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Dicciortario para Ingenieros

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Diccionario para Ingenieros

ESPAOL-INGLS
E

INGLS-ESPAOL

Louis A. Robb
Miembro de
LA SOCIEDAD AMERICANA DE INGENIEROS CIVILES

SEGUNDA REIMPRESiN MXICO, 1998

COMPAA EDITORIAL CONTINENTAL, S.A. DE c.v. MXICO

Engineers' Dictionary
8PA.NISH-ENGLISH

and
ENGLISH-SPAN ISH
By

Louis A. Robb
;;
Membero/
TBB AMBRJCAN SOCJETY 01" CIVIL ENCINBBRs

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Ttulo original: ENGINEER'S DICTIONARY SPANISH-ENGLISH AND ENGLISH-SPANISH Edicin autorizada por: . John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Copyright by John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Diseo de portada: Setene Corona Vallejo Diccionario para ingenieros: Espaol-Ingls e Ingls-Espaol Derechos reservados respecto a la edicin en espaol: 1956, COMPAA EDITORIAL CONTINENTAL, S.A. de C.V. Renacimiento 180, Colonia San Juan Tlihuaca, Delegacin Azcapotzalco. Cdigo Postal 02400, Mxico, D.F. Miembro de la Cmara Nacional de la Industria Editorial Registro nm. 43 ISBN 968-26-1 118-0 (Segunda edicin, cambio de portada) ISBN 968-26-0894-5 (Primera edicin) Queda prohibida la reproduccin o transmisin total o parcial del contenido de la presente obra en cualesquiera formas, sean electrnicas o mecnicas, sin el consentimiento previo y por escrito del editor. Impreso en Mxico Printed in Mexico

Primera edicin: 1956 Segunda edicin: 1997


Primera reimpresin: 1998 Segunda reimpresin: 1998

Esta obra se termin de imprimir en septiembre de 1998 en Jos talleres de Impresos y Acabados Marbeth, S.A. de C.V. Privada de lamo No. 35, Col. Arenal C.P. 02980, Mxico, D.F.

.J.

PREFACIO
Cuando los originales del Engineers' Dictionary quedaron listos en 1943, la segunda guerra mundial estaba en su apogeo y esto llev a la casa editora y al autor a convenir de que el libro no deba exceder de unas cuatrocientas cincuenta pginas. Algn material debi ser retirado y aunque el libro resultante trataba detenidamente de ingeniera civil, no pudo contener muchos trminos usados en otras ramas de la ingeniera. Poco tiempo despus de su publicacin yo me retir del trabajo activo de ingeniera y desde entonces he tenido amplias oportunidades para dedicarme a la compilacin de un diccionario ms extenso. El material que debi6 ser retirado se ha agregado ahora y se ha estudiado una gran cantidad de material nuevo. He consultado con muchos amigos de la A~rica Latina y en cada viaje he trado conmigo publicaciones tcnicas de diyersas clases como fuente de trminos espaoles. Constntemente he escudriado las revistas de ingeniera y los libros nuevos publicados en ambos idiomas. El campo de accin sigue siendo la ingeniera y las referencias frecuentes a la qumica, la geologa o la metalurgia no significan que estas materias estn totalmente abarcadas en este libro. Cada una de ellas necesitara un volumen aparte. Los trminos incluidos de estas u otras materias son aquellos regularmente requeridos en un trabajo o estudio de.ingeniera. Igual criterio s~.ha seguido en la selecci6n de algunos pocos trminos de finanzas, seguros y transportes. Al ampliar la obra mis principales propsitos han sido los siguientes: . Abarcar la ingeniera elctrica y mecnica en manera mucho ms amplia. La radio que no se mencion para nada en la primera edicin ha recibido cuida.. doso estudio. Se han incluido trminos importantes de la televisin. Poner al da todos los ramos de la ingeniera civil. Se ha dado especial atencin a la mecnica de los suelos, a la fotogrametra y al proyecto y construccin de aeropuertos. Incluir los trminos ms importantes correspondientes a minera, arquitectura naval, explotacin forestal, industria azucarera y campos petrolferos. Una nueva adicin es la indicacin de gnero de los substantivos en espaol. El objeto de un diccionario tcnico es proporcionar informacin que no se encuentra en otra parte. Se supone que el diccionario de Webster incluye todas y cada una de las palabras del idioma ingls, an las ms tcnicas, pero no abarca las frases que figuran en glosarios oficiales de las sociedades de ingeniera. Muchas de las palabras de este libro se encuentran tambin en los mejores diccionarios generales ingls-espaol. Buttres8 se encuentra en cualquiera de ellos, igualmente que thread, pero no buttress thread. Aguja y tambin infernal se encuentran, pero no aguja infernal. La mayora de mis esfuerzos se han vii

vili

PREFACIO

concentrado en el registro de significados o equivalentes de locuciones que no pueden expresarse con una sola palabra. La nomenclatura de piezas de maquinaria requiere un constante uso de buen criterio. Cada fabricante tiene su propia lista de piezas para cada mquina y algunas mquinas constan de tantas que llegan al millar. Las partes principales de una mquina deben enumerarse y con ellas, fuera de los trmInos como cojinete, leva, tornillo, resorte, rodillo y vlvula, deben identificarse con un nombre la gran mayora de las piezas componentes. A pesar de algunos consejos adversos recibidos, yo creo todava que las definiciones estn fuera de lugar en un diccionario tcnico bilinge. El interesado que busca en un libro como ste el trmino slip-ring motor quiere encontrar el equivalente aceptado en espaol y no una descripcin del motor. Las definiciones aumentaran mucho el volumen del libro. La prctica seguida ha sido la de definir un trmino solamente al carecer de un equivalente satisfactorio yen algunos casos para evitar ambigedades. Es obvio que existen en este libro muchas palabras, tanto en espaol como en ingls, que tienen otros significados adems de los anotados. Se han omitido los significados no tcnicos, as como aquellos que pertenecen a la botnica, zoologa y otras ciencias de inters muy relativo para el ingeniero. Algunos de los trminos de la obra original han sido criticados llamndolos "mal espaol". Un crtico me ha dicho que la incorporacin de tales trminos a un diccionario tiende a perpetuarlos y a perjudicar el idioma. Mi punto 'de vista es que la exactitud de los trminos tcnicos en cualquier idioma es establecida por los tcnicos que los crean y los usan, y la tarea del compilador del diccionario es la de registrar su uso. En esta obra se trata de dar a los tcnicos de habla inglesa de la Amrica del Norte la terminologa de ingeniera usada en los pases de habla espaola de Amrica y viceversa. Trminos tomados de publicaciones oficiales, de especificaciones de ingenieros y de libros de texto se consideran expresiones usadas y "aceptadas". Para muchos mile~ de trminos en ingls no hay equivalente en Hbuen espaol" si se sigue el criterio de la Real Academia. Esta es la razn de la diferencia entre unos 125,000 trminos en el Mccionario de la Academia y de unos 500,000 en el de Webster. Los equivalentes en espaol de marcas de fbrica o de comercio en ingls presentan un problema. La simple aseveracin de que estos nombres no pueden traducirse no soluciona el problema, porque muchas traducciones son de uso corriente en los pases de habla espaola. Muchos de estos trminos ya se han incorporado a otros diccionarios en espaolo en espafiol-ingls. Hay propietarios de marcas de fbrica o comercio quienes han creado expresamente equivalentes en espaol para usarlos en su propaganda. Yo he seguido la prctica de incluir todo trmino de esta clase que he encontrado en buen uso tcnico. Debe notarse que muchos trminos en ingls de esta clase se han hecho tan conocidos que con la sancin de Webster regularmente se escriben sin mayscula. Para la mayora de estos trminos hay equivalentes en espaol igualmente bien establecidos. Muchos amigos que me proporcionaron consejos en la preparacin de la obra original me han ayudado de nuevo. Estoy particularmente agradecido al seor George C. Bunker con quien he pasado muchas horas en Caracas. Adems de concederme amplio tiempo, me present a ingenieros venezolanos de quienes obtuve material de gran valor. Para muchos trminos de ingeniera sanitaria.

.;J

PREFACIO

ix

. tanto en ingls como en espaol, tengo que agradecer al seor Edmund B. Bes~elievre de la Dorr Company y al seor Toms R. y glesias de la ciudad de Mxico. El seor Juan de Dios Tejada. de la Habana me facilit su consejo experto en muchas cosas. El vocabulario de exploracin geofsica tanto en ingls COlno en espaol me fu suministrado por ingenieros de la Socony Vacuum Oil Company.
Nueva York Septiembre, 1949

L.A.R.

PREFACE
Under the war conditions of 1943, when the original Engineers' Dictionary was in preparation, publisher and author agreed that the book ought to be kept down to about 450 pages~ Some material had to be laid aside, and although the resulting book dealt thoroughly with civil engirieering, it could not go very far with the terms o other flelds. Shortly after publication of the original book 1 retired from active work and have since found ample time to devote to the compilation of a much more comprehensive dictionary. The iteros formerly laid aside have been worked in and a mass of new material has been studied. 1 have consulted many riends in Latin America and from each trip have brought back technical publications o many kinds to be worked over for my Spanish terms. 1 have constantly combed the engineering periodicals and the newest books in both languages. My field is still engineering. Frequent references to chemistry, geology, ar metallurgy do not mean that these subjects are covered. Each ofthem would need a valume of its own. Terms o these and other sciences here included are those which are regularly ~eded in connection with engineering work. The same criterion has governed the selection of a very few o the terms of finance, insurance, and transportation. In enlarging the book my principal objectives have beet). three:
1. To cover electrical and mechanical engineering much more thoroughly.

Radio, of which the first edition had nothing, has beengiven thorough study. Important terms of television have been included. 2. To bring aH branches o civil engineering up to date. Special attention has been given to photogrammetry, soil mechanics, an5iairport construction. 3. To include the important terms peculiar to mining, shipbuilding, logging, augar milling, and oil-field operations. A new feature ia the notation o gender witb. aIl Spanish nouns. The purpose o a technical dictionary is to furnish information not found elsewhere. Webster' s is supposed to indude every word in the English language no matter how technical, but it doea not cover the phrases that are listed in official glossaries o the engineering societies. Many of the words in this book will be found also in the. best English-Spanish general dictionaries. Broad ia found anywhere and so is irrigation, but not broad irrigation. Buttress is found and so is thread, but they cannot be combined into an equivalent for buttre88 thread. Most of my e1Iort has gone into pinning down the phrases. The listing of machine parts calls for the constant use of judgment. Every manufacturer has his own list of parts for each machine, and sorne machines have parts running into the thousands. The principal members of a machine xi'

xii

PREFACE

must be listed, and with these, plus terms like bearing, cam, bolt, spring, raller, and valve, equivalents of the vast majority of part n.ames may be written easily, In spite of sorne advice to the contrary 1 still believe that definitions are out of place in a two-Ianguage technical dictionary, The user who turns to slipring motor in a book such as this wants the accepted Spanish equivalents of that term and is not looking for a description of a slip-ring motor. Definitions would . add greatly to the book's bulk. My praetice has been to define a term only in default of a satisfactory equivalent or occasionally to avoi<.l ambiguity. Obviously there are many words here, both Spanish and English, that have meanings other than those given, Nontechnical meaniugs have usually been . ignored, as have those which belong to botany, zoology, or other sciences that do not concern the. engineer. Some o the terms in the original book have been criticized as I'bad Spanish." One critic telIs me that the listing o such terms in any dictionary tends to perpetuate them and does an injury to the language. My own view is that the correctness o technical terms in any language is established by the technical men who create them and use them, and the job o the dictionary maker is to record this usage, This book aims to give the North American technical man the accepted engineering terminology of Spanish America, and vice versa. Terms taken from official publications, from engineers' specifications, and from textbooks are Haccepted" terrns, For rnany thousanc1s o English technical terms there are no 'Igood Spanish" equivalents, if the Royal Acaderny is to be the criterion. This is the principal reason or the difference between some 125,000 entries in the Academy dictionary and 500,000 in ~Vebster's, Spanish equivalents of English trade names are a problem. The simple statement that proprietary names cannot be translated does not cover the situation because they are regularly being translated in Spanish-speaking countries~ Mny such terms have already appeared in other dictionaries, both straight Spanish and English-Spanish, There are owners o English trade names who have deliberately creat~d Spanish equivalents for use in their advertising, My rule has been to inelude every term o this kincl that 1 have found in good technical use, It is to be noted also that there are a great many trade names in English that have become so well known that, with Webster's approval, they are regularly written without the capital letter, For most of the terms in this class there are Spanish equivalents equally well established, Many riends who advised with me in the preparation of the original book have again been helpful. 1 am particularly grateful to JyIr. George C. Bunker with whom 1 have spent many hours in Caracas. Besides giving freely of his own time he introduced me to Venezuelan engineers froro whom 1 obtained material of great value, For terms o sanitary engineering, both in English and in Spanish, 1 have to thank MI'. Edmund B. Besselievre o the Dorr Co. and Mr. Toms R, Yglesias o Mexico City. Seor Juan de Dios Tejada o Havana gave me his expert adviee on many questions, The vocabulary of geophysical exploration, both English and Spanish, was furnished by engineers o the Socony Vaeuum Oil Co,

L.A.R.
New York September 1949

ABREVIATURAS
A AC B

Col Ch

Argentina Amrica Central Bolivia Cuba Colombia Chile adjetivo acondicionamiento del aire adverbio agregados aislamiento alcantarillado arquitectura naval aeropuerto arquitectura aserradero ascensor automvil ingenio de azcar bomba camino cable caldera carpintera caballete calefaccin construccin naval camin comercial concreto construccin contabilidad cemento cbico cucharn cableva chapera disposicin del agua de cloacas Diesel dimetro dibujo

Ec

Es

EU
F
M Pan

Ecuador Espaa Estados U nidos Filipinas Mxico


Panam~.

Paraguay Per PR Puerto Rico RD Repblica Dominican,a Uruguay U V Venezuela Par Pe locomotora lubricacin masculino m madera mad mam mampostera maquinaria maq mat matemtica mecnico mee medida roed metalurgia met motor de gasolina mg mquina-herramienta mh minera min miner mineraloga, cristalografa \ mo moldaj~ motor elctrico mot marea mr meteorologa mrl mecnica de suelos ros mtl material mquina de vapor mv mz mezcladora nut nutico nav navegaci6n o oficina op obras portuarias or orugas ot obras de tierra pa purificacin de agua pav pavimentacin pb plomera pet petrleo pi pilotaje pint pintura pI pala pr preposicin loco lu

a
aa

ds ee ed ef elc
em

adv ag alS al
an ap arq as asc auto az bm ca cab cal carp eh cf cn co com conc cons cont ct c cuch cv ch dac

en

es
est exc

f
fc fin
froa

for ft fund geof geog geol gr her herr hid il inst lfr
18

di dim dib

kilo lab lad leg lev lib

dique seco equipo de construccin edificio explotacin forestal elctrico elaboracin de maderas engranaje escalera estructural excavacin femenino ferrocarril finanzas fotogrametra ingeniera forestal ferretera fundicin geofsico geografa geologa, petrografa gra herrera herramienta hitlrulica ingeniera de iluminacin instrumento irrigacin ingeniera sanitaria kilogramo (s) laboratorio enladrillado legal levantamiento libra(s)
xiii

xiv pte pulg qum r ra. re ref rfg rfr roe rs

ABREVIATURAS
puente pulgada(s) qumica ro radio remache refuerzos refrigeracin refractarios rociador automtico rosca
8

seg si sol

sx
te tel to top tr
ts

substantivo seguro sierra soldadura sondeo de exploracin tractor telfono, telgrafo techo topografa transportacin tablestaeado

tub tn turb tv v v ve vi vol

tubera tnel turbina


t~levisin

verbo vlvula ventilacin vidrio voladura

ABBREVIATIONS
A
B C CA

eh
Col

Argentina Bolivia Cuba Central America Chile Colombia adjective air conditioning accounting adverb aggregates airport architecture automobile bridge bIasting. building boiler blacksmithing bucket brickwork cable carpentry construction equip... ment chemistry castiron centimeter(s) commercial concrete construction crawIer cement cubic cableway drydock derrick Diesel diameter drafting earthwork electrical elevator

DR
Ec M Pan Par Pe eng exc F fdy fin fo for gal ge geog geoI geop gi gl ht hw hyd il

Dominican Republic Ecuador Mexico Panams Paraguay Peru mech met mi min miner mot mrl mt mtl

Ph

PR
Sp U US V

Philippines Puerto Rico 8pain Uruguay United States Venezuela

a ac act adv

ag ap
ar auto bdg bl bldg bo

hs hu
bw cab carp ce

chero ci cm

com
conc cona

er
ct

cu
cy dd de

di
diam dwg

ea
fi:

elec )lev

engine excavation Fahrenheit foundry financial forms forestry gallones) gasoline engine geography geology,petrography geophysical girder gIass heating (building) hardware hydraulics illuminating engineering nch(es) in. inI insulation insurance ins inst instrument irrigation irr kilogram(s) kilo lab laboratory pound(s) lb lumber lbr legal leg logging 19 locomotive loco lubrication lu meter (s) ID machy machinery masonry mas math mathematics meas measure xv.

mx n na
naut

nav
of p pav pb pet pi pmy
pr

pt pu pw qt
r

ra rd re

renf
rf rfg nr rr sa

mechanical metal1urgy mile mining mineralogy, crystallography motor meteorology machine tools material mixer noun naval archltecture nautical navigation office piping paving plumbing petroleum piling photogrammetry preposition painting pump portworks quart(s) river radio road rivet renforcing steel roof refrigeration refractories railroad sawmill

.,;

ii

s:21!~J

xvi
ah sd se sec sen sh

ABBREVIATIONS
shipbuilding sewage disposal steam engine second(s) sanitary engineering shovel automatic sprinkIer sol mechanics sheet metal sheet piling square stair structuraI su surv sw t tb tc teI th ti tk tI top tr sugar milI surveying sewerage tool test boring tractor tclephone. tewgraph thread tide truck trestle topography transportation tu tun turb tv

v
va ve w wp wr ww

sk sm BmI sp sq st str

truss tunne! turbine , television I verb valve ventilation welding water purification wire rope woodworking

ESPAOL - INGLS

_11'

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ababn
ababAn. m t an Argentina lumbar (semihard). abac m, Manila hemp. baco m, (ar) abacus; (min) washtrough, buddle; (cone bldg) CM) drop panel; (A) graph, chart, nomograph. abajadero m, downgrade. abajador m (min)(Es)(M), tool hoy, tool earrier. abajar, to lower, let clown; to fall, deseend. abajo adv, down, belowt under. abalanzar, to balance. abalizar, to buoy; to place beacons; abalizarse (nut), to take bearings. abamperio m (ele), abampere. abancalar, to terraee, bench. abanderado m (lev) , flagman. delantero, head flagman. trasero, baek flagman. abanderar, ta register a vessel. abanico m, fan; anything fan-shaped; small derrick ar erana; (rr) (e) (PR) switeh target. ---- aluvial (r), alluvial fan. de deyeccin (geol), debris cone. - - eductor, exhaust fan. abaniqueo m (auto), shimmy. abarbetar, (naut) to lash, stop; (cab) to serve, seize. abarc6n m (Es), clamp, cramp, anchor; iron ringo . abarloar (nut). to berth, dock, bring alongside. abarquillamiento m (est), crippling. abarquillar, to warp, curI; abarquillarse, to buckle, warp. abarrancar, to form gullies; abarrancarse, to run aground. J.barrotar, (cons) to plaee a waler or strongback; (naut) to batten; to stow (cargo). abarrotes m, dunnage. abastar, to furnish, supply. abastecedor m, supplier. abastecer, to furnish, supply. abastecimiento m, supply, furnishing. de agua, water supply. de combustible, fueling. abastecimientos, abastos m, supplies. abasto de agua, water supply. abatanador m (M), wooden maulo abatible, descending; collapsible. abatidero m (Es), drain, gully, gutter. abatimiento m, lowering; (str) disassembling; (bldg) demolition (cone) slump; (naut) leeway; (maehy) disassembly, teardown; batter, rake; (pu) (M) drawdown. abatir, to Iower; to knock down, disassemble; to demolish, raze; (naut) to make leeway; to batter, rake, slope. abculombio m (elc), abcoulomb. abecedario Cm) de estarcir, stencil for lettering. abecedario para marcar, marking stamp. abedul m (mad), birch. abelita /, abelite (explosive). aberracin 1, aberration. cromatica lateral (fma) , lateral chromatic aberration. cromtica longitudinal (frna) , longitudinal chromatic aberration. de coma (fma) , coma. de esfericidad, spherical aberration.

aboquillado
de refrangibilidad, ehromatic aberration. abertura 1, an. opening, aperture; open country . ! between mountains; cove, small bayo de chispa (elc) , spark gap. de dosificacin (di) t metering passage. de la raz (sol), root opening. libre, clear span, net opening. aberturas de aligeramiento (en), lightening holes. abete m (road), fir, dea!. abetinote m, rosin. abeto m, fir, spruce, hemlock. balsmico, balsam fir. blanco, whitefir, white spruce. Douglas, Douglas fu, Oregon pine. red fu, yellow fir. negro, .blaek spruce; black hemloek. _.- rojo, red fir, Douglasfir, Dregon pine, red spruce. abetunar, to eoat or impregnate with pitch. abey m, jacaranda (and other tropical hardwoods). abfaradio m (elc), abfaracl. abhenrio m (ele), abhenry. abierto, open. abigarrado, (miner) variegated, rnottled (soil). abisagrar; to hinge. abisal (geol) abyssaI. abiselar, to bevel, chamfer. abismal m, shingle nail, clasp.nail; a (geol) abyssal, abysmal. de tejar, slatingnail. abismo m (geol),abyss. abitaque m, atimber;,joist. abitar, to make [aston a bitt. abitn m (nut), bitt. abladera 1, howel, cooper's adz. ablandador ni (met)(agua), saftener. ablandar, to soften; t temper (mortar) ;ablandarse, to soften, become soft. ablandecer, to soIten. abmho (ele) ,abmho. abocardado, countersunk; bellmouthed. abocardador (m) de tubos (cal), tube expander. abocardar, to splay; to countersink; to counterbore. abocardo m, countersink, countersj.nking drill. de cabeza chata, fIathead countersink. de fondo plano, (t) counterbore. - - tipo caracol, snail-head countersink. tipo rosa, rosehead countersink. aboeinado, bellmouthed. abocinador m, fiarer, fiaring tool. de tubos (cal), tuba expander. abocinar, to fiare, form with a bellmouth. abohmio m (ele), abohm. abolladura 1, dento abollar, to dento abombar, to crown, arch, camber; abombarse. to, buckle; to warp, bulge; (rd) to muabro()m. abonado, abonada 8, subscriber, customer, consumer (electric current); (rr) commuter. abonar, to fertilize; (act) to credt. abonar m (com), note. abono m, fertilizer; (rr) eommutation. aboquilladQ, bellmouthed.
I

.;.

_ _ o

. 1 1

IIIIIiI

--------

aboquillar
aboquillar, to splay. abordaje m, abordo m, fouling of two vessela, collision. abordar (nut), to make a porto to berth at a dock; to foul (another vessel). abovedado m, crown o a road. abovedadora 1, road abaper, subgrader. abovedar, to areh, vault, crown. aboyar, to buoy. abra!, (top) gap, pass; (geog) cove; (min)(g~ol) fissure; (Col) window sash; (surv) clearmg for line of sight. abrasin , abrasion, (hyd) acour. abrasivo m a, abrasive. de acero, crushed atoo!. abrazadera J, clamp, clip; clevis; eleat; keeper (lock); (reinf) (Pe) eolumn hoop. - antideslizante, (rr) anticreeper; (elec)' grade clamp, contrafuga (pet), leak clamp. de anclaje, rail clamp (crane); (elec) strain clamp. de ballesta (auto), spring shackle. del cabezal (torno), headstock clamp. de carril (fe), rail brace; rail clip. de compresin, pinchcock. de contacto (sol), contaet ja~. de la coraza (ele), armor clamp. de la excntrica (mv), eccentric atrapo de guardacarril (fe), guardrail braceo de hincar (pet), drive clamp. de masa (ele), ground clamp. de porcelana (elc), porcelain cleat. de reparacin, repair clamp. de servicio (tub), service clamp. de silla (tub), saddle clamp. de taladrar, (p) drilling crow; (str) old mano - para cable, cable clip. para cdo, pipe clamp; (A) hose bando pRra manguera, hose band or clamp. para retenida, guy clamp or clip. para viga 1, beam clamp. terminal (elc), deadend clamp. universal (mo) , Universal clamp (trademark). abrazadera-aislador, cleat insulator. abrazar, to clamp, clip. abrebreehas m (ec), trailbuilder, Gradebuilder, Bullgrader. abrehoyo m (pet), reamer, hole opener. abretrochas m (ee), trailbuilder. abretubos m, (pet) pipe swage; (bo) (M) tube expander. de rodillos, roller swage. abrevar, t water (horaea); to wet down a wall before stuccoing; (pu) to prime. abreveredas m (ec), trailbuilder. abridor (m) de llantas (auto) (M), tire spreader. abridura I (min)(M), enlargement of a gallery. abrigo m, protection, covar; windbreak; harbor; (min) width of a vein of ore. abrir, to open, unlock, unfasten. abrojos m (nut), reef, hidden rocks. abromado, honeycombed by the ter~o, wormeaten. abromarse, to beeome worm-eaten.

acarreo
abronzado m .(min) (M), name applied to severa! different ores of copper. absaroquita J (geol), absarokite. abscisa I (mat), abacissa. absoluto, absolute (aU senses). absorbechoque m, shock absorber. absorbedero m (Es), leaching cesapoolj sewer catch basin. absorbedor m, absorbedora 1, absorber. absorbedor de choque, shock absorber. absorbencia J, absorption; abaorbency; absorptivity. especfftca, speciftc absorptive indexo absorbente m, absorbent; a absorbent. absorp. tive. absorber, to absorbo (chem) to occ1ude. absorbible, absorbable. absorcimetro m, absorptiometer. absorcin J (hid) (elc) (qum), absorption. - - atmosfrica (ra), atmospheric absorption. del suelo (ra), ground absorption. absorsor m (A), absorber. ahuinche m (Col), kind of machete. abulonar (A), to bolt. abultar, to buIk, swell. abvoltio m (alc), abvolt. acabado m, finish (surface); finishing coat. a frota mecnica (cone), machina finish. brillante, glossy :finish~ en fdo, cold-finished. -ligado (conc), bonded finish. mate, fiat or dull finish. satinado o semimate (ft), satin finish. acabadora J, finishing machine; finishing tooI. de frota (ca), fioat finisher. de subrasante (ca), subgrade planer. acabadora-pisonadora (ca), tamping finisher. acabar, to finish (all senses). acafelar (Es)(Col), to plaster; to wall up a door or window. acajd m (C) (PR) (RD) (M), name applied to various trees yielding conatruction lumber. acalabrotado, cable-laid (rope), hawser-laid: (alee cab) rope-Iaid. acamado, on the fiat; horizontal. acampanado, bellmouthed, bell-shaped. acampanar., to fiare, splay. acampar, to camp; to build a campo icana m J, a West Indian construction timber. acanalado, corrugated, fiuted, grooved, troughed. acanalador m, channeling machina; groover; rabbet plane. acanaladora f, channeling machine, quarrying machine; (t) crease. acanaladura f, groove, channel; (ar) fiute; (elec) raceway, gutter. acanalar, to groove, channel, corrugate, fiute; to canalize. acantilado m, Cliffi a steep. aeantita!, acanthite (sil ver ore). acaparar (com), to monopolize, corner, control. acarreadizo, portable; shifting (sand). acarreador m (tr), carrier. acarrear, to haul, transport, cart, carry, convey. acarreo m, hauling, cartage, transportation, hauL extra (ot), overhaul.

acarreo
fluvial, silt, al1uvium; river transportation; rival' drift. .fluvioglacial (geol), fiuvioglacial drift. - - hidrulico, sluicing, hydraulicking. libre (ot), free hau!. acarreos, material carl'ied by a stream, bed load; (geol) drift; (min) fioat ore. del escurrimiento (hid), silt runoff. - - de glaciar, glaCial drift. acarreto m (M) (PR) , cartage, hauling. acartelado, bracketed, eantilever, corbeled. acartelamiento m, kneebrace; corbel, ovcl'sailing. acastillaje m (en), freeboard; UPPOl' works. accelador m (is), Accelator (trademark). accelofiltro m (dac), Aceelofilter (tradClnal'L). accesibilidad j, aeecssibility. accesible, accessible. acceso m. an approaeh; access. dirigido desde tierra (ap), gro:und-controlbd approach. accesorio m, fitting, attachment, appurtenancc; a aceessory. cargador (ee), louder attachment. ~~ de acceso (ele), access fitting. ~ de barrenar (em), boring attaehment. ~- de cruce inferior (eJe), erossunder fitting. de dos vas (tub) (C), Y branch. - - de escoplear (em), mortising attachment. - - para fresar (torno), milling attachmont. - - solar (tr,nsito), solar attachnlCnt. accesorios, fittings, accessories. abocinados (tub), flare fittings. de brida (tub), flanged fittings. - - de bronce (v), brass triInlnings. - - de cadena, ehain attachments. - - de caldera, boiler fittings. -,- de caera, pipe fittings. -'- de circulacin (tub) , circulat~ boiler fit": tings. - - de compresin (tub), compression fittings. de conducto (elc) , conduit fittings. - - de curva abierta (tub), long-sweep fittings. - - de gra, derrick fittings or l'OIlS. - - de insercin (COIlC), inscrts. - - de norma (auto), standard equipment. de orejas (tub), drop fittings. de pie (tub), base fittings. de reborde (tub), beaded 01' banded fittings. de seccin completa (tub), full-fiow fittings. de tornillo (tub) , screwed 01' threaded fittings. ~- de torno, lathe attachments. - - de tractor, tractor equipment. - - de tubera, pipe fittings. de unin (tub), union fittings. - - de va (fc), track accessories. - - de voladura, blasting acccssorics. drenables (tub), drainage fittings. embridados (tub), flanged fittings. para rbol de boca de pozo (pet), C]uistrnastree fittings. - - para cable, cable attachments or fittings or accessories. partidos (elc), Rplit fittings. pendientes (tub), drop fittings. soldables (tub), welding fittings; solder-joint fittings.
~

aceit
tipo de peTilla, ball-pattern handrail fittings. accidentado, (top) hilIy, broken; CSp) (A) (eh) inj urcd in acciden t . accidental (mat) (fsica), accidental. accidente m, accidento accidentes geolgicos, geologic struetural pro. jections. accidentes topogrficos o del terreno, hills and valleys. accin j, aetion. de anillo (ros), ring aeHon. disparadora (ra), trigger action. - - rpida, de, quick-acting. - - simple, de~ singlo-acting. acciones, sharos o stock. - - ordinarias, conunon stock. preferida&'9 privilegiadas,preferred stock. accionado, driveu, actuated, operated. - - a vapor, steanl-driven. - - elctricamente, .ffiotor-driven. - - por correa, belt-driven. --. por engranajes, gear-driven. accionamiento m, operation, drive. - - aro.ano, hand opcrution. - - por banda,belt drjve. . - - por cadena,. chain drive. ~-.por tor:qil1osin fin, worln driye. accionar, to ddv~, acttlatc. operate. accionista m j, stoekholder. acebo m (rnad), hally. . acebollada (mac!), showing shakes. acebolladura f (mad), shake. aceitado m, oiling, Iu bricatio~l. aceitador m, oiler (man); oil Cup, lubricator. -- a presin, force-feed lubricator. --. cuentagota~, sight-feed luol'icator. ,_ . - de 1fne~ ,(perforadora), air-line oiler. aceitaje m, oiling, lubrication. aceitar, to oil, lubricate. aceite m, oil. - - aislante, insulating oi!. - - antracnico, an thraccne dI. - - bruto, erude oil; oil in bu lk. cocido (p~nt), boiled or drying oil. - - combustible, fuel or furnace oiL - - crudo, raw oil; crudo oil. --o de alquitrn, tal' oil. - - de alumbrado, illunlillutirg oil, kerosene. - - de azufre, oil of vitriol, sulphuric acid. - - de ballena, train 01' whale. oil. - - de calefaccin, fUl'uace qil. - - de carbn, kerosene, coal oil. - - de crter (auto), crankcase oiL - - de castor (lu), castor oil. - - de colza~ rape or colza oil. de creosota, creosote oil, dead oil. de engrase, lubricating o. de esperma de ballena, sperm oil. - - de esquisto, shale 01' schist oil. de grasa de cerdo CA), lard oil. de horno, furnace 01' fuel oil. de lmpara (:rvl) , kerosene. ~ de linaza o de lino, lin~ecd oil. de linaza blanqueado, bleached oil. de maz, corn oil. de manteca, lard oil.

un

aceite
de nabina, rape oil. de palo. tung or China wood oil. de perilla. perilla oil. de pescado. train or fish or menhaden vil. de ricino. castor or rincinus oil. de taladrar. drilling oil. de trementina, oil oC turpentine. de vitriolo. oil of vitriol, sulphuric acid. esencial. essential or volatila oil. fluidiftcante (ca), flux oil. graso. fatty vil. - imprimador (0&). priming oil. isolante (Ec). insula.ting oil. -lampante (Es), light oil: kerosene. -lubricante de motor. motor om mate (pint), fiattingoil. mineral, mineral oil, petroleum. - - mineral de foca, mineral seal oil. mineral de manteca. minerallard oil. muerto. dead. or creosote oil. para mquinas. machine or engina oil. para temple (met), quenching oil. quemado (auto)(C), crankcase oil. secante (pint), boiled or drying oil. soluble. soluble or cutting oil. voltil. volatile or essential oil. vulcanizado, factice, vulcanized oil. aceitera J, oiler, oiloan: oil cupo - a presin, Bquirt can. i con gota visible. sight-feed oilcup. cnica. pyramid oiler. de lnea. sir-line oiler (drill). de mecha, wick oiler. de resorte. oil gun. - ferrocarrilera, railroad oiler. aceitera J, oil house. aceitero m, oilar (man): a Cuban hardwood. aceifffero (M), oil-bearing. aceiti1lo m (PR), a hardwood. aceit6n m, (lu) olive oil. aceitosidad J, lubricity. aceitoso. oily. aceleracin J, acceleration. casual (fma), random acceleration. de entrada (hid), entrance aeceleration. de gravedad. ac'celeration oC gravity. negativa, deceleration, negativa acceleration, retardation. acelerador m, (auto) (chem) (mas) (sk) (pmy) aecelerator; (met) energizer. de fraguado, accelerator oC cement aetting. de mano (auto), hand throttle. - de pedal (auto), foot accelerator. de reaccin (qum), catalyst, accelerator. - - de taladrado. drill apeeder. acelerante m (qum), accelerante. acelerar, to accelerate. acelergrafo m, accelerograph (earthquake). aelerograma m, accelerogram. aceler6metro m, aecelerometer. - integrador, integrating accelerometer. - registrador, recording accelerometer. acendrar. to refine. acntrico" aeentric. acentuacin J (ra), accentuation. acentuador m (ra), accentuator.

acero

aceila f (Es), water whool; water-power millo acepilladora f, planer, surCacer. cerrada, clased planer. de banco. bench planer. - - de engranaje recto, spur-geared planer. de engranajes c6nicos. bevel-gear planer. de herramienta m6vi1, traveling-head planer. de lado abierto, openside planer. de tornillo sin fin. worm-geared planer. -limadora, ahaping planer. para curvas, radius planer. vertical. waU or vertical planar. acepilladura f. planing. acepilladuras, wood llhavings, cuttinga, turninga. acepillar, to plane, dresa, face, mill; to brush. aceptaci6n J (com), acceptance. libre, c1ean or general acceptance. aceptador m, aceptante (com). acceptor. aceptar. to Recept. aceptor m (qum)(ra), acceptor. acequia J, irrigation ditch canal; (Pe) brook. derivada, branch canal. evacuadora, return ditch. madre o maestra o troncal. main canal. acequiador m, irrigation workman, ditch digger. acequiaje m, irrigation dues. acequiar, to ditch. acequiero m (irr) , canal tender. ditch-maintenance mano icer m, mapIe. acera f, sidewaIk, footwa1k: (Sp) face o a wall. de transporte, moving sidewaIk. aceraci6n (j) superficial (met), chilling. acerar, (met) to chill, harden: (mas) to face with atone; (Col) to atucco; to laya sidewaIk:. acera f, ateel millo acero m, atoo1. al carbono, carbon atea!. - al cobre, copper-bearing atee!. al hogar abierto. open-hearth atoo!. - - al manganeso, manganese atee!. al nfque1, nckel stee1. Bessemer. Bessemer steel. cementado. casehardened or blister steeI. cobaltocromo, .cobalt-chrome ateel. colado. cast atee!. colado de crisol, crucible cast atee!. - - cromado. chromium stoo1. cromonfquel. chrome-nickel atee1. cromovanadio, chrome-vanadium ateel. de aleacin pobre, low-alloy atool. de aleaci6n rica, high-alloy stoo!. de alta velocidad. high-speed ateel. de alto carbono. high-carbon stool. - - de arado superior. improved plow atee!. - - de construcci6n, atructura! atoo!. - - de erisol, crucible atee!. de fcil tallado, free-cutting atool. de herramientas, tool stee1. de horno elctrico, electric atee1. de liga, alloy ilteel. de lingote o de tochos, billet oc new-billet atoo!. de nitruraci6n. nitrid.ed stoo!. de textura orientada. grain-oriented steel desplegado, expanded ateel (pole).

acero
dulce, mild or 80ft or lowcarbon stooI, (ab) fia:nge stee1. ' empavonado, bIue atee1. -.- encerrado, rimmed stee!. encobrado, eopper-hearing ateel. - fundido, cast steel. - - harveyizado, Harveyized stee1. - inmanchable o inoxidable, stainIess or rust. less atee!. - intermedio, medium stool. mangansico, manganesa atee!. - - mediano, medium or medium-earbon atee!. moldeado, east steel. muerto, killed stee1. para nitruraci6n, nitriding steel, nitral1oy. perBlado, struet'ural shapes, rolled ateel seotions. rpido, high-speed stee1. . relaminado, rerolled atee1. semimuerto, aemikilled steel. Siemens-Martin, open-hearth atoo1. suave, soft or mild or Iow-carbon atee!. tapado, eapped stee!. ultrarrpido, high-speed stee1. acerocromo m, ehromium stee!. aceroJquel m, nickel stee!. acerrojar, to bolt (door); (str) (C) to boIt. acetaldehido m (1ab), acetaldehyde. acetato m, acetate. butflico, butyl acetate. - - cprico, cupric or copper acetate. de alfa-naftilamina, alpha-naphthyIamine acetate. de uranio o de uranilo, uranyl acetate. actico, acetic. acetilnico, acetylenie. acetileno m, acetylene. acetiluro de cobre, copper or euprous acetylide. acetina J, acetin. acetol m. acetol, acetyl carbino1. acetona J, acetone, dimethyl ketone. aciberar, to grind, pulverize. acclico (elc), acyclic. aciculita J, needle ore, aikinite. aciche m, paver's hammer. acideZ J, acidity. acidiftcar, to acidify, (pet) to acidize. acidfmetro m, acidimeter. leido m a, aeid. actico glacial, glacial acetie acid. b6rico, borie or borade or orthoborie acid. carb6lico, earbolic acid, phenol. ' - carb6nico, earbonie acid. clorhdrico o hidroc16rico, hydrochlorie or muriatic aeid. de acumulador, battery acid. fnico, carbolic acid, pheno1. hidri6dico, hydriodie acid, hydrogen iodide. -lodoso (pet), sludge acid. nitrohidrocl6rico o nitromuriitico, nitrohydrochlorie acid, aqua regia. sulfrico, sulphuric acid, oil.of vitrio!. tnico, tannic acid, tannin. icidos grasos, fatty tt.cids. acidular, to acidulate, (pet) to acidize. acimut m, azimuth. -

acope
asumido, assumed azimuth. de'atrs, back azimuth. de cuadrcula, grid azimuth. de frente, forwatd azimuth. terrestre (fma), ground .azimuth. verdadero, true azimuth. acimutal, a.zimuthal. acitara J,partition wall; eurtain wall. aclarador m, clarifier. aclarar, to c1arify. aclstico, aclasto, aclastic (optics). acle m (F), a construetion lumber. acnmatar, to a.cclimatize. acUnico, aclinie. aemita J (miner), acmite (pyroxene). aco m (V), a eonst.ruction lumber. acodadera J, stonecutter's chise!. acodado m, a bend; a bent to an angle. abierto (tub), eighth hendo recto (tub), quarter bend. acodalamiento m, shoring, trenchbracing. acodalar,toshore, brace; ac04alarse, to jam. aeoelamiento .m, bend, elbow; shoring, trencb bracing. acodar, to bend; to ahore, bracc; to square up (surv) 1;.0. offset. acodillado, belit to an angle; (str) erimped. acodilladoraJ (en), joggling machine. acodillar. to bend to an angle; aeodiDarse, to jackknife. acojinar, to cushion. acolchado, n riprap, apron, hearth i a (cab)
strand~laid,

acolehar, to cushion; to lay (rope). acolehonar, to cushion. acoUador m. calker; calking too!. acollar, to calk with oakum. aco_bar, to warp, buckle. acometer, (p)(sw)(min) to braneh. acometida f. (p)(sw) house conneetion; branch. de cable, electric service connection. acometimiento m, house connection. acomodado a mano, hand-placed (rock fin). aeomodamiento m (cab) (M), layo acorp.odar, to place, arrange, fit in. acomodo m" (V) assembly, framing. acdmpaado m (Col), conduit, pipe trench. acompaar, (Ch) to fill holes in a wall, to chink, aconcharse, to run aground; (Ch) to deposit sedimento acondicionador m (aa){dac) (pa)(pet) , condi tioner. de agua, water softener or conditioner. de cienos (dac), sludge conditioner. de lodo (pet), mud conditioner. de radiaci6n o de tubos (al') , surface-type conditioner. de rocto (aa), spray-type conditioner. enterizo o unitario (aa), unit conditioner. acondicionamiento m, conditioning. acondicionar, to condition; to repair, overhaul. acopaci6n f (mad), cupping. acopado, hollowed out, cupped,. cup-shaped. acopar, to cup, hollow out; (min) to batter (sid~ timbcrs). acope m (min), patter of side timbers.

acopiar

acuamotol
semirrs (tub), semiHush joint.. sin rosca, threadless coupling. universal, universal joint. acoplar, to couple, join, connect, hook up. acople m (A), acoplo m (e), a coupling. acorazado a, armored; enclosed (elec) ironclad. acorchado, lined with cork. acordamiento m~ pieza de, transition piece. acordar, to make level or fluah; (ra) to tWle. acordelar, to layout with a chalk lineo acordonado, cord (tire). acordonar (ca) (eh) (U), to windrow. acortar, to shorten; acortarse, to contract, shrink. shorten. acorvar, to bend. acostarse, to get out of plumb. acastillado, ribbed. acotacin J, elevation or dimension marked on a plan; boundary mark or monument; (C) elevation. acotamiento m, setting boundary monuments; dimensioning; (M) shoulder o a road. acotar, to mark elevations, dimension; (surv) to mark out, set monuments. acotillo m, sledge, striking hammer. acre m, acre. acrecencia , acrecimiento m (geol) (for) , acere-tion. acreedor m, creditor. acrepi m, acre-foot. acrepulgada j, acre-inch. acribar, to screen, sift. acribillar, to perforate, riddle. acrisolar, to assay; to refine. acrom.tico, achromatic. acrmetro m, oleometer, acrometer. acta J, memorandum of action signed by partes thereto. actas, nnutes o a meeting. actmico, actinic. actinio m (quim), actinium. actinismo m, actinismo actinodielctrico, actinodielectric. actinoelectricidad , actinoelectricity. actinofnico, actinophonic. actinograffa J, actinography.. actingrafo m, actinograph. actinograma m, actinogram. actinolta, actinota f (miner), actinolite (amphi bole). actinologfa , actinology. actinometra , actinometry. actinomtrico, actinometric. actinmetro m, actinometer. actinomiceta1es (is), Actinomycetales. activable (s), activable. activador m (qwm), activator, promoter. activar, to activate. activo m, assets; a (chem) active. circulante, working capital, liquid assete. invisible, good will. actuador m, actuator. actuante m (Es), actuator. actuar, to actuate, drive, operate. acuagel m (pet), aquagel. acuamotor m (Es) hydraulic ramo
1

acopiar, to atore, stock.


"acopio m, atorage, (hyd) pondage. de sobrecarga (hid), surcharge atoraga. - en las riberas (hid), bank atarage. muerto, dead atorage. para uso (hid), conservation ataraga. acoplado m, (A) trailer; (U) tow o barges. directamente, direct-connected. acoplador m, a coupling, coupler. ajustable (ra), loose coupler. de uni6n (tub), union coupling acopladura 1, coupling, joint, connection. acoplamiento m, coupling, splice, joint, connection; (A) clutch; (carp) accouplement. a bayoneta, bayonet coupl.in:g. al ras, flush joint. cadena (ra) (A), link coupling. capacitivo (ra) , capacitive or electrostatic coupling. cerrado (ra), clase coupling. c6nico, cone coupling. ~ corriente (tub) , standard coupling. crtico (ra), critica! or optimum coupling. de ajuste, flexible coupling. de bobina de reactancia (ra), choke coupling. de bridas (maq), Hange coupling. de casquillos de caucho, rubber-bushing coupling. de compresin, compression coupling. de dilatacin, expansion joint. de disco flexible, Hexible-disk coupling. de doble cono, double-cone coupling. de engranajes fijos, fixed-gear coupling. de garras, clutch or jaw or claw coupling. de insercin (tub), inserted joint. de manguito, sleeve coupling. de pestaa, flange coupling. de planchitas empaquetadas, cushioned-plate coupling. de reaccin (ra), choke coupling. de resistencia (ra), resistance coupling. de rosca (tub), scre~d or threaded joint. de rosca escalonada (tub), step-thread joint. de Sellers, cone or Sellers coupling. dbil (ra), weak or loose coupling. dentado, clutch or jaw coupling. electromagntico, magnetic clutch. en cascada (elc), cascade connection.. entrevlvu1a (ra), intervalve coupling.. eslabn (ra) (A) link coupling. estrecho (elc), close or tight coupling.. - flexible a correa, belt-type or He:rlble-band coupling. flexible de ajuste doble, doubler-slider cou~
I

pling.

flojo (ra) (Es), weak or loose coupling. flido (auto) (A), fluid drive. hidriulico, fluid drive. impulsor, impulse coupling. intervalvular (ra), intervalve coupling. 6ptimo (ra), optimum or critical coupling. por impedancia (ra), impedance coupling. por resistencia-capacidad (ra) , resistancecapacitance coupling. recalcado interior (tub), internal upset joint. resistivo (ra) , res~tive or resistance cou! "ing.

acuarela
acuarela /, water color, wash drawing. acutico, aquatic. acuatizaje m (ap) , landng on the water. acueducto m, aqueduct, conduit. flume; water Syst.enl, waterworks. icueo, aqueous. cueoglacial (geol), aqueoglacial. cueogneo (gool), aqueoigneous. acuerdar, to layout with a chalk lineo acuerdo m, agreelnent; resolution, deeree. acuerdo, pieza de (tub), fitting; transition piece. acuicierre m, aeuielusa J, aquiclude (geohydrolog-Y). acufero, water-bearing. acuifuga j, aquifuge (geohydrology). acumulacin J, accumulation; (geol) accretions. acumulador 'm. (nlech) aeumulator; (elee) storaga battery or eelI'; (ae) cumulator. cido de plomo, lead acid ol' lead-Iead acid eoll. . - - compen3ador, fioating battery. - - de alta gravedad, high-gravity battery. ~- de baja gravedad, low-gravity battery. - - de hierro-nquel, nickel-iron or Edison storage battery. - - de plomo-cinc, lead-zinc eell. - - de vapor, steam accumulator. - - empastado (cle), pasted battery~ flotante, floating battery. - - hidrulico, hydraulic accumulator. - - hidroneumtieo, hydropneUl11atic accumulator. Plant, Plant battery. acumuladorista m (M)! battery-maintenance mano . acumulativo, cumulative. acufad<;>i (rn) de balasto (fe), ballast tamper. acuamlento 'm (geol) thinl1ing out o a vein. acuar, to wedge, chock, key; to jam; to tan1p (t,ies); acuarse, to jamo acuoso, aqueous. acuosoluble, soluble in water. acuotubular (cal). watertube. acstica J, acoustics. acstico, acoustic. acutngulo, acute-angled. achaflanar, to bevel, chanlfer, splay. acharolar, to japan; to varnish. achatador m (heF), flutter. achatar, to flatten. achicador m, bailer. ~- de lodo (pet), nlud socket. ~ de stanos, cellar drainer. achicadura j, unwatering, bailing. drainage, draining. achicar, to unwater. bail out, drain. .achiflonado (nin) (eh), sloping. achiguar CA) (eh), to bulge, buckle. achique m, unwatel'ing, builing, draining. acholole m (irr) (!\-!), exeess water that runs off. achololear (irr) (1\1) to run off (exeess water). achololera j (irr)(~l), ditch to collect excess water. aeburada j (dib) (1\1) hatching. aehurar (dib) (1'1), to hatch. a4 valrem, ud valorezn.
I
I

aditivo
adala /, dale, spout, trough. de bomba, pump dale. adamantino (miner) adamantine. adamelitaj (geo!) , adamelite. plagioclase-granite adaptador m, (mech) (ra) adapter; (p) transition pieee, fitting. - - de antena (ra), antenna adapter 01' eliminatoro de onda (ra), wave adapter. de vlvula (ra), valve adapter. para tubera (pet) casing a,dapter. adaptar, to fit. adaraja!, bondstone; (cone) bonding key; toothing. adelantador (m) de fases (ele), phase advancer. adelantar, toadvance (aH senses). ad.elante, ahead; forward. adelanto m, progress; advance payment; (se) (geop) lead. adelgazador m (pint), thinner., adelgazar, to make thin; to taper, skive; to soften (water); to tIln (paint); to eut baek (asphalt). aqemaf(mn}, 8ho1'e, prop. ademado m, tinlberillg, bracing. shoring; (M) well casing. - - de cajn, cribwork. ademadar m, timberrnan. shorer. ademadora J, axused in nlno timbering. ademar, to shore'ltinlber. ademe m (min). strut, shore. - - de prestado, temporary. tinlberrng. adentar, to tooth. adentelladura j, toothing. adentellar, to tooth; (coue) to form bonding
I
I

k~ys~

adrentI'o adt,. inside. aderezadora J, (nlech) dresser; buzz planer. aderezar, to fit out, rig, equip; to dl'ess, rectify aderezo m, dressing (belt, etc.). adeudar (cont), to debit. adherencia 1, adhesion, bond. adherente, adhesive. adh,erirse, to adhere, cohere. adhesin 1, adheson . bond; (w) freezlg. adhesivo, adhesive. adiabtico, adiabatic. adiactnico, adiactinic. adiatrmico, adiathermic. adicin j, addition. adicionante m (conc)(~f). admixture. adicional m (concHA), admixture. adinola J (geol), adinole. adintelar (Col). to plaee a lintel. aditamento m, a fitting. attachment, accessory (auto) equiplnent; (co.ne) (Col) inserto de muela (torno), grinding attachment. de taladrar (em), boring attachment. - - para fresar (torno), nlling attachnlent. aditamentos - - de cadena, ehain attachlnents. - - de tractor, tractor equipment. de tubera (Col), pipe fittings. aditivo m. additive; (elee) addition agent; a additive. de combu3tible, fu el dope.

aditivo
en polvo (eone), powdered adm:ixture. adjudicar. to award, let (contract). adjudicatario m, suceessful bidder. administraci6n l. administration, management; manager's office; headquarters. delegada. agency forro o contract, cost plus. judicial, reeeivership. administrador m, manager. - auziliar, assistant manager. de obras. construction manager. interino. acting manager. judicial. receiver. admisin 1, (eng) admission, intake. total (turb). full admission. admitancia f (elc), admittance. de entrada (ra), input admittance. electr6dica (ra). electrOde admittanee. adobar, to apply dressing (belt, etc.). adobe m, adobe, mud construction; unburned brick; kind of loess; (bl) mudcap. adoberaf, mold for adobe brick; adobe brickyard. adobeda 1, adobe brickyard. adobo m. belt dressing; cable compound. adob6n m, (Ch) one pour of adobe wa11; (V) large brick. adoquin m, stone paving block. de asfalto, asphalt block. de madera, wood paving block. adoquinado m, block paving. granftico. granite-block paving. adoqunador m, pavero adoquinar, to pave with blocks. adosar, to abut against, back up too adovelado (arco). built of voussoirs. adrales m, sideboards or racks of a truek. sobresalientes, flareboards. adrizar (nut). to trim, right. adsorbedor m (aa). adsorber. adsorbente, adsorbent. adsorber, to adsorb. adsorci6n, adsorption. aduana 1, eustomhouse. aduanar, to enter in the eustomhouse; to pay duty; to put in bond. aduanero m, customs oflicial. aduja f, coil (rope). adujadas f. coils. adujar, to coil. adulzar, to soften (metals or water). adveccin l. advection. advectivo, advective. adyacente (mat), adjacent, contiguous. aeraci6n l. aeration. - - de dos etapas, two-stage aeration. graduada (dac). tapered aeration. por vertedero, weir aeration. aerar, to aerate. aereador m, aerator. - a difusin, diffUl~ion aeratar. a roclo, spray aeliator. - a salpicadura, splash aerator. de aspiraci6n mecnica, forced-draft aerator. de batea de coque. eoke-trayaerator. de boquilla, nozzle aerator. de cascadas o de escalones. cascade or step Rerator.

10

aeroplano

- - de cono mltiple, multicone aerator. de corriente descendente. downdraft aer&toro -,- de escobilla, brush aerator. de paletas, paddle aerator. de placas deflectoras, baffie-plate aerator. aerear. to aerate. areo, aerial. aerfero. eontaining airo aerificar, to aerify. aeriforme, aeriform. aeroacetilnica, air-acetylene (welding). aeroacondicionamiento m (A), &ir conditioning. aeroalteroador m (U), alterna.tor driven by a windmill. aerobacter (is), aerobacter. aerobase f, air base, aviation base. aer6bico, aerobie. aerobio m, aerahe. aerobiosis I (is), aerobiosis. aerocart6grafo m (fma). aerocartograph; aerial photographic surveyor. aerocreto. aeroconcreto m (Col). (cone) Aerocrete (trademark). aerocroquis m (ima), mosaico aerodinmica f, aerodynamics. aerodinamicista, aerodynamicist. aerodinmico, streamlined; aerodynamic. aer6dromo m. airport. aeroelctrica, planta (M), wind-driven generating planto aeroembolismo m (A), the bends, caisson disease. aeroexpreso m (tr), air express. aeroeyector m (hid) (Es), aie liCt. aerofaro m, airway beaeon. aerofiltraci6n f. aerofiltration. aerofiltro m, aerofilter. aer6fono m. aerO>hone. aer6fora I (min), aerophore. aerofotografia l. serial photography, aerophotography. aerofotogrfico, aerophotographic. aerofotograma m, aerial photogram. aerofotogrametria l. serial' photogrammetry, aerosurveying. aerofotogramtrico, aerophotogrammetric. aerofo~otopografa1, topography by aerial photography. aerogasolina l. aviation gasolina. aergeno a, aerogenic. aer6genos m (is), aerogenes. aerografa f, aerography. aerogrfico, aerographic. aer6grafo m (ra), aerograph. aerograma m. aerogram; (pmy) aerial mosaie. aerohidrodinmico, aerohydrodynamic. aerolita f, aerolite (aluminum alloy). aeromagntico, aeromagnetic. aeromecinica 1, aeromechanics. aeromeelnico, aeromechanical. aerometria f. aerometry. aer6metro m, aerometer. aeromotor m. aeromotor; (Sp)(U) windmill. aeronafta f, aviation gasoline. aeronivelaci6n I (A), aerialleveling. aeroplano m, airplane.

'.

aeropoligonaci6n
Mropoligonaci6nJ (fma), aerial traversing. aeroproyecci6n I (fma), aeroprojeetion. aeroproyector m (fma), aeroprojeetor. aeropuerto m, airport. . aduanero, airport of entry. de control, control airport. de enlace, feeder airport. de todo tiempo, all-weather airport. - - martimo, seaplane base, marine airport. aeropulverizador m, eompressed-air atomizer. aerosimplu: (fma), aerosimplex. aerosol m (aa), aerosol. aerost6tica J, aerostatic8. aerostAtico, aerostatie. aerotcnico, aerotechnical. aerotopgrafo m (fma), aerotopograph. aerotransporte m, sir transporto aerotriangulacin J, aerial triangulation, aerotri~ angu1ation. aerova J,. airway. de cable, aeria! tramway. afaUamiento m (geol) (M), faulting. afanita J (geol), aphanite. afantico, aphanitic. afeitanar, to eut off rivetheads. aferrar, to bind with iron clamps to grapple to anchor, moor aferrarse (maq),- to seize, freeze. afi.anzador m, fastener. afianzar, to tie, make fast to bond (employee). a1l1adera J, sharpener, whetstone. afilado, (t) sharp. a mquina (herr), maehine--dressed. afilador (m) de barrenas,drill aharpener. afiladora (J) de brocas, bit grinder. afilar, to aharpen, whet, grind. a816n m, sharpening stone. afinacin J, affination; finishing refining. afinado m, nish (surfaee). aflnadora J, (rd) finisher surfa~r. afinar, to :finish; to refine; to regulate, adjust. afinidad I (quIm), affinity. electr6nica, electron affinity. afino m, refining; (met) ning. afirmadero m (eh), atrut, ahore. afirmado m, road surfacing, pavement (V) roadhed. af1rmar, to malte fast; (ea) to compact; (rd) to pava. aB.ojar, to 10osen, slack; aB.ojarse, to get loose, work loase, loosen up, start. afloramiento m, outcrop (cone) (A) bleeding. aflorar, to erop out, outcrop; to emerge (ground water). afluencia I (hid), runoff, infiow. aB.uente m a, trihutary. afluir, to flow in. aB.ujo m, inflow, runoff; affiux. afotador m, ealking iron, callting chisel; eaIker. afolar (cal), to caIk. afondar, afondarse (nut), to sink. aforador m, stream gage; gager; appraiser. de aduana, customs appraiser. de alambre y pesa, wire-weight gage. de .cadena, ehain gaga. de cinta, tape gaga

11

agente

-.. --de flotador, fioat gage. - - de gancho, hook gage. de resalto, standing-wave flume. - registrador, reeorqing gage. aforar, to measure (r) to gage to appraise. aforo m, (r) gaging, measurement; appraisal; c1assification (freight). americano (A), American wire gage. con disolucin salina (hid) , sa1t-dilutiQn meth.od of gaging. de Birmingham (A), Birmingham wire gar;c. portlotadores (hid), float gaging. - porinercia-presi6n (hid) , inertia-pressure method of gaging. - por molinete (hid), current-meter gaging. - por velocidad de sal (hid) , salt-velocity method of gaging. qumico (bid), chemical gaging, salt-dilution method. aforrar, to line, sheathe (fo) to lag; (oab) to sj!rve. aforro m, lining, sheathing, lagging; (eab) servng. aftita 1, aphtit (alloy). aftitalita I (miner), aphthitalite, glaserite, arcanite. agar m (~b), agar. de bilis, hile agar. - nutritivo, nutrient agar. agar-agar, agar-agar. agargantado (Es), grooved. agarrabolsas I (fe), mailbag eateher, mail crane. agarradera 1, handle, grip, haft; clamp. D, D,p.andle (shovel); spade handle (clec switch). decintf, (lev), tape grip. de pistola, pistol grip. - 'de puerta, door pullo de serrucho, saw parl. de ventana, sasb lift. agarradero m, cl~p handle. grip; (naut) auehoring ground. de cable, cable clip. -'- de puerta, doorknob; door pullo agarrador m, handle, grip (re) passer; (lg) dogger. de riel (herr fe), gripper. de tensi6n (lev), ten$Qn handll:' (for tape). de tubo (pet},tuhing eateher. agarradora I (ef), skiddiIlggrab. agarra4urmientes m (fe) CM), tie tongs. agarrar, to grip, grapple;agarrarse (maq) , to seize, freeze, drag (brake). agarratubos m (pet), tubing eateher. agarre m, (re) (mecb) gripe agarrotar (ef). to choke. agencia (j) de colocaciones, employment agency, labor exchange. agente m, agent. - cataltico, catalytic agent. - comprador, purchasing agent. de aduana (O), customhouse broker. de carga (fe), freight agent. de equipajes (fe), baggage lgent. - de va (feHA), roadmaster, supervisor. - ezpedidor, forwarding agent.

agente
meterico, atmospheric agency. - - qutmico, chemical agente reductor (qum), reducer, reducing agent. agitador m, agitator, mixer. de chorro, jet agitator. agitar, to agitate, stir. aglomeracin t, agg10meration. aglomerado m, (geo}) agglomerate; eoal briquet. aglomerante m, binder, matri::. para machos (fund), core binder. aglomerar, to agglomerate. aglutinado! m, binder, cementing material. aglutinante m, cementing material; (elec) binder. aglutinar, to agglutinate; to cement, bind; aglutinarse, to cake. agojla I (min), drain. agojo m, a Philippine lumber. agolparse (M), to jamo agnico, agonic. agotador m, exhauster. agotamiento m, depletion; exhaustion; drainage; running down. de metales, fatigue oC metals. agotar, to drain, unwater, evacuate; to exhaust, run down. agradacin t (geo1), aggradation. agramllar, to mark with a marlcing gaga, to mark out. agrandahoyos m (pet), reamer, hole enlarger. agregado m, (cone) (rd) (geol) aggregate, road metal. coloidal (pet), admixture. en polvo (conc), powdered admixture. escalonado a graduado, graded aggregate. grueso, coarBe aggregate. premezclado (conc), premixed aggregate. tal como sale, run-of-bank aggregate. agregados (mec) (A), attachments, accessories. agremiado m, union man; a unionized. agremiar, to unionize. agrietamiento m, (geol) jointing; (lbr) ehecking. agrietarse, to crack, (lbr) to check. agrilltar, to Casten with a shackle. agrimensor m, surveyor, land surveyor. de minas, mine surveyor. agrimensura t, land surveying. agrio, brittle; harsh; sour. al frlo (met), cold-short. agrnomo m, agricultura1 engineer, agronomst. agromador m (pa), fiocculator, 110e former. agrupacin t. grouping, banking; (ra) ganging. agrupar~ to group, bank. agua f, water. - basta o bruta, raw or untreated water. blanda, soft water. capilar (ms)(irr), capillar} water. connata (geol), connate or fossil water. corriente, running or fiowing water; waterdistribution system. cl"Uda, raw or unfiltered water; hard water. _. de albaal, sewage. - de alimentacin (ca1), feed water. ~ de cal, limewater. -~ de cantera, quarry water. . -- de cohesin (ms), cohesive water. --~ de cola, glue watC'r.

12

aguas

de complemento (cal), make-up water. - - de consolidacin (ms), water of eompaction. de constitucin (qum) , water oC eonstitution. - - de elaboracin, process water, (cdnc) mixing water. - d e enjuague (M), (wp) wash water. de expulsin (geal) (A), water of compaction. de fondo (pet), bottom water. de formacin (geol) (A), connate water. de gravedad (irr){ms), gravitational or gravity or free water. de hidratacin (qum). water of hydration. de imbibicin (irr) , water oC absorption ar of imbibition. de lavado (filtro), wash water. de noria (M), well water. de pie, spring water. de reemplazo o de rellenar (cal), make-up water. - - de salida, tail water (powerhouse). de tormenta, storm water. delgada, 80Ct water. dulce, fresh water; (su) sweet water. estancada, standing or stagnant water. fretica, ground or suspended water. - - !retica a gravedad (irr), gravity ground water. - - freitica afluente, influent ground water. - - fretica efluente, effiuent ground water. - - fuerte, aqua fortis, nitric acid. gorda o gruesa, hard or brackish water. --libre (ms){irr), free water. - - llovediza o llovida o pluvial, rain water. muerta, still or stagnant water; slack water. - - pelicular (ms), peIlicular water. - - pluvial de albaal, storm, sewage. potable, drinking or potable water; domestic water supply. regia, aqua regia, nitrohydrochloric acid. singentica (geol)(A), connate water. solidi1icada (ros), solidified water. subAlvea, water in the bed oC a stream. subterrinea adherida, attached ground water. subterrnea aislada, perched ground water. subterrnea endicada (A), perched ground water. subterrnea fijada (A), attached ground water. subyacente (pet), bottom or eclge water. superior (pet), top water. surgidora o surtidora, artesian water. vadosa (geol) (A), vadose water. viva, running or fiawing water. aguas abajo, dawnstrearo. altas, high water. aprovechables, water resourees. arriba, upstream. bajas, low wate.r. blancas (Es)(A)(Pe), storm-water drainage. broncas (M), fiood waters. caseras (Es)(Pe), domestic Bewage. cloacales combinadas, combined sewage. cloacales de infiltracin, ground or infiltration water.

aguas
--- cloacales industriales, industrial or trada wastes. - - cloacales pluviales, storm sewage. - - cloacales sanitarias, sanitary 01' house or domestic sewage. - - cloacales separadas, separate sewage. corrientes (A), municipal water supply. de cabecera (PR), (1') headwaters. de fregadero (al), sink water. de retroceso (PR), tail water (powerhouse). - - estiales, low water. excluidas (Pe), sewage. - - fecales, sewage, sanitary sewage. _.- industriales, industrial wastes 01' sewagc. - - inmundas, sewage. - - juveniles (geo!), juvenile waters. - - metericas, rain or storm water; meteoric waters. - - mnimas, low water. - - negras, sewage, domestic 01' house sewagc. - - pluviales, rainfa.ll. - - rejuvenecidas (geol), rejuvenated water. .; - residuales domiciliarias, house 01' domestio sewage. --- residuales industriales, industrial wastos. - - servidas, sewage. - - servidas caseras, house sewage. - - someras (A), surfaco water. - - suspendidas, suspended water. - - telricas (A), ground 01' well water. - vertientes (hid), runoff. aguabresa f (Es), sol pipe. aguacero m, heavy shower, downpour, cloudburst. - - presumido (hid), design storm, assumed rain~ fallo aguachinar (Es), to saturate (soil). aguada j, water station; fIood; (pt) kalsomine; (CA) watering trough. aguadero m, water staton. aguador m, waterboy, water carrier. aguaducho m, conduit; fiood,. aguaje 1n, tiderace; tidal wave; hydraulie bore; (e) (Ee) heavy shower; (M) well; (M) watering trough; (l\tl). cistern. agualotal m (Ae), bog, swamp. e guallita j (Pe), shallow water. agualluvia!, rain water. aguamanil m, washbasin. aguanieve J, sleet. aguantador m (re), dolly; bucker-up. aguantar, to resist, support; (re) to buek up. aguantatubos m (pet), pipe hook. aguante m (Inee), endurance, strength. - - al calor, heat endurance. . aguan m, hydraulie engineer. aguar, to water, dHute; aguarse, to be drowned

13

agujero
aguce m (herr), sharpening. agudeza J, sharpness. agudizar J to sharpen. agudo, sharp, acute; sharp (curve). agera J, irrigation ditch. aguiero m (Es), round shoring timber. aguiln m, (de) boom, jib, mast arro; (r) heveled tila at hip or valley; (rf) diagonal horizontal tie. - - acodado; gooseneck boom. - - activo, live boom. - - de gra, erane boom i derriek boom. de pala, shovel boom. para carga pesada (cn), heavy..lift or jumbo boom. ~ para pala de cable de arrastre~ dragline

boom.
aguja j, needle; (rr) switch point; (hyd) needle bearo; (earp) brad, finishing nail; (inst) hand, needle; (cons) shore, spl'eader; (min) small branch vein;' (surv) marking pin, arrow; (fo) spreader area, aerial frog (trolley wire). - - de agrimensor, surveyor's marking pip., arrow. de bri~l~,compassneedle. - - de cadeneo (l~v),. marking pin, arrow. -,-' de cambio o de carril o de chucho (fe) switch point or blade. de carril cortado (f)(Es), stub switch. de Gillmore (lab), Gillmore needle. de inclinacin, dipping needle. --, de manmetro, h-and o a pressure gaga. - - de marcar, scriber. - - de marear, mariner's eompass. - - ~e medicin, (surv) tally pin, arrow; (ge) ~ nletm:ing,pin. depar~4c (od) , ,needle. de plasticidad (ros), plasticity nf'.edle. - - de polvorero, blasting needle. - - de velero, saH needle. de Vicat (1ab), Vicat needle. , - descarriladora (fe) derail switch. -'- dosificadors.~ metering pin (carburetor). - - imanllda,magnetic needle. indicadora, (eng) bouncing pino infernal, plug and featheJ:l3, wedge and shims. - - para marcar, ,center puneh. trazadora (planmetro), tra,eing point. agujas, (min) (Sp) poling boards. de arrastre. (fe) ,trailing-pohrl switch. de encuentro o en contrapunta (fe). faeing.. pointswitch.. de resorte (fe), spring switch. enclavadas (fe), interlocked switch. verticales (hid) I needle bearos. agujal m (Col). hole in a walllet by form bolt or spreader. agujereador m, drill. de banco, beneh drill. de columna, post drill. agujereadora j, punch; drill, boring machine. agujerear. to bore, drill, perforate; agujerearse, to form a pipe (carth clam); to forro holes. agujero m, holeo
t

out. aguarrs m, turpentine. - - mineral, turpentine substitute. aguatal m (Ee), pool; swamp. aguatero m (A), water cart; water earrier. aguatocha j, pump. aguatorre J, water tower. aguay, s.gua m, an Argentine hardwood.
aguazal m, swarnp. bog, nUlrsh.

aceitero (A) t oilhole.

T
agujero
ciego, blind holeo de acceso, handhole, manhole. de culebra (vol), snake hole. de engrase, oilhole. de hombre, manhole (boiler, tank, etc; not used for street manholes). de inyeccin, grout hole. de lubricacin, oilhole. - de mano, handhole. - de muestreo (is), sampling hatch. de nudo, knothole. de paso, manhole (tank, etc.). de perno, bolthole. de prueba, test holeo -"- de remache, rivet hole. de sonda, drill hole, boring. manual, handhole. oblongo, (str) slotted hole. para espiga (ais), pinhole. para pasador (est), pinhole. para poste, posthole. pasante, through holeo piloto, pilot hole. por roscar, tapping hole. sin salida (A), blind hole. agujeros de aliviamiento (cn), lightening holes. agujeros de guia (mh), guide holes. agujetero m (mo)(V), through OOlt to hold a bulkhead. agujista m (fe), switchman. agujn (dib), pricker. agujuela 1, brad, finishing nall. agusanado, worm-eaten. aguzadera 1, whetstone. aguzador m, drill sharpener. de lpices, pencil sharpener. aguzadora (1) de pernos, boltpointer. aguzar, to sharpen, whet, point; (pet) to dres5 (bit). aherrumbrarse, to rusto ahilar, to line up, align. ahitar (lev), to set monuments. ahocinarse (r), to cut a gorge. ahogadizo, nonfioating, heavier than water. ahogado, 5ubmerged, drowned; lacking ror for combustion; (M) embedded. ahogador m (auto) (M), choke. ahogar, to submerge, drown, flood (carburetor); (M) to embed; ahogarse, to be submerged; (eng) to 5tall. ahondar, to deepen, dig, Bink (shaft). ahonde m, deepening, sinking. ahorcaperro m, running bowline; hitch. ahorcarse, to j amo ahorquiUado, forked. ahuecado, hollowed out. ahuecador (m) metlico (ed), metal floor pan. ahuecamiento m, cavity, void, hollow. ahulado m. (CA) waterproof fabric; a rubbereovered. ' ahusado m, taper, (fdy) draft. al revs (hea) , back taper, longitudinal relief. de entrada (hea), entering taper. Jamo, Jarno taper. Morse, Morse taper. .-

14

ajustador

&busamiento m, taper. ahusar, to taper, skive; to batter. ailsita I (geo1), ailsyte (mierogranite). aire m, airo ' a presin (M), compressed airo arrastrado, entrained airo comprimido,compressed airo detonante. firedamp. libre, al, outdoors. -libre por minuto, free air per minute (com~ pressor). airear, to aerate; to ventilate. aislacin 1, insulation; (A) waterproofing. de humedad, dampproofing. de relleno, fill insulation. de sonido, soundproofing. reflectora, reflective insulation. trmica, heat insulation. aislado de papel, paper-insulated. aislador m, insulator. a botn clavado, nail knob. abrazador, c1eat insulator. corriente, standard-duty insulator. de amarre, strain insulator. de anclaje, terminal strain insulator. de botn partido. split-knob insulator. de cadena, string or suspension insulator. de campana, bell or petticoat insulator. de caperuza, hood insulator. de carrete, apool insulator. de derivacin mltiple, take-ofi' insulator. de espiga, pin insulator. de fabricacin hmeda, wet-process insulatoro de horquilla y macho, clevia-and-tap insulatoro de ojillo y horquilla, eye-and-clevis insulator. de perilla, knob insulator. de semianclaje, semistrain insulator. de tres campanas. triple-petticoat insulator. distanciador o de pie, standof! insulator. mural, wall insulator tube. para horquilla, fork-bolt or clevB insulator. para viento, guy-strain insulator. prensado en seco, dry-process insulator. seccionador, section insulator. tensor, turnbuckle or strain insulator. tipo de niebla, fog-type insulator. tubular, leading-in insulator, wall insulator tube. aislamiento m, insu1ation; isolation; (A) waterproofing. aislante m, insulating material, insulant. de cambray, cambric insulation. de ebonita, hard-rubber insulation. de pergamino, parchment insulation. aislar, to insulate, i801ate. ajarafe m, tableland; flat roof. ajornalar, to employ by the day. ajustable, adjustable. ajustado, tight, close; fitted; adjusted. ajustador m, machinist, fitter, mechanic; adjusting tool; (mech)(carp) adjuster; (ins) adjuster. a cero (elc), zero adjuster. de banderola, transom operator.

tt

ajustador

15

alambre

.--.- de batiente (carp), stop-bead adj uster. alambique m, a still de claraboya, skylight operator; transom acotazado o de casco, shell still. de tubos, pipe or tube still. operator. - de tuercas, nut runner or tightener or setter. de vaco, vacuum stilL de ventana batiente, casement adjuster. desintegrador (pet), cracking still. ajustadora J, any adjusting device. despojador (pet), stripping still. ajustaje m, fitting, adjusting; (A) machining. -.- destufador (pet) (M), sweetcning still. ajustar, to fit, adjust, make true; (surv) to baldesulfurador (pet), sweetening still. ance; ajustarse a, to tit into; ajustarse - discontinuo, batch still. sobre, to fit overo para redestilacin (pet) , rerun still. ajuste m, adjustment, fitting, setting; (machy) a alambiquero m, (pet) stiUman; (C) distillery. fit; (C) piecework, small contracto alambor m, bevel cut, splay. a golpe ligero, tapping fit. alambrado m, wiring; wire mesh; wire fence. - - a inglete, miter joint. de botn y hJbo, knob and tube wiring. a martillo, driving fit. de festn, festoon wiring. - a prueba de vapor, steam fit. - - descubierto, exposed or open wiring. ahusado, taper fit. - encerrado, concealedwiring. apretado, tight or clase fit. alambrador m (A), wire-fence erector. - - clavado, drive fit. alambraje m, wiring; wire fencing. - . con holgura, loase :tit. alambrar, to wire. - - corredizo, sliding :tit. al8Dlbrem, wire. de fase (tv), phasing. - a prueba de intemperie (elc), weatherpr"cr de llave, wrench fit. wire. de presin, press tit. agrio o brillante o claro, bright wire.. ""---- de rotacin libre, running fit. bailado de cobre, coppered wire. del trazado, balancing the survey. cargado, live wire. empotrado en caliente, shrink fit. cinta, fiat wire. - - escogido, selective tit. - cobriza do, eopper-clad wire.. - - de aporte (sol), filler wire.. - - estrecho, press fit, shrink fit. forzado, tight or force or press ar drive fit. de atar (re), tie wii"e. _.- forzado mediano, medium force tit. de campanilla (elc), bell wire. de. contacto, trolley or contact wire. - - holgado, loase or free fit. de cua,dro indicador (ele), annunciator wire. -libre, easy or light tit. - de disparo (vol), leading wire. - - por contraccin, shrink fit. de edificacin (elc), building wire. - - preciso, fine fit. de entrada (elc), lead-in wire. --,sin holgura, snug or wringing or tunking or . ' push or working fit. de espinas, barbed wire. ajustes, (p) (lllachy) fittings. de guardia (ele), guard or ground wire. -.- de masa (elc), ground wire. ajustero m {Col), small contractor; pieceworker. ajustn m (Ee), tight fit. de pas, barbed wire. de puente (vol), bridgewire (in the exploder) al costado (nut), alongside. ala J, wing (darr.. or bldg); leg (angle); flange de relleno, (wr) filler wire. (1 beam); blade (propeller); lea o a hinge; de soldadura, wire solder; welding wire. .desnudo, bare wire. . lea o a folding door. :dulce, soft or annealed wre.. -'- del corazn (fe), wing rail (frog) - enterizo (ele), solid wire. de mosca (Es), brad; tack. espigado (Ae), baroodwire. alabandina, alabandita f (mineral de manganeso), espinoso (Es), barbed wire. alabanrlite,. manganblende. estirado en fro, cold-drawn wire. labe m, (turb) bucket; (turb) gate, vane; (rox) estirado medio duro, mediunl-hard-drawn blade. wire. director o del distribuidor (turb), wieket forrado de algodn, cotton-covered Wre. gate, guide vaneo forrado de asbesto, asoostos-insulated wire. regulable, adjustable blade. forrado de caucho, rubber-covered wire. alabearse, to warp. forrado de plomo, lead-sheathed wire. alabeo m, warping, wind; (rd)(V) crown. forrado de vidrio, glass-covered wire. alacena j, locker, closet. fundente, welding wire. alacrn m, swivel; (Col) clamp. fundente de latn, brazing wire. aladrar, to plow. fusible, fuse wire, a wire fuse. aladrero m (mio) (Es), timberman. mejor de 10 mejor (ele) , best best (BB) aladro m, plow. alagadizo, liable to be inundated. wire.. nudo, bare wire. alagado m, inundated landa alagar, to inundate, swamp, flood; alagarse - para artefactos (ele), fixture wire; appliance (nut) (B), to leak. wire. - pescador (elc), fish wire. alagunar (Ch), to inundate, flood. piloto (ele), pilot wire. alambicar, to distiU.

alambre
por reestirar. redrawing wire. soldador. welding wire; wire Bolder. tejidu~ wre Cabric or netting. c _ trefilado. stranded wire. trenzado.braided Or stranded wre. alambrecarril m (A), aerial tramway. alambrera 1, wire netting. alambr6n m (met)(M), wire rod. Alamo. poplar. alamud m, door bolt. alanita / (miner), allanite. alar m, eaves; (Col) sidewaIk. alargadera /. lengthening bar Cor compasa; lengthening bar Cor drill; (chem) adapter. alargamiento m, elongation, expansiono al fallar. ultimate elongation. alargar. to lengthen, extend. elongate; alargarse. to expand, lengthen, stretch. alarife m, mason; builder. alarma 1, alarmo de falta de agua (cal), low-water alarmo de incendio. fire alarmo Lasquita / (geol), alaskite (granite). alastrM. to ballast. albaal m, sewer, drain; (e) sewage. de &.livio. relief sewer. de rebose. reiief or overflow sewer' derivado. branch or lateral sewer. -.- domstico o de servicio. house sewer' service connection. madre, main sewer. pluvial. storm sewer. sanitario. sanitary sewer. , albaalero m, sewer builder; sewer cleaner. albaear. to do m880n work. albail m, mason, bricklayer. de cemento. cement m88on. albaftileda 1, m880nry. ciclpea. cyclopean concrete. de piedra bruta. rubble w88onry. de piedra labrada. ashlar masonry. en hileras. ashlar masonry. en seco. dry masonry. albarda l. packsaddle. albardilla l. coping, capstone; small paeksaddle; (C) riding saddle. de cumbre (ed), saddle stone. albardillado. crowned; troughed. albardn m, (bldg}(Ca) coping; (hyd}{A) check dam; dike; ridge; (M) saddle. albarrada 1, mud wall; dry stone wall. a1barradn m, dike, small earth dam. albayaldar. to coat with white lead. albayalde m, white lead. anaranjado. orange lead, mineral orange. - de plomo. white lead. rojo, red lead. albedn m. gutter, drain. albedo m (fma), Slbedo. a1be1l6n m, sewer. alberca 1, pool, pond; hasin, tank. alberc6n m. reservoir. albergue m. bunkhouse, barracks. dormitory. alberquero m, tank tender, reservoir custodian. albina 1, sa1t pool or marsh: (miner) apophyllite. albita I (miner), albite (feldsp9.!'), -

16

alcayata

,.

albitana / (en), apron, stemson; propeller post. albolita I (mam), albolite. , albo1l6n:m, drain, sewer. albortante m (M). lighting post. albufera, l. tidallagoon. albuhera /. pond, reservoir. albmina /, albumino albuminoide m, albuminoid. albuminoideo a, albuminoide albumosa / (is), albumose. albura 1, sapwood. de primavera. springwood. de verano, summerwood. albumo m. alburnum, sapwood. . . alcachofal (bm), strainer. footvalve and strainer. .alcalescencia l. alcaleseence. alcalescente, a1calescent. lcali m, alkali. a1calimetra 1, alkalimetry. alcaUmetro m, alkalimeter. alcalinidad 1, alkalinity. alcalinbar, to render aIkaline. alcalino. alkaline. alcalinotrreo a, alkaline.earth. alcalizador m (az), liming tank. alcalizar. to alkalize, render aIkaline; (su) to lime. alcance m, reach; range; drift (taekle); (rr) rearend eollision; (com) balance; (rd) overtaking; (ra) coverage; (ae) blow,throw. ' - de cavadura (pl), digging reach. de descarga (pi), dumping reach. de planeo (ap). gliding range Or distance. de la vista (ca). sight or visibility distanee. alcanca I (M), bin, hopper; (min) chute, min hole; (conc) treme. alcantarilla /. culvert; sewer, drain; conduit; (elec)(Sp) cable duct; (M) baBin. mstern. anidable. nestable metal eulvert. . arqueada. arch culvert. de alivio, relief sewer. de cajn. box culvert. de chapas mltiples, multiple-plate corrugated culvert. ~ de descarga. outfall sewer. de platabanda (V), box eulvert. de pozo. drop-inlet culvert. interceptadora. intereepting sewer. maestra, trunk sewer. para ganado (fe), eattle pass. pluvial. storm-water sewer. sanitaria, sanitary sewer. visitable (Es), sewer big enough for a roan to entero alcantarillado m. sewerage. sepclrativo. separate system oC sewerage. unitario, combined system. alcantarillaje m, sewtge. alcantarillar, to sewer, drain; to build culverts. alcanzar, to reaeh; to overtake. alcaparrosa f. copperas. alcarria l. plateau. alcatifa 1, layer of cinders or other filling under floor or rooC tiles. alcayata 1, spike; (C) staple; (surv) spad. de cao, pipe hook,leader hook; gutter spike. de rosca (fe), screw spke.

.#

Ir

alcayata
de va, track spike. (an), poop deck, quarter-deck. .alce m, raising. alcohol m, alcohol; (min) galena. amlico, arnyl alcohol. ' desnaturalizado, denatured alcohol, methylated spirit. etilico, ethyI or grain alcohol. metlico, methyl or wood alcohol. propllico, propyl alcohol. alcor m, hill. alcornoque m, cork tree. alcorozado m (ed)(M), spaee between beams on a wall; filling between beams. alcotana 1, pick, mattock; stonecutter's hammer. de dos hachas, asphalt mattock. alcribs m, tuyere. alcuba 1, dome, cupala; vault. alcubilla 1, covered reservoir; hasin, pondo alcumita l. Alcurnite (alloy) (tradcmark) alcuza 1, oiloan. aldaba 1, latch, eateh, retainer. de candado, hasp. de contraventana, shutter bar. de picaporte, lateh hasp. ~ de resorte, spring latch. de seguridad,safety latch. ~ dormida, deadlatch. aldaba 1, erosabar on a double door; horizontal timber against a wall plate or sill oLa partition. aldabilla I (ft). hook, latch. aldohexosa I (az), aldohexose. aleacin 1, alloy. a base de aluminio, aluminum-base alloy. cuaternaria, quaternary alloy. de imprenta, type metal. de nquel al plomo, leaded nickel alloy. - - de punto bajo de fusin, low-melting alloy. delta. delta metal. no ferrosa, nonferrous alloy aleaje m (U), alloy alear, to alloy. alecrn m, an Argentine lumber vcry hard and hea.vy. alefriz m (carp), rabbet. alegrador m, reamer, broach. alegrar, to ream, broach. alejamiento m, receding, separation. alejamientos y desviaciones (lev)(M). latitudes and departures. alema 1, duty of ir~igation water. alemontita f (miner), allemontite, arsenical antimony. alerce m, larch, tamarack, hackmatack. alero m, eaves; (bldg)(dam) wing; (bdg) wing wall. aler6n m, ailaron; damper. alesador m (A), operator o a drill (shop) alesadora 1, drill. alesaje m, bore (cylit).der). alesna 1, aw1. alesnado, sharp-pointed. aleta 1, (mech) lug; fin, gi1l; lea! (hinge); (mx) blade; (turb) vane; (na) quarter. a~ortiguadora, damping Vaneo
alc~ar m

17
-

alicate~

de hlice, propeller blade. de sem6foro (fe), semaphore blade. desviadora (turb), redireeting blade. directriz o distribuidora (turb), wicket gate, guide vaneo aletas de enfriamiento, cooling fina. alevante m (mi) (M), overhand stope. aleviador m (hid), aIleviator. alfa-naftol m, alp!la-naphthol. alfagra I (Es),channel, gorge. alfaja 1, door or window frame; batten; timbar 10 by 14 cm; (Col) roofing board. alfametilnaftaleno, alfametilnaftalina, alphamethyl naphthlO!lene. alfaque m, shoal,bar. alfarda 1, (carp)ligbtwooden beam, scantling; raiter; irrgation dues. alfardar. t() joinin ~l, irrigation development. alfard6n m (C), girder, heavy beam. alfareda I (V),. brick masonry; tilework. .a!fujar,.. to wainscot. alfarje m, wamscot;. paneling. alf-.rja. SaJna8 alfaja. alfizar m, splay of door or window. alfiler m (M), peg, pino -... dePat{s (Es),wire nail. al1Uerillo m, finishing nail, brad. -..-..- cortado, .cut ftnishing nail. de alambre, wire finishing nail. alfombrado m (mam) (V), base course, mato alga 1, alga. . algas, algae. algceo, algal. algaida 1, sand dune. algarrobo m, carob wood. lg~bra j,/'t,lgebra. algeOtaico,algebr..ic. algecida m. alg~cide. algodn mi cotton. - - colodin, collodion cotton. _ . de calafateo, ealking cotton. explosivo,guncotton. mineral(A), slag wool. - - plvora, guncotton, nitrocotton; cotton POW der. p6lvora nltraco (vol), tonite. ~ trenzado (elc), cotton braid. algoso, fuIl of algae. alguaza l. hinge. alicatado m (C), wall of brick Iaid on edge. alicates m, pliers; tongs; pincera. - - aislados, nsulated or electrician's plien. - - de ngulo, diagonal pliers. de articulaci6n m.ovible, slip-jomt pliers. de ayustar (c/iob),splicing tonga. de combinacin, combination pliera. de corte lateral, side-cutting pliel'a. de crisol (lab), crucible tonga. _ _ de expansin, slip-joint pliers. de garganta, open-throat pliera. de gl\sista, gas pliers. de guardalnea, lineman's pliara. de punta plana, flat-nose pliera. de punta redonda, roundnose pliers. narigudos. long-nose pliers. punzonadbres, pUJ;lch pliers.
4

I !
alidada
alidada /, alidada. de anteojo, teleacope alidada. de anteojo ,fijo, tixed-tube alidade. de explorador. exploration or expedition alidade. de gelogo, geological alidade. de mirilla, peep-sight alidade. de pnulas. open-sight alidade. de topgrafo, engineering alidade. , - para plancheta. plane-table alidade. aligacin f. tie; bond; aIloy. aligerar. to lighten. alijador m. lighterman. alijadora /, lighter; sander. alijar. t lighten; to sandpaper. alije m, unloading. lightening' of a ship. alijo m, unloading; (e) locomotive tender. alimentacin J, feed (a11 senses), feedng. ~ a sinfin, worm feed. al vaco o por aspiracin. vacJ1um feed. - - con gasto constante (pa) constant-rate feed. de retroceso (ra), feedback. directa (pa), dry feed, direct feed (chlorine). en seco (pa), dry feed. - - forzada, force feed. mecnica, power feed; mechanical stoking. visible (lu), sight feed. alimentado a petrleo (cal), oil-tired, oil-burning. alimentado por gas, gas-tired. alimentador m, feeder; feed wire;stoker. basculante. jog feeder. - - con descarga por detrs, rear-c1eaningstoker. - - de bandeja, tray feeder. - - de carbn. stoker. de correa. belt feeder. de criba corrediza, traveling-grizzly feeder. de descarga lateral, side-cIeaning stoker. de disco rotatorio, rotary-disk feeder. de dosificacin (pa), proportioning feeder. de enlace (elc), tie feeder. - - de hogar, mechanical stoker. - - de parrilla corrediza, traveling-grate stoker. de pelcula (fma), illm-metering device. de la red (elc), network feeder. - - de vaciado superior, overfeed stoker. oscilante, reciprocating feeder. pesador, weighing or weigh feeder. sin fin, screw feeder. alimentar. to charge; to feed. alimento m (mee), feed, feeding. alindar, to mark boundaries. alinderar (Ae), to mark boundaries. alineacin " alignment. y rasante, line and grade, line and level. alineador m, aligning too1. alinear, to line, line up, align. alisador m, finishing tool; smoothing iron (a8phalt); smoothing blade (road maclne); (fdy) sleeker, smoother; (A) reamer. alisadora " surfacing machine; dresser. - - de caminos, road scraper. alisaduras 1, shavings, turnings. alisar, to plane, face, smooih up, surface. alisatubos m (pet), casing scrapr. alisios m, trade winds. alistador (m) de tiempo, timekeeper.
I

18

aJmaiua

,
J

alistonar, to lath; to cIeat. alita / (ct), alite. aliviadero m, spillway, wastewa.y; sluiceway; weep hole. de agua sobrante (al), storm overflow. de crecidas. (r) lloodway (sw) storm overflow. de cresta libre, open spillway (no gates). - - de fondo. sluiceway, undersluice. de lluvia (Es), inlet to a storm sewer. de pozo. shaft spilIway. - - de seguridad, emergency spiIlway. - - de superficie, wasteway, spiIlway. -lateral, side-channel spillway. - - superior (irr), overchute. _ . vertical de arena (ot), sand drain. aliviador m, spiIlway; relief valve. alivianar (PR) (A), to lighten. alivio m, easing, relief. de esfuerzos, stress relief. de expansin, expansion relie. - - de vaco, vacuum relief. aljaba (f) de electrodos (sol), electrode carrier. aljarafe m, fiat roo!. aljez m, gypsum, plaater o Paris. aljezar m, gypsum quarry. aljibe m, pool. tank, cistern; tank barge. aljofifa J, mop. aljofifar. to mop. aljor m, gypsum. aljoro'zado m (V). seratch coat o lime and mudo aljorozar, to plaster; to smooth up. alma J, core (dam); (str) web, stem (T); (eab) center, core; (lbr) heart; drill core; scaffold poleo calada o de celosa (est), lattice web. combada (ts). arched web. de andamio, scaffold pole. - - de camo, (wr) hemp center. - - de ensayo, test or sample coreo - - de riel, web of a rail. fibrosa, (wr) fiber coreo llena (est), solid web, plate web. almacn m, warehouse, storehouse, storeroom; store; magazine (camera). - - afianzado, bonded warehouse. de agua. cistern, tank. - - de plvora. magazine. almacenador m, warehouseman. almacenaje m, storage, warehousing; warehouse charges. almacenamiento m. storage. de desbordamiento (hid), va11ey s\orage. de sobrecarga (hid), surcharge storage. en las riberas (hid), bank storage. momentneo (hid), instantaneous storage. muerto, dead atorage. - - para uso (hid), conservation atorage. almacenar, to store, stock. almacenero, almacenista m, storekeeper, warehouseman. almdana, almdena, almAdina J, stone hammer, spaIling hammer. almada /, raft. almagra " almagre m, red ocher, ruddle. almaina J, stone hammer.

almanque
almanque m (C'ol), putlOg. almarbatar, to frame (timber). almrtaga 1, litharge. almatriche m, irrigation ditch. almenado, dentated. almenara 1, (irr) return ditch; (Col) surge tank. almendrilla Ir fine coal; fine gravel; (geol) conglQmerate o fine stones; small file. almendrn m (Es), conglomerate o large stones. almidn m, starch. - ' yodado (is), starch-iodine. almilla I (carp), tenon. almirez m (lab), mortal'. -, .' y mano, mortal' and pestle. almoceda f (Es), water rights; irrigation rate. almohada J, cushion. -del escobn (en), hawse bolster. almohadilla Ir pad, cushion. de apisonar, tamping pad. de tope, buffer' block. filtradora (V), filter block. almohadillas de freno" brake blocks. almohadillas de friccin, (eng) riction blocks. almohadillado m (sol), padding. . almohadillar, to cushion. almohad6n m, lowest voussoir in a semicircular arch. de agua, water cushion. almohatre 111., sal ammoniac. almojaya Ir putlog; outlooker. algeno (geol), allogenic, derivative. alojamiento m (mec), seat, bearing, socket. alosar, to lay tiles. alonto m, aloxite (abrasive). alpax m, alpax (alloy) alpende m, tool house. alquilar, to rcnt; ti> alkylize. alquilar m, ront, rental. alquilizar, t alkylize. alquitarar, t distill. alquitrn m, tal', pitch. cortado, cutback taro de carbn, coal tal'. de gas, gas tal', gashouse coal taro de gas de aceite, oH-gas taro de gas c;le agua, water-gas tal'. - ' de hornos de coque, coke-oven taro de hulla, coal tar, coal-tar pitch gas tal'; coke-oven tal'. de hulla diluido, coal-tar cutback. -.<'- de lea, Stockholm tal'. de madera, pine taro de petrleo, oH tal'; petroleum pitch. de turba, peat taro mineral, asphalt. rebajado, cutback tal'. vegetal, coal 01' wood tal'. alquitranado m, tarpaulin; application o tar, tarring. . alquitranadora J, tar-spraying machine. alquitranaje m, tarring. alquitranar, to treat with pitch; to coat with taro alquitranoso, tarry. alta J (min), hanging wall. ~-ley, de, high-grade (ore). - - multiplicacin, de, high-geared.

19
-

altoparlante

nitidez (tv), high definition. polarizacin, de, high-test (sugar). resistencia "a corta edad (ct) high early strength. tarea (e), high duty. volatilidad, de. high-test (gasoline). altas (cn), upper works. aguas, high water. altar m (horno), bridge wall, fue bridge. de agua, water bridge. de humero, fiue bridge. altavoz m, loudspeaker. alteracin I (geol), alteration. alternacin, alternation. alternado, alternating. alternador m (elc), alternator. de imanes permanentes, magneto alternator. - - de inducido giratorio. revolving-armature aIternator. de inductor e inducido fijos, inductor a.lter~ nator. de inductor giratorio. revolving-field alternator. alternador-transmisor (ra), alternator transmitter. alternador-volante, flywheel alternator. alternancia J (eIllc) (A), alternation, alternance. alternar las juntas, to break or stagger joints. alternativo, (elec) alternating; (eng) reciprocating. alterno, alternating alternate. alternogenerador m (Es), alternating-eurrent generator. . alternomotor m (Es) (A), alternating-ourrent motor. altibajos m, broken or uneven ground. altgrafo m, altigraph. altillano m (Col) ,i plateau. altillo m, smallhill; penthouse, bulkhead; (A) small addition on top o a one-story building; (A)(Col) garret. altimetra J, altimetry, running Ievels, topographical survey. altmetro m, altimeter. de agrimensor, surveying altimeter. registrador, recording altimeter, altigrapb. altiplanicie J, platl'au, tableland. altiplanimtrico, t pographical. altiplano m, plateau. altitud 1, altitude, eIevation. alto m, height; hill, elevation; (geol) hs.nging wal1; (bldg) fioor, story, upper floor; (rr) (auto) a stop; a high. calor, de, high-heat (~ement). carbono, de, high~carbon (steel). explosivo. high explosive. horno, blast furnace. rendimiento, high duty. altos m (A), first floor aboye the ground. altoparlante m, loudspeaker. a condensador, capacitor loudspeaker. de conductor m6vil. mving-conductor loudspeaker. dinmico, moving-coil or dynamic loudspeak.er. electromagntico, magnetic-armature loudspeaker.

altoparlante - - electrosttico, condenser or electrostatic loudspeaker. altozano m, small hill. altura 1, elevation, altitude. height; (hyd) head; (str) depth; (r) stage. cintica (hid), dynamic head. de aspiracin (hid), tluction head suction lift. ' de carga (hid), head. - de descarga o de impulsin (bm), discharge head. - de despejo o de franqueo, clearance height. - del instrumento o del ojo (lev), height ol instrumento de paso, headroom. de presin (hid), pressure head. de succin (bm), suction he~d. de tiro (aa), draft head. dinmica (hid), velocity head. efectiva, (str) effective depth working depth (gear). esttica (bid), statio head. hidriulica (al), hydraulic grade. -libre, vertical clearance, clear height, head..; room; freeboard. manomtrica total (bm), total head. metacntrica (an), metacentric height. piezomtrica (hid), piezometric head. til (est), effective depth. alud m, avalanche, snowtllide. alumbrado m, lighting; a lighted treated with alum. a tubo de gas, gas-tube lighting. de caveto, cove lighting. de contorno, outline lighting. de festn, festoon lighting. reflejado, indirect lighting. sem.iindirecto, semi-indireot lighting. alumbrar, to light, illuminate; to treat with alum; to emerge (ground water). alumbre m, alum. - crmico, chrome alum. de amonio, ammonia aJumo - para filtros (V), filter aJumo potsico, potash alum, potassium aluminum sulphate. alumbrera f, alunite quarry. almbrico, containing alum. almina 1, alumina, aluminum oxide. aluminato m, aluminate.. diclcico (ut), dicalCium aluminate. s6dico (pa), sodium aluminate. triclcico (ct), tricalcium aluminate. aluminico, aluminio. aluminifero,....containing aluminum, aluminiferous. aluminio m, aluminum, aluminium. aluminita f (miner), aluminite (aluminum sulphatc). aluminizar, to aluminize. aluminofrrico, aluminoferrio. alumlnosilicato m, aluminosilicate. aluminoso, aluminou8. aluminotermia f (met), aluminothermy, aluminothermics. aluminotrmico, aluminothermic.

20

amarra
alundo m (rr), alundum. aluntaf (miner), alunite, alum rock. aluvial, a1uvional, alluvial. aluvin m, aIluvial deposit, alluvium; flood o silt; (A) 1l00d, inundation. aluvionamiento m (A), silting up. aluvionario (A), alluvia!' lveo m, bed o a river, channeL alveolado (M), honeycombed. alza f, rise, lift; shim; (hyd) lIa.shboard, leal o a bear-trap gate (hyd) (Sp) stop log; (Sp) fulcrum. de tablero basculante (hid) , automatio llashboard, shutter weir, hinged-Ieaf gateo de la vlvula, valve lift. alzacarros m, car-lifting device. alzacoche m, automobile lift. alzadaf, (dwg) elevation; face of a building. extrema, end el~vation. alzado m, (ar) elevation (Sp) superstructure. de costado, side elevation. delantero, front elevation. - - en corte, sectional elevation. trasero, rear elevation. alzador m, any lifting device. alzadura f, hoisting, raising. aizaguaraf (Es), spring (water). alzaprimaf, crowbar, lever,pinch bar. de traviesa (fc),nipper. alzaprimar, to pry, moya with a lever. alzar, to hoist, raise, lift. alzatubos m, pipe jack. alzavlvula m (auto), tappet. alzaventana m (auto), window opener. ananador m (her), a flatter. allanar, to grade,level; to flatten; (met) to plan.. ish. allane m (M), levelhIg, grading. anegador m (Es), tire hook, poker. amacizar, to com:;ress; to make solido amacritico, amacratic (lens). amachambrado (PR)(Es), tongued and grooved. amachetar, to chop with a machete. amadrinar, to couple, join. amaestrar, (mas) to set grounds (hw) to master.. key. amainador m (min), man who handles bucket at top o shaft. amainar, to lower, slack off; (min) to land the bucket of ore. amaine m, lowering, slaoking off. amalgama f (met) (miner), amalgamo amalgamador m (met), amalgamator. amalgamar, to amalgamate. amantillar (gr), to top, peak, luti. amantillo (gr), topping lift, topping or peaking lino. amanzanar (A)(U), to layout land in blocks. amafios m, tools, e9uipment, outtit. amaraje m, landing on the water (seaplane). amarar, to land on the water. amarillo m a, yellow. benzo (is), benzo yellow. de cinc, zinc yellow (pigment). de montafia (miner), yellow earth or ocher. amarra f, 'tie, lashing; mooring; (Ch)(M) cable clip.

l'

21
_ .. d aleta (nut), quarter fasto de bote (nut), painter. de popa (nut), stern fasto de 'proa (nut). bow orhead fasto de puerto, mooring. _. de trav~s (nut), breast fast, breast lineo amarras para correa, belt hool~s 'or clamps. a1i1lIttIl4~ra1 (Cl);mooriI1g line: sling. am~5adrQ m, mooringpost;mooring berth. atttatTaje m, wha~fage; (cah)sorving. amartllr,tbtio,'lash; spliee, blay, make fast; to rooor; (cab) to srve,seize. am.a~azonesf (nut),groundtackle. amart& m, ti, .splico, lashing ;anehorage, moor ing;(conc)(M) (Pe) bond. - a pata de ganso, bridle mooring. amrtillt. to hamrner. amasada I (M), batch of mortar. amasaderompugmillclayrnilk amasar, to mix(lllortar) topuddle (.611); to pug, tempera amasillar, to putty. amatol m, amat61 (explosive). ambenta 1, amberite (explosive). imblto m, ambit, contour. 4nibUlal.te.traveling (derrick), waIking (drag. line). ameba l. ameba. amelgaI{irr), ridge, dike. a~.elgat, to setboundry monuments; to furrow. atn~llar, to noteh. lixu,erar (Es), to seep, percolate. iltniantista m. asbestos worker. amianto m, asoostos, aroianthus. amiba 1, amoeba. anubiano, ambico, amoebic. amibiidam a, moebicide. amicr6n m (quim),amieron. amida l. amido m, (ehem) amida. amigdaloide a (geol), amygdaloid. amilasa f. (is), amylase. anillj) m (quim), amyl. aminocido m (is), amino aeid. p-.minodimetilanili.na (pa), p-aminodimethylaniline. amo m, owner; omployer; superiritendent, foreJ:llan. amohosarse (A) (Ch), to rusto amojonar, to set monuments. amojosearse (A)(Ee), to rusta amoladeta 11 g;rindstone, grinder. a.I1blailo in,grindng. _ ... _.. de avance longitudinal; end-feed grinding. _.- de avance normal, in-foed grinding. de a'fance pasante, through-feed grinding. amoladora 1, grinder. - - de armazn oscilante, swing-frame grinder. - - de asintos de vlvulas, valve grinder. _. d banco, beneh grinder. de brocas, bit grinder. de espigas, shank grinder (drill). -_. de pie, floor-stand grind~r. de puntas, centel'-type grinder. _.. hftmeda, wet grinder. _. sin puntas j centerless grinder. amolar, to grind, sharpen.

ampermetro
amoldar, to mold, shape. amollar (cab), to slack, ease off. amoniacal, ammoniaeal. amoniaci6n 1, ammoniation. amonaco m, ammonia. albuminoideo (s), albuminoid artlmonia.. amoniador m (pa), ammoniator. de alimentacin directa, direct-feed aromoniator. amnico a, .ammonium, ammonic. amonio m, ammonium. amonizaci6n 1, arnmonization, ammonifieation. amontonador m, amontonadora 1, staeker, pilero amontonador de carb6n, coal trimmer. amontonar,to pile, pile up. el fuego, to bank the fue. en camellones (ca), to windrow. amordazar, to clamp. amorfo, amorphous. amortiguaci6n 1, deadening; absorbing; (meeh) (elee) datnping. crtica (ele), critiealdamping. _.- de las crecidas (r), flod control. - - peridica (ele), periodic damping, underdamping. amortiguador m, (tnech) shock absorber, damper, dasJ'lpot; .(earp) door eheck; (hyd) .stilling pool; (auto) llltrlHer; (elee) da.mper; (auto) snubber; (chem) buffer. de chispas, sparkarrester. de choque, shoek absorber; bumper. de energfa, energy absorber; (hyd) stilling pool, tumble bay. de escape, (eng) exhaust head, exhaust silencer. de los faroles (auto), headlight dimmer. de golpes de agua, water-hammer suppressor. de luz, (auto) dimmer. de oleaje (hid) , surge suppressor; surge snubber. de ruido, sileneer, mufHer. de sacudidas (auto), harmonic balancero del sonido, sound absorber. de torsin, torsion damper. amortiguamiento (m) de sonido, soundproofing. amortiguar, to eushion, deaden, lessen; to damp; to abrorb (shocks): (chem) to buffer. amortizacin 1, amortization. amortizar. to amortize; toredeem to refundo amovible, removable, demountable. amparar, to protect; (leg) to hold harrnless; (min) to satisfy conditions for working a claim. ampelita 1, ampelita (eoal). amper m (Es), ampere. amper-espira 1 (Es). ampere-turn. amperaje m, amperage. de carga, charging rate (battery). efectivo, virtual amperes. amperlmetro m, ammeter, amperemeter. calonco (Es), hot-wire ammeter. de abrazadera, o).amp ammeter. de alcance mltiple, multirange ammeter. de bolsillo, poeket arnmeter. de expansin o de hilo caliente, expansion or hot-wire or thermal ammeter.

'i;.

ampermetro
dinamomtrico, dyn'amometer ammeter. indicador, indicating ammeter. para tablero, switchboard-type ammeter. registrador, recording ammeter. trmico, thermal ammeter, thermoammeter. termocupla, thermocouple ammeter. amperio m, ampere. - - internacional, international ampere. amperio-hora 1, ampere-hour. amperio-pie m, ampere-foot. amperio~vuelta1, ampere-turn. amperios-vueltas transversales, crasa ampereturna. amperivuelta 1, ampere-turn. ampermetro m, ammeter, ampermeter. - - trmico, thermal or hot-wire ammeter. ampliacin 1 (fma), enlargement. - - angular (fma), angular magnification. del pl~zo, extension o time (contract). ampliadora 1, enlarging outfit (photo). ampliar, to enlarge, amplify, extend. amplidina 1 (ra), amplidyne. amplificacin 1, (elee) amplification, gain; (optics) magnification, amplification. de potencia, power amplification. de tensin, voltage amplification. dinmica (geof), dynamic magnification. - - multigradual o en cascada, cascade amplification. transportadora (ra), carrier amplification. amplificador m, magnifier; booster; amplifier. - a vlvula, vacuum-tube amplifier. dase A(AB, B, BC, C) (ra) , class-A(AB, B. BC, C) amplifier. - - de audiofrecuencia (ra), audiofrequency or audio amplifier. - - de desviacin (tv), defiection amplifier. de energa (ra), power amplifier. - - de enfrenamiento, brake booster. - - de exploracin (tv), scanner amplifier. de faja (ra), band-pass amplifier. de oratoria (ra)(A), speech amplifier. de poder (A), powcr amplifier. de realimentacin inversa (ra), degenerative or inverse-feedback amplifier. - - de sonido, loudspeaker. equilibrado (ra), push-pull amplifier. previo (Es)(A), preamplifier. realimentado, feedback amplifier. reflejo (ra), refiex amplifier. separador (ra), bffer amplifier. amIJlificar (elc), to amplify. amplitud I (mat) (ele) (ra), amnlitude. de la marea, tidal amplitudc range of the tide. ampolla 1, blister, bulb, ampoule; (A) lamp bulbo de congelacin (ca), frost boil. de vlvula (ra), envelope. ampollarse, to blister. ampolleta l. incandescent lamp; bulb, ampoule. ampolloso (min), porous, containing eavities. amura 1 (an), bow, fore part of ship. bulbosa, clubfoot, bulb bow. amurada 1 (an), inside face of the shell plating. amurallar, to wall; to build into a wall. amurar (A), to embed in a wall.
~

22

anemeo

anabergita f (miner),i annabergite, nickel bloom. anablico (is), anaboic. anacarado (miner), pearly (1uster). anaclinal (geol). anac1inal. anaerbico (is), anaerobie. anaerobio m, anaerobe. anaerobiosis l. anaerobiosis. anaerognico (1ab), anaerogenic. anagllfico (fma), anaglyphic. anagbfo (fma), anaglyph. anaglifoscopio m (fma), anaglyphoscope. analtico (ptica), anallatic. analatismo m (lev), anallatism. analcima, analcita 1 (miner), analcime, analcite. analcitita I (geol), analcitite, analcimite. anlisis m 1, analysis. - - de cedazo o de tamices, screen or sieve ana1~ ysis. - - de comprobacin, check analysis. de hornada (met), ladleanalysis. - - electroltico, electroanalysis. - - inmediato, proximate analysis. - - ponderal, gravimetric analyss. analista m 1, analyst. analtico, analytical. analizador m, analyst; (mech) anaIyzer; (ra) analyzer; (tv) scanner. - - de armnicos (ra), harmonic analyzer. - - de distorsin (ra), distortion analyzer. - - de ondas (ra), wave analyzer. - - de ruidos (ra), noise analyzer. de tambor (tv). drum scanner. analizar, to analyze; (tv) to sean. analoga (f) de la placa, slab analogy. anlogo m, analogue. anaquel m, shel. anaranjado de metilo {lah), methylorange. ancaramita I (geol), ankaramite. ancaratrita I (geol), ankaratrite. ancla 1, (naut)(mech) anchor. - - de asta giratoria, swivel anchor. - - de campana, mushroom anchor. - - de espiar, kedge anchor. de hlice, screw anchor (for guy). de pared (ed), wall anchor. - - de seta, mushroom anchor. - - de tierra, guy or earth anchor. - - de tornillo, screw anchor. - - de vla (fe), anticreeper. - - sin cepo, stockles!, anchor. ancladero m, anchorai1:e, anchoring ground. anclaje m, anchorage; anchoring; anchorage charges. anclar, to anchor. anclote m, anchor. anclotillo m, small anchor, kedge. anco m (min)(Pe), a silver ore. ancn m, hay, cove; (PR) smalllighter. anconada 1, large c0ve, bayo anconaje m (PR), lighterage. ncora 1, anchor. ancoraje m, anchorage. ancorar, to anchor. ancoreda!, anchor shop. ancorero m, anchor maker. anchico m, an Argentine hardwood.

ancho
ancho m, width, breadth; a wide. - - de faja (ra), band width. de va (fe), gage. tipo (fe) (M), standard gage. anchura 1, width, breadth. anchur6n 1U (mill), chamber, stall, room. andada 1, tl'ail, path. andadera 1, travcler, traveling derrek, traveling scaffold. andadero m, footwalk. andador m, footwalk; (A) motor scooter. andalucita I (minar), andalusite. .t ndamiada 1, scaffolding. de carenaje (d8) gridiron. andamiador m, scaffold buildc;r, stagebuilder. andamiaje m, scaffolding, staging. . a~damiar, to scaffold. andamio m, scaffold; (bdg)(Ec) falsework. acartelado, bracket scaffold. -,- ambulante o corredizo, traveler, traveling scaffold. colgante, hanging scaffold. de bscula (Col), scaffold on outlookers tied back to wall aboye. - - de caballetes, hor8e scaffold. de parales, pole scaffold. suspendido, swinging 01' hanging scafi'old. tubular, pipe scaffold. voladizo o volado, flying 01' eantilever 01' 6utl'gge' scaffold. andana 1, row, file, line, tier. andarache m (min) (Es), scafi'old. andarivel m, am'ial tramway, cableway, ropeway; cable guardrail; single whip; cable ferry; cable railway; (C) ferryboat. andn m, (rr) platform; sidewalk on a bridge; walkwlY; towpath; (top)(Pe)(B) terraee; (ap) loading apron. de cabeza (fc), end platform. de entreva (fe), island platorm. de llegada (fe), alTival platform. de salida (fe), departure platform. - de trasbordo, transfer platform. ndito tn,sidcwalk; piazza. andullo m (nut), fender, mato anegable, subjcet to inundl1tion. anegacin 1, inulldatioll. anegadizo, liable to be overflowed: nonfloating. anegar, to submerge, fiood, inundate; (pu) to drO\Yll; anegarGe, to bo :Coodcd t sink; to becomo wl1terlogged. anelctrico, anelcetric. anemogrfico, l111emographic. anemgrafo m, anemograph, recording wind gago. anemograma m, anemogram. anemometra 1, anCll1Olnetry, wind gaging. anemomtrico, ancmOlllctric. anemmetro m, ancmomcter, wind gage. indicador, indi('ating I1n!llomcter. registrador, l'ccol'ding ancmomcter. anemometr6grafo m, ancmomctrograph, recording ,vind gaga. anemoscopio m (IIlrl), anemoscope. anerbico '(is) , n,nacrobic. anerobiosis l. l111ael'Obiosis.
I

23

Angulo

I
I

aneroide m a, aneroid. altimtrico, altitude aneroide barometer. _. de topgrafo, surveying aneroid. aneroidgrafo m, aneroidograph. anetadura I (nut), puddening. anexo m (M), addition to a building, ell, wing. anfibio m a (ap), amphibian. anfbol m (miner), hornblende, amphibole. anfiblico, amphibolie. anftbolfero. eontaining amphibole. anfibolita I (geol), amphibolite. anfibolosquisto m (geol), hornblende schist. atiftero (qum), amphoterie angaletar (A), to miter. angalete m (earp)(A), miter box. angarillas 1, handbarrow. angarillear (Ch) , to move material in handbarrowa. angla 1, (geog) cape. anglesita l. anglesite, native lead sulphate. angostar, to narrow, eont,raet. angosto, narrow. lose. angostura I,gap, pass, narrows, gorge; throat. de la marea, tideraee. angra 1, cove, sniall bay. angstrom m ({faiea), an:gstrom. anguena I (min) (Es), a'silver ore. anguilas 1, launhing waya. angular m, .(Sp)(C)(Pe) ateal angla, angle iron; any rolled ateel shape ;4, angular, sharp (sand). canal, channel iron. ele (e), steel angle~ angle iron. - T, T bar, Tiron. - Z , Z bar. ngulo m, angle. ascendente (lev), angle of elevation. atiesador (est), stiffening angle. comprendido, included $gle. con bordn o con nervio (est), bulb angle. de arista redonda (e~t), round-back angl.f,. de asiento (est), sheli 01' seat angle, erection Beat. - - de ataque, angle of attaek; (mt) working angle. de aterrizaje (ap), landing angle. d~,atraso (ele), angl of lag. de avance, (se) angle o lead, angular advanee; (elee) angle o lead or o lag. del bsel (sol), groove angle, bevel angla. de contingencia (fe), angle o intersection. del chafln (sol). groove 01' bavel angle. de defleXn (fe) (M) (AC) (Ee). deftection angle. de deriva (ma), angle o erab. de desfasamiento (~le), phase angle. de despojo (mh). clearanee angle. de desviacin. dcfieetion angle; angle o de.. viation; (co.b) fiect angle. de entrada (mh), entering angle. de espacio libre labial, lip-relief angle (twisl drill). -,' de esviaje. angle o skew; (cab) fleet angle. de filo (mh), tool angle, angle o keenness. de friccin, angle of friction 01' oC repose. de frotamiento interno.aJ;lgle o interna! frction, '

1"

. ..; :'

ngulo
de la hlice (herr) (rs) , helix angle. de la herramienta (mh), tool angle, angle 01 keenness. de incidencia, Jingle o ncidenee. de inclinacin lateral (mh), side-rake angle. de juego (mh)(A), rele angle. de llegada (ra), angle o arrival. de planeo (ap), angle o glide, obstrtJction ratio. de la ranura (sol), bevel or groove angle. de rayo (ra), beam angle. . de rebajo o de relieve (mh), relie angle. de reposo, angle o repose or o friction. de resbalamiento (A), angle o repose. de resistencia al corte (ms), angle of shearing resstance. de retraso (elc), angle o lag, phase angle. de rincn vivo (est), square-root angle. de rozamiento, angle of friction. de rumbo (geof), angla o strike. de salida, (ra) angla o departure; (geop) angle o emergenee. de separacin (mh), front clllaranca. de sesgo, angle of skew. de varenga (en), reverse frame. de vista (fma), angle o view or of coverage. descendente (lev), angle of depression. desigual (est), angle with unequallegs. entrante, re-entrant angle. horario, hour angle. igual (est), angle with equallegs. incluso, included angle. -labial (A), lip angle (twist drill). lateral de caida (mh), side rake. paralctico, angular parallax, parallaetic angle. perifrico (fc)(V), detlection angla. recto, right angle. subtenso (lev), subtense angle. sujetador (est), clip angle. superior de inclinacin (mh), back-rake angle. tangencial (fe), detleetion angle. traneanil (en), stringer angle. trasero de caJda (mh), back rake. vertical (lev), vertical angle, angle o elevation, altitude or site angle. ingulos adyacentes, adj acent angles. alternos, alternate angles. - - de ensamblaje (est), connection angles. en cruz (est), starred angles. espalda con espalda, angles back to back. angulosidad /, angularity. anguloso, angular; sharp (sand). / anhidrico, anhydrous. anhdrido m, anhydride. anhidrita 1 (miner), anhydrite. anhidro, anhydrous. anidable, nestable. anidado, nested. aniego m, aniegue m (M), inundation, flooding. anilina 1, aniline. aniUa /, ringo aniUar, to form ringa or hoops. anillo m, ring, hoop, collar, rimo
_ 0_

24
-

nodo

abrazadera (mh), clamp ringo aceitador (lu), oil ringo anual (mad), growth ringo colector (elc), slip or collector ringo conector (carp), ring connector. de albura (mad), sap ringo del asiento (v), seat ringo de bolas tipo empuje (cojinete), thrnst ball race. de. cierre, lock ring (tire). de cierre hidrulico (bm), lantern ringo de crecimiento (mad), growth ringo de mbolo, piston or packing ringo de empaque, washer, packing or junk ring; (str) filling ringo de empuje, thrust collar. de engrase (lu), oil ringo - - de estancamiento (lu), seal ringo - - de estopas o de guarnicin, (eng) junk or packing ringo de frotamiento (mot), slip ringo de la garganta (turb), throat dng. de goteo (lu), drip ringo de grasa (lu), greasa ringo de guarapo (az), j nice ringo -_. de horquilla, clevis ringo de levas, cam ringo de lubricacin, oil ringo de prensaestopas, (eng) junk ringo -.- de remate (est) , cap ringo de resorte, snap ring (piston). de respaldo (sol), backing ringo de retenidas, (de) guy ringo de retculo (inst), cross-hair ringo de rodadura, bearing race, raceway. de rodete, turbine case. de salid.a (turb), discharge ringo de traviesas (turb)(U), speed ling. desgastable, wearing ringo distribuidor (turb), speed or stay ringo fiador, retainer (ball bearing). fraccionado (mad), false ringo guardapolvo, dust ringo limpiador de ateite (Iu), wiper ringo -llenador (est), filling ringo micromtrico, micrometer collar. , portabolas, cage of a ball bearing, hall raee. portante (turb), case ringo portapaletas (turb), guide-vane ringo -regulador (turb), gata or shifting ringo restregador (mbolo), scraper or wiper ringo rozante (mot), slip ringo . salpicador (ra), splash ringo segUidor (bid), follower ring (gate). sincronizador (auto), synchronizing ringo sujetador (mh), shell chuck. nima 1, (ea.b) center, core; web (drill); (meeh) bore. anin m. anion. aDisomtrico. anisometric. anisotr6pico, anistropo, anisotropic. andico (elc), anodic, anodat. anodizar, to anodize. nodo m (elc), a.node. acelerador (ra)(tv), accelerating anode. partido, split anode. . -

boda
retenedor, holding anode. anofeles, anopheles (mosquito). anofetino, anopheline. anotito m (elc), anolyte. anolJ)alia 1, anomaly (aH senses). anortitat (miner), anorthite (feldspar). atlottosita t (ge61), anorthosite. anotador 11/.il'ecoroer, note keeper. anotar, to take notes. anotrn (ra), anotron. antagonista, antagnico (mee), reactive, antag. onistic. antebahal (M), entrance to a bayo antecimara 1, (hyd) forebay; lobby, anteroom; (di) antechamber. de compresin (M), sir lock. antecedentes m, preliminary data. antecrisol m, forehearth. antedrsena t, entrance to a dock; first of a series of basins. antedique m, entrance to a dry doC!~. auteesclusa J, elltrnce toa. lock. anteesPot6n m, works to protect a mole or jetty. anteestudio m, preliminary study. antefQndo m, step protecting thc floor of a lock. antefornal1a t, front part of firebox. antegrada! (en), lower end of bunching ways~ antehogar m, front part of firebox. ante~ f (ra), antenna. .-:.,; A:dcock, Adcock antenna. -_aperidic,deadbeat 01' apcriodic antenna. - - artificial, artificial or dummy antenna. - - Beverage, Wave or Beverage antenna. - - binoD1ia, binomial array. - - cargada,loadedantenna. - - com.pensadora, balancing aeriaL - - de abanico, fan antenna. --- de atgolla, .lodp antenna. --. de capacitancia, condenser or capacitor antenna. --.-.. decapas, tier array. - - de cuadro, radio loop, loop antenna. - - de cuarto de onda, quarter-wave antO~~::':1. - - de doblete, doublet antenna.. _._. de fajas mlples, multband antenr..~. de haz (Es), heam antenna.. _._- de D-versin, antenna reflector. - - de jaula, cage antenna. _._;- de lazo, loop ar coil antenna. - - de media onda, half-wave antenna. --- demotinete, turnstile antenna. - - de onda, wave or Beverage antenna. - - de plena onda, full-wave antenna. - - de reflexin, antenna reflector. - - de techo plano, flat-top antenna. - - de toda onda, all-wava antenna. de vientre (Es), loop antenna. dipolo, dipo1e anterlna, (Sp) doublet antenna. - - direccional, antenna array, beam or directional antenna. - - direccional transD1isora, directive antenna. - - eD1isora, transmitting antenna. - - en V, folded-wira or V antenna. - - espina de pescado, fishbone antenna. falsa, artificial antenna.

25

anticongelador
- - fantasma, phantom or dummy antenna. ficticia (A), dummy antenna. - - giratoria, rotary-beam antenna. . - indicadora de direccin (ap) , direction finder. - - larga, long-wire or harmonc antenna. mltiple, multiple-tuned antenna. - - paraguas o sombrilla, umbrella antenna. - - rmbica, diamond antenna. - - sintonizada, tuned antenna. antenaS entngadas, stacked array. anteojo m, telescope (transit or level). - - astronmico o de imagen invertida o de ocular simple, astronomical telescope (inverted image). buscador (fma), telescopio finder. - - de ereccin o de imagen recta, erecting or terrestrial telescope. '-- de foco exterior, external-focusing telescope. de inversin (Es) ,ereeting telescope. de puntea (fma), sighting telescope. - - meridiano.meridian instrumento solar (lev) , solar telescope. anteojos de camino, goggles. antepagar, to prepay. antepas m, foreland. antepecho m, railin~;parapet: panel or apron or filler wall; spahdrel; (min) bench. antepozo m (A) (Es), pump pit for semiartesian weU. antepresa I (Es), u,pstream cofferdam. antepresupuesto m, preliminary estimate. anteproyecto m, preliminary designo antepuerto m, outer harbor, anchorage outside an artificial port. --. fluvial, protecti'Ve works above a. river port. antesolera f (bid), upstream hearth. antestudio m, preliminary study. antetecho m (eh), overhang o a roof, eaves. antetrn m, forecarriage. anteumbral m (hid), upstream sill. antiablandecedor,. nonsoftening. anticido, acid-resisting. antiaferrador, antiagarrador (maq), nonseizing. analabeo, nonwarping. antialcalino, antalkaline. antianofelino, antianopheline (mosquito). antiaraador, nonscoring~ anarcos (elc), nonarcing. antibiosis J (is). antibiosis. ancapacitivo (elc), anticapacitive. anticatatizador m (qum), anticatalyst. antictodo m (ra), anticathode, anode. antic1stico (mat), anticlastic. anticlinal m (geol), anticline; a anticlinaI. compuesto o mltiple. anticlinorium. - - interrumpido, arrested anticline. - - recostado, recumoont anticline. - - tumbado, overturned anticline. anticlinorio m (geol), anticlinorium. anticloro m (qum), antichlor. anticoagulante, anticoagulant. anticohesor m (ra), anticoherer. anticombustiblem, any fire-extinguishing chemi~ cal. anticondensaci6n, anticondensation. ancongelador m, deicer, anti-icer.

anticongelante
anticongelante, antreeze. anticontraccin, nonshrink. anticorrosivo, rust-resisting, anticorrosi'tre. noncorrosive. anticorto-circuito (elc), antishort. antichirrido, antisqueak. antiderrapante (M). nonskid. antideslizante (m) para correas. belt dressing. antideslumbrante (vi). antiglare. antidesvanecedor (ra). antifading. antidetonancia j (mg), antiknock value. antidetonante m, antiknock, antidetonant, fue! dope; a antiknock. antiebullicivo (cal), antipriming. antiecon6mieo, unprofitable. antiendurecedor, nonhardening. antiengrane (A), antiseize~ antiespuma (cal), antifoam, nonfoamng. antiesttico (ra), antistatic. antifase j (elc), antiphase, opposite phase. antifluctuaein (elc), antihunting. antifriccin, antifriction. antignico (lab), antigenic. antgeno m (lab), antigen. antigiratorio (cab), nonspinning. antigolpeteo (mg), antiknock.. antihalo (fma), antihalation. antiherrumbroso. rust-resisting. antihigroscpico (A), nonhygroscopic. moistureproof. antiinductivo (elc), anti-induction. anillarvario. larvae-destroying. antilogaritmo m, antilogarithm. antimagntico (A), nonmagnetic. antimalrico (C), antimalarial. antimicrofnico (ra), antimicrophonic. antimoniado, containing antimony. antimoniureted. antimonial. antimonial. antimoniato m, antimonate. antimnico a. antimony, antimonio. antimonffero, containing antimony. antimonio m, antimony. arsenical (miner), allemontite, arsenical antimony. - blanco (miner), valentinite, white antimony. gris (miner), stibnite, gray antimony. pirofrico, explosive antimony. rojo, red antimony; kermes mineral. antimonioso, antimonious. antimonita j (miner): antimonite, stibnite. antimonito m (qum), antimonite. antimoniuro m, antimonide. antincrustante m, boiler or antiscale compound; a preventing seale formation; (pt) antifouling. antinodo m (ra), antinode. de la corriente, current antinode or loop. antinormal. antinormal. antioxidante. antirust, rust-resisting, antioxidant. antipaldico. antimalaria. antiparalela f (mat), antiparallel. antiparalelo a, antiparallel. antiparsito (elc), antiparasitic. antiparras j, goggles. antipatinador m. antiskid device.

26

aparato

antiprico (C). fir~resisting. antirrajadura, antisplitting. antirrechinant~, antisqueak. antirresbalidizo, nonslip. nonskid. antirresonancia f (ra), antiresonance. antirresonante, (A) soundproof. antisalpieadura, nonsplash (funnel). antisptico, antiseptie; (pt) antifouling. antisifonaje, antisiphon. antisimtrico, antisymmetriea1. antissmico, earthquake-proof, antiseismic. antisonoro, soundproof. antisuero m (lab), antiserum. antitrmico, nonconducting o heat. antivaho (A), antiglare (idass). antizumbido (elc), antihum. antlerita j, antlerite, native copper sulphate. antorcha j, welding torch; plumber's torcho a soplete, blowtoreh. cortadora, cutting torcho - - de arco elctrico (sol) ,are torcho de guitarra o de pared. banjo or wall torcho - para camino, highway or road torch, fusee. soldadora, welding torcho antraceno m, anthraeene. antracHero (geol), anthraciferous. antracita j. anthracite or hard coal. antractico, anthracitic. antracitoso, anthracitous, containing anthraeite. anulador (m) de energia, stilling pool, sny device for dissipating the energy of falling water. anular a. annular. anunciador m (ele), annuneiator. anunciar, to advertise. anuncio m, announeement; advertisement. aojadaj (Col), skylight. apaciguador (m) desreo (sol), are pacifier. apagabrasas m (ioco), live-coal extinguisher. apagachispas m, spark extinguisher or arrestar. apagada al aire, air-slaked (lime). apagador m, queneher. extinguisher; slaker; (elec) (M) light switch. a espuma, foam fire extinguisher. de arco (elc), arc quencher. de cal. lime slaker. visible (M), surface switch. apagafuego, apagaincendios, apagallamas m, tire extinguisher. apagar, to extinguish, quench; to slake (lime); (elec) to switch off. apainelado, ellipticl (arch); (Colj paneled. apalancar, to pry. move with a lever. apaleadora J (C), power shovel. apalear, to shovel. apamate m, a Venezuelan lumber. apancle. apantle m (M), irrigation ditch; flume. apantallar (ra), ti> shield, screen. . apantanar, to flood, inundate. aparadura J (cn), garbel, plate o the garboard strake. aparar, to dress with an adz, to dub. aparatista (Es), instrument maker. aparato m, apparatus, device, fixture. de distribucin (elc), switchgear. de mando, control mechanism. de seguridad, safety device. -

aparato
............ de timoneo (en), steering gear. dibujador, drafting machine. _ restituidor (fma), restitution machine. _ rotulador (dib), lettering machine. _ tensor, take-up tackle,tightening device. aparatos sanitarios, plumbing fixtures. aparedar, to wall up. aparejador m, riggeri one who lays out the work; (lg) fitter, marker. aparejar, to rig to layout; (pt) to prime, size, fiIl; (mas) to bond; (lbr) to l'ough-dress. aparejo m, block and fall; ehain block; taekle, rigging; purehase; (pt) priming, sizing, filler; (mas) bond (mas) laying out; packsaddle. _.' a cadena, chain block. atesador o de compensacin, take-up taekle. ~. cruzado (lad), cross or Dutch bond. cudruple, four-part tackle. -.- de dibujo, drafting machine. de lantia, single whip. de maniobras (pet). draw works. - - de molinete, capstan pulley blocks (for linemen).

27

aportacin

de perforacin (pet). drilling rig. - d e retenida (en), vang purcha.se, guy tackle. ___ de sogas biseladas (1ad). clipped or seeret bond. -'.,-" de vlvula (mv) (M), valve geal'. ..,.,...,... diferencial, di~erential hoist, chain block. -.- espigado (1ad), herringbono bond. .... '.. '.. flamenco u holands (lad). Flemish bond. -'"' ingls (lad), English bond. -ingls y cruzado (1ad) , block-anl)l-cross or cross-and-English bond. ~ quntuplo, five-part lineo ........... tensor, take-up 01' tension taekle. apartadero m. (rr) siding; (rr) tUl'llout; (rd) wide place for passing; (canal) wide spot where boats may tie up. de paso, passing siding. turnout. -.'- muerto, dead-end siding. - - particular, private siding. apartaderos solapados (fe), lap sidings. apartado m, (min) ore separation (M) smelting; post-offiee box. apartador m, ore picker; smelter. apartamiento (m) meridiano, meridian distance. apartar, to sort, separate. classify; (rr) to sidetraek. apartarrayos m. lightning arrester. apatita (miner), apatite. fiuor, fluorapatite. apeadero m (fe), small station. apeador m, land surveyor. apEladura, surveying. apear, to feIl (trees); t ehoek (wheel); to survey; to shore, timber, brace (Col) t support; (M) t underpin. apelotonar, to frminto balls. apelmazar, t compresa. apeo m, a survey; timooring. shoring; eutting trees (M) underpinning. aperador m. wheelwright; foreman; (min) storekeeper. aperar, to repair wagons.

aperiodicidad , aperiodicity aperi6dico (elc), aperiodic. apernar, to bolt; to pino aperos m, tools, equipment. outfit. apertura J. aet of opening. apestaar (Es), t flange. apilador m (ef), deeker. apiladora J, staeker. portable elevator. apilar, to pile, stack. apilonar (C) (PR) (M), to pile, pile up, st'ack. apiadura J (ef), a jamo apiamiento (m) del espectro (elc) , spectrum crowding. apiar, apifiarse, to jam, cIog, stick, stall. apique m, mine shaft. apir m, laborer in a mine. apisonado m (V). roadbed. subgrade. apisonador m, rarnmer, tamper. de relleno, backfill tamper. , - de 'Vapor, steam roller. apisonadora J. tamper; roller. de neumticos, rubber-tire roller. de patitas de carnero, sheepafaot ar tarnping roller. niveladora (ca), tamping and leveling machine. apisonar, to tamp. compacto ramo apitn m, a Philippine lumber. apizarrado~ containing slate. apizarrar, to do slatework. aplanadera J. straightedge; mason's fioat; road drago aplanador m, roller; grader; (ba) flatter (mas) float. aplanadora J. roller; grader; masan's Hast; dresser. a vapor, ateam roller. - ' automotriz, motor roller. con pies de cabra O de pezua, sheepsfoot or tamping roller. mecnica (ee). power float. pata de cabra, sheepsfoot roller. aplanar, to level, grade; to smooth uP (mas) to float. aplantillar, to work to a template. aplastamiento m. collapsing crushing; (Pi) brooming; (cone) (Pe) (U) (A) slump. ~ aplastar, to fiatten; to crush, (Pi) broom; aplastarse, to collapse. aplayar (1'), to overflow. aplicador m (ea)(lab). applicator. aplicar, to place Stgainst, apply too aplita J (geol). aplite. aplobasalto m (geol), aplobasalt. apIogranito m. aplogranite. aplomar, to plumb; to coat with Iead; aplomarse, to collapse. aplomo m, verticality; plumb line; a plumb, vertical. apocromtico, apoehromatic (lens). apomecmetro m (lev). apomecometer. apopado (nut), down by the stern. aporiolita J (geol), aporhyolite. aporreador m (eh), sledge, maul, striking harnmer. aportacin J, (hyd) inflow. runoff; (w) weld metal used in one opcration.

aportadero aportadero m. anchorage in a port. aportar (nut), to arrive in port. aporte m (hid), runoff, inflow. aporticado (est) (A), rigidly framed (columna and connecting beam or truss). aportillar, to make an opening in; aportillarse, to collapse. apostadero m. naval station. , de hidroaviones. seaplane base. air harbor. apotema I (mat), apothem. apoyadero m, strut, shore, support. " apoyado libremente (viga). simply supported. apoyaherramienta m, tool resto apoyapi m (auto), footrest. apoyar. to support; apoyarse en, to ~but agamst, rest on. apoyo m,support, bearing, cradle. colgante, shaft hanger. de dilatacin, expansion bearing. de oscilacin (est), rocker bearing. de pasador, pin bearing. de rodillos (pte), roller or expansion bearing. apozarse (Col)(PR), to back up (water), to form pools. apreciacin l. appraisal, valuaton; estimate; (inst) smallest reading. appreciador m, appraiser. apreciar, to value. appraise; to estmate. aprecio m. appraisal. valuation. aprendiz, ;apprentice. aprendizaje m, apprenticeship. apresar (Es), to dam. aprestado m, dressing. aprestador m (pint), primer. aprestar, to make ready; (pt) to prime, size. apresto m, outfit. equipment; (Pt) priming. ,'-'- a soplete (pint), flame priming. para correas, belt dressing. apretado, tight, close; compacto apretador m, tightener. de corredera, zipper. de tuercas (eh). nut runner or setter. apretar, to tighten, to set (brake); (sh) to crowd; to erimp (blasting cap). apretatubo m. hosecock, pinchcock. apretn m (min), pressure. apretura 1, tightness; (top) gorge, narrows. aprietacable m (A), cable clip. aprietacadena m, chain tightener. aprietatuercas m, nut runner or setter. aprieto m, (min1 pressure; (machy) aeizing. aproche (Col), aproches (M) m, approach. apropiacin I (c), appropriation. aprovechamiento m, development, utilization, exploitation; reclamation. forestal, logging, lUIDbering. hidroelctrico, hydroelectric development. aprovisionamiento (m) de agua, water supply. aprovisionar, to furnish, supply. aproximacin 1, approximation; approach. aproximado a, approximate. apuntador m, timekeeper; note keeper, recorder. apuntadora I (mh), pointing tool. apuntalamiento m. shoring. tirobering, trench bracing; falsework. apuntalar, to ahore, brace, prop.

28

Arbol

apuntar, to take notes; to sketch; to point; (inst) to sight. apunte m, rough sketch; memorandum, note. apuntillado m (mm), wedging, shimming. apurar, to purify;"to finish; to hurry. aquastato m. Aquastat (trademark). aquebradizar, to embrittle. aquerita I (geol), akerite. arabana I (az), araban. arabinosa f (az), arabinose. arado ?n, plow. de caminos, road plow. de nieve, snowplow. desarraigador, rooting or rooter plow; grub hook. descargador (fe), train plow, ballast plow. mltiple, gang plow. quitanieve, snowplow. araguaney, araguato m, Venezuelan lumber trces. aralejo m, a West lndian hardwood. arancel m, tarifi. - aduanero, schedule of customs duties. - consular, list of consular fees. arandela 1, washer, gasket; burro abierta, slip washer, e or slotted washer. - acopada, cup washer. achaflanada o ahusada, bavel washer. cortada, cut washer. - . de aceite, oil retainer. de cabo, grommet. de cima do o de gola, ogee or cast-iron washr. - - de cojn, cushion washer. de empaque o de guarnicin, packing washer. de empuje, thrust washer. de grifo, bibb washer. de placa, plate washer. elbti" o de resorte, spring washer. espaciadora o separadora, spacing washer, separator. fiador o de seguridad, lock washer. - fijadora, check or lock washer. -lubricadora, oiling washer. nervada, ribbed cast-iron washer. partida, split washer. taza (A). cup washer. araa I (mec), spider. yoke. crowfoot. arai'i.ar, to score, scratch. arar, to plow. araucaria l. a South ,American pine. araz m, a South American hardwood. arbitracin 1, arbitration. arbitrador, rbitro m, arbitrator. arbitraje m. arbitration; arbitrage. arbitrar, to arbitrate. rbol m, tree; mast; (machy) shaft, axle; roandrel; (bldg) center post of a spiral stairway. acodado, crankshaft. balanceador (mg).(A). rocker-arm shaft. cardn, cardan ahaft. cigiiei'i.a1, crankshaft. compensador, compensating axle. de anclaje (ef), spar tree, head spar. del balancin, balance arbor. . de boca de pozo (pet), Christmas tree.

Aibol
de cabezal, head shaft. de camas (A), camshait. de cola (e), tail tree. de conexiones (pet), Christmas tree. de contramarcha, countershaft. de desembrague. clutch-shifter or elutehthrowout shaft. del diferencial (auto), live axle. de direccin (auto), steering shat. de distribucin, camshaft. de excntricas (C), camshaft. de impulsin, driving shaft. de levas, camshaft. de mando (auto) propener shaft. de reenvo (Es), countershaft, secondary shaft. - - de sierra, SRW mandrel - d e torsin, torque shaft. - - de transmisin, driving shaft, (auto) propeller shaft. gigantesco,'big tree, sequoia; redwood. gra (ef), spar tree, head epar or tree. motor. driving shaft or axle; crankshaft. ~ partido, split 8haft. propulsor, driving shaft, (auto) propener shat. arbolar, to plant trees; to set a masto arbo1l6n m, sewer, drain. arborizacin J, arborestacin J (M), forestation. arbotante m, semiarch supporting a vault, strut of a fiying buttress; outlookcr, hoisting beam. arcaj, box. de agua, cisterna -:.- de herramientas, toolbox. arcada J, arcade, seriea of arches. arcaduz m, conduitj eleyator bucket. arce m, maple. - - sacarino o de azcar, sugar maple. arcn m (Es), curb around a shaft or we11; riverbank. arcilla J, clay batida. puddled c1ay. cocida. burnt clay. de batn, fuller's earth. de cohesin o de liga (ms), bond clay. de filtro, filter clay. de ladrillero, brick c1ay. de pedernal, flint clay. de pudelaje (M), clay puddle. descoloradora, bleaehing clay. -endurecida (V), clay 8tone. --- esquistosa, ahale. ferruginosa, iron elay, clay ironstone. ---laminar (V), shale. refractaria, fire clay. refractaria apedernalada, flint elay. arcillar m, deposit o clay; v to spread clay; to mix with clay. arcillita J (V), clay stone. arcilloarenoso (geol), argilloarenaeeous. arcillocalcreo (geol), argilloealcareous. arcilloso, clayey, argillaeeous. arco m, arch; are; (elec) are. a regla, fiat arch. acarreador de tro:i;as (M), logging arch. -

29

rea

adintelado. flat arch. apainelado, elliptieal arch. articulado, hinged areh. birrotulado, two-hinged arch. capialzado, arch behind a lintel. carbnico (ele}(A), carbon are. carpanel, three-centcred or elliptical arch. --..- crucero. rib at intersection o groined arches. cubierto (sol), shielded are. de aligeramiento, relieving arch. de ngulo constante. constant-angle arch (dam). de asa de canasta (M), three--centered areh. ~ de centro pleno, semicircular or full-eentered areh. - - de cuatro centros, four-centered arch. de declinacin (inst), deelination are. de descarga, relieving arch. de dos articulaciones, two-hinged arch. de encuentro, groined archA de enjuto abierto, open-spandrel areh. de filete, fillet archA de la hlice (en), propeller arch, bridge picee, tuek plateo de llama (elc) , fiaming arco de medio punto, semicircular or full-centered archA - - de radio constante, constant-radius arch (dam). de sardinel, rowlock (brick}~areh. de segmento, segmental arch. de sierra, hacksaw frame. de tres articulaciones o de triple charnela o de triple rtula, three-hinged arch. de tres centros, three-centered areh. descubierto (sol), unshielded arco en esviaje, skew aroh. escarzano O rebajado, segmenta! aroh. forestal (te), logging areh. inverso (ra), arc-back, backfire. mltiple, multiple arch (dam). nervado, ribbed archA para troncos (te), logging arch. parlante (ra), speaking arco protegido (sol), shielded aro. rampante, rampant aroh. rectilneo, fiat areh. reticulado, framad areh. rotulado, hinged arch. sesgado. skew aroh. sonoro (ele), singing are. taquimtrico (inst), stadia. are. tricntrico o zarpanel, three-centered arch. trirrotulado, three-hinged arOO. - - vuelto, inverted archA arcn m, bin, bunker; caiason. carbonero, eoalbin. arcosa I (geol), arkose (sandstone). archivador m, filing oabinet. archivar, to file (documenta). archivero m (M), filing cabinet. archivos m, (oi) files. arder, to burn. rea 1, area; (meas) are. ~ alimentadora o colectora (hid), drainage or catehment area, watershed.

' .~ r
.t

Area

30

armadura

de calentamiento (ap), warming...up area. de captacin o drenaje (hid) , catchment


area, watershed..

de escurrimiento (bid) (Col), drainage area,

watershed. - - de inundacin, flooded area; fIood plain. de retenci6n (irr), check. - - de sobrerrec<Jrrido (ap), runover arca. de soporte (est) , bearing area. - - de sustentacin, bearing area. de viraje (ap), turn-around. exploradora (tv), scanning spot. - - vertiente (hid), watershed, drainage arca. reas extremas (ot), end arcas. arena 1, sand. - - acarreadiza, blow sand. - - corrediza, quicksand. - - cuarzosa, quartz sand. - - chancada, crusher sand. - - de aristas vivas, sharp sand. - - de cantera o de mina, pit sand. de conchas, shell sand. - - de duna, blow or dune sand. de escape (pet), thief sand. - - de fundicin, molding or foundry sand. - - de granos angulosos, shar:v sand. - - de mar o de playa, beach sand. - - de revocar, plastering sand. _.- de sffiee, silica sand. - - flida o movediza, quicksand. - - fluvial, river sand. - - gasffera, gas sand. - - gorda o gruesa, coarse sand. molida, rolled' or manufactured sand. - - normal, standard sand. oriental (A), sand froro Uruguay. - - petrolfera, oH sand. productiva (pet), pay or producing sand. - - recia, coarse sand. - - refractaria, fire or refraetory sand. rodada, buekshot sand. verde (fund), green sand. arenceo, sandy, arenaceous. arenador m, sander; sandhox; OQco) Band dome; (A) sandblast outfit. arenadora I (ca), sand spreader, sander. arenal m, deposit of sand, sand pit or bar; (M) sand dune. arenar, to sand. arenera I (M), sandblast outfit. areneo m, sanding, sandblastng. arenero m, sandbox; sand trap, settling basin; grit chamber; (loco) sand dome. arenilla J, fine sand, molding sand; grito arenillas (min) (M), tailmgs. arenisca /, sandstone. - - arc6sica, arkose. verde, greensand. arenisco, arenoso, sandy. areometra J, (chem) hydrometry, areometry. areomtrico, areometric. aremetro, hydrometer, areometer, (su) spindle. aretillo m, a Cuban hardwood. argaDara I (Es), grooving saw, croze. argamasa J, (mas) mortar. argamasar, to lay in mortar, to cemento

argamasn m t lump o mortar. rgana I (Es), derriek, crane. arganeo m, anchor ringo argnteo, argental; silver-plated. argntico, argentic. argentifero, containing silver, argentiferous, sil.. ver-bearing. argentino, argental, silvery. argentita J, argentite (silver ore). argentoso, argentous. argilolita f, clay stone. argilla 1, clay. argirita, argirosa J (miner), argyrite, argyrose, argentite. argiritrosa I (miner) argyrythrose, pyrargyrite. argo m (qum), argon. argolla J, ring; staple; shackle. arge m, windlass, eapstan. aridez 1, aridity. rido m, (cone) (rd) aggregate, road metal; a arid. - - fino, fine aggregate, sand. - - graduado, graded aggregate. ~- grueso, coarse aggregate. ariegita J (geol), ariegite (pyroxenite). arietazo m (hid), water harnmer. ariete m, ram; water hammer. - - a vapor, steam ramo - - hidrulico, hydraulic ram; water hammer. arigue m (ed)(F), post, stud. arista 1, edge; salien t angle; curb. - - cortante, cutting edge. cortante del fuste (herr), body-eutting edge. cortante de la punta (herr), point-cutting edge. - - de encuentro, groin, intersection o groined arches. - ... hidrogrfica (V), watershed divide. -_ . matada, beveled edge. - - metlica de defensa, curb bar; corner bead. - - viv;a, sharp edge; draft edge. aristero m (to) (A), hipo aristn m, line o intersection of groined arches; reinforeed corner. aritmtica J, arithmetie. aritmtico, arithmetica1. aritmmetro m, calculating machine. armada 1, erection, assembly; navy. armadia J, raft. armado, built-up, framed, assembled; reinforced; trussed. - - con pasadores, pin-connected. armador m, erector, framer; shipowner. - - de buques, shipfitter, shipbuilder;shipowner. - - de puentes, bridgeman, steel erector. armadura 1, erection, assembly; bent, frame.. work; truss; armature (magnet), keeper; mounting; (cone) reinforcement; (V) concrete forms; (elee) (C) armature. - - A, A frame. - - articulada, pin-connected truss. - - atiesadora, stiffening truss. Baltimore, Baltimore truss. - - Butr, Burr truss. - - comprimida (conc), compression reinforcementa contraquebranto (en), hog frame.
I

armadura

31

arrancador

- - cruzada (cone), two-way reinforcement. de compresi6n (mbolo), compression ringo de arco y cuerda, bowstring truss. de mbolo. pistan or packing ringo - - de freno, brake ringo - - de cubierta, roof truss. - - de guarnicin, packing ringo de dos pndolas, queen-post truss. - - de enrejado, lattice truss. de neumtico (auto), rimo - - de lnula, erescent truss. - - de pist6n, pistan ringo - - de malla (corrc), mat reinforcement; mesh de resorte. snap ring (pistan). reinforcemerrt. de ventilacin (auto), ventilated piston ringo de pasadores, pin-conneeied truss. - - dentado, ring gear. de pendoln, king-post truss. desmontable (auto), demountable rimo de rigidez, stiffening truss. - - empaquetador, packing ringo de segueta (C), hacksaw frame. portabolas o de rodillos, ball raeo (bearing), de surgeneia (pet) (V), Christmas tree. roller cago. - - de tablero inferior, through truss. rasca-aceite (auto) (A), scraper ringo -.- de tablero superior, deek truss. - - rascador, seraper ringo - - de tijera, seissors truss. regulador de aeite (auto), oil-control ringo - - de viga, trussing of a beam. arpeo m, cant hook grapnel. - - en abanico, fan truss. arpeos de pie, climbing irona, c1imbers. - - en arco, arch tl'USS. arpillera /, burlap, bagging. - - en espiral (cone), spiral reinforcement. arp6n m (pet), spear. - - en K, K truss. - - de circulacin y desprendiJniento,J"eleMing - - enana (V), pony truss. and circulting spear. - - Howe, Howe truss. - - de disparo. trip apear. - - Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania or Petit truss. - - desalojador, releasing spear. - - Petit, Petit truss. - - pescacable, rope spear. - - Pratt, Pratt truss. - - peseatubos. casing spear. - - rebajada, pony truss. - - pescavlvulas, valve spear. rechoncha (V), pony truss. arponado. pronged, ragged (baIt). - - selectiva, selective assembly. arqueador m, ship surveyor. _.- superior (A), through truss. . arquear. to arch; to survey a ship; arquearse (an), to hog. - - tejida (cone), mesh reinforcement. - - triangular, triangular oc Warren truss, Wararqueo m, arching; measurement o a vessel; tonnage o a vossel; (eom) audit; appraisal ren girder. of assets. - - volada, cantilever truss. - - Warren. Warren girder or truss, triangular - - bruto, gross tonnage. - - de registro, registered tonnage, tons register. truss. - - Warren de doble interseccin. double tri- - - neto, net tonnage. arquera /, series of arches, arcade. angular truss. arquitecto m, arehitect. Whipple, Whipple iruss, double-intersection - - naval, naval arehitect. Pratt trusa. _.- paisajista, landseape architect. armadura J, assembling shop. arquitect6nico. architectural. armaje m, erection, assembly; (A) framework. arquitectura j, architecture. armar, to assemble, erect, frame; to reinforce; to - - civil. architeeture. truss. hidrulica, hydraulic engineering. armario m, cabinet. - - militar. military engineering. - - de cortacircuito (ele), eutout box. - - naval. naval arehitecture. de dibujos, plan file. arquitectural (M) (Es), architecturaI. - - de herramientas, tool cabinet. arquitrabe m, architrave; (C) beamj (Col) lintel. armaz6n /, framework, skeleton, frame, ehassis; floor system of a bridge; (V) concrete reinarrabio m, pig iron; an ingot. arramblarse, to be covered with sand by a flood. forcement. arrancaalcayatas m (fe), spike puller. - - A, A framo. arrancaclavos m, c1aw bar, hail puller. - - contraladeo (est), sway frame. arrancada l. starting. de orugas, (er) traek frame, erawler frame. arrancador m, puller; grubber, ripper; (auto) - - de sustentacin, cribwork, cribo self-starter; (ele e) starting compensator; del timn (en), rudder hame. (pet) fishing too!. - - para serrucho (iJ..), hacksaw framo. - - a botn, push-button starter. para troncos (tc), loggillg arch. - - automtico, self-starter. armella j, eyebolt; staple. - - Bendix, Bendix drive. de resalto, shouluer eyebolt. de estator (elc) (A), field starter or controlarmnico m a (mat) (ele), harmonic. ler. aro m, hoop, ring; (auto) tire rimo - - de postes de cerco, fence-post puller. del aguil6n (gr), boom bando - - de rafees, grubber. - - de barril, barrel hoop. - - de rotor (A), armature starter. - - de base plana (auto), flat-base rimo - - de yerbajos, weed eradicator. de caja (auto), hollow rimo .

arrancador
~ por inercia. inertia. starter. arraneaengranajes m, gear puller. arraneaescarpias m (fe), spike bar. arraneapernos mi spike puller. arraBeapilotes m, pile puller or extractor. arrancar, to start; to pull, draw to root out; to spring (areh); (min) to mine, digo arrancarraces m (ec), rooter, ripper. arrancasondas m, drill extractor. arrancatablas m (ts), plank puller.. arraneatoc6n m, stump puller. arrancatubos m, pipe puller, tube extractor. arranque m, (maehy) starting; beginning, intake (canal); spring line (arch);. (rr) lcad; (rr) turnout; (min) breaking groWld; (min) mining, digging. domiciliario, serviee eonnectionto a maine - - en fro, (eng) cold starting. prictico o real (fe), praetieallead. te6rico (fe), theoreticallead. arrasador m (eh), leveling or finishing machine. arrasar, to level; (bldg) to wreck, demolish, raze. arrastradero m (ef), skidding or snaking trail. arrastradora (f) de troncos (ef), log hauler. arrastrar, to haul, move, pull, draw, drag; (hyd) to seour, wash out; (r) to carry in suspension; (hyd)(chem) to entrain; (lg) to skid. snake, twitch, yard. arrastratubos m, pipe puner. arrastre m, haulage, hauling, carrying, dragging; washout; drag mm; slope of an adit; (ro.) pulling; (ra) tracking. capUar, eapillary entrainment. de agua (cal), priming. de mbolo (auto), piston drago de fondo (r), bedload. arrastres. suspended matter in a stream, sUt. arrecife m, ridge of rock, ledge, ree; eauseway. barrera o de barra, barrier ree. costero, fringing reef. arreglador (m) de avedas (seg), average adjuster or surveyor. arremolinado m (r), eddy. arremolinarse, to eddy, swirl, form whirlpools. arrendador m, les80r. arrendamiento m, lcase. arrendar, to rent, lease. arrendatario m, lessee, leaseholder. arrestachispas m, spark eateher. arrestallamas m, flame arrester. arriada 1, fiood. arriar, to lower; to slack off; (cab) to pay out; arriarse, to be fiooded. arriba adv, above, overhead, upstairs. de la corriente, upstream. arricete m, reef of rocks. arrimadero m, berth at a dock; ferry slip. arrimadillo m, wainscot, dado. arrimaje m, lighterage; (Ph) loading platform. arrimar, to place against; (naut) to dock, berth. arrimo m, eurtain wall; party wall. arriostramiento m (est), bracing. contracimbreo o contraladeo. sway bracing. contraviento, wind bracing. de portal (pte), portal bracing. -

32
-

artefactos secundario o de contratensi6n (pte) , eoWlterbracing. ' arriostrar, to brace~ stay. , arroba 1, weight o 25 lb; measure varying from 3}1 to 434 galo arrojar (exe), to cast, dump; to waste. arrolladizo, rolling. arrollado en derivaei6n (ele), shunt-wound. arrollado en serie (e1c), series-wound. arrolladura J (mad), shake. arrollamiento m (elc), winding. anular, ring winding. compensador, compensating winding. - de arranque, starting winding. - de cuerdas, chord or short-pitch or lraotional-pitchwinding. . de lazo, lap winding. de marcha. running winding. de tambor, drum winding. diametral, full-piteh winding. - inducido, armature winding. - inductor, field winding. ondulado, wave or undulatory winling. regulador, regulating winding. arronar, to roll, wind, reel. arromar, to blunt, dull. arroyada f, channel of a small stream, gully, brook. arroyado, gullied. arroyo, brook, stream, creek; small valley, gully, draw; gutter. consecuente (geol), consequent stream. obsecuente (geol), obsequent stream. resecuente (geol). resequent stream. subsecuente (geol), subsequent stream. arroyuelo m, small brook or valley. arrufadura f (an), sheer. arrofo m (an), sheei; sagging. arruga f, eorrugation, wrinkle. arrugas de doblez (tub), bending creases. arrugado, eorrugated, fiuted. arrugamiento m (geol), small fold. arruma f (en), a hold, cargo compartment. arrumaje m, stowa.ge, stowing. arrumar, to stow. arrumbamiento. m, (BurV) (nav) bearing; (geol) strike. arrumbe, arrumbre m (Ch), ruste arrumbrarse (Ch), to rusto arsenal m, shipyard. doekyard; navyyard arsenal. .arseniato m, arsenate, arseniate. arsenical, arsenical. arsnico m a, arsenie. blanco, white arsenic, arsenic trioxide. - piritoso (miner), arsenical pyrites, arsenopyrite. rojo, red arsenic, realgar. arsenioso. arsenious. arsenito m, arsenite. arseniuro m, arsenide. arsenopirita (mineral de arsnico), arsenopyrite, arsenical pyrites. artefacto m, deviee, appliance, fixture. artefactos de alumbrado, lighting fixtures. artefactos sanitarios, plumbing fixtures.

,1

artesa
artesa/, trough. tray, launder, mortar tub; (Col) river hasin. de almacenamiento (Col), storaga basin or raservoir. de amortiguacin (hid) (Col), stilling pool. de criba, screen pan. _. de despumacin o de espumas (dac) ,skimming or scum trough. de lavado (pa), wash trough. ~ de rebose (az), save-all, catchalI. de salpicadura (Iu), splash trough. de va (fe), track pan. de volteo (mz), dumping chute. - - oscilante (min), cradle. artesano m. artesan, skilled workman, mechanic. - - de banco, bench worker, benchman. artesianismo m (Pe), condition o artesian water. artesiano, artesiano artesn m. tubo mortar box; panel; (min) washtrough. artesonado m, paneling, wainscoting. articulacin 1, joint, hinge, articulation, knee joint. _ . cardin, cardan joint. de cruceta (A), universal joint. esfrica o de rtula, ball-and-socket joint. giratoria, swivel joint. universal, universal joint. articulado, jointed, articulated. con pasadores, pin-connected. articular, to hinge, articulate. joint. rttce m, artisan, skilled workman; maker. artifi,cial, artificial. artificio m, device, appliance. artillero m (min) (Es), blaster, powderman. artisela l. rayon. as (m) de gua, howline knot. aSl 1, h~ndle. haft, baH; (M) thimb1e. - - de cubo, hail (bucket). Ilsbestiforme (miner), asbestiform. asbestina I (pint), Asbestine (trademarl~). asbestino, made of asbestos, asbestine. asbesto m, asbestos. acolchonado, (inl) asbestos bhnket. de corcho, mountain corle. en cartn, asbestos board. asbesto-cambray barnizado (ais) , asbestos-varnished cambric. ascensin recta, right ascension. ascenso m, :dse; promotion. - - muerto (an), dead rise. ascensor m, elevator. de acera, sidewalk elevator. de carga, freight elevator. de tambor, drum-ty-pe elevator. de traccin, traction-type elevator. loJ<1rulico, plunger elevator. ~ sin engranaje, gearless elevator. ascensorista m f, elcvator operator. ascua 1, anything incandescent or red-hoto asegurado m, the assured. asegurador m, fa"!tener, anchor; insurer. aseguradores contra incendios, fue underwriters. asegurar, to fasten; to insure. asentsble (hid), settleable. asentado m (auto) (AL running in.

33

asfalto

I
1

asentado de canto (mam), face-bedded. asentador m, stonemason; chiscl; (pet) settler. de chavetas, key-seating chisel. de vlvulas, valve grinder. asentamiento m, settlement; (cone) (A) (e) sIump. con vibracin (cone), vibratory slump. normal (conc), standard slump. asentar, (str) to set, seat; (act) to enter; (mas) to bed; (t) to hone; (machy)(A) to run in; asentarse, to settle. aseo (m) urbano, street cleaning. aserradero m, sawmill. a sierra sin fin, b::md millo mltiple, gang millo - para chapa, veneer mill. para durmientes, tie millo transportable, portable sawmill. aserradizo, fit to be sawcd into lumber. aserrado por cuartos, quartersawed. edge-grain. aserrado (m) ~simple, t.angent-sawing, plain-sawing, bastard-sawing. aserrador m, sawyel', sawmiU worker; (Ee) sawmillo aserradora f. power saw. de banda, band saw, band milI. de banda para repasar, band r~saw. de cantero, stone saw. en caliente, hot saw. en fro, cold saw. aserradura 1, sawing: a Baw cut. aserraduras, sawdust aserrar, to saw. a contrllhi19, to saw aeroas the grain. - al hilo o a lo largo, to ripsaw. metales, to hacksaw. aserrn m, sawdust. aserdo m (C)(M), sawmill. aserruchar, to saw. asesor m, consultant; (ins) adjustcr. de averas, average or insurance adjuster. legal, counsel. tcnico, technical ;.<1viser. asfaltador m, asphalt pavero asfaltaje m, asphalting. asfaltaT, to asphalt. asfalteno (M), asphaltene. asfltico, asphaltic. asfaltfero, containing asphalt. asfaltina 1, asphaltcne. asfaltita I (pet), asphaltite. asfalto m, aspha:lt. - adelgazado (M), aspbnlt cutback. artificial, artificial or oil asphalt. cortado. asphalt cutback. de alta penetracin (ca), high-penetration asphalt. de cura rpida, rapid-curing asphalt. de curado lento, slow-curing asphalt. de petrleo, petroleum asphalt. . de roca, rock asphalt. diluido, eutback asphalt. - fluxado (ca)(M), flux asphalt. insuflado, hlown asphalt. - lacustre, lake asphalt. mineral, rock asphalt. natural, native asphalt.

asfalto
plistico, asphalt putty. - ' rebajado (ca), flux asphalt, asphalt cutback. rebajado de curaci6n mediana. medium-curing cutback. refinado al aire, air-blown asphalt. refinado al vapor. steam-blown asphalt. renenado, filled asphalt, asphalt enamel. asidero m, handle. asiento m, (str) bea,ring, seat; (con e) slump; settlement (foundation) ; (hyd) settlement, settling; site; (aet) entry; (A)saddle of a lathe. del aguiln (gr), boom-seat cast~g. de los aguilones (en), boom or mast table. de cola (auto), rumble Beat. de deslizamiento (maq), sliding bearing. de expansin (pte), roller or expansion bearing. de montaje (est), ereetion aeat, de puente, bridge Beat. de recambio (v), renewable aeat. de zaga (auto), rumble aeat. -longitudinal (en), trim. mineral, mining regon. postizo (v), renewable seat, valva inserto asignaci6n j, salary; appropriaton. asimetra j, asymmetry. asimtrico. asymmetrical, unsymmetrical. asincr6nico, as{ncrono (elc), asynehronous. asincronismo m, asynchronism. asintonizar (fa), to detune. asntota j (mat), asymptote. asinttico, asymptotio. asismicidad j, aseismieity. assmico, aseismie. asistente, assistant, helper. asnado m, mine timber. asnas 1, rafters. asnilla 1, strut, shore; (bldg)(Sp) needle. asnillo m, carpenter's horse; shore. asociacin j, association, company, union. de fabricantes, manufacturers' association. obrera, labor union. patronal, employers' association. profesional obrera (eh), trade-union. asomo m (geol), outerop, inlier. asotonar, to dig a cellar. aspa J~ vane, wing, f1ight; (mx) blade; (min) intersection of two veins. aspas, X bracing. aspereza j, roughness; (cone) harshness. spero, rough; (cone) harsh. aspern m, grindstone; flagstone, stone slab; sandstone. de diamante, diamond wheel. asperonar (M), to grind (tools). asperosidad j (M), roughness. aspersor m, sprinkler. aspillera 1, opening in a wall. aspiracin J, suction, draft. de polvo, dust exhausto ~ macnica, forced draft. normal. natural draft. aspirador m, suetion pipe; draft tube; exhauster; aspirator. de aserrn, sawdust collector.

34

ataluda!

de polvo. vacuum c1eaner, dust exhauster. aspirar. to 8uck, draw in. asqustico (geol)., aschistic. astaj, pole; (t) handle, shank; (mas) header. de canto (la,d), bull header. - - de suspensores (ev), carrier horno - . muro de, wall 1 brick tbick. y media, muro de, walll~ bricks thiok. astaticidad 1, astatieism. asttico (ele), astatic. astatizar. to aBtatize. astial m (Es), side wall 01 a sewer; (min) side wall of a gal1ery. astil m, shank, handle; beam of a. seale. astiDa /, chip, splinter; spa1l. - - de cantera, quarry spall. de laminaci6n (met), spill, lapo muerta (an), dead rise. astillar, to splinter, (pi) broom; astillarse. to spall; to splinter, (pi) broom. astillero m, shipyard. doekyard, naval station; rack for pipe or bars. de torre (pet), finger board. astilloso, splintery, easily ehipped; (met) spilly. astrigalo m (arq), astragal. astronmico, astronomic, astronomical. asurcar. to furrow. atabe m (pb)(Es), c1eanout opening; vento atabladera 1, drag, road planer. atablar. to screed, smooth off. atacadera I (vol), bulling bar, tamping stick. --,de bloque, tamping block. de barro (min) (tn) , bull, clay iron, claying bar. atacador m, tamping stick or bar. atacamita j, atacamite (copper ore). atacar (vol), to tamp, ram, stem. atado m, a bundle. atador (m) de troncos (e), load binder, stretcher jack. atadora (J) de listones. 1ath binder. atadura 1, tie, fastening. atagua J, (hyd) co1ferdam; (mech) guides. celular, cellular (sheet-pile) cofferdam. de caj6n, open eaisson. de cofre, crib eofferdam. de encofrado y relleno. puddle-waIl cofferdame de tablestacado simple, single-wal1 sheet-pile co1ferdam. encajonada, box cofferdam, open caisson. metlica (M), co1ferdam of steel sheet piling. ataguiar, to eo1ferdam. atajadero m (hid), small gate; (irr) division gate; diversion dame atajadizo m, baflle wall. atajador m (mee), arrester. de golpe de ariete. water-hammer suppressor. atajar, to obstruct; to dike. atajo m, dike; (A) cofferdam; (M) cuto1f wall; trail, path; barriere atalajar, to haul; to couple; to harness, hitch up. atalaje m, harness; eoupling; hitching up. ataludadora I (ca), backsloper, sloper blade. ataludar. ataluzar, to slope; to batter.

atanor
atanor m, draintile. atapialar (Ec), to build mud walls. ataque m, tamping of powder; (Pe) breaking ground. ataques (min), deads, rubbish. atar, to tie, bind, lash. atarazana J,. shipyard. atarjea J, drainpipe, small culvert (M) sma11 sewer; (Pe) reservoir. domstica, house connection to a sewer. atarquinamiento m, silting up, covering with mudo atarquinarse, to silt up. atarrajar, to thread, tapo atarugar, to plug; to wedge. atascadero m, mudhole, bogo atascado (cab), foul. atascamiento Cm) de hielo, ice jamo atascar, to stop tiP, obstruct; (bl)(A) to tamp powder; atascarse, to stick, jam; to bog down; (eng) to staIl. atasco m, jamming, sticking. atauja J (AC), conduit, drain. ateje m, a hardwood of the West Indies. atejo m (Col), bundle. atemperador m (aa), attemperator. atemperar (aa), to temper; to condition. atenuacin! (ele), attenuation. atenuador m (elc). attenuator, pad; (ra) (A) fader. atrmico, athermic. aterrajado cnico, taper thread. aterrajar, to thread, tap; (fdy) to strickle. aterraje m (ap)(A), landing. aterrar, to fill with earth; to demolish aterrarse, to silt up. aterrizaje m ,Cap), landing. - - a ciegas, blind or instrument 1anding. - - a favor del viento, down-wind landing. - - aplastado, paneake 1anding. - - con velocidad crtica, atall landing. de precisi6n, spot or preeision landing accuracy landing. - - en tres puntos, three-point 1anding. planeado, glide landing. aterronarse, to become lumpy, to cake. atesador m, stiffener; take-up tackle. - - de correa, belt tightener. atesar, to tighten to stiffen. atibar, (min) to pack, fill up; (Col) to load, stow. atices m (min) (Col), lagging, Rpilling. atierre m, filling with earth; silting up; (min) slide of waste material. atierres (min), deads. atiesacadena m, chain tightener. atiesador m, stiffener-; take-up taek1e. de apoyo, (gi) bearing stiffener. de mamparo (en), bulkhead stiffener. extremo, (gi) end stiffener. atiesar, to tighten; to stiffen. atirantar, to guy, stay; to truss. atizador m, poker, slice or clinker or slash bar fue hook; stoker. atizar, to trim a tire. atizonar, to bond with headers; to embed in a wall.

35

augita

atmmetro m, atmometer. atmsfera J, atmosphere. tipo, standard atmosphere. atmosfrica J (ra) (M), static, atmospherics. atmosfrico, atmospheric. atoaje m, towing, towage; a tow. atoar, to tow. atolladero m, bog; (machy) pocket, dead end. atollar, atollarse, to stick, clog, jamo atmico, atomic. atomizador m, atomi:ller. de pintura, pamt sprayer. atomizar, to atomize. tomo m, atom. tomo-gramo, gram-atom. atorarse, to jam, stick. atornillador m, screwdriver. de empuje, automatic or spiral screwdriver. atornilladora (j) de tuercas, nut runner ar tightener. atornillar, to screw (C) to bolt atoro m, obstruction, jamo atracadero m, wharf, landing place, berth; {CUy slip. ,_ paralelo, marginal wharf. atracar (nut), to berth, dock, bring alongside. atrapador m, trap; (ra) catcher. de agua, steam trap. de mandbulas, alligator grabo de ondas (ra)(A), wave trap. de polvo, dust collector. atrapadora (j) de arena (pet), sand trap. atrapancleos m (pet), eDre cateher. atrapar, to trap. atraparripio m (pc~, junk catcher. atraque m, lnding place, wharf; mooring. atrasarse, (clec) to lag; (rr) to be late. atraso m (clc), lag. de imanacin, magnetic lag. histertico, hysteresis lag. atravesado m, (mas) (M) header, bondstone; a crosswise. atravesao m, header, cap, crosspiece (bdg) fioor beam; (e) crosstie. atravesar, to cross, pass through; to place croaswise; (tv) to traverse. atravieso m (top) (Ch), gap, pass. atrecho m (PR), trail, path. atril m (lab), rack. atronadura f (mad), check. audibilidad J (ra.), lLdibility. audible, audible. audfono m, headphone, earphone. audio a (ra), audio. audioamplificador m (ra) , audio or audiofrequency amplifier. audiofrecuencia J (ra), audiofrequency. audimetro m, audiometer. audin (ra), audion. audiooscilador m (ra), audio or audioCrequency oscillator. audioseal J (ra), audio signal. auditor m (M), auditor. auditora J (M), auditing. augita J (miner), augite, pyroxene.

augita augita-p6dido (geol), augitophyre, augite-por_ phyry. . aullido m (ra), howl. de borde, fringe howl. _ aumentador m, aumentadora 1, booster; increaser; augmenter; magnifier. de presin, pressure booster. - de velocidad, speed increaser. - de salto (hid), fall increaser. aureola I (geol), contact zone, aureole. auricular m (tel), earpiece-; a auralde mano (ra), hand receiver. auriculares (ra), he8.dphone. aurHero, gold-bearing. austemplado m (met), austempering. aU8tenital (met), austenite. austeD1tico, austenitic. austral, aouthem, austral. aus6 m (PR), a construction lumber. aU8uba 1, ausubo m (PR) (RD), a hardwood. autig'nieo (geol), authigenic. autoabridof, self-opening. autoactuador, self-acting. autoaeraci6n 1, self-aeration. autoafilador, self-sharpening. autoaguzador, self-sha.rpening. autoajustador, self-adjusting. autoalargador, self-Iengthening. autoalimentador, self~fe~g. autoalineamiento m, se~~~ent. autoamolador,self-sharpening,self-grinding. autoarraneador m, self-starter. autobajador, self-Iowering. autobasculante, self-tipping, self-dumping. autobias (ra), self-bias. -. autobomba 1, motor fue engine. autobote m, motorboat, powerboat. autob6s m, motorbus. de trole, trolley coach or bus. autocalafateador, sel-caIking. autoealibrador, sel-calibrating. autoeamIon m, motor truck, autotruck. autoeapacidad I (elc), self-capacitance. autoearenaje m, self-docking. autocargador, self-loading. autocarril m, automobile on a railroad track; (rr)(Ec) motorcar. autocart6grafo m (fma), autocartograph. autoeataltico (pet) , autocata1ytic. auto-el!lbadura I, self-priming. autocentrador, aoll-oentering. autocerrador, self..lock~g. autoc1istico (geol), autoclastio. autoclave 1, autoclave; retort. autocoagulacin l. self-coalescence. autocohesor m (ra), autocoherer. autoeolimaei6n I (fma), autocollimation. autocompensador, self-compensating. autocoriduccin I (elc), autoconduction. autocontrolado, self-excited (oscillator). autoeoJ1vertidor m (elc), autoconverter. aut6ctono (geol), autochthonous. autodepuraci6nl (r), self-purification. autodesplazable, self-moving. autodina I (ra), autodyne. autodinmico, autodynamic.

36

autopropulsor

autodinar (ra), to autodyne. autodino a (ra), atodyne. autoelevador, sel-raisin,;. autoencendido m, self-ignition. autoendurecedor. self-hardening. autoengrasador, self-lubricating. autoenrasillante (ed), self-furring. autoequllibrador (elc), sel-balancing. autoestable, independently st$ble, self-supporting. . autoestibante (nut), self-stowmg. autoestrada I (A)(M)(Es), automobile road. autoexcitacin I (elc) I self-excitation. autoferro m (U), au~mobile on a railroad track. autofiltradof, self-filtering (lens). autofocador, autofocusing, self-locusing. autofundente, self-fluxing. autogenerador, self-generative. autogentico, autogensico, (geol) autogenetic. autogeniz.ador m (sol), autogenizer. autgeno (sol), autogenous.. autogiro m (ap), autogiro, autogyro. autgrafo m (inst), autograph. autoheterodino (ra), autoheterodyne. autoignicin 1, self-ignition; spontaneous combustion. autoigualador, self-equaJizing. autoimpedancia f (eI6c), self-impedance. autoimpulsor m (aut) (Es), self-starter. autoindicador, self-indicating. autoinducei6nl (ele), self-induetion. autoinductancia I (elc), aelf-induotance, coeffi.cient o self-induction. autoinductivo, sel-inductive. autoinduetor m (elc), self-inductor. autoinflamacin 1, self-ignition apontaneous combustion. autolavador, self-scrubbing, self-washing. autoligador, self-bonding. autolimpiadof', aeli-cleaning. autolubricacin 1, self-oiling. autolubrieador a, self-oiling. automitico, automatic. automezclador m (conc), truck or transit mixer. automotor m, (rr) motorcar; (A) motor vehicle; a self-moying, automotive. automvil m, automobile. de plaza (A), taxicab. de va, automobile on a railroad track. automovario a, automotive, automobile. automultiplicador", self-energizing (brake). autonafta 1, motor epirit. a.utonivelador m (ca), motor grader. auto6mnibus m, motorbus. autooscilaci6n I (ra), seli-oscillation. autooscilador m (ra), self-oscillator. autooxidaci6n I (qum), autooxidation. autopatrol m (ca)(A)(V), motor patrol. autopatruBera I (ca), motor patrol. autopista I (A), automobile road. autopolarizaein I (ra) (A), sel-bias. autoportante (A), self-supporting. autopositivo (fma), Autopositive (trademark). autopotencial m (geof), self-potential. autoprensor m, clamahell bucket. autopropulsor, self-moving, automotive.

37
autoprotector, self-proteeting. autopuricacin J, self-purification. . utorrecocido m, self-annealing. autorrectificador (ra), self-rectifying. autorreduct()r, self-redueing. autorregadora J. street-sprinkling truck. autorregistrador, self.reeording. autorregulador, sel-regulating. autorroscante, self-tapping (scraw). autorrotativo, sel-rotating. autoselladort self-seling. autosifonaje m, self-siphoning. autosostenido, self-supported. autotanque m (Es), tank truck. autotcnica J, automotive engineering. autotcnico m, automotive engineer. autotrabador, sellocking. autotransformador m (ele) , autotraJl5former, balaneing eoil. autotransporte m, motor transporte autotrfrco (clac), autotrophic. autovehfculo m (A). motor vehicle. #utoventUador, sel-ventilating. autova J. automobile highway; m (A), gasolinedriven handear, autovolcante, sel-tipping, self-dumping. autozorra J (A), handear with power. auxiliar, 110 helper, assistant, auxiliary~ a auxiliary. auxiliares m (tub), speeials, fittings. l1valancha 1, avalanehe; (A) Bood. avaliz m (A), 'beacon. 4}':1l]orar, to appraise. rlVali.ULdor m, appraiser. avluar, to apprase; to avaluate. lIv414om, appraisal, valuation. avance m, (mech) feed, advance; (tun) heading; . (rr) lead, frog distance; (se) lead, lap; (elee) lead, piteh. a mano (mee), hand feed. - angular (elc), angular pitch. -,- con frente entero (tn), full-faee tunneling. ~.- de la admisi6n (mv), admission lead. ~ del encendido (mg), advancing the ignition. del escape (mv). exhaust or inside lead. de tase (elc), phase lead or displaeement. _.- de trabajo (fe), practicallead. por fricci6n (mh), frietion feed. por gravedad, gravity feed. prctico (fo), practicallead. teQrico (fe), theoreticallead. - y banco (tn), heading and bench. av~trn m, front truck of any pieea of rolling stock, forecarriage. . avanzada (J) de onda (elc), wlilove front. avanzador m, feeder. avanzar, to advance; (meeh) to feed; (tun) to drive. - l a chispa (auto), to advance the spark. avejigar, to blister. avellanado y cincelado (re), countersunk and chipped. avellanador m, eounterainking bit. avellanar, to countersink. avellano m (A). a softwaod. avenaIIento m, drainage, draining, subdranage.

zoe
avenar, to drain. avenida l. fiood; avenue. aventador m, blower, fan . de arena, sandblast outfit. averfa i, damage, breakdown; a damaged article, a second (ins) average. - - gruesa, general or grosl;\ average. - - particular o simple, common or particular average. averiar, to damaga. aviar, to equip, fit out; to finance, advance money too avi6n m, airplune. marino, seaplane, hydroplane, Bying boato terrestre, landplane. avos m, toals, equipment, outfit. avisador m, indicator; warning sign; alarm; (ra) (Sp) monitor. de bajo nivel (cal), alarm gaga. de incendio, tire alarmo aviso m, advertisement; notice; advice. de embarque, shipping notice. avivador m (Es), rabbeting plane; molding planeo axial, axil, axial. ixico (Es), axial. axinita f (miner), axinite. axonomtrico (dib), axonometrio. ayacahuite m, a Mexican pine. ayudante, helper, assistant. ayuf m. an Argentine wood (semihard). ayunque m (M), anvil. ayustadera f, marlinespike. ayustador m, splicer. ayustadora i. cable-splicing rige ayustar (Cab), to splice. ayuste m, splice. corto, short or tuck splica. de cuatro inserciones, four-tuck aplica. de maderero, loggng aplice. . de ojal, eye or loop ar thimble splica. -largo, long or endlesa splice. azadaJ, spade hoa; (C) adz. para cunetas, drain spade. para hoyos, post spade. para zanjas,ditch spade. azadn m, (t) h~e, grub hoe, spud; (ce) trench hoe, backdigger. de pala, scuffie or weeding hoe. mecnico (ec), treneh hoe, baekdigger. para arcilla, pneumatic clay spacle. azadonar, azadonear, to spade. azafrn m (en), rudder frame. azanca f (mn) (Es), subterranean spring. azarbe m, irrigation diteh (return). azarbeta 1, subsidiary irrigation ditch. azarcn m, red lead. azimut m, azimuth. asumido, assumed azimuth. de cuadrcula (fma), grid azimuth. terrestre (fma), ground azimuth. verdadero, true azimuth. azimutal, azimuthal. azoato m, nitrate. azocalar (eh), to build (a wa.ll) with heavy base or water tableo zoe m, nitl'ogen.

azogar
azogar, to slake (lime). azogue m, quicksilver, mercW'Y; (M) silver ore. azoguera 1, amalgamation works. azoico, (geol) azoic; (chem) nitric. azoladora I (fe), adzing maehine. azolar, to adz; to dub. azolvarse, to silt up; to become obstructed. azolve m, silt. azolvos m, silt; obstructions. azotea 1, roo, fiat roof, (bldg) tenace. aztico, nitric. azcar m l. Bugar. amarilla, brown sugar. aprovechable, available sugar. blanco, white or refined sugar. concreto, concrete sugar. crudo, raw sugar. de alta polarizacin, high-test sugar. d cafia, cane sugar. de centrfuga, eentrifugal sugar. invertido, invert sugar. mascabada o morena o terciada, brown sugar. reductor, reducing or invert sugar. refino, refined or white sugar. turbinado (e), eentrifugal sugar. azucarero m, sugar-milI worker, sugarhouse for~ man; sugar technologist. azuchar, to shoe piles. azuche pile shoe. azud 1, diversion dam, weir. de encofrado, erib dam. para peces. fish weir. azuela 1, adz. curva, spout adz. de cotillo completo, full-head adz. de espiga o de ribera, spur-head or ship earpenter'a adz. de medio cotillo, half-head adz. ferrocarrilera. railroad adz. azufre m, sulphur. azufroso, sulphurous. azul m a, blue. de bromoc1orofenol (lab), bromochlorophenol blue. de bromofenol (lab), bromophenol blue. de bromotimol (dae), bromothymol blue. de metileno (dac), methylene blue. de Prusia (dib), Prussian blue. de timol (dac), thymol blue. azulado por recoccin, blue-annealed. azulejar, to set glazed wall tiles. azulejeda J, glazed tilingo azulejero m, tilemaker; tile setter (wall). azulejo m, glazed tile; (A) wall tile. antisonoro, acoustical tile. azumagarse, (Ch) to rust; (lbr)(Ec) to decay. azuritaJ, azurite, blue eopper ore, blue malachite. azutero m, custodian o a diversion dam or irrigation intake.

38

balance

m,

babazas J, slime (w< dr mains). babeta J (to)(A), fiashing. babor m (nut), port, larb('ud. bacilar, bacillary.

bacilo m, bacillus. coli, colon bacillus, Bacillu8 eoli. bacteriano, bacterial. bacterias J, bacteria. autotr6ficas, autotrophie bacteria. coliformes, coliform bacteria. nitrificantes, nitrifying bacteria. bactericida J, bactericide. bacterifago m (is), baeteriophage. bacteriologa J, bacteriology. bacterilogo m, bacteriologist. bacteriosU.tico, bacteriostatic. b&culo m (M), transit rod, range poleo bachadora I (M), road-patching machine. bache m, rut; mudhole; pothole; (C) sump. bacheado (m) en fdo (ca), eold pateh. bachear, to patch a road. bacheo m (ca), patching, filling ruts. badn m, gutter; gully; (A) paved ford. badilejo m, bricklayer's trowe1. bagacillo m (az), trash, fine-cut bagasse. bagazo m, bagasse; (min) mud from drill hole. bahareque m, wall o cane plastered with mud and chopped straw. bahiaJ, bay, harbor. bahorrina J (dac) (M), sludge. bailar (auto) (A), to shimmy. bailoteo m (auto), shimmy. baja J, fall, drop; discharge (employee). definicin (tv), low definition. ~ frecuencia, low frequeney. -ley, low grade (ore). bajada J, descent, slope, downgrade; downspout; (p) riser; (min) ladderway. de antena (ra), leadin, down-Iead. - - de inmundicias (pb), waste stack; soil stack. - - pluvial . (ed), leader, downspout. bajamar J, low tide (sometimes used to mean ebb). miis baja, lowest low tide. - - media, mean low tide. media mlis baja, mean lower low water. bajante m. low water; leader, downspout; (p) stack; standpipe. de aguas de lluvia, leader, downspout. de aguas negras, aoil stack. de aguas servidas, waste stack. de ventilacin, vent stack. bajar, to lower; to deseend; to drop, fallo bajareque, see bahareque. bajial m, low ground subject to overflowing. bajo m, sand bar, shoal; lowland. bajo m, sand bar, shoal; (min)(M) footwal1, floor; a low; adv below; pr under. calor de endurecimiento (ct), low heat of hardening. octanaje, de, low-octane (rating). bajos m, ground floor. bajomando m (auto), underdrive. bajura I (PR), lowland. bakelita J, bakelite. bala J, ball; bale. balance m, balance; (aet) balance sheet. calrico, heat balance. de comprobacin (cont), trial balance. del oxigeno (dac). oxygen balance.

balance
de la sacarosa (az), sucrose balance. de saldos (cont), trial balance. balanceador (m) armnico (auto), harmonc balancer. balancear, (mech) (elec) (act) to balanco; balancearse, to rock, roIl, wobble. balanceo m, balancing; oscillation, rocking, swinging; (naut) rolling. balancn m, working beam, balance beam; bascule; handle; rockcr arm; beam o a scale; whifHetree; spreader; pump jack; (A) swinging scaffold; CA) eccentric-arbor press. , - - compensador, equalizing beam. de bomba, pump brake. - - del freno, brake beam. de tiempo (mg) (A), timing lever. - - tiracable (pet), spudder armo balancines de la brjula (en), gimbaIs. balancinero m (A), operator of an eccentriearbor press. balandra j, smaIl sailing vessel; (A) seow. balanza j, scale, balance; Cmin) blind shat. analtica (lab), anal'ytical balance. de humedad (ms), moisture scale. - - de induccin (elc), induction balance. de plataforma, platform scale. --_de precisin, analytical balance. de resorte o de tensin, spring balance. de torsin, torsion balance. balanza-balde m, weigbing bucket. balanza-tolva j, weigh hopper. balao m, a Philippine lumber. balastaje m, ballasting. balastar. to ballast. balastera j, baIlast pito balasto m, ballast; road metal; (U) conglomer;1te used for road building. balastrar (M), to ballast. balata j, balata (also used for various gum-yielding trees and sometimes used to mean rubber); (V) a hardwood; (M) brake lining. balate m, terrace; border of a trench. balaustrada j, balustrade. balastre m, baluster; (Ec) bricklayer's trowe1. balcn m. balcony; (M)(Pe) sidehill cut; (Ch) car platform; (pet) derrick platorm. balconcillo m (pet), monkey board, derrick platformo balconeda j, balcony construction; balcony material. balconero m (M), erector 01 iron balconies. baldada J, bucketful. balde m, bucket, paila arrastrador (A), drag scraper. - - basculante. dump or contractor's bucket. cargador (mz) (A), skip loader. de arrastre, draglin bucket; drag scraper. - - de ascensor CB), elevator bucket. - - de extraccin, mine bucket. - - de hormign (A), concrete bucket. - - de maniobra (ec), rebandling bucket. de pozo (exc), shaft bucket. de transportadora (A), conveyor bucket. excavador (A), digging bucket.

39
-

banco

grampa (A). clamshell or grab bueket. voleador o de volteo, dump or contractor's bucket. . baldeadora j, fiusher. baldear, to bail out; to wash, flush. baldeo m, bailing; washing. flushing. baldo m, uncultivated land; public land. baldosa j, fioor tile, paving tile. de techar (A), roof tile. de vidriado mate, matt-glazed or dull-glazed tile. gres, clay floor tile. baldosado m, tile paving. baldosar, to lay floor tiles. baldosn m, floor tile. de ladrillo (Col), a brick 20 x 20 x 4 em. balero m (M), ball bearing. de rodillos, roller bearing. balicero m (1ov)(M), rddman. balinero m, ball race; ball hearing. balines m, smal1 balls (bearing); shot. balita j (F), measureof about 0.69 acre. balizaj, bUOYi SUl""cy pole; marker, beacon. a farola CA), light bcacon. de acercamiento (ap), approach beacon. delimitadora (ap), boundary markef. fija. beacon, range marker. -luminosa, gas buoy; light beacon. balizador m. buoy tender. balizaje m, buoying; ;ystem of beacona; bcaconage. balizar, to buoy;to mo.rk with beacons. baln m, (1ab) baUoon; bo.lloon tire. balsa j, pool, porid; raft; balsa, corkwood; (A) ferryboat; (V) flatboat (min) hanging scaffold used in shaft timbering. de clallmcacin (ef), sorting jack. salvavidas,life raft. balsada j, raft .load, boatload. balsadJra j, ferry. balsaje m, rafting; ferrying. blsamo m (Es)(V), (lbr) balsam. - - del Canad. Canada balsam. balsear, t raft;to ferry. balseo m,rafting; (eh) ferry. balser9 m, ferryman. balsn m (M), backwater. pool. ballesta j, laihillated spring. de arco o de media pinza. semielliptical spring. de cayado, three-Quarter elliptical spring. doble, elliptical spring. bambolear, to sway, wobble, (auto) shimmy. bamboleo m, sway, swinging. wobbling, (auto) shimmy. bamb m, bamboo. banca j, bench; banking; brokerage. bancada J, bench; (machy) bedframe, solepiece. bed (lathe); (lllachy) (A) bearing; (min) stope. bancal m, berm, bench, terrace sandbank. bancarrota j. bankruptcy. bancaza j, bedplate; heavy bench. del torno, lathe hed. banco m, (fin) bank; (geol) stratum; (carp) bench; (cons) (M) bent; (r) sand bar; leve! litround.

'1

banco
-

40

barco

banquear. to level; to beneh; (Col)(V) to excaaserradbr. saw tableo vate (pmy) to bank (airplane). barrera. barrier beach. banqueo m, leveling, gi-ading, benching a bench; de arena. sandbank, sand bar. (pmy) banking (Col) (V) excayation. de balasto (fe), ba11ast pito de prstamo (ot)(V), borrow pito del camino (Ee), roadbed. banqueta " berm sidewa1k:; haunch, shoulder of de coral. coral reel. a road; banquette. de cota :fija (leY), bench mark. banquilla (f) de aserrar (M), sawbuck. de desperdicio (ot)(M). spoil bank. banquillo m (to), cricket, cant, saddle. de doblar (ref). hendng table, Cabrieating banquina 1, berm, shoulder; (A) wall Cooting. beneh. banquisa! (A), pack ice. de emisi6n. bank of issue. banquito m (A), rail clip. de estirar.drawbeneh. baadera!. bathtub. bailado m (A) (U), marsh, wet land. de grava, gravel bank. de hi~lo. ice floe. . de asfalto, asphalt-dipped, asphalt-coated. de interruptores (ele) (PR), switchyard. de cinc, zinc-coated. en caliente, hot-dipped. de liquidacin. elea.rinihouse. en estao, tin-dipped. de nivel (ley), beneh mark. baar (pint), to clip. - de pmebas, test stand, testing ~nch. baera!, bathtub. - de sierra, saw tableo bailo m, bath; bathtub; batbroom; coating de soldar, welding slab or tableo (paint, etc.). de taller o de trabajo, workbench. congelador, freezing bath. hipotecario. mortgage bank. banda /, belt, band; (CA) window sash; iron - - de aceite, oil bath. tire; (M) belt course; side of Do ship; (cr) de ducha o de lluvia o de regadera. shower bath. . track. de inversin (fma), reversing bath. cruzada, crossed belt. de cadena (M), chain belt. endurecedor (fma), hardening bath. - - de cuero. leather belt. fij~dor (fma), fixing bath. del embrague, eluteh bando Mrla (1ab), water bath, double boller. de esteras o de O1'11ga, crawler belt. para tubos, pipe dip. de freno, brake bando bao m Can), beam, cross timber, deck beam. de guardia (ra), guard bando de bodega, hold beam. de hule, rubber belt. de horquilla, fork beam. de do, riyerbank. del peto de popa. transom beam .' de rodamiento. tread band (tire); (er) track. maestro, midship or main beam. de sintonizaci6n (ra), tuning bando ' sesgado, cant bea.m. de transmisi6n, driving or transmission belt~ baos de los raceles, panting beams. de transmisin libre (ra), pass or filterbaquelita!, bakelite. transmission bando baquelizar. to bakelize. del ventilador (auto), fm belt. baqueta! (vol)(Es). tamping stick. - eslabonada (M), endless belt. bara " bar (unit of pressure). -lateral inferior (ra), lower side bando baranda /, barandado m, barandaje m, barandal -lateral superior (ra), upper side bando m, railing, handrail,balustrade, banister. maciza (Es), solid tire. barandilla!, railing; aideboard oC a wagon; (PR) - portadora (elc), carrier bando stake of a flat truck. transportadora, belt eonveyor. de resguardo, highway guardraiL - V . V belt. barba (f) de taladro. burr (ateel), fin. bandaje m, tire (rubber or iron) ; rimo barbacana !, narrow opening in a wall: weep hole; (hyd) (A) gate opening. del inducido (elc), armature bando - macizo, solid tire. barbeta 1, lashing; (cab) seizing, serving (naut) bandarria, see mandarria. gasket, stop. bandeador m (e), tap wrench. barbetar (cab), to serve, seize. bandear, to sway. weave, oseillate; (Ch) to pe!'- barbilla! (carp), beveled end of a timber for framing; tenon. forate. bandeja /, tray. barbotaje m, barboteo m (iu). splash. - cogegotas. drip pan. barca!, boat, barge. de burbujeo (pet), bubble tray. carbonera, ooal barge. de resudacin (pet), sweating pan. chata, flatboat, scoW. bandeo m. sway, weaving. de grtia. derr,ick barge. bandera f. (rr) (surv) flag. tanque, tank'barge. banderero m (M), flagman. bareada!, bargeload, boatIoad. bandern m, signal flag. barcaza " lighter, barge, flatboat. banderola /, (rr) switch target (bldg) (A) tran- alijadora, lighter. som; (surv) flag. - - perforadora, drilling barge. - a balancfn (A), pivoted transom. barco m, vessel, boat, barge.

barco
_ costero o de cabotaje, coasting vessel. de carga, cargo boat, freighter. de transbordo, ferryboat. - - petrolero, oil tanker. barco-puerta l. cRisson of a graving dock, caisson gate. baricntrico, harycentrie. baricentro m, baryeenter. bario m (qum), barium. barita /, baryta. baritel m, windlass. baritina / (miner). barite, barytes, barytine. barjuleta 1, tool bago ba.dovento m. windward. barniz m. varnish. aislador, eleetrio or insulating varnish. al aceite o al leo, oil varnish. - - craso o graso, oil varnish. de alcohol, spirit varnish. de alt aceite, long-oil vnrnish. de aparejo o de apresto, sizing. de bajo aceite, short-oil varnish. de inmersi6n, dipping varnish. de intemperie, spar varnish. - - de laca, shellac. de rociar, spraying varnish. exterior o marino, spar or exterior varnish. japons, japan drier; japan varnish. ~.- mate, fiat varnish. .......-para secado al horno, haldng varnish. secante, drier. barnizador m, varnisher. barnizar, to varnish. barodinmica 1, barodynamics. barodinmico, barodynamie. bar6grafo m,barograph, recording baroweter. barograma m, barogram. baromtrico, barometric. bl\tD1etto m, barometer. altimtrico, aItitude barometer. _._. aJ1eroide, aneroid barometer. - - de mercurio, mercurial barometer. registrador, reeording barometer. barometrgrafo m. barometrograph, barograph. batoscopio m. baroseope. baroterm6grafo m, barothermograph. haroterm6metro m, barothermograph. barquear, to transport by boato to ferry. PQ,Uel'O m, boatman, ferryman, lighterman. barClu1n m, bellows. bartar, bar, rod; sand ba.r. _._. alimentadora, feed rod. angular (fe), angle bar, splice br. _.- arrugada (ref), corrugated bar. atiesadora (est), sag rod. -'_. cabecero (ref), header bar. colectora (ele), bus bar. -'- colectora de compensaCi6n, equalizer bus. - - ct>lectora de control, control bus. .colectora para fallas, fault bus. - - colisa (rnh)(A), swivel bar. - - COD1rcial, rnerchant bar. - - cotrtl.gada (ref), eorrugated bar. --. cuadrada giratoria (pet). griel stem, kelly. ~ ~uadtada torcida (rel), square twisted bar.

41
-

barra
cuelIo-de-ganso (herr). gooseneck bar, wrecking bar. de alinear (fe). lining bar. de arco (met), .areh bar. de argolla (cst), eyebar, loop rodA de arge, eapstan bar. de asiento (compuerta), seat bar. de atalaje, drawbar. de brida (fe), splice bar, angle bar, fishplate. de celosia (est). lattiee bar; web member. de conerjn, (eng) conneeting rod, pitman; (elee) eonneetion bar. de contritensin (pte~, eounterbraee, eounterdiagonal. de corredera, (se) valve stern. de corto cireuito (e16e), shorting bar. --1. de cremallera, rack bar. . de eua (met) , wedge bar. de chucho (fe), bridle 01' switch 01' head rod. de distribucin (ele)(C), bus bar. de emergencia (ft), panie bar. de emparrillado (cal), grato bar. de empedrad~r,pavingbar. de enclavamj~nto (fe), detector bar. de enganche, drawbar. de enrejado (est) , lattice bar. de entibar, (re),~olly bar. de esta.ncamiento (~ompuerta). seal bar. de guarnicin, urb bar; corner bead. del inducido (el?). l:l,fmature bar. de mina (min) ,hAA(1drill. de ojo (est), eyehal,". . de orejas (reO, lug'bar. de parachoques (auto) . buffer bar. de parrilla (e{l;l). grate bar; clinker bar. de percusi6~(pet),~inker bar. de recalcar,wage bar (saw). de remc.>lque, towingbar. de ro, shoal, bar. de rosca, threaded fl;Jd. de suspensin, hanger. de taras (b~eula), tarc.bar. del tejido (V), (tu) web member. de tiro o de traccin, drawbar. de torsin (auto), torque armo de" trabazn o le unin (rei) , bond hat' dowel. de ua, elaw bar, nail puller. de ventana, muntin. window bar. deformada (reiJ. deformed bar desviadora (fe), defleeting bar. - - en U (met). U bar. - 1 (met), I bar. imanada, bar magneto indicadora (fo), detector bar. -lisa (ref), plain 01' smooth bar. mnibus (elc), bUs bar. para encintado, eurb bar. patr6n, test bar. perforadora (pot), sinker bar. plana acanalada, channel flato plana. bruida, ground, flato plana con cantos de fleje, band..edge flat punta-de-cua, wcdgl:l-point erowbar. punta-de-espoln, pinch-point crowbar. pu~z6n (vol), punch blU".

1
{

barra
radial (auto), radiua rod. rodadora (ca), spray bar. - . sacaclavos, stripping bar I nail puller;wrecking or claw bar. subtensa (lev), subtensa bar. - T, T bar, T iron. taladradora, boring bar. tirante, tie rod. - torneada (met), turned bar. tractora (fe) (mh), drawbar. -trancanil (en), stringer bar. trazadora (planmetro), tracing armo tumbadora (fe), tumbling todo - V , V bar. - Z , Z bar. barras de armadura, reinforcing bara. de barreno, drill stee!. de deslizamiento, guides (gate). de enlace (est)(C), lacing bara. de yunque (az) , anvil bars. espaciadoras (reO, spacing bars. portavstago (pet), carrier bars. repartidoras (reO. distributing bars, spacing bars. barraca j, barrack, bunkhouse; watehouse, shcd. de hierro (Ch), hardware $tore. de maderas (Ch). lumber ahed, lumberyard. barracn m, barraeks. barraganete m (en), bulwark stay. barraje m, dike, barragc, diversion dam. banales m (Ch), sideboards of a wagon. barramina I (Ee), drill. barranca 1, cliff, bluff; gorge, ravine; (A) river bank; (A) (U) downgrade. abajo (A), downgrade, downhill. de falla, fault scarp. - de falla con erosin. fault-line acarp. barranco m, precipice, eliff; gorge. banancn, m, gorge, canyon. barrancoso (top), broken, rough. barranquilla I (M), gully. barraquero m (A), warehouseman. barreal m, elay pito barredera I (ot)(Ec), drag scraper. barredor m, sweeper (man). de locomotora, pilot, cowcatchcr. barredora I (maq), sweeper. de goma, squeegee. de tractor (ca),,,traetor sw~epcr. elctrica (M), vacuum cleanor. patrulladora (ca), patrol swceper. remolcada, drawn Toad broom. barrena 1, drill, auger, gimlet, drill bit; crowbar. adamantina (M),.adamantine drill. batidora, churn drill. cola de pescado, fishtail bit. cortancleo, care bit. de arrastre (pct), drag bit. de cable,.sable or well or churn drill. de canale. recta, pod Ruger or bit. de canteador, stoneeutter's or plug drill. -'- de caracol, twist drill, auger bit. de cateo, earth borer. de cesto (pet), basket bit. de cincel, chisal bit.

42

barrenos
de columna, column drill. de corchos (lab), eork borer. de cruz, star bitor drill. de cuatro alas (pet), four-wing bit. de diamantes, diamond drill. de discos (pet), disk bit. de filo en cruz, star drill. de friccin (pet), drag bit. - - de gua, center bit. - - de gusano, worm auger. - - de limpieza (sx), cleanout auger. - - de mano, hand drill. jumper. - - de ojo, ring Ruger. de pecho, breast auger. de perforacin desviada (pet) , directional bit. de rodillos (pet), roller bit. de tierra, earth augar. posthole digger, well or soil Ruger. espiral, twist drill, Ruger bit. iniciadora (pet), spudding bit. para berbiqu, brace bit. para cabillas, dowel bit. para hoyo de poste, posthole Ruger. para macho, tap drill. para mortajas, slotting Ruger. para pozos. well drill. picadora (sx), chopping bit. piloto, pilot drill or bit. principiadora (pet), spudding bit. rompepavimento, pavement breakor, bull point. sacancleos o sacatestigos, coro drill. salomnica, twist drill scrcw Bugar. tubular, core drill; calyx drill. barrenas, drill stee1. barrenador m, drill!1ffiller; Ruger, drilI. barrenadora 1, drill. de arcilla, pneumatic clay spade. barrenar, to drill; to blast; barrenarse (tn) (M), to hole through, connect up. barrendera I (maq), sweeper. barrendero m, sweeper (man). barrenero m. drilI runner. barrenillo m, boring insecto de caa, cane borer. de muelles, wharf borer. barrenista m, drill runner. barrenita (f) de mano, gimlct. barreno m, drill; drill hole. borehole; (Col) drilled well. .) cebado (vol)(M), missed hale. de alivio (min), block holco de enlechado, grout holeo de voladura, blasting holco fallido (vol)(M), missed holeo barrenos de alivio (tn), relief holes. de corte (tn)(M), cut holcs. de cuele o de franqueo (min), cut holes. de destrozo (min)(tn), breakers,breakngdown hales. de ensanche (min) (tn),holes for enlarging shots. del permetro (tn), riro holes. -limitadores ("o~). line holes.

barrer
barrer, to sweep; (di) to scavenge. burera , fence, barrier, barrieade; (rr) crossing gate; clay pit; (hyd) diversion dam. ~ colectora (ef), bag or sack boom. corrediza (fe), sliding gateo - - cortafuego, fuebreak, fire stop. de Mscula (fe), hinged and eounterweigbted crossing gateo de cable (ca), cable guardrail. de cinta (ca), traffie tape. de clasicacin (eO, sorting boom. de detrito (hid)(A), drift barrier. de guardia (ca), guardrail. de gua (ef) , sheer or fender or glancing boom. flotante, log boom. - - guardacamino, traffie or road guard, highway guardrail. guardacruce (fe), crossing gateo interceptadora (ef), cateh or trap boom. para basuras (r), drift barrier. parahielos (r), ice sere.en. barrero m, clay mixer; day pit; muclhole. barreta 1, erowbaJ'i bullpoint; small bar; (min) moiI. con espoln, pineh bar. de pinchar (A), pinch bar. de punta, buIlpoint. . de punta recalcada (vol), bulge-point driving iron. desoldadura (V), welding rod. - - de ufia, elaw bar. - - desquiciadora (Ee), bar for loosening roek. -.- pata-de-cabra, claw bar. - - rompedora, bit of a paving breaker, bullpoint. barrtas, (M) drill stoo1. barretear, to bar, work with a bar. barretero m, miner, drill runner in a mine; man who works with a bar. buretn m, heavy crowbar; (Col) miner's pick. barridaj (ciudad), district, ward, quarter. barrial m, clay pit; mudhole. barrica j, cask, barrel. barricada , barricade. barridaf, sweeping; (di) scavenging. barrido m (tv) (ra) , sweep. barriga j, bulge, bclly. barril m, barrel; measure of about 20 ga1. ~ de frotacin, tumbling barre!. burilada j,eapacity of a barrel. barrilete m, clamp; pawl, dog; keg. de leva, cam clamp. barrilla j (min) (B), concentrates; metallic copper mixed in ore. barrio m (ciudad), district, ward, quarter; suburb. barro m, mud, clay, silt; sludge; earthenware; adobe; (pet) slush. amasado, clay puddle. cloacal (dae}, sludge. cocido, terra cotta, burnt clay. de barreno, drill sludge. digerido (dac), digested sludge. esmaltado, glazed clay or terra cotta. refractario (C). tire c1ay.

43

bastido!

barros activados (dac) , activated sludge. buraso, muddy, clayey, silty. barrote 'In, heavy bar; grate bar; rung; (A) door boh; (rr)(C) angle bar; (sb) hatch bar hatch batten. barrotn m, batten of a hateh; hatch bar; (n) cal'line; (sb) carling. barya j (fsica), barye. basa 1, base, pedestal. basada j (en), launching cradle. basal (V), basal. basltico, basaltic. basaltiforme, basaltiform.. basalto m (geol), basalto analctico, analcite basalto prisJntico, columnar basalto ..L vtreo, basalt glass, vitrobasaIt, hyalobasalt. basaltoide, basaltoid, basaltiform. basamento m, base; pedestal; (A) footing, foundation. bscula j, scale (for weighing); (rr) (Ee) erossing gateo de balancn, beam sca.le. de plataforma, platform seale. de pozo, pit seale. de va, track scale. enclavable, dormant scale. bscula-puente m, weighbridge. bscul~-tolva I (ag) (A), weighing bateher. bscula-vagones m, car dumper. bascutador m, dumper; roeker; (min) tippleman; any tipping device. de caja (co), body roeker. de carros, car dumper. bascular, to tip, tilt. base 1, basis; base (an senses); rai! flange. compoun4 (mh) , compound resto de aviaci6n, air or aviation base. - . de comparacin (lev), eomparator base. de comprobacin (lev), check base. de cuchilla (motoeaminera), blacle base. de hidroaviones, air harbor, seaplanc base. de riel (fe), base o rail. de rodado (A), wheel base. de ruedas, wheel base. de la soldadura, root of weld. de tope (pet), landing base. naval, naval base. -negra (ca), blaekbase. sanitaria (ed), sanitary base. bases del concurso, bidding conditions. bases de licitacin, biddillg conditions, information f or bidders. basicidad j, basieity. bsico (qum) (geol) (met) , basic. basitas (geol) (A), basia rockB. bastarda, bastard (file). bastidor m, Irame, bedframe; chassis; (Col) win dow sash. auxiliar (auto), subframe. de carril (tc), ci'awler or track frame. de puerta, door buck, doorframe. de rodaje, truck frame. de rodillos (met), stand o rolls. de sierra para metales, haeksaw frame. de ventana, window frame. -

.- !

bastidor
inferior. underframe. basto. rough, unfinished; eoarse. bastn m, (rr) staff (block system); (su) proof stiek, sampJ,er. bastrn m, (t) spokeshave. basural m (eh), garbage dump. basuras f, trash, rubbish, dirt, refuse; garbage; river drift. basurero m, garbage dump. batalla l, whael base, distance between ax1es. batayola f (en), handrail. bate m (fe), tamping piek. batea 1, trough, launder; tray, mortar tub; (V) paved cftteh; (V) paved ford; (min) batea; (auto) oil pan; (A) paved gutter erossing a. road. de coque, coke tray (aerator). de pilada (eone), batch box. bateador m (fe), tamping bar, tamper. bateadora f, power tamper. unitaria. unit tamper. batear. to tamp (ties). bateo m, tamping. batena f, battery (8011 senses). A (ra), A or filament battery. an6dica (ra), anode or plate battery. B (ra), plate or B battery. - e (ra), grid or e battery. compensadora (elc), fioating battery; buffer battery. de acumuladores. atorage battery. de calderas, battery of boBera. de camiones (M), fieet oi trucks. de filamentos (ra), A or filament battery. de inmersin (elc), plunge battery. de mazos, stamp millo de pantalla (ra), screen battery. de pega (min), blasting battery. de pisones, stamp millo de placa (ra), B or plate or anode battery. de polarizacin negativa (ra), bias ce11. de rejUta (ra), grid or e battery. elevadora (ele), booster battery. batey m, ground occupied by a sugar mili and appurtenancea; (PR) area in front o a eountry house. batidera f, beater, maul; (Sp) mortar hoe. batido m. (ra) beat: a hammered, wrought. en fdo. eold-hammered. batidor m, beater, agitator; (A) mixer; (min) dolly; (met) shingler. batiduras f (met), mill or hammer scale. batiente m, jamb; gate aill; loek sill; (dam) apron, hearth. (dd) apron; (carp) stop bead. de esclusa, miter or lock sill. batir. to beat, hammer, pound, tamp; to stir. batista barnizada (ais), varnished cambric. batmetro m, bathometer. baud (tel), baud. bauxita f, bauxite (aluminum ore). bayoneta f,. (mech) bayonet; (auto) bayonet gage (oillevel). bedano m, mortising ehisel Beggiotoa (is), Beggiotoa. begohmio m (ele), begohm.

44

bidimensional

bejuco m. rattan. bel (ele), be1. belio m (ele)(A). be1. benceno m, behzene. bencidina f. benzidine. bencina f, gasoline; benzine. beneficiable (min), workable. beneficiador m, operator of a. mine or smeltel'; processor; eultivator. beneficiar. to amelt, refine; to work a mine; to beneficiate (ore); to process. benefIcio m, smelting, ore reduction, beneficia.tion; working o a mine; profit. d~ explotacin. operating profit. de madera, lumbering. de minerales, smelting. bentonita 1, bentonite. bentontico. bentonitic. bentos (is), benthos. benzol m, benzol, benzenA. berbique. berbiqu m, carpnter's brace; (U) . crankshaft. acodado. angular bitstock. de engranaje. angle braceo de herrero o de pecho, breast or fiddle drill. de matraca, ratchet braceo de ribera, ship carpenter's braceo - . para rincones. corner braceo y barrenas, brace and bits. berilio m (qum), beryl1ium. berlinga f, pole, round timber, spar. bermaf (ot), berm, (rd) shoulder. berroqueiia f a, granite. besar. a, block and block, chockablock, tw~ blocks. betanaftol m (qum), beta-naphthol. betatrn m (ra), betatron, rheotron. betonera f (eh), concrete mixer. betumen m. bitumen. betuminadoraf (ca) (Es), bituminous distributor. bet11n m, bitumen, pitch, (e) stueco. judaico- o de Judea. asphalt. betunar, to eoat with pitch; (e) to stuceo. bias (ra), bias. - e o de rejilla, grid bias, e bias. bjasar (ra) (A), to bias. biaxil. biaxia1. bixico (Es) (A) (V), biaxial. bibern m (lab), nipple. bibir m (mad), greenheart. bicable. a double-cable. bicarbonato m, bicarbonate. biciUndrico. (eng) double-cylinder. bicloruro m, bichloride. de estaiio, tia or stannous chloride. de mercurio, mercuric chloride, eorrosive sublimate. bic6ncavo. biconeave, double-concave, coneavoooncave. bicnico, biconical. biconvexo, biconvex, double-convex. bicromato m (quim), bichromate. bicr6n m (med), bieron. bichero m, boat hook. bid. bidet m (pb), bidet. bidimensional, two-dimensional.

bidireccional
bidireccional (elc), bidirectional. bidn m, steel drum; (C) drum o a hoist; a tin, large can. biela 1, (eng) connecting rod, pitman. ~ motriz, connecting ar main driving rod. ~ paralela o de acoplamiento (loco), coupling or side rod. bienes m, property. ~ inmuebles o races a sedientos, real estate. muebles, personal property. semovientes, cattle. bienhechuda I (e), improvementa (real estate). bifsico (elc), two-phase. bi1i1ar (elc), two-wire, bifilar. biftuoruro m (qum), bifluoricie. bifurcacin 1, junction of streams; crotch; (P) Y branch; (rr)(C)(Sp) junetion. de ramal paralelo (tub), upright Y braneh. doble (tub), double Y branch. en U (tub), U braneh. bifurcador m (aa), bifureatar. bifurcarse, to fork, braneh. bigorneta 1, small anvil; tinsmith's stake. de acanalar (eh), creasing stake. ~ de arista viva (eh), hatehet stake. de costura (eh), seaming or grooving stake. de pico, beakhorn stake. bigornia 1, anvil. bigote de gato (ra)(A), cat whisker. bigotera 1, (dwg) bow compaas, bow dividers; slag tap (blast furnace). bigrilla (ra) (A), double-grid. bihilar (ele), two-wire. bijguara 1, a Cuban hardwood. bitabarqun m (Ec), earpentel"s horse. bilateral (elc)(mec), bilateral. bilis I (lab), bile. -lacto:.a, lactase bile. bimbalete m (M), strut; ridgepole; pump jack. bimetal m, bimeta!. bimetilico, bimetallic. bimrflco (ra), bi:nol'ph. bimotor, two-motol', bimotor. binario (qum)(mat), hinary. binaural, binaul'al. binocular a, binocular. binodo m (ra) (mat), binode. binomio (mat), binomial. bioactivacin I (dac), bio-activation. bioaeracin I (dac), bio-aeration. bioItracin I (is), biofiltration. bioItro, biofilter. biotioculacin I (ia), bio.B.occulation. biogentico (is), biogenetio. bilisis 1, biolysis. biolrtico (dac), biolitic. biolgico, biologioal. bioprecipitacin 1, bioprecipitation. bioqumica 1, biochemi~try. bioqumico, biochemioal. biorreduccin I (dac), bioreduction. biosa I (az), biose, disaccharide. biotita I (miner), biotite, black mica. biotrn m (ra), biotron. bixido m (qum), dioxide. carbnlco, carbon dioxide. -

45

bituminoso
de estao, tin dioxide, stannic oxide. bipi m, bipod; bipolar, bipolar, two-pole. biposte, bipost (lamp). biprima (mat). double prime (x"). biriqu m (Eo) (AC), carpenter's braceo birlo m (M), Btud bolt. birrectngulo. birectangular. birrefrlngencia I (fma), birefringence. birrefringente, birefringent. birrotulado, two-hinged. bisagra 1, hinge, butt hinge. a municin, ball-bearing hinge. acodada, offset hinge. con levante, rising hinge, skew hinge. de bolitas, ball-tip door butt. de friccin, friction hinge. de muelle, spring hinge. de paleta o de ramal, strap or joint hinge. de pasador fijo, fast-pin butt. de pasador suelto, loose-pin butt. de resorte, spring hinge. de superficie, flap Oc surface or full-surfaco hinge. ' - de tiro ancho, wide-throw hinge. de tope, butt hinge. desmontable, loose-pin butt. en T, T hinge. inerte, dead hinge. medio superficial, half-surface or ha1f-mor.. tise hinge. bi~ecar, to biseot. biseccin 1, bisection. bisectriz 1, bisector. bisel m, a bevel, chamfer; (lbr) wane. al hilo (mad), bevel rip. - a inglete, bevel miter. de trozar (mad), bevel cutoff. biselado, beveled; (lbr) waney. bise1ador~f, c1tamfering tool. biselar, to bavel, chamfer, skive. bisilicato m (qum), bisilicate. bismutina f (miner), bismuthine, bismuthinite, bismuth glance. bismutinita 1, bismuthinite, native bismuth sul.. phide. bismuto m (qum), bismuth. blenda (minar), bismuth blende, eu1ytite. bisulfato (m) de sodio, sodium bisulphate. bisuUito m, bisulphite. bisulfuro m, disulphide,bisulphide. bita I (nut), cleat, bitt. ~ de' amarre, mooring bitt. de remolque, towing bitt; towingpost. bitAcora I (en), binnacle. bitaduraJ.,. turn ofa rope around a bitt. bite m (A), bead (on a board). bitn m, bittj double-hea:dch~k. de fondeo. ridingpitt. de remolcar,t9wing bitt. bitoque m, (M) fallcet, cock;(CA) sewer. bitulitico, bitulithic. bitumstico, .bitumas:tic. bitumen m (U) (M), bitumen. bitumin1fero, containing bitumen. bituuUnoso, bit~nUnous.

bituvia
bituvia f (ca), Bituvia (trademark). bivalencia J, bivalence. bivalente (quim), bivalent. , biviario, two-Iane (highway). bizcocho m (Col), a salmon brick. blanco m, gear blank; blank form; a white. de antimonio, antimony white (pigment), antimony trioxide. de barita (pigmento), baryta white, barium sulphate. de bismuto (pigmento), bismuth white. de cinc (pigmento), zinc white. de China, Chinese or zinc white. de l:spaa, whiting, Spanish .white. de plomo, white lead. de yeso, whiting. blando, soft. blandura J, softness. blanquear, to whitewash; to bleach. blanquillo m, an Argentine lumber (semihard). blastogranftico (geol), blastogranitic. blastoporfiritico (geol), blastoporphyritic. bleck o bleque (A), a term applied to all tar and asphalt products. blenda j (miner), blende, sphalerite. cadmifera, greenockite, cadmium blende. crnea (M), hornblende. de zinc, zinc blende. roja, ruby blende (sphalerite). blindado, armored, ironclad: (elec) ahielded. blindaje m, armor; (elec) shielding; (Sp) tunnel lining. antimagntico, magnetic screen or ahield. cerrado (elc), interloeking armor. del radiador (tc), radiator guardo blondin m (Es), cableway. bloque m, block. amortiguador, cushion block. calibrador, gage block. comparador (iab) , block eomparator. de barrenar, boring block. - - de batir (eh), dolly block. de casas (PR), city block, block o houses. de cilindros, ey linder block. de clavar, nailing block, wood brick. de doblar (ref), bending block. de enrasillar (ed), furring block. de estampar (her), swage block. de fallas (geol), fault block. de fusibles (lc), fuse block. de golpeo (pb), driving block, turnpin, tampion. de motor, engine block. de patas (fe), heel block, heel raiser. de recalcar (si), swage block. de .RUeno (ed), filler block. desabollador (eh), dolly block. para triscar (si), setting block. partido de enrasillar, split furring tile. portaherramienta (mh), tt;>ol block. refractario de construccin, struetural tile. secciona! '(fe), block (signal). bloquear, to block (all senses); (M) to ehoek; . (min) (B) to block out. bloqueo m (le) (ra), blocking. absoluto o definitivo (fe), absolute blocking.

46
-

boc:a

condicional o facultativo (fe), permissive bloeking. -manual (fe), manual blocking. bloquera J (Es), concrete-block machine. bobina J, (elee) coil: (elee) bobbin. apagachispas, blowout coi!. captadora (ra), pickup eoil. con ncleo de hierro pulverizado, dust-eore eoil. con temblador, vibrator eoil. de acoplamiento (ra), coupling eoil. del campo, field coil. de carga, loading eoil. de cesto (ra), basket coil. de compensacin, eompensating eoil. de chispas, spark eoil. de choque (A) (Col), choke or impedance eoil de desenganche, release coil. de devanado universal, (A), honeycomb eoil. de disparo, tripping coil. de encendido o de ignici6n, spark or ignition eoil. de enfoque (ra), focusing eoil. de ensayo, exploring coil. de extincin, blowout coil. de inductancia, induetanee coil, reactor, inductor. de mxiIna, overload release coil. de ncleo de hierro, iron-eore eoil de oposicin, bucking coil. de panal, lattice-wound or honeyeomb coil. de prueba, exploring eoil. de reaccin, ehoking or reaetance or impedanee or retardation coil, reactor, kicking eoil. de reactancia, reactance coil, inductor. de regeneracin, feedback or tickler coil. de retencin, retaining or holding eoil. de la voz (ra), voiee eoil. defiectora o desviadora (ra), deftecting coil. en derivacin, shunt coil, (inst) potential eoil. excitadora, exciting coil. exploradora, exploring or search eoil, explorer. i' inductora, induetion eoil. nido de abeja (ra), honeyeomb coil. sintonizadora (ra), tuning coil. trmica (tel), heat eoil. tipo canasto,~tra), basket-weave coil. vibratoria, vibrator or trembler eoil. bobinado m, bobinaje m (elc), winding. bobinadora j, winding maehine. bobinar, to wind. bobo m (PR) (V), a lumber used in building. boca j, mouth, entrance; nozzle; (tun) portal; (hyd) intake; (top) gap, pass, saddle; (t) peen, nose. de agua, hydrant. de aspiracin, air inIet. de calda (al), drop inIet. de caDe, inlet to a storm sewer. de ca~bn (en), coaling batch. de carga, fire door of a boiler. de cepillo, a (mam)(V), finished with a wooden float.

-------__J.

boca
de corazn (e), toe of a frog. ~orJ1eta; bellmouth. -=-4~d."s~gije.drain nlet. - de 4~sCllrga, outlet, discharge opening. - - de entrad., intake, inlet portal; manhole. ,.,......,de,inconc:Uo, fue hyp.rant, fueplug. -- de Jns'pQccin, manhoIe. - - 4.e1i:m.pi~~Il.C,lleall()Uthole; sluiceway. --., de:m..p.&metJ.!Q, .~age hatch. -

47

bomba

- . -le

- - deDOzo (pet) , weUhead. -de'Plle1'tO, elltr@ce"lif!, hl,l.tpo:r. - - den~gjstt(),ma11hl:>le m~ead.


de ro. nlouthofa river. de salid outlet. -.-. de t,rment.{A)(U)(Pe). inlet toa. stormwater sewer. de Visitll.,manhole. escotilla, hatehway. - - tipo de hongo (aa) , mushroom outlet. bocacaUe l. stl'eet intersection. bocacaz m,. openingin a flume or dam. bocal m, mouth, entranee; (top) gap: strait, narrows (harbor); (min) pit head. ' bocallave I, keyhole; keyhple plata; (A) socket wrlnch.. bocalllejora I (min), auxiliary shaft. bo<;,tllnll. 1, entranee to a mine. bocana I (Col), mouth of a river. bocarte m; erusher, stamp mili; drag millo bocAr:teu, to cfush. bocarteo m, erushing. boeatejll li ,. first tile in a COllrse; hollow under a roof tile; (V) laves. bocatollllll (hid). intake. bocazQ m (vol), blowout, pop shot. boc~lm, molding plane; convex molding. bocellldora 1, molding planeo bocelar, toiorm moldings. bocelete m, small molding plane. boce16p. mt large molding plane; (rf) (Col) ridge rollo . ';)Qcina f, bushing; bell end o a pipe; (auto) (ra) horn: (C) huhcap; bellmouth; (sh) f'tern tube; (hyd){A) morning~glory (spillway). - - de, bruma, foghorn. exponencial (ele), exponential horno bocin~vertedero (bid), morning-glory spillway. bocoy m, large barrel, hogshead: (C) measure of about 175 ga1. bochofno m. sult1'Y. weather; (min) (M) afterdamp; chokedamp,. blaekdamp. bodega , warehouse, storehouse; (naut) hold j eellar; (Ch) boxear. ."........,. d herrantientas, tool house. de tramo (fe), section tool housl. bodegaje m, storage charges, warehousing. - . e,p,hm.edo, wet storage (battery). ~ e4'se(:o, drystorage (battery). bodeguefo m, storekeeper. bogjem (fe), truck. ~d.e arrastre, trailing truek. gil'.tQrioo de un solo eje, pony truek~ ~PUoto,pilot truck. bo~e m (Es), Boghead eoa1. boicot, boicoteo m, boycott.

-..-

depe~~:a&hm<l1.1.th(splice).

boj m, boxwood. boje m, a hardwood of Cuba and p. 1erto Rico. bola 1, ball. rompedora, skull cracker, wreeking ball, ball breaker. y cuenca, ball and soeket. bolas del regulador (mv), governor balls. bolardo m, bollard, mooring post. boleo m, boulder; deposit oi boulders; (sb) cam~ her, roundup. boletera I (fe), ticket oflice. boletero m (fe), ticket agente boleto m, ticket. boln m, ball: shot. bolln. J, sounding lino; (naut) bowline. bCil m, (lbr){C) bole; (Ph) machete. olmetro m (ele), bolometer. boln m. cobble, boulder; :rubble stone. bols. f. bag, sack; pocketjstock exchange: pocket of rieh ore. de aire, air pocket, (eng) air lock. de I\t."lldl,lra (vol); tampmg bago _ .... de compeJ,1.$lI.ciones (C). clearinghouse. ---';- de CQn~accin hnet)" pipe, eontraction cavity de corteza (mad), bark pocket. de resina (madJ, pitehpocket. --' de valores, stock exchange. de vlvUla, valve bago de vapor (mg} (pet), vapor lock. bolsada J, pocket, cavity poeket of rich ore. bolsn m, (geol) bolson; (min) pocket o rieh ore. bolsonero (min) (B), in rich pockets. bomba/, pump; fue engine; bomb; (V) mudhole. a mano, hand pump. a nafta, gasoline-driven pump. al vaco; vacuum pump. a vapor, steam pump. - ' aUmentadora, eed or boiler-feed pump. alternativa, reciprocating pump. aspirante, suction pump. barr~ra, dredging ormud pump. calorimtrica, bomb calorimeter. centrfuga difusora, diffuser-type centrifuga! pump. centrfuga voluta, volute-type centrifuga) pump. colgante (exe), sinking pump. contadora, metering pump (gasoline). contra incendios, fire pump; fire engina. chupadora, suction pump. de accin simple, single~acting pump.., - - de aceleracin (auto), aeceleratorpulllp. de aletas, vane-type rotary pump. de aletas deslizantes, sliding-vanepump. de aspiracin doble, double-suetion pump. de aspiracin simple, single-suction pump. de balancn, beam pump. de barrido (di), scavenge pump. de carena, bilge pump. de carrera regulable, variable-displacement pump. de cigea, crank-aetion pump., -.- de cigea y volante, crunk-and-flywhec, pump. de cilindro corredizo (pet) , traveling-cyJin. der pump.

';

bomba
- de concreto, Pumpcrete (trademark). - de chorro, jet or water-jet pump. -.- de desplazamiento positivo, positiva displacement pump. de difragma, diaphragm pump. de doble efecto, double-acting pump. - de doble paso o de dos escalones o de dos etapas o de dos grados, two-stage pump. - ' de dosaje, measuring pump. - de dragado, dredging pump. de efecto nico, single-acting pump. de mbolo, piston pump. d~ mbolo buzo o de mbolo macizo, plunger pump. - de engranaje de oreja triple, tbree-Iobe rotary pump. - de estribo, stirrup pump. - de fango, mud pump. ~ de gasto variable. variable-discharge pump. de hlice. propeller or screw pump. - de impulso, impulse pump. de impulsor .bierto. open-impeller pump. de impulsor cerrado, closed-impeller pump. - de impulsores opuestos, opposed-impeller pump. de inflar (A)(U), tire pump. - de inmersin, submersible or deep-well turbine pump. ~ de lbulos, lobar-type rotary pump. - ' de lodo. mud jack; sludge pump; dredging or mud pump; (pet) slush pump. de mortero (M), plunger pump. de ocho grados, eight-stage pump. de ozfgeno, oxygen bombo - de paletas deslizantes. sliding'-vane rotary pump. de paletas ,scUantes. swinging-vanerotary pump. de paso m61tiple, multiple-stage pump. de paso recto,'straightway pump. de pique (auto)(A), accelerator pump. de pist6n, piston pump. de potencia, power pump (reciprocating pump driven by externaI power). de presin (pet), pressure bombo de resorte, spring-actuated pump. de rodete doble, double-runncr pump. - de rosario, chain pump. - ' de salvataje, salvage or wrecking pump. de sentina, bilge pump; Bump pump. -,- de simple efecto, single-acting pump. de succin al extremo. end-BuctioD centrifuI gal pump. de succ:i6n lateral, side-suetion centrHugw pump. de sumidero, sump pump. de trasiego. transfer pump. - de turbina, turbine pump. de vaivn (A), reciproeating pump. desatenadora. sand pump. doble, duplex pump. giratoria. rotary pump. - impelente. force or preaaure pump; impeller pump. - impulsora de diafragma, diaphragm force pump.

48

boquilla
inatascable, eloglesa pump. insertada (pet), insert pump, casing pump. - - inyectora de' combustible. fuel-injection pump. manual, hand pump. medidora, measuring pump; (auto) metering or dispenser pump. multigradual. multistage pump. para pozos profundos. deep-well pump. qulntupla, quintuplex pump. - - rarificadora (ra), vacuum pump. rec;fproca (Pe), reciprocating pump. recogedora (pet), pickup pump. reforzadora, booster pump. -.- rotativa, rotary pump. - - rotativa de engranaje interior, internaI-gcar pump. sumergible. submersible or deep-well turbine pump. surtidora de gasolina, aervice-station or gasoline-dispensing pump. suspendida (exc), sinking pump. triple. triplex pump. bombas gemelas, duplex pumP. bombaje m, pumping. bombardeo electrnico, electron bombardment. bombeable, pumpable. bombeado m, pumping; arching, crowning a arched, crowned; dished. bombeador m. pumpman, pumper. bombear, to pump; to crown; to camber; bombearse, to bulge, spring. bombeo m, pumping; crowning; bulging; eamber. bombero m, pumpman; fireman. bombillaJ. incandescent lamp; bulbo bombillo m, small pump; (p) trap; (C) Iantern gIobe; (C) incandescent lamp; (C) radio tube. ' bombn m, pump used in sugar mills. bonanza J, large deposit of rich ore. banderita . J, Bonderite (rustproofing) (trademark). bonderizar, to banderize (rustproof). bonete m (v), bonnet. bongo m, scow, flatboat. bonguero, boatman, bargeman, lighterman. bonificacin J. bonus (irr) (M) reclamation. bonificar (cont), to credit. bonista (C), bondholder. bono m. (fin) bond. a corto plazo, short-term bond. - - colateral, col1ateral-trust bond. de primera hipoteca, first-mortgage bond. hipotecario, mortgage bond. boquera /, head gate; sluiee gate; outlet; (Sp) cesspool. boquerel m, nozzle. boquern m, large opening; (top) gap, pass. boquete m, gap, pass; opening in a wall; (elec) (A) sir gap. , boquilla /, small opening; chuck, collet; socket: bushing; nipple; nozzle; (tel) (hyd) mouthpieee; (w) tip (top) gap, pass; (mas) chink. - ahusada (mh), spring collet, draw-in collet. aisladora, insulating bushing. aspiradora. aspirating nozzle.

....

I
.1

boquilla
de agua, needle nozzle. de anillo a escuadra, squarc-ring nozzle. .de anillo agudo. ulldercut-ring nozzle. - de Borda (hid), Borda's mouthpiecc. de borne (elc), terminal bushing. de brida, flanged nozzle. de calorfero, l'adiator bushing. de collar, ring chuck. del electrodo (sol), electrode tipo - - de engrase, oilhole. de flujo, flow nozzle. - - de forro, liner bushing, de gua, jig bushing. - - de inundacin (aa), flooding nozzle. de manguera, hose nozzle.. de pulverizadora, spray or airbl'ush nozzle. de quijadas convergentes (mh) , collct ol' draw-in Ol' push-out chuck. de reborde hembra (tub) , outside head bushing. de reborde macho, inside hoad bushing. - - de sujecin (herr), chuck. - - de tuerca fiadora (016('), lock-nut bushing. entrante (hid), Borda'::; al' re-.entrant mouth:" pioce. fibrosa (elc), fiber bushing. inyectora de combustible. fuol-injection nozzle. -lanzaarena, sandblnst nozzle. Illezcladora, mixing nozzle. muestreadora (vapor), sampling nozzle. para macho. tap chuck. para soldar (tub), soldcl'ing bushing. rociadora, spray nozzle. - - sin cabeza, headless bushing. sin reborde (tub), faee bushing. boratera J (A) (B) (eh), borax depo:sit. borato 11l- (qum), borate. brax m, borax. borbollar, borbotar, to gush, boil up. borbolln m, spring; boiling up. borboteo m, gushing, bubbling, boiling up. borbotn m, boil in sand, a spring. borda J (en), bulwark; gunwalo. borde m, edgc; dlke, levoc. de ataque, upstrettm ol' leading Ol' enterillg edge. de desviacin (in), border check. - - de encauzamiento, lcyee. de entrada, leadiug edge. de obturaci6n, masking edge. de retaeadura, calking edgo. de salida, dowIlstream or trailing or leaYing edge. de solapa (en), sight edgo. de la soldadura, toe of wch... -laminado, rolled edge (stcel pIate). -'- recortado, shearad edge (sted plato). bordeadora J, tube expandcl", beading tool, (ha) fiue roller; (irr) ridgor. de discos (i1'1'), disk riuger. bordear, to flallgo; to edge. bordino m, curb, shouldN'. de labio (ca), lip curb. bordo m, dikc; edge; side of a shp. de contencin. levcc,4:like.

49

botella
de encauzamiento, levoe. -libre (hid) (en). freeboard. provisional (M), coffcrdam. bordn m, flange o a wheel; bulb on an angle
01'

T.

boreal, nol'thern. brico (quhn), borie, bOl'acic. borna (ele), soe borne. borne m, (olee) terminal, binding post; a hardwood. de contacto, contaet terminal. de masa (auto), ground tel"minal. borneadero m (nut), berth; turning basin. bornear, (naut) to swing, turn; bornearse, te warp. bornita J, bornite, purple capper ore. boro m (qum), borall. boroln m, Boralon (abrasivo) (trademark). borra 1 (min) , barren rock. de algodn, cotton \Vaste; cotton linters. horrador m, rough draft; emsor, de tinta, ink erasor. borradura J, el'asure. borrar, to crase borrasca J, mi ullprodur:tivc 01' worked-out mine. borrico m, (carp) sawhorso; doukey. borricn m, scaffold horso, large sawhorse. borriquete m, sawhol':oe, crrrpcntcr's horae. boruro m (qum), bori<1e. bosque m, foresto bosquejar, to sketch. bosquejo m, sketch. bota (f) de ascensor (B), elevator boot. botas de goma, rubbcr boots. botada 1, launching. botadero m (ot), dump, spoil bank. botador m, (carp) unil set; (rp) backing~ut punch; (sb) setholt; tappct. de vlvula, vah'e tappct. botafango m, mudguard. botaganado m, cowcat.chcr, locomotive piloto botaguas m (ed), water table; flashing; rain shed; hoad over a door; leader boot; weathering. botalodo m (PU), mudguRl'd. botaln m, dorrick boom (V) stakc. de pala, shovd boom. para cable de arrastre, dragline boom. botalonear (V), to stake out. botar, to dump; (cxc) to waste; to launch (re) to back out. al agua, to launch. botarel m, buttress. countcl"ort. botavaca m (PR), (loco) pilot, coweatcher. botavara J, boom, gaff; boat ho.ok; wagon poleo botazo m (en), fender, rubhing strip. bote m, borLt; container; (M) bucket, skip (shl (M) dippor. de draga (M), dl'agline bucket. de lata, tin container. de paso, f'erryboat. de valva de almeja (M), clamshell bucket. salvavidas, lifehant. volador, flyillg boato bote-sifn, sipholl can. botella f, bottle. aspiradora (lab), a.8t1irator bottle.

botella
cuentagotas (1ab), dropping bottle. de lavar (1ab), wash bottle. -'- de presin (lab) , pressure bottle. de sondeo, f:ounding bottle. para filtrar, filter flask. botero m, boatman. boterola 1, dolly; rivet set or snap. botiqun m, medicine chest. de emergencia, first-aid-kit. de urgencia, first-aid kit; first-aid station. boto, blunt. botn m, button; doorknob~ crankpin; (chem) OOad; (lbr) knot; (M) snap team o mules or bulls; (meeh) (C) boss. del alumbrado (auto), light button. de arranque, (auto) starter pedal; (elec) starting button. de avance transversal (mh), cross-eed knob. de bocina (auto), horn button. ' - de la calefaccin (auto), heater button. ~ del cebador (auto), choke button. - de contacto, push button; eontact button. de embrague (mh), c!utch knob. - del estrangulador de aire (auto), choke button. de manubrio, (eng) crankpin. de pestillo o de puerta, doorknob. de presin, push button. de la puesta en marcha (auto) (A). starter button or pedal. de Sintonizacin (ra), tuning knob. de tope (cv), button stop. de trfico (ca), traffic-marking button. partido (ele), split knob (insulator). puls.ador, push button. reflector (ca), reflecting button. y tubo (elc), knob and tube (work). botones de herramentero, toolmakers' buttons. botonera l. panel o push buttons. bournonita 1, bournonite, wheelore. bveda 1, vault; arch; (geol) dome, cupola; CA) crown o a road. corrida, barrel arch or vault. de aligeramiento, relieving arch. de aristas, groined areh, cross vault. - ' de, centro pleno, semicircular arch. de cr\lcera, groin vault. de descarga, relieving arch. del fogn (cal), fire areh. del hogar, fire arch. - - de medio can, barrel arch; semicircular arch. de medio punto, semicircular areh. de panderete (Es), timbrel or Guastavinoarch. de segmento, segmental areh. en can, barrel arch or vault. escarzana, segmental areh. esfrica, dome. rebajada, flat arch. tabicada (Col), areh o brick laid on the flato bovedilla 1, arch between steel floor beams; closed body o a truck; (sb) poop, stern overhang, counter, fantail. bovedn m (Pe), ehamber in a mine. boya 1, buoy; Hoat. cillndrica, can buoy.
~ ~

50

brazos

cnica, nun buoy. _ . de amarre o de anclaje, mooring buoy. de asta, spar buoy. de campan,a, 0011 buoy. de cuarentena, quarantine buoy. de doble cono, nun buoy. de espa, warping buoy. de gongo, gong buoy. de medio canalizo, mid-ehannel buoy. de palo o de prtiga, spar buoy. - - de pito o de silbato o de sirena, whistling buoy. de tambor, can buoy. -luminosa, gas buoy, light buoy. ~ sonora, bell buoy. boya-farol, gas 01' lighted buoy. boya-tonel, can buoy. boyante, buoyant. boyar, to buoy; to float. bracero m, laborer, workman. braga 1, sling; spreader or hoisting. bramante (m) aislador, insulating twine. bramil m, chalk line; a line marked with chalk. branca I (Col), pier, pil~.ster. brancal m, frame o a wagon; (PR) wagon shat. brandal m, backstay, tiebaek. branque m (en), stem. brasero m, brazier, fire pot, salamander. de gasolina, plumber's torcho braunita 1, braunite (ore o manganese). braza f (nut), athom. brazada f (Col)(V), fathom. de piedra (M), a eubie measure used in selling building stone. brazaje m, depth o water. brazal m, irrigation ditch. brazo m, arm; leg o an angle; branch o a tree; branch o a stream; mast armo - , a, by hand. de Bdrizamiento (an), righting lever or armo de ataque (pI) (M), dipper stick. del cigeal, (eng) crank armo de comps, leg o a compass. del cucharn (pi)., dipper stiek. de direccin (auto), steering armo -... del mbolo, piston rod. de gobierno (auto), control armo de gra, (erane) boom, jib; (de) stifHeg. del mun de direccin (auto), steeringknuckle armo - - de palanca, lever arm, leverage. de pared, wall braeket. de romana, beam of a seale. de ruptura (auto), breaker armo montador (tn), erector armo oscilante, roeker arm; (pet) swing armo para lmpara, lamp braeket. para retenida (poste), guy armo polar, pole arm (planimeter). rastrillador (is), raking armo rgido, (de) stifHeg. trazador, tracer arm (planimeter). volado (pte), cantilever armo brazos, labor (men). de cucharn a horcajadas (pI), straddle-type dipper stieks.

....

brazola
brazola /, coaming; curb. de escotilla, hateh coaming. de registro, manhole coamng. brea 1, pitch, tar, brea. petroleum asphalt. de alquitrn (M), coal-tar pitch. de carbn o de hulla, coa! taro de hulla residual, coal-tar piteh. de primera destilacin, straight-run pitch. de tierra, earth pitch. mineral, asphalt, mineral pitch: maltha, mineral taro brear, to eoat with pitch. breccia I (geol), breecia. brecha /, a breach, opening, crevasae; (geo!) breccia. de dislocacin (A), crush ar friction or fault . breccia. de fallas a de friccin a de trituracin, fault or crush or friction breecia. de talud, talus breccia; brechaci6n f (geol), brecciation. breehiforme, brecciated. brechero m (ec)(M), trailbuilder. brechoide (B), brecciated. brechoso, breccated. breque m, brake; (Pe) baggage caro brequero m (Col), brakeman. brete m (fcHA), cattle pass, cattle rampo briaga /, sling; (Col) hoisting rope. brida /, (p) fiange; clamp; splice plate; bridle (cable); bridle (harness); (rr) aplice bar; (mt) dogo angular (fe), angle bar. ciega (tub), blind ftange; blank flange. corrediza (tub), alip-on ftange. curva (tub), aaddle or tank or boiler ftange. de acoplamiento, eompanion flalge; coupling fiange. de arrastre (mh), clamp dogo de collar (tub), neek or collar filU1ge. de copa (tub), hat ftange. de deslizamiento (V), slip-on ftango. de enchufe (tub), Boeket flange. de junta montada (tub) , Van Stone or lapped-joint ftange. de obturacin (tub), blindftange. de orificio (tub). orifice flange. de piso (pb), waste nut, fioor flange. grapa (A), lathe dogo -lisa (tub) (M), blank flango. --loca, loose fiange. para artefacto (pb), fixture fiange. para martillar (tub), peening fiange. para plato (torno), chuek plateo postiza (C), loose ftange. reductora, reducing flange. roscada, serewed flange. _. soldada, welded flange. tapadera (tub), blind flange. tapn (tub) , barrel Range. bridas gemelas o de unin, fiange union, companon flartges. bridar, to flange. brigada 1, party, squad, gang; (tk) flect. de campo, field forces or party. de dibujantes, squad o draftsmen.

51

broca

de tractores, fieet of tractora. - - del trAnsito (lev), transit party. sanitaria, sanitary squad. -.- topogrfica (A), survey party. brillante, bright (wire); glossy (finish). brillantez / (H), brilliance, luminosity t aubjective brightness. brillo m, (miner) Iuster; (H) brightnes8; glOBS; (ra) gloV\'. anacarado, pearly luster. ceroso, waxy Iuster. craso, greasy Iuster. de bet1n, ptehy luster. grasiento o mantecoso, greasy Iuater. grasoso (B), greasy Iuster. mate, dullluster. nacarado, pearly Iuster. resinoso, resinoua Iuster. sedoso, silky luster. subjetivo (H), subjeetive brightness, Iuminosity, brilliance. terroso, earthy Iuster. vtreo, vitreous Iuster. brinco (m) hidrulico, hydraulic jump. briqueta /, briqueta briquetar, b'riquetear, to briqueta briqueteadora /, briqueting press; briquet moldo brisa /, breeze, light wind. elctrica, electric wind. -ligera, light or gentIe wind. moderada, moderate or fresh wind. brisera / (C) (PR) ,windshield. brisera (Col), windshield. brisote m, strongWind. brfstol m (dib), Bristol board. brizna 1, aplinter, chip. broca /, drill, drill bit; (A) driftpin. buriladora, router bit. centradora, eenter bit or drill. de acanalado doble, double-fiute drill. de acanalado recto, straight-flute drill. -de acanaladosimple, single-fiute drill. de acanaladura triple, three-fluted drill. de alambre, wire drill. de alegrar,rea ner. de avellanar, (ountersinking bit. de barrena, drill bit. de canal de aceite, oH-tuba driU. de canaleta recta, pod bit. de cuchara, pod drill,spoon or pod bit de diamantes, diamond bit. de doble corte, dual-cut drill. de espiga ahusada, taper-shank drill. de espiga recta, atraight-shank drill. de manguito, Bhell drill. de paso corto, high-spiral or high.helix drill. de trinquete, ratchet drill. desmontable, detachable bit. destornilladora, serewdriver bit. espiral o helicoidal, twist drill. estrellada, star bit. . pasadora (est), driftpin. piloto, pilot bit. - postiza o recambiable, detachable bit. salomnica, twist drill.

11

brocal
brocal m rim' mouthof a shaft; cUl'b around a shaft; vl) sidewalk curb; (min) collar; (exc) pit boarda, well curb. brocantita 1 (miner), bl'ochantite (eopper sulpha.te). brQcha f, brtJsh. --o.de alambre, wire brush. -,d.~ bJaJlquear, whitewash brush. para pintura, paintbrush. para ventanas, sash tool, fitch. brochada f, brush stroke; brtJsh coat. brocha! m, headar beam. brochar, to brush. broche m, hasp. broches para correa (C) (A), belt hooks 01' lacing. brochn, whitewash,.brush. broma f, teredo, shipworm. bromado, \Vorm-eaten. bromato m (qum), bromate. bromhidrato m, hydrobromide, hydrobromate. bromhidrico, hydrobromic. brmico, bromc. bromito m (qum), bromite. bromo m (quim), bromine. bromofenol m (s) bromophenoI. bromuro m, bromide. metlico, methyl bramide. bronce m, bronze; brasa; (min) iron pyrites. al estao, tin bronze. al estao-plomo, leaded tin bronze. amarillo, brasa. anticido, aeid bronze. cromado, chromium bronze. de alto plomo, high-Iead bl'onze. de aluminio, aluminum bronze. de campanas, bell metal, hard bronze. de ca6n, gun'metal. de carbn (niin), coal brass 01' blende. de nquel-estao, nickel-tin bronze. duro, hard bronze, hard 01' bell metal. fosforado, phosphor bronze. hidrulico, hydraulie bronze. mangansico, manganese bronze. sillcado, silicon bronze. Tobin, Tobin bronze. bronces (fe). cal' brasses. bronceado, brass-platad. bronzed. broncera 1, bronze wol'k. brasswork; bronze 01' brass shop. de obra, structural bronze work. broncero m, broncista m, brassworker, bronzesmith. brookita 1, brookite (titanium ore). broqueles m (tn)(Es), poHng boards. broquero m (mh)(M), bit dresser. brotadero m, spring (water). brotar, to crop out; to emerge (ground wa.ter). brotazn m, an outcrop. brote m (C), outcrop: de filtracin, seepage outcrop. broza l. brushwood; (eh) mine waste; (Pe)(B) poar ore. brucita f. brucite, native magnesium hydroxide. brjula 1, compasa, magnetic needle. de agrimensor. surveyor's compass, circumferentor.
p

52
-

bulbo

I j,

il

1
[,
;11

l'

1:

1::
1:

1;
I

de artesa, tl'ough compass. de azimut, azimuth 01' amplituda compass. de bolsillo, pocket compass. de declinacin, declination compass. de gelogo, geologist's compass. de inclinacin, dipping compass, dip needle. de induccin, induction 01' earth-inductor compass. de minero, mine dial, mining compass. de nonio, vernier compass. de refiexi6n, prismatic compass. de selvicultura, forester's compass. de senos, sine galvanometer. de tangentes, tangent galvanometer. de top6grafo (M), surveyor's compasa. girosc6pica, gyrocompass, directional gyro. goniomtrica, radio compass. martima, mariner'fS compass. minera, mining compass. repetidora, repeater compass. suspendida (min) ,hanging compass. bruidor m, hurnisher. bruftir, to bul'nish, polish. brusca f (en), camber, roundup. brusco, sharp (curve 01' grade). bruto, gross; erude. bruza 1, coarse brush. bucear. to diva. buceo m, diving, submarina work. bucharda 1 (mam), bushhammer; crandall. buchardar. to bushhammer. bufarse. to swell. heave. buhardilla f, garret; (A) skylight. buja f (tub) (maq) (M), bushing. bujarda/ (mam) , bushhammel'. buje m, bushing, sleeve. al ras (tub),flush bushing. de ballesta (auto), spring bushing. de contratuerca (ele), lock-nut bushing. de reborde (tub) , shoulder bushing. de reducci6n (tub). bushing. de tubo-conducto (elc), conduit buslng. maestro, master bushing. para manguera, hose l;mshing. para soldar (tub) , soldering or welding bushing. partido, split bushing. buja 1, spark plug; candle; candle power. caliente, hot spark plug. de encendido o de inflamacin, spark pIug. - decimal (il). decimal candle. elctrica, electric or Jablochkoff candle. esfrica (H), spherical candle power. fra, cold spark plug. Hefner (H). Hefner candle. hemisfrica (H), hemispherical candle power. hora, candle-hour. internacional, international 01' British standard candle. - luminosa o lumnica, candie power. -.- mtrica, meter-candle. normal o patrn, standard candle. plomada (tn). plumb candle. buja-pie, foot-candle. bulrcama I (en). rider. bulbo m. (A) bulb (lamp); (ra) (M) tuba.

l'
"

l'

bulbo

53

caballn

I
i

I
1
!

, - al vaco (M). vaeuum tube. buscapolos m (eJe), pole flnder. buscatubo m, pipe flnder. de amplificacin (ra) (M), amplifler. de fuerza (ra) (M), power tube. busco tn (hid), gate or lock or miter sill; toe wall. de presin (ms), bulb of pressure. buta,no m, butane. electrnico (M), electron tube. buterola l, dolly, rivct seto fotoelctrico (A), phototube, photoc1ectric buzamiento m, (geol) dip; (rnin) pitch. tube. arriba, updip. indicador de sintona (ra) (M), tunina: indibuzar (geol). to clip. ~ator tube. buzarda J (en), breasthook. mezclador (ra)(M), mixer tube. buzo m, divcr; plunger. buln m, bolt, (A) machine bolt. buzn m, bin, bunker; letter box; (B) chute; (Pe) coml1n, machine balto manhole. de ajuste (est), fltting-up balto de compensacin (ag), surge hopper. de anclaje, anchor bolt. de inspeccin (al)(Pe), manhole. de arado, plow bolt. de metralla, scrapbin. para carbn, coal bunker, coalbin. de cabeza de hongo y cuello cuadrado, carbuzones cargadores (eone), mixer bins. riage balto de cabeza perdida, cauntcrsunk bolt; flatbuzonera J, (M) drain. head stave balto de cabeza ranurada, stovc bolt. de carrocera (A), earriago balto de ecUsa (fe). tmck balto cabalgadura, pack animal. del mbolo, (cng) pistan pino cabalgar, to IIlP aver. de fijacin (A), stud balt, setscrow; ehmp caballaje m (e), harsepower. balto caballera J, a land mensure about 3334' acres in de grillete, shacklo balto Cuba, 106 acres in Mexico, 194 acres in de montaje (est), ereetion balto Puert.o Hko, about 111 acres in Central de ojo, eyebolt. Amcrica; saddle horse. de pistn, (eng) piston pino caballeriza J, stable. de via(fc), track balto caballero m (Ot), spoil bank. -'- nervado (est), rib balto caballete m, trcstle bent, A frame; horsehead; ordinario, maehine bolt. (M) gantry; (A) huss; sawhorse; ridge of para cangilones, elevatar bolt. a roof, l'idgepole, ridge roIl; (va) yoke; para peldaos, stop bolt. (moch) saddle; (ca) ridge, small dike; (rd) torneado, turned balto windrow. - - zurdo, balt with left-hand thread. - A , Aframe. b'l11onado m, balting, fitting up. i '-"de los aguilones (en), boom crutch. ,de andamio, scaffold harse. bulonar, to bolt. de aserrar, sawhorse. bullir, to boil. buque m, boato vcssel; (CA) doorfram. de cableva, cableway tower. carguero, cargo boat, freightor. de extraccin (min), headframc. cisterna, tankol". ' de maniobra, (rl') switch stand; floor stand (gate). costanero o de cabotaje, coasting vossol. fanal o faro, lightship. ~ de mltiples tramos, multiple-story bont. frigorfico, refrigerator ship. de pilotes, pile bent. petrolero, oil tanker. en H, H frame. en marco, feamed bcnt. burbuja f, blister; bubble. oscilante, rocker bent. burda J, backstay, tieback. bucel m, marlinespikc, fid. portapoleas (pet). crOWll block. bureta J (lab), buret. caballo m, horse; horsepower; sawhorse; wood roof truss. buril m, small chisel, graver. de carga, pack horse. burilada J, chiscl cut. de fuerza o de vapor, horsepower. buriladoraJ, graver; router. burilar, to chisel, carve. de fuerza al freno, brake horsepower. burlete m, weathcr strip; (p) joint runncr, gasket. de montar, saddlc horse. burnetizar (mad) (M), to burnettize. de tiro, draft horso. purro m, sawhorse; tresUe bent; (min) windlass; elctrico, electric horsepower. donkey; (sb) vang; (PU) stepladder; (e) mtrico, metric horsepower. caballo-hora, hOl'sepower-hour. cheek plateo caballos buscacloaca m, sewer-pipe locator. al eje, shaft hOl'sepower. buscador m, (inst) finder; (raHA) cat whisker. -'- de fajas (fma), strip finder. ' de establecmiento (Es), installed horsepower. - de visin directa (fma) , direct-vision view - - de rgimen (mot) , horsepowerrating. finder. buscafallas m (clc), fault localizer, faultfindcr. caballn mi dike, levee. desviador (oa), water bar. bUicahuella m (auto), spotlight.

I
t

cabecear

54

cable

cabezada!, bridle, halter: (e) headwaters; (top) cabecear, to rack; to pitch (ship); (M) to cap; highest part oi a regan: (min) header (lbr) (M) to end-match. beam; (naut) pitching. cabeceo m, (naut) pitching; (M) stone revet~ cabezal m, cap, header, lintel bridle; header , mento brick; (mt) headstoek. cabeceraf, headwall; intake: capital city. alzador (gato), liiting head. cabeceras f (Col), headwaters. de balancn (pet), beamhead. cabecero m, header beam: cap,lintel; head de cajn (cal), box header. block; (mas) header, bondstone; yoke oi a de cerco (cal), Ting header. window irame. d~ conducto de servicio (elc), service head. de caballete, cap oi a trestle bent. de conexin mltiple (tub), braneh T. de esclusa, lock head. de control (pet), control head. de pilotes, pile cap. de choque (fe), bumper, bumping post or de pozo (al), manhole hcad. block. de puerta, doorhead, lintel. de entrada (az), inlet head. cabecilla f (elc) (U), binding post, terminal; m de entubamiento (pet), casing head. (F), foreman. de nivelacin (inst), leveling heRd. cabellera! (fma), coma. de pozo, wellhead, (pet) casing head. cabestrillo m (earp), strap, diagonal tic. de pozo con prensaestopa (pet) , bradenhead. cabeza t, head (rivet, bolt, nail): hcad of water; de seguridad (pet), saiety head. head of horf:les; (gi) fiange: addendum de sujecin (mh), workhead. (gear). de taladrar (mh), boring or drilling head. avellanada (re), countersunk head. de torno (mh), lathe head, headstock. caliente (met) , sinkhead, hot top, feedde tubera de revestimiento (pet) , casing head. cilindrica ranurada, fillister head (screw). head. - , de, on end. de tubo de produccin (pet), tubing haRd. de la biela, (eng) big end. de tubos, (p) braneh T (bo) tube header; de botn alto (re), aeom head, high button~ (C) tube sheet. hendo divisor (mh), dividing or index heOO. de cementacin (pct), ccmenting hendo fijo (mh), headstock. de circulacin (pet), circulating hendo giratorio (mh), toolhead. de mbolo, pistonhead. mezclador (sol), mixing head. de empaque (pet), stuffing box. mvil (mh), tailstock, poppethead. de esclusa (hid), lock head. obturador (pet), packing head. para barrenar (mh), drilling hendo de la fbrica (re), manuiaetured head. para tubera de perforacin (pet), drilling del filtro (az), filterhead. de golpear (pet), driving head. head. de hervidores (cal) (A), header.' portacuchillas (as), adz or cutter block, cut~ de hincado (pet), drivehead, driving cap. ter cylinder. de hongo, mushroom head (column) buttonportatronco (as), head block. transferente (as), transfer block. head (rivet or bolt). cabezales (az), mill cheeks, housing. de mina, entrance to a mine. de negro (M), niggerhead, boulder. cabezo m, submerged rock, reel. de perforacin (pet), drilling hendo cabezn m, boulder, niggerhead (Col) eddy, del pilote, butt of apile. whirlpool. cabezorro m, bolt with large head. de pozo (pet), wellhead; casing heOO. de remache, rivethead. cabezote m, Tubble or one-man atone, (eone) plum. de seta (re), buttonhcad. de sonda (pet), drilling head. cabida t, contents; capacity, spaee. del timn (en), rudderhead. cabilla 1, steel bar, dowel, driftbolt, treenai1; - - de tornillo, screw)1ead. (naut) belaying pin pintle; (eone) rein~ de tubeda (pet), tubing head. forcing bar. de vlvula (A), valve bonnet. de reparticin (rei) (M), distributing bar. embutida (re), countersunk head. de tensin (ca), tension dowel. encajadora (pet) (M), drivehead. estriada (rei)(V), deformed bar. fijadora (tomillo)(A), fillister head. - U , U bolt. fuera de la cuerda (en), chordal addendum. cabilln m, ladder rungo fungorme, mushroom head (cOlumn). cabina t, elevator car; (tk)(sh) cab; cabin o an inferior, (gi) bottom flange. airplane. martillada (re), driven head. cabio m, joist; trimmer beam; lintel; raiter. para llave, wrench head (bolt). cabo m, lintel; rail of a door. perdida (re), countersunk head. cable m, cable, rope, line; (elec) cable. superior, (gi) top flange. acorazado (elc), armored cable. trasera (perforadora), back head. agitador (pet) , jerk lineo (Para otros tipos de cabeza vase remache y alimentador (elc), ieed cablc. perno.) antigiratorio, nonspinning wire rope.

..-

cable
armado, armored cable; multiple-conduetor cable. - . arrollado con encaje, (wr) locked-coil cnble. atesador, tightening or take-up lineo blindado, armored cable. - ' carril (cv), traek cable. cerrado (Es), loeked-coil cable. cinta, fiat wire rope. concntrico (elc), concentric-Iay cable. corredor, running rope. de abac, Manila rope. de aceite (elc), oH-filIed cable. de acercamiento (cv), inhaul cable. de acero, wire rape or cable. de achique (pet), swabbirtg lineo - - de alambre, wire rope. - ' de alambres ajustados, (wr) locked-wire cable. de alambres pareados (eMc), paired or nonquadded cable. de alejamiento, (cy) outhaul cable; (lg) haulback. de algodn, cotton rope. ' - de almas mltiples, multiple-core cable. de alzar, hoisting lineo de aproximacin (cv), inhaul cable. de arrastre, dragline, hauling cable. de arrollado liso, (wr) smooth-coil cable. de avance (pI), erowd lineo de botones (cv) , button lineo de cadena, chain cable. de camo, Manila or hemp rope. - - de carga, load or carrymg cable. de cierre (euch), c10sing or digging linee de cola, tag linea de compensacin, take-up linee de conductor mltiple (ele) , multiple-con.. ductor cable. de conductores de sector (ele), sector cable. de conductores encerrados (elc), shieldedconductor cable. de conductores gemetos (ele), twin wire. de conductores separados (elc), split-conductor cable. . de ~ordones planos, flattened-strand wire rope. de corrida, running rope. de la cuchara (pet), bailing lineo de descarga (eueh), dumping or trip lineo de elevaci6n, hoisting or fall or load linee de empuje (pI), crowd lineo de espira cerrada, (wr), locked-coil cable. de extraccin, cable on a mine hoist. de gas (elc), gas-filled cable. de giro (gr), sluing linea de henequn, sisal. rape. de izar, fall or hoisting or load lineo - ' de labor, running rope. de ladeo (tn) (nut), bullline. de levante (M), hoisting lineo de mando, operating cable. de nudos' (cv) , button lineo de recorrido (cv) (A), hauling or endless lineo -.- de refrenamiento, snubbing lineo -'. de remolque, hawser, towing line, towline; (type of wire rope) hawser, mooring lineo -

55
-

caboO

de retencin, guy cable; (bu) holding lineo de retroceso, (ah) ,backhaul rape; (lg) haulback, reeeding lineo de las tenazas (pet), tong lineo - - de torcido concntrico (ele) , eoncentric-Iay cable. de traccin, (wr) haulage cable; (ey) hauling or endIess line; (ce) dragline. de traslaci6n, (cy) hauling or endless Jine; (lg) straw or grass lineo de va (cv), traek or main cable. de volteo (euch), dumping lineo - , de un solo, (bu) single-lineo gra (Es), cableway. guardacarretera, highway guard cable. Manila, Manila rope. mensajero, carrying or messenger or load cable. metlico de almabrosa, fiber-core wire rope. muerto, standing rope; (pet) dead lineo para encarrilamiento (fe), wrecking rope. para inteplperie (elc), weatherproof cable. para maniobras (fe), switching rope. para vientos, guy cable. portador, (cy) main or load cable; suspension cable. preformado, preformed wire rape. protegido (ele), shielded cable. rastrero, hauling cable. rosario (cv)(A), button linee soltador (cuch), tripping linee suspendedor (pte), suspender cable. - . sustentador, carrying or load cable. telefrico, aerial tramway. tractor o sin fin (cv), hauling or endless lineo transbordador, cableway. ....-.- trenzaqo (ele), stranded or braided cable. vaciador (cuch), dumping linee cableado m (cab), layo corriente, regular laYe ~ cruzado, (cab) regular lay; pldin lay (rape). --'--- paralelo, lang layo cablear (cab) , to twist, to laYe cableeatri! m, eableway; aerial tramway. co~edizo, traveling cableway. girtorio, radial cableway. cablero m (M), rigger. cablerriel m (cv), traek cable. cableva m, cableway; aerial tramway. de arrastre (ef), cableway skidder. de cable templado, Tautline cableway (trademark) . flojo, slaekline cableway. - - radial, radial eableway. trasladable, traveling cableway. cabo m, rape, strand; foreman; handle; cape; end ciego (A), cap nut. de cuadrilla, straw boss, assistant foreman. - - de hacha, ax handle.. - - de labor, running rope. de mecha (A), shank o a drill. de pico, pick handle. de pistola, pistol gripe de retenida, guy cable; guy strand. guardacamino (ca), guardrail strand. - Manila, Manila rope.

...

cabo
mensajero, suspension or messenger strand. . - muerto, standing rope, guy cable. para vientos, guy strand. cabotaje m, pilotage; eoastwise shipping, cabotage. cabrestante m, winch, erab, capstan; A frame, breast or housa derrick. corredizo (hid), traveling gata hoist. de cadena, chain block. manual, hand-power winch. para remolcar, towing wineh. cabrestantero m (pet), winch-head man, cathead mano cabria /, winch, eapstan, windlass, crab: crane, derrick; A frame, gallows frame, housa derrick (lg) jammer; oil derriek. chinesca, differential windlass. de aguil6n, jib erane. de manivela, crank windlass. de martinete, pile-driver leada. de pies rgidos, stiftleg derrick. de tres patas, shear legs. tripod derrick. de vientos, guy derrick. izadora de compuerta (hid), gate hoist. remolcadora (te), towing winch. transportadora de troncos, logging arch. cabriada / (A), truss; pile-driver leads. cabrial m, rafter. cabrilla /. sawhorse, sawbuek; trest1e horse. cabrio m, joist; rafter. cabrin m, ehock. cab6s m (fe) (M), caboose. cabuya /, sisal or hemp rope. cabuy m, sn Argentine hardwood. cabuyera 1, rigging, outfit 01 ropes or cables; ship chandlery. .eabuyera m, ship chandler. cacaraa 1, pitting (rust). cacarafiado, pitted. cacera /, channal, canal, irrigation ditch. cacerola I (1ab), casserole. cachacera / (az), mud tank, blowup. cachar (mad), to split: to rip. cachaza / (az), Beum, froth, foam. mudo cacheta/ (ft), ward of a lock. cachete m, splice plate, seab. flshplate; jaw. or cheek plateo cachimba/, (A) shallow well, spring; (M) miner's lamp (Pe) house conneetion to a sewer. cachimbo m, (V) nozzle; (V) inlet. cachizo (mad), fit to be sawed. cachorro, cachorrero m (vol) (A) (Ch), Very light blast. cachucho m (Ch). bucket; coil pan in nitrate planto cachuela J (Pe), rapids of a river. cadahalso m. ahed. cadalso m, seaffold, staging. cadena/, ehain; log boom; (cons) tie, brace, reinforeement, buttress. afianzada, stud--link ehain. antiderrapante (M), tire ehain. antideslizante. tire chain. articulada, block ehRin; pitch or pintle chain. comprobada, proof coil ehain. con juntas de pasador, pin-eonnected ehain

56
-

cada
de adujadas, eoil ehain. de agrimensor, surveyor's ehain (66 feet). de aisladores (ele), chRin insulator, insulator string. de ajuste. toggle ehain, (lg) bunk chain. - - de amarrar. mooting ebain. - - de cable o de contretes, cable or stud-lnk ehain. de distribucin (auto), timing chain. de. dragado, dredge chain. de empuje (pI), crowding ehain. de engranaje, piteh chain. - - de escalera, ladder chain. de eslabn con travesai'io, stud-link ehain. de eslabn torcido, twist-link ehain. de eslabones cortos, close-link ehain. de eslabones planos, flat-link ehain. de fondeo, mooring chain. de Gall. Gall's chain. de Gunter, Gunter's or surveyor's chain. de herramientas (pet)" string of toola. - - de mando, tranamission or driving chain. de medir, surveyor's or Gunter's ehain; engineer's chain. de montafias, mountain range. - - de oruga, crawler belt. de paso corto, short-piteh ehain (flat link). de paso largo, long-pitch ehain. de producci6n, assembly or production lineo de rocas, reef, ridge of rock. de rodillos, roller chain. de seales (en). telegraph chain. - - de transmisin, chain belt, driving chain. - - de troncos, log boom. enroscadora (pet), spinning chain. --lubricadora. oiling chain. - - motora. driving chain para hojas de ventana, sash chain. --para ingenieros (lev), eDgineer's chain (100 feet). para neum&.tico, tire ehain. rotatoria, roller chain. silenciosa, silent ehain. sin soldar, weldless chain. sorda. silent chain. transportadora, ehRin eonveyor. cadenas de cola (ef), tag ehains. cadenada/ (lev), length of ODe ehain. cadenear (lev), to ehain. cadeneo m, chaining. cadenero m, ehainman. delantero, head chainmau. trasero, rear chainman. zaguero (A). rear chainman. cadenetas I (Ch), bridging between joists.. cadenilla (f) de tiro (ele), pull chan. cadmiado, cadmium-plated. cadmio m, cadmium. caedizo m, lean-to; a unstable, ready to fall; deciduous (tree). caer, caerse, to fall, drop; to fal. cagafierro m, slag, seoria. caico m (C), reef, shoaL cada /. fall, drfilP: (hyd) head; (geol) dip; (str) failure; (min) slip, fall o rock; (bldg) rool leader.

I
1

.,'!I

.....

-_..

57
,.' -

caja

de distribucin, (se) valve chest (elec) diabruta (hid), grosa head. tribution or junction hox. de a:;:ua, watcrfall. del eje, journal hox, axle box. de friccin, (hyd) riction drop. del embrague (auto), c1utch case. de tensin de la reactancia (clc), reactanco de empacadura (M), stuffing box. drop, quadrature component. _ efectiva (hid), eliective head. de empalme (elc), junction or splice oc joint hox. esttica (hid), static head. de empaque (M), packing case. - I R (ele), IR drop. de empaquetadura, stuffing hox. pluvial, rainfall. -por impedancia (ele), impedance drop. de enchufe (elc), receptac1e, outIet. de engranajes. gear case, gearhox; (auto) - til (hid), useful head. transmission. cados (min), fallen material. caimn m, Stillson wrench; (M) ore chuto; (pct) de engrase (fe), journal hox, axle hox. de entrega (irr), delivery bax. tongs. de escalera, stair well. caip6n m (RD), a timber tree~ de esclusa, sIuice bax. cairel m (en), rail. de estopas, stuffing box. caja J, box, case; ear body, truek body; (carp) de extraccin, mine cage. mortise, recess; (cloc) cabinet; (machy) de fuego (cal), firebox. housing, casing; (elec) outlot box, junction box; (rd) section exeavated for pavement; de gasto visible, sight-flowhox. (min) thickness of a vein; (coro) cash; safe, de grasa. gl'ease case. cashbox; eashier's office; fund; (eh) river de herramientas, toolbox, tool ehest. de humo, smokebox, breeclng. hed. de incendio, hydrant. basculante. dump body. de ingletes (cacp), miter box. -=;- chica. petty cash. de jubilaciones, pension fundo -...- de abonado (elc)(agua), servico box. de lavado (al), flush tank. -.. -. de acceso. inspection box; (clec) pun box. _. de Ja aguja (inst), compass box. de menores. petty cash. de muestras (sx), core box. de ahorros, savings bank. de alimentaci6n (az), feed weIl. de orificio (hid), orifice box. -._. del alma (sx), core hox. de paso (elc), pull box. -.- de amortizacin. sinking fundo de pilada (mam), batch oc mortfl.l' hax. -... - de arranque (elc), starting box. - - de puente trasero (auto), rear-axle housing. - - de ascensor. elevator shaft. de la puerta (M), door buck. ___ de avance (mh), feedbox. de registro, manhole (street). _ . . -. de banjo (auto), banjo housing. de resistencias (ele), resistancc hax. -.- de biscula. seale hax (weighin;). de retiros. retirement fundo ."......... de bobinas (auto), coil bOx. de rodillos (cojinete), roller race ..:.....:... de bolas (cojinete), hall cage, retainer. de salida (elc), outlet or conduit box. - - de bomba. pump casing. de salida doble, double or two-gang outlet - - de borne (elc), terminal housing. hox. - - de cadenas (en), chain locker. .de salida simple. single or one-gang outlet -.-. de cambio, (auto) gear case, gearbox; (mt) box. speed box. de salida triple. triple or three-gang outlet de cambios rpidos (torno), quiek-ehan~e box. gearbox de sebo (U), grease cupo .,......"..de caracol (turb), Bcroll case. de seccionamiento (elc), seetionalizing box. ~de carretilla, wheelbarrow tray. de seguridad, sae; safe-deposit box. -...-. de carro, car body; wagon hody. de servicio. (elec) serviee box; (irr) delivery -,.- de caudales. saa. box. _.. .- . de cepillo (herr), plane stock. de sulfitacin (az), 8ulphur box. - - de cerradura (t), lock case. de transferencia (eo), transfer case. ____ de cigeal (auto), crankcase. de transmisin (auto), gear or transmission -..- de contacto (ele), receptac1e, socket. case. --".- 4e contador, meter box, (elec) meter trough. de unin. junetion hox. _.- de ct'ntrapeso (ventana), weight hox. de vagn, car body. -.-. de cortacircuito (e16e), cutout box. de vilvula, valve chest; valve box. - - de la chapaleta (v), elack box. de vilvula al cordn, curb box. - - dechumacera. journa1 box, pillow block; de vapor (mv), steam ehest. axle hox. de velocidades. (auto) gear or transnllssion ___ d3 dcadas (ele), decade hox. case; (mt) speed box. - - de derivacin, (elee) junetion or tap box; de ventilacin, air or ventilation 8haft. service box (sd) diverting box. de visita, manhole, inspection box. -.- de derrame (az), overflow box. del volante (auto), flywheel housing. ~- del diferencial (auto), differential case 01' de volteo, dump body. housing. derivadora (irr), delivery box.

caja

58

caldear

en rosca (A), light draft. distribuidora (ca), spreader box, cradle. - - IIlximo, extreme draft. - - esparcidora (ca), spreader box. - - medio, mean draft. espiral (turb), scroll case. -.- sin carga, light draft. estancadora (maq), gland. calador m, ealking iron; drill for taking samples. fuerte, safe. para rboles (for) , increment or accretion grasera (fe) (Ch), journal box. borer. - - partida, split casing. caladura J, boring. pequea (Ee), petty cash. t:alafate m, calking chisel or iron. playa. (co)(A), flat body. t:alafateador m, ealker (man); ealking too!. - - portacuchilla. acabadora (mh), finishing box - - agudo, butt or sharp iron. too!. portacuchilla. desbastadora (mh), roughing - - a~gost..o, spike iron. - - de cubierta, dumb or deck iron. box too!. - - de estopa, yarning iron. repartidora. (irr)(M), division box. calafatear, to call<; (mas) (Col) to point. volcable o volquete, dump body. y espiga, (carp) mortise and tenon; (P)(M) calafateo m, calking. t:alaje m, (elec) angular displacement; (t) setting bell and spigot. (angle). caja-dique m, cofferdam. calamansanay m, a Philippine lumber. cajear, to mortise, recess. . calaminaJ (miner)(met), calamine. cajera J, groove, channel, recesa, key seat. - - colectora (Iu), collecting groove. calaminas(Ch) (B), galvanized corrugated shcets. de chaveta (maq), keyway, key seat. calandria 1, (chem) calandria; (machy) calender. calaa J (Es), guard railing, parapet, buIkdel eje, journal box, pillow block. head. - - de lubricacin, oil groove. calar, n limestone quarry; v to perforate; to cajero m, cashier; box maker. ~ajn m, packing case; eaisson; bin; skip, sealewedge; to treat with lime; to make core pan; car body; locker; (Ch)(V) gorge, canborings; to sink (caisson); (naut) to draw; yon; (Col) concrete forros; (elee) cabinet; a calcareous. (Ec) box culvert. calavera J (auto) (M), taillight. - - cargador, loading skip. calaverita J, caIaverite (gold ore). - - de aire comprimido, pneumatie caisson. calca J, a copy. - - de carro, wagon body; car body. - - heliogrfica, sun print, blueprint. - - de embalaje, packing case. calcado m, tracing. calcador m, tracer. - - de madera (exc), scale box. calcantitaJ. chalcanthite, native copper sulphate. de volteo, dump body. calcar, to trace, copy. - - esqueleto, crate. - - neumlitico o sumergible, pneumatic caisson. calcr~o, calcareous. calce in, wedge, liner, shim; underpinning; iron ~ajones;de agregados, aggregate bins. ~ajonero m, (exc) man who handles skips or tire. sealepans, (min) bottomer, onsetter. clcico a (qum), calcic, ealcium. calcina l. (Sp) concrete. i:ajuela J, groove, r~ess. calcinador m, calciner; (min) roaster. cal J, lime. - - area (Es), quicklime; high-ealcium lime. calcinar, to calcine, burn, roast (ore). calcio m, calcium. apagada, slaked iime. -_. clorurado, calcium chloride. - - blanca, high-calcium lime. calcita J (miner), calcite, calcspar. - - custica, eaustic lime, quicklime. calco m, a tracing; (V) original drawing on trana- - grasa, rich or high-ealcium lime. gruesa (A), quicklime. parent paper. - - a lpiz, pencil tracing. - - hidratada, hydrated or slaked lime, mason's heliogrfico (A), blueprint. hydrate. --litogrfico, lithotracing. - - libre, free lime. calcocita, calcosinaJ, chalcocite (copper ore). muerta, slaked ar hydrated lime. calcopirita J, chalcopyrite, yellow coppcr ore, - - pobre, lean or magnesium lime. yellow pyrites. - - tal como sale, run-of-kiln lime. calculador m, calculating machine; estimator. - - viva, quicklime, caustic lime. computer. - - y canto, stone masonry. - - circular, circular slide rule. cala J, cove, small bay; hold of a vessel; (naut) de red (elc), network calculator. draft; test core, test boring; test pito calcular, to compute, calculate; (str) (e) to - - de prueba, test' boring, boring coreo designo calabozo m (C), kind of machete. calculista, computer, estimator; (str) (C) decalabrote m, hawser. signer. calado m, (naut) draft, depth; (C) steneil, opcnclculo m, computation; calculus. work; (elec) (A) angular displaeement. de popa, draft aft. calda 1, heating; a heat (steel). de proa, draft forward. caldeador m, heater. - en plena carga, load draft. caldear, to heat; to weld.

..,

caldn
caldn m, an Argentino 'Wood used for paving blooks, caldeo m, heating; welding. ~ a martillo, hamm.er weIding. '-- a rodillo. roll weIding. de herrero, blacksmith welding. ~ por induccin, induction heating. caldera j, bailar; tar kettle (min) winza; (min) sump. a combusti6n de aceite, oil-fired hoiler. acuotubular, watertube hoiler. acuotubular rpida, express bailar. - - de calefaccin, heating boiler. de calor de desecho o de calor residual, waste-heat boiler. _ . de colector mtltiple. muItidrumboiler. de cuatro pasos. four-pass bailar. - - de hogar contenido, integraI-furnace boiler. de hogar exterior, external-nrebox boiler. - - de paso 'Gnico, once--through-type boiler. - - de retomo de llama,return-tubular boiler. de tiro descendente, downdraft boilar. de tornallama, return-tubular bollero - de tres colectores, three-clrum boiler. de tubo directo, through-tube boiler. de tubos al aire. exposed-tube boiler. de tubos de agua o de tubos hervidores, watertube boiler. de tubos de humo o de tubos de llama, firetuba boiler. de tubos sumergidos, submerged-tube boiler. - - de vaco, vacuum boiler. elctrica. eIectric ateam generator, electric boiler. - - enteriza con hogar. integraJ.-furnace hoilar. - - escocesa. Seoteh boiler. humotubular (M), fire-tube bailer. fgneotubular. fire-tube boiler. - - instantinea o ripida. flash hoiler. -locomvil. portable boiler on wheels. multitubular escocesa, Scotch marine boiler. - - semi1ija, semiportable boiler. tipo locomotora. loeomotive-type bailer. tubular de retomo, return-tu.bular hoiler. tubular sin retorno, through-tube hoiler. - vaporizadora de mercurio, mereury boiler. calderada j, water capacity of a boiler. caldereda j, boilermaking; boiler shop. calderero. calderista m, boilermaker. calderilla j (min), blind shaft. caldero m, boiler; caldron; (met) ladle. " de brea, tar kettIe. de colada. IadIe. caldo m (lab), broth. de formiato ricinolado, formate rieinoleate broth. de lactosa y bills verde brillante, brilliant green bile laetose broth. --lactosado violeta cristal, erystal violet laetose broth. calefaccin J, heat, heating. a panel radiante, radiant-panel heating. - a tubera simple (ed), one-pipe heating systemo a vacio. vaeuum h~"'ting system. a vapor, steam heating.

59
-

calibrador

a vapor de muy baja presin. vapor heating. de punto, spot heating. por aire aspirado, draw-through hot-blast heating. por aire soplado, blow-through hot-blast heating. por vapor de escape, exhaust-steam heating. calefaccionar, to heat. calefaccionista m, heating contractor. calefactor m, heater. - > - de panel, panel radiator. calef6n (m) elctrico (A), electric hoater. calentada j, a heat (stee1). calentado al blanco, white-hot. calentado. al rojo. red-hoto calentador m, heater. - - a presin, pressure feed-water heater. - - a roco, spray-type feed-water heater. a soplo de aire, air-blast heater. a vaco, vaeuum or .primary Ceed-watel' heater. a vapor de escape, emaust-steam feed-water heater. - - a vapor vivo. live-steam feed-water heater. - - atemperador (aa), tempering heater. de agua de alimentacin, feed-water heater. de cambiava (fe), switch heater. de contraflujo, counterflow feed-water heater. de chorro de aire (aa), blast heater. - - de dinamita, dynamite thawer. . - de escape directo (cal), through ar thoroughfare heater. de espacio, spaee heater. - - de paso m61tiple,multiflowfeed-water heater. - - de serpentn, noil-type heater. de superficie (asfalto), surfaee heater. desaereador. deaerating feed-water heater. inducido, indueedor draw leed-water heater. - - unitario,unit or spaee heater. calentamiento (m) suplementario (sol), coneurrent heating. calentar, to heat;calentarse. to heat up, run hot, calera J, limeIdln; limestone quarry" calera j, limekiln. calero m, operator ofaJimekiln; a caleareous. calesa J (min) (M), bueket. calesn m, eart, wagon;coneretebuggy. caleta!. eove. amall bay, inlet; (PR) short street. caletero m, eoasting vessel; (V) st.evedore. caleza J (Oh), ore bueket" calibitaj (nllneral de hierro), chalybite;siderite. calibraci6n J. calibration. calibrador m, gage, calipers;sizer; (rr) clearancl tempIate; (rr) (V) track gage. a cursor. slide caliper, con arco. wingcalipers. convertible, mside and outside calipers. de ahusamiento, taper gage. de alambre, wir gaga. de rboles. tree compasa. de cinta. feeler ribbon. de corteza, bark-measuring instrumento de cubo, socket gage. de engranajes, gear-tooth ealiper. de espigas, shank gage (drill). de mechasJ drill gage.

calibrador
de muescas,' groove gage. de roscas, screw-pitch gaga. macho, male gage. - - para dientes. gear-tooth caliper. para espesor, outside calipers; slip gage. - - para interior, inside calipers. - - para planchas, sheet gage. calibraje m. gaging, calibration. calibrar, to gage; to caliper; to calibrate. calibre m, gage, bore, caliber; (inst) gage. jig; ca.lipers; (rr) (M) gage. - - a colisa, slide caliper. - - a vernier, vernier caliper. - - americano, American or Browne and Sharpe wire gage. - - corredizo. sliding calipers. caliper rule. -'- de altura, surface gage. - - de anillo, ring gaga. de articulacin ajustable, lock-joint calipers. - - de articulacin fija, firm-joint ealipers. de Binningham, Birmingham wire gaga. - - de centro. centar gage. - - de circunferencia. circumference gage. - - de comparacin, master or reference gaga. - - de comprobacin, check or setting gage. - - de copa. socket gage. - - de dientes limpiadores (si), raker gage. - - de espesor, outside calipers; thickness gage. - - de estirar~ drawplate. - - de juego mximo, not-go gage. - - de juego mnimo, go gage. - - de limites. limit gaga. de macho, plug gage. - - de nonio, vernier ealipers. de profundidd, depth gaga. - - de ranuras, groove gage. - - de resorte, spting ealipers. ' - de superficie, surfaee gage. de taller o de trabajo, working gage. - - de tolerancia, limit gage. de traspaso, transfer ealipers. de triscado (si), tooth-set gage. ~ determin~do o especifico, definite gaga. - - escalonado, step gage. - - exterior, snap gage; outside caliper. - - hembra,reeeiving gage. - - hermafrodita, hermaphrodite calipers. - - indicador, indieator calipers; indieating gage. - - interior. male gage. - - maestro o patrn, master or standard gage. - - micromtrico, mierometer ealipers. - - normal, st~ndard gaga. para guardarriel (fe), guardrail gage. - - para troncos, log calipers. Stubs, 8tubs wire gage. - - trazador, marking ealiper. calicanto m, stone masonry. calicata J (A), test pito ca1iche m, caliehe (stiff whitish c1ayey sol); (B) (Oh) soil that produces sodium nitrate. calichera f (Oh)(Pe), nitrate deposit; residue oi the caliche after produetion of the salitre. calidraf (M), a special kind of bydrated lime. calientarremaches m, rivetheater. caliente, hot, warm. callsuar m (A), reamer.

60

calle

- - de estdas,,fIuted reamer. calita f, ealite (alloy). caliza f, limestone. - - cavernosa, eavern lim~stone. - - magnesiana, magnesian limestone, dolomite. calizo. calcareous, containing lime. calmar (met), to kill, deadmelt. calor m, heat. aprovechable, useful heat. - - concomitante (sol), coneurrent heating. - - de desecho, waste heat. de fraguado (conc), heat of setting. de hidratacin, heat of hydration. de humedecimiento (ms). heat o wetting. de remojo (aa), heat of wetting. - - de rozamiento, frietional heat. de sublimacin (aa), heat o ~mblimation. - - especfico, specific heat. --latente de fusin, latent heat of fusiono moderado de endurecimiento (ct), moderate heat of hardening. - - sensible (aa). sensible heat. calora f, calore. - - grande, large or great calorie, kilogramcalore. - - pequea, small enlore, gram-ealorie. caloda-gramo, gram-calorie, small calorie. calora-kilogramo, kilogram-ealorie, great calorie. calrico, calodc. calorfero m, radiator. heater; a giving heat. - - de aire, hot-air furnace. - - de tubera, pipe-eoil radiator. - - de vapor, steam radiator; heating boiler. - - directo-indirecto. direct-indirect radiator. - - mural, wall radiator. - - seccionado de fundicin, sectional cast-iron radiator. ,i - - tapado, 'eoncealed radiator. calorifico. calorific. calorfugo. nonconducting o heat, heat-resisting. calorimetra f. ca.1orimetry. calorimtrico, calorimetric. calornletro m, calorimeter. - - de estrangulaci6n, throttling calorimeter. - - de separacin. separating calorimeter. calorita f (aleacin), calorite. calorizar (met), to ealorize. calota f (tn)(A), top heading. caloventilador m (M), heating fan. caluma f (top)(Pe), gap, pass, gorge. calza J. wedge, chock, shim, liner; (str) shoe; (O) brake block; (t) tipo calzada f, paved roadway, causeway; (A) improved road; (Ph) wagon road. calzador m (vol)(A), tamping stick. calzar. to wedge, ehoek, seotch, shim; to key; (rr) to tamp ties; (t) to tipo calzo m. wedge, ehock; shim; foot block; frietioll block; (machy) shoe. de detencin (fe), scoteh block. de puerta (ft). binder. calzos de estiba (O), dunnage. calzn m (tub), Y, bifureation. callapo m, (min)(Oh) strut; (B) handbarrow. calle f, street. urbaniz:ada (Es), street paved and eurbed.

lo

tallej6n
callejn m, lane, aUey; (top) pass. del eje (en), ahaft tunnel, shat aUey. callejuela f, sman street; (M) traffic lane. cama f, bed, bedplate; stratum; cog; eam; body of a Bit truck or cal'. -de mortero, bed of mortal'. de roca, bedrock, ledge rock. camada J, stratum, layer. eamagn m, a Philippine lumber. cimara J, chamber, room; camera; (auto) inner tube; (min) stan, room, chamber. aerofotogramtrica, camera fol' aeria! photography, aeroeamera. ampliadora, enlarging camera. anublada (lab), fog room; cloud chamber. _0_ captadora (hid)(Pe), intake chambar. cartogrfica, mapping camera. cernidora (is)(Pe), screen. chamber. compensadora (com), c1earinghouse. cudruple (fma) , four-couple ol' four-lens camera. .....-- de aire, air chamber. de aire comprimido, pneumatic caisson. de ngulo ancho (fma), wide-angle camera. de aspiracin, (engo) suction chambel'. de bajada (ve), downtake chamber. de burcacin (al), junction chambar. de calma (hid), stilling well or box. _ de carga (hid), surge tank al' chambel'; forebayo de cascajo (dac), grit chambor. de comercio, chamoor 01 comrnerce. de compensacin, (hyd) surge tank al' ehamber; (eom) elearinghouse. de la compuerta (ds), caisson ehamber. de confluencia (al), junetion chamber. de copiar, copying camera. -. - de decantacin, settling basin. --. de descompresin (tn), deeompression ehamber. de digestin (dac), digestion eompartment, sludge-digestion chtunber. de dosificacin (dac), dosing chambor. de empalme (ele), splicing cltamber. - de equilibrio (hid), surge tank. - - de esclusa, loek chambel'. - - de horizonte (fma), horizon camera. de limpia (al) (U), automatic 6ush tank. ' - de mar..do, control room. de mquinas, engine room. d~ oleaje (hid), surge ehamber. de pelcula continua (fma), continuous-strip camera. - - de pleno (ve), plenum chamber. de presin (bid), forebay. de pulv',:rizacin (auto) (U), mixing chamber. de redutcin, reduction camera. de reparticin (irr), division box. -o- de retencin (dac) (Pe), detention ehamber. de roco (aa), spray ehamber. de salida (hid), afterbay. de subida (ve), uptake ehamber. de trabajo, working chamber. de tranquilizacin (hid), IStilling ehamber. de turbina. wheel pito de turbulencia (di), turbulence chamber.
_0_
_ 0_

61

cambio
de vapor (mv), atearo chest. de vertedero (bid), weir ehamber. - - de visita, manhole, inspection chamber. desripiadora (dac), grit ehambor. desviadora. diversioll chamber. doble (fma), tw6'-couple or two-Iens camera. espiral (turb), BerOn case. - - estereofotograxntrica, stereocamera. fotogrfica. camera. granangular, wide-angle camera. hmeda (lab), fog room. -limpia (al) (U), 6ush tank. mltiple (fma), multiple.lens camera. nnupla (fma), nine-lens camera. proyectora, proj ection camera. quntupla (fma) , five-lens camera. rectificadora (fma), rectifying camera. - - registradora (fma), reeol'ding camera. separadora (hid), sereen chamber. sptica (dac), sepHc tank. simple (fma), single-Iens camera. televisara, television camera. tomavistas (ma) view camera. triple (fma) , three-Iens camera. camarn m, elevator cal'; shaft cage. camarn m (Ch), wheels alld axle used to handle logs. camarote (en), stateroom. cambar m (A), a sotwood. 6ambiacorrea m, belt shifter. cambiador m, ehanger; switchman; (elec) switch; (rr)(Ch)(M) switch; belt shifter. de calor (M), heat exchanger. de frecuencia (1'0.), frequencyehangor; de polos (ele), pole ehanger. de toma (eJc), tap changer. de torre (e), towerman. de velocidad. apead-changer, variable-speed transmission. cambiar. to ehange. exehange; to switch. engranajes (auto), to shift gears. marcha (maq) , to reverse; to ehange speed. cambiava m (fe), turnout; switeh (C)(M)(PR) switehman; (M) turntable. de aguja, point switch. de desvo doble, Y switch. de resorte, spring switch. de tope, stub switch. de traspaso doble. diarnond switch, double erossover. en Y, Y switch. saltacarril, jumpel' switch. tndem, tandem switch. tumbadora, ground throw, ground-lever switch. cambio m, change; (rr) switch; (auto) shift; (eom) exehange. areo, overhead frog (trolley). corredizo (fe), slip switch. corrido (e), fiying switch. de aguja (fc) , point 01' split 01' tongue switch de arrastre (fe), trailing-point switch. de banda (raHA), band switch or selector. de bases (qlm)(Pe), base exchange. de cruzamiento (fe) (A) slip switch. de desGarrilar (fe), derall switch.
I 1

' --0-

cambio
de marcha. (eng) reversing. de rasante, break in grade. de resorte (fe), spring switch. de taln (fe), trailing-point switch. de tope (fe), stub switch. de trazo (fe), changa of line, reloeation. de tres tiros (fe), three-throw switch. de velocidad (auto), gearshift. de via (fe), switch; turnout. de via triple (fe), three-throw switch. digital (auto), gearshift on the steeringwheel. enfrentado (fe), facing-point switch. extranjero o exterior (fin), foreign exehange. ingls (feHA), slip switch. qumico, chemieal change. volumtrico (ms), volume change. cambista m, switchman; money changer. cimbium m (mad), cambium. camboat' m, an Argentine lumber (semihard). cambray m, eambric. barnizado (ais), varnished cambrie. - impregnado. empire cloth, eambrie insulation. camelia J (met), camelia. camelln m, sawhorse (top) ridgej windrow, (irr) border. distribuidor (hid), spreader ridge. camilla J, stretcher; han'dbarrow. caminamiento (lev) (Es), traversing. caminante, foot passenger. caminero m, road workman; (rr) (A) track Iaborer; a pertaining to roads. caminillo m (e), run~ay, footwalk. camino m, road. afirmado, paved roadway, 1mproved road. carretero, wagon road. carrozable (Ee), wagon road. de acceso, access road. de acceso controlado, controlled-access road, through highway, parkway. de acceso ilimitado, local-service foad, service drive. de acceso limitado, through or limited-access highway, freeway, parkway, thruway. de arrastre (e), skid road. de fomento, feeder load. de recua (V), trai1. de remolque, towpath. de simple vertiente, hanging road. de sirga, towpath. de tierra, dirt or unimproved rooo. de troncos, corduroy road. de un agua, hanging road. en balcn, benehed road. mejorado, improved road. natural, unimproved or dirt road. real o troncal, highway, man road. vecinal, local or subsidiary load. c:amin m, truek. a horcadas, straddle truek. agitador (eone), truek mixer; truck agitator. andamio, (elec rr) tower truck. autom6vil, motor truck. basurero, garbage truck. batidor (cone), truck agitator; truck mixer. cisterna (A), tank truck. -

62
-

campana

cuba, tank truck. chato, fiat truek. de adrales, flat truck with racks. de auxilio, wrecking ear. de barandas (A), flat truck with raeks. de caballete, straddle truck. de cama plana. flat truckJ de disparo (geo!), shooting truck. de escalera, (elee rr) tower truck. de estacas. stake-body truek. de expreso, express or pickup truck. de extensi6n, reach truck. de gr6a. truck erane. de maroma (M), dump truck. de medio carril, half-track. de pilada o de revoltura (conc), batch truck. de plataforma, flat truek. de registro (geof), recording truck. de reparto. express or pickup or delivcry truek. de taladro (geof),. drill truek. de teleros o de varales. flat truek with stakes. de volteo, dump truek. elevador o levantador, lift truck. esparcidor (ca), distributor truck. materialista (M), truck for hauling concren materals. - - mezclador (eone), truek mixer. multicelular (cone) (A), multiple.batch truck. plano, flat or platform truck. playo (A), flat truck. regador, sprinkler truek. remolcador. tow truck. tanque, tank truek. tractor, truek tractor. - volquete, dump truck. camionada J, truckload. camionaje m, trueking, truckage. camionero m, truckman, truck driver; trnek owner, hauling contractor. camioneta J, light truck. camisil J, jacket, Iagging; sleeve, bushing; drill chuek. - - de agua, water jacket. de caldera, boiler lagging. de nudo (M), coupling slceve. del pistn (auto) (A), piston skirt. de polvo (ag), dust jacket. de vapor, steam jacket. h6meda (auto), wet-type cylinder linero seca (auto), dry-type cylinder linero camn m, felloe, felly. campamento m, campo campana J, bell; anything bell-shaped; (p) hubo bell; (clec) petticoat (insulator). de aire, air chamber, air receiver. de bucear o de buzo, diving bello de freno (A), brake drum. de goteo (ele), drip petticoat. de lodo, mud soeket (drilling). de nieblas, fog bello de pesca (pet). socket. de soldar (tub), welding bello de vidrio (lab), bell glass or jaro neumtica (M), pneumatic caisson. y espiga (tub), bell and spigot.

.\0

campanilla
campanilla (J) elctrica, electric bello campafia 1, level eountry; field (work). campista m, miner who works on shares, tributer. campo m, :6eld (all senses); mining campo de aterrizaje, landing field, airfield, airpark. de a.viaci6n o de decolaje, airpark, airfield. de fuerzas (ele), field of force. de imagen (ima) , image field. de la lente (fma), field o view. de radiaci6n (ra), radiation field. fijo (ele), stationary or constant field. gasfero, gas field. giratorio (ele), rotating or revolving :Beld. petrolero o petrolfero, oi! eld. productor (pet), produeing' fieId. _ . raso, open or fiat eountry. visual, field o view or o visiono can m, corbcl, bracket, bolster; column cap; shoulder; pawl, dogo ca:lal m, canal, channel, gullet; chute, flume, race; (min) gronnd sluice; (ra) channcl; (clec) raceway, wireway. alimentador, feeder canal, headrace. asociado (ra), associated channe!. auxiliar (ele), auxiliary gutter. - - cribador, screen chute. de acceso (hid), head canal, approach chan... nel. de aduccin, headrace, head canal. de agotamiento, drainage canal. _ . de alcantarillado, drainage or sewer canal. de barras coledoras (elc), busway. de carga (Es), headrace, open penstock, pentrough. de combinacin (e1c), combination raceway. de conduccin, aquequct canal. de corriente portadora (elc), carrier channel. de derivacin, diversion channel. de descarga, spillway channel, wasteway; tailrace. de desfogue (M), tailrace. de escurrimiento (ms), flow channe!. de flotacin, log sluice. de fondo abi~rto (elc), open-bottom race... way. de fuga, tailraee; spUlway channe!. de lodo (pet), mud ditch. de llegada, headrace; channel o approach. de mareas, tideway. de piso metlico celular (elc) , cellularmetal-fioor raceway. de radiodifusin, broadcasting channel. de riego, irrigation canal. de trada, headrace. derivado, branch canal. descubierto, open channeI. desviador, diversion channel. dosificador (is), dosing flume. en balc6n (M), bench flume. evacuador, spillway channel, wasteway; (irr) return ditch. madre (irr)(Pe), man canal. maestro, main canal. m.artimo, ship canal. medidor, measuring flume.

63
-

canaln

medidor de Parshall, Parshall Hume. metlico superficial (ele). surface metal raceway. para alambres (ele), raceway, conduit. - - para barras conductoras (plc), buswy. - - para lanchones, barge canal. - - troncal (irr), main canal. vertedor, trough spillway, chute spillway; spillway chann.el. canal 1, conduit, pipe, duct; channel ron; roof gutter; groove, slot. - - de aluminio (est), aluminum channeI. de bajada (ed), leader, downspout. de barra (est), bar-lnill channel. de cables, cable dueto de cruzamiento (fe), frog channeI. de desage (Pe), sewer pipe. de enrasillado (ed), furring ehannel. de humo (M), fIue. de lluvia (to), gutter. de pestafta t fIangcway. de ventilacin, ventilation dueto -para construccin de carros, car-building channel. - - para construcciones navales, shipbuilding channel. U (M), channel iron. canalado, corrugated, fiuted, grooved. canalador m, channeler; 'rabbetng planeo canaladura 1, corrugation, Huting. canalera 1 (Es), roof gutter. canaleda 1, system ofducts 01' ditches. canalero m (irr), custodian o a canal; (M) irrigation subscriber. canaleta 1, chute; groove, eorrugation; roof gutter, eaves trough; (A)street gutter; (cone) spout. ' de aforos venturi, Venturi Hume. - - de carga, loading chute. - - de descarga, dumping chute. de reparticin (irr), head flume. de toma en marcha (fe), track pan. plegadiza, jackknife chute. canalistas m (eh), irrigation subscribers. canalizacin J, canalization; flume; piping; system o ducts; (elec) wiring; (elee) layout o conduts; (ra) channeling. de circunvalacin simple (ele), single runaround wiring. de desagUes, sewer system. de red doble (elc), double-grid wiring. de red simple (elc), single-grid wiring. descubierta (elc), exposed work. elctrica, electric wiring; system o conduts for electric wiring. maestra, mans. oculta (elc), concealed work. canalizar, to canalize i to eh annelize. canalizo m, Hume, channel; fairway, gut. de control, control flume. de evacuacin, sluieeway; (irr) return ditch. medidor, measuring flume. canaln m, flume; gutter, eaves trough; (elec) gutter; waste pipe; (M) chute. armado o ensamblado (to), box or built-up gutter.

cana16n
de garganta, throat flume. de media ladera, bench flume. .- de ParshaU, Parshall flume. - medidor, controlor measuring fluine. suspendido (00), hanging gutter. canasta /, basket; (hyd) strainer. canastilla /, (M) bucket; (M) car o aerial tramway. canastillo (hid), trashrack. canasto m, basket; (A) small mortar bucket. cancagua / (Ch), a stiff sandy aol. cncamo m, eyebolt; balto - arponado (M), ragged bolt. de CjueUo, shoulder eyebolt. de ojo, eyebolt. de remache, rivet ringbolt. cancel m, screen; (CA) partition. cancha /, yard; level tract o land; airpark; wide stretch of a river; (U) path, road. de 'almacenaje, store yard. de aterrizaje, landing field, airfield, airpark. de equipo (cons), equipment yard. de secamiento (dac)(Ch), sludge-drying bed. canchal m, deposit of boulders, (M) moraine. c:anchamina /, yard around a mine shat. canc:haminero m (eh), laborer in a mine YaJ.d. canchero, yard foreman. candado m, padlock; latch. de aldaba~ hasp lock. de combinacin, combination padlock. candela /, fiare, torcho candelero m, support, cradle; stanchion. candeln m (RD), a hardwood. candencia /, incandescence. candente, ncandescent, red-hoto candil (m) de minero, miner's lampo candileja /, (il) footlight; (rr) fuaee. canecillo m, corOOl, bracket. canel m (Es), cannel coal. caney m, small bay; (C) bend of a river. canga / (A)(B), a soH containing iron. cangagua I (Col), a BoH used for making adobe brick. cangahua I (Ec), hardpan. cangalla /, mine refuse, tailinga. cangiln m, bucket; (Col)(V) rut; (Ec) mudhole; (PR) amaU waterfall. - basculante, tip bucket. de arrastre, dragline bucket. de elevador, elevator 'bucket. - volquete, dump or contractor's bucket. cangrejo m (mee), any grappling device, (pet) casing apear. canguiln m (Ch), bucket. canilla /, faucet, spigot, bibb, coek; reel, apool. - para manga, hose bibb. - surtidora, faucet. canoaj, flume, trough; launch, canoe; (CA) roof gutter. canon m, list; rate; tax; royalty. de arrendamiento, rental rateo de riego, irrigation rate. cantal m, stony ground; spall. cantalita f (geol), cantalite. canteador m, canteadoraj, (t) edger; edging saw; pitchin~ tool.

64
~

caJieria
cncavo, ineurve edger. conveJ:o, out-curve edger de acera,curb tool. de peldaos, step edger. - - en bisel, bavel edger. mltiple (as), gang edger. cantear, to lay on edge; to cut stone; to piteh (atone); to edge. cantera j, quarry. de arena, aand pito de grava, gravel pit or bank. de lastre, ballast pito - - de prstamo (ot), borrow pito canteda 1, stonecutting; quarrying; cut atone, ashlar masonry; stonecutting yard. cantero m, stonecutter, quarryman; (A) raised area held by curbs. cantidad J, quantity. - - negativa, minus quantity. cantil,m, cliff. cantilever m, cantilever. cantimplora J, weep hole. cantina /, commissary store, canteen; saloon. cantizal m, stony ground. canto m, edge; thiclmess of a board; ashIar stone; pebble, boulder. --, de, on edge. de corte, cutting edge. -laminado, rolled edge (steel plate). recortado~ sheared edge (steel plate). rodado, boulder, cobble, pebble. sin labrar, rough Rshlar. - vivo, square edge. cantonera 1, curb angle or bar, corner bead, any piece reinforcing a comer or edge: (Sp) angle iron. cantorral m, gr~velly or stony ground. cafia 1, shank, handle; shaft; (naut) tiller; cane, reed; stem, stalk; rod. - - brava, bamboo. - - del ancla, shank ol an anchor. de azcar, Bugar cane. - - de barrena, drill shank. de Bengala o de Indias, rattan. de columna, shaft o a column. - - de mina, mine gallery. del timn, tiller. de volar, blasting holeo - - dulce o melar, sugar caneo caada j, ravine, gorge, guleh (e) (PR) brook; (A) inlet~ estuary. caadn,canyon,gorge. caahuate m, lignum vitae. caamazo m, burlap; canvas. caamelar m, 8ugar plantation. caamiel 1, sugar caneo camo m, hemp, jute; (CA) hemp cord; (Ee) burlap. de calafatear, ealking yarn. de empaquetar, hemp packing. de las Indias, jute. de Manila, Manila hemp, abaca. embreado, tarred marline. - trenzado, braided hemp. caera /, piping, pipe, conduit; pipework. bridada, flanged pipe. -

capacidad
conductora (pet). line pipe. corriente, standard pipe. ~ de acueducto, water mains. ......- de aduccin, supply line, aqueduct. _ de arcilla vitrificada, sewer pipe, glazed tile pipe. _ de barra enclavada, Loek-bar pipe (trademark). _ de carga, penstock, force main. _ de conduccin (hid), aqueduct, supply lineo de duelas de madera, wood-stave pipe. _ de entubacin (pet), casing pipe. de fundicin, cast-iron pipe. _ de fundicin liviana, sol pipe, lightweight cast-iron pipe. de hierro centrifugado, centrifuga! cast-iron . pipe. _ de hierro forjado legtimo, genuina wroughtiron pipe. de macho y campana, bell-and-spigot pipe. derivada, branch pipe lineo extrapesada, extra-heavy pipe. forzada o de presin, pressure conduit. pen~ stock. maestra o matriz, mains. remachada en espiral, spiral-riveted pipe. roscada, screwed pipe. sin costura, seamless tubing. surtidora, aqueduct, supply pipe. universal, Universal cast-irOll pipe. caero m, caiata m, pipeman, plumber, pipe fitter, steam fittcr. caito (m) pasador, pipe slceva. cafio m, pipe,. conduit; gutter; roof leader; smaIl :;tream; (pw) channcl; (A) hose; (C) sump, fioor drain, street inlet to a sewer. ~ arenero (loco), sand pipe. aspirante (bm) , suctioIl' pipe, (A) suction hose. de absorcin (A), perIoratcd well pipe. de acotamiento, sel'vice connection. de alimentacin, feed or inlet pipe. de bajada (ed), downspout, leader. - - de bridas, flanged pipe. de chimenea, stack. - - de desborde, overflow pipe. - - de drenaje, drainpipe, draintile. de expulsin (bm) (A), discharge pipe. - - de impulsin (bm), discharge pipe. - - de perforacin, drill pipe; drive pipe. - - de servicio (A)(C), service connection. - - de subida, riser. de tornillo, screwed 01' threaded pipe. expelente, (eng) cxhaust pipo; (pu) discharge pipe. pluvial (ad), loador, downspout. cafin m, pipe, tube; gOl'gc, canyon; barrol o an arch; barrel of a gun; barrelof a hydrant; (Col) tree trunk; (min) drift, gallery. de ascensor, elevator shaft. de caldera, boiler tube. de cemento, cement gun. de columna, shaft o a column. de chimenea, chimney fiue. de escalera, stair well. de escobn (en), hawsepipe. _ _ de e:zpansin (en), expansion trunk. de llave, shank of a key. de ventilaci6n, air shat. electrnico (ra), electron gun. -lanzacemento, cement gun. para tubos (ed), pipe shaft. perforador (pet), perforating gun. cauela J (vol)(M), fuse. caoba J, mahogany. falsa, bastard 01' false mahogany. caobillaJ (C) (PR) , an inferior variety of ma.hog~ any. caoba m, mahogany tree. eaolin m, kaolin, China clay eaoUnico, kaolinic. eaolinita f (miner), kaolinite, kaolin. capa J, layer; stratum; ply; (pt) coat; (mas) COUl'se; coat of plaster; (min) seam, vein' (C) slicker, oilskin coat. acufera, water-bearing stratum, aquifer. aisladora de humedad (A), waterproofing course. Appleton (ra), Appleton or F layer. azotada (U), scratch coat (plaster). - - barrera (ra), barrier or blocking layer. blanca (Yesera), finishing or white 01' putty 01' skin 01' skim coat. caf (M), brown coat (plaster). de acabado, finishing eoat; (plaster) white 01' putty coat. de baldeo (ca), flush seal. de base (a), base COUl'se. de conglomerante (ca)(Ch), binder course. de cubierta (ca), cover stone or coat. de defensa o de desgaste, wearing coat or surace. de desgrase (A), scratch coat o plaster. de emparejamiento o de enrase (ca), leveling course. de Heaviside (ra) , Heaviside layer, ionosphere. de imprimacin (pint), priming coat. de ladrillos, course o brick. de ligazn, binder course. d mortero, bed o mortar. de pega (ca) (V), tack coat. de reflElxin (geof) , refiecting layer 01' horizon. de rodamiento (ca), wearing surface. de sellado (ca), seal 01' carpet coat. de velocidad (geoO, speed or velocity hedo - F (ra), F 01' Appleton layer. - freitica, ground water, water table, aquifer. gasfera (pet) , gas cap. pegajosa (ca) (M), tack coat. rayada, scratch coat (plastcr). sellante (ca), seal coat. superficial (ca), sUl'ace course. cap m (PR>, a hurdwood. capacidad J, capadty; (elee) capacitance. al ras (cc), struck capacity. asignada, rated capll.city. colmada (ec), heaped capacity. corporal (ra), body capacitanee. de asiento (ms) (M), bearing capacity. - - de conduccin, (hyd) fiow capacity; (elee) curl'cnt-carryiug cll.pacity.

capacidad
de ganancia, earning power. de modulaci6n (ele), modulation capability. de soporte del terreno. bearing power of sol. directa (ra), straight-line capacitanee. dispersa (ra), stray capacitance. distribuida (ra), distributed capacitanee. electrosttica. permittance, electrostatic c~ pacity. encubridora (pint), hiding power, covering capacity. entre electrodos (ra), interelectrode capacitance. grilla-placa (ra), grid-plate capacitance. inductiva especfica (elc), permittivity, apecific inductive capacity, dielectrie constant. interruptora (elc), interrupting capacity. parsita (ra), stray capacitance. portante, carrying capacity, bearing power. rebosada (V), heaped capacity. trmica, heat or thermal capacity. capacimetro m (A), capacitance meter. capacitador m (elc), capacitar, condenser. compensador (ra), buffer capacitar. de acoplamiento. coupling capacitor. de bloqueo, blocking capacitar. capacitancia I (elc) (mec), capaeitance. acstica (ra). acoustic compliance or capacitance. de entrada (ra), input capacitance. de salida (ra), output capacitance. interelectrdica (ro.) , interelectrode capacitance. lineal, straight-line capacitance. propia, self-capacitance. rejilla-citado, grid-cathode capacitance. rejilla-placa, grid-plate capacitance. vagabunda. stray capacitance. capacitivo (elc), capacitive. capacitmetro m, (ro.) (A) capacita.nce meter, (M) condenser meter. eapacitor m (elc), capacitar, condenser. de dcadas (ra), decade condenser or capacitar. , de placas ajustables. variable or adjustable capacitor. de placas paralelas, parallel-plate eapacitor. filtrador (ra), smoothing capacitar. regulable, variable capacitar. capacho m, bucket; (sh) dipper; brick hod. con descarga por debajo. bottom-dump bucket. de elevador. elevator bueket. de extraccin. mine bucket. de pala. shovel dipper. de tiro. dipper of a pullshovel or trench hoe. de torre (conc), tower bucket. pesador, weighing bucket. tipo cscara de naranja (Ch), orange-peel bucket. caparrosa J, copperas. capataz m, foreman. de brigada. squad boss. de carpinteros. foreman carpenter. del desencofrado (mo), stripping foreman. del patio, yard foreman. del tramo (fe), section foreman. -

66

caracterstica

:i

de turno. shift bosa. de la va. track foreman. general. general foreman, waIking boas. caperuza 1, pipe cap; hood. capialzado m, flashing over daor or window. capilar, capillary. capilaridad 1, capillarity. capilla 1, bonnet, hood, eowl. de vlvula (mg)(Es), valve chamber. capillo m (met), cupel. de prensaestopas (pet), packing gland. capital m, capital (money). activo, working capital; (Ch) capital assets. de explotaei6n. working capital. - - en giro. working capital. fsico (Ch), capital assets. integrado o realizado, paid-up capital. pasivo (Ch), capitalliabilities. social. capital stock. capital J, capital (city). capitalista, 8 a, capitalist. capitalizar, to capitalize. capitn m, captain; foreman. de patio, yard foreman. del puerto. harbor master, captain oC tha port. capitana (j) del puerto. oflice of the harbor master. capiteJ m, capital, eolumn head, (conc) column cap. cap6 m (auto), hood. caporal m (V), foreman. capota 1, hood; auto top; cowling (airplane). capote m, hood; (Col) topsoi1. cpsulal, capsule, bottle cap; cartridge shell; lid, cover; (lab) dish. de carb6n (tel), carbon button or capsule. de evaporacin (lab), evaporating dish. detonante. expIoder, blasting cap. detonante <'e tiempo, delay blasting cap. fulminante" blasting cap, exploder. captacinl, (hyd) eatchment, impounding; diversion; (r) (A) capture; (ra) pickup. captador (m) de polvo. dust collector. captar (hid), to impound, co11ect; to divert. captura I (r), capture. capuchina f (Col), door or window lateh. capuch6n m, (auto) valve cap; (pi) driving cap; chimney cap. capull m (Pe), kind of timbar used in mines. cara 1, faee; cheek. anterior (dib), near side. brillante (cuero), flesh side. d~ campana. hell face (hammer). de la flor o de pelo (cuero), hair or grain side. de la raz (sol), shoulder, root face. de rueda, tread of a wheel. posterior (dih), far side. caracol m, spiral; (turb) scroll case; (A) worm gear. caracteristica J (mec) (elc)(mat), characteristic. andica (ra), plate characteristic. de desprendimiento (fa), emission characteristic. de grilla (ra), grid charaeteristic.

caracterstica
___ de traspaso (ra), transe1' characteristic. caramero m (V), drift carried by a tlood. ~arato (m) de cemento (V), cement grout. esritula I (M), dial o an instrumento carbodinamita I (vol), carbodynamite. carbohidrato m (is), carbohydrate. carbohidrgeno m, carbohydrogen. cad)lico, carbolic. carbolneo m, carbolineum (wood preservative). earbolita I (abrasivo), Carbolite (trademark). carboln m (abrasivo), Carbolon (trademark). c.arb6n m, coal; charcoal; carbono .".-- activado (pa), activated carbono ....,...- aglomerante o aglutinante, caking coa!. ,....- animal, bone charcoal, bone blac~. .".-- antracitoso, anthracite ....,...- bituminoso, bituminoU5 coa!. ___ brillante, glanco coal. - - conglomerante, caking coal. ___ de ampelita o de buja, cannel coal. --- de astilla, splint coa1. ..........,. de forja o de fragua, blacksmith coal. ___ de gas (V), gas carbono ___ de huesos, animal charcoal, bone black. ___ de lea o de madera, charcoa!. -. _-o de llama corta, smokeIess or hard coaI. .. . __.' de llama larga, soft coa!. -'- de piedra, coal. .,_.;~dretorta, gas carbono _ entrozado (M), broken coaI. . ."..".,.""" ..,....."'''. bituminous 01' 50ft 01' gas coal. ~"llllStJ~OS'()' pitch coal. :Qlate, cannel coal. __ JDineral, coa!. ".....,..,. no aglutinante, noncaking ol' free-burning coal. >...para calderas, steam coal. petoso; pitch coa!. ........... s.eco, dry 01' nonvolatile coa!. ~ semigraso, semibituminous coaI. ___ tal como sale, TWl-of-mme coa1. ~vegetal, charcoal. ~.:tbc'na.eiti.nj (pa)(Pe), carbonation. pllt'bclna.do m. carbon 01' bIack diamond. c~bonataein1, carbonation. ~8Jrbc,n8lta41or m, carbonatar. ."c~lrbon,ata:r, to carbonate. c:.rbl)n~lto m, carbonate .;;~ .ejdo de sodio, acid sodium carbonate, bicarbonate o soda. ...-.,..amnico, ammonium carbonate. "'"'i""""'tle calcio,ca1cium carbonate, carbonate o lime. -.- magnsico, magnesium carbonate, (miner) magnesite. .........,... st1ico anhidro, soda aah, anhydrollB Bodium carbonate. Ql'boncillo m, fine coal, slack. q,bQnear, to char, carbonize; to load coa!. ~bQnera 1, coalbin; coal mine; (bl)(A) coyote holeo ~bQnerla 1, coalyard. ~b()nero m, coa1 minar; coaldeaIer; coa! handler; a pertaining to coal. ~bQmco, cal'bonico cvbQnf,fero, coal-bearing, carboniferous; coal-c.

67

card4ni.co
carboPilla /. fine coal, pulverized coa!; cinder. carbonita I (miner)(vo1), carbol)te. carbonizador m; carbonizer. carbonizar, to carbonize; to charo carbono m, (chem) carbono de temple (met), temper carbono carbon6metro m, carbonomete1'. carbonoso, carbonaceoua. carborundo m, carborundum (abrasive). carburacinf. carburetion, carburizing. - . doble, dual carburetion. - por agente slido (met), pack carburizing. - - por pulverizaci6n, spray carburetion carburador m, carburetor. a succi6n ascendente, updraft carbureto1'. de barbotjlo (Es),surface carburetor de corriente descendente, downdraft ctU'buretor. - - de chorro, spray carbureto1'. de evaporacin, audace carburetor. de :flotador, float-feedor constant-Ievel carburetor. de inyector, jet ol' injection carburetor. de pico compuesto, compound carburetor. de pulverizador, spray carburetol'. de surtidor (Es), spraycarburetor. de tiro descendente, downdraft carbiu'etor carburante m, carburetant. carburar, to carburize, carburet carburizador m, carburize1' carburizar, to carburize, caseharden; to carburet. carburo m, carbide. - - cementado, cemented carbide. - - de hierro, iron carbide, cementite. - - de silicio, silicon.carbide, carborundum. carbur6metro m, carburometer. crcamo m, sump; wheel pit; (min) drain; (min) flume. de succin, suction pito carcasa /, casing; framework. de motor (eJc), motor trame. espiral (turb), seroUcase. crcava 1, gully, diteh, gutter. carcavn m (top), gorge. carcU"m (M), carcasa (tire). crcel 1, clamp, cramp: vise; (hyd) gate groove; ,timber frame in a shaft; notch, (min) hitch; (il) carcel. - - de banco; bench vise. para sierra, saw clamp - para taladradora, drill 01' jig vise. cArcel-hora (H), carcel-hour. carcoma 1, wood borer, timber worm; duat macie by the borer. blanca (mad) , white roto - roja (mad), red roto c.areomerse, to become worm-eaten; to deca.v; to be underDned. carcomida 1, decay; corrosion; (cono) honeycombo carcomido m, (Pe) wormhole; tJ worm-eaten, (lbr) wormy; 001'1'0000; deoayed; honeycombed. carda (J) para limas, file card or bruah. cardin, Cardan (joint). cardnico, Cardanic

~ing.

cardenillo
cardenillo m, verdigris. cardar (V), to reamo cardinal (mat), cardinal. carear, to face, smooth up; to millo carena /. ship repair, careening; ship's bottom. carenaje m. ship repair; careenage. carenar, to careen; to repair a ship. to dock for repairs. carenero m, doekyard, shipyard; graving dock. carenote m (en). bilge keel, rolling chock. careta /. mask, face shield. antigs, gas mask. de soldador, welding mask, face shield. carga f. load, loading; freight, cargo, lading; (hyd) heOO; (cone) charge, batch; (elec) charge, load; (met) heat, charge; (ra) loading. a granel, bulk cargo. absoluta (hid), absolute head. accidental, live load. admisible, allowable load. alar (ap) (A), wing loading. bruta (an), dead-weight tonnage. conectada (elc), connected load. de altura (hid), elevation head. de arranque en fro (c), pickup load, warming-up allowance. de aspiracin (bm), suction head. de atraque (vol) (A), stemming, tamping. de barreno, blasting charge. de buque, car~o. de calefaccin (aa), heat load. de camin, truckload. de carro, wagonload; carIoad. de cucharn, bucketful; (sh) dipperful. de descarga (bm), discharge head. -'- d'e energa (hid), energy head. de enfriamiento (8080), cooling load. de ensayo, test load. de entrada (hid), entrance head. de faja (ms), strip load. de flexin (est). beam loading. de fractura, breaking load. de friccin (hid), friction head. de funcionamiento (hid). operating head. de hormigonera, batch of concrete. de llegada (bid), head of approach, velocity head. de ocupacin (aa), occupancy load. de presin (hid), pressure head. de prueba, test load, trialload. de punta, (str) column loading; (elee) (A) peak load. de rotura, breaking or ruptura load. de rueda, whee110ad. de seguridad, safe load. de servicio o de trabajo, working load. de succin (bm), suction head. de utensilios (aa). appliance load. de vaco (bid), vacuum head. de velocidad (hid), velocity or dynamic head. dinmica, moving load; dynamic head. efectiva, (hyd) efi'ective or net head; (tr) pay load. - espacial (ra), space charge.

68
-

cargo

'1

espeddca, unit load. esttica, (hyd) static head; (str) static or deacl load. explosiva, blasting charge. fraccionada (est), partialloading. fundamental (elc) , base load. hidrulica, head. inductiva (elc), inductive or lagging load. -lmite, safe or allowable load. muerta (est), dead load. neta (an), cargo dead-weight tonnage. pagada, pay load. permanente (est), dead load. plena, full load. por lotes, l~ss-than-carloadreight. por vagones, carIoad freight. presumida o prevista o supuesta, assumed loading, design load. propia (est), dead load. remanente, residual charge, electric residue. rodante, moving or rolling load. tipo (est) , standard loading. transversal (est), beam loading. - til, pay or usefulload; live load. viva, live load. cargada /, a load. cargadero m, loading platform; reight station; charging opening. cargado sobre vagn, loaded on cars, FOB (free on board). cargador m, loader; mucking machine; mueker (man); (bo) stoker; (elee) charger; shipper, freighter. - , a parrilla articulada (cal), chain-grata or link-grate stoker. - autoalimentador, force-feed loader. -.de acumuladores o de bateras, battery , charger. de alimentaci6n superior (cal), overfeed stoker. de cadena sin fin (cal), chain-grate stoker. de cangilones o de cubos, bucket loader, portable elevator. de carbn (cal), stoker. de hogar, mechanical stoker. de hormigonera (mz), skip loader. de mandil, apron loader. de parrilla corrediza (cal), traveling-grate stoker. de retorta lateral (cal), side-retort stoker. de retorta nica (cal), single-retort stoker. de retortas mltiples (cal), multiple-retort stoker. de tractor (ee) , tractor shovel; tractor loader. distribuidor o esparcidor, spreader stoker. por debajo, underfeed stoker. portlitil, wagon loader, portable conveyor. sacudidor (mz), shaking skip loader. cargadora /, any loading or stoking apparatus. de troncos (ef) , logger. de tnel, tunnel shovel, mucking machine. cargamento m, load, cargo, loading. cargar, to load; to charge to stoke; (act) to debit, eharge. cargo m, cargo, freight; office, position; (act) charge.

69
carg(lmetro m, Loadometer (trademark). carneo m (eh), loading. car~e:tO m, carrier; beast of burden; loader. charger; (A) cargo boato cargvo m, cargo, load. cariado. disintogratod, rotten. cUielJ (j) seca; dry roto earleta 1, (t) file. carlipga! (en), mast stop. carn..nta 1, carnallite (ore oi magnesium and potassium) . earnetal (AC), notebook, field book. carpa 1, tent; (Ch) tarpaulin. carpanel, see arco carpanel. c;arp,ero m (lev)(Ec), man whoJooks after tent8. carpeta 1, coating; pavement; (U)(M) slab. asfltica, sheet aspllUlt. ~ bituminosa (ca), skin coat of bituminous material. de desgaste. wearing surfnce~ de fundacin. foundution slab or mato caq)intear, to do carpenter work. carpintera j, carpentry; carpanter shop. ' a .vapor (A), shop carpentry. 4eatmar (V), structura1 earpcntry. .~. (1,e blanco. trim, millwork. - - de encofrado. form carpentry; form carpenter shop. ,-,-c1emodelos. patternmaking. ,'.... de 'obra, structural earpentry. ..-..-,ete taller. shop carpentry, millwork. ...---mecmca, millwork; mill, carpenter shop. .......- ~ettlica, light ironwork in a building, espe~ially doors and windows. "....-nava1. ship earpentry. carpintero m, carpenter. .-...-.a4e~ador, timberman. . .........-,AiJ:n.ador. erecting carpenter, Iramer. -eJe banco. shop carpenter. -,-- de buque o de navo o de ribera, shipwright. ship carpenter. ~ de carreta o de prieto, wheelwright. ~~ ..-.encofrador o de moldaje, form carpenter. ,... -.mae~tro, foreman or master carpenter. . ;modelador, patternmaker. ~~aca j, ratehet br::tce, ratchet. . ;. '...estiradora de alambres, fence ratchet. ~~ad.f (Es), carload; wagonload. eatrasf;a!, carrasco m, pin oak, swamp wrute ofl,k; woodland. llartasf;a1 m, woodland; (Col) gravel hed. carrera j, strongback, waler. stringer, rangerj (Col) girder; (carp) wall plate, sill; pudin; girt; highway; (Col) avenue; (machy) stroke, throw, travel~ (mas) course; (dock) ;;tringpiece, backing log. _.,.-. 31. aterrizar (ap), landing runo .,.,...... ascendente, upstroke (piston). ,.,..,...,. de admisin. (eng) admission or intake atroke. -.- de aspiracin, (eng) suction stroke ...,."....de barrido (di), scavenging stroke. -..- eJe compresin, (eng) compression stroke. ,..,.....-4,el. compuerta (hid), gate travel. -...-.de defensa (muelle), fender. .. '.-. 4e dell,u;arga (bm), delivery stroke. -

carretero

.--

del distribuidor (mv), valve trave1. del mbolo. piston stroke or travel. de encendido. (eng) ignition br working stroke. de erogacin (bm) (A), delivery stroke. de escape. (eng) exhaust stroke. de la excntrica, throw o the eceentric. de expulsin, exhaust stroke, (di) scavenging stroke. de filtracin (pa) (U). :filter runo de fondo, groundsill. de fuerza. power stroke. de ladrillos. <lourse oi briek. de la leva. lift of tha eam. ,de la marea, range of the tide. del martinete, drop o apile harnmer de pared (earp), wall plateo de retroceso, back stroke. de soga (loo), streteher comse. de techo, ceiling j oist. ~ de tizones (lad), header eourse. de trabajo. working stroke (piston). descendente, down stroke. motriz. (eng) workiug or power stroke. portacabio (to),hinding rafter. carrero m, teamster, truckman; operator 01 a handear. carreta J, eart, wagon. de remolque, trailer. ,volquete, dumpcart. carretada j, cnrtload, wagonlad carretaje m, cartage, drayage carretal m (Es). rough ashlar atone. carrete m, reel, coil; apool; (elee) eDil. de autoinduccin (ele), self-induction eoil. - ' de encendido (aut.o), ignition eoil. - . de induccin (ele), induction coil. de pelcula (fma). film spool. de resistencia (elc), resistnnce coil. en derivacin (elc), shunt coil, (inst) poten tia! eDil. excitador (ele). exciting coil. - - extintor de chispas (ele), blowout coil. - - inducido (elc), armature coil. ind,uctor, induetion eoil. - - terminal (ais), dcad-end spool. carreteable (ca), fit for hauling. carretear, to cart, haul; (ap) to taxi. carretel m, reel, spool; winch head, (pet) cathead. carreteo m (ap), taxiing. carretera l. highway, road. biviaria, two-Iane highway. cuadriviaria, four-Iane highway. de acceso, aeeess road. de accesos limitados, limited-aecesa hign. way, ireeway. de cuatro vas. four-Iane highway. de dos trochas, two-Iane highway. de trochas m61tiples, multilane highway. de va libre, express highway. expresa, through or express highway, freeway. matriz o troncal, main or through highway. carretera-parque (B), parkway. carretera f. wagon shop; wheclwright work. carretero m, truckmun, team:,;tcr wheelwright.

carretilla
carretilla!, wheelbarrow; small car; hand truck; tramway bucket; cableway carriage; (rr) truck; trolley; (A)(U) small wagon; (lg) bummer, skidder, dol1y, drag cart. a horcada, straddle truck. alzadora, lift truek. - - concretera, concrete barrow. - - corrediza, I-beam trolley; cableway carriage. de atrs (loco), trailing truek. - - de cuerpo de acero, steel-tray wheelbarrow. de equipaje, baggage truek. - - de mano, hand or warehouse truck. de riel (fe), pony ear. de suspensin, eableway carriage. de via (fe), track barrow. elctrica (vol), eleetric squib. - - elevadora, lift truck. --- pesadora, weigh larry. portante (fe), pony truck. portatubos (pet), casing wagon. - - tubular, tubular-frame wheelbarrow. carretillada f, wheelbarrow load. darretillero m, wheelbarrow man; (min) trammer. carreta m (Col) (V), a hardwood. carretn m, wagon, eart, truck; (PR) reel; (M) concrete buggy. - - corredizo, cableway carriage. - - cuba, tank wagon. - - de carriles o de orugas, traek or crawler wagon. - - de remolque, trailer. - - de volteo, dumpeart, dump wagon. herramental, tool wagon. - - regador, sprinkling wagon. semicarril, half-traek. --tanque,tankwagon. carretonada f, wagonload, truekload, eartload. carretonaje m, eartage, trucking, hauling. . carretonero m, truck or cart driver, teamster. carricuba m, sprinkling cact, tank wagon. carril m, rail; track, traffie lane; treadway; narrow road; (V) ruto - - a garganta, grooved or streetcar rail. - - americano, T rail. - - conductor, third rail, contact or conductor rail. - - contraaguja, stock ral. - - de aguja, switch or point rail. - - de alambre, aerial tramway. de alivio (fe), easer ral. de arranque (fe), lead rail. de bscula, weigh ral. - - de cambio, switch ral. --- de canal, grooved or streetear ral. - - de cremallera, rack ral. - - de desecho, serap ral. - - de hongo o de paUn, T rail, standard railroad rail. .- de muelle, spring rail (frog). - - de puerta corrediza, traek for sliding door. - - de ranura, grooved or streetcar rail. - - de toma, third or conductor rail. - - dentado, r? ~k rail. doble T, glrder rail. - - guia, guardrail. - - maestro, stock or running ral.

70

carro

partido (tranvfa), 810t rail. - - ni~o, monoral. Vignola, T ral, standard railroad rall. ~arriles de oruga, crawler tread. carriles para recolocac::in, relayers. ~arrilada f. fiangeway; treadway. ~arrilano m (Ch) , worker on a railroad, track. mano carrileo m (V), seraping a road to fill ruts. carrilera!, traek; rut; (rr)(C) siding; (Col) grating; (te) track. - - de carena, traek of a marine railway. - - de gra, erane runway. - - de oruga, erawler tread. - . de transbordador, runway of a transfer tableo - - decauville, narrow-gage traek. - - industrial, industrial railway. carrilero m (Ch), railroad worker. carrillo m, small cart; taekle block; I-beam trol. ley; (Sp) sheave, pulley. de contacto (fe ele), eOlltaet plow. carriola f (Col), purlin. carrito m, small ear; concrete buggy; cableway earriage; sliding-door hanger; traveler, trol1ey; (lg) bummer, dolly, skidder; (ea) (V) seraper. cargador (ef), loading carriage. - - corredizo, cableway carriage; lathe carriage; traveler, trolley; (lg) skidding carriage. --, de ciglieda, sman ear moved by hand power. - - de mano, handear. para ruedas,' wheel dolly. portador (mh), lathe carriage. carro m, car; wagon, truek, cart; automobile. - - aguatero, watering eart. andamio (fe elc), tower caro - - automotor (fe), motorear. - - barrenador, drill earriage; wagon drill' - - basculadar, dump ear. - - basurero, garbage car; trash caro bodega (Ch), boxear. caja (M), boxear. calichero (Ch), nitrate ear. - - carbonero, coal caro - - cargador, eharging earriage. - - cerrado, boxear. - - correo, mail ear. - - cuba, tank ear; tank wagon. - - de aparejo o de auxilio, wrecking or derriek ear. - - de aserradero, sawmill carriage. de cajn, boxear; (C) gondola ear. - - de carga, freight caro de costado bajable, drop-side ear. - - de despejo, clearance ear. de dos vertientes, gable-bottom ear. de embudo (C), hopper-bottom ear. - - de equipajes, baggage ear. de escalera (A), tower car (elee rr). - - de expreso, express ear. - - de extracci6n, mine ear. - - de gra, wrecking or derriek ear; erane truck. de hacienda (A), cattle ear. - - de herramientas, tool car; toolWllgon. - - de mangueras, hose cart. - - de mano, handear, push caro

carro
de perforadoras, drill earriage, jumbo. de plancha (C), Hatear. de plataforma, fiatcar. de remolque, trailer. de riego, sprinkling eart. de socorro, wrecking caro de taladros, drill carriage. de tolva, hopper-bottom caro de torno, lathe carriage. de torre (fe elc), tower ear. de trampas, drop-bottom caro de traslacin, transfer car or carriage. - - de volteo, dump ear. de vuelco, dump ear; tip cart. decauville, narrow-gage dump caro dormitorio (M), sleeping ear. elevador, lift truek. entero, por, in earIoad lots. estafeta, mail car. ganadero, eattle car, stockear. gndola, gondola ear. - herramental, tool caro - inferior, underearringe. -lastrero (Ch). ballast ear. motor (fe), motorcar. - - nevera, refrigerator ear. -pagador, pay caro para trozos, sawmill earriage. petrolero (Ch), tank caro pipa, water cart. plano, fiatear. portaherramienta (mh), tool earriage, toolslide. portasierras (as), sawearringe. raso, fiatcar. - - reja, cattlc caro ,-'salitrero (Ch), nitrate ca". - saln, chair caro separador, idler car. -_. tanque, tank car; water cart. tralla (ec), wagon scraper, - transversal (mh), cross earriaga. tranva o urbano, streetear. voleador, dump car; dump wagon. carro-montacargas, lift truck. 'carro-soporte, lathe saddlc. carros completos, por, in earIoad lots. carroceda 1; automobile body (not usually applied to trueks); (M) truck body. de turismo, touring-car body. - de volteo (M), dump body. ~ transformable, convertible body. carrocero m (Es), wheelwright. carrosage m (auto), inclination o the !ron1} wheels. carroza I (en), eompanion, companion head. carruaje m, any kind of vehiole. crrucha I (AC), reel; sheave, pullcy. carta/. chart, map; lctter, documento caminera (Ch), road map. certificada, registered lctter. colorimtrica (bb). color chnl't. constitucional~ incorporation papers, charter, de ciudadana, naturalization papen;. de crdito simple, clean lettcr o eredit. de fletamento, charter party. -

71
-

carupal

de pago, receipt. de porte, freight bill; bill o lading; (A) way. bill. de privilegio, franchise, concession. de venta, biU ofsale. dinamomtrica, dynamometer cardo diurna (tel), day letter. _.- geogrfica, map. - - geogrfica area, aerocartograph. hidrogrfica, chart. magntica, magnetic chart. marina (A), chart. nocturna (tel), night letter. planialtimtrica (A), contour map. cartab6n m,' square; rule; gage; (dwg) triangle; (str) gusset plate; peak of a roof j (A) splay. con transportador, protractor triangle. - - corredizo, slide caliper. de inglete, bevel square. de profundidad, depth gage. de rotulacin (dib), lettering angla. dilatable (Es), bevel protraetor protractol trisngIe. para m,adera (A), board rule. cartaboner (A), to work with a square. cartn m (V), a hardwood. cartela f, braeket, corbel, console, bolster; knee braee, gusset. aguantadora (cn), toe bracket. atiesadora (en), tilting bracket; stiffen8l" bracket;tangency bracket. de tangencia (en), tangency bracket. clirter m, housing, casing, cover. - - del derencial (auto), differential case. _.- de engranajes (auto), gearbox. - . del motor (auto), crankcase. cartera l. (Col) notebook, field book. cartografa l. eartography. area, aerial photographic surveying, &ir. plane mapping. cartografiar, to survey.. mue mapa. cartogrfico, cartograpmc. cartgrafo m, cartographer. cartmetro m, ehartometer. cartn m, cardboard, millboard, heavy paper; (M) gusset plate, bracket. alquitranado, tar papel'. comprimido O de FuIler, pressboard, Fuller board. de asbesto, asbestos board. de bagazo, eelotex. de fibra, fiberboard. de paja, strawboard. de yeso, plasterboard, wallboard. embetunado, tar papero fieltro (U), roofing paper or felt. piedra, papier-mach6. tabla (e), wallboard. cartoteca I (V), map file. cartucho m, cartridge. de dinamita, dynamite cartridge. de fusible (ele), fuse cartride. filtrante, filter cartridge. fusible (elc), cartridge fuse. cartulina 1, Bristol board. carupal m, a Vene:ilUelan lumber.

casa
casa f, hous~; firmo

72

castillete

central, main or home office. constructora, construction company. ~ de azotea, penthouse. ~ de bombas, pump house. de calderas, boilerhouse. de cambio, money-exehange office. de cartas (en), ehart house. de comando, control house. del comando (en), bridge hOlise. de comercio, business coneern. de las compuertas (hid), gatehouse. ~ de departamentos, apartment house. de distribucin (ele), switch house. de fuerza, powerhouse. de liquidacin, clearinghouse. de miquinas, enginehouse; powerhouse. de los molinos (az), mill house. de los tachos (az), boiling housa. --de tramo (fe), sectionhouse. matriz, main offiee. redonda (ic)(M), roundhouse. cascada f, waterfall, easeade. cascadas (C), rapids. cascajal, cascajar m, gravel pit or hedo caseajero m, gravel bed; worked-out mine. cascajo m, gravel; quarry waste; (rr) banast; (sd) grit; (A) rubble aggregate, cobbles. cascajoso, gravelly. dseara J, casing, shen; bark. de naranja, (bu) orange peel. cascarn m, shell, casing; (ar) vault; (A) deposit of scale. casco m, shell, casing; eask; (n8out) hull; (V) central p80rt oi a eity. de buzo, diver's helmet. de caldera, shen o a boiler. de cojinete, bearing shell. del radiador (auto), radiator shell. de soldador, welding helmet, head sbield. cascote m, debris, rubbish; rubble; (A) briekbat; (exe) muek. cascotear (Col), to level up with rubbish. caseoso (ms)(M), eompressible, easily deformed. caseta J, sman building; eabin; (tk)(sh) eab. de balanza, seale housa, 'weighhouse. de cabezal (min), head house. de control (elc). switch housa. de guardaagujas (fe), switehman's shanty. del guardacrucero (ie), crossing W8otchman's shanty. de mando, control house. de mando de compuertas (bid), gatehouse. herramental, tool house. telefnica, telephone booth. casetn m (ds)(M), caisson gateo casilla J, small building, shed; privy; post-office box; (loco) eab; (elee) eubiele; cabinet; (Ee) water closet; (Sp) column in a notebook. de aceites, oil house. del cambiador (fe), switehman's shanty. de compuertas (hid), gatehouse. de correo, post-office box. de herramientas, to01 house. del maquinista (loe -" cabo

casillero m, rack (lor pipe, etc,); (C) bino casimba J, well; spring. casiterita J, cassiterite (tin ore). caso (m) fortuito, force majeure, contingeney. aet o God. casquete m, cap; ahell; helmet. de burbujeo (pet), bubble cap. del cabezal (torno), headstock cap. de espiga (ca), dowel-bar cap. de hincar (pi), drive cap. de soldador, welding heImet. de tubo, pipe cap. - - de uni6n (v), union bonnet. de la vilvula, valve bonnet. - - guardahumo, smoke helmet. sellador (v), seal cap. casquijo m, gravel, gravel bar. casquillo m, ferrule; gland; sleeve, bushing; soeket; pipe cap; base of an ineandescent lamp; horseshoe; (min) blasting cap. ex~ ploder. abierto (eab), open socket. acuado (cab), wedge socket. cerrado (cab), elosed soeket. conectador (eln), hickey. del alma (sx): core barrel. - - de bayoneta, bayonet-socket base (lamp). de boca cuadrada, square-drive soeket. de calafateo (tub), calking ferrule. de doce estdas, twelve-point socket. - - de empaque, p80cking follower. de guia (mh), guide bushing. de motn, coak. - - de ocho estdas, eight-point soeket. - - de prensaestopa, gland. - - de puente (cab), bridge soeket. de rosca, screw base (lamp). de soldar (tub), soldering bushing, sweating tbimble. de tubo~condueto (elc), eonduit bushing. -,- deslizante, slip bushing. -'- destornillador, screwdriver socket. escalonado (cab), stepped socket. escariador, reaming shell (drili). estriado, (t) socket. flotante, fioating bushing. para cabilla (ca), dowel Bocket. - - partido, split bushing. por soldar (tub), welding neek; stub ende reductor, pipe bushing. universal, universal socket. casquillos (fe), car brasses. castaeteo m (herr), chatter. castao m, ehestnut wood. eastafiuela J, lewis; lewiB bo1t; stone bolt, split bolt; (naut) eleat. - - de cantera, 1ewis. castillejo m, scaffo1ding, trestlework; pedestal; bed frame. castillete m, seaffold; tresUe bent; A frame; horse; pile-driver leads; gallowB frame; oil derrick; (min) headframe. armado, framed bent. de cableva, eabLeway tower. de pilotes, pile bent. de transmisin, transmission tower.

castillete
- provisorio (pte), lalsework. castillo m, (min) headframe; (sb) oracastle. _.- de popa (en), poop deek. - " de proa (en), forecastle. castna l. flux. casucha 1, shanty; (sh) eab. cata /, test pit; testing, test boring, exploration. cataclstico (geol), cataelastic. catadora 1, earth auger, any tool for exploring the ground. catalejo m, telescope. catalina I (Es)(C), sprocket, geal' wheel. catlisis / (quim), catalysis. cataltico, catalytic. catalizador m, eatalyst, eatalytic agent. de lecho :fijo (pet), fixed-bed catalyst. usado, spent catalyst. catalizar, to catalize. catlogo m, catalogue. catalpa / (mad), eatalpa. catar, to explore tha ground, dig test pits; to sample. catarata J, waterfall, eataract; (se) cataraet. catarina / (M), sproeket. catarocas j (geol) (A), eatac1astic rocks. catastral, cadastral. catastro m, inventory o real estate in a distriet; censua, cadastre. cateador m, prospeetor; aarnpler, trier. catear, to make borings, explore the ground, prospeet; to sarnple. catenaria 1, catenary. - - hidrostitica. hydrostatic catenary, elastiea. cateo! m, prospecting, exploration; aampling. cateto m, leg of a right triangle. catetmetro m (1ab), cathetorneter. catetrn m (ra),eathetron. . catigu m, an Argentine wood (semihard). catin m (elc), cation, kation. catinico, cationie. cat6dico. cathodic. ctodo m (elc), eathode. a calefacci6n directa, directly heeted eathode. - - de calentamiento indirecto, indireei.1y heated or equipotential cathode. de charco (de mercurio), pool-t)"lle cathode. - virtual (ra), virtual eathode. catod6grafo m, cathodograph, radiograph. catolito m (ele), catholyte. cat6ptrico, eatoptrie (light). catraca! (A), ratchet. cauce m, channel, rivel' hed. de alivio, floodway. de derivacin, diversion ehanncl. de escape. tailrace. de evacuacin, spil1way channeI. de llegada, headl'aee. -libre, open channel. caucin J. seeul'ity, guaranty. de licitador, bid seeurity. caucionar, to bond (emplo3'"ee). caucho m, rubher; (V) automobile tire. endurecido, hal'd rubher. - regenerado, reclaimed rubher. sUvestre, native or wild rubber. cauchotado (A), rubberized, waterproofed.

73

cebo

cauchotar, to treat with rubber. caudal m, volume of f1.ow. afluente, runoff, inflow. crtico, critica1 flow. de avenida, flood flow. de estiaje, low-water flow. graduado o regularizado, regulated ftow. - instantneo, momentary flow. - medio, mean flow. - slido, material in suspension in a stream. - subcdtico, streaming flow. - supercdtico, shooting or supercritical ftow. caudaloso, of great volurne, running fu11, in flood causticador m, eausticizer. causticar, to eausticize. dustico, eaustic (a11 senses). cantil m (AC), soldering iron. cautfn m, soldering iron. cava 1, pit, excavation. cavadiza, easily exeavated. cavador m, exeavator. de agujeros de postes, (t) posthole digger. de zanjas, trench machine, diteher. cavadora 1, excavator. cargadora. elevating grader. de arcilla, pneumatie clay spade. de capachos, bucket excavator. de desages, drainage ditcher. cavadura I, excavation, digging. cavar, to exeavate, digo cavuanjas, mAquina, trench machine. cavaz6n I (Es), excavation. cavn m, a Chilean hardwood. caverna 1, cavern, hollow. cavernoso, fuIl o cavities. porous, containing voids. caveto m, quarter-round concave molding. cavidad 1, cavity. cavitaci6n /. cavitation. cayo m, small island, cay, key; shoal. caz m, flume, canal, race. de descarga, tailraee. - - de trafda, headraee. - vertedor, spillway channe!. c:azaclavos m, nail puller, claw bar. cazadera j, (mn) hiteh. cazangueo m (M), clearing land. cazarremaches m, rivet set or snap. cazo m, ladle, bueket, dipper. - de cola, gluepot. de colada, pouring 01' charging ladle. de fundidor, casting ladle. - para asfalto. asphalt dipper. cazoleta 1, bueket of a turbine; pan; do11y; (Sp) water-closet bowI. del diferencial (auto), housing o the dift'er ential. cazonete m, toggle. cebadero m, opening for charging a fumaee. cebador m, (auto) priming cup; choke; (pu) primer. cebadura J, priming. cebar, (bl) to prime; (pu) to pll'ime; (00) to feed, charge; cebarse (vol) (M), to misfire. cebo m, (blf primer. fuse; (rd) binder; (00) charge.

cebo
de gelatina (vo!), gelatin primer. -.- elctrico, exploder. fulminante, blasting cap, explder. retardado, delay blasting cap. cebolla f (bm), strainer or footvalve. cedazo m, screen, sieve, strainer, riddle. - - corredizo, tra.veling screen. - - de arrastre, drag acreen. de banda, band screen. - - de disco, disk screen. - - giratorio, revolving screen. para peces (hid), fish Bcreen. sacudidor, shaking acreen. vibrante, vibrating screen. .ceder, t yield, give way, fail; to assign. cedro m, cedar. cdula j, certificate, official document; schedule; (fin) (A) bond. - - de cambio, hill o exchange. de investigacin (tr), tracer. hipotecaria (A), mortgage bond. cegar, to wall up; t plug, stop up. cegesimal a, centimeter-gram-second. ceiba j, ceibo m, tropical tree that yiclds kapok. ceja J, fiange; (M) tire bead; ce) trail, path. celador m, watchman; maintenance mano celaje m (Es), skylight; transom. celda J, cell; bino de batera (A). battery cell. de energa, (eng) energy cell. fotoelctrica, photoelectric cell. celita It (ct) (conc admixture) cellite. celoidina I (Cma) celloidin. celosa 1, (str) latticing, lacing; window blind, latticeo de ventilaci6n, louver. clula f, ceU; eubicle. fotoelctrica (A), photoelectric cell, photocell. fotoemisora, phototuoo. talofido (ra), thalofide cell. celular, cellular. celuloide m, eelluloicl. celulosa J, cellulose. ce.ulsico, eellulosic. celuloso a, cellular. cementacin f (mam) (met), cementation. cementador m (pet), cementer, cementing outfito cementadora J, (Sp) cement gun; (pet) (Ee) cementing equipment. cementar, t cement; to carburize, caseharden. cementero a, pert.aining to cemento cementista m, cemeI)t worker, cement mason. cementita I (met), cementite. cemento m, cemento - - a gr8nel, bulk or lose cernent. artifi~ial (Es), Portland cemento - - armado, reinforced concrete. asfltico, asphalt cemento de alta resistencia a corto plazo (M), highearly-strength cemento de alta resistencia inicial,high-early-strength cemento de alta velocidad (M), high-early-strength cemento de alto calor, high-heat cemento
t

74
de alto horno, slag cemento

central
-

de bajo calor, low-heat cemento

de calor moderado de fraguado, lUoderateheat-of-hardening cemento - - de empizarrar, slater;s cemento - - de escoria, slag cemento - - de fraguado lento, slow-setting cemento de fraguado rpido, quick-setting or highearly-strength cemento - - de goma, rubber cemento - - de sice, silica cemento - - modificado, modified cemento - - natural, natural cement. - - para empaquetadura, gasket cemento - - para pisos de vidrio, vault-light cemento - - plstico para techos, roofing cemento Portland, Portland cemento - - puzolnico, pozzolanic cemento -~ reforzado (Col), reinforced concrete. - - refractario, high-temperature or refractory, cemento - - resistente a los sulfatos, sulphate-resisting cemento - - romano (Es), natural cementa - - sin arena, neat cemento - - suelto, bulk or loose cement. cementoso, cementitious. cenagal m, swamp. cenagoso, swampy. cenicero m, ashpan, ashpit. cenit m, zenith. cenital~ zenithal. ceniza Ir ash. - - de soda, soda ash, anhydrous Bodium carbonate. cenizal m, ashpit, ash dump. c~niz~s, ashes, cinders. de plomo, litharge, lead ash. - - volcnicas, volcanic ash. centelleo m (ra) , flicker. centesimal, centesimal. centsimo m a, hundredth. centirea J, centiare, centare. centibara j, centibar. centgrado, centigrade. centigramo m, centigram. centilitro m, centiliter. centimetrado (A), dividedintocentimeters(tape). centmetro m, centimeter. centinormal, centinorma1. centipoise, centipoise. centner m, centner. - - mtrico, metric or double centner. centrador m, centralizer, centering device. de embrague (auto), clutch piloto fijo (mh), steady resto centradora J, (mt) spotting too1. centraje m, centering. - - propio, de, self-centering. central j, plant, station; powerhouse; sugar mill telephone exchange; a central. - - auxiliar, stand-by power planto - - azucarera~ sugar millo de bombeo (Col) pumping station. de energa o de fuerza, power plant, powerhouse.
t

'4;

lb

central
de escorrentfa (PR), riveJ:'-run power planto de hormign (A), concrete-mixing planto de transformacin, transformer station, substation. . elctrica a vapor, steam-electric powerhouse. electrgena o generadora, generating or central station, electric powerhouse. elevadora, pumping plant; hoisting instaJIation. - hidrulica, water-power planto - - medio encerrada (elc), semioutdoor station. - - telefnica, telephone exchange. trmica, steam power planto - - termoelctrica, steam-electric power planto central m (O), sugar millo centrar, to center. cntrico, central, centric. centrfuga, centrifugadora J, centrifuge, centrifuga!. centrifugar, to centrifuge. centrifugo a, centrifuga!. centrpeto, centripetal. centro m, center. a centro, center to oenter. de la carga o de distribuci6n (elc), load center, center of distribution. de deformaci6n (fma), center oi distortion. - - de estaci6n (fma), camera station. de figura (mat), center of figure. de tlotabilidad (an), canter of buoyancy. - - de fiotaci6n (an), center of fiotation. de giro, center of gyration. de gravedad, center of gravity. de inercia o de masa, center oi inertia or oi masa. de momentos, center o rnoments. de perspectiya (ima), perspective center. de presi6n, center of pressure. de rotacin, center oi gyration. - de simetda, center oi symmetry. de i. vista (fma), canter of visiono - demogrifico, center of population. fotogrfico (fma), photographic or plate cen-

75

cerca

ter.
geomtrico, center of figure. momentneo, instantaneous center. - muerto, dead center (twiBt drill). substituto (fma), substitute center. centtoidal, centroida1. centroide m, centroid. centropunz6n (C), center puncho ceolitaf (miner)(pa), zeolite. cepa J, butt end: stump; (Ch) trestle bent (M) footing, cutoff wall. cepillado por cuatro caras (mad) , dressed four sides. cepillado por un canto (mad), dressed one edge. cepilladora I~ planer, plane; jointer. de banco oscilante, reciprocating-table planer. - - desbastadora, jack planeo eepilladuras 1, shavings. cepillar, to planeo face, dreBs; to brush. cepillo m,plane: brush. acabador, smooth planeo - acanalad()f, lluting planeo

biselador, chamler plane. - bocel, plane for making half-round moldings. cncavo, hollow planeo convexo, round planeo de achaflanar, bevel planeo _. de alambre o de acero, wire brush. de albail (V), lloat. de alisar, smooth planeo de angaletar (A), miter planeo - - de astrigalos, beading planeo de banco. bench planeo de cantear, edge planeo de contrafibra, block planeo de costado, side planeo de encabezar escalones, nosing planeo de ensamblar, dovetail planeo de gramil, rabbet plane with fence. _. de hierro doble, double-iron planeo de juntas, jointing planeo --"de madera (V), mason's Hoat. de mediacaa, half-rotmd or reed planeo de molduras, molding plane beading planeo de ranurar,groving 01' rabbet or plow or dado pIane. de refrentar, cross-grainplane. . - dentado, to6thing planeo desbastador, jack planeo -limador, shaping planer. - - machihembrador, matching planeo - - mecnico, planer, jointer. - - mecnico de banco, bench planer or jointer. metlico, wire brush. - raspador, scraper planeo - - rebajador, rabbet 01' plow or sash planeo - redondo, compass planeo universal, cQmbination planeo cepillo-juntera,dointing planeo cepillo-rasqueta, scraper planeo cepo m, waler, ranger, ribbon, stringpiece, strongback; cap oi a bent; stock o an anvi1: stock of an anchor: shell o a tackle block; clamp, vise. cequin m (Ch)(V), irrigation canal. ceraf, wax. amarilla (pet), yellow wax. de parafina, paraffin wax. - para correas, belt wax. cerAmica de construcci6n, hollow tila, structural terra .cotta. cermico, ceramic. cerargirita 1, 'cerargyrite, horn silver, native silver chloride. cerca 1, {ence. alambrada, wirefence. -.alemana(C),worm or snake fence. de estacas. paling ience. de lienzos (C)(PR), fence built inpanels between posts. de nacer, fence of wire on posts that have taken root. de pie (C) (PR), paling fence. de piedra, stone wall. defensa de cable (ca), cable guardrail. en zigzag, worm fence. - paranieve, snow fence. - viva, hedge.

cercado
cercado m, fence, fencing. eslabonado. chain-link fencing. .cercar. to fence. cerco m, fenee; hoop; frame; (auto) riro; iron tire. de alambre, wire fenee. de barril. barrel hoop. de puerta, doorframe. de rueda, tire. ele ventana, window frame. cerco-gua (hid), gate frame. cercha f rib of an arch eenter; (Pan) (U) truss; (C~l) template; sereed; (M) stair string; (dwg) spline; (rr) elearance gage. cerchimetro m (fe) (A). elearance gage. cerch6n m, arch centering. cerda I (inst), hair of the retiele. creo a, wax, waxy. ceresita 1, Ceresit (trOOemark)(waterproofing). cerezo m, cherry wood. cerillo m, a Cuban lumber. cernedor m, sereen, sieve. cerner, to screen, sift. .cernido (m) hmedo. wet screening. cernidor m, screen, sieve (Col) buddle; Bifter. cerniduras 1, screenings. cernir. to screen; (Col) to buddle. cero m, zero. ceroso, waxy. cerrable (ele), sealable. cerradero m, keeper or strike o a lock; padlock eye; staple; any locking device. angular. angle strike. cerrado. closed; sharp (curve). cerrador m, window shutter; loeker; any c10sing or locking device. cerradura I (ft), lock. - a tambor (A), .cylinder lock. de aplicar (A), rim lock. de arrimar. rim lock. de caja. rim lock; Bafe lock. de cilindro. cylinder lock. de cilindro paracntrico. paraeentric loek. de combinacin. combination lock. de dos cilindros, duplex lock. de dos vueltas, double-throw lock. de embutir. mortise lock. de molinillo (Es), cylinder lock. de muelle o de resorte. spring or snap loek. dormida. dead lock. rebajada, rabbeted lock. recercada (M), rim lock. cerraja I (Es), lock. cerrajear. to do locksmith work. cerrajera 1, locksmithing; locksmith's shop; builder's hardware; light ironwork; ironworks. cerrajero m,loeksmith architectural ironworker. cerramiento m, c1osure; bulkhead; fence; partition; curtain wall; (min) dam, dike. cerrar. to close; to fasten, lock; to enclose; to obstruct, block; to sea1. con llave~ to lock. el trazado. to close the survey. cerri1lada 1, range o low hills. cerrillar. to mill, knur1. cerro m, hill.

76

cicuta

cerrojo m, door bolt, bolt ol a lock, latch; (e) machine bolt. 4codado. neck bolt. cilndrico -de aplicar. barrel bolt. - - de aplicar. surace bolt. de caja, case bolt. de caja tubular, barrel bolt. de embutir. mortise bolt, fiush bolt. de pie o de piso. foot or floor or bottom bolt. de resorte. latch, spring balto dormido. dead bolt. certeneja I (eh), hole scoured in the bed of a stream. certificado m, certificate. de acciones, stock certificate. de ensayo, test certificate. de incorporacin, corporation charler, incorporation papers. de nacimiento, birth certificate. cerusa 1, white lead, ceruse, cerussite. cerusita 1, cerussite (1eOOore). cesante a, unemployed; discharged. cesantear, to discharge (men) . cesantes 8, unemployed, discharged workers. cesanta 1, unemployment, discharge. cesio m (qufm), cesium. csped m. sod, grasa, turf. cespol m, cespul m, (pb) floor drain, eesspool (sd)(M) cesspool; (pb) trap. cesta/. basket; bucket; strainer. de aspiracin (bm), strainer for foot valve. pescarripio (pet), junk basket. cesto m, basket. !le la centrfuga (az), centrifugal basket. de pesca (pet), junk basket. cestn m, gabion, bundle oi brushwood filled with stone used in bank protection or stream diversion. cestonada 1, revetment of gabions. cetano m (pet), cetane. cianita I (miner), cyanite, kyanite, disthene. cianizar. to cyanize. cianofceas (is), Cyanophyceae. cian6geno m (qufm), cyanogen. cianuraci6nl (met), cyaniding. ciantrico. cyanuric. cianuro m, cyanide. cciclo. cyclic. ciclo m (elc) (mee) (qufm), cycle. cerrado o completo. elosed or complete cycle. compuesto, (eng) mixed cycle. de cuatro tiempos (mg), four-stroke cycle. de enfriamiento invertido (aa) , reverse-refrigeration cycle, heat-pumping. de filtracin (pa), filter cycle. de imanacin, magnetic cyclc. cicloidal, cycloidal. cicloide 1, cycloid. cicloinversor m (ele), cyc1oinverter. cic16metro m. cyclometer. cicln m, cyclone. ciclnico, cyclonie. ciclpeo (mam), cyclopean. cic1tomo (mat), cyclotomic. cicuta I (mad), hemlock.

~-_.

2E

_J.

ciego
ciego, blind (flange, nut, window, etc.); blank (flange, etc). cielo m, ceiling; topo abierto, a, on the surace, in open cut. del hogar (cal), crown sheet. _ descubierto, a, on the surface. raso, flat 01' flush ceiling, plastered ceiling. raso acstico, accoustical ceiling. cinaga f, swamp, marsh. ciencia f, science. cienegal m (PR), swamp. cienmilsimo m, one hundred-thousandth. cienmilmetro m, one hundredth o a millimeter. cienmillonsimo m, one hundred-millionth. cieno m, mud; sludge. activado (dac), activated sludge. - de acumulador (elc), battery mudo - digerido (dac) , digested sludge. - elutriado (dac), elutriated sludge. - hmico (dac), humus sludge. cientfico, scientific. ciento, cien m a, hundred. cierracompuerta m (hid), gate-c1osing device. cierrapuerta m, door check. cierre m, c1oBure, sealing, lockin~. a tornillo, screw lock. del cojinete (maq), bearing seal. de lnea (pet), line blindo del trazado (lev), dosure. de vapor (mg)(M), vapor lock. - - definitivo (presa), final c1osure. - hidrulico, water seal. - relmpago, zipper. cierro m, inclosure; fence. cifra (1) global, lump sum (contract). cigea f, crank; sweep; winch, windlass, cap, stan; (e) handear, automobile on a railroad track. cigeal m, crankshaft. - de compensacin, balanced crankshat. de cuatro codos, four-throw crankshaft. de dos codos, two-throw crankshaft. de siete cojinetes, seven-bearing crankshaft. equilibrado, balanced crankshaft. simple o de un codo, single-throw crankshaft. - voladizo. overhanging crankshaft. cUanco m, slack 01' stagnant water, backwater. ciliado a (is), ciliate. cilindradaf, piston displacement, cylinder capacity. cilindradora f, Toad roller. cilindraje m, rolling, compacting. cilindrar, to roll, compacto cilindreo m, rolling. cilndrico, cylindrical. cilindro m, cylinder; roller, rollo apisonador, tamping roller; paving roller. compresor, road 01' paving roller. de bomba, pump cylinder; working barre!. de caldera, ahell of a boiler. de caminos, road roller. de culata en T, T-head engine cylinder. de curvar, bending 1'011. de frenaje, brake cylinder. de laminar, roll in a steel millo -

77

cinchar

, - de prueba, test cylinder. graduado (lab), graduate cylinder. maestro (auto), master cylinder (brake). primitivo (en), pitch cylinder. sacancleos, core barrel (drill). triturador, crushing 1'011. cilindros - - de conformar, orming rolls. - - de enderezar, straightening rolls, (ab) mangle rolls. de expansin (pte), expansion rollera. de forjar, forging ro11s. terminadores (met), flnishing rolls. cilindroide m, cylindroid. cilonita 1, Zylonite (trademark). 9.ma f, crest, summit, peak, topo cimacio m, ogee; (M) spillway bucket. vertedor, rollway (clam). cimborrio m, dome; (min) roof,. ceiling. cimbra f, arch centering. cimbrar, to center (arch) cimbrarse, to sway, vibrate. cimbreo m, Bway, vibration. cimbr6n m (A), vibration. cimbronazo m (V), earthquake. cimentacin f, foundation, footing. de cajn, pneumatic-caisson foundation. de emparrillado, grillage fOWldation. de zampeado, mat foundation. escalonada, stepped footing. sobre pilotes,pile foundation. cimentar, to lay a found~tion, to found. cimento m (geol), cementing material. cimiento m, foundation, footing foundation material cemento - . . de retallo, stepped faoting. -,-, ensanchado, spread footing. romano (Pe), hydraulic lime. cim6metro m (ra), cymometer. cimoscopio m (eMc), cymoacope. cinabaritaf (Es), cinnabar. cinabrio m, cinnabar (mercuryore). cinc m, zinc. no gastable (elc), wasteless zinc. cincado, .galvanized, zinc-plated, zine-coated. a fuego, hot-galvanized. cincar, to galvanize, zinciy. cincel m, chisel, cutter, graver. arrancador, floor 01' box chisel. de filo en cruz (cantero), cross chisel. de fundidor, fiogging chisel. - - de pico redondo, roundnose chisel. de uas (Es), stonecutter's chiseI. - - dentado (cantero), tooth chisel, bumper. debastador, drove chisel, boaster, drove, boasting chisel. hendedor, splitting chisel. c:incelador m, c~ipping hammer; chipping chisel stonecutter. cincelar, to chisel, carve; to chip. cincfero, containing zinc, zinciferous. cincita 1, zincite, red zinc ore, red oxide of zinc cinco sextos, five sixths. cincha f, girth, belt. de seguridad, safety belt. cinchar, to cinchj to hoop, bando

cincho
cincho m (M), belt, hoop, band, iron tire; (min) frame for shaft timbering. -'- de plomo. lead shield (for screw). -,'- para herramientas. tool belt. cinemtica /, kinematics. cinemtica. kinematic. cintica 1, kinetics. cintico, kinetic. cinglador m, blacksmith's hammer; (met) shingler; (met) squeezer. - - de quijadas, alligator or crocodile squeezer. - - rotativo o de leva. rotary 01' cam squeezer. cinglac, to shingle (iron). cingueda / (A), sheet-metal work, sheet-metal shop. cinguero m (A), sheet-metal worker, tinsmith. cinta /, belt; tape; strip; (earp) batten, waler, ribbon; (str) girt; sliver (rope). - - aisladora (ele), insulating oc friction ol' binding tape. barnizada (elc), 'Varnished tape. - - conectora (carp), ribbon connector. - - de acero, steel tape. - - de agrimensor, measuring tape. de bolsillo, pocket tape (measuring). - - de cordones, corded tape (measuring). de dimetros (eO, diameter tape. del embrague, c1utch bando - - de empalme (elc). friction or insulating tape. - - de encajonar. box strapping. - - de freno. brake band; brake lining. de fricci6n. frictibn band; (elee) friction or binding tape. de gnero (med), cloth tape. - - de hierro, strap or band iron. - - de lienzo. linen tape. de limpieza (al), c1eaning tape. - - de medir. tape line, measuring tape. - - de resorte, spring-winding tape (measuring). -'- de selvicultor. eircumference or forester's tape. de tela (lev), c10th tape. de tela reforzada (lev), metallic tape. - - de transporte. belt conveyor. ~ de urdimbre metlica (e), metallic tape. de vidrio (ele) , gIasa tape. fusible (elc), fuse link. metlica (lev) , metallie tape; (A)(Sp) steel tape. metlica articulada (Es), chain belt. - - mtrica, measuring tape. pescadora (elc), fish wire, snake, pull wire, fish tape. vitrificada (ele), gIass tape. cintada / (lev), tape length, tape measurement. cinteada / (geol), hand, streak. cintero m, (Sp) hoisting line; (Burv) tapeman. - - delantero, head tapeman. - - trasero. rear tapeman. cintillo m (PR), sidewalk curh. cintra /, areh eentering. cintrar, to center (arch). cintrel m, template for an areh. cintura l. :throat of a chimney; belt. cinturn m, belt.

78

circulo
de guardalfnea.lineman's belt. de seguridad, safety belt. para herramientas, tool belt. cipo m (Es), boundary monument; milepost. ciprs m. eypress. circn m (miner)(rfr), zircon. circonia / (rfr), zirconia. circnico, zirconic. circonio m (qum), zirconium. circuito m (elc), circuito - - aceptor (ra), acceptor circuito - - amortiguador, damping circuito - - an6dico (ra) , anoda 01' plate circuito atenuador de las altas (ra), bass-boosting cireuit. ctodo-tierra (ra), cathode follower. - - combinado, compound circuito - - compuesto (tel), composited circuito de absorcin (ra), absorption or tank circuito . - - de acoplamiento por resistencia, resistancC'" coupled circuito de admisin (ra) (A), aceeptor eircuit. - - de aproximacin (fe), approaeh circuito de descarga (t'V), discharge circuito - - de disparo (ra), trigger cireuit. - - de entrada, input circuito de lnea (fe), line eircuit. de media onda (ra), half-wave circuito - - de placa (ra), plate oranode eircuit. de plena onda (ra), full-wave circuito - - de prueba, test circuito de rejilla (ra), grid cireuit. - - de salida. output eircuit. de sangra (ra), bleeder circuito - - de va (fe), track eircuit. de va libre (fc), clearing circuito - - de vuelta. return eircuit. - - derivado, branch circuito - - desviador (tv), defieetion circuito - - en puente, bridge eircuit; jumper circuito -.- equilibrado. balanced cireuit. - - fantasma, phantom eircuit. - - inducido, secondary cireuit. - - inductor, primary circuito - - oscilador (ra), oscillatory circuito - - oscilante barredero (ra), sweep eircuit. - - receptor (ra), reeeiving circuito - - rechazador o repulsor (ra), rejectorcircuit. - - reflejo (ra), reflex circuito - - restaurador (tv), restorer circuito tanque (I'a) (A), tank circuito - - trampa (ra), trap circuito circulaci6n /, circulation. a gravedad (e!), gravity circulation. - - forzada, forced circulation. circulador m, circulator. circular, v to cireulate; a circular. circulo m, cirele. anual (mad), annual ringo - - azimutal. azimuth eirele. - - ceniW (trnsito), vertical cirele. - - de ahuecamiento (en), dedendum cirde. - - de aterrizaje (ap), cirele rnarkcr. - - de cabeza (en), addendum circla. - - de esfuerzo!!. circle of stress. de Mohr, Mohr's cirele.

1
l

!
!

I
1

1,

I
1
1

I I
I

1
f

crculo
de pie (ros), "toe.cirele. de punto medio (ms), mid-point cirele. de talud (ms), slope cirele. primitivo (en), piteh 01' rolling eircle. taquimtrico (inst), stadia circle. circumpolar. circumpolar. circunferencia 1, circumference. de ahuecamiento o de raz (en). dedendum 01' root circle. de base (en), base circle. de rotura. crcle o rupture. de tensin (A), cirele of stress. primitiva (en), pitch circle. circunferencial, circumferential. circunscribir (mat), to circumseribe. cisco m, coa! dust, culm, slack; (V) cinders. de coque, coke breez. cisterna l. tank, cistern. citacin (j) a licitadores. call for bids, invitation to bidders. citara 1, brick wall 1 brick thick; (Col) partition wall. citarillal, thin partition wall; (M) thin partition block. citarn m, (C) wall 2 bricks thick; (Col) heOOer. citrato (m) frrico amnico (lab), errie ammonium citrate. ciudad 1, city. ciudadela I (cn) (A), bridge deck. cizalla 1, a shear. _ . de dentar (si), gummer shear. de escuadrar, squaring shear. de guillotina, guillotine 01' gate shear. de palanca, lever 01' alligator shear. hendedora, splitting shears. mltiple, gangshear. para chapa. sheet-metal shear. ~ para metralla, scrap shear. - para planchas, plate shear. cizallador m, shearer (man). cizallamiento m, shearing stress; shearing. cizallar, to shear. cizalleo m, shearing; shearing stress. dara I (A), spacing, span. claraboya 1, skylight; transom; clearstory. de bveda. vault light. sin masilla, puttyless skylight. claridad 1, (il) brightness; (tv) (Sp) brillianee. clarificador m, clarifier. de batea (pa), tray clarifier. de batea mltiple (pa), multiple-tray clarifier. intermitente, intermittent clarifier. clarificar, to clarify. clariftoculador m (is) , Clarifiocculator (trade mark). clarigestor m (is), Clarigester (trademark). clarin m, crayon. claro m, clear space; olear span, hay, Openip.g; a bright (wire); clear (glass); light (color). de compuerta, gate opening. - - de puente. span of a bridge. de puerta, doorway. - de ventana, window opening. cla$ificador m (is) (min)(ag), c1assifier sereen. cnico, cone elassifier. de arrastre, drag classifier. -

79
-

clavo

I ,

de cedazo, sereen classlfier. de paletas o de rastrillo. rake classifier. de rastro de vaivn, reciprocating-rake olassifier. de rebose, overflow classifier. de taza, bowl classifier. en espiral (arena), spiral classifier. hidriulico. hydraulic elassifier, jig. clasificar. to classify, grade; to screen; to rateo elstico (geol), clastie. clavadar m, (surr ) (Ec) stake driver. de cabillas,(t) driftbolt driver. de pernos, bolt driver; spike driver. de postes de cerco, fence-post driver. clavaestacadas m, sheeting harnmer. cJavar, to nail, spike; to drive piles; (sh) to crowd. a finne (pi) (C), to drive to refusa!. hasta el rebote (Pi), to drive to refusa!. clavazn 1, stock o nails. clave 1, key, keystone; (eonc) bonding key; quoin; (V) lintel; (dwg) legend. de trabazn (conc), bonding key. clavellino m, a South American lumber. clavera J, nail hole. clavete m, small nail, tack. clavetear. to tack, nail. clavija 1, pin, peg, dowel, driftbo1t; cotter; pintle; (elec) plugj (elec) stud. a cuchilla (elc), knife plug. - - de la cigea, (eng) crankpin. - - de conexin (elc), terminal stud; attach ment plug. de contacto (elc), pIug. de correccin (inst), adjusting pino de desconexi6n (elc), disconnecting plug. de divisin (mh), index pino de dos patas,.eotter pino de escala, lOOder rungo de expansin (M), expansion bolt. de innidad (elc), infinity plug. de piso (elc), floor plug. - - de trepa,r. pole step. hendida. cotter pin, split pin, spring eotter. sincronizadora (elc), synchronizing plug. tndem (elc), tandem-blade plug. clavito m, bracI, aman nail, tack. cortado, cut finishing nail. de cabeza cnica, fiooring brad. - - de Pars, wire hrad. para contramarcos, casing nail. clavo m, nail, spike; (min) chimney; (min)(M) rich hody of ore. agrio. bright nail; (C) cut nail. arponado de techar, barbed roofing nail. comn de alambre. eommon wire nail. corriente. common nail. cortado, cut nai!. cuadrado (C), cut nail. de alambre, wire nail. de barquilla, boat spike. de cabeza acopada, cupped-head nail. de cabeza embutida o perdida, countersunk nall. de cabeza excntrica, offset-head nail. ~ de chilla, lathing nail. de: doble cabeza, double-headed nail.

elavo
de embarcaciones, boat spike. - - de filo de cincel, chisel-point nail. - - de fundicin, foundry nail. - - de listona;e, lath nnil. de muelle, dock spike. ~ de punta de aguja, needle-point naIl. de punta diamante, diamond-point nail. de punta excntrica, side-point nail. de punta roma, blunt-point nail. de ripiar, shingle nail. - - de rosca, screw na.il, drive screw. - - de techar, roofing nail. de tinglar, clout nail. - - de va, track spike. de 1 pulg, twopenny nail. de 11,4 pulg, threepenny nail. de l1j2 pulg, fourpenny nail. de 13,4 pulg, fivepenny nail. - - de t pulg, sixpenny nail. de 2 1 ,4 pulg, sevenpenny nail. de zlh pulg, eightpenny nail. de 2 3,4 pulg, ninepenny nail. de 3 pulg, tenpenny nail. de 3 1 ;" pulg, twelvepenny nail. de 31h pulg, sixteenpenny nail. - - de 4: pulg, twentypenny nail. de 41h pulg, thirtypenny nail. de 5 pulg, fortypenny nail. de 5112 pulg, fiftypenny nail. - - de 6 pulg, sixtypenny nail. de 8 pulg, eightypenny spike. espaiiol (C), cut nail. fechado, dating nail. francs, wire nail; (C) finishing nail. -.-. harponado, barbed nail. -..- ingls (e), cut nail. -lancero (M), toenail. marcador (min) , spud, spad. - - para bisagra, hinge nail. - - para hormign, concrete nail. - - para lanchn, barge spike. - - para remachar, clinch nail. - - rielero, track spike. clavo-pija, fetter-<1rive lag screw. clavo-tornillo, drive screw. clica J (ft) (A), keeper of a lock. clima m, climate. clima artificial (M), air conditioning. climtico, climatic. climatologa J, climatology. clingrafo m, clinograph. clinometrfa J, c1inometry. clinmetro m, c1inometer, slope level, angle meter. clinquer m (M), clinket. clisfmetro m (M), slope gage. clistron m (ra), klystron. clitmetro m, clinometer. clivaje m (geo}) , cleavage, stratification. - - de disyuncin, fracture cleavagc. - - de flujo, flow clcavage. cloaca f, sewer: - - colectora, intercepting sewer. - - de alivio o de rebose, relief or overflow scwcr. de descarga, outfall sewer. - - del edificio, house drain.

80

cIoroamonIaco

:1

" ,t

, - - de empotramiento (V), honse connection to a sewer. de presin, depressed sewer. - - derivada, branch sewer; lateral sewer. - - doJOiciliaria, house sewer. - - emisaria, outfall sewer. - - escalonada, flight sewer. - - interceptadora, intercepting 8ewer. - - maestra o mxima o troncal, trunk or main sewer. ovoide, egg-shaped sewer. - - pluvial, storm sewer. - - secundaria, submain sewer. tubular, pipe sewer. unitaria (C)(A), combined sewer. cIoacal, pertaining to sewerage. doaquista m (A), man who lays sewer pipe. cloche m (V), clutch. doque m, grapnel, grappling rron. cloracin J, chlorination. al punto de saturacin (is) , break-point chlorination. - - con residuo combinado aprovechable (pa), combined residual chlorination. con residuo libre aprovechable (pa), free residual chlorination. simple (pa), plain chlorination. ciorador m, chlorinator. - - al vacio, vacuum chlorinator. - - de alimentacin directa, direct-feed chlo-rinator. - - de mano, manual chlorinator. - - de vacIo visible, visible-vacuum chlorinator. cloramida J (qwm), chloramide. cloramina J (pa), chloramine, ammonia chlorine. cIoram.macin f, chloramination. "cloramoniar, to treat with chloramine. clorar, to chlorinate. clorato m (quim) chlorate. clorhidrato m, bydrochlorate. clorhIdrico, hydrochloric. clrico, chloric. clorificar, to cblorinate. clodmetro m. chlorimeter. c1orinaci6n J, chlorination. c1orinador m, chlorinator. clorinar, to chlorinate. clorin6metro m, chlorometer. clorita J (miner), chlorite. clodtico, cbloritic. cloritizaci6n J, chloritization. clorito m (quim), chlorite. clorizaci6n J, chlorination. clonzador m, chlorinator. clonzar, to chlorinate. cloro m, chlorine. - - amoniacal, proceso (pa) chlorine-ammonia process. combinado disponible, combincd avnilable chlorinc residual. -libre disponible, free available chlorine residual. residual o restante (pa) chlorine residual. c1oroalimentador m (pa) , Chloroceder (trademark). cloroamonIaco m (is), chloramine.
I
I

clorocresol clorocresol m (is), chloroc~';'so1. clorofenol m (is), chlorophe.101. - cloroffceas (is), Chlorophyceae. clorofila 1, ehlorophy11. clorometra l. ehlorornetry. clor6metro m, chloromcter. cloroplatinato m, chloroplatinate. - - de amonio (lab), arnrnonium chloroplatinate. potbico (is), potassium ehloroplatinate. cIoroso, chlorous. clorurar (quim}(met), to chloridize. cloruro m, chloride. urico, gold chloride. de amonio, ammonium ehloride, sal ammoniae. de clll, chloride of lime, bleaching powder. de hidrgeno, hydrogen ehloride, hydrochlorie acid. s6dico, sodium chloride, common salto eoagulacin 1, coagulation. de fiujo ascendente (is), upl10w coagulation. coagulador m, coagulator. eoagulante m, coagulant; a eoagulant, l1occulent. eoagular, to eoagulate; to clump; coagularse, to eoagulate, form 110e; to elot, elump. coAgulo m, 110e, coagulum, elot. coaltar m (Es), tar, pitch. collltarizar, to eoat with pitch. collltitud 1, coaltitude, zenith distanee. eoasegurador m, coinsurer. comlll, coaDl, coaxial. cobllltfero, containing cobalto cobllltina, cobllltita 1 (miner), cobaltite, cobaltine. coblllto m, cobalto arseniclll (miner), smaltite. - - gris, smaltite, gray cobalto cobaltoso, cobaltous. cobertizo m, shed; penthouse; (Col) lean-to; (ap) hangar. de trasbordo, transfer 8hOO. de trenes, train shed. para carros, carbarn, car shed. para nieve, snowshed. coberturaJ, cover, covering. cobijadura J (geol}(A), overthrust; alluvial deposit. cobola J, a Costa Rican pine. cobre m, copper. - - abigarrado, bornite, purple copper ore. amarillo (miner), copper PYrites, chalcopyrite. - - ampolloso, blister copper. - - ailado, covellite, ndigo copper; azurite, blue copper ore. - - azul, azurite, bIue copper ore, bIue malachite. de acarreo (geol), drift copper. del cltodo (met), cathode copper. - - de cementaci6n, cement copper. gris, tetrahedrite, gray eopper ore, - - negro, blister or blaek copper. - - piritoso, copper pyritea,chalcopyrite. rojo, red coppcr ore, cuprite. tenaz, tough-pitch eDpper. verde (miner), malaehite, green malachite. vftreo, vitreous copper, torbel'llite.

81

codo
cobreado, copper-plated. cobrera l. copper work; copper ahop. cobrero m, coppersrnith. fobrizado, eopper-plated. cobrizo, containing copper; eopper-colored. coca 1, kink. coccin J, baking, roasting, burning (brick). coceo m (M), tbrust. cocer, to bake; to boil. cociente m, quotient. derencilll. differential coefficient or qua. tiento coco m (ia), coceus. cocobolo m, eocobolo (hardwood). cocodrilo m (mee), grab; squeezer. cochal (B)(Ec). lake, pondo coche m, (rr) car, coach; closed automobile. automotor (fe), motorear. comedor, dining caro de estacin (auto), station wagon. de observacin, observation caro de pasajeros (Ch), passenger caro de remolque, trail ear. de tranva. streetcar, tro11ey caro de turismo (auto), touring caro dormitorio. sleeping caro motor. (rr) motorcar. saln, chair caro cochecito lateral, sidecar (motoreycle). cochera 1, carb),rn; garage. cochern m. enginehouse, roundhouse. cochinilla J (mad). wood louse. cochino m (met), pig. cochitril m, cribo cochura 1, baking, roasting. codal m. strot, spreader, apur, treneh braee; frame of asaw; try square. - . del eje (en), ahaft strut. codaste m (en), sternpost; stern frame. popel, rudderpost, sternpost. - - proel, sternpost, prope11er post, body post. codeclinaci6n 1, Codeclination, polar distance. coderaJ (nut), breast fasto cdigo m, codeo de edificaciJ', building eode. - - de seHales, signal codeo Cdigo Elctrico Nacional, N ationa! Electri-l Codeo cdigo Morse (tel), Morse codeo codillo m. knee, elbow, hendo codlDero m (pet), codimer. codo m, (cona) knee; (machy) crank; (P) elbow, bend. abierto, long eIbow. - - angular, miter elbow. cerrado, short elbow. compensador t expansion hendo - - con base o con soporte, base elbow. con derivaci6n o con salida lateral, side-ouf... let elbow. con lomo o de copa, bossed eIbow. de campanas, hell-and-spigot quarter bend. de curva alargada o de radio largo, long. radius elbow. de doble ramlll, double-branch elbow. de enchufes, socke~nd eIbow (for welding). -

codo
de inglete, miter elbow. - , de orejas, drop elbow. de palanca (maq), crank. de pendiente o de rosca inclinada, pitch elbow. de reduccin, reducing elbow. de retorno unido, return bend-close type. de servicio, service or street elbow. de tangente larga, long-tangent elbow. _ . de toma particular, service elbow. de tres salidas, three-way elbow. de uni6n, union elbow. de Vs, eighth bend. de lA, quarter bend. de 50/8, sixty-fourth bend. de 1114 0 , thirty-second bend. de 22%, sixteenth bend. de 45, eighth bend, 45 elbow. de 60, sixth bend. de 72, fifth bend. de 180, return or half bend. doble, offset; return bend; three-way elbow. en escuadra, right-angle bend. en octavo, eighth bend. en U, return bend. - - falso (as), false knee. macho y hembra, service or street elbow. obtuso (A), eighth bend. para baranda, railing elbow. para inodoro (pb), closet bend. recto con desplazamiento, single-offset quarter bend. reductor, tapar or redueing elbow. suave, long-radius elbow. coeficiente m, coefficient. completo de traspaso de calor (0.0.), over-'all coefficient of heat transfer. de absorcin (ptica), absorption factor, coefficient of absorption. de acidez (geol), acidity coefficient, oxygen ratio. de acoplamiento (elc), coupling coefficient. de afiuencia (hid), runoff coefficient. de amortiguaci6n, coefficient of damping (vibration). de amortiguaci6n viscosa (ros), coefficient o viscous damping. de amplificacin (ra), aroplification factor or constant. " de aprovechamiento (elc), load factoi.' de aspereza (hid), coefficient of roughness. de autoinduccin (ele), coefficient of selfinduetion, self-inductance. de cada de tensi6n (elc), drop factor. de cambio de volumen (ms), coefficient of volume change. de cargamento (tr), load factor. de caudal (hid), coefficient of diseharge. de compactacin (rils), coefficient of consolidation. de conductividad trmica, coefficient o thermal conduetivitY. de consolidacin, (ea) coefficient of shrinkage, shrnkage factor; (sm) coefficient o eonsolidation.

82
-

coeficiente
de deformaci6D (ma), deformation coefficiento de derraJlle (bid), runoff coefficient. - , de descargue (bid), coefficient of discharge. de desliza..'Jento, sliding factor (dam). de desviacin (ra), deflection factor. de diagrama, (eng) diagram factor. de dilataci6n, coeffieient of expansiono de dispersi6n (elc), leakage factor. de elasticidad, modulus of elastieity. de entrada (ve), coefficient of entry. de escamas (pa), coefficient of scale hardness. de escorrentla (bid), runoff coefficient. .de escuadreo (an), block coefficient, coefficient of fineness of displaeement. de escurrimiento superficial (bid), surface runoff coefficient. de explotacin (fe), operating ratio. de extinci6n (quim), extinction coefficient, speeific absorption indexo de filtracin (ros), coefficient o percolation. del filtro (frna), filter factor. de finura, coefficient oi fineness. de flecha (est), defiection coeffieient. de friccin o de frotamiento, friction factor, coeffieient of friction. de friccin de deslizamiento, coefficient of sliding friction. - ' de gasto (hid), coefficient of discharge. de hinchamiento (ms), coefficient of swelling. de inflacin (rns) (A), coefficient of swelling. de luminosidad (il), luminosity factor. de modulacin (elc), modulation factor or indexo de mortalidad, death rateo de operacin (fe), operating ratio. , de pandeo (est), buckling coefficient. de permeabilidad, (hyd) percolation coefficient; (sm) coefficient of perroeability. de Poisson, Poisson's ratio. de precipitacin, rainfall coefficient. de produccin, load factor (coropressor). de productividad (pet), productivity indexo de propulsin (an), propulsive coefficient. de reactancia (elc), reactive factor. de ;ectificacin (ra) , rectification factor. de recuperacin o de rechazo (Pi), coefficient of restitution. de recuperaci6n elstica (ros), coefficient of elastic recovery. ' de reflexin, (ra) refiection coefficient; (il) reflection factor. de relajamiento (met) , relaxation factor. de remoldeo (ros), remolding indexo d e rendimiento (aa), coefficient of performance. de resistencia, coefficient of strength. de restitucin (ms) (fma)-, coefficient o restitution. de retardo, (hyd) coefficient of retardation; (wp) drag coefficient. de retraso (hid), coefficient of retardation. de riego, duty of irrigation water. de rozamiento, coefficient oi friction. de rugosidad (bid), roughness coeflicient. -

r
1

coeficiente
.-

83
-

cola de bolas con adaptador, adapter-type ball bearing. - - de bolas con anillo de resorte, snap-ringtype ball bearing. de bolas de 'contacto angular, angular-contact ball bearing. de bolas de empuje, thrust-type ball beariug. ~ de bolas de empuje doble, two-<iireetion thrust ball bearing. de bolas de proteccin doble, doubleshielded ball bearing. de bolas de proteccin simple, single-shielded ball bearil'lg; de bolas doble, double-row ball bearing. de bolas radial, radial ball besring. de bolillas, ball bearing. de casco recambiable, replaccable-shell bearing. - - de cola, tail bearing. - - de collares, coll2.r bearing. - - de descanso, pillow block. de doble efecto, two~direction (roller) bearing. - - de efecto simple,singl&-direction (roller) bearing. - - de empuje, thrustor axial bearing. - - de engtaseautomtico. self-lubricating OOaring. de fila nica, single--row (ball) bearing. de filas mltiples.'il.ultirow (ball) beal"ing. - - de gua, pilot.or guide bearing. - - de manguito, sleeve bearing. de piedra (inst) jewel bearing. de resorte (mh),spting die. - - de rodillos ahusados, tapered roller bearing. - - de rodillos esfricos, spherieal roller bearing.: - - de rodillos rectos, straight roller bearing. - - de rolletes, rollerbearing. - - de rolletes cnicos, tapered rolIer bearing. - - de roscar, diefor threading, screw pIate. - - de suspensin, suspension bearing. - - de terraja; die f01" threading. de tope (U), thrust bearing. - - enterizo, unit 01' solid pillow block. - - exterior, outloard bearing. flotant'e, floating bearing. partido, split i>illow block. piloto, pilot bearillg. - - radial, radial or annular baring. radioaxial, radial-thrust bearing. recalentado, hot bearing. cok m, coke. - - de petrleo, petroleum coke. - - de retorta, gas eoke. para altos hornos, blast-furnace coke. cola J, glue; tail; (t) tang, fang, shank; stub, stump. - - aislante, insulating glue. - - animal o de huesos, animal glue. - - de agua fra o de casena, cold-water 01 cascin glue, cll.sein cemento - - de barrena, shank of a drill. - - de carpintero, joincr's glue. de golondrina (carp)(n:cc), swal1.owtaiL dovetail.

de seguridad, factor of safety. de sequedad (in), wilting coefficient. de superficie (ag), surCace coefficient, surface-area factor. de trabajo, factor of safety. de transmisin, (ht) coefficient o transmission; (il) tramunissioll factor. - de traspaso superficial de calor (aa) , film coefficicllt of heat tran:;er. - dielctrico, diclectric constant. - - espumante, oaming eoefficient (water). resistivo (elc)(A), coefficient o resiatance. uniforme (ms)(C), uniformity coeillcient. coeficientes del Almirantazgo. (an), Admirn1ty eOllsta.1lts. coercitividad f (ele), coercivity, coercive force. cofa j (en), top, erow's-nest. cofaetor m (mat), cofaetor. cofsico, cophasu.l. cofre m, box; crib; bin; (A) concrete form; (auto) (M) hood. cogedero m, handle, grip; bailo - - indicador de tensin (lev), tension handle, spring balance. cogegotas m, drip pan. coger, to grasp; to conect; to clase up, obstruct; (mus}(Col) (V) to point. cogollo m, .small cnd o a pole or pile. coherencia f (mat), coherence. coherente m, binder; a cohesive, coherent. cohesin j, cohesion, bond. - - aparente (ms), apparent cohesion. - - verdadera (lIlS), trUe eohesion. cohesivo, cohesive. cohesor m (ra), coherer. ;"cohete m (mill) , blasting fuse; blast hole (1\1).: dY.1lamite cartridge. eohetear(min) (M), to blast. coigU m, a South American softwood. coihue m, a Chilean hardwood. coincidencia j, coinCidence. coincidente, coincident. coincidir, to coincide; to match (riv'et holes). cojear, (eng) to knock. cojn m, cushion, pad; pillow block. - - del embrague, clutch cushion. - - de vaco (cone), vacuulU mato roscado para soldar (tub), welding pad. ~ cojinete m, bearing, pillow block, journal box; bushing; (th) die. - - a municiones, ball bearing. - - a rulemn, roller bearing. - - acabador (rs), sizer die. - - autoalineador, self-aligning bearing. - - autolubricador, oillcss 01' self-Iubrieating bearing. axial, axial or thrust bearing. - - cerrado, solid bearing. - - cnico, cono bCl1l'ing. _. de agujas, nccdle bearing. de alineamiento, alignment bearing. de anillo esfrico, spherical-rn.ce bearing. de asiento (A), step bearing. de bnncada, bltSC 01' main bcaring. d~ bolas axial, thrust-type ball bearing.

r
cola
- - de martillo. peen of a hammer. - - de milano o de pato. dovetail. de pescado. isinglass; fish glue; fishtail (bit). de rata. rattail (file); driftpin. - - marine. marine glue. - - para madera laminada, plywood glue. colas (min), tailings, chats. colada 1, (met) melt; (conc) pour; (cone) lift; (eone) batch. de prueba. trial batch. coladera l. strainer; (M)(PR) leaching cesspool; (M) sewer. drain. coladera-punta. well point. coladero m (min), winze, ore chute. colado en el lugar (eone), poured in place. colador m, strainer. - - a presi6n, pressure strainer. de cao pluvial (to), leader strainer. - - de cesta, basket-type strainer. - - de coque, cake strainer. de lodo (pet), mud sereen, shale shaker. para hojas (hid), leaf screen. colagn m (M), eonduit, canal. colanilla 1, door bolt. colapez 1, isinglass; fish glue. colapsible (M), eollapsible. colapso m (M), failure, collapse. colar. to pour; to strain; to east; (tun)(M) to drive, bore; to sink (shaft): colarse. to seep, percolate; to sift. - - en basto. to rough-cast. colatitud 1, colatitude. colato de sodio (lab), sodium cholate. colctar m (abrasivo), colcothar, rouge. colcha I (ais), quilt, blanket. colchado m (cab), layo a la derecha, right lay., - - a la izquierda, left layo - - corriente o cruzado, regular or plain lay. --lang o paralelo, lang or cable layo colchar, to lay rope. colchn m, cushion, mattress; (elec cab) bedding. amortiguador (hid) (Col), stilling pool. - - de agua, water cushion, stilling pool. de barro (hid), clay blanket. de cieno (dae), sludge blanket. filtrador (pa), filter blanket. hidrulico (M), stilling pool. colear, to yaw, buck; (auto) to shimmy. colectivo m (tr) (A), small public bus. colector m, collector; catch hasin, trap; intercepting sewer; (irr) rtturn ditch; (elec) commutator; (elec) coHector; (min) collector; (p) (Pan) manifold. cloacal, main sewer. - - de aceite, oil trap; drip pan; (auto) oil pan. - - de aguas blancas (A), storm-water sewer. - - de aire, air trap. de aire comprimido, air receiver (compressor). de alivio (M), relief sewer. - ' de arco (fe elc), bow trolley. de avenidas (Es), storm sewer. de barro, mud trap, catch hasin. de cascajo, grit collector. de condensado, condensate or steam trap. -

84
-

colocadora
de corriente (ele), eurrent collector. de desage, (pb) main sol pipe, housa dran (Pe) sewr. - - de escamas (pet), scale trap. de espumas (dac), scum collector. - - de fango, mud trap. - - de grasa, grease trap. - - de humedad, moisture separator or trap. de lodos, sludge collector. de prtiga (fe elc), pole trolley. de polvo, dust conector. de sedimentos (cal), mud drum. - - de tormentas (Es), storm sewer de tubos, manifold header. - - de vapor (loco), steam drum. - - pantgrafo, pantograph trolley - - pluvial, storm-water sewer. - - sanitario, sanitary sewer. - - visitable (Es), sewer large enough for a roan to entero colector-cabezal, header.of a boiler. clera (m) asitico, Asiatie cholera. colero m. gluepot; (min) (M) (Pe) labor foreman. coleta 1, burlap. colgadero m, hanger. colgadizo m, shed, lean-to; a hanging, suspended. colgador m, hanger. - - autoalineador, self-aligning hanger. de artefacto (elc), fixture hanger. de cable, (cy) fall-line carrier; (elec) cable hanger. de canaln (to), gutter hanger. - - de mensajero (elc). messenger hanger - - del revestidor (pet), liner hanger. - - de tubo, pipe hanger. - - de vigueta, joist hanger. colgante m, hanger, pendan!; a suspended, hanging. - - de servicio (elc), service drop. - - giratorio, swivel hanger. colgar, to hang. coli-aer6genes (is), coli-aerogenes. colibacilo m (is), colon bacillus, Bacillu8 eolio coliforme, coliform (bacteria). colillas I (min), tailings. colimaci6n 1, coHimation. colimador m, collimator. colimetra I (pa) (U). coliform density. colina j, hill. colineacln I (mat), collineation. colineal, collinear. colisa j, slide i (eng) link. de Stephenson (mv), Stephenson link. colisin j, eollisian. colmado, heaped up. colmatacin , colmataje m, filling; earth fill; (A) silting up. colocabilidad f (conc) (M), placeability. colocado en fro (ca), cold-Iaid. colocador m, setter, placer, positioner; (sa) setworks. de ladrillos (C), bricklayer. - - de vagones. car spotter. de va (maq), track layer. colocadora j, setter, placer. - - neumtica, pneumatie concrete placer.

colocar
co.locar, to place, loeate, set; to invest. colodin m, collodion. colofonia 1, resino cologaritmo m, cologarithm. coloidal, colloidal. coloide m, colloid. colonia!, (PR) sugar plantation; (A) farm; (lab) colony. color m, color. color de recocido, tcmper color. amarill", yellow. amarillo claro, light yelIow. amarillo de paja, straw color. amarillo oscuro, dark yellow. amarillo plido, faint yello:w. azul. blue. azul brillante, bright blue. azul oscuro, dark blue. azul puro, full blue. ,blanco. white. castc.fio amarillento. brown yel1ow. castao purpreo, purple brown. castao rojizo moteado, spotted red brown. cereza claro, light cherry. negro rojizo, black red. pajizo oscuro. dark straw. pajizo plido, pale straw. prpura, purple. rojo cereza mediano. medium cherry red. rojo cereza oscuro. darle cherry red. rojo cereza puro. full cherry red. rojo de sangre oscuro. dark blood red. salmn. salmon. salmn claro, light salmon. color patrn, standard color. colorante m, coloring matter. colorimetr~aI,lcolorimetry. colorimtrico, eolorimetrio. colormetro m, eolorimetcr. colpa 1, copperas; (min) (Pe) a silver ore. columna 1, column. cerrada, box column. combinada. combination column. ~ compuesta, (str) built-up column; (eone) eomposite column. de aglia (fe), water column. de asiento esfrico, round-end column. de barras Z. Z-bar column. de burbujeo (pet), bubble eolumn. de caja.box: column. - . de celosia, lattieed eolumn. de direccin (auto), steering eolumn. de equilibrio (hid), surge tank. de extremo fijo, fixed-end eolumn. de fraccionamiento, fractionating tower. de fundicin, east-iron column. de plancha y ngulos, plate-and-angle column. de planchas atiesadoras. battened column. escalonada (est), stepped column. fnix, Phoanix column. H, H eolumn. Lal1y, Lally column. positiva (ele), positiva column. reguladora (hid). surge tank, atandpipe. tubular, steel-pipe eolumn.

85

combust61eo
zunchada (cone), hooped column. columnar (geol)(miner), columnar. columnata 1, row of columns, colonnade. columpio m, bascule, any deviee with a awinging motion. coluvial (geol), eolluviaI. collado m, hill; aaddle, gap, pasa. collar m (mee), collar, collet. de bolas, ball raee (bearing). de cementar (pet), cementing collar. de circulacin (pet), mud collar. del excntrico (mv), eccentric atrapo de hincar (pi),drive sleeve. de mstil (en), mast collar. de perforacin (pet), driU collar. de terraja (mh)(A), threading die. de tope, stop collar. de vaciado (tub)(V), jointrunner. micromtrico, micrometer collar. para rueda (fe), wheel scat. poratescobillas (e16e), brush ringo collarin m, collar. de empuje, thrust collar. del prensaestopas, gland. collera f (fo) (A), a length o track between two paira of opposite joints. coma I (fma) coma. comaln m (ele)(C), come-along clamp. comando m, control. a distancia, remotecontrol. digital, fingcr-tip control. comarca 1, region, territory. combal, warp, wind. bulge; camber; (rd) crown; (Pe) mauI, sledge; (auto)(A) caster; (ra) (Sp) antinode, loop. de canto (mad),crook. de p)ano(mad), bow. combada' de oxigeno disuelto (is), oxygen Bag. combadura 1, warping, bulging; camber; sag. combar. to eamber; to bend; (Ch) to strike with a maul; combarse. to sag, warp, bulge; (na) to hog. combersa I (to)(A), valley. combs m, waist of a ship. combinacin I (mat) (qu{m), combination. combinado qumicamente, chemically combined. combinador m (elc), controller. de gobierno, master eontroller. magntico, full-magnetic eontrol1er. combinarse..(quim), to combine. combo m, maul, sledge. comburente m a, combustible. combustibilidad 1, combustibility. combustible m, fuel; a combustible. de seguridad, safety fuel. tipo, referenee fue!. combustin l. eombustion. a presin invariable. constant-prcssure combustion. a volumen constante. eonstant-volume eombustion. espontnea, spontaneous combustion. fraccionada, fraetional combustion. - fumfvora, smokeless combustion. retardada, afterburning. c:ombustleo m, fueloil.
I

(,'

,
combust61eo
de calefaccin, furnace oil. Diesel, Diesel oil. - - para buques, bunker oil. comejn m, termite. comerciable, rnarketable; rnerchantable (grade). comisara 1, cornmissary. comisariato m (Ee), cornrnissary. comisario (m) de averas (seg), average surveyor. comisi6n j, cornmittee, cornrnission; (surv) (C) party, corps; (corn) eornrnission. de estudios (C), survey party. compacidad I (ot)(V)(PR), eompaction, cornpactness. compactacin j. eompacting, consolidating. compacto, compact, dense. compaa j, eompany, corporation. an6nima, I"tock ompany, corporation. - - aseguradora, insurance company. colectiva, partnership. fiadora, bonding eompany. por acciones (e), stock company. comparador m, comparator; comparer. de banco, bench comparator. de bloque, bloek comparator. de color, color comparator. - - de pie, pedestal eomparator. compargrafo m (Crna), comparagraph. compartidor m (A), official charged with the distribution oC irrigation water. compartimiento m, compartment, (rr) stateroom. de calderas (en) (A), boiler room. de mando (co), driving compartment. de mquinas (en) (A), engine room. comparto m (irr) (A), division box. comps m, compass, dividers, calipers. - - con arco, wing compass or dividers; quadrant compasa. - - de agrimensor, surveyor's compasa. - - de biseccin, bisecting dividers. de calibres (Es), calipers. de corredera (Es), slide ealiper. - - de cuadrante (Es), wing compass or dividers. - - de divisin, dividers. - - ele divisin a resorte, hairspring or spring dividers. - - de espesor, calipers, outside calipers. - - de espirales, volute eompass. - - de e:ll:terior, outside calipers. - - de g~uesos, calipers, outside calipers. de mar, mariner's compass. - - de marcar, scribing compass. de muelle, bow pencil 01' pen 01' dividers. de precisin, hair compasa, hairspring dividers. de proporcin, proportional dividers. de punta fija o de punta seca, dividers. de reduccin, proportional dividers. de regla (H), beam compass. de trazar, draftsman's compass. de tres piernas, triangular compasa. de vara, beam compass, trammel. deslizante, beam compasa. divisor, dividers. giratorio, rotating 01' drop spring or rivet eompass. hermafrodita, hermaphrodite ealiper.

86
~-

compreso

interior, inside calipers. micromtrico, mierometer calipers. - - para huecos, inside calipers. - - portalpiz, peneil compass. - - universal, universal cornpasses. compensacin 1, compensation; balancing; takeup. de bajos (ra), bass compensation. - - de la brjula, eompass compenl5ation. de la pendiente (fe), grade compensation (for eurvature). de tierra (ra) (Es), eounterpoise. de tierras (ot), balancing cuts and fills. por accidentes de trabajo, workmen's compensation. compensador m, eompensator (all senses); equalizer, adjuster. armnico (auto), harmonie balancero - - de arranque (elc), starting compensator. - - de freno, brake adjuster. de impedancia (ele) , impedance compensator. de prdida de tensin (ele), line-<irop compensator. de ruedas (auto) (A), wheel balaneer. elevador (ele), ba1ancer-booster. compensar, to compensate (all senses); to balance, equalize. competencia 1, eompetence, fitnesa, capacity; eompetitive bidding, competition; (r) competence. competente (geol), eompetent. complejo m a, complexo fundamental (geol), basal complexo complementario (mat), complementary. complemento m (mat), complemento comple:ll:o a, complexo componente mi, eomponent (all senses); (chem) constituent. desvatada (elc), wattless component. - - electromagntica (ra) , magnetie component. - - en fase (elc), inphase eomponent. - - harmnica (elc). harmonic eomponent. negativa de secuencia (elc), negative sequence component. nula de secuencia (elc), zero sequenee,component. positiva de secuencia (e1c), positive sequenee component. - - vatada (elc), active or inphase component. componer, to repair, overhauI. composicin I (quim) (mat), composition. composturas 1, repairs. compound a (mv) (elc), compound. - - cruzado, cross-eompound. en tindem, tandem-compound. compoundaje m, compounding. comprador m, buyer. compregnado, compregnated (plywood). compresibilidad j, compressibility. compresible, eompressible. compresmetro m (A), eompression gage. compresin 1, compression. de dos etapas, two-stage compression. compresivo, compressive. compreso, eompressed.

'1,

compres6metro
compres6metro m, compression gage, compressometer. compresor m, compressor. -.- de ngulo, angle compressor. de anillo (hen), piston-ring compressor. de chorro (aa), jet compressor. - - de un grado, single-stage compressor. -.- de volumen (ra), volume compressor. - en lnea recta, straight-line compressor. .- multigradual, mu1tistage compressor. compresores gemelos, duplex compressor. compresora J, compressor. a COrrea, belt-driven compressor. - a motor, motor-driven compressor. , - axial, axial-fiow compressor. - centrfuga de aletas radiales, radiaI":blade centrifugal compressor. - de aletas corredizas, sliding-vane rotary compressor. de cinco grados, five-stage compressor. elevadora, booster compressor. mvil, portable compressor. - - neumtica (M), air compressor. - - rociadora, spraying compressor. - - rotativa, rotary compressor. compresorista m, operator of a compressor. comprimible, compressible. comprimir, to compress, compacto comprobacin (j) del trnsito (Ec), traeing (a shipment). comprobador m, checker; tester. - - de contadores, meter testero ~omprobante m, voucher. de venta, bill of sale. comprobar, to eheek,verify; to proveo compuerta 1, (hyd) gato; (bldg) haH door; (tk) gate; (V) bulkhead in a concrete formo - abatible (co), down-folding gateo acuada (v), wedge gate. - - aforadora, metergate. -.- basculante, tilting gateo - - Broome, Droome or caterpillar gateo cilndrica, rolling or roller gate; ring gateo de abanico (M), Tainter or radial gateo - - de abatimiento, bear-trap gata; dmm gateo ~ de aguja, necdle valve. de aletas ajustables (aa) , multiple-Iouver damper. de alzas, bear-tl'::tp gate, roof weir. de anillo, ring gateo --. de anillo corredor (Col), ring-follower gate. de anillo estancado!", ring-seat gateo de anillo seguidor, ring-follower gateo - - de arco (min), are or radial gateo - de arco inferior (min), underswung are gateo de arco superior (min), ovcrhung are gateo - . de .arranque, head gateo - - de basuras, skimming gateo - - de bifurcacin (irr), bifureation gateo de buzn (ag), bin gateo de cabecera, hcad gateo - - de cierre anubr, ring-seal gateo - - de cizalla, shear gateo de cola (co) , tail gateo de cua, wedge gate (valve). cie chapaleta o de charnela, flap gate.

87
-

compuesto

, I
j
f

1
t

de desage o de evacuaci6n. sluice or waste gateo de deslizamiento, sliding gate. de doble cua, double-disk gate (valve). - - de esclusa, sluice gate; Iock gateo fioodgate. - - de guillotina, shear gate; sliding gateo de limpia, sluice gate (daro). de marea, tide gate, fioodgate. - - de orugas, caterpillar or Broome gateo - - de paso, shutoff gateo de perforacin (pet), drill gateo de postigo (turb), wicket gateo - - de purga, sIuice gate. . - - de retencin, backwater gateo - - de rodamiento, roller gateo de rodillos, fixed-wheel gate, truck-type gate; Stoney gate; coaster gateo de ruedas fijas, fixed-wheel gateo - - de sector, sector gate; drum gateo - - de sector rodante, rolling sector gate. - - de segmento, segmental 01' Tainter gateo - - de servicio (irr), delivery gateo de tablero engoznado, hinged-Ieaf gate, shutter weir. - - de tambor, drum gateo de tiro, damper (fiue). de tolva (ag),bingate. - - de toma, intake oi' head gateo - - de urgencia, emergeney gateo de vagn (Es), tri.lck-type or fixed-wheel gateo deflectora (aa). defieoting damper. - - derivadora (irr), delivery gateo turnout, division gateo . - - desarenadora,sandor sIuice gateo - - descargadora, sluiee 01' waste gateo deslizable (A), coaster gate. desripiadora (eh), sluice gateo - - desviadora, diversion gateo - - elevadora o levadiza, rising gateo estranguladora (aa), throttling damper. -'- flotante (ds), caisson. medidora (irr), metergate. partidora (irr), bifurcation or division gateo piloto, filler gateo - - radial, radial 01' Tainter gate; (min) aro gateo - - radial inferior (min), underswung aro gateo - - radial superior (min), overhung arcgate. - - rodante, roller gate; rolling sector gateo -trasera (co), tai! gateo - - trasera cargadora, tail-gate loader. tubular (Es). gate valve. compuertas de demasas, spillway gates. - - de derrame, spillway 01' crest gates. - - del umbral, erest gates. compuesto m, a compound; a compound, (str) built up. aditivo (qum), addition compound or producto - - aislador, insulating compound. de -cortar (mIl). eutting compound. - - de c,uracin (cone), curing compound. - - de enfrianilento, eooling eompound; (mt) cutting compound. de ;pulir,lapping or humnS compound.

compuesto
de retacar, calking compound. de seDar (elo), sealing oompound. de soldar, soldering paste: brazing oompaund. de tanajar. thread dope. - - desincrustante. boiler oompound. impenneabilizador, waterproofing compound. inflamable (vol), flash oampaund. para banda, belt dressing. - - para cable, cable compound or dressing. para enchufes (tub), joint compound. para engranajes, gear oompaund. - - para roscas, thread paste. para terminador de cable (elc), pothead oompound. - - qufmico, ohemical campaund. sellador de juntas (ca), joint-sealing compound. computador m (inst) (M), computer. computar, to campute, caloulate. computista m, oomputer. cmputo m, computation. comunicacin!, communication. concadenamiento m, linkage. concavidad f, concavity. cncavo m, cncava!, cavity, hollow. cncavo a, concave, dished. cncavo-convexo, conoave-convex. concentraci6n!, ooncentration. - en seco (min), dry ooncentration. - hidrogeninica (pa), hydrogen-ion concentration. por venteo (min), dry blowing. concentrado m, a concentrate; a conoentrated. concentrador m, concentrator. concentrar~ to concentrate. concentricidad!, concentricity. concntrico, concentric. concesin!, ooncession, grant; (mech) allowance. social. corporate franchise or oharler. concesionar (M). to granta conoession. concesionario m, holder of a ooncession, licensee. grantee. conconete m (M), small imgation ditch. concordancia (J) de fases (elc), phase coincidence. concrecin f (geol), concretion. concrecional. concretionary. concrecionar, to sinter. concretar, to concrete. concretera! (C), ooncrete mixer. concreto m, (oons) concrete; (su) concrete, concrete sugar. a soplete (AC), gunite. - - acorazado, armored ooncrete. agrio, harsh concrete. - - aguado, sloppy concrete. - - armado, reinforced concrete. cicl6peo, eyclopean conorete. de cenizas, cinder concrete. de clavar, nailing concrete, Nailcrete (trademark). de escorias, slag concrete (O) cinder concrete. en masa, mass concrete. -

88
-

condensador

'~

I~
! ~

.:1

l.:

::

"1

fresco, green concrete. graso, rich concrete. grueso, harsh concrete. magro o pobre, lean concrete. premezclado, ready-mixed or plant-mixed concrete. premoldeado, precast concrete. reforzado, reinforced concrete. simple, plain concrete. tieso, stifi concrete. - - trabajable, workable concrete. concurrente (mat)(seg), concurrent. concursante, bidder. concurso m, meeting, assembly. de acreedores, creditors' meeting. de competencia (A), competitive bidding. concusi6n!, concussion. concha f, shell, casing boiler sca1e; (V) mili sede; (V) acale o rust (ce)(M) scalepan, skip. de almeja, (bu) clamahen. conchabador m (A), labor contractor. conchabero m (Col), taskworker, pieceworker. conchfero, oontaining shells. conchudo, shelly, shaly. condensable, condensable. condensacin!, condensation. condensado m, oondenaate. condensador m (mec)(elc)(fma), oondenser, (ele e) capaoitar. - a vacio, vacuum condenser. - - acorazado, shell-and-tube condenser. atmosfrico (aa) (rfg) , atmospheric condenser. cermico (elc), ceramio capacitor. compensador (ra), balancing condenser. de acoplamiento (ra), coupling capacitar or condenser. de aire (elc), air condenser. de bajas prdidas (ra), low-loss condenser. de bloqueo (elc), stopping ar blocking condenser. de casco, shell-and-tube condenser. de contraftujo (aa), counterfiow condenser. de corrientes opuestas, countercurrent con" denser. de corrientes paralelas, parallel-flow condenser. de chorro, jet condenser. de chorro mltiple, multijet condenser. de dcadas (ra), deca.de condenser or capaci-

toro
de derivaci6n (ra), by-pass condenser. de doble fiujo, double-flow or two-pass condenser. de electrolito pastoso, dry electrolitic capacitor. de filtro (ra), filter capacitor. de inundaci6n, flooded condenser. de inyecci6n, jet condenser. de pasaje (A), by-pasa condenser. de paso (elo), by-pass condenser. de paso mltiple, multiflaw oondenser. de placa (elo), plate condenser. de reflujo, reflux condenser. de rejilla (ra). grid condenser.

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condensador
-

89
-

conductor

de roco, shower condenser. de superficie, surface condenser. de un paso, single-flow condenser. de vapor acuoso, vapor condenser. fraccionador, fractionating condenser. mltiple (ra), gang condenser. neutralizador (ra) , neutralizing capacitor. patrn, standard capacitor. radial. radiaI-flow condenser. regulable (ele), variable or adjustable conM denser. rotatorio (ele), rotary 01' synehronous condenser. sintonizador (ra), tuning condenser. sumergido (aa) (rfg) , submerged condenser. variable (ra), trimmer 01' variable condenser. condensar, to condense. condensita / (ele), Condensite (trademark). conduccin /, conduction: transportation, cartage; (auto) driving. de calor. thermal conduction. delantera (auto) (M), front drive. - - electroltica (quim), electrolytio oonduction. final (auto)(M), final drive. rasante (PR), gravity conduit. conducir, to carry, conduct, convey: (auto) to drive. conductancia /, eonductanee. andica (ra), plato conductance. de dispersin (elc), leakage conduetance, Ieakance. de entrada (ra), input conductanee. de grilla (ra), grid eonductance. electrdica (1'a) , electrodo 01' grid 01' plata conduotance. especfica (is), specifie conductance. molar (qufm), molar conductance, molecular eonductivity. unitaria de conveccin (aa), unit convection conduetance, film coeffieient for convectiol1. conductibilidad /, conductivity. calorfica, thermal conductivity. conductividad /, eonduetivity. - - magntica, magnetic conductivity, permeability. - molecular, molecular conductivity, molar conductance. trmica. thermal conductivity. conductivo (ele), conductive. conducto m, conduit, flume, aqueduct; duct flue; chute; (elee) eonduit. - - celular (elc), eonduit (street) .de abastecimiento (hid), supply line, aqueduct. - - de aceite, oil duct or groove; oil pipe. de aduccin, supply line, aqueduet, supply pipe; supply duct. - - de alambres, wireway, raceway, electrio conduit. -.- de arcilla vitrificada. c1ay conduit. de banqueta (hid), bench flume. de barro vitrificado, vitrified-tile conduit. de basuras (hid), trash chute. de caja (hid), box flume. de calibracin (hid), rating flume.

de captacin (Pe), intake pipe. de cuatro pasos (eIllc), four-way cable dueto de desage, sewer, drain. de desembanque (presa), silt sIuice. de desfogue (hid), sluiceway, wasteway. de entrada (da), filling culvert. de espuma (az), foam canal. de evacuacin, outlet pipe; sluiceway. de fibra (ele), liber conduit, fiber-duct racew9oy. de humo, flue. de impulsin (hid), force man. - - de irrigacin. iJ:rigation canal. de servicio (elc), serviee conduit. de tormenta (Es)(A), storm-water sewer. de troncos (ef), log sUde, dry sUde, slip, log chute. de vaciamiento (ds), emptying culvert. de ventilacin, ventilation duct. de vla Jca (elc), sJ1gle-duct eonduit. eductor (9oa), exha~st duct. . elctrico, electricconduit, raceway. -fibroso flexible (ele), l60~,fiexible tubing. - forzado (hid), prssure condtlit,penstoek. metlico flexible (elc), fleXible metallic conM duit, flexible raceway. . -metlico supeI:1icial (elc),surface metal raceway, metal JJlolding, wireway. mltiple (ele), multiple-duet conduit. para barras coleGtoras (elc), busway. para hielo (hid), ice chute. para zcalo (elc), bMeboardTaceway. pluvial, stormMwater sewer; roof leader. por gravitacin (hid), gravity conduit. portacable (elc), cable duct. simple (ele), single-duct conduit. sin fondo (eIa), open-bottom raceway. superficial de alambres (elc), wireway I surface raceway, molding. superficial de madera (elc). aurface wooden raceway, wood molding. surtidor, supply pipe. conductomtrico (quim), conductometrio. conductmetro m, conductometer. conductor m, (elee) conductor; (rr) conductor (auto) driver, chauffeur; (Sp) motorman operator of a machine; conveyor, carrier (w) lead; a (elec) conductive. - - a tierra. ground wire, grounding' conductor. a tierra de la red, system grounding conductor. compuesto (elc), composite conductor. de alimentacin. feed wire, feeder. de arrastre. drag conveyor. de artesas, pan conveyor. de bagacillo (az), trash eonveyor. de bagazo (az), bagasse carrier. - - de batea~. pan conveyor. de cafia (az), cane carrier. de cinta en espiral. ribbon conveyor. de contacto (elc), contact conductor. de correa, belt conveyor. de cubetas, bucket conveyor or eIevator. de cubiletes (C), bueket conveyor, de entrada (elc), lead-in wire.

conductor
de entrada de SeI'VlC10 (eICle), serviee entrance conductor. - - de estera (C), apron conveyor. - - de gusano, Bcrew conveyor. de husillo (C), spiral conveyor. - - de locomotora, engine driver, locomotive engineer. de obras (A)(Ch), construction manager; resident engineer. - - de paletas, flight conve::ror. de rastrillo (C), drag conveyor. de retorno, (elec) return conductor; (ce) return conveyor. de segmento (elc), segmental conductor. - - de tablillas, slat or flight eonveyor. - - de toma (elc), conector conductor. - - de tornillo (C), serew eonveyor. - - espiral. screw or spiral eonveyor. conductores de compensacin (elc), compensatory leads. conductores de derivacin (elc), shunt leads. condulete m (elc)(V), Condulet (trademark). conectador m, connector; (elec) outlet. de elementos, cell connector. de manguera, hose connector. elctrico de carriles (fe), rail bond. conectar (mee)(e1e), to connect. conector m, conneetor (an senses). ~- a presi6n (elc). pressure or solderless eonnector. ~ a tierra (ele), grounding connector. - - angular (earp), elbow connector. - - cerrador (ele), loeking eonnector. - - corrugado (earp), eorrugated joint fastener. de anillo dentado (carp), toothed ring conneetor. de anillo partido (carp), split-ring connector. - - de bridas, flanged connection. - - de caja (elc), box connector. - - de cordn (elc), cord connector. - - de derivacin (elc), tap connector. - - de entrada (tub), service or house connection. - - de perno partido, split-bolt connector. - - de rosca, threaded eonnection. - - de torones (cab), strand connector. - - ele (carp), elbow connector. - - en cruz, cross connector. - - sin soldadura (elc), pressure or solderless connector. conexin!, connection, joint. - - de campo o de montaje (est) , field connection. - - de estrella (elc), star or Y or wye connection. - - de rosca, threaded connection. domiciliaria (tub) (elc), house service. - - empernada, bolted connection. - - en cascada (elc), cascade connection. en delta (elc), delta eonnection. - - en serie paralelo (ele), series-parallel or multiple-series connection. en T (elc) , branch or T joint, T or 8eott connection. - - en tringulo (elc), delta connection. - - en V (elc), V or open-delta connection. estrella-estrella (elc) , star-star connection. -"ara tubeda, pipe coupling; pipe fitting. -

90
-

conmutador

particular (tub)(elc), house connection. perfecta a tierra (elc), dead earth or ground. por enchufe, (elee) plug connection; (p) 0011and-spigot joint. tringulo-estrella (elc), delta-star conneetion. -tringulo-tringulo (elc), delta-deltaconnection. configuracin! (quim)(top)(mat), configuration. confitillo m (M), pea gravel or stone. conflacin!, smelting, ore reduction. confluencia !, confiuence, junction of streams; (rr) junction. confluente m a, tributary, confluent. confocal, confocal. conformador m, grader, road shaper; driftpin; (mt) shaper; contour machine; forming machine. de bastidor inclinable. leaning-frame grader. - - de motor, motor grader. - - de ruedas inclinables, leaning-wheel grader. conformadora!, grader; shaper; former. - - de arrastre, pull grader. de caminos, road scraper or grader, subgrader. - - elevadora, elevating grader. conformante (mat), conformal. conformar, to shape. conforme m, approval; a (math) conforma!. fOngelar, congelarse, to freeze. ' conglomerdico (geol) (A), cornglomeratic. conglomerado m (geol), conglomerate; a conglomeratic. - - de boleos, boulder conglornerate. - - de chinos, cobble conglomerate. - - de fallas, fault conglomerate. de granito (A), granolithic (floor) de peas (V), cobble conglomerate. de peones (V), boulder conglomerate. - - de trituracin, crush conglomerate. - - fundamental, basal conglomerate. conglomerante m, binding material. conglomertico, conglomeratic. conglutinador m, coaleseer. conglutinarse. to coalesce, coagulate, cake. congosto m, canyon,' gorge; pass. congruente (mat), congruent. conicidad!, taper; conicity. cnico, coniea!. cnicohelicoidal, conico-helicoidal. spiral bevel. confera! (mad), conifer. conifero. coniferous. coniforme, cone-shaped. conjugado, conjugate. conjuntador-disruptor m (auto), make and break. conjunto m (mee), assembly. - - de fusible, fuse unit. de la impulsin final, final-drive assembly. de varias salidas (elc), multioutlet assembly. motriz (auto) (A), power planto conmutador m (elc), transfer or change-over switch; eommutator. al vado (ra), vacuurn switch. antena-tierra (ra), lightning switch. de bandas (ra) (M), band selector or switch,

~utador

91

construcci6n conservador m (ele), conservator, expansion tank. conservadora 1 (maq), maintainer. caminera, road maintainer. de cuchillas mltiples, multiple~blade maintamer. conservar, to maintain - l a derecha (ca), to keep to the right consignacin 1, consignment, shipment; appropriation. - , en, on consignment consignador m, consignor. consignar. to consigno consignatario m, eonsignee. consistencia 1, consisteney. consistente, eonsistent (material). consistmetro m, consisteney meter, consistometer. consola 1, bracket, eonsola. colgante,. shaft or drop hanger. de andamiaje, scaft'old bracket, builder's jack. para poste. post hanger. consolidar, to compact, consolidate; consolidarse, to settle, become eompact. consolidmetro m, consolidometer. consonancia 1 (ele), consonanee, resonance. consonante (elc), consonant, resonant. constantin, constantana, constantano m 1, constantan (ally). constante f a, constant. de amortiguacin (el~c), damping constant. de elasticidad, spring constant (vibration). del elemento (az) cell constant. de fase (ra),phasaor wave-length constant. de gravitacin. gravitational consi3Ilt. de refraccin, constant of refraction, specific refractiva power. de rejilla (ptica), grating constant. del retculo (lev), stadia-interval factor. de sintona (ra), tuning constant. de tiempo (elc) , timeconstant. taquimtrica (lev), stadia constant. constantes de calibracin .(fma), calibration constants. constitucin f (geol) (qurn), constitution. constitutivo, constitutive. constituyente m (qufm.), constituent. constricci6n 1, constriction. construccin 1, construction; strueture. a tope, end construetion (hollow tila). de combustin lenta (ed) , slow-burning or mill construction, heavy timber construction. de puentes, bridge building. esqueltica Ced) , skeleton eonstruction (walls carried on frame) . incombustible, fireproof eonstruction. navl, shipbuilding. por etapas, stage construction. resistente l fuego, fue-resistive construetion. reticulada, framed structure. Sele (eab), Seale construetion. vil. Toad building. Warrington (cab), Warrirtgton construction.
j

___ de cilindro, drum switch .... " de cuatro terminales. four~way switch. ; ..de cuchillas, knife switch. ~de derivaciones, tap switch. .......-de dos direcciones, two-way switch. ........- de escobillas, brush switch. ,""degobierno.master switch. . . . . . . 'de polos, reversing switch. ........... de tres direcciones, three-way switch. ............ (]le vuelta (mot), direction switch. ......J-i!ifflLtOlriO, dial switch. ..... ji:al1rerSolr, reversing switch. ....._1aM'a rayos (ra), antenna or lightning switch. re(luc:tor (auto), dimmer switch. >C~D:ldtlta:f', to cummutate; to' throw over (elee

deyecci.n (geol), debrs cona. (tub) (V), reducar wit.h spigot

A'2![';'f;~;~t;.i) . :~::: pulverizacin, spray cone. : ; r e v e n i m i e n t o (conc)(M), slump cone. _......~ /(lLe sii1eltlcio (ap), cone of silence. iZ';; !ji: 'ji' ,,.. de viento (ap), wind sock. '.ii,,;:!t;;z;A~displ'rsor (hid), diffusing cone. ..;,4;....,'en:tre cono (geol), eone-in~eonc. hiclriiulico. hydraucone. . ... . off (dac), Imhoff cone. <'i.~tivo (en), pitch eone. .i(-i":reClto, right eone. :>.rscado (mo)(A), cone nut. :.;rsacabarrena (pet), horn soeket. >~o':t1oCinijento m, bill of lading; vouehcr. .. '>';'corrldo o directo, through bill of lading. i'" de almacn o de depsito, warehouae receipt. . i',,','deembarque, bill of lading. ,"~'" ~~;_~~:.7,f_'_ JiD'pio, clean bill o lading. c}~.!inadti:mo, oeean bill of lading. . negociable, order bill of lading.
'Co

/Njj~;".M~;';.'Ji,.;;!~.::~:~:,a;::l6n1t~~if:Ji~: o f tading.

.c,;, . ~tetrestre, in.land bill o lading. i.> uniforme (fe), (US) uniform bill of lading. . idl, eonoidal. ide m, eonoid. .'ero (Es), containing ahalla. 'uente (mat)(geol), eonsequent. ";'L>iljo m, commission, board, eouneU. '. >'?d~'administracin, board of directora. jCh:;llseguradores, board o underwriters. ' ' . y'. ele sanidad, board o health. ">. ditectivo, board of directora. 'ft't1s:tVaci6n 1, maintenance; conservation, con,h::,' . Serv-a,ncy. '\"/K'i"'d-6 la va (le), track maintenance, mainte'. . . 'nance 01 way. ; > del lecho (fe), roadway maintenance. ...de :material mvil (fe), maintenanee of equip1nent. i'~'d$va'y obras (fe), maintenance o way and structures.

constructor
constructor m, constructor. - - de ascensores, elevator constructor. de buques, shipbuilder. de carros, carbuilder. de rasantes (ec), Gradebuilder. de veredas (ec), trailbuilder. - naval, shipbuilder; naval architect. vial, road builder (man). constructora (j) de caminos (ec), Roadbuilder. construido en el lugar, built-in-place. construir, to construct, build, erecto consultor m, consultant; a consulting (engineer). consumidor m, consumer. consumo m, consumption; (elec) current drain. - - unitario, specific conaumption. contabilidad t, accounting. c:ontabilista, contable, accountant. contactador m (elc), contactor. contacto m, contact (ail senaes). - corredizo (elc), sliding contacto - - de inversi6n (elc), reverse contacto de resorte (elc), spring contacto de rosca (elc), screwed contacto de tope (elc), butt contacto perfecto a tierra (elc), dead earth or ground. por humedad (elc), weather contacto - - rodante, rolling contacto rozante (elc), sliding contacto contactos del distribuidor (mg) , distributer points. contactos del ruptor (mg), breaker points. contactor m, contactor. de enfriamiento superficial (aa), surfacecoolOO contactor. - - de leva, cam contactor. - - de reposicin (elc), reset contactor. contador m, acco.i:mtant; meter; counter. - - a cantidad, quantity meter. a carga diferencial (hid), head meter. - - compuesto (agua), compound meter. - - de altura, altimeter. - - de amperios-horas, ampere-hour meter. de rea variable (hid), variable-area meter. de caldera, bailer (ateam) meter. - - de constriccin (hid), constriction meter. - - de consumo, service meter. de corriente, (hyd) current meter; (elee) ampere-hour meter. - - de costos, cost accountant. de choque (hid), impact meter. - - de demanda mxima, demand meter. de desplazamiento (agua), displacement-type meter. - - de disco rotatorio. rotary-disk meter. - - de mbolo, piston-type water meter. de enchufe (elc), socket-type or detachable meter. - - de energa desvatada (elc) , reactive kva meter. - - de estacionamiento (auto), parking meter. - - de expansin de la arena (pa), sand-expansion recorder. - - de exposiciones (fma), exposure eounter. de factor de potencia (elc), power-factor meter. de factor de reactancia (elc) , reactive-factor meter.

92

contraatagua
de flujo o de gasto, flowmeter. - - de frecuencia, frequency meter, (ra) frequency indicator. - - de hlice, propeller meter. - - de kilometraje, speedometer. de motor (elc), motor meter. de orificio con placa delgada, thin-plate ori.. fice meter. de paletas, vane meter (water). - - de prueba, testing meter. - - de radiacin (ra), radiation eounter. de reloj, clock meter. de revolturas (conc), batch meter. de tantos (M), batch meter. de tarifas mltiples o de tipo mltiple (elc), multirate meter. - - de tiempo, timing device. - - de turbina, turbine-type meter. - - de vatio-horas, watt-hour meter. - - de voltamperios reactivos, varmeter. de volumen (hid) , volume or quantity meter. - - de vueltas, revolution counter, speed indica,. toro - - indicador, indicating meter. ~ indicador de sintonizacin (ra) , tuning meter. - - integrador a intervalos, intermittent integrating meter. - - maestro, master meter. positivo (hid), positiva or displacement meter. pblico o titulado, certified public accountant. - - registrador de demanda, reeording demand meter. removible (elc), detachable or socket--typa meter. . --tipo ilativo (hid) , inferential meter. vertedor (hid), weir meter. contadura J, aceounting; accounting oflice. contaDlinacin J, contamination. contaminador m, contaminant. contaminar, to eontaminate, pollute. contn m, curb contenido m, contento contera t, ferrule; pile shoc. contingenias t, contingencies. continuante m (mat), continuant. continuidad t, continuity. continuo m (mat), continuum; a continuous. contorneador m (mh), router. contornear, to Saw around, cut a proflle; to rout; to trace a eontour; to scribe; to streamline. contorno m, outline, contour. baado (bid), wctted perimeter. de deslizamiento (ms), shear pattern. de inundacin (hid), flowage lineo contra, against, eounter, opposite too contra-amperios-vueltas t, back ampere-turns. contraaguja m (fe), guardrail at a switch. contraalabeo m (sol), prespringing, initial distortion. contraalcanca f (min), counterehute. contraantena t (ra), counterpoise. contrarbol m, eountershaft. contraatagua J, secondary cofferdam: buttress to strengthen a cofferdam.

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li

contrabalancear
contrabalancear, to counterbalance. contrabalancin m, balance bobo contrabalanza f. eounterbalanee. contrabisagra f. leaf of a hinge. de jamba,jamb leaf. de puerta, door leal. contrabordo m (M). eurb. contraboterola f (re). dolly. holder-on. contrabveda f. inverted vault or areh. contrabranque m (en). apron, stemson. contrabrazo m (auto). drag link. contrabrazola f (en). headledge. ~ontrabrida !. eounterfiange; follower (Dresser eoupling) contracabeza f. lip forming. flangeway o a grooved rail. contr_acalibre m, mating gage. contracana! m. braneh canal. contracan m (min)(M), drift in tha footwall. contracarril m (fe), guardrail. de resalte (fe). easer ral contracci6n f. contraction. completa (hid). full contraction. eliminada (hid). suppressed contraction. -lateral (hid). end contraetion. - - por desecacin (conc), drying shrinkage. ~ superficial (hid). surface contraction. contracercos m. door and window trim. contracielo m (ruin) (M), raise, upraise. de acceso, manway mise. --- escalonado, stope raise. - - piloto, pilot raise. ramal. branch or cutout raise. --ventilador, ventilation raise. contracimiento m. wall or paving to protect a foundation. contraclave f. voussoir next to the keystone. contraclavija f. gibo key. fox wedge. contracodaste m (en). propeIler post. sternpost. contracodo m (tub). S bend. contraconducto (min). counterchute. (fe), wing of a frog. contracorazn contracorriente f. eountereurrent, eddy. reverse current; a contracorriente, upstream. contracuaderna f (en). reverse frame. contracuchilla f. fixed blada o a shear. contracuneta f. intercepting ditch at top of a slope. counterdrain, berm ditch. contracua f. gibo contracurva f. reverse curve. contrachapada. madera (M). plywood. contrachaveta f, gibo contrachoque m, bumper. buffer. contradegUello m (her), bottom fullero contradepsito m (Es). reservoir below a dam. contraderivacin! (elc). back shunt. contradiagonales!. (tu) counterbracing. contradique m. Bupporting dike, spur dike, counterdike (A) cofferdam. contradurmiente m (cn), clamp. contraeje m, countershaft. jackshaft; tail 8haft. de velocidades (auto), transmission countershaft. contraelectromotriz, eounter electromotive. contraembalse m (A), equalizing reservoir. contraempuje m, couDterthrust.

93

contrapeldafio
contraensayo m, check analysis. contraerse, to contract, shrink. contraescaln m- (es). riser. atiesador, false riser. contraescarpa! (hid). hearth, apron. countcrc scarp. contraestampaf (est), dolly. bucker. c:ontraestay m (nut), preventer. contraexplosi6nf (auto)~ backfire. contrafianza f, indemnity bond. contrafibra f. cross grain. contrafilo m (herr), back edge. contrafi1n m (min), counterlode. countervein. contraflecha f, camber. contraflujo m. reverse current. countercurrent, eounterftow. eddy. contrafondo m (A). front. contrafoso m, counterdrain. contrafrente m (A), back. contrafriccin, antifriction. contrafuego, fireproof. fire--resisting. contrafuerte m. counterfort. buttress; (top) spur; (M) abutment. de gravedad, massive buttress (Ambursen dam). cantragaleda! (min). cQuntergangway. contragolpe m. return stroke (piston); kickback. contragrada f (es), riser. contragradiente f. reverse grade. contragua f. stiffener for eleyatorguides; (hyd) steellining in gata guides;counterguide. contrahierro m (cepillo). top iron, frog. contrahUo m (mad). end grain; cross:gran. contrahuella! (es), riser. contraincendios, fireproof, fire-resisting; lor fire fighting. contraladeo m (est),sway braceo c:ontralecho m (M), lower bed of an ashlar 13tone. contralecho, a (mam)(Es), laid with natural bed vertical. contralistonado m (ed), counter1athing. contralor m. controller, auditor; (elee) (A) controller. contralora f. auditingo; auditor's office. contramaestre m, foreman; master mechanic; (naut) boatswain. contramanivela f. drag link. contramarcar. to matchmark. contramarcos m. door oc window trim. contramarcha f. (eng) reverse. reversing. contramarchar, (eng) to run in rayerse. contramarea!. tidal countercurrent. contramarti11o m (re), dolly, bucker. contramatriz f. top die. . contramecha f, cunterbore. piloto, counterbore piloto contramina!. adit; drift connecting two mines. contramotor m. opposing motor; haulback motor. contramuro m (A) (Col), wall built against another. contraonda f (ra) (A). back wave. contrapar m. eayes board; rafter. contrapaso m (Pe), stair riser. contrapeado m (Es). plywood. contrapeldao m (es), riser. de rigidez, false rBer.

,
contrapendiente contrapendiente l. reverse grade. acclivity; (Es) (A) downgrade fol1owing an upgrade. contraperno (V), stop screw. contrapesador (m) de ruedas (auto), wheel balancer. contrapesar, to counterweight. contrapeso m, counterweight; counterpoise, (ra) balancing capacity. de las tenazas (pet). tong counterbalance. - - de ventana, sash weight. contrapilastra l. astragal, molding covering a door joint. contrapiso m, subfloor; (A)(rd) subgrade. contraplaGE. 1, anchor plateo contraplacado m, plywood. metlico (A), plymeta1. superprensado, superpressed or high-density plywood. contraplancha 1, (str) splice plate; (w) backing strip. - - de escurrimiento (to), counterfiashing. contrapolea f (Es), tail pulley. contrapozo m (min). mise, upraise. contrapresa 1, (Sp) downstream cofferdam; (A) stilling-pool weir. contrapresin 1, back pressure. contraproducente, unprofitable. contraprueba l. check test. contrapuerta l. lining inside o firebox door; storm door. contrapunta I (mh), back eenter: tailstock, poppethead. - - con cono, eone center. con palanca de mano (mh~, hand-lever tailstock. contrapunzn m, counterpunch. contraquebranto m (cn) hog frame, longitudinal trussing. contraquilla I (cn), keelson; false keel. contrarrampa f (Es) (A), upgrade fol1owing a downgrade. contrarrasante m (C), adverse grade. contrarreguera l. subsidiary irrigation ditch: diteh eonneeting ends o parullel irrigation ditehes. contrarremachador m (re). holder-on, dolly. contrarremacbar, to elinch: (re) to buck up. contrarrestar, to resist (stress); to eounteraet. contrarriel m (fe), guardraiL contrarrobln m. burr, riveting washer. contrarroblonador m (re), holder-on, buckcr, dolly. contrarroda I (en), stemson, apron. contrarrotacin f. eountcrrotation. contrasalmer m, arch stone next to the skewback. contraseguro m, reinsurance. contrastar, to assay: to compare with a standard (weights and measures). contraste m, an assay; comparison with a standard; (tv) contrasto contrata f. a eontract. contratajamar m (pte). downstream nosing. contrataladrar, to counterbore. contrataladro m, counterbore. contratalud m, counterslope, (rd) foreslope. contratante 8, contraeting party.
I

94

control

1:

contratapa 1, auxiliary top or cover. contratar, to contract (a job). contratensin I (elc)(A), counter electro!Jlotive . fume. contraterrapln m (A). any structure t hold a filI. contratiro m, back draft; (min)(M) auxiliary shaft. contratista m, eontraetor. - - acarreador, hauling contractor. - - calefaccionista, heating contractor. - - camionero, hauling or trueking contractor. - - de la comisara, commissary contractor. - - de edificacin, building contractor. - - electricista, electrical contractor. electragist. - - general, general eontraetor. . - - sanitario (ed), plumbing contractor. contrato m, contracto - - a costo ms honorario, cost-plus or lee contracto - - a destaj, taskwork contract; (Ee) unitprice contract o limited extent, duration, and number o men employed. - - a precio determinado, fixed-price contracto - - a precio global o a suma alzada, lump-sum contraet. - - a precios unitarios, unit-price eontract. - - de enganche, contract for furnishing workmeno - - de fletamiento, eharter party. - - de trabajo, employment contracto - - por medida, unit-price contracto contratope m, rear stop, back bumper. contratorcitniento m (sol), counterdistortion. contratuerca l. lock or set or jaro nut; nut lock: (U) lock washer. contravapor mi back-pressure steam. contravstago m, piston tai! rod. contravena, contraveta f (min) , counterlode, countervein. contraventamientos m (U), wind bracing; guys. contraventana 1, window shutter; storm saah. oontraventanas a prueba de incendio. fire shutterso contraventar, to brace; to guy. contraventeo m, wind bracing; set o guys. - - de portal, portal bracing. contraviaje m (Col), skew, bevel. contravidriera 1, window blind; storm aash. contravidrio m, glazing molding. contraviento m, a guy; wind bracing. contravoltaje m (A), counter electromotive force. contrete m, stay bolt; (Ec) shore, strut. control m, control. a cable (tc). cable control. a cristal (ra), crystal control. a distancia, remote control. - - al tacto, finger-tip control. automUico de volumen (CAV)(ra), automatie volume or automatie gain control. de avenidas (r), flood control. de las bajas (ra), bass control. de brillo (tv), brightness control. de contraste (tv), eontrast control. por tensin regulable (e16c), adjustablevoltage control. - - remoto, remote control.

controlador
controlador m, controladora l. control1er (all senses). - - de gasto (pa), rate controller. de velocidad, speed controller. controlar, to control; to check, verify. controler m (elc), eontroller. conveccin 1, convection. convectivo, eonveetive. convector m (ele) (ef) , eonveetor. convenio m, agreement, eontract. convergencia J, (surv) (math) convergence, convergeney; (auto) toeHin. convergente, eonverging. conversin I (mat)(ele), conversion. conversor m, conversora/, converter (all senses). convertible, convertible. convertidor m (ele) (met) , eonverter. - - Bessemer. Bessemer eonverter. - - de arco (ele), arc converter. - - de fases (eIlie), phase converter. - - de frecuencia (elc), frequency ehanger or converter de onda (ra), wave converter. - - de refuerzo, booster converter. - - de torsin, torque converter. --o en cascada (eIc), cascade converter. - - pentarrejilla (ra), pentagrid converter. - - rotativo (ele), rotary or synchronous converter. convertir (qum) (eIc) (met) , to eonvert. convexidad J. eonvexity. convexo. convexo convoy m, (A) (M) (Sp) railroad train. coordenadas 1, coordinates. - - cartesianas. Cartesian coordinates. - - en el espacio, spaoe coordinates. - - esfricas. sphericaI coordinates. planas polares, plane polar coordinates. terrestres (fma), ground eoordinates. coordinatgrafo m, coordinatograph. coordinatmetro m (fma), coordinatometer. copa 1, cup; anything cup-shaped. de inflamacin (di), ignition cup. - - enfocadora (ra), focusing cup. copador m (herr), fuller; creaser. _ . inferior (her), bottom fullero superior (her), top fullero copa! m, copa!. copete m, crest. copia 1, copy. al carbn. carbon copy. a! ferroprusiato. blueprint. - - azul, blueprint. de contacto (ima), contaet print. heliogrfica, blueprint, sun print. negrosina, vandyke print. copiloto m (frna), copiloto copilla J, small cup. de aceite, oil eup. de cebar. priming cup. de engrase, grease or oil cup, Iubricator. de grasa, grease cup. copla J (Ch), a coupling. coplano m, (pmy) copIane; a copIanar. bsico (fma), basal eopIane. copIe m, a eoupling.

95

cordn

copl1n m (O), a. coupling. coque m, coke. de alquitrAn,pitchcoke. de alto horno. blast-furnace coke. de fundici6n. foundry coke. - - de gas o de retorta, gas coke. de petrleo, petroleum coke. coquificar, coquizar. to eoke. coquimbita 1 (miner), coquimbite. white copperas. coral m, coral. corlico a (V), coral. coralfero. coralgeno a, coral. coralina J, eorallin; a coral. coraza 1, armor, protective covering. - - reticulada (elc), basket-weave armor. trabada (ele), interlocking armar. coraz6n m, core heartwood; (rr) frog. (A) frog point. con carril de muelle engoznado (fe), hingedspring-rail frog. con insertados de aceta endurecido (fc) , anvil-faced frog. con pata de liebre mvil (fe), spring-rail frag. de arcilla (hid), puddIecore. -.- de cable. (wr) centerstrand. coreo de plancha (fe), plate frog. de prueba (sx), drill coreo _.- de punta mvil (fe), movable-point frog. de riel fijo '(fe), fixed-railfrog. de rieles ensamblados (fe), built-up frog. medio (fe), crotch frog. rojo (mad), red heart. corazonar (sx), to eore. corbata J, (sb)(A) collar; (auto)(M) canvas protector of inner tube. corchdo m (cab), layo cruzado, regular layo directo, Iang layo corcheta I (Es), rabbet in a doorframe. corchete m, cramp; catch, Iatch; belt clamp. corcho m, cork. cordaje m, cordage, rope. cordel m, rope, eord; belt course; a nieasure o Iength (20.35 m) j a measure of area (414 centiares); formerly in Cuba a measuring tape. ---":.. de marcar, chaIk lineo cordeleda l. rigging; rigging yard ropewalk; eordage. cordelero m, ropemaker; (surv)(C) tapeman, chainman. cordeda 1, storehouse for rigging. cordillera 1, mountain range. divisoria, divide. cordita J, eordite (explosive). cordn m, cord, strand of rope; belt lacing; sidewalk eurb; (str) chord, Range; (mas) course. belt course; (p) spigotend; (carp)(w) bead, (A)(C) mountain ehain; (A)(Ch) windrow. comprimido (viga), cornpression flange. de alambre, wire strand. de alambre con eje fibroso. fiber-center wire strand. de andariveles, (wr) tramway strand. de cerros, ranga o hills.

coreI6n
de limpara (el~c), lamp' cord. - de oropel (elc), tinael cord. de servicio recio (eMe), hard-aervice cardo ' - de suspensi6n (elc), drop eord. de traslapo (sol), overlap bend. de vereda, ewbstone, aidewalk ourb. guardapretil (pte), barrier curb. inferior, (tu) lower chord, (gi) bottom flange. para correa, belt lacing. para tranvas, (wr) tramway strand. plano, (wr) fiattened atrand. reDector (ca), refieeting curb. sobrepasable (ca), surmountable curb. superior, (tu) upper chord, (gi) top flange. coribronce m (M) (B), chalcopyrite (copper ore). corind6n m (miner), corundum, corindon. cornamusa J (en). cleat, bitt. de gua, chock. - de remolcar, towing bitts. ,escotera, chock, snatch cIeat. comeana J (geol), hornfels. conteta (j) de niebla, foghom. comija J, cornice. co..mjal m, comer post. comij6n m. street comer o a building. cornisa f, comice; (pet)(V) crown block. camisa, en (ca)(V), built up on a sidehill. camisn m, street comer of a building; (M) coping. corolario m, corollary. coronaf, annular apace; ring gear; (elec) corona; crest (dam); (auto) rim; tubular drill bit; crown of a road; (pet) (V) crown block. cortante (pet), boring head. de arco, crown of an arch. de diamantes, diamond bit. de rodillos (cojinete). ,roller race. dentada, sprocket, gear; crown wheel; ring gear; calyx. - fija (turb), apeed ringo para municiones, shot-clrill bit. coronacin f, crest. coronadora f (1ab), capping machine. coronamiento m, crest, coping, topo coronar, to top out; to cap. corporaci6n f, corporation. corral m, corral. yard for stock. de almacenamiento, atore yard. de maderas, lumberyard. eorraln m, yard, store yard. , eorrasin f (gool), corrasion. eorrea f. belt, strap; purlin, girt. alisadora (ca), :finishing belt. articulada, link or chain belt. c6ncava, trough belt. conductora, belt conveyor. corrugada, eog belt. cruzada, crossed belt. de cadena, ehain belt. de Biete capas, seven-ply belt. de tranas, whipcord belt. dentada, cog belt. en aspa, crossedbelt. en cua, V belt. - - en V-m61tiple, multip1e-V belt. seleccionadora, Borting belt.

96

corrido
CQ

sin fin, endIess belt. transmisora, driving or transmission belt. transportadora, belt eonveyor. trapezoidal, V belt. correaje m, belting. articulado de cuero, leather link belting. compuesto, eomposition belting. _.- de alambre tejido, woven-wire belting. de cuero crudo, rawhide belting. de suela, leather belting. correccin f, correction; (inst) adjustment. de estacin (lev), station ndjustment. de los lados (lev), side adjuBtment. del polfgono (lev), figure adjustment. por flecha (lev), correetion for 'Bag., prismoidal (ot), prismoidal correction. corredera f, track, slide; (V) screed; slide valve; skid; (surv) target; (inst) cursor, slide; (mas) screed board; door hanger; (naut) log line; (mt) raro; (r) (A) rapida. a municiones, ball-bearing hanger (door). de cablev1a, eableway carriage. de calibre, slide of a caliper rule. de cuadrante oscilante (mv), slide block. de gula (ef) , fender skid, sheer skid, glaneer. . de mira, target of a level rod. de parrilla, gridiron valva. de regla, slide of a slide rule. de Stephenson (mv), Stephenson link. reguladora del cortavapor (mv) , cutoff or expansion valve. correderas, guides; skids. de compuerta (hid), gate guides. de la cruceta (mv), crosshead guides. corredero, corredizo a, sliding, traveling. corredor m, passage, corrido,r; broker. de aduana, eustomhouse broker. de cambios, foreign-exchange broker. de lnea (pet), line walker, ppe-line inspector. de maquinaria (cons), equipment broker or dealer. . de va (fe), trackwalker. martimo, ship broker. corredura f, llow; overfiw. corregible (inst), adjustable. corregir, to correct; (inst) to adjust. correlacin f (geol) (mat), correlation. correntada f, corrental m, swift fiow of a river. correntilneo (M), streamlined. correntfmetro m, current meter. correntn m (PR), strong current. correntoso, flowing strongly, torrential. corren m, heavy strap or belt, (M) clevis. correoso, tough. correr, to run; to flow; to travel, slide; eorrerse (pint), to Bag. niveles, to run lavals. una lnea (lev), to run a lineo correspondencia J (fma), correspondence. corretaje m, brokerage. corrida f, run, travel; (mas)(Ch) course; (mn) (eh) outerop; (min)(M) strike of a vein (min)(B) drift; (surv) a ron (o levela). corrido, continuous; lineal, running.

[
I

corriente
corriente J, eurrent, fiow; stream, river; electrie current (e) slope of a. roof; a regular, eommon, standard, plain. -'- abajo, downstream. alterna (c.a.), alternating eurrent (a.c.). alterna simple, single..phase eurrent. alternada, alternating eurrent. anMica (ra), anode or plate eurrent. arriba, upstream. avanzada (ele), leading eurrent. baja (r), low water. - - catdica (ra), eathode eurrent. COD rotor tijo (mot), bloeked-rotor eurrent. - - con rotor libre (mot), free-rotor eurrent. --. conductiva (ele), eonduetion eurrent. continua (ele), eontinuoua or nonpulsating direet eufrent. ~ cruzada, crosseurrent. - de adelanto (elc), leading eurrent. de atraso (eMe), lagging eurrent. de cierre (eIGe), sealing eurrent. de desplazamiento (elc), displaeement or dieleetric eurrent. de disparo (ele), drop-out eurrent. de escape o de fuga o de falla (ele), leakage or fault eurrent. - - de funcionamiento (eMe), pickup eurrent. de grilla (raHA), grid eurrent. del haz (ra), beam eurrent. de ionizaci6n (ra) , gas or ionization eurrento - - de la marea, tidal eurrent, tide. de placa (ra) , anode or plate eurrent. de rayos an6dicos (ra) , anode-ray or positiveray eurrent. de rejilla (ra), grid eurrent. ~ de remolino (A), eddy eurrent. desvatada (elc), wattIess or idle eurrent. desviada (ele), stray eurrent. directa (c.d.), direet eurrent (d.c.). directa con fluctuaciones (ele) , ripple eurrento . efectiva (ele), effeetive or root-mean-square eurrent. en tringulo (ele), delta eurrent. - - en vacio (ele), no-loOO or idle or reactive current. espacial (ra), space eurrent. especifica (ele), eurrent density. freitica (r), subsurfaee flow, water-table strcam. inductiva (el~e), induced current. invariable o permanente (ele), constant eurrent. momentnea (ele), tr.ansient current; instantaneous current. momentnea mbima (elc), rated shorttime current. oscilatoria (ole), oseillating eurrent. parisita (elc), eddy or parasitie or Foueault eurrent. portadora (ole), carrier eurrent. pulsativa (elc), pulsating eurrent. reactiva (ele), idle or reactive eurrent. retrasada (elc), lagging eurrent. sangradora (ra), bleeder eurrent.
M

97
-

cortador

sinusoidal (eloo) , sinusoidal or simple harmonie eurrent. sublvea (r), underflow. subsiguiente (ele), follow eurrent. subterrnea aislada (r), subsurfaee perched stream. trmica. thermocurrent. terminadora (ele), finishing rate or eurrent. vaga o vagabunda (eMe), stray eurrent. vatada (e16e), active or watt eurrent. vectorial (ele), vector or eomplex sinusoidal eurrent. corrientes dispersas (ele), leakage eurrent. corrientes terrestres (geol), earth eurrents. corrimiento m, sliding; landslide; run; (elee) creepage; (geol) (A) thrust. de fase (ra) (A), phasa shift. corroer. to eorrode. corromper, (M) to pollute, eontaminate. corromperse, to rot, deeompose. corrosible. eorrodible. corrosin J, eorrosion. con esfuerzo, stress eorrosian. corrosividad J, corrosivity. corrosivo. corrosiva. corroyente, eorrosive; abrasive. corrugacin J, eorrugatiOD: ruto corrugado. eorrugated. corta J, cutting; (lg) feHing. cQrtaalambre m, wire cutters, nippers. cortaarandelas m, washer eutter. cortabarras m, bar cuttar. cortabilidad J (met), euttability. cortabulones, cortacabillas m, boltcutter. cortacable m, wire-rope cutter. cQrtacadena m, ehain eutter. cortacafio m, pipe cutter. cortacircuito m (ele), cireuit breaker, switch, . eutout; eutoff. de disparo instantneo, instanto.neous-trip eireuit brcaker. de fusible. fuse eutout. - - de fusible de cada, drop-out fuso cutout. - - de fusible de expulsin. expulsion eutout. de' fusible restablecedor, reelosing fuse cut,.. out. de tiempo, time-delay eircuit breaker. para sobretensiones, overvoItage cutout. trmico, thermal eutout. cortaclavos m, nail elippers. cortacorlea m, belt eutter. cortacorriente (ele), current breaker. cortacristal m, gIass cutter. cortachapa m, sheet-metal euttm-. cortada f (exc), cut, through cut. cortadera J, blaeksmith chisel. en caliente. hat ehisel. cortado a medida, cut to length. cortado a troquel. die-eut. cortador m, eutte::-, c1ipper; (sa) slasher. a diamante (mh), diamond cutter. de agujeros ciegos (ele), knoekout cutter. de banco. beneh eutter. de brechas (ee), Gradebuilder, trailbuilder. de cable. wire-rope eutter. . de carbn (min), eoal cutter.

cortador
de carriles (fe), traek cbisel. de hoja metlica. sheet-metal eutter. de malezas, brush or weed eutter. de rafees (ec), root eutter. de ramas (ef) , knotter, limber, knot bumper, busher, swamper. en caliente. hot eutter. en fro, eold cutter. mltiple, gang eutter. cortadora J, eutter, ehisel. de engranajes, gear cutter. de ranuras, slot or keyway eutter. cortadura J, cutting, shearing; shearing stress. con arco metlico, metal-are cutting. de penetracin, punehing shear (stress). doble, double shear (stress). horizontal. horizontal shearing stress. oxiacetilnica, oxyaeetylene cutting. por llama, :8ame-cutting. simple, single shear (streBB). cortaduras, euttings. cortaespoleta m, fuse eutter. cortafierro m, eold chisel. cortafiletes, mquina, thread-eutting machine. cortafro m, cold ehiselor cutter. con punta rmbica, diamond-nose chisel. de herrero, cold eutter. quitarrebabas, burr chisel. ranurador, cape chisel. cortafuego tn, fire wall or stop; (elee) tire cutoff. cortahierro m, cold ehisel or cutter. de ranurar, cape chisel. para canaletas, lantern ehisel. cortahoyo lateral (pet) , side rasp, side hole cutter. cortaladrillos m, front chisel, bricklayer's chise" cortamatas m, brush or bush hook. cortamecha m (vol), fusecutter. cortametal, sierra, hacksaw. cortamuestras m, sample cutter. cortante, eutting, sharp. cortancleos m, eore bit or drill. cortapemo m, bolteutter. cortar, to cut. al hilo (earp), to rip. cortarraces m, (t) root cutter. cortarremaches, rivet buster or eutter. cortarriel m (fe), track ehisel. cortarroscas J, threading maehine. cortatraviesa m (fe), tie eutter. cortatubo m, pipe eutter; tube cutter. de caldera, boiler-tube eutter. de pozo (pet), casing eutter. de tres cuchillas, three-wheel pipe cutter. cortavapor m (mv), eutoff. cortavidrios m, glass cutter. cortaviento m, windbreak, windshield. cortavolandera m, w8.sher eutter. corte m a cut; a section; cutting edge; 8hearing stress. a faldeo simple (A), sea corte a ladera entera. al hilo en bisel (mad), bevel rip. a ladera entera, cut on a hillside for full width of roadbed. a media galeda (A), aidehill cut with overhanging roor. a media ladera, sidehill cut.
I

98

costalera

cerrado, (Ec) eut more than 2 ro deep. con arco de carb6n~ carbon-arc cutting. con arco metlico, metallic-arc cutting. de acabado (mh), finishing cut. ' de cua (tn)(min), wedge cut, V cut. de desbaste, roughing cut. de empotramiento, fixed-end shear (stress). de pluma (carp)(A), bevel cut. de prstamo, borrow pito de prueba (mh), trial cut. en balc6n (M), sidehill cut. en bisel, bevel cut. en caj6n (exc)(A)(M), through cut. en trinchera (A), through cut. especifico, specific shear (stress). esquilante (mh) (A), 8hearing cut. -longitudinal (dib), longitudinal aection. pasante (exc), through cut. petimetra! (A), perimeter shear. piramidal (tn)(min), pyramid cut. tpico (dib), typical section. transversal, cross seetion. X (cristal ra), X cut, Curie cut. y (crista! ra), Y cut. y relleno, cut and fill. cortezaf, bark crust; rind (sugar cane). cortina f, eurtain; (hyd) eore wall, (A) cutof' wall; (M) dam, nonoverflow dam. de acero articulada, rolling ateel shutter. de agua, water curtain. de arcos m'61tiples (M), multiple-arch dam. de cabeza (M), roundhead-buttress or dilr mond-head-buttress dam. de enrocamiento (M), rock-fill dam. de inyecciones, grout curtain. de machones (M), buttress dam. enrollable, rolling shutter. impermeable, (hyd) core wall. metillca de enrollar, rolling steel shutter. vertedora (M), spillway dam. cortina-puerta. rolling steel door. corto, short. circuito (ele), 8hort circuito circuito cabal. dead short circuito circuito directo, dead short circuito cortocircuitadora J, short-circuiting device. cortocircuitar (A), to short-circuit. corundita f (rfr), Corundite (trademark). corundo m, eorundum, native slumina. corvadura J, curvature. corvo, bent, curved. cosecante m, coseeant. coseno m, cosine. verso, coversed sine, versed cosine. coser, to make a seam; to lace (belt). cosinusoide J (Es), cosine curve. cosmtico m, belt dressing. coso m, wood borer, timber worm. costa f, coast, shore. de barlovento, weather ahore. de sotavento, leo shore, martima, seacoast. costado m, side. vapor, free alongsida (FAS). costal m, bag, sack. costalera! (M), burlap.

J.-

Ii Ii

costanera
costanera 1, elopa; Obr) slab; (carp) acab, flitch. fishplate. 'costaneras (ad), siding. . o ostanero a, pertaining to the coast; sloping. coste m, sea costo. costear. to pay the cost of. ~osteo m, financing, j2aying foro costero m (mad), slab; flitch; a (e) coastwise. costilla 1, (str) rib; (tun) poling board; (bldg) furring strip; lagging strip (arch); (Col) tafter. cO!ltillaje m, furring; ribbing; frame of a ship; (tun) lagging. costo m, costo .",.-efectivo, actual costo _ en pla2;a, market price. ..-.,. mis honorario fijo, cost p'lus fixed fee. ms porcentaje, cost plus percentage. - - mis sobrecostc.. (M), cost plus fee. - ' menos depreciacin, cost less depreciation. neto, prime cost, net costo -'- primitivo, original costo _c ..'-.' ,seguro y fiete (CSF), cost, insurance, and freight (CIF). .<, ... unitario, unit costo scale; crust; (met) scab. >de boiler scale. ......._ n .. forjadura (met), forge or hammer scale. ..,.,..,...;de fundici6n, skin of a casting. ."....... de herrumbre, rust scale. laminado (met), mili or ro11 scale.

99

crioUta

J'I; .:<.;i!;i,i;':.:;::::::~j1,scaly. i"

seam. con lOUlapll., pelo seam. decB(.ldadurlil., welded seam. .........,. .1)Or',reicubrllmilenlto. lap seam. enl[J'.;, Ilr.nTlI _ elevation. o de nivel, elevation. _ _ <11 .. comparaci6n, datum. ......... tte referencia. datum plane, datum. __ "t.. retenida. (hid), storage level. '.J"".) ??CCll~loin/, elevation. mortise. eol~ngell1te1, cotangent. half hitch. pon (aJe or hammer) ; striking faee. c(itizacionl (eom), quotation. .~lti~l.rj to quote. ~.,u "'j'~. boundary monumont. (:~~~Jlitll/, cotunnite, native lead chloride. ..~~)V~Lcl1la 1, a void, small cave. to'Velnlll~ covelital (miner), eovellite, ndigo eoppero (Oyunda 1 (C)(AC), rope. co; 1, big end o a pole or pile; (min){M) hitch. il(ta.quear (pet)(A), to crack. (tMueo m (pct) (A), cracking. Ct6.ter m (elc)(geol)(sol) (petHvol), crater. t;redel (Ch), flood. cretar. to increase; (r) to rise. Crecidaf, flood. CfC\!Ciente I (r), flood, rise. ,'. . ... de la marea, flood tide. CrdUo m, (act) credit. confirmado, confirmed credit.

irrevocable, irrevocable credit. crditos pasivos, liabilities. crema de almina (1ab), alumina cream. cremallera 1, rack, raek rail, cograil. - - de girar (gr), swinging rack. - - en segmento, segment rack. - - reguladora (di), control rack. y pin rack and pinion. cremona l. large door bolt. cren6trix (is), crellothrix. creosota 1, creosote. creosotado a presin, pressure-creosoted. creosotar, to creosote. crepitacin 1, crepit.ation, crackling; (raHA) rootorboating. cresa 1, maggot. cresol m (quim), cresol. cresolftalefna I (lab), cresol phthalein. cresta 1, crest. - ' de la corriente andlca (ra), peak plata currento de gas (pet), gas cap. - - divisoria (top), divido. normal (hid), standard crest. vertiente o vertedora (hid), spil1way erest. crestedal (top) , ridge, watershed lineo crestn m, outcrop; (top) crest. creta 1, ehalk. cretceo, chalky, cretaceous cretcico (geol), Cretaceous. crey6n (m) de marcar, marking or lumber crayon criadero m (min), seam, vein, deposito de mosquitos, mosQuito-breeding area. de petrleo. oil pool. criba 1, sereen, straincr,grizzly, riddle cribbel. corrediza, traveling screen. de aI(l, wing screen de aspiracin (bm), strainer for foot valve. de barrotes, bar sereen. de cesta, basket sereen. de correa, band sereen de jaula, eage sereen. del lodo (pet), shaleshaker, mud Bcreen. de persiana (pozo), shutter screen. de' tambor, drum sereen. d~ vaivn, shaking sereen. giratoria, rcvolving soreen. - - graduadora, gradation screen. hidriulica (min), jig. -lavadora, scrubbing or washing screen. para basuras (hid), trash screen. cribado m, screening. con lavado, wet screening. en seco, dr~r screening. cribador m, sifter, sereen tender. cribadora l. scrcen. cribar. to sereen. cribn m, grizzly. cric m, jack, crick; ratehet. de cremallera, ratehet jack. de palanca, lever jack. de tornillo, serew jaek. jackscrew. hidrulico, hydraulic jaek. criofffico (is), cryophilie. cri6geno, cryogcnic. criolita f, eryolite (aluminum ore).

criptocristalino

100

cruzamiento

criptocristalino (geol), cryptocrystalline. . criptol m (elc), krypto1. cript6n m (quim), krypton. crique m, (A) ratchet; pawl; jack; (CA) brook. eriseno m (pet), chrysene. criscola f (miner), chrysocolla. crisol m, crucible, melting pot; hearth o a Iurnace. crisolada J, charge o a crucible. crisotilo m (miner), chrysotile (asbestos). cristal m, glass; flint gIass; a pane of gIass; crys... tal. - - armado, wire gIass. cilindrado, plate gIass. de corte AT (ra), A T -cut crysta1. de reloj (Iab), watch gIass. - - de roca, flin t gIass; rock crystal. - - de seguridad, nonshattering or safety gIass. - - deslustrado o esmerilado, ground gIass. estriado, ribbed glass. irrompible (M), safety or nonshattering gIass. cristalinidad J, erystallinity. cristalino, crystalline. cristalizador m, crystallizer. - - al vaco (az), vacuum erystallizer. cristalizar, to crystal1ize. cristaloblstico (geol) (miner), erystalIoblastie. cristalografa J, crystallography. cristalogrfico, erystallographic. cristoln m, crystolon (abrasive). criterio m, criterion. crtico, critica!. erocidolita j, croeidolite, bIue asbestos. crocota J, crocoite, red lead ore. croche m (V), clutch. cromado, chromium-plated. cromatar, to ehromate. cromtica f, chromaties. cromtico, chromatic. cromato rn, chromate. - - de bario, barium chromate or chrome. - - de plomo, lead chrornate, (miner) crocoite. cromel m, chromeI (alloy). crmico, containing chromium, ehromic. cromita J, chromite (chrome ore). eromito m (quim), chromite. cromo m, chromiurn, chrome. cromforo m (elc)(qu1m), chromophore. cromognico, cromgeno (s), ehromogenie. crommetro m, chromometer. cromonquel, chrome-nickel (steeI). cronfero m (elc), chronopher. cronografa J, chronography. cronogrfieo, chronographic. crongrafo m, chronograph. cronometra J, chronometry. cronomtrico, chronometric. cronmetro m, chronometer. cronoscopio m (ele), chronoseope. croquis m, sketch. cruce m, crossing; (rr) erossing frog; (p) eross. ro-- a nivel o de va, grade crossing. ~ caminero, highway or grade crossing. - - en arco (tub), crossover. en trbol (ca), clover-Ieaf interseetion.
i
j'

- - inferior, undergrade erossing. - - superior, overhead crossing. cruces de rigidez (M), bridging (wood floor). crucero m, batten, crosspiece; (ele e) erossarm; (P) cross; (rr) frog; crossing frog; road crossing; cleavage (stone); (m in) eross heading, crosseut; cross timber; (miner) eleavage. - - a nivel, grade crossing. - - bsico (miner), basal eleavage. - - cbico (miner), eubic c1eavage. - - de carril continuo (fe), continuous-rail frog. de combinacin (fe), a set o slip switches and movabIe-point crossings. de puntas movibles (fe), movable-point crossing. en hoja de trbol (ca), clover-leal intersection. embridado (tub), flanged cross. para soldar (tub), welding cross. reductor (tub), reducing eross. - - roscado (tub), serewed cross. cruceros laterales (est), lateral bracing. cruceta J, crossarm; crosshead; crosspieee. - - abierta o de alas (mv) , wing-type crosshead. - - atravesada (ele), buck arm, reverse armo cerrada (mv), box-type crosshead. de cabeza (mv), crosshead. - - de cuatro espigas (elc), four-pin erossarm. - - de poste (ele), erossarm. del timn (cn), crosshead. crucetas, X bracing; bridging (wood floor). crucorme, cruciform. crudeza J, hardness o water. crudo, crude; raw (untreated); hard (water). cruja J, corridor, passage; (bldg) (M) bay. crujido m, ereaking, crackling. , , cruz j, (p) cross; (min) crossing o two vems. con salida lateral (tub), side-outlet cross. de campanas (tub) , all-bell cross. de curva abierta (tub), long-sweep cross. de limpieza (tub), blowoff cross. de San Andrs (Es) (V), X bracing. - - de seis pasos (tub), double cross. embridada (tub), flanged cross. - - , en, at right angles. - - filar (inst), eross hairs. intercaladora (tub), cutting-in eross. para escalera (tub), stair-railing cross. para lavabo (Pb), basin cross. para soldar (tub) , welding eross; soIder-jaint cross. para tabiques (tub), partition cross. - - reductora (tub), reducing eross. - - reticular (inst), cross hairs. roscada (tub), screwed cross. - - sanitaria (tub), sanitary cross. cruzada J (min), crosseut. cruzadilla f (AC), grade crossing. cruzamiento m, crossing; (rr) crossing frag, frog, areo, aeriaI frog (trolley wire). con cambiava (fe), slip switch. de carril engoznado (fe), swing-rail frog. de plancha (fe), plate crossing, plate frog. enlazado (fe)(C), slip switch. ensamblado (fe), built-up frog.

J -----------

112_

cruzamiento

101
-

cuarto

-.- remachado (fe), riveted plate crossing. cruzar, to eross; to place crosswise. euacuaversal (geol), quaquaversal. cuaderna f. frame (especiaIly of a ship). invertida (cn) (A). reverse frame. maestra, midship frame. cuadernas (cn) - - de escuadra, square frames. de los receles, panting frames. inclinadas. inclined frames. sesgadas. cant frames. cuadernal m, taekle block; (M) block and tackle. cuaderno m, notebook, field hooIc. - de hojas sueltas. loose-Ieaf notebook. de nivelacin. level book. cuadra f. stable, box staIl; city block, square; a measure of length-150 varas in Chile and Argentina, 100 varas in Uruguay. Para~ guay. ando Ecuador. de popa (an), quarter. de proa (an), forward quarter. cuadradillo m, grillage. cuadrado m, square; (math) square; a square. cuadral m, knee or diagonal or angle braceo cuadrangular. quadrangular. cuadrngulo m, quadrangle; a quadrangular. cuadrantal. quadrantal. cuadrante m, quadrant; dial oi an instrumento azimutal, Rzimuth dial. oscilante (mv), Stephenson link. cuadrar, (math)(carp) to square. cuadrtico. quadratie. cuadratura f. squaring; measuring areas; (math) (elec) quadrature. - - de espacio (eJe), spaee quadrature. de tiempo (ele). time quadrature. caaddcula f. grillage; anything in eheckerboard pattern. de az;imut (frna), azimuth grid. de perspectiva (fma), perspeetive grid. de tanteo (frna), trial grid. de trazar (ma), plotting grid. cuadriculado m, cheekerwork; a in squares. cuadricular. v to graticulate, mark off it.. squares; a in squal'es. cuadrifilar (A), four-wire. cuadrilUero m a, quadrilateral. cuadrilongo, rectangular. cuadrilla J, gang, party, squad. aserradora (eO, saw erew. caminera, road gang. de arrastre (ef), skidding crew. de colocacin (eone), placing ganga de dibujantes, squad of draftsrnen. de perforacin (pet), drilling crew. - ..- .. de reparaciones. repair ganga - . de salvamento. wreeking gang. de sanitacin. sanitary squad. de tramo (fe). seetion gang. de tumba (ef), elling crew. de urgencia (fe), wrecking erew. cuadrivinria a (ca), four-Iane. cuadro m, square; timbcr fra.me; table of figures, tabulation; (elec) switehboard; (tv) frame; (min) (B) shaft; (min) case, frame, seto - anunciador, indicator board.

armado (min), truss seto calculador (eI6e), ealeulating board. con mando de frente (elc) ,live-frontswitch~ board. corredizo (e16e), draw-out-type switehboard. de carretillas (elc), truck-type switchboard. de conmut...dores (ele), switehboard, punel board. de contador (ele), meter panel. de distribucin. switchboard. de enchufes (tel), plug switchboard. de entibacin (min) (tn), drift frame, square seto de estacin (fe) (A), widened right o way to illclude a station with its sidillgS, etc. de frente muerto (ele), deadfront switehboard. de fusibles (e16e). fuseboard. de gobierno, control board. de instrumentos. instrumcnt board. de propuesta, bidding sehedule de puerta. doorframe. de pupitre (ele), desk switchbJard. de seales, signal board. estadimtrico (lev), stadia tableo indicador. annuneiator. provisional (min), false seto rgido (est)(U), rigid frame. cudruple m, (pet) fourble; a qu:Wruple. cudruplex (o1c) ,quadruplex. cudruplo m a, quadruple. cuajada!, a Costa Riean lumber. cuajar m (C), a wood uscd for conatruetion. cuajarse, to coagulatc, c1ot; to cake. cuaJitatvo l qualitittivc. cuantiar. to appraise.\ cuantitativo, quantitative. cuant6metro m, quantometer. cuarcifero, quartziferous. cuarcita f, quartzite, quartz roek. euarctico, quartzitic. cuarta f. quart; quarter; lineal measnre o 7. vara. caa. quartcr round. cuarteadura 1, crack, split. cuartear. to split; to divide into bloeks; to quar~ ter; cuartearse. to crack, split. (1br) to check. cuartel m, barracks; city distriet; (sb) hateh eover. cuarteo m, crack, fissure; splitting, dividing into parta, quartering; (min)(M) pieeework. cuartern m. panel; (M) measure of 25 litera, (Ch) diagonal braee in a partition. cuarteta! (e), a measure o area, about 2 acres. cuartillo m, a liquid and dry measure having various values; in Argentina about 1 US qt; in Mexico about 1% qt dry and about ~ qt liquid; in Spain about 1 qt dry or liquid; in Costa Rica 4.6 liters. cuarto m, quarter; room; a quartcr. bocel, quarter-round molding. de calderas. boilar x"oom, fireroom, (sb) stokehold. de caa, quarter round. de gnln. quart.

cuarto

102

cuchara

-.- de mando, control room de mquinas, engine room. de los tachos Caz), pan room. de vuelta, quarter turno hmedo (lab), fog room. oscuro (fma), darkroom. cuartn m, girder, large beam, timber; (O) parcel of land; (min) boulder; (M) flagstone. cuarzo m, quartz. bastardo, bastard or buIl quartz. citrino, citrine quartz. cuarzo-monzonita, quartz-monzonite. cuarzoso, quartzose. cuaternario m (roat), quaternion; a (math) (geol) quaternary. cuaternio m (mat), quaternion. cuaterno (mat), quaternary. cuatrifilar a, four-wire. cuatro m a, four. capas, de, four-ply. codos, de, four-throw (crankshaft). etapas, de, four-stage. inserciones, de, four-tuck (splice). pasos, de, four-way (valve). pisos, de, four-story (building). tiempos, de, four-cycle (engine). vias, de, four-Iane (highway). cuatropear (M), to break joints. cuba l. tank, vat, tub; cask; tank car; bucket of a turbine; conveyor bucket; stack of a blast furnace. del flotador, float chambar (carburetor). cubajem, volume, cubical contents. cubertura 1, cover; (auto) cowl. cubeta l. bucket, pail; basin; leader head; watercloset bowl; (A) spillway bucket; keg; tub; cuvette; (geol) (V) basin. autoprensora, clamshell bucket. del carburador (mg), fioat chamber. de elevador, elevator bucket. del termmetro, bulb of a thermometer. sacalodo, sand pump. , - volcadora, dump or contractor's bucket. cubeta-draga, dragline bucket. cubetada 1, bucketfuL cubicacin 1, cubical contents, cubage; computartion of volumes. cubicaje m, cubical contents, voIume, cubage, dispIacement. cubicar, to cube; to compute volumes; (min) to block out. cbico, cubic, cubica!' cubiculo m (elc), cubiele. cubierta f. cover, covering, lid; roof, roof covering; (sb) deck; (str) cover plate; (mech) casing, hood; (A)(U) tire shoe; (exc)(M) overburden; face slab (dam). de aire libre (cn), weather deck. a copete o a cuatro aguas, hip roor. a dos aguas, peak roor. biolgica (ia), biological film. corrida (en), fiuah deck. de abrigo (en), shelter deck. del alczar. (cn), quarter deck. de arqueo (en), tonnage deck. de bordo libre (en), freehoard deck. -

.-- de la bovedilla (en), poop deck. de castillo (en), foreeastle deck. del cilindro (mv), cylinder lagging. del dif~rencia1 (auto)(U), differential housing. de escotilla (cn), hatch cover. de fil6n (min), hanging wall. de las lanchas (en), boat deck. de lona, turpaulin, eanvas cover. de los mamparos (cn), bulkhead deck. de motor (auto), hood. de paseo (cn), promenade deek. de popa (cn), after deck. del puente (en), bridge deck. del sollado (en), orlop. orlop deck. de tubera, pipe insulation. de un agua, lean-to roor. flotante. floating roof (tank). guardanieve, snowshed. rasa (cn), fiush deck. cubierto m, cover, roof,shecl. cubilete m (lab), beaker. cubilote m (met), cupola. cubo m, pail, bucket, skip; cube; cubical contents; hub; socket; boss; brick hod; (math) cube; (eh) volume of excavation or con~ crete. de aguUn, boom bucket (paver). de almeja, clamshell bucket. de andarivel. tramway bucket. de arrastre, dragline bucket. de bayoneta, bayonet socket. de desmontes, volume of excavation. de extraccin, mine bucket. de garras (pet), spider. - . de la hlice (cn), propeller boss. - ..- de incendio, fire bucket. del inducido (ele), armature hubo de pala, shovel dipper. de rosario, elevator bucket. de trailla (ec), bowl of a scraper. voleador o de volteo. tip or dump bucket. cubreasiento m (auto) (M). seat cover. cubrecadena m, chain guardo cubrecostura m (en), seam atrapo cubrechasis m (ra), chassis cover. cubrejunta m. splice plate, butt strap, fishplate, seab; astragal; (sb) edge strip, searo strip, Beam strap; (p) joint runner. -longitudinal (en), seam strap, edge strip. cubreneumtico m (auto), tire cover. cubreplaca m (est), cover plateo cubrerrueda m, mudguard. cubretablero m (auto), cowI. cubrir, to cover. cuchara 1, spoon; bueket; dipper, scoop, ladle; (mx)(A) skip loader; (A)(C) mason's trowel; posthole shovel; (pet) bailer; molder's spoon; (turb) bucket. agarradera, grab bucket, clamshell. automtica, clamshell. cogedora (Es), grab bucket, clamshell. de albail. trowel. de arrastre (Es), drag scraper. de biela (auto), connecting-rod dipper. de colar, ladle.

cuchara

103
-

cuentapasos

1
I

de cuatro gajos (M), orange-peel bucket. de cuerno (lab), horn spoon. de desnatar7 skimming ladle. de fundicin, casting ladIe. de polvorero (vol), blasting spoon. - . de vaciar (fund), pouring ladle. desaboUadora (eh), spoon. -limpiapozos (pet), cleanout bailer, swab. - - muestreadora (sx), sample spoon. - - para horadar, tunneling scoqp. - - para hoyos, telegraph or post apoon. taladradora (mh), shell bit. vertedora (pet), dump bailer. cuchara-draga (Ee), draglne bueket. cucharada f, bucketful, (sh) dipperful. cuchareo m (pet), bailing. cuchadn m (A), pointing trowe1. cucharn m, bucket, dipper, scoop, skip; scraper. aplanador (pi), skinlming dipper. bivalvo (M), clamshen bucket. cargador (mz),skp loader, charging skip. ~ cogedor7 scraper.bucket, scraper. - - de almeja excavador1 digging clamshel!. - - de almeja. para remanejo, rehandling clamshen. - - de arrastre, dragline bucket; drag scraper. -.- de bota16n 7 boom hueket (paver). de colada, ladle. de conchas de almeja (M), clamshell bucket. - - de descarga por debajo, bottom-dump or , drop-bottom bucket. - - de draga, dredge dipper; dragline bueket. - - de extraccin, ore or mine bueket. de gajos de naranja (M), orange-peel bucket. de garfios (M), grab bueket. - - de garras o de mordazas, clamshell bucket. - - de granada, orange--peel bucket~ - - de maniobra, rehandling bucket. - - de pala, shovel dipper. - - de quijadas, cIamshell or grab bucket. de trama (ee), bowl of a scraper. - - de tres gajos, three-blade orange-peel buckct. de un cable (ee), single-lino bucket. de valvas de almeja (M), clamshell bucket. - - desencapador (pI), skimmer scoop. - - excavador, digging bucket. ,. - - para cajn, caisson bueket. - - para muestreo, sampling scoop. - - para remanipuleo, rehandIing bucket. prensor (M) 1 grab bucket. -_. recogedor, scraper bticket. - - tipo casco de naranja, oranga-peel bucket. - - voleador, dump bucket. cuchillaf, blade, knifo, cutting tool; wall scraper; llloldboard; (Pan) road scraper; (top) (Col) (U) ridge. de acepillar, planer knife. - - de arado, eoIter. - - de cepillo, plane iron. de contacto (ele), blada of a switch. - - de dos mangos, drawknife. de interruptor (elc), switch bIade. ~ de moldurar, moIding knife. de rajar (si), slitter knife. - - empujadora o niveladora (ec) , bulldozer, Bullgrader, Roadbuilder; moldboard.

para ingletes, miter knife. - para masilla, putty knife. - - para yeseros, wall scraper. quitahielo, sleet eutter. separadora (top) (U), divide. zanjeadora, ditcher. cuchillas de caa (az), cane knives. cuchillo m, knife, blade; scraper; (Col) rafter; (top) ridge. a dos manos, drawknife. de vidriero, putty knife. para rayos, spokeshave. periJnetral, cutting edge (caisson). cuchillo-serrucho, saw knife.
cuchill6n m (eh), broadax. cuele m (min), driving (drift), penetration; sinking (shaft); (~f) blasting hale. cuelga J, (Col) (eh) slope, grade (especially river or canal). . cuelgaballestam (locoHauto), spring hanger. cuelgacable m (elc). cable hangcr. cuelgamuelle m (ato}(A), spring hanger. cuelgatubo m, pipe hanger. cuello m, collar,tleck, throat;{machy) journal; gland (stuffing box); (Col) collar beam; (pet) pipe copling. de cisne o de ganso, gooseneck. de empuje, thrtist 'collar. tc6rico (sol), theoretical throat. Venturi, Venturi throat. verdadero (s61),.actual throat. cuenca j, basin, drainage area, watershed; valley; (geol) trough, graben. alimentadora (!lid) (A), watershed, catchment area. - . carbonffera, calbasin. cerrada (geol), c10sd hasin. colectora o de captaci6n, drainage or catenmeilt area, wafershcd. de drenajE(A),drainage area. de fallas (geol) ,graben, ault trough. - - de retencin, detentionbasin. - - de sedimentacin (gool), sedimentary hasin. fluvial, river basiIl.' hidrogrfica' o tributaria, watersl1cd, drainage area. hullera, coa1 basin. imbrrtera (A) tU}, dranage area, water.. shed. petrolfera, oi! pool. pluviomtrica (Col), catchmentarea, water..

shed.
- - recolectora (A), drainage arCR, watershed. cuenco m, pool, basin. amortiguador (hid) , stilli:lg pool. de esclusa, lock t'hamber. cuenta (f) de gastos, expense aeeount. cuentas a cobrar, aecounts recoivable. cuentas por pagar, acC'ounts paynble. cuentaemboladas m.,piston-stroke counter. cuentagotas m (la~)), droppng tube. de en3rase, sig~1t-fecd lubricator. cuentakilmetros m, speedometer (kilonleters). cuentamillas m, spcedometer (miles). cuentapasos m. pedo meter, odonleter, passonr eter.

..Il------------............

cuentarrevoluciones cuentarrevoluciones m, speedomcter, tachometer, revolution caunter. cuentavueltas m, taehometer, counter. cuerda 1, cord, lineo rape; ehord; eord o wood; (gi) fiange; (PR) land me asure of about 1 acre; (M) screVO' thread; (Ee) beam. joist; (sb) ledge. - - de algodn, cotton rope. - - de alinear o de marcar, chaIk lineo - - de camo, Manila rape. - - de correa. belt laeing. de plomada, plumb lineo - - de seal, signal cord. inferior. (tu) lower chord, (gi) bottom fiange. izquierda (M), let-hand thread. -larga (e) , long chord. mecha (vol), fuse. -~ para ventanas. sash cord. superior. (tu) upper chord, (gi) top flange. cuerillo m, a Costa Rican lumber. cuerno m, horno de amarre (ele), outrigger. de arco (elc), arcing horno - - de colgadores (cv), horn o a cableway car~ rage. de yunque, horn o an anvil. cuero m. leather. cromado, chrome-tanned leather. - - crudo o verde, rawhide. - - de cochino, pigskin. - - de montafa, rnountain leather (asbestos). de suela, sole leather. - - de vaca, cowhide. cuerpo m. body; corps, party. central (en), rniddle body. - - compuesto (quim). chemical compound. - - de agrimensores, survey party. - - de arco, arch ringo - - de bomba, pump barrel; pump casing. - - de cabrestante, barrel o a capstan. de caldera, boiler shell. - - de carretilla, wheelbarrow ~ray. - - de columna, shaft of a column. - - de nibolo, piston barrel. de fundicin guarnecido de bronce (v). ITon body bronze-mounted. - - de ingenieros, engineer corps. de polea, shell of a taekle block. de popa (an), afterbody. de proa (an), forebody. - - de remache, shank o a rivet. - - de la vlvula, valve body. dividido (bm), split casing. espiral, (turb) spiral casing, scroll case; (pu) volute casing. maestro (an), middle body. - - mineral, ore body. - - muerto, deadman; (pw) permanent moor~ ing. simple (quim), elemento cuesco m, eDre. cuesta 1, slope, hill, grade. abajo adv, downgrade. arriba adv, upgrade. cueva J, cave; cellar. cuezo m, hod. mortar box; trough, basin.

104

cuprosilicio

culata!. butt; haunch; (ge) cylinder head; yoke, (Col) rear wall; (C) (PR) side walL abovedada (mg) , domed head. - - antiturbulente (mg), nonturbulent head. - - de tubos, pipe header. de turbulencia (mg), high-turbulent head. en F (mg), F head. en L (mg), L head. en T (mg), T head. culatazo m, kick, recoll. culateo m, backlash, recoll, kick. culatn m, shank. culombmetro m, coulomb meter, cou1ometer. culombio m (elc), coulomb. culote m, base, butt, bottom. cultivadora I (ec), cultivator. cumarona I (pint)(ais), cumar, coumarone resino cumbre l. crest, summit, ridge, peak, topo cumbrera f. ridge; cap; ridgepolc ridge cap, ridge roil; crown of an areh. para poste (ele), ridge iron. c~lmulante m (mat), cumuIant. cumulativo, cumulative. cuna I (mec), cradle. de botadura (en). launching cradle, sliding ways. cuneta 1, ditch, gutter; (na) waterway. - - de escape (ca), rundown, escape gutter. - - de guardia, intercepting ditch, counterdrain, (rd) berro ditch. cuneteadora f (maq)(A), ditcher. cua l. wedge. chock; key, gib; frog of aplane; paving stone; gad; (pet) slip. - - aislante (elc), insulating wedge. - - con agujas, plug and feathers. - - de cantero, stone wedge. - - del cole~tor (ele), commutator bar. de grada (en), a slice. de talla transversal (pet), crosseut slip. de trazador (e), bucking wedge. de tumbar (ef), falling wedge. enteriza (v), solid wedge. . para hender, splitting wedge. para' tubeda (pet), casing slip. partida (v), split wedge. sacamecha (mh), drift or center key. cuas gemelas (M), gib and cotter. cufiar, to wedge. cuero m, (C) keyWay, key seat; (pet) man who places wedges. cuete m, keg. cuota (f) de agua, water rateo cuota de flete, freight rate. cupla l. a coupling; (A) torque. - - antagnica (A), countertorque. - - de reduccin, reducing coupling. - - momento (A). torque. cupo m, tax rate; quota. cupn m, coupon; (U) short ral. cprico, copper-bearing. eupric. cuprfero, copper-bearing. cuprita l. red copper, cuprite. ruby copper ore. cupromanganeso m, cupromanganese (alloy). cupronqueL m (aleacin), nickel bronze, cuproniekel. cuprosilicio m, cuprosilicon (alloy).

cuproso
cuproso, eopper-bearing, euprous . cpula 1, dome, cupola; (geol) (B) (V) dome. ~ de arena (loco), sand dome . _ de caldera o de vapor (loco), steam dome. cura I (conc), curing. curli m, a Central American hardwood. curacin 1, (conc) curing; (lbr) seasoning; (mct) aging. ___ hmeda (1ab), fog euring. curado m, curing. ___ al agua (cono), water euring. . . - con saturacin (1ab), fog curing. ---en masa, mass curing. curar, (cone) to cure; (lbr) to season. curiche m. (B), lake, pool. currentillneo, streamlined. curso m, stroke, throw,' oourse, travel; (ah) strake. del mbolo, piston trave1. --- fiuvial o de ag'.l3, watercourse, stream. cursor m, (machy) slide; indicator (slide rule). -,.-. del obietivo (inst), ohjectiYe slide. en ngulo (mh), angular slide. portaherramienta (mh), toolslide. ___ transversal (mh). cross slide. curtido al cromo, chrome-tanned. curtido al roble, oak-tanned. curtidura, curtiembre l. tannery. cutupaina, curupay m, a South American hardwood. curva l. curve. hendo .. - abierta, (rr) easy curve; (P) long sweep. - ' adiabitica, adiabatic curve or line. adia,. batic. --- aguda o brusca, sharp curve. -.-. cerrada, (rr) sharp curve; (p) short sweep. -'- compensadora con doble desplazamiento . (tub), double-ot!set expansion U hendo -.- compensadora en U (tub) , expansion U hendo -... compuesta, compound curve. - - de acuerdo, (rr) transition curve: (bIlndrail) ramp. easement. _.- de &ltura-ga~to (r), stage-discharge curve. - - de cabidas (hid), capacity cun.-e. -.-. de deformaci6n-esfuerzo, dctor....tion or stress-strain curve. . -.- de dilatacin (tub), expansion bend. de enlace, (rr) transition ourve; junction curve; (handrail) ramp, easing, -.- de gastos (hid), 1l0w curve. - - histresis (eI6c), hysteresis loop. ... - de nivel, contour lineo .....,... de oxgeno colgante (is), oxygen sag. --.' de paso (tub), crossover. ..,........ de paso con salida atrs (tub), back-outlat crossover. -.. - de persistencia (hid)(A), duration curve. ...- de pie (tub), base elbow. ........- de recorrido-tiempo (vibracin), travel-time curve ....-- de remanso (hid), backwater curve. de retorno abierto (tub), return bend-open type. de retomo cerrado (tub), return bend-close
type.

105
-

chalcocita

de transicin, (1'1') transition or easernent curve. de velocidades en una vertical (hid), vertical-velocity' curve. de 45 0 (tub), eighth hendo de 90 (tub), quarter bend. --- de 1800 (tub), half bend. elstica, elastica, elastic curve. en U (tub) , U bend. en U ancha (tub), return hend-open type. - en U con desplazamiento (tub), single-offset U hendo en U con doble desplazamiento (tub), double-ofIset U bend. en U estrecha (tub) , returo bend-c1ose type. --- en U para soldar (tub), welding returo. entr6pica, entropy diagram. estrecha o forzada o fuerte, sharp curve. hipsomtrica (A), contoUl" linee inversa, reverse curve. irregular (dib), French 01' irregular curve. - isbata, depth CO:1tocr. - isocora, isochor. -loxodrmica, rhumb Er..o, loxodromic curve. senoidal, sbe curve. - - suave, easy curve. -'.' tipo hoz (pct), sic!~le bend. vertical cncava (ca), sag vertical. vertical de cumbre (ca), summit vertical. curvas do1 arquitecto naval (dib). shipcurve:::. freticas, ground-watcr contours. p.. ua va (dib), railroad curves. curva~arras m, bar bonder. curvacin f. curV:lture. curvadora l. hondero curvar, to bond, curve. ct:rvarricles m, rail hender. carvatubos m, pipe hender. curvatura l. curvature; bending e3cahr, scularor specific curvature. por arrugas (tub), wrinkle bending. por pliegues (tub). crease bending. curvfgrafo m (e), French or irregular curve. curvilneo, curvilneal" curvmetro m, curvometer. curvo, curved. cspide 1, crest, apex, peak, vertex; cusp. cuy m (e), a hardwood.

---. de ribera. fiow lina (reaervoir).

chacarrandaYt Venezuelan lumber. chaflrro m (AC), machete, knife chafin m, bevel, chamfer; (M) knee brace; (1'0 cl'icket, canto abierto (cn), open bevel. - - cerrado (cn), closed bavel chafianador m, beveling tool. chaflanar, to chamfer, bevel. chalana!, scow, lighter, flatboat. cisterna, tank barge. --- de compuerta, dump scow, hopper barga. de paso (V), ferryboat. chalcocita!, chalcocite (copper ore).

c~acarrandal, chacarrandAn,

chalupa
chalupa /. launch. boat, small vessel; (M) ore bucket, skip. chamarasca 1, brushwood. chamba 1, (Ec) sod, tud; (Col) ditch; (M) occupation. chambear, (Col) to dig trenches; (Ee) to sod. chambranas I (carp), trim. chamburgo m (Col), pool, backwater. champa I (A), sod (especially that used to reinforce border o irrigation ditch). champll m, large flatboat. chanca 1, crushing. chancado m, crushed stone. sin. cribar, crusher-run aggregate. chaneadora j, crusher. de cilindros, ro11 crusher. de COIlO, cone crusher. de discos, disk crusher. de mandbulas o de quijadas, jaw crusher. de martillos, hammer mill. giratoria, gyratory crusher. reductora, reduction crusher. chancar, to crush. ehanchorona 1, an Argentine wood (semihard). chanfle m, bevel, chamfer; (A) quarter round (concave). chanftear, to bevel chango m (pet)(M), derrickman. changote m, steel billet, bloom. ehanto m (Es), flagstone. chapaj, sheet, plate; veneering; (C) brass check door lock; (auto) (C) license plateo abovedada o combada, buckle plate. acanalada o corrugada, corrugated sheet. aplomada o emplomada, terneplate. calada, pertorated plate. canaleta (A), corrugated sheet. de caldera, bailer plateo de cinc, sheet zinc. de circulacin (auto) (C), license plateo de guarda (puerta), finger plateo de nudo (est), gusset plate. del ojo, keyhole escutcheon. de palastro, plate steel; sheet iron. de pared (elc), wall or switch plate. de patente (auto), license plateo de relleno (est), filler plateo de unin, splice plateo desplegada, expanded metal. escamada (U), checkered plateo estampada, stamped or pressed metal. estriada, checkered plateo etiqueta o de identidad, name plate. lisa, flat sheet metal. matrcula (auto), license plateo metlica, sheet metal; (C) sheet brass. nodal (est), gusset plateo ondulada, corrugated sheet metal. para nave {elc), switch or wa11 plateo plomo-estao, terneplate. rayada, ribbed plateo tubular (cal), tube sheet. chapaleta 1, flap valve; clapper o a check valve. chapapote m (M), tar; asphalt. ehapapotear, to coat with taro chaparrn m, cloudburst, downQour.

106

cheque

chapeado m, veneering; plywood. de lat6n, brass-plated. chapear, to venear; to line with metal; (CH::rR) to clear land, grub. 1 chapeo m (C), clearing, grubbing. chapera / (Es), ramp o boards with cleats. chapera J, plate work; sheet-metal work. chaperoo m, a Central American lumber. chapista m, sheet-metal worker, tinsmith. ehapistera 1, sheet-metal work. ehapistero m, sheet-metal worker, tinsmith tinker. chapita 1, brass check. chapitel m, capital (column). chapoteo m, splash. ehapuro m (AC), asphalt; taro ehaquear (A) (B), to clear land. chaqueta/, casing; jacket. de agua, water jacket. de caldera, boiler lagging or insulation. de cilindro, cylinder lagging. de polvo, dust jacket (screen). chaquiro m, a Colombian pine. charca 1, charco m, pool, pond, puddle. charcal m (AC), pondo charnela j, hinge, knuckle, articulated joint. de direccin (auto), steering knuckle. de piso, floor hinge. charol m, a coating; varnish; patent leather. japons, j apan. charolar, to varnish, japan; to coat. charpado m (carp), scare. en caliente, hot-scat;fed. charpar. to scar. charquear (min), tobale out, unwater. charquero m (min), drainage ditch. charra! m (AC), thicket,f underbrush. chasis m (auto)(ra), chassis; (pmy) plateholder chasquear (maq), to clatter. chata l. flat truck; fiat barge. alijadora, a lighter. barrera, mud scow. chatarra 1, junk, scrn,p iron. chatarrera 1, junk shop or yard. chatarrero m, junk dealer. chato, flato ehauti m (M), c1a.y. chautoso (M), clayey. chaveta 1, cotter, key, gib, wedging piece. cncava, saddle key. de cabeza, gib-head key. embutida, sunk key. hendida o de dos patas, cotter pin, cotter. y contrachaveta, gib and cotter. chavetero m (U), key Beat. chazal, (Pe) inner basin o a port; (eh) cooper's driver. chaxo m (Col), nailing block, wood brick. checar (M), to check; to crack. ehedita j. cheddite (explosive). eheje m (AC), link. cheque m, check; (e) check valve. aprobado o certificado o intervenido, certi~ fied check. de viajero, traveler's check. propio o de administracin, cashicr's check.

107
cb.equ~!ldor m (AC), eheeker. . .cb,~quelU', (Col)(CA)(C) to check, verify; (CA)

chuzo

to draw a check or draft. *eq.ueo m (C), ehecking. . cl:I.et31l1izar (Es), to sherardize. C)ii.caa J. baffie. . g:J:Q9Qti m, paekmg, Junk. ~c;ujtem (min), Bmall bucket. c1Ugh.wa l, ratchet electrie buzzer; (B) jack. . haJnmer. dlicb.Wn m (C), a hardwood. ~c:bWQnes (az), tailings. ~lticllQn m (C), (mech) boss. Cbifln m, :tIume; strong draft of air; ehamber in a mine ; (min) slide o l008e stone; (min) inclined gallery; (Ch) rapids; (CA) waterfaU; (Col) spring (water); (M) nozzle. ...,..,.... 4e agua (M), water jet. 4~ar.ena, (M), sandblast. e.lU,81.'e m. (Es), crab, wineh. iiV ~1.PguaI (Ch), bulge, bellY' mill ", oAU,nom (min), edge or C hile c;iiil~ca J (M), kind o porphyry used a.s building 8tone. CbUl~i. clapboarding; lathing; thin board. ... , .,..>cS,e metal, metallath. ~bU1a4o m, weatherboarding. elapboarding; lath.

.....

. ::~~,;,-:, ,jp;g.'

~1U1J4~, to creak, squeak.

m, squeaking; (ra) howl. Q,nm, small nail, lathing nail.

J, chimncy, stack; fireplace; (min.) . ascendinggallery, drawhole, shaft. .,..,4ellire. air shaft. // .... . '. . . , cS,eequillbrlo (hid), surge tank. " ' de extraccin (min), drawhole. ............ de visita, inspeetion shaft. china. J, small 8tone, cobble. daina,tro m, pebble; cobble. . ~a,ta J (C), pebble; cobble. 4)1Unll..t~4o m, paving of small cobbles. ~ebe m, chincheta J, thumbtaek. .'.. '. 4e ranura. slotted thumbtack. . . . ;e$t~pado. stamped-steel thumbtaek. ~hino"m, cobble; (PR) boulder; (min) iron or ,eopper pyrites. . cb1p9dea4o (maro) (M), rack-faced. <~quero m (C), crib, cribwork. .<.. ~t~J, an Argentine lumher (semihard). '.:'~r1e m (Col), grout; whitewash. '~~JP:'. toaqueak, creak. :'~j:q<f.9. m (maq), squeaking: (ra) birdie. .,~~paf. spark. . . .ap..,ga.da (elee), quenehed spark. . Altral;lada (auto), spark retarded. , '''V4J:lzada (auto), spark advaneed. . ,',,deen~rehierro (ele), jump spark. -',(",.. _.<",.-:'.::\~;:-,','U~tp :(elc). pilot spark. j':)l1i$:M4~hielo (hid), frazil ice. ~$llet\r, to spark; (PR) to spray, sprinkle. .. c;l1is m, sparking. . 9Jljsp.~rOJ7h spark arrester; blaeksmith. elti!iPQ.~tl;om (elc), measuring spark gap. ::;4illfadorj triggering gap.

~iWbU2io m (Ee), funnel.


~l:iimene

};realt spike.

P,

chisporroteador m (vol), spitter. chisporrotear, to spark; (bl) to spit (fuse). chisporroteo m. (elec) sparking; (w) spatter, sputter. chiva m (Iln)(M), claw bar. chivato m (B), helper, apprentice. chocar, to collide; (naut) to foul. choco m (Ch), stump. chfer, chauffeur. chompa J (V), churn or hand drill. chompn m (V), hand drill. chopo m, poplar. choque m, impaet, shock, coHision. de agua o de ariete. water hammer. elctrico. electrie shock. chodzo m, mud waH; mixture o mud and straw for pla.stering a wall. chorreadero m (min) (M), ora chute. chorrear, to spout, gush; to drip.. chorreo m, spouting, gushing. chorro m, jet; stream. -.contrado (hid), vena contracta. de arena. sandblast. de marcha en vaco (mg), idling iet. de municiones o de perdigones, shot blast. de vapor, steam jet. choy m (M). kind of 80ft shale. chozo m, shed, shanty. chubasco m, squal, shower. chuchero m (fc)(C), switchman. chucho m, (rr) switch; (elec) switch; (rr)(C) siding; (rr)(C) turnout. biselado (fe), lap switeh. de aguja (fe), point or split switch. de arrastre (fe), trailing switch. de c,uchilla (ele) (C), knife switch. de idescarrilar (fe), deraU switch. de tope (fc),stub switch. -.- de tres tiros. three-throw switch. -enfrentado oen contrapunta (fe), facing switch. muerto (fe)(C), dead...end siding. chulano m (min), upward drill holeo chumacera /, bearing, pillow block, journal box; rowlock (boat) . a rodillos. roller bearing. anular, annular or radial bearing. de balines, ball bearing. de bolas encerrada. double-shieIded hall bearing. de camisa, sleeve bearing. del contravstago (mv), tail bearing. de empuje, thrust bearing. del timn (en), rudder bearing exterior, outboard bearing. partida, split bearing. recalentada, hotbox. hot bearing. chumba J. chumbe m (miner) (B). zinc bIende sphalerite. chumero, chunero m (AC),helper, apprentice. chupadero m, suetion pipe. chupador m, (pu) strainer for foot valve; (1ab nipple; (pet) swab. chupar (bm), to suck, draw. chupn m, plunger; (A) (C) foot valve. chuzo m, pike pole; (Ch) erowbar.

r
i

dacita
dacita f (geol), dacite. . dadtico, dacitic. dactilgrafa f, typist. dactilografista m J, typist. dactil6grafo m, typewriter; typist. dado m, die; (mas) small piel'; capstone; (M) jackbit. de barrena (M), jaekbit. de operaci6n (v) (V), operating nut. de resorte (rs), spring or prong die. de roscar, die. dados de amortiguamiento (hid), baBle blocks. defiectores (hid), baffle piers or blocks, dentals. - - para tomillos (rs), bolt dies. para tubera (rs), pipe dies. daga J (PR), machete. dagame m, a hardwood o Central AmedcR and the West Indies. dala /, dale, spout, trough; (M) alabo dama J, dam of a blast umace; (A) mound o earth left under an engineer's stake. damar m, dammar. damero-estampa (A), swage block. daar, to damage. dao m, damage. daos y perjuicios (leg), damages. dar, to gi ve. alcance, to overtake. bocazo (vol), to blowout. - - contra, to collide with, strike against. - - contramarcha o contravapor (maq) , to reverse. cuele (tn)(M), to drive. cuerda (inst), to wind. de baja, to discharge (men); (eh) to scrap. en un bajo (nut), to run aground. fondo (nut), to anchor, drop anchor. - - fuego, to put off a bIast; to blow in a furnace. inters (A), to bear interest. manija (auto)(A), to crank. - - manivela (auto), to crank:. mechazo (vol), to mistire. presin (ca1), to get up steam. vapor (cal), to steam. viaje, to taper. - - vueltas, to revolve, slue. dara! (ele), daraf. dardo m (pet), dart. drsena J, basin, dock, inner harbar. de fiote, wet dock, basin. -~ de maniobra, turning basin. - - de marea, tidal basin. - - para embarcaciones menores, marina, boat haven, boat harbor. dato m, datum. datos, data. datolita f (miner), datolite, humboldtite. davina l. miner's safety lampo dbil, wcak. debilitar, to v.:eaken. decaamperio m, deea-ampere. dcada J, decade. decaedro m, decahedron. decaestreo m, deeastere.

108

defasaje

decagonal, deeagonal. decgono m, decagon. decagramo m, decagramo decalado,decalaje m (elc) (herr) , angular displaeement. decalador (m) de fase (ele), phase shifter. decalaje de escobillas (elc), brush shifting. decalescencia 1, decalescenee. decalescente, decalescent. deca.lina 1, decalin, decahydronaphthalene. decalitro m, decaliter. decmetro m, decameter. decano m (qum). decane. decantable (hid), settleable. decantaci6n 1 (hid), sedimentation, settling, decantation; pouring. - - contracorriente (is), countercurrent decantation. decantador m, settling tank, catch basin, (sw) silt basin; (su) settler. - - de arena, sand trap orseparator, catch basin. decantar, to deposit silt, settle; to pour; to drain off. decapitacin 1 (geol)(A). stream capture. decarbonatador m (mg), decarbonator. decarbonatar (M), to decarbonate. decarbonizar, to decarbonize. decarburacin 1 (M), decarburation, decarbonization. decrea 1, decare. decauville. narrow-gage (espeeial1y portable traek and side-dump cars). deceleracin J, deceleration, negative acceleration, retardation. deciamperio m, deciampere. decirea l. deciare. decibelmetro m, decibel meter. decrbelo m, deeibel. deciestreo m, decistere. decigramo m, decigramo decilitro m,deciliter. decimal B a, decimal. - - peridico o repetidor. recurring or periodic decimal. decimtrico (ra), decirnetrie. decmetro m, decimeter. dcimo m a, tenth. decinormal, decinormal. declinacin 1 (brjula), declination, variation. declinatorio m, declination compass. declin6grafo, declinograph. declinmetro m, declinometer. declive m, slope. grade, incline, pitch. - - de subida, upgrade. declividad J. slope. declorinacin f (Pe), dechlorination. decolaje m (ap). take-off. decolar (ap), to take off. decrecer, to ebb (tide); to fall (level o river); to decrease. decremento m, decremento deermetro m, decremeter. decrepitaci6n J, deerepitation. dedal m, cap, felcule. dedo (m) de contacto (elc), contact finger. defasaje m (elc) (A), phase difference.

r
1
defecaci6n
defecacin 1, deecation. defecador m, defeeator. dcfecante m, defecant. defecar, to defecate. defecto m, defect, fiaw. defectuoso, defective. defensa 1, guard, fender, protection. de la escotilla (cn), eoaming. de orillas, ahore protection. fluvial o de riberas (r), bank proteetion. martima (A), sea wall. dficit m, deficit; shortage. definicin I (fma) (tv), definition. amplia (tv), high definition. escasa (tv), low definition. ' definitivo, final, definitive. deflacin I (geol), deflaton. deflagrador m (Es), blasting maehine. deflagrar, to defiagrate. defleccin I (est) (ra) (Es) (A), deflection. defteccionllr (est)(A), to cleflect. deflectmetro m, deflectometer. deflector m, baffle, defiector; bueket (dam). de aceite (lu), oil thrower. de descarga, belt plow. fumvoro (ef), amokeless arch. separador, separating baffle. defiegmador m, deflegmator. defiegmar, to deflegmate. deflexin 1, (str) (surv) deflection. de la aguja, magnetie deviation. defiocubnte m (is) (M), defloccuhnt. deflocuhr (O) (M), to dc!loccubte. deforestar, to deforesto deformacin/, dcformation, strain; distortio:l. anelstica (A), plastic flow. armnica (m), har!llonie distortion. de amplitud-frecuencia (ra), a.ttenuation distortion, amplitude-frcquency distortion. de corte, shearing l:ltrain. del envolvente (ra), envelope distortion. da fase (ra), phase di3~ortion. en fro, cold dcformation. --lindera o de lmite (ms), boundary deforma~ tion. plana, plane deformation. plstica, plastic deformation, (A) plastic flow. deform:1r, deformarse, to deform, distort. deform6metro m, deformeter. degausaje m (en), degaussing. degeneracin I (ra) , degeneration, negative 01' inverse feedback. degolladura I (lad) (Es), vertical joint. degradable, erosibIe (soil). degradacin 1, erosion; disintegration; (chero) (geol) degradation. degradador m (mam), mortal' chise1. degradar, (chem)(geol) to degrade; (mas) to rake joints. degello (m) inferior (her), bottom fullero degello superior (her), top fullero delantal m (mee)(auto) (hid) , apron. - - de embarcar (ap), loading apron. - - de soldador, welder's apron. - - impermeabilizante (M). face slab of a clam. delanteraf. front end, front parto

109

denudacin

delantero m, (st) nosing a frant. delator de fallas (eIlic), fault localizer. delegado m, delegate (union). deletreo, delcterious. deleznable, unstable (ground), crumbly, brittlE: (soil) , deleznamiento m, slaking (soil). delfn m, mooring post, dolphin, pile cluster. delga 1, thn sheet; commutator bar. delgadez 1, sIenderness. delgado a, thn, light. delicuescencia 1, deliquescence. delicuescente, deliquescent. delineacin 1, delineation. delineador, delineante m, dratsman, designer. delinear, to design, draw. dlta m (r), delta; I (elc),delta. deltaico, deltaic. demanda 1, demand, load. bioqumica de oxgeno (ia), biochemicaI oxygen demando de cloro (is), chlorine demando de recalefaccin (l,ta), reheating load. de transmisin (aa), transmim,>ion load. mxima (elc), peak load. por aparatos (aa), appliance load. - por infiltracin (as), lel,tkage load. por ocupacin (aa), occupancy load. demarcaCn 1, laying o\Jt; .(A) fencing. demrito m (cont) ,4ep)'eciat~t;>n. demodulacin I (ra) ,demodul;l.tion. demodulador m (ra) (A) , de,modulator. demoledor m, building W'recker. demoledora l. demolitin too1. demoler, to demoljsh, raze, (bldg) wreek. demolicin 1, wrQcking, demolition. demora t, delay; (rr),demurrage (nal,lt) bearing del envolvente (ra), envelqpe delay. demulsibilidad 1, demulsibility. demulsionar, demulsificar, desemulsionar. to demulsify. dendriticismo m, (sol), dendrticism. dendrmetro m (e!), dendrometer. denominador m,denominator. densidad J, density. de corriente (ele), current density. de flujo dielctrico, electric induetion, dielac trie flux density. de flujo magntico, magnetic flux density magnetic force 01' intensity. en masa (ms), bulk density. densiftcacin I (ms), densification. densimetda 1, densimetry. densimtrico, densimetric. densmetro m, densimeter; hydrometer. densitmetro m; densitometer. denso, dense, thiqk; (conc)(A) stiff. dentado m, toothing, indentation, (hyd) dental (cone) bonding key; a dentated, toothed indented. dentador m (si), gummer. dentar, to tooth, notch, indent. dentellado, toothed, notched, dentated. dentelln m, cutoff wall (dam); toothing of 8. brick wall. denudaci6n 1, denudation.

r
~'

denuncia

110

derrame

denuncia m (min), denouncement. - - de accidente, aecident reporto denunciar (min), to denounce. departamento compartmcnt; department; apartment; (rr) statcroom. de calderas, boiler room. de caminos. highway dcpartment. dependencia J, branch office; department, bureau. depleci6n J (A), dcpletion. deposicin / (met)(sol)(gcol), deposition. ,electroltica, electrodcposition. electr6nica (met), sputtcring. depositacin! (hid) (A), sedimentation. depositar, to deposit; depositarse, to scttle (dregs). depsito m, storehouse, warehouse; store; hin; tank; reservoir; sediment, precipitate; deposit; (gcol) deposition. - - alimentador, distributing reservoir. - - aluvial, alluvial deposito - - compensador, regulating reservoir. compresor, pressure tank. de acarreos (hid), silt deposition. de acumulaci6n, storagc reservoir. - - de aduana, customs warehouse. - - de aire comprimido, air receiver (compressor). de baldeo (al), flush tank. - - de captacin, impounding reservoir. - - de carbn, eoalbin. de carga (hid) (Es), forebay. de compensacin, (ag) surge bin; (hyd) rcguIating reservoir. de detencin, detention husin. de distribucin, distributing reservoir. -_. de 'explosivos, magazine. - - de incrustaciones, deposit of seale. de limpia (al)(Es), flush tank. de locomotoras (fe), enginehouse, roundhouse. de maderas, lumberyard. - - de minerales, mineral deposito - - de rebose (ag), overflow bino de retencin (dac) (Pe), detention hasin. - - decantador o de sedimentacin, settling basn. - - fiscal, government warehouse. - - franco, warehouse in a. free port. regulador, regulating reservoir; standpipe. - - unitario (sol), rate of deposition. depreciacin /. depreciation. acumulada, accrued depreciation. de desuso (ele), shelf depreciation. depreciar, depreciarse, to depreciate. depresin /, (top) depression, hollow; gap, pass; (hyd) (V) (Pe) drawdown; (surv) depression. depresor m, depressor (aH senses). deprimido m (hid), drawdown. depurador m, c1eaner, purifier; filter. centrfugo (aa), centrifugal cleaner. de cok, eoke serubber (gas), - - de vapor, steam scrubber or purifier. depurar, to purify. 1erecha!, right hand.

m,

derecho m, grant, concession; law; a straight; right (hand). - - de bosque o de monte, timber rights. - - de paso o de va, right of way. derechos, taxes, duties, fees; rights. - - aduaneros o arancelarios, eustoms duties. - - consulares, consular fees. - - de agua, water rights. - - de almacenaje, storage or warehouse charges. - - de anclaje, anchorage dues. - - de atraque, wharfage. - - de baliza, beaconage. de barrera (ef). boomage. - - de depsito, storage dues. - - de entrada o de importacin, import or eustoms duties. - - de esclusa, lockage, locking charges. - - de exportacin, export duties. de faro, lighthouse dues. - - de gra, cranage, crane eharges. de lanchaje, lighterage. - - de mineraje, mining royalty. - - de muelle, wharfage. - - de patente, patent royalty. - - de puerto o de quilla, harbor dues, keclage. - - de remolque, towage, towing charges. - - de riego, irrigation rights; irrigation dues. - - de salida, export duty. - - de salvamento, salvage. de tonelaje, 'tonnage dues. - - petroleros, oil rights. - - portuarios, port eharges, harbor dues. deriva!, (naut) (geop) (pmy) drift; (naut) leeway. derivacin f. diversion; by-pass; branch, service conneetion; overflow; (elee) ShUllt: (math) ilerivation. _.~. central (ra), center tapo corta (elc), short shunt. del abonado (eI6c), service eonnection. de cable partido (elc), split cable tapo de enrollado mltiple (ele), multiplc-wrap cable tapo - . de nudo (e16e), knotted tap joint. de servicio (tub), house eonnection or serv-

ice.
enrollada (ele), wrappcd tap joint. -larga (clc), long shunt. - - maestra (ele), master service. - - particular (tub), houso serviee. derivada! (mat), derivative. derivado m, (ehem) derivative; braneh. derivados de coque, eoke by-products. derivador (m) de seguridad (vol), safcty shunt. derivar, to divert; (elee) to shunt; to branch off; (naut) to drift; (elec)(chem) to derive. - l a s juntas (eh), to break joints. derivativo a (qum)(mat), derivative. derivmetro m (fma), drift meter. derramadero m, (hyd) apron; spillwaYi (M) valley of a strearn. derramamiento m (hid), runoff. derramarse, to overflow; to run off. derrame m, (hyd) runoff, flow, effiuent, overflow; (bIdg) water tabIe; splay of a window ar doorjamb; (C) drip. overhang. slido (l;)(A), silt load.

derrapada

111

desatascar

derrapada J (auto) (M), skid, skidding. cloacal, sewer; sewerage. derrapar (auto)(M), to skid. de azotea (pb), roof drain. derretido m, (su) a melt; (cons) grout; a melted, de desperdicios (hid)(M), wasteway. de fondo. sluiceway, undersluice. molten. de cemento, (C) cement grouting. de piso (Pb), flaor dram. derretidor m, melter. domiciliario (Pb), house drall. derretir, to melt, fuse; derretirse, to melt, thaw; filtrante (pa), filter drain. to fuse. - inferior, subdranage, underdrainage. derribarboles m (te), treedozer. pluvial, storm-water sewer. derribador m, felling ax; building wrecker. supenicia1, surface drainage. derribar, to wreck, demolish; to fell. desahogado (hid) , unsubmerged. derribo m, wrecking, demolition, felling. desahogador m, relief valve or trap. derribos, building rubbish, debris. desahogar, to vent, relieve pressure; (~p) to derrisco m (top)(C), gorge. drain. derrocadora f (A), rock breaker. desahogo m, vent, discharge, relie! of presderrocamiento m, demolition; (A) rock excava1 sure. ton. esahuciar, (Ch)(Ec) to discharge (men). derrocar, to tear down, demollsh desahucio m, (eh) (Ec) discharge (men); (Pan) derrochar, to waste. exhausto derroche m, waste. desaire m (A), venting. derrota J, ship's course. desairear. to deaerate. derrotero m (nut), course, route. desaislacin J. removal o insulation. derrubiar, to erode, wash away. desajustarse. to get out of order. derrubio m, erosion, undercutting, scour, underdesajuste m, bad order, breakdown. mining; material eroded. desalabear. to straighten. glacial (A), glacial drift. desalineado m, drft (rivct) ; aout-of-line, untrue, unfair (holes). derrumbarse, to fall, collapse; to slide (earth). derrumbe m, fall, failure; slip, landslide; cave-in; desalinearse, to get out of lino. (sm) slump, flow; (min) cave, runo desalmacenar, to take outof a warehouse. . - - por deslizamiento (muro), sliding failure. desalojamiento m CM), displacement. por volcamiento (muro), tilting failure. desalojar. to dislodge, clear away. desabollador m, tool for straightening sheet desamoldar (cone), to strip forms. metal. desanchar (min)(M),to rasue. desabollar, to straighten out denta or bulges. desanche m (min) (M), resuing. desabsorcin J, desorptiol. desangramiento m (conc)(M) , bleeding. desaceitado, lacking lubrieation. desaparejar, to dismant1e, strip, unrig. desacelerar (M), to decelerate. desapemar, to loosen bolts; to remove bolts. desacentuador m (ra), deaccentuator. desaplomado, out-of-plumb. desacidificar, to neutralize acids. desapretar, to loosen. desacoplar, to uncouple, disconnect; (ra) to desapuntalar, to remove shores. desarbolar, to dismast. decouple. desacople m, uncoupling, throwout. desarborizaci6n J, dcforestation. desacoplo, desacoplamiento m (ra), decoupling. desarenador m, sand trap, grit chamber, catch desactivar, to deactivate. basin, (sw) silt basin sluiceway, sand desacuar, to remove wedges; to unseat. sIuice. desadoquinar. to tear up pavement. desarenar. to remoVe sand, desando desaereador m, deaerator. desarmable. collapsible, detachable, demountdesafilado, (t) dull. abIe. desafilarse, to become dull. desarmado, knocked down,dismantled. desarmador m, (Ee) cla.w bar, stripping bar; (M) desaforrar, to remove sheathing; (cab) to unscrewdriver. serve. desagarrar, to release a clamp or clutch. de cruz (M), screwdriver for recessed-head screws. desagotar, to unwater, drain. desagote m (C)(M), unwatering, draining. desarmar, to dismantle, disassemble; (fo) to desagregacin , disintegration. strip. desagregado, disintegrated. desarme m, dismantling. desagrupacin J (ra), debunching. desarraigador m (ee),rooter. desaguable, drainable. desarreglado,out-of-order. desarreglo m, bad order. desaguadero m, drainpipe, drain; (M) sewer. desaguador m, a drain; drainer; dewaterer. , desarroll4r, to unroll; to develop. desarrollo m, development. ~ de basuras (hid) trash sluice. desaguadora (f) de stanos, cellar drainer. de potencia. power development. desarticular, to disjoint. desaguar, to drain, unwater; to dscharge; desaguarse, to drain, drain off. desasfaltar (pet), to remove aspbalt, deasphalt desaguazar, to drain. desasiento m, unseating (pressure). desatascar, to r~move a.n obstruetion. desace m, drainage; a drain, drainpipe; ItUtter.
_ _ o

desaterrar

112

descomposicin

desaterrar. to remove silt; to clean up rubbish; (min) to remove deads. desatierre m (n'lin), removal 01 rubbish; a dump. desatorar. to remove obstruetionB; to elear away spoil or rubbish. desatonilllador m (AC), screwdriver. destonilllar, to unserew. desazolvar (M), to remove ailt. desazolve m (M), desilting. desazafrar. to desulphurue, (pet) aweeten. desbacterizacin! (A), sterilization. dellbalanceo m (V), unstable equilibrium. desbanque m, (M) stripping top soil; (Ee) sidahill exeavation. desbaratar, to wreck, demolish. desbarate m (eh), rubbish from a demolished building. desbarbador m, ehipping chisel. desbarbadora!, snagging wheel; chipping hammero desbarbar. to chip, trim. smooth off. anag. desbarnizar.to remove varnish. desbarrar. to remove sludge or ailt. desbastador m, hewer; any trimming or ahaping tool; (sa) trimmer; dresser. debastar, to dress roughly. trim. scabble. mag: to he'W. desbaste m, hewing; roughdressing. desbisagrar. to unhinge. dasbocarse. (machy) to race; (bl)(Pe to blow out. desbordarse. to overflow. desboscar, .to cut down traes. deforesto clear. desbosque m. clearing (land). cutting traes. desbroce m. clearing (1and). grubbing, (Ig) swamping; brushwood. branches. desbrozador m (ef). swamper, bwilier. desbrozar. to clear (1and). to grub, (lg) to 8wamp. desbrozo m, clearing (land); brushwood. desbutanizador m (pet), debutanizer. descabezamiento m, tension on a rivet; cutting off rivetheacl. descafilar. to clean mortar from brick. descalcador m. reen'ling iron. ravehook. ripping iron. descalcar, tcfremove calking. descalce m. removing wedges; underrnjnjng. descalibraci6nl (M). faulty calibration. descalzar, to remove underpinning; to remove wedges or chocks; to undermine. descamador m (herr). scaler. descamarse, to acate off. descaminarse. to run off a road. descamino m. running off a road. descansadillo, descansapi6 m (auto). footrest. descansillo m, star landing. descanso m. bearing, pillow block; star landing; levelstretch in a steep stream; (eh) water c1oset; (str) (A) bearing. de bolas. hall bearing. de rodamiento o de rodillo., roller bearing. descansos, (rr)(Pe) car brassea. descantear, to chamfer. aplay; to round off. descantilladora 1, (t) chipper. descantiUaduras 1, chips. spalls. descantillar, to chip off. spall; to bevel the edges

descantill6n ni (Col). template; straightedge. descapotar (Col), to strip topsoil. descarbonatar, to decarOOnate. descarbonizador m (az), deearboni~er. descarbonizar, to remove carbon; to decarbonize. descarburar, to deearbonize. descarga!, unloading, dumping; (byd) discharge. outlet; (maehy) emaust; (elee) discharge. espontlnea (ele), seH-diseharge, local aetion. -inferior. bottom dump (car). -lateral. side dump (car). -luminiscente (e16c). glow discharge. oscura (ele). dark discharge. radiante (elc), hrush discharge. supedlcial (elc). surlace leakage. trasera (co), real' dump. descargadero m, unloading platform. descargador m. (hyd) waateway, outlet, escape; (elee) lightning arrester; (e1ec)(steam) discharger; unloader (compressor). - a disco (elc). diskdischarger. - de acumulador, battery discharger. de carros, car unloader. de chispa apagada (ra). quenched gap. de fondo (presa), aluiceway. silt aluice. electrostAtico, electrostatio arrester. descargadora (j) de vagones. car unloader. descargar, ~ unload; to discharge; (eng) to exhaust; descargarse. to discharge to run down (battery). descargo m. unloading; (com) discharge. descargue m. unloading. descarrilador m (fe). derall switch. descarrilarse. to run off the track. descarrilo m (A). derailment. descascarar,se, ,ti> spall, scaJe, flake. descebarse (bm). to lose prime. descentrado,.out-of-line, off-eenter, eccentric. descimbrar, to strike cantera (arch). descimentar, to undermine. descincado m, dezmeification. desclavador m. claw bar, nall puller. desclavar, to pu1l naila. deselavijar. to remove a pin ol' cotter. desclorar, to dechlorinate. desclorinaci6n 1, dech1orination. dese1orinador m, dech1orinator. descoagulante, clot-dissolving. descobrar, to;decopperize. descohesi6n 1, decoherence. descohesor m (ra). decoherer. descolchar (eab), to unlay. descolmatar. to desilt. descoloraci6n I (pa). color removal. descolorante m. decoloruer. descolorar. to remove color, bleach, decolorize. descombrar. to muck, remove spoil, clean up. descombro m, muck, excavate<l material, rul>bish. descomponer, to decompose; to break down; to take apart; (math) to resolve; descomponerse, to decompose, dec8Y. rot; to get out o order. de.componible. decomposable. descomposici6n 1, decompositioa.

descomposici6n

113

desenlodar

_ . de fuerzas, resolution of forces. - - trmica (pet), cracking. descompostura 1, bad order, breakdown. descompresin 1, decompression. descompresot m, decompressor. descompuesto, out--of-order; disintegrated. desconcentrador m, deconcentrator. desconchamiento (m) a soplete (met) , fiamescaling. desconchar, to strip off; (met) to chip, Bcarf; desconcharse, to spall, seale off; to exfoliate, fiake. desconectador m, disconnect. diseonnecting switch, disconnector. fusible, diseonneeting fuse. desconectar. to disconnect; (elec) to cut out .lesconexin l. disconneeting. a tensin mnima (ele) , undervoltage release. descongelacin j (aa), defrosting. descongelador m, defroster. descongelar. to thaw. descontacto m (M), breaking contacto descontaminacin 1, deeontamination. descontinuidad 1, discontinuity. descontinuo, discontinuous. descorregido (inst), out-of-adjustment. descortezadorm (e). barker, rosser, pee1er, spudder. descortezadora l. bark mill. descortezar, to strip bark: to strip topsoil. descostrador m. boiler compound. descostrar, to remove scale; descostrarse. to spall; to seale. descrecer, (ti) to ebb; to fall (level o river). descripci6nj (lev). deseription. descuajar, to grub. descuaje m, grubbing. descubierto, exposed, open. - - , al, aboye ground, in sight, in the open air, in open cut. descubridor (m) de tubos. pipe locator. deschavetar. to remove a key or cotter. desdoblar, to straighten out, open up. take aparto desecacin J, drying, desiecation; (lbr) season~ ing; (M) drainage. desecador m, drier, dehydrator, desiecator. - - a roco (aa), spray drier. de cienos (dac), sludge drier. - - de contacto (aa), eontact drier. - - de tambor rotativo (aa), rotl1ry-drum dricr. - - instantneo. flash drier. desecante m a, desiecant. desecar, to dry, season. desieeate; (M) t drain, dewater. desecativo m, drier. desechar, to serap. desecho m, serap, junk; (surv) offset; (rd) de~ tour. desechos, spoil. waste, rubbish; Bcrap; rejeets (sereen) ; (min) deads; (min) tailings, chats. - - de curtido (is), tannery wastes. - - de chancado, crusher waste. - - de fundicin, foundry scrap. - - de hierro, scrap iron. - - de lavandera (a), laundry wastles.

- - de tintorera (is), dye wastes. desembaldosar, to take up tilo pavement. desembalsar (A); to discharge from a reservoir. desembancar. to remove silt. desembanque m, silt removal. desembarcadero m, landing place, wharf. flotante. landing stage dr float. desembarcar, to unload; to disembark. desembarco, desembarque m, unloacling; debarkation. desembarrar, to clear o mud or silt. desembocadura 1, outlet, mouth, outfall. desembocar (r), to disoharge, empty. desemboque m, mouth, outlet. desembragar.to release a clutch. desembrague m, clutch release, throwout. - - por sobrecarga, overload release. desempaador m, windshield cleaner. desempapar, to desaturate. desempaquetar, to remove packing. desempatar, to disjoint, take aparto desempedrar. to tear up paving. desempernar, to remove bolts. desempleo m, unemployment. desemplomar. to remove lead. desempotrar, to loasen something fixed 01' embedded. desenastar, desencabar, to remove a handIe. .desencadenar, to remove ehains. desencajar, to throwout of gear, unmesh, dis-joint. desencapadora j (ee). stripping shovel, skimmer scoop. desencapar. to strip (topsoil). desencapillar, to strip, unrig, dismantle. desencastrar, to free something embedded; to .. disconnect a mortise joint. desencebarse (bm)(Es),to lose prime. desencespedar, to strip sod. desenclavar, to pull nails: to release a c1utch. desenclavijar, to remove a dowel or pino desencofrar (cono), to strip forms. desencolar, to remove gluing or sizing. desencorvar, to straightcn. desenchufar. to unmesh; to unsock.et; to unnest. desenergizar, to ' le-energize. desenfangar. to c ' esilt, rcmove mudo desenfocado, out-o-focua. desenfrenar, to release brakes. desengalgar. to remove a chek orwedge. desenganchar, to unhook, disconneet, disengage. release, uncouple. desenganche m, unhookulg, uncoupling; (elec) release. - , de retraso (e16e), time relcase. desengoznar. to unhinge. desengranar, to throw out of gear, disen~age, unmesh. desengrasador m, grease remover. desengrasar, to degrease. desengrase m, degreasing. desengrilletar. to unshackle. desenjarciar, to unrig. desenladrillar. to take up brick pavement. desen:Iame m (M), removal o mudo desenlodar. to desilt, remove mudo

desenlosar
desenlosar, to take up flagston~s. desenmangar, to remove a handle or haft. desenmohecer, to clean off rusto desenrace m, grubbing. desenraizadora I (ec), rooter. desenraizar, to grub. desenrollar, to unreel, unwind, uncoil, unspooI. desenroscar, to unscrew. desenrosque m, unscrewing. desensamblar, to knock down. disassemble. desensibilizador m (fma), desensitizer. desensibilizar (fma), to desensitize. desensortijar, to remove kinks. desentablar, to strip off boards. desentarimar, to remove planking. desentarquinar, to desilt. desentechar (AC). to unroof. desentejar, to strip off roof tiles. desentornillar, to unscrew. desentubar, to remove boiler tubes. desenyerbar, to strip, remove grass. desenyesar, to tear off pIaster. desequilibrado, unbalanced. desequilibrio m, unstable equilibrium, unbalance. - - de impedancia (ra) , mismatch. desescamador m. scaling chise!. ' desescamar, to remove scale. desescarchador m. defroster. desescombrador (m) de alcantarilla, culvert cleaner. desescombrar, to cIear away rubbish; to muck. desescombro m. cleaning UP mucking. desespumar, to remove scum. desestaar, to detin. desexcitar, to de-energize. desfasado, desesfaje m (elc), phase displaccment; (ra) outphasing. desfasador m, phase shifter. desfasamiento m (elc), phase difference. desfatigar, to relieve stress. desferrificar, desferrizar, to deferrize. desfibradora 1, shredder, disintegrator. desfiladero m (top), gap, pass, defile. desflemadora 1, dry kiln. desfloculador m (is), defiocculator. desflocular, to deflocculate. desflorarse (V), to disintegrate, break up. desfogar, to vent; (hyd) to drain off. sIuice. desfogue m, relief (pressure); vent; outlet; (hyd) (M) wasteway, sIuice. desforestacin l. deforestation. desforrador de cable (elc), cable stripper. desforrar, to remove sheathing or lining. desfrenar, to release brakes. desganchar, to unhook. desgarrador m, ripper (road). desgarramiento m, (est) crippling; (V) shattcring, breaking up. desgarrn m, rent, tear, cut. desgasificador m, degasifier. desgasi6car, to degasify. desgastar, to erode, wear. abrade; desgastarse, to wear, wear out. desgaste m, erosion, abrasion, wear. detritioD.. desgoznar, to unhinge.

114

deslindar

desgracia 1, accidento desgrasar, to degrease. desguace m (mad), rough-dressing. desguarnecer, to strip off fittings, dismantle. desguarnir, te, unreeve; to strip rigging. desguazar (road), to rough-dress. deshacerse, to disintegrate. deshelador m, deicer. de dinamita, dynamite thawer. deshelar, to thaw; to deice; to unfreeze; deshe~ larse, to thaw. desherrar, to strip ironwork. desherrumbrar, to clean off rusto deshidratador m, dehydrator, dewaterer. de gas (pet), knoekout. deshidratar, to dehydrate, dewater. deshidrogenacin 1, dehydrogenation. deshidrogenar, to dehydrogenize,dehydrogenate. deshielo m, thawing. thaw. deshierbar, to grub. deshierbe m, grubbing. deshilachador (az), cane shredder. deshincar, to pulI (piles). deshojador m (hid), leaf screen. deshollinador m, soot catcher. deshollinar, to remove soot. deshumectador m (aa). dehumidifier. deshumectar, deshumedecer (aa) , todehumidify. deshumedecedor m (aa), dehurnidifier. de roco, spray-type dehumidifier. deshumidificar (A), to dehumidify. desifonar (A), to siphon. desigual, unequaI. desigualdad 1, inequality. desimanador m, demagnetizer. desimanar, desimantar, to demagnetize. desincrustador m, boiler-tube deaner; scaIing hammer. desincrustante m, boiler compound. desincrustar, to rernove scale. desinfectante m a. disinfectant. desinfectar, to disinfect. sterilize. desinflado, fiat (tire). desinflar, to defiate. desintegracin Ir disintegration; (pet) cracking. - - cataltica, catalytic cracking. - - trmica, thermal cracking. desintegrador m, disintegrator; (pet) cracking unit. de caa (az) (C), cane shredder. desintegrar, to disintegrate. desintonizar (ra), to detune. desionizar, to deionize. desisobutanizar (pet), to deisobutanize. desjuntar, to disjoint. take aparto desladrillar, to tear up brick paving. deslamar, to desilt, remove mud; (min) to desrime. deslastrar, to remove banasto deslatar, to strip off laths or battens. deslavable, erosible, erodible. deslavar, to erode, wash away; to wash, rinse. desla,:"e m, erosion; eroded material; (min) tai! mgs. desler, to dilute. deslindar, to roark bol1ndaries; to survey.

deslinde

115

desplantar

deslinde m, marking boundaries. deslingar, to unsling. d~sliz m, slipping, slip. deslizaderas j, slides; (hyd) gata guides; (ab) slippers; (lg) slip skids. deslizadero m, chute: (sb), slipway, launching way. deslizamiento plstico (A), plaetic :Bow. deslizar, to slide, slip; (rr) to creep (ralls). deslubrieado (A), lacking lubrication. deslumbramiento m, glare. deslustrado, dull (finish); grund (glass). desmagnetizador m, demagnetizer. desmagnetizar, t demagnetize, de-energize. desmangar, to remove a handle. desmaniguar (C) (PR) , to clear land. desmantelar, to dismantle. desmejorar, to damage. impair; desmejorarse, t deteriorate. desmenuzable, friable; unstable. desmenuzadoraj. pulverizer, erusher, shredder. desmenuzar, t crush, pulverize; desmenuzarse, t erwnble, disintegrate. desmezclado (cone), separated, unmixed. desmineralizador m (pa), demineralizer. desmineralizar, t demineralize. desmochar, to cut off, crop; (Col) to unroof. desmochos m (met), crop. desmodulacin I (ra), demodulation, detection. por rejilla, grid detection. . desmodulador m (ra), demodulator. desmoldador m, atripper (forms). desmoldar, t strip forms. desmontable, detachable. removable, collaps~ ible, demountable. desmontado, knocked-c;lown. dismantled. desmontador m, demounter. de neumticos (herr), tire remover. desmontaje m, dismantling, demounting, disassembly, teardown. desmontar, to dismantle, disnssemble, take apart; to demount; to c1ear (land); to excavate, dig, cut. desmontaviilvulas m, valve lifter. desmonte m, clearing; excavation, cut; dirt moving. ~ y terrapln, cut and fill. desmontes (min), deads. de cantera (Ch), quarry refuse. desmoronac;lizo, crumbly, easily disintegrated, unstabla (soil). desmoronarse, t crumble, disintegrate. desmultiplicacin 1, reduction (gear). desmultiplicador m, reduction gear. desmurar, to wreck walls. desnatador m, skimmer, (su) foam scraper. desnatar, to skim, remove scum. desnevado m, a thaw. desnitricar, to denitrify. desnivel m, difference o elevation, al1, drop, (hyd) head. bruto, gross head. de funcionamiento, operating head. efectivo, net or effective hoad. til, useful heOO. desnivelacin (, diiTerenc' o elc"'ation.

desnivelarse, to get out o level. desnudo,bare (wire). desocupacin 1, unemployment. desocupados, the unemployed., desodorante m, deodorant. . desodorar, desodorizar, to deodorze. desoxicolato de sodio (lab) , sodium desoxycholate. desoxidar, to deoxidize. desoxigenar, to deoxygenate, deoxidiza. desozonizar, to deozonize. despahador m, sender; dispatcher. del petrleo,oH dispatcher. de trenes, train dispatcher. despachante de aduana,customhouse broker. despachar, to ship; to fulfill (an order). despacho m, office; shipping, shipment; dispatch. de billetes, ticket office. de equipajes, baggage room. de telgrafos, telegraph office. telegrt\fico, telegram. despachurramiento m (est). crippling. despalmador m, dockyard. despalmar, to clean a vessel's bottom to roughdress. desparannaje m (pet), dewaXing. desparafinar (pet), to dewax, remove paraffin. desparedar, to throw clown a wall. desparramador m, distributer; spreader. desparramar. to sprad. desparrame m, spreading (fill). despasar (cab), to unree'Ve: to :Beat. despasioso (r), sluggish. despedazado, shattered, broken. despedida 1, .discharge (men). despedir, to discharge (men), lay off. despegar, toseparate, detach, disunite; despegarse, to take off (airplane). despegue m, separatin, detachment take-off (airplane). despejar, to strip (topsoil), clear: (math) to solve foro despeje m (mh) (A), c1earance. despejo m, clearing, stripping; clearance. despensa j, storeroom. despensero m, stl rekeeper. despefiadero m, diff, precipice. desperdicio m, spoil, exeavated material: waste. desperdicios. wastes. auranciiiceos (is), citrus wastes. de algodn, cotton waste. de cantera, quarry spalls; quarry waste. - - de hierro, junk, scrap iron. de lana, wool waste. industriales (is), industrial wastes. desperfecto m, damage, injury. despezar, t taper. despezo m, taper, (fdy) draft. despido m (Ee), discharge (employee). despiezo m, taper; (Col) laying out Or bonding o stones in masonry eOIlstruction. despilar. to remove pillars in a mine; to remove shores. despilarar (min), to throw downpillars. desplantar (M), to excavate; to set, place, lay out.

....
desplante
116
desviacin

desplante m (M), excavation; Bubgrade. desplayado m, flats left by receding water. desplazador m (mee), displacer. ~ de engranajes (auto),gearshift. desplazamiento m, (geol) (elee) (pmy) (na) (se) displacement; (rr) (U) ehange of line, relocation; (surv) offset; (mt) setover; (ra) drift. cargado (an), loaded dsplacement. - - de construccin (an) , molded displacement. de fase (elc), phase displacement or difference. ~ de paralaje (Cma), parallaetic displacement. - - de relieve (fma), relief displacement. ~ en plena carga (an), loaded displacement. - - en rosca o sin carga (an), light displacement. sin plancheado (an), molded displacement. desplazar, to displace. desplegador m (herr), spreader. despliegue m, unfolding; spreading. - - en abanico (geo), fan spread. - - en cruz (geof), cross spread. desplomar, to batter, incline; desplomarse, to get out o plumb; to collapse. desplome m, batter; (M) overhang; eollapse; (eone) slump. desplomo m, deviation from the vertical. despojado (maq). backed off. despojar, (mech) to back off; (pet) to strip. despojo m (mee), backing off. despojos, debris, rubbish, spoil. - - de albaal, sewage. de hierro, serap iron, junk. despolarizador, despolarizante m (elc). depolarizer. despolarizar, to depolarize. desprender, to detaeh, unfasten; to give off, emit; desprenderse (ot) to slip, slide, sag, slough. desprendible, detachable. desprendimiento m, loosening; (m) ernission; landslide, slip; (sm) slump, flow. - - de rejilla (ra), grid emission. --. terminico (ra) , thermionic emission, Edison effeet. despropanizadora J (pet), dcpropanizer. despulido, ground (g),ass). despumacin J, skimining; despumation. despumador m (is), foam eollector. despuntes cuttings; short ends o bara or Bhapes. desquebrajada (M), shattered (rock). desquiciar, to unhinge; to dislodge, break loose. desquijerar, to tenon. desraizar, to grub. desrecalentador m, desuperheater. desrielar, to derail. desripiador m (dac), grit chamber. desripiar, to remove gravel. desroblar, desroblonar, to cut out rivets. desrocamiento m (A), rack excavation. destajador m, striking hammer. destajero, destajista m, pieceworker; (min) tributer. destajo m, taskwork, piecework; (mm) tribute. destapadero m (elc), knockout. a palanquita, pry-out.

m:

destapar, to uneover, strip~ destechar, to unroof. destejar, to remove roof tiles. destellador m (elc), fiasher. destemplar, to anneal; destemplarse. to lose tempero destemple m, annealing; (pt) distemper. destilacin J, distillation. - - al vaco. vacuum distillation. intermitente (pet), batch distillation. pirognica (pet), cracking distillation. destiladera J, destilador m, a still. destilado m, distillate. destilar. to distill. destilera J, distilling plant; (pet) tefinery. destinatario m, eonsignee. destitucin J. discharge (men). destituir, to discharge (men). destorcer, to untwist, (cab) unlay. destornillador m, screwdriver; wrench. - - a crique, ratchet screwdriver. - - acodado o descentrado, offset serewdriver. - - automtico, spiral serewdriver. - - de berbiqu, screwdriver bit. - - de golpe o de percusin, impact screwdriver. destornillar, to unscrew. destrabador m (pet), bumper jaro destral m, hatchet. destripador m (az), cane shxedder. destrgro, cloekwise. destroncar, destronconar (M)(V), to clear land; to pull stumps. destroncadora J (ee), treedozer; stump puller. destronque m, clearing, grubbing; stump pulling. destrozar, to destroy; to shatter. destruccin J, destruetion. destrlctor m, destructor. destroyer. - de basuras, refuse destructor. - - de malezas, weed killer. del vrtice (hid), whirlpool breaker. destruir, to destroy, demolish; destruirse (mat), to cancel. destufacin J (pet), sweetening. destufador, desulfurador m (pet) , sweetener, sweetening still. desulfurar, to desulphurize, desulphurate, (pet) sweeten. desusarse, to become obsolete. desuso m, obsoleteness. desvanecedor m (ra), fader. desvanecimiento (ra), fading. desvaporar, to let off steam. desvaporizar, to devaporize. desvatado, desvatiado (ele), wattless. desvegetacin J (M), stripping of vegetation. desventador m, vento desventar. to vento desviacin J, diversion; deviation (compass); defieetion (angle) j (surv) departure; (rd) detour; (str)(C) defieetion; (pet) drift (maehy) runout; (elee) displaccment (brush), shift; displaeement (cl'ank); (ra) drift, deflection. del arco (sol), are blow. _ . de las escobillas (mot), brush displacement or shift.

desviacin -

117

da

electromagntica (ra) , eleetromagnetic de~ fiection. desviadero m (fe), siding: turnout. desviador m. deflector, baBle; diversion d~m; diverter; by-pass. de correa, belt shifter. del rayo (auto), headlight defiector. desviaje m, diversion. desviar, to divert: to defiect; (rr) to switch; desviarse, to deviate; to branch off. desvo m, diversion: by-pass;" (rr) "siding, turnout; (rd) detour; (ra) drift. de atajo (fe), catch siding. de las escobillas (e16c) (A), brush shifting. de frecuencia (ra), frequency drift. muerto, dead-end siding, spur track, stub . track. transversal (fe), erossover. volante (fe), fiying switch. desvimetro m (pet), drift meter. desvitrificacin J, devitrification. desvolcanarse (Col), to collapse; to be destroyed. desvolvedor m, tap wrench: (Sp) monkey wrench. desvulcanizador m, devulcanizer. desvulcanizar, to devulcanize. desyerbador m, grubber. desyerbar, to grub. desyerbe m, grubbing. desyuye m (A). grubbing. detallar, to detail. detalle m, detall. deteccin f (ra) (M), letection, demodulatio:l. - por diodo. diode detection. por placa, plate detection. por rejilla, grid detectiori.. - - por vlvula terminica,tube detection. detectador m (elc) (Col), detector. " detector m, (elec) detector; (rr)(A) detector bar. - - a diodo (ra), diode detector. a ley de cuadrados (ra), square-law detector. a vlvula. vacuum-tube detector. de cristales (ra), crystal detector or rectifier. de escapes o de fugas. leak or water-waste detector. de gas (pet), gas detector. de polarizacin negativa de rejilla (ra), gridbias detect.or. -lineal (ra), linear or pI\tte detector. - - terminico (ra), valve detector. detector-zapata (fe) (A), detector bar. detencin f, stop, delay, standstill, (mech) dwell. detenedor m (mee), arrester, catch. de ariete, water-hammer suppressor. de llamas, flame arrester. de polvo (aa), dust arrester. deterioro m, wear and tear; deterioration. determinacin (j) en blanco (lab), blank determination. determinacin hidrogeninica, hydrogen-ion determination. determinado (mat), determinate. determinante m f (mat), determinant. -"- continuante, eontinuant. cumulante. cumulant.
I

detonacinf, detonation,; (auto) knocking, piuking. detonador m, blasting machine; bla.'3ting cap. detonator, expIoder. . , comn, blasting cap. de explosin demorada, delay blasting cap. elctrico. exploder. elctrico de tiempo, delay electric blasting cap. instantneo. instantaneous blasting cap. retardado, delay blasting cap. detonadora J, blasting machine. detonancia! (mg), knoeking, detonation. detonante, highIy explosive, detonating. detonar. to detonate, expIoda. detrtico (geol), detrita1. detrito (m) de falda (A), talus. detritor m (dae), Detritor (trademark). detritos m, detritus, (tun) muck. deuda J. debt. a largo plazo, long-terro debt. - - consolidada, funded debt. flotante, floating debt. devanadera f, reel, spool. devanado m (e16c), willding. amortiguador, damper 01' amortisseur wind~ ing. anular o' de anillo, ring winding. de arranque (mot), starting winding. de cadena, chain winding. de canto, edge winding. de compensacin. compensating winding. de cuerdas, chord 01' short-pitch 01' fraetional-pitch winding. de espiras mltiples. banked winding. de fase partida, split-phase winding. de mucha o de trabajo (m.ot), running winding. de tambor. drum winding. diametral o de paso entero, full-pitch windiug. en derivacin, shunt winding. en jaul3., squirrcl-cage winding. en paralelQ, parallel or multiple winding. en serie, series 01' wave winding. en zigzag, zigzag winding. estabilizador. stabilizing or tertiary winding, imbricado, lap or multiple winding. inducido, armature winding. ondulado, wave or Ul),dulatory winding. regulador, regulating 'winding. - - reticulado, basket winding. simple. single winding. devanador m, reel, spool. devanadora J, winding machine; reel. devanar, to reel: to wind. devatado (ele) (A), wattless. dextrgiro, dextrogiratorlo,turning clockwise. dextrorrotatorio (az), dextrorotatory. dextrorso. clockwise; toward the right. deyeccin f (geol), debrs. deyecciones humanas, human excrement. fecal matter. dfam, day. de la marea, tide day. de pago,payday.

da
~ feriado, holiday. ' - hbil (A), workingday. -laborable o til, working day. das de gracia (tr) , days o grace. diabasa f (geol), diabase. diabsico, diabasic. diablo m, (M)(A) rail bender; (Col) jack; (eh) (M) pair o wheels or moving logs; (Sp) warehouse truck; (pet) (M) go-devil. diaclasa f (geol), diaclase. diaclasado, fractured, diac1astic. diaesquistoso (geol), diaschistic. diafona f (tel) , cross talk. difono m, diaphone (siren). diafragma m, diaphragm; (bdg) (M) backwall. iris, iris diaphragm. diagmetro m (elc). diagometer. diagonal f a, diagonal. diagonales cruzadas, X or diagonal bracing. dillgrAfico, diagraphic. digrafo m, diagraph. diagrama m, diagram. de acumulacin (hid), mass diagram. de corte (ms). shear pattern. de fuerzas, force diagram. del indicador, (eng) indicator diagram. de volmenes (ot), mass diagram. estereogrfico (geol), block diagram. vectorial, vector diagram. diagrimatro m, diagrammeter. dilaga J (miner), diallage (pyroxene). dialagita J (geol), diallagite. diamagntico, diamagnetic. diamagnetismo m, diamagnetism. diamante m, diamond. -,.-.' borde o negro, bort, black or carbon dia, mondo cortavidrio o de vidriero, glazier's diamond. diamantina J, diamantine (abrasive). diametral, diametrical, diametral. dimetro m, diameter. conjugado, conjugate diameter. de huella (M), tread diameter (sheave). del paso (rs), pitch diameter. de rodamiento, tread diameter (sheave). exterior, outside diameter, (th) major diameter. mximo (rs) , major or outside diameter (screw); fuU diameter (nut). mayor (rs), major diameter. menor (rs), minor diameter. mnimo (rs), minor or core diameter (screw); inside diameter (nut). primitivo (rs)(en), pitch or efi'ective diameter. dianegativa f (fma), dianegative. dianegativo a (fma), dianegative. diapositiva f, diapositive. diapositivo a, diapositive. diario m, log book; (act) journal. diastasa f (is) , diastase. diatomceo, diatomaceous. diatomea J, diatom. diatomita J. diatomite, diatomaeeous or infuso-rial earth; diatomite (explosive). dibromoquinona f Cis), dibromoquinone.

118

diferencia!

dibujador, dibujante m, draftsman. dibujar, to draw, draft. en escala, to draw to seale. dibujo m, drawing, plan; design, pattern. a mano alzada (e), freehand drawing. a mano libre o a pulso, reehand drawing. acotado, dimensioned drawing. de construccin en fbrica, shop drawng. de detalle, detail drawing. de ejecucin a de trabajo, working drawing. de lineas, line drawing. de montaje, erection plan. de rodamiento (auto), design o the tire tread. de taller, shop drawing. en perspectiva, perspective drawing. -lavado, wash drawing. patr6n, standard plan or drawing. dibujos del contrato, contract plans. diclcico a, dicalcium. dicalita, Dicalite (trademark), diatamaceous ailica. dicloramina f (quim), dichloramine. diclorodifiuorometano m (rfg) , dichlorodifluoro-methane. dicromato potsico, potassium bichromate. dieciseisavo m, one-sixteenth. dielctrico m a, dielectrico diente m, tooth, eog; (conc) bonding key; (hyd) cutoff wal1, toe waU; (hyd) dental. americano (si), great American tooth. biselado (si). gullet tooth. cepillado (en), machine-eut tooth. comn (si), peg ar common or tenon or plain tooth. -,- cortante (si), cutting tooth. '-,- de diamante (si), diamond tooth. de empotramiento (hid), cutoff wall. de envolvente normal (en), involute stand ard tooth. de envolvente truncado (en), stub involute tooth. de lanza (si), lance tooth. de lobo (si), gullet tooth. en M (si). lightning tooth. fresado, machine-cut tooth. -limpiador a raspador (si). raker ar drag taoth. postizo (si), bit. inserted tooth. tipo campen (si), champion tooth. triangular (si), mill tooth. dientes de choque (hid), baffle piers or blocks. diezmilsimo m, one ten-thousandth. diezmilmetro m, one-tenth o a millimeter. diezmillonsimo m, one ten-millionth. difsico (elc) (A), two-phase. derencia J (mat), difference. de tensin (elc), electric potential difference. en mb, plus difference. en menos, minus difference. derenciable (mat), differentiable. derenciacin J, differentiation. derenciador m (ra), differentiator. derencial J, differential (aU senses); (M) chain block; a differential.

I
jJ
;1

diferencial

119

dique

..."..,...,.., de cuatro satlites (auto). fourpinion differentia!. - diferir, to defar. ppstpone extend. prolong; to differ. difraccin J, diffraction. difractar, to diffract. difundir. to diffuse. difusibilidad J. diffusibility, (eonc) (chem) diffusivity. dusin J, diffusion; (ra) broadcasting. difusivo, diffusive. difuso, diffused. difusor m (dac), diffuser, disperser. -"- oscilante (dac), swing diffuser. difusora J (ra), broadcasting station. oigestin J, digestion. del fango o de los lodos (dac), sludge digestion. por etapas (dac), stage digestion. digestor m. digester. - - de basuras, garbage digester. --"- de cienos (dac). sludge digester. dilatacin J, expansion, enlargement. dilatador,dilatante, dilatant. dilatancia J. (Hlatancy. dilatar, dilatarse, to dilate, expando dilatmetro m, dilatomctcr. dilucin J. dilution. diluente m, diluent; (pt) thinner. diludo, dilute, thn. wcn.k. diluir, to dilute; to cut back (asphalt). dilutor m, diluter. diluvial (geol), diluvial. diluvio m, flood; heavy rain. "diluvin m (geol). diluvium. dimensin J. dmension (a11 senses). a escala, scaled dimensiono --- acotada, figured dimensiono -""- extrema, over-aH dimensiono dimensional, dimensional. dimensionar, to proportion, dimension to size. dimetlico, dimetallic. dimetilketol (az), dimethyl ketol. dina J, dyne. dingrafo m, dynagraph. dinmetro m, dynameter. dinama l. dyne. dinmica J. dynamies. dinmico, dynamic. dinamita 1, dynamite. -"-amoniacal, ammonia dynamite. - - corriente, straight dynamite. - - de alto amonaco, high-ammonia dynamite. - - de baja densidad, low-density dynamite. -"~ de base explosiva, extra dynamite. de nitroglicerina, nitroglycerin dynamite. - - gelatina, gelatin dynamite. para explotacin forestal, logging dynamite. -"- para sismgrafo, seismograph dynamite. dinamitar, to blast. dinamitero m, blaster, powderman. ssmico (geof). seismic shooter. dnamo m J, dynamo. -"- dinamomtrico. electric-cradle dynamometer. dnamo-freno, eddy-current brake.

dfnamo~motor, motor generator. dinamoelctrico, dynamoelectric. dinamomtrico, dynamon;tetric. dinammetro m, dynamometer. - - a friccin de agua, water brake. - - de aletas, fan-brake dynamometer. - - de corriente parsita, eddy-current brake. de friccin flida, fluid-friction dynamom~ eter. - - de retraso magntico, magnetic-drag brake. - - de torsin, torsion dynamometer. - - de transmisin, transmission dynamometer. elctrico de cuna, eleetric-cradle dynamometer. - - friccional, absorption dynamometer. - - hidrA.ulico, hydrodynamometer. dinamotor m (elc), dynamotor. dinatrn m (ra). dynatron. dinodo m (ra), dynode. dintel m, lintel, cap, doorhcad. dintelar, to place a lintel. diodo m (elc) ,diode. dipsido m (miner), diopside (pyroxene). dioptra J. sight of an instrument; alidade. dioptrial, dioptcr (unit oC lens power). diptrico, dioptric. diorita f (geol), diorite. - - miccea, mica diorite. - - nefelnica, nephelite-ciiorite. - - orbicular, corsite, napoleonite. diortico, dioritic. dixido m (qum), dioxide, bioxide. - - carbnico, carbondioxide, carbanic-acid gas. - - de azufre, sulphur dioxide, sulphurous anhydride. - - de silicio, silicon diaxide. siliea. diplex (ra). diplex. diplococos (is), diplococci. dipolar, dipolar. dipolo m a (elc), dipole. - - magntico, magnetic doublet or dipole. dipolos entongados, stacked dipoles. dipoUisico a, dipotassium. dique m. dke, levee i dam i (geal) dike, rib; (A) dock; (C)(Sp) drydock. a cabeza redonda (A), round-head-buttress dam. - - a contrafuer.tes, buttress dam. - - a gravedad, gravity dam. - - a vertedero, spillway or overflow dam, weir. aligerado (A), hoHow dam. - - d~ afioramiento, subsurface dam. de arco mltiple, multiple-areh dam. de ataje (A), cofferdam. de aterramiento (A), desilting dam. - - de captacin, mpounding dam. - - de carena o de buque, dry or graving dock. - - de cierre, bulkhead or nonoverflow dam. - - de contencin de arrastres, desilting dam. - - de defensa, levee, dike. - - de desvo, diversion dam. - - de embalse o de represa, impounding or storage dam. - - de encauzamiento, levee. - - de esconera o de enrocamiento, rock-filldam. - - de gua, training dike.

r
dique
120

disparo

- - de machones de cabeza redonda. roundhead-buttress dam. - - de retardo. retard, current or stream retardo - - de retencin. bulkhead or nonoyerflow dam; check. de ribera (U), levee. - - de tierra. earth or earth-fill dam. - de utilizacion mltiple, multiple-purpose dam. de zanja. ditch check. - - derivador o de toma, diversion llamo distribuidor (A), diversion dam. - - en arco, single-arch dam, arch dam. flotante. fioating dry dock. - - insumergible. nonoverflow or bulkhead dam. -lateral. saddle clam; wing o a. dam. - - marginal. levee. - - nivelador. diversion dam. - - provisorio, cofferdam, temporary dam. repartidor (A), diversion dam. - - seco, dry or graving dock. - - seco de carena, graving dock, graving drY' dock. - - sumergible o vertedor. spillway dam, weir, overflow dam. tajamar (A), cofferdam. tipo muro alivianado (A), roundhead-buttress dam. direccin , management; manager's office; (A) department, division, section; board of directors; address; (auto) steering; direction; instruction; (geol) strike. - - de edificacin, building department. de vialidad, highway department. - - general, headquarters. - - reversible (auto), reversible steering gear. direccional, directional. directiva J, board of directora. directividad (ra), directivity. directivo m, director (member o the board). directo. direct; straight. director m, director, manager, chie; (ra) director. - - de obras. construction manager. - - ejecutivo, executive director. - - general, general manager. directorio m, board o directors. directrices J (turb), guide vanes. directriz , directrix; arch template; (turb) guide vaneo dirigir. to manage, direct; (auto) to steer; to direct (lettcr). disacrido m (lab), disaccharide, biose. disco m, disk. alimentador (mh), dial feed. - - analizador (elc), scanning disk. - - centrador con ranura, crotch center (lathe). compensador (bm), balance disk. del mbolo. pistonhead. de estrella (ra)(Es), spider. - - de levas, cam ringo de mando del embrague (auto), clutchdriving disk. del nonio (inst), vernier plate. de taladrar. drill pad (lathe). ~ distribuidor (mv), wrist plateo

- - explorador o de orificios (tv), Bcanning disk. motor (auto), driving disk. - - para engranaje, gear blank. , para tubera (pet) , gasing dis~. disconformidad J (geol), disconformity. discontinuidad J, discontinuity. discontinuo, discontinuous. discordanciaJ (geol), unconformity, discordance. discordante (geol), unconformable, discordant. discreto a (mat), discreteo discriminacin (ra), discrimination. discriminador m (ra), discriminator. discriminante m a (mat), discriminant. discurrimiento m (U), flow. disector (m) de imgenes (tv), image dissector. disentera , dysentery. - - amibiana, amoebic dysentery. - - bacilar, baeillary dysentery. diseador m, designer. disear, to design; to sketch. diseo m, design; sketch. disgregacin J, disintegration, separation. disgregador m, cutterhead (dredge). - - de cienos (dac), sludge disintegrator. disillcato m (qum), disilicate. disillcico, disilicic. disimetra J, dissymmetry. disimtrico, unsymmetricaI. disimilacin (is), dissimilation. disipacin de placa (ra), anode dissipation. disipador m, (hyd) disperser; a dissipative. - - df3 energa (bid), energy disperser. de neblina (ap), fog disperser. disipar, to dissipate (heat), disperse. dislocacin J, a slide; (geol) dislocation, heave, offset; fault. ascendente (geol), upthrow. - - descendente, downthrow. -longitudinal (A), strike fault. rumbeante (A), strike fault. - - transversal. cross fault. dislocado (geol), aulted, displaced. disociacinJ (qum), dissociation. disdico a (qum), disodium. disoluble, dissoluble. disolucin , aolution; disintegration; dissolution. - - de sal, mtodo de (hid), chemical or titration or salt-dilution method. - - disolutivo a, solvento disolutor m (az), melter. disolvente m, 80lvent, dissolvent; a dissolvent. disolver, disGlverse, to dissolve. disonancia J (elc), dissonance. disparada (maq), raeing. disparador m, tripper, re~ease; blaster, powderman; (geop) shooter. - - de electrones. electron gun. - - de tensin nula, no-voltage release. disparadora (pet), blasting machine. disparar, to trip, relense; to explode; (hl) to shoot, fire, put off; dispararse (maq) , to race. disparejo, uneven. disparo m, discharge, explosion; (bl) shooting trip. ~ en abanico (geof), an shooting.

..

dispersador

121

dobladors.

dispersador m (dac), disperser. -.. - de chorro, jet disperser. . dispersin j, dispersion; (elce) leakage; (elee) dissipation. __ p,6mala (tv), anomll.lous dispersion. _ anormal (tv)(Es), anomalous dispersion. _ .. -' electrdica (ra), electrode dissipation. _ magntica, magnetic leakage, leakage .flux. _ snica de la niebla (ap), sonie fog dispersal. __ trmica de la niebla (ap), thermal fog dispersal. dispersivo, dispersive. dispersor m (dae), disperser, diffuser. _ de energa (hid), energy disperser or dissipatoro tipo de hongo (aa), mushroom air diffuser. disposi~i6n /, disposal; disposition, arrangement. - . del.agua de cloacas, sewage disposal. del albaal (e), sewage disposal. _ de las basuras, garbage disposal: refuse or . waste disposal. . dispositivo m, deviee, applianee, fixture, meehanism; arrangement, layout; faeility. -.'- de evacuacin (bid), outlet works'; blowoff arra.ngement. _ de gobierno (tc) , control or power control unit. - - de mando, control mechanism. de retro~eso, (eng) reversing gear. de seguridad, safety device. - - de sobrecorriente (elc), overcurrent device. -'-. derivadot (vol), slllmt attachment. cUspositivos -'-'' de distribucin (eJc), switchgear. -.. - de salida (bid), outlet works. -.-. de servicio (elc), serviee equipment. --.... de toma (hid), intake works. -.. - Plira torno, lathe attaehments. cUsrupcin /,disruption. disruptivo, disruptive. Jjstancia /, distance. cenital, zenith distance. de agrupacin (ra), drift apaee. -'- dedecolaje o de despegue (ap), take-off distanee. - .. de enfoque (fma), foeallength. de interrupcin (ele), break distance. de visibilidad (ca), sight or visibility diatance. -'.'- disruptiva (ele), spark gap. - - entre ejes, wheel base. explosiva (ele), spark gap. exterior (fe), externa! distance. focal posterior (fma), back focal distanee. polar, polar distanee, codeclination. - - progresiva (lev), cumulative distance. tangencial (fe), tangent distanee. --. taquimtrica, stadia distance. distanciamiento m, spacing, piteh. distanciomtrico, telemetric. distancimetro m (Es) (A), telameter. distorSin /, distortion. de atenuacin-frecuencia (ra) , attenuation oramplitude-frequeney distortion. - - del campo (elc), field distortion. - - de retardo (ra), delay distortion.

distorsionar (M), to distort. distribucin /, distribution. - - del encendido (mg), ignition timng. de sector (mv) , link motion. por circuito cerrado (ele), loop distribution. - - por derivaciones mltiples (elc), tree system of distribution. - - por parriUa (ele) , network system o distribution. Stephenson (mv), Stephenson's link moton. distribuidor m, distributor (aH senses) ; spreader; (se) slide valve; (turb) speed ring; (reinI) distributing bar; (p) manifold. - - a presin (ca), pressure distributor. cilfndrico o de mbolo (mv), piston valve. - - de encendido (auto), distributor, timer. distribuir, to distribute. distributivo t 'distributive. disuelto m (quim), solute; a dissolved. disyuncin / (geol), fracture. disyuntor m (elc) , circuit breaker, disjunctor, cutout. - - de contracorrientes, reverse-current circuit breaker. de dos vas, double-throw eireuit breaker. - - de mixima, overloadcireuit breaker. - - de mnima tensin, undervoltage circuit breaker. . - - de tapn, plug eutout. de va nica, single,-.throw circuit breaker. - - en aceite, oil.circuit breaker. en el aire, air breaker. divergencia /, divergenee; (auto) toe-out. divergente, divergent, diverging. divergir, to diverge. dividendo m (mat) (fin), dividendo divisas!. foreign exchange or currency. divisible, divisible. divisin 1, (math) (rr) division; (mech) indexing. continental, continental divide. diferencial (maq), dlfferential indexing. simple (maq), direct indexing. divisor m, (math) divisor; (dwg) (A) dividers. de fase (elc), phase splitter. de frecuencia (elc), frequency divider. de fuerza (auto), power divider. - - de muestras (lab), sample splitter. - - de voltaje, voltage 01.' potentia.! divider. divisora (f) de tensint voltage or potential divider. divisoria / (top), divide. continental, continental divide. de las aguas, divide, ridge. de las aguas freticas, ground-water divide. divorcio (m) de las aguas (top), divide, ridge. dobla / (Pe), night shift. dobladillo m (eh), hem. doblado, bent. al fuego o en caliente, hot-bent. en fro, bent eold. doblador m, (t) bender; (ra) doubler. de frecuencia (ra), frequency doubler. de rieles, ral bender. de tubos-conductos (elc), hickey, eonduh bender. dobladora 1, bending machine.

dobladora
de chapas, cornice brake. doblar, to bend; to double; to snub (belt); (auto) toturn doble, double, duplex. asta, muro de, wall 2 bricks tbick. campana (tub), double hubo citara, wall 2 bricks thick. decmetro (A), a rule 20 cm long. efecto, de, double-acting. - - escuadra (dib), T square. emafuerte (tub), double--extra-strong. fondo (en), double bottom. - T , 1 bearo; (p) cross. trenza, double-braid (insulation). - turno, double shift. . doblegarse (est), to buckle. doblete m (elc)(fma), doublet. doblez m, bend, kink. documentos de embarque, shipping documents. dile m, dolly; rivet seto doladera f, broadax; howel. dolador m, stonecutter; hewer; trimmer. dolar, to hew; to trim. dolerita I (geol), dolerite. traquttica (geol), trachydolerite. dolobre m, stone haromer; spalling hammer. dolomaj (geol) (roiner) , dolomita. dolomita I (M), dolomite. dolomtico, dolomtico dolomitizar, to dolomitize. dominante (mat)(elc), dominante domo m (arq) (geol) (miner), dome. de vapor (loco), steam dome. salino (geol), salt dome. donqui m (Ae), cargo hoist, winch. donsantiago m, ral bender. dormido m, mudsill, sleeper; (ab) deadwood. dorso m, back edge, heel. dos aguas, a, peaked (roof). dos bocas, de, double-ended (wrench). dos capas, de, two-ply; two-coat. dos colas, de, double-tang (file). dos etapas, de, two-stage (pump). dos tandas, de, double-shift. dos vueltas, de, double-throw (lock). dosadora I (A)(Pe), dosing or proportioning apparatus. dosaje m, mixture, proportioning. dosificaci6nj, doaing (conc) proportioning, mixture. dosificador m, proportioner, dosing apparatus; (cone) (A) bateher. dosificar, to proportion a mixture. dotacin l. duty (water), irrigation requirement Bupply; crew, personnel. corriente (auto)(maq), standard or regular equipment. de agua (U), water supply. unitaria de riego (irr) , water duty, allowance per unit o area. dovela J, voussoir. de ladrillo, arch brick. dovelaje m, set of arch stones. dovelar, to cut arch atones. dozavado. twelve-sided. draga 1, dredge; dragline outfit; drago

122
-

duraluminio

a balde (A), clamshell dredge. a cuchara, dipper dredge. ambulante o andadora o caminante, waIking dragline. aspirante o a succin. suction or hydraulic dredge, sand dredger. cavadora. dragline excavator; slackline cableway. . de almeja, Qlamshell dredge. de arcaduces o de cangilones o de escalera o de rosario, ladder or bucket or elevator dredge. de arrastre. slackllne cableway, slacldine- ' dragline; power drag scraper. de bomba centrffuga, suction dredge. de cucharn, dipper dredge. de cuehar6n de quijadas, clamshell dredge. de palanca (M), dipper dredge. de tolvas, hopper dredge. de valvas de almeja (M), clamshell bucket. dragado (m) hidrulico. hydraulic dredging. dragadora 1, dredge. dragaje m, dredging. dragalina I (Es), dragline. dragalinea I (M), dragline exeavator. dragar, to dredge (naut) to drago dren m, drain. inferior,' underdran. drenabilidad 1, drainability. drenable, drainable. drenaje m, drainage. de poblaciones, sewerage. drenar, to drain. dualina f, dualin (dynamite). ductibilidad I (A) (M), duotility. dctil, duetle. ductilidad f, duotility. ductllmetro m, ductiloiheter. dueto (m) de cables (M), cable duct. ducha 1, shower bath. duela 1, stave. para piso (M), flooring board. duelas para cielo (M), ceiling. dueleda 1, set of staves j hewing, trimming, rougbdressing. . dulce, frash (water); soft (steel); (chero) Bweet. dulcital (lab), dulcitol, dulcite. dulzura I (Pe), softness (water). dulzurar, to remove salt (water). duna J, dune. dunita/, (geol) dunite; dunnite (explosive). duodecimal, duodecimal. duodiodo m (ra), duodiode, double diode. duolateral (ra), duolateral. duotriodo m (ra), duotriode, double triode. duplicador (m) de voltaje (ra), voltage doubler duplicadora I (mh), duplicator. dplice, duplex, double. duplo m, double. duque de Alba, (pw) cluster of piles. durabilidad 1, durability. durable, durable, sound. duracin (J) de servicio, service life. duradero, durable. duralita f, Duralite (trademark). duraluIninio m, duralumin (alloy).
!

duramen
duramen m, duramen, heartwood. dureza J, hardness; hardness 01 water. - a indentacin, indentaton hardness. __ Brinen, Brinell hardness. carbonatada o de carbonatos (pa), carbonate hardness. carbontica (pa)(V), carbonate hardness. del escleroscopio, scleroseope hardness. de jabn (pa), soap hardness. de sulfatos (pa), sulphate hardness. ....- escleromtrica (miner), scratch or scleroseope hardness. no carbonatada (pa), nonearbonate hardnesa. durmiente m, mudsill, groundsill, ground plate, solepiece; (hyd) gate sill (rr) tie, erosstie; (sh) clamp. de aguja (fe), switch tie. de caballete, sill 01 a trest1e oont. de cambio o de chucho (fe), switch tie. de gra, derriek aill. - - de palo (fe), pole tie. de puente (le), bridge tie. durmientes de desvo (le), switch timber. durmientes de grada (en), ground wa.ys. duro, hard. al rojo, red-hard. dur6metro m, durometer.

123

eje

ebanista m. joiner, eabinetmaker. ebanisteda J, joining, eabinetmalcing; (V) trim, millwork. bano m, ebony. ebonita J, ebonite. ebonizar; to ebonize. ebullicin J, ebullition, boiling. ec11metro m, clinometer. eclisa J (le), splice bar, 1ishplate. -'- angular o cantonera, angle bar. - de alivio o de resalte, easar joint bar. de deslizamiento, ereeping plates. elctrica (Ch), ral bond. eclisar, to place splica bars. economato m, commissary store. con6metro m, econometer. economa f, economy; saving. economista de petr61eo, petroleum economist. Elconomizador m, economizar. de combustible, fuel economizar. de petrleo, oil saver. economizador (a) de trabajo, laborsaving. ecuacin J, equation. ,-'- de estado (aa), equation 01 state. de primer grado, simple equation. ecuador m (geog)(mat), equator. echado m (geol) (M), dip. echar (exc), to casto -'- a andar, (maehy) to start. -'- a pique (nut), to wreck; to sink. abajo, to wreek, demolish. - - carbn, to stoke. elllncla, to drop anchor. el escandallo, to taIce soundings. ---- uJJ, remiendo, to patch.

edafo16gico, ecJaphologica1. edificaci6n J, building; a building. edi.cador m, hulder. edificar, to build, construct, ereet. edificatorio, pertaining to building. edificio m, a building. de administracin (ap), administratior building. de combusti6n lenta, slow-burning building (mill construetion) . de madera, trame building. incombustible, fireproof building. educcin f, eduction; (eng) exhaust; (pu) discharge. eductor m, eductor, exhauster steam ejector. edulcorar (A), to soften (water). efectivo (mee) (elc) , effective. efecto m (mec)(elc), affect. ametralladora (ra) (A), shot affect. - - de arco (ms), arching effect. de borde (ra), fringe effect. de chimenea (aa), stack or chimney effect. de parpadeo (ra), flicker,effect. doble, de, double-aeting. Edison (ra), Edison effect (therinionie emiasion). Joule (ele), joulean affect. Kelvin (ele), skin or Kelvin effeet. pelicular (elc), skin effect. simple, de, single-acting. termoelctrico, thermocurrent, thermoelec~ trie effect. nico, de, single-acting. til de transmisi6n, transmission efficiency. volante (ra), flywheel effect. Volta (ele), eontact tension, Volta effect. efectos. elctricos (C), electrical supplies. marinos, marine hardware or supplies. sanitarios (e), plumbing fixtures. eficaz, effectiva. eficiencia J, efficiency. eficiente, efficient. eflorescencia f, efHorescenee (min) (Pe) outcrop. eflorescerse, to efHoresce. efluente m, effiuent, outflow. efluvio m (elc), efHuvium. efusivo (geol), effusive, extrusive. egin m (M), aeab, cleat, ehock, bracket. egreso m, egresa, exit. eidgrafo m (dib), eidograph. eje m, axis; shaft, axIe, sheave pin; eore. acanalado, spline shalt. acodado o cigeal, crankshaft, crank axle. auxiliar, countersha.ft. baricntrico (est), centroidal or gravity axis. cardnico, cardan shaft. compensador, eompensating axle. completamente flotante, full~floating axIe. de ajuste (as), set shaft. de atrs, rear axle. de cambio (auto), shifter shalt. de camo (cab), hemp center. de carretn, axletree. de centro bajo (auto), drop~center axle. de colimacin, line of collimation.

eje
-

124
-

electrof6resis

i:

i'

de contrapunta (mh). tailstock spindla. de coordenadas, axis of coordinates. de direccin (auto), steering shaft. de doble reducci6n (auto), double-reduction axle. del mbolo, (Sp) pistonrod; (auto) pistonpin. - - de la excntrica, eccentric shaft. de excntricas (mg) (A), eamshaft. de la hlice (en), propeller shaft. de henequn (cab), hemp cantero de impulsi6n, driving shaft or axle. de inclinaci6n (fma), axis of tUte de levas, camshaft. de lnea, line shaft. de mando, driving axle~ de manivelas (C), crankshat. -'- de momentos, center of moments. de oscilacin, axis of oscillation. de propulsin (auto), propeller shaft. de sierra, saw arbor, saw mandrel. de transmisin, driving or tina or transmisaion shaft. - - de vaina, quill shat. de la va (fe), center Jine of track. - - de visaci6n (lev), line o sight. - - delantero. front axle. director, steering axle. dividido. split shaft. - - exterior (trnsito), outer spindle. fibroso. fiber center (wire strand). fiducial (fma) , fiducial or plate or photograph axis. flotante (auto), floating axle. fuera de bordo (en), tail ahaft. impulsado, driven shaft. --interior (trnsito), inner apindle. - - intermedio o de transmisin intermedia, eountershat, jackshaft. -libre (est)(A), axis o inertia normal to lattieing. --loco, idler shaft. maestro (maq), line ahat. magntico, magnetic axis. - - material (est)(A), axis of inertia parallel to latticing. - - mayor, major axis. menor, minor aXis. momentneo, instantaneous axis. - - motor, driving shat, driving or live axle. muerto, dead axle, (tk) trailing axle. neutro, neutral axis. oscilante, rockshaft. partido, split shaft. - - polar (fma), polar axis. portahlice (en), propeller shaft. separador, isolatng shat. - - ssmico, seismic axs. tres cuartos flotante, three-quarter-floating axle. vivo (M), live axle. ejeMbalancn, rocking axle. eje-mandril (A), lathe mandrel. ejercicio m, fiscal year. eji6n m. scab, c1eat, chock, braeket. elaboracin 1, manufacture, abrication, processing.

de los agregados (conc), aggregate proceas-ing. de maderas. woodworking. elaborar. to work (material), process; to manufacture; (eh) to fahricate. . elastancia j (elc), elastance. especfica. elastivity. elasticidad l. elasticity, resilience, spring. elctrica. electric elasticity, elastivity. elstico m, (auto) a spring; a elastic. elastita 1, Elastite (trademark) (expa.nsioo joint). ele l. angle iron; pipe elbow. cerrada, short elhow. con derivacin, side-outlet elbow. de base. base elbow. de curva abierta, long-radius elbow. de lomo, bossed elbow. de reduccin. reducing elhow. electricidad 1, electricity. dinmica, dynamical or voltaic electricity. esttica, statical electricity. electricista m, electrician. de obras. erecting or installing electrician. wireman. elctrico, electrice electrificar, electrizar, to electrify. electroacero m (M), electric stee!. electroacstico, electroacoustic. electroafinidad 1, electroaffinity. electroanlisis m, electroanalysis. electroanalizador m, electroanalyzer. electrobomba 1, motor-driven pump. electrocapilar. e1ectrocapillary. electrocintico, electrokinetic. electrocloracin 1, electrochlorination. electrocomunicaci6n 1, electrocommunication. electrocorrosi6n 1, eleetrolytic corroSion. electrochapeado m, electroplating. electrodeposicin j, electrodeposition, electroplating. electrodinA.mica 1, electrodynamics. electrodinmico, electrodynamic. electrodinammetro m. electrodynamometer. electrodo m, eleetrode. . - - acelerador (ra) , accelerating electrode. baado (sol), washed or bare or lightly coated electrode. cubierto (sol), eovered electrode. de calomelanos, calomel electrode. de enfoque (tv), focusing electrode. de placa, plate electrode. de tierra., grounding electrode. desnudo (sol), bare or lightly coated eleetrode. revestido con fundente (sol), flux-coated electrode. semirrevestido (so1), semicoated electrode. electrodos coplanos (ra), coplanar electrodes. electroesherardizacin I (met), electrosherardizing. electroesttica J, -electrostatics. electroesttico, electrostatic. electro:61tracin I (geof), filtration. electr6fono m, electrophone. electrofresis 1, e1l.lctrophoresis.

electroforjado

125

eliminador

electroforjado, electrofraguado, Electroforged (trademark). electrofusi6n 1, electrofusion. electrogalvinico, electrogalvanic. electrogalvanizar, to electrogalvanize. electrogenerador m, electric generator. electrgeno, generating electricity. electrogrfico, electrographic. electrohidrulico, electrohydraulic. electroimn m, electromagnet. electrolero m, electrolier. electr6lisis 1, electrolysis. electroUtico, electrolytic. electrlito m, electrolyte. electrolizar, to electrolyzc. electrol6n m, Electrolon (trademark) (abrasive). electromagntico, electromagnetic. electromagnetismo m, electromagnetismo electromeclinica J. electromechanics. electromecnico m. worker on electrical machinery; a electromechanical. electrometalurgia 1, electrometallurgy. electrometra 1, electrometry. electromtrico, electrometric. electrmetro m, electrometer. de balanza, balance or absolute electrometer. -.- de cuadrante, quadrant electrometer. de torsin, torsion electrometer. electromotor m, electric motor; a electromotive. electromotriz, electromotive. eloctrom6vil m, electric automobile; a (A) motordriven. electrn m, electron. electronegativo, electronegative. electroneumtico, electropneumatic. electrnica J, electronics. electrnico, electronic. electrosmosis 1, electroosmosis. electroosmtico, electroosmotic. electropolar, electropolar. electropositivo, electropositive. electropropulsin J (an), electric drive. electroqufmica J, electrochemistry. electroqumico, electrochemicaI. electrorreceptivo, e\ectroreceptive. electrorreducci6n 1, electroreduction. electrorrefinaci6n J. electrorefining, electrolytio refining. electroscpico, electroscopic. electroscopio m, electroscope. electrosem.iforo m (A), electrically operated semaphore. electrosiderurgia 1, electrometal1urgy of iron and steel. electr6smosis 1, electrosmosis, electroosmosis. electrosoldadura J, electric welding. electrosttica J, electrostatics. electrosttico, electrostatic. electrotecnia J, electrical engineering, electro-technology. electrotcnica 1, electrotechnics, electrical engineering. electrotcnico m, electrical engineer; a electrotechnicaI. electrotrmica J, electrothermics. electrotrmico, electrothermal, electrothermic.

electrotermstato m, electrothermostat. electrotitulacin 1, electrotitration. elemento m, (chem) element; (elec) element, ceU; (str) member. de acumulador (elc), storago cell. de cadmio (elc). cadmium or 'Veston cell. de caldeo, heating elemento del objetivo (fma), lens elemento de resistencia (elc), resistor elemento motor (tel), motor elemento obturador (pet), pack-off elemento testigo (elc), pilot cell. elementos de urgencia (eIc), emergency cells. elementos hidrulicos, hydraulic elements. elevacin J, elevation, altitude; (dwg) elevation; lift. _. acotada (top), spot or figured elevation. delantera, front elevation. - - desarrollada, devcloped eleva.tion. en corte, sectional eleva.tion. en el extromo, end elevation. -lateral, side clevation. posterior, rear elcvation. elevado m (M) (PR), elevator. elevador m, elevator, lift; hoist; booster. cargador, elevating charger. del aguiln (pI), boom hoist. de automviles; automobile lift. de bagacillo (az), trash elevator. de baldes (V)(B), bucket elevator. de caja de camin, truck~body hoist. de cangilones o de capachos, bucket elevatoro ladder. del carbn animal (az), char elevator. de carga. freight elevator. de cenizas, ash hoist. de cienos (dac), sludge elevator. de la compuerta (hid)(M), gata hoist. de correa, belt elevator. de cristal (auto), window opener. de cubos, bucket elevator. de cuezos, hod hoist or elevator. de efecto directo (co), direct-lift hoist. de la potencial (016c), booster. de leva y rodillo (co),cam-and-roller hoiat. de tensin (elc), booster. de tubeda (pet), tubing.elevator. elevador-reductor (e1c), reversible booster. elevadora (j) conformadora (M), elevating grader. elevar, to elevate, hoist, raise. al cuadrado (mat), to square. - . a potencia (mat), to raise to a power. elevatorio a (Pe), elevating, raising. eliminacin J. elimination. de las basuras, garbago disposaI. de olores (is). odar remova1. de sabor (pa), taste removaI. eliminador m. eliminator. de aceite, oH separator or eliminator. de antena (ra), antenna eliminator or adapter. de arena (ec), sand eliminator. de bateras (ra), battery eliminator. de golpe de ariete, water-hammer suppres-sor.

eliminador
-'- de remanso (hid), backwater suppressor. elinvar m, elinvar (alloy). elipse I, ellipse. elipsgrafo m, ellipsograph. elipsoidal, ellipsoida1. elipsoide m, ellipsoid. elptico, elliptica1. elongacin 1, elongation. elongmetro m (Es), extensometer. elutciacin 1, elutriation. elutciador m, elutriator. elutriar, to elutriate. eluvial (geol), eluvial. eluvin m (geol), eluvium. emanacin 1, (chem) emanation; (bl) fumes. embadurnar. t butter (brick). embalaje m, packing (far shipment). embalamiento m. (eng) racing, run-up. embalar. to pack; t bale; (machy) to race, spin embalarse, (machy) to race. embalastar, to ballast. embaldosar, to pave with tile; to Bag. embalsadero m, marsh; pool. embalsado m (A), marsh; pool. embalsar, to impound, dam, pondo embalse m, impounding (water); reservoir; (Sp) dam. - - de acumulacin (A), storage reservoir. - - de almacenamiento o de reserva, storage reservoir. - - de aprovechamiento mltiple, multipurpose reservoir. - - de compensacin, equalizing reservoir. - - de detencin, detention basin. - - de retencin, flood-control reservoir. --,de uso simple, single-purpose reservoir. '. --; regulador. regulating reservoir. - - retardador, retarding basin or reservoir. embancamiento m (Ec) , embankment. embancarse, to silt up (reservoir). embanque m, silting; deposit o silt; (Ec) embankment. embanquetar (M), to laya sidewa1k. embarbillar (carp), to join, frame, assemble. embarcacin 1, boat, vessel. de alijo, lighter. embarcadero m, loading platorm, wharf; ferrYi ferry slip; (lg) yard, landing. - - flotante, landing stage. embarcador m, shipper; shipping agent. embarcar, to ship; to load. embarnizar. to varnish. embarque m, shipment, loading. embarrado m, mud plastering; rough plastering. embarrancarse, to stick in the mud; (naut) to run aground. embarrar, to plaster with mud; to rough-plaster; to pug. embarrilar, to pack in barreIs. embarrotar (nut), to batten. embasamiento m, footing; base course, plinth course. embayonetar (est) (A), to crimp. embeber, to imbibe; (Col) to embed. embecadura l. spandrel (arch). embestida 1 (pI), crowding.

126

embrague

'1"",',1

'1

embetunar, to impregnate with pitch to bitu, minize. embisagrar, to hinge. emblandecer, emblandecerse, to soeten. emblecar (1\.), to tre~t with tar or asphalt. embobinar (elc)(M). to wind. embocadero m, embocadura 1, mouth, outlet. embolada 1, pisten stroke; piston displacement. mbolo m, piston. - - amortiguador, damping piston. buzo de empaque central (bm), centerpacked or inside-packed plunger. - - buzo de prensaestopa exterior (bm), outside" end-packed plunger. - - compen~ador, balance piston (turb) dummy piston. - - de cierre hidrulico, water-packed piston. de cubeta, cup-type piston. - - de disco, disk piston. - - distribuidor (mv), piston valve. - - economizador (a.uto), economizer piston. - - equilibrador (bm), balancing piston. - - macizo, plunger, ramo mbolos opuestos, opposed pistons. embolsador m. bagging machine, cement packer. embolsar. to put in bags. embonado m (V), leveling course o mortar under roo tiles. embonar, to repair;to reinforce. embono m (cn), liner, filler. emboque m, mouth. emboquillado m, mouth, portal; (mas) pointing or chinking joints. emboquillar, to splay; (mas) to point or chink joints. embornal m, scupper. ~mbotar, to blunt, dull. embragar, to throw in a clutch; te sling. embrague m, clutch. a flido (auto)(A), fluid drive. - - amortiguador, cushion c1utch. - - de anillo, rim or ring riction c1utch. de avance o de marcha (pI), travel clutch. de banda o de cinta, band clutch. - - de cojn, cushion clutch. - - de compresin, compression clutch. de direccin, steering clutch. - - de disco flotante, floating-disk c1utch. - - de disco seco, dry-disk clutch. - - de disco nico, single-disk c1utch. de discos mltiples, multiple-disk clutch. de expansin interior, internal-expanding clutch. - - de frotamiento, riction clutch. - - de garras, claw or dog clutch. de giro (pI), swinging clutch. - - de manguito, sIeeve or coupling clutch. - - de mordazas o de quijadas, jaw clutch. de placa seca. dry-plate clutch. de placa triple, thrce-plate c1utch. de platos, disk or plate clutch. de rodillos, roller clutch. - - de rueda libre (auto), overrunning or freewheeling clutch. dentado, toothed or dental cIutch. deslizante, slip clutch.

embrague

127

emparrillado

espiral, coil c1utch. maestro, master clutch. embreadoraj (en), piteh payer. embrear, to eoat or impregnate with taro embridar, to flange. embrochalar, to frame with a header beam. embudador m, oi! hole to hoId a funnel. embudiforme (A), funnel-shaped. embudo m, funnel; leader head; (M)(C) hopperj (C) bin; (top) hollow. acodado, offset funneI. de abatimiento de presin, cone ofpressure relief (ground water). de azotea, leader head. de caa (az), eane hopper.. de depresin del nivel fretico, cone of water .table depression. ensacador (az) , bagging bino .- separador (lab), separatory funne!. sumidero (hid) (A), 8haft or glory-hole spillway. embujar (maq)(C)(A), to bush. embulonar (A), to bolt. embutideraj, rivet set; nail seto embutido, countersunk; embedded; flush. y emparejado (re), countersunk and chipped. embutidor m, nail set; pile follower; rivet set, driving die; puncho de tapones (fe), tie-plug puncho embutir, to embed; to eountersink; (earp) to let in. emergencia /, emergenee; emergeney. emisario m, outIet, outfall. emisi6n J (ra), emission. espectral (H), speetral emission. emisividad J, emissivity. emisor m (ra), transmitter, emitter. emisora J, broadcasting station. emitir, to emit; (ra) to broadcast, beam. empacable, nestable. empacar, to pack (for shipment). empadronar, to take a eensus; to register irriga~ tion subscribers. empajar, to cover with straw. empalizada j, paling fence. eILpalizadas (A), treneh sheeting. empalmadar m, connector, clamp; splicer. empalmadora (1) de correa, belt lacer. empalmadores (m) para correa, belt clamps or hooks. empalmar, t splice, join, connect. empalme m, (carp) joint; (elec) aplice; (rr) junetion; (cab) splice; (p) coupIing, joint; (mech) connection, joint; (rd) intersec~ tion, junetion. a cola de rata (ele), rat-tailed joint. a media (carp), haIved joint. a rosca, threaded connection. a tope, butt joint. amilanado o de cola de milano, dovetail joint. - - biselado, miter joint. borde (C), butt joint. britania (ele), Britannia joint. carretero, road intersection. corto (cab), short splice.

cubierto (ele), shielded joint. charpado (ele), sear joint. de aletas (elc), lug aplice. - - de compresin (ele), compression splice. de cruz (eJc) , cross joint. - - de derivacin (elc), tap joint or aplice. de enrollado mltiple (ele) , multiple-wrap cable splice. de enrollado simple, single-wrap cable spliee. de espiga. y mortaja (carp), mortise-andtenon joint. de reduccin (elc), reducing joint. de solapa, lap joint. de vas (fe), junction. derecho (elc), straight-line splice. dobl!ldo (elc), back-turn spliee. en cruz de enrollamiento paralelo (elc) , double eross joint. - - invisible (ca), blind interseetion. -largo (cab), long or endIesa splice. para artefacto (eMe), fixture splice. para manguera, hose coupling. retorcido (ele), twist splice. termoelctrico, thermojunction. empalomado m (Es){Col), diversion dam of dry masonry. empalletado (m) de choque, fender or eollision mato empandarse, to deflect, sag. empanelado m (V), paneling. empantanar, to Bwamp, submerge; empantanarse, to stick in the mud, bogdown. empaetar, to plaster. empaete m. plaster, stucco. empapar, to soak, saturate. empaque m, gasket, p~ckihg, oakum; (elec eab) bedding; (str) filler plte. acopado, seating ClIp (oil-welI pump). de cara completa (tlIb), fuU-faee gasket. de cojn (ele), cushion gasket. de hule. con insercin de tela, cloth-insertiOD packing. de vAstago, rod packing. para calafatear (M), ca.Iking yarn. empaquetadura /, packing, gasket. con insercin de alambre, wire-insertion packing. de camo, hemp packing. - - de cinta, gasketing tape. - - de cuero crudo, rawhide paeking. de laberinto, labyrinth packing. de lino, flax packing. del lodo (pet), mud seal. de mecha, wick packing. laminar, sheet packing. metlica fibrosa, fibrous metallie packing. retorcida, twist packing. tubular, tubular gasketing. empaquetar (mee), to paek. emparchar,to patch. emparedar, to wall up. emparejadora /. straightedge, screed. emparejar, to grade, level off; (n) to surface; (re) to chip; to screed; to rough-plailter. emparrillado m, grillage, grating, grate, grid; (rr) gridiron tracks.

emparrillado
de bliseula. tilting grate. - - de piso, fioor grating. - - oscilante, shaking grate. empastar, to paste; (M) to grasa. empatar, to aplice, join. empate m, joint, splice, seam. a inglete. miter joint. de solapa, lap joint. de tope, butt joint. para cadena, connecting or repair link. para cinta (lev), tape splice. empatillar (A), to splice, join. empavonado, blue (5teel). empedrado m, stone pavement. empedrador m, pavero empedrar. to pave with stone. empegar, to coat with pitch. empelotarse (C), to spall. empernar, to balt, spike, doweI, pin: (str) to fit up. empilar (V), to pile, pile up. empinado, steep; high. empinarse. to slope up: to stand at a steep sIope. empino m, crown of an arch. emprico. empirica1. empizarrar, to roof with slate. emplantillado m (Ch), floor paving. emplasto m, patch (tire). emplazamiento m (PR), Iocation, site. emplazar (A), to set, place. locate. empleado m, employee; office employee. emplear, to employ. empleo m. employment. emplomado, poured or coated with 1ead. emplomador m. leadworker. emplomadura J, leadwork. emplomar, to lead. empolvarse, to become dusty. empotrado, embedded: fixed (beam). por una extremidad, fixed one end. empotramiento m, abutment; embedding; (P)(V) branch outlet; (V) service connection to a sewer. empotrar, to embed, to fix in a wall; (carp) to Iet in; (B) to mortise. empotre m (V), hOliSe connection to a sewer: tap in a main. empozarse, to orm pools, become stagnant. empresa J, undertaking, enterprise: company. constructora, construction company. - - de acueducto o de agua potable. water company. - - de servicios pblicos, public-utility company. - - de transporte, carrier, transportation company. - - fiadora. bonding company. fiscal, a government enterprise. - . por, by contracto empresas municipales, municipal utilities. empresario m, contractor: employer. emprstito m, borrowed fill; a loan. empujador m, pusher. de carros, car mover or pusher. de tubos, pipe pusher. empujadora J, pusher.

128
-

encalar

::j

:1

de almeja. bull clam shovel. de ngulo, angledozer. de trailla. scraper pusher. niveladora. bulldozer, Bullgrader, Roadbuilder. empujar, to push. empujatierra J, bulldozer. empuje m, thrust, push, pressure; bearing (rivet or pin); (sh) crowding. a cable (PI), cable crowd. de cadena (pI), chain crowd. hidrosUtico (pet), water drive. por gas (pet), gas drive. empuadura (1) de pistola. pistol grip. emulsificadora J, emulsifier. emulsificar. to emulsify. emulsi6n J, emulsion. de penetraci6n (ca), penetration or quick... breaking emulsiono emulsionadora J, emulsifier. emulsionar, to emulsify. emulsivo, emulsive. emulsoide m, emulsoid. emulsor m, emu1sifier: (hyd)(Sp) air !ift. enaguazar, to flood; to saturate. enajenaci6n (1) forzosa, expropriation, condemnation. enchanchar, to widen. enangostar, to narrow. enarcar (Es), to arch. enarenacin J, sanding; plastering of lime and sand. enarenar. to sand; to deposit sand, silt up. enastar, to put a handle on. encaballar, to lapo encabar (C)(PR), to put a handle on. encabezado m (PR), foreman. encabezador m, heaq,ing too1. de pernos, bolt-heading too1. de remaches, rivet headar. encabezamiento m, heading; title of a drawing. en Ido, cold-heading (bolt). encabezar. to cap; to place on end; to frame end to end; to head (bolts). encabillar, to dowel, pino encabriar, to place rafters. encachado m, (tun) lining: paving o a culved; (C) riprap. encachar. to line with concrete; to prap; to pave a stream bed or culvert. encadenado m, (mas) bond; (A) bracing; (V) buttress, retaining wall. encadenar, to chain; to brace; to buttress: (mas) to bond. encajable. nestable. encajar. to rabbet; to gear: to fit. encaje m, rabbet, recesa; socket; fitting: (Col) gear; (Sp) bell end oi a pipe. chaflanado (Col), bevel gear. encajonado m, collerdam; boxing; a narrow, confined by steep hillsides. encajonar, to box, pack: to cofferdam; to confine; encajonarse (r), to run in a canyon. encalado m (V), finishing coat of plaster, whi"" or skim coat. encalar, to treat with lime: to whitewash.

F
.

encalladero

129

enchavetar

I
I
f

encalladero m, shoal, sandbank. encallar, to run agl"ound, strand. . encamacinj (min), timber41g; lagging. encamisar, to place lagging, lining, sleeve, or bushing. . encanalar (Es), to conduct (water); to.canalize. encanalizar (Es), to eanalize. encandilamiento m (auto) (M), glare, dazzling. encaada j (B), eanyon. encaado m, (Sp) gutter; (Sp) eonduit; (V) framework of eane. encafiar, to pipe; to drain. encape m (min)(B), overburden. encapillar (tn)(min), to enlarge a heading. encapsular (lab), to eapsule. encarcelar, to clamp. encargado m, man in eharge. del trnsito (lev) , transitman, instrumentmano de va (fe), roadmaster, supervisor. encarriladera j (fe), wrecking frog, rerailing deviee. encarrilador m, wrecking frog, ear replaeer. encarrilar, to rerail, place on the rails. encarrujamiento m (eab), kink. encasquillar, to bush; to ferrule; to shoe horses. encastillada, eastcllated (nut). encastrar, to embed; to let in; (wr) to soeket. encastre m, groove; soeket; insert; (U) reeess. abierto (eab), opon socket. - - acuado (cab) , wedge socket. cerrado (eab), elosed soeket. cerrado para puente (cab) , closed bridge soeket. con gancho (cab), hook socket. - - con gancho giratorio (cab), swivel-hook socket. --' de mun (nut), gudgeon, gudgeon socket. de puente (cab), bridge soeket. escalonado (eab), stepped socket. giratorio (cab), swivel soeket. encauchar, to treat with rubber. encauzar, to guide (stream), to canalize. encenagamiento m (A), deposit of mudo encendedor m, (bl) (di) igniter: (ge) sparker, igniter; (ra) igniter, exciter. a hilo caliente (vol), hot-wire fuse lighter. - - de mecha (vol), fuse igniter. de tiempo (vol), delay igniter. encender, to ignite; encenderse, to ignite, take fire. encendido m, ignition; (bl) (Sp) firing. a cabeza ardiente. hot-bulb ignition. - - anticipado, preignition. doble. dual ignition. espontneo, self-ignition, spontaneous igni. tion. por compresi6n, compression ignition. por chispa, spark ignition. por tubo incandescente. hot-tube ignition. encepar. to place a cap or header. encetado m, tarpaulin, oilskin. encerar. to make stiffer (mortar). encerrable, (elee) sealable. encerrado, eneIosed; sealed. encerro.iamiento m (fe), interloeking.

encespedar, to sod, turf, grasa. encimaj (quim), enzyme; adv overhead, on topo encina j, encino m, oak. encingar (Ch), to place galvanizad sheet-metal. work. encintado m, curb; (elee) taping. encintar (e16c), to tape. enclavamiento m, nailing, spiking; (mech) (rr) (alee) interlocking. de aproximacin (fe), approaeh locking. de tiempo (fe), time locking. de trAfico (fe), traffic loeking. de tramo (fe), section loeking. de trazado (fe), route locking. - indicador (fe), indieation loeking. enclavar. to nail, spike; to loek, interlock; to drive (well); enclavarse, to loek. enclavijar, to dowel, pino encobrado, eopper-plated; eopper-bearing. encobrizado. copper-plated. encofrado m, forms; plf.Ilking, sheeting, framing; cribwork. . deslizante, traveling forms. encofrador m, form earpenter. encofrar, (eone) toform; to plank. encoger, encogerse, to contracto shrink. encolado m (pint), sizing. encoladora j, gluing machina. encolaje m, sizing; gluing. encolamiento m (A), glue. cementing material. encolar, to glue: to .Bize. encorchetar, to clamp. encordar, to lash (oceasionally meana to reeve). encorozar, (eh) to smooth up a wall; (Col) to fill in between beams on a wall. encorvado en fdo, berit eald. encorvador (m) de 'rieles, rail bender, jim-erow. encorvar, to bend, curve; encorvarse, to deHect, buckle. encostillado m, lathing; lagging in a mine or tunnel. encostrarse, to form seale. encribado m, cribwork, blocking. e~cristalado m, glazing. encrucijada j, street intersection, road crossing. con glorieta, rotary interseetion, road eroS&. ing with traffie eirele. encuadrado m (tv), framing. encuadrar, to square; to frame. encubado m (min), cribbing, tubbing. encuelladero m (pet), monkey board. encueUador m (pet), roan who eouples pipe, del' rickman. encuentro m, joint; junetion; interaeetion. encuesta (f) sanitaria (V), sanitary survey. encuar. to wedge, key. enchapado con cadmio, cadmium-plated. enchapado de plomo, lead-eoated. enchapar, to veneer; to line with sheet metal; (.A) to plate; (cone) (V) to build up by plastering. enchaquetado, jacketed. encharcado, swampy. encharcarse. to beeome swampy, orm poo~ (sd) to pool. enchavetar, to key.

:binar
:hinar, to pave with cobbles. ;huchar (fe) (e), to switch. :hufac, to telescope; to nest; to mesh;

130

engargantar

to plug

:hufe m, bell end of a pipe; bell-and-spigot joint; (elec) plug; (cab) socket. abierto (cab), open socket. cerrado (cab), closed socket. de aprieto (rnh), grip socket. de campana, (p) bell-and-spigot joint; (pet) bell socket. de pesca (pet), overshot. de puente (eab), bridge socket. desalojador (pet), releasing socket. desprende dar (pet), releasing socket or overshat. fusible, fuse pIug. hembra, 0011 end o pipe. macho, spigot end of pipe; (elec)(A) pIug. y cordn o y espiga (tub) , 0011 and spigot. hub and spigot. lentado m, (cone) keyway; (mas) toothing; (hyd) toe wall; a toothed, dentated. lentar, to key, tooth; to mesh. lerezador m, straightener; rectifier. de cocas, (wr) kink iron. de diamante, diamond dresser. de pozos (pet), hole conditioner. de ruedas (auto), wheel straightener. lerezadora J, straightener; rectifier. Lerezar, to line, straighten; (elec) to rectify; (pmy) (A) to reetify. Licamiento m, dike, levee. licar, to build dikes. Loble m (min), shift o double length. loclinal m (geol), endocline; a endoclinaI. ladino (ra) (Es), endodyne. loenzima f (is), endoenzyme. lola'do m (ed) (Ch), soffit o a door or window opening. loparsito (is), endoparasite. Ludo m (A), brush coat of grout or a waterproofing material; finishing coat o plaster. lulzar, to soften (water); to sweeten (oil). Lurecedor m, hardener (aH senses). Lurecer, to harden; to indurate; endurecerse, to harden, get hard. . a martillo, to hammer-harden. lurecido, hardened. - al aire, air-hardened. - a martillo, harnrner-hard. - superficialmente (met), casehardened iurecimiento m, hardening; hardness. - de trabajo (met), work hardness. - por deformacin (met), strain hardening. - por induccin (met), induction hardening. - por precipitacin (met) , precipitationhardeno

in.

lng.

)rga f. energy, power. - absorbida, input. - continua, firm power; primary power. - de base (U), firm power; primary power. - de deformacin, strain energy. - de salida, output. - especfica (hid), specifie energy. -firme (M), firm power.

- - hidriulica, water power. -.. inversa, reverse power. -_ .. permanente, fum or primary power; primary . energy. - - primaria, fum power; primary energy. - - provisoria, durnp power; secondary power. - - radiante, radiant energy. - - secundaria, seeondary energy; secondary or surplus power. - - trmica, steam-generated power. energizar, t energize. ensimo (mat), nth (power). enfajinado m (r), fascine wock, bank protection . o branches; (M) stone riprap. enfangar, to cover with mud; enfangarse, to silt up. enfardadora (f) de sacos, cement-bag balero enfermedad (j) hdrica (Ee) (V), water-borne disease. enfermedad profesional, occupational disease. enferradura f, ironwork; (eh) reinforeing stee1. enfilar, to line up, align, range. enfocar, to focus. enfoque m, focusing. - - a gas o inico (ra), gas or ionie focusing. enfoscado m (M), coat o plaster. enfoscar, to pateh or fill with mortar. enfrenar, to brake. enfrentado y pedorado (tub), faeed and drilled. enfrentar, t face. enfriadero m, eooler. enfriado, cooled. a lquido, liquid-cooled. - - por agua, water-eooled. - - por aire, air-eooled. enfriador m, cooler; eoolant; (pet) chiller. - - intermedio, intereooler. - - unitario (aa) , unit cooler. enfriamiento m, (eng) (ae) cooling; rerigeration. -'- 8.tmosfrico o evaporativo, atmospheric or evaporative cooling. - - de elaboracin, proeess eooling. de punto (aa), spot cooling. - - de roco, spray cooling. - - de superficie (aa), surface cooIing. - - indirecto (aa), indirect cooling or refrigeration. enfriar, to co01; enfriarse, to cooI, eo01 off. enfurgonar (PR), to load a box ear. engalabernar (Col), to frame timbers together. engalgar, to choek, scotch. enganchador m, eoupler; labor agent; (lg) hooker, hook tender; (min) bottomer, onsetter. de correa, belt stud. enganchar, to hook, couple, engage; io employ, to recruit labor. enganche m, coupling, coupIer; hooking on; hitch; recruiting (labor). completamente flotante, full-floating hitch. - - de gancho, snateh hiteh - - de garras, jaw or M.C.B. coupler. - - de vuelta, anchor hitch. - - giratorio, swivel hitch. - - para remolque, towing hitch; trailer hit ch. - - universal, universal hitch. engargantar, to mesh, engage.

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engargoladora

131

enlace

engargoladora J, matcher I groover. engargolar, to groove to malte a male-and-female joint. engarzar, to hook, couple. engasamiento m (pet) (M), gassing. engastador (m) de tornillo, screw chaser. engastar, to embed, incase. engaste, setting, bedding. engatillar, to clamp, cramp. engendrador m (mat), generator. de engranajes, gear generator. engendrar (mat), to generate. engomado, rubberized; gummy (oil). engomarse, to gum (oil). engoznar, to hinge. engramar, to gras8, sod. engrampar, to clamp to staple. engranado directamente, direct-geared. engranaje m, gearing; a gaar. - - angular o cnico, bevel gear. - - ciUndrico, spur gear. - - circumferencial, girth gear. - - cnicohelicoidal, spiral ooycl gear. de aumento, increasing gear. de avance, feed gear. de baja (auto), low gear. - - de cambio (de velocidad), change or changespeed gear. - de contramarcha (auto), reversa gear. de corona, crown wheel; face gear. de dientes escalonados, stepped or staggered-tooth gear. de dientes helicoidales angulares, doubla helical gear. de dientes postizos, mortise gear. - - de distribucin (mg), timing or distributer gear. ~ de espina de pescado, herringbone gear. ~ de Ginebra, Geneva motion. de giro (gr), bull gear. ~ de inglete, miter gear. '-- de inversin (mh), tumbler gear. de linterna, pin gear. de lbulos,lobe gear. de mando, driving gear. de manguito, quill goar. de marcha atrs o de retroceso (auto), reverse gear. de paso corto, fine-pitch gear. - - de reduccin simple, single-reduction gearing. de reversa (auto) (M), reverse gear. de rosca o de tornillo sin fin, worm gear. de rotacin (gr), swinging gear. - - de transposicin, transposing gear. de triple reduccin. triple-reduction gear. - - desplazable, sliding gear. - - diferencial planetario, planet differential. --. doble helicoidal. herringbone gear. en bisel, bevel gear. espiral, apira! or helical gear. - - fresado, machine-cut gear. helicoidal, helical or worm gear; screw wheel. hipoidaI, hypoid gears. impulsado o mandado, driven gear. bnpulsor o motor, drive gear, driver.

- - intermedio o loco, idle gear. maestro, master gear. moldeado, molded gear. multiplicador, increasing gear, over-gear. planetario o satlite, planetary gear. receptor (A), driven gear. - - recto, spur gear. - - reductor, reducing gear. - - sol, sun gear. - - tallado, cut-tooth or machine-cut gear. trabador (auto),locking gear. transmisor, drive gear. engranajes (rnh) de cambio rpido, quick-ehange gears. de reversin (A), changa gears. traseros, back gearing. engranar, to gear, engage engranarse, to mesh, engage; (A) to seize, stick. engrane m, goar; meshing; (machy)(A) seizing. engranzar (A), to aurface with gravel or crushed atone. engranzonar (V), to surfaco with grave!. engrapadora /, any clamping device. engrapar, to clamp, cramp. engrasadera 1, grease cup. engrasador m, grease cup; greMa gun; oUer. -.- a pistola, grease gun. - - de compresin. graMe cupo de gotas visibles, sight-feed lubricator. de pistn, greMo gun. engrasaje m, lubrication, greaaing. engrasar. to greasa, lubricate. engrase m, lubrication, greMing. - - por anillos, ring iubrication. por gravedad (auto), gravity lubrication. por mecha, wiek lubrication. por presin, forced Iubrication. engravar, to surface with gravel. engravillar, to aurface with grita or atone screen~ ings. engredar, to treat with elay. engrilletar. to attach a aocket, c1evis, or shackle. engrosar, to upset (bar); engrosarse, to swell. engrudo m, belt dressing; paste. enguijiurar, to surface with gravel; to pave with cobbles. enhuaealado m, (M) cribwork; crating. enhuacalai, to erate. enhuecar, to hollow out. enjarciadura 1, rigging. enjarciar, to rig. enjarje m (Iad), toothing. enjaular (min), to load in the cage. enjuagar, to rinse; (e) to flush; (M) to backwaah (filter). enjugador m (pet), Btripper. enjunque m, pig-iron banast, kentledge, enjutaJ, spandrel (arch). enjutado m (Es). spandrel filling. enjutar, to dry. enjuto, dry; (cone) lean. enlacar (M) to shellac. enlace m, interlocking; lacing; linkage bond; (rr) crossover (rr) ladder track; (p) connection. - - domiciliario (tub) (A), house connection.
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enlaces

132

ensayar

enlaces de correa, belt laoing. enladrillado m, brick paving, briokwork; bricklaying. reforzado, reinorced brickwork. enladrillador m, bricklayer; brick p!l.Ver. enladrillar, to lay brick, to pava with brick. enlagunar, to flood, inundate. enlajar, to lay flagstones. enlamar, to cover with silt. enlatar, to roo with tin; to lath; to lag; to cleat. enlazadora (j) de correas, belt lacero enlazar, to jom, connect, splice. enlechar, to grout. enlegamar, to cover with mud; enlegamarse, to silt up. enlistonado (m) metilico. metallathing. enlistonar, to lath; to c1eat, batten; to lag. enlodamiento m, silting up; covering with mud; (machy) fouling. enlodar, to place mud; to seal with mud; enlodarse, to become muddy. enlodazar, to cover with mudo enlosado (m) hueco (V), hollow-tile construction. enlosador m, tile pavero enlosar, to pave with flags or tiles. enlozar, to enamel, glaze. enlucido m, plaster coat; sidewalk finish. enlucidor m, plasterer. enlucir, to plaster. enllantar, to put a tire on; to rimo enmaderacin j (Ch), boarding, forms. de zanjas, trench timbering. enmaderador m, timberman, shorer. enmaderar, to plank, board, timber. enmadrar (Col), to confine a river, canalize. enmangar, to put a handle on. enmasillar, to putty. enmechar (carp)(M), to rabbet; to mortise. enmendar, to fleet..{tackle); to revise (plans). enmienda (j) de planos, revision of plans. enmohecerse. to rusto enmontado, wooded (country). enmuescar, to notch, mbrtise. enmurado, built into a wall. enquiciar, to hinge. enrajonar, to build a ",all with rubble; to riprap; (C) to chink joints. enrallado m (Col), tie beam of a wood truas. enramado m, mattress o branches. enrarecer, to rarefy. enrasador de tierra (irr), lsnd plane. enrasar. to make level, grade; to rough-plaster; to screed, smooth up; to fur; to dub out. enrase m, leveling up, grading. enrasillado m, furring; filling on top oi floor arches. enrejado m, (str) grillage; (str) latticing, lacing; (hyd) trash rack, bar screen; grizzly; (V) (Col) lap of roo tiles; a foul (rope); (M) kinked. de alambre. wire netting, wire mesh. ~ del radiador (auto), radiator shutter. simple (est), lacing. enrejalar (Col), to lay brick with open spaces between.

enrejar, to place gratings or grills; (str) to lace, lattice. enrejillado m, grating, grid. enrieladura f, rail laying; ralls in place. enrielar, to lay ralls; to put on the rails. enripiar. to surface with grave!. enrocamiento m, rock fill, stone rjprap; enrock. mento acomodado, rock fill hand-placed. vertido, rock fill dumped, dump fill. volteado (M), rock fill dumped. enrocar, to fill with rock; to riprap. enrojecido al fuego, red-hoto enrollable. rolling (shutter). enrollado m (elc), ",inding. enrollador m, reel; (met) coiler. enrollamiento m (elc), winding. _.- apilado (A), banked winding. superpuesto (A), banked winding. enrollar, to wind, reel, eil. enromar, to blunt, dull. enroscar, to thread; to sere", up. enrosque m, threa<1ing screwing up. ensabanado m, scratch coat of plaster. ensacar, to put in bags. ensamblado, dovetailed, built-up, framed. ensamblador m, joiner; framer. ensambladora j, assembling machine. ensambladuraf, joint. -"- a cola de milano. dovetail joint. a media madera (carp), halved joint. a tope, butt joint. de caja y espiga, mortise-and-tenon joint. de inglete, miter joint. de lengeta, tongue-and-groove joint. de pasador, pin-connected joint. -"- enrasada, flush joint. " - solapada, lap joint. soldada, weldment. ensamblaje m, assembling, joining, joint. fraroing. - a medio inglete, half-miter joint. charpado, scarf joint. de lengeta postiza, splined or loose-tongue joint. de media madera en bisel, beveled halving. de rebajado dentado. tabled joint. selectivo (maq), selective assembly. ensamblar, to assemble, frame, join, connect. ensamble m, joint, assembly. ensanchador m, widener; reamer, broach, drift; (bo) tube expander; (str) driftpin; (pet) enlarger. de entrecarrll de expansi6n (fe), rail-joint expander. de fondo (pet), underreamer. de neumticos (auto), tire spreader. ensanchadora (f) de caminos, road widener. ensanchadora-acabadora, widening finjsher. ensanchar, to widen, enlarge; to reamo ensanchatubos m, pipe expander. ensanche m, widening, extension, enlargement. ensardinado m (Oh), rowlock, course o brick on edge. ensayador m, assayer, tester; testing machine. ensayar, to assay, test.

-_.

I
133
ensaye m, test, assay. , .,por Arbitro, umpire aasay or test. en.ayo m, test, a8saY .~ al choque, impaet test. ..-- al freno, brake test. _ al jabn (pa), soap test. :.-.. a tinte, dye test. _ a la tracci6n, tensile test. ....-- de adherencia (ref), pull-out test. o - - - de arrastre (is), elutriation test. ....-- de asiento (eone), slump test. __ de campaa, field test. ....."...... de candi (az), eandy test. __ de desgaste por rozamiento, abrasion test ....-- de doblado, bending test (bar). _, ._. de envejecimiento (met), aging test. ......- de extendido (eone) (A), slump or consisteney test. .,' ,. ,... de ftexin, bending test (beam). ...:.- de golpe, shock test; impact test. ..-- de golpeo, rattler test. ,', , de maza caediza, drop test. ,........... de remoldaje (eone), remolding test (for workability) . ... ,. por gotas (az), spot test. ,en.ebar, to grease. ensenada cove, smal1 bay, embayment. ensenarse to embay. enlior1ij8Jrniento m, kink .OI!,!Jplrtijar, ensortijarse, to kink. (miner), enstatitc. .entabicar, to partition to wal1 up. entablar, to sheath with boards, to plank. e#tablerar (carp)(M), to panel. e#tablillado m (V), tiling on flat roof .entabimar, to bl1tten, cIeat. entablonado m, planking. ~ de contencin, bulkhead. enWpta f, enthalpy, heat eontent. entalladuraf. mortise, notch, groove, dap; (mas) (C)(M) pointing. entallar, to notch, dap, mortise; to carve, make a cut; (mas)(C)(M) to point. entamborado m (V), door or window trim. entarimar, to sheath with boards. e~~quinBJrniento m, deposit of mud or silt. entarquinarse, to silt up (reservoir). entarugar, to plug; to lay wood bloeks. entechar, to roof. entejar, to lay roof tilcs. entenalla para empalmar (C), splicing clamp. ent.naUas 1, small vise. entepar (A), to sod. entrico (is), enteric. enteritisJ (is), enteritis. enterizo, in one piece, solid, integral. entero m, integer, whole number; a whole, integral, complete. entibado m, timbering; cribwork, blocking. entibador m, timberman; (re) bucker, dolly. entibadora (j) neumtica (re), holder-on. ep.tilul,t, to timber, shore, prop; (re) to buck up. eAtibo m, ahore, prop. entintar (dib), to ink in. entizar (Ch) (Pe) to plaster. entornillar, to thread.

entresecado
J

entoscar (A), to fill o'r surface with tosca. entradaf, entrance; (hyd) intake, inlet; (rd) approach; (min)entry; (com) cash reeeipts; point of a drill or reamer; (cone) embedded end o a beam; encased part of a lock. de operacin, op~rating income. entradas brutas, gross reeeipts. entradas y salidas, receipts and expenditures. entramado m, floor raming, framework; studding; cribwork; (Col) grillage. continuo (est) (A), continuous frame. entrante m, recesa, rabbet, step; (top) hollow; a re-entrant. entrecanal J, space between canala; spacing o grooves al' corrugations. entrecarrU m (fe) (V), gaga compensador (fe), expansion gap. entrecavado, partly exeavated. entrecierre m, interlock; partia! cloaing. entrecinta f, (tu) collar benm. entrecortezaf, bark showing in interior o timber. entrecruzado, intercrossed. entrecubiertas m (en), between decka. entrediente m (si), gullet. entreds m (C), filler, spacer, saparator; pipe nipple. entreeje m, distanoe between mes, wheel base. entrefino, medium-fine. entregaf, delivery; (Col) the part of a beam embedded in a waIl. entregar, to deliver; to embed. entrehierro m (ele), clearance, air gap. para ondas, surge gap. entrejuntar, to put together, assemble, fit up. entrelaminado (geol), interbedded. entrelazar, to interlace; to interlock; to hook up (power plants). entremezclar, to intermix. entrenzado m (est), lacing, lattieing. entrepafio m, panel; ahel. entreperfil m (Es), distance between oross seetions. entrepilastra f, spacing of pilasters. entrepiso m, (bldg) mezzanine; (M) (A) (V) upper floor; (A) floor strueture (in a reinforeedconcrete or stcel-frame building the wearing surface is piso, the cinder-eonerete fill contrapiso, and the floor strueture entrepiso); (min) intermediate gallery between two main levels. de losa plana (A), flat-slab (concrete) floor. nervurado (A), ribbed fioor. entrepuentes m (en), between decks. entrerranutas m (A), apace betwoon grooves, land. entrerrpido, medium-fast. entrerreborde (maq), interflange. entrerrenglonar (tv), to illterlaee. entrerrieles m (fe) (Es), distance between track8. entrerrosca f (tub), nipple. con tuerca, hcxagon-center nipple. corta, short nipple. de largo mIDimo, clase nipple. larga, long nipple. para tanques, tank nipple (special thread). entresecado, partly seasolled.

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entresuelo

134

equipo

entresuelo m, mezzanine; (min)(M) intermcdiate gallery between two main levela; shallow basement. entresurco m, spacing o furrows. entretenimiento m (Es), (machy) maintenance. entrevlvula (ra), intervalve. entreventana t, mullion, pier between windows. entreva t (fe), gage; (Sp) (C) spaee between tracks. angosta, narrow gage. normal, standard gage. entrevigado m, spaee between beams. entrevigar (Es), to fill in between beams. entroncar (fe), to jain, makea junction. entronque m, (rr) junetion; (C) sewer ar water conneetion to a main. entropa /, entropy. entubacin 1, piping, tubing, wcll casing; (M) piping (earth dam). entubado (m) de pozos, well casing. entubar, to pipe; entubarse (M), to pipe (earth dam). entuercadora f (herr), nut muner or setter or tightener. entumecerse, to swell. enturbiarse, to become turbid. envagonar (Pe)(PR), to load a caro envarillado m, (A) grill; (A) (M) concrete rcin,.. forcement. envasar, to pack (Cor shipment). envase m, packing, boxing; a container. envejecimiento m, aging (aH senses) . por sumersin (met), quench aging. por deformacin (met), strain aging. envergadura I (ap), span or spread oi an airplane. enverjado m (est)(Es), latticing; web member. enviajado m, skew. enviar, to send, ship, iorward. envigado m, floor framing, system of beams. envigar, to set beams. envo m, shipment. envoltorio m (A), housing, container. envoltura /, casing, jacket, housing; lagging. de guitarra (auto), banjo housing. de neumtico (M), tire shoe. envolvente m, casing, jacket; (math) envelope. - - aislador, insulation, Iagging. de caldera, boiler shell; boiler lagging. del embrague (auto)(U), clutch housing. del volante (auto), Bywheel housing. enyerbar, to sod, grass. enyesado m, plastering. enyesador m, plasterer. enyesar, to plaster. enzarzado m, frame 01 stakes and header used in river-bank protection. enzima / (qum), enzyme. enzmico, enzymic. enzolvar (hid)(M), to silt up. enzunchar, to hoop, bando elico (geo!), aeolian. eosina / (is), eosin. eosinato m (1ab), eosinate, eosate. epiceutral (geol), epicentral. epicentro m, epicenter.

epidiorita I (geol), epidiorite. epidoto m, epidota / (miner), epidote. calizo, lime epidote, zoisite. - - mangansico, piedmontite, manganese epidote. epipolar (fma), epipolar. epipolo m (Cma), epipole. poca J (geo!), epoch. - - de crecidas, Bood season. - - de lluvias, rainy season. de magral'l (A), season of low water. - - de sequa, dry season. epsomita , epsomite, native Epsom salto eptodo m (ra) (Es), heptode. equingulo; equiangular. equiaxil, equiaxial. equicohesivo (met), equicohesive. equidepresin f (fma), equidepression. equidimensional, of equal dimensions. equiaxed. equidistancia J, spacing, pitch; equidistance. equidistante, equidistant. equidistribucin / (M), equal distribution. equigranular, equigranular. equiltero, equilatera!, equilibrador m, balancer; equilibrator. equilibrante m, equilibrant. equilibrar, to balance, eounterbalance; to equilibrate. equilibrio m, equilibrium, balance. al deslizamiento (Col), stability against sliding (dam), de calor, heat balance. - - de oxgeno (is), oxygen balance. - - de suerosa (az), suerose balance. - - dinmico, dynamic or running balance. '-'- estable, stable equilibrium. - - esttico, statie or standing balance. - - inderente, neutral equilibrium. - - inestable, unstable equilibrium. plstico (ms), plastic equilibrium. equilibristato m (fe), equilibristat. equimolecular, equimolecular. equinoccio (m) otoal, autumnal equinox. equinoccio vernal, vernal equinox. equipar, to equip, fit out. equipo m, equipment, plant, outfit, rig; kit; gang, shilt. - - clasificador (ag), screening equipment. de da, day shift. de dosificacin (conc), batching planto - - de emergencia, wrecking gang. - - de ingenieros, engineering party or corps. - - de machaqueo, crusher planto de noche, night shift. - - de ocasi6n (ec), used equipment. - - de perforacin, drilling rig. - - de reparaciones, repair gang. - - de trabajo, eonstruction planto de tumbadores (e), falling crew. de urgencia, wrecking crew. - - dragador, dredging equipment. - - mudador de tieu8, earth-moving equipment normal o de norma (auto), standard equip mento - - proporcionador (cone), batcher planto rodante (fe), rolling Btock, equipment.

equipo

135
-

escantillar

suavizador, softening plant (water). equipotencial, equipotential. "equivalencia J, equivalence. equivalente m a, equivalent. centrfugo de humedad (ms), centriluge moisture equivalent. de humedad en el campo (ms)(C), field moisture equivalent. mecnico del calor. mechanical equivalent o heat. era J, paved or graded area, working area; mixing board. ereccin J, erection. erector m, erector, steelworker; erector (optics). ergio m, ergo erigir, to erect, set up, build. eritrina J (miner), erythrite, cobalt bloom. eritrosina J (1ab), erythrosin. erogaci6n J, expenditure; (pu)(A) delivery. - - de combustible (A), fuel consumption. erosi6n J, erosiono erosional, erosional. erosionar, to erode. erosivo, erosive. errtico (geol), erratio. error m (mat), error. - - de cierre (lev), error of elosure. - - restante (mat), residual error. sistemtico (mat) , constant or systematic error. erstedio m (ele)(A), oersted. erupcin f, eruption. eruptivo, volcanie, eruptive. esbeltez (f), relaci6n de (est), sIenderness ratio. esbozar, to sketch. esbozo m, sketch. escabroso, rough, rugged (ground). escafandrista m, diver. escafandro m, diving suit. escafilar, to trim brick. escala J, Iadder; scale (o a drawing) scale (draftsman's) gage; port of cal!. ...,- absoluta (temperatura), ab.solute or Kelvin seale. de aguja (hid), point ga~e. de arquitecto (dib), an architebt's seale (cet and inches). de cable, rope ladder. - - de calado (nut), draft gage. de cinta (hid), tapo gage. de dureza, scule of hanlnesB. de emergencia, fire escape. de esclusas, flight o locks. de flotador (hid), fioat gage. de gancho (hid) , hook gage. de garfios, hook ladder. de gato (nut), rope or Jaeob's ladder. de graduaci6n total (dib), chain seale. de ingeniero (dib), an engineer's seale (decimal). de listones, c1eat ladder. de mareas, tide gage. de millas, scale of miles. de octanos, octane seale. de peces o de pocillos (hid), fish ladder, fishway.

de plomada (hid), plumb-bobgage. de sueldos, wage seale. fiuviomtrica o hidromtrica, stream or ,staff gage. -fraccionaria (dib) , fraetional seale,representative fraction. grfica (dib), graphie Beale. platino cobalto (pa), platinum eobalt seale. - - real (en), aecmmodation ladder. registradora diferencial (hid), recording dierential gage. salmonera (hid),fishway, salmon ladder. escala-transportadora, protractor seaIe. escalador m (A), escalator. escaladores, elimbers. escalaf6n m, scale owages register o employooB. escalar, v (dwg) to seale; a sealar. escaleno (mat), seaIene. escalera J, stair, stairway, ladder, de caracol o de husillo, apiral stairway. de cuerda, rape belder. de escape o de sa1vam~nto,fireescape. de escapulario, ladder fixed in a shat or manhole. de ganchos, hook Iadder. de ida y vuelta o de media vuelta, half-turn stairs. de largueros corredizos,e~tensionladder. de mano, ladder, stepladder. - - de papagayo, pole with peg steps. de peces (hid), flshway. de portaln (en), aceommodationladder. de tijera, stepladder; trestle ladder. - - mecnica o m6vil, escalator. rampante (A), rampwith eleats,chicken 100der, craWling board., rodante (A), escalator. -.- sin fin (C), escalator. voladiza, hanging, stairs. escalerilla j, rack (for pinion); car step. para cables (ele), cable rack~ escalerista m (A), stairbuilder. escalero m (Es), man who reads the stream gage. escalmetro m, esca16grafo m (dib)(A), triangularseale. escalinata J, sman stairway outside stairway. escalines (Ch), manhole steps. escal6n m, step, rung, stair tread; gradin; (exc) bench; (dd) altar; (min) stope. de banco (min), underhl\D.d stope. de barra, manhole step. de cielo (min), overhand stope. de denudacin (geol)(A), escarpment produced by erosiono de fractura (geol) (A), ault scarp. escalonado, stepped; graded (grave!). escalonamiento m, stepB (elee) notching; (ag) rock ladder. escalonar, to form in steps; (Burv) to offset. escama J, boiler seale, seaIe of rust, flake. escamaciones j, incrustations, seale. escamarse (Pe), to form seale, scale off. escamoso, sealy, flaky; (geol) platy. escandallar, to take soundinge. escandallo m, sounding Iead. escantillar, to gage, to measure; to layout.

r
escantilln

136

escollera

eseantilln m. straightedge, acreed, strickle. screed board; rule; gage; template; level board; (rr) gage bar. de Birmingham, Birmingham wire gage. de bisel, miter rod. . para puntas (mh). center gage. para roscas, screw-pitch gage. - vibratorio (pav). vibrator~ screed. escape m, leak; exhaust; ouUet; escapement (rr)(M) siding; (pu) slip. de fondo (Co!), sluiceway (dam). de incendio (M), fue escape. de rejilla (ra) (A). grid leak. escapolita t (miner). scapolite, wernerite. escarabajo m. beetle; (fdy) air holeo de corteza (mad), bark beetle. de podricin seca (mad), powder-post beetle escaramujo m. barnacle. escarbador m, plugging chise!. de juntas, bricklayer's jointer. escarbar juntas (lad), to rake joints. escariado m, reaming, broaehing. - - de desbaste, rough reaming. - - de superficie, surface broaching. rstico (A). rough reaming. escariador m, reamer. - - acabador, finishing reamer. acanalado o arrugado, fiuted reamer. ahusado o c6nico, taper reamer. - - ajustable, expansion reamer. - - centrador, eenter reamer. cillndrico, straight reamer. corona (A), shell reamer. - - chato, fiat reamer. - - de cabeza cortante, rose reamer. ~ de canal espiral o de estras espirales. spiralfiuted reamer. de empuje, push broaeh. de espiga cilndrica, straight-shank reamer. de espiga cnica, taper-shank reamer. de estras rectas, straight-fiuted reamer. de fondo (pet). underreamer. de lomo, ridge reamer. - - de mandril, chucking reamer. de pared de pozo (pet). wall scraper. - - de trinquete, ratchet reamer. desbarbador o quitarrebabas o de rebaba, burring reamer. - - escalonado, stepped or roughing reamer. esfrico, ball reamer. - - estrUctural, bridge reamer. - - hueco, shell reamer. paralelo, straight or full-bottoming reamer. escariadora t, broaching machine, reamer. escariar, to ream, broach. escarificador m, harrow. scarmer, ripper, rooter - - de dientes, tooth harrow. de discos, disk harrow. escarificar, to scarify, harrow. escarpa t, batter; escarpment; (M) sidewalk. de fractura (geol) (A), fault scarp. escarpado, steep; battered. escarpar, to escarp, slope. escarpe m, searp, e~cal'pment; (M) batter; (hyd) apron; (A) scnr. escarpelo m, raSl).

escarpia t, apike; (surv) 6pad; (Sp) staple. con filo de cincel, ehisel-pointed spike. ~- cortada, cut spike. - - de filo paralelo, reverse-point spik~. - - de madera, tie plug, wooden spike. - - de va, track spike. escarpiador m (fe), spiker. escarpiar, to spike. escarzano, segmental (arch). escasear (Es), to bevel. escatol m (is), skatole. escayola t, scagliola; (Col) white coat of plaster. esc1ergrafo m (pet), sclerograph. escleromtrico, sclerometric. esc1er6metro m. sclerometer. escleroscopio m, scIeroseope. esclusa t, sluice; air loek; navigation lock. - - contra la marea, tide lock. - - de cuenco, navigation lock. - - de desviacin, diversion sluiee. - - de emergencia, emergency lock. de escape (tn), escape lock. de salida, tailloek. en T (tn), T loek. - - neumtica, air loek. para armadas (r), log sluiee. - - para escombros (tn), materia1loek. esclusa-hospital, hospital or medicallock. esclusada t, loekful, volume o water in a lock. esc1usaje m, loekage; sluicing. esclusar, to loek (vessel); to aluiee. esclusero m, loek tender. escoba t, broom. - - caminera, road broom. - - de arrastre, drag broom. - - de caucho, squeegee. - - de piazava, bass broom. - - mecnica, sweeper, power broom. escobn m (en), hawsehole. escobilla t, brush; (elec) brush. - - de alambre, wire brush. . de alambres (elc), wire cornmutator brush. de carbn (elc), carbon brush. de prueba (elc), pilot brush. de tela metlica (elc), wire-gauze brush. desincrustadora (cal). fiue brush or cleaner. graftica (elc), graphite brush. --limpialimas, file card or cleaner. -limpiatubos (cal), fiue brush or cleaner. escobilln m, boiler-fiue cleaner; push broom; (pet) swab. escobina t. chips, sawdust. filings. escoda t, stonecutter's hammer. escodar, to cut stones. escofina t, rasp, rasp-cut file (C) bastard file. ~ bastarda, bastard file. cortapared (pet), side raBp. - - de herrador, farrier's raspo de picadura simple, fioat-cut file. dulce, smooth raspo - - encorvada, rifHer. para madera, wood raspo escofinar, to rasp, file. escollera 1, rock fill; riprap; breakwater. acomodada o a mano, rack fill placed by hand.

W .. L

escollera
-

137

escudete

arrojada o vertida o a granel o a piedra per. dida, rock fill dumped. es'conerado m, rock fill, riprap. escollo m, reef; (M) breakwater. escombramiento m (V), dirt moving. escombrar, to muck, remove spoil; to olean up rubbish. escombrera J, dump, spoil bank; spoil, muck. escombro (m) glacial (A), glacial drift. escombros, spo, muck, rubbish, debris, dirt; quarry waste; (min) deads; river drt. esconce m (Es). rabbet. escopladura J. chisel cut. escopleadora J. mortising or gaining machina. de broca hueca, hollow-chisel mortizer. escopleadura J, notch, mortise; chiseling. - - con llama de gas, fiame-gouging. escoplear, to mortise, notch, dap; to chisel. escoplo m, chisel, socket or framing ar mortising . chisel. - - ancho de torno, slick chisel. - - angular, corner chisel. - - biselado. bevel chisal. - - calafateador de estopa. yarning chisal. - - con rabo, tang chisal. - - de acabar, finiahing chisel. de descortezar, bark apud. ~ de ebanista, cabinet chisal. de espiga hueca, socket chisel. de mano, pocket or paring chisel. de torno, turning chisel. de vidriero, glazier's chisel. degradador, mortar chisel. para bisagras, butt chisel. perforador, chisel bit. ranurador. cope chisel. separador, parting chise!. escoplo-punzn. firmer chisel. escoraje m (ds), shoring. escorar. (dd) to ahore; (ti) to reach the low point. escoras J (da), ahores. escoria J, slag, clinker; (A) (C) cinders. de cemento, cement clinker. de fragUa, anvil dross. hammer shg. de fundicin, slag. de hulla, clinker. - - filamentosa. mineral wool. escorias de alto horno, blast-furnace slag. escorial m, slag dump; deposit of volcanic aah; lava hed. escoriar, escoriarse, to slag, clinker. escorificador m, acorifier. escorificar, to reduce to slag, clinker, scorify. escorredero m (Es), drainage ditch. escorredor m (Es). drainage ditch; sIuice gateo escorrenta J, (hyd) (PR) (Pe) runoff. escota j, stone hammer; miner's pick. escotadura J. notch, recess; opening, trap door. - - de aforo (hid), gage note!!. escotar, to notch, cut out. escote m, notch. de descarga, (M) measuring weir. escoteraJ (nut), chock. con rodillo, roller chock. de espiar, warping chock. de remolcar, towing chock. -

escotillal, shaft (elevator); hatehway, trap door. de bodega (cn), cargo hatch. de calderas, hoiler hatch, fiddley. de camarote, companion hatchway, booby hatch,' de mquinas, engine batch. ~ de muestrear (dac), sampling hatch. escotilln m. trap door, hatchway. de cargar, loading trap. escotillones de acera, aidewalk doors. esorepal (ot)(M), scraper. de arrastre, drag scraper. de empuje, bulldozer. de empuje en ngulo. angledozer. de ruedas, wheeled scraper. fresno, fresno scraper. hidrulica, hydraulieal1y aperated scraper. escritorio m, desk; (A) (Ec) office. escritura J, contract; deed; policy; legal instrumento de constitucin, corporation charter. de fundacin, incorporation papers, certificate of organization. de propiedad, title deed. de seguro, insurance poliey. de venta, bill of sale; (C) deed. matriz, notary'a originnl documento pblica, contract registered with the ofticiaI notary. social. incorporation papers; partnership agreement. ' escrpulo m, pennyweight. escuadra 1, square; angle iron; (dwg) triangle; knee, corner brace,; gusset plate; (sb) bracket, beam knee; (Ch) gang (men). - , a.,aquare. at right angles. ~ abordonada o con .:tJ.erVio (est). bulb angla. de agrimensor (Es) (A), goniometer. de ajustar (carp), framing square. de dimetros (carp), center square. de ensambladura o de uni6n (est), gusset plate. - , de espaldn (carp), try square. de espejos (lev). angla mirror. de inglete (carp), miter squate. - ' de reflexin (Es). refiecting goniometer. en T (dib), T squa,re. falsa (carp), bevel square. , fuera de, out of square. para cabrios (carp), .rafter square. prisma (lev). angle prism. rebordeada (est)(A), bulb angle. universal de dibujo (Es). drafting machine. escuadra-transportador (dib)(A), bevel protrac~ toro escuadras del cordn, (gi) fiange angles. escuadras de el1-samblaje (est), connection angles. escuadrar, to square. escuadreo m, squaring; sectional area. escuadda , a section; sectional area. escuchador (m) de prueba (ra). monitor. escudete m, (tun ) shield; (str)(Sp) gusset platel (hw) escutcheon plate; (elee) canopy; (alee) wall plate, faceplate. de borrar (dib), erasing shield.

escudete
de cerradura. rose Oock). de expansin, expansion shield (bolt). de pulsador (elc), push-button plateo - ' de receptculo (ele), receptade plateo escudilla /, rose (lock). ' escudo m, shield; escuteheon plate (elec) canopy. de perforacin. tunnel shield. ensanchador. expansion shield (bolt). escudriamiento m (tv), seanning. escurrente m, effluent. escurrideras / (M), water running off rom irrigated land. escurridero m, drain hole, outlet; weathering; drip; leak. escurrimiento m, (hyd) runoff; (M) piping (erth dam); (elee) crecpage. - - critico (hid), critical fiow especfico (irr) , specifie yield. plstico. plastie fiow, (eone) ereep. time yield. pluviomtrico (Col), runoff. slido. silt runoff. escurrirse. to run off. drain; to leak. esencia /, essence; (Sp) gasoline. de petrleo (Es), gasoline; kerosene. - - de trementina. oil of turpentine. mineral. (Sp) mineral oil; mineral spirits. esencial. essential. esfalerita / (miner), sphalerite, zinc blende. esfeno m, esfena / (miner), sphene, titanite. esfera /, sphere; dial o a gage. esfericidad /, sphericity. esfrico. spherieal. esferoidal, esferodrico. spheroidal. esferoide m. spheroid. esferoidizar (met), to spheroidize. esfermetro m, spherometer.. esforzar (U), to stress. esfuerzo m, stress; effort. admisible. safe or allowable stress. --' compuesto, compound stress. cortante de penetracin, punching shear. - - cortante doble. double shenr. - - cortante simple, single shenr. de adhesin (reO, bond stress. de aplastamiento, crushing streSB. de apoyo. bearing stress (beam). de czallamiento, shearing stress. de compresin. compressive stress. de contraccin (cone), shrinkage stress. de corte perimtrico, perimeter shear. de dobladura (cah), bending stress. de empuje. bearing stress on rivets or pins. de extensin, tensional stress. de flexin (est), bending stress. del hincado (pi), drivilg stress. de impacto de rodaje (ap) , rolling impact stress. de lmite (ms), boundary stress. de manipulacin, handling stress. de montaje (pte), erection stress. de prueba, proof stress. de rotacin. torsional stress. de ruptura, breaking stress, ultimate or rupture strength. de seguridad, safe stress.

138

esmerilador

- - de tensi6n. tensUe stress. de trabajo, working stress. - - de traccin. tractive effort; tensional stress. _ . - de traccin diagonal, diagonal tension. de tronchadura (Es), shearing stress. - - de zuncho. hoop 01' tangential stress. - - dielctrico, electrie or dieleetric stress. - - electrostatico, electrostatic pressure or stress. - - en la fibra, fiber stress. - - especffico. unit stress. flexor (est), bending stress. --lmite de trabajo. allowable working stress. --lindero, boundary stress. - - principal, principal stress; (A) diagonal tension. , rasante. (Sp) longitudinal shear; (M) shear. restante, residual stress. - - tangencial. tangential 01' shearing stress; hoop stress. tractor, tensile stress~ tractive effort. unitario. unit stress. e~guazable (r), fordable. esherardizar (met), to sherardize. eslabn m, link. - - con mallete o de travesao, stud link. - - de acoplamiento (ra), link coupling. de ajuste, hunting link. de arrastre (auto) (M), drag link. - - de compostura, missing or repair link. de retencin. grab link, slip grabo de seguridad (turb), breaking link. de solapa, lap link. fusible (elc), fuse link. giratorio. swivel. interruptor (elc), disconnecting link. - - pivotante, swing link. reparador, connecting or chain-repair link. eslabonamiento m, linkage. eslinga J, sling. de brida de dos partes, two-lC'g bridle aHng. _.- de brida doble. dauble bridle sling. de cables mltiples, multiple-part sling. - - de cadena. chain sJing. , de doble suspensin, basket hitch. - - de igualacin, equalizing sling. estranguladora, chokersling or hitch, anchor hitch. - - sin fin, cndless-rope sHng. eslingaje m, slinging charge (ship's cargo). eslingar. to sling. eslora f (nut), length. - - de clasificacin, c1assification lcngth. - - de flotacin, water-line length. - - entre perpendiculares, length between perpendiculars. total. over-all length. esmaltar, to enamel. esmalte m, enamel. de asfalto. filled asphalt, asphalt enamel. esmaltina. esmaltita / (miner), smaltite. esmeril m, emery. esmerilado m, grinding. ~ al aire o sin puntas, centerless grinding. - - en hmedo, wet grinding. esmerilador m, emery whed, grinder. de vlvulas, valve grinder.

esmeriladora

139

espiga

esmeriladoraJ, grinder; honing machine. - - de banco, bench grinder. -"- de pie, pedestal grinder. de roscas, thread grinder. de velocidad graduable, adiustable-speed grinder. - - para brocas, bit grinder. - - para mandril de torno, chucking grinder. - - sin centros, eenterless grinder. esmerilaje m, grinding. esmerilar. to grind; to polish with emery. esmitsonita 1, smithaonite, zine spar. espaciado m, spacing, (re) piteh. espaciador m, separator, spacer, packing block. del balancn (pet), beam apaeer. - - de barras (ref), bar spaeer. - - del empaque, packing apaeer. espacial, spatial. espaciamiento m, spaeing; extent, spaee. espaciar, to apace; (mech) to indexo espacio m, spaee. - - libre, clearance. -libre labial (A), lip relie! (twiat drill). - - muerto, clearance. nocivo, clearance (eylinder). - - oscuro catdico (elc), cathode or Orookes dark apace. espadilla l. (eonc)(A) blade tamper. espadn 'in (fe) (Es), switch blade. espalda 1, back. - - con espalda, back to back. espaldn m, shoulder, haal. espaoleta 1, door bolt. esparavel m, pIasterer's hawk, mortarboard; piaaterer's Hoat. esparcidor m, spreader, finisher. corredizo (dae), trveling distributer. - - de asfalto, asphalt spreader. de cascajo (ca), chip spreader. - - de hormign, concrete spreader. giratorio, rotary distributer. esparcidora 1, spreader. finisher. acabadora, spreader-finisher. de cola, glue-spreading machine. esparcimiento (m) de banda (ra) (A), band spread. esparcir, to spread, distribute. esprrago m, pin, peg; (w) stud; (O) stay bolt; (A) stud blt. esparramar (A), to spread. esptico, spathic, sparry. espato m (miner), spar. - - adamantino, adamantina spar, corundum. - - azul, blue spar, lazulite. - - bruno, brown spar (dolomite 01' magnisite). calcreo o calizo, calcite, calc-spar, calcareoua spar. - - de hierro, siderite, aparry iron. de Islandia, Iceland spar (calcite). de manganeso, manganesa spar (rhodonita 01' rhodochroaite). ferrfero, sid~rite. sparry iron, chalybite. - - fiuor, fiuor spar, fluorite. --lustroso, satin spar (calcite or gypsum). pardo, brown apar; dolomite, magnesite. - - pesado, heavy spar, barite.
J

- - romboidal, rhomb spar, dolomite. esptula i, mason's fioat; trowel; putty knife. spatuIa,; molder's spoon; (auto) (M) tire iran. especialidades U) para vapor, ateam specialties. especmcacin 1, specification. modelo o normal, standard specification. especmcar, to specy. especfico. specific. espcimen m, specimen. espectral, speetral. espectro m, apectrum. de faja, band spectrum. de frecuencias portadoras (elc), carrier spectrum. -lineal, line spectrum. espectrofotoelctrico, spectrophotoelectric. espectrofotomtrico, spectrophotometrio. espectrofotmetro m, spectrophotometer. espectrgrafo m, spectrograph. espectrometra l. spectrome~ry. espectrmetro m, speotromete):. espectromicroscopio?n. spectromicroseope. espectrorradiomtrico,spectroradiometrio. espectrorradimetro m (il), spectl'oradiometer. espectroscopia 1, spectroseopy. espectroscpico, spectroscopic. espectroscopio m, sPElQtroscope. - - monocromtico. monochromator. especular. specular (iron).. espejo m. mirror; (Pan}sta,ir riser; (C) seat o a slide valve. de agua. water surfaee. de falla o de friccin (geol), sUckenside. de horizonte (inst). horizon gIaas. de popa (en), esc\tcheon. retroscpico o retrovisor (auto), rear-vision mirror. . espejuelo m. (Ch) fine ~avel, grita; (PR) a hardwood; (miner) selenite. (Ch) calcite. espeque m, lever, handspike. ' espera J (carp), dap, 'notch, rabbet. mortise,

gam.

espesador m (is), thickener. de batea, tray thicl!;ener. de cieno (dac). sl~dge thickener. espesar, to thick~n. . espesartita I (geol), speasartite. espeso, thick, heavy, dense. espesor m, thickness, gage (sheet), depth (stab). de arco (en), circular thickness. de cuerda (en), chordal thickness. espesura 1, density i thickness. ~spetn m, poker; iron pino espa 1, warping cable; (mech) telltale. espiar (nut), to warp. espiche m, peg, dowel. espidmetro m (M), speedometer. espiga l. pin, peg, needle, dowel, (sb) setbolt; tenon; (t) shank, fang; (P) spigot; (re) shank. ahusada (herr), taper shank. cillndrica (herr), straight shank. con oreja,lugged shank. cuadrada c6nica, square taper shank. de aislador (elc), insulator piDo

espiga
de balsar, raft dogo de la bisagra (ft), hinge pino - - de la excntrica (mv), eccentric pino de reborde (barrena), lug shank. de la vAlvula (Es) (C), valve stem. estriada, fiuted shank (drill). gua, guide stem. - para trinquete, ratchet shank. pareja, straight shank (drill). - - roscada, dowel serew. y campana o y enchufe (tub), bell and spigot. espigadora 1, tenoner; (pav) dowel-setting machine. doble. doublfHlnd tenoner. - - simple, single-end tenoner. espigar. to dowel, pin; to tenon; to shank. espign m, jetty, wing dam, pier clam, spur dike; pier, dock. espigueta f. blasting needle. espiguilla l. herringbone (bond). espilita f (geol), spilite. espina f, barb; thorn; splinter. de arenque o de pescado. herringbone (gear). espinazo m, (Col) crown oC a barrel arch. - - de pescado, herringbone. espinela f (miner), spinel. espinillo m, an Argentine hardwood. espintermetro m (elc), measuring spark gap. espiocha f, mattock, pick. espira f, turn, loop; spiraL cerrada (cab), locked coil. espirador m (pa), Spiractor (trademark). espiral f a, spiral; (miner) gyroidal. - - de diez cuerdas (ca), ten-chord transition curve. _: de transicin (ca)(fc), transition curve. espirilos m (is), spirilla. espritu (m) de petrleo, mineral or white spirits. espita f, cock, faueet; spout. de prueba (cal), try eock. - - de purga, drain eock. espoleta f, (elec)(bl) fuse; (auto)(U) hood. de tiempo, time fuse. elctrica (vol) (M), exploder. fulminante (M), blasting cap. espoln m, cutwater; wing dam, jetty, pier dam, groin; mole; starling, fender; (top) spur. espolvorizar, to spray with powder. esponja f. sponge. esponjamiento m, swelling. esponjarse, to swell. esponjoso, spongy. esporas! (is), spores. espodfero. eontaining sporea, spore-forming. esporulacin f (is), sporulation. esporuIario, sporular. espuela 1, spur; (rr) siding; (C) climbing iron; (t) point, tooth. espuma 1, scum; foam, froth. apagadora, fire foam. espumadera f, skimmer; spray nozzle; (locQ) scum cck. espumadora f, foam generator. espumante m (min), frother. espumar, to foam; to froth; (bo) to prime. espurio (ra), spurious.

140

estacin
i ,

~ Ii

esqueleto m, crate; blank form; (cone) coarse aggregate; (str) frame skeleton. esquema m, sketch, plan, diagram; scherne, plan. almbrico (elc), wiring diagram. de las cargas, load diagram. esquemtico, diagrammatic. schematic. esquifada f, vault, groined areh. esquife m, skiff; barrel areh; (M) scalepan, skip. esquilar (mh) (A), to shear. esquileo m (A), shearing. esquina f, corner. esquinal m, knee brace; eorner post. esquineraf, corner post or pieca; knee brace, gusset. esquirol m, sfrikebreaker. esquisto m, shale, slate, schist. - - aluminoso, alum shale or schist. arcilloso, clay sIate, killas. - - cloritico, chlorite schist. - - de barro, mudstone. - - micceo, mica schist. - - petrolfero, oil shale. - - talcoso, talc schist. esquistoideo, schistoid. esquistosidad f, schistosity. esquistoso. slaty, shaly, schistic, Bchistose. esquistosomas (is), sehistosomes. esquistosomiasis I (is), schistosomiasis. esquizomicetos (is), schizomycetes. estabilidad f, stability. - - al deslizamiento o al resbalamiento, stabil ity against sliding (dam). - - al giro o al vuelco, stability against overturning (dam). - - de volumen (ct), constancy o volume. estabilizacin(f) de suelos, soil stabilization. estabilizador m, estabilizadora l. stabilizer. - - de arco (sol). are stabilizer. estabilizar, to stabilize. estable a, stable. \ establecimiento m, (A)(U) (eh) plant, installation. --o de aguas corrientes (A). waterworks. de depuracin (A), purificatian planto del puerto. establishment of the port. siderrgico (A), steel mll. establo m. a stable. estaca f, stake, paling; pile, sheet pile. - - de cerca, fence post. de declive (M), slope stake. - - de rasante, grade stake. - - directriz, guide pile. - - indicadora (lev) , witness stake. limitadora de talud, slope stake. volada (tn), spile. estacas de avance (tn), poling boards, spilling. estacada f, sheeting, sheet piling; fence. tlotante, lag boom. estacar, to stake out. estacin!, station, plant; season; survey station. cabecera (fe) (A), terminal station. - - carbonera, coaling station. central (ele). central station, generating plant, powerhouse. de aforos (hid), gaging station. de bombeo. pumping planto

I
1

I I

141
freight station.
~1,l~J'~i~, power plant, powerhouse. :tJ).ll~chill.qtleO (Es), crushing planto

estafio

facsimile broadcast sta-

'ide. to~a (tma), camera or exposure station. de tra.nsbordo (fe), transier station. d traJlsfoJ'macin al aire libre (elc) , outdoQr sllQstation. __ deltt4,J1sito (lev), transit point. _._._ de viajeros, passenger station. ..il~puradora, purifieation plant. _'.'_" dif~sor~, broadeasting statioll. _.-.ferroviaria, railroad station. - ' ltradora, filter planto __ fiuviomtrica o hidromtrica (hid) , gaging sttion. _ gn~ratriz, central station, powerhouse. . ~,t!l:vi~trica (geof), gravity station. . . ..Up.viosa .9 pluvial, rainy season. > naval, naval station. ~Pluviomtrica,rain-gaging station. . ... ..r<ljofaro, radio range station. ' r~C9Ietora (pet), gathering station. -+S transmisora (ra,) , sending staton. C.::t~c;i()Jlamiento m, (auto) (ap) parking; (con e) . (A) euring; (lbr)(M)(A) seasoning. e~ta,(;i()tlar, (lJ,\lto) to park; (A) to berth (ship) . .(A)(M) to season (lumber); (surv)(Sp) to set \lp. $tQi()Jlario, stationary. e4ta.cOJlm, large stake; pile; (M) poleo ",sAA~haJ, hawscr, towline. est44.1' m, a measure oi length about 3.3 m; a square measure about 11.2 sq m; (M) level rod. ~de corredera, level rod. enrollable, flexible level rod. --. esta4imtrico, stada rod. sta<ialero m (M), rodman (level). est.<il9.J, stadia. ~$tadr. f, demurrage; stay; (naut) lay days. estadigrafo m (inst). stadiagraph. ~stadimtrico, astadia, stndiametric. estadio m, stadium; furlong. eEltadimetro m,stadiometer. est.dJstica 1, statistics. s,tado m, state, condtion; (e) stage; statement, report; staff state (US, M, etc.); (meas) 2 varas. de cuenta, statement o account. de pago, estimate for payment (contract). estafilococos (lab), staphylocoeci. estaj m (C), stay. estajar (est), to crimp. estaje m, (str) erimping; (CA) piecework, taskwork. estajear (AC), to do work by the task 01' piece system. estajero m (AC), taskworker, pieeeworker. esta'~eIllmetro m (1ab) , stalagmometer. estallabilida<i l. explosibility. estallable, explosible. estalladora 1, blasting machine.

. ..... . . d~s~c;~s. dry season. . ::d~ servicio, service station.

de empuje, push-down machine. de vuelta, twist-type machine. estalladura 1, (auto) blowout j. (bl) blast, ahot. de rota (min), rock burst. estallar, to explode, burst. estambor m (cn), stempost. estampa/, (re) dolly; (bs) swage; rivet set; stamp. de collar, collar swage. inferior, bottom swage. superior, top swage. estampas de empatar, seaming dies. estampado profundo, deep drawing. estampadora 1, stamping maehine. estampar, to stamp; to Bwage. en caliente, to hot-swage. eptancado, stagnant dammed. estancamiento m, dammng; backing up (water); waterproofing. estancar, to dam; to make watertight; estan" carse, to back up (water), to stagnate estanco, watertght, airtight, weathertight. al aceite, oiltight. al agua, watertght, waterproof. al aire, airtight. al gas, gastight. al goteo, drptight. a la humedad, mosturetight. a llamas. flametight. al polvo, duat-tight. -'- al vapor, steamtight, vaportight. estndar (V) (M), standard. estandardizacin f (M) (A) (V), standardization. estannato m (quim), atannate. estnnico (quim), stannc. estannita j (miner), stannitc, tin pyrtes. estannito m (quim), stannite. estannoso (quim), stannotls. estannuro m (quim), stannide. estanque m, reservoir, basin. almacenador, storage reservoir. amortiguador, stilling or cushion pool. de acumulacin (A). storage reservoir. de clarificacin o de deposicin, 3Cttling tank or bD-~in. de distribucin, distributing reservoir. de enfriamiento, cooling pondo de lixiviacin, leaching tank. de rociada, spray pondo decantador, settling basin. mezclador, mxing tank. para colas (mn), tailings pondo regulador, regulating reservoir. sptico, septic tank. estanquedad 1, watertghtness. estanquero m, reservoir attendant. estantal m (Es), buttress, pilaster. estante m, post, upright; buek. de probetas (1ab), test-tuba rack. para cerca (V), fence post. estantera l. shelving, rack. estaado, tin-plated. estaador, estaero m, tinworker. estaadura j, tinwork. estaar, to tin; to tin-plate; to solder; to blancl, estaifero. containing tino estao m, tino

r
I ,
estao
de acarreo o de placer (miner), stream tin (cassiterite). emplomado, terne (plate). en lingotes, pig tino fosforado, phosphor tino -leoso (miner), cassiterite, wood tino piritoso (miner), stannite, tin pyrites. vidrioso (miner). tinstone, cassiterite. estaoso (qul:m), stannous. estaquear, to stake out. estaqueo m, staking out. estaquero m (lev), axman. estaquilla /, peg, pin, doweJ; stake. de aislador (elc), insulator pino de nivel, grade stake. estaquillar, to stake out. estarcido m, stencil. estarcir, to steneil. esttica /, staties; (ra) (M)(C) static. ~- grfica, graphieal staties. estticamente indeterminado, statiea11y indeterminate. esttico, statie. estticos m (ra)(A), static. estatizar (Ch), to convert to government owncrship or operation. estator m (elc)(turb), stator. estatscopo, estatoscopo m (V), statoseope. registrador, recording statoscope. estaurolita I (miner), staurolite, cross-stone. estay m, stay; stay bolt. este m, east. esteatita I (miner), :,teatite, soapstone. estefanita J, stephanite, brittle silver ore. estei m CC). stay. estelita / (met), stellite. estemenara J (en), Ctittock. estemple m, timber bent in a mine or tunnel; strut, stull, stemple. - - de alas, wing stull. en V invertido, saddleback stull. estenodo (ra), stenode. estengrafo, estengrafa, stenographer. esteo m (M), strut, shore. estepa J. steppe, tract of arid land. esteraJ, mat; (mech) apron; (C) slat conveyor. - - de aterrizaje (ap), landng mato - - de refuerzo (conc), mesh reinforcement. de tablillas (C), slat conveyor. - - para voladuras, blasting mato esteras, crawlers, caterpillar tread. esterbn m. Sterbon (abrasive)(trademark). estreo m (roed), atere; a stereoscopic, atereo. estereoautgrafo m (Cma), stereoautograph. estereocartgrafo m (Cma), stereocartograph. estereocomparador m (Cma). stereocomparator. estereocompllTgrafo m (Cma) , atereocomparagraph. estereofnico (ra), stereophonic. estereofotografa I (Cma) , stereophotography; stereophotograph. estereofotograma stereophotogram. estereofotogrametrla J. stereophotogrammetry. estereoCotogramtrico, stereophotogrammetric. estereogonimetro m (fma), stereogoniometer, stereoscopic goniometer. -

142

estopa

m;

estereografa I (dib), stereography. estereogrfico (fma)(dib), stereographic. esteregrafo m, stereograph. estereograma m, (pmy) stereogram; (geol) block diagrarn. estereolevantamiento m, stereosurveying. estereometra J (mat), stereornetry. estereomtrico, stereometric. esteremetro m, stereometer. estereomicrmetro m, stereomicrometer. estereoplangrafo m (fma). stereoplanigraph. estereoscopa I (Cma), stereoscopy. estereoscpico, stereoscopic. estereoscopio, esterescopo m (Cm a) , stereoscope. estereosimplex (Cma) , stereosimplex. estereotelmetro m (fma), stereotelemeter. estereotoma 1, stereotomy (stonecutting). estereotopogrfico (frna), stereotopographic. estereotopgrafo m (ima), stereotopograph. estereotopmetro m (fma), stereotopometer. estereotrazado m (fma), stereoplotting. estereotrazador m (fma), stereoplotter. radial, stereo-radial plottcr. estril, sterile, (pet) dry (well). esterilizador m, sterilzer, sterilizing agent. esterilizar, to sterilize. esterilla J, mesh; matting. de alambre, wire mesh. de aterrizaje, landing mat (airfield). estero m, estuary, inlet; (A)(M) swamp; (V) pond; (Ch) amall stream. estiaje m, (r) low water; (A) low tide. estiba l. stowage; (A) loading. estibador m, stevedore, longshoreman, dock laborer. estibar, to stow; to 'load cargo. estibnita I (miner), stibnite. gray antimony. estilete m, style, pencil oC a recording instrument; (dwg) stylus, tracer. estilo m, style, gnomon. estilladura J (PR), split, crack; spall. estillarse (PR), to crack; to spall; to splinter. estimacin 1, an estimate, estimating. grosera (A) rough estimate. estimador m. estimator. estimar, to estmate, appraise. estimativo, estimated. estirado, drawn (tubing); expanded (metal); stretched. - - en caliente, hot-drawn. en duro, hard-drawn. - - en fro, cold-drawn, hard-drawn. estirador m, stretcher. estiraje m, stretching. estiramiento m (A) (V), elongation. estirar, to draw, stretch. por presin, to extrude. estireno m, styrene. estivador m (A), stevedore. estivaje m (A), stowing, stevedoring. estoa J, slack tide, stand oi the tide. estopa J, oakum, calking yarn; (C) cotton waste. alquitranada (M), tarred marline. de acero, stcel wooJ. de algodn, eotton wastc.

,..--

estopa
de lana, wool waste. de plomo, lead wool. ~stopar, to pack. estopera f (e) (M), stuffing box. e..topero m, calking imn or chisel. estoperol m, wick; (1\:1) spike; (Sp) clout nail. estopn m (vol), explader. estorbar, to obstruct, be in the way. estrada J. paved roadway, causeway. estrangulador m, throttle; (auto) choke; (lg) choker. de aire (auto), choke. de botn (auto), push-buttoll. throttle. manual, hand throttle. estrangulamiento m (top)(A), gap, pass. estrangular, to throttle; to wiredraw (steam); (auto) to choke. estratificacin J, stratification, stratum. bedding. cruzada (geol). emss-bedding. entrecruzada (A), eross-bedding. estratificado, stratified. estratigrafa J, stratgraphy. estratigrfico, stratigraphc. estrato m, stratum. estratmetro m (sx), stratameter. estratosfera 1, stratosphere. estrave m (en), forefoot. estrechar, to narrow; estrecharse, to contracto narrow. estrecho m, strait, gut, neek; gap, pass; a narrow, close; sharp (curve). - de la marea, tiderace. estrechura J (top), gap, narrows. estrellaJ. (meeh) star, spider, yoke; (clec) star. polar, north star. estrellado, (lbr) checked; (miner) stellate. estrematgrafo m (fe), stremmatograph. estrenar (maq). to run in. estreno m (maq), running in. estreptococos m (lab), streptococci. estra J, groove, fluting; (goal) stria. - - de lubricacin, oil groove. estriacin J (geol), striation. estriado, fiuted, ribbed; checkered (plate); serrated (gasket); knurlcd. estriadora 1, machine to cut grooves; knurling tool. estriadura J, fiuting; (geol) striation. estriar, to gi'oove, flute, knurl, score. estribacin 1, counterfort; (top) spur. estribar en, to rest on, abut against, be based on. estribo m, abutment; buttress; (reinf) stirrup, hoop; (bldg) j oist hanger. bridle iron; (auto) running board; (rr) car step; stirrup (saddle). de aguil6n (gr), boom bail. de la biela (pet), pitman stirrup. de fleje (ref) (A), hoop. de mstil (gr) , mast bailo de pared Ced), wall hanger. - - de tiro (elc), pulling-in iron. en U, U abutment. estribor m (nut), starboard. estringa J (M), stringer. estrobar, to place grommets; to furnish with a becket.
j

143

eucalipto

estrobo m, grommet; beeket; Ce) sling. estroboscpico, stroboseopic. estroboscopio m (ra), stroboseope. estrobotr6n m (ra), stro botron. estroncio m (qum), strontium. estropajear CM), to mop. estropajo m, mop. estropeado, broken down. estropeo m, damage; rough handling. estructura 1, strueture; (cone) forms; (geol) formation. abajo (pet). downstructure. - - armada o reticulada, framed structure. - - arriba (pet), upstructure. - - costrosa (suelo), erusted structure. ~~ de migas (suelo), crumb structure. - - de terroncillos (suelo), cloddy structure. - - esqueltica, skeleton construction. - - harinosa (suelo), floury or fiuffy structure. - - inferior, substructure. superior, superstructure. estructuras de descarga (hid), outlet works. estructuraci6n 1 (U), construction. estructural, structural. - - comerciable (mad), merehantable structural. - - de corazn (mad) , heart struetural. de primera calidad (mad), prime structural. estrujar, to extrude. estuacin I (mr), fiood, rising. estuarino (gool), estuarine. estuario m, estuary, inlet. estucar, to stucco. estuco m, stucco. estuche m, case, box. estudiar, to study; to plan, designo estudio m, study, consideration; designing, planrlng, devising; survey; designo ~- de desperdicios de agua, water-waste survey. - - de trazado, location survey. definitivo (fo)(M), final location. - - geoelctrico, geo-electric survey. - - gravimtrico (geof) , gravity survey. - - pitomtrico, pitometer survey. - - sanitario. sanitary survey. sismogrfico, seismograph survey. estufar (mad)(M), to season, kiln-dry. estuque m, stucco. estuquista m, plasterer, cement mason. esviaje m, skew. esviar, to skew. etapa[, station, stop; stage of the work; (machy) stage. amplificadora (ra), amplifier stage. de entrada (ra), input stage. desmoduladora (ra), demodulator stage. detectora (ra), detector stage. impulsora (ra) (A), driver stage. - - mezcladora (ra), mixer stage, first detector - - preamplificadora (ra), driver stage. etapas mltiples, de, multiple-step. ter m (qum)(fsica), ether. - - de petr61eo. petroleum ether. eternita J, Eternit (tradernark). etilo m, ethyl. etiqueta J, label, tag. eucalipto m, eucalyptus.
_ _ o

".--

n r

se" ;~tn17rT

na

$r

r
eudi6metro

144
-

expansor

eudimetro 'm (1e.b). eudiometer. eupateoscopio m (aa), eupatheoseope. eutctica f. eutectic. eutctico a, eutectic. eutectoide (met), eutectoid. evacuador m, (hyd) wasteway, escape, (A) spillway; (meeh) evacuator. evacuar, to empty, exhaust, evacuate; (sw) to carry off, discharge. evaluacin J. valuation, appraisal; evaluation; computation. evaporacin J, evaporation. ~vaporador m, evaporator. - - a temperatura alta, high-heat-Ievel evaporator (245 F). - - a temperatura baja, low-heat-Ievel evaporator (210 F). de cuidruple efecto (az) , quadruple-effect _ evaporator. ~ de efecto mltip~e (az) , multiple-effect evaporator. - - de rejilla, grid-coil evaporator. - - de tubos acodados, bent-tube evaporator. - - instantneo, flash evaporator. evaporadora J, evaporator, (lab) evaporating dish. evaporar, evaporarse, to evaporate. evaporativo, evaporatorio, evaporative. evapormetro m, evaporation tank, evaporimeter, atmometer. evaporizar, evaporizarse, to evaporate. evapormetro m, evaporometer, atmometer. evapo-transpiracin J (irr). evapotranspiration. eventualidades J, ~ontingencies. exactitud J, 8ccuracy. exaedro m, hexahedron. exagonal, hexagonal. exgono m, hexagon; a hexagonal. exanitrodenilamina J, hexanitrodiphenylamine (explosive). exapolar (elc), sx-pole. exaracin J (geol) (A), glacial erosiono excavacin J, excavation, cut, digging. - - a cielo abierto, open cut. - - a granel (M), mass' excavation. - - a media falda o a media ladera, sidehill excavation. - - de corte pasante, through cut. - - de ensayo, test pit or excavation. ~ en balcn (M), sidehill excavation. - - en masa, masa excavation. - - en zanja, trench excavation. excavador m, excavator (man), digger. de agujero, (t) posthole digger. excavadoraJ (ec), excavator; (A) (M) (Col) power shovel. - - a cangilones, trench machine, bucket exeavator. acarreadora, carryall scraper. - - ambulante, traveling excavator. ambulante de cable de arrastre, waIking dragline. cargadora' (M), elevating grader. de arcilla, pneumatic clay spade. de arrastre, pOwer scraper. de cable, cableway cxcavator.

de cable aflojable o de cable areo, slack~ line cableway, slackline-dragline. de cable de arra~tre, slackline cableway or excavator. - - de cable de traccin, dragline excavator; power scraper. - - de capachos o de rosario, bucket excavator. - - de cuchara, power shovel. de mordazas (Es), clamshelI bucket. de tiro (A), baekdigger, pullshovel. - - de torre, tower excavator. - - de tractor, tractor shovel or excavator. - - de zanjas, trench dgger, ditcher. elevadora (M), elevating grader. explanadora (Es), elevating grader. - - funicular, slackline cableway. - - neumtica, clay dgger, pneumatic clay spade. para profundidad (A), ditcher. backdigger. - - telefrica de caballetes, trestle excavator. excavar, to excavate, digo excedente m (cont), surplus. excntrica J (maq), eceentric. excentricidad J, eccentricity; (mt) setover. excntrico a, eccentrc. exceso (m) esfrico (mat). spherical elteess. excitaein J (ele), excitation. compuesta, compound excitation. - - en derivacin, shunt excitation. - - en serie, seres exctation. - - por choque (ra), impact or shock excitaton. - - propia, self-exctation. - - pulsativa (ra), impulse excitation. excitador m (elc), exciter. - - piloto, pilot exciter. excitar, to excite, eneJ:gize. excitatriz J, exciter. excitrn m (elc). Excitron (trademark). exclusa J (hid), lock; sluice. excrecin J. excretion. excrementicio, excremental, excrementitious. excremento m, excremento excretorio (is), excreta;}. excretos m, excreta. excusado m, water closet, toilet room, privy; (V) toilet, water-closet (future). exfi1tracin J. exfiltration. exfoliacin J, scaling, exfoliation. exfoliar, to exfoliate. exhalar, to emit vapor. exhaustar (C)(PR), to exhausto existencia, en, in stock. existencias J, stock, storage. exado m (ra), hexode. exoenzimas J (is), exoenzymes, ectoenzymes. exgeno, exogenic, exogenous. exoln m, exolon (abrasive). expandidor m, expander. de aros de mbolo, piston-ring expander. para tubos (A), boiler-tube expander. expandir, to expando expansible, expansible. expansin J, expansiono expansionarse (e) (Es), to expando expansivo, expansive. expansor m (A) (M), expander.

-.Iilt>d ...... c ......... l l~.y_;_~ _ _. -

expansor

145

extracorta

- - de aros, piston-ring expander. -.- de volumen (1'a), volume expander. expedidor m. shipper; shipping agent, orwarder. expediente m, file of papers, doeket. de construccin (A), documents of an appli(lation for building permito expedir, to ship, orward. expeler, to eject, expel. expensar (M), to pay the cost o, Manee. experiencia 1, experience; experiment, test. experim.entado. expe1'ieneed, experto experim.entador m, experimenter. experimental. experimental. experimentar, to test; to experiment; to experience. experimento m. experimento experticia I (V), expert testimony 01' advice. experto m a, experto explanacin 1, grading; subgrade, roadbed. explanada f, level spaee. explanadora l. grader; seraper. caminera. road grader. cargadora o elevadora, elevating grader. de armazn incUnable. leaning-rame grader. de arrastre, pull grader. de cuchilla. road scraper, blade grader. de empuje, bulldozer. de motor, motor gradar. de rueda recta, straight-wheel grader. de ruedas lnclinables. leaning-wheel grader. explanar, to level, grade. explayar. to extend in area. exploracin 1, exploration, prospecting; (tv) scanning. a salto de lnea (tv)(Es), line-jump seanning. "~- alterna de lineas (tv) (Es), alternate-line scanning. , - cercana o fina (tv), close seanning. elctrica (geof), eleetrieal prospecting. entrelazada (tv), interlaced or alternate-line seanning. ' - geofsica. geophysical survey. - progresiva (tv) , progressive or sequential seanning. - ssmica, seismic prospecting. - slsmogrfica, seismograph survey. explorador m, prospeetor; (ra.) exploring eoil. explorer; (tv) scanner. explorar, to explore. exploratorio, exploratory. explosfmetro m (min) (al), Explosimeter (trademark). explosin 1, explosiono de retroceso (auto)(A), baekfire. explosivo m a, explosive. - - aprobado o permisible. permissible explosive. deftagrante, defiagrating explosive. destructor o instantneo o violento, high 01' disruptive explosive. detonante. detonating explosive. lento o no detonante, low or nondetonating explosive. -lento detonante, low powder. explosor m, exploder; (A)(M)(Sp) blasting machine; (elee) spark gap.

explotable. workable. e.xplotacin/, operation, working; (min) a working. fiscal (Ch), Government operation. forestal. loggirig. hidrulica (min), hydraulicking. maderera.logging, lumbering. particular, private operation. e.xplotador m, operator o an enterprise. explotar. to operate. work; to exploit; (A) (C) to explode; (M) to blast. exponencial (mat), exponential. exponente m. exponent. exposicin I (ma), exposure. exposmetro m (fma) (V), exposure meter. expreso m, (tr), expresa. areo. air express. exprimir, to exprese, press out. e.xpropiacin l. expropriation. expropiar, to expropriate, eondemn. expuesto (roa). exposed. expulsancleos m (pet), core pusher. expulsin 1, expulsion, ejeetion; (eng) exhaUBt; (pu) discharge. expulsor m, expeller. exsicacin 1, exsieeation. extendedor m, e.xtendedora l. spreader. de balasto (fe), ballast spreader. de cuchilla (ca), blade spreader. . de tQrnill0 (ca), Bcrew spreader. e.xtender, to streteh; to spread; to layout; to swage (saw); to draw (check); to draw up (contraet). extensibilidad 1, extensibility. extensible. extensible. e.xtensin l. extension; tension; (A) elongation. de avenamiento (hid)(Col). drainage or eatehroent a r e a . ! de plazo. extension o time (contraet). . extensmetro m, extensoroeter. extensor m, extension pieee. de cubiertas (A), tire spreader. exterior. externo, outside, external, exterior. extincin l. extinguishing, extinetion. extinguidor m, e:lltinguisher; (elee) queneher. a espuma, fr am fire extinguisher. aprobado; labeled fire extinguisher (approved by Underwriters). extinguir, to extinguish. extintor m, extinguisher. a granada, grenade fire extinguisher. de incendio. fire extinguisher. extirpador m (ee)(Es), rooter. extra, extra.. mejor del mejor (alambre), extra best best (EBB). - selecto (mad), extra selecto extra-alta (ra.), ultrahigh (requeney). extracci6n 1, removal of ore from a mine, win ning, exploitation; yield, output of a mine(tun) mucking; (su) extraetion. de agregados (cone), aggregate proeuring. de raZ (mat), extraction of a root. extracelular (is), extracellular. extracorriente I (ele), extra. eurrent. extracorta (ra), ultrashort (wave).

extractivo
extractivo ,(M), extractive. extractor m, extractor, pulIere de buje, bushing puller. de cojinetes, bearing puller. ~ de engranaje, gear puller. de grasa, grease extractor. - - de muestras, sampler. de neblina (pet), mist extractor. - - de ncleos, core extractor (drill). - - de pin, pinion pulIere del revestidor (pet), liner puliere de ripio (pet) , junk catcher. de rueda (auto), wheel puller. - - de vlvulas, valve remover. extrads m, extrados. extraelevada (ra), ultrahigh (frequency). extraer, to extract; to pull (piles). extrafino. extra-fine. extraflexible, extra-flexible, extra-pliable. extrafuerte, extra-strong, heavy-duty. extragrueso, extra-thick, extra-heavy. extrable (min), minable. extraliviano, extra-light. extrapesado. extra-heavy. extrapolacin j, extrapolation. extrapotente, high-power. extrarresistente, extra-strong. extraviarse, to get out of lineo extremidad j, extremo m, ende extremo a extremo, out-to-out, over-all. extremo (m) muerto, dead ende extrusivo (geol) (M), extrusive. exudacin j (ca), bleeding. exudar, to exude. eyector m, ejector, eductor. a chorro de agua, water-jet eductor. - - a chorro d'e vapor, steam-jet ejector. - - cebador (bm), priming ejector. - - condensador, ejector condenser. - - de agua a vapor, steam-operated water ejeotoro - - de aguas negras, sewage ejector. - - de cenizas (en), ash ejcctor. de fusible (elc), fuse ejector.

146

factor

fbrica j, factory, mill, shop; plant; masonry; a building. - - central (elc), central station. - - de acero, steelworks. de azcar, sugar millo - - de cantera, ashlar masonry. de cemento, cement millo - - de electricidad, electric power planto de gas, gasworks, gas planto de hierro, ironworks. ~- de ladrillos, brick masonry; brick factory. - - de piedra bruta. rubble masonry. - - de sillera, ashlar masonry. - - generatriz, central station, powcrhouse. - - siderrica. steel milI. fabricacin j, fabrication, manufacture. fabricante m, manufacturer, fabricator. fabricar, to fabricate, manufacture; to COllstruCtj to process.

fabriquerp m (Es), manufacturero facsmile, facsmil m, facsimile. factor m, factor (ali senses); (rr) (Sp) freight or baggage agent. compensado de filtracin (hid) , weighted filtration factor. - - contra el deslizamiento, sliding factor (dam). - - de absorcin, absorption coefficient. de abultamiento (ms), bulking factor. de amortiguacin (ms) (elc), damping factor. - - de amplificacin, magnification factor (vibration). de amplitud (elc), amplitude or crest or peak factor. - - de rea superficial (ag), surface-area factor, surface coefficient. - - de capacidad (elc), capacity or use factor. - - de capacidad de la estacin, plant capacity factor. de carga (elc), load factor. de carga de la planta, plant load factor. - - de carga de la red, system load factor. - - de deformacin (elc), distortion factor (wave). de demanda (elc), demand factor. - - de desviacin (elc), deviation factor. de diafona (ra), cross-talk factor. - - de dispersin (elc), leakage or dissipation factor. de disponibilidad (elc) , availability factor. - - de diversidad (elc), diversity factor. - - de eficiencia eritmica (il) , erythemal factor. de empuje (ms), earth-pressure factor. - - de encaramiento (aa), exposure factor. - - de escala (fma), scale factor. de escurrimiento (hid) (Col), runoff coefficiento de espacio (elc), space factor. de estabilidad (ms}(elc), stability factor. de evaporacin (cal), factor of evaporation. de explosivos (exc), powder factor. - - de filtracin (hid) , creep ratio, percolation factor. del filtro (fma) , filter factor. de flexin, bending factor, kern distance. - - de funcionamiento. operation factor. - - de gasto, load factor (water meter). - - de infiltracin (aa), leakage factor. - - de marea, tidal constant. de mieles (az), molasses factor. - - de percolacin (hid), filtration factor, creep ratio. - - de potencia (elc), power factor. - - de produccin, output factor. - - de propagacin (ra), propagation or transfer factor. - - de reflexin (il), refiectance, reflection factor. - - de reflexin espectral, spectral refiection fac~ toro - - de reflexin especular, regular reflection factor. - - de rendimiento. performance factor, load factor (compressor). - - de resistencia (ms), bearing capacity factor. de rigidez, stiffness factor.

factor

147

fanal

de seguridad, factor of sa.fety. de seguridad final, ultimate factor of safety. - - de simultaneidad (e16c), demand factor. de transmisin dusa (il), diffuse transmis-sion factor. de transmisin directa (il), regular transmission factor. de transmisin espectral (il), speetral transmission factor. de utilizacin, (elee) utilization factor; (tr) load factor. gravado de percolacin (hid), waighted filtration factor. factorla 1, faetory; ageney; (Ee) foundry. _.- naval (Es), shipyard. factorial (mat), factorial. factorizar (mat), to factorize. bctura 1, bill, invoice. comercial. commercial invoice. ~ consular, consular invoiee. de embarque, shipping memorandum. simulada o pro forma, pro forma invoiee. facturar, to bill, invoice; t enter on a bill o lading; to check baggage. facultativo (is), facultative. fachada j, fa~ade, front of a building. de caldera, boilar front. fadmetro m, Fadeometer (trademark). faena 1, work; (eh) gang, shift. faenero m, common laborer. faetn m, (ce) carrying scraper; (cone) buggYi (auto) phaeton. faja!, strip, OOlt, band; (rd) lane; (ra) channel. central (ca), separation strip, parkway. de aceleracin (ca), aceelerating lane. de apoyo. column strip (fiat-slab eonstruction). de aterrizaje, flight strip, flightstop, laJidirtg strip, airstrip. de comunicacin (ra), eornmunieation band, band o emission. de control (fma), control strip. de deceleraci6n (ca), dccelerating lane. de doblar (ca), turning lane. de estacionamiento, (rd) parkinglane; (ap) parking apron. de frecuencias. radio channel, frequency bando de frecuencias de lmite (ra.) , frequency range. de guardia (ra), guard bando de ondas (ra), wave bando de pasar (ca), passing lane. de servicio (ra), serviee bando de transicin (ca), transition strip. divisora (ca), parting strip, parkway, separation strip. expropiada (fe), right o way. -lateral (ra), side bando -libre (ra) , clear ehannel. volada (fma) , fiight strip. fajado m, mine timbar. fajadora f (ca), striping machine. fajar, to band; to stripe. fajina 1, fascine, bundle of brushwood, fagot; work, task.
_

fajinada 1, revetment of brushwood. fajinante m (Pan)(F), eornmon laborer. falca! (en), washboard, wasteboard. falda 1, slope. hlllside. del mbolo, piston skirt. faldear, to make a sidehill excavation. faldeo m, sidehill cut; slope of a hill. a medialadera (A), sidehill cut and filI. simple (A), cut for full width of roadbed. faldn m, slope o a roof; (mech) skirt. del vertedero (hid)(PR), spi1lway apron. falencia! (A)(Ch), bankruptcy. falsa acacia (mad),locust. escuadra (carp), bavel square. escuadra en T, T bevel. explosin (auto) (A) (U), backfi.re. -lengeta (carp), spline. quilla (en), false keel. falsarregla! (earp), bevel square. falseado (maq), out-of-line, untrue. falsear, to bevel falsearse. (V) to buckle, sag, give way. falseo m, beveling, bovel. falsete m, chamfered cornero falso, falseo chasis (auto)(U), subframe. flete (nut), dead freight. pUote, pile follower. falla 1, failure, breakdown; (geol) fault (elee) ault, failure. acostada (gao!), thrustor o-verthrust fault. corriente (geol), strike fault. de estratificaci6n (geol), ,bedding fauIt. de tiro (vol), nlisfite. diagonal(geol)(A),inc1ined fault. distributiva oesca1onda (geol), step or ds-tributive fault. escarpada (geol)(M),fault searp. e;tructural, struetura! failure. girada (geol), rotary 01' pivotal fauIt. giratoria (geol), l'otational fault. invertida (geol), reverse fauIt. por deslizamiento (muro), sliding failure. por empuje (geol) (M), thrust ault. por empuje ir.'Jerior, underthrust fault. por voleamiento (muro), tilting fallure, overo turning. ramificada (geol), branching fault. secundaria (elc), seeondaryfault. simple (geol), normal fault. transversal (geol), clip or croas fault. fallado, faulted. fallamlento m, faultage, faulting. fallar, to fal; (ge) to miss. fallebal, door bolt, cremone or espagnolette OOlt. de emergencia o de salida, exit Or panie balto fallido (vol)(M), missed (hole). fallir (V), (com)to fa.i1. fallo m (C), flaw, defect; (met) blowhole. fanal m, lamp, lantern, (Sp) headlight. de arrumbamiento (ap), bearing projector. de aterrizaje (ap), landing light. de destellos, flashlight (1ighthouse). de trfico, traffie light. giratorio, revolving light (lighthouse).

fanal

148

frreo

- - trasero o de cola. taillight. fanega 1, a dry measure having many different . values between 50 and 150 litera; (M) land measure of about 8.8 acres. fanegada, fanega de tierra. land measure o various values: (Pe) 1.6 acres, (V) 1.7 acres. fangal m, marsh, bogo fanglomerado m (geol), fanglomerate. fango m, mud, muck, silt; sludge. - - activo (dac), active sludge. - - mineral (min), slimes. fangos activados (dae), aetivated sludge. fangoso, silty, muddy. fanotrn m (ra) , phanotron. faquia (carp)(V), hatten. faraday (elc), faraday. fardico (ele), faradie. faradmetro m (ele), faradmeter. faradio,m (ele), farad. faradizacin 1, faradization, faradism. faralln m, cliff, bluff, headland; (min) outerop. farda I (carp), (Col) dap, notch, gain. rahbet; (Sp) mortise. fardo m, bale, bundle. farero m (pet), derriekman. faro m, lighthouse, beaeon; headlight. alternante, alternating light. buscador (auto), spotlight. - - de aeropuerto, airport or airport-Iocation beaeon. de banquioa (auto)(A), spotlight. - - de destellos, flashing light. - - de direccin (ap), bearing projeetor. - - de luz continua, fixed light. - - de peligro (ap), hazard beaeon. de perforacin (M), oi! derriek. - - de ruta; eourse light. - - de ruta area. airway beaeoo. flotante, lightship. - - giratorio (ap), rotating beaeon. --localizador o de identificacin o de referenca (ap) , landmark beaeon. --localizador de pista (ap) , runway localizing beaeon. - - marcador (ap), marker beaeon. - - omIdireccionaI (ap) , omnidirectional bl;J~ con. para Iebla (auto), fog light. - - titilante. flashing beaeon. farol m, lantern, lampo de acercamiento (ap), approaeh light. de aterrizaje (ap), landing light. de cambio (fe), switch lampo -~ de enfilacin, range light. de frente. headlight. - - de marcha atrs, backing light. - - de pista (ap), contact or runway light. - - de reflector contenido (auto). sealed-beam headlight. de seftal (fe), signallamp. de trfico. traffie light. delimitador (ap). boundary light. trasero o de zaga (auto), taillight, tal lamp. farola 1, large lantern or light, headlight.

farolero m; lamp tender. farolito sealero (auto), stop light. farolito trasero (auto), taillight. fase I (elc) (qum) (met), phase. - - avanzada (elc), leading phase. - - continua (qum), continuous phase. - - dispersa (qum), dispersed phase. - - opuesta (ele), opposite phase, antiphase. partida (ele), split phase. - - retrasada (ele), lagging phase. fases desequilibradas (eI6e), unbalanced phase:J. fases equilibradas. balaneed phases. fasmetro m (elc), phase meter. fastial, see hastaI. fatiga 1, stress; fatigue. - - admisible, allowable stress. - - con corrosin. corrosion fatigue. - - cortante o al corte. shearing stress. - - de apoyo, bearing stress (beam). - - de compresin, compressive stress. - - de contraccin, eontraetile stress. - - de empuje. hearing stress (rivet). - - de flexin, bending stress; bending fatigue. - - de metales, fatigue of metals. - - de ruptura. breaking stress, ultimate strength. - - de seguridad o de trabajo, safe or working stress. - - de tensin o de traccin. tensile 01' tensional stress. - - especfica o unitaria, unit stress. - - principal, principal stress, (A) diagonal ten~ sion. - - superficial, surface fatigue. fatigmetro m (M), strain meter. fatigar, to stress. faz 1, front, fal:ie. - - de laboreo (min), working faee. fecal, fecal. fecaIoide (is), fecaloid. feldesptico (geol), feldspathic. feldespatzacin 1, feldspathization. feldespato m (miner), feldspar. - - calizo. lime feldspar. - - de barita, baryta feldspar, hyalophane. - - de cal'; lime feldspar, anorthite. - - potsico, potash feldspar, orthoclase. - - sdico. soda feldspar, albite. - - vtreo, sanidine, glassy feldspar. felsital (geo!), felsite, petrosilex. felsitico. felsitic. fenestra I (Col), window. fenestraje m, fenestmtion. fnico. carbolic, phenic. fenol m (qum), phenol. fenolftalena I (is), phenolphthalein. fenlico, phenolic. fenolizar, to phenolize, phenolate. fenmeno m, phenomenon. fenosafranina I (fma), phenosafranine. ferberita 1, ferberite (tungsten ore). fermentador m (lab), fermenter. fermentar. to fermento ferodo. Ferodo (trademark)(brake lining). ferrato m (qum), ferrate. frreo, containing iron, made o iron, ferrous.

ferrera

149

fieltro

ferreda f, ironwork; iron shop. ferrete m, steel marking stamp. ferretear, to bind with iron; to mark with a steel stamp. ferreteraj, hardware; hardware store; ironwork. - - de edificaci6n, builder's hardware. - - de postera, pole-line hardware. - - gruesa, heavy hardware. marina, marine hardware. - - para ebanistera, cabinet hardware. ferretero m, hardware dealer. ferticinico, ferricyanic. frrico, ferrie. ferdfero, containing iron. ferriprusiato m (C), blueprint. ferrita I (geol) (met) , ferrita. ferdtico, ferritic. fertitizaci6n 1, ferritization. ferrito m (quim), ferrite. diclcico (ct), dicalcium ferrita. ferroacero m, semistee1. ferro-barco (fc)(A), car float. ferroaleacin J, iron alloy. ferroaluminato tetracAlcico m (ct) , tetracalcium aluminoferrite. ferroaluminio m, ferroaluminum. ferroaluminosilicato m, ferroa1uminosilicate. ferroboro m, ferroboron. ferrocarril m, railroad, railway. - - areo, elevated railway. - - de circunvalacin, belt lineo - - de cremanera, rack railway. - - de v(a angosta, narrow-gage railway. - - de v(a normal. standard-gage railway. - - fiscal o del estado, government railroad, state railway. - - funicular, cable railway. - - subterrneo, subway. - - troncal, trunk-line railway. - - urbano, street railway. fflrrocarrilero m, railroad man; a pertaining to railroMs. ferrocerio m, f~rrocerium (alloy). ferroconcreto, ferrohormign m, reinforced concrete. ferrocromo m, ferrochromium. ferrofsforo m, ferrophosphorus. ferroinductancia J (elc), ferroinductance. ferroinductivo, ferroinductive. ferroinductor m, ferroinductor. ferromagnesiano, ferromagnesian. ferromagnsico (A), ferromagnesian. ferromagntico. ferromagnetic. ferromanganeso m, ferromanganese. ferromolibdeno m, ferromolybdenum. ferronquel m, ferronicke1. ferroprusiato m (C), blueprint. ferrorreactancia J (elc), ferroreactance. ferrorreactor m (ele), ferroreactor. ferrorresonante (elc), ferroresonant. ferrosilicio m, ferrosilicon (alloy). ferroso, ferroua. ferrotitanio m, fcrrotitanium (anOY). ferrotungsteno m, ferrotungsten. ferrovanadio m, fcrrovanadium. ferrova 1, railroad.

ferrovial, pertaining to railroads. ferroviario m, railroad man; a railroad. ferrug{neo, containing iron. ferrvginoso, ferruginous. ferrumbre f (C), rusto ferrombroso (Ch), rusty. frula 1, ferrule; tap (water main). embridada (tub), floor plateo fiador m, fastener, retainer, toggle, catch; bondsman, surety, guarantor. acodado, elbow catch. atravesado (cadena), toggle. - - de boterola, rivet-set retainer. de cadena (cn), chain stopper. d" freno, brake dogo de tuerca, nut lock. - - de ventana, window fastener, sash fast, wDdow lock. fianza 1, bond (surety). -'- de almacn, warehouse bond. - - de averas, average bond. - - de cumplimiento, performance bond. de fidelidad. fidelity bond. de licitador, bid bond. de pago, payment bond. fibra/, fiber; vein (ore); grain (wood). -~ atravesada, cross grain. corta, shortleaf (pine). de plomo (M), lead wool. - - extrema, extreme fiber. - - fina. fine grain. - - gruesa, coarse grain. -larga, longleaf (pine). - - ms alejada, extreme fiber. --, recta. straight grain. - - vulcanizada, vulcanized or hard fiber. fibras de vidrio, fiber glass. tibrina I (ia), fibrin. :fibrocemento m, fiber cemento tibroso. fibrous. ficticio (elc), fictitioUB. ticha 1, brass check; card; (elec) base plug; (A) (M) surveyor's pin, marking pin; (A) door butt. de cuchillas paralelas (eIc), paraIleI-blade plug. de trabajo (V), time sheet. hembra (elc)(A), jack. tndem (elc), tandem-bIade pIug, tichero m, card indexo fidelidad f (elc), fidelity. fiducial (mat), fiducial. tiebre U) tifoidea. typhoid fever. :fieltro m, felt. - - antisonoro, acoustical felt. asfaltado, asphalt felt, roofing feIt. calorHugo, Fire-felt (trademark). de aislacin, insulating feto de asbesto. felted asbestos. de calafatear, calking felt. de crin o de pelo, hair feIt. - - de empizarrar, slating felt. de hilacha o de trapo. rag feIt. embreado, tarred felt. 61trador, filter felt. impermeable, roofin or waterproofing feIt. -

fieltro
para subrasantes (ca), subgrada falto fierro m, iron. angular, angle iron. canal, channel iron. dulce (Pe), wrought iron. forjado. wrought iron. fundido. cast iron. soldado (Ch), wrought iron. viejo o de desecho. junk, scrap ron. fierros. (CA) tools. figueroa J, an Ecuadorian lumber. figura J (dib), figure. fija J, trowel; (Pe) blade tamper. fijacin J, fastening; (chem) fixation. fijado m (fma), fixing. fijador m, fastening, binder, keeper; (pmy) fixer. de tuercas, nut runner or setter. fijar, to fasten; to fix. fijo, stationary, fixed. fila J, row, line, range. divisoria (top)(V), divide. filamento m, filamento filamentoso, filamentous. filstica J, marline, calking or rape yarn. alquitranada o embreada. marline. de plomo, lead wool. filetaje m (A), threading. filete m, thread; fillet. a la derecha, right-hand thread. a la izquierda, left-hand thread. bastardo, bastard or buttress thread. de tornillo, screw thread; bolt thread. de tornillo sin fin, worm thread. de tubo, pipe thread. insertado. screw-thread inserto macho, male thread. matriz, female thread: Sellers. Sellers' thread. tallado. cut thread. trapezoidal, buttress thread. triangular, V thread. troquelado, pressed thread. Whitworth, Whitworth thread. fileteadora J, threading machine; chasing tool. filetear, to thread, chase. fileteo m, threading. filita J (geol)(mincr), phyllite. filo m, cutting edge; (top) ridge. de cincel, chisel point. de corte, cutting edge. filn m, vein, seam, lode, (min) reet. atravesado, cross vein or lode. ciego, blind vein or lode. compuesto, compound vein. de contacto, contact vein. - - en cua (min), gash or rake vein. escalonado, step vein. inclinado, rake vein. paralelo (a la estratificacin), bed or bedded vein. principal, master or champion or mother lode. sin afloramiento, blind vein. transversal, crOSS vein or lode. filtrabilidad J, filtrability. filtrable, filtrable. filtracin J, filtration; seepage, creep; leak.

150

financiar

1 I
I

P 1

;
; d

I,!

ji

intermitente (dae), intermittent filtration. por etapas, stage filtration. filtrado m, filtrate. filtrador m, filter. filtraje m (A) (C), filtration. filtrar, to filter; filtrarse, to seep, Jeak. tiltrom (hid) (eIe) , filter. a gravitacin, gravity filter. a presin, preseure filter. al vaco, vacuum filter. - - acstico (ra), acoustic filter. con sobrecarga (ms), loaded nlter. de banda (ra) , band or band-pass filter. de bolsa (met.)(aa), bag tUter. de borde, (eng) edge filter. - - de canecillo (az), cantilever filter. de carbn animal (az), ehar filter. de cortina automtica (aa), multpane! or automatic-curtain air filter. de cuerdas .(dac), cord filter. de direccin (ra), directional filter. del efluente (dac), effiuent filter. de entrada (geof), input filter. de escurrimiento, trickling filter. de faja (ra), band or band-pass filter. de fuerza bruta (ra), brute-force filter. de gravedad, gra.vity filter. de guarapo (az), juice strainer. de luz (fma), filter. de malla (auto), filter screen. i de paso alto (ra), high-pass filter. de paso bajo (ra), low-pass filter. de paso de banda (ra) (A), band-pass or band filter. de pulsaciones (ra)(A), ripple filter. de rascadura (ra) (Es), scratch filter. de regadera, sprinkling filter. de resistencia-capacidad (ra) , resistancecapacity filter. de ruido de pa (ra), scrateh filter. de salida (geof), output filtcr. de tambor, drum filter. de todo paso (ra), aU-pass 61ter. de un cuarto de onda (ra) , quarter-wave filter. desaceitador, oil-removal filter. desbastador (pa) (A), roughing filter. desferrizador (pa), iron-removal filter. desodorizador (pa), odor-remaval filter. eliminador (ra), band-elimination filter. goteante (M), trickIing filter. intermitente de arena (dac) , intermittent sand filter. invertido (hid), inverted or reverse filter. pasa-altos (ra)(A), high-pass filter. pasa-bajos (ra) (A), low-pass filter. percolador (dac) , trickling or percolating filter. rpido de arena (pa), rapid sand 61ter. rociador (dac), sprinkling filter. rotativo (az), rotary-leaf or rotary filter. seco (aa), dry-tyPe filter, ar mato suavizador (pa), sotening filter. filtro-prensa de alimentacin central, centerleed filter press. 1inanciar, to finance.

financista
financista:m, financier, financial backer. fineza l. fineness. -finito, finite. fino, fine. finos m, fines. finura 1, fineness, grain. del molido (ct), fineness o grinding. firme m, roadbed, oundation course; a firm, solid, stable, compacto ftscal, pertaining to the treasury or the governmen t; fiscal. fiscalizaci6n J, control, supervision, inspection. fiscalizador m, inspector, supervisor. fi::;calizar, t:l control; to inspect. fisco m, national treasury. i3ica J, physics. de suelos, soil physics. f3ico m, physicist; a pl1ysical. fsil, fissile. fisilidad I (geol), fissility. fisura 1, seam, fissure. fisurarse (A) (IVI), to crack. fito, see hito. fitoplancton m (s), phytoplankton. flagelos m (is), flagella. flama j, flameo flamante, brand new, unused; spick and apan. flambear, to buckle; to deflect. flambeo m, buckling, deflection. flanco m, side; slope of a wall; (geol) limb; (t) (th) (gear) flank; sidewal1 (tire). flanche 1n (pet) (V), flange. flanquear, to flank. flatachar (A), to trowel; to float. flatacho m (A), mason's fioat; trowe1. flecha j, defiection, sag; middle ordinate; rise (arch); 'crown (road); pole (wagon); (M) shaft, axle; (M) spade o a concrete vibrator; (A) derrick boom. de propulsin (auto)(M), propeller or drive shaft. motriz (auto) (M) propeller shaft. flechita I (dib), arrowhcad. fleje m, band, iron strap, hoop; (met) strip. fletador m, freighter, charterer. fletamento, fletamiento m, charter, B.ffreightmento fletante m, one who owns any means o transport for hire (boats, trucks, beasts o burden, etc.). fletar, to charter, hire; to reight, affreight. flete m, reight; freight rate; freight charges. debido o por cobrar, freight collect. pagado, freight prepaid. fietero m, reight carrier; owner o means o transport for hire. flexarse, to bend, deflect. flexibilidad 1, flexibility, pliability. flexible, flexible. fiexmetro m (Es), defiectometer. flexin j, bending, flexure. compuesta, compound flexure. pura o simple, pure bending. flexional, flexura!. fiexionarse, to defiect, bcnd, buckle. fiexQm~tro m, flexometer ~
I

151

flujo

flexor a, bending. flexura 1, fiexure,bending; (geol) (A) folding. floculacin j, flocculation. floculador m (is), fiocculator. fioculante m, flocculant. fiocular, to fiocculate; a (O) flocculent. floculento a, flocculent. flculo m, floc. 1l0cus m (pa)(Pe), floc. flogopita J, phlogopite, brown mica. flo jedad J, slack; looseness. flojo, slack, loose; unstable (ground). fior de, a, flush with, level with. fior de agua, a, awash. fior de lluvia (A), shower head. fiores de antimonio (miner), antimony bloom. white antimony, valentinite. de cinc, zinc oxide, flowers o zinc. - . de cobalto, cobalt bloom, erythrite. de nquel, nickel bloom, annabergite. flota U) de madera (Pan), lnason's fioat. flotabilidad j, buoyancy. de reserva (an), reserve buoyaney. de servicio (an), working buoyancy. flotable (r), navigable for rafts. ftotaci6n t, (naut) (min) fiotation; buoyancy. selectiva (min) , selectiva or differential flotation. flotador m, float. de bastn (hid), rod Boat. tubular (hid), tube fioat. fiotaje m, fiotation, fioating. flotante m, float; a floating. flotar, to floa t. fluctuacin! (ra), fiuctuation. fluencia f (Es)(Pe), fiow. fluidal .(geol) (A), fluida!' fluidez j, fiuidity, liquidity. fluidincante mi 'flux. fluidificar, to liquefy, flux, fluidize. fluidmetro m, fiuidimeter. flido m, fluid; a fluid; (geol) fluidal. de cortar, cutting fluid. de perforacin (pet), drilling fluid. enf.riador (met), quench fluid. fluidmetro m, Fluidometer (trademark); (e) fiowmeter. fiumetro m (eh), flowmeter. fluir, to flow, (pt) to sag. en fro, to cold-flow. flujo m, flow; flux; (met) creep. de arco (sol), are stream. de dispersin (elc), leakage flux. de la hlice (ap), propeller wash. de la marea, flood tide. electrosttico o elctrico, electric or electrostatic flux. eritmico (il), erythemal flux. inductor o magfltico, magnetic flux. -laminar (hid), laminar or viscous flow. . -luminoso, IUluinous flux or power; floodlight. turbulento (hid), turbulent or sinuous or tortuous flow. viscoso (hid), laminar or viscous or streAmline flow,

flujmetro
ftujmetro m, fluxmeter. flor m (qum) fiuorine. espato (miner), fiuar spar, fluorite. fluoracin j, fiuorination. fluorapatita j (miner), fluorapatite. fluorescencia J, fluorescence, (pet) bloom. (pet) casto fluorescente, fluorescent. fturico (qum), fiuoric. fluorita, fiuorina f (miner), fluorite, fiuor spar. fluoruro fluoride, fiuorate. fius m, fiue, tube. de acero enterizo, seamless tubing. de caldera, boiler tube. fiusera J, set o boiler ~ubes. fluvial, pertaining to rivers, fluvial. fiuvio-elico (geol), fluvio-aeolian. ftuvioglacial (geol), fluvioglacial. fluvigrafo m (hid). recording stream gage; fluviograph. tluviolacustre (geol) t fiuviolacustrine. fiuviomarino (geol) t fluviomarine. fluvimetro m (hid), current meter; fluviograph; flowmeter. registrador, recording current meter. fiuviovolcnico (geol), fiuviovoleanic. flux6metro m, (A) fiuxmeter; (M) fiushometer. fluyendo, flowing. focal, focal. foco m, focus; focal point. catdico (ra), cathode spot. elctrico (A) (M), incandescent lampo incandescente (M) (Col) (Pan). incandescent lampo piloto (M), pilot lampo principal (inst), principal focus. real, real focus. virtual, virtual ocus. fog6n m, firebo;t, furnaee. fogonadura f (en), mast holeo fogonazo (m) de retorno (sol), backfire. fogonera (f) automtica, mechanical stoker. fogonero, foguista, m (ca1), fireman, stoker. foguear (M), to stoke a furnace. fogueo m (M). stoking. foliacin 1 (geol), foliation. foliado, foliated. fomentar, to promote (a project). fomento m, development; promotion. fomita j, foamite (fire extinguisher). fon, phon (unit o louclness). fondaje m (hid) (C) t sedimento fondeadero m, anchorage, berth. fondear, to anchor, drop anchor. fondeo m, anchoring, mooring. fondo m, bottOffi, far end, base, bed; fund; depth; (tv) background. - - de amortizacin, sinking fundo de barril, barrelhead. de la caldera, boiler head. del cilindro, cylinder head. back cylinder head. del mbolo, pistonhead. de laboreo (tn)(min), working face. de renovacin, replacement fundo del ro, river bed.
I

152

frmula

m,.

- - de la rosca, root of thread. de la soldadura, root of weld. doble (en), double bottom. - - rotativo, revolving fundo fondos, funds. fnico, phonic. fonoadaptador m (ra), phono adapter. fonocaptor m (ele) , phongraph pickup. fonoelctrico, Phonoelectric (trademark). fon6foro (tel), phonophore. fonolita 1 (geol), phonolite, clinkstone. fonmetro m, phonometer. fontanera 1, pipework, piping, plumbing. fontanero m, pipeman, plumber. . foquito m (A), 8mall incandescent lamp. forcejear, to force. forcita 1 (vol), foreite. forestacin j (M), forestation. forestal, pertaining to forests. forja J. forge; forging. - - con martinete, drop-forging. - - con martinete a vapor, steam-hammer forging. - - con matriz abierta, smith or open-die forg~ ing. con presin o de prensa, press-forging. - - de banco, bench forge. - - de herrero, blacksmith forge. - - de recalcar, upsetting forge. - - de soldar, welding or brazing forge. - - de tiro .hacia abajo, downdraft forge. forjabilidad /, malleability, forgeability. forjable, malleable, forgeable. forjado, forged, wrought. - - a martinete o a troquel, drop-forged. - - en caliente, hot-forged. - - en fro, cold-forged. forjador m, blacksmith, forga smith. forjar, to forge; to rough-plaster; (Col) to fill ba-. tween beame on a wall. - - a presin, to press-forge. forma 1, form, shape; (conc) form; (Col) roo!" truss. formabilidad j, formability. formacin f (geo!) , ormation, country; (elee) forming.. formador m, shaper; former. formadora (J) de engranajes, gear shaper. formaldehido m, formaldehyde. formaleta 1, small form, centering, form for concrete pipe; ce) straightedge. formar, to formo frmica j (elc), Formica (trademark). formn m, chisel, mortising or firmer or framing chisel. - - con chanfle, eant chise!. de ngulo, corner chise!. de cubillo, soeket chiseI. de cuchara, bent; entering chise!. de espiga, tang chisel. de filo oblicuo, side or skew chisel. - - de punta de lanza, spear-point chiseI. de punta redonda, roundnose chisel. - - de tornero, turning chisel. frmula j, formula; (A) blank formo de Chzy (hid). Chzy formula. -

f6rmula
-

153

fotolmpara

de Manning (bid), Manning's formula. del prismoide, prismoidal formula. - - - de la seccin media (ot) , average-end-area formula. dinmica (pi), dynamie formula. esttica (pi), static formula. formulario m, blank formo de contrato, contr.act formo de fianza, form o surety bond. de propuesta, bidding form or blank, proposal formo fornalla j, firebox, urnaee; (e) ashpit (furnace). fornaza t, amall furnaee. forrar, to line, sheath, eover, ceil, coat, face, lag. forro m, lining, lagging, sheathing: bushing. - aislante, insulation. centrifugado (tub), spun lining. - - de cilindro, cyHnder linero de cojinete, bearing sleeve, bushing. de chimenea, fiue lining. -.- de chumacera, bushing, linero de freno, brake lining. - hmedo (di), wet-type cylinder linero forros de zanja, sheeting, sheet piling. forsterita (miner), forsterite (magnesium silicate). fortalecer, to strengthen. fortaleza 1, strength. fortificaci6n f (min), system o supports, timbering. fortificar, to strengthen, brace, buttress, shore. forzar, to force. fosa 1, pit; drain; (met) sow. de excreta, cesspool. sptica, septic tank. fosfatar, fosfatizar, to phosphate, phosphatize. fosftico, phosphatic. fosfato m, phosphate. fostito m, phosphite. fsfor m (ra), phosphor. fosforado, phosphated. fosforar, fosforizar, to phosphorate, phosphorize. fosforescencia 1, phosphorescence. fosforescente, phosphorescent. fosforescer, to phosphorescc. fosf6rico, phosphoric. fosforita J (geol) (miner), phosphorite. fsforo m, phosphorus; (ra)(Sp) phosphor. fosforoso, phosphorous. fosfuro m, phosphide. foso m, trench, ditch, pit. - colector (pet), gathering pito _.- de abastecimiento de combustible (ap)f fuel.. ing pit., de aserrar, saw pit. de caldeo (met), soaking pito de cenizas, ashpit. _ . . _. de cintura, marginal or intercepting ditch. -.- de colada (fund), casting pito del lodo (pet), mud ditch. de prstamo (ot), borrow pito de recalentar (met) , soaking pite de servicio (ap), service pito de succin (bm), suction pito de volante, flywheel pito - - sptico (Es), septic tank.

fosterita I (ais), ]'osterite (trademark). fot m (iI), phot. foto activo, photoactive. fotoareo (M), pertaining to aeriaI photography. fotoalidada I (fma), photoalidade. fotobulbo m (A), phototube. fotocalcar, to blueprint. fotocalco m, sun print; photographic copy; photo-print. - azul, blueprint. - blanco, white print. foto carta , photomap. fotocartograffa j, photographic mapping, photomappng. fotocart6grafo m, photocartograph. fotoctodo m (ra), photocathode. fotocelda 1 (M) (A), photoelectric celIa fotoclula 1, photocell, photoelectric cell. fotoclin6metro m, photoclinometer. fotoconductividad 1 (elc), photoconductivity. fotoconductivo (ra) , photoconductive. fotocopia , photocopy, bIueprint. azul, blueprint. - blanca, white print. - negra, blackprint. - parda, brownprint. fotocopiar, to blueprint, make a photocopy. fotocroquis (ima), mosaic, photosketch. fotodesintegraci6n J, photodisintegration. fotoelasticidad 1, photoelasticity. iotoelistico, photoelastic. fotoelectricidad J, photoeIectricity. fotoelctrico, photoelectric. fotoelectr6n m, photoelectron. fotoemisivo, fotoemisor (ra), photoemissive. fotoesttico (M), photostatic. fotoestere6grafo m' (frna), photostereograph. fot6fono m, photophone. fotognico, photogenic. fot6geno m, photogen (oil). fotogoniometrfa 1 (lma), photogoniometry. fotogonimetro m (fma),. photogoniometer. fotograbado m, photoengraving. fotografa 1, photograpby; a photograph. compuesta (fma), composite photograph. fotografiar, to photograph. fot6grafo (lma), photographer, cameraman. fotograma m (frna), photogram. fotogrametda 1, photogrammetry, photographic surveying. - area, aerosurveying, aerial photogrammetry. - cercana, clase photogrammetry. - por imagen nica. single-image photogrammetry. - por imgenes dobles, two-image photogrammetry. - terrestre, terrestrial photographic surveying. fotogramtrico, photogrammetric. fotog.rametrista m, photographic surveyor t photogrammetrist. fotogrmetro m, photogrammeter, phototheod~ lite. fotoionizaci6n', photo-ionization. fotolaboratorio m, photographic laboratory. fotolimpara' (A), photoelectrio cell.

fotoluminiscencia
fotoluminiscencia 1, photoluminescence. fo.tomapa m, photoplan, photomap. fotomecnico, photomechanical. fotometra 1, photometry. fotomtrico, photometrical, photometric. fotmetro m, photometer, (V) exposure meter. de dispersin, dispersion photometer. de globo, sphere photometer. integrador, integrating photometer. por destellos, flicker photometer. fotomicrografa , photomicrography. fotomicrgrafo m, photomicrograph. fotomicroscopio m, photomicroscope. fotn m (ptica), photon. fotoperspectgrafo m (Ima) t photoperspectograph. fotoplano m (fma), photoplan. fotorreproduccin 1, photoreproduction. fotorresistencia 1, photoelectric resistance, photoresistanee. fotorrestitucin I (Ima), photorestitution. fotorrestituidor m (frna) , photographic restitution machine. fotosensible, photosensitive. fotosntesis J (quim), photosynthesis. fotosinttico, p hotosynthetic. fotostatar, to photostat. fotosttico, photostatic. fotstato m, photostat. fototaquimetra (Es), photogrammetry. foto taqumetro m, phototheodolite with stadia hairs. fototelegrafa J, phototelegraphy. fototeodolito m (fma), phototheodolite. fototopografa 1, photographic topography, ph~ tograrnmetry. fototopogrfico, phototopographic. fototopgrafo m, phototopographer. fototriangular, to phototriangulate. fototubo m, phototube, photoelectric tube. a gas, gas or soft phototube. multiplicador, multiplier or electron-multiplier phototube. fotovlvu1a f (A), phototube. fotovoltaico, photovoltaic, photoelectric. fotr6nico (il), Photronic (tradernark). fracasar, to be unsuccessfu1; to fail; to be wrecked. fracaso m, {ailure; breakdown. fraccin t, fraction. continua1 continued fraction. impropia, improper fraction. propia, proper fraction. representativa (dib), representative fraction, fractional seale. fraccionado, raetional, divided; broken. fraccionador m (pet), fractionator. fraccionamiento de viscosidad (pet) , viscosity breaking. fraccionar, to break down, divide into parts; to fractionate. fraccionario, fractional. fractura 1, fracture, breaking. astillosa (miner), splintery fracture. concoidea (miner), eonchoiclal fracture. de copa (met), cup fracture.

154

frecuencia

l'

escalonada (geo1) (A), step fault. mellada (miner), hackly fracture. fracturar, .to fracture. fragata t (C), boxear, caf body. frgil, brittle; fraile fragilidadl, brittleness; frailty. - - custica, caustic embrittlement. en caliente, hot-shortness. fragmentacin j, fragmentation. fragmentar, to break up, shatter. fragmentario, fragmentoso (geol), fragmenta!. fragua j, forge; blacksmith shop; (ct) setting. ~ baja, bloomery. de recalcar, upsetting {orge. ~ de soldar, welding or brazing forge., final (ct), final seto inicial (ct), initial seto fraguado m, forging; (ct) setting. trmico, thermosetting. fraguador mI blacksmith, {orge smith. fraguar, to forge; (ct) to set; to cure (asphalt); (Col) to grout. frage mI setting, seto franco, open, free. clear; exempt. - - a bordo o sobre vagn (FAB)(tr), free on board (FOB). bordo (an) (A) freeboard. de avera simple (seg) , free o particular average. de derechos, duty-free. de porte, prepaid (carriage). fuera del buque, free overside. sobre muelle (tr), free alongside (FAS). franja J. striP. bando capilar (A), capillary fringe. franklinita J. franklinite (ore o manganese). franquear, to span, clear todear away. franqueo m, postage; prepayment; c1earance, (maehy) relief, backing-off; (tun) (min) unkeying. lateral, side clearance. superior, headroom, vertical clearance. franquicia , franchise; tax exemption. frasco m, fiask, bottle, vial. de filtrar, filter flask. gotero (lab) I dropping bottle. separador (1ab), parting flask. frasquito m (1ab), vial. fratacho m (A), mason's flaat. frats m, plasterer's trowel, mason's fioat. fratasar, to trowel, to float. fretico, phreatic, subsurface. freatmetro m (A) I device for gaging ground water. freatofitas I (hid), phreatophytes. frecuencia J, frequency (aH senses). amortiguadora (ra), quenehing frequency. angular o de radin (ra) , angular or radian frequency. audible (ra), audio frequency. crtica (fisica), threshold or critlca! frequency. de corte (raHA), cutoff frequency. de cuadro (tv), frame frequency. de imagen (ra), image frequency; (tv) pie-::'ure frequency.
I

frecuencia
-

155

fresar

de lnea (tv), line frequency.

de visi6n (ra), video or visual frequeney. heterodina o de pulsacin (ra) , beat or heterodyne frequency. - - nominal, rated frequency. patr6n. standard frequency. portadora (ele), carrier frequency. portadora fijada o' portadora asignada '(r&), center or resting frequeney. propia (ra), natural frequency or wave length. superelevada (ra), superhigh frequency. ultraelevada, ultrahigh frequency. vocal (ra) (A), voiee frequency. ftecuencmetro m, frequency meter. de lengetas, vibrating-reed freq:uency meter. heterodino, heterodyne wavemeter. - - registrador, frequeney recorder. fregadero m (pb), sink. fregador m (Pan), sink.. frenada I (A), braking. frenaje m, braking. - - de recuperaci6n o de regeneracin, regenerative braking. reosttico, resistance or rheostatic braking. frenar, to brake. frenero m, brakeman. freno m, brake. - - a corrientes parsitas, eddy-eurrent brake. al cardn (auto) (A), transmission brake. _.- al vaco, vacuum brake. - - aerodinmico, air brake (airplane). de aceite, oil brake. de aire, air brake. _ . de almohadillas, block brake. - - de automultiplicacin de fuerza, self-energizing brake. de banda o de cinta, band brake. - - de crculo completo, full-wrap brake. - - de direccin, steering brake. -.- de discos mltiples, multidisk brake. de doble zapata, two-shoe brake. _.- de electroimn, electromagnetic brakc. del embrague (auto), clutch brake. - - de estacionamiento (auto), parking brake. - - de expansi6n interior, internal-expanding brake. - - de friccin, friction brake; Prony brake. de patn (fe), slipper brake. de pedal o de servicio (auto), foot or serviee brake. - - de seguridad o de urgencia, emergency brake. de timn (en), rudder brake. - - dinamomtrico, dynamometer or Prony brake. - - manual, hand brake. - - medidor de potencia, absorption dynamometer. --. neumtico, air brake. para puerta, door check. frente m, face, front, (rnin) heading. corrido (min), longwall. de ataque, working faee, forebreast. de manzana, city block (distance between strcets).

muerto, dead front (switchboard). vivo, live front (switchboard). frentear, to face, mill, machine. frenteo m, facing, milling. frentero m (min), miner employed at the working face. frentista m (A) (U), cement mason ror stucco work. fren (rfg), Freon (trademark). fresal, bit,milling tool, miller; (C) reamer; (A) countersinking bit. ~ cilndrica hecoidal, slabbing eutter. cola de pescado, fishtail ctter. cortadora, cutter bit. de corte lateral, side milling cutter. de cuchillas postizas, inserted-blade cutter. de dientes escalonados, staggered-tooth cutter. de dientes grandes, coarse-tooth cutter. de disco, sidecuttsr. ' de espiga, end milI. de ranurar, gaining head.. de refrentar, faee cutter. de roscar, thread millirig cutter, thread-cutting too!. desbastadora, roughingor stocking cutter. en cruz (pet), cross cutter. escariadora, end millo escariadora hueca, shen end mill.. estriadora, fluting cutter. madre, hobo mltiple, gang cutter. partidora, partrng tool.' perfilada, profile or formed cutter. perfilada simple,.fly cutter.' , ranuradora, cotter mill. - recodadora, cutting-offtool(lathe). rotativa de ranurar, dado or grooving or gaining head. semiesfrica, rose milI or ctter. fresas de disco acopladas, straddle mili. fresa-taladradora, boringand turning millo fresabilidad J,machinability. fresable, machinahle. fresado m, milling. a gas, gas or flarn.e tna;chining. a mquina, machine~cut. angular, angularmil1ing. de frente, face tnillihg. en espiral, spiral milling. y taladrado (tub) , faced and drilled~ fresadora /, milling machine; hobbing machine. shaper; (e) reamer; (A) countersinking bit. acepilladora, planer-type milling machine, rotary planer, planomiller, milling planer. de banco, bench miller. de desbastar, rougher, roughing reamer. de engranajes, gear miller or hobber. de punt?s, spot-facer. de roscar, thread miller. de superficie, slab miller. para levas, cam cutter. ranuradora, spline milling machine. fresar, to face, mill machine; to hob; (e) to ream; (A) to countersink. - l a cara de atrs, to back-face.
t

fresar
- - para las tuercas, to spot-face.
fresno m (mad), ash. friabilidad l. friability; brittleness. friable, brittle; friable. friccin J, friction.' cintica, kinetic or sliding friction. - - de arranque, starting or breakaway friction. de deslizamiento, sliding friction. de rodamiento, rolling friction. - - de zafar, breakaway friction. - - esttica, static or starting friction. pelicular' (A), skin friction. frigocentral I (A), refrigeration planto frigorfico m, cold-storage plant; meat-packing plant; a frigorfico frigorgeno, producing cold. frisado m, (V) same as friso. friso m, wainscot, dado; (V) scratch coat or brown eoat o plaster. froga / (Col), rubble filling between ashlar faces. frogar (Col), to fill joints; to grout the stoncs in a wall. frontal a, front, head. frontera f (Es), front wall. frontis m. faseia; fac;ade. frontispicio m, fac;ade, front wall. frontn m, pediment; (min) working face, forebreast. frota , cement mason's float. frotador m, rubber; (elec)(U) contaet brush. frotamiento m, friction. chafing, rubbing. - - de deslizamiento, sliding frictioIl. - - de rodadura, rolling frietion. frotar, to rub; to chafe. ftalato de potasio (lab), potassium phthalate. itlico (qum), phthalic. fucsina (is), fuchsin. fuego m, fire. fuellar, to blow with a bellows. fuelle m, bellows, blower; connection between ear vestbules; (C) automobile top; bellows o a camera. fuente 1, fountain; spring; BOUTce. - - aceleradora (mg), accelerating well. artesiana, artesian spring. - - de abastecimiento o de provisin, SOUTce o water supply. de afloramiento, gravity spring. de beber, drinking fountain. de carga, feed well. de contacto, contact spring. de energa A (B, C)(ra), A (B. C) power supply. de fisura, fracture or fissure spring. de hondonada, depression spring. desarenadora (A), sand trap. luminosa (iI). luminous Bource. surtidora, souree of supply. fuentes fluviales, (PR) water resources. fuera adv, out, outside. de ajuste, out-of-adjustment. de aplomo, out-of-plumb. de bordo, outboard. del camino, off-the-road (hauling). - - de centro, off-center, out-of-center. de escuadra, out-of-squarc.

156

funcionar

de fase, out-of-phase. de juego (C), out-of-gear. de lnea, out-o-lineo de redondo, out-o-round.. de servicio, out-of-service. de toma, out-of-gear, unmeshed. fuerte, strong, powerful; sharp (curve); heavy (grade). fuerza j, force, power. al freno, brake horsepower. a vapor, steam power. - - caballar, horsepower. - - capilar, capillary force. - - centrfuga, centrifugaI force. - - coercitiva (elc) I eoercive force. continua, firm or primary power. contraelectromotriz, back electromotive force. ~ de agua, water power. - -.. de arrastre, tractive force. ~- de brazos, hand power; roan power. de elevacin, liftingpower. - - de filtracin (rus). seepage force. de levantamiento, uplift (dam). de sangre, animal power. discontinua, dump or secondary powcr. - - electromotriz, electromotive force. - - electromotriz aplicada, impressed or applied electromotive force. - - hidrulica, water ,power. hidromotriz (A), water power. indicada de caballos, indicated horsepower. magntica, magnetic strength or force or intensity. - - magnetomotriz, magnetizing or magnetomotive force. - - mayor, force majeure, act o God. - - motriz, power, motive power. - - permanente, firm or primary powcr. portativa (ra)(A), carrier power. - - primaria, primary power. provisoria, dump power. - - termoelectromotriz, thermoelectromotive force. - - tractora, tractive force. fuetazo m, whipping o a cable. fugas /, (hyd) leakage; (elec) fault. fulcro m, fulcrum. fulgor azul (ra) (A), blue gIow. fulguracin , fulguration. fulgurita (geol) (vol), fulgurite. fulmicotn m, guncotton. fulminante m, blasting cap, exploder, detonator. fulminar, to cause to explode; to diseharge. fulminato m, fulminate. fulmnico, fulminic. fumfugo, smokeless. fumvoro, smoke-eonsuming, smokeless. funcin f (mat), function. - - de simple valuacin, single-valued function. de valuacin mltiple, multiple-valued func" tion. - - escalar, scalar function. vectorial, vector function. funcionamiento m, operation. funcionar, to runo work, operate.

funcionario
funcionario m, official, officer. funda j, case, sheath. .de cemento (PR), cement bago de neumtico (auto), tire cover. ~,- para herramientas, tool rollo fundacin j, foundation. -'-, corrida, continuous footing. ~ de cajn, pneumatic-caisson foundation. ,ensanchada, spread footing. escalonada, stepped footing. fundamental j, (ra) fundamental; a fundamental (aH senses). fundamentar, to laya foundation. fundamento m, foundation, footing; (geol) basemento fundar, to found. fundente m, welding compound I flux. para soldadura, soldering or welding flux. para soldadura de latn, brazing flux. fundera j, foundry; casting. fundible, fusible. fundicinj, foundry; casting; a casting; smelting works. al coque, coke iron. a presin o a troquel t die-casting. argntea t silvery iron. - - atruchada, mottled iron. blanca, white cast iron, white iron. bruta (A) I pig iron. centrifugada, centrifugal casting. de acero, steel casting; steel foundry. de aleacin, aUoy east iron. de hierro, iron founding; iron foundry; cast iron. de hierro gris t gray-iron casting. de hierro maleable. wrought-iron casting. de latn. brass casting; brasa foundry. -.- de liga) al10y cast iron. de segunda fusin, gray cast iron. escoriosa, cinder pig iron. gris, gray-iron easting; foundry pig. maleable, malleable casting, malleable east iron. truchada, mottled iron. fundido, cast; fused, melted. centdfugamente, centrifugal1y casto en arena, sand-cast. en bloque (auto), cast-in-block. --, en foso de colada, pit-east. fundidor m, foundryman, founder; melter. fundir, to cast; to melt, smelt; to blowout (fuse); fundirse, to melt, fuse. fungicida m, fungicide. fungiforme a t mushroom (column head). fungisttico, fungistatic. funicular m, cable rai1way; a funicular. areo, aerial tramway. furgn m, baggage car; truck with closed body, van; (M) boxear; (A) baggage, expreSB, or mail caro de carga (A), freight caro de cola, caboose. -.,. , - de equipajes, baggage caro furgonada t, carload t truekload. furnia 1 (e), sump. furo m, orifice; (top) channel.

157

galera

fuselado m, fairing, streamlining; a streamlined. fuselaje m, fuselage. fusetrn (ele) I Fusetron (trademark) (time-lag fuse) . fusibilidad J, fusibility. fusible m, fuse; (e) rai! bond; a fusible. de accin retardada, time-clelay or time-lag fuse. de bayoneta (e), knife fuse. de cartucho a casquillo, ferrule-type cartridge fuse. de cartucho a cuchillo, knife-blade-type cartridge fuse. de cinta, link or strip fuse. - - de cuchilla, knife fuse. de desprendimiento, drop-out fuse. de recierre, reclosing fuse. de tap6n, plug fuse. de tiempo, time-lag fuse. renovable, renewable fuse. fusiforme, fusiform, spindle-shaped; streamlined. fusin t, fusiono fusionar (A), to fuse. fuslina t (Es) (A), smelter. fuste m, shaft o a colurnn; shank o a rivet or bolt.

gabad, gabarit, gabarito m (fe), clearance gaga; traek gage. gabarra j, scow, barge. de gra, derrick qarge. gabarraje m, lighterage. gabarrero m~ bargeman. gabera I (Col), brick mold.' gabinete m, laboratory, office, study; (rr) stateroom, (rr) (M) drawing room; (ra) (M) cabinet. gabin, m (r), gabion. gablete m, gable. gibrico, gabbroie. gabro m (geol), gabbro. gafa j, cant hook; (e) gaft'. depalanca,icant hook. gafas de soldador, welding goggles. gaitaf, a Puerto Rican lumber. gajo m, lea' o an orange-peel bucket; branch mountain ehain. gal (geof), gal. galactita 1, fuller'searth. galpago m, centering (arch); saddle pig, ingot, sow; (sb) hatch batten. galena ,galena (lead ore). galnico, galenic. galeota f (cn), carling, beam carlina, girder. galera /, wagon, van; jack plana; (CA) shed, shanty. galerada j, wagonload. galera j, gallery, heading, (min) drift. captante (hid), coHecting gallery. cntrica de avance (tn) , center drift. de agotamiento (min) draining adit. de arrastre (min) , haulageway; slushinr; drift.

~
'C."

,"

galera
de ataque (tn)(min), heading. de avance, heading; pilot bore. de avance superior (tn), top heading. de captacin (hid) , infiltration or col1ecting gallery. de carga (min), loading drift. de coleccin, (hyd) collecting gallery; (mio) gathering drift. ~ de desarrollo (min), development drift. de descarga, sluiceway (clam). de direccin, (tun) aclvance heading; (min) driftway. _ . de empino (tn), crown drift. de escombrar (min), mucking drift. de evacuacin (hid), sluiceway, undersluice, silt sluice. de extraccin (min), adit. de pala de arrastre (min), slushing drift. de revisin, inspection gallery. de servicio (min), service drift. de servicios (Es), street tunne1 for pipes and conduits. de sondeo, exploration gal1ery. de toma (hid) intake tunne1. desarenadora (presa), silt sluice, undersluice. filtrante, filtration or infiltration gallery. inferior de avance (tn) , bottom drt or heading. -lateral de avance (tn), side driftor heading. galerna j, galerno m, gale. galern m (M) (Ae), barracks; shed. galgas j (M), calipers. galibador m (cn), loftsman. galibar, to work to a template. glibo m, template, jig; straightedge; clearance diagram. de ajuste (en), lofting'template. de caja, box j ig. de fijacin, holding jig. de inclinacin, slope gage; (sb) declivity board. de muones (mh), trunnion jig. de perfil normal (f C), elearance gage. de silletas (fe), tie-plate gage. para guarda carril (fe), guardrail gage. galn m, gallon. imperial, imperial gallon. galpn m, storehouse, inclosed shed, shanty. de cargas, freight shed. de removido (A), transfer shed. galponista m (A), erector o iron sheds. galvnico, galvanic. galvanismo m, galvanismo galvanizaci6n (1) por inmersi6n en caliente, hot or hot-dip galvanizing. galvanizado al fuego o en caliente, hot-galvanized. galvanizar, to galvanize. galvano-recocido, galvannealed. galvanometra j, galvanometry. galvanomtrico, galvanometric. galvanmetro mi galvanometer. amortiguado, deadbeat galvanometer. de aguja, need1e galvanometer. de bobina mvil, moving-eoil galvanometer. ...I

158

gancho

- - de cuerda, string galvanometer. de dinamitero, blasting galvanometer. de espejo o de reflexin, refiecting galvanometer. de senos, sine galvanometer. de tangentes, tangent galvanometer galvanoplastia j, galvanoplastics, electrotypy. electrometallurgy. galvanoplstico, galvanoplastic. galvanoscopio m. galvanoseope. gallego m (az) (e), cane leveler or kicker. galleta j, eement pat; soil cake; target (rod). galletera J, kind of brickmaking machine. gallito m (M), faucet, bibb. galln m, sod. gama j, range, limits. de onda (ra:) (A), wave bando gambota j (en), counter timber. gambusino m, skilled miner; prospector. gamella j, yoke for oxen; plasterer's hawk; trough; washtub; (eh) chute; (min) pan. de lavar (min), washtrough. fija (min), sleeping tableo gamma j, gamma. ganancia J, profit, earnings; (ra) (A) gamo bruta t gross profit. ~ lquida, net profit. ganancias de explotacin, operating profit. no distribudas, undivided profits. y prdidas, profit and los8. gancho m, hook. agarrador (ef), rafting dog, tai! hook; grab hook. centrador (pet), wall hook. de abrazadera, clevishook. de amarrar, mooring hook. de arrastre (co) (te), pull hook. de cable de izar, hoist hook. - - de carga, cargo hook. de cerrojo, safety hook (hoist). de clavija, pintle hook. de deslizamiento, slip hook. de disparo, trip hook. de estibador, box hook. de estibar, cargo hook. de estrangulacin (cab), choker hook. de gaza, (lg) ehoker hook. de grillete, clevis hook. de maderero, dog hook. de mosquetn o de resorte, snap hook. de motn, hook of the fall block, hoist hook. de ojo, eye hook. de pared (pet) , wall hook. de retencin de cadena, grab hook. de seguridad, safety hook. de traccin, pull hook, (lg) draw hook. de volteo (M), cant hook. giratorio, swivel hook. para trozas, swamp hook. sacatapa, manhole hook. soltador, release or pelican hook, (lg) dump hook. y hembra o y picolete, hook and keeper, hook and eye.

ganchos
ganchos de correa, belthooks ar clamps. . - - de fardo, bale hooks. escaladores, climbing irons. gemelos, match or sister hooks. para bidn, can hooks. gandingas j (min), concentrates. ganga j, gangueo cuarzosa, vein quartz. gnguil m, dump scow. ganza j, false key, picklock; skeleton key; (Sp) hook wrench. garabatillo m, small vise, clamp. garabato mi grapnel, grappling iron. garaje mi garage., ' garandumba f (A), barge, lighter. garante m, guarantor, bondsman. garanta j, guaranty. garantizar, to guarantee. garbancillo m, (M) buckshot coal; (Sp) fine gravel, grits. garbanzo m (M), pea coa!. garfio m, hook, (C) gaff; cant hook. garfios de trepar, climbing irons, climbers. garganta ji (mech) groove, channel;. (top) gap, narrows, gorge; gullet (saw); (w)(meeh) throat; (tun) (A) bench. del Venturi, Venturi throat. grgol m, groove, noteh, gain. garita j, eab oi a shovel or truek; watchman's box; CA) elevator car. de mstil (en), crow's-nest. de seales (fe), signal tower. de soldar, welding booth. de vista completa (pI), full-vision cab. garitea J (Ee), flatboat. garlancha ,spade; (Col) blade tamper. garlopa j, jack or jointing or fore planeo garlopn m, j ack or fore or trying planeo garnierita j, garnierite (nickelore). garra t, elutch, eateh, claw, gripe de cable (ele), cable gripe de compresin, compression clutch. de friccin, friction clutch. de seguridad, safety cluteh. de zapata (or), grouser. garras para correa, belt hooks ar clamps or laeing. garrancha I (Col), hook. garrapato m (A), a hardwood. garrocha f (M), pike poleo garrote m, (eh) (M) brake. garrotero m (M), brakeman. garrucha j, sheave, pulley; CM) tackle block. - . agarradora, grip sheave. cabecera (pet), crown ~heave. cerradora (cuch), closing sheave. de bisagra (M), snatch block. de cadena, chain block or hoist. de la cuchera (pet), sand sheave. del entubado (pet), casing sheave. de garganta farpada, pocket or chain wheel. de gua, guide or defiecting sheave, fair-lead block. de rayos, spoke sheave. deslizante, sliding or fleeting sheave. desviadora,. defiecting or knuckle sheave.

159

gastar

diferencial (M), differential hoist. iguilladora, equalizing sheave. posterior (pet), heel sheave. garrucho m, cringle. gas m, gas. acetileno, acetylene gas. cloacal, sewer gas. comburente, combustion gas. combustible, fuel gas. de aceite (C), oil gas. de agua, water gas. de aire, air gas. de alto horno, blast-furnace gas.. de alumbrado, illuminating gas. de boca de pozo, casing-head gas. de carbn, coalgas. de cieno (dac),sludge gas. de desperdicio, waste gas. de digestin (dac), digester gas. de la formacin (pet) ,formational gas.. de horno de coquizacin, coke-oven gas. de hulla, coal gas. de los lodos (dac), s]udge gas.. ~ de los pantanos, marshgas.; de madera, wood gas. - - de petrleo, oil gas. -licuado de petrleo, liquefied petroleum gas. - - natural, natural. orcaaing-head or oil-well gas, green gas. - - pobre, producer orgeneratorgas. - - residual o seco (pet),! dry or residue gas. rico, illuminatingg:;ts. verde (pet), greenoI';natural gas. gases de desecho, wastegases. gases de escape, exhaust gases. gasa (j) de alambte,wiregauze. gaseiforme, gaseous, gasiform. gaseoso, gaseous. gasero, gasfiter, gasista m, gas fitter, pipeman. gasfitera j, pipework, gas fitting. gasUero, containing gas. gasificar, to gasify. gasoducto m. (A), pipeline for gas. gasgeno m, gazogene; gas produeer. - - de acetileno, acetylene generator. - - d tiro descendent~,.downdraft producer. escorificador, slaggngproducer. gasoleno m, gasoline. gasleo m, gas oil. gasolina j, gasoline. de alto octana;e, high-octane gasoline. de alta volatilidad, high..: test gasoline. de destilacin directa, straight-run gasoline. de destilacin final, end-point gasoline. - - estabilizada, .stripped gasoline. mezclada, blended gasoline. natural, natural or casing-head gasoline. reformada, cracked gasoline. gasolinera j, (M) filling station; (C) gasoline
launch.

gasometra j, gasometry. gasomtrico, gasometrie. gasmetro m, gasometer, gas tank; gas meter. gastable, erosible (soil). gastar, to wear, wear out, wear away; to use up to spend; ga::;t:lTSe, to wear, wear out.

gasto

160

geodsico

r
t

gasto m, volume of fiow, discharge; expenditure; consumption; wear. crtico, critical flow. de crecida, fiood flow. de derrame (hid)t runoff rateo - - instantneo, momentary flow. slido (hid) t bed load, material in 8uspension. supercritico, supercritical flow. gastos, charges t costs, expenses. de administracin, administration expenses. de conservaci6n, maintenance charges. de embarque, shipping charges. "de establecimiento (Es), capital or fixed charges. de explotacin, operating expenses. generales, general expense, overhead. imprevistos, contingencies. gata /, (naut) cat; (Ch) (Pe) iack; (Ch) crank. gatillo m, cramp; pawI, dog, trip, trigger, latch. - - con anillo, ring dogo de banco (cn), slab dogo de descarga, trip latch. gatillos con cadena, chain dogs. gato m, jack; (M) rail hender ; (Col) bridging between joists. - - a crique, ratchet j ack. acodador, shoring j ack. ademador, shoring jack; mine jack. ~zatubos (pet), pipe jack. autobajador, self-lowering jack. ---- corredizo, traversing or wheeled iack. - - de auxilio, wrecking jack. - - de cadena, chain jack. - - de cremallera, ratchet or rack-and-pinion jack. de garaje (auto), service jack. - - de gusano, screw jack. de husillo (C), screw jack. de lodo, mud j ack. - - de manivela, windlass j ack. - - de oreja, claw jack, ground-lifting jack. - - de palanca) lever j ack. de perforador (pet), oil-well jack. de pie alzador, foot-lift jack. de puente) bridge j ack. - - de remolque, towing jack. - - de rosca o de tornillo, screw jack, jackscrew. de tirar, pulling j ack. - - de tornillo corredizo, traversing screw jack, swing jack. de tornillo engranado, geared screw jack. - - de tornillo invertido, inverted screw jack. de velocidad regulable, variable-speed jaek. - - de va, track j ack. empujador de tubos, pipe pusher. encarrilador (fe), wreeking jack. hidrulico, hydraulic j ack. -levantatubos (pet), casing jack. - - minero, mine j ack. para carrete, cable-reel jack. para muones, journal jack. para postes, pole j ack. para zanja, trench jack, adjustable trench braceo - - puntal, trench jack. gausiano (mat), Gaussian.

gausio, gaussio m (elc)t gauss. gavera f, (Pe) forro for mud wall; (V) (Col) brick mold; '<V) box for measuring concrete ag.. gregates. gaveta f, drawer, locker, (auto) glove compart.. mento gaviete m (nut), cathead. gaviln m, center screw o a carpenter's bit; tholepin. gavi6n m (r), gabion. gazaf, loop; (cab) bend; (rein) hook; (lg) choker. gel-cemento m (A), cement gel. gelatina /, gelatin. - - amoniacal (vol), ammonia gelatin. - : aprobada (vol)t permissible gelatin. --" explosiva, explosive or blastng gelatin, gelatin dynamite. - - explosiva corriente, straight gelatin. nutritiva (is), nutrient gelatin. gelatinizar, to gelatinize. gelatinoso, gelatinous. gel m, an Ecuadorian lumber. gelignita ft gelignite t gelatin dynamite. gema f (carp), wane. gemelo, twin, duplex, double. gemelo (m) de ballesta (auto), spring shackle. gemelos de campaa, field glasses. genemotor m (ra), genemotor. generador m, generator. --' al arco (ra), are generator. - - a viento (elc) , wind charger, wind-driven generator. - - asincrnico, induction generator. - - compound plano, flat-compound generator. - - de acetileno, acetylene generator. - - de armnicos, harmonic generator. - - de colectores mltiples, multicommutator generator. " - - de corta derivacin, short-shunt generator. - - de espuma, foam generator. - - de gas, gas producer. - - de imanes permanentes~ permanent-magnet generator. - - de ondas (elc). surge or impulse generator. - - de sefiales (ra) , signal or all-wave generator, all-wave oscillator. " - - de sobrecorrientes (elc), surge generator. - - de tensi6n constante, constant-potential generator. - - de tercera escobilla, third-brush generator. - - de toda onda (ra), signal generatof t all-wave generator. de vlvula (ra)t tube generator. de velocidad gobernada (fe), eontrolled speed generator. - - entrerrpido, medium-speed generator. - - magnetoelctrico, magneto, magnetoelectric generator. tipo paraguas, umbrella-type generator. generador-volante, flywheel generator. generar, to generate. generatriz f, generatrix; (elec) generator" gnero m t fabric, cloth; carcass (tire). genol m (cn), futtock. geodesia f, geodesy. geodsico, geodtico, geodetic t geodeslC.

geodesta
geodesta m, geodesist. geoelctrico, geo-electrica1. geofsica /, geophysics. ----- elctrica, electrogeophysics. geofsico m, geophysicist; a geophysica1. gefono m, geophone. geofotogrametra /, terrestrial photogrammetry. geogrlftco, geographical. geohidrologa /, geohydrology. geologa /, geology. geo16gico, geological. gelogo m. geologist. _.- consultor, consulting geologist. - - petrolero, petroleum geologist. geometra /, geometry. - - analtica, analytical or coordinate geometry. - - descriptiva, descriptive geometry. tridimensional, solid geometry. geomtrico, geometric, geometrica1. geosttico, geostatic. gerencia /, m~nager's office; administration, management. gerente m, manager. de com.pras (M), purchasing agente - - suplente, acting man~ger. germen m. germ. germicida, germicidal. gestor m, promoter; agent, representative. gibsita / (miner), gibbsite. gigante m, giant, monitor. gilbertio m (elc), gilbert. girable, rotatable. giraescariador m, reamer wrench. giramachos m, tap wrench. girar, to revolve, turn, slue, swivel, swing, rotate; to draw (draft). -loco, to spin (wheels). giratorio, revolving. gyratory, rotary. giro m, revolving, sluing; turn; (roachy) revolution; overturning (daro); (sh) swinging; (com) a draft; trade. line of business. a la derecha (auto), right turno a la izquierda (auto), 1eft turno a la vista, sight draft. de maderas, lumber business. girogravilladora f (Es), rotary gravel screen.. girmetro m, gyrometer.. glrn m, strip o wood, scantling; (Pe) length o a city block. giroscpico, gyroscopic. giroscopio m, gyroscope. girosttica 1, gyrostatics. girosttico, gyrostatic. girstato m, gyrostat. gis m, crayon. glacial, glacial. glaciar m, glacier. glaciofluvial (geol). glaciofluvial. glacis m, glacis. glndula /. occasionally used meaning packing gland. glaseado m, glazing; a glazed. glicerina j, glycerin. glicerol m (qum). glycerol. glicina! (fma), glvcine.

161

g6ndola

glicol m (qwm), gIycol. de etileno, ethylene glyco1. etilnico dinitra,to (vol), ethylene glycol di nitrate. " glic6lico, glycolic. globo m (H), globe. globular, globular. glbulo m, globule. glbulos reflectores (ca), reflector beads. glorieta f, traffic circle. glosador m (M), auditor. gneis m (geol), gneiss. gnisico, gneissic. gneisoide, gneissoid. nomon m, gnomon; carpenter's square. gnom6nico, gnomonic. goa J, pig (iron), bloom; SOlV. gobernalle m (en), rudder. gobernar, to control. gobierno m, government; management, direotion; control. a distancia, remote control. goetita f, goethite (iron ore). gola J. ogee; (A) spillway bucket. golfo m, guIf. golilla , washer; (Ch) pipe flange; (Sp) sleevt\ collar. de cojinete, ht:;aringr,ce. golpe m, blow, shock; (eng) stroke; (e) throw. de ariete o dean., water hammer. de aspiraciQ., . suction,stroke. de compresin, compression stroke. de compuerta (M), water bammer. de expulsin, exhaust .stroke. de retardo, backlash. de retroceso,. returnstroke; baeklash. elctrico, electric shock. golpeador m,striker (withahammer). golpear, to strike, pound ; (eng) to knock. golpeo m, striking, pounding; (eng) knock. por encendido, spal'kknock. golpetear, (eng) to knock, hammer.. golpeteo m, knocking, pounding, (tel) thump. del mbolo,piston alap. gollete m, (meeh) tbroat.. neck; journa1. goma J, gum; rubber tir~; eraser. aisladora (elc},splicing guIIl. de baln, balloon tire. de borrar, eraser. de la caa (az) , .cane guro. de cuerdas, cord tire. - de empalme (elc), splicing gum. de tela, fabric tire. elstica, rubber. _. esponjosa de borrar (dib), sponge rubber. floja, fiat tire. -1aca, shellac. mineral, nlineral rubber. recuperada, reclaimcd rubber. gomaguta / (dib). ganlboge. gomar, to treat with rubber. gomera! (A), tire-repair shop. gomero (m) vulcanizador (A), tire vulcanizer. gomoso, gumnlY. gndola!. (rr) gondola car; (ce) (M) narrow-gage dump car; omnibu8.

goni6grafo
gonigrafo m (Es), plane tableo goniometra , goniometry. goniomtrico, goniometric. gonimetro m, goniometer, angle meter. ~ de aplicacin, contaet goniometer. '--- de refteccin, refiection goniometer. gordo, (con e) rich; hard (water); oily; buIky. gorrn m, gudgeon; male pivot; j omnal, trunnion; kingpin. del eje, journal. - - de manivela motriz, crankpin. gorupo m, hawser hendo gota 1, drop;(pt) tear. gotead ero m, drip. gotear, to leak; to drip. goteo m, leakage, leaking; dropping. gotera , leak; (Ec) gutter; (top)(Sp) ehannel. gotero m, drip (sill); weep hale. gotern m, eondensation gutter (skylight); drip. gozne m, hinge, strap hinge. - - amortiguador de piso, eheeking floor hinge. de paleta, strap hinge. - - de piso, floor hinge. de placa, plate hinge. - - en T, T hinge. grabador m, grabadora J. graver, cutting too!. grabar, to engrave; to earve. grada 1, step; gradin; stepladder; harrow; shipway, slip; (min) stope; (dd) altar; (lg) jumbo, go-devil; (bldg)(V) wall plateo - - al revs (min), overhand stope. - - abierta (min), open stope. - - de astillero, shipway, launehing way. - - de dientes, tooth harrow. - - de discos, disk harrow. de espiguilla (min) , herringbone stope. de halaje (en), slipway. de relleno (min), filled stope. - - derecha (min), underhand stope. - - ramal (min), braneh stope, stope eutout. gradacin j, (pmy) gradation; (ag)(Col) gradation. gradar, to harrow. gradera 1, series o steps; stadium, grandstand. gradiente m j, grade, slope, gradient; (eh) upgrade. - - de la energa, energy gradient. - - de potencial, potential gradient. - - de la presin (ros), pressure gradient. - - de tensin (ele), voltage gradient. de velocidad (hid) , velocity gradient. - - gravimtrico (geof), gravitational gradient. - - hidrulico o piezomtrico, hydraulie gradient. gradilla J, brick mold; stepladder; (lab) tube rack. gradino m, stonecutter's ehisel, graver. gradimetro m, gradiometer. grado m, grade, c1ass, rate; (maehy) stage; (math) degree. - - antidetonante, antiknock rating (gasoline). de agudeza (fe) (V), degree of curve. - - de calor, degree o heat. - - de curvatura (fe), degree o curve. de latitud, degree o latitude. - - de octano, octane rating (gasoline).

162

granada

de pureza (met), fineness. de velocidad, rate o speed. - , de un (bm), single-stage. elctrico, eleetrical degree. - - nico, de, single-stage. gradmetro m, gradometer. graduable, adjustable. graduacin 1, gradation, graduation, grading; (Ec) grading, leveling; (machy) staging. - - cetnica, cetane rating. de presin (turb), pressure staging. de velocidad (turb), veloeity staging. - - octnica, oetane rating (gasoline). graduador m, gage; graduator; adjuster. graduadora 1 (mh), graduator. graduar, to graduate; to classify; (ag) to grade; (mech) to index; (Ee) to level, grade; to adjust; (maehy) to stage. grfica J, graphies; diagram, graph. - - del indicador, (eng) indieator eard. - - de las mareas, tidal graph. - - psicromtrica, psychrometric ehart. graficismo m (Es), graphies. grfico m, diagram, graph, chart; a graphic, graphical. - - ftuviomtrico o hidrulico, hydrograph. grafio m, stoneeutter's chisel; (M) ruling peno grafitar, to apply graphite; to graphitize. graftico, graphitic. grafitizar (A), to apply graphite; to graphitize. grafito m, graphite. - - escamoso, flake graphite. - - fabricado, artificial graphite. grafitoso (V), graphitie. grafomtrico, graphometrie. grafmetro m, graphometer. grafosttica J. graphostaties. grafosttico, graphostatic. Gram-negativo (lab), Gram-negative. Gram-positivo (lah), Gram-positive. grama j, grass. gramil m, (earp) marking or serateh gage; router; . (Sp) gage line o rivets; (str)(M) gage distanee. - - .doble, mortise gage. --'para bisagras, butt gage. - - para mortajas, mortise gaga. - - para rebajar, rabbet gaga. gramilar, to mark out, layout. gramin (qum), gram ion. gramo m, gramo gramo-metro, gram-meter. gramocalora f (M), calore, small or gram cal.. orie. grampa j, clamp, clip, cramp; staple. - - a cadena, ehain vise. de elstico (auto), sprng clip. de guardacarril (fe), guardrail clamp. - - de mariposa, thumb clamp. - - para cable, cable clip; cable clamp. - - para cerca, fence staple. ~ para manguera, hQSe clamp. para moldes, form clamp. grampas para correa, belt clamps or h00ks or lacing. granada (j) extintora, grenade tire extinguisher.

granadillo
granadillo m (V), a hardwood. granalla J, granulated metal; shot. -"- de carbn (tel), carbon granuies. gra na l1gular, wide-angle (camera). granate m, garnet. granatifero (geol), containing garnet. grancillas J, stone screenings. granel, a, loase, in bulk. granetazo m, punch mark. granete m, punch, center puncha a campana, bell or sel-centering center puncho espaciador o de resorte, locating center puncho granetear, tAl mark with a. center puncho granip6r:fi.do m (geol) (V), granophyre. grantico, granitico granitfero, granitiferous. granitiforme, granitiform. granitita j (geal), granitite. granitizacin j, granitization. graroto m, granite. potsico, potash granite. granitoide m, granitoid. granitoideo a, granitoid. granitullo m (A), small granite paving block.. graniza J (A), grits, small gravel.. granizo m, hail. grano m, grain; grain (weight). - - abierto (C), coarse grain. - - cerrado, clase grain. fino, fine grain. gordo (C), coarse grain. grueso, coarsa grain. granoblstico (geol), granoblastic. granodiorita j (geol), granodiorite. granofrico, granophyrie. granofiro m (geol), granophyre. granogabro m (geol). granogabbro. granoltico (pav), granolithic. granolito m. granolith. granosidad J, granularity. granoso, granular. granudo (Es) (M). granular. granulacin!, granulation; (ag) CA) grading. granulado, granulated. granulador m. granulator. granuladora 1 (A), sand crusher or rollo granular, granular. granulita j (geol), granulite. granultico, granulitic. granulitizacin 1, granulitization. grnulo m, granule. granulometria f (M), grading, graduation. granulomtrico, granulom'etric. granulosidad j, granularity. granuloso, granular. granza l. stone screenings; (e) gravel; (A) crushed stone. granz6n m, stone screenings; gravel, grits; (V) run-of-bank gravel. grapa j, clip, clamp, cramp; staple; (sa) do~. de anclaje (ele), dead-end clamp. - - de aserradero, mill dogo - - de banco, bench clamp. de cada (as), drop dogo

163
-

gremio

de cuerda (elc), eord grip. del freno (pet), brake staple. de madera, hand screw, carpenter's clamp. de prueba (elc), test clip. -,- de tensin (elc), strain clamp. golpeadora -Wet), drive clamp. para cable, cable clip; cable clamp. para pendientes (elc), grade clamp. grapas para banda, belt hooks. grapn mi cramp iron, clamp, dogbolt. de hincar " (ts) , sheeting cap, plank cap. grasa 1, grease; slag. animal (lu), animal {ate de cerdo~ lardo de copa, cup grcase. ' de jabn de aluminio, aluminum-soap grease. de jabn de cal, lime-soap grease. graftica, graphite grease. -lubricante, cup Ol; lubricating grease. miccea, mica grcase. - para cable, cable (lompound,rope grease. para caja de elgrana.je~,transmission grease. para copilla de presin, cup grease. para ~jes, axle grease. para engranajes, gear: compound. para inyactor, gungrcase. vegetal, vcgctable fato grasera (f) de comptesin,gre3$O c~p. grasero m (M), slag dump. grasiento, greasy, ()ily. graso, oily; (colle) rich;fat (wixture). grata j, rasp: wire brush. "gratificacinj, bonus to>~nemployee. grauvaca f (geol), graywacke, grava J, gravel. \ de boleas, bouldergr~yel.: de cantera o de mina,pitgr~vel. de guijas (V), granWo.grAvel~ de playa, beach gruvcl.. o":: en bruto (M), pit-rungrayel. fluvial, river gravel. graduada, graded grnvel. provechosa (min), pay gf:l.yel. sin cribar o tal cOlJlosa,le. run-of-ba.nk or unscreened gravel. gravadora J (Es), gravel screen. gravedad J, gravityo ~specfica, specific gravity. gravera j, gravel pit Qf bank. gravfico (M), gravitationa1. gravilla j, fine or pea gravel; grits. gravilla dora j (Es) t gravel screen. gravimetda J, gravimetry. gravimtrico, gravimetric. gravmetro m, gravimoter, gravity meter. gravitaci6n j, gravitation, gravity. gravitacional (M), gravitational. gravitar, to gravitate. gravitmetro m, gravitometer. registrador, recording gravitometer. gravoso (M), gravelly. greda j, loam, elay, marl, fuller's earth. arenosa, sandy loam. gredal m, clay pito gredo so, clayey, loarny. gremio m, labor union; eraft union; trade, eraft.

gremio
del oficio, craft union. industrial, industrial union. ~- obrero, trade-union; labor union. grenoquita J, greenockite (cadmiunl ore). gres m, pug, clay mixture for making sewer pipe, brick, etc. vidriado, glazed tile (pipe), glazed terra cotta. greta f (M), litharge. grieta J, crack, seam, chink; (lbr) check; (geol) joint. - - capilar, hair crack. de contraccin, shrinkage crack. - - de desecacin (mad), season check. pasante (mad), through check trmica (vi), tire crack. . grietarse, to crack. grietoso, eracked, seamy. grifa J, (Ee) pattern, template; (A) straightening tool. grnera j, stock or assortment o cocks or bibbs. grifo m, cock, faucet, bibb; (Pe) hydrant. de aparejamiento (auto), priming cock. - - de cierre automtico, self-closing faucet. - - de cilindro, eylinder cock. - - de compresin, eompression cock. - - de corporacin, corporation eoek. .------ de desage, mud or drain eock. de desahogo, blowoff cock. - - de descarga del sedimento, mud valve. de despunte (az) (e), sampling eoek. de detencin (Es), eheek valve. de flotador (pb) (Es), fioat valve. - - de macho, plug coek. - - de mar (en), sea cock or valve. de prueba (cal), try or gage coek. - - de purga, drain or blowoff eock. - - de resorte, spring faueet. - - de tres conductos, three-way cock. descompresor (auto) (Es), primng cock. - - indicador de nivel, gage eoek. - - para infendio, fire plug. para manguera, hose bbb. - - purgador de espumas, scum cock. grilla j (A), grill, grate; (elee) grid. de control (ra), control grid. - - supresora (ra), suppressor grid. grilla-pantalla (ra), sereen grid. grillaje m (A) (Col), grillage. grillero m (A), grate cleaner. grillete m, shaekle; socket; cIevis. abierto (eab) , open soeket. cerrado (cab), closed soekct. - - con perno roscado, screw-pin shaekle. de guardia (eO, eye-guard shaekle. de media vuelta, ha1f-turned shackle. de motn, bloek shaekle. de perno ovalado, oval-pin shackle. de puente ('ab) , bridge soeket. - - de resorte, snap shaekle. de seguridad, safety shackle. - - en horquilla Ceab), open soeket. - - escalonado (eab), stepped soeket. - - forma corazn, heart shackle. - - giratorio, swivel shackle. - - para ancla, bending or anchor shackle.
~-

164

gruesa

gnsu m (min), 1lredamp. grismetro m, testing device for firedanlp. grisunita j, grisounite (explosivc). grisuoso, eontaining firedamp. grisutina f. grisoutine (explosive). grosor m, thiekness; (ag) eoarseness. gra f. crane; derriek; hoist. - - alimentadora (fe), water crane. - - amontonadora, tiering or stacking erane. - - arrumadora, stevedorng or roustabout or cargo erane. - - atirantada, guy derriek. - - automvil o autocamin (U), truek crane. con pie de gallo (M), stiffieg derrick. ~- corredera o corrediza, traveling erano; traveling derrick. - - de aguiln, derrick; jib erano. - - de armador, ereetor's derrick. - - de arrastre (~1), dragline excavator. - - de auxilio (fe), wreeking crane. de bote (en), davit. - - de brazo, jib erane. - - de brazos rgidos, stiffieg derrick. - - de caballete, gantry erano. - - de cable radial, radial eableway. - - de cable trasladable, traveling cableway. de cadena (A), chain block, differentiaI hoist . - - de camin, truck erane. - - de carriles, erawler or caterpillar crane. - - de columna, pillar erane. . - - de contravientos de cable, guy derrick. - - de edificacin, builder's derriek. ~- de esteras (e), erawler erane. - - de grada, shipbuilding erane. - - de martillo, hammer-head erane. - - de mnsula, bracket c;rane. - - de montaje, erectors'.derrick. - - de muelle, dock or wharf erane. - - de orugas, erawler crane. - - de palo, gin pole. - - de pared, wall or jib crane. - - de pescante, jib erane. - - de piernas rgidas (M), stiffieg derrick. - - de prtico o de portal, gantry or bridge or portal erane. ~ - - de poste, pillar erane; gin poleo - - de puente, travelng erane; bridge erane. - - de retenidas, guy derrick. - - de rotacin completa, erane; (ce) whirler. - - de salvamento (fe), wreeking erane. - - de tijeras, shear 1egs, shears. - - de torre, tower derrick. - - de tractor, tractor erane. - - de transbordo (fe), transfer crane. ~- de trpode, tripod derriek. - - diferencial, differential hoist. - - fija, derrick. - - gigante, titan erano. hidrulica o hidrante CA), (rr) water erane:, traek standpipe. - - locomotora o locomvil, loeomotive crane. - - transportadora de troncos, logging aroll. - - viajera, traveling derrick. gra-pontn, derrick barge, fioating crane. gruesa It a gross.

grueso
grueso m, thickness; a thick, dense,heavy, coarse; hard (water); harsh (concrete). grujidor m, glazier's nippers. grumo m, floc, clot, bunch. grupo m, group; set, battery. ~ compensador (elc), balancing seto de cabeza de pozo (pet), wellhead assembly. de calderas, battery of boilers. de carga, battery-charging seto de ~otor y generador, motor generator seto del obturador (fma), shutter assembly. ~ del ventilador, fan assembly. electrgeno o generador, generating seto ~ motobomba, pump and angine. motopropulsor, eleetric <;irive; (auto) (A) power planto motor (auto), power planto guabiroba 1, an Argentine lumber (semihard). guachipeHn m (Ae), a hardwood. guadaa (/) para arbustoa, brush seythe. guafe m (e), snu),l1 wharf. guaico, see huaico. g:t~dera 1, stail' string, stringel', carriage; (maehy) shroud. - - de contn (es), curb string, closed string. del motn, eheek o a taekle block. . - . de pared (es), wall string. gualdrn m, weather strip. gualtaco m (Ee), a hal'dwood. guallem (eh), a hardwood. guanteletes m, gauntlets. guantes (m) de soldador, welder's gloves. guarac m (Col), basalto guaral m (Col) (V), light rope. guarapariba J (V), eedar. guarapo m (az), juiee. alcalizado,limed juiee. -.- crudo, millar raw juice. guaraturo m (V), flint; quartz. guarda /, guard; ward o a loek 01' key. guarda m (fe), conductor, brakeman, guardo forestal, forest warden. guardaaguas m (ed), fiashing. guardaagujas m (fe), switehman. guardaalmacn m, storekeeper. guardaaludes 'm, shed to proteet railroad toack from landslides. guardaanimales m (fe), eattle guardo guardaarenas m, sand trap, catch basin. guardabanda m, belt guardo guar.dabandera m (lev), flagman. guardabarrera m (fe), crossing watehman, gata tender. guardabarro m, mudguard, (auto) fender. gullr41;\borde m, eurb bar. guardabosque m, forest warden. guardabrisa m, windshield; (C) windbreak. guardacabio m (ed), eaves board. guardacable m, cable guardo guardacabo m (eab), thimble. ~ de estacha, hawser thimble. de igualazin, equalizing thimble. . - de maderero, logging thimble. enterizo, solid thimble. terminal (ele) , dead-end thimble. ga~udacadona m. chain JNard.

165

guard:tpolvo

guardacambio m (fe), switehman. guardacamino m, road or highway or trame guardo guardacanto m, eurb bar; corner bead, nosing; (plywood) banding, railing. guardacarretera m, highway or road or traffie guardo de placa, steel-plate highway guardo - - de r~sorte, spring-steel highway guardo de tiras mltiples, lnultistrip highway guardo . guardacarril m (fe), guardrail. guardacrter m, crankease guardo guarda cellisca m (elc), sleet hood. guardacenizas m, ashp~n. guardacomejn m, termite shield. guardacorrea m, belt guardo guardacrucero m (fe), crossing watehman. guardacuerpo m, ra.iling. guardachispas m, spark arrester~ guardachoques m (auto), .bumper.. guardadrsena m, custodian o a dock or basin. guardaderrumbes . m, struetllre for protection against eave--ins. guardadique, eustodi~n 01 a clam. guardaengranaje m, gear gtlard. guardaescaln m (es) (A), saiety tr~ad. guardaestanque m (Oh), reservdir custodian. guardafango m, mudguard. guardafarol m, lamp guard.. guardafierros m (M), tol keeper. guardafiltro m, filter attendant. guardafreno m (fe), biakcman. guardafuego m, (for) fireguard; (ele.e) fire cuto1f; a fire-resisting. guardagalpn m (U), storekeeper. guardaganado"m (fe), eattle gua.rd; (Ioco)(M) pilot, eDwcateher. guardagrasa m, greasc retaille:r. guardagua (m) de vlvula (auto), valve-guide keeper. guardaherramientas m, tool keeper. guardahielo m (hid), ice aprQn,; guardahilos m (elc), linem.~n. guarda}1ormigas m, ant guard. guardahumo m, smoke helnlet; smoke stop. guardajunta m (ca), joint shield.' guardalado m, parapet, railing. guardalmpara, lampguard. guardalastre m (fe) (eh), eqrb to retain ballast. guardalneas m, lineman. guardalodos m, mudguard. guardalluvia m, hood over door or window. guardamano m (sol), handshield. guardamina m, mine guardo guardamonte m, forester, forest warden. guardamotor m, proteetive dcvice for a motor. guardamuela m, guard over a grinding wheel. guardanieves m, snowshed. guardaojal m, metal grommet. guardapjaros m (eI6e), bird guarde guardapis ni (fe), foot guardo guardapolea m, pulley guardo guardapolvo m, dust guard; dust seal or shield; overalls; (Sp) flashing or hood over doar or wiudow.

'~"c,c"",'_-"C-.C'c'"","'!'!!. --', ,.
r

:,'-

guardaposte
guardaposte m, wheel guard; strain plate; guy shim. guardapretil m (pte), curb to proteet parapeto guardapuente m, bridge guardo guardapuerta j, storrn door. guardarradiador m (auto), radiator guardo guardarrana m (fe) t guardrail at a frog. guardarratas m (nut), rat guardo guardarraya / (M) (e) (PR), boundary monument; boundary lineo guardarretenida m (elc). guy guard; guy-wire protector. guardarriel m (fe) guardrail, guard timber, guide ral. exterior (fe), guard timber. guardarrienda f (A), guy guardo guardarrosca m, thread protector. guardarruedas m. wheel guard; (V) guardrail. guardasierra m, saw guardo guardasillas 1, chair ral. guardatestigo m (sx), core barre!. guardatiempo m (Ee), timekeeper. guardatierra m (M), wing wall. guardatoma m (hid), intake custodian. guardJltrn m (A). brakeman, conductor. guardavaca f (fe), eattle guardo guardaventana J, window guard; storm window. guardaventilador m, fan guardo gUardava m (fe), traekwalker; (A) crossing watchman, flagman. guardaviento m, windshield. guardavivo m, corner bead, curb bar, edge protector. guardavolante m, flywheel guardo guardera f (e), shield; (machy) shroud. contra hormigas (e), ant guardo _ guardin m (Ee) (U), watehman, custodian, policeman. guardin m (en), rudder ehain or cable. guaribo m (M), a softwood. guarismo m, figure, number, cipher. guarnecer, to trim, fit out; to stucco; to line (brake); to bush (bearing). guarnecido m, stueco, (A) brown coat o plaster. de bronce, with brass trimming~. guarnicin!, paeking; gasket; lining; (carp) trim; (M) curb; (meeh) inserto de amianto, asbestos paeking. de cerradura, lock trim. del embrague, c1utch lining. de freno, brake lining. de motn, strap o a taekle block. de sellar (elc), sealing gasket. espiraloide, labyrinth paeking. guarniciones, fittings, trimmings. de conducto (ele), conduit fittings. de grapa (ele) , clamp fittings. divididas (ele), split fittings. terminales de conducto (ele) , raceway terminal fittings. guarnir, to reeve; to rig; to trim. guarrusca f (Col), machete. guata /. (eh) buckling. warping, defiection; (A) cotton waste. guataca J (e). hoe. neumtica (e), c1ay spade, air spade.
I

166

guimbalete

guatamb m, a South Alnerican wood. guaya 1 (V), wire rope. guayabi, guayaibi m, a South American hardwood. guayacn m, guayaco m, lignum vitae, guaiacum. guayarote m (PR), kind o cedar. guayo m (e) (eh), a hardwood. gubia j, gouge (carpenter's and ironworker's). acodada, bent gouge. con espiga hueca, socket gouge. ~ con rabo, tang gouge. - - de maceta, firmer gouge. - - de mano, paring or seribing gouge. - - de torno, turning gouge. gubia-punzn, firmer gouge. guaj, (mech) guide, fairleader; (bl) fuse; (geol) branch vein; (min) leader; (rr) waybill; (rr) timetable; permito - - colorimtrica (1ab) , color chart. de campaa (A), waybill. de carga (tr), waybill. de cortar al hilo (em), rip gage. de dep6sito o de almacn, warehouse reeeipt. de embarque (A), hill o lading. de equipaje (fc), baggage receipt. de espigar, doweling jig. de filn (min) , pay streak; leader -'- de limar (si), filing guide. de ondas (ra), wave guide. de rotular (dib), lettering guide. de sierra, saw guide or gage. de trozar (ero), f'utoff gage. de trozar ingletes, miter eutoff gage. de la vlvula, valve guide. del vstago de mbolo, piston-rod guide. - e n V, Vway. - - para biselar, chamfer gage. guas colgantes (pi), swnging or hanging leads. del contrapeso (ase), eounterweight rails. del martinete, pile-driver leads. guabarrena m (pet), whipstock. guiacuchilla j (elc), blade guide. guiadera (f) de cojinete, bearing raee. guiaderas, guides. guiar, to guide; (auto) to drive. guasondas m (pet), whipstock. guija j, pebble. guijarral m, gravel hedo guijarreo, guijarroso, guijeo, guijoso, gravelly. guijarrillos m, pebbles. guijarro m, pebble, cobble, boulder. guijo m, gravel; (machy) journal, gudgeon; (su) (e) roll shaft; (Ph) a construction lumber. guillame m, rabbet plane, fiUister. de acanalar, fiuting planeo - - de costado, side fil1ister. - - de inglete, charnfer planeo hembra, hollow planeo macho, grooving planeo guillotina l. a shear; double-hung window. de palanca (M), lever shear. para pernos (M), bolt clippers. guimbalete m, pump j ack; cornice brake; sweep of a bit braceo

guimbarda
guimbarda J, rabbeting or router or housing plane. guinchador m CA), hoist runner, hoisting engineer. guinchar (A), to hanclle (cargo) with a hoisting engine. guinche m CA) (U) (Col), hoisting engine, winch, windlass; crane. - - carril, locomotive crane. - - colgante, trol1ey hoist. - - corredizo, traveling hoist. del ancla (cn), anchor winch. de compuerta, gate hoist. ~- de mano, windlass, winch. -locomvil, locomotive crane.. trasladable (A), traveling hoist. guinchero m (A)(Col), hoist runner. ginchero m (e), hoist runner. guinda j (C), slope o a roo. guindaleta j, small rape, cord. guindaleza!, hawser. guindaste m (Ae), jib crane. guindo m, an Argentine lumber (semihanl). guindola!, boatswain's ehair; life preserver. guin m, (A) an upright; stake for sighting; (Ch) rafter. giliris m, mining experto guirnaldal (nut), fender, rubbing strip, dolphin. gunita j, gunite. gunitista m, eement-gun worker. gusanillo m, gimlet, twist drill. gusano m, drill bit; worm; (V) spiral reinforcemento gusto m, taste. gutapercha 1, gutta-pereha. gutaperchado (A), rubber-covered.

167
-

hectovatio
de marina, ship carpenter's ax.

haber 1n, (act) eredit. . habilitacin 1, outfit, equipment; fitting out. habilitado m (Es) (V), official who handles money, paymaster. habilitar, to equip, fit out, rige hacer, to make; to do. agua (nut), to leak. asiento, to setUe. - - efectivo, to cash, colleet. escala en, to call ato stop ato estacin (lev), to fix a transit point; to set up the transito masa (ele), to ground. quiebra, to go into bankruptcy. saltar (vol), to fire, shoot. haciendaJ, treasury;landed estate; works, plant; plantation, farm; (A) eattle, livestock. de azcar (PR), sugar milI. de beneficio o de fundicin, smelter. de cianuracin, eyanide planto pblica, public treasury. hacinador m, stacker. hacinar, to stack, pile. hacha!. ax. ancha, broadax. de dos filos, dOllble-bit ax. de mano, hatchet, hand ax. -

de media labor, half broadax. de monte o de tumba, falling or fel1ingax.' mecnica, power ax, wood splitter. ~ para descortezar, peeling ax. ' hachador m (A), axman. hachagubia I CM), ax used in mine timbering. hachazo m t blow o an ax. hachazuela f (M), adz. hachear, to hew, cut with an ax. hachero m, axman, woodcutter. hacheta 1, hatchet. hachn m (fe), fusee. hachuela 1, hatehet; (C) adz. ancha, broad or shingling hatehet. de banco, bench hatchet. de entarimar, fiooring hatchet. de listonador, lathing hatchet. de martillo, hatchet withharnmer face. ~ de media labor, hat DI' lathing hatchet. de oreja o de ua, claw hatchet. hachurar (dib) (Ch}7 toha.tch. hachuras! (dib) (Ch), hatching,hachures.. balador (1n) de vagones,c&r puller. halaje m, hauling, haulage. halar, to haul, pullo halavagones m, earpuller. halita 1, halite, native or rock salt.. halo m (fma), halation. hangar m, hangar; (A) warehottsc, shed.. de nariz (ap), nosehangar ~ hardenita I (met) ,hardenite.. harina! (ca), flour. fsil, fossil llour, kieselguhr, diatonlaceous earth. mineral (ca), mineral filler.. harinoso, floury (soil). harmnicom a (elc) (mat),harmonic. harnear (Col) (Ch), to sift, sereen. harnerero m, screen tender. harnero m, screen. corredizo, traveling screen. - d e alas, wingscren. giratorio, revolving sereen.. vibcatorio, shakingscrecn. hastial m, front wall; gn:ble, pediment; (Sp) side wall of a brick scwer. de piso (min) (B), footwalL de techo (min) (B), hangingwall. hastiales (min) , side walls o agallery. haya 1, beech. haz m, bundle; f::).got. de marcha (auto), driving or country beam. de radio, radiobeam. de rayos, bundle o ligh t rays, cone o rays. de trfico (auto), traffic bcanl (o light). electrnico, elcctron stream; radio beam. lumnico, bundle o light raj.rs. haz , surace; faQade. hebra!, grain (wood) ; vein o ore; thread; (cab) (eh) strand. hectrea j, hectare. hectogramo m, hectogramo hectolitro m, hectoliter. hectmetro m, hcctometer. heetovatio m, hcctowatt.
o_o

r.",.
'"

hecho

168

herramientas

hecho, mada. .a mano, handmade. a mquina, machine-macle. en sitio, built-in-place. hechura j, workinanship, making. hechurar (A), to make. helada j, frost. heladera j, refrigerating plant; icebox. helar, helarse, to freeze. helero m, glacier. heliantina f (lab), helianthin, methylorange. hlice j, screw propeller; helix. de aletas fijas (turb), fixed-blade propeller. de aletas regulables (turb) , movable-blade propeller. hlices gemelas, twin screWB. hlico, helical. helicoidal, helicoidal. helicoide m, helicoide helicptero m, helicopter. helio m (quim), helium. heliografa /, heliography; blueprint, sun print. heliogrfico, heliographic. heligrafo m, heliograph, heliotrope. heliograma m, heliogram. heliosttico, heliostatic. helistato m, heliotrope, heliostat. heliotropista m, operator of a heliotrope. heliotropo m, (inst) heliotrope; (miner) heliotrape, bloodstone. hematita, hematites j, hematite (iron ore). hematites parda, hrown hematite, limonite. hematites roja, red hematite, hematite. hemattico, hematitic. hembra j, pipe cap; nut; a (meeh) female. de cerrojo (ft), keeper, staple, bolt socket. lock strike. de cerrojo de aplicar. surface strike. de cerrojo de arrimar. rim strike. de cerrojo de embutir, mortise strike. de fleje acodado, strap staple. de gorrn (nut), gudgeon. de terraja, die for male thread. de tornillo, uut. hembras del timn (en), rudder gudgeons. hembrilla J, eyeholt. hemicelulosa j (is), hemicellulose. hemiciclo m, hemicycle. hemicristalino, hypocrystal1ine, hemicrystalline. hemielipsoidal, hemiel1ipsoida1. hemihidrato m (qum), hemihydrate. hc.m.imorfa f (miner), hemimorphism. hemimrfico, hemimorphic. hemimorfita j (miner), hemimorplte, calamine. hemisfrico, hemispherica1. hemisferio m, hemisphere. henchidor m t (wr) filler wire. henchimiento m (en), boss. hendedor m, splitter; (lg) froe. hendedura j, split, crack, crevice; (lbr) check; (min) c1eat; c1eavage. de desecacin, season check. hender, to split, rive; (lbr) to rip; henderse~ to split, (lbr) to check. hendibilidad J, fissility. hendible, easily split, fissile, cleavable.

hendidura j, split, crack, seam, (lbr) check. henequn m, sisal, henequen. hendo m (elc), henry. heptano m (qum), heptane. heptodo m (ra), heptode. heptxido m (qum)t heptoxide. herido m (eh), a trench. hermanar (mee), to mate. hermeticidad j, watertightness. hermtico, watertight, airtight, hermetice - - al aceite, oiltight. - - al agua, watertight. a la luz, lighttight. al polvo, dust-tight. al vapor, vaportight, steamtight. hermetizar (A), to make tight, waterproof. herrador m, horseshoer, blacksmith, farrier. herradura j, horseshoe. herraje m, ironwork, hardware. de los aseguradores (ed), underwriters; hardware. herrajes, iron fittings. del aguiln, (de) boom irons. de gra, derrick fittings. - - de postera, pole-line hardware. marinos, marine hardware. para casquillo, socket attachments. para construcciones (A), builder's hardware. herramentaje m, outfit of tools. herramental m, toolbox; kit of tools. herramentero m, too1 hoy. --llevabarrenas, drill nipper. herramentista m, operator of a machine too!. herramienta j, too!. - - abocinadora, fiaring too!. acabadora (mh), finishing or necking too!. acodada (mh), bent or offset too1. alisadora (mh), smoothing too1. amolada (mh) , ground too!. calzada (mh), tipped too!. - - centradora (mh), centering too!. - - cortadora, cutting too1. - - de ahuecar (mh), trepanning tool. de caja (mh), box too!. ~ de cuchillas postizas (mh), inserted-eutter . too!. - - de filetear, ehasing too!. de filo ancho (mh), broad-nose or stocking too!. de pesca (pet), fishing too!. de punta simple (mh), sing1e-point too!. de puntas mltiples, multipoint cutting too!. de recortar (mh)t cutting-off too1. de refrentar, facing too!. descentrada (mh), offset too!. desviadora (pet), defiecting too!. esquilante (mh) (A), shearing too!. manual, hand too!. mecnica, machine tool; power-driven too1. ~ moleteadora, knurling too!. percusora, pereussion too!. ranuradora (mh), slotting or splining too!. rebajadora (mh), cutting-down too!. ~ tajante (mh)(A), cutting too1. herramientas de dotacin (auto), tools supplied with the caro

herramientas
de fog6n (cal), fire tools. de fragua, blacksmith toola. --- de percusin (pet), cable tools. ' - de yunque, anvil tools. deflectoras (pet), deflecting too1J. tQrneadoras, lathe tools o herranza f (Col), blacksmith work. herrar, to shoa horses, do blacksmith work. herrera 1, blacksmithing blacksmith shop ironwork. artstica (A), ornamental ironwork. de ngulos (cn), anglesmithing. de obra, structural ironwork. herrero m, blacksmith. armador, iron erector. . carrocero, blacksrnith for wagons. de arte, maker or erector o ornamental ironwork. de grueso, structural ironworker; blacksmith. de obra, structural-iron orector, steelworker. herrn m, iron rusto herrumbre j, rusto herrulnbroso,rusty. hertziano (elc), hertziano hertzio m, hertz (unit o frequency). hervidero m, water leg o a bailer. hervidor m, small boiler water lego de aceite, oil bollero de imnersi6n (elc), inunersion heater. hervir, to boil. hervor m, boiling, ebullition. hesita J (miner), hessite, telluric silver. heterodina f (ra), heterodyne. heterodinaje m (ra) (A), heterodyning. heterodinar, to heterodyne. heterodino a, heterodyne. heterogneo, heterogeneous. heterosttieo, heterostatic. heterotrco, heterotrophic. heumita j (geol), heumite. hexadrico, hexahedral. hexaedro m, hexaheclron. hexafsico, six-phase. hexagonol, hoxagonal. hexgono m, hexagon; a hexagonal. hexahidrato m (qufm), hexahydrate. hexahdrico, hexahyddc. hexametafosfato 'm, hexametaphosphate. hexametilentetramina I (is), hexamethylenetetramine. hexfi.ngulo, hexangular. hexano m (qum), hexane. hexapolar (elc), six-pole. hexavalente (qum), hexavalent. hexodo m a (ra) (tel) , hexode. hialino a, hyaline. lllalobasalto m (geol), hyalobasalt, basalt gluss. hbrido (elc) (geol), hybrid. hicoria 1, hickory. hidrcido m, hydracid. hiurante m, hydrant. anticongelante, antifreezing hydrant. de incendio, fire hydrant. hldratable, hydratable. lPdratacin j, hydratioll.

169

hidroltico

hidratado, hydrated; hydrous. hidratador m, hydrator. hidratar, to hydrate. hidrato m, hydrate. de calcio, ealcium hydrate or hydroxide. -.- de cloro, chlorinehydrate. de sodio, sodium hydrate ar hydroxide, m~u8tic soda. hidrulica 1, hydraulics. aplicada. applied hydraulics. hidraulicidad i. hydraulicity. hidrulico m, hydraulic engineer; a hydraulic. hie.raulista m (Es), hydraulic engineer. hldrlco, hydric. hidri~dico (qu{m). hydriodic. hidroarenisc~I (Es), an artificial sandstone. hidroavin m, scaplane, hydroplane, flying boato hidrobarmetro m, hydrobarometer. hidrobiologa 1, hydrobiologyo hidrobiolgico. hydrobiologicaI. hidrobrmico, hydrobromjc hidrocaliza f (Es), n.oR artifici;;.llimestone. hidrocarbonato m, hyd~ocarb'onate. hidrocarburo m, hydroca.rbon. hidrocinico, hydrocyanic. hidrocianuro, hydroc~anide,bydrocYElnate. hidrocintico, hydrokinetic. hidroclorato m, hydrochloJ.'ate. hidroclrico, hyd:ro~h,loric. hidrocloruro m, hydrochJQride. de bencidina (is),benzidine hydrachloricle. de hidroxilaDlina (is), hydroxylamine hydrochloride. hidroco4hnero m (pet) ,1lydrQcodimer. hidrodif\lsilll, hy<lrQ<;1itJu,sion. hidrodinimica j, hydrodynamics. hidrodini~co,hyqrodyn~D1ic; streamlined. hidroelectdcidad ,hydlQelectricity. hidroelctrico, hydroeleetric hidroeJ:tractor m, centriugal drier, hydroextractoro , hidrfilo, absorbent, hydropIrl,.lic. hidrfono m, hydrophone. hidroformacin J (pet), llydroorming. hidr6foro m, hydrophore. hidrfugo. m,waterproofillg compounq; a waterproo. hidrogenado, hydroge:p.ous. hidrogenar, to hydrogenize, hydrogenate. hidrogeneracin f (ele), hydrogeneration. hidrogenin m,hydrogen ion. hidrgeno m, hydrogen. sulfurado, sulphureted hydrogen, (min) stinkdamp. hidrognosia j, hydrognosy. hidrografa 1, hydragraphy. hidrografiar, to make a hydrographic survey. hidrogrfico, hydrographic. hidrgrafo m, hydrograph hydrographer. de retroceso,recessional hydrograph. unitario, unit hydrograph, unitgraph. hidrograma m (A) (M), hydrograph. hidro1asa I (is), hydrolase. hidrlisis 1 (quim), hydrolysis. hidrolita t, hydrolyte. Jdroltico, hydrolytic.

hidrolizar

170

hietal

hidrolizar, to hydrolyze. hidrologa J, hydrology. hidrolgico, hydrologic. hidrologista m, hydrologist; hydraulic engineer. hidrlogo m, hydrologist. hidromtico, hydromatic. hidromecnica j, hydromechanics. hidromecnico, hydromechanical. hidromensor m, stream gager. hidromensura j, stream gaging. hidrometalurgia j, hydrometallurgy. hidrmetra m (Es), stream gager. hidrometra J, measurement o flow, stream gaging; (A) (e) hydrometry. hidromtrico, hydrometric. hidrmetro m, stream gage, current meter; (A) (e) hydrometer. hidromotor, hydromotor. hidroneumtico, hydropneumatic. hidroplano m, seaplane. hidro prensa j, hydropress. hidroquinona J. hydroquinone. hidroseparador m, hydroseparator. hidrosilicato m, hydrosilicate. hidroso, hydrous. hidrosttica j, hydrostatics. hidrosttico, hydrostatic. hidrostato m, hydrostat. hidrosu1fato m, hydrosulphate. hidro sulfito m, hydrosulphite. hidrosulfuro m, hydrosulpbide. hidrotaquimetro m, hydrotachyrneter. hidrotasmetro m, hydrotasimeter. hidrotecnia j, hydraulics, hydraulic engineering. hidrotcnico m, hydrn.ulic engineer; a hydrotechnical. hidrotermal, hidrotrmico, hydrothermal. hidrotimetda j, hydrotimetry. bidrotimtrico, hydrotimetric. hidrotimetro, hydrotimeter. hidrotita J, Hydrotite (trademark) (pipe joints)_ hidrotratador m, Hydrotreator (trademark). hidrxido m, hydroxide, hydrate. - - clcico, calcium hydroxide or hydrate, slakcd lime. " - - de aluminio, aluminum hydroxide, (miner) gibbsite. - - de magnesio, magnesium hydroxide, (miner) brucite. - - de potasio, potassium hydroxide, caustic potash. -~ de sodio, sodium hydroxide. caustic soda. hidro:ril m, hydroxy 1. hidroxila.r, to hydroxylate. hidroyector m, ejector. hidruro m, hydride. hielo m, ice. ~ de anclas (bid), anchor ice. de cloro (pa). chlorine ice or hydrate. - - de chispas, frazil ice. - - de fondo, anchor ice, ground ice. - - flotante; drift ice. seco, dry ice. hierro m, iron; iron o aplane; any iron implemento - - al carbn de lea, charcoal iron.

- - al coque, cake iron. - - al molibdeno, ferromo