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MEMORIA DE CARGABILIDAD DE TRANSFORMADOR

DE CORRIENTE
VERSION 1

DOCUMENTO DE USO INTERNO EXCLUSIVO PARA EL PROYECTO


No puede ser copiado o reproducido sin autorizacin del Director del Proyecto y/o del Gerente

del Departamento.

Proyecto:

DISEO, SUMINISTRO, CONSTRUCCIN, MONTAJE,


INTEGRACIN A LA SUBESTACIN EXISTENTE, PRUEBAS Y
PUESTA EN SERVICIO DE LA IMPLEMENTACIN DEL
REACTOR SERIE Y CELDAS DE CONEXIN ENTRE LAS
BARRAS DE 220 kV DE LAS SUBESTACIONES CHILCA 500/220
kV Y CHILCA REP, Y DE LA RESISTENCIA DE NEUTRO DEL
AUTOTRANSFORMADOR EN LA SUBESTACIN CHILCA
500/220 KV, ADEMS DE LA INSTALACIN DE EQUIPOS DE
PATIO DE 220 kV - GRUPO I - AMPLIACIN 10
Cliente:
ISA - REP
CONTRATO:
PE-AM10-GT-126-2011

Modificacin

Reemplaza a:
Documento

Pg./tem

Comentarios ISA-REP

PE-AM10-DISE-D112

De Fecha:
Feb. 2012

COPIA CONTROLADA N_____


DISTRIBUCIN
Distribucin electrnica para todo el personal de la divisin a travs de la Intranet
SIEMENS PTD-H: Javier Lecca, Dante Vsquez, Flix Lpez, Marco Camacho
ISA -REP: Alex Vizcarra, Warner Aiquipa, Luis Moreno
DISTRIBUCIN
1.

NOMBRE/SIGLA
ISA - REP

s
Elabor

FIRMA

FECHA
2.

NOMBRE/SIGLA
SIEMENS ETHS

ENERGY

Fecha emisin:

ET HS

ABRIL - 2012

SIEMENS

Revis

SIEMENS

Aprob

SIEMENS

Formato base: F4206001.001

FIRMA

Memoria de cargabilidad de
transformador de corriente

FECHA

Cdigo Documento:

PE-AM10-DISE-D112

SUBESTACIN CHILCA 500/220 kV - CHILCA REP


MEMORIA DE CARGABILIDAD DE TRANSFORMADORES DE CORRIENTE

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

OBJETO
ALCANCE
DEFINICIONES
CONTENIDO
CLCULO DE LA CARGABILIDAD
REFERENCIAS

2
2
2
2
4
5

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PE-AM10-DISE-D112
Pgina 1 de 6

1. OBJETO
Establecer la carga total sobre los ncleos de los transformadores de tensin y de corriente en
220 kV de la subestacin y comprobar que se ajuste a los estndares nacionales e internacionales.
2. ALCANCE
Esta memoria tiene como fin validar las caractersticas tcnicas de los transformadores de
corriente en 220 kV de la S.E. CHILCA 500/220 kV - CHILCA REP.
3. DEFINICIONES
- TI: Transformador de corriente.
- TT: Transformador de tensin.
- Carga (Burden) Nominal (P n ): Es la carga mxima del circuito secundario de un TI o un TT, en
en Ohms a un factor de potencia determinado, o en VA a un factor de potencia determinado y con la
corriente secundaria nominal.
- Carga (Burden) Interna (P i ): Es la carga propia del circuito secundario del transformador.
- Carga Total Efectiva del Ncleo (P total ): Carga externa conectada al secundario del transformador.
Es la suma de la potencia de los elementos que estn conectados al secundario (ejemplo: cables,
medidores, transformadores de acople, equipos de proteccin, etc). No se considera la carga interna.
- Corriente Lmite de Precisin Nominal: Corriente mnima del primario para la cual el error compuesto
del transformador de medicin (causado por la saturacin del ncleo) bajo carga nominal es igual o
mayor a 10% para transformadores clase 10P, e igual o mayor a 5% para transformadores clase 5P.
- Factor Lmite de Precisin (K alf ): Relacin entre la corriente lmite de precisin nominal y la
corriente nominal del primario. (Kssc)
- Factor Lmite de Precisin Operativo (Koalf): Factor lmite de precisin calculado tomando en
cuenta que la carga realmente conectada (Ptotal) es diferente de la carga nominal (Pn). (K'ssc)
En la referencia [1], seccin 2, pagina 2/53, se define este factor como:

K o a lf

K a lf

Pn Pi
Pto ta l Pi

Kalf = Kssc
Koalf = K'ssc

4. CONTENIDO
En este documento se describen en forma detallada las consideraciones, criterios y procesos de
clculo de la cargabilidad de los TI y los TT de la subestacin Chilca 500/220 kV - Chilca Rep,
Segn la norma IEC, referencia [2], seccin 11.2, para garantizar la precisin de los transformadores de
corriente de clases 0,1 - 0,2 - 0,5 - 1 - 0,2 S y 0,5 S, la carga total de los circuitos secundarios
destinados a medicin deber estar comprendida entre el 25% y el 100% de la carga nominal. Para
transformadores de corriente de clases 0,1 - 0,2 - 0,2 S y que tienen una carga nominal menor o igual a
15 VA, la carga total de los circuitos secundarios destinados a medicin puede estar comprendida entre
1 VA y el 100% de la carga nominal.
Para transformadores de corriente de varias relaciones con taps en en el devanado secundario, los
requerimientos de precisin se refieren a la relacin de transformacin nominal (relacin entre la
corriente nominal del primario y la corriente nominal del secundario) ms grande (caso de mayor Pi), a
menos que se especifique lo contrario.
Segn la norma IEC, referencia [4], seccin 9.8.2, 9.8.3,14.4 y 15.4, para garantizar la precisin de los
transformadores de tensin capacitivos, la carga total de los circuitos secundarios destinados a
medicin y proteccion deber estar comprendida entre el 25% y el 100% de la carga nominal, para
cargas nominales mayores o iguales a 10 VA, con un factor de potencia de 0.8; y entre 0% y el 100% de
la carga nominal, para cargas nominales menores a 10 VA, con un factor de potencia de 1.
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La seccin mnima de cables a utilizar es de 4 mm para corrrientes y de 2.5 mm para tensiones;


es decir, cables calibres 12 AWG para los TI y 14 AWG para los TT.
La potencia activa que se pierde en los conductores est dada por (referencia [1]):

Pcable

2 Lcable
acable

cable

I ns

Lcable: Longitud del conductor, m.


mm2/m.
cable: Resistividad del cobre,
acable: rea transversal del conductor, mm2.
Ins: Corriente nominal del secundario del transformador de corriente, A.
A continuacin se indica el procedimiento a seguir en el clculo de cargabilidad de cada tipo de ncleo:
TI Ncleo de Medida:
- Se cuantifican las cargas conectadas al ncleo con su potencia de consumo en VA, incluyendo
equipos de medida y cable (dada por su seccin, resistividad y longitud).
- Se halla la carga total efectiva sobre el ncleo (Ptotal) y se compara con la carga nominal (Pn) para
verificar si Ptotal est dentro del rango de precisin (% de Pn) que se ha indicado al inicio de esta
seccin.
TI Ncleo de Proteccin:
- Se cuantifican las cargas conectadas al ncleo con su potencia de consumo en VA, incluyendo
protecciones y cable (dada por su seccin, resistividad y longitud).
- Se halla la carga total efectiva sobre el ncleo (Ptotal).
- Se halla el factor lmite de precisin operativo (Koalf).
- Para verificar que los rels de proteccin diferenciales de barras SIEMENS soportan el nivel
de saturacin de los TI ante corrientes de cortocircuito dinmicas asimtricas, se compara el factor
lmite de precisin operativo con los requisitos del rel que se indican en la referencia [1],
seccin 2, pagina 2/53:
100 >=Koalf >= 0,5 Icc1 / Ipn
Ipn: Corriente nominal del primario del TI, kA
Icc1: Nivel de cortocircuito maximo, kA.
- Para verificar que los rels de proteccin diferencial del Reactor serie SIEMENS
soportan el nivel de saturacin de los TI ante corrientes de cortocircuito dinamicas asimetricas,
se compara el factor limite de precisin operativo con los requisitos del rel que se indica en la
referencia [1], seccin 2, pagina 2/53:
Koalf >= 3 Icc3 / Ipn
Ipn: Corriente nominal del primario del TI, kA
Icc3: Nivel de cortocircuito trifsico fuera del rea protegida, kA.
En este caso, el nivel de cortocircuito Icc3 se toma igual al del lado de media tensin, porque
en esta subestacin una falla en el lado de alta tensin no implica circulacin de corriente de
falla a travs del transformador de potencia.
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PE-AM10-DISE-D112
Pgina 3 de 6

- Para verificar que los rels de proteccin de sobrecorriente SIEMENS soportan el nivel de
saturacin de los TI ante corrientes de cortocircuito dinmicas asimtricas, se compara el factor
lmite de precisin operativo con los requisitos del rel que se indican en la referencia [1]:
seccin 2, pagina 2/53:
Koalf >= Ihs / Ipn >= 26
Ipn: Corriente nominal del primario del TI, kA
Ihs: Mxima corriente de ajuste (I>>), kA.
TT Ncleo de Medida:
- Se cuantifican las cargas conectadas al ncleo con su potencia de consumo en VA, incluyendo
equipos de medida y cable (dada por su seccin, resistividad y longitud).
- Se halla la carga total efectiva sobre el ncleo (Ptotal) y se compara con la carga nominal (Pn) para
verificar si Ptotal est dentro del rango de precisin (% de Pn) que se ha indicado al inicio de esta
seccin.
TT Ncleo de Proteccin:
- Se cuantifican las cargas conectadas al ncleo con su potencia de consumo en VA, incluyendo
protecciones y cable (dada por su seccin, resistividad y longitud).
- Se halla la carga total efectiva sobre el ncleo (Ptotal) y se compara con la carga nominal (Pn) para
verificar si Ptotal est dentro del rango de precisin (% de Pn) que se ha indicado al inicio de esta
seccin.
5. CLCULO DE LA CARGABILIDAD
- En el anexo N 1, se presenta el dimensionamiento de cada nucleo segn la proteccin.

CARACTERSTICAS FINALES DE LOS TRANSFORMADORES DE CORRIENTE


Transformador de corriente
Ipn (A)

P1-P2

Nucleo

1S1-1S2

Kn (A)
VA
Clase
Fs/Alf

1250/1
5
0.2
10

1250-2500/1-1-1-1 A
2S1-2S2
1S1-1S3
3S1-3S2
4S1-4S2
2500/1
1250/1
5
10
0.2
5P
10
51

Nmero de documento:

2S1-2S3
3S1-3S3
4S1-4S3
2500/1
10
5P
26

(4)G691074-C1001-U112
PE-AM10-DISE-D112

Pgina 4 de 6

6. REFERENCIAS
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]

SIPROTEC - Numerical protection Relays. Protection systems. Catalog SIP 2008. Siemens.
Estndar IEC 60044-1. Instrument transformers - Part 1: Current transformers. 2003.
Estndar IEC 60044-2. Instrument transformers - Part 2: Inductive voltage transformers. 2003.
Estndar IEC 60044-5. Instrument transformers - Part 5: Capacitor voltage transformers. 2004.
Estndar IEC 60044-6. Instrument transformers - Part 6: Requirements for protective current
transformers for transient performance. 1992.

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Pgina 5 de 6

Anexo N 1
- N1 (Ncleo de medicin)
- N2 (CT-Core Dimensioning for Protection Relay 7UT613)
- N3 (CT-Core Dimensioning for Protection Relay 7SS52), 1250/1 A, 5P51
- N3 (CT-Core Dimensioning for Protection Relay 7SS52), 2500/1 A, 5P26
- N4 (CT-Core Dimensioning for Protection Relay 7SJ61)

Nmero de documento:

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Pgina 6 de 6

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

Metering-Core Dimensioning for 6MD66


GENERAL PROJECT DATA:
Customer:
Project:
Station:
Feeder:

ISA REP-PDI
AMPLIACION 10
CHILCA 500/220 kV - CHILCA REP
REACTOR

Issued by:
Our reference:
Remark:

F. Roca
Date: 03/04/2012

GENERAL SYSTEM AND SUBSTATION DATA:


Nominal voltage:
Nominal frequency:
Power system time constant:
Rated short-circuit current of station:
Remark:

220 kV
60 Hz
(not considered) -- ms
63 kA

DATA OF MEASURING CT 1 (TC-1) ACCORDING TO IEC:


CT type:
Transformation ratio:
Instrument security factor FS:
CT nominal burden Pn:
Internal resistance Rct:
Remark:

IEC Class 0.2


2500 A/1 A
10
5 VA
9.593

(assumed)

METER DATA:
Manufacturer:
Type:
Nominal Current In:
Rated short-time thermal current Imax:
Meter burden Pmeter:
Remark:

SIEMENS
6MD66
1A
200 A
0.1 VA
Nuclo N1

CT REQUIREMENTS:
In order to protect the connected measuring instrument in case of fault currents, the instrument
security factor (FS) of the metering CT should be as small as possible.
For this reason the operating burden of the connected measuring instrument including the necessary
connected cables should be as close as possible to the nominal burden of the measuring transformer.
The connected instrument shall be able to withstand surge current at the operating instrument security
factor (FS'), otherwise an extra burden should be included in the secondary circuit.

FS '

FS

Pn Pct
Ptotal Pct

and

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

03/04/2012

REACTOR
6MD66

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

I max

AMPLIACION 10

I sn

(Requirement 1)

FS'

where
FS':
FS:
Pn:
Pct:
Ptotal:
Imax:
Isn:

Operating instrument security factor


Instrument security factor
CT nominal burden
CT internal burden
Total effective connected burden
Rated short-time thermal current
Nominal secondary current of CT

Moreover, in order to assure the measuring accuracy, the total connected burden has to be between
25% and 100% of nominal burden.

0.25 Pn

Ptotal

(Requirement 2)

Pn

where
Ptotal:
Pn:

Total effective connected burden


Nominal burden

According to IEC 60044-1, Ed 1.2, February 2003 for metering cores having a rated burden between
1VA and 15VA an extended range of burden can be specified in agreement with the manufacturer. In
certain cases this range might be extended individually.

CALCULATION OF TOTAL CT CONNECTED BURDENS:


The performance of the current transformer depends on the connected burdens at the secondary
terminals. The total burden includes the meter burden and additional burdens: the burden of cables
and, if used, the burden of a matching transformer.
CT SIDE 1 (TC-1):
Meter burden:
Additional meter burdens:
Burden of matching
transformer 1:
Burden of matching
transformer 2:

Pmeter
Padd
Pmat,1

Burden
= 0.1 VA
= 0.05 VA
= 0 VA

----trmat,1

Pmat,2

= 0 VA

trmat,2

Transformation ratio
----=1
=1

The cable burden is calculated by the single length, the cross section, the specific resistivity for copper
and an effective factor for the wire length.
This factor kwire is 2 if the return wire is to be considered.
Cable burden:
Length:
Cross section:
Spec. resisitivity (Cu):
Sec. wire current:
Eff. wire length in p.u.:

lwire
Awire
Cu
Isn,wire
kwire

= 150 m
2
= 4 mm
= 0.02171
=1A
=2

2
mm /m at 75 C

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

03/04/2012

REACTOR
6MD66

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

k wire

Pwire

Cu

l wire

I sn2 ,wire

a wire

= 1.628 VA

The total effective burden is given by the sum of all connected burdens:
Total burden:

Ptotal= Pmeter + Padd + Pwire + Pmat,1 + Pmat,2 = 1.778 VA

CHECK OF CT REQUIREMENTS:
Operating instrument security factor FS':
The CT behaviour acc. to IEC will be described by the operating instrument security factor FS'. It
depends on the instrument security factor FS, the nominal burden Pn, the internal CT burden Pct and
the total effective connected burden Ptotal.

FS '

FS

Pn Pct
Ptotal Pct

= 12.833

where
FS:
Pn:
Pct:
Ptotal:

Instrument security factor


Nominal burden
Internal CT burden
Total effective connected burden

= 10
= 5 VA
= 9.593 VA
= 1.778 VA

Total connected burdens:


The total connected burden has to be between 25% and 100% of nominal burden.

0.25 Pn

Ptotal

Pn

where
Ptotal:
Pn:

Total effective connected burden


Nominal burden

= 1.778 VA
= 5 VA

CT-DIMENSIONING CHECK:

I max

I sn

(Requirement 1)

FS'
= 200 A

I max
I sn

= 12.833 A

FS'

200 A

Meets requirement

12.833 A

0.25 Pn

Ptotal

(Requirement 2)

Pn

0.25 Pn

= 1.25 VA

Ptotal:

= 1.778 VA

Pn:

= 5 VA

1.25 VA

1.778 VA

5 VA

Meets requirement

The metering core is correctly dimensioned!


Energy/ /F. Roca
Revision 0
CTDim3.5

03/04/2012

REACTOR
6MD66

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

CT-Core Dimensioning for Protection Relay 7UT613


GENERAL PROJECT DATA:
Customer:
Project:
Station:
Feeder:

ISA REP-PDI
AMPLIACION 10
CHILCA 500/220 kV - CHILCA REP
REACTOR

Issued by:
Our reference:
Remark:

F. Roca
Date: 17/02/2012

GENERAL SYSTEM AND SUBSTATION DATA:


Nominal voltage:
Nominal frequency:
Power system time constant:
Rated short-circuit current of station:
Remark:

220 kV
60 Hz
(not considered) -- ms
63 kA

DATA OF CT 1 (CT1) ACCORDING TO IEC-P:


CT type:
Transformation ratio:
Nominal accuracy limiting factor Knalf :
CT nominal burden Pn:

IEC Class 5P
2500 A/1 A
26
10 VA

Internal resistance Rct :


Remark:

9.593

(assumed)

DATA OF CT 2 (CT Existente) ACCORDING TO IEC-P:


CT type:
Transformation ratio:
Nominal accuracy limiting factor Knalf :
CT nominal burden Pn:

IEC Class 5P
2500 A/1 A
25
10 VA

Internal resistance Rct :


Remark:

9.593

(assumed)

RELAY DATA:
Manufacturer:
Type:
Nominal Current:
Relay burden:
Remark:

SIEMENS
7UT613
1A
0.05 VA

CT REQUIREMENTS FOR 7UT613 :


(acc. to SIEMENS Catalog SIP 2008 Order No.: E50001-K4400-A101-A5-7600)
To ensure correct operation of the connected relay in case of external faults, the CTs must have a
Energy/ /F. Roca
Revision 0
CTDim3.5

17/02/2012

REACTOR
7UT613

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

minimum operational accuracy limiting factor.

K oalf

I k ,max,thr
I pn

Furthermore, the Adaption factor must be fulfilled to ensure the measurement accuracy:

0.125

FAdapt

I pn
I no

In
I sn

(Requirement 2)

where
Koalf:
Ik,max,thr:
Ipn:
Isn:
In:
Ino:

operating accuracy limiting factor


maximum symmetrical short-circuit current
CT primary nominal current
CT secondary nominal current
nominal current of the relay
nominal current of the protected object

CALCULATION OF TOTAL CT CONNECTED BURDEN:


The performance of the current transformer depends on the connected burden at the secondary
terminals. The total burden includes the relay burden and additional burdens, the burden of cables
and, if used, the burden of connected matching transformer.
CT 1 (CT1):
Relay burden:
Additional relay burdens:
Burden of matching
transformer 1:
Burden of matching
transformer 2:

Prelay
Padd
Pmat,1

Burden
= 0.05 VA
= 0.2 VA
= 0 VA

----trmat,1

Pmat,2

= 0 VA

trmat,2

Transformation ratio
----=1
=1

The cable burden is calculated by the single length, the cross section, the specific resistivity for copper
and an effective factor for the wire length. This factor kwire is 2 if the return wire is to be considered.
Cable burden:
Length:
Cross section:
Spec. resisitivity (Cu):
Sec. wire current:
Eff. wire length in p.u.:

Pwire

k wire

Cu

a wire

lwire
Awire

= 150 m
2
= 4 mm

Cu

= 0.02171
=1A
=2

Isn,wire
kwire

l wire

I sn2 ,wire

2
mm /m at 75 C

= 1.6283 VA

The total effective burden is given by the sum of all connected burdens:
Total burden:

Ptotal= Prelay + Padd + Pwire + Pmat,1 + Pmat,2 =

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

1.8783 VA
17/02/2012

REACTOR
7UT613

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

CT 2 (CT Existente):
Relay burden:
Additional relay burdens:
Burden of matching
transformer 1:
Burden of matching
transformer 2:

Prelay
Padd
Pmat,1

Burden
= 0.05 VA
= 0 VA
= 0 VA

----trmat,1

Pmat,2

= 0 VA

trmat,2

Transformation ratio
----=1
=1

The cable burden is calculated by the single length, the cross section, the specific resistivity for copper
and an effective factor for the wire length. This factor kwire is 2 if the return wire is to be considered.
Cable burden:
Length:
Cross section:
Spec. resisitivity (Cu):
Sec. wire current:
Eff. wire length in p.u.:

k wire

Pwire

Cu

lwire
Awire

= 150 m
2
= 4 mm

Cu

= 0.02171
=1A
=2

Isn,wire
kwire

l wire

a wire

I sn2 ,wire

2
mm /m at 75 C

= 1.6283 VA

The total effective burden is given by the sum of all connected burdens:
Total burden:

Ptotal= Prelay + Padd + Pwire + Pmat,1 + Pmat,2 =

1.6783 VA

CHECK OF CT REQUIREMENTS:
Operating accuracy limiting factor Koalf :
The CT behaviour acc. to IEC-P will be described by the operating accuracy limiting factor Koalf. It
depends on the nominal accuracy limiting factor Knalf, the nominal burden Pn, the internal CT burden
Pct and the total effective connected burden Ptotal.
CT 1 (CT1):

K o alf
3

K n alf

Pn Pct
Ptotal Pct

I k , max,thr

= 44.408

= 40.56

I pn

where
Knalf:
Pn:
Pct:
Ptotal:
Ipn:
Ik,max,thr:

nominal accuracy limiting factor


nominal burden
internal CT burden
total effective connected burden
CT primary nominal current
max. symmetrical short-circuit current

= 26
= 10 VA
= 9.593 VA
= 1.8783 VA
= 2500 A
= 33.8 kA

CT 2 (CT Existente):

K o alf

K n alf

Pn Pct
Ptotal Pct

= 43.458

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

17/02/2012

REACTOR
7UT613

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

I k , max,thr

= 40.56

I pn

where
Knalf:
Pn:
Pct:
Ptotal:
Ipn:
Ik,max,thr:

nominal accuracy limiting factor


nominal burden
internal CT burden
total effective connected burden
CT primary nominal current
max. symmetrical short-circuit current

= 25
= 10 VA
= 9.593 VA
= 1.6783 VA
= 2500 A
= 33.8 kA

Adaption Factor FAdapt :


To ensure the measurement accuracy the adaption factor must be fulfilled:

CT 1 (CT1):

FAdap

I pn
I no

In
I sn

= 1.471

where
FAdap:
Ipn:
Isn:
In:
Ino:

Adaption factor
CT primary nominal current
CT secondary nominal current
nominal current of the relay
nominal current of the protected object

= 2500 A
=1A
=1A
= 1.7 kA

CT 2 (CT Existente):

FAdap

I pn
I no

In
I sn

= 1.471

where
FAdap:
Ipn:
Isn:
In:
Ino:

Adaption factor
CT primary nominal current
CT secondary nominal current
nominal current of the relay
nominal current of the protected object

= 2500 A
=1A
=1A
= 1.7 kA

CT DIMENSIONING CHECK:

CT 1 (CT1):

K oalf

= 44.408

Requirement 1

K oalf

40.56

meets requirement

FAdap

= 1.471

Requirement 2

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

17/02/2012

REACTOR
7UT613

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

0.125

AMPLIACION 10
1.471

meets requirement

The current transformer 1 is correctly dimensioned!


CT 2 (CT Existente):

K oalf

= 43.458

Requirement 1

K oalf

40.56

meets requirement

FAdap
0.125

= 1.471
1.471

Requirement 2
meets requirement

The current transformer 2 is correctly dimensioned!

The current transformers are correctly dimensioned!

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

17/02/2012

REACTOR
7UT613

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

CT-Core Dimensioning for Protection Relay 7SS52


GENERAL PROJECT DATA:
Customer:
Project:
Station:
Feeder:

ISA REP-PDI
AMPLIACION 10
CHILCA 500/220 kV - CHILCA REP
REACTOR

Issued by:
Our reference:
Remark:

F. Roca
Date: 03/04/2012

GENERAL SYSTEM AND SUBSTATION DATA:


Nominal voltage:
Nominal frequency:
Power system time constant:
Rated short-circuit current of station:
Max. short-circuit current for CT dimensioning:
Remark:

220 kV
60 Hz
(not considered) -- ms
63 kA
63 kA

DATA OF CT 1 (CT1) ACCORDING TO IEC:


CT type:
Transformation ratio:
nominal accuracy limiting factor Knalf :
CT nominal burden Pn:

IEC class 5P
1250 A/1 A
51
10 VA

Internal resistance Rct:


Remark:

9.593

(assumed)

RELAY DATA:
Manufacturer:
Type:
Nominal Current:
Relay burden:
Remark:

SIEMENS
7SS52
1A
0.1 VA

CT REQUIREMENTS FOR 7SS52 :


(acc. to SIEMENS Catalog SIP 2008 Order No.: E50001-K4400-A101-A5-7600)
To ensure correct operation of the connected relay in case of faults, the CT must be able to transform
the short-circuit current correctly:

I
K

oalf

0 .5

k , max, thr
I
pn

(Requirement 1)

Very high short-circuit currents should be limited in order to avoid damages in the connected relay:

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

03/04/2012

REACTOR
7SS52

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

I
K

oalf

100 if

k , max, thr
I
pn

(Requirement 2)

100

The stabilizing factor should be higher than a given minimum value:

(Requirement 3)

0 .5

If the stabilizing factor is lower, a transient simulation has to be done.


where:
Koalf:
Ik,max,thr:
Ipn:
Tp:
Kn:

operating accuracy limiting factor


maximum symmetrical short-circuit current for external faults
CT primary nominal current
Power system time constant
rated transformation ratio Ipn / Isn

CALCULATION OF TOTAL CT CONNECTED BURDEN:


The performance of the current transformer depends on the connected burden at the secondary
terminals. The total burden includes the relay burden and additional burdens, the burden of cables
and, if used, the burden of connected matching transformer.
CT 1 (CT1):
Relay burden:
Additional relay burdens:
Burden of matching
transformer 1:
Burden of matching
transformer 2:

Prelay
Padd
Pmat,1

Burden
= 0.1 VA
= 0 VA
= 0 VA

----trmat,1

Pmat,2

= 0 VA

trmat,2

Transformation ratio
----=1
=1

The cable burden is calculated by the single length, the cross section, the specific resistivity for copper
and an effective factor for the wire length. This factor kwire is 2 if the return wire is to be considered.
Cable burden:
Length:
Cross section:
Spec. resisitivity (Cu):
Sec. wire current:
Eff. wire length in p.u.:

Pwire

k wire

Cu

a wire

lwire
Awire

= 150 m
2
= 4 mm

Cu

= 0.02171
=1A
=2

Isn,wire
kwire

l wire

I sn2 ,wire

2
mm /m at 75 C

= 1.6283 VA

The total effective burden is given by the sum of all connected burdens:
Total burden:

Ptotal= Prelay + Padd + Pwire + Pmat,1 + Pmat,2 =

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

1.7283 VA

03/04/2012

REACTOR
7SS52

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

CHECK OF CT REQUIREMENTS:
Operating accuracy limiting factor Koalf :
The CT behaviour acc. to IEC-P will be described by the operating accuracy limiting factor Koalf. It
depends on the nominal accuracy limiting factor Knalf, the nominal burden Pn, the internal CT burden
Pct and the total effective connected burden Ptotal.

CT SIDE 1 (CT1):

K o alf

K n alf

Pn Pct
Ptotal Pct

= 88.262

where
Knalf:
Pn:
Pct:
Ptotal:

nominal accuracy limiting factor


nominal burden
internal CT burden
total effective connected burden

= 51
= 10 VA
= 9.593 VA
= 1.7283 VA

CT-DIMENSIONING CHECK:
For the protection relay 7SS52 the requirements for external faults have to be fulfilled.

CT SIDE 1:
= 88.262

K oalf

K oalf

0 .5

I k , max , thr

oalf

100 if

(Requirement 1)

I pn

Meets requirement

I
K

= 25.2

k , max, thr
I
pn

(Requirement 2)

100

k , max, thr
I
pn

= 50.4

There is no need to
check requirement 2

Check requirement 3 for the protection device:

0.5

(Requirement 3)
Meets requirement

= 0.5

The current transformers are correctly dimensioned!

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

03/04/2012

REACTOR
7SS52

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

CT-Core Dimensioning for Protection Relay 7SS52


GENERAL PROJECT DATA:
Customer:
Project:
Station:
Feeder:

ISA REP-PDI
AMPLIACION 10
CHILCA 500/220 kV - CHILCA REP
REACTOR

Issued by:
Our reference:
Remark:

F. Roca
Date: 17/02/2012

GENERAL SYSTEM AND SUBSTATION DATA:


Nominal voltage:
Nominal frequency:
Power system time constant:
Rated short-circuit current of station:
Max. short-circuit current for CT dimensioning:
Remark:

220 kV
60 Hz
(not considered) -- ms
63 kA
63 kA

DATA OF CT 1 (CT1) ACCORDING TO IEC:


CT type:
Transformation ratio:
nominal accuracy limiting factor Knalf :
CT nominal burden Pn:

IEC class 5P
2500 A/1 A
26
10 VA

Internal resistance Rct:


Remark:

9.593

(assumed)

RELAY DATA:
Manufacturer:
Type:
Nominal Current:
Relay burden:
Remark:

SIEMENS
7SS52
1A
0.1 VA

CT REQUIREMENTS FOR 7SS52 :


(acc. to SIEMENS Catalog SIP 2008 Order No.: E50001-K4400-A101-A5-7600)
To ensure correct operation of the connected relay in case of faults, the CT must be able to transform
the short-circuit current correctly:

I
K

oalf

0 .5

k , max, thr
I
pn

(Requirement 1)

Very high short-circuit currents should be limited in order to avoid damages in the connected relay:

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

17/02/2012

REACTOR
7SS52

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

I
K

oalf

100 if

k , max, thr
I
pn

(Requirement 2)

100

The stabilizing factor should be higher than a given minimum value:

(Requirement 3)

0 .5

If the stabilizing factor is lower, a transient simulation has to be done.


where:
Koalf:
Ik,max,thr:
Ipn:
Tp:
Kn:

operating accuracy limiting factor


maximum symmetrical short-circuit current for external faults
CT primary nominal current
Power system time constant
rated transformation ratio Ipn / Isn

CALCULATION OF TOTAL CT CONNECTED BURDEN:


The performance of the current transformer depends on the connected burden at the secondary
terminals. The total burden includes the relay burden and additional burdens, the burden of cables
and, if used, the burden of connected matching transformer.
CT 1 (CT1):
Relay burden:
Additional relay burdens:
Burden of matching
transformer 1:
Burden of matching
transformer 2:

Prelay
Padd
Pmat,1

Burden
= 0.1 VA
= 0 VA
= 0 VA

----trmat,1

Pmat,2

= 0 VA

trmat,2

Transformation ratio
----=1
=1

The cable burden is calculated by the single length, the cross section, the specific resistivity for copper
and an effective factor for the wire length. This factor kwire is 2 if the return wire is to be considered.
Cable burden:
Length:
Cross section:
Spec. resisitivity (Cu):
Sec. wire current:
Eff. wire length in p.u.:

Pwire

k wire

Cu

a wire

lwire
Awire

= 150 m
2
= 4 mm

Cu

= 0.02171
=1A
=2

Isn,wire
kwire

l wire

I sn2 ,wire

2
mm /m at 75 C

= 1.6283 VA

The total effective burden is given by the sum of all connected burdens:
Total burden:

Ptotal= Prelay + Padd + Pwire + Pmat,1 + Pmat,2 =

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

1.7283 VA

17/02/2012

REACTOR
7SS52

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

CHECK OF CT REQUIREMENTS:
Operating accuracy limiting factor Koalf :
The CT behaviour acc. to IEC-P will be described by the operating accuracy limiting factor Koalf. It
depends on the nominal accuracy limiting factor Knalf, the nominal burden Pn, the internal CT burden
Pct and the total effective connected burden Ptotal.

CT SIDE 1 (CT1):

K o alf

K n alf

Pn Pct
Ptotal Pct

= 44.996

where
Knalf:
Pn:
Pct:
Ptotal:

nominal accuracy limiting factor


nominal burden
internal CT burden
total effective connected burden

= 26
= 10 VA
= 9.593 VA
= 1.7283 VA

CT-DIMENSIONING CHECK:
For the protection relay 7SS52 the requirements for external faults have to be fulfilled.

CT SIDE 1:
= 44.996

K oalf

K oalf

0 .5

I k , max , thr

oalf

100 if

(Requirement 1)

I pn

Meets requirement

I
K

= 12.6

k , max, thr
I
pn

(Requirement 2)

100

k , max, thr
I
pn

= 25.2

There is no need to
check requirement 2

Check requirement 3 for the protection device:

0.5

(Requirement 3)
Meets requirement

= 0.5

The current transformers are correctly dimensioned!

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

17/02/2012

REACTOR
7SS52

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

CT-Core Dimensioning for Protection Relay 7SJ61


GENERAL PROJECT DATA:
Customer:
Project:
Station:
Feeder:

ISA REP-PDI
AMPLIACION 10
CHILCA 500/220 kV - CHILCA REP
REACTOR

Issued by:
Our reference:
Remark:

F. Roca
Date: 17/02/2012

GENERAL SYSTEM AND SUBSTATION DATA:


Nominal voltage:
Nominal frequency:
Power system time constant:
Rated short-circuit current of station:
Max. short-circuit current for CT dimensioning:
Remark:

220 kV
60 Hz
(not considered) -- ms
63 kA
63 kA

DATA OF CT 1 (CT1) ACCORDING TO IEC-P:


CT type:
Transformation ratio:
Nominal accuracy limiting factor Knalf :
CT nominal burden Pn:

IEC Class 5P
2500 A/1 A
26
10 VA

Internal resistance Rct :


Remark:

9.593

RELAY DATA:
Manufacturer:
Type:
Nominal Current:
Relay burden:
Remark:

SIEMENS
7SJ61
1A
0.05 VA

CT REQUIREMENTS FOR 7SJ61 :


(acc. to SIEMENS Catalog SIP 2008 Order No.: E50001-K4400-A101-A5-7600)
To ensure correct operation of the connected relay in case of close-up faults, the CT must be able to
transform the set I>> (high set) symmetrical short-circuit current of 26 times Ipn without saturation.
Koalf

(Requirement)

I>> (high set), at least 20

where:
Koalf:
I>>:

operating accuracy limiting factor


set or settable maximum trip current

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

17/02/2012

REACTOR
7SJ61

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

CALCULATION OF TOTAL CT CONNECTED BURDEN:


The performance of the current transformer depends on the connected burden at the secondary
terminals. The total burden includes the relay burden and additional burdens, the burden of cables
and, if used, the burden of connected matching transformer.
CT 1 (CT1):
Relay burden:
Additional relay burdens:
Burden of matching
transformer 1:
Burden of matching
transformer 2:

Prelay
Padd
Pmat,1

Burden
= 0.05 VA
= 0 VA
= 0 VA

----trmat,1

Pmat,2

= 0 VA

trmat,2

Transformation ratio
----=1
=1

The cable burden is calculated by the single length, the cross section, the specific resistivity for copper
and an effective factor for the wire length. This factor kwire is 2 if the return wire is to be considered.
Cable burden:
Length:
Cross section:
Spec. resisitivity (Cu):
Sec. wire current:
Eff. wire length in p.u.:

Pwire

k wire

Cu

lwire
Awire

= 150 m
2
= 4 mm

Cu

= 0.02171
=1A
=2

Isn,wire
kwire

l wire

a wire

I sn2 ,wire

2
mm /m at 75 C

= 1.6283 VA

The total effective burden is given by the sum of all connected burdens:
Total burden:

Ptotal= Prelay + Padd + Pwire + Pmat,1 + Pmat,2 =

1.6783 VA

CHECK OF CT REQUIREMENTS:
Operating accuracy limiting factor Koalf :
The CT behaviour acc. to IEC-P will be described by the operating accuracy limiting factor Koalf. It
depends on the nominal accuracy limiting factor Knalf, the nominal burden Pn, the internal CT burden
Pct and the total effective connected burden Ptotal.

CT SIDE 1 (CT1):

K o alf

K n alf

Pn Pct
Ptotal Pct

= 45.196

where
Knalf:
Pn:
Pct:
Ptotal:

nominal accuracy limiting factor


nominal burden
internal CT burden
total effective connected burden

= 26
= 10 VA
= 9.593 VA
= 1.6783 VA

CT-DIMENSIONING CHECK:
For the protection relay 7SJ61 the requirements for close-up faults have to be fulfilled.
Energy/ /F. Roca
Revision 0
CTDim3.5

17/02/2012

REACTOR
7SJ61

ISA REP-PDI
Energy

AMPLIACION 10

Check of requirement 1:
Koalf

(Requirement)

I>>(high set), at least 20

Koalf
I>> (high set)

= 45.196
= 26

Meets requirement

The current transformer is correctly dimensioned!

Energy/ /F. Roca


Revision 0
CTDim3.5

17/02/2012

REACTOR
7SJ61