJBHPFNBO FUBNJOHVUYJFOFNBUFOEJ[VOCVMBSSBSFLJOIBTJ
&[HBSCJUVUJUJCVSVBL F[UJUJBFNBOCBJOPMFIFO F[POEPSFO)BSUVBMEJB
BNBJU[FOEFOFBO VU[JUJUJCVSVBLCFSF[MFIPSU[FO FTOFIPOEBSSBLLFOEV
HBCF FUBFTUBMJHBCFMFIPSEBJUF[FMB BIBMEFOHV[UJFUBO
&SSPJU[BLPTPNJOHBSSJBLCBEJSB FTLV[BUFSBFTOFBFUBVNFUYPBSJFTOFB
YJSJOHBCBUF[FNBO UJUJCVSVBLIPSSFONJOCFSBF[EBVEFOBSUF

"NBFTOFBBUFSBU[FBFUBHPSEFU[FB
"NBFTOFB HPSEFU[FO CBEV[V  VNFUYPB [VSF FTOFBSFLJO FMJLBUV EF[BLF[V 
FEP[FJOBSSB[PJSFOHBUJL[VSFVNFUYPBSJUJUJBFNBOF[JOEJP[VOVOFSFOCBUFBO
&TLV[ BUFSB EF[BLF[V  FEP FTOFBUFSBU[FLP CBUFO CJEF[ &TLV[LP FTOF
BUFSBU[FLPBLFUBFMFLUSJLPBLEBVEF;VSFHVTUVFUBCFIBSSFOBSBCFSBPOEPFO
EBUPSLJ[VOBBVSLJUVCFIBSEV[V
(BSSBOU[JUTVB EB HVUYJFOFLP IJHJFOFBSBV CBU[VL CFUFU[FB &TBUF CBUFSBLP 
FTLVBLHBSCJU[FB CBJUBFTOFBBUFSBU[FLP CJMU[FLPFUBHPSEFU[FLPFSBCJMU[FO
EJSFOUSFTOBLFSF6SCFSPB[FUBYBCPJB[HBSCJUV[HFSPFUBPOEPVSCFSSJUV[
HFSP FTOFBF[EBLVUTBUVLP

22

(PSEFU[FLPKBSSBJCJEFBL
&TOFB FMJLBHBJFLJO FSBCJMU[FLP EJSFO QMBTUJLP HPHPSSFLP POU[JFUBO HPSEF
EBJUFLF  FEP BNBFTOFB HPSEFU[FLP CFSF[JLJ EJTFJOBUVUBLP QPMUTFUBO #FUJ
JEBU[JEBUB POU[JBHPSEFCBJOPMFIFO
,POUTFSCB[JPB
)P[UVUB FUB$BSUFBOFHVOFUJLSBCJUBSUFBO
*[P[UVUB
t*[P[LBJMVBO IP[LBJMVBOCFSUBOBTUF
t *[P[LBJMVBO  IP[LBJMVBSFO QBSUF EFMB  CBJOB CBOBOEVUBLP BUFBL EJUVFOB
DPNCJFSBLPBL
IJMBCFUFUBO 5FOQFSBUVSBBMEBUVFHJUFOEB BUFB[FOCBU
BMEJ[JSFLJU[FOEFO

t*[P[LBJMVCFSFJ[JCBUFBO NFSLBUBSJU[BNPUBLPBL $UFOQFSBUVSBLPOTUBO
UFBEVUFOBLIJMBCFUFUBOFEPHFIJBHP
6NFUYPBSJFNBUFLP OBIJLPBEB37 C tenperaturan jartzea)PSSFUBSBLP 
FTOFBEFTJ[P[UVFUBCFSPUVVSFQFMFLPPOU[JCBUFBONVSHJMEVUB

23

*OPJ[F[VU[JJSBLJOFHJUFO EFTOBUVSBMJ[BUVFHJOHPCBJMJSBUFLF[VSFVNFUYPBSFO
U[BLPGVOUTF[LPBLEJSFOPTBHBJBL
&TOFBSJFSBHJO UFOQFSBUVSBQSPCBUVCBJOPMFIFO
(PHPBOJ[BO
"NBHBOEJLPFEPTLJU[FBIPCFUPFHJOHPEB CBMEJOFUB
tFEPTLJU[FBSFO POVSFJ CVSV[ FUB UJUJB FNBUFLP UFLOJLBSJ CVSV[ JOGPSNB[JP
FHPLJBFEVLJ[HFSP
tBIBMJLFUBHPJ[FOIBTJ[HFSP
tVNFUYPBSFOFSSJUNPBLLPOUVBOIBSUVUBFHJOF[HFSP MFIFOFOHPIJSVFEPMBV
BTUFUBO HVUYJFOF[
tTPSU[FOEJSFOEFTFSPTPUBTVOUYJLJBLPOBSUV[HFSP

&EPTLJU[FBSUJm[JBMB
5JUJB FNBUFSJL F[ CBEV[V FEP F[ FNBUFB FSBCBLJ CBEV[V  F[ MBSSJUV ;VSF
QFEJBUSJBUBMEFBSJLPOUTVMUBUV IBOFNBOHPCBJUJ[LJ[VUFVNFUYPB[V[FOFMJLB
U[FLPKBSSBJCJEFBL

24

#JCFSPJBLQSFTUBU[FB
.FSLBUVBOIBJOCBUUFUJOBNPUBEBVEF VNFUYPBSFOBEJOBSJFHPLJUVUB&HPLJFOB
FSBCJMJ LPOUVBOIBSUVUBUFUJOBSFO[VMPUJLFTOFBFUFOHBCFKBSJBUVCFIBSEFMB 
CBJOBMBSSFHJBUFSBHBCF FTOFBLPOUSBLPF[UBSSJSBKPBOF[EBEJO
#JCFSPJB QSFTUBU[FO IBTJ CBJOP MFIFO  FTLVBL POEP HBSCJUV  VS CFSPB[ FUB
YBCPJB[
#JCFSPJBL FUB UFUJOBL LPOUV[ HBSCJUV  VS CFSPB[ FUB YBCPJB[  FUB FTLVJMB
CBU FSBCJMJ[  CBSSVBO HFSBU[FO EJSFO FTOFBQVSSBL HV[UJ[ LFOU[FLP (FSP 
VS BTLPLJO VSCFSSJUV  VS CFSPB[ )PSSFMB FHJOEB  NJLSPPSHBOJTNPBL TPSU[FB
TBJIFTUFOEB
#JCFSPJBQSFTUBU[FSBLPBO zorrotz bete produktuaren fabrikatzaileak
adierazitako jarraibideak *OPJ[ F[ HFIJUV iFTLVQFLPSJLw  [FSFO FUB
FTOFBSFOLPOU[FOUSB[JPBBMEBUVLP[FOVLF FUBIPSSFLJO EJHFTUJPBSB[PBLFEP
EFTIJESBUB[JPBTPSEBJUF[LF
&TOFBSFO UFOQFSBUVSB [JVSUBU[FLP  CPUB UBOUBLB CBU[VL FTLVNVUVSSBSFO
CBSSVBMEFSB
#JCFSPJBOPMBFNBO
t6NFUYPBL CJCFSPJB IBSU[FO EVFO CJUBSUFBO  CFTPFUBO FEVLJ CFIBS EV[V
VNFUYPB FTOFBLPOUSBLPF[UBSSJUJLKPBOF[EBLJPO
t#JCFSPJB CFIBS CFTUF NBLVSUV CFIBS EB  UFUJOB CFUJ CFUFUB FHPO EBEJO
)PSSFMBFHJOF[HFSP VNFUYPBLBJSFHFIJFHJJSFOTUFBTBJIFTUVLPEV[V
t)BSUVBMEJBOBUTFEFOIBSU[FOVU[J JSFOUTJUBLPBJSFBCPUBEF[BO
t6NFUYPBLF[EVCFUJLBOUJUBUFCFSBIBSU[FOIBSUVBMEJHV[UJFUBO&[[BJUF[
[PSSPU[BJ[BO&[CFIBSUVVNFUYPB/PSNBMFBO CFIBSEVFOBIBSUVLPEV
#BU[VFUBO IBSUVBMEJBSFOPTUFBO MPFHJUFLPKBSU[FSBLPBO VNFUYPBVSEVSJFHPO
EBJUFLFFEPOFHBSSF[IBTEBJUFLFCBMJUFLFBJSFBCPUBF[EVFMBLPJ[BUFB*QJOJ
CFSSJSP FSF KBSSFSB FHPLJBO  LPSSPLBEB FHJUFLP  FUB POEPSFO  MPUBSBLP KBSSJ
CFSSJSPFSF
"IPLP FUB IPSU[FUBLP PTBTVOBSB[PBL TBJIFTUFLP  F[ VU[J VNFBSJ FTOF FEP
[VLVCJCFSPJBEVFMBMPFHJUFO

25

(PHPBOJ[BO
t6NFUYP CBLPJU[BL CFSF FSSJUNPB EV 0SP IBS  VNFBL FTLBU[FO EVFOFBO
FNBO CFIBS [BJP IBSUVBMEJB )BTJFSBO  IBSUVBMEJFO BSUFLP UBSUFBL
JSSFHVMBSSBLJ[BUFOEJSB&[FUTJ6NFUYPBLCFSFFSSJUNPBBVSLJUVLPEV FUB
UBSUFBLFSSFHVMBUV[KPBOHPEJSB EFOCPSBLBVSSFSBFHJOBIBMB
t-FIFOFHVOFUBO VNFUYPBLKBUFLPHPHPSJLF[EVFMBFNBOEF[BLFCBU[VFUBO 
CJCFSPJB IBSUV POEPSFO  NJOVUV CBU[VFUBO MP HFSBU[FO EB  TBLPOTBLPO
FHVOHVUYJJSBVUFOEVIPSSFL0OEPSFO VNFUYPBFSOFBHPFHPOHPEB FUB
JOEBSUTVBHPFUBMV[FBHPIBSUVLPEVFMJLBHBJB

t)*(*&/&"
#BJOVB
6NFBCBJOBU[FLPBO HBSCJU[FB[HBJO QP[JLIBOEJFOBFSFFNBOHPEJP[V0TP
VOFFHPLJBEB[VFOBSUFLPIBSSFNBOBJOEBSU[FLP GFSFLFOFUBVLJUVFOCJEF[
)BSUVBMEJBLCBJOPMFIFOCBJOBUVCFUJ(BVF[FHJUFOCBEV[V FSMBYBUVFHJOHP
EB FUBFSSB[BHPMPIBSUVLPEV#FSPEBHPFOFBO F[EBHPFSBHP[QFOJLCFIJO
CBJOPHFIJBHPUBOCBJOBU[FLP
t#BJOVBSFLJOIBTJCBJOPMFIFO USFTOBHV[UJBLFTLVSBFEVLJUmea inoiz ez
utzi bakarrik VOFUYJLJFOBJ[BOEBFSF
t#BJOVPOU[JBF[CFUF10 cmUJLHPSB
t6SBSFOUFOQFSBUVSBBUTFHJOBJ[BOCFIBSEB 34-36 C
&SSB[BEB[JVSUBU[FB 
VLPOEPBVSFUBOTBSUVUB FTLVBTBSU[FBF[EBOBIJLPB UFOQFSBUVSBBMUVBL
KBTBUFOCBJUJUV
,PNFOJHBSSJBEBCBJOVPOU[JBVSIPU[BSFLJOCFUFU[FOIBTUFB
FUB HFSP VSCFSPBSFLJOKBSSBJU[FB VSBNVHJUV[ UFOQFSBUVSBFHPLJBMPSUV
BSUF
t#BJOVBLMBCVSSBCFIBSEV9BCPJBF[MBSSFHJFSBCJMJ)PCFEBVSB[TPJMJL
HBSCJU[FB 9BCPJB FSBCJMJ[ HFSP  OFVUSPB J[BO CFIBS EV  FUB VNFBSFO
B[BMFSBLPFHPLJB
t(BSSBOU[JUTVB EB CBJOVPOU[JBO EBHPFO BSUFBO VNFUYPBSJ IFMU[FB  OBIJ
HBCF VSUFBO NVSHJM F[ EBEJO 6NFUYPBSFO CJ[LBSSFUJL CFTP CBU KBSSJ  FUB
MJCSFEBHPFOFTLVBSFLJOHBSCJUV

26

t"VSQFHJB HBSCJUV[ IBTJ 0OEPSFO  CVSVB  HPSQVU[B FUB HPSQVU[BEBSSBL


&[ FSBCJMJ LPUPJUYPUYJL OBIJ[ CFTUFMBLP USFTOBSJL TVEVS FUB CFMBSSJ[VMPBL
HBSCJU[FLP
t0OEPMFIPSUVVNFUYPB CBUF[FSFMFQPLPUPMFTEVSBL CFMBSSJBL CFTBQFBL
FUBJ[UFSSPOEPBLMFVOMFVOVLJUV YVLBEFSBB[BMBSFOHBJOFUJL[BLBSQBTBUV
HBCF
t"[BMBMFIPSCBEBHPFEPF[LBUBLCBEJUV FTOFIJESBUBU[BJMFBFSBCJMJ&[EB
HPNFOEBU[FOF[UBMLPIBVUTJL F[LPMPOJBSJL
t"[B[LBMBLMV[FEBVEFOFBONP[UV [V[FO QJLPSJLVU[JHBCF BSUB[JLBNVUT
CBUFLJO

)BVSSFOBMEBMFLVB
t.BIBJ FEP BMEBMFLV FHPOLPS CBU FSBCJMJ 6NFB BMEBMFLVBO KBSSJ CBJOP
MFIFO VNFBHBSCJU[FLPCFIBSEFOHV[UJBFTLVSBKBSSJ"MEBMFLVBOBIJLPB
[BCBMJ[BOHPEBVNFBLCFSFHBJOCJSB FHJOF[ HFSP  FSPSU[FLP BSSJTLVSJL
FHPOF[EBEJO
tUmea INOIZ ez utzi bakarrik aldalekuan, ez ohe gainean, ez
edozein lekutan goratuta;VSFLJOFSBNBOCFUJ FEP CFTUFMB MVSSFBO
VU[J NBOUBCBUFOHBJOFBO

27

;JMCPSIFTUFBSFO[BJOLFUB
;JMCPSIFTUFB MFIFO BTUFBSFO FUB CJHBSSFO BTUFBSFO BSUFBO KBVTUFO EB +BVTJ
BSUF PTPHBSSBOU[JUTVBEBPOEPHBSCJUVUBFUBMFIPSFEVLJU[FB&[FSBCJMJF[
QBYBSJL F[IBVUTJL
;JMCPSIFTUFBKBVTJCBJOPMFIFO F[EBLPNFOJVNFUYPBCBJOBU[FB#BJOBUV[
HFSP alderdi hori ondo lehortzea komeni da.
;JMCPSIFTUFBSFOBMEFBCFUJVNFMEBHPFMBJLVTUFOCBEV[V MJLJEPBLKBSJBU[FO
CBEJSB FEP VTBJO UYBSSB CBEV  QFEJBUSJBUBMEFBSJ LPOUTVMUBUV -FIFO FUB
CJHBSSFOBTUFBSFOBSUFBO [JMCPSIFTUFBKBVTUFOEFOFBO CFSEJO[BJOEVCFIBS
EV[VF HV[UJ[MFIPSEBHPFMBJLVTUFOEV[VFOBSUF

28

t"3301"
+BOU[J FSPTPBL FSBCJMJ  LPUPJ[LPBL BIBM J[BOF[ HFSP FSSB[ MPU[FLPBL J[BO
EBJUF[FMB  VNFB FTUVU[FO F[ EVUFOBL FUB VNFBSJ NVHJNFOEV HV[UJBL FHJUFO
V[UFOEJPUFOBL
*TUSJQVSJLHFSUBF[EBEJO F[EBLPNFOJPTBHBSSJBSSJTLVUTVBLEJUV[UFOBSSPQBL
FSBCJMU[FB CFHJ[UBL CPSMBL QBSQBJMBMV[FBL BOHPSB[LPBSUJMFB FUBC
F[UB
LBUFPSSBU[JL FSB[UVOJL FTLVNVUVSSFLPSJLFEPMFQPLPSJLFSF
"SSPQB HBSCJU[FLP  F[ FSBCJMJ F[ MFVOU[BJMFSJL  F[ MJYJCBSJL (BSCJU[FO
BNBJU[FBO POEPVSCFSSJUV
&[ HFIJFHJ KBOU[J ;VSF VNFUYPBL F[ EV IFMEV CBUFL CBJOP BTLP[ BSSPQB
HFIJBHPSJLCFIBS

29

t-0"
#VMBSSFLPIBVSSBSFOCBUCBUFLPIFSJPU[B
6NFUYPB CBUCBUFBO IJMU[FO EB  VSUFCFUF FHJO CBJOP MFIFO  IFSJPU[B
KVTUJmLBU[FOEVUFOLBVTBSJLHBCFKBJPCFSSJFOBSUFBOHFSUBU[FOEJSFOIFSJPU[FO
MFIFOLBVTBEB
4BJIFTUFLP VNFBMPEBHPFOFBO
t(VUYJFOF[ MFIFOFOHP  IJMFUBO FEP CFSF LBCV[ JSBVMU[FO EFO BSUF
 CFUJ
CVSV[ HPSB KBSSJ  CVSVB F[LFSSFUBSB FEP FTLVNBUBSB KBSSJ[  UYBOEBLB 
HBSF[VSSFBOEFGPSNB[JPSJLF[TPSU[FLP
t&[FSBCJMJPTPCJHVOBEFOLPMUYPJSJL F[BSUJMF[LPSJL F[LVYJOJL QFMVYFSJL 
MFQPLP[JOU[JMJLBSJPSJLFEPMPEBHPFOCJUBSUFBOVNFBJUPEF[BLFFOPCKFLUVSJL
t6NFBJOPJ[F[FSBNBOUBCBLPLF[LVUTBUVUBLPMFLVFUBSBAmak edo aitak
erre egin badute edo alkohola edan badute, ez da komeni
umeak gurasoen ohean lo egitea.

30

t6NFUYPBSJF[BSSPQBHFIJFHJKBOU[J TVLBSSBCBMEJOCBEVCFSF[JLJ&[FTUBMJ
CVSVB -PHFMBO UFOQFSBUVSB BUTFHJOB FHPO EBEJMB FHPLJFOB  $UJL
$SBBSUFLPB
6NFUYPBbero-iturrietatik urrunKBSSJ FSSBEJBEPSFB 
CFSPHBJMVBL UYJNJOJBL FUBC


-PBLIBSU[FB
&HVOF[POEPMPFHJUFOCBEV HBVFBOFSFIPCFUPMPFHJOHPEV
+BJPCFSSJBLBTLPMPFHJUFOEV CBJOBF[JOEVKBSSBJBOFHJO)JSVFEPMBVPSEVSP
JU[BSU[FOEB+BOFHJOCFIBSEV QJYPJIBMBLBMEBUVCFIBSEJ[LJPUF CFSCBFHJO
CFIBS[BJP
+BO PTUFBO  iMP BLUJCPBw EFJU[FO EVHVOB IBTUFO EV CFHJHMPCPBL NVHJU[FO
EJUV JNJOU[JPBLFHJUFOEJUV JSSFHVMBSLJIBSU[FOEVBSOBTB LFYVSFOCBUFHJUFO
EV  FUB NVHJNFOEV UYJLJ CBU[VL FHJUFO EJUV HPSQVU[BEBSSFLJO 6NFB VSEVSJ
EBHPFMBFNBUFOEVFOBSSFO MPNPUBIPSJFSBCBUOPSNBMBEB FUBF[EBFUFO
CFIBS
"JUBBNFL FEP VNFB [BJOU[FO EVUFOFL IPSSFO CFSSJ F[ CBEVUF  TFHVSVFOJL
VLJUVFHJOHPEVUF IBSUVFHJOHPEVUFFEPLVMVOLBUVFHJOHPEVUF FUBIPSSFMB 
MPOPSNBMBIBVUTJFHJUFOEVUF FUBIFMEBEJOP[UPQBU[FOEVUF)PSSFMB
NJOVUVFHPOPOEPSFO VNFUYPBMPTBLPOFBOTBSU[FOEB iMPMBTBJBwEFJU[FO
EVHVOFBO(V[UJ[FSMBYBUVUBEBHP MFVOLJFUBTBLPOLJIBSU[FOEVBSOBTB

/POMPFHJO
Kapazua edo moisesa: Umetxoak bere gorputza biratzen edo
bere kasa mugitzen ez dakienean soilik erabili IBVEB MFIFOMBV
FEP CPTU IJMFUBO  HVUYJ HPSBCFIFSB )POEPBL [VSSVOB FUB MBVB CFIBS EV 
FSU[BLBMUVBLFUBCJHVOHBSSJBLoBIBMEFMBLPUPJ[LPBLoEJUVFOB
Sehaska 4FIBTLBL IPNPMPHBUVUB FHPO CFIBS EV #BSSFO BSUFLP EJTUBOU[JB
HVUYJFOF[   DN FUB HFIJFOF[   DN 4FIBTLBLP BMCPFL  DN HBSBJ J[BO
CFIBSEVUF HVUYJFOF[6NFBMPEBHPFOCJUBSUFBOCVSVBOLPMQFSJLF[IBSU[FLP
FEP CBSSFUBUJL FTLVBL FEP IBOLBL F[ BUFSBU[FLP  sehaska barruan
babesgarriren bat jartzea komeni da,PMUYPJBLHPHPSSBCFIBSEV&[EB
CFIBSSF[LPBCVSLPBFEPLVYJOBLFSBCJMU[FBVNFBLVSUFCFUFU[FOEJUVFOBSUF
Ohea:)PSNBSJMPUVFEPBMEFBLCBCFTUV VNFBF[KBVTUFLP

31

6NFFOU[BLPJOUFSUFSGPOPBFUBUFMFGPOJBNVHJLPSSB
&[ EBHP FCJEFOU[JB BSHJSJL FSSBEJB[JP FMFLUSPNBHOFUJLPBL LBMUFHBSSJ EJSFMB
FHJB[UBU[FOEVFOJL)BMBFSF QSFCFOU[JPNPEVBO VNFUYPBSFOOFSCJPTJTUFNB
HBSBQFOQSP[FTVCFUFCFUFBOEBHPFOF[ HPNFOEBHBSSJEB
tInterfonoa VNFUYPBSFO ohetik HVUYJFOF[ metro batera KBSU[FB
&UB JOUFSNPEPB LPSSPOUFSB FHPLJHBJMV CBUFO CJEF[ LPOFLUBUVUB CBEBHP 
FHPLJHBJMVBSFLJOFSFEJTUBOU[JBIPSJHPSEFU[FB
t6NFUYPBSFONPEVMVBFSSFHVMBU[FBiBIPUTB[BVUPNBUJLPLJNBSUYBOKBSU[FBw
FEPi709wEz erabili etengabe igortzen duen aparaturik.
t Ez jarri telefono mugikorrikFEPIBSJHBCFLPSJL VNFBEBHPFOMFLVUJL
NFUSPCBUFSBCBJOPHVUYJBHP[

5YVQFUFB
t6NFBSJUYVQFUFBFTLBJOEBLJPLF CBJOBerabiltzera behartu gabe-P
CBMEJOCBEBHP F[FNBOCFSSJSP"NBHBOEJLPFEPTLJU[FBO F[EBLPNFOJ
MFIFOIJMFBOUYVQFUFBFNBUFB FEPTLJU[FBSJUSBCBSJLF[KBSU[FLP
t"IBM EFMB  BOBUPNJLPBL FSBCJMJ  QJF[B CBLBSSFLPBL Txupetea behar
bezala dagoela ziurtatu.
t5YVQFUFBL[JOU[JMJLBU[FLP LBUFIPNPMPHBUVBLFSBCJMJ FUBF[FSBCJMJCFTUF
NPUBCBUFLPLBUFBL MPLBSSJBLFEPCFHJ[UBL
t Txupetea inoiz ez busti azukrez, esne kondentsatuz, eztiz edo
azukredun beste elikagai batez.

t/&("33"
6NFUYPBSFO OFHBSSB BEJFSB[QJEF [V[FOFOB EB  EFJ CBU EB  LPNVOJLB[JP
FTLBSJCBU&UBLPNVOJLB[JPPSPUBOCF[BMB VOFCBLPJU[FBOFHPLJFSBOU[VUFBEB
HBSSBOU[JUTVFOB USBOTNJUJUVOBIJEFONF[VB/FHBSSBF[EBCFUJHPTFBSFOFEP
POEPF[mTJLPBSFOTJOUPNB

32

,PNFOJHBSSJBEBBLBUTIBVFUBLPSFOCBUF[FHJUFB6NFUYPBSFOOFHBSSBSJF[LBTV
FHJUFB FEPVNFBSFOHBJOHBJOFBOFHPOEB JOU[JSJUYJLJFOBFHJUFOEVFOFBOFSF 
GBNJMJBHV[UJBLPSSJLBVNFBSFOHBOBKPBUFB-BTUFSJLBTJLPEV[VOFHBSSBFUBNF[V
JOQMJ[JUVBLCFSFJ[UFO OFHBSSBSFOUPOVBSFOFEPJOUFOUTJUBUFBSFOBSBCFSB
&HPOF[JOJLIBOEJFOBFHVOBSFOBNBJFSBOJ[BUFOEB FUBHBVBSFOMFIFOPSEVFUBO
-BTBJFHPUFBLPNFOJ[BJ[V TBJB[BJUF[VNFUYPBMBTBJU[FO#FTBSLBUV [VTFOUJUV
OBIJ[BJUV TFHVSVTFOUJUVOBIJEV6NFUYPBLF[EJSBCFTPFUBSBiPIJU[FOw
#BU[VFUBO  VNFUYPBSFO OFHBSSB OBIBTNFEVLPMJLP EJHFTUJCP UYJLJFL FSBHJUFO
EVUF LVMVOLBUV  FUB FNBJ[LJP[V NBTBKF UYJLJ CBU[VL TBCFMFBO  CFUJ FSMPKVBSFO
PSSBU[FOOPSBCJEFBO POEPF[BMFVOU[FLPCBMJPEF[BLF
#FTUFQFSUTPOBCBUFOB[BMBSFLJOLPOUBLUVBOFHPUFBLTFHVSUBTVOBFUBLPOmBOU[B
FNBUFOEJPVNFUYPBSJ FUBVNFUYPBSFOHBSBQFOFBOMBHVOU[FOEV.

33

t1"4*&3"
1BTJFSBMBTBJHBSSJBEB FUBLPMPSFBL TPJOVBLyFSBLVTUFLPBVLFSBFNBUFOEV
"IBMCBEV[V [BSBUBSJLFUBLVUTBEVSBSJLHBCFLPJOHVSVFUBUJLFHJOQBTJFSB
0SEVFHPLJFOBLCBMJBUV CFSPFEPIPU[IBOEJLPPSEVBLTBJIFTUV[

6NFLPUYFB
;JVSUBUVLPUYFBLCBMB[UBEVFMB FUBBJOHVSBLFUBQVOUVBLCFIBSEFONPEVBO
EBVEFMB 0IJUV [BJUF[ LPUYFBSJ CBMB[UB KBSU[FO HFMEJU[FO [BSFO HV[UJFUBO 
LPUYFUJLHFSUVHFSUVFHPOEBFSF
,BMFBL HVSVU[BU[FBO  JLVTQFO HVUYJLP MFLVFUBO F[ [BJUF[ JCJMJ VNFLPUYFB[
BVSSFSBU[FO BSSJTLVBCBJUBHPBVUPFLIBSSBQBUV[BJU[BUFO&TQBMPJBSFOFSU[FBO
JUYPJUFOEV[VOCJUBSUFBO HBMU[BEBCBSSVBOKBSSJVNFLPUYFB

34

"JSF[BCBMFBO
6NFUYPBSFO B[BMB PTP mOB FUB TFOUJLPSSB EB  FUB FHV[LJFSSBEJB[JPFLJLP
EVUFO FSSFTJTUFOU[JB PTP BIVMB EB PSBJOEJL )PSSFHBUJL  BSBV PSPLPS HJTB 
6 hilabete baino gutxiagoko umetxoa ez utzi inoiz eguzkitan 
VNFUYPBKBOU[JUBFUBUYBOPB[CBEBHPFSFGerizpetan egon behar du beti.
Ez da gomendatzen fotobabesleak erabiltzea 6. hila baino lehen.
&[EBLPNFOJIPOEBSU[BSBFEPJHFSJMFLVSBFSBNBUFBIJMBCFUFCFUFCBJOP
MFIFO

35

36

t#*%"*",
6NFUYPBPOEPMPUVUBFSBNBOCFIBSEBCFUJ IPNPMPHBUVUBLPBUYJLJU[FTJTUFNB
CBUFOCJEF[
t 6NFLPUYFBSFO kapazoan edo kukoan  CFUJ BU[FLP FTFSMFLVBO KBSSJUB 
[FIBSLB JCJMHBJMVLPHFSSJLPFLJOFUBLBQB[PBSFOTFHVSUBTVO,*5BSFLJOEBUP[FO
HFSSJLPFLJOmOLBUVUB(BJOFSB VNFUYPBQSPJFL[JPBSFOLPOUSBLPHFSSJLPQBYB
[FOUSBMCBUFLJOMPUVLPEBLBQB[PSB(FSSJLPIPSJBJQBUV,*5FBOFUPSU[FOEB
t Segurtasun-aulkiaBVSSFLPKBSMFLVBO BVUPBL LPQJMPUVBSFO BJSCBHB F[
CBEV
FEPBU[FLPBOKBSEBJUFLF CBJOBCFUJNBSUYBSFOLPOUSBLPOPSBCJEFBO
FUBJCJMHBJMVLPTFHVSUBTVOHFSSJLPB[mOLBUVUB
(PHPBOJ[BOFTFSMFLVTFHVSVFOBBU[FBMEFLPFSEJLPBEB FUBBSSJTLVUTVFOB 
LPQJMPUVBSFOB
4BJB [BJUF[ VNFUYPBSFLJO BVUPBO FHJUFO EJUV[VO CJEBJBL NVHBU[FO &[
VU[JVNFUYPBFTFSJUBPTPEFOCPSBMV[F[  FUB  [FS FTBOJL F[ ez utzi inoiz
bakarrik auto barruan.
(PHPBO J[BO BIPMLV IBVFL VNFUYPBL CFTUF JCJMHBJMV CBU[VFUBO CJEBJBU[FO
EVFOFBOFSFCFUFCFIBSSFLPBLEJSBBEJCJEF[ UBYJBOEPBOFBO

37

t*/(636,0)*(*&/&"
5BCBLPB
5BCBLPLFB LBMUFHBSSJB EB QFSUTPOB HV[UJFO PTBTVOFSBLP FSSFU[BJMFFO
PTBTVOFSBLP FUB JOHVSVBO EBVEFOFO PTBTVOFSBLP  CBUF[ FSF BEJOHBCF
LPFOFSBLP  [FSFO  HBJOFSB  BEJOHBCFLPFL F[JO CBJUVUF CFSFO CPSPOEBUF[
TBJIFTUVLFBSFOFSBHJOB
"IBMFHJOEVCFUJFUBFHPFSBHV[UJFUBOBEJOHBCFLPBLUBCBLPLFBSFOFSBHJOFUJL
LBOQPJ[BUFOFUYFBO LPUYFBO TFOJEFFUBMBHVOFOFUYFFUBOFUBFEP[FJOMFLV
QVCMJLPUBO 5BCBLPUJL JOHVSVOFSB [BCBMU[FO EFO LFBL OJLPUJOB FUB PTBHBJ
LBOU[FSJHFOPBLFUBUPYJOBLEJUV
5BCBLPB FSSF EFO MFLVB BJSF[UBU[FBL F[ EV CBMJP BJSFB HBSCJU[FLP ,FBSFO
VTBJOBNVSSJ[UVBSSFO IBSFOPTBHBJLJNJLPUPYJLPBLNPEVQBSU[JBMFBOCBJOP
F[JOEJSBBLBCBUVJ[BOFSF EFOCPSBMV[FBCFIBSEBBJSFBFSBCBUCFSSJU[FLP
&SSFU[BJMFFO TFNFBMBCBL BSSJTLVUBMEF CFSF[JB EJSB J[BO FSF  TBSSJBHP J[BO
EJU[BLFUFF[UVMB PUJUJTBFUBBSOBTBFSJUBTVOBL FTBUFSBLP OFVNPOJB CSPOLJUJTB
FUBBTNB0TBTVOBSB[PIPSJF[HBJO BVLFSBHFIJBHPEBVLBUFOBHVTJUBOFSSF
U[BJMFBLJ[BUFLP

1SPEVLUVUPYJLPBL
0IJLPBEBFUYFFUBOMVSSVOUPYJLPBLKBSJBU[FOEJUV[UFOTVCTUBOU[JBLFSBCJMU[FB
FUYFB HBSCJU[FLPBL  JOUTFLUJ[JEBL  QJOUVSBL  EJTPMCBU[BJMFBL  FUBC

4VCTUBOU[JB IPSJFL JOIBMBU[FB CFSF[JLJ BSSJTLVUTVB EB VNFUYPFOU[BU CFSB[ 
VNFFLF[EVUFFUYFBOFHPOCFIBSTVCTUBOU[JBIPSJFLFSBCJMU[FOEJSFOFBOFUB
TVTUBOU[JFOUPYJLPUBTVOBMEJBLJSBVUFOEVFOCJUBSUFBO

38

t+045"*-6",
+PTUBJMVBL umetxoaren ahoa baino handiagoak izan behar dira
beti, eta artikulatu gabeak.
$& NBSLB EVUFMB FHJB[UBUV  FUB LPOUVBO J[BO KPTUBJMVB [FJO BEJOFUBSBLP
HPNFOEBU[FOEFO

39

C. OHIKO EGOERAK
ETA ZAINKETAK LEHENENGO
HILEETAN. ZER EGIN?
6NFUYPBLPOEPF[FOCBUEVFOFBO [BJOLFUBLFUYFBOCFSUBOFNBOEBJUF[LF 
FUB BTLPUBO  VNFUYPBL IPCFSB FHJOHP EV  FUB F[ EB QFEJBUSJBUBMEFBSJ
LPOUTVMUBU[FLPCFIBSSJLJ[BOHP#FTUFCBU[VFUBO QFEJBUSBSFOHBOBKPCFIBSLP
EV[V6NFUYPFOPTBTVOBSB[PHFIJFOBLTFOEBHBJSJLHBCFLPOQPOU[FOEJSB
0OEPSFO BSB[PPIJLPFOBLBJQBU[FOEJSB

t&33&%63",
1JYPJIBMFLJO FTUBMJUBLP B[BMB NJOCFSBUVUB BHFSU[FO EB UYJ[BL FUB LBLBL
TPSUVUBLPIF[FUBTVOBHBUJL
t"MEFSEJIPSJHBSCJFUBMFIPSFEVLJCFUJ
t&[FSBCJMJQMBTUJLP[LPQJYPJIBMJLFEPLVMFSPSJL
t%FUFSHFOUFMFVOBLFSBCJMJ FUBPOEPVSCFSSJUVBSSPQBL
t6U[JJQVSEJBFTUBMJHBCF BIBMEV[VFOHV[UJFUBO
t1JYPJIBMBSFOJOHVSVLPB[BMBHPSSJUVUBEBHPFOFBO iVSQBTUBwHJTBLPLSFNBL
FSBCJMJBMEFIPSJCBCFTUFLP FUBF[FSBCJMJQBQFS[BUJCVTUJSJL

41

t46%63#69"%63"
/PSNBMBEBVNFUYPFLEPNJOJTUJLVFHJUFB TVEVSSBHBSCJU[FOMBHVOU[FOEV

F[UVMFHJUFB FEP[PUJOBFEVLJU[FB
(FSUB MJUFLF MFIFO BTUFFUBO TVEVSSB NVLJFLJO CVYBU[FB &[ EV HBSSBOU[JSJL 
CBJOB PLFSSBHP BSOBTUVLP EVFOF[  EFTFSPTP FHPO EBJUFLF FMJLBU[FO EFO
CJUBSUFBO
t4FSVNmTJPMPHJLPLPUBOUBLBCBU[VLKBSSJTVEVSSBSFOBMEFCBLPJU[FBO

t)"63%6/"-%*,0&33&",;*0",
)PSSFMBEFJU[FO[BJPKBJPU[BSFOVOFBOBNBHBOEJLVNFUYPBSFOHBOBQBTBU[FO
EJSFOIPSNPOBCBU[VFOPOEPSJP[LPFHPFSBCBU[VFJ
t#VMBSSBSFOUBNBJOBIBOEJU[FB HFSUBMJUFLFFTOFKBSJPUYJLJCBUFHPUFBFSF

&[FHJOF[FS [FSFOFUBIBOUVSBCFSF[KPBUFOEB*OPJ[F[EBCVMBSSBTBLBUV
CFIBSFTOFBBUFSBU[FLP JOGFLUBUVFHJOEBJUFLFFUB
t5YJ[BO VSBUPBL CPUBU[FB POEPSJP[  QJYPJIBMFL J[PLJOLPMPSF MFVO CBU
IBSU[FOEVUF
t/FTLBUJMFUBO CBHJOBUJLPEPMQJYLBCBUCPUBU[FBFEPNVLJVHBSJFEVLJU[FB
#JIPSJFLFSFCJFHVOFUBOFEPEFTBHFSU[FOEJSB

t46,"33"
UJLHPSBLPBKPU[FOEBTVLBSU[BU
5FOQFSBUVSBPOEFTUFBOIBSU[FOCBEB $EFTLPOUBUVCFIBSEB
IJMFUJLIJMFSB TVLBSQSP[FTVHV[UJBLLPOUTVMUBUVFUBB[UFSUVCFIBSEJSB
6NFBIJMFUJLCFIFSBLPBCBEB VSHFOU[JB[LPOUTVMUBUVCFIBSEB

42

t.6(6&5
.JIJBOFUBBIPBSFOQBSFUFUBOPSCBO[VSJBLBHFSU[FOEJSB POEEPFLFSBHJOEB

t,0-*,0",
,PMJLPBL MV[BSPBO OFHBSSF[ oCBU[VFUBO F[JO LPOUTPMBUVSJLo FHPUFBSFO
HFSUBLBSJBL EJSB JB FHVOFSP FSSFQJLBU[FO EJSB  CBUF[ FSF BSSBUTBMEFUBO FUB
HBVFUBO-FIFOCJIJMFUBOBHFSU[FOEJSB&[EBHBJYPUBTVOCBU
-FIFO[BOU[VBLBHFSUVCF[BJOB[LBSIBSUVVNFB FUBMFVOLJFTUVUVCVMBSSBSFO
LPOUSB B[BMBLFMLBSVLJUV[ LVMVOLBUV[FUBYVYVSMBUV[#BMJBHBSSJJ[BOHP[BJ[V
VNFUYPBMBTBJU[FLP

43

t#05","
/PSNBMB EB IBSUVBMEJBSFO POEPSFO  LPSSPLBEBSFLJO CBUFSB  FTOF BQVS CBU
CPUBU[FBiCFSSBIPSBU[FBiEFJU[FO[BJPIPSSJ&[EBLF[LBU[FLPBCBMEJOFUB
VNFUYPBLQJTVBIBSU[FOKBSSBJU[FOCBEVFUBIBTFSSFLPSF[CBMEJOCBEBHP
"SEVSBU[FLPB EB  PSEFB  VNFBL CPUBLB JOEBSUTV FHJUFO CBEV FUB BTLP
CPUBU[FOCBEV

t(030;,*",
6NFUYP CBUFL LBLB FHJUFLP EVFO FSSJUNP OPSNBMB BMEBLPSSB EB IBSUVBMEJ
CBLPJU[FBOCFIJOFEPHFIJBHPUBO FEPFHVOCBU[VFUBOCFIJO4FOEPUBTVOBFSF
BMEBLPSSBJ[BOEBJUFLFMJLJEPUJLQBTUBMPEJSBBSUFLPB"NBHBOEJLPFEPTLJU[FBO 
OPSNBMFBOVSSFIPSJBLJ[BUFOEJSB QJLPSSFLJO MJLJEPBLFUBMFIFSHBSSJBL

44

"SEVSBU[FLPBEBPEPMBBHFSU[FOEFOFBO HPSSJBFEPCFMU[B
FEPLPMPSFSJL
HBCF BHFSU[FO EJSFOFBO [VSJBL
 (BJOFSBLP UPOBMJUBUFBL  FMJLBHBJBL
EJHFTUJPIPEJUJL QBTBU[FLP EFOCPSBSFO BSBCFSBLPBL EJSB  FUB F[ EJSB
HBSSBOU[J[LPBL
&[ EB OPSNBMB CBUCBUFBO BMEBLFUBL FHPUFB LBLFO TFOEPUBTVOB  JEPSSFSJB
LBLBHPHPSSBJ[BUFOEB iCPMBUYJLJFOwBOU[FSB
FEPCFIFSBLPB LBLBLPTP
MJLJEPBLJ[BUFOEJSB


t#&,"33",
#FHJFUBO CFLBSSJL CBEV  TFSVN mTJPMPHJLP[ CVTUJUBLP HB[B CBUF[ HBSCJUV
CFHJBL(B[BCBOBFSBCJMJCFHJCBLPJU[FSBLP
1FEJBUSJBUBMEFBSJLPOUTVMUBUVCFHJBCBSSVUJLHPSSJCBMEJOCBEBHP

45