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DICCIONARIO
para
INGENIEROS
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ESPAOL* INGLES/INGLES ESPAOL
'
Li is A. Rom*
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Diccionario para Ingenieros
J. C. GUERRA
BECHTEL L. A. R.
PSQS
FECHA: /
ESPAOL-INGLS
E
INGLS-ESPAOL
Louis A. Robb
Miembro de
LA SOCIEDAD AMERICANA DE INGENIEROS CIVILES
SEGUNDA EDICIN
MXICO, 1997
COMPAA EDITORIAL CONTINENTAL, S.A. DE C.Y.
MXICO
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Ttulo original:
ENGINEER'S DICTIONARY
SPANISH-ENGLISH AND ENGLISH-SPANISH
Edicin autorizada por:
John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Copyright by John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Diccionario para ingenieros: Espaol-Ingls e Ingls-Espaol
Derechos reservados respecto a la edicin en espaol:
1956. COMPAA EDITORIAL CONTINENTAL, S.A. de C.V.
Renacimiento 180, Colonia San Juan Tlihuaca,
Delegacin Azcapotzalco, Cdigo Postal 02400, Mxico, D.F.
Diseo de portada:
Selene Corona Vallejo
Miembro de la Cmara Nacional de la Industria Editorial
Registro nm. 43
ISBN 968-26-1118-0 (Segunda edicin, cambio de portada)
ISBN 968-26-0894-5 (Primera edicin)
Queda prohibida la reproduccin o transmisin total o parcial del conte
de la presente obra en cualesquiera formas, sean electrnicas o mecr
sin el consentimiento previo y por escrito del editor.
Impreso en Mxico
Printed in Mxico
Primera edicin: 1956
Cuadragsima quinta reimpresin: 1996
Segunda edicin: 1997
Esta obra se termin de imprimir en junio de 1997
en los talleres de Litogrfica INGRAMEX, S.A. de C.V.
Centeno No. 162 Local 1, Col. Granjas Esmeralda
C.P. 09810, Mxico, D.F.
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PREFACIO
Cuando los originales del Engineers Dictionary quedaron listos en 1943, la
segunda guerra mundial estaba en su apogeo y esto llev a la casa editora y al
autor a convenir de que el libro no deba exceder de unas cuatrocientas cincuenta
pginas. Algn material debi ser retirado y aunque el libro resultante trataba
detenidamente de ingeniera civil, no pudo contener muchos trminos usados en
otras ramas de la ingeniera.
Poco tiempo despus de su publicacin yo me retir del trabajo activo de
ingeniera y desde entonces he tenido amplias oportunidades para dedicarme a la
compilacin de un diccionario ms extenso. El material que debi ser retirado
se ha agregado ahora y se ha estudiado una gran cantidad de material nuevo.
He consultado con muchos amigos de la Amrica Latina y en cada viaje he trado
conmigo publicaciones tcnicas de diversas clases como fuente de trminos
espaoles. Constantemente he escudriado las revistas de ingeniera y los
libros nuevos publicados en ambos idiomas.
El campo de accin sigue siendo la ingeniera y las referencias frecuentes a la
qumica, la geologa o la metalurgia no significan que estas materias estn total
mente abarcadas en este libro. Cada una de ellas necesitara un volumen aparte.
Los trminos incluidos de estas u otras materias son aquellos regularmente
requeridos en un trabajo o estudio de ingeniera. Igual criterio se ha seguido en
la seleccin de algunos pocos trminos de finanzas, seguros y transportes.
Al ampliar la obra mis principales propsitos han sido los siguientes:
Abarcar la ingeniera elctrica y mecnica en manera mucho ms amplia.
La radio que no se mencion para nada en la primera edicin ha recibido cuida
doso estudio. Se han incluido trminos importantes de la televisin.
Poner al da todos los ramos de la ingeniera civil. Se ha dado especial atencin
a la mecnica de los suelos, a la fotogrametra y al proyecto y construccin de
aeropuertos.
Incluir los trminos ms importantes correspondientes a minera, arquitectura
naval, explotacin forestal, industria azucarera y campos petrolferos.
Una nueva adicin es la indicacin de gnero de los substantivos en espaol.
El objeto de un diccionario tcnico es proporcionar informacin que no se
encuentra en otra parte. Se supone que el diccionario de Webster incluye todas
y cada una de las palabras del idioma ingls, an las ms tcnicas, pero no abarca
las frases que figuran en glosarios oficiales de las sociedades de ingeniera.
Muchas de las palabras de este libro se encuentran tambin en los mejores
diccionarios generales ingls-espaol. Buttress se encuentra en cualquiera de
ellos, igualmente que thread, pero no buttress thread. Aguja y tambin infernal
se encuentran, pero no aguja infernal. La mayora de mis esfuerzos se han
vii
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concentrado en el registro d significados o equivalentes de locuciones que no
pueden expresarse con una sola palabra.
La nomenclatura de piezas de maquinaria requiere un constante uso de buen
criterio. Cada fabricante tiene su propia lista de piezas para cada mquina
y algunas mquinas constan de tantas que llegan al millar. Las partes principales
de una mquina deben enumerarse y con ellas, fuera de los trminos como
cojinete, leva, tornillo, resorte, rodillo y vlvula, deben identificarse con un
nombre la gran mayora de las piezas componentes.
A pesar de algunos consejos adversos recibidos, yo creo todava que las
definiciones estn fuera de lugar en un diccionario tcnico bilinge. El interesado
que busca en un libro como ste el trmino slvp-ring motor quiere encontrar el
equivalente aceptado en espaol y no una descripcin del motor. Las de
finiciones aumentaran mucho el volumen del libro. La prctica seguida ha
sido la de definir un trmino solamente al carecer de un equivalente satisfactorio
y en algunos casos para evitar ambigedades.
Es obvio que existen en este libro muchas palabras, tanto en espaol como
en ingls, que tienen otros significados adems de los anotados. Se han omitido
los significados no tcnicos, as como aquellos que pertenecen a la botnica,
zoologa y otras ciencias de inters muy relativo para el ingeniero.
Algunos de los trminos de la obra original han sido criticados llamndolos
mal espaol . Un crtico me ha dicho que la incorporacin de tales trminos
a un diccionario tiende a perpetuarlos y a perjudicar el idioma. Mi punto de
vista es que la exactitud de los trminos tcnicos en cualquier idioma es esta
blecida por los tcnicos que los crean y los usan, y la tarea del compilador del
diccionario es la de registrar su uso. En esta obra se trata de dar a los tcnicos
de habla inglesa de la Amrica del Norte la terminologa de ingeniera usada en
los pases de habla espaola de Amrica y viceversa. Trminos tomados de
publicaciones oficiales, de especificaciones de ingenieros y de libros de texto se
consideran expresiones usadas y aceptadas . Para muchos miles de trminos
en ingls no hay equivalente en buen espaol si se sigue el criterio de la Real
Academia. Esta es la razn de la diferencia entre unos 125,000 trminos en
el diccionario de la Academia y de unos 500,000 en el de Webster.
Los equivalentes en espaol de marcas de fbrica o de comercio en ingls
presentan un problema. La simple aseveracin de que estos nombres no pueden
traducirse no soluciona el problema, porque muchas traducciones son de uso
corriente en los pases de habla espaola. Muchos de estos trminos ya se han
incorporado a otros diccionarios en espaol o en espaol-ingls. Hay propietarios
de marcas de fbrica o comercio quienes han creado expresamente equivalentes
en espaol Pra usarlos en su propaganda. Yo he seguido la prctica de incluir
todo trmino de esta clase que he encontrado en buen uso tcnico. Debe notarse
que muchos trminos en-ingls de esta clase se han hecho tan conocidos que con
la sancin de Webster regularmente se escriben sin mayscula.' Para la mayora
de estos trminos hay equivalentes en espaol igualmente bien establecidos.
Muchos amigos que me proporcionaron consejos en la preparacin de la
obra original me han ayudado de nuevo. Estoy particularmente agradecido al
seor George C. Bunker con quien he pasado muchas horas en Caracas. Adems
de concederme amplio tiempo, me present a ingenieros venezolanos de quienes
obtuve material de gran valor. Para muchos trminos de ingeniera sanitaria.
viii V PREFACIO
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PREFACIO ix
tanto en ingls como en espaol, tengo que agradecer al seor Edmund B.
Besselievre de la Dorr Company y al seor Toms R. Yglesias de la ciudad de
Mxico. El seor Juan de Dios Tejada de la Habana me facilit su consejo
experto en muchas cosas. El vocabulario de exploracin geofsica tanto en
ingls como en espaol me fu suministrado por ingenieros de la Socony Vacuum
Oil Company.
L. A. R.
Nueva York
Septiembre, 1949
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PREFACE
Under the war conditions of 1943, when the original Engineers Dictionary
was in preparation, publisher and author agreed that the book ought to be kept
down to about 450 pages. Some material had to be laid aside, and although the
resulting book dealt thoroughly with civil engineering, it could not go very far
with the terms of other fields.
Shortly after publication of the original book I retired from active work and
have since found ample time to devote to the compilation of a much more com
prehensive dictionary. The items formerly laid aside have been worked in and
a mass of new material has been studied. I have consulted many friends in
Latin America and from each trip have brought back technical publications of
many kinds to be worked over for my Spanish terms. I have constantly combed
the engineering periodicals and the newest books in both languages.
My field is still engineering. Frequent references to chemistry, geology, or
metallurgy do not mean that these subjects are covered. Each of them would
need a volume of its own. Terms of these and other sciences here included are
those which are regularly npeded in connection with engineering work. The
same criterion has governed the selection of a very few of the terms of finance,
insurance, and transportation.
In enlarging the book my principal objectives have been three:
1. To cover electrical and mechanical engineering much more thoroughly.
Radio, of which the first edition had nothing, has been given thorough study.
Important terms of television have been included.
2. To bring all branches of civil engineering up to date. Special attention
has been given to photogrammetry, soil mechanics, and airport construction.
3. To include the important terms peculiar to mining, shipbuilding, logging,
sugar milling, and oil-field operations.
A new feature is the notation of gender with all Spanish nouns.
The purpose of a technical dictionary is to furnish information not found
elsewhere. Webster s is supposed to include every word in the English language
no matter how technical, but it does not cover the phrases that are listed in
official glossaries of the engineering societies. Many of the words in this book
will be found also in the best English-Spanish general dictionaries. Broad is
found anywhere and so is irrigation, but not broad irrigation. Buttress is found
and so is thread, but they cannot be combined into an equivalent for buttress
thread. Most of my effort has gone into pinning down the phrases.
The listing of machine parts calls for the constant use of judgment. Every
manufacturer has his own list of parts for each machine, and some machines
have parts running into the thousands. The principal members of a machine
xi
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must be listed, and 'tfith these, plus terms like bearing, cam, bolt, spring, roller,
and valve, equivalents of the vast riiajority of part names may be written easily.
In spite of some advice to the contrary I still believe that definitions are out
of place in a two-language technical dictionary. The user who turns to slip-
ring motor in a book such as this wants the accepted Spanish equivalents of that
term and is not looking for a description of a slip-ring motor. Definitions would
add greatly to the book s bulk. My practice has been to define a term only in
default of a satisfactory equivalent or occasionally to avoid ambiguity.
Obviously there are many words here, both Spanish and English, that have
meanings other than those given. Nontechnical meanings have usually been
ignored, as have those which belong to botany, zoology, or other sciences that,
do not concern the engineer.
Some of the terms in the original book have been criticized as bad Spanish.
One critic tells me that the listing of such terms in any dictionary tends to
perpetuate them and does an injury to the language. My own view is that
the correctness of technical terms in any language is established by the technical
men who create them and use them, and the job of the dictionary maker is to
record this usage, This book aims to give the North American technical man
the accepted engineering terminology of Spanish America, and vice versa.
Terms taken from official publications, from engineers specifications, and from
textbooks are accepted terms. For many thousands of English technical
terms there are no good Spanish1 equivalents, if the Royal Academy is to be
the criterion. This is the principal reason for the difference between some
125,000 entries in the Academy dictionary and 500,000 in Webster s.
Spanish equivalents of English trade names are a problem. The simple
statement that proprietary names cannot be translated does not cover the situa
tion because they are regularly being translated in Spanish-speaking countries.
Mny such terms have already appeared in other dictionaries, both straight
Spanish and English-Spanish. There are owners of English trade names who
have deliberately created Spanish equivalents for use in their advertising.
My rule has been to include every term of this kind that I have found in good
technical use. It is to be noted also that there are a great many trade names in
English that have become so well known that, with Webster s approval, they
are regularly written without the capital letter. For most of the terms in this
class there are Spanish equivalents equally well established.
Many friends who advised with me in the preparation of the original book
have again been helpful. I am particularly grateful to Mr. George C. Bunker
with whom I have spent many hours in Caracas. Besides giving freely of his
own time he introduced me to Venezuelan engineers from whom I obtained
material of great value. For terms of sanitary engineering, both in English and
in Spanish, I have to thank Mr. Edmund B. Besselievre of the Dorr Co. and
Mr. Toms R. Yglesias of Mexico City. Seor Juan de Dios Tejada of Havana
gave me his expert advice on many questions. The vocabulary of geophysical
exploration, both English and Spanish, was furnished by engineers of the Socony
Vacuum Oil Co.
L. A. R.
New York
September, 1949
xii PREFACE
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ABREVIATURAS
A Argentina Ec Ecuador Par Paraguay
AC Amrica Central Es Espaa Pe Per
B Bolivia E Estados Unidos PR Puerto Rico
C Cuba F Filipinas RD Repblica Dominicana
Col Colombia M Mxico U Uruguay
Ch Chile Pan Panam. V Venezuela
a adjetivo ds dique seco loco locomotora
aa acondicionamiento ec equipo de construc lu lubricacin
del aire cin m masculino
adv adverbio ed edificio mad madera
ag agregados ef explotacin forestal mam mampostera
ais aislamiento elc elctrico maq maquinaria
al alcantarillado em elaboracin de mat matemtica
an arquitectura naval maderas mee mecnico
ap aeropuerto en engranaje med medida
arq arquitectura es escalera met metalurgia
as aserradero est estructural mg motor de gasolina
ase ascensor exc excavacin mh mquina-herramienta
auto automvil
/
femenino min minera
az ingenio de azcar fe ferrocarril miner mineraloga, cristalo
bm bomba fin finanzas grafa
ca camino fma fotogrametra mo moldaje
cab cable for ingeniera forestal mot motor elctrico
cal caldera ft ferretera mr marea
carp carpintera fund fundicin mrl meteorologa
cb caballete geof geofsico ms mecnica de suelos
cf calefaccin geog geografa mtl material
en construccin naval geol geologa, petrografa mv mquina de vapor
co camin
gr gra mz mezcladora
com comercial her herrera nut nutico
cono concreto herr herramienta nav navegacin
cons construccin hid hidrulica of oficina
cont contabilidad il ingeniera de ilumi op obras portuarias
ct cemento nacin or orugas
c cbico inst instrumento ot obras de tierra
cuch cucharn irr irrigacin pa purificacin de agua
cv cableva is
ingeniera sanitaria pav pavimentacin
ch chapera kilo kilogramo (s) pb
plomera
dac disposicin del agua lab laboratorio pet petrleo
de cloacas lad enladrillado
Pi
pilotaje
di Diesel leg legal pint pintura
dim dimetro lev levantamiento
pl
pala
dib dibujo lib libra(s) pr preposicin
xiii
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xiv
ABREVIATURAS
pte puente
s
substantivo tub tubera
pulg pulgada (s)
seg seguro tn tnel
quim qumica
si sierra turb turbina
r ro
sol soldadura tv televisin
ra radio
sx sondeo de exploracin V verbo
re remache
te tractor v vlvula
ref refuerzos
tei telfono, telgrafo ve ventilacin
rfg
refrigeracin to techo vi vidrio
rfr
refractarios top topografa voi voladura
roc
rociador automtico tr transportacin
rs rosca
ts tablestacado
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ABBREVIATIONS
A Argentina DR
Dominican Republic
Ph Philippines
B Bolivia
Ec Ecuador
PR Puerto Rico
C Cuba
M Mexico
Sp Spain
CA Central America
Pan Panama
U Uruguay
Ch Chile
Par Paraguay
US United States
Col Colombia
Pe Peru
V Venezuela
a
adjective eng
engine mech mechanical
ac air conditioning exc excavation
met metallurgy
act accounting
F Fahrenheit
mi mile
adv adverb fdy foundry
min mining
ag aggregates fin
financial
miner
mineralogy, crystal
ap airport fo forms
lography
ar architecture for forestry
mot motor
auto automobile gal gallon (s)
mrl
meteorology
bdg bridge
ge gsoline engine
mt
machine tools
bl blasting
geog geography
mtl material
bldg building geol
geology,petrography mx mixer
bo boiler
geop geophysical n noun
bs blacksmithing
gi
girder
na
naval architecture
bu bucket
gl
glass
naut nautical
bw brickwork ht
heating (building)
nav navigation
cab cable
hw hardware of office
carp carpentry
hyd hydraulics
P
piping
ce construction equip il illuminating engi
pav paving
ment
neering
pb plumbing
chm chemistry in. inch (es) pet
petroleum
ci cast iron ini insulation
Pi
piling
cm centimeter (s) ins insurance
pmy photogrammetry
com commercial inst
instrument pr preposition
conc concrete irr irrigation pt painting
cons construction
kilo kilogram (s) pu pump
er crawler
lab laboratory
pw port works
ct cement lb pound (s) qt quart(s)
cu cubic Ibr ' lumber
r river
cy
cableway leg legal
ra radio
dd dry dock
lg
logging
rd road
de derrick
loco locomotive
re rivet
di Diesel lu lubrication
reinf
reinforcing steel
diam diameter m
meter (s) rf roof
dwg drafting
machy machinery rfg
refrigeration
ea earthwork
mas masonry
rfr
refractories
elee electrical math mathematics rr railroad
elev elevator
meas measure
sa sawmill
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xvi
ABBREVIATIONS
sb
shipbuilding su sugar mill tu truss
sd
sewage disposal surv surveying tun tunnel
se
steam engine
sw sewerage turb turbine
sec
second (s)
t tool tv ! television
sen
sanitary engineering tb test boring V 1verb
sh
shovel
tc tractor va valve
sk
automatic sprinkler tel telephone, telegraph ve ventilation
sm
soil mechanics
th thread w welding
sml
sheet metal
ti tide wp
water purification
sp
sheet piling tk truck wr wire rope
sq
square tl trestle ww woodworking
st
stair
top topography
str structural tr transportation
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ESPAOL- I NGLS
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ababn
3
aboquillado
ababn m, an Argentine lumber (semihard).
abac m, Manila hemp.
bacom, (ar) abacus; (min) washtrough, buddle;
(conc bldg)(M) drop panel; (A) graph,
chart, nomograph,
abajadero m, downgrade.
abajador m (min) (Es) (M), tool boy, tool carrier,
abajar, to lower, let down; to fall, descend,
abajo adv, down, below, under,
abalanzar, to balance.
abalizar, to buoy; to place beacons; abalizarse
(nut), to take bearings,
abamperio m (elc), abampere.
abancalar, to terrace, bench,
abanderado m (lev), flagman.
-----delantero, head flagman.
-----trasero, back flagman.
abanderar, to register a vessel,
abanico m, fan; anything fan-shaped; small der
rick or crane; (rr)(C)(PH) switch target.
1 aluvial (r), alluvial fan.
-----de deyeccin (geol), debris cone.
-----eductor, exhaust fan.
abaniqueo m (auto), shimmy,
abarbetar, (naut) to lash, stop; (cab) to serve,
seize.
abarcn m (Es), clamp, cramp, anchor; iron ring,
abarloar (nut), to berth, dock, bring alongside,
abarquillamiento m (est), crippling,
abarquillar, to warp, curl; abarquillarse, to
buckle, warp,
abarrancar, to form gullies; abarrancarse, to
run aground,
abarrotar, (cons) to place a waler or strongback;
(naut) to batten; to stow (cargo),
abarrotes m, dunnage,
abastar, to furnish, supply,
abastecedor m, supplier,
abastecer, to furnish, supply,
abastecimiento m, supply, furnishing.
-----de agua, water supply.
-----de combustible, fueling.
abastecimientos, abastos m, supplies,
abasto de agua, water supply,
abatanador m (M), wooden maul,
abatible, descending; collapsible,
abatidero m (Es), drain, gully, gutter,
abatimiento m, lowering; (str) disassembling;
(bldg) demolition; (conc) slump; (naut)
leeway; (machy) disassembly, teardown;
batter, rake; (pu)(M) drawdown,
abatir, to lower; to knock down, disassemble; to
demolish, raze; (naut) to make leeway; to
batter, rake, slope,
abculombio m (elc), abcoulomb.
abecedario (m) de estarcir, stencil for lettering,
abecedario para marcar, marking stamp,
abedul m (mad), birch,
abelita/, abelite (explosive),
aberracin / , aberration.
-----cromtica lateral (fma), lateral chromatic
aberration.
-----cromtica longitudinal (fma), longitudinal
chromatic aberration.
-----de coma (fma), coma.
-----de esfericidad, spherical aberration.
-----de refrangibilidad, chromatic aberration.
abertura/ , an opening, aperture; open country
between mountains; cove, small bay.
-----de chispa (elc), spark gap.
-----de dosificacin (di), metering passage.
-----de la raz (sol), root opening.
-----libre, clear span, net opening.
aberturas de aligeramiento (cn), lightening holes.
abete m (mad), fir, deal.
abetinote m, rosin.
abeto m, fir, spruce, hemlock.
-----balsmico, balsam fir.
-----bianco, white fir, white spruce.
-----Douglas, Douglas fir, Oregon pine, red fir,
yellow fir.
- negro, black spruce; black hemlock.
-----rojo, red fir, Douglas fir, Oregon pine, red
spruce.
abetunar, to coat or impregnate with pitch,
abey m, jacaranda (and other tropical hard
woods),
abfaradio m (elc), abfarad.
abhenrio m (elc), abhenry.
abierto, open.
abigarrado, (miner) variegated, mottled (soil),
abisagrar, to hinge,
abisal (geol), abyssal,
abiselar, to bevel, chamfer,
abismal mt shingle nail, clasp nail; a (geol) abys
sal, abysmal.
-----de tejar, slating nail.
abismo m (geol), abyss,
abitaque m, a timber; joist,
abitar, to make fast on a bitt.
abitn m (nut), bitt.
abladera / , howel, cooper s adz.
ablandador m (met)(agua), softener,
ablandar, to soften; to temper (mortar); ablan
darse, to soften, become soft,
ablandecer, to soften,
abmho (elc), abmho.
abocardado, countersunk; bellmouthed,
abocardador (m) de tubos (cal), tube expander,
abocardar, to splay; to countersink; to counter
bore.
abocardo m, countersink, countersinking drill.
-----de cabeza chata, flathead countersink.
-----de fondo plano, (t) counterbore.
-----tipo caracol, snail-head countersink.
-----tipo rosa, rosehead countersink.
abocinado, bellmouthed,
abocinador m, flarer, flaring tool.
-----de tubos (cal), tube expander.
abocinar, to flare, form with a bellmouth.
abohmio m (elc), abohm.
abolladura / , dent,
abollar, to dent.
abombar, to crown, arch, camber; abombarse,
to buckle; to warp, bulge; (rd) to mush
room.
abonado, abonada s, subscriber, customer, con
sumer (electric current); (rr) commuter,
abonar, to fertilize; (act) to credit,
abonar m (com), note,
abono m, fertilizer; (rr) commutation,
aboquillado, bellmouthed.
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aboquillar
4 acarreo
aboquillar, to splay.
abordaje m, abordo wi, fouling of two vessels,
collision.
abordar (nut), to make a port; to berth at a
dock; to foul (another vessel),
abovedado m, crown of a road,
abovedadora / , road shaper, subgrader,
abovedar, to arch, vault, crown,
aboyar, to buoy.
abra/, (top) gap, pass; (geog) cove; (min)(geol)
fissure; (Col) window sash; (surv) clearing
for line of sight,
abrasi&n/, abrasion, (hyd) scour,
abrasivo m a, abrasive.
-----de acero, crushed steel.
abrazadera / , clamp, clip; clevis; cleat; keeper
(lock); (reinf) (Pe) column hoop.
-----antideslizante, (rr) anticreeper; (elec)' grade
clamp.
-----contrafuga (pet), leak clamp.
-----de anclaje, rail clamp (crane); (elec) strain
clamp.
-----de ballesta (auto), spring shackle.
-----del cabezal (torno), headstock clamp.
-----de carril (fc), rail brace; rail clip.
-----de compresin, pinchcock.
de contacto (sol), contact jaw.
-----de la coraza (elc), armor clamp.
----- de la excntrica (mv), eccentric strap.
-----de guardacarril (fc), guardrail brace.
-----de hincar (pet), drive clamp.
-----de masa (elc), ground clamp.
-----de porcelana (elc), porcelain cleat.
-----de reparacin, repair clamp.
-----de servicio (tub), service clamp.
de silla (tub), saddle clamp. )
-----de taladrar, (p) drilling crow; (str) old man.
-----para cable, cable clip.
-----para cao, pipe clamp; (A) hose band.
-----para manguera, hose band or clamp.
-----para retenida, guy clamp or clip.
-----para viga I, beam clamp.
-----terminal (elc), dead-end clamp.
-----universal (mo), Universal clamp (trade
mark).
abrazadera-aislador, cleat insulator,
abrazar, to clamp, clip.
abrebrechas m (ec), trailbuilder, Gradebuilder,
Bullgrader.
abrehoyo m (pet), reamer, hole opener,
abretrochas m (ec), trailbuilder.
abretubos m, (pet) pipe swage; (bo)(M) tube
expander.
-----de rodillos, roller swage.
abrevar, to water (horses); to wet down a wall
before stuccoing; (pu) to prime,
abreveredas m (ec), trailbuilder.
abridor (m) de llantas (auto)(M), tire spreader,
abridura/ (min)(M), enlargement of a gallery,
abrigo m, protection, cover; windbreak; harbor;
(min) width of a vein of ore.
abrir, to open, unlock, unfasten,
abrojos m (nut), reef, hidden rocks,
abromado, honeycombed by the teredo, worm-
eaten.
abromarse, to become worm-eaten.
abronzado m (min)(M), name applied to several
different ores of copper,
absaroquita / (geol), absarokite.
abscisa / (mat), abscissa,
absoluto, absolute (all senses),
absorbechoque m, shock absorber,
absorbedero m (Es), leaching cesspool; sewer
catch basin,
absorbedor m, absorbedora / , absorber,
absorbedor de choque, shock absorber,
absorbencia / , absorption; absorbency; absorp
tivity.
-----especifica, specific absorptive index.
absorbente m, absorbent; a absorbent, absorp
tive.
absorber, to absorb; (chem) to occlude,
absorbible, absorbable,
absorcimetro m, absorptiometer.
absorcin / (hid) (elc) (quim), absorption.
-----atmosfrica (ra), atmospheric absorption.
-----del suelo (ra), ground absorption.
absorsor m (A), absorber.
abuinche m (Col), kind of machete.
abulonar (A), to bolt.
abultar, to bulk, swell.
abvoltio m (elc), abvolt.
acabado to, finish (surface); finishing coat.
-----a frota mecnica (conc), machine finish.
-----brillante, glossy finish.
----- en fro, cold-finished.
-----ligado (conc), bonded finish.
-----mate, flat or dull finish.
-----satinado o semimate (ft), satin finish.
acabadora / , finishing machine; finishing tool.
-----de frota (ca), float finisher.
-----de subrasante (ca), subgrade planer.
acabadora-pisonadora (ca), tamping finisher,
acabar, to finish (all senses),
acafelar (Es)(Col), to plaster; to wall up a door
or window.
acaj m (C) (PH) (RD) (M), name applied to var
ious trees yielding construction lumber,
acalabrotado, cable-laid (rope), hawser-laid;
(elec cab) rope-laid,
acamado, on the flat; horizontal,
acampanado, bellmouthed, bell-shaped,
acampanar, to flare, splay,
acampar, to camp; to build a camp,
cana to / , a West Indian construction timber,
acanalado, corrugated, fluted, grooved, troughed.
acanalador m, channeling machine; groover; rab
bet plane.
acanaladora / , channeling machine, quarrying
machine; (t) crease,
acanaladura / , groove, channel; (ar) flute; (elec)
raceway, gutter,
acanalar, to groove, channel, corrugate, flute; to
canalize,
acantilado m, cliff; a steep,
acantita/, acanthite (silver ore),
acaparar (com), to monopolize, corner, control,
acarreadizo, portable; shifting (sand),
acarreador to (tr), carrier.
acarrear, to haul, transport, cart, carry, convey,
acarreo m, hauling, cartage, transportation, haul.
----- extra (ot), overhaul.
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acarreo
aceite
-----fluvial, silt, alluvium; river transportation;
river drift.
---- fluvioglacial (geol), fluvioglacial drift.
-----hidrulico, sluicing, hydraulicking.
-----libre (ot), free haul.
acarreos, material carried by a stream, bed load;
(geol) drift; (min) float ore.
-----del escurrimiento (hid), silt runoff.
-----de glaciar, glacial drift.
acarreto ra (M)(PR), cartage, hauling,
acartelado, bracketed, cantilever, corbeled,
acartelamiento ra, knee brace; corbel, oversailing,
acastillaje ra (cn), freeboard; upper works,
acceladorra (is), Accelator (trademark),
accelofiltro ra (dac), Accelofilter (trademark),
accesibilidad / , accessibility,
accesible, accessible,
acceso m, an approach; access.
-----dirigido desde tierra (ap), ground-controllod
approach.
accesorio ra, fitting, attachment, appurtenancc;
a accessory.
-----cargador (ec), loader attachment.
-----de acceso (elc), access fitting.
------ do barrenar (em), boring attachment.
-----de cruce inferior (el6c), crossunder fitting.
---- de dos vas (tub)(C), Y branch.
-----de escoplear (em), mortising attachment.
-----para fresar (torno), milling attachment.
-----solar (trnsito), solar attachment.
accesorios, fittings, accessories.
-----abocinados (tub), flare fittings.
-----de brida (tub), flanged fittings.
-----de bronce (v), brass trimmings.
-----de cadena, chain attachments.
-----de caldera, boiler fittings.
-----de caera, pipe fittings.
-----de circulacin (tub), circulating- boiler fit
tings.
-----de compresin (tub), compression fittings.
-----de conducto (elc), conduit fittings.
-----de curva abierta (tub), long-sweep fittings.
-----de grua, derrick fittings or irons.
-----de insercin (conc), inserts.
-----de norma (auto), standard equipment.
-----de orejas (tub), drop fittings,
---- de pie (tub), base fittings.
-----de reborde (tub), beaded or banded fittings.
-----de seccin completa (tub), full-flow fittings.
-----de tornillo (tub), screwed or threaded fittings.
-----de torno, lathe attachments.
-----de tractor, tractor equipment.
-----de tubera, pipe fittings.
-----de unin (tub), union fittings.
-----de via (fc), track accessories.
-----de voladura, blasting accessories.
-----drenables (tub), drainage fittings.
---- embridados (tub), flanged fittings.
-----para rbol de boca de pozo (pet), Christmas-
tree fittings.
-----para cable, cable attachments or fittings or
accessories.
-----partidos (elc), split fittings.
-----pendientes (tub), drop fittings.
-----soldables (tub), welding fittings; solder-joint
fittings.
-----tip de perilla, ball-pattern handrail fittings.
accidentado, (top) hilly, broken; (Sp)(A)(Ch)
injured in an accident,
accidental (mat) (fsica), accidental,
accidente ra, accidnt.
accidentes geolgicos, geologic structural pro*
jections.
accidentes topogrficos o del terreno, hills and
valleys,
accin/, action.
-----de anillo (ms), ring action.
-----disparadora (ra), trigger action.
-----rpida, de, quick-acting.
-----simple, de, single-acting.
acciones, shares of stock.
-----ordinarias, common stock.
-----preferidas o privilegiadas, preferred stock.
accionado, driven, actuated, operated.
-----a vapor, steam-driven.
-----elctricamente, motor-driven.
-----por correa, belt-driven.
-----por engranajes, gear-driven.
accionamiento ra, operation, drive.
-----a mano, hand operation.
-----por banda, belt drive.
-----por cadena, chain drive.
-----por tornillo sin fin, worm drive.
accionar, to drive, actuate, operate.
accionista ra / , stockholder.
acebo ra (mad), holly.
acebollada (mad), showing shakes.
acebolladura/ (mad), shake.
aceitado ra, oiling, lubrication.
aceitador ra, oiler (man); oil cup, lubricator.
-----a presin, force-feed lubricator.
-----cuentagotas, sight-feed lubricator.
-----de lnea (perforadora), air-line oiler.
aceitaje m, oiling, lubrication,
aceitar, to oil, lubricate,
aceite ra, oil.
-----aislante, insulating oil.
-----antracnico, anthracene oil.
-----bruto, crude oil; oil in bulk.
-----cocido (pint), boiled or drying oil.
-----combustible, fuel or furnace oil.
-----crudo, raw oil; crude oil.
-----de alquitrn, tar oil.
-----de alumbrado, illuminating oil, kerosene.
----- de azufre, oil of vitriol, sulphuric acid.
-----de ballena, train or whale oil.
-----de calefaccin, furnace oil.
-----de carbn, kerosene, coal oil.
-----de crter (auto), crankcase oil.
-----de castor (lu), castor oil.
-----de colza, rape or colza oil.
-----de creosota, creosote oil, dead oil.
-----de engrase, lubricating oil.
-----de esperma de ballena, sperm oil.
-----de esquisto, shale or schist oil.
-----de grasa de cerdo (A), lard oil.
-----de homo, furnace or fuel oil.
-----de lmpara (M), kerosene.
-----de linaza o de lino, linseed oil.
-----de linaza blanqueado, bleached oil.
-----de maz, corn oil.
-----de manteca, lard oil.
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aceite
6
acero
-----de nabina, rape oil.
-----de palo, tung or China wood oil.
-----de perilla, perilla oil.
-----de pescado, train or fish or menhaden oil.
-----de ricino, castor or rincinus oil.
de taladrar, drilling oil.
- de trementina, oil of turpentine.^
----- de vitriolo, oil of vitriol, sulphuric acid.
----- esencial, essential or volatile oil.
----- fluidificante (ca), flux oil.
----- graso, fatty oil.
-----imprimador (ca), priming oil.
-----isolante (Ec), insulating oil.
-----lampante (Es), light oil; kerosene.
-----lubricante de motor, motor oil.
-----mate (pint), flatting oil.
-----1mineral, mineral oil, petroleum.
-----mineral de foca, mineral seal oil.
-----mineral de manteca, mineral lard oil.
-----muerto, dead or creosote oil.
-----para mquinas, machine or engine oil.
-----para temple (met), quenching oil.
-----quemado (auto) (C), crankcase oil.
-----secante (pint), boiled or drying oil.
-----soluble, soluble or cutting oil.
-----voltil, volatile or essential oil.
- vulcanizado, factice, vulcanized oil.
aceitera/, oiler, oilcan; oil cup.
-----a presin, squirt can.
-----con gota visible, sight-feed oil cup.
-----cnica, pyramid oiler.
-----de linea, air-line oiler (drill).
-----de mecha, wick oiler.
-----de resorte, oil gun.
-----ferrocarrilera, railroad oiler.
aceitera / , oil house.
aceitero m, oiler (man); a Cuban hardwood.
aceitSero (M), oil-bearing.
aceitillo m (PR), a hardwood.
aceitn m, (lu) olive oil.
aceitosidad / , lubricity.
aceitoso, oily.
aceleracin / , acceleration.
-----casual (fma), random acceleration.
-----de entrada (hid), entrance acceleration.
-----de gravedad, acceleration of gravity.
- negativa, deceleration, negative acceleration,
retardation.
acelerador m, (auto) (chem) (mas) (sk) (pmy) ac
celerator; (met) energizer.
-----de fraguado, accelerator of cement setting.
-----de mano (auto), hand throttle.
-----de pedal (auto), foot accelerator.
-----de reaccin (quim), catalyst, accelerator.
-----de taladrado, drill speeder.
acelerante m (quim), accelerante.
acelerar, to accelerate.
acelergrafo m, accelerograph (earthquake),
acelerograma m, accelerogram,
acelermetro m, accelerometer.
-----integrador, integrating accelerometer.
-----registrador, recording accelerometer.
acendrar, to refine.
acntrico,i acentric,
acentuacin / (ra), accentuation,
acentuador m (ra), accentuator.
acea / (Es), water wheel; water-power mill,
acepilladora / , planer, surfacer.
-----cerrada, closed planer.
-----de banco, bench planer.
-----de engranaje recto, spur-geared planer.
-----de engranajes cnicos, bevel-gear planer.
----- de herramienta mvil, traveling-head planer.
-----de lado abierto, openside planer.
-----de tornillo sin fin, worm-geared planer.
-----limadora, shaping planer.
-----para curvas, radius planer.
-----vertical, wall or vertical planer.
acepilladura / , planing.
acepilladuras, wood shavings, cuttings, turnings,
acepillar, to plane, dress, face, mill; to brush,
aceptacin / (com), acceptance.
-----libre, clean or general acceptance.
aceptador m, aceptante (com), acceptor.
aceptar, to accept.
aceptor m (quim)(ra), acceptor.
acequia/, irrigation ditch, canal; (Pe) brook.
derivada, branch canal.
----- evacuadora, return ditch.
----- madre o maestra o troncal, main canal.
acequiador m, irrigation workman, ditch digger,
acequiaje m, irrigation dues,
acequiar, to ditch.
acequiero m (irr), canal tender, ditch-mainte-
nance man.
cer m, maple.
acera/, sidewalk, footwalk; (Sp) face of a wall.
de transporte, moving sidewalk,
aceracin (/) superficial (met), chilling,
acerar, (met) to chill, harden; (mas) to face with
stone; (Col) to stucco; to lay a sidewalk,
acera / , steel mill,
acero m, steel.
-----al carbono, carbon steel.
al cobre, copper-bearing steel.
-----al hogar abierto, open-hearth steel.
-----al manganeso, manganese steel.
----- al nquel, nickel steel.
----- Bessemer, Bessemer steel.
-----cementado, casehardened or blister steel.
----- cobaltocromo, cobalt-chrome steel.
-----colado, cast steel.
-----colado de crisol, crucible cast steel.
-----cromado, chromium steel.
cromoniquel, chrome-nickel steel.
------ cromovanadio, chrome-vanadium steel.
----- de aleacin pobre, low-alloy steel.
----- de aleacin rica, high-alloy steel.
-----de alta velocidad, high-speed steel.
-----de alto carbono, high-carbon steel.
-----de arado superior, improyed plow steel.
-----de construccin, structural steel.
----- de crisol, crucible steel.
-----de fcil tallado, free-cutting steel.
-----de herramientas, tool steel.
----- de horno elctrico, electric steel.
----- de liga, alloy -steel.
-----de lingote o de tochos, billet or new-billet
steel.
-----: de nitruracin, nitrided steel.
-----de textura orientada, grain-oriented steel
-----desplegado, expanded steel (pole).
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acero
7
acope
-----dulce, mild or soft or low-carbon steel, (sb)
flange steel.
----- empavonado, blue steel.
-----encerrado, rimmed steel.
-----encobrado, copper-bearing steel.
----- fundido, cast steel.
-----harveyizado, Harveyized steel.
----- inmanchable o inoxidable, stainless or rust
less steel.
-----intermedio, medium steel.
-----mangansico, manganese steel.
----- mediano, medium or medium-carbon steel.
----- moldeado, cast steel.
----- muerto, killed steel.
----- para nitruracion, nitriding steel, nitralloy.
----- perfilado, structural shapes, rolled steel sec
tions.
-----rpido, high-speed steel.
-----relaminado, rerolled steel.
-----semimuerto, semikilled steel.
-----Siemens-Martin, open-hearth steel.
-----suave, soft or mild or low-carbon steel.
-----tapado, capped steel.
-----ultrarrpido, high-speed steel.
acerocromo m, chromium steel,
aceroniquel m, nickel steel,
acerrojar, to bolt (door); (str) (C) to bolt,
acetaldehido m (lab), acetaldehyde.
acetato m, acetate.
-----butilico, butyl acetate.
----- cprico, cupric or copper acetate.
----- de alfa-naftilamina, alpha-naphthylamine
acetate.
-----de uranio o de uranilo, uranyl acetate.
actico, acetic,
acetilnico, acetylenic.
acetileno m, acetylene.
acetiluro de cobre, copper or cuprous acetylide.
acetina f t acetin.
acetol m, acetol, acetyl carbinol.
acetona / , acetone, dimethyl ketone.
aciberar, to grind, pulverize.
acclico (elc), acyclic.
aciculita / , needle ore, aikinite.
aciche m, pavers hammer.
acidez / , acidity.
acidicar, to acidify, (pet) to acidize,
acidimetro m, acidimeter.
cido m a, acid.
-----actico glacial, glacial acetic acid.
-----brico, boric or boracic or orthoboric acid.
-----carblico, carbolic acid, phenol.
-----carbnico, carbonic acid.
-----clorhdrico o hidroclrico, hydrochloric or
muriatic acid.
-----de acumulador, battery acid.
-----fnico, carbolic acid, phenol.
-----hidridico, hydriodic acid, hydrogen iodide.
-----lodoso (pet), sludge acid.
-----nitrohidroclrico o nitromuritico, nitrohy-
drochloric acid, aqua regia.
-----sulfrico, sulphuric acid, oil of vitriol.
-----tnico, tannic acid, tannin.
cidos grasos, fatty acids,
acidular, to acidulate, (pet) to acidize,
acimut m, azimuth.
-----asumido, assumed azimuth.
-----de atrs, back azimuth.
-----de cuadrcula, grid azimuth.
-----de frente, forward azimuth.
-----terrestre (fma), ground azimuth.
-----verdadero, true azimuth.
acimutal, azimuthal,
acitara/, partition wall; curtain walL
aclarador m, clarifier.
aclarar, to clarify,
aclstico, aclasto, aclastic (optics),
acle m (F), a construction lumber,
aclimatar, to acclimatize,
aclnico, aclinic.
acmita/ (miner), acmite (pyroxene),
ac m (V), a construction lumber,
acodadera / , stonecutter s chisel,
acodado to, a bend; a bent to an angle.
-----abierto (tub), eighth bend.
-----recto (tub), quarter bend.
acodalamiento m, shoring, trench bracing,
acodalar, to shore, brace; acodalarse, to jam.
acodamiento m, bend, elbow; shoring, trencb
bracing.
acodar, to bend; to shore, brace; to square up
(surv) to offset,
acodillado, bent to an angle; (str) crimped,
acodilladora/ (cn), joggling machine,
acodillar, to bend to an angle; acodillarse, to
jackknife.
acojinar, to cushion.
acolchado, n riprap, apron, hearth; a (cab)
strand-laid,
acolchar, to cushion; to lay (rope),
acolchonar, to cushion,
acollador to, calker; calking tool,
acollar, to calk with oakum,
acombar, to warp, buckle,
acometer, (p) (sw) (min) to branch,
acometida/, (p)(sw) house connection; branch.
-----de cable, electric service connection.
acometimiento TO, house connection,
acomodado a imano, hand-placed (rock fill),
acomodamiento TO (cab) (M), lay.
acomodar, to place, arrange, fit in.
acomodo TO, (V) assembly, framing,
acompaado TO (Col), conduit, pipe trench,
acompaar, (Ch) to fill holes in a wall, to chink
aconcharse, to run aground; (Ch) to deposit
sediment,
acondicionador TO (aa) (dac) (pa) (pet), condi
tioner.
-----de agua, water softener or conditioner.
-----de cienos (dac), sludge conditioner.
-----de lodo (pet), mud conditioner.
-----de radiacin o de tubos (aa), surface-type
conditioner.
-----de roco (aa), spray-type conditioner.
-----enterizo o unitario (aa), unit conditioner.
acondicionamiento TO, conditioning,
acondicionar, to condition; to repair, overhaul,
acopacin/ (mad), cupping,
acopado, hollowed out, cupped, cup-shaped,
acopar, to cup, hollow out; (min) to batter (sids
timbers).
acope TO (min), Jbatter of side timbers.
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acopiar
8 acuamotoi
acopiar, fo for!O fouO
acopio foO for g!O I J MI I o I g! .
-----de sobrecarga (hid), surcharge storage.
-----en las riberas (hid), bank storage.
-----muerto, dead storage.
-----para uso (hid), conservation storage.
acoplado to, (A) trailer; (U) tow of barges.
-----directamente, direct-connected.
acoplador m, a coupling, coupler.
-----ajustable (ra), loose coupler.
-----de union (tub), union coupling
acopladura/, coupling, joint, connection,
acoplamiento m, coupling, splice, joint, connec
tion; (A) clutch; (carp) accouplement.
-----a bayoneta, bayonet coupling.
-----al ras, flush joint.
-----cadena (ra)(A), link coupling.
-----capacitivo (ra), capacitive or electrostatic
coupling.
-----cerrado (ra), close coupling.
-----cnico, cone coupling.
-----corriente (tub), standard coupling.
-----crtico (ra), critical or optimum coupling.
-----de ajuste, flexible coupling.
-----de bobina de reactancia (ra), choke coupling.
-----de bridas (maq), flange coupling.
- de casquillos de caucho, rubber-bushing
coupling.
-----de compresin, compression coupling.
-----de dilatacin, expansion joint.
-----de disco flexible, flexible-disk coupling.
-----de doble cono, double-cone coupling.
-----de engranajes fijos, fixed-gear coupling.
-----de garras, clutch or jaw or claw coupling.
-----de insercin (tub), inserted joint.
-----de manguito, sleeve coupling.
-----de pestaa, flange coupling.
-----de planchitas empaquetadas, eushioned-plate
coupling.
-----de reaccin (ra), choke coupling.
-----de resistencia (ra), resistance coupling.
-----de rosea (tub), screwed or threaded joint.
-----de rosca escalonada (tub), step-thread joint.
-----de Sellers, cone or Sellers coupling.
-----dbil (ra), weak or loose coupling.
-----dentado, clutch or jaw coupling.
-----electromagntico, magnetic clutch.
-----en cascada (elc), cascade connection.
-----entrevlvula (ra), intervalve coupling.
-----eslabn (ra)(A), link coupling.
-----jstrecho (elc), close or tight coupling.
-----flexible a correa, belt-type or flexible-band
coupling.
-----Heriblt) de ajuste doble, doubler-slider cou
pling.
-----flojo (ra)(Es), weak or loose coupling.
-----fluido (auto)(A), fluid drive.
-----hidrulico, fluid drive.
-----impulsor, impulse coupling.
-----intervalvular (ra), intervalve coupling.
-----ptimo (ra), optimum or critical coupling.
-----por impedancia (ra), impedance coupling.
-----por resistencia-capacidad (ra), resistance-
capacitance coupling.
-----recalcado interior (tub), internal upset joint.
-----resistivo (ra), resistive or resistance coupling.
-----semirras (tub), semiflush joint.
-----sin rosea, threadless coupling.
-----universal, universal joint.
acoplar, to couple, join, connect, hook up.
acople to (A), acoplo to (C), a coupling,
acorazado a, armored; enclosed; (elec) ironclad,
acorchado, lined with cork,
acordamiento m, pieza de, transition piece,
acordar, to make level or flush; (ra) to tune,
acordelar, to lay out with a chalk line,
acordonado, cord (tire),
acordonar (ca)(Ch)(U), to windrow,
acortar, to shorten; acortarse, to contract, shrink,
shorten,
acorvar, to bend,
acostarse, to get out of plumb,
acostillado, ribbed.
acotacin / , elevation or dimension marked on a
plan; boundary mark or monument; (C)
elevation.
acotamiento to, setting boundary monuments;
dimensioning; (M) shoulder of a road,
acotar, to mark elevations, dimension; (surv) to
mark out, set monuments,
acotillo to, sledge, striking hammer,
acre to, acre.
acrecencia/, acrecimiento m (geol)(for), accre
tion.
acreedor to, creditor,
acrepi to, apre-foot.
acrepulgada / , acre-inch,
acribar, to screen, sift,
acribillar, to perforate, riddle,
acrisolar, to assay; to refine,
acromtico, achromatic,
aermetro m, oleometer, aerometer,
acta / , memorandum of action signed by parties
thereto,
actas, minutes of a meeting,
actinico, actinic,
actinio to (quim), actinium,
actinismo to, actinism,
actinodielctrico, actinodielectric.
actinoelectricidad / , actinoelectricity.
actinofnico, actinophonic.
actinografa / , actinography.
actingrafo to, actinograph.
actinograma to, actinogram.
actinolita, actinota / (miner), actinolite (amphi-
bole).
actinologia / , actinology.
actinometra/, actinometry.
actinomtrico, actinometrie.
actinmetro to, actinometer.
actinomicetales (is), Actinomycetales.
activable (is), activable.
activador to (quim), activator, promoter.
activar, to activate.
activo m, assets; a (chem) active.
-----circulante, working capital, liquid assets.
-----invisible, good will.
actuador to, actuator,
actuante m (Es), actuator,
actuar, to actuate, drive, operate,
acuagel to (pet), aquagel.
acuamotor m (Es), hydraulic ram.
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acuarela
9
aditivo
u r!I O f!r oIorO J Ir I gO
ufIoO I u fI .
acuatizaje m (ap), landing on the water,
acueducto ro, aqueduct, conduit, flume; water
system, waterworks,
cueo, aqueous.
cueoglacial (geol), aqueoglacial.
cueogneo (gool), aqueoigneous.
acuerdar, to lay out with a chalk line,
acuerdo m, agreement; resolution, decree,
acuerdo, pieza de (tub), fitting; transition piece,
acuicierre m, acuiclusa / , aquiclude (geohydrol-
og).
acuifero, water-bearing,
acuifuga/, aquifuge (geohydrology),
acumulacin / , accumulation; (geoi) accretions,
acumulador m, (mech) accumulator; (elec) stor-
^ aga battery or cell'; (ac) cumulator.
cido de plomo, lead acid or lead-lead acid
cell.
-----compensador, floating battery.
do alta gravedad, high-gravity battery.
-----de baja gravedad, low-gravity battery.
-----de hierro-nquel, nickel-iron or Edison stor
age .battery.
-----de plomo-cinc, lead-zinc cell.
-----de vapor, steam accumulator.
empastado (elc), pasted battery.
-----flotante, floating battery.
-----hidrulico, hydraulic accumulator.
-----hidroneumtico, hydropneumatic accumu
lator.
-----Plante, Plant battery.
acumuladorista m (M), battery-maintenance
man.
acumulativo, cumulative,
acuador {m) de balasto (fc), ballast tamper,
acuamiento m (geol), thinning out of a vein,
acuar, to wedge, choclc, key; to jam; to tamp
(ties); acuarse, to jam.
acuoso, aqueous,
acuosoluble, soluble in water,
acuotubular (cal), watertube.
acstica/, acoustics,
acstico, acoustic,
acutngulo, acute-angled,
achaflanar, to bevel, chamfer, splay,
acharolar, to japan; to varnish,
achatador m (her), flatter,
achatar, to flatten,
achicador m, bailer.
-----de lodo (pet), mud socket.
de stanos, cellar drainer,
achicadura / , unwatering, bailing, drainage,
draining.
achicar, to unwater, bail out, drain,
achifionado (min)(Ch), sloping,
achiguar (A)(Ch), to bulge, buckle,
achique m, unwatering, bailing, draining,
acholole m (irr)(M), excess water that runs off.
achololear (irr)(M), to run off (excess water),
acliololera / (irr)(M), ditch to collect excess
water.
achurada/ (dib)(M), hatching,
achurar (dib)(M), to hatch,
ad valrem, ad valorem.
adala f, dale, spout, trough.
-----de bomba, pump dale.
adamantino (miner), adamantine,
adamelita/ (geol), adamelite, plagioclase-granite
adaptador m, (mech)(ra) adapter; (p) transition
piece, fitting.
-----de antena (ra), antenna adapter or elimina
tor.
-----de onda (ra), wave adapter.
-----de vlvula (ra), valve adapter.
-----para tubera (pet), casing adapter.
adaptar, to fit.
adaraja/, bondstone; (conc) bonding key; tooth
ing.
adelantador (m) de fases (elc), phase advancer,
adelantar, to advance (all senses),
adelante, ahead; forward.
adelanto ro, progress; advance payment; (se)
(geop) lead,
adelgazador m (pint), thinner. x
adelgazar, to make thin; to taper, skive; to
soften (water); to thin (paint); to cut
back (asphalt),
adema / (min), shore, prop,
ademado ro, timbering, bracing, shoring; (M)
well casing.
-----de cajn, cribwork.
ademador ro, timberman, shorer.
ademadora / , ax used in mine timbering,
ademar, to shore, timber,
ademe m (min), strut, shore.
-----de prestado, temporary timbering.
adentar, to tooth,
adentelladura/, toothing.
adentellar, to tooth; (conc) to form bonding
keys,
adentro adv, inside.
aderezadora / , (mech) dresser; buzz planer,
aderezar, to fit out, rig, equip; to dress, rectify
aderezo ro, dressing (belt, etc.).
adeudar (cont), to debit,
adherencia / , adhesion, bond,
adherente, adhesive,
adherirse, to adhere, cohere,
adhesin/, adhesion, bond; (w) freezing,
adhesivo, adhesive,
adiabtico, adiabatic,
adiactxnico, adiactinic.
adiatrmico, adiathermic.
adicin/, addition,
adicionante m (conc)(M), admixture,
adicional ro (conc)(A), admixture,
adinola/ (geol), tdinole.
adintelar (Col), to place a lintel,
aditamento ro, a fitting, attachment, accessory
(auto) equipment; (conc)(Col) insert.
-----de muela (torno), grinding attachment.
-----de taladrar (em), boring attachment.
-----para fresar (torno), milling attachment.
aditamentos
-----de cadena, chain attachments.
-----de tractor, tractor equipment.
-----de tubera (Col), pipe fittings.
aditivo ro, additive; (elec) addition agent; a
additive.
-----de combustible, fuel dope.
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aditivo
10
aeroplano
! I oITo I o O I oI!r!I IIfur! .
adjudicar, to award, let (contract),
adjudicatario TO, successful bidder,
administracin / , administration, management;
managers office; headquarters.
delegada, agency form of contract, cost plus.
----- judicial, receivership.
administrador m, manager.
-----auxiliar, assistant manager.
-----de obras, construction manager.
-----interino, acting manager.
-----judicial, receiver.
admisin/, (eng) admission, intake.
-----total (turb), full admission.
admitancia / (elc), admittance.
-----de entrada (ra), input admittance.
-----electrdica (ra), electrode admittance.
adobar, to apply dressing (belt, etc.).
adobe m, adobe, mud construction; unburned
brick; kind of loess; (bl) mudcap.
adobera/, mold for adobe brick; adobe brickyard,
adobera / , adobe brickyard,
adobo to, belt dressing; cable compound,
adobn m, (Ch) one pour of adobe wall; (V)
large brick,
adoqun m, stone paving block.
-----de asfalto, asphalt block.
-----de madera, wood paving block.
adoquinado m, block paving.
----- grantico, granite-block paving.
adoquinador TO, paver,
adoquinar, to pave with blocks,
adosar, to abut against, back up to.
adovelado (arco), built of voussoirs.
adrales m, sideboards or racks of a truck.
-----sobresalientes, flareboards.
adrizar (nut), to trim, right,
adsorbedor TO (aa), adsorber,
adsorbente, adsorbent,
adsorber, to adsorb,
adsorcin, adsorption,
aduana / , customhouse.
aduanar, to enter in the customhouse; to pay
duty; to put in bond,
aduanero m, customs official,
aduja / , coil (rope).
adujadas / , coils,
adujar, to coil.
adulzar, to soften (metals or water),
adveccin / , advection.
advectivo, advective.
adyacente (mat), adjacent, contiguous,
aeracin/, aeration.
-----de dos etapas, two-stage aeration.
-----graduada (dac), tapered aeration.
-----por vertedero, weir aeration.
aerar, to aerate,
aereador m, aerator.
-----a difusin, diffusion aerator.
-----a roco, spray aerator.
-----a salpicadura, splash aerator.
-----de aspiracin mecnica, forced-draft aerator.
-----de batea de coque, coke-tray aerator.
------ de boquilla, nozzle aerator.
-----de cascadas o de escalones, cascade or step
aerator.
----- de cono mltiple, multicone aerator.
-----de comente descendente, downdraft aera
tor.
-----de escobilla, brush aerator.
----- de paletas, paddle aerator.
-----de placas deflectoras, baffle-plate aerator.
aerear, to aerate,
areo, aerial,
aerfero, containing air.
aerificar, to aerify,
aeriforme, aeriform,
aeroacetilnica, air-acetylene (welding),
aeroacondicionamiento m (A), air conditioning,
aeroaltemador to (U), alternator driven by a
windmill,
aerobacter (is), aerobacter.
aerobase / , air base, aviation base,
aerbico, aerobic,
aerobio to, aerobe,
aerobiosis/ (is), aerobiosis.
aerocart&grafo to (fma), aerocartograph; aerial
photographic surveyor,
aerocreto, aeroconcreto to (Col), (conc) Aero-
crete (trademark),
aerocroquis m (fma), mosaic,
aerodinmica/, aerodynamics,
aerodinamicista, aerodynamicist.
aerodinmico, streamlined; aerodynamic,
aerdromo to, airport.
aeroelctrica, planta (M), wind-driven generat
ing plant.
aeroembolismo m (A), the bends, caisson disease,
aeroexpreso to (tr), air express,
aeroeyector to (hid) (Es), air lift,
aerofaro to, airway beacon,
aerofiltracin / , aerofiltration.
aerofiltro m, aerofilter.
aerfono to, aerophone,
aerfora / (min), aerophore.
aerofotografia / , aerial photography, aeropho-
tographj^.
aerofotogrfico, aerophotographic.
aerofotograma to, aerial photogram,
aerofotogrametria / , aerial photogrammetry,
aerosurveying.
aerofotogramtrico, aerophotogrammetric.
aerofototopografia / , topography by aerial pho
tography,
aerogasolina / , aviation gasoline,
aergeno a, aerogenic.
aergenos m (is), aerogenes.
aerografia /, aerography.
aerogrfico, aerographic.
aergrafo m (ra), aerograph,
aerograma to, aerogram; (pmy) aerial mosaic,
aerohidrodinmico, aerohydrodynamic.
aerolita / , aerolite (aluminum alloy),
aeromagntico, aeromagnetic.
aeromecnica / , aeromechanics,
aeromecnico, aeromechanical.
aerometria / , aerometry.
aermetro to, aerometer,
aeromotor to, aeromotor; (Sp)(U) windmill,
aeronafta / , aviation gasoline,
aeronivelacin/ (A), aerial leveling,
aeroplano m, airplane.
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aeropoligonacin
11
agente
aeropoligonacin I O !rI I fr T!rI gO
aeroproyeccin I O !roI ro!fIo .
aeroproyector m (fma), aeroprojector.
aeropuerto m, airport.
-----aduanero, airport of entry.
-----de control, control airport.
----- de enlace, feeder airpprt.
-----de todo tiempo, all-weather airport.
-----martimo, seaplane base, marine airport.
aeropulverizador m, compressed-air atomizer,
aerosimplex (fma), aerosimplex.
aerosol m (aa), aerosol,
aerosttica / , aerostatics,
aerosttico, aerostatic,
aerotcnico, aerotechnical.
aerotopgrafo m (fma), aerotopograph.
aerotransporte m, air transport,
aerotriangulacin / , aerial triangulation, aerotri-
angulation.
aerova/, airway.
-----de cable, aerial tramway.
afallamiento m (geol)(M), faulting,
afanita/ (geol), aphanite.
afantico, aphanitic.
afeitanar,,to cut off rivetheads.
aferrar, to bind with iron clamps; to grapple; to
anchor, moor; aferrarse (maq), to seize,
freeze,
afianzador m, fastener.
afianzar, to tie, make fast; to bond (employee),
afiladera / , sharpener, whetstone,
afilado, (t) sharp.
-----a mquina (herr), machine-dressed.
afilador irri) de barrenas, drill sharpener.
afiladora (/) de brocas, bit grinder.
afilar, to sharpen, whet, grind.
afiln m, sharpening stone.
afinacin/, affination; finishing; refining.
afinado m, finish (surface).
afinadora/, (rd) finisher; surfacer.
afinar, to finish; to refine; to regulate, adjust.
afinidad / (quim), affinity.
-----electrnica, electron affinity.
afino m, refining; (met) fining,
afirmadero m (Ch), strut, shore,
afirmado m, road surfacing, pavement; (V) road
bed.
afirmar, to make fast; (ea) to compact; (rd) to
pave.
aflojar, to loosen, slack; aflojarse, to get loose,
work loose, loosen up, start,
afloramiento m, outcrop; (conc) (A) bleeding,
aflorar, to crop out, outcrop; to emerge (ground
water).
afluencia / (hid), runoff, inflow.
afluente m a, tributary.
afluir, to flow in.
aflujo m, inflow, runoff; afflux.
afolador m, calking iron, calking chisel; calker.
afolar (cal), to calk.
afondar, afondarse (nut), to sink.
aforador m, stream gage; gager; appraiser.
----- de aduana, customs appraiser.
-----de alambre y pesa, wire-weight gage.
----- de cadena, chain gage.
-----de cinta, tape gage.
-----de flotador, float gage.
-----de gancho, hook gage.
------ de resalto, standing-wave flume.
-----registrador, recording gage.
aforar, to measure; (r) to gage; to appraise,
aforo m, (r) gaging, measurement; appraisal;
classification (freight).
-----americano (A), American wire gage.
-----con disolucin salina (hid), salt-dilution
method of gaging.
-----de Birmingham (A), Birmingham wire gace.
- por flotadores (hid), float gaging.
-----por inercia-presin (hid), inertia-pressure
method of gaging.
-----por molinete (hid), current-meter gaging.
-----por velocidad de sal (hid), salt-velocity
method of gaging.
-----qumico (hid), chemical gaging, salt-dilution
method.
aforrar, to line, sheathe; (fo) to lag; (cab) to
serve.
aforro m, lining, sheathing, lagging; (cab) serv
ing.
aftita/, aphtit (alloy).
aftitalita / (miner), aphthitalite, glaserite, arca/-
nite.
agar m (lab), agar.
-----de bilis, bile agar.
-----nutritivo, nutrient agar.
agar-agar, agar-agar.
agargantado (Es), grooved.
agarrabolsas / (fc), mailbag catcher, mail crane.
agarradera/, handle, grip, haft; clamp.
-----D, D handle (shovel); spade handle (dec
switch).
-----de cinta (lev), tape grip.
-----de pistola, pistol grip.
-----de puerta, door pull.
-----de serrucho, saw pad.
-----de ventana, sash lift.
agarradero m, clamp; handle, grip; (naut) an
choring ground.
-----de cable, cable clip.
-----de puerta, doorknob; door pull.
agarrador m, handle, grip; (re) passer; (lg) dog
ger.
-----de riel (herr fc), gripper.
-----de tensin (lev), tension handle (for tape).
-----de tubo (pet), tubing catcher.
agarradora / (ef), skidding grab,
agarradurmientes m (fc)(M), tie tongs,
agarrar, to grip, grapple; agarrarse (maq), to
seize, freeze, drag (brake),
agarratubos m (pet), tubing catcher,
agarre m, (re) (mech) grip,
agarrotar (ef), to choke.
agencia (/) de colocaciones, employment agency,
labor exchange,
agente m, agent.
-----cataltico, catalytic agent.
-----comprador, purchasing agent.
-----de aduana (C), customhouse broker.
-----de carga (fc), freight agent.
-----de equipajes (fc), baggage agent.
-----de via (fc) (A), roadmaster, supervisor.
-----expedidor, forwarding agent.
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agente
12
aguas
!f!rIoO foI J !rI g! M .
-----qumico, chemical agent.
-----reductor (qum), reducer, reducing agent.
agitador m, agitator, mixer.
-----de chorro, jet agitator.
agitar, to agitate, stir.
aglomeracin/, agglomeration.
aglomerado m, (geol) agglomerate; coal briquet.
aglomerante m, binder, matrix.
-----para machos (fund), core binder.
aglomerar, to agglomerate,
aglutinador m, binder, cementing material,
aglutinante m, cementing material; (elec) binder,
aglutinar, to agglutinate; to cement, bind;
aglutinarse, to cake,
agoja / (min), drain,
agojo m, a Philippine lumber,
agolparse (M), to jam.
agnico, agonic,
agotador m, exhauster.
agotamiento m, depletion; exhaustion; drainage;
running down.
-----de metales, fatigue of metals.
agotar, to drain, unwater, evacuate; to exhaust,
run down,
agradacin/ (geol), aggradation,
agramilar, to mark with a marking gage, to mark
out.
agrandahoyos m (pet), reamer, hole enlarger,
agregado m, (conc) (rd) (geol) aggregate, road
metal.
-----coloidal (pet), admixture.
-----en polvo (conc), powdered admixture.
-----escalonado o graduado, graded aggregate.
-----grueso, coarse aggregate.
-----premezclado (conc), premixed aggregate.
-----tal como sale, run-of-bank aggregate.
agregados (mee) (A), attachments, accessories,
agremiado m, union man; a unionized,
agremiar, to unionize.
agrietamiento m, (geol) jointing; (lbr) checking,
agrietarse, to crack, (lbr) to check,
agrilltar, to fasten with a shackle,
agrimensor m, surveyor, land surveyor.
-----de minas, mine surveyor.
agrimensura / , land surveying,
agrio, brittle; harsh; sour.
-----al fro (met), cold-short.
agrnomo m, agricultural engineer, agronomist,
agramador m (pa), flocculator, floe former,
agrupacin/ , grouping, banking; (ra) ganging,
agrupar, to group, bank,
agua/, water.
basta o bruta, raw or untreated water.
blanda, soft water.
capilar (ms)(irr), capillary water.
- connata (geol), connate or fossil water.
-----corriente, running or flowing water; water-
distribution system.
erada, raw or unfiltered water; hard water.
d albaal, sewage.
de alimentacin (cal), feed water.
de cal, limewater.
de cantera, quarry water.
de cohesin (ms), cohesive water.
de cola, glue water.
----- de complemento (cal), make-up water.
-----de consolidacin (ms), water of compaction.
-----de constitucin (qum), water of constitution.
----- de elaboracin, process water, (conc) mixing
water.
----- de enjuague (M), (wp) wash water.
-----de expulsin (geol) (A), water of compaction.
-----de fondo (pet), bottom water.
----- de formacin (geol)(A), connate water.
-----de gravedad (irr)(ms), gravitational or
gravity or free water.
----- de hidratacin (qum), water of hydration.
----- de imbibicin (irr), water of absorption or
of imbibition.
----- de lavado (filtro), wash water.
----- de noria (M), well water.
-----de pie, spring water.
- de reemplazo o de rellenar (cal), make-up
water.
----- de salida, tail water (powerhouse).
----- de tormenta, storm water.
-----delgada, soft water.
-----dulce, fresh water; (su) sweet water.
----- estancada, standing or stagnant water.
----- fretica, ground or suspended water.
----- fretica a gravedad (irr), gravity ground
water.
-----fretica afluente, influent ground water.
----- fretica efluente, effluent ground water.
----- fuerte, aqua fortis, nitric acid.
-----gorda o gruesa, hard or brackish water.
-----libre (ms) (irr), free water.
-----llovediza o llovida o pluvial, rain water.
-----muerta, still or stagnant water; slack water.
-----pelicular (ms), pellicular water.
-----pluvial de albaal, storm sewage.
-----potable, drinking or potable water; domestic
water supply.
regia, aqua regia, nitrohydrochloric acid.
singentica (geol) (A), connate water.
-----solidificada (ms), solidified water.
-----sublvea, water in the bed of a stream.
subterrnea adherida, attached ground
water.
-----subterrnea aislada, perched ground water.
----- subterrnea endicada (A), perched ground
water.
-----subterrnea fijada (A), attached ground
water.
-----subyacente (pet), bottom or edge water.
r- superior (pet), top water.
-----surgidora o surtidora, artesian water.
----- vadosa (geol) (A), vadose water.
----- viva, running or flowing water.
aguas
-----abajo, downstream.
----- altas, high water.
-----aprovechables, water resources.
-----arriba, upstream.
-----bajas, low water.
-----blancas (Es)(A)(Pe), storm-water drainage.
-----broncas (M), flood waters.
-----caseras (Es)(Pe), domestic sewage.
-----cloacales combinadas, combined sewage.
-----cloacales de infiltracin, ground or infiltra
tion water.
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aguas
13
agujero
Io I! I IufrI I!O I IufrI I or fr I!
f! .
-----cloacales pluviales, storm sewage.
-----cloacales sanitarias, sanitary or house or
domestic sewage.
---- cloacales separadas, separate sewage.
----- corrientes (A), municipal water supply.
----- de cabecera (PR), (r) headwaters.
----- de fregadero (al), sink water.
----- de retroceso (PR), tail water (powerhouse).
------ estiales, low water.
-----excluidas (Pe), sewage.
-----fecales, sewage, sanitary sewage.
-----industriales, industrial wastes or sewage.
-----inmundas, sewage.
-----juveniles (geol), juvenile waters.
metericas, rain or storm water; meteoric
waters.
mnimas, low water.
-----negras, sewage, domestic or house sewage.
pluviales, rainfall.
-----rejuvenecidas (geol), rejuvenated water.
> residuales domiciliarias, house or domestic
sewage.
-----residuales industriales, industrial wastes.
-----servidas, sewage.
servidas caseras, house sewage.
someras (A), surface water.
suspendidas, suspended water.
telricas (A), ground or well water.
vertientes (hid), runoff,
aguabresa / (Es), soil pipe,
aguacero m, heavy shower, downpour, cloud
burst.
-----presumido (hid), design storm, assumed rain
fall.
aguachinar (Es), to saturate (soil).
aguada / , water station; flood; (pt) kalsomine;
(CA) watering trough,
aguadero m, water station,
aguador to, waterboy, water carrier,
aguaducho m, conduit; flood,
aguaje m, tiderace; tidal wave; hydraulic bore;
(C)(Ec) heavy shower; (M) well; (M)
watering trough; (M) cistern,
agualotal rri (AC), bog, swamp,
aguallita/ (Pe), shallow water,
agualluvia / , rain water,
aguamanil m, washbasin,
aguanieve/, sleet.
aguantador TO (re), dolly; bucker-up.
aguantar, to resist, support; (re) to buck up.
aguantatubos m (pet), pipe hook,
aguante m (mec), endurance, strength.
-----al calor, heat endurance.
aguan TO, hydraulic engineer,
aguar, to water, dilute; aguarse, to be drowned
out.
aguarrs TO, turpentine.
-----mineral, turpentine substitute.
aguatal TO (IC), pool; swamp.
aguatero TO (A), water cart; water carrier.
aguatocha / , pump.
aguatorre / , water tower.
aguay, aguai m, an Argentine hardwood.
aguazal m, swamp, bog, marsh.
aguce to (herr), sharpening,
agudeza / , sharpness,
agudizar, to sharpen,
agudo, sharp, acute; sharp (curve),
agera / , irrigation ditch,
aguiero m (Es), round shoring timber,
aguiln m, (de) boom, jib, mast arm; (rf)
beveled tile at hip or valley; (rf) diagonal
horizontal tie.
-----acodado, gooseneck boom.
-----activo, live boom.
----- de gra, crane boom; derrick boom.
----- de pala, shovel boom.
-----para carga pesada (cn), heavy-lift or jurabo
boom.
-----para pala de cable de arrastre, dragline
boom.
aguja / , needle; (rr) switch point; (hyd) needle
beam; (carp) brad, finishing nail; (inst)
hand, needle; (cons) shore, spreader; (min)
small branch vein; (surv) marking pin,
arrow; (fo) spreader.
-----area, aerial frog (trolley wire).
------ de agrimensor, surveyors marking pin,
arrow.
-----de brjula, compass needle.
-----de cadeneo (lev), marking pin, arrow.
-----de cambio o de carril o de chucho (fc)
switch point or blade.
-----de carril cortado (fc)(Es), stub switch.
-----de Gillmore (lab), Gillmore needle.
-----de inclinacin, dipping needle.
-----de manmetro, hand of a pressure gage.
-----de marcar, scriber.
-----de marear, mariner s compass.
-----de medicin, (surv) tally pin, arrow; (ge)
metering pin.
-----de pared (cd), needle.
-----de plasticidad (ms), plasticity needle.
-----de polvorero, blasting needle.
-----de velero, sail needle.
-----de Vicat (lab), Vicat needle.
- descarriladora (fc), derail switch.
-----dosificadora, metering pin (carburetor).
-----imanada, magnetic needle.
-----indicadora, (eng) bouncing pin.
-----infernal, plug and feathers, wedge and shims.
-----para marcar, center punch.
-----trazadora (planimetro), tracing point.
agujas, (min) (Sp) poling boards.
-----de arrastre (fc), trailing-point switch.
-----de encuentro o en contrapunta (fc), facing-
point switch.
1 de resorte (fc), spring switch.
-----enclavadas (fc), interlocked switch.
-----verticales (hid), needle beams.
agujal m (Col), hole in a wall left by form bolt or
spreader,
agujereador to, drill.
-----de banco, bench drill.
-----de columna, post drill.
agujereadora/ , punch; drill, boring machine,
agujerear, to bore, drill, perforate; agujerearse,
to form a pipe (earth dam); to form holes,
agujero TO, hole.
-----aceitero (A), oilhole.
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agujero
14
ajustador
ciego, II I J oI! .
de acceso, handhole, manhole.
- de culebra (vol), snake hole.
de engrase, oilhole.
de hombre, manhole (boiler, tank, etc; not
used for street manholes).
-----de inyeccin, grout hole.
-----de lubricaciSn, oilhole.
---- de mano, handhole.
---- de muestreo (is), sampling hatch.
de nudo, knothole.
de paso, manhole (tank, etc.).
de perno, bolthole.
de prueba, test hole.
-f de remache, rivet hole.
---- de sonda, drill hole, boring.
-----manual, handhole.
-----oblongo, (str) slotted hole.
-----para espiga (ais), pinhole.
-----para pasador (est), pinhole.
-----para poste, posthole.
-----pasante, through hole.
-----piloto, pilot hole.
-----por roscar, tapping hole.
-----sin salida (A), blind hole.
agujeros de aliviamiento (cn), lightening holes,
agujeros de gua (mh), guide holes,
agujetero m (mo) (V), through bolt to hold a
bulkhead,
agujista m (fc), switchman,
agujn (dib), pricker,
agujuela / , brad, finishing nail,
agusanado, worm-eaten,
aguzadera/, whetstone,
aguzador m, drill sharpener.
-----de lpices, pencil sharpener.
aguzadora (/) de pernos, bolt pointer,
aguzar, to sharpen, whet, point; (pet) to dress
(bit).
aherrumbrarse, to rust,
ahilar, to line up, align,
ahitar (lev), to set monuments,
ahocinarse (r), to cut a gorge,
ahogadizo, nonfloating, heavier than water,
ahogado, submerged, drowned; lacking air for
combustion; (M) embedded,
ahogador m (auto) (M), choke,
ahogar, to submerge, drown, flood (carburetor);
(M) to embed; ahogarse, to be submerged;
(eng) to stall,
ahondar, to deepen, dig, sink (shaft),
ahonde m, deepening, sinking,
ahorcaperro m, running bowline; hitch,
ahorcarse, to jam.
ahorquillado, forked,
ahuecado, hollowed out.
ahuecador (m) metlico (ed), metal floor pan.
ahuecamiento m, cavity, void, hoUow.
ahulado m, (CA) waterproof fabric; a rubber-
covered,
ahusado m, taper, (fdy) draft.
-----al revs (herr), back taper, longitudinal
relief.
-----de entrada (herr), entering taper.
-----Jamo, Jarno taper.
-----Morse, Morse taper.
ahusamiento m, taper,
ahusar, to taper, skive; to batter,
ailsita / (geol), ailsyte (microgranite),
aire m, air.-
----- a presin (M), compressed air.
----- arrastrado, entrained air.
-----comprimido, compressed air.
-----detonante, firedamp.
-----libre, al, outdoors.
----- libre por minuto, free air per minute (com
pressor) .
airear, to aerate; to ventilate,
aislacin/, insulation; (A) waterproofing.
-----de humedad, dampproofing.
-----de relleno, fill insulation.
-----de sonido, soundproofing.
----- reflectora, reflective insulation.
-----trmica, heat insulation.
aislado de papel, paper-insulated,
aislador m, insulator.
-----a botn clavado, nail knob.
----- abrazador, cleat insulator.
----- corriente, standard-duty insulator.
-----de amarre, strain insulator.
-----de anclaje, terminal strain insulator.
-----de botn partido, split-knob insulator.
-----de cadena, string or suspension insulator.
-----de campana, bell or petticoat insulator.
-----de caperuza, hood insulator.
----- de carrete, spool insulator.
-----de derivacin mltiple, take-off insulator.
-----de espiga, pin insulator.
-----de fabricacin hmeda, wet-process insula
tor.
-----de horquilla y macho, clevis-and-tap insula
tor.
-----de ojillo y horquilla, eye-and-clevis insulator.
-----de perilla, knob insulator.
-----de semianclaje, semistrain insulator.
-----de tres campanas, triple-petticoat insulator.
-----distanciador o de pie, standoff insulator.
-----mural, wall insulator tube.
-----para horquilla, fork-bolt or clevis insulator.
- para viento, guy-strain insulator.
-----prensado en seco, dry-process insulator.
-----seccionador, section insulator.
- tensor, turnbuckle or strain insulator.
-----tipo de niebla, fog-type insulator.
-----tubular, leading-in insulator, wall insulator
tube.
aislamiento m, insulation; isolation; (A) water
proofing.
aislante m, insulating material, insulant.
-----de cambray, cambric insulation.
-----de ebonita, hard-rubber insulation.
-----de pergamino, parchment insulation.
aislar, to insulate, isolate,
ajarafe m, tableland; flat roof,
ajomalar, to employ by the day.
ajustable, adjustable,
ajustado, tight, close; fitted; adjusted,
ajustador m, machinist, fitter, mechanic; adjust
ing tool; (mech)(carp) adjuster; (ins) ad
juster.
-----a cero (elc), zero adjuster.
-----de banderola, transom operator.
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ajustador
15
alambre
I! fI! f! I rI O foI ! I Iuf!r .
de claraboya, skylight operator; transom
operator.
de tuercas, nut runner or tightener or setter.
de ventana batiente, easement adjuster,
ajustadora/, any adjusting device,
a justa je m, fitting, adjusting; (A) machining,
ajustar, to fit, adjust, make true; (surv) to bal
ance; ajustarse a, to fit into; ajustarse
sobre, to fit over,
ajuste m, adjustment, fitting, setting; (machy) a
fit; (C) piecework, small contract.
----- a golpe ligero, tapping fit.
-----a inglete, miter joint.
-----a martillo, driving fit.
-----a prueba de vapor, steam fit.
---- ahusado, taper fit.
----- apretado, tight or close fit.
-----clavado, drive fit.
-----con holgura, loose fit.
----- corredizo, sliding fit.
-----de fase (tv), phasing.
-----de llave, wrench fit.
-----de presin, press fit.
-----de rotacin libre, running fit.
---- del trazado, balancing the survey.
-----empotrado en caliente, shrink fit.
-----escogido, selective fit.
-----estrecho, press fit, shrink fit.
-----forzado, tight or force or press or drive fit.
-----forzado mediano, medium force fit.
----- holgado, loose or free fit.
----- libre, easy or light fit.
----- por contraccin, shrink fit.
----- preciso, fine fit.
-----sin holgura, snug or -wringing or tanking or
push or working fit.
ajustes, (p)(iachy) fittings,
ajustero m (.Col), small contractor; pieceworker,
ajustn m (Ec), tight fit.
al costado (nut), alongside,
ala / , wing (dam or bldg); leg (angle); flange
(I beam); blade (propeller); leaf of a hinge;
leaf of a folding door.
-----del corazn (fc), wing rail (frog)
-----de mosca (Es), brad; tack.
alabandina, alabandita/ (mineral de manganeso),
alabandite,. manganblende.
labe m, (turb) bucket; (turb) gate, vane; (mx)
blade.
-----director o del distribuidor (turb), wicket
gate, guide vane.
----- regulable, adjustable blade.
alabearse, to warp.
alabeo m, warping, wind; (rd)(V) crown,
alacena/ , locker, closet,
alacrn m, swivel; (Col) clamp,
aladrar, to plow.
aladrero m (min)(Es), timberman.
aladro m, plow.
alagadizo, liable to be inundated,
alagado m, inundated land,
alagar, to inundate, swamp, flood; alagarse
(nut) (B), to leak,
alagunar (Ch), to inundate, flood,
alambicar, to distill.
alambique m, a still.
-----acorazado o de casco, shell still.
-----de tubos, pipe or tube still.
----- de vaco, vacuum still.
-----desintegrador (pet), cracking still.
-----despojador (pet), stripping still.
-----destufador (pet) (M), sweetening still.
-----desulfurador (pet), sweetening still.
-----discontinuo, batch still.
----- para redestilacin (pet), rerun still.
alambiquero m, (pet) Stillman; (C) distillery.
alambor m, bevel cut, splay.
alambrado m, wiring; wire mesh; wire fence.
-----de botn y tubo, knob and tube wiring.
----- de festn, festoon wiring.
descubierto, exposed or open wiring.
-----encerrado, concealed wiring.
alambrador m (A), wire-fence erector,
alambraje m, wiring; wire fencing,
alambrar, to wire,
alambre m, wire.
a prueba de intemperie (elee), weatherpreer
wire.
agrio o brillante o claro, bright wire,
baado de cobre, coppered wire.
----- cargado, live wire.
-----cinta, flat wire.
cobrizado, copper-clad wire,
de aporte (sol), filler wire,
de atar (ref), tie wire.
-----de campanilla (ele), bell wire.
de contacto, trolley or contact wire,
de cuadro indicador (ele), annunciator wire,
de disparo (voi), leading wire,
de edificacin (ele), building wire,
de entrada (ele), lead-in wire.
-----de espinas, barbed wire.
de guardia (ele), guard or ground wire.
-----de masa (ele), ground wire.
- de pas, barbed wire.
-----de puente (voi), bridge wire (in the exploder)
-----de relleno, (wr) filler wire.
-----de soldadura, wire solder; welding wire.
-----desnudo, bare wire.
-----dulce, soft or annealed wire.
-----enterizo (ele), solid wire.
-----espigado (AC), barbed wire.
-----espinoso (Es), barbed wire.
estirado en fro, cold-drawn wire,
estirado medio duro, medi un -hard-drawn
wire.
forrado de algodn, cotton-covered wire,
forrado de asbesto, asbestos-insulated wire,
forrado de caucho, rubber-covered wire,
forrado de plomo, lead-sheathed wire,
forrado de vidrio, glass-covered wire.
-----fundente, welding wire.
-----fundente de latn, brazing wire.
-----fusible, fuse wire, a wire fuse.
-----mejor de lo mejor (ele), best best (BB)
wire.
-----nudo, bare wire.
para artefactos (ele), fixture wire; appliance
wire.
-----pescador (ele), fish wire.
-----piloto (ele), pilot wire.
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alambre
16
alcayata
I or r!!fIr rO r!Ir I g Ir! .
-----soldador, welding wire; wire solder.
-----tejido, wire fabric or netting.
-----trefilado, stranded wire.
-----trenzado, braided or stranded wire.
alambrecarril m (A), aerial tramway.
alambrera / , wire netting.
alambrn m (met)(M), wire rod.
lamo, poplar.
alamud m, door bolt.
alanita/ (miner), allanite.
alar m, eaves; (Col) sidewalk.
alargadera / , lengthening bar for compass;
lengthening bar for drill; (chem) adapter,
alargamiento m, elongation, expansion.
-----al fallar, ultimate elongation.
alargar, to lengthen, extend, elongate; alargarse,
to expand, lengthen, stretch,
alarife m, mason; builder,
alarma / , alarm.
-----de falta de agua (cal), low-water alarm.
-----de incendio, fire alarm.
alasquita / (geol), alaskite (granite).
alastrar, to ballast.
albaal m, sower, drain; (C) sewage.
-----de BiraOjjrelief sewer.
-----de rebose, relief- or overflow sewer.
-----derivado, branch or lateral sewer.
-----domstico o de servicio, house sewer, service
connection.
-----madre, main sewer.
---- pluvial, storm sewer.
-----sanitario, sanitary sewer.
alba&alero m, sewer builder; sewer cleaner,
albaear, to do mason work.
albaSil m, mason, bricklayer.
-----de cemento, cement mason.
albailera / , masonry.
-----ciclpea, cyclopean concrete.
-----de piedra bruta, rubble masonry.
-----de piedra labrada, ashlar masonry.
-----en hileras, ashlar masonry.
-----en seco, dry masonry.
albarda / , packsaddle.
albardilla / , coping, capstone; small packsaddle;
(C) riding saddle.
-----de cumbre (ed), saddle stone.
albardillado, crowned; troughed.
albardn m, (bldg)(Ca) coping; (hyd)(A) check
dam; dike; ridge; (M) saddle,
albarrada/, mud wall; dry stone wall,
albarradon m, dike, small earth dam.
albayaldar, to coat with white lead,
albayalde m, white lead.
-----anaranjado, orange lead, mineral orange.
de plomo, white lead,
-----rojo, red lead.
albedn m, gutter, drain,
albedo m (fma), iilbedo.
albelln m, .sewer,
alberca / , pool; pond; basin, tank,
alberc&n m, reservoir.
albergue m, bunkhouse, barracks, dormitory,
alberquero m, tank tender, reservoir custodian,
albina/, salt pool or marsh; (miner) apophyllite.
albita / (miner), albite (feldspar).
albitana / (cn), apron, stemson; propeller post.
albolita/ (mam), albolite.
albolln m, drain, sewer.
albortante m (M), lighting post.
albufera / , tidal lagoon.
albuhera / , pond, reservoir.
albmina/, albumin.
albuminoide m, albuminoid.
albuminoideo a, albuminoid.
albumosa/ (is), albumose.
albura / , sapwood.
-----de primavera, springwood.
---- de verano, summerwood.
alburno m, alburnum, sapwood.
alcachofa / (bm), strainer, footvalve and strainer.
alcalescencia/ , alcalescence.
alcalescente, alcalescent.
lcali m, alkali.
-alcalimetra/, alkalimetry,
alcalimetro m, alkalimeter.
alcalinidad/, alkalinity,
alcalinizar, to render alkaline,
alcalino, alkaline,
alcalinotrreo a, alkaline-earth.
alcalizador rn (az), liming tank,
alcalizar, to alkalize, render alkaline; (su) to lime,
alcance m, reach; range; drift (tackle); (rr) rear-
end collision; (com) balance; (rd) overtak
ing; (ra) coverage; (ac) blow, throw.
-----de cavadura (pi), digging reach.
----- de descarga (pi), dumping reach.
----- de planeo (ap), gliding range or distance.
-----de la vista (ca), sight or visibility distance.
alcanca / (M), bin, hopper; (min) chute, mill
hole; (conc) tremie.
alcantarilla / , culvert; sewer, drain; conduit;
(elec)(Sp) cable duct; (M) basin, cistern.
-----anidable, nestable metal culvert.
-----arqueada, arch culvert.
----- de alivio, relief sewer.
-----de caj&n, box culvert.
-----de chapas mltiples, multiple-plate corru
gated culvert.
-----de descarga, outfall sewer.
----- de platabanda (V), box culvert.
-----de pozo, drop-inlet culvert.
-----interceptadora, intercepting sewer.
-----maestra, trunk sewer.
----- para ganado (fc), cattle pass,
-----pluvial, storm-water sewer.
-----sanitaria, sanitary sewer.
-----visitable (Es), sewer big enough for a man to
enter.
alcantarillado m, sewerage.
-----separativo, separate system of sewerage.
-----unitario, combined system.
alcantarillaje m, sewage.
alcantarillar, to sewer, drain; to build culverts,
alcanzar, to reach; to overtake,
alcaparrosa / , copperas,
alcarria / , plateau.
alcatifa / , layer of cinders or other filling under
floor or roof tiles,
alcayata/, spike; (C) staple; (surv) spad.
-----de cao, pipe hook, leader hook; gutter spike.
-----de rosea (fc), screw spike.
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alcayata 17 alicate*
I! T O fr u I Iu! .
alczar m (an), poop deck, quarter-deck,
alce TO, raising.
alcohol m, alcohol; (min) galena.
-----amlico, amyl alcohol.
---- desnaturalizado, denatured alcohol, methyl
ated spirit.
-----etlico, ethyl or grain alcohol.
-----metlico, methyl or wood alcohol.
---- propilico, projjyl alcohol.
alcor TO, hill.
alcornoque m, cork tree.
alcorozado TO (ed)(M), space between beams on
a wall; filling between beams,
alcotana/, pick, mattock; stonecutter s hammer.
-----de dos hachas, asphalt mattock.
alcribs m, tuyere.
alcuba/, dome, cupola; vault.
alcubilla/, covered reservoir; basin, pond.
alcumita/, Alcumite (alloy) (trademark)
alcuza / , oilcan.
aldaba / , latch, catch, retainer.
-----de candado, hasp.
-----de contraventana, shutter bar.
-----de picaporte, latch hasp.
-----de resorte, spring latch.
-----de seguridad, safety latch.
----- dormida, deadlatch.
aldaba / , crossbar on a double door; horizontal
timber against a wall; plate or sill of a
partition,
aldabilla / (ft), hook, latch,
aldohexosa/ (az), aldohexose.
aleacin / , alloy.
-----a base de aluminio, aluminum-base alloy.
-----cuaternaria, quaternary alloy.
-----de imprenta, type metal.
-----de nquel al plomo, leaded nickel alloy.
-----de punto bajo de fusin, low-melting alloy.
-----delta, delta, metal.
-----no ferrosa, nonferrous alloy
aleaje TO (U), alloy
alear, to alloy.
alecrn m, an Argentine lumber very hard and
heavy,
alefriz to (carp), rabbet,
alegrador to, reamer, broach,
alegrar, to ream, broach,
alejamiento to, receding, separation,
alejamientos y desviaciones (lev)(M), latitudes
and departures,
alema / , duty of irrigation water,
alemontita/ (miner), allemontite, arsenical anti
mony.
alerce TO, larch, tamarack, hackmatack,
alero TO, eaves; (bldg)(dam) wing; (bdg) winig
wall.
alern TO, aileron; damper.
alesador m (A), operator of a drill (shop)
alesadora / , drill.
alesaje m, bore (cylinder).
alesna/, awl.
alesnado, sharp-pointed.
aleta/, (mech) lug; fin, gill; leaf (hinge); (mx)
blade; (turb) vane; (na) quarter.
amortiguadora, damping vane.
-----de hlice, propeller blade.
-----de semforo (fc), semaphore blade.
-----desviadora (turb), redirecting blade.
-----directriz o distribuidora (turb), wicket gate,
guide vane,
aletas de enfriamiento, cooling fins,
alevante TO (min)(M), overhand stope.
aleviador m (hid), alleviator,
alfa-naftol TO, alpha-naphthol.
alfagra / (Es), channel, gorge,
alfajia / , door or window frame; batten; timber
10 by 14 cm; (Col) roofing board,
alfametilnaftaleno, alfametilnaftalina, alpha-
methyl naphthalene,
alfaque TO, shoal, bar.
alfarda / , (carp) light wooden beam, scantling;
rafter; irrigation dues,
alfardar, to join in an irrigation development,
alfardn TO (C), girder, heavy beam,
alfarera / (V), brick masonry; tilework.
alfarjar, to wainscot,
alfarje TO, wainscot; paneling,
alfarjia, same as alfajia.
alfizar TO, splay of door or window,
alfiler TO (M), peg, pin.
----- de Pars (Es), wire nail.
alfilerillo TO, finishing nail, brad.
----- cortado, cut finishing nail.
de alambre, wire finishing nail.
alfombrado TO (mam)(V), base course, mat.
alga / , alga.
algas, algae.
algceo, algal.
algaida / , sand dune.
algarrobo m, carob wood.
lgebra/, algebra.
algebraico, algebraic.
algecida m, algaecide.
algodn m, cotton.
-----colodin, collodion cotton.
-----de calafateo, calking cotton.
-----explosivo, guncotton.
-----mineral (A), slag wool.
-----plvora, guncotton, nitrocotton; cotton pow
der.
-----plvora nitrado (vol), tonite.
-----trenzado (elc), cotton braid.
algoso, full of algae,
alguaza/, hinge.
alicatado TO (C), wall of brick laid on edge,
alicates m, pliers; tongs; pincers.
-----aislados, insulated or electricians pliers.
-----de ngulo, diagonal pliers.
-----de articulacin movible, slip-joint pliers.
-----de ayustar (cab), splicing tongs.
-----de combinacin, combination pliers.
----- de corte lateral, side-cutting pliers.
----- de crisol (lab), crucible tongs.
----- de expansin, slip-joint pliers.
-----de garganta, open-throat pliers.
-----de gasista, gas pliers.
-----de guardalnea, lineman s pliers.
-----de punta plana, flat-nose pliers.
-----de punta redonda, roundnose pliers.
-----narigudos, long-nose pliers.
-----punzonadores, punch pliers.
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III I I I
III I O III I! .
-----de anteojo, telescope alidade.
-----de anteojo fijo, fixed-tube alidade.
-----de explorador, exploration or expedition ali
dade.
-----de gelogo, geological alidade.
-----de mirilla, peep-sight alidade.
-----de pnulas, open-sight alidade.
-----de topgrafo, engineering alidade.
-----para plancheta, plane-table alidade.
aligacin/, tie; bond; alloy.
aligerar, to lighten.
alijador ra, lighterman.
alijadora/, lighter; sander.
alijar, to lighten; to sandpaper.
alije ra, unloading, lightening of a ship.
alijo ra, unloading; (C) locomotive tender.
alimentacin / , feed (all senses), feeding.
---- a sinfn, worm feed.
-----al vaco o por aspiracin, vacuum feed.
-----con gasto constante (pa), constant-rate feed.
-----de retroceso (ra), feedback.
-----directa (pa), dry feed, direct feed (chlorine).
-----en seco (pa), dry feed.
-----forzada, force feed.
-----mecnica, power feed; mechanical stoking.
-----visible (lu), sight feed.
alimentado a petrleo (cal), oil-fired, oil-burning,
alimentado por gas, gas-fired,
alimentador m, feeder; feed wire; stoker.
-----basculante, jog feeder.
-----con descarga por detrs, rear-cleaning stoker.
-----de bandeja, tray feeder.
-----de carbn, stoker.
-----de correa, belt feeder.
de criba corrediza, traveling-grizzly feeder.
de descarga lateral, side-cleaning stoker.
de disco rotatorio, rotary-disk feeder.
-----de dosificacin (pa), proportioning feeder.
-----de enlace (elc), tie feeder.
-----de hogar, mechanical stoker.
-----de parrilla corrediza, traveling-grate stoker.
de pelcula (fma), film-metering device.
de la red (elc), network feeder.
- de vaciado superior, overfeed stoker.
oscilante, reciprocating feeder.
pesador, weighing or weigh feeder.
-----sin fin, screw feeder.
alimentar, to charge; to feed,
alimento m (mec), feed, feeding,
alindar, to mark boundaries,
alinderar (AG), to mark boundaries,
alineacin / , alignment.
-----y rasante, line and grade, line and level.
alineador ra, aligning tool,
alinear, to line, line up, align,
alisador m, finishing tool; smoothing iron (as
phalt); smoothing blade (road machine);
(fdy) sleeker, smoother; (A) reamer,
alisadora/, surfacing machine; dresser.
-----de caminos, road scraper.
alisaduras/, shavings, turnings.
alisar, to plane, face, smooth up, surface,
alisatubos rn (pet), casing scraper.
alisios ra, trade winds.
alistador (ra) de tiempo, timekeeper.
alistonar, to lath; to cleat,
alita/ (ct), alite.
aliviadero m, spillway, wasteway; sluiceway;
weep hole.
-----de agua sobrante (al), storm overflow.
-----de crecidas, (r) floodway; (sw) storm over
flow.
-----de cresta libre, open spillway (no gates).
-----de fondo, sluiceway, undersluice.
-----de lluvia (Es), inlet to a storm sewer.
-----de pozo, shaft spillway.
-----de seguridad, emergency spillway.
-----de superficie, wasteway, spillway.
-----lateral, side-channel spillway.
-----superior (irr), overchute.
vertical de arena (ot), sand drain,
aliviador ra, spillway; relief valve,
alivianar (PR) (A), to lighten,
alivio ra, easing, relief.
-----de esfuerzos, stress relief.
-----de expansin, expansion relief.
-----de vaco, vacuum relief.
aljaba (/) de electrodos (sol), electrode carrier.
aljarafe m, flat roof.
aljez ra, gypsum, plaster of Paris.
aljezar m, gypsum quarry.
aljibe m, pool, tank, cistern; tank barge.
aljofifa / , mop.
aljofifar, to mop.
aljor ra, gypsum.
aljorozado ra (V), scratch coat of lime and mud.
aljorozar, to plaster; to smooth up.
alma / , core (dam); (str) web, stem ( T ) ; (cab)
center, core; (lbr) heart; drill core; scaffold
pole.
-----calada o de celosa (est), lattice web.
-----combada (ts), arched web.
-----de andamio, scaffold pole.
-----de camo, (wr) hemp center.
-----de ensayo, test or sample core.
-----de riel, web of a rail.
-----fibrosa, (wr) fiber core.
-----llena (est), solid web, plate web.
almacn TO, warehouse, storehouse, storeroom;
store; magazine (camera).
-----afianzado, bonded warehouse.
-----de agua, cistern, tank.
-----de plvora, magazine.
almacenador ra, warehouseman,
almacenaje ra, storage, warehousing; warehouse
charges,
almacenamiento m, storage.
-----de desbordamiento (hid), valley storage.
-----de sobrecarga (hid), surcharge storage.
-----en las riberas (hid), bank storage.
- momentneo (hid), instantaneous storage.
-----muerto, dead storage.
-----para uso (hid), conservation storage.
almacenar, to store, stock,
almacenero, almacenista ra, storekeeper, ware
houseman.
almdana, almdena, almdina / , stone hammer,
spalling hammer,
almada / , raft.
almagra /, almagre m, red ocher, ruddle,
almaina / , stone hammer.
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almanque
19
altoparlante
I I u! m ICol), putlog,
almarbatar, to frame (timber),
almrtaga / , litharge,
almatriche m, irrigation ditch,
almenado, dentated.
almenara/, (irr) return ditch; (Col) surge tank,
almendrilla/, fine coal; fine gravel; (geol) con
glomerate of fine stones; small file,
almendrn m (Es), conglomerate of large stones,
almidn m, starch.
-----yodado (is), starch-iodine.
almilla / (carp), tenon,
almirez TO (lab), mortar.
---- y mano, mortar and pestle.
almoceda / (Es), water rights; irrigation rate,
almohada/, cushion.
---- del escobn (cn), hawse bolster.
almohadilla / , pad, cushion.
-----de apisonar, tamping pad.
---- de tope, buffer block.
-----filtradora (V), filter block.
almohadillas de freno, brake blocks,
almohadillas de friccin, (eng) friction blocks,
almohadillado TO (sol), padding,
almohadillar, to cushion.
almohadn m, lowest voussoir in a semicircular
arch.
-----de agua, water cushion.
almohatre TO, sal ammoniac.
almojaya / , putlog; outlooker.
algeno (geol), allogenic, derivative.
alojamiento m (mec), seat, bearing, socket.
alosar, to lay tiles.
aloxito TO, aloxite (abrasive).
alpax TO, alpax (alloy)
alpende TO, tool house.
alquilar, to rent; to alkylize.
alquiler TO, rent, rental.
alquilizar, to alkylize.
alquitarar, to distill.
alquitrn m, tar, pitch.
---- cortado, cutback tar.
-----de carbn, coal tar.
-----de gas, gas tar, gashouse coal tar.
---- de gas de aceite, oil-gas tar.
---- de gas de agua, water-gas tar.
---- de hornos de coque, coke-oven tar.
de hulla, coal tar, coal-tar pitch; gas tar;
coke-oven tar.
-----de hulla diluido, coal-tar cutback.
- - de lea, Stockholm tar.
-----de madera, pine tar.
-----de petrleo, oil tar; petroleum pitch.
-----de turba, peat tar.
-----mineral, asphalt.
---- rebajado, cutback tar.
- vegetal, coal or wood tar.
alquitranado TO, tarpaulin; application of tar,
tarring.
alquitranadora / , tar-spraying machine,
alquitranaje TO, tarring,
alquitranar, to treat with pitch; to coat with tar.
alquitranoso, tarry.
alta / (min), hanging wall.
---- ley, de, high-grade (ore).
-----multiplicacin, de, high-geared.
----- nitidez (tv), high definition.
-----polarizacin, de, high-test (sugar).
-----resistencia a corta edad (ct), high early
strength.
-----tarea (C), high duty.
-----volatilidad, de, high-test (gasoline).
altas (cn), upper works.
-----aguas, high water.
altar TO (horno), bridge wall, fire bridge.
-----de agua, water bridge.
-----de humero, flue bridge.
altavoz m, loudspeaker,
alteracin / (geol), alteration,
alternacin, alternation,
alternado, alternating,
alternador TO (elc), alternator.
-----de imanes permanentes, magneto alternator.
-----de inducido giratorio, revolving-armature
alternator.
de inductor e inducido fijos, inductor alters
nator.
-----de inductor giratorio, revolving-field alter
nator.
alternador-transmisor (ra), alternator transmit
ter.
alternador-volante, flywheel alternator,
alternancia / (elc)(A), alternation, alternance.
alternar las juntas, to break or stagger joints,
alternativo, (elec) alternating; (eng) reciprocating,
alterno, alternating; alternate,
alternogenerador m (Es), alternating-current
generator.
alternomotor m (Es)(A), alternating-current
motor.
altibajos m, broken or uneven ground,
altigrafo m, altigraph,
altillano TO (Col), plateau.
altillo TO, small hill; penthouse, bulkhead; (A)
small addition on top of a one-story build
ing; (A) (Col) garret,
altimetria / , altimetry, running levels, topo
graphical survey,
altmetro m, altimeter.
-----de agrimensor, surveying altimeter.
registrador, recording altimeter, altigraph,
altiplanicie / , plateau, tableland,
altiplanimtrico, topographical,
altiplano to, plateau,
altitud/, altitude, elevation,
alto to, height; hill, elevation; (geol) hanging
wall; (bldg) floor, story, upper floor; (rr)
(auto) a stop; a high.
-----calor, de, high-heat (cement).
-----carbono, de, high-carbon (steel).
-----explosivo, high explosive.
-----horno, blast furnace.
-----rendimiento, high duty.
altos TO (A), first floor above the ground,
altoparlante m, loudspeaker.
-----a condensador, capacitor loudspeaker.
-----de conductor mvil, moving-conductor loud
speaker.
-----dinmico, moving-coil or dynamic loud
speaker.
-----electromagntico, magnetic-armature loud
speaker.
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altoparlante
20
amarra
!I!froffIoO o I! !r or !I!frof fI
IouII ! u!rO
Ifo o m., II J III .
altura/, elevation, altitude, height; (hyd) head;
(str) depth; (r) stage.
-----cintica (hid), dynamic head.
-----de aspiracin (hid), suction head; suction
lift.
-----de carga (hid), head.
-----de descarga o de impulsin (bm), discharge
head.
-----de despejo o de franqueo, clearance height.
-----del instrumento o del ojo (lev), height of
instrument.
-----de paso, headroom.
-----de presin (hid), pressure head.
-----de succin (bm), suction head.
-----de tiro (aa), draft head.
-----dinmica (hid), velocity head.
-----efectiva, (str) effective depth; working depth
(gear).
-----esttica (hid), static head.
---- hidrulica (al), hydraulic grade.
----- libre, vertical clearance, clear height, head
room; freeboard.
manomtrica total (bm), total head.
-----metacntrica (an), metaeentric height.
-----piezomtrica (hid), piezometric head.
- til (est), effective depth.
alud m, avalanche, snowslide.
alumbrado m, lighting; a lighted; treated with
alum.
-----a tubo de gas, gas-tube lighting.
-----de caveto, cove lighting.
-----de contorno, outline lighting.
-----de festn, festoon lighting.
-----reflejado, indirect lighting.
-----semiindirecto, semi-indirect lighting.
alumbrar, to light, illuminate; to treat with
alum; to emerge (ground water),
alumbre m, alum.
-----crmico, chrome alum.
-----de amonio, ammonia alum.
-----para filtros (V), filter alum.
-----potsico, potash alum, potassium aluminum
sulphate,
alumbrera / , alunite quarry,
almbrico, containing alum,
almina / , alumina, aluminum oxide,
aluminato m, alumnate.
-----diclcico (ct), dicalcium alumnate.
-----sdico (pa), sodium alumnate.
-----triclcico (ct), tricalcium aluminate.
alumnico, aluminio.
aluminifero, ^containing aluminum, aluminifer-
ous.
aluminio m, aluminum, aluminium,
aluminita / (miner), aluminite (aluminum sul
phate),
aluminizar, to aluminize.
aluminofrrico, aluminoferric.
alumlnosilicato m, aluminosilicate.
aluminoso, aluminous.
aluminotermia / (met), aluminothermy, alu-
minothermics. .....
aluminotrmico, aluminothermic.
alundo m (rfr), alundum.
alunita / (miner), alunite, alum rock,
aluvial, aluvional, alluvial,
aluvin m, alluvial deposit, alluvium; flood of
silt; (A) flood, inundation,
aluvionamiento m (A), silting up.
aluvionario (A), alluvial,
lveo m, bed of a river, channel,
alveolado (M), honeycombed,
alza / , rise, lift; shim; (hyd) flashboard, leaf of
a bear-trap gate; (hyd)(Sp) stop log; (Sp)
fulcrum.
-----de tablero basculante (hid), automatic
flashboard, shutter weir, hinged-leaf gate.
-----de la vlvula, valve lift.
alzacarros m, car-lifting device.
alzacoche m, automobile lift.
alzada/, (dwg) elevation; face of a building.
-----extrema, end e'iovation.
alzado m, (ar) elevation; (Sp) superstructure.
-----de costado, side elevation.
-----delantero, front elevation.
-----en corte, sectional elevation.
----- trasero, rear elevation.
alzador m, any lifting device,
alzadura/, hoisting, raising,
alzaguara/ (Es), spring (water),
alzaprima/, crowbar, lever, pinch bar.
-----de traviesa (fc), nipper.
alzaprimar, to pry, move with a lever,
alzar, to hoist, raise, lift,
alzatubos m, pipe jack,
alzavlvula m (auto), tappet,
alzaventana m (auto), window opener,
allanador m (her), a flatter,
allanar, to grade, level; to flatten; (met) to plan
ish.
allane m (M), leveling, grading,
allegador m (Es), fire hook, poker,
amacizar, to compress; to make solid,
amacrtico, amacratic (lens),
amachambrado (PR)(Es), tongued and grooved,
amachetar, to chop with a machete,
amadrinar, to couple, join,
amaestrar, (mas) to set grounds; (hw) to master-
key.
amainador m (min), man who handles bucket at
top of shaft,
amainar, to lower, slack off; (min) to land the
bucket of ore.
amaine m, lowering, slacking off.
amalgama / (met) (miner), amalgam,
amalgamador m (met), amalgamator,
amalgamar, to amalgamate,
amantillar (gr), to top, peak, luff,
amantillo (gr), topping lift, topping or peaking line,
amanzanar (A)(U), to lay out land in blocks,
amaos m, tools, equipment, outfit,
amaraje m, landing on the water (seaplane),
amarar, to land on the water,
amarillo m a, yellow.
-----benzo (is), benzo yellow.
-----de cine, zinc yellow (pigment).
-----de montaa (miner), yellow earth or ocher.
amarra/, tie, lashing; mooring; (Ch)(M) cable
clip.
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amarra 21
ampermetro
-----de aleta (nut), quarter fast.
---- de bote I uf , I I f!r .
----- de popa (nut), stern fast.
-----de proa (nut), bow or head fast.
----- de puerto, mooring.
----- de travs (nut), breast fast, breast line.
amarras para correa, belt hooks or clamps,
amarradera / (Col), mooring Une; sling,
amarradero to, mooring post; mooring berth,
amarraje to, wharfage; (cab) serving,
amarrar, to tie, lash, splice, belay, make fast; to
moor; (cab) to serve, seize,
amarrazones/ (nut), ground tackle,
amarre to, tie, splice, lashing; anchorage, moor
ing; (conc) (M) (Pe) bond.
-----a pata de ganso, bridle mooring.
amartillar, to hammer,
amasada / (M), batch of mortar,
amasadero m, pugmill, clay mill,
amasar, to mix (mortar); to puddle (fill); to pug,
temper,
amasillar, to putty,
amatol m, amatol (explosive),
amberita/ , amberite (explosive),
mbito to, ambit, contour.
ambulante, traveling (derrick), walking (drag
line),
ameba / , amoeba,
amelga / (irr), ridge, dike,
amelgar, to set boundary monuments; to furrow,
amellar, to notch,
amerar (Es), to seep, percolate,
amiantista m, asbestos worker,
amianto m, asbestos, amianthus,
amiba/, amoeba,
amibiano, amibico, amoebic,
amibicida m a, amoebicide.
amicrn to (quim), amicron.
amida / , amido to, (chem) amide,
amigdaloide a (geol), amygdaloid,
amilasa / (is), amylase,
amilo m (quim), amyl,
aminocido m (is), amino acid,
-aminodimetilanilina (pa), p-aminodimethyl-
aniline.
amo TO, owner; employer; superintendent, fore
man.
amohosarse (A) (Ch), to rust,
amojonar, to set monuments,
amojosearse (A)(Ec), to rust,
amoladera / , grindstone, grinder,
amolado m, grinding.
-----de avance longitudinal, end-feed grinding.
-----de avance normal, in-feed grinding.
---- de avance pasante, through-feed grinding.
amoladora/, grinder.
de armazn oscilante, swing-frame grinder.
de asientos de vlvulas, valve grinder.
de banco, bench grinder.
--- de brocas, bit grinder.
de espigas, shank grinder (drill).
de pie, floor-stand grinder.
de puntas, center-type grinder.
hmeda, wet grinder.
----- sin puntas, centerless grinder.
amolar, to grind, sharpen.
amoldar, to mold, shape,
amollar (cab), to slack, ease off.
amoniacal, ammoniacal.
amoniacin/, ammoniation.
amonaco m, ammonia.
-----albuminoideo (is), albuminoid ammonia.
amoniador m (pa), ammoniator.
-----de alimentacin directa, direct-feed ammo
niator.
amnico a, ammonium, ammonic.
amonio to, ammonium.
amonizacin / , ammonization, ammonification.
amontonador m, amontonadora / , stacker, piler.
amontonador de carbn, coal trimmer,
amontonar, to pile, pile up.
-----el fuego, to bank the fire.
-----en camellones (ca), to windrow.
amordazar, to clamp,
amorfo, amorphous.
amortiguacin / , deadening; absorbing; (mech)
(elec) damping.
-----crtica (elc), critical damping.
-----de las crecidas (r), flood control.
-----peridica (elc), periodic damping, under
damping.
amortiguador m, (mech) shock absorber, damper,
dashpot; (carp) door check; (hyd) stilling
pool; (auto) mufBer; (elec) damper; (auto)
snubber; (chem) buffer.
-----de chispas, spark arrester.
-----de choque, shock absorber; bumper.
-----de energa, energy absorber; (hyd) stilling
pool, tumble bay.
-----de escape, (eng) exhaust head, exhaust
silencer.
-----de los faroles (auto), headlight dimmer.
-----de golpes de agua, water-hammer suppressor.
-----de luz, (auto) dimmer.
-----de oleaje (hid), surge suppressor; surge
snubber.
de ruido, silencer, muffler.
-de sacudidas (auto), harmonic balancer.
-----del sonido, sound absorber.
de torsin, torsion damper,
amortiguamiento (m) de sonido, soundproofing,
amortiguar, to cushion, deaden, lessen; to damp;
to absorb (shocks); (chem) to buffer,
amortizacin/, amortization,
amortizar, to amortize; to redeem; to refund,
amovible, removable, demountable,
amparar, to protect; (leg) to hold harmless;
(min) to satisfy conditions for working a
claim.
ampelita/, ampelite (coal),
amper TO (Es), ampere,
amper-espira / (Es), ampere-turn.
amperaje TO, amperage.
-----de carga, charging rate (battery).
-----efectivo, virtual amperes.
ampermetro TO, ammeter, amperemeter.
-----calrico (Es), hot-wire ammeter.
-----de abrazadera, cjamp ammeter.
-----de alcance mltiple, multirange ammeter.
----- de bolsillo, pocket ammeter.
-----de expansin o de hilo caliente, expansion or
hot-wire or thermal ammeter.
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ampermetro 22 anchico
II ofrIoO IM o!f!r !f!r .
-----indicador, indicating ammeter.
-----para tablero, switchboard-type ammeter.
-----registrador, recording ammeter.
-----trmico, thermal ammeter, thermoammeter.
-----termocupla, thermocouple ammeter.
amperio m, ampere.
-----internacional, international ampere.
amperio-hora / , ampere-hour,
amperio-pie TO, ampere-foot.
amperio-vuelta /, ampere-turn.
amperios-vueltas transversales, cross ampere-
turns.
amperivuelta / , ampere-turn.
ampermetro TO, ammeter, amperemeter.
-----trmico, thermal or hot-wire ammeter.
ampliacin / (fma), enlargement.
-----angular (fma), angular magnification.
-----del plazo, extension of time (contract).
ampliadora/, enlarging outfit (photo),
ampliar, to enlarge, amplify, extend,
amplidina / (ra), amplidyne.
amplificacin / , (elee) amplification, gain; (op
tics) magnification, amplification.
-----de potencia, power amplification.
-----de tensin, voltage amplification.
-----dinmica (geof), dynamic magnification.
-----multigradual o en cascada, cascade amplifi
cation.
-----transportadora (ra), carrier amplification.
amplificador TO, magnifier; booster; amplifier.
----- vlvula, vacuum-tube amplifier.
-----clase A(AB, B, BC, C) (ra), class-A(AB, B,
BC, C) amplifier.
-----de audiofrecuencia (ra), audiofrequency or
audio amplifier.
-----de desviacin (tv), deflection amplifier.
-----de energa (ra), power amplifier.
-----de enfrenamiento, brake booster.
-----de exploracin (tv), scanner amplifier.
-----de faja (ra), band-pass amplifier.
-----de oratoria (ra) (A), speech amplifier.
-----de poder (A), power amplifier.
-----de realimentacin inversa (ra), degenerative
or invrse-feedback amplifier.
de sonido, loudspeaker.
- equilibrado (ra), push-pull amplifier.
-----previo (Es) (A), preamplifier.
-----realimentado, feedback amplifier.
-----reflejo (ra), reflex amplifier.
- separador (ra), buffer amplifier,
amplificar (ele); to amplify,
amplitud / (mat) (ele) (ra), amplitude.
-----de la marea, tidal amplitude; range of the
tide.
ampolla/, blister, bulb, ampoule; (A) lamp bulb.
-----de congelacin (ca), frost boil.
-----de vlvula (ra), envelope.
ampollarse, to blister.
ampolleta / , incandescent lamp : bulb, ampoule,
ampolloso (min), porous, containing cavities,
amura / (an), bow, fore part of ship.
-bulbosa, clubfoot, bulb bow.
amurada / (an), inside face of the shell plating,
amurallar, to wall; to build into a wall,
smurar (A), to embed in a wall.
anabergita/ (miner), annabergite, nickel bloom.
anablico (is), anabolic.
anacarado (miner), pearly (luster).
anaclinal (geol), anaclinal.
anaerbico (is), anaerobic.
anaerobio m, anaerobe.
anaerobiosis / , anaerobiosis.
anaerognico (lab), anaerogenic.
anaglfico (fma), anaglyphic.
anglifo (fma), anaglyph.
anaglifoscopio m (fma), anaglyphoscope.
analtico (ptica), anallatic.
analatismo TO (lev), anallatism.
analcima, analcita / (miner), analcime, analcite.
analcitita / (geol), analcitite, analcimite.
anlisis TO / , analysis.
-----de cedazo o de tamices, screen or sieve anal
ysis.
-----de comprobacin, check analysis.
-----de hornada (met), ladle analysis.
electroltico, electroanalysis.
-----inmediato, proximate analysis.
-----ponderal, gravimetric analysis.
analista m / , analyst,
analtico, analytical.
analizador TO, analyst; (mech) analyzer; (ra)
analyzer; (tv) scanner.
-----de armnicos (ra), harmonic analyzer.
-----de distorsin (ra), distortion analyzer.
----- de ondas (ra), wave analyzer.
----- de ruidos (ra), noise analyzer.
-----de tambor (tv), drum scanner.
analizar, to analyze; (tv) to scan,
analoga (/) de la placa, slab analogy,
anlogo m, analogue,
anaquel m, shelf.
anaranjado de metilo (lab), methyl orange,
ancaramita/ (geol), ankaramite.
ancaratrita/ (geol), ankaratrite.
ancla/, (naut)(mech) anchor.
-----de asta giratoria, swivel anchor.
-----de campana, mushroom anchor.
-----de espiar, kedge anchor.
.-----de hlice, screw anchor (for guy).
-----de pared (ed), wall anchor.
-----de seta, mushroom anchor.
-----de tierra, guy or earth anchor.
-----de tornillo, screw anchor.
------de via (fc), anticreeper.
-----sin cepo, stockless anchor.
ancladero m, anchorage, anchoring ground,
anclaje TO, anchorage; anchoring; anchorage
charges,
anclar, to anchor,
anclote TO, anchor,
anclotillo m, small anchor, kedge.
anco TO (min) (Pe), a silver ore.
ancn TO, bay, cove; (PR) small lighter,
anconada/ , large cove, bay.
anconaje m (PR), lighterage,
ncora/, anchor,
ancoraje TO, anchorage,
ancorar, to anchor,
ancorera-/, anchor shop,
ancorero TO, anchor maker,
anchico m, an Argentine hardwood.
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ancho 23 ngulo
J o r O IIfJ O r! IfJ a II!.
-----de faja (ra), band width.
-----de va (fe), gage.
-----tipo (fc)(M), standard gage.
anchura / , width, breadth.
anchurn ra (min), chamber, stall, room.
andada / , trail, path.
andadera /, trayeler, traveling derrick, traveling
scaffold,
andadero m, footwalk.
andador ra, footwalk; (A) motor scooter,
andalucita / (miner), andalusite.
andamiada/, scaffolding.
-----de carenaje (ds), gridiron.
andamiador ra, scaffold builder, stagebuilder.
andamiaje ?n, scaffolding, staging,
andamiar, to scaffold,
andamio ra, scaffold; (bdg)(Ec) falsework.
-----acartelado, bracket scaffold.
-----ambulante o corredizo, traveler, traveling
scaffold.
-----colgante, hanging scaffold.
-----de bscula (Col), scaffold on outlookers tied
back to wall above.
-----decaballetes, horse scaffold.
-----de parales, pole scaffold.
-----suspendido, swinging or hanging scaffold.
-----tubular, pipe scaffold.
-----voladizo o volado, flying or cantilever or Out
rigger scaffold,
andana / , row, file, line, tier,
andarache ra (min)(Es), scaffold,
andarivel ra, aerial tramway, cableway, ropeway;
cable guardrail; single whip; cable ferry;
cable railway; (C) ferryboat,
andn ra, (rr) platform; sidewalk on a bridge;
walkway; towpath; (top)(Pe)(B) terrace;
(ap) loading apron.
-----de cabeza (fc), end platform.
-----de entrevia (fc), island platform.
-----de llegada (fc), arrival platform.
-----de salida (fc), departure platform.
----- de trasbordo, transfer platform.
ndito ?n, sidewalk; piazza,
andullo ra (nut), fender, mat.
anegable, subject to inundation,
anegacin / , inundation.
anegadizo, liable to be overflowed; nonfloating,
anegar, to submerge, flood, inundate; (pu) to
drown; anegarce, to bo flooded; to sink; to
become waterlogged,
anelctrico, aneloctric.
anemogrfico, anemograpliic.
anemografo ra, anemograph, recording wind
gage.
anemograma ra, anemogram.
anemometria / , anemometry, wind gaging,
anemometrico, anemometric.
anemmetro ?n, anemometer, wind gage.
-----indicador, indicating anemometer.
-----registrador, recording anemometer.
anemometrografo m, ancmomctrograph, record
ing wind gage,
anemoscopio m (mil), anemoscope,
anerbico (is), anaerobic,
anerobiosis /, anaerobiosis.
aneroide ra a, aneroid.
-----altimtrico, altitude aneroide barometer.
-----de topgrafo, surveying aneroid.
aneroidgrafo ra, aneroidograph.
anetadura/ (nut), puddening.
anexo ra (M), addition to a building, ell, wing.
anfibio ra a (ap), amphibian.
anfibol ra (miner), hornblende, amphibole.
anfiblico, amphibolic.
anfibolifero, containing amphibole.
anfibolita/ (geol), amphibolite.
anfibolosquisto ra (geol), hornblende schist.
anf otero (qulm), amphoteric.
angaletar (A), to miter. .
angalete ra (carp)(A), miter box.
angarillas / , handbarrow.
angarillear (Ch), to move material in handbar-
rows.
angla/, (geog) cape.
anglesita / , anglesite, native lead sulphate,
angostar, to narrow, contract,
angosto, narrow, close.
angostura/, gap, pass, narrows, gorge; throat.
-----de la marea, tiderace.
angra / , cove, small bay.
angstrom ra (fsica), angstrom,
anguena / (min)(Es), a silver ore.
anguilas / , launching ways,
angular ra, (Sp)(C)(Pe) steel angle, angle iron;
any rolled steel shape ;a angular, sharp (sand).
-----canal, channel iron.
-----ele (C), steel angle, angle iron.
----- T, T bar, T iron.
-----Z, Z bar.
ngulo ra, angle.
-----ascendente (lev), angle of elevation.
-----atiesador (est), stiffening angle.
-----comprendido, included angle.
-----con bordn o con nervio (est), bulb angle.
-----de arista redonda (est), round-back angle,
-----de asiento (est), shelf or seat angle, erection
seat.
-----de ataque, angle of attack; (mt) working
angle.
-----de aterrizaje (ap), landing angle.
-----de atraso (elc), angle of lag.
-----de avance, (se) angle of lead, angular ad
vance; (elec) angle of lead or of lag.
-----del bisel (sol), groove angle, bevel angle.
-----de contingencia (fc), angle of intersection.
----- del chafln (sol), groove or bevel angle.
-----de deflexin (fc) (M) (AC) (Ec), deflection
angle.
-----de deriva (fma), angle of crab.
-----de desfasamiento (elc), phase angle.
-----de despojo (mh), clearance angle.
-----de desviacin, deflection angle; angle of de
viation; (cab) fleet angle.
de entrada (mh), entering angle.
-----de espacio libre labial, lip-relief angle (twist
drill).
-----de esviaje, angle of skew; (cab) fleet angle.
-----de filo (mh), tool angle, angle of keenness.
-----de friccin, angle of friction or of repose.
-----de frotamiento interno, angle of intern aj
friction,
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I! I J II! I J !rr I r O J !II gI! .
-----de la herramienta (mh), tool angle, angle of
keenness.
-----de incidencia, angle of incidence.
-----de inclinacin lateral (mh), side-rake angle.
-----de juego (mh)(A), relief angle.
-----de llegada (ra), angle of arrival.
-----de planeo (ap), angle of glide, obstruction
ratio.
-----de la ranura (sol), bevel or groove angle.
-----de rayo (ra), beam angle.
-----de rebajo o de relieve (mh), relief angle.
-----de reposo, angle of repose or of friction.
de resbalamiento (A), angle of repose.
-----de resistencia al corte (ms), angle of shear
ing resistance.
de retraso (elc), angle of lag, phase angle.
---- de rincn vivo (est), square-root angle.
-----de rozamiento, angle of friction.
-----de rumbo (geof), angle of strike.
-----de salida, (ra) angle of departure; (geop)
angle of emergence.
-----de separacin (mh), front clearance.
-----de sesgo, angle of skew.
-----de varenga (cn), reverse frame.
- de vista (fma), angle of view or of coverage.
-----descendente (lev), angle of depression.
-----desigual (est), angle with unequal legs.
-----entrante, re-entrant angle.
-----horario, hour angle.
-----igual (est), angle with equal legs.
-----incluso, included angle.
-----labial (A), lip angle (twist drill).
-----lateral de cada (mh), side rake.
-----paralctico, angular parallax, parallactic
angle.
-----perifrico (fc)(V), deflection angle.
-----recto, right angle.
-----subtenso (lev), subtense angle.
-----sujetador (est), clip angle.
-----superior de inclinacin (mh), back-rake
angle.
-----tangencial (fc), deflection angle.
-----trancanil (cn), stringer angle.
-----trasero de cada (mh), back rake.
-----vertical (lev), vertical angle, angle of eleva
tion, altitude or site angle,
ngulos
-----adyacentes, adjacent angles.
-----alternos, alternate angles.
-----de ensamblaje (est), connection angles.
-----en cruz (est), starred angles.
-----espalda con espalda, angles back to back.
angulosidad / , angularity,
anguloso, angular; sharp (sand).,
anhidrico, anhydrous,
anhdrido m, anhydride,
anhidrita / (miner), anhydrite,
anhidro, anhydrous,
anidable, nestable,
anidado, nested.
aniego m, aniegue m (M), inundation, flooding,
anilina/, aniline,
anilla / , ring.
anillar, to form rings or hoops,
anillo m, ring, hoop, collar, rim.
-----abrazadera (mh), clamp ring.
-----aceitador (lu), oil ring.
-----anual (mad), growth ring.
-----colector (elc), slip or collector ring.
-----conector (carp), ring connector.
-----de albura (mad), sap ring.
-----del asiento (v), seat ring.
------ de bolas tipo empuje (cojinete), thrust ball
race.
-----de cierre, lock ring (tire).
----de cierre hidrulico (bm), lantern ring.
de crecimiento (mad), growth ring.
------ de mbolo, piston or packing ring.
-----de empaque, washer, packing or junk ring;
(str) filling ring.
-----de empuje, thrust collar.
-----de engrase (lu), oil ring.
-----de estancamiento (lu), seal ring.
-----de estopas o de guarnicin, (eng) junk or
packing ring.
----- de frotamiento (mot), slip ring.
---- - de la garganta (turb), throat ring.
-----de goteo (lu), drip ring.
-----de grasa (lu), grease ring.
-----de guarapo (az), juice ring.
-----de horquilla, clevis ring.
-----de levas, cam ring.
-----de lubricacin, oil ring.
-----de prensaestopas, (eng) junk ring.
-----de remate (est), cap ring.
-----de resorte, snap ring (piston).
-----de respaldo (sol), backing ring.
-----de retenidas, (de) guy ring.
-----de retculo (inst), cross-hair ring.
-----de rodadura, bearing race, raceway.
-----de rodete, turbine case.
-----de salida (turb), discharge ring.
-----de traviesas (turb) (U), speed ring.
-----desgastable, wearing ring.
----- distribuidor (turb), speed or stay ring.
-----fiador, retainer (ball bearing).
-fraccionado (mad), false ring.
-----guardapolvo, dust ring.
-----limpiador de aceite (lu), wiper ring.
-----llenador (est), filling ring.
-----micromtrico, micrometer collar.
-----portabolas, cage of a ball bearing, ball race.
-----portante: (trb), case ring.
-----portapaletas (turb), guide-vane ring.
-----regulador (turb), gate or shifting ring.
-----restregador (mbolo), scraper or wiper ring.
-----rozante (mot), slip ring.
-----salpicador (ra), splash ring.
- seguidor (hid), follower ring (gate).
-----sincronizador (auto), synchronizing ring.
-----sujetador (mh), shell chuck.
nima/, (cab) center, core; web (drill); (mech)
bore,
anin m, anion,
anisomtrico, anisometric.
anisotrpico, anistropo, anisotropic,
andico (elc), anodic, anodal.
anodizar, to anodize,
nodo m (elc), anode.
-----acelerador (ra)(tv), accelerating anode.
-----partido, split anode.
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nodo
25
anticongelador
retenedor, J oIII g oI! .
anofeles, anopheles (mosquito),
anofelino, anopheline.
anolito ra (elc), anolyte.
anomala/, anomaly (all senses),
anortita/ (miner), anorthite (feldspar),
anortosita/ (geol), anorthosite.
anotador m, recorder, note keeper,
anotar, to take notes,
anotrn (ra), aiiotron.
antagonista, antagnico (mee), reactive, antag
onistic.
antebaha / (M), entrance to a bay.
antecmara / , (hyd) forebay; lobby, anteroom;
(di) antechamber.
----- de compresin (M), air lock.
antecedentes m, preliminary data,
antecrisol ra, forehearth.
antedrsena/, entrance to a dock; first of a series
of basins,
antedique ra, entrance to a dry dock,
anteesclusa / , entrance to a lock,
anteespoln ra, works to protect a mole or jetty,
anteestudio ra, preliminary study,
antefodo ra, step protecting the floor of a lock,
antefornalla / , front part of firebox,
antegrada / (cn), lower end of launching ways,
antehogar ra, front part of firebox,
antena / (ra), antenna.
-----Adcock, Adcock antenna.
----- aperidica, deadbeat or aperiodic antenna.
----- artificial, artificial or dummy antenna.
----- Beverage, wave or Beverage antenna.
----- binomia, binomial array.
----- cargada, loaded antenna.
compensadora, balancing aerial.
----- de abanico, fan antenna.
----- de argolla, loop antenna.
----- de capacitancia, condenser or capacitor an
tenna.
-----de capas, tier array.
-----de cuadro, radio loop, loop antenna.
-----de cuarto de onda, quartcr-wave antenna.
----- de doblete, doublet antenna.
-----de fajas mltiples, multiband antenna.
-----de haz (Es), beam antenna.
-----de inversin, antenna reflector.
-----de jaula, cage antenna.
----- de lazo, loop or coil antenna.
----- de media onda, half-wave antenna.
-----de molinete, turnstile antenna.
-----de onda, wave or Beverage antenna.
----- de plena onda, full-wave antenna.
de reflexin, antenna reflector.
----- de techo plano, flat-top antenna.
-----de toda onda, all-wave antenna.
---- de vientre (Es), loop antenna.
----- dipolo, dipole antertna, (Sp) doublet an
tenna.
-----direccional, antenna array, beam or direc
tional antenna.
-----direccional transmisora, directive antenna.
-----emisora, transmitting antenna.
-----en V, folded-wire or V antenna.
-----espina de pescado, fishbone antenna.
*---- falsa, artificial antenna.
-----fantasma, phantom or dummy antenna.
-----ficticia (A), dummy antenna.
-----giratoria, rotary-beam antenna.
-----indicadora de direccin (ap), directionfinder.
-----larga, long-wire or harmonic antenna.
----- mltiple, multiple-tuned antenna.
----- paraguas o sombrilla, umbrella antenna.
-----rmbica, diamond antenna.
-----sintonizada, tuned antenna.
antenas entongadas, stacked array,
anteojo ra, telescope (transit or level).
-----astronmico o de imagen invertida o de
ocular simple, astronomical telescope (in
verted image).
-----buscador (fma), telescopic finder.
-----de ereccin o de imagen recta, erecting or
terrestrial telescope.
-----de foco exterior, external-focusing telescope.
-----de inversin (Es), erecting telescope.
-----de puntera (fma), sighting telescope.
-----meridiano, meridian instrument.
-----solar (lev), solar telescope.
anteojos de camino, goggles,
antepagar, to prepay,
antepas ra, foreland.
antepecho TO, railing; parapet; panel or apron or
filler wall; spandrel; (min) bench,
antepozo ra (A)(EJs), pump pit for semiartesian
well.
antepresa / (Es), upstream cofferdam. ,
antepresupuesto ra, preliminary estimate,
anteproyecto ra, preliminary design,
antepuerto to, outer harbor, anchorage outside
an artificial port.
-----fluvial, protective works above a river port.
antesolera / (hid), upstream hearth.
antestudio ra, preliminary study.
antetecho ra (Ch), overhang of a roof, eaves.
antetrn ra, forecarriage.
anteumbral ra (hid), upstream sill.
antiablandecedor, nonsoftening.
anticido, acid-resisting.
antiaferrador, antiagarrador (maq), nonseizing.
antialabeo, nonwarping.
antialcalino, antalkaline.
antianofelino, antianopheline (mosquito).
antiaraador, nonscoring.
antiarcos (elc), nonarcing.
antibiosis / (is), antibiosis.
anticapacitivo (elc), anticapacitive.
anticatalizador m (quim), anticatalyst.
antictodo ra (ra), anticathode, anode.
anticlstico (mat), anticlastic.
anticlinal ra (geol), anticline; a anticlinal.
-----compuesto o mltiple, anticlinorium.
-----interrumpido, arrested anticline.
-----recostado, recumbent anticline.
-----tumbado, overturned anticline.
anticlinorio ra (geol), anticlinorium.
anticloro ra (qum), antichlor.
anticoagulante, anticoagulant,
anticohesor m (ra), anticoherer,
anticombustible ra, any fire-extinguishing chemi
cal.
anticondensacin, anticondensation,
anticongelador ra, deicer, anti-icer.
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fIo g!I f!
26 I r fo
fIo g!I f!O fI r!!!O
fIo fr I O o J rI u .
anticorrosivo, rust-resisting, anticorrosive, non
corrosive,
anticorto-circuito (ele), antishort,
antichirrido, antisqueak,
antiderrapante (M), nonskid,
antideslizante (m) para correas, belt dressing,
antideslumbrante (vi), antiglare,
antidesvanecedor (ra), antifading,
antidetonancia / (mg), antiknock value,
antidetonante m, antiknock, antidetonant, fuel
dope; a antiknock,
antiebullicivo (cal), antipriming,
antieconmico, unprofitable,
antiendurecedor, nonhardening,
antiengrane (A), antiseize,
antiespuma (cal), antifoam, nonfoaming,
antiesttico (ra), antistatic,
antifase / (ele), antiphase, opposite phase,
antifluctuacin (elo), antihunting,
antifriccin, antifriction,
antignico (lab), antigenic,
antgeno m (lab), antigen,
antigiratorio (cab), nonspinning,
antigolpeteo (mg), antiknock,
antihalo (fma), antihalation,
antiherrumbroso, rust-resisting,
antihigroscpico (A), nonhygroscopie, moisture-
proof.
antiinductivo (ele), anti-induction,
antilarvario, larvae-destroying.
antilogaritmo to, antilogarithm,
antimagntico (A), nonmagnetic,
antimalrico (C), antimalarial.
antimicrofnico (ra), antimicrophonie.
antimoniado, containing antimony, antimoni-
ureted.
antimonial, antimonial,
antimoniato to, antimonate.
antimnico a, antimony, antimonio,
antimonifero, containing antimony,
antimonio to, antimony.
-----arsenical (miner), allemontite, arsenical an
timony.
-----bianco (miner), valentinite, white antimony.
-----gris (miner), stibnite, gray antimony.
-----pirofrico, explosive antimony.
-----rojo, red antimony; kermes mineral.
antimonioso, antimonious.
antimonita / (miner), antimonite, stibnite.
antimonito to (quim), antimonite.
antimoniuro m, antimonide.
antincrustante m, boiler or antiscale compound ;
a preventing scale formation; (pt) anti-
fouling,
antinodo to (ra), antinode.
-----de la corriente, current antinode or loop.
antinormal, antinormal.
antioxidante, antirust, rust-resisting, antioxidant.
antipaldico, antimalaria.
antiparalela / (mat), antiparallel.
antiparalelo a, antiparallel.
antiparsito (ele), antiparasitic.
antiparras/, goggles.
antipatinador TO, antiskid device.
antiprico (C), fire-resisting,
antirrajadura, antisphtting.
antirrechinante, antisqueak,
antirresbalidizo, nonslip, nonskid,
antirresonancia/ (ra), antiresonance,
antirresonante, (A) soundproof,
antisalpicadura, nonsplash (funnel),
antisptico, antiseptic; (pt) antifouling.
antisifonaje, antisiphon,
antisimtrico, antisymmetrioal.
antissmico, earthquake-proof, antiseismic.
antisonoro, soundproof,
antisuero TO (lab), antiserum,
antitrmico, nonconducting of heat,
antivaho (A), antiglare (glass),
antizumbido (elc), antihum.
antlerita / , antlerite, native Copper sulphate,
antorcha/, welding torch; plumber s torch.
-----a soplete, blowtorch.
-----cortadora, cutting torch.
-----de arco elctrico (sol), arc torch.
-----de guitarra o de pared, banjo or wall torch.
-----para camino, highway or road torch, fusee.
-----soldadora, welding torch.
antraceno TO, anthracene,
antracifero (geol), anthraciferous.
antracita/, anthracite or hard coal,
antracitico, anthracitic.
antracitoso, anthracitous, containing anthracite,
anulador (to) de energa, stilling pool, any device
for dissipating the energy of falling water,
anular a, annular,
anunciador to (elc), annunciator,
anunciar, to advertise,
anuncio m, announcement; advertisement,
aojada / (Col), skylight,
apaciguador (m) de arco (sol), arc pacifier,
apagabrasas to (loco), live-coal extinguisher,
apagachispas m, spark extinguisher or arrester,
apagada al aire, air-slaked (lime),
apagador to, quencher, extinguisher; slaker;
(elee) (M) light switch.
-----a espuma, foam fire extinguisher.
-----de arco (elc), arc quencher.
-----de cal, lime slaker.
-----visible (M), surface switch.
apagafuego, apagaincendios, apagallamas TO, fire
extinguisher,
apagar, to extinguish, quench; to slake (lime);
(elec) to switch off.
apainelado, elliptical (arch); (Col) paneled,
apalancar, to pry, move with a lever,
apaleadora / (C), power shovel,
apalear, to shovel,
apamate TO, a Venezuelan lumber,
apancle, apantle TO (M), irrigation ditch; flume,
apantallar (ra), to shield, screen,
apantanar, to flood, inundate,
aparadura / (cn), garbel, plate of the garboard
si rake.
aparar, to dress with an adz, to dub.
aparatista (Es), instrument maker,
aparato m, apparatus, device, fixture.
-----de distribucin (elc), switchgear.
-----de mando, control mechanism.
- de seguridad, safety device.
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aparato
27
aportacin
I! fIo !o I ! O f!!rI g g! r .
-----dibujador, drafting machine.
- restituidor (fma), restitution machine.
----- rotulador (dib), lettering machine.
----tensor, take-up tackle, tightening device.
aparatos sanitarios, plumbing fixtures,
aparedar, to wall up.
aparejador m, rigger; one who lays out the work;
(lg) fitter, marker,
aparejar, to rig; to lay out; (pt) to prime, size,
fill; (mas) to bond; (lbr) to rough-dress,
aparejo m, block and fall; chain block; tackle,
rigging; purchase; (pt) priming, sizing,
filler; (mas) bond; (mas) laying out; pack-
saddle.
---a cadena, chain block.
atesador o de compensacin, take-up tackle.
---cruzado (lad), cross or Dutch bond.
cudruple, four-part tackle.
de dibujo, drafting machine.
---- de lantia, single whip.
de maniobras (pet), draw works.
de molinete, capstan pulley blocks (for line
men).
de perforacin (pet), drilling rig.
---- de retenida (cn), vang purchase, guy tackle.
de sogas biseladas (lad), clipped or secret
bond.
de vlvula (mv)(M), valve gear.
diferencial, differential hoist, chain block.
espigado (lad), herringbone bond.
flamenco u holands (lad), Flemish bond.
----- ingls (lad), English bond.
----- ingls y cruzado (lad), block-and-cross or
cross-and-English bond.
quntuplo, five-part line.
---tensor, take-up or tension tackle.
apartadero m, (rr) siding; (rr) turnout; (rd) wide
place for passing; (canal) wide spot where
boats may tie up.
-----de paso, passing siding, turnout.
-----muerto, dead-end siding.
----- particular, private siding.
apartaderos solapados (fc), lap sidings,
apartado m, (min) ore separation; (M) smelting;
post-office box.
apartador m, ore picker; smelter,
apartamiento (to) meridiano, meridian distance,
apartar, to sort, separate, classify; (rr) to side
track.
apartarrayos m, lightning arrester,
apatita / (miner), apatite.
-----fluor, fluorapatite.
apeadero m (fc), small station,
apeador m, land surveyor,
apeadura, surveying.
apear, to fell (trees); to chock (wheel); to survey;
to shore, timber, brace; (Col) to support;
(M) to underpin,
apelotonar, to form into balls,
apelmazar, to compress.
apeo m, a survey; timbering, shoring; cutting
trees; (M) underpinning,
aperador m, wheelwright; foreman; (min) store
keeper,
aperar, to repair wagons.
aperiodicidad/ , aperiodieity.
aperidico (elc), aperiodic.
apernar, to bolt; to pin.
aperos m, tools, equipment, outfit.
apertura / , act f opening.
apestaar (Es), to flange.
apilador m (ef), decker.
apiladora / , stacker, portable elevator.
apilar, to pile, stack.
apilonar (C) (PR) (M), to pile, pile up, stack,
apiadura/ (ef), a jam.
apiamiento (m) del espectro (elc), spectrum
crowding.
apiar, apiarse, to jam, clog, stick, stall,
apique m, mine shaft,
apiri m, laborer in a mine,
apisonado m (V), roadbed, subgrade,
apisonador m, rammer, tamper.
----- de relleno, backfill tamper.
-----de vapor, steam roller.
apisonadora/, tamper; roller.
: de neumticos, rubber-tire roller;
-----de patitas de carnero, sheepsfoot or tamping
roller.
-----niveladora (ca), tamping and leveling ma
chine.
apisonar, to tamp, compact, ram.
apitn m, a Philippine lumber,
apizarrado, containing slate,
apizarrar, to do slatework.
aplanadera / , straightedge; masons float; road
drag.
aplanador m, roller; grader; (bs) flatter; (mas)
float.
aplanadora / , roller; grader; masons float;
dresser.
-----a vapor, steam roller.
-----automotriz, motor roller.
-----con pies de cabra o de pezua, sheepsfoot or
tamping roller.
-----mecnica (ec), power float.
-----pata de cabra, sheepsfoot roller.
aplanar, to level, grade; to smooth up; (mas) to
float.
aplantillar, to work to a template,
aplastamiento m, collapsing; crushing; (pi)
brooming; (conc) (Pe) (U) (A) slump. *
aplastar, to flatten; to crush, (pi) broom;
aplastarse, to collapse,
aplayar (r), to overflow,
aplicador m (ca)(lab), applicator,
aplicar, to place against, apply to.
aplita/ (geol), aplite.
aplobasalto m (geol), aplobasalt.
aplogranito m, aplogranite.
aplomar, to plumb; to coat with lead; aplomarse,
to collapse.
aplomo m, vertically; plumb line; o plumb,
vertical.
apocromtico, apochromatic (lens),
apomecmetro m (lev), apomecometer.
apopado (nut), down by the stern,
aporiolita/ (geol), aporhyolite.
aporreador m (Ch), sledge, maul, striking hammer,
aportacin / , (hyd) inflow, runoff; (w) weld
metal used in one operation.
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aportadero
28
rbol
I orf I!ro m, J or g! I I orfO
I orf r I uf O fo rrIT! I I orfO
I orf! fo I J II O ru o O I IoO
I orfI Io I !f I A O rIgIIIM r !I I oIu I
o !fI g ! or fru O
I orfIII rO fo u! oI ! I g I I orfIII r!O fo
oII I !O
I of I!ro foO T I f fIo .
-----de hidroaviones, seaplane base, air harbor.
apotema / (mat), apothem,
apoyadero m, strut, shore, support,
apoyado libremente (viga), simply supported,
apoyaherramienta TO, tool rest,
apoyapi TO (auto), footrest.
apoyar, to support; apoyarse en, to abut against,
rest on.
apoyo TO, support, bearing, cradle.
-----colgante, shaft hanger.
de dilatacin, expansion bearing.
-----de oscilacin (est), rocker bearing.
-----de pasador, pin bearing.
---- de rodillos (pte), roller or expansion bearing.
apozarse (Col)(PR), to back up (water), to form
pools.
apreciacin / , appraisal, valuation; estimate;
(inst) smallest reading,
appreciador m, appraiser,
apreciar, to value, appraise; to estimate,
aprecio m, appraisal, valuation,
aprendiz, apprentice,
aprendizaje m, apprenticeship,
apresar (Es), to dam.
aprestado to, dressing,
aprestadorm (pint), primer,
aprestar, to make ready; (pt) to prime, size,
apresto m, outfit, equipment; (pt) priming.
-----a soplete (pint), flame priming.
-----para correas, belt dressing.
apretado, tight, close; compact,
apretador TO, tightener.
-----de corredera, zipper.
-----de tuercas (Ch), nut runner or setter.
apretar, to tighten, to set (brake); (sh) to crowd;
to crimp (blasting cap),
apretatubo m, hosecock, pinchcock.
apretn m (min), pressure,
apretura/, tightness; (top) gorge, narrows,
aprietacable to (A), cable clip,
aprietacadena to, chain tightener,
aprietatuercas m, nut runner or setter,
aprieto m, (min) pressure; (machy) seizing,
aproche (Col), aproches (M) to, approach,
apropiacin / (C), appropriation,
aprovechamiento to, development, utilization,
exploitation; reclamation.
forestal, logging, lumbering.
-----hidroelctrico, hydroelectric development.
aprovisionamiento (m) de agua, water supply,
aprovisionar, to furnish, supply,
aproximacin/, approximation; approach,
aproximado a, approximate,
apuntador to, timekeeper; note keeper, recorder,
apuntadora / (mh), pointing tool,
apuntalamiento m, shoring, timbering, trench
bracing; falsework,
apuntalar, to shore, brace, prop.
apuntar, to take notes; to sketch; to point; (inst)
to sight.
apunte m, rough sketch; memorandum, note,
apuntillado TO (min), wedging, shimming,
apurar, to purify; to finish; to hurry,
aquastato TO, Aquastat (trademark),
aquebradizar, to embrittle,
aquerita/ (geol), akerite.
arabana / (az), araban,
arabinosa / (az), arabinose.
arado TO, plow.
-----de caminos, road plow.
-----de nieve, snowplow.
-----desarraigador, rooting or rooter plow; grub
hook.
-----descargador (fc), train plow, ballast plow.
-----mltiple, gang plow.
-----quitanieve, snowplow.
araguaney, araguato TO, Venezuelan lumber
trees.
aralejo m, a West Indian hardwood,
arancel m, tariff.
- aduanero, schedule of customs duties.
-----consular, list of consular fees.
arandela / , washer, gasket; burr.
-----abierta, slip washer, C or slotted washer.
----- acopada, cup washer.
-----achaflanada o ahusada, bevel washer.
-----cortada, cut washer.
-----de aceite, oil retainer.
-----de cabo, grommet.
-----de cimacio o de gola, ogee or cast-iron
washer.
-----de cojn, cushion washer.
-----de empaque o de guarnicin, packing washer.
-----de empuje, thrust washer.
-----de grifo, bibb washer.
----- de placa, plate washer.
-----elstica o de resorte, spring washer.
-----espadadora o separadora, spacing washer,
separator.
- fiador o de seguridad, lock washer.
-----fijadora, check or lock washer.
-----lubricadora, oiling washer.
-----nervada, ribbed cast-iron washer.
-----partida, split washer.
-----taza (A), cup washer.
araa / (mee), spider, yoke, crowfoot,
araar, to score, scratch,
arar, to plow.
araucaria / , a South American pine,
araz TO, a South American hardwood,
arbitracin/ , arbitration,
arbitrador, rbitro TO, arbitrator,
arbitraje m, arbitration; arbitrage,
arbitrar, to arbitrate.
rbol TO, tree; mast; (machy) shaft, axle; man
drel; (bldg) center post of a spiral stairway.
-----acodado, crankshaft.
-balanceador (mgXA), rocker-arm shaft.
-----cardn, cardan shaft.
-----cigeal, crankshaft.
----- compensador, compensating axle.
-----de anclaje (ef), spar tree, head spar.
-----del balancn, balance arbor.
-----de boca de pozo (pet), Christmas tree.
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rbol
29
rea
I! ! IO J ! I J f .
-----de camas (A), camshaft.
-----de cola (ef), tail tree.
---- de conexiones (pet), Christmas tree.
-----de contramarcha, countershaft.
-----de desembrague, clutch-shifter or clutch-
throwout shaft.
----- del diferencial (auto), live axle.
-----de direccin (auto), steering shaft.
- de distribucin, camshaft.
-----de excntricas (C), camshaft.
-----de impulsin, driving shaft.
----- de levas, camshaft.
-----de mando (auto) propeller shaft.
-----de reenvi (Es), countershaft, secondary
shaft.
-----de sierra, saw mandrel.
-----de torsin, torque shaft.
---- de transmisin, driving shaft, (auto) propel
ler shaft.
-----gigantesco, big tree, sequoia; redwood.
gra (ef), spar tree, head spar or tree.
-----motor, driving shaft or axle; crankshaft.
-----partido, split shaft.
---- propulsor, driving shaft, (auto) propeller
shaft.
arbolar, to plant trees; to set a mast,
arbolln m, sewer, drain.
arborizacin/ , arborestacin / (M), forestation,
arbotante m, semiarch supporting a vault, strut
of a flying buttress; outlooker, hoisting
beam,
area/, box.
----- de agua, cistern.
----- de herramientas, toolbox.
arcada / , arcade, series of arches,
arcaduz m, conduit; elevator bucket,
arce m, maple.
----- sacarino o de azcar, sugar maple.
arcn m (Es), curb around a shaft or well; river-
bank.
arcilla / , clay
---- batida, puddled clay.
---- cocida, burnt clay.
-----de batn, fullers earth.
de cohesin o de liga (ms), bond clay.
de filtro, filter clay.
de ladrillero, brick clay.
de pedernal, flint clay.
de pudelaje (M), clay puddle.
---- descoloradora, bleaching clay.
endurecida (V), clay stone.
esquistosa, shale.
-----ferruginosa, iron clay, clay ironstone.
laminar (V), shale.
refractaria, fire clay.
----- refractaria apedernalada, flint clay.
arcillar m, deposit of clay; v to spread clay; to
mix with clay,
arcillita/ (V), clay stone,
arcilloarenoso (geol), argilloarenaceous.
arcillocalcreo (geol), argillocalcareous.
arcilloso, clayey, argillaceous,
arco m, arch; arc; (elec) arc.
a regia, flat arch.
------acarreador de trozas (M), logging arch.
adintelado, flat arch.
---- apainelado, elliptical arch.
articulado, hinged arch.
- birrotulado, two-hinged arch.
----- capialzado, arch behind a lintel.
carbnico (elc)(A), carbon arc.
carpanel, three-centered or elliptical arch.
crucero, rib at intersection of groined arches.
-----cubierto (sol), shielded arc.
---- de aligeramiento, relieving arch.
de ngulo constante, constant-angle arch
(dam).
de asa de canasta (M), three-centered arch.
de centro pleno, semicircular or full-centered
arch.
-----de cuatro centros, four-centered arch.
de declinacin (inst), declination arc.
-----de descarga, relieving arch.
----- de dos articulaciones, two-hinged arch.
-----de encuentro, groined arch.
-----de enjuto abierto, open-spandrel arch.
-----de filete, fillet arch.
de la hlice (cn), propeller arch, bridge
piece, tuck plate.
-----de llama (elc), flaming arc.
de medio punto, semicircular or full-centered
arch.
de radio constante, eonstant-radius arch
(dam).
de sardinel, rowlock (brick) arch.
-----de segmento, segmental arch.
de sierra, hacksaw frame.
-----de tres articulaciones o de triple charnela o
de triple rtula, three-hinged arch,
de tres centros, three-centered arch,
descubierto (sol), unshielded arc.
en esviaje, skew arch.
escarzano o rebajado, segmental arch.
forestal (te), logging arch.
inverso (ra), arc-back, backfire.
mltiple, multiple arch (dam).
nervado, ribbed arch.
para troncos (te), logging arch.
parlante (ra), speaking arc.
protegido (sol), shielded aro.
rampante, rampant arch.
rectilneo, flat arch.
reticulado, framed arch.
---- rotulado, hinged arch.
sesgado, skew arch.
sonoro (elc), singing arc.
taquimtrico (inst), stadia arc.
- tricntrico o zarpanel, three-centered arch.
trirrotulado, three-hinged arch.
vuelto, inverted arch.
arcn m, bin, bunker; caisson.
carbonero, coalbin.
arcosa / (geol), arkose (sandstone).
archivador m, filing cabinet.
archivar, to file (documents).
archivero m (M), tiling cabinet.
archivos TO, (of) files.
arder, to burn.
rea/, area; (meas) are.
alimentadora o colectora (hid), drainage or
catchment area, watershed.
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firea
30
armadura
I! I! f I! fo I I O rI guI r! .
-----de captacin o drenaje (hid), catchment
area, watershed.
-----de escurrimiento (hid)(Col), drainage area,
watershed.
-----de inundacin, flooded area; flood plam.
-----de retencin (irr), check.
-----de sobrerrecorrido (ap), runover area.
-----de soporte (est), bearing area.
-----de sustentacin, bearing area.
de viraje (ap), turn-around.
-----exploradora (tv), scanning spot.
___vertiente (hid), watershed, drainage area.
reas extremas (ot), end areas,
arena/, sand.
-----acarreadiza, blow sand.
-----corrediza, quicksand.
-----cuarzosa, quartz sand.
-----chancada, crusher fjand.
-----de aristas vivas, sharp sand.
-----de cantera o de mina, pit sand.
-----de conchas, shell sand.
-----de duna, blow or dune sand.
-----de escape (pet), thief sand.
-----de fundicin, molding or foundry sand.
-----de granos angulosos, sharp sand.
-----de mar o de playa, beach sand.
-----de revocar, plastering sand.
-----de slice, silica sand.
----- flida o movediza, quicksand.
-----fluvial, river sand.
-----gasfera, gas sand.
-----gorda o gruesa, coarse sand.
-----molida, rolled or manufactured sand.
----- normal, standard sand.
-----oriental (A), sand from Uruguay.
- petrolfera, oil sand.
-----productiva (pet), pay or producing sand.
-----recia, coarse sand.
-----refractaria, fire or refractory sand.
-----rodada, buckshot sand.
-----verde (fund), green sand.
arenceo, sandy, arenaceous.
arenador m, s a n d e r ; sandbox; (loco) sand dome;
(A) sandblast outfit,
arenadora/ (ca), sand spreader, sander.
arenal w, deposit of sand, sand pit or bar; (M)
sand dune,
arenar, to sand.
arenera/ (M), sandblast outfit,
areneo m, sanding, sandblasting,
arenero m, sandbox; sand trap, settling basin:
grit chamber; (loco) sand dome.^
arenilla/, fine sand, molding sand; grit,
arenillas (min)(M), tailings,
arenisca / , sandstone.
-----arcsica, arkose.
-----verde, greensand.
arenisco, arenoso, sandy.
areometria / , (chem) hydrometry, areometry.
areomtrico, areometric.
aremetro, hydrometer, areometer, (su) spindle,
atetillo TO, a Cuban hardwood,
argallera/ (Es), grooving saw, croze,
argamasa/, (mas) mortar,
argamasar, to lay in mortar, to cement.
argamasn m, lump of mortar,
rgana / (Es), derrick, crane,
arganeo TO, anchor ring,
argnteo, argental; silver-plated,
argntico, argentic.
argentfero, containing silver, argentiferous, sil
ver-bearing,
argentino, argental, silvery,
argentita/, argentite (silver ore),
argentoso, argentous.
argilolita / , clay stone,
argilla/, clay.
argirita, argirosa / (miner), argyrite, argyrose,
argentite.
argiritrosa / (miner), argyrythrose, pyrargyrite.
argo m (quim), argon.
argolla/, ring; staple; shackle.
arge m, windlass, capstan.
aridez/, aridity.
rido m, (conc) (rd) aggregate, road metal; a arid.
-----fino, fine aggregate, sand.
-----graduado, graded aggregate.
- grueso, coarse aggregate,
ariegita/ (geol), ariegite (pyroxenite).
arietazo m (hid), water hammer,
ariete TO, ram; water hammer.
-----a vapor, steam ram.
-----hidrulico, hydraulic ram; water hammer.
arigue TO (ed) (F), post, stud,
arista/, edge; salient angle; curb.
-----cortante, cutting edge.
-----cortante del fuste (herr), body-cutting edge.
-----cortante de la punta (herr), point-cutting
edge. .
-----de encuentro, groin, intersection of groined
arches.
-----hidrogrfica (V), watershed divide.
-----matada, beveled edge.
- metlica de defensa, curb bar; corner bead.
----- viqa, sharp edge; draft edge.
aristero m (to) (A), hip.
aristn TO, line of intersection of groined arches;
reinforced corner,
aritmtica/, arithmetic,
aritmtico, arithmetical,
aritmmetro TO, calculating machine,
armada/, erection, assembly; navy,
armada / , raft.
armado, built-up, framed, assembled; reinforced;
trussed.
-----con pasadores, pin-connected.
armador TO, erector, framer; shipowner. ^
-----de buques, shipfitter, shipbuilder; shipowner.
-----de puentes, bridgeman, steel erector.
armadura / , erection, assembly; bent, frame
work; truss; armature (magnet), keeper;
mounting; (conc) reinforcement; (V) con
crete forms; (elec)(C) armature.
-----A, A frame.
-----articulada, pin-connected truss.
-----atiesadora, stiffening truss.
-----Baltimore, Baltimore truss.
------ Burr, Burr truss.
---- -comprimida (conc), compression reinforce
ment.
-----contraquebranto (cn), hog frame.
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armadura
31
arrancador
ru I I o O f o M r!I or!! f .
de arco y cuerda, bowstring truss.
- de cubierta, roof truss.
de dos pndolas, queen-post truss.
-----de enrejado, lattice truss.
-----de lnula, crescent truss.
de malla (conc), mat reinforcement; mesh
reinforcement.
-----de pasadores, pin-connected truss.
-----de pendoln, king-post truss.
-----de rigidez, stiffening truss.
: de segueta (C), hacksaw frame.
de surgencia (pet)(V), Christmas tree.
de tablero inferior, through truss.
-----de tablero superior, deck truss.
-----de tijera, scissors truss.
----- de viga, trussing of a beam.
----- en abanico, fan truss.
-----en arco, arch truss.
en espiral (conc), spiral reinforcement.
----- en K, K truss.
----- enana (V), pony truss.
-----Howe, Howe truss.
-----Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania or Petit truss.
-----Petit, Petit truss.
-----Pratt, Pratt truss.
- rebajada, pony truss.
------rechoncha (V), pony truss.
-----selectiva, selective assembly.
---superior (A), through truss.
tejida (conc), mesh reinforcement.
triangular, triangular or Warren truss, War
ren girder.
volada, cantilever truss.
Warren, Warren girder or truss, triangular
truss.
Warren de doble interseccin, double tri
angular truss.
Whipple, Whipple truss, double-intersection
Pratt truss,
armaduria / , assembling shop,
armaje m, erection, assembly; (A) framework,
armar, to assemble, erect, frame; to reinforce; to
truss,
armario m, cabinet.
de cortacircuito (elec), cutout box.
----de dibujos, plan file.
de herramientas, tool cabinet.
armazn/, framework, skeleton, frame, chassis;
floor system of a bridge; (V) concrete rein
forcement.
----A, A frame.
contraladeo (est), sway frame.
de orugas, (cr) track frame, crawler frame.
de sustentacin, cribwork, crib.
del timn (cn), rudder frame.
- para serrucho (A), hacksaw frame.
para troncos (tc), logging arch,
armella/, eyebolt; staple.
de resalto, shoulder eyebolfc.
armnico m a (mat) (elec), harmonic,
aro m, hoop, ring; (auto) tire rim.
del aguiln (gr), boom band.
de barril, barrel hoop.
-----de base plana (auto), flat-base rim.
de caja (auto), hollow rim.
de compresin (mbolo), compression ring.
de mbolo, piston or packing ring.
de freno, brake ring.
de guarnicin, packing ring.
de neumtico (auto), rim.
de piston, piston ring.
de resorte, snap ring (piston).
de ventilacin (auto), ventilated piston ring.
-----dentado, ring gear.
-----desmontable (auto), demountable rim.
-----empaquetador, packing ring.
portabolas o de rodillos, ball race (bearing),
roller cage,
rasca-aceite (auto)(A), scraper ring.
-----rascador, scraper ring.
regulador de aceite (auto), oil-control ring,
arpeo m, cant hook; grapnel,
arpeos de pie, climbing irons, climbers,
arpillera/, burlap, bagging,
arpn m (pet), spear.
de circulacin y desprendimiento, releasing
and circulating spear.
-----de disparo, trip spear.
desalojador, releasing spear,
-----pescacable, rope spear.
-----pescatubos, casing spear.
-----pescavlvulas, valve spear.
arponado, pronged, ragged (bolt),
arqueador m, ship surveyor,
arquear, to arch; to survey a ship; arquearse
(an), to hog.
arqueo m, arching; measurement of a vessel;
tonnage of a vessel; (com) audit; appraisal
of assets.
-----bruto, gross tonnage.
-----de registro, registered tonnage, tons register.
-----neto, net tonnage.
arquera / , series of arches, arcade,
arquitecto mt architect.
-----naval, naval architect.
-----paisajista, landscape architect.
arquitectnico, architectural,
arquitectura f, architecture.
-----civil, architecture.
-----hidrulica, hydraulic engineering,
-----militar, military engineering.
-----naval, naval architecture.
arquitectural (M) (Es), architectural,
arquitrabe m, architrave; (C) beam; (Col) lintel,
arrabio m, pig iron; an ingot,
arramblarse, to be covered with sand by a flood,
arrancaalcayatas m (fc), spike puller,
arrancaclavos m, claw bar, nail puller,
arrancada/, starting.
arrancador m, puller; grubber, ripper; (auto)
self-starter; (elec) starting compensator;
(pet) fishing tool,
a botn, push-button starter.
-----automtico, self-starter.
-----Bendix, Bendix drive.
d estator (elc)(A), field starter or control
ler,
de postes de cerco, fence-post puller,
-----de races, grubber.
de rotor (A), armature starter.
-----de yerbajos, weed eradicator.
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arrancador
32
artefactos
I or I !rI O I !rfI f rf!rO
rr ! gr ! m, g! r I uII!rO
rr ! rI I fo I ! O I Iu! r .
arrancapernos to, spike puller,
arrancapilotes t, pile puller or extractor,
arrancar, to start; to pull, draw; to root out; to
spring (arch); (min) to mine, dig.
arrancarraces to (ec), rooter, ripper,
arrancasondas m, drill extractor,
arrancatablas to (ts), plank puller,
arrancatocn to, stump puller,
arrancatubos m, pipe puller, tube extractor,
arranque to, (machy) starting; beginning, intake
(canal); spring line (arch); (rr) lead; (rr)
turnout; (min) breaking ground; (min)
mining, digging.
-----domiciliario, service connection to a main.
-----en fro, (eng) cold starting.
-----prctico o real (fc), practical lead.
-----terico (fc), theoretical lead.
arrasador m (Ch), leveling or finishing machine,
arrasar, to level; (bldg) to wreck, demolish, raze,
arrastradero to (ef), skidding or snaking trail,
arrastradora (/) de troncos (ef), log hauler,
arrastrar, to haul, move, pull, draw, drag; (hyd)
to scour, wash out; (r) to carry in suspen
sion; (hyd) (chem) to entrain; (lg) to skid,
snake, twitch, yard,
arrastratubos m, pipe puller,
arrastre m, haulage, hauling, carrying, dragging;
washout; drag mill; slope of an adit; (ra)
pulling; (ra) tracking.
---- capilar, capillary entrainment.
de agua (cal), priming.
-----de mbolo (auto), piston drag.
de fondo (r), bed load.
arrastres, suspended matter in a stream, silt.
arrecife TO, ridge of rock, ledge, reef; causeway.
-----barrera o de barra, barrier reef.
-----costero, fringing reef,
arreglador (m) de averas (seg), average adjuster
or surveyor,
arremolinado to (r), eddy,
arremolinarse, to eddy, swirl, form whirlpools,
arrendador m, lessor,
arrendamiento m, lease,
arrendar, to rent, lease,
arrendatario to, lessee, leaseholder,
arrestachispas m, spark catcher,
arrestallamas m, flame arrester,
arriada/, flood.
arriar, to lower; to slack off; (cab) to pay out;
arriarse, to be flooded,
arriba adv, above, overhead, upstairs.
----- de la corriente, upstream.
arricete m, reef of rocks.
arrimadero m, berth at a dock; ferry slip.
arrimadillo TO, wainscot, dado.
arrimaje TO, lighterage; (Ph) loading platform.
arrimar, to place against; (naut) to dock, berth.
arrimo TO, curtain wall; party wall.
arriostramiento m (est), bracing.
-----contracimbreo o contraladeo, sway bracing.
-----contraviento, wind bracing.
-----de portal (pte), portal bracing.
-----secundario o de contratensin (pte), coun
terbracing,
arriostrar, to brace, stay.
arroba / , weight of 25 lb; measure varying from
'Vi to 4i i gal.
arrojar (exc), to cast, dump; to waste,
arrolladizo, rolling.
arrollado en derivacin (elc), shunt-wound,
arrollado en serie (elc), series-wound,
arrolladura / (mad), shake,
arrollamiento m (elc), winding.
----- anular, ring winding.
-----compensador, compensating winding.
-----de arranque, starting winding.
de cuerdas, chord or short-pitch or frao-
tional-pitch winding.
-----de lazo, lap winding.
-----de marcha, running winding.
- de tambor, drum winding.
-----diametral, full-pitch winding.
-----inducido, armature winding.
-----inductor, field winding.
-----ondulado, wave or undulatory winding.
-----regulador, regulating winding.
arrollar, to roll, wind, reel,
arromar, to blunt, dull.
arroyada / , channel of a small stream, gully,
brook,
arroyado, gullied.
arroyo, brook, stream, creek; small valley, gully,
draw; gutter.
-----consecuente (geol), consequent stream.
---- obsecuente (geol), obsequent stream.
-----resecuente (geol), resequent stream.
-----subsecuente (geol), subsequent stream.
arroyuelo to, small brook or valley,
arrufadura/ (an), sheer,
arrufo to (an), sheer; sagging,
arruga/, corrugation, wrinkle,
arrugas de doblez (tub), bending creases,
arrugado, corrugated, fluted,
arrugamiento to (geol), small fold,
arruma / (cn), a hold, cargo compartment,
arrumaje m, stowage, stowing,
arrumar, to stow.
arrumbamiento m, (surv)(nav) bearing; (geol)
strike.
arrumbe, arrumbre TO (Ch), rust,
arrumbrarse (Ch), to rust,
arsenal TO, shipyard, dockyard; navy yard
arsenal.
arseniato m, arsenate, arseniate.
arsenical, arsenical,
arsnico m a, arsenic.
----- bianco, white arsenic, arsenic trioxide.
-----piritoso (miner), arsenical pyrites, arsenopy-
rite.
----- rojo, red arsenic, realgar.
arsenioso, arsenious.
arsenito m, arsenite.
arseniuro m, arsenide.
arsenopirita (mineral de arsnico), arsenopyrite.
arsenical pyrites,
artefacto TO, device, appliance, fixture,
artefactos de alumbrado, fighting fixtures,
artefactos sanitarios, plumbing fixtures.
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artesa 33 asfalto
rf! O frougJ O fr MO I u I!rO orf r fu I Col)
river basin.
-----de almacenamiento (Col), storage basin or
reservoir.
---- de amortiguacin (hid)(Col), stilling pool.
-----de criba, screen pan.
-----de despumacin o de espumas (dac), skim
ming or scum trough.
---- - de lavado (pa), wash trough.
-----de rebose (az), save-all, catchall.
---- de salpicadura (lu), splash trough.
-----de via (fc), track pan.
-----de volteo (mz), dumping chute.
-----oscilante (min), cradle.
artesano m, artesan, skilled workman, mechanic.
-----de banco, bench worker, benchman.
artesianismo m (Pe), condition of artesian water,
artesiano, artesian.
artesn m, tub, mortar box; panel; (min) wash-
trough.
artesonado m, paneling, wainscoting,
articulacin / , joint, hinge, articulation, knee
joint.
----- cardn, cardan j oint.
----de cruceta (A), universal joint.
-----esfrica o de rtula, ball-and-socket joint.
-----giratoria, swivel joint.
-----universal, universal joint.
articulado, jointed, articulated.
-----con pasadores, pin-connected.
articular, to hinge, articulate, joint.
artifice m, artisan, skilled workman; maker.
artificial, artificial.
artificio m, device, appliance.
artillero m (min)(Es), blaster, powderman.
artisela/, rayon.
as (m) de gua, bowline knot.
asa / , handle, haft, bail; (M) thimble.
de cubo, bail (bucket),
asbestiforme (miner), asbestiform.
asbestina/(pint), Asbestine (trademark),
asbestino, made of asbestos, asbestine,
asbesto m, asbestos.
-----acolchonado, (ini) asbestos blanket.
----de corcho, mountain cork.
----- en cartn, asbestos board.
asbesto-cambray barnizado (ais), asbestos-var
nished cambric.
ascensin recta, right ascension,
ascenso m, rise; promotion.
----- muerto (an), dead rise.
ascensor m, elevator.
-----de acera, sidewalk elevator.
-----de carga, freight elevator.
---- - de tambor, drum-type elevator.
-----de traccin, traction-type elevator.
-----hidrulico, plunger elevator.
-----sin engranaje, gearless elevator.
ascensorista m / , elevator operator.
ascua / , anything incandescent or red-hot.
asegurado m, the assured.
asegurador m, fastener, anchor; insurer.
aseguradores contra incendios, fire underwriters.
asegurar, to fasten; to insure.
asentable (hid), settleable.
asentado m (auto)(A), running in.
asentado de canto (mam), face-bedded,
asentador m, stonemason; chisel; (pet) settler.
-----de chavetas, key-seating chisel.
-----de vlvulas, valve grinder.
asentamientom, settlement; (conc)(A)(C)slump.
-----con vibracin (conc), vibratory slump.
-----normal (conc), standard slump.
asentar, (str) to set, seat; (act) to enter; (mas)
to bed; (t) to hone; (machy)(A) to run in;
asentarse, to settle,
aseo (m) urbano, street cleaning,
aserradero m, sawmill.
-----a sierra sin fin, band mill.
-----mltiple, gang mill.
- para chapa, veneer mill.
-----para durmientes, tie mill.
transportable, portable sawmill,
aserradizo, fit to be sawed into lumber,
aserrado por cuartos, quartersawed, edge-grain.
aserrado (m) (.simple, tangent-sawing, plain-saw
ing, bastard-sawing,
aserrador m, sawyer, sawmill worker; (Ec) saw
mill.
aserradora /, power saw.
-----de banda, band saw, band mill.
-----de banda para repasar, band resaw.
-----de cantero, stone saw.
-----en caliente, hot saw.
-----en fro, cold saw.
aserradura / , sawing; a saw cut.
aserraduras, sawdust,
aserrar, to saw.
-----a contrahilo, to saw across the grain.
-----al hilo o a lo largo, to ripsaw.
-----metales, to hacksaw.
aserrn m, sawdust.
aserro m (C)(M), sawmill.
aserruchar, to saw.
asesor m, consultant; (ins) adjustor.
-----de averas, average or insurance adjuster.
-----legal, counsel.
------ tcnico, technical adviser.
asfaltador m, asphalt paver,
asfaltaje m, asphalting.
asfaltaT, to asphalt,
asfalteno (M), asphaltene.
asfltico, asphaltic,
asfaltifero, containing asphalt,
asfaltina/, asphaltene.
asfaltita / (pet), asphaltite.
asfalto m, asphalt.
------adelgazado (M), asphalt cutback.
-----artificial, artificial or oil asphalt.
-----cortado, asphalt cutback.
-----de alta penetracin (ca), high-penetration
asphalt.
-----de cura rpida, rapid-curing asphalt.
-----de curado lento, slow-curing asphalt.
-----de petrleo, petroleum asphalt.
-----de roca, rock asphalt.
-----diluido, cutback asphalt.
-----fluxado (ca) (M), flux asphalt.
-----insuflado, blown asphalt.
-----lacustre, lake asphalt.
-----mineral, rock asphalt.
-----natural, native asphalt.
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asfalto 34 ataludai
plstico, I J If I uffM .
-----rebajado (ca), flux asphalt, asphalt cutback.
-----rebajado de curacin mediana, medium-cur
ing cutback.
-----refinado al aire, air-blown asphalt.
-----refinado al vapor, steam-blown asphalt.
rellenado, filled asphalt, asphalt enamel,
asidero to, handle.
asiento ra, (str) beajing, seat; (conc) slump; set
tlement (foundation); (hyd) settlement,
settling; site; (act) entry; (A) saddle of a
lathe.
-----del aguiln (gr), boom-seat casting.
-----de los aguilones (cn), boom or mast table.
-----de cola (auto), rumble seat.
-----de deslizamiento (maq), sliding bearing.
------ de expansion (pte), roller or expansion bear
ing.
de montaje (est), erection seat.
-----de puente, bridge seat.
-----de recambio (v), renewable seat.
-----de zaga (auto), rumble seat.
-----longitudinal (cn), trim.
-----mineral, mining region.
-----postizo (v), renewable seat, valve insert.
asignacin/, salary; appropriation.
asimetra / , asymmetry.
asimtrico, asymmetrical, unsymmetrical.
asincrnico, asincrono (elc), asynchronous.
asincronismo ra, asynchronism.
asintonizar (ra), to detune.
asntota:/ (mat), asymptote.
asittico, asymptotic.
asismicidad/ , aseismicity.
assmico, aseismic.
asistente, assistant, helper.
asnado m, mine timber.
asnas / , rafters.
asnilla / , strut, shore; (bldg) (Sp) needle,
asnillo ra, carpenter s horse; shore,
asociacin / , association, company, union.
-----de fabricantes, manufacturers association.
-----obrera, labor union.
-----patronal, employers association.
profesional obrera (Ch), trade-union.
asomo ra (geol), outcrop, inlier.
asotonar, to dig a cellar.
aspa/y vane, wing, flight; (mx) blade; (min) in
tersection of two veins,
aspas, X bracing.
aspereza/, roughness; (conc) harshness,
spero, rough ; (conc); harsh,
aspern ra, grindstone; flagstone, stone slab;
sandstone.
de diamante, diamond wheel,
asperonar (M), to grind (tools),
asperosidad / ( M ) , roughness,
aspersor m, sprinkler,
aspillera / , opening in a wall,
aspiracin/, suction, draft.
-----de polvo, dust exhaust.
- mecnica, forced draft.
-----normal, natural draft.
aspirador m, suction pipe; draft tube; exhauster;
aspirator.
-----de aserrn, sawdust collector.
-----de polvo, vacuum cleaner, dust exhauster.
aspirar, to suck, draw in.
asquistico (geol), aschistic.
asta/, pole; (t) handle, shank; (mas) header.
---- de canto (lad), bull header.
----- de suspensores (cv), carrier horn.
-----, muro de, wall 1 brick thick.
-----y media, muro de, wall 1% bricks thick.
astaticidad/ , astaticism.
asttico (elc), astatic,
astatizar, to astatize.
astiai ra (Es), side wall of sewer; (min) side wall
of a gallery,
astil ra, shank, handle; beam of a scale,
astilla/, chip, splinter; spa'll.
----- de cantera, quarry spall.
-----de laminacin (met), spill, lap.
- muerta (an), dead rise,
astillar, to splinter, (pi) broom; astillarse, to
spall; to splinter, (pi) broom,
astillero ra, shipyard, dockyard, naval station;
rack for pipe or bars.
----- de torre (pet), finger board.
astilloso, splintery, easily chipped; (met) spilly.
astrgalo m (arq), astragal,
astronmico, astronomic, astronomical,
asurcar, to furrow.
atabe ra (pb)(Es), cleanout opening; vent.
atabladera / , drag, road planer.
atablar, to screed, smooth off.
atacadera / (voi), bulling bar, tamping stick.
----- de bloque, tamping block.
----- de barro (min)(tn), bull, clay iron, claying
bar.
atacador m, tamping stick or bar.
atacamita / , atacamite (copper ore),
atacar (voi), to tamp, ram, stem,
atado ra, a bundle.
atador (ra) de troncos (ef), load binder, stretcher
jack.
atadora (/) de listones, lath binder.
atadura / , tie, fastening.
atagua / , (hyd) cofferdam ; (mech) guides.
-----celular, cellular (sheet-pile) cofferdam.
-----de cajn, open caisson.
-----de cofre, crib cofferdam.
-----de encofrado y relleno, puddle-wall coffer
dam.
----- de tablestacado simple, single-wall sheet-pile
cofferdam.
---- encajonada, box cofferdam, open caisson.
-----metlica (M), cofferdam of steel sheet piling.
ataguiar, to cofferdam.
atajadero ra (hid), small gate; (irr) division gate;
diversion dam.
atajadizo ra, baffle wall,
atajador ra (mec), arrester.
-----de golpe de ariete, water-hammer suppres
sor.
atajar, to obstruct; to dike.
atajo m, dike; (A) cofferdam; (M) cutoff wall;
trail, path; barrier,
atalajar, to haul; to couple; to harness, hitch up.
atalaje ra, harness; coupling; hitching up.
ataludadora / (ca), backsloper, sloper blade,
ataludar, ataluzar, to slope; to batter.
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atanor
35
augita
f or m, Ir I fII!.
atapialar (Ec), to build mud walls,
ataque m, tamping of powder; (Pe) breaking
ground.
ataques (min), deads, rubbish,
atar, to tie, bind, lash,
atarazana / , shipyard.
atarjea / , drainpipe, small culvert; (M) small
sewer; (Pe) reservoir.
-----domstica, house connection to a sewer.
atarquinamiento m, silting up, covering with
mud.
atarquinarse, to silt up.
atarrajar, to thread, tap.
atarugar, to plug; to wedge,
atascadero m, mudhole, bog.
atascado (cab), foul,
atascamiento (m) de hielo, ice jam.
atascar, to stop ;up, obstruct; (bl) (A) to tamp
powder; atascarse, to stick, jam; to bog
down; (eng) to stall,
atasco ra, jamming, sticking,
atauja / (AC), conduit, drain,
ateje m, a hardwood of the West Indies,
atejo m (Col), bundle,
atemperador m (aa), attemperator.
atemperar (aa), to temper; to condition,
atenuacin / (elc), attenuation,
atenuador m (elc), attenuator, pad; (ra)(A)
fader,
atrmico, athermic.
aterrajado crneo, taper thread,
aterrajar, to thread, tap; (fdy) to strickle,
aterraje m (ap)(A), landing,
aterrar, to fill with earth; to demolish; aterrarse,
to silt up.
aterrizaje m (ap), landing.
-----a ciegas, blind or instrument landing.
-----a favor del viento, down-wind landing.
aplastado, pancake landing.
-----con velocidad crtica, stall landing.
-----de precisin, spot or precision landing; ac
curacy landing.
-----en tres puntos, three-point landing.
-----planeado, glide landing.
aterronarse, to become lumpy, to cake,
atesador m, stiffener; take-up tackle.
------ de correa, belt tightener.
atesar, to tighten; to stiffen,
atibar, (min) to pack, fill up; (Col) to load, stow,
atices m (min)(Col), lagging, spilling,
atierre ra, filling with earth; silting up; (min)
slide of waste material,
atierres (min), deads,
atiesacadena m, chain tightener,
atiesador m, stiff ener; take-up tackle.
de apoyo, (gi) bearing stiffener.
-----de mamparo (cn), bulkhead stiffener.
-----extremo, (gi) end stiffener.
atiesar, to tighten; to stiffen,
atirantar, to guy, stay; to truss,
atizador ra, poker, slice or clinker or slash bar
fire hook; stoker,
atizar, to trim a fire.
atizonar, to bond with headers; to embed in a
wall.
atmmetro m, atmometer.
atmsfera / , atmosphere.
-----tipo, standard atmosphere.
atmosfrica / (ra)(M), static, atmospherics,
atmosfrico, atmospheric,
atoaje m, towing, towage; a tow.
atoar, to tow.
atolladero ra, bog; (machy) pocket, dead end.
atollar, atollarse, to stick, clog, jam.
atmico, atomic,
atomizador m, atomizer.
-----de pintura, paint sprayer.
atomizar, to atomize,
tomo m, atom,
tomo-gramo, gram-atom.
atorarse, to jam, stick,
atornillador m, screwdriver.
-----de empuje, automatic or spiral screwdriver.
atornilladora (/) de tuercas, nut runner or
tightener,
atornillar, to screw; (C) to bolt
atoro m, obstruction, jam.
atracadero m, wharf, landing place, berth; ferry
slip.
-----paralelo, marginal wharf.
atracar (nut), to berth, dock, bring alongside,
atrapador m, trap; (ra) catcher.
-----de agua, steam trap.
-----de mandbulas, alligator grab.
-----de ondas (ra)(A), wave trap.
-----de polvo, dust collector.
atrapadora (/) de arena (pet), sand trap,
atrapancleos ra (pet), core catcher,
atrapar, to trap.
atraparripio m (peti), junk catcher,
atraque m, landing place, wharf; mooring,
atrasarse, (elec) to lag; (rr) to be late,
atraso m (elc), lag.
----- de imanacin, magnetic lag.
-----histertico, hysteresis lag.
atravesado m, (mas)(M) header, bondstone; a
crosswise.
atravesao ra, header, cap, crosspiece; (bdg)
floor beam; (C) crosstie.
atravesar, to cross, pass through; to place cross
wise; (tv) to traverse,
atravieso m (top)(Ch), gap, pass,
atrecho ra (PR), trail, path,
atril ra (lab), rack,
atronadura / (mad), check,
audibilidad / (ra), audibility,
audible, audible.
audfono ra, headphone, earphone,
audio a (ra), audio.
audioamplificador m (ra), audio or audiofre
quency amplifier,
audiofrecuencia / (ra), audiofrequency,
audimetro m, audiometer,
audin (ra), audion.
audiooscilador m (ra), audio or audiofrequency
oscillator,
audioseal / (ra), audio signal,
auditor ra (M), auditor,
auditora / (M), auditing,
augita / (miner), augite, pyroxene.
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augita
36
autopropulsor
augita-prfido I g!oI O ugIfoI J Mr!O ugIf!I or
I J MrM. .
aullido m (ra), howl.
-----de borde, fringe howl.
aumentador m, aumentadora / , booster; in-
creaser; augmenter; magnifier.
-----de presin, pressure booster.
-----de velocidad, speed increaser.
-----de salto (hid), fall increaser.
aureola / (geol), contact zone, aureole,
auricular m (tel), earpiece; a aural.
-----de mano (ra), hand receiver.
auriculares (ra), headphone.
aurfero, gold-bearing.
austemplado m (met), austempering.
austenita/ (met), austenite.
austenitico, austenitic.
austral, southern, austral.
ausfi m (PR), a construction lumber.
ausuba/, ausubo m (PR) (RD), a hardwood.
autignico (geol), authigenic.
autoabridor, self-opening.
autoactuador, self-acting.
autoaeracin/ , self-aeration.
autoafilador, self-sharpening.
autoaguzador, self-sharpening.
autoajustador, self-adjusting.
autoalargador, self-lengthening.
autoalimentador, self-fedmg.
autoalineamiento m, self-alignment.
autoamolador, self-sharpening, self-grinding.
autoarrancador m, self-starter.
autobajador, self-lowering.
autobasculante, self-tipping, self-dumping.
autobias (ra), self-bias.
autobomba / , motor fire engine.
autobote m, motorboat, powerboat.
autobs m, motorbus.
-----de trole, trolley coach or bus.
autocalafateador, self-calking,
autocalibrador, self-calibrating,
autocamion m, motor truck, autotruck,
autocapacidad/ (ele), self-capacitance,
autocarenaje m, self-docking,
autocargador, self-loading.
autocarril m, automobile on a railroad track;
(rr)(Ec) motorcar,
autocartgrafo m (fma), autocartograph.
autocatalitico (pet), autocatalytic.
autocebadura / , self-priming,
autocentrador, self-centering,
autocerrador, self-locking,
autoclstico (geol), autoclastic.
autoclave/, autoclave; retort,
autocoagulacin / , self-coalescence,
autocohesor m (ra), autocoherer,
autocolimacin/ (fma), autocollimation.
autocompensador, self-compensating,
autocoduccin / (ele), autoconduction,
autocontrolado, self-excited (oscillator),
autoconvertidor tn (ele), autoconverter,
autctono (geol), autochthonous,
autodepuracin/(r), self-purification,
autodesplazable, self-moving,
autodina/(ra), autodyne,
autodinmico, autodynamic.
autodinar (ra), to autodyne,
autodino a (ra), autodyne,
autoelevador, self-raising,
autoencendido m, self-ignition,
autoendurecedor, self-hardening,
autoengrasador, self-lubricating,
autoenrasillante (ed), self-furring,
autoequilibrador (ele), self-balancing,
autoestable, independently stable, self-support
ing.
autoestibante (nut), self-stowing,
autoestrada/ (A)(M)(Es), automobile road,
autoexcitacin / (ele), self-excitation,
autoferro m (U), automobile on a railroad track,
autoffltrador, self-filtering (lens),
autofocador, autofocusing, self-focusing,
autofundente, self-fluxing,
autogenerador, self-generative,
autogentico, autogensico, (geol) autogenetic.
autogenizador m (sol), autogenizer.
autgeno (sol), autogenous,
autogiro m (ap), autogiro, autogyro,
autgrafo m (inst), autograph,
autoheterodino (ra), autoheterodyne,
autoignicin / , self-ignition; spontaneous com
bustion,
autoigualador, self-equalizing,
autoimpedancia/ (ele), self-impedance,
autoimpulsor m (auto)(Es), self-starter,
autoindicador, self-indicating,
autoinduccin / (ele), self-induction,
autoinductancia / (ele), self-inductance, coeffi
cient of self-induction,
autoinductivo, self-inductive,
autoinductor m (ele), self-inductor,
autoinflamacin / , self-ignition; spontaneous
combustion,
autolavador, self-scrubbing, self-washing,
autoligador, self-bonding,
autolimpiador, self-cleaning,
autolubricacin / , self-oiling,
autolubricador a, self-oiling,
automtico, automatic.
automezclador m (conc), truck or transit mixer,
automotor m, (rr) motorcar; (A) motor vehicle;
a self-moving, automotive,
automvil m, automobile.
-----de plaza (A), taxicab.
----- de via, automobile on a railroad track.
automovilario a, automotive, automobile,
automultiplicador, self-energizing (brake),
autonafta / , motor spirit,
autonivelador ra (ca), motor grader,
automnibus r, motorbus.
autooscilacin / (ra), self-oscillation,
autooscilador m (ra), self-oscillator,
autooxidacin / (quim), autooxidation,
autopatrol m (ca)(A)(V), motor patrol,
autopatrullera/ (ca), motor patrol,
autopista/ ( A ) , automobile road,
autopolarizacin/(ra)(A), self-bias,
autoportante (A), self-supporting,
autopositivo (fma), Autopositive (trademark),
autopotencial m (geof), self-potential,
autoprensor m, clamshell bucket,
autopropulsor, self-moving, automotive.
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autoprotector 37 zoe
ufoI rof!forO !I I rof!fI gO
ufoI urI I I O !I I urI I fIo O
uforr!oIIo O !I ! II gO
uforr!fI I Ior I r O !I r!fI MI gO
uforr!IuforO !I r!IuI gO
uforr!g Ior O fr!!fI rI uII g fruuO
uforr!gIfr IorO !I r!orII gO
uforr!guI IorO !I r!guI fI gO
uforro f!O !I f I I I g I r! .
autorrotativo, self-rotating,
autosellador, self-sealing,
autosifonaje m, self-siphoning,
autosostenido, self-supported,
autotanque m (Es), tank truck,
autotcnica / , automotive engineering,
autotcnico to, automotive engineer,
autotrabador, self-locking.
autotransformador to (elc), autotransformer,
balancing coil,
autotransporte m, motor transport,
autotrfico (dac), autotrophic.
autovehiculo m (A), motor vehicle,
autoventilador, self-ventilating,
autova/, automobile highway; to (A), gasoline-
driven handcar,
autovolcante, self-tipping, self-dumping,
autozorra / (A), handcar with power, .
auxiliar, n helper, assistant, auxiliary: a aux
iliary.
auxiliares to (tub), specials, fittings,
avalancha/, avalanche; (A) flood,
avaliz m (A), beacon,
avalorar, to appraise,
avaluador m, appraiser,
avaluar, to appraise; to evaluate,
avalo m, appraisal, valuation,
avance to, (mech) feed, advance; (tun) heading;
(rr) lead, frog distance; (se) lead, lap;
(elec) lead, pitch.
-----a mano (mee), hand feed.
angular (elc), angular pitch.
-----con frente entero (tn), full-face tunneling.
-----de la admisin (mv), admission lead.
-----del encendido (mg), advancing the ignition.
-----del escape (mv), exhaust or inside lead.
-----de fase (elc), phase lead or displacement.
-----de trabajo (fc), practical lead.
-----por friccin (mh), friction feed.
-----por gravedad, gravity feed.
-----prctico (fc), practical lead.
-----terico (fc), theoretical lead.
-----y banco (tn), heading and bench.
avantrn m, front truck of any piece of rolling
stock, forecarriage,
avanzada (/) de onda (elc), wave front,
avanzador to, feeder.
avanzar, to advance; (mech) to feed; (tun) to
drive.
----- la chispa (auto), to advance the spark.
avejigar, to blister.
avellanado y cincelado (re), countersunk and
chipped.
avellanador TO, countersinking bit.
avellanar, to countersink.
avellano TO (A), a softwood.
avenamiento m, drainage, draining, subdrainage.
avenar, to drain,
avenida / , flood; avenue,
aventador m, blower, fan.
-----de arena, sandblast outfit.
avera / , damage, breakdown; a damaged article,
a second; (ins) average.
-----gruesa, general or gross average.
-----particular o simple, common or particular
average,
averiar, to damage.
aviar, to equip, fit out; to finance, advance
money to.
avin m. airplane.
-----marino, seaplane, hydroplane, flying boat.
-----terrestre, landplane.
avos m, tools, equipment, outfit,
avisador m, indicator; warning sign; alarm; (ra)
(Sp) monitor.
-----de bajo nivel (cal), alarm gage.
-----de incendio, fire alarm.
aviso m, advertisement; notice; advice.
de embarque, shipping notice.
avivador m (Es), rabbeting plane; molding plane.
axial, axil, axial.
xico (Es), axial.
axinita/ (miner), axinite.
axonomtrico (dib), axonometric.
ayacahuite m, a Mexican pine.
ayudante, helper, assistant.
ayui m, an Argentine wood (semiliard).
ayunque TO (M), anvil.
ayustadera/, marlinespike.
ayustador m, splicer.
ayustadora / , cable-splicing rig.
ayustar (Cab), to splice.
ayuste m, splice.
----- corto, short or tuck splice.
-----de cuatro inserciones, four-tuck splice.
-----de maderero, logging splice.
-----de ojal, eye or loop or thimble splice.
-----largo, long or endless splice.
azada / , spade; hoe; (C) adz.
----- para cunetas, drain spade.
para hoyos, post spade.
-----para zanjas, ditch spade.
azadn TO, (t) hoe, grub hoe, spud; (ce) trench
hoe, backdigger.
-----de pala, scuffle or weeding hoe.
-----mecnico (ec), trench hoe, backdigger.
----- para arcilla, pneumatic clay spade.
azadonar, azadonear, to spade.
azafrn m (cn), rudder frame.
azanca / (min) (Es), subterranean spring.
azarbe m, irrigation ditch (return).
azarbeta / , subsidiary irrigation ditch.
azarcn m, red lead.
azimut TO, azimuth.
-----asumido, assumed azimuth.
-----de cuadrcula (fma), grid azimuth.
-----terrestre (fma), ground azimuth.
-----verdadero, true azimuth.
azimutal, azimuthal,
azoato TO, nitrate.
azocalar (Ch), to build (a wall) with heavy base
or water table,
zoe TO, nitrogen.
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og r g I !
azogar, fo I u! I II! .
azogue m, quicksilver, mercury; (M) silver ore.
azoguera / , amalgamation works.
azoico, (geol) azoic; (chem) nitric.
azoladora/ (fe), adzing machine.
azolar, to adz; to dub.
azolvarse, to silt up; to become obstructed.
azolve m, silt.
azolvos m, silt; obstructions,
azotea / , roof, flat roof, (bldg) terrace,
azotico, nitric,
azcar m / , sugar.
-----amarilla, brown sugar.
- aprovechable, available sugar.
-----bianco, white or refined sugar.
----- concreto, concrete sugar.
-----crudo, raw sugar.
----- de alta polarizacin, high-test sugar.
-----de caa, cane sugar.
de centrfuga, centrifugal sugar.
-----invertido, invert sugar.
-----mascabada o morena o terciada, brown sugar.
-----reductor, reducing or invert sugar.
---- refino, refined or white sugar.
-----turbinado (C), centrifugal sugar.
azucarero m, sugar-mill worker, sugarhouse fore
man; sugar technologist,
azuchar, to shoe piles,
azuche in, pile shoe,
azud / , diversion dam, weir.
-----de encofrado, crib dam.
-----para peces, fish weir.
azuela/, adz.
-----curva, spout adz.
-----de cotillo completo, full-head adz.
de espiga o de ribera, spur-head or ship car
penters adz.
-----de medio cotillo, half-head adz.
-----ferrocarrilera, railroad adz.
azufre m, sulphur,
azufroso, sulphurous,
azul m a, blue.
----- de bromoclorofenol (lab), bromochlorophe-
nol blue.
-----de bromofenol (lab), bromophenol blue.
-----de bromotimol (dac), bromothymol blue.
-----de metileno (dac), methylene blue.
-----de Prusia (dib), Prussian blue.
-----de timol (dac), thymol blue.
azulado por recoccin, blue-annealed,
azulejar, to set glazed wall tiles,
azulejeria / , glazed tiling,
azulejero m, tilemaker; tile setter (wall),
azulejo m, glazed tile; (A) wall tile.
-----antisonoro, acoustical tile.
azumagarse, (Ch) to rust; (lbr)(Ec) to decay,
azurita/, azurite, blue copper ore, blue malachite,
azutero m, custodian of a diversion dam or irri
gation intake.
babazas / , slime (water mains),
babeta/ (to)(A), flashing,
babor m (nut), port, larboard,
bacilar, bacillary.
bacilo m, bacillus.
-----coli, colon bacillus, BacMus coli.
bacteriano, bacterial,
bacterias/, bacteria.
----- autotrficas, autotrophic bacteria.
----- coliformes, coliform bacteria.
----- nitrificantes, nitrifying bacteria.
bactericida / , bactericide,
bacterifago m (is), bacteriophage,
bacteriologa/, bacteriology,
bacterilogo m, bacteriologist,
bacteriosttico, bacteriostatic,
bculo m (M), transit rod, range pole,
bachadora / (M), road-patching machine,
bache m, rut; mudhole; pothole; (C) sump,
bacheado (m) en fro (ca), cold patch,
bachear, to patch a road,
bacheo m (ca), patching, filling ruts,
badn m, gutter; gully; (A) paved ford,
badilejo m, bricklayer s trowel,
bagacillo m (az), trash, fine-cut bagasse,
bagazo m, bagasse; (min) mud from drill hole,
bahareque m, wall of cane plastered with mud
and chopped straw,
baha / , bay, harbor,
bahorrina / (dac)(M), sludge,
bailar (auto) (A), to shimmy,
bailoteo m (auto), shimmy,
baja/, fall, drop; discharge (employee).
-----definicin (tv), low definition.
-----frecuencia, low frequency.
-----ley, low grade (ore).
bajada/, descent, slope, downgrade; downspout;
(p) riser; (min) ladderway.
-----de antena (ra), leadin, down-lead.
----- de inmundicias (pb), waste stack; soil stack.
----- pluvial (ed), leader, downspout.
bajamar / , low tide (sometimes used to mean
ebb).
----- ms baja, lowest low tide.
-----media, mean low tide.
------ media ms baja, mean lower low water.
bajante m, low water; leader, downspout; (p)
stack; standpipe.
-----de aguas de lluvia, leader, downspout.
de aguas negras, soil stack.
de aguas servidas, waste stack.
de ventilacin, vent stack.
bajar, to lower; to descend; to drop, fall,
bajareque, see bahareque.
bajial m, low ground subject to overflowing,
bajo m, sand bar, shoal; lowland,
bajo m, sand bar, shoal; (min)(M) footwall,
floor; a low; adv below; pr under.
-----calor de endurecimiento (ct), low heat of
hardening.
----- octanaje, de, low-octane (rating).
bajos m, ground floor,
bajomando m (auto), underdrive,
bajura / (PR), lowland,
bakelita/, bakelite.
bala/, ball; bale.
balance m, balance; (act) balance sheet.
-----calrico, heat balance.
---- de comprobacin (cont), trial balance.
-----del oxgeno (dac), oxygen balance.
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balance 39 banco
I! I ro I O uro! I ! .
----- de saldos (cont), trial balance.
balanceador (m) armnico (auto), harmonic bal
ancer.
balancear, (mech)(elec) (act) to balance; balan
cearse, to rock, roll, wobble,
balanceo m, balancing; oscillation, rocking,
swinging; (naut) rolling,
balancn m, working beam, balance beam; bas
cule; handle; rocker arm; beam of a scale;
whiffletree; spreader; pump jack; (A)
swinging scaffold; (A) eccentric-arbor
press.
-----compensador, equalizing beam.
-----de bomba, pump brake.
-----del freno, brake beam.
-----de tiempo (mg)(A), timing lever.
-----tiracable (pet), spudder arm.
balancines de la brjula (en), gimbals,
balancinero m (A), operator of an eccentric-
arbor press,
balandra/, small sailing vessel; (A) scow,
balanza/, scale, balance; (min) blind shaft.
-----analtica (lab), analytical balance.
-----de humedad (ms), moisture scale.
-----de induccin (ele), induction balance,
-----de plataforma, platform scale.
-----de precisin, analytical balance.
-----de resorte o de tensin, spring balance.
-----de torsin, torsion balance.
balanza-balde m, weighing bucket,
balanza-tolva / , weigh hopper,
balao m, a Philippine lumber,
balastaje m, ballasting,
balastar, to ballast,
balastera / , ballast pit.
balasto m, ballast; road metal; (U) conglomerate
used for road building,
balastrar (M), to ballast.
balata / , balata (also used for various gum-yield
ing trees and sometimes used to mean
rubber); (V) a hardwood; (M) brake lin
ing.
balate m, terrace; border of a trench,
balaustrada / , balustrade.
balastre m, baluster; (Ec) bricklayer s trowel,
balcn m, balcony; (M)(Pe) sidehill cut; (Ch)
car platform; (pet) derrick platform,
balconcillo m (pet), monkey board, derrick plat
form.
balconera / , balcony construction; balcony
material.
halconero m (M), erector of iron balconies,
baldada / , bucketful,
balde m, bucket, pail.
----- arrastrador (A), drag scraper.
-----basculante, dump or contractor s bucket.
-----cargador (mz)(A), skip loader.
-----de arrastre, dragline bucket; drag scraper.
-----de ascensor (B), elevator bucket.
-----de extraccin, mine bucket.
-----de hormign (A), concrete bucket.
-----de maniobra (ec), rehandling bucket.
- de pozo (exc), shaft bucket.
-----de transportadora (A), conveyor bucket.
----- excavador (A), digging bucket.
-----grampa (A), clamshell or grab bucket.
-----volcador o de volteo, dump or contractors
bucket,
baldeadora/, fiusher.
baldear, to bail out; to wash, flush,
baldeo m, bailing; washing, flushing,
baldo m, uncultivated land; public land,
baldosa / , floor tile, paving tile.
-----de techar (A), roof tile.
de vidriado mate, matt-glazed or dull-glazed
tile.
-----gres, clay floor tile.
baldosado m, tile paving,
baldosar, to lay floor tiles,
baldosn m, floor tile.
-----de ladrillo (Col), a brick 20 x 20 x 4 cm.
balero m (M), ball bearing.
-----de rodillos, roller bearing.
balicerO m (lev)(M), rodman.
balinero m, ball race; ball bearing,
balines m, small balls (bearing); shot,
balita / (F), measure of about 0.69 acre,
baliza/, buoy; survey pole; marker, beacon.
-----a farola (A), light bcacon.
-----de acercamiento (ap), approach beacon.
-----delimitadora (ap), boundary marker.
-----fija, beacon, range marker.
-----luminosa, gas buoy; light beacon.
balizador m, buoy tender.
balizaje m, buoying; system of beacons; beaconage,
balizar, to buoy; to mark with beacons,
baln m, (lab) balloon; balloon tire,
balsa / , pool, pond; raft; balsa, corkwood; (A)
ferryboat; (V) flatboat; (min) hanging
scaffold used in shaft timbering.
-----de clasificacin (ef), sorting jack.
-----salvavidas, life raft.
balsada/, raft load, boatload,
balsadera/, ferry,
balsaje m, rafting; ferrying,
blsamo m (Es)(V), (lbr) balsam.
-----del Canad, Canada balsam.
balsear, to raft; to ferry,
balseo m, rafting; (Ch) ferry,
balserp m, ferryman,
balsn m (M), backwater, pool,
ballesta / , laminated spring.
----- de arco o de media pinza, semielliptical
spring.
-----de cayado, three-quarter elliptical spring.
-----doble, elliptical spring.
bambolear, to sway, wobble, (auto) shimmy,
bamboleo m, sway, swinging, wobbling, (auto)
shimmy,
bamb m, bamboo,
banca/, bench; banking; brokerage,
bancada/, bench; (machy) bedframe, solepiece,
bed (lathe); (machy)(A) bearing; (min)
stope.
bancal m, berm, bench, terrace; sandbank,
bancarrota / , bankruptcy,
bancaza/, bedplate; heavy bench.
-----del torno, lathe bed.
banco m, (fin) bank; (geol) stratum; (carp)
bench; (cons)(M) bent; (r) sand bar; level
ground.
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banco
40
barco
!rr IrO f I! .
-----barrera, barrier beach.
-----de arena, sandbank, sand bar.
-----de balasto (fc), ballast pit.
-----del camino (Ec), roadbed.
de coral, coral reef.
de cota fija (lev), bench mark.
de desperdicio (ot)(M), spoil bank.
-----de doblar (ref), bending table, fabricating
bench.
-----de emisin, bank of issue.
de estirar, drawbench.
de grava, gravel bank.
de hielo, ice floe.
-----de interruptores (elc) (PR.), switchyard.
-----de liquidacin, clearinghouse.
de nivel (lev), bench mark.
de pruebas, test stand, testing bench.
de sierra, saw table.
- de soldar, welding slab or table.
-----de taller o de trabajo, workbench.
-----hipotecario, mortgage bank.
banda / , belt, band; (CA) window sash; iron
tire; (M) belt course; side of a ship; (cr)
track.
-----cruzada, crossed belt.
-----de cadena (M), chain belt.
----- de cuero, leather belt.
-----del embrague, clutch band.
-----de esteras o de oruga, crawler belt.
-----de freno, brake band.
-----de guardia (ra), guard band.
-----de hule, rubber belt.
-----de rio, riverbank.
- de rodamiento, tread band (tire); (cr) track.
-----de sintonizacin (ra), tuning band.
-----de transmisin, driving or transmission belt.
-----de transmisin libre (ra), pass or filter-
transmission band.
-----del ventilador (auto), fan belt.
-----eslabonada (M), endless belt.
-----lateral inferior (ra), lower side band.
-----lateral superior (ra), upper side band.
-----maciza (Es), solid tire.
-----portadora (elc), carrier band.
-----transportadora, belt conveyor.
-----V, V belt.
bandaje m, tire (rubber or iron); rim.
-----del inducido (elc), armature band.
macizo, solid tire,
bandarria, see mandarria,
bandeador TO (C), tap wrench,
bandear, to sway, weave, oscillate; (Ch) to per
forate,
bandeja / , tray.
-----cogegotas, drip pan.
-----de burbujeo (pet), bubble tray.
-----de resudacin (pet), sweating pan.
bandeo m, sway, weaving,
bandera/, (rr)(surv) flag,
banderero m (M), flagman,
bandern m, signal flag.
banderola/, (rr) switch target; (bldg)(A) tran
som; (surv) flag.
-----a balancn (A), pivoted transom.
banquear, to level; to bench; (Col)(V) to exca
vate; (pmy) to bank (airplane),
banqueo TO, leveling, grading, benching; a bench;
(pmy) banking; (Col)(V) excavation.
-----de prstamo (ot)(V), borrow pit.
banqueta/, berm; sidewalk; haunch, shoulder of
a road; banquette,
banquilla (/) de aserrar (M), sawbuck.
banquillo to (to), cricket, cant, saddle,
banquina/, berm, shoulder; (A) wall footing,
banquisa/ (A), pack ice.
banquito m (A), rail clip,
bailadera/, bathtub.
baSado to (A) (U), marsh, wet land.
-----de asfalto, asphalt-dipped, asphalt-coated.
-----de cinc, zinc-coated.
-----en caliente, hot-dipped.
-----en estao, tin-dipped.
baar (pint), to dip.
baera/, bathtub.
bao TO, bath; bathtub; bathroom; coating
(paint, etc.).
-----congelador, freezing bath.
-----de aceite, oil bath.
-----de ducha o de lluvia o de regadera, shower
bath.
de inversin (fma), reversing bath.
----- endurecedor (fma), hardening bath.
-----fijador (fma), fixing bath.
-----Maria (lab), water bath, double boiler.
para tubos, pipe dip.
bao m (an), beam, cross timber, deck beam.
-----de bodega, hold beam.
-----de horquilla, fork beam.
-----del peto de popa, transom beam.
----- maestro, midship or main beam.
----- sesgado, cant beam.
baos de los rceles, panting beams,
baquelita/, bakelite.
baquelizar, to bakelize.
baqueta / (vol)(Es), tamping stick,
bara/, bar (unit of pressure),
baranda / , barandado TO, barandaje TO, barandal
TO, railing, handrail, balustrade, banister,
barandilla/, railing; sideboard of a wagon; (PR)
stake of a flat truck.
----- de resguardo, highway guardrail.
barba (/) de taladro, burr (steel), fin.
barbacana / , narrow opening in a wall; weep
hole; (hyd)(A) gate opening,
barbeta / , lashing; (cab) seizing, serving; (naut)
gasket, stop,
barbetar (cab), to serve, seize,
barbilla / (carp), beveled end of a timber for
framing; tenon,
barbotaje TO, barboteo m (lu), splash,
barca/, boat, barge.
-----carbonera, coal barge.
----- chata, flatboat, scow.
----- de gra, derrick barge.
-----tanque, tank barge.
barcada/, bargeload, boatload,
barcaza / , lighter, barge, flatboat.
-----alijadora, lighter.
-----perforadora, drilling barge.
barco TO, vessel, boat, barge.
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barco 41 barra
of!ro o I! of !O o fI g T!!I .
-----de carga, cargo boat, freighter.
de transbordo, ferryboat.
---- petrolero, oil tanker.
barco-puerta/, caisson of a graving clock, caisson
gate.
baricntrico, barycentric.
baricentro ro, barycenter.
bario m (qum), barium,
barita/, baryta,
baritel m, windlass.
baritina / (miner), barite, barytes, barytine.
barjuleta / , tool bag.
barlovento m, windward,
barniz m, varnish.
---- aislador, electric or insulating varnish.
-----al aceite o al leo, oil varnish.
---- craso o graso, oil varnish.
---- de alcohol, spirit varnish.
-----de alto aceite, long-oil varnish.
de aparejo o de apresto, sizing.
---- de bajo aceite, short-oil varnish.
-----de inmersin, dipping varnish.
-----de intemperie, spar varnish.
----- de laca, shellac.
-----de rociar, spraying varnish.
exterior o marino, spar or exterior varnish.
---- japons, japan drier; japan varnish.
mate, flat varnish.
-----para secado al horno, baking varnish.
secante, drier.
barnizador m, varnisher.
barnizar, to varnish.
barodinmica / , barodynamics.
barodinmico, barodynamic.
bargrafo m, barograph, recording barometer.
barograma m, barogram.
baromtrico, barometric.
barmetro m, barometer.
altimtrico, altitude barometer.
aneroide, aneroid barometer.
-----de mercurio, mercurial barometer.
-----registrador, recording barometer.
barometrgrafo m, barometrograph, barograph,
baroscopio m, baroscope,
barotermgrafo m, barothermograph.
barotermmetro m, barothermograph.
barquear, to transport by boat, to ferry,
barquero m, boatman, ferryman, lighterman,
barqun m, bellows.
barra/J bar, rod; sand bar.
- alimentadora, feed rod.
-----angular (fc), angle bar, splice bar.
-----arrugada (ref), corrugated bar.
-----atiesadora (est), sag rod.
-----cabecero (ref), header bar.
------colectora (elc), bus bar.
----- colectora de compensacin, equalizer bus.
----- colectora de control, control bus.
-----colectora para fallas, fault bus.
-----colisa (mh)(A), swivel bar.
-----comercial, merchant bar.
-----corrugada (ref), corrugated bar.
-----cuadrada giratoria (pet), grief stem, kelly.
-----cuadrada torcida (ref), square twisted bar.
-----cuello-de-ganso (herr), gooseneck bar, wreck
ing bar.
-----de alinear (fc), lining bar.
-----de arco (met), arch bar. .
-----de argolla (ost), eyebar, loop rod.
-----de arge, capstan bar.
-----de asiento (compuerta), seat bar.
-----de atalaje, drawbar.
-----de brida (fc), splice bar, angle bar, fishplate.
-----de celosa (est), lattice bar; web member.
de conexin, (eng) connecting rod, pitman;
(elec) connection bar.
- de contratensin (pu?), counterbrace, coun
terdiagonal.
-----de corredera, (se) valve stem.
-----de corto circuito (elc), shorting bar.
Lde cremallera, rack bar.
-----de cua (met), wedge bar.
-----de chucho (fc), bridle or switch or head rod,
-----de distribucin (elc) (C), bus bar.
de emergencia (ft), panic bar.
-----de emparrillado (cal), grate bar.
-----de empedrador, paving bar.
-----de enclavamiento (fc), detector bar.
de enganche, drawbar.
de enrejado (est), lattice bar.
de entibar (re), dolly bar.
de estancamiento (compuerta), seal bar.
-----de guarnicin, curb bar; corner bead.
------ del inducido (elc), armature bar.
---- de mina (min), hand drill.
de ojo (est), eyebar.
de orejas (ref), lug bar.
-----de parachoques (auto), buffer bar.
-----de parrilla (cal), grate bar; clinker bar.
---- de percusin (pet), sinker bar.
de recalcar, swage bar (saw).
-----de remolque, towing bar.
-----de ro, shoal, bar.
-----de rosea, threaded rod.
-----de suspensin, hanger.
de taras (bscula), tare bar.
---- del tejido (V), (tu) web member.
de tiro o de traccin, drawbar.
-----de torsin (auto), torque arm.
de trabazn o de unin (ref), bond bar
dowel.
---- de ua, claw bar, nail puller.
de ventana, muntin, window bar.
-----deformada (ref), deformed bar.
-----desviadora (fc), deflecting bar.
-----en U (met), U bar.
I (met), I bar.
imanada, bar magnet.
---- indicadora (fc), detector bar.
-----lisa (ref), plain or smooth bar.
-----mnibus (elc), bus bar.
-----para encintado, curb bar.
-----patrn, test bar.
perforadora (pet), sinker bar.
plana acanalada, channel flat.
plana bruida, ground flat.
---- plana con cantos de fleje, band-edge flat
-----punta-de-cua, wedge-point crowbar.
-----punta-de-espoln, pinch-point crowbar.
----- punzn (vol), punch bar.
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barra 42 barrenos
radial I ufo O r IIuroI .
-----rodadora (ca), spray bar.
-----sacaclavos, stripping bar, nail puller; wreck
ing or claw bar.
-----subtensa (lev), subtense bar.
-----T, T bar, T iron.
------ taladradora, boring bar.
-----tirante, tie rod.
-----torneada (met), turned bar.
-----tracto ra (fc)(mh), drawbar.
-----trancanil (cn), stringer bar.
-----trazadora (planimetro), tracing arm.
-----tumbadora (fc), tumbling rod.
-----V, V bar.
-----Z, Z bar.
barras
-----de armadura, reinforcing bars.
-----de barreno, drill steel.
-----de deslizamiento, guides (gate).
-----de enlace (est) (C), lacing bars.
-----de yunque (az), anvil bars.
-----espaciadoras (ref), spacing bars.
-----portavstago (pet), carrier bars.
-----repartidoras (ref), distributing bars, spacing
bars.
barraca/, barrack, bunkhouse; warehouse, shed.
-----de hierro (Ch), hardware store.
-----de maderas (Ch), lumber shed, lumberyard.
barracn m, barracks,
barraganete m (cn), bulwark stay,
barraje m, dike, barrage, diversion dam.
barraies m (Ch), sideboards of a wagon,
barramina / (Ec), drill.
barranca / , cliff, bluff; gorge, ravine; (A) river
bank; (A)(U) downgrade.
-----abajo (A), downgrade, downhill.
-----de falla, fault scarp.
de falla con erosin, fault-line scarp,
barranco m, precipice, cliff; gorge,
barrancn, m, gorge, canyon,
barrancoso (top), broken, rough,
barranquilla / (M), gully,
barraquero m (A), warehouseman,
barreal m, clay pit.
barredera / (ot) (Ec), drag scraper,
barredor m, sweeper (man).
-----de locomotora, pilot, cowcatcher.
barredora / (maq), sweeper.
-----de goma, squeegee.
-----de tractor (ca), tractor sweeper.
-----elctrica (M), vacuum cleaner.
-----patnilladora (ca), patrol sweeper.
-----remolcada, drawn road broom.
barrena/, drill, auger, gimlet, drill bit; crowbar.
-----adamantina .(M),-adamantine drill.
-----batidora, churn drill.
-----cola de pescado, fishtail bit.
-----cortancleo, core bit.
-----de arrastre (pet), drag bit.
-----de cable, cable or well or churn drill.
-----de canaleta recta, pod auger or bit.
-----de canteador, stonecutter s or plug drill.
-----de caracol, twist drill, auger bit.
-----de cateo, earth borer.
-----de cesto (pet), basket bit.
-----de cincel, chisel bit.
-----de columna, column drill.
-----de corchos (lab), cork borer.
-----de cruz, star bit or drill.
-----de cuatro alas (pet), four-wing bit.
-----de diamantes, diamond drill.
----- de discos (pet), disk bit.
-----de filo en cruz, star drill.
----- de friccin (pet), drag bit.
----- de gua, center bit.
-----de gusano, worm auger.
-----de limpieza (sx), cleanout auger.
-----de mano, hand drill, jumper.
-----de ojo, ring auger.
-----de pecho, breast auger.
de perforacin desviada (pet), directional
bit.
-----de rodillos (pet), roller bit.
-----de tierra, earth auger, posthole digger, well
or soil auger.
-----espiral, twist drill, auger bit.
-----iniciadora (pet), spudding bit.
-----para berbiqu, brace bit.
-----para cabillas, dowel bit.
-----para hoyo de poste, posthole auger.
-----para macho, tap drill.
-----para mortajas, slotting auger.
---- para pozos, well drill.
-----picadora (sx), chopping bit.
piloto, pilot drill or bit.
-----principiadora (pet), spudding bit.
-----rompepavimento, pavement breaker, bull-
point.
-----sacancleos o sacatestigos, core drill.
-----salomnica, twist drill; screw auger.
-----tubular, core drill; calyx drill.
barrenas, drill steel.
barrenador m, drill runner; auger, drill.
barrenadora / , drill.
-----de arcilla, pneumatic clay spade.
barrenar, to drill; to blast; barrenarse (tn)(M),
to hole through, connect up.
barrendera / (maq), sweeper.,
barrendero m, sweeper (man),
barrenero m, drill runner,
barrenillo m, boring insect.
-----de caa, cane borer.
-----de muelles, wharf borer.
barrenista m, drill runner,
barrenita (/) de mano, gimlet,
barreno m, drill; drill hole, borehole; (Col) drilled
well.
-----cebado (vol) (M), missed hole.
-----de alivio (min), block hole.
---- de enlechado, grout hole.
-----de voladura, blasting hole.
-----fallido (vol) (M), missed hole.
barrenos
de alivio (tn), relief holes.
---- de corte (tn) (M), cut holes.
de cuele o de franqueo (min), cut holes.
----- de destrozo (min) (tn), breakers, breaking-
down holes.
-----de ensanche (min)(tn), holes for enlarging
shots.
----- del permetro (tn), rim holes.
----- limitadores (vol), line holes.
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barrer
43
bastidoi
rr!rO fo !!I I II fo T! g!O
rr!r O ! !O rrI!rO rrI I! I rr roI g
g f! I M I If I J MI IIT!rIo I .
---- colectora (ef), bag or sack hoom.
corrediza (fc), sliding gate.
cortafuego, firebreak, fire stop.
de bscula (fc), hinged and counterweighted
crossing gate.
-----de cable (ca), cable guardrail.
-----de cinta (ca), traffic tape.
-----de clasificacin (ef), sorting boom.
-----de detrito (hid)(A), drift barrier.
---- de guardia (ca), guardrail.
-----de gua (ef), sheer or fender or glancing
boom.
flotante, log boom.
-----guarda camino, traffic or road guard, high
way guardrail.
guardacruce (fc), crossing gate.
---- ---------- interceptadora (ef), catch or trap boom.
para basuras (r), drift barrier.
parahielos (r), ice screen.
barrero m, clay mixer; clay pit; mudhole.
barreta / , crowbar; bullpoint; small bar; (min)
moil.
con espoln, pinch bar.
de pinchar (A), pinch bar.
de punta, bullpoint.
-----de punta recalcada (vol), bulge-point driv
ing iron.
-----de soldadura (V), welding rod.
-----de ua, claw bar.
----- desquiciadora (Ec), bar for loosening rock.
----- pata-de-cabra, claw bar.
- rompedora, bit of a paving breaker, bull-
point.
barretas, (M) drill steel,
barretear, to bar, work with a bar.
barretero TO, miner, drill runner in a mine; man
who works with a bar.
barretn TO, heavy crowbar; (Col) miners pick,
barrida / (ciudad), district, ward, quarter,
barrial TO, clay pit; mudhole.
barrica/, cask, barrel,
barricada/, barricade,
barrida/, sweeping; (di) scavenging,
barrido TO (tv) (ra), sweep,
barriga/, bulge, belly,
barril m, barrel; measure of about 20 gal.
---- de frotacin, tumbling barrel.
barrilada / , capacity of a barrel,
barrilete m, clamp; pawl, dog; keg.
-----de leva, cam clamp.
barrilla / (min) (B), doncentrates; metallic copper
mixed in ore.
barrio TO (ciudad), district, ward, quarter; sub
urb.
barro m, mud, clay, silt; sludge; earthenware;
adobe; (pet) slush.
-----amasado, clay puddle.
-----cloacal (dac), sludge.
-----cocido, terra cotta, burnt clay.
-----de barreno, drill sludge.
-----digerido (dac), digested sludge.
-----esmaltado, glazed clay or terra cotta.
-----refractario (C), fire clay.
barros activados (dac), activated sludge,
barroso, muddy, clayey, silty,
barrote to, heavy bar; grate bar; rung; (A) door
bolt; (rr)(C) angle bar; (sb) hatch bar
hatch batten,
barrotin m, batten of a hatch; hatch bar; (rr)
carline; (sb) carling.
barya/ (fsica), barye.
basa / , base, pedestal,
basada j (cn), launching cradle,
basal (V), basal,
basltico^ basaltic,
basaltiforme, basaltiform.
basalto to (geol), basalt.
-----analcitico, analcite basalt.
-----prismtico, columnar basalt.
vitreo, basalt glass, vitrobasalt, hyalobasalt.
basaltoide, basaltoid, basaltiform.
basamento m, base; pedestal; (A) footing, foun
dation.
bscula / , scale (for weighing); (rr) (Ec) crossing
gate.
-----de balancn, beam scale.
-----de plataforma, platform scale.
-----de pozo, pit scale.
-----de via, track scale.
-----enclavable, dormant scale.
bscula-puente m, weighbridge,
bscula-tolva / (ag) (A), weighing batcher,
bscula-vagones m, car dumper.
basculadorTO, dumper; rocker; (min) tippleman;
any tipping device.
------ de caja (co), body rocker.
-----de carros, car dumper.
bascular, to tip, tilt.
base/, basis; base (all senses); rail flange.
-----compound (mh), compound rest.
-----de aviacin, air or aviation base.
-----de comparacin (lev), comparator base.
-----de comprobacin (lev), check base.
-----de cuchilla (motocaminera), blade base.
-----de hidroaviones, air harbor, seaplane base.
-----de riel (fc), base of rail.
-----de rodado (A), wheel base.
------ de ruedas, wheel base.
-----de la soldadura, root of weld.
-----de tope (pet), landing base.
-----nval, naval base.
-----negra (ca), black base.
-----sanitaria (ed), sanitary base.
bases del concurso, bidding conditions,
bases de licitacin, bidding conditions, informar
tion for bidders,
basicidad/, basicity,
bsico (quim) (geol) (met), basic,
basitas (geol) (A), basic rocks,
bastarda, bastard (file).
bastidor m, frame, bedframe; chassis; (Col) win
dow sash.
-----auxiliar (auto), subframe.
- de carril (tc), crawler or track frame.
-----de puerta, door buck, doorframe.
-----de rodaje, truck frame.
-----de rodillos (met), stand of rolls.
-----de sierra para metales, hacksaw frame.
-----de ventana, window frame.
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bastidor 44
bidimensional
inferior, u I!r r ! .
basto, rough, unfinished; coarse,
bastn m, (rr) staff (block system); (su) proof
stick, sampler,
bastrn m, (t) spokeshave.
basural m (Ch), garbage dump,
basuras / , trash, rubbish, dirt, refuse; garbage;
river drift,
basurero m, garbage dump,
batalla / , wheel base, distance between axles,
batayola / (cn), handrail,
bate m (fc), tamping pick,
batea / , trough, launder; tray, mortar tub; (V)
paved ditch; (V) paved ford; (min) batea;
(auto) oil pan; (A) paved gutter crossing a
road.
de coque, coke tray (aerator).
-----de pilada (cono), batch box.
bateador m (fc), tamping bar, tamper,
bateadora / , power tamper.
-----unitaria, unit tamper.
batear, to tamp (ties).
bateo m, tamping.
batera / , battery (all senses).
-----A (ra), A or filament battery.
-----andica (ra), anode or plate battery.
-----B (ra), plate or B battery.
-----C (ra), grid or C battery.
-----compensadora (ele), floating battery; buf
fer battery.
-----de acumuladores, storage battery.
-----de calderas, battery of boilers.
-----de camiones (M), fleet of trucks.
-----de filamentos (ra), A or filament battery.
-----de inmersin (ele), plunge battery.
-----de mazos, stamp mill.
-----de pantalla (ra), screen battery.
-----de pega (min), blasting battery.
-----de pisones, stamp mill.
-----de placa (ra), B or plate or anode battery.
-----de polarizacin negativa (ra), bias cell.
- de rejilla (ra), grid or C battery.
-----elevadora (ele), booster battery.
batey m, ground occupied by a sugar mill and ap
purtenances; (PR) area in front of a coun
try house.
batidera / , beater, maul; (Sp) mortar hoe.
batido m, (ra) beat; a hammered, wrought.
-----en fro, cold-hammered.
batidor m, beater, agitator; (A) mixer; (min)
dolly; (met) shingler.
batiduras/ (met), mill or hammer scale,
batiente m, jamb; gate sill; lock sill; (dam)
apron, hearth, (dd) apron; (carp) stop
bead.
-----de esclusa, miter or lock sill.
batir, to beat, hammer, pound, tamp; to stir,
batista barnizada (ais), varnished cambric,
batmetro m, bathometer,
baud (tel), baud.
bauxita / , bauxite (aluminum ore).
bayoneta / , . (mech) bayonet; (auto) bayonet
gage (oil level),
bedano m, mortising chisel.
Beggiotoa (is), Beggiotoa.
begohmio m (ele), begolun.
bejuco m, rattan.
bel (ele), bel.
belio m (ele)(A), bel.
benceno m, benzene.
bencidina/, benzidine.
bencina/, gasoline; benzine.
beneficiable (min), workable.
beneficiador m, operator of a mine or smelter;
processor; cultivator,
beneficiar, to smelt, refine; to work a mine; to
beneficiate (ore) ; to process,
beneficio m, smelting, ore reduction, beneficia-
tion; working of a mine; profit.
----- de explotacin, operating profit.
----- de madera, lumbering.
----- de minerales, smelting.
bentonita/, bentonite,
bentonitico, bentonitic,
bentos (is), benthos,
benzol m, benzol, benzene,
berbique, berbiqu m, carpenters brace; (U)
crankshaft.
-----acodado, angular bitstock.
-----de engranaje, angle brace.
-----de herrero o de pecho, breast or fiddle drill.
-----de matraca, ratchet brace.
-----de ribera, ship carpenters brace.
-----para rincones, corner brace.
-----y barrenas, brace and bits.
berilio m (quim), beryllium,
berlinga / , pole, round timber, spar,
berma / (ot), berm, (rd) shoulder,
berroquea / a, granite.
besar, a, block and block, chockablock, two-
blocks.
betanaftol to (quim), beta-naphthol.
betatrn m (ra), betatron, rheotron.
betonera/ (Ch), concretemixer,
betumen m, bitumen.
betuminadora/ (ca)(Es), bituminous distributor,
betn m, bitumen, pitch, (C) stucco.
-----judaico o de Judea, asphalt.
betunar, to coat with pitch; (C) to stuceo.
bias (ra), bias.
------ C o de rejilla, grid bias, C bias.
biasar (ra)(A), to bias,
biaxil, biaxial,
bixico (Es)(A)(V), biaxial,
biberon, m (lab), nipple,
bibir ra (mad), greenheart.
bicable, a double-cable,
bicarbonato m, bicarbonate,
bicilindrico, (eng) double-cylinder,
bicloruro to, bichloride.
-----de estao, tin or stannous chloride.
de mercurio, mercuric chloride, corrosive
sublimate.
bicncavo, biconcave, double-concave, concavo-
ooncave.
bicnico, biconical.
biconvexo, biconvex, double-convex,
bicromato to (quim), bichromate,
bicrn to (med), bicron,
bichero to, boat hook,
bid, bidet ra (pb), bidet,
bidimensional, two-dimensional.
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bidirectional
45
bituminoso
IIIr!fIo I I !I O IIIr!fIo IO
II O f!!I Iru I C) drum of a hoist; a tin,
large can.
biela / , (eng) connecting rod, pitman.
-----motriz, connecting or main driving rod.
-----paralela o de acoplamiento (loco), coupling
or side rod.
bienes TO, property.
-----inmuebles o races o sedientos, real estate.
-----muebles, personal property.
-----semovientes, cattle.
bienhechura / (C), improvements (real estate),
bifsico (elc), two-phase,
bifilar (elc), two-wire, bifilar.
bifluoruro m (quim), bifluoride,
bifurcacin/, junction of streams; crotch; (p) Y
branch; (rr)(C)(Sp) junction.
-----de ramal paralelo (tub), upright Y branch.
-----doble (tub), double Y branch.
-----en U (tub), U branch.
bifurcador TO (aa), bifurcator.
bifurcarse, to fork, branch.
bigorneta / , small anvil; tinsmiths stake.
----- de acanalar (ch), creasing stake.
----- de arista viva (ch), hatchet stake.
----- de costura (eh), seaming or grooving stake.
-----de pico, beakhorn stake.
bigornia/, anvil.
bigote de gato (ra)(A), cat whisker.
bigotera / , (dwg) bow compass, bow dividers;
slag tap (blast furnace),
bigrilla (ra)(A), double-grid,
bihilar (elc), two-wire,
bijguara / , a Cuban hardwood,
bilabarqun TO (Ec), carpenters horse,
bilateral (elc)(mec), bilateral,
bilis / (lab), bile.
----- lactosa, lactose bile.
bimbalete m (M), strut; ridgepole; pump jack.
bimetal TO, bimetal.
bimetlico, bimetallic.
bimrfico (ra), birnorph.
bimotor, two-motor, bimotor.
binario (quim) (mat), binary.
binaural, binaural.
binocular a, binocular.
binodo m (ra)(mat), binode.
binomio (mat), binomial.
bioactivacin / (dac), bio-activation.
bioaeracin / (dac), bio-aeration.
biofiltracin / (is), biofiltration.
biofiltro, biofilter.
biofloculacin/ (is), bioflocculation,
biogentico (is), biogenetic.
bilisis / , biolysis,
biolitico (dac), biolitic.
biolgico, biological,
bioprecipitacin / , bioprecipitation,
bioqumica/, biochemistry,
bioqumico, biochemical,
biorreduccin/ (dac), bioreduction,
biosa/ (az), biose, disaccharide,
biotita / (miner), biotite, black mica,
biotrn TO (ra), biotron.
bixido TO (quim), dioxide.
-----carbnico, carbon dioxide.
-----de estao, tin dioxide, stannic oxide.
bipi TO, bipod.
bipolar, bipolar, two-pole.
biposte, bipost (lamp).
biprima (mat), double prime (x").
biriqu TO (Ec)(AC), carpenters brace.
birlo TO (M), stud bolt.
birrectangulo, birectangular.
birrefringencia / (fma), birefringence.
birrefringente, birefringent.
birrotulado, two-hinged.
bisagra / , hinge, butt hinge.
-----a municin, ball-bearing hinge.
-----acodada, offset hinge.
-----con levante, rising hinge, skew hinge.
-----de bolitas, ball-tip door butt.
-----de friccin, friction hinge.
-----de muelle, spring hinge.
de paleta o de ramal, strap or joint hinge.
-----de pasador fijo, fast-pin butt.
-----de pasador suelto, loose-pin butt.
-----de resorte, spring hinge.
de superficie, flap or surface or full-surfaco
hinge.
-----de tiro ancho, wide-throw hinge.
-----de tope, butt hinge.
-----desmontable, loose-pin butt.
-----en T, T hinge.
-----inerte, dead hinge.
-----medio superficial, half-surface or half-mor
tise hinge,
bisecar, to bisect,
biseccin/, bisection,
bisectriz/, bisector,
bisel TO, a bevel, chamfer; (Ibr) wane.
-----al hilo (mad), bevel rip.
-----a inglete, bevel miter.
-----de trozar (mad), bevel cutoff.
biselado, beveled; (lbr) waney.
biseladora/, chamfering 'tool,
biselar, to bevel, chamfer, skive,
bisilicato to (quim), bisilicate,
bismutina / (miner), bismuthine, bismuthinite,
bismuth glance.
bismutinita / , bismuthinite, native bismuth sul
phide.
bismuto TO (quim), bismuth.
blenda (miner), bismuth blende, eulytite.
bisulfato (m) de sodio, sodium bisulphate.
bisulfito m, bisulphite.
bisulfuro TO, disulphide, bisulphide.
bita / (nut), cleat, bitt.
-----de amarre, mooring bitt.
de remolque, towing bitt; towing post,
bitcora / (cn), binnacle,
bitadura^- turn of a rope around a bitt.
bite m (A), bead (on a board),
bitn m, bitt; double-head chock.
-----de fondeo, riding bitt.
-----de remolcar, towing bitt.
bitoque to, (M) faucet, cock; (CA) sewer,
bitulitico, bitulithic.
bitumstico, bitumastic.
bitumen m (U)(M), bitumen,
bituminifero, containing bitumen,
bituminoso, bituminous.
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bituvia
46
boca
IfuTI I o O IfuTI I fr I! ru .
bivalencia/, bivaletice.
bivalente (quim), bivalent.
biviario, two-lane (highway).
bizcocho 7n (Col), a salmon brick.
bianco m, gear b l a n k ; blank form; a white.
-----de antimonio, antimony white (pigment),
antimony trioxide.
-----de barita (pigmento), baryta white, barium
sulphate.
-----de bismuto (pigmento), bismuth white.
-----de cinc (pigmento), zinc white.
-----de China, Chinese or zinc white.
-----de Espaa, whiting, Spanish white.
-----de plomo, white lead.
-----de yeso, whiting.
blando, soft,
blandura/, softness.
blanquear, to whitewash; to bleach,
blanquillo m, an Argentine lumber (semihard).
blastogranitico (geol), blastogranitic.
blastoporfiritico (geol), blastoporphyritic.
bleck o bleque (A), a term applied to all tar and
asphalt products,
blenda / (miner), blende, sphalerite.
-----cadmifera, greenockite, cadmium blende.
-----cornea (M), hornblende.
-----de zinc, zinc blende.
-----roja, ruby blende (sphalerite).
blindado, armored, ironclad; (elec) shielded',
blindaje m, armor; (elec) shielding; (Sp) tunnel
lining.
-----antimagntico, magnetic screen or shield.
-----cerrado (elc), interlocking armor.
-----del radiador (tc), radiator guard.
blondn m (Es), cableway,
bloque m, block.
-----amortiguador, cushion block.
-----calibrador, gage block.
-----comparador (lab), block comparator.
-----de barrenar, boring block.
-----de batir (ch), dolly block.
de casas (PR), city block, block of houses.
-----de cilindros, cylinder block.
-----de clavar, nailing block, wood brick.
-----de doblar (ref), bending block.
-----de enrasillar (ed), furring block.
-----de estampar (her), swage block.
-----de fallas (geol), fault block.
-----de fusibles (elc), fuse block.
-----de golpeo (pb), driving block, turnpin, tam
pion.
-----de motor, engine block.
-----de patas (fc), heel block, heel raiser.
-----de recalcar (si), swage block.
-----de .relleno (ed), filler block.
-----desabollador (ch), dolly block.
-----para triscar (si) , setting block.
-----partido de enrasillar, split furring tile.
-----portaherramienta (mh), tijiol block.
-----refractario de Construccin, structural tile.
-----seccional (fc), block (signal).
bloquear, to block (all senses); (M) to chock;
(min) (B) to block out.
bloqueo m (fc)(ra), blocking.
-----absoluto o definitivo (fc), absolute blocking.
----- condicional o facultativo (fc), permissive
blocking.
-----manual (fc), manual blocking.
bloquera/ (Es), concrete-block machine,
bobina/, (elec) coil; (elec) bobbin.
-- apagachispas, blowout coil.
----- captadora (ra), pickup coil.
con ncleo de hierro pulverizado, dust-core
coil.
-----con temblador, vibrator coil.
-----de acoplamiento (ra), coupling coil.
---- del campo, field coil.
----- de carga, loading coil.
-----de cesto (ra), basket coil.
-----de compensacin, compensating coil.
-----de chispas, spark coil.
-----de choque (A) (Col), choke or impedance coil.
-----de desenganche, release coil.
---- de devanado universal (A), honeycomb coil.
-----de disparo, tripping coil.
-----de encendido o de ignicin, spark or ignition
coil.
-----de enfoque (ra), focusing coil.
-----de ensayo, exploring coil.
-----de extincin, blowout coil.
-----de inductancia, inductance coil, reactor, in
ductor.
-----de mxima, overload release coil.
-----de ncleo de hierro, iron-core coil.
-----de oposicin, bucking coil.
-----de panal, lattice-wound or honeycomb coil.
-----de prueba, exploring coil.
-----de reaccin, choking or reactance or imped
ance or retardation coil, reactor, kicking
coil.
-----de reactancia, reactance coil, inductor.
-----de regeneracin, feedback or tickler coil.
----- de retencin, retaining or holding coil.
----- de la voz (ra), voice coil.
-----deflectora o desviadora (ra), deflecting coil.
-----en derivacin, shunt coil, (inst) potential
coil.
-----excitadora, exciting coil.
-----exploradora, exploring or search coil, ex
plorer.
-----inductora, induction coil.
-----nido de abeja (ra), honeycomb coil.
----- sintonizadora (ra), tuning coil.
-----trmica (tel), heat coil.
-----tipo canasto (ra), basket-weave coil.
-----vibratoria, vibrator or trembler coil.
bobinado m, bobinaje m (elc), winding,
bobinadora/, winding machine,
bobinar, to wind.
bobo m (PR)(V), a lumber used in building,
boca / , mouth, entrance; nozzle; (tun) portal;
(hyd) intake; (top) gap, pass, saddle; (t)
peen, nose.
-----de agua, hydrant.
-----de aspiracin, air inlet.
----- de cada (al), drop inlet.
-----de calle, inlet to a storm sewer.
-----de carbn (cn), coaling hatch.
-----de carga, fire door of a boiler.
-----de cepillo, a (mam)(V), finished with a
wooden float.
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boca
47
bomba
I! or I ! O fo! o rog .
-----de corneta, bellmouth.
- de desage, drain inlet.
-----de descarga, outlet, discharge opening.
de entrada, intake, inlet; portal; manhole.
de incendio, fire hydrant, fireplug.
- de inspeccin, manhole.
-----de limpieza, cleanout hole; sluiceway.
-----de manmetro, gage hatch.
de pez, fishmouth (splice).
-----de pozo (pet), wellhead.
de puerto, entrance to a harbor.
-----de registro, manhole, manhead.
de ro, mouth of a river.
de salida, outlet.
-----de tormenta (A)(U)(Pe), inlet to a storm-
water sewer.
-----de visita, manhole.
-----escotilla, hatchway.
-----tipo de hongo (aa), mushroom outlet.
bocacalle / , street intersection,
bocacaz m, opening in a flume or dam.
bocal to, mouth, entrance; (top) gap; strait, nar
rows (harbor); (min) pit head,
bocallave / , keyhole; keyhole plate; (A) socket
wrench.
bocamejora / (min), auxiliary shaft,
bocamina / , entrance to a mine,
bocana / (Col), mouth of a river,
bocarte TO, crusher, stamp mill; drag mill,
bocartear, to crush,
bocarteo TO, crushing.
bocateja/, first tile in a course; hollow under a
roof tile; (V) eaves,
bocatoma / (hid), intake,
bocazo TO (vol), blowout, pop shot,
bocel TO, molding plane; convex molding,
boceladora / , molding plane,
bocelar, to form moldings,
bocelete TO, small molding plane,
boceln m, large molding plane; (rf)(Col) ridge
roll.
bocina/, bushing; bell end of a pipe; (auto)(ra)
horn; (C) hubcap; bellmouth; (sb) stern
tube; (hyd)(A) morning-glory (spillway).
---- de bruma, foghorn.
-exponencial (elc), exponential horn.
bocina-vertedero (hid), morning-glory spillway,
bocoy m, large barrel, hogshead; (C) measure of
about 175 gal.
bochorno m, sultry weather; (min)(M) after
damp; chokedamp, blackdamp.
bodega / , warehouse, storehouse; (naut) hold;
cellar; (Ch) boxcar.
de herramientas, tool house.
---- de tramo (fc), section tool house.
bodegaje m, storage charges, warehousing.
en hmedo, wet storage (battery).
en seco, dry storage (battery).
bodeguero m, storekeeper.
bogie m (fc), truck.
de arrastre, trailing truck.
---- giratorio o de un solo eje, pony truck.
-----piloto, pilot truck.
bogue m (Es), Boghead coal,
boicot, boicoteo m, boycott.
boj TO, boxwood.
boje m, a hardwood of Cuba and Puerto Rico,
bola/, ball.
-----rompedora, skull cracker, wrecking ball, ball
breaker.
y cuenca, ball and socket,
bolas del regulador (mv), governor balls,
bolardo m, bollard, mooring post!,
boleo TO, boulder; deposit of boulders; (sb) cam'
ber, roundup,
boletera / (fc), ticket office,
boletero m (fc), ticket agent,
boleto TO, ticket,
boln m, ball; shot.
bolina/, sounding line; (naut) bowline,
bolo m, (lbr)(C) bole; (Ph) machete,
bolmetro m (elc), bolometer,
boln m, cobble, boulder; xubble stone,
bolsa / , bag, sack; pocket; stock exchange;
pocket of rich ore.
------ de aire, air pocket, (eng) air lock.
-----de atacadura (vol), tamping bag.
-----de compensaciones (C), clearinghouse.
-----de contraccin (met), pipe, contraction cavity.
-----de corteza (mad), bark pocket.
-----de resina (mad), pitch pocket.
-----de valores, stock exchange.
-----de vlvula, valve bag.
-----de vapor (mg)(pet), vapor lock.
bolsada/, pocket, cavity; pocket of rich ore.
bolsn m, (geol) bolson; (min) pocket of rich ore.
bolsonero (min) (B), in rich pockets,
bomba/, pump; fire ngine; bomb; (V) mudhole.
-----a mano, hand pump.
-----a nafta, gasoline-driven pump.
-----al vaco, vacuum pump.
-----a vapor, steam pump.
alimentadora, feed or boiler-feed pump.
-----alternativa, reciprocating pump.
-----aspirante, suction pump.
-----barrera, dredging or mud pump.
-----calorimtrica, bomb calorimeter.
-----centrfuga difusora, diffuser-type centrifuga)
pump.
-----centrfuga voluta, volute-type centrifugal
pump.
-----colgante (exc), sinking pump.
-----contadora, metering pump (gasoline).
---- - contra incendios, fire pump; fire engine.
-----chupadora, suction pump.
-----de accin simple, single-acting pump. ,
-----de aceleracin (auto), accelerator pump.
-----de aletas, vane-type rotary pump.
-----de aletas deslizantes, sliding-vane pump.
----- de aspiracin doble, double-suction pump.
-----de aspiracin simple, single-suction pump.
-----de balancn, beam pump.
-----de barrido (di), scavenge pump.
-----de carena, bilge pump.
----- de carrera regulable, variable-displacement
pump.
----- de cigea, crank-action pump.
-----de cigea y volante, crank-and-flywhee,
pump.
-----de cilindro corredizo (pet), iraveling-cylin.
der pump.
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bomba
48
boquilla
de concreto, uI r!f! I fr I! ru .
-----de chorro, jet or water-jet pump.
-----de desplazamiento positivo, positive dis
placement pump.
-----de difragma, diaphragm pump.
-----de doble efecto, double-acting pump.
-----de doble paso o de dos escalones o d,e dos
etapas o de dos grados, two-stage pump.
-----de dosaje, measuring pump.
-----de dragado, dredging pump.
- de efecto nico, single-acting pump.
----- de mbolo, piston pump.
___d mbolo buzo o de mbolo macizo, plunger
pump.
-----de engranaje de oreja triple, three-lobe ro
tary pump.
-----de estribo, stirrup pump.
-----de fango, mud pump.
. de gasto variable, variable-discharge pump.
-----de hlice, propeller or screw pump.
-----de impulso, impulse pump.
-----de impulsor abierto, open-impeller pump.
-----de impulsor cerrado, closed-impeller pump.
-----de impulsores opuestos, opposed-impeller
pump.
-----de inflar (A)(U), tire pump.
de inmersin, submersible or deep-well tur
bine pump.
, de lbulos, lobar-type rotary pump.
de lodo, mud jack; sludge pump; dredging or
mud pump; (pet) slush pump.
-----de morbero (M), plunger pump.
-----de ocho grados, eight-stage pump.
-----de oxgeno, oxygen bomb.
de paletas deslizantes, sliding-vane rotary
pump.
-----de paletas oscilantes, swinging-vane rotary
pump. )
de paso mltiple, multiple-stage pump.
de paso recto, straightway pump.
de pique .(auto)(A), accelerator pump.
de pistn, piston pump.
- de potencia, power pump (reciprocating
pump driven by external power).
---- de presin (pet), pressure bomb.
de resorte, spring-actuated pump.
-----de rodete doble, double-runner pump.
-----de rosario, chain pump.
f- de salvataje, salvage or wrecking pump.
de sentina, bilge pump; sump pump.
- de simple efecto, single-acting pump.
-----de succin al extremo, end-suction centrifu-
' gal pump.
-----de succin lateral, side-suction centrifugal
pump. .
-----de sumidero, sump pump.
-----de trasiego, transfer pump.
-----de turbina, turbine pump.
-----de vaivn (A), reciprocating pump.
-----desarenadora, sand pump.
-----doble, duplex pump.
-----giratoria, rotary pump.
-----impelente, force or pressure pump; impeller
pump.
impulsora de diafragma, diaphragm force
pump.
inatascable, clogless pump.
-----insertada (pet), insert pump, casing pump.
-----inyectora de combustible, fuel-injection
pump.
- manual, hand pump.
-----medidora, measuring pump; (auto) metering
or dispenser pump.
-----multigradual, multistage pump.
----- para pozos profundos, deep-well pump.
-----quntupla, quintuplex pump.
-----rarificadora (ra), vacuum pump.
-recproca (Pe), reciprocating pump.
-----recogedora (pet), pickup pump.
-----reforzadora, booster pump.
-----rotativa, rotary pump.
----- rotativa de engranaje interior, internal-gear
pump.
-----sumergible, submersible or deep-well turbine
pump.
-----surtidora de gasolina, service-station or gas
oline-dispensing pump.
-----suspendida (exc), sinking pump.
-----triple, triplex pump.
bombas gemelas, duplex pump,
bombaje to, pumping.
bombardeo electrnico, electron bombardment,
bombeable, pumpable.
bombeado m, pumping; arching, crowning; a
arched, crowned; dished,
bombeador to, pumpman, pumper,
bombear, to pump; to crown; to camber; bom
bearse, to bulge, spring,
bombeo to, pumping; crowning; bulging; camber,
bombero m, pumpman; fireman,
bombilla/, incandescent lamp; bulb,
bombillo m, small pump; (p) trap; (C) lantern
globe; (C) incandescent lamp; (C) radio
tube.
bombn to, pump used in sugar mills,
bonanza / , large deposit of rich ore.
bonderita / , Bonderite (rustproofing) (trade
mark).
bonderizar, to bonderize (rustproof).
bonete m (v), bonnet.
bongo to, scow, flatboat.
bonguero, boatman, bargeman, lighterman.
bonificacin/, bonus; (irr)(M) reclamation.
bonificar (cont), to credit.
bonista (C), bondholder.
bono m, (fin) bond.
-----a corto plazo, short-term bond.
-----colateral, eollateral-trust bond.
---- - de primera hipoteca, first-mortgage bond.
-----hipotecario, mortgage bond.
boquera / , head gate; sluice gate; outlet; (Sp)
cesspool,
boquerel to, nozzle.
boquern m, large opening; (top) gap, pass,
boquete m, gap, pass; opening in a wall; (elec) (A)
air gap.
boquilla / , small opening; chuck, collet; socket;
bushing; nipple; nozzle; (tel)(hyd) mouth
piece; (w) tip; (top) gap, pass; (mas) chink.
----- ahusada (mh), spring collet, draw-in collet.
-----aisladora, insulating bushing.
aspiradora, aspirating nozzle.
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boquilla 49 botella
I! gu O !!II! oI! .
-----de anillo a escuadra, square-ring nozzle.
- de anillo agudo, undercut-ring nozzle.
de Borda (hid), Bordas mouthpiecc.
-----de borne (elc), terminal bushing.
de brida, flanged nozzle.
de calorfero, radiator bushing.
de collar, ring chuck.
----- del electrodo (sol), electrode tip.
de engrase, oilhole.
---- de flujo, flow nozzle.
de forro, liner bushing.
de gua, jig bushing.
de inundacin (aa), flooding nozzle,
de manguera, hose nozzle.
de pulverizadora, spray or airbrush nozzle.
---- de quijadas convergentes (mh), collet or
draw-iii or push-out chuck.
-----de reborde hembra (tub), outside head
bushing.
-----de reborde macho, inside head bushing.
-----de sujecin (herr), chuck.
-----de tuerca fiadora (elc), lock-nut bushing.
-----entrante (hid), Bordas or re-entrant mouth
piece. '
-----fibrosa (elec), fiber bushing.
-----inyectora de combustible, fuel-injection
nozzle.
-----lanzaarena, sandblast nozzle.
---- mezcladora, mixing nozzle.
-----muestreadora (vapor), sampling nozzle.
-----para macho, tap chuck.
-----para soldar (tub), soldering bushing.
-----rociadora, spray nozzle.
-----sin cabeza, headless bushing.
-----sin reborde (tub), face bushing.
boratera/ (A)(B)(Ch), borax deposit,
borato TO (quim), borate,
brax TO, borax.
borbollar, borbotar, to gush, boil up.
borbolln TO, spring; boiling up.
borboteo TO, gushing, bubbling, boiling up.
borbotn TO, boil in sand, a spring,
borda / (cn), bulwark; gunwale,
borde TO, edge; dike, levee.
-----de ataque, upstream or leading or entering
edge.
-----de desviacin (irr), border check.
-----de encauzamiento, levee.
-----de entrada, leading edge.
-----de obturacin, masking edge.
-----de retacadura, calking edge.
-----de salida, downstream or trailing or leaving
edge.
-----de solapa (cn), sight edge.
-----de la soldadura, toe of welt*.
-----laminado, rolled edge (steel plate).
-----recortado, sheared edge (steel plate).
bordeadora / , tube expander, beading tool, (bo)
flue roller; (irr) ridger.
-----de discos (irr), disk ridger.
bordear, to flange; to edge,
bordillo ?n, curb, shoulder.
-----de labio (ca), lip curb.
bordo TO, dike; edge; side of a ship.
-----de contencin, levee, 'dike.
-----de encauzamiento, levee.
-----libre (hid) (cn).. freeboard.
-----provisional (M), cofferdam.
bordn TO, flange of a wheel; bulb on an angle.
or T.
boreal, northern,
brico (quim), boric, boracic.
borna (elc), see borne.
borne TO, (elec) terminal, binding post; a hard
wood.
-----de contacto, contact terminal.
-----de masa (auto), ground terminal.
borneadero TO (nut), berth; turning basin,
bornear, (naut) to swing, turn; bornearse, tc
warp.
bornita / , bornite, purple copper ore.
boro m (quim), boron,
boroln to, Borolon (abrasive) (trademark),
borra / (min), barren rock.
-----de algodn, cotton waste; cotton linters.
borrador m, rough draft; eraser.
-----de tinta, ink eraser.
borradura/, erasure,
borrar, to erase
borrasca /, an unproductive or worked-out mine,
borrico to, (carp) sawhorse; donkey,
borricn to, scaffold horse, large sawhorse,
borriquete m, sawhorse, carpenters horse,
boruro to (quim), boride,
bosque m, forest,
bosquejar, to sketch,
bosquejo to. sketch.
bota ( / ) de ascensor (B), elevator boot,
botas de goma, rubber boots,
botada/, launching,
botadero m (ot), dump, spoil bank,
botador m, (carp) nail set; (re) backing-out
punch; (sb) sctbolt; tappet.
-----de vlvula, valve tappet.
botafango TO, mudguard.
botaganado ?n, cowcatcher, locomotive pilot.
botaguas m (ed), water table; flashing; rain shed;
hood over a door; leader boot; weathering,
botalodo TO (Pll), mudguard,
botaln TO, derrick boom; (V) stake.
-----de pala, shovel boom.
-----para cable de arrastre, dragline boom.
botalonear (V), to stake out.
botar, to dump; (exc) to waste; to launch; (re)
to back out.
-----al agua, to launch.
botarel TO, buttress, counterfort,
botavaca TO (PH), (loco) pilot, cowcatcher,
botavara/, boom, gaff; boat hook; wagon pole,
botazo TO (cn), fender, rubbing strip,
bote TO, boat; container; (M) bucket, skip; (sh)
(M) dipper.
-----de draga (M), dragline bucket.
-----de lata, tin container.
-----de paso, ferryboat.
-----de valva de almeja (M), clamshell bucket.
-----salvavidas, lifeboat.
-----volador, flying boat.
bote-sifn, siphon can.
botella/, bottle.
-----aspiradora (lab), aspirator bottle,
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botella
brazos
u! f gof I I O IroI I I g offI! .
-----de lavar (lab), wash bottle.
-----de presin (lab), pressure bottle.
-----de sondeo, sounding bottle.
-----para filtrar, filter flask.
botero m, boatman.
boterola/, dolly; rivet set or snap.
botiqun m, medicine chest.
-----de emergencia, first-aid-kit.
-----de urgencia, first-aid kit; first-aid station.
boto, blunt.
botn TO, button; doorknob; crankpin; (chem)
bead; (Ibr) knot; (M) snap team of mules
or.bulls; (mech)(C) boss.
-----del alumbrado (auto), light button.
-----de arranque, (auto) starter pedal; (elec)
starting button.
-----de avance transversal (mh), cross-feed knob.
-----de bocina (auto), horn button.
.-----de la calefaccin (auto), heater button.
del cebador (auto), choke button.
de contacto, push button; contact button.
-----de embrague (mh), clutch knob.
del estrangulador de aire (auto), choke but
ton.
-----de manubrio, (eng) crankpin.
-----de pestillo o de puerta, doorknob.
-----de presin, push button.
-----de la puesta en marcha (auto)(A), starter
button or pedal.
-----de sintonizacin (ra), tuning knob.
-----de tope (cv), button stop.
-----de trfico (ca), traffic-marking button.
-----partido (elc), split knob (insulator).
-----pulsador, push button.
-----reflector (ca), reflecting button.
-----y tubo (elc), knob and tube (work).
botones de herramentero, toolmakers buttons,
botonera / , panel of push buttons,
bournonita / , bournonite, wheel ore.
bveda/, vault; arch; (geol) dome, cupola; (A)
crown of a road.
-----corrida, barrel arch or vault.
-----de aligeramiento, relieving arch.
-----de aristas, groined arch, cross vault.
-----de centro pleno, semicircular arch.
-----de crucera, groin vault.
----- de descarga, relieving arch.
del fogn (cal), fire arch.
-----del hogar, fire arch.
-----de medio can, barrel arch; semicircular
arch.
-----de medio punto, semicircular arch.
-----de panderete (Es), timbrel or Guastavino arch.
-----de segmento, segmental arch.
-----en- can, barrel arch or vault.
-----escarzana, segmental arch.
-----esfrica, dome.
-----rebajada, flat arch.
-----tabicada (Col), arch of brick laid on the flat.
bovedilla / , arch between steel floor beams;
closed body of a truck; (sb) poop, stern
overhang, counter, fantail.
bovedn m (Pe), chamber in a mine,
boya/, buoy; float.
-----cilindrica, can buoy.
-----cnica, nun buoy.
-----de amarre o de anclaje, mooring buoy.
-----de asta, spar buoy.
-----de campana, bell buoy.
-----de cuarentena, quarantine buoy.
-----de doble cono, mm buoy.
-----de espa, warping buoy.
-----de gongo, gong buoy.
-----de medio canalizo, mid-channel buoy.
----- de palo o de prtiga, spar buoy.
-----de pito o de silbato o de sirena, whistling
buoy.
-----de tambor, can buoy.
-----luminosa, gas buoy, light buoy.
-----sonora, bell buoy.
boya-farol, gas or lighted buoy.
boya-tonel, can buoy.
boyante, buoyant.
boyar, to buoy; to float.
bracero TO, laborer, workman.
braga/, sling; spreader for hoisting.
bramante (ra) aislador, insulating twine.
bramil m, chalk line; a line marked with chalk.
branca / (Col), pier, pilaster.
brancal TO, frame of a wagon; (PR) wagon shaft.
brandal m, backstay, tieback.
branque m (cn), stem.
brasero m, brazier, fire pot, salamander.
-----de gasolina, plumbers torch.
braunita / , braunite (ore of manganese").
braza / (nut), fathom,
brazada / (Col)(V), fathom.
-----de piedra (M), a cubic measure used in sell
ing building stone,
brazaje m, depth of water,
brazal m, irrigation ditch.
brazo m, arm; leg of an angle; branch of a tree;
branch of a stream; mast arm.
-----, a, by hand.
-----de adrizamiento (an), righting lever or arm.
-----de ataque (pi) (M), dipper stick.
-----del cigeal, (eng) crank arm.
-----de comps, leg of a compass.
-----del cucharn (pi), dipper stick.
-----de direccin (auto), steering arm.
-----del mbolo, piston rod.
-----de gobierno (auto), control arm.
----- de gra, (crane) boom, jib; (de) stiffleg.
-----del mun de direccin (auto), steering-
knuckle arm.
-----de palanca, lever arm, leverage.
-----de pared, wall bracket.
------ de romana, beam of a scale.
-----de ruptura (auto), breaker arm.
-----montador (tn), erector arm.
----- oscilante, rocker arm; (pet) swing arm.
-----para lmpara, lamp bracket.
-----para retenida (poste), guy arm.
-----polar, pole arm (planimeter).
-----rastrillador (is), raking arm.
-----rgido, (de) stiffleg.
-----trazador, tracer arm (planimeter).
-----volado (pte), cantilever arm.
brazos, labor (men).
de cucharn a horcajadas (pi), straddle-type
dipper sticks.
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brazola
51
broca
r oI O o I g ur .
de escotilla, hatch coaming.
de registro, manhole coaming.
brea / , pitch, tar, brea, petroleum asphalt.
-----de alquitrn (M), coal-tar pitch.
de carbn o de hulla, coal tar.
de hulla residual, coal-tar pitch.
-----de primera destilacin, straight-run pitch.
de tierra, earth pitch.
-----mineral, asphalt, mineral pitch; maltha,
mineral tar.
brear, to coat with pitch,
breccia / (geol), breccia.
brecha / , a breach, opening, crevasse; (geol)
breccia.
de dislocacin (A), crush or friction or fault
breccia.
de fallas o de friccin o de trituracin, fault
or crush or friction breccia.
-----de talud, talus breccia.
brechacin/ (geol), brecciation.
brechiforme, brecciated.
brechero m (ec) (M), trailbuilder.
brechoide (B), brecciated.
brechoso, brecciated.
breque m, brake; (Pe) baggage car.
brequero m (Col), brakeman.
brete to (fc) (A), cattle pass, cattle ramp,
briaga/, sling; (Col) hoisting rope,
brida / , (p) flange; clamp; splice plate; bridle
(cable); bridle (harness); (rr) splice bar;
(mt) dog.
-----angular (fc), angle bar.
------ ciega (tub), blind flange; blank flange.
-----corrediza (tub), slip-on flange.
------ curva (tub), saddle or tank or boiler flange.
-----de acoplamiento, companion flange; couphng
flange.
-----de arrastre (mh), clamp dog.
-----de collar (tub), neck or collar flange.
-----de copa (tub), hat flange.
-----de deslizamiento (V), slip-on flange.
-----de enchufe (tub), socket flange.
-----de junta montada (tub), Van Stone or
lapped-joint flange.
-----de obturacin (tub), blind flange.
-----de orificio (tub), orifice flange.
-----de piso (pb), waste nut, floor flange.
-----grapa (A), lathe dog.
-----lisa (tub) (M), blank flange.
-----loca, loose flange.
-----para artefacto (pb), fixture flange.
-----para martillar (tub), peening flange.
-----para plato (torno), chuck plate.
-----postiza (C), loose flange.
-----reductora, reducing flange.
-----roscada, screwed flange.
-----soldada, welded flange.
-----tapadera (tub), blind flange.
-----tapn (tub), barrel flange.
bridas gemelas o de unin, flange union, com
panion flanges,
bridar, to flange.
brigada/, party, squad, gang; (tk) fleet.
-----de campo, field forces or party.
-----de dibujantes, squad of draftsmen.
-----de tractores, fleet of tractors.
-----del trnsito (lev), transit party.
-----sanitaria, sanitary squad.
-----topogrfica (A), survey party.
brillante, bright (wire); glossy (finish),
brillantez / (il), brilliance, luminosity, subjective
brightness.
brillo TO, (miner) luster; (il) brightness; gloss;
(ra) glow.
-----anacarado, pearly luster.
-----ceroso, waxy luster.
-----craso, greasy luster.
-----de betn, pitchy luster.
-----grasiento o mantecoso, greasy luster.
-----grasoso (B), greasy luster.
-----mate, dull luster.
-----nacarado, pearly luster.
-----resinoso, resinous luster.
-----sedoso, silky luster.
-----subjetivo (il), subjective brightness, lumi
nosity, brilliance.
-----terroso, earthy luster.
-----vitreo, vitreous luster.
brinco (TO) hidrulico, hydraulic jump,
briqueta / , briquet,
briquetar, briquetear, to briquet,
briqueteadora/ , briqueting press; briquet mold,
brisa / , breeze, light wind.
-----elctrica, electric wind.
- ligera, light or gentle wind.
moderada, moderate or fresh wind,
brisera / (C)(PR,), windshield,
brisero (Col), windshield,
brisote TO, strong wind,
bristol TO (dib), Bristol board,
brizna/, splinter, chip,
broca/, drill, drill bit; (A) driftpin.
-----buriladora, router bit.
----- centradora, center bit or drill.
----- de acanalado doble, double-flute drill.
-----de acanalado recto, straight-flute drill.
-----de acanalado simple, single-flute drill.
-----de acanaladura triple, three-fluted drill.
-----de alambre, wire drill.
-----de alegrar, reamer.
-----do avellanar, countersinking bit.
-----de barrena, drill bit.
-----de canal de aceite, oil-tube drill.
-----de canaleta recta, pod bit.
-----de cuchara, pod drill, spoon or pod bit
-----de diamantes, diamond bit.
-----de doble corte, dual-cut drill.
-----de espiga ahusada, taper-shank drill.
----- de espiga recta, straight-shank drill.
-----de manguito, shell drill.
de paso corto, high-spiral or high-helix
drill.
-----de trinquete, ratchet drill.
-----desmontable, detachable bit.
-----destornilladora, screwdriver bit.
-----espiral o helicoidal, twist drill.
-----estrellada, star bit.
-----pasadora (est), driftpin.
-----piloto, pilot bit.
-----postiza o recambiable, detachable bit.
-----salomnica, twist drill.
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brocal
52 bulbo
ro I m, rIr oufJ o J f ur rou I
J f I M II! Iu ur I I oII r
I ! I If o rIO !II urO
ro fIf I I !r O roJ fIf! I oI I !r uI
I J f! O
roJ O ruJ .
-----de alambre, wire brush.
-----de blanquear, whitewash brush.
-----para pintura, paintbrush.
- para ventanas, sash tool, fitch,
brochada / , brush stroke; brush coat,
brochal TO, header beam,
brochar, to brush,
broche TO, hasp.
broches para correa (C) (A), belt hooks or lacing.
brochn, whitewash .brush.
broma / , teredo, shipworm.
bromado, worm-eaten.
bromato TO (qum), brmate.
bromhidrato m, hydrobromide, hydrobromate.
bromhldrico, hydrobromic.
brmico, bromic.
bromito m (quim), bromite.
bromo TO (quim), bromine.
bromofenol m (is), bromophenol.
bromuro m, bromide.
- metlico, methyl bromide.
bronce m, bronze; brass; (min) iron pyrites.
-----al estao, tin bronze.
-----al estao-plomo, leaded tin bronze.
-----amarillo, brass.
-----anticido, acid bronze.
-----cromado, chromium bronze.
-----de alto plomo, high-lead bronze.
-----de aluminio, aluminum bronze.
-----de campanas, bell metal, hard bronze.
----- de can, gun metal.
-----de carbn (min), coal brass or blende.
-----de nquel-estao, nickel-tin bronze.
-----duro, hard bronze, hard or bell metal.
- fosforado, phosphor bronze.
-----hidrulico, hydraulic bronze.
-----mangansico, manganese bronze.
-----silicado, silicon bronze.
-----Tobin, Tobin bronze.
bronces (fc), car brasses,
bronceado, brass-plated, bronzed,
broncera / , bronze work, brasswork; bronze or
brass shop.
-----de obra, structural bronze work.
broncero to, broncista m, brassworker, bronze-
smith.
brookita/, brookite (titanium ore).
broqueles m (tn)(Es), poling boards.
broquero m (mh)(M), bit dresser.
brotadero m, spring (water).
brotar, to crop out; to emerge (ground water).
brotazn m, an outcrop.
brote m (C), outcrop.
-----de filtracin, seepage outcrop.
broza/, brushwood; (Ch) mine waste; (Pe)(B)
poor ore.
brucita / , brucite, native magnesium hydroxide,
brjula / , compass, magnetic needle.
-----de agrimensor, surveyors compass, circum
ferentor.
-----de artesa, trough compass.
-----de azimut, azimuth or amplitude compass.
-----de bolsillo, pocket compass.
-----de declinacin, declination compass.
-----de gelogo, geologists compass.
-----de inclinacin, dipping compass, dip needle.
-----de induccin, induction or earth-inductor
compass.
-----de minero, mine dial, mining compass.
-----de nonio, vernier compass.
-----de reflexin, prismatic compass.
-----de selvicultura, forester s compass.
-----de senos, sine galvanometer.
-----de tangentes, tangent galvanometer.
-----de topgrafo (M), surveyor s compass.
-----giroscpica, gyrocompass, directional gyro.
---- goniomtrica, radio compass.
------ martima, mariner s compass.
-----minera, mining compass.
-----repetidora, repeater compass.
---- suspendida (min), hanging compass.
bruidor TO, burnisher.
bruir, to burnish, polish,
brusca / (cn), camber, roundup,
brusco, sharp (curve or grade),
bruto, gross; crude,
bruza / , coarse brush,
bucear, to dive.
buceo m, diving, submarine work,
bucharda/ (mam), bushhammer; crandall.
buchardar, to bushhammer.
bufarse, to swell, heave,
buhardilla/, garret; (A) skylight,
buja / (tub) (maq) (M), bushing,
bujarda / (mam), bushhammer.
buje to, bushing, sleeve.
----- al ras (tub), flush bushing.
----- de ballesta (auto), spring bushing.
-----de contratuerca (elc), lock-nut bushing.
-----de reborde (tub), shoulder bushing.
-----de reduccin (tub), bushing.
---- de tubo-conducto (elc), conduit bushing.
-----maestro, master bushing.
----- para manguera, hose bushing.
-----para soldar (tub), soldering or welding bush
ing.
partido, split bushing.
buja/, spark plug; candle; candle power.
- caliente, hot spark plug.
-----de encendido o de inflamacin, spark plug.
-----decimal (il), decimal candle.
-----elctrica, electric or Jablochkoff candle.
------ esfrica (il), spherical candle power.
----- fra, cold spark plug.
-----Hefner (il), Hefner candle.
-----hemisfrica (il), hemispherical candle power.
-----hora, candle-hour.
-----internacional, international or British stand
ard candle.
-----luminosa o lumnica, candle power.
----- mtrica, meter-candle.
----- normal o patrn, standard candle.
----- plomada (tn), plumb candle.
buja-pie, foot-candle.
bulrcama / (cn), rider.
bulbo TO, (A) bulb (lamp); (ra) (M) tube.
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bulbo 53 caballn
I T o I M O T uu fu! .
-----de amplificacin (ra)(M), amplifier.
-----de fuerza (ra)(M), power tube.
-----de presin (ms), bulb of pressure.
-----electrnico (M), electron tube.
-----fotoelctrico (A), phototube, photoelectric
tube.
-----indicador de sintona (ra)(M), tuning indi
cator tube.
-----mezclador (ra)(M), mixer tube.
buln TO, bolt, (A) machine bolt.
-----comn, machine bolt.
-----de ajuste (est), fitting-up bolt.
-----de anclaje, anchor bolt.
-----de arado, plow bolt.
-----de cabeza de hongo y cuello cuadrado, car
riage bolt.
-----de cabeza perdida, countersunk bolt; flat-
head stove bolt.
-----de cabeza ranurada, stove bolt.
-----de carrocera (A), carriage bolt.
-----de eclisa (fc), track bolt.
-----del mbolo, (eng) piston pin.
-----de fijacin (A), stud bolt, setscrew; clamp
bolt.
-----de grillete, shackle bolt.
-----de montaje (est), erection bolt.
-----de ojo, eyebolt.
-----de piston, (eng) piston pin.
-----de via (fc), track bolt.
-----nervado (est), rib bolt.
-----ordinario, machine bolt.
-----para cangilones, elevator bolt.
-----para peldaos, step bolt.
-----torneado, turned bolt.
-----zurdo, bolt with left-hand thread.
bulonado TO, bolting, fitting up.
bulonar, to bolt,
bullir, to boil.
buque TO, boat, vessel; (CA) doorframe.
-----carguero, cargo boat, freighter.
----- cisterna, tanker.
-----costanero o de cabotaje, coasting vessel.
-----fanal o faro, lightship.
-----frigorfico, refrigerator ship.
-----petrolero, oil tanker.
burbuja/, blister; bubble,
burda / , backstay, tieback.
burel TO, marlinespike, fid.
bureta / (lab), buret,
buril TO, small chisel, graver,
burilada / , chisel cut.
buriladora/, graver; router,
burilar, to chisel, carve.
burlete TO, weather strip; (p) j oint runner, gasket,
burnetizar (mad)(M), to burnettize.
burro TO, sawhorse; trestle bent; (min) windlass;
donkey; (sb) vang; (PR) stepladder; (C)
cheek plate,
buscacloaca TO, sewer-pipe locator,
buscador TO, (inst) finder; (ra)(A) cat whisker.
-----de fajas (fma), strip finder.
de visin directa (fma), direct-vision view
finder.
buscafallas to (elc), fault localizer, faultfinder,
buscahuella m (auto), spotlight.
buscapolos TO (elc), pole finder,
buscatubo TO, pipe finder.
busco TO (hid), gate or lock or miter sill; toe wall,
butano TO, butane,
buterola / , dolly, rivet set.
buzamiento TO, (geol) dip; (min) pitch.
-----arriba, updip.
buzar (geol), to dip.
buzarda/ (cn), breasthook.
buzo TO, diver; plunger.
buzn TO, bin, bunker; letter box; (B) chute; (Pe)
manhole.
-----de compensacin (ag), surge hopper.
-----de inspeccin (al)(Pe), manhole.
-----de metralla, scrap bin.
-----para carbon, coal bunker, coalbin.
buzones cargadores (conc), mixer bins,
buzonera/, (M) drain.
cabalgadura, pack animal,
cabalgar, to lap over,
caballaje m (C), horsepower,
caballera / , a land measure about 33J4 acres in
Cuba, 106 acres in Mexico, 194 acres in
Puerto llioo, about 111 acres in Central
America; saddle horse,
caballeriza/, stable,
caballero to (ot), spoil bank,
caballete to, trestle bent, A frame; horsehead;
(M) gantry; (A) truss; sawhorse; ridge of
a roof, ridgepole, ridge roll; (va) yoke;
(mech) saddle; (ca) ridge, small dike; (rd)
windrow.
-----A, A frame.
-----de los aguilones (cn), boom crutch.
-----de andamio, scaffold horse.
-----de aserrar, sawhorse.
-----de cablevia, cableway tower.
-----de extraccin (min), headframe.
-----de maniobra, (rr) switch stand; floor stand
(gate).
-----de mltiples tramos, multiple-story bent.
-----de pilotes, pile bent.
-----en H, II frame.
-----en marco, framed bent.
-----oscilante, rocker bent.
-----portapoleas (pet), crown block.
caballo TO, horse; horsepower; sawhorse; wood
roof truss.
-----de carga, pack horse.
-----de fuerza o de vapor, horsepower.
-----de fuerza al freno, brake horsepower.
-----de montar, saddle horse.
-----de tiro, draft horse.
-----elctrico, electric horsepower.
-----mtrico, metric horsepower.
caballo-hora, horsepower-hour,
caballos
-----al eje, shaft horsepower.
-----de establecimiento (Es), installed horse
power.
-----de regimen (mot), horsepower rating.
caballn TO, dike, levee.
-----desviador (ca), water bar.
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cabecear
54 cable
!! rO fo rou fo I IfJ I J II I M fo I
I Ir I M fo ! I fJ .
cabeceo m, (naut) pitching; (M) stone revet
ment.
cabecera/, headwall; intake; capital city,
cabeceras / (Col), headwaters,
cabecero m, header beam; cap, lintel; head
block; (mas) header, bondstone; yoke of a
window frame.
-----de caballete, cap of a trestle bent.
-----de esclusa, lock head.
-----de pilotes, pile cap.
-----de pozo (al), manhole head.
-----de puerta, doorhead, lintel.
cabecilla / (elc)(U), binding post, terminal; m
(F), foreman,
cabellera/ (fma), coma,
cabestrillo m (carp), strap, diagonal tie.
cabeza / , head (rivet, bolt, nail); head of water;
head of horses; (gi) flange; addendum
(gear).
-----avellanada (re), countersunk head.
-----caliente (met), sinkhead, hot top, feed-
head.
-----cilindrica ranurada, fillister head (screw).
----- , de, on end.
-----de la biela, (eng) big end.
-----de botn alto (re), acorn head, high button-
head.
-----de cementacin (pet), cementing head.
de circulacin (pet), circulating head.
-----de mbolo, pistonhead.
-----de empaque (pet), stuffing box.
-----de esclusa (hid), lock head.
-----de la fbrica (re), manufactured head.
-----del filtro (az), filterhead.
-----de golpear (pet), driving head.
-----de hervidores (cal) (A), header.
-----de hincado (pet), drivehead, driving cap.
-----de hongo, mushroom head (column); button-
head (rivet or bolt).
-----de mina, entrance to a mine.
-----de negro (M), niggerhead, boulder.
-----de perforacin (pet), drilling head.
-----del pilote, butt of a pile.
-----de pozo (pet), wellhead; casing head.
-----de remache, rivethead.
-----de seta (re), buttonhead.
-----de sonda (pet), drilling head.
-----del timn (cn), rudderhead.
-----de tornillo, screwhead.
-----de tubera (pet), tubing head.
-----de vlvula (A), valve bonnet.
embutida (re), countersunk head.
-----encajadora (pet)(M), drivehead.
-----fijadora (tornillo) (A), fillister head.
-----fuera de la cuerda (en), chordal addendum.
-----fungiforme, mushroom head (column).
-----inferior, (gi) bottom flange.
-----martillada (re), driven head.
-----para llave, wrench head (bolt).
-----perdida (re), countersunk head.
superior, (gi) top flange.
-----trasera (perforadora), back head.
-----(Para otros tipos de cabeza vase remache y
perno.)
cabezada/, bridle, halter; (C) headwaters; (top)
highest part of a region; (min) header
beam; (naut) pitching,
cabezal m, cap, header, lintel; bridle; header
brick; (mt) headstock.
-----alzador (gato), lifting head.
-----de balancn (pet), beamhead.
-----de cajn (cal), box header.
-----de cerco (cal), ring header.
-----de conducto de servicio (elc), service head.
-----de conexin mltiple (tub), branch T.
-----de control (pet), control head.
-----de choque (fc), bumper, bumping post or
block.
-----de entrada (az), inlet head.
-----de entubamiento (pet), casinghead.
-----de nivelacin (inst), leveling head.
-----de pozo, wellhead, (pet) casing head.
-----de pozo con prensaestopa (pet), bradenhead.
-----de seguridad (pet), safety head.
-----de sujecin (mh), workhead.
-----de taladrar (mh), boring or drilling head. -
-----de torno (mh), lathe head, headstock.
-----de tubera de revestimiento (pet), casing
head.
-----de tubo de produccin (pet), tubing head.
-----de tubos, (p) branch T; (bo) tube header;
(C) tube sheet.
-----divisor (mh), dividing or index head.
-----fijo (mh), headstock.
-----giratorio (mh), toolhead.
-----mezclador (sol), mixing head.
-----mvil (mh), tailstock, poppethead.
- obturador (pet), packing head.
-----para barrenar (mh), drilling head.
-----para tubera de perforacin (pet), drilling
head.
-----portacuchillas (as), adz or cutter block, cut
ter cylinder.
-----portatronco (as), head block.
-----transferente (as), transfer block.
cabezales (az), mill cheeks, housing,
cabezo m, submerged rock, reef,
cabezn m, boulder, niggerhead; (Col) eddy,
whirlpool,
cabezorro m, bolt with large head,
cabezote m, rubble or one-man stone, (conc)
plum.
cabida/, contents; capacity, space,
cabilla / , steel bar, dowel, driftbolt, treenail;
(naut) belaying pin; pintle; (conc) rein
forcing bar.
-----de reparticin (ref)(M), distributing bar.
-----de tensin (ca), tension dowel.
-----estriada (ref) (V), deformed bar.
-----U, U bolt.
cabilln m, ladder rung.
cabina/, elevator car; (tk)(sh) cab; cabin of an
airplane.
cabio m, joist; trimmer beam; lintel; rafter.
cabio m, lintel; rail of a door.
cable m, cable, rope, line; (elec) cable.
-----acorazado (elc), armored cable.
----- agitador (pet), jerk line.
-----alimentador (elc), feed cable.
----- antigiratorio, nonspinning wire rope.
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cable 55 cabo
r IoO ror!I I! uIfII I!o Iufor
I! .
---- arrollado con encaje, (wr) locked-coil cable.
---- atesador, tightening or take-up line.
-----blindado, armored cable.
-----carril (ev), track cable.
---- cerrado (Es), locked-coil cable.
-----cinta, flat wire rope.
-----concntrico (ele), concentric-lay cable.
-----corredor, running rope.
de abac, Manila rope.
de aceite (ele), oil-filled cable.
de acercamiento (cv), inhaul cable.
de acero, wire rope or cable.
de achique (pet), swabbing line.
de alambre, wire rope.
---- de alambres ajustados, (wr) locked-wire
cable.
-----de alambres pareados (ele), paired or non-
quadded cable.
de alejamiento, (cy) outhaul cable; (lg)
haulback.
----- de algodn, cotton rope.
----- de almas mltiples, multiple-core cable.
de alzar, hoisting line.
de aproximacin (cv), inhaul cable.
---- de arrastre, dragline, hauling cable.
de arrollado liso, (wr) smooth-coil cable.
----- de avance (pi), crowd line.
de botones (cv), button line.
de cadena, chain cable.
---- de camo, Manila or hemp rope.
de carga, load or carrying cable.
de cierre (cuch), closing or digging line.
de cola, tag line.
---- de compensacin, take-up line.
---- de conductor mltiple (ele), multiple-con
ductor cable.
---- de conductores de sector (ele), sector cable.
- de conductores encerrados (ele), shielded-
conductor cable.
de conductores gemelos (ele), twin wire.
de conductores separados (ele), split-con-
ductor cable.
----- de cordones planos, flattened-strand wire
rope.
----- de corrida, running rope.
----- de la cuchara (pet), bailing line.
---- de descarga (cuch), dumping or trip line.
---- de elevacin, hoisting or fall or load line.
-----de empuje (pi), crowd line.
----- de espira cerrada, (wr), locked-coil cable.
---- - de extraccin, cable on a mine hoist.
---- de gas (ele), gas-filled cable.
-----de giro (gr), sluing line.
-----de henequn, sisal rope.
-----de izar, fall or hoisting or load line.
-----de labor, running rope.
-----de ladeo (tn)(nut), bull line.
-----de levante (M), hoisting line.
de mando, operating cable.
-----de nudos (cv), button line.
----de recorrido (cv) (A), hauling or endless line.
de refrenamiento, snubbing line.
de remolque, hawser, towing line, towline;
(type of wire rope) hawser, mooring line.
-----de retencin, guy cable; (bu) holding line.
-----de retroceso, (sh) backhaul rope; (lg) haul-
back, receding line.
-----de las tenazas (pet), tong line.
-----de torcido concntrico (elc), concentric-lay
cable.
-----de traccin, (wr) haulage cable; (cy) hauling
or endless line; (ce) dragline.
-----de traslacin, (cy) hauling or endless line;
(Ig) straw or grass line.
-----de via (cv), track or main cable.
-----de volteo (cuch), dumping line.
-----, de un solo, (bu) single-line.
-----gra (Es), cableway.
-----guardacarretera, highway guard cable.
-----Manila, Manila rope.
-----mensajero, carrying or messenger or load
cable.
metlico de alma fibrosa, fiber-core wire rope.
muerto, standing rope; (pet) dead line.
para encarrilamiento (fc), wrecking rope.
para intemperie (elc), weatherproof cable.
para maniobras (fc), switching rope.
para vientos, guy cable.
portador, (cy) main or load cable; suspension
cable.
preformado, preformed wire rope.
protegido (elc), shielded cable.
rastrero, hauling cable.
rosario (cv)(A), button line.
soltador (cuch), tripping line.
suspendedor (pte), suspender cable.
- sustentador, carrying or load cable.
telefrico, aerial tramway.
tractor o sin fin (cv), hauling or endless line.
---- transbordador, cableway.
trenzado (elc), stranded or braided cable.
vaciador (cuch), dumping line.
cableado m (cab), lay.
corriente, regular lay.
----- Cruzado, (cab) regular lay; pljiin lay (rope).
paralelo, lang lay.
cablear (cab), to twist, to lay.
cablecarril m, cableway; aerial tramway.
- corredizo, traveling cableway.
giratorio, radial cableway.
cablero m, (M), rigger,
cablerriel m (cv), track cable,
cablevia m, cableway; aerial tramway.
de arrastre (ef), cableway skidder.
de cable templado, Tautline cableway
(trademark).
flojo, slackline cableway.
radial, radial cableway.
trasladable, traveling cableway.
cabo m, rope, strand; foreman; handle; cape; end
ciego (A), cap nut.
- de cuadrilla, straw boss, assistant foreman.
de hacha, ax handle.
de labor, running rope.
de mecha (A), shank of a drill.
de pico, pick handle.
de pistola, pistol grip.
de retenida, guy cable; guy strand.
guardacamino (ca), guardrail strand.
Manila, Manila rope.
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cabo
56 cada
! !roO uI ! Io or !! g!r fr I .
-----muerto, standing rope, guy cable.
-----para vientos, guy strand.
cabotaje m, pilotage; coastwise shipping, cabo
tage.
cabrestante m, winch, crab, capstan; A frame,
breast or house derrick.
-----corredizo (hid), traveling gate hoist.
-----de cadena, chain block.
-----manual, hand-power winch.
-----para remolcar, towing winch.
cabrestantero m (pet), winch-head man, cathead
man.
cabria / , winch, capstan, windlass, crab; crane,
derrick; A frame, gallows frame, house
derrick; (lg) jammer; oil derrick.
-----chinesca, differential windlass.
-----de aguiln, jib crane.
-----de manivela, crank windlass.
-----de martinete, pile-driver leads.
-----de pies rgidos, stiffieg derrick.
-----de tres patas, shear legs, tripod derrick.
-----de vientos, guy derrick.
-----izadora de compuerta (hid), gate hoist.
-----remolcadora (tc), towing winch.
-----transportadora de troncos, logging arch.
cabriada / (A), truss; pile-driver leads,
cabrial m, rafter.
cabrilla/, sawhorse, sawbuck; trestle horse.
cabrio w, joist; rafter.
cabrin m, chock.
cabs m (fc)(M), caboose.
cabuya / , sisal or hemp rope.
cabuya m, an Argentine hardwood.
cabuyera / , rigging, outfit of ropes or cables;
ship chandlery,
cabuyero m, ship chandler,
cacaraa/, pitting (rust),
cacaraado, pitted.
cacera / , channel, canal, irrigation ditch,
cacerola / (lab), casserole,
cachacera/ (az), mud tank, blowup,
cachar (mad), to split; to rip.
cachaza / (az), scum, froth, foam, mud.
cacheta / (ft), ward of a lock,
cachete m, splice plate, scab, fishplate; jaw or
cheek plate.
cachimba/, (A) shallow well, spring; (M) miners
lamp; (Pe) house connection to a sewer,
cachimbo m, (V) nozzle; (V) inlet,
cachizo (mad), fit to be sawed,
cachorro, cachorrero m (vol)(A)(Ch), very light
blast.
cachucho m (Ch), bucket; coil pan in nitrate
plant.
cachuela / (Pe), rapids of a river,
cadahalso m, shed,
cadalso m, scaffold, staging,
cadena/, chain; log boom; (cons) tie, brace, rein
forcement, buttress.
-----afianzada, stud-link chain.
-----antiderrapante (M), tire chain.
-----antideslizante, tire chain.
-----articulada, block chain; pitch or pintle chain.
-----comprobada, proof coil chain.
-----con juntas de pasador, pin-connected chain.
----- de adujadas, coil chain.
-----de agrimensor, surveyor s chain (66 feet).
-----de aisladores (elc), chain insulator, insula
tor string.
-----de ajuste, toggle chain, (lg) bunk chain.
-----de amarrar, mooring chain.
-----de cable o de contretes, cable or stud-link
chain.
----- de distribucin (auto), timing chain.
-----de dragado, dredge chain.
-----de empuje (pi), crowding chain.
-----de engranaje, pitch chain.
----- de escalera, ladder chain.
-----de eslabn con travesao, stud-link chain.
-----de eslabn torcido, twist-link chain.
-----de eslabones cortos, close-link chain.
-----de eslabones planos, flat-link chain.
-----de fondeo, mooring chain.
-----de Gall, Galls chain.
----- de Gunter, Gunter s or surveyor s chain.
----- de herramientas (pet), string of tools.
----- de mando, transmission or driving chain.
----- de medir, surveyor s or Gunter s chain; engi
neers chain.
----- de montaas, mountain range.
----- de oruga, crawler belt.
-----de paso corto, short-pitch chain (fiat link).
-----de paso largo, long-pitch chain.
-----de produccin, assembly or production line.
----- de rocas, reef, ridge of rock.
----- de rodillos, roller chain.
----- de seales (cn), telegraph chain.
----- de transmisin, chain belt, driving chain.
----- de troncos, log boom.
----- enroscadora (pet), spinning chain.
-----lubricadora, oiling chain.
-----motora, driving chain.
-----para hojas de ventana, sash chain.
-----para ingenieros (lev), engineers chain (100
feet).
-----para neumtico, tire chain.
-----rotatoria, roller chain.
-----silenciosa, silent chain.
-----sin soldar, weldless chain.
-----sorda, silent chain.
-----transportadora, chain conveyor.
cadenas de cola (ef), tag chains,
cadenada/ (lev), length of one chain,
cadenear (lev), to chain,
cadeneo m, chaining,
cadenero m, chainman.
-----: delantero, head chainman.
-----trasero, rear chainman.
-----zaguero (A), rear chainman.
cadenetas/ (Ch), bridging between joists,
cadenilla ( f) de tiro (elc), pull chain,
cadmiado, cadmium-plated,
cadmio m, cadmium.
caedizo m, lean-to; a unstable, ready to fall; de
ciduous (tree),
caer, caerse, to fall, drop; to fail,
cagafierro m, slag, scoria,
caico m (C), reef, shoal.
cada/, fall, drop; (hyd) head; (geol) dip; (str)
failure; (min) slip, fall of rock; (bldg) roof
leader.
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cada
57
caja
ruf I J II O groJ! I .
-----de agua, waterfall.
-----de friccin, (hyd) friction, drop.
-----de tensin de la reactancia (elc), reactance
drop, quadrature component.
-----efectiva (hid), effective head.
-----esttica (hid), static head.
-----IR (elc), IR drop.
-----pluvial, rainfall.
-----por impedancia (elc), impedance drop.
-----til (hid), useful head.
cados (min), fallen material,
caimn m, Stillson wrench; (M) ore chute; (pet)
tongs.
caipn m (RD), a timber tree,
cairel m (cn), rail.
caja / , box, case; car body, truck body; (carp)
mortise, recess; (elec) cabinet; (machy)
housing, casing; (elec) outlet box, junction
box; (rd) section excavated for pavement;
(min) thickness of a vein; (com) cash; safe,
cashbox; cashier s office; fund; (Ch) river
bed.
-----basculante, dump body.
-----chica, petty cash.
-----de abonado (elc) (agua), service box.
-----de acceso, inspection box; (clec) pull box.
-----de la aguja (inst), compass box.
-----de ahorros, savings bank.
-----de alimentacin (az), feed well.
-----del alma (sx), core box.
-----de amortizacin, sinking fund.
-----de arranque (elc), starting box.
-----de ascensor, elevator shaft.
-----de avance (mh), feedbox.
-----de banjo (auto), banjo housing.
-----de bscula, scale box (weighing).
-----de bobinas (auto), coil box.
-----de bolas (cojinete), ball cage, retainer.
-----de bomba, pump casing.
-----de borne (elc), terminal housing.
-----de cadenas (cn), chain locker.
-----de cambio, (auto) gear case, gearbox; (mt)
speed box.
-----de cambios rpidos (torno), quick-change
gearbox.
-----de caracol (turb), scroll case.
-----de carretilla, wheelbarrow tray.
-----de carro, car body; wagon body.
-----de caudales, safe.
-----de cepillo (herr), plane stock.
-----de cerradura (ft), lock case.
-----de cigeal (auto), crankcase.
-----de contacto (elc), receptacle, socket.
-----de contador, meter box, (elec) meter trough.
-----de contrapeso (ventana), weight box.
-----de cortacircuito (elc), cutout box.
-----de la chapaleta (v), clack box.
-----de chumacera, journal box, pillow block;
axle box.
-----de dcadas (elc), decade box.
-----de derivacin, (elec) junction or tap box;
service box; (sd) diverting box.
-----de derrame (az), overflow box.
-----del diferencial (auto), differential case or
housing.
-----de distribucin, (se) valve chest; (elec) dis
tribution or junction box.
-----del eje, journal box, axle box.
-----del embrague (auto), clutch case.
-----de empacadura (M), stuffing box.
-----de empalme (elc), junction or splice or
joint box.
-----de empaque (M), packing case.
-----de empaquetadura, stuffing box.
-----de enchufe (elc), receptacle, outlet.
-----de engranajes, gear case, gearbox; (auto)
transmission.
-----de engrase (fc), journal box, axle box.
-----de entrega (irr), delivery box.
-----de escalera, stair well.
rde esclusa, sluice box.
-----de estopas, stuffing box.
-----de extraccin, mine cage.
-----de fuego (cal), firebox.
-----de gasto visible, sight-flow box.
-----de grasa, grease case.
-----de, herramientas, toolbox, tool chest.
-----de humo, smokebox, breeching.
-----de incendio, hydrant.
-----de ingletes (carp), miter box.
-----de jubilaciones, pension fund.
-----de lavado (al), flush tank.
-----de menores, petty cash.
-----de muestras (sx), core box.
-----de orificio (hid), orifice box.
-----de paso (elc), pull box.
-----de pilada (mam), batch or mortar box.
-----de puente trasero (auto), rear-aile housing.
-----de la puerta (M), door buck.
-----de registro, manhole (street).
-----de resistencias (elc), resistance box.
-----de retiros, retirement fund.
-----de rodillos (cojinete), roller race.
-----de salida (elc), outlet or conduit box.
-----de salida doble, double or two-gang outlet
box.
-----de salida simple, single or one-gang outlet
box.
-----de salida triple, triple or three-gang outlet
box.
-----de sebo (U), grease cup,
-----de seccionamiento (elc), sectionalizing box.
-----de seguridad, safe; safe-deposit box.
-----de servicio, (elec) service box; (irr) delivery
box.
-----de sulfitacin (az), sulphur box.
-----de transferencia (co), transfer case.
de transmisin (auto), gear or transmission
case.
-----de unin, junction box.
-----de vagn, car body.
-----de vlvula, valve chest; valve box.
-----de vlvula al cordon, curb box.
-----de vapor (mv), steam chest.
-----de velocidades, (auto) gear or transmission
case; (mt) speed box.
-----de ventilacin, air or ventilation shaft.
-----de visita, manhole, inspection box.
-----del volante (auto), flywheel housing.
-----de volteo, dump body.
.-----derivadora (irr), delivery box.
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caja
58
caldear
IIfrIuIIor I o O I r! I!r oO !r II! .
-----esparcidora (ca), spreader box.
-----espiral (turb), scroll case.
-----estancadora (maq), gland.
-----fuerte, safe.
-----grasera (fc)(Ch), journal box.
-----partida, split casing.
-----pequea (Ec), petty cash.
----- playa (co) (A), flat body. . , .
-----portacuchiUa acabadora (mh), finishing box
tool.
___ portacuchilla desbastadora (mh), roughmg
box tool.
-----repartidora (irr)(M), division box.
-----volcable o volquete, dump body.
___ y espiga, (carp) mortise and tenon; (p)(M)
bell and spigot,
caja-dique ro, cofferdam,
cajear, to mortise, recess,
cajera / , groove, channel, recess, key seat.
-----colectora (lu), collecting groove.
-----: de chaveta (maq), keyway, key seat.
-----del eje, journal box, pillow block.
-----de lubricacin, oil groove.
cajero ni, cashier; box maker,
cajn m, packing case; caisson; bin; skip, scale-
pan; car body; locker; (Ch)(V) gorge, can
yon; (Col) concrete forms; (elec) cabinet;
(Ec) box culvert.
----- cargador, loading skip.
----- de aire comprimido, pneumatic caisson.
----- de carro, wagon body; car body.
----- de embalaje, packing case.
-----de madera (exc), scale box.
----- de volteo, dump body.
----- esqueleto, crate.
----- neumtico o sumergible, pneumatic caisson.
cajones de agregados, aggregate bins,
cajonero m, (exc) man who handles skips or
scalepans, (min) bottomer, onsetter.
cajuela/, groove, rapess.
cal / , lime.
-----area (Es), quicklime; high-calcium lime.
-----apagada, slaked iime.
-----blanca, high-calcium lime.
-----custica, caustic lime, quicklime.
----- grasa, rich or high-calcium lime.
----- gruesa (A), quicklime.
----- hidratada, hydrated or slaked lime, mason s
hydrate.
-----libre, free lime.
----- muerta, slaked or hydrated lime.
-----pobre, lean or magnesium lime.
-----tal como sale, run-of-kiln lime.
-----viva, quicklime, caustic lime.
-----y canto, stone masonry.
cala / , cove, small bay; hold of a vessel; (naut)
draft; test core, test boring; test pit.
-----de prueba, test boring, boring core.
calabozo m (C), kind of machete,
calabrote m, hawser.
calado m, (naut) draft, depth; (C) stencil, open
work; (elec) (A) angular displacement.
-----de popa, draft aft.
-----de proa, draft forward.
en plena carga, load draft.
-----en rosea (A), light draft.
-----mximo, extreme draft.
-----medio, mean draft.
-----sin carga, light draft.
calador m, calking iron; drill for talcing samples.
-----para rboles (for), increment or accretion
borer,
caladura/, boring,
calafate m, calking chisel or iron,
calafateador m, calker (man) ; calking tool.
-----agudo, butt or sharp iron.
-----angosto, spike iron.
----- de cubierta, dumb or deck iron.
-----de estopa, yarning iron.
calafatear, to calk; (mas)(Col) to point,
calafateo m, calking.
calaje m, (elec) angular displacement; (t) setting
(angle).
calamansanay m, a Philippine lumber,
calamina / (miner) (met), calamine,
calaminas (Ch) (B), galvanized corrugated sheets,
calandria/, (chem) calandria; (machy) calender,
calaa / (Es), guard railing, parapet, bulk
head.
calar, n limestone quarry; to perforate; to
wedge; to treat with lime; to make core
borings; to sink (caisson) ; (naut) to draw;
o calcareous,
calavera / (auto) (M), taillight.
calaverita / , calaverite (gold ore),
calca / , a copy.
----- heliogrfica, sun print, blueprint.
calcado m, tracing,
calcador m, tracer.
calcantita/, chalcanthite, native copper sulphate,
calcar, to trace, copy,
calcreo, calcareous.
calce m, wedge, liner, shim; 'underpinning; iron
tire.
clcico a (quim), calcic, calcium,
calcina/, (Sp) concrete,
calcinador m, calciner; (min) roaster,
calcinar, to calcine, burn, roast (ore),
calcio m, calcium.
-----clorurado, calcium chloride.
calcita / (miner), calcite, calcspar.
calco m, a tracing; (V) original drawing on trans
parent paper.
-----a lpiz, pencil tracing.
-----heliogrfico (A), blueprint.
-----litogrfico, lithotracing.
calcocita, calcosina/, chalcocite (copper ore),
calcopirita / , chalcopyrite, yellow coppcr ore,
yellow pyrites,
calculador m, calculating machine; estimator,
computer.
-----circular, circular slide rule.
-----de red (elec), network calculator.
calcular, to compute, calculate; (str)(C) to
design.
calculista, computer, estimator; (str)(C) de
signer.
clculo m, computation; calculus,
calda/, heating; a heat (steel),
caldeador m, heater,
caldear, to heat; to weld.
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caldn
59
calibrador
caldn m, an Argentine wood used for paving
blocks,
caldeo O J ! fI g !III g .
a martillo, hammer welding.
' a rodillo, roll welding.
-----de herrero, blacksmith welding.
-----por induccin, induction heating.
caldera / , boiler; tar kettle; (min) winze; (min)
sump.
-----a combustin de aceite, oil-fired boiler.
-----acuotubular, watertube boiler.
-----acuotubular rpida, express boiler.
-----de calefaccin, heating boiler.
-----de calor de desecho o de calor residual,
waste-heat boiler.
-----de colector mltiple, multidrum boiler.
-----de cuatro pasos, four-pass boiler.
---- de hogar contenido, integral-furnace boiler.
-----de hogar exterior, external-firebox boiler.
-----de paso nico, once-through-type boiler.
-----de retomo de llama, return-tubular boiler.
-----de tiro descendente, downdraft boiler.
-----de tornallama, return-tubular boiler.
de .tres colectores, three-drum boilr.
-----de tubo directo, through-tube boiler.
-----de tubos al aire, exposed-tube boiler.
-----de tubos de agua o de tubos hervidores,
watertube boiler.
-----de tubos de humo o de tubos de llama, fire-
tube boiler.
de tubos sumergidos, submerged-tube boiler.
de vaco, vacuum boiler.
elctrica, electric steam generator, electric
boiler.
-----enteriza con hogar, integral-furnace boiler.
escocesa, Scotch boiler.
humo tubular (M), fire-tube boiler.
igneotubular, fire-tube boiler.
instantnea o rpida, flash boiler.
---- locomvil, portable boiler on wheels.
multitubular escocesa, Scotch marine boiler.
semi fija, semiportable boiler.
tipo locomotora, locomotive-type boiler.
tubular de retorno, return-tubular boiler.
tubular sin retorno, through-tube boiler.
-----vaporizadora de mercurio, mercury boiler.
calderada / , water capacity of a boiler,
calderera/, boilermaking; boiler shop,
calderero, calderista m, boilermaker,
calderilla / (min), blind shaft,
caldero m, boiler; caldron; (met) ladle.
de brea, tar kettle.
de colada, ladle,
caldo m (lab), broth.
de formiato ricinolado, formate ricinoleate
broth.
de lactosa y bilis verde brillante, brilliant
green bile lactose broth.
lactosado violeta cristal, crystal violet lac
tose broth,
calefaccin/, heat, heating.
a panel radiante, radiant-panel heating.
-----a tubera simple (ed), one-pipe heating sys
tem.
a vaco, vacuum heating system.
a vapor, steam heating.
a vapor de muy baja presin, vapor heating.
-----de punto, spot heating.
-----por aire aspirado, draw-through hot-blast
heating.
por aire soplado^ blow-through hot-blast
heating.
-----por vapor de escape, exhaust-steam heating.
calefaccionar, to heat,
calefaccionista m, heating contractor,
calefactor m, heater.
de panel, panel radiator,
calefn (m) elctrico (A), electric heater,
calentada/, a heat (steel),
calentado al blanco, white-hot.
calentado al rojo, red-hot.
calentador m, heater.
----- a presin, pressure feed-water heater.
----- a roco, spray-type feed-water heater.
-----a soplo de aire, air-blast heater.
-----a vaco, vacuum or primary feed-water
heater.
-----a vapor de escape, exhaust-steam feed-water
heater.
-----a vapor vivo, live-steam feed-water heater.
-----atemperador (aa), tempering heater.
-----de agua de alimentacin, feed-water heater.
-----de cambiava (fe), switch heater.
-----de contrafiujo, counterfiow feed-water heater.
----- de chorro de aire (aa), blast heater.
----- de dinamita, dynamite thawer.
----- de escape directo (cal), through or thorough
fare heater.
----- de espacio, space heater.
----- de paso mltiple,multiflowfeed-water heater.
----- de serpentn, coil-type heater.
----- de superficie (asfalto), surface heater.
----- desaereador, deaerating feed-water heater.
-----inducido, induced or draw feed-water heater.
-----unitario, unit or space heater.
calentamiento (m) suplementario (sol), concur
rent heating,
calentar, to heat; calentarse, to heat up, rim hot,
calera/, limekiln; limestone quarry,
calera / , limekiln.
calero m, operator of a limekiln; a calcareous,
calesa / (min) (M), bucket,
calesn m, cart, wagon; concrete buggy,
caleta/, cove, small bay, inlet; (PR) short street,
caletero m, coasting vessel; (V) stevedore,
caleza/ (Ch), ore bucket.
calibita / (mineral de hierro), chalybite, siderite.
calibracin / , calibration.
calibrador m, gage, calipers; sizer; (rr) clearance
template; (rr)(V) track gage.
-----a cursor, slide caliper.
-----con arco, wing calipers.
-----convertible, inside and outside calipers.
-----de ahusamiento, taper gage.
-----de alambre, wire gage.
-----de rboles, tree compass.
-----de cinta, feeler ribbon.
-----de corteza, bark-measuring instrument.
-----de cubo, socket gage.
-----de engranajes, gear-tooth caliper,
-----de espigas, shank gage (drill).
-----de mechas, drill gage.
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calibrador
60
calle
de muescas, grooT! g g! .
-----de roscas, screw-pitch gage.
-----macho, male gage.
-----para dientes, gear-tooth caliper.
-----para espesor, outside calipers; slip gage.
-----para interior, inside calipers.
-----para planchas, sheet gage.
calibraje m, gaging, calibration,
calibrar, to gage; to caliper; to calibrate,
calibre to, gage, bore, caliber; (inst) gage, jig;
calipers; (rr)(M) gage.
-----a colisa, slide caliper.
-----a vernier, vernier caliper.
___americano, American or Browne and Sharpe
wire gage.
----- corredizo, sliding calipers, caliper rule.
-----de altura, surface gage.
-----de anillo, ring gage.
-----de articulacin ajustable, lock-joint calipers.
-----de articulacin fija, firm-joint calipers.
-----de Birmingham, Birmingham wire gage.
-----de centro, center gage.
-----de circunferencia, circumference gage.
-----de comparacin, master or reference gage.
-----de comprobacin, check or setting gage.
-----de copa, socket gage.
-----de dientes limpiadores (si), raker gage.
-----de espesor, outside calipers ; thickness gage.
-----de estirar, drawplate.
-----de juego mximo, not-go gage.
-----de juego mnimo, go gage.
-----de lmites, limit gage.
-----de macho, plug gage.
-----de nonio, vernier calipers.
-----de profundidad, depth gage.
-----de ranuras, groove gage.
-----de resorte, spring calipers.
-----de superficie, surface gage.
-----de taller o de trabajo, working gage.
-----de tolerancia, limit gage.
-----de traspaso, transfer calipers.
---- de triscado (si), tooth-set gage.
determinado o especfico, definite gage.
-----escalonado, step gage.
-----exterior, snap gage; outside caliper.
-----hembra, receiving gage.
-----hermafrodita, hermaphrodite calipers.
----- indicador, indicator calipers; indicating gage.
-----interior, male gage.
-----maestro o patrn, master or standard gage.
-----micrometrico, micrometer calipers.
----- normal, standard gage.
-----para guardarriel (fe), guardrail gage.
----- para troncos, log calipers.
-----Stubs, Stubs wire gage.
-----trazador, marking caliper.
calicanto to, stone masonry,
calicata / (A), test pit.
caliche to, caliche (stiff whitish clayey soil) ; (B)
(Ch) soil that produces sodium nitrate,
calichera / (Ch)(Pe), nitrate deposit; residue of
the caliche after production of the salitre,
calidra / (M), a special kind of hydrated lime,
calientarremaches to, rivet heater,
caliente, hot, warm,
calisuar to (A), reamer.
----- de estras, fluted reamer.
calita/, calite (alloy),
caliza / , limestone.
-----cavernosa, cavern limestone.
-----magnesiana, magnesian limestone, dolomite.
calizo, calcareous, containing lime,
calmar (met), to kill, deadmelt.
calor to, heat.
----- aprovechable, useful heat.
-----concomitante (sol), concurrent heating.
-----de desecho, waste heat.
-----de fraguado (conc), heat of setting.
----- de hidratacin, heat of hydration.
----- de humedecimiento (ms), heat of wetting.
-----de remojo (aa), heat of wetting.
-----de rozamiento, frictional heat.
-----de sublimacin (aa), heat of sublimation.
-----especfico, specific heat.
-----latente de fusin, latent heat of fusion.
-----moderado de endurecimiento (ct), moderate
heat of hardening.
-----sensible (aa), sensible heat.
calora/, calorie.
- grande, large or great calorie, kilogram-
calorie.
-----pequea, small calorie, gram-calorie.
calora-gramo, gram-calorie, small calorie,
calora-kilogramo, kilogram-calorie, great calorie,
calrico, caloric.
calorfero to, radiator, heater; a giving heat.
---- - de aire, hot-air furnace.
-----de tubera, pipe-coil radiator.
-----de vapor, steam radiator; heating boiler.
-----directo-indirecto, direct-indirect radiator.
-----mural, wall radiator.
-----seccionado de fundicin, sectional cast-iron
radiator.
----- tapado, concealed radiator.
calorfico, calorific.
calorfugo, nonconducting of heat, heat-resisting,
calorimetra / , calorimetry,
calorimtrico, calorimetric.
calormetro to, calorimeter.
----- de estrangulacin, throttling calorimeter.
----- de separacin, separating calorimeter.
calorita/ (aleacin), calorite.
calorizar (met), to calorize.
calota/ (tn) (A), top heading.
caloventilador m (M), heating fan.
caluma / (top)(Pe), gap, pass, gorge.
calza / , wedge, chock, shim, liner; (str) shoe;
(C) brake block; (t) tip.
calzada / , paved roadway, causeway; (A) im
proved road; (Ph) wagon road,
calzador m (vol)(A), tamping stick,
calzar, to wedge, chock, scotch, shim; to key;
(rr) to tamp ties; (t) to tip.
calzo m, wedge, chock; shim; foot block; friction
block; (machy) shoe.
----- de detencin (fc), scotch block.
-----de puerta (ft), binder.
calzos de estiba (C), dunnage.
calzn to (tub), Y, bifurcation.
callapo to, (min)(Ch) strut; (B) handbarrow.
calle / , street.
-----urbanizada (Es), street paved and curbed.
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callejn
61
cambio
II! r O I !O II!M I foI I .
-----del eje (cn), shaft tunnel, shaft alley.
callejuela/, small street; (M) traffic lane,
cama/, bed, bedplate; stratum; cog; cam; body
of a flat truck or car.
-----de mortero, bed of mortar.
-----de roca, bedrock, ledge rock.
camada / , stratum, layer,
camagn m, a Philippine lumber,
cmara/, chamber, room; camera; (auto) inner
tube; (min) stall, room, chamber.
-----aerofotogrametrica, camera for aerial pho
tography, aerocamera.
-----ampliadora, enlarging camera.
-----anublada (lab), fog room; cloud chamber.
-----captadora (hid)(Pe), intake chamber.
-----cartogrfica, mapping camera.
-----cernidora (is) (Pe), screen chamber.
-----compensadora (com), clearinghouse.
-----cudruple (fma), four-couple or four-lons
camera.
-----de aire, air chamber.
-----de aire comprimido, pneumatic caisson.
-----de.ngulo ancho (fma), wide-angle camera.
-----de aspiracin, (eng) suction chamber.
-----de bajada (ve), downtake chamber.
-----de bifurcacin (al), junction chamber.
-----de calma (hid), stilling well or box.
-----de carga (hid), surge tank or chamber; fore
bay.
-----de cascajo (dac), grit chamber.
-----de comercio, chamber of commerce.
-----de compensacin, (hyd) surge tank or cham
ber; (com) clearinghouse.
-----de la compuerta (ds), caisson chamber.
-----de confluencia (al), junction chamber.
-----de copiar, copying camera.
-----de decantacin, settling basin.
-----de descompresin (tn), decompression
chamber.
-----de digestion (dac), digestion compartment,
sludge-digestion chamber.
-----de dosificacin (dac), dosing chamber.
de empalme (elc), splicing chamber.
de equilibrio (hid), surge tank.
-----de esclusa, lock chamber.
-----de horizonte (fma), horizon camera.
----- de limpia (al)(U), automatic flush tank.
-----de mando, control room.
-----de mquinas, engine room.
-----de oleaje (hid), surge chamber.
-----de pelcula continua (fma), continuous-strip
camera.
----- de pleno (ve), plenum chamber.
-----de presin (hid), forebay.
-----de pulverizacin (auto)(U), mixing chamber.
-----de reduccin, reduction camera.
-----de reparticin (irr), division box.
-----de retencin (dac)(Pe), detention chamber.
-----de roco (aa), spray chamber.
-----de salida (hid), afterbay.
-----de subida (ve), uptake chamber.
-----de trabajo, working chamber.
-----de tranquilizacin (hid), stilling chamber.
-----de turbina, wheel pit.
-----de turbulencia (di), turbulence chamber.
-----de vapor (mv), steam chest.
-----de vertedero (hid), weir chamber.
-----de visita, manhole, inspection chamber.
-----desripiadora (dac), grit chamber.
-----desviadora, diversion chamber.
-----doble (fma), two-couple or two-lens camera
-----espiral (turb), scroll case.
-----estereofotogramtrica, stereocamera.
-----fotogrfica, camera.
-----granangular, wide-angle camera.
-----hmeda (lab), fog room.
-----limpia (al)(U), flush tank.
-----mltiple (fma), multiple-lens camera.
-----nnupla (fma), nine-lens camera.
-----proyectora, projection camera.
-----quntupla (fma), five-lens camera.
-----rectificadora (fma), rectifying camera.
-----registradora (fma), recording camera.
-----separadora (hid), screen chamber.
-----sptica (dac), septic tank.
-----simple (fma), single-lens camera.
-----.televisora, television camera.
-----tomavistas (fma), view camera.
-----triple (fma), three-lens camera.
camarn m, elevator car; shaft cage,
camarn m (Ch), wheels and axle used to handle
logs.
camarote (cn), stateroom,
cambar m (A), a softwood.
6ambiacorrea ra, belt shifter,
cambiador ra, changer; switchman; (elec) switch;
(rr) (Ch) (M) switch; belt shifter.
-----de calor (M), heat exchanger.
-----de frecuencia (ra), frequency changer.
----- de polos (elec), pole changer.
-----de toma (elc), tap changer.
-----de torre (fc), towerman.
----- de velocidad, speed-changer, variable-speed
transmission,
cambiar, to change, exchange; to switch.
-----engranajes (auto), to shift gears.
-----marcha (maq), to reverse; to change speed.
cambiava m (fc), txirnout; switch; (C)(M)(PR)
switchman; (M) turntable.
----- de aguja, point switch.
-----de desvo doble, Y switch.
-----de resorte, spring switch.
----- de tope, stub switch.
-----de traspaso doble, diamond switch, double
crossover.
----- en Y, Y switch.
----- saltacarril, jumper switch.
----- tndem, tandem switch.
-----tumbadora, ground throw, ground-lever
switch.
cambio m, change; (rr) switch; (auto) shift;
(com) exchange.
-----areo, overhead frog (trolley).
-----corredizo (fc), slip switch.
-----corrido (fc), flying switch.
-----de aguja (fc), point or split or tongue switch
-----de arrastre (fc), trailing-point switch.
-----de banda (ra) (A), band switch or selector.
-----de bases (qulm)(Pe), base exchange.
-----de cruzamiento (fc)(A), slip switch.
-----de descarrilar (fc), derail switch.
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cambio
62
campana
I! rJ O I ! g r!T!rI g .
- de rasante, break in grade.
-----de resorte (fc), spring switch.
-----de taln (fc), trailing-point switch.
-----de tope (fc), stub switch.
-----de trazo (fc), change of Une, relocation.
-----de tres tiros (fc), three-throw switch.
-----de velocidad (auto), gearshift.
-----de via (fc), switch; turnout.
-----de via triple (fc), three-throw switch.
-----digital (auto), gearshift on the steering wheel.
-----enfrentado (fc), facing-point switch.
-----extranjero o exterior (fin), foreign exchange.
-----ingls (fc) (A), slip switch.
-----qumico, chemical change.
-----volumtrico (ms), volume change.
cambista m, switchman; money changer,
cambium m (mad), cambium.
Camboat m, an Argentine lumber (semihard).
cambray m, cambric.
-----barnizado (ais), varnished cambric.
-----impregnado, empire cloth, cambric insula
tion.
camelia / (met), camelia.
camelln m, sawhorse; (top) ridge; windrow,
(irr) border.
----- distribuidor (hid), spreader ridge.
camilla/, stretcher; handbarrow.
caminamiento (lev)(Es), traversing,
caminante, foot passenger.
caminero m, road workman; (rr)(A) track la
borer; a pertaining to roads,
caminillo m (C), runway, footwalk.
camino m, road.
-----afirmado, paved roadway, improved road.
-----carretero, wagon road.
-----carrozable (Ec), wagon road.
-----de acceso, access road.
-----de acceso controlado, controlled-access road,
through highway, parkway.
----- de acceso ilimitado, local-service road, serv
ice drive.
-----de acceso limitado, through or limited-access
highway, freeway, parkway, thruway.
-----de arrastre (ef), skid road.
----- de fomento, feeder road.
-----de recua (V), trail.
-----de remolque, towpath.
-----de simple vertiente, hanging road.
-----de sirga, towpath.
-----de tierra, dirt or unimproved road.
-----de troncos, corduroy road.
-----de un agua, hanging road.
-----en balcn, benched road.
-----mejorado, improved road.
-----natural, unimproved or dirt road.
-----real o troncal, highway, main road.
-----vecinal, local or subsidiary road.
camin m, truck.
-----a horcadas, straddle truck.
-----agitador (conc), truck mixer; truck agitator.
-----andamio, (elec rr) tower truck.
-----automvil, motor truck.
-----basurero, garbage truck.
-----batidor (conc), truck agitator; truck mixer.
-----cisterna (A), tank truck.
-----cuba, tank truck.
-----chato, flat truck.
-----de adrales, flat truck with racks.
-----de auxilio, wrecking car.
-----de barandas (A), flat truck with racks.
----- de caballete, straddle truck.
-----de cama plana, flat truck;
-----de disparo (geof), shooting truck.
-----de escalera, (elec rr) tower truck.
----- de estacas, stake-body truck.
----- de expreso, express or pickup truck.
----- de extensin, reach truck.
-----de gra, truck crane.
-----de maroma (M), dump truck.
-----de medio carril, half-track.
-----de pilada o de revoltura (conc), batch truck.
-----de plataforma, flat truck.
-----de registro (geof), recording truck.
-----de reparto, express or pickup or delivery
truck.
-----de taladro (geof), drill truck.
-----de teleros o de varales, flat truck with stakes.
-----de volteo, dump truck.
-----elevador o levantador, lift truck.
-----esparcidor (ca), distributor truck.
-----materialista (M), truck for hauling concrete
materials.
-----mezclador (conc), truck mixer.
-----multicelular (conc) (A), multiple-batch truck.
-----piano, flat or platform truck.
-----playo (A), flat truck.
-----regador, sprinkler truck.
-----remolcador, tow truck.
-----tanque, tank truck.
-----tractor, truck tractor.
-----volquete, dump truck.
camionada / , truckload,
camionaje m, trucking, truckage,
camionero m, truckman, truck driver; truck
owner, hauling contractor,
camioneta / , light truck.
camisa / , jacket, lagging; sleeve, bushing; drill
chuck.
de agua, water jacket.
-----de caldera, boiler lagging.
----- de nudo (M), coupling sleeve.
-----del pistn (auto) (A), piston skirt.
-----de polvo (ag), dust jacket.
-----de vapor, steam jacket.
-----hmeda (auto), wet-type cylinder liner.
-----seca (auto), dry-type cylinder liner.
camn m, felloe, felly,
campamento m, camp.
campana / , bell; anything bell-shaped; (p) hub,
bell; (elec) petticoat (insulator).
-----de aire, air chamber, air receiver.
-----de bucear o de buzo, diving bell.
-----de freno (A), brake drum.
-----de goteo (elc), drip petticoat.
-----de lodo, mud socket (drilling).
----- de nieblas, fog bell.
----- de pesca (pet), socket.
----- de soldar (tub), welding bell.
-----de vidrio (lab), bell glass or jar.
----- neumtica (M), pneumatic caisson.
-----y espiga (tub), bell and spigot.
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campanilla
63
canaln
I III I !IfrI O !I!frI !IIO
I O I!T!I ou frM I!II I oru O
I If m, I !r J o oruo J r!O frIuf!r .
campo m, field (all senses) ; mining camp.
de aterrizaje, landing field, airfield, airpark.
-----de aviacin o de decolaje, airpark, airfield.
-----de fuerzas (ele), field of force.
-----de imagen (fma), image field.
-----de la lente (fma), field of view.
-----de radiacin (ra), radiation field.
-----fijo (ele), stationary or constant field.
-----gasfero, gas field.
-----giratorio (ele), rotating or revolving field.
-----petrolero o petrolfero, oil field.
-----productor (pet), producing field.
---- raso, open or flat country.
-----visual, field of view or of vision.
can m, corbel, bracket, bolster; column cap;
shoulder; pawl, dog.
canal m, canal, channel, gullet; chute, fiume,
race; (min) ground sluice; (ra) channel;
(elee) raceway, wireway.
---- alimentador, feeder canal, headrace.
-----asociado (ra), associated channel.
-----auxiliar (ele), auxiliary gutter.
-----cribador, screen chute.
---- de acceso (hid), head canal, approach chan
nel.
----- de aduccin, headrace, head canal.
-----de agotamiento, drainage canal.
-----de alcantarillado, drainage or sewer canal.
----- de barras colectoras (ele), busway.
------ de carga (Es), headrace, open penstock,
pentrough.
----- de combinacin (ele), combination raceway.
-----de conduccin, aqueduct canal.
-----de corriente portadora (ele), carrier chan
nel.
-----de derivacin, diversion channel.
----- de descarga, spillway channel, wasteway;
tailrace.
---- de desfogue (M), tailrace.
-----de escurrimiento (ms), flow channel.
-----de flotacin, log sluice.
-----de fondo abierto (ele), open-bottom race
way.
---- de fuga, tailrace; spillway channel.
---- de lodo (pet), mud ditch.
----- de llegada, headrace; channel of approach.
----- de mareas, tideway.
-----de piso metlico celular (ele), cellular-
metal-floor raceway.
-----de radiodifusin, broadcasting channel.
-----de riego, irrigation canal.
-----de trada, headrace.
-----derivado, branch canal.
-----descubierto, open channel.
-----desviador, diversion channel.
-----dosificador (is), dosing flume.
-----en balcn (M), bench flume.
-----evacuador, spillway channel, wasteway; (irr)
return ditch.
-----madre (irr) (Pe), main canal.
-----maestro, main canal.
-----martimo, ship canal.
---- medidor, measuring flume.
medidor de Parshall, Parshall flume.
metlico superficial (ele), surface metal
raceway.
para alambres (ele), raceway, conduit.
para barras conductoras (ele), busway.
---- para lanchones, barge canal.
troncal (irr), main canal.
---- vertedor, trough spillway, chute spillway;
spillway channel,
canal / , conduit, pipe, duct; channel iron; roof
gutter; groove, slot.
de aluminio (est), aluminum channel.
-----de bajada (ed), leader, downspout.
-----de barra (est), bar-mill channel.
-----de cables, cable duct.
-----de cruzamiento (fc), frog channel.
de desage (Pe), sewer pipe.
de enrasillado (ed), furring channel.
-----de humo (M), flue.
-----de lluvia (to), gutter.
-----de pestaa, flangoway.
de ventilacin, ventilation duct.
para construccin de carros, car-building
channel.
para construcciones navales, shipbuilding
channel.
TJ (M), channel iron.
canalado, corrugated, fluted, grooved,
canalador m, channeler ; rabbeting plane,
canaladura / , corrugation, fluting,
canalera / (Es), roof gutter,
canaleria / , system of ducts or ditches,
canalero m (irr), custodian of a canal; (M) irriga
tion subscriber,
canaleta/, chute; groove, corrugation; roof gut
ter, eaves trough; (A) street gutter; (conc)
spout.
-----de aforos venturi, Venturi flume.
-----de carga, loading chute.
-----de descarga, dumping chute.
-----de reparticin (irr), head flume.
-----de toma en marcha (fe), track pan.
-----plegadiza, jackknife chute.
canalistas m (Ch), irrigation subscribers,
canalizacin / , canalization; flume; piping; sys
tem of ducts; (elee) wiring; (elee) layout
"of conduits; (ra) channeling.
-----de circunvalacin simple (ele), single run
around wiring.
-----de desages, sewer system.
- de red doble (ele), double-grid wiring.
-----de red simple (ele), single-grid wiring.
-----descubierta (ele), exposed work.
-----elctrica, electric wiring; system of conduits
for electric wiring.
-----maestra, mains.
-----oculta (ele), concealed work.
canalizar, to canalize; to channelize,
canalizo m, flume, channel; fairway, gut.
-----de control, control flume.
-----de evacuacin, sluiceway ; (irr) return diteh.
-----medidor, measuring flume.
canaln m, flume; gutter, eaves trough; (elee)
gutter; waste pipe; (M) chute.
-----armado o ensamblado (to), box or built-un
gutter.
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canaln
64
caera
I! g rg f O fJ ro f Iu! .
-----de media ladera, bench flume.
---- de Parshall, Parshall flume.
-----medidor, control or measuring flume.
-----suspendido (to), hanging gutter.
canasta/, basket; (hyd) strainer,
canastilla/, (M) bucket; (M) car of aerial tram
way.
canastillo (hid), trashrack.
canasto m, basket; (A) small mortar bucket,
cancagua / (Ch), a stiff sandy soil,
cncamo TO, eyebolt; bolt.
-----arponado (M), ragged bolt.
-----de quello, shoulder eyebolt.
-----de ojo, eyebolt.
-----de remache, rivet ringbolt.
cancel TO, screen; (CA) partition,
cancha / , yard; level tract of land; airpark; wide
stretch of a river; (U) path, road.
-----de almacenaje, store yard.
-----de aterrizaje, landing field, airfield, airpark.
-----de equipo (cons), equipment yard.
-----de secamiento (dae) (Ch), sludge-drying bed.
canchal m, deposit of boulders, (M) moraine,
canchamina / , yard around a mine shaft,
canchaminero m (Ch), laborer in a mine yard,
canchero, yard foreman,
candado m, padlock; latch.
-----de aldaba, hasp lock.
-----de combinacin, combination padlock.
candela / , flare, torch,
candelera TO, support, cradle; stanchion,
candeln TO (RD), a hardwood,
candencia / , incandescence,
candente, incandescent, red-hot.
candil (TO) de minero, miners lamp,
candileja/, (il) footlight; (rr) fusee,
canecillo TO, corbel, bracket,
canel TO (Es), cannel coal,
caney TO, small bay; (C) bend of a river,
canga / (A) (B), a soil containing iron,
cangagua / (Col), a soil used for making adobe
brick.
cangahua / (Ec), hardpan.
cangalla / , mine refuse, tailings,
cangiln TO, bucket; (Col)(V) rut; (Ec) mudhole;
(PR) small waterfall.
-----basculante, tip bucket.
-----de arrastre, dragline bucket.
-----de elevador, elevator bucket.
-----volquete, dump or contractor s bucket.
cangrejo m (mec), any grappling device, (pet)
casing spear,
canguiln to (Ch), bucket.
canilla / , faucet, spigot, bibb, cock; reel, spool.
-----para manga, hose bibb.
-----surtidora, faucet.
canoa/, flume, trough; launch, canoe; (CA) roof
gutter.
canon m, list; rate; tax; royalty.
-----de arrendamiento, rental rate.
-----de riego, irrigation rate.
cantal to, stony ground; spall,
cantalita/ (geol), cantalite.
canteador m, canteadora/, (t) edger; edging saw;
pitching tool.
-----cncavo, in-curve edger.
-----convexo, out-curve edger.
-----de acera, curb tool.
-----de peldaos, step edger.
-----en bisel, bevel edger.
----- mltiple (as), gang edger.
cantear, to lay on edge; to cut stone; to pitch
(stone); to edge,
cantera/, quarry.
-----de arena, sand pit.
-----de grava, gravel pit or bank.
-----de lastre, ballast pit.
----- de prstamo (ot), borrow pit.
cantera / , stonecutting; quarrying; cut stone,
ashlar masonry; stonecutting yard,
cantero m, stonecutter, quarryman; (A) raised
area held by curbs,
cantidad/, quantity.
-----negativa, minus quantity.
cantil m, cliff.
cantilever m, cantilever.
cantimplora / , weep hole.
cantina/, commissary store, canteen; saloon.
cantizal TO, stony ground.
canto m, edge; thickness of a board; ashlar stone;
pebble, boulder.
-----, de, on edge.
-----de corte, cutting edge.
-----laminado, rolled edge (steel plate).
-----recortado, sheared edge (steel plate).
-----rodado, boulder, cobble, pebble.
-----sin labrar, rough ashlar.
-----vivo, square edge.
cantonera / , curb angle or bar, corner bead, any
piece reinforcing a corner or edge; (Sp)
angle iron,
cantorral TO, gravelly or stony ground,
caa/, shank, handle; shaft; (naut) tiller; cane,
reed; stem, stalk; rod.
-----brava, bamboo.
-----del ancla, shank of an anchor.
-----de azcar, sugar cane.
-----de barrena, drill shank.
-----de Bengala o de Indias, rattan.
-----de columna, shaft of a column.
-----de mina, mine gallery.
----- del timn, tiller.
-----de volar, blasting hole.
-----dulce o melar, sugar cane.
caada/, ravine, gorge, gulch; (C)(PR) brook;
(A) inlet, estuary,
caadn, canyon, gorge,
caahuate m, lignum vitae,
caamazo TO, burlap; canvas,
caamelar m, sugar plantation,
caamiel/, sugar cane.
camo m, hemp, jute; (CA) hemp cord; (Ec)
burlap.
-----de calafatear, calking yarn.
-----de empaquetar, hemp packing.
- de las Indias, jute.
-----de Manila, Manila hemp, abaca.
embreado, tarred marline.
-----trenzado, braided hemp.
caera / , piping, pipe, conduit; pipework.
bridada, flanged pipe.
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caera
65
capacidad
o Iufor I I !f O II ! I II ! .
-----corriente, standard pipe.
-----de acueducto, water mains.
-----de aduccin, supply line, aqueduct.
-----de arcilla vitrificada, sewer pipe, glazed tile
pipe.
-----de barra enclavada, Lock-bar pipe (trade
mark) .
-----de carga, penstock, force main.
-----de conduccin (hid), aqueduct, supply line.
-----de duelas de madera, wood-stave pipe.
-----de entubacin (pet), casing pipe.
-----de fundicin, cast-iron pipe.
-----de fundicin liviana, soil pipe, lightweight
cast-iron pipe.
-----de hierro centrifugado, centrifugal cast-iron
pipe.
-----de hierro forjado legtimo, genuine wrought-
iron pipe.
-----de macho y campana, bell-and-spigot pipe.
-----derivada, branch pipe line.
-----extrapesada, extra-heavy pipe.
-----forzada o de presin, pressure conduit, pen
stock.
----- maestra o matriz, mains.
-----remachada en espiral, spiral-riveted pipe.
-----roscada, screwed pipe.
-----sin costura, seamless tubing.
-----surtidora, aqueduct, supply pipe.
-----universal, Universal cast-iron pipe.
caero m, caista m, pipeman, plumber, pipe
fitter, steam fitter,
caito (m) pasador, pipe sleeve,
cao m, pipe, conduit; gutter; roof leader; small
stream; (pw) channel; (A) hose; (C) sump,
floor drain, street inlet to a sewer.
-----arenero (loco), sand pipe.
-----aspirante (bm), suction pipe, (A) suction
hose.
-----de absorcin (A), perforated well pipe.
-----de acotamiento, service connection.
-----de alimentacin, feed or inlet pipe.
-----de bajada (ed), downspout, leader.
-----de bridas, flanged pipe.
-----de chimenea, stack.
-----de desborde, overflow pipe.
-----de drenaje, drainpipe, draintile.
-----de expulsin (bin)(A), discharge pipe.
-----de impulsin (bm), discharge pipe.
-----de perforacin, drill pipe; drive pipe.
-----de servicio (A)(C), service connection.
-----de subida, riser.
-----de tornillo, screwed or threaded pipe.
-----expelente, (eng) exhaust pipe; (pu) dis
charge pipe.
-----pluvial (ed), leader, downspout.
can m, pipe, tube; gorge, canyon; barrel of an
arch; barrel of a gun.; barrel of a hydrant;
(Col) tree trunk; (min) drift, gallery.
-----de ascensor, elevator shaft.
-----de caldera, boiler tube.
-----de cemento, cement gun.
-----de columna, shaft of a column.
de chimenea, chimney flue.
-----de escalera, stair well.
-----de escobn (cn), hawsepipe.
-----de expansin (cn), expansion trunk.
-----de llave, shank of a key.
-----de ventilacin, air shaft.
----- electrnico (ra), electron gun.
-----lanzacemento, cement gun.
-----para tubos (ed), pipe shaft.
-----perforador (pet), perforating gun.
cauela / (vol) (M), fuse,
caoba/, mahogany.
-----falsa, bastard or false mahogany.
caobilla/ (C)(PR), an inferior variety of mahog
any.
caobo m, mahogany tree,
caoln m, kaolin, China clay
caolnico, kaolinic.
caolinita / (miner), kaolinite, kaolin,
capa / , layer; stratum; ply; (pt) coat; (mas)
course; coat of plaster; (min) seam, vein*
(C) slicker, oilskin coat.
-----acuifera, water-bearing stratum, aquifer.
-----aisladora de humedad (A), waterproofing
course.
-----Appleton (ra), Appleton or F layer.
-----azotada (U), scratch coat (plaster).
-----barrera (ra), barrier or blocking layer.
-----blanca (yesera), finishing or white or putty
or skin or skim coat.
-----caf (M), brown coat (plaster).
-----de acabado, finishing coat; (plaster) white
or putty coat.
-----de baldeo (ca), flush seal.
-----de base (ca;, base course.
-----de conglomerante (ca)(Ch), binder course.
-----de cubierta (ca), cover stone or coat.
-----de defensa o de desgaste, wearing coat or
surface.
-----de desgrose (A), scratch coat of plaster.
-----de emparejamiento o de enrase (ca), level
ing course.
-----de Heaviside (ra), Heaviside layer, iono
sphere.
-----de imprimacin (pint), priming coat.
-----de ladrillos, course of brick.
de ligazn, binder course.
-----d mortero, bed of mortar.
-----de pega (ca)(V), tack coat.
-----de reflexin (geof), reflecting layer or horizon.
-----de rodamiento (ca), wearing surface.
-----de sellado (ca), seal or carpet coat.
-----de velocidad (geof), speed or velocity bed.
-----F (ra), F or Appleton layer.
-----fretica, ground water, water table, aquifer.
-----gasfera (pet), gas cap.
-----pegajosa (ca)(M), tack coat.
-----rayada, scratch coat (plaster).
-----sellante (ca), seal coat.
-----superficial (ca), surface course.
cap m (PR), a hardwood,
capacidad/, capacity; (elec) capacitance.
-----al ras (ec), struck capacity.
-----asignada, rated capacity.
-----colmada (ec), heaped capacity.
-----corporal (ra), body capacitance.
-----de asiento (ms)(M), bearing capacity.
-----de conduccin, (hyd) flow capacity; (elec)
current-carrying capacity.
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capacidad 66 caracterstica
de ganancia, earning power.
---- de modulacin (ele), modulation capability.
de soporte del terreno, ! rI g I o!r of oII.
-----directa (ra), straight-line capacitance.
-----dispersa (ra), stray capacitance.
distribuida (ra), distributed capacitance.
electrosttica, permittance, electrostatic ca
pacity.
-----encubridora (pint), hiding power, covering
capacity.
-----entre electrodos (ra), interelectrode capac
itance.
-----grilla-placa (ra), grid-plate capacitance.
---- inductiva especfica (ele), permittivity, spe
cific inductive capacity, dielectric constant.
-----interruptora (ele), interrupting capacity.
---- parsita (ra), stray capacitance.
-----portante, carrying capacity, bearing power.
-----rebosada (V), heaped capacity.
-----trmica, heat or thermal capacity.
capacimetro ra (A), capacitance meter,
capacitador ra (ele), capacitor, condenser.
-----compensador (ra), buffer capacitor.
-----de acoplamiento, coupling capacitor.
-----de bloqueo, blocking capacitor.
capacitancia / (ele) (mee), capacitance.
acstica (ra), acoustic compliance or capac
itance.
-----de entrada (ra), input capacitance.
-----de salida (ra), output capacitance.
-----interelectrdica (ra), interelectrode capac
itance.
-----lineal, straight-line capacitance.
-----propia, self-capacitance.
-----rejilla-ctado, grid-cathode capacitance.
rejilla-placa, grid-plate capacitance.
-----vagabunda, stray capacitance.
capacitivo (ele), capacitive,
capacitmetro ra, (ra) (A) capacitance meter, (M)
condenser meter,
capacitor ra (ele), capacitor, condenser.
de dcadas (ra), decade condenser or capac
itor.
de placas ajustables, variable or adjustable
capacitor.
de placas paralelas, parallel-plate capacitor.
-----filtrador (ra), smoothing capacitor.
-----regulable, variable capacitor.
capacho ra, bucket; (sh) dipper; brick hod.
con descarga por debajo, bottom-dump
bucket.
-----de elevador, elevator bucket.
-----de extraccin, mine bucket.
-----de pala, shovel dipper.
de tiro, dipper of a pullshovel or trench hoe.
-----de torre (cone), tower bucket.
-----pesador, weighing bucket.
tipo cscara de naranja (Ch), orange-peel
bucket,
caparrosa/, copperas,
capataz m, foreman.
-----de brigada, squad boss.
-----de carpinteros, foreman carpenter.
del desencofrado (mo), stripping foreman.
-----del patio, yard foreman.
-----del tramo (fc), section foreman.
-----de turno, shift boss.
-----de la via, track foreman.
-----general, general foreman, walking boss.
caperuza/, pipe cap; hood.
capialzado m, flashing over door or window.
capilar, capillary.
capilaridad/ , capillarity.
capilla / , bonnet, hood, cowl.
-----de vlvula (mg) (Es), valve chamber.
capillo ra (met), cupel.
-----de prensaestopas (pet), packing gland.
capital m, capital (money).
-----activo, working capital; (Ch) capital assets.
de explotacin, working capital.
-----en giro, working capital.
-----fsico (Ch), capital assets.
-----integrado o realizado, paid-up capital.
-----pasivo (Ch), capital liabilities.
-----social, capital stock.
capital/, capital (city),
capitalista, s a, capitalist,
capitalizar, to capitalize,
capitn m, captain; foreman.
----- de patio, yard foreman.
-----del puerto, harbor master, captain of the
port.
capitana ( /) del puerto, office of the harbor
master.
capitel ra, capital, column head, (conc) column
cap.
cap ra (auto), hood,
caporal ra (V), foreman,
capota/, hood; auto top; cowling (airplane),
capote ra, hood ; (Col) topsail,
cpsula/, capsule, bottle cap; cartridge shell; lid,
cover; (lab) dish.
----- de carbn (tel), carbon button or capsule.
----- de evaporacin (lab), evaporating dish.
----- detonante, exploder, blasting cap.
----- detonante e tiempo, delay blasting cap.
----- fulminante, blasting cap, exploder.
captacin/, (hyd) catchment, impounding; diver
sion; (r)(A) capture; (ra) pickup,
captador (ra) de polvo, dust collector,
captar (hid), to impound, collect; to divert,
captura / (r), capture,
capuchina / (Col), door or window latch,
capuchn ra, (auto) valve cap; (pi) driving cap;
chimney cap.
capul m (Pe), kind of timber used in mines,
cara / , face ; cheek.
---------- anterior (dib), near side.
- brillante (cuero), flesh side.
de campana, bell face (hammer).
de la flor o de pelo (cuero), hair or grain
side.
de la raz (sol), shoulder, root face.
de rueda, tread of a wheel.
posterior (dib), far side.
caracol ra, spiral; (turb) scroll case; (A) worm
gear.
caracterstica / (mee) (ele) (mat), characteristic.
andica (ra), plate characteristic.
------ de desprendimiento (ra), emission character
istic.
de grilla (ra), grid characteristic.
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caracterstica
67
cardnico
I! fr I o I r O fr !r J r f!rIfI .
caramero m (V), drift carried by a flood,
carato (m) de cemento (V), cement grout,
cartula / (M), dial of an instrument,
carbodinamita / (vol), carbodynamite.
carbohidrato m (is), carbohydrate,
carbohidrgeno m, carbohydrogen.
carblico, carbolic.
carbolineo m, carbolineum (wood preservative),
carbolita / (abrasivo), Carbolite (trademark),
carbolnm (abrasivo), Carbolon (trademark),
carbn m, coal; charcoal; carbon.
activado (pa), activated carbon.
aglomerante o aglutinante, caking coal.
----- animal, bone charcoal, bone black.
antracitoso, anthracite.
bituminoso, bituminous coal.
-----brillante, glance coal.
-----conglomerante, caking coal.
-----de ampelita o de buja, cannel coal.
-----de astilla, splint coal.
-----de forja o de fragua, blacksmith coal.
-----de gas (V), gas carbon.
de huesos, animal charcoal, bone black.
de lea o de madera, charcoal.
---------- de llama corta, smokeless or hard coal.
---- de llama larga, soft coal.
----- de piedra, coal.
----- de retorta, gas carbon.
----- entrozado (M), broken coal.
graso, bituminous or soft or gas coal.
lustroso, pitch coal.
mate, cannel coal.
mineral, coal.
---- no aglutinante, noncaking or free-burning coal.
para calderas, steam coal.
pezoso, pitch coal.
seco, dry or nonvolatile coal.
---- semigraso, semibituminous coal.
tal como sale, run-of-mine coal.
vegetal, charcoal.
carbonacin/ (pa)(Pe), carbonation.
carbonado TO, carbon or black diamond,
carbonatacin / , carbonation.
carbonatador m, carbonator.
carbonatar, to carbonate.
carbonato m, carbonate.
-----cido de sodio, acid sodium carbonate, bi
carbonate of soda.
---- ---------- amnico, ammonium carbonate.
----- de calcio, calcium carbonate, carbonate of
lime.
- magnsico, magnesium carbonate, (miner)
magnesite.
-----sdico anhidro, soda ash, anhydrous sodium
carbonate,
carboncillo TO, fine coal, slack,
carbonear, to char, carbonize; to load coal,
carbonera/, coalbin; coal mine; (bl)(A) coyote
hole.
carbonera/, coalyard.
carbonero rn, coal miner; coaldealer; coal han
dler; a pertaining to coal,
carbnico, carbonic.
carbonfero, coal-bearing, carboniferous; coal-
carrying.
carbonilla/, fine coal, pulverized coal; cinder,
carbonita / (miner) (voi), carbonite.
carbonizador to, carbonizer.
carbonizar, to carbonize; to char,
carbono m, (chem) carbon.
-----de temple (met), temper carbon.
carbonmetro to, carbonometer.
carbonoso, carbonaceous,
carborundo m, carborundum (abrasive),
carburacin/, carburetion, carburizing.
----- doble, dual carburetion.
----- por agente slido (met), pack carburizing.
----- por pulverizacin, spray carburetion.
carburador m, carburetor.
----- a succin ascendente, updraft carburetor.
----- de barboteo (Es), surface carburetor.
-----de corriente descendente, downdraft car
buretor.
-----de chorro, spray carburetor.
-----de evaporacin, surface carburetor.
-----de flotador, float-feed or constant-level car
buretor.
-----de inyector, jet or injection carburetor.
-----de pico compuesto, compound carburetor.
-----de pulverizador, spray carburetor.
-----de surtidor (Es), spray carburetor.
-----de tiro descendente, downdraft carburetor.
carburante TO, carburetant.
carburar, to carburize, carburet.
carburizador 7n, carburizer.
carburizar, to carburize, caseharden; to carburet.
carburo TO, carbide.
----- cementado, cemented carbide.
----- de hierro, iron carbide, cementite.
----- de silicio, silicon carbide, carborundum.
carburmetro TO, carburometer.
crcamo TO, sump; wheel pit; (min) drain; (min)
flume.
-----de succin, suction pit.
carcasa/, casing; framework.
-----de motor (ele), motor frame.
-----espiral (turb), scroll case.
crcava / , gully, ditch, gutter,
carcavn TO (top), gorge,
carcax'm (M), carcass (tire),
crcel/, clamp, cramp; vise; (hyd) gate groove;
timber frame in a shaft; notch, (min) hitch;
(il) crcel.
-----de banco, bench vise.
-----para sierra, saw clamp.
-----para taladradora, drill or jig vise.
crcel-hora (il), carcel-hour.
carcoma/, wood borer, timber worm; dust made
by the borer.
----- blanca (mad), white rot.
-----roja (mad), red rot.
carcomerse, to become worm-eaten; to decay; to
be undermined,
carcomida / , decay; corrosion; (conc) honey
comb.
carcomido m, (Pe) wormhole; a worm-eaten,
(lbr) wormy; corroded; decayed; honey
combed.
carda (/) para limas, file card or brush,
cardn, Cardan (joint),
cardnico, Cardarne.
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cardenillo
68 cargo
cardenillo O T!rIIgrIO
cardiar I V O fo r! O
cardinal I f O rII IO
carear, fo !O oofJ uI fo IIIO
carena O J II r!I IrO r!! I g J II offoO
carenaje m, J II r!I Ir r!! g!O
carenar, fo r!! fo r!I Ir J II O fo Iou or
r!I Ir .
carenero m, dockyard, shipyard; graving dock.
Carenote to (en), bilge keel, rolling chock,
careta / , mask, face shield.
-----antigs, gas mask.
-----de soldador, welding mask, face shield.
carga / , load, loading; freight, cargo, lading;
(hyd) head; (conc) charge, batch; (elec)
charge, load; (met) heat, charge; (ra) load
ing.
-----a granel, bulk cargo.
-----absoluta (hid), absolute head.
-----accidental, live load.
-----admisible, allowable load.
-----alar (ap) (A), wing loading.
-----bruta (an), dead-weight tonnage.
-----conectada (elc), connected load.
-----de altura (hid), elevation head.
-----de arranque en fro (cf), pickup load, warm
ing-up allowance.
-----de aspiracin (bm), suction head.
-----de atraque (vol)(A), stemming, tamping.
-----de barreno, blasting charge.
-----de buque, cargo.
-----de calefaccin (aa), heat load.
-----de camin, truckload.
-----de carro, wagonload; carload.
-----de cucharn, bucketful; (sh) dipperful.
-----de descarga (bm), discharge head.
-----de energa (hid), energy-head.
-----de enfriamiento (aa), cooling load.
-----de ensayo, test load.
-----de entrada (hid), entrance head.
-----de faja (ms), strip load.
-----de flexin (est), beam loading.
-----de fractura, breaking load.
-----de friccin (hid), friction head.
-----de funcionamiento (hid), operating head.
-----de hormigonera, batch of concrete.
-----de llegada (hid), head of approach, velocity
head.
-----de ocupacin (aa), occupancy load.
-----de presin (hid), pressure head.
-----de prueba, test load, trial load.
-----de punta, (str) column loading; (elec)(A)
peak load.
-----de rotura, breaking or rupture load.
-----de rueda, wheel load.
-----de seguridad, safe load.
de servicio o de trabajo, working load.
-----de succin (bm), suction head.
-----de utensilios (aa), appliance load.
-----de vaco (hid), vacuum head.
-----de velocidad (hid), velocity or dynamic
head.
-----dinmica, moving load; dynamic head.
-----efectiva, (hyd) effective or net head; (tr)
pay load.
-----espacial (ra), space charge.
-----especfica, unit load.
-esttica, (hyd) static head;, (str) static or
dead load.
-----explosiva, blasting charge.
----- fraccionada (est), partial loading.
-----fundamental (ele), base load.
-----hidrulica, head.
-----inductiva (elc), inductive or lagging load.
----- lmite, safe or allowable load.
-----muerta (est), dead load.
-----neta (an), cargo dead-weight tonnage.
-----pagada, pay load.
-----permanente (est), dead load.
- plena, full load.
-----por lotes, less-than-carload freight.
-----por vagones, carload freight.
-----presumida o prevista o supuesta, assumed
loading, design load.
-----propia (est), dead load.
----- remanente, residual charge, electric residue.
----- rodante, moving or rolling load.
----- tipo (est), standard loading.
-----transversal (est), beam loading.
----- til, pay or useful load; live load.
viva, live load,
cargada / , a load.
cargadero m, loading platform; freight station;
charging opening,
cargado sobre vagn, loaded on cars, FOB (free
on board).
cargador to, loader; mucking machine; mucker
(man); (bo) stoker; (elec) charger; shipper,
freighter.
-----a parrilla articulada (cal), chain-grate or
link-grate stoker.
-----autoalimentador, force-feed loader.
de acumuladores o de bateras, battery
charger.
de alimentacin superior (cal), overfeed
stoker.
de cadena sin fin (cal), chain-grate stoker.
de cangilones o de cubos, bucket loader,
portable elevator.
-----de carbn (cal), stoker.
-----de hogar, mechanical stoker.
-----de hormigonera (mz), skip loader.
-----de mandil, apron loader.
-----de parrilla corrediza (cal), traveling-grate
stoker.
-----de retorta lateral (cal), side-retort stoker.
-----de retorta nica (cal), single-retort stoker.
-----de retortas mltiples (cal), multiple-retort
stoker.
-----de tractor (ec), tractor shovel; tractor loader.
-----distribuidor o esparcidor, spreader stoker.
-----por debajo, underfeed stoker.
-----porttil, wagon loader, portable conveyor.
-----sacudidor (mz), shaking skip loader.
cargadora / , any loading or stoking apparatus.
-----de troncos (ef), logger.
-----de tnel, tunnel shovel, mucking machine.
cargamento to, load, cargo, loading,
cargar, to load; to charge; to stoke; (act) to
debit, charge,
cargo to, cargo, freight; office, position; (act)
charge.
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cargmetro 69
carretero
cargmetro m, !o Io!f!r I fr I! ru O
cargueo m ICh), loading.
carguero to, carrier; beast of burden; loader,
charger; (A) cargo boat,
carguo to, cargo, load,
cariado, disintegrated, rotten,
caries (f) seca, dry rot.
carleta/, (t) file,
carlinga / (cn), mast step.
carnalita / , carnallite (ore of magnesium and
potassium),
carneta/ (AC), notebook, field book,
carpa/, tent; (Ch) tarpaulin,
carpanel, see arco carpanel.
carpero m (lev) (Ec), man who looks after tents,
carpeta/, coating; pavement; (U)(M) slab.
-----asfltica, sheet asphalt.
-----bituminosa (ca), skin, coat of bituminous
material.
-----de desgaste, wearing surface.
-----de fundacin, foundation slab or mat.
carpintear, to do carpenter work,
carpintera/, carpentry; carpenter shop.
A vapor (A), shop carpentry.
-----de armar (Y), structural carpentry.
----- de bianco, trim, millwork.
----- de encofrado, form carpentry; form carpen
ter shop.
----- de modelos, patternmaking.
----- de obra, structural carpentry.
----- de taller, shop carpentry, millwork.
----- mecnica, millwork; mill, carpenter shop.
-----metlica, light ironwork in a building, espe
cially doors and windows.
-----naval, ship carpentry.
carpintero to, carpenter.
----- ademador, timberman.
-----armador, erecting carpenter, framer.
-----de banco, shop carpenter.
-----de buque o de navio o de ribera, shipwright,
ship carpenter.
----- de carreta o de prieto, wheelwright.
----- encofrador o de moldaje, form carpenter.
-----maestro, foreman or master carpenter.
-----modelador, patternmaker.
carraca / , ratchet brace, ratchet.
----- estiradora de alambres, fence ratchet.
carrada / (Es), carload; wagonload,
carrasca / , carrasco m, pin oak, swamp white
oak; woodland,
carrascal to, woodland; (Col) gravel bed.
carrera / , strongback, waler, stringer, ranger;
(Col) girder; (carp) wall plate, sill; purlin;
girt; highway; (Col) avenue; (machy)
stroke, throw, travel; (mas) course; (dock)
stringpiece, backing log.
-----al aterrizar (ap), landing run.
-----ascendente, upstroke (piston).
----- de admisin, (eng) admission or intake
stroke.
----- de aspiracin, (eng) suction stroke.
----- de barrido (di), scavenging stroke.
----- de compresin, (eng) compression stroke.
----- de la compuerta (hid), gate travel.
-----de defensa (muelle), fender.
de descarga (bm), delivery stroke.
-----del distribuidor (mv), valve travel.
-----del mbolo, piston stroke or travel.
-----de encendido, (eng) ignition or working
stroke.
-----de erogacin (bm)(A), delivery stroke.
-----de escape, (eng) exhaust stroke.
-----de la excntrica, throw of the eccentric.
-----de expulsin, exhaust stroke, (di) scaveng
ing stroke.
-----de filtracin (pa) (U), filter run.
-----de fondo, groundsill.
-----de fuerza, power stroke.
-----de ladrillos, course of brick.
-----de la leva, lift of the cam.
-----de la marea, range of the tide.
-----del martinete, drop of a pile hammer,
-----de pared (carp), wall plate.
-----de retroceso, back stroke.
-----de soga (lad), stretcher course.
-----de techo, ceiling joist.
-----de tizones (lad), header course.
-----de trabajo, working stroke (piston).
-----descendente, down stroke.
-----motriz, (eng) working or power stroke.
-----portacabio (to), binding rafter.
carrero to, teamster, truckman; operator of a
handcar,
carreta / , cart, wagon.
-----de remolque, trailer.
-----volquete, dumpcart.
carretada/, cartload, wagonload,
carretaje m, cartage, drayage.
carretal m (Es), rough ashlar stone,
carrete to, reel, coil; spool; (elec) coil.
-----de autoinduccin (elc), self-induction coil.
-----de encendido (auto), ignition coil.
-----de induccin (elc), induction coil.
-----de pelcula (fma), film spool.
-----de resistencia (elc), resistance coil.
-----en derivacin (elc), shunt coil, (inst) poten
tial coil.
-----excitador (elc), exciting coil.
-----extintor de chispas (elc), blowout coil.
-----inducido (elc), armature coil.
-----inductor, induction coil.
-----terminal (ais), dead-end spool.
carreteable (ca), fit for hauling,
carretear, to cart, haul; (ap) to taxi,
carretel to, reel, spool; winch head, (pet) cathead,
carreteo to (ap), taxiing,
carretera/, highway, road.
-----biviaria, two-lane highway.
-----cuadriviaria, four-lane highway.
-----de acceso, access road.
-----de accesos limitados, limited-access hign-
way, freeway.
-----de cuatro vas, four-lane highway.
-----de dos trochas, two-lane highway.
-----de trochas mltiples, multilane highway.
-----de va libre, express highway.
-----expresa, through or express highway, free
way.
-----matriz o troncal, main or through highway.
carretera-parque (B), parkway,
carretera/, wagon shop; wheelwright work,
carretero to, truckman, teamster; wheelwright.
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rr!fIII
70
rro
rr!fIII O J !!I rro II r J I fruu
fr M uu!f I! M rrI g! I rr
fruu froII!M I A I U) small wagon; (lg)
bummer, skidder, dolly, drag cart.
-----a horcada, straddle truck.
-----alzadora, lift truck.
-----concreter, concrete barrow.
-----corrediza, I-beam trolley; cableway carriage.
-----de atrs (loco), trailing truck.
-----de cuerpo de acero, steel-tray wheelbarrow.
-----de equipaje, baggage truck.
-----de mano, hand or warehouse truck.
-----de riel (fc), pony car.
-----de suspensin, cableway carriage.
-----de va (fc), track barrow.
-----elctrica (voi), electric squib.
-----elevadora, lift truck.
-----pesadora, weigh larry.
-----portante (fc), pony truck.
-----portatubos (pet), casing wagon.
-----tubular, tubular-frame wheelbarrow.
carretillada / , wheelbarrow load,
darretillero m, wheelbarrow man; (min) trammer,
carreto m (Col)(V), a hardwood,
carretn m, wagon, cart, truck; (PR) reel; (M)
concrete buggy.
-----corredizo, cableway carriage.
-----cuba, tank wagon.
-----de carriles o de orugas, track or crawler
wagon.
-----de remolque, trailer.
-----de volteo, dumpcart, dump wagon.
-----herramental, tool wagon.
-----regador, sprinkling wagon.
-----semicarril, half-track.
-----tanque, tank wagon.
carretonada/, wagonload, truckload, cartload,
carretonaje m, cartage, trucking, hauling,
carretonero m, truck or cart driver, teamster,
carricuba to, sprinkling cart, tank wagon,
carril to, rail; track, traffic lane; treadway; nar
row road; (V) rut.
-----a garganta, grooved or streetcar rail.
-----americano, T rail.
conductor, third rail, contact or conductor
rail.
-----contraaguja, stock rail.
-----de aguja, switch or point rail.
- de alambre, aerial tramway.
-----de alivio (fc), easer rail.
-----de arranque (fc), lead rail.
-----de bscula, weigh rail.
-----de cambio, switch rail.
-----de canal, grooved or streetcar rail.
-----de cremallera, rack rail.
-----de desecho, scrap rail.
-----de hongo o de patin, T rail, standard railroad
rail.
-----de muelle, spring rail (frog).
-----de puerta corrediza, track for sliding door.
-----de ranura, grooved or streetcar rail.
-----de toma, third or conductor rail.
-----dentado, rack rail.
-----doble T, girder rail.
-----gua, guardrail.
-----maestro, stock or running rail.
-----partido (tranva), slot rail.
-----nico, monorail.
-----Vignola, T rail, standard railroad rail.
carriles de oruga, crawler tread,
carriles para recolocacin, relayers,
carrilada/, flange way; treadway.
carrilano TO (Ch), worker on a railroad, track
man.
carrileo m (V), scraping a road to fill ruts,
carrilera/, track; rut; (rr)(C) siding; (Col) grat
ing; (tc) track,
de carena, track of a marine railway.
-----de gra, crane runway.
-----de oruga, crawler tread.
----- de transbordador, runway of a transfer table.
----- decauville, narrow-gage track.
-----industrial, industrial railway.
carrilero TO (Ch), railroad worker,
carrillo m, small cart; tackle block; I-beam trol
ley; (Sp) sheave, pulley.
-----de contacto (fc elc), contact plow.
carriola/ (Col), purlin.
carrito m, small car; concrete buggy; cableway
carriage; sliding-door hanger; traveler,
trolley; (lg) bummer, dolly, skidder; (ea)
(V) scraper,
cargador (ef), loading carriage,
corredizo, cableway carriage; lathe carriage;
traveler, trolley; (lg) skidding carriage.
-----de cigea, small car moved by hand power.
-----de mano, handcar.
1-----para ruedas, wheel dolly.
-----portador (mh), lathe carriage.
carro TO, car; wagon, truck, cart; automobile.
-----aguatero, watering cart.
andamio (fc elc), tower car.
-----automotor (fc), motorcar.
-----barrenador, drill carriage; wagon drill.
-----basculador, dump car.
---- - basurero, garbage car; trash car.
-----bodega (Ch), boxcar.
-----caja (M), boxcar.
-----calichera (Ch), nitrate car.
-----carbonero, coal car.
-----cargador, charging carriage.
-----cerrado, boxcar.
-----correo, mail car.
-----cuba, tank car; tank wagon.
de aparejo o de auxilio, wrecking or derrick
car.
-----de aserradero, sawmill carriage.
-----de cajn, boxcar; (C) gondola car.
-----de carga, freight car.
-----de costado bajable, drop-side car.
-----de despejo, clearance car.
-----de dos vertientes, gable-bottom car.
de embudo (C), hopper-bottom car.
-----de equipajes, baggage car.
-----de escalera (A), tower car (elec rr).
----- de expreso, express car.
-----de extraccin, mine car.
de gra, wrecking or derrick car; crane truck.
-----de hacienda (A), cattle car.
de herramientas, tool car; tool wagon.
-----de mangueras, hose cart.
-----de mano, handcar, push car.
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carro
71
carupal
I! I !r or Ior O IrIII rrI g!O uo .
-----de plancha (C), flatcar.
-----de plataforma, flatcar.
-----de remolque, trailer.
----- de riego, sprinkling cart.
-----de socorro, wrecking car.
-----de taladros, drill carriage.
-----de tolva, hopper-bottom car.
-----de torno, lathe carriage.
de torre (fe elc), tower car.
-----de trampas, drop-bottom car.
-----de traslacin, transfer car or carriage.
----- de volteo, dump car.
----- de vuelco, dump car; tip cart.
----- decauville, narrow-gage dump car.
dormitorio (M), sleeping car.
----- elevador, lift truck.
----- entero, por, in carload lots.
----- estafeta, mail car.
ganadero, cattle car, stockcar.
-----gondola, gondola car.
-----herramental, tool car.
-----inferior, undercarriage.
----- lastrero (Ch), ballast car.
----- motor (fc), motorcar.
-----nevera, refrigerator car.
-----pagador, pay car.
----- para trozos, sawmill carriage.
-----petrolero (Ch), tank car.
-----pipa, water cart.
----- piano, flatcar.
portaherr amienta (mh), tool carriage, tool-
slide.
-----portasierras (as), saw carriage.
----- raso, flatcar.
----- reja, cattle car.
-----salitrero (Ch), nitrate car.
-----saln, chair car.
-----separador, idler car.
-----tanque, tank car; water cart.
-----trailla (ec), wagon scrapcr.
-----transversal (mh), cross carriage.
-----tranva o urbano, streetcar.
-----volcador, dump car; dump wagon.
carro-montacargas, lift truck,
carro-soporte, lathe saddle,
carros completos, por, in carload lots,
carrocera / , automobile body (not usually ap
plied to trucks); (M) truck body.
-----de turismo, touring-car body.
-----de volteo (M), dump body.
-----transformable, convertible body.
carrocero m (Es), wheelwright,
carrosage m (auto), inclination of the front
wheels.
carroza / (cn), companion, companion head,
carruaje m, any kind of vehicle,
carrucha / (AC), reel; sheave, pulley,
carta/, chart, map; letter, document.
----- caminera (Ch), road map.
----- certificada, registered letter.
-----colorimetrica (lab), color chart.
constitucional, incorporation papers, charter^
-----de ciudadana, naturalization papers.
-----de crdito simple, clean letter of credit.
de fletamento, charter party.
de pago, receipt.
-----de porte, freight bill; bill of lading; (A) way
bill.
-----de privilegio, franchise, concession.
-----de venta, bill of sale.
-----dinamomtrica, dynamometer card.
-----diurna (tel), day letter.
-----geogrfica, map.
geogrfica area, aerocartograph.
-----hidrogrfica, chart.
-----magntica, magnetic chart.
-----marina (A), chart.
-----nocturna (tel), night letter.
planialtimtrica (A), contour map.
cartabn m, square; rule; gage; (dwg) triangle;
(str) gusset plate; peak of a roof; (A) splay,
con transportador, protractor triangle.
-----corredizo, slide caliper.
----- de inglete, bevel square.
-----de profundidad, depth gage.
-----de rotulacin (dib), lettering angle.
dilatable (Es), bevel protractor; protractoi
triangle,
para madera (A), board rule,
cartabonear (A), to work with a square,
cartn m (V), a hardwood,
cartela / , bracket, corbel, console, bolster; knee
brace, gusset.
-----aguantadora (cn), toe bracket.
atiesadora (cn), tilting bracket; stiffen
bracket; tangency bracket.
- y de tangencia (cn), tangency bracket,
crter m, housing, casing, cover.
-----del diferencial (auto), differential case.
de engranajes (auto), gearbox.
-----del motor (auto), crankcase.
cartera / , (Col) notebook, field book,
cartografa / , cartography.
area, aerial photographic surveying, air
plane mapping,
cartografiar, to survey, make maps,
cartogrfico, cartographic,
cartgrafo m, cartographer,
cartmetro m, chartometer.
carton in, cardboard, millboard, heavy paper;
(M) gusset plate, bracket.
-----alquitranado, tar paper.
-----comprimido o de Fuller, pressboard, Fuller
board.
de asbesto, asbestos board.
-----de bagazo, celotex.
-----de fibra, fiberboard.
-----de paja, strawboard.
de yeso, plasterboard, wallboard.
-----embetunado, tar paper.
fieltro (U), roofing paper or felt.
-----piedra, papier-mch.
-----tabla (C), wallboard.
cartoteca/ (V), map file,
cartucho m, cartridge.
de dinamita, dynamite cartridge,
de fusible (elc), fuse cartridge,
filtrante, filter cartridge.
-----fusible (elc), cartridge fuse.
cartulina / , Bristol board,
carupal m, a Venezuelan lumber.
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casa
72 castillete
O J ou! Ir .
-----central, main or home office.
-----constructora, construction company.
. de azotea, penthouse.
de bombas, pump house.
de calderas, boilerhouse.
-----de cambio, money-exchange office.
de cartas (cn), chart house.
------de comando, control house.
-----del comando (cn), bridge house.
-----de comercio, business concern.
-----de las compuertas (hid), gatehouse.
---- de departamentos, apartment house.
de distribucin (elc), switch house.
de fuerza, powerhouse.
-----de liquidacin, clearinghouse.
----- de mquinas, enginehouse; powerhouse.
de los molinos (az), mill house.
de los tachos (az), boiling house.
-de tramo (fc), section house.
-----matriz, main office.
-----redonda (fc) (M), roundhouse.
cascada / , waterfall, cascade.
cascadas (C), rapids.
cascajal, cascajar m, gravel pit or bed.
cascajero m, gravel bed; worked-out mine.
cascajo m, gravel; quarry waste; (rr) ballast;
(sd) grit; (A) rubble aggregate, cobbles,
cascajoso, gravelly,
cscara/, casing, shell; bark.
-----de naranja, (bu) orange peel.
cascarn m, shell, casing; (ar) vault; (A) deposit
of scale.
casco m, shell, casing; cask; (naut) hull; (V)
central part of a city.
-----de buzo, diver s helmet.
-----de caldera, shell of a boiler.
-----de cojinete, bearing shell.
-----del radiador (auto), radiator shell.
-----de soldador, welding helmet, head shield.
cascote TO, debris, rubbish; rubble; (A) brickbat;
(exc) muck,
cascotear (Col), to level up with rubbish,
caseoso (ms) (M), compressible, easily deformed,
caseta/, small building; cabin; (tk)(sh) cab.
-----de balanza, scale house, weighhouse.
-----de cabezal (min), head house.
-----de control (elc), switch house.
-----de guardaagujas (fc), switchman s shanty.
-----del guardacrucero (fc), crossing watchmans
shanty.
-----de mando, control house.
-----de mando de compuertas (hid), gatehouse.
-----herramental, tool house.
-----telefnica, telephone booth.
casetn m (ds)(M), caisson gate,
casilla / , small building, shed; privy; post-office
box; (loco) cab; (elec) cubicle; cabinet;
(Ec) water closet; (Sp) column in a note
book.
-----de aceites, oil house.
-----del cambiador (fc), switchman s shanty.
-----de compuertas (hid), gatehouse.
-----de correo, post-office box.
-----de herramientas, tool house.
del maquinista (loco), cab.
casillero m, rack (for pipe, etc.); (C) bin.
casimba/, well; spring,
casiterita/, cassiterite (tin ore),
caso (m) fortuito, force majeure, contingency,
act of God.
casquete m, cap; shell; helmet.
-----de burbujeo (pet), bubble cap.
---- del cabezal (torno), headstock cap.
-----de espiga (ca), dowel-bar cap.
-----de hincar (pi), drive cap.
-----de soldador, welding helmet.
-----de tubo, pipe cap.
-----de unin (v), union bonnet.
-----de la vlvula, valve bonnet.
-----guardahumo, smoke helmet.
-----sellador (v), seal cap.
casquijo m, gravel, gravel bar.
casquillo m, ferrule; gland; sleeve, bushing;
socket; pipe cap; base of an incandescent
lamp; horseshoe; (min) blasting cap, ex
ploder.
-----abierto (cab), open socket.
-----acuado (cab), wedge socket.
-----cerrado (cab), closed socket.
-----conectador (elc), hickey.
-----del alma (sx), core barrel.
---- de bayoneta, bayonet-socket base (lamp).
-----de boca cuadrada, square-drive socket.
-----de calafateo (tub), calking ferrule.
-----de doce estras, twelve-point socket.
-----de empaque, packing follower.
-----de gua (mh), guide bushing.
-----de motn, coak.
-----de ocho estras, eight-point socket.
- de prensaestopa, gland.
-----de puente (cab), bridge socket.
-----de rosea, screw base (lamp).
-----de soldar (tub), soldering bushing, sweating
thimble.
----- de tubo-conducto (elc), conduit bushing.
---- - deslizante, slip bushing.
-----destornillador, screwdriver socket.
-----escalonado (cab), stepped socket.
-----escariador, reaming shell (drill).
-----estriado, (t) socket.
-----flotante, floating bushing.
-----para cabilla (ca), dowel socket.
-----partido, split bushing.
-----por soldar (tub), welding neck; stub end.
-----reductor, pipe bushing.
-----universal, universal socket.
casquillos (fc), car brasses,
castaeteo m (herr), chatter,
castao m, chestnut wood,
castauela / , lewis; lewis bolt; stone bolt, split
bolt; (naut) cleat.
-----de cantera, lewis.
castillejo m, scaffolding, trestlework; pedestal;
bed frame.
castillete m, scaffold; trestle bent; A frame;
horse; pile-driver leads; gallows frame; oil
derrick; (min) headframe.
----- armado, framed bent.
------ de cablevia, cableway tower.
-----de pilotes, pile bent.
-----de transmisin, transmission tower.
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castillete 73
cebo
I roTIorIo I I f! O I!oru .
castillo m, (min) headframe; (sb) forecastle.
-----de popa (en), poop deck.
-----de proa (en), forecastle.
castina / , flux,
casucha/, shanty; (sh) cab.
ata/, test pit; testing, test boring, exploration,
cataclstico (geol), cataclastic.
catadora /, earth auger, any tool for exploring
the ground,
catalejo m, telescope,
catalina / (Es)(C), sprocket, gear wheel,
catlisis / (quim), catalysis,
cataltico, catalytic.
catalizador m, catalyst, catalytic agent.
-----de lecho fijo (pet), flxed-bed catalyst.
-----usado, spent catalyst.
catalizar, to catalize.
catlogo m, catalogue,
catalpa/ (mad), catalpa.
catar, to explore the ground, dig test pits; to
sample.
catarata/, waterfall, cataract; (se) cataract.
Catarina/ (M), sprocket.
catarocas /'(geol)(A), cataclastic rocks,
catastral, cadastral.
catastro ra, inventory of real estate in a district;
census, cadastre,
cateador m, prospector; sampler, trier,
catear, to make borings, explore the ground,
prospect; to sample,
catenaria/, catenary.
-----hidrosttica, hydrostatic catenary, elastica.
cateo m, prospecting, exploration; sampling.
cateto m, leg of a right triangle.
catetmetro m (lab), cathetometer.
catetrn m (ra), cathetron.
catigu m, an Argentine wood (semihard).
cation m (elc), cation, kation.
catidnico, cationic.
catdico, cathodic.
ctodo m (elc), cathode.
-----a calefaccin directa, directly heated cathode.
----- de calentamiento indirecto, indirectly heated
or equipotential cathode.
-----de charco (de mercurio), pool-type cathode.
-----virtual (ra), virtual cathode.
catodgrafo m, cathodograph, radiograph,
catolito ra (elc), catholyte.
catptrico, catoptric (light),
catraca / (A), ratchet,
cauce m, channel, river bed.
-----de alivio, floodway.
-----de derivacin, diversion channel.
-----de escape, tailrace.
-----de evacuacin, spillway channel.
-----de llegada, headrace.
-----libre, open channel.
caucin / , security, guaranty.
-----de licitador, bid security.
caucionar, to bond (employee),
caucho ra, rubber; (V) automobile tire.
-----endurecido, hard rubber.
----- regenerado, reclaimed rubber.
----- silvestre, native or wild rubber.
cauchotado (A), rubberized, waterproofed.
cauchotar, to treat with rubber,
caudal ra, volume of flow.
-----afluente, runoff, inflow.
-----crtico, critical flow.
-----de avenida, flood flow.
-----de estiaje, low-water flow.
-----graduado o regularizado, regulated flow.
-----instantneo, momentary flow.
-----medio, mean flow.
-----slido, material in suspension in a stream.
-----subcritico, streaming flow.
-----supercritico, shooting or supercritical flow.
caudaloso, of great volume, running full, in flood
causticador ra, causticizer.
causticar, to causticize.
custico, caustic (all senses).
cautil ra (AC), soldering iron.
cautn ra, soldering iron.
cava / , pit, excavation.
cavadizo, easily excavated.
cavador ra, excavator.
-----de agujeros de postes, (t) posthole digger.
-----de zanjas, trench machine, ditcher.
cavadora/, excavator.
-----cargadora, elevating grader.
-----de arcilla, pneumatic clay spade.
-----de capachos, bucket excavator.
-----de desages, drainage ditcher.
cavadura/, excavation, digging,
cavar, to excavate, dig.
cavazanjas, mquina, trench machine,
cavazn / (Es), excavation,
cavn ra, a Chilean hardwood,
caverna / , cavern, hollow.
cavernoso, full of cavities, porous, containing
voids.
caveto ra, quarter-round concave molding.
cavidad/, cavity.
cavitacin/, cavitation.
cayo ra, small island, cay, key; shoal.
caz ra, flume, canal, race.
-----de descarga, tailrace.
-----de trada, headrace.
-----vertedor, spillway channel.
cazaclavos ra, nail puller, claw bar.
cazadera/, (min) hitch,
cazangueo ra (M), clearing land,
cazarremaches ra, rivet set or snap,
cazo ra, ladle, bucket, dipper.
-----de cola, gluepot.
-----de colada, pouring or charging ladle.
-----de fundidor, casting ladle.
-----para asfalto, asphalt dipper.
cazoleta /, bucket of a turbine; pan; dolly; (Sp)
water-closet bowl.
-----del diferencial (auto), housing of the differ
ential,
cazonete ra, toggle.
cebadero ra, opening for charging a furnace,
cebador ra, (auto) priming cup; choke; (pu)
primer,
cebadura / , priming.
cebar, (bl) to prime; (pu) to prime; (bo) to feed,
charge; cebarse (vol)(M), to misfire,
cebo ra, (bl) primer, fuse; (rd) binder; (bo)
charge.
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cebo
74 central
I! g!I f I ToI O g!I fI I rI!r .
-----elctrico, exploder.
-----fulminante, blasting cap, exploder.
-----retardado, delay blasting cap.
cebolla / (bm), strainer for footvalve.
cedazo TO, screen, sieve, strainer, riddle.
-----corredizo, traveling screen.
-----de arrastre, drag screen.
-----de banda, band screen.
-----de disco, disk screen.
-----giratorio, revolving screen.
-----para peces (hid), fish screen.
-----sacudidor, shaking screen.
-----vibrante, vibrating screen.
ceder, to yield, give way, fail; to assign,
cedro TO, cedar.
cdula/, certificate, official document; schedule;
(fin) (A) bond.
-----de cambio, bill of exchange.
-----de investigacin (tr), tracer.
-----hipotecaria (A), mortgage bond.
cegar, to wall up; to plug, stop up.
cegesimal o, centimeter-gram-second.
ceiba / , ceibo TO, tropical tree that yields kapok.
cej a/, flange; (M) tire bead; (C) trail, path.
celador m, watchman; maintenance man.
celaje m (Es), skylight; transom.
celda / , cell ; bin.
-----de batera (A), battery cell.
---- de energa, (eng) energy cell.
-----fotoelctrica, photoelectric cell.
celita / , (ct) (conc admixture) cellite.
celoidina/ (fma), celloidin.
celosa / , (str) latticing, lacing; window blind,
lattice.
-----de ventilacin, louver.
clula/, cell; cubicle.
-----fotoelctrica (A), photoelectric cell, photo
cell.
-----fotoemisora, phototube.
-----talofido (ra), thalofide cell.
celular, cellular,
celuloide to, celluloid,
celulosa / , cellulose,
celulsico, cellulosic.
celuloso a, cellular.
cementacin / (mam)(met), cementation,
cementador m (pet), cementer, cementing outfit,
cementadora / , (Sp) cement gun; (pet)(Ec)
cementing equipment,
cementar, to cement; to carburize, caseharden.
cementer a, pertaining to cement,
cementista m, cemeiit worker, cement mason,
cementita / (met), cementite,
cemento to, cement.
-----a granel, bulk or loose cement.
------ artificial (Es), Portland cement.
-----armado, reinforced concrete.
-----asfltico, asphalt cement.
-----de alta resistencia a corto plazo (M), high-
early-strength cement.
-----de alta resistencia inicial,high-early-strength
cement.
-----de alta velocidad (M), high-early-strength
cement.
-----de alto calor, high-heat cement.
-----de alto homo, slag cement.
-----de bajo calor, low-heat cement.
-----de calor moderado de fraguado, moderate-
heat-of-hardening cement.
-----de empizarrar, slater s cement.
-----de escoria, slag cement.
- de fraguado lento, slow-setting cement.
-----de fraguado rpido, quick-setting or high-
early-strength cement.
-----de goma, rubber cement.
-----de slice, silica cement.
modificado, modified cement.
-----natural, natural cement.
-----para empaquetadura, gasket cement.
-----para pisos de vidrio, vault-light cement.
-----plstico para techos, roofing cement.
-----Portland, Portland cement.
-----puzolnico, pozzolanic cement.
-----reforzado (Col), reinforced concrete.
-----refractario, high-temperature or refractory
cement.
-resistente a los sulfatos, sulphate-resisting
cement.
-----romano (Es), natural cement.
-----sin arena, neat cement.
-----suelto, bulk or loose cement.
cementoso, cementitious.
cenagal m, swamp,
cenagoso, swampy,
cenicero m, ashpan, ashpit,
cenit to, zenith,
cenital, zenithal,
ceniza/, ash.
----- de soda, soda ash, anhydrous sodium car
bonate,
cenizal m, ashpit, ash dump,
cenizas, ashes, cinders.
----- de plomo, litharge, lead ash.
-----volcnicas, volcanic ash.
centelleo to (ra), flicker,
centesimal, centesimal,
centsimo to a, hundredth,
centirea / , centiare, centare.
centibara/, centibar,
centgrado, centigrade,
centigramo m, centigram,
centilitro to, centiliter.
centimetrado (A), dividedintocentimeters(tape).
centmetro TO, centimeter,
centinormal, centinormal.
centipoise, centipoise.
centner m, centner.
----- mtrico, metric or double centner.
centrador TO, centralizer, centering device.
-----de embrague (auto), clutch pilot.
-----fijo (mh), steady rest.
centradora / , (mt) spotting tool,
centraje TO, centering.
-----propio, de, self-centering.
central/, plant, station; powerhouse; sugar mill
telephone exchange; a central.
-----auxiliar, stand-by power plant.
-----azucarera, sugar mill.
-----de bombeo (Col), pumping station.
-----de energa o de fuerza, power plant, power
house.
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central 75 cerca
I! !orr! f I R), river-run power plant.
de hormign (A), concrete-mixing plant.
de transformacin, transformer station, sub
station.
elctrica a vapor, steam-electric powerhouse.
- electrgena o generadora, generating or
central station, electric powerhouse.
elevadora, pumping plant; hoisting installa
tion.
--- hidrulica, water-power plant.
medio encerrada (elc), semioutdoor station.
telefnica, telephone exchange.
trmica, steam power plant.
termoelctrica, steam-electric power plant.
central TO (C), sugar mill,
centrar, to center,
cntrico, central, centric.
centrfuga, centrifugadora / , centrifuge, centrif
ugal.
centrifugar, to centrifuge,
centrfugo a, centrifugal,
centrpeto, centripetal.
centro m, center.
a centro, center to center.
--- de la carga o de distribucin (elc), load cen
ter, center of distribution.
-----de deformacin (fma), center of distortion.
de estacin (fma), camera station.
de figura (mat), center of figure.
--de flotabilidad (an), center of buoyancy.
de flotacin (an), center of flotation.
de giro, center of gyration.
de gravedad, center of gravity.
de inercia o de masa, center of inertia or of
mass.
-----de momentos, center of moments.
-----de perspectiva (fma), perspective center.
de presin, center of pressure.
-----de rotacin, center of gyration.
-----de simetra, center of symmetry.
-----de la vista (fma), center of vision.
demogrfico, center of population.
fotogrfico (fma), photographic or plate cen
ter.
geomtrico, center of figure.
-----momentneo, instantaneous center.
muerto, dead center (twist drill).
-----substituto (fma), substitute center.
centroidal, centroidal.
centroide TO, centroid,
centropunzn m (C), center punch,
ceolita / (miner) (pa), zeolite,
cepa/, butt end; stump; (Ch) trestle bent; (M)
footing, cutoff wall,
cepillado por cuatro caras (mad), dressed four
sides.
cepillado por un canto (mad), dressed one edge,
cepilladora/, planer, plane; jointer.
de banco oscilante, reciprocating-table
planer.
-----desbastadora, jack plane.
cepilladuras / , shavings.
cepillar, to plane, face, dress; to brush.
cepillo TO, plane; brush.
-----acabador, smooth plane.
----- acanalador, fluting plane.
biselador, chamfer plane.
-----bocel, plane for making half-round moldings.
------ cncavo, hollow plane.
-----convexo, round plane.
-----de achaflanar, bevel plane.
-----de alambre o de acero, wire brush.
-----de albail (V), float.
-----de alisar, smooth plane.
----- de angaletar (A), miter plane.
----- de astrgalos, beading plane.
----- de banco, bench plane.
-----de cantear, edge plane.
----- de contrafibra, block plane.
-----de costado, side plane.
-----de encabezar escalones, nosing plane.
-----de ensamblar, dovetail plane.
---- de gramil, rabbet plane with fence.
-----de hierro doble, double-iron plane.
-----de juntas, jointing plane.
-----de madera (V), mason s float.
-----de mediacaa, half-round or reed plane.
-----de molduras, molding plane; beading plane.
-----de ranurar, grooving or rabbet or plow or
dado plane.
-----de refrentar, cross-grain plane.
-----dentado, toothing plane.
-----desbastador, j ack plane.
-----limador, shaping planer.
----- machihembrador, matching plane.
----- mecnico, planer, jointer.
mecnico de banco, bench planer or jointer.
-----metlico, wire brush.
-----raspador, scraper plane.
------ rebajador, rabbet or plow or sash plane.
-----redondo, compass plane.
-----universal, combination plane.
cepillo-juntera, jointing plane,
cepillo-rasqueta, scraper plane,
cepo TO, waler, ranger, ribbon, stringpiece, strong-
back; cap of a bent; stock of an anvil;
stock of an anchor; shell of a tackle block;
clamp, vise,
cequin m (Ch) (V), irrigation canal,
cera / , wax.
-----amarilla (pet), yellow wax.
-----de parafina, paraffin wax.
-----para correas, belt wax.
cermica de construccin, hollow tile, structural
terra cotta,
cermico, ceramic.
cerargirita / , cerargyrite, horn silver, native sil
ver chloride,
cerca / , fence.
- alambrada, wire fence.
-----alemana (C), worm or snake fence.
-----de estacas, paling fence.
-----de lienzos (C)(PR), fence built in panels be
tween posts.
-----de nacer, fence of wire on posts that have
taken root.
-----de pie (C)(PR), paling fence.
-----de piedra, stone wall.
-----defensa de cable (ca), cable guardrail.
-----en zigzag, worm fence.
- paranieve, snow fence.
-----viva, hedge.
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cercado
76 cicuta
!r Io TO, ! !O ! I g .
-----eslabonado, chain-link fencing.
cercar, to fence.
cerco to, fence; hoop; frame; (auto) rim; iron tire.
-----de alambre, wire fence.
-----de barril, barrel hoop.
-----de puerta, doorframe.
-----de rueda, tire.
-----de ventana, window frame.
cerco-gua (hid), gate frame,
cercha/, rib of an arch center; (Pan)(U) truss;
(Col) template; screed; (M) stair string;
(dwg) spline; (i-r) clearance gage,
cerchmetro to (fc) (A), clearance gage,
cerchn to, arch centering,
cerda / (inst), hair of the reticle,
creo a, wax, waxy.
ceresita / , Ceresit. (trademark)(waterproofing).
cerezo m, cherry wood.
cerillo m, a Cuban lumber.
cernedor to, screen, sieve.
ceraer, to screen, sift.
cernido (to) hmedo, wet screening.
cernidor to, screen, sieve; (Col) buddle; sifter.
cerniduras/, screenings.
cernir, to screen; (Col) to buddle.
cero to, zero.
ceroso, waxy.
cerrable (elc), sealable.
cerradero to, keeper or strike of a lock; padlock
eye; staple; any locking device.
-----angular, angle strike.
cerrado, closed; sharp (curve),
cerrador to, window shutter; locker; any closing
or locking device,
cerradura / (ft), lock.
-----a tambor (A), cylinder lock.
-----de aplicar (A), rim lock.
----- de arrimar, rim lock.
-----de caja, rim lock; safe lock.
-----de cilindro, cylinder lock.
-----de cilindro paracntrico, paracentric lock.
-----de combinacin, combination lock.
-----de dos cilindros, duplex lock.
-----de dos vueltas, double-throw lock.
-----de embutir, mortise lock.
-----de molinillo (Es), cylinder lock.
-----de muelle o de resorte, spring or snap lock.
-----dormida, dead lock.
-----rebajada, rabbeted lock.
-----recercada (M), rim lock.
cerraja / (Es), lock,
cerrajear, to do locksmith work,
cerrajera / , locksmithing; locksmith s shop;
builders hardware; light ironwork; iron
works.
cerrajero to, locksmith; architectural ironworker,
cerramiento to, closure; bulkhead; fence; parti
tion; curtain wall; (min) dam, dike,
cerrar, to close; to fasten, lock; to enclose; to
obstruct, block; to seal.
-----con llave', to lock.
-----el trazado, to close the survey.
cerrillada / , range of low hills,
cerrillar, to mill, knurl,
cerro to, hill.
cerrojo m, door bolt, bolt of a lock, latch; (C)
machine bolt.
-----acodado, neck bolt.
-----cilindrico -de aplicar, barrel bolt.
-----de aplicar, surface bolt.
-----de caja, case bolt.
----- de caja tubular, barrel bolt.
- de embutir, mortise bolt, flush bolt.
-----de pie o de piso, foot or floor or bottom bolt.
-----de resorte, latch, spring bolt.
-----dormido, dead bolt.
certeneja / (Ch), hole scoured in the bed of a
stream,
certificado to, certificate.
-----de acciones, stock certificate.
-----de ensayo, test certificate.
-----de incorporacin, corporation charter, incor
poration papers.
-----de nacimiento, birth certificate.
cerusa / , white lead, ceruse, cerussite,
cerusita/, cerussite (lead ore),
cesante a, unemployed ;discharged,
cesantear, to discharge (men),
cesantes s, unemployed, discharged workers,
cesanta/, unemployment, discharge,
cesio to (quim), cesium,
csped to, sod, grass, turf,
cespol to, cespul m, (pb) floor drain, cesspool
(sd)(M) cesspool; (pb) trap,
cesta/, basket; bucket; strainer.
-----de aspiracin (bm), strainer for foot valve.
-----pescarripio (pet), junk basket.
cesto to, basket.
de la centrfuga (az), centrifugal basket.
-----de pesca (pet), junk basket.
cestn to, gabion, bundle of brushwood filled
with stone used in bank protection or
stream diversion,
cestonada / , revetment of gabions,
cetano to (pet), cetane.
cianita / (miner), cy anite, kyanite, disthene.
cianizar, to cyanize.
cianoficeas (is), Cyanophyeeae.
ciangeno to (quim), cyanogen,
cianuracin/ (met), cyaniding.
cianrico, cyanuric.
cianuro m, cyanide,
ciciclo, cyclic.
ciclo to (elc)(mee)(quim), cycle.
-----cerrado o completo, closed or complete
cy cle.
----- compuesto, (eng) mixed cycle.
----- de cuatro tiempos (mg), four-stroke cycle.
-----de enfriamiento invertido (aa), reverse-re-
frigeration cycle, heat-pumping.
-----de filtracin (pa), filter cycle.
-----de imanacin, magnetic cycle.
cicloidal, cycloidal,
cicloide / , cycloid.
cicloinversor to (elc), cycloinverter.
ciclmetro to, cyclometer,
cicln to, cyclone,
ciclnico, cyclonic,
ciclpeo (mam), cyclopean.
cicltomo (mat), cyclotomic.
cicuta / (mad), hemlock.
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ciego
77 cinchar
I!goO II I I I g!O ufO I IoO !f .); blank
(flange, etc),
cielo m, ceiling; top.
-----abierto, a, on the surface, in open cut.
-----del hogar (cal), crown sheet.
-----descubierto, a, on the surface.
-----raso, flat or flush ceiling, plastered ceiling.
-----raso acstico, accoustical ceiling.
cinaga / , swamp, marsh.
ciencia / , science.
cienegal m (PR), swamp.
cienmilsimo m, one hundred-thousandth.
cienmilimetro m, one hundredth of a millimeter.
cienmillonsimo m, one hundred-millionth.
cieno m, mud; sludge.
-----activado (dac), activated sludge.
-----de acumulador (elc), battery mud.
-----digerido (dac), digested sludge.
elutriado (dac), elutriated sludge.
-----hmico (dac), humus sludge.
cientfico, scientific.
ciento, cien m a, hundred.
cierracompuerta m (hid), gate-closing device.
cierrapuerta m, door check.
cierre m, .closure, sealing, locking.
-----a tornillo, screw lock.
-----del cojinete (maq), bearing seal.
-----de lnea (pet), line blind.
-----del trazado (lev), closure.
-----de vapor (mg)(M), vapor lock.
-----definitivo (presa), final closure.
---- hidrulico, water seal.
-----relmpago, zipper.
cierro m, inclosure; fence,
cifra (/) global, lump sum (contract),
cigea / , crank; sweep; winch, windlass, cap
stan; (C) handcar, automobile on a rail
road track,
cigeal m, crankshaft.
-----de compensacin, balanced crankshaft.
-----de cuatro codos, four-throw crankshaft.
-----de dos codos, two-throw crankshaft.
-----de siete cojinetes, seven-bearing crankshaft.
-----equilibrado, balanced crankshaft.
-----simple o de un codo, single-throw crank
shaft.
-----voladizo, overhanging crankshaft.
cilanco m, slack or stagnant water, backwater,
ciliado a (is), ciliate.
cilindrada/, piston displacement, cylinder capac
ity.
cilindradora / , road roller,
cilindraje m, rolling, compacting,
cilindrar, to roll, compact,
cilindreo m, rolling,
cilindrico, cylindrical,
cilindro m, cylinder; roller, roll.
-----apisonador, tamping roller; paving roller.
-----compresor, road or paving roller.
-----de bomba, pump cylinder; working barrel.
de caldera, shell of a boiler.
de caminos, road roller.
*-----de culata en T, T-head engine cylinder.
---- de curvar, bending roll.
----de frenaje, brake cylinder.
de laminar, roll in a steel mill.
-----de prueba, test cylinder.
-----graduado (lab), graduate cylinder.
-----maestro (auto), master cylinder (brake).
-----primitivo (en), pitch cylinder.
-----sacanucleos, core barrel (drill).
-----triturador, crushing roll.
cilindros
-----de conformar, forming rolls.
-----de enderezar, straightening rolls, (sb) man
gle rolls.
-----de expansion (pte), expansion rollers.
-----de forjar, forging rolls.
-----terminadores (met), finishing rollB.
cilindroide m, cylindroid.
cilonita/, Zy Ionite (trademark).
<^ma/, crest, summit, peak, top.
cimacio m, ogee; (M) spillway bucket.
-----vertedor, rollway (dam).
cimborrio m, dome; (min) roof, ceiling,
cimbra / , arch centering.
cimbrar, to center (arch); cimbrarse, to sway,
vibrate,
cimbreo mt sway, vibration,
cimbrn m (A), vibration,
cimbronazo m (V), earthquake,
cimentacin/, foundation, footing.
-----de cajn, pneumatic-caisson foundation.
-----de emparrillado, grillage foundation.
-----de zampeado, mat foundation.
-----escalonada, stepped footing.
-----sobre pilotes, pile foundation.
cimentar, to lay a foundation, to found,
cimento m (geol), cementing material,
cimiento m, foundation, footing; foundation
material; cement.
-----de retallo, stepped footing.
-----ensanchado, spread footing.
-romano (Pe), hydraulic lime,
cimmetro m (ra), cymometer,
cimoscopio m (elc), cymoscope,
cinabarita / (Es), cinnabar,
cinabrio m, cinnabar (mercury ore),
cinc m, zinc.
-----no gastable (elc), wasteless zinc.
cincado, galvanized, zinc-plated, zinc-coated.
-----a fuego, hot-galvanized.
cincar, to galvanize, zincify.
cincel m, chisel, cutter, graver.
-----arrancador, floor or box chisel.
-----de filo en cruz (cantero), cross chisel.
-----de fundidor, flogging chisel.
-----de pico redondo, roundnose chisel.
-----de uas (Es), stonecutter s chisel.
-----dentado (cantero), tooth chisel, bumper.
-----debastador, drove chisel, boaster, drove,
boasting chisel.
-----hendedor, splitting chisel.
cincelador m, chipping hammer; chipping chisel;
stonecutter,
cincelar, to chisel, carve; to chip,
cincifero, containing zinc, zinciferous,
cincita / , zincite, red zinc ore, red oxide of zinc
cinco sextos, five sixths,
cincha / , girth, belt.
-----de seguridad, safety belt.
cinchar, to cinch; to hoop, band.
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cincho 78 crculo
I J o m I M O !IfO J ooI O IO Iro fIr! I I
r ! or J f fI!rI g .
-----de plomo, lead shield (for screw).
-----para herramientas, tool belt.
cinemtica f, kinematics,
cinemtico, kinematic,
cintica/, kinetics,
cintico, kinetic.
cinglador m, blacksmiths hammer; (met) shin-
gler; (met) squeezer.
-----de quijadas, alligator or crocodile squeezer.
-----rotativo o de leva, rotary or cam squeezer.
cinglar, to shingle (iron).
cingueria / (A), sheet-metal work, sheet-metal
shop.
cinguero m (A), sheet-metal worker, tinsmith,
cinta / , belt; tape; strip; (carp) batten, waler,
ribbon; (str) girt; sliver (rope).
-----aisladora (elc), insulating or friction or
binding tape.
-----barnizada (elc), varnished tape.
-----conectora (carp), ribbon connector.
-----de acero, steel tape.
-----de agrimensor, measuring tape.
-----de bolsillo, pocket tape (measuring).
-----de cordones, corded tape (measuring).
-----de dimetros (ef), diameter tape.
-----del embrague, clutch band.
-----de empalme (elc), friction or insulating
tape.
-----de encajonar, box strapping.
-----de freno, brake band; brake lining.
-----de friccin, friction band; (elec) friction or
binding tape.
-----de gnero (med), cloth tape.
-----de hierro, strap or band iron.
-----de lienzo, linen tape.
-----de limpieza (al), cleaning tape.
-----de medir, tape line, measuring tape.
-----de resorte, spring-winding tape (measuring).
-----de selvicultor, circumference or forester s
tape.
-----de tela (lev), cloth tape.
-----de tela reforzada (lev), metallic tape.
-----de transporte, belt conveyor.
-----de urdimbre metlica (C), metallic tape.
-----de vidrio (elc), glass tape.
-----fusible (elc), fuse link.
-----metlica (lev), metallic tape; (A)(Sp) steel
tape.
-----metlica articulada (Es), chain belt.
-----mtrica, measuring tape.
-----pescadora (elc), fish wire, snake, pull wire,
fish tape.
-----vitrificada (elc), felass tape.
cintada / (lev), tape length, tape measurement.
cinteada / (geol), band, streak.
cintero m, (Sp) hoisting line; (surv) tapeman.
-----delantero, head tapeman.
-----trasero, rear tapeman.
cintillo m (PR), sidewalk curb,
cintra / , arch centering,
cintrar, to center (arch),
cintre! mt template for an arch,
cintura/ , throat of a chimney; belt,
cinturn m, belt.
-----de guardalnea, linemans belt.
-----de seguridad, safety belt.
-----para herramientas, tool belt.
cipo m (Es), boundary monument; milepost.
ciprs m, cypress.
circn m (miner) (rfr), zircon.
circonia/ (rfr), zirconia.
circnico, zirconic.
circonio m (quim), zirconium.
circuito m (elc), circuit.
-----aceptor (ra), acceptor circuit.
-----amortiguador, damping circuit.
-----andico (ra), anode or plate circuit.
-----atenuador de las altas (ra), bass-boosting
circuit.
-----ctodo-tierra (ra), cathode follower.
-----combinado, compound circuit.
----- compuesto (tel), composited circuit.
----- de absorcin (ra), absorption or tank circuit.
----- de acoplamiento por resistencia, resistance-
coupled circuit.
-----de admisin (ra)(A), acceptor circuit.
-----de aproximacin (fc), approach circuit.
-----de descarga (tv), discharge circuit.
-----de disparo (ra), trigger circuit.
----- de entrada, input circuit.
----- de lnea (fc), line circuit.
-----de media onda (ra), half-wave circuit.
-----de placa (ra), plate or anode circuit.
-----de plena onda (ra), full-wave circuit.
-----de prueba, test circuit.
-----de rejilla (ra), grid circuit.
-----de salida, output circuit.
-----de sangra (ra), bleeder circuit.
-----de via (fc), track circuit.
-----de va libre (fc), clearing circuit.
-----de vuelta, return circuit.
-----derivado, branch circuit.
-----desviador (tv), deflection circuit.
-----en puente, bridge circuit; jumper circuit.
-----equilibrado, balanced circuit.
-----fantasma, phantom circuit.
-----inducido, secondary circuit.
-----inductor, primary circuit.
-----oscilador (ra), oscillatory circuit.
-----oscilante barredero (ra), sweep circuit.
-----receptor (ra), receiving circuit.
-----rechazador o repulsor (ra), rejector circuit.
-----reflejo (ra), reflex circuit.
-----restaurador (tv), restorer circuit.
-----tanque (ra)(A), tank circuit.
- trampa (ra), trap circuit,
circulacin / , circulation.
-----a gravedad (cf), gravity circulation.
-----forzada, forced circulation.
circulador m, circulator,
circular, v to circulate; a circular,
crculo m, circle.
-----anual (mad), annual ring.
-----azimutal, azimuth circle.
'-----cenital (trnsito), vertical circle.
-----de ahuecamiento (en), dedendum circle.
-----de aterrizaje (ap), circle marker.
-----de cabeza (en), addendum circlc.
-----de esfuerzos, circle of stress.
-----de Mohr, Mohr s circle.
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crculo 79 clavo
I! I I! I O fo! IrI! .
de punto medio (ms), mid-point circle.
de talud (ms), slope circle.
---- primitivo (en), pitch or rolling circle.
-----taquimtrico (inst), stadia circle.
circumpolar, circumpolar,
circunferencia / , circumference.
-----de ahuecamiento o de raz (en), dedendum
or root circle.
de base (en), base circle.
---- de rotura, circle of rupture.
de tensin (A), circle of stress.
-----primitiva (en), pitch circle.
circunferencial, circumferential,
circunscribir (mat), to circumscribe.
cisco m, coal dust, culm, slack; (V) cinders.
---- de coque, coke breeze.
cisterna / , tank, cistern.
citacin (J) a licitadores, call for bids, invitation
to bidders.
citara/, brick wall 1 brick thick; (Col) partition
wall.
citarilla / , thin partition wall; (M) thin partition
block.
citarn m, (C) wall 2 bricks thick; (Col) header,
citrato (m) frrico amnico (lab), ferric ammo
nium citrate,
ciudad/, city.
ciudadela/ (cn)(A), bridge deck,
cizalla / , a shear.
-----de dentar (si), gummer shear.
-----de escuadrar, squaring shear.
-----de guillotina, guillotine or gate shear.
-----de palanca, lever or alligator shear.
-----hendedora, splitting shears.
---- mltiple, gang shear.
-----para chapa, sheet-metal shear.
-----para metralla, scrap shear.
para planchas, plate shear,
cizallador m, shearer (man).
cizallamiento m, shearing stress; shearing,
cizallar, to shear.
cizalleo m, shearing; shearing stress.
ciara / (A), spacing, span.
claraboya/, skylight; transom; clearstory.
-----de bveda, vault light.
-----sin masilla, puttyless skylight.
claridad/, (il) brightness; (tv)(Sp) brilliance,
clarificador m, clarifier.
-----de batea (pa), tray clarifier.
-----de batea mltiple (pa), multiple-tray clarifier.
-----intermitente, intermittent clarifier.
clarificar, to clarify.
clarifloculador m (is), Clariflocculator (trade
mark).
clarigestor m (is), Clarigester (trademark),
clarin m, crayon.
claro m, clear space; clear span, bay, opening; a
bright (wire); clear (glass); light (color).
de compuerta, gate opening.
de puente, span of a bridge.
de puerta, doorway.
de ventana, window opening.
clasificador m (is)(min)(ag), classifier; screen.
cnico, cone classifier.
----- de arrastre, drag classifier.
-----de cedazo, screen classifier.
-----de paletas o de rastrillo, rake classifier.
-----de rastro de vaivn, reciprocating-rake clas
sifier.
-----de rebose, overflow classifier.
-----de taza, bowl classifier.
-----en espiral (arena), spiral classifier.
-----hidrulico, hydraulic classifier, jig.
clasificar, to classify, grade; to screen; to rate.
clstico (geol), clastic.
clavador m, (surv) (Ec) stake driver.
----- de cabillas, (t) driftbolt driver.
-----de pernos, bolt driver; spike driver.
------ de postes de cerco, fence-post driver.
clavaestacadas m, sheeting hammer.
cjavar, to nail, spike; to drive piles; (sh) to crowd.
-----a firme (pi)(C), to drive to refusal.
-----hasta el rebote (pi), to drive to refusal.
clavazn / , stock of nails.
clave / , key, keystone; (conc) bonding key;
quoin; (V) lintel; (dwg) legend.
-----de trabazn (conc), bonding key.
clavellino m, a South American lumber,
clavera / , nail hole,
clavete m, small nail, tack,
clavetear, to tack, nail.
clavija / , pin, peg, dowel, driftbolt; cotter; pin
tle; (elee) plug; (elee) stud.
a cuchilla (ele), knife plug.
----- de la cigea, (eng) crankpin.
----- de conexin (ele), terminal stud; attach
ment plug.
de contado (ele), plug.
-----de correccin (inst), adjusting pin.
-----de desconexin (ele), disconnecting plug.
de divisin (mh), index pin.
- de dos patas, cotter pin.
de escala, ladder rung.
de expansin (M), expansion bolt.
-----de infinidad (ele), infinity plug.
-----de piso (ele), floor plug.
de trepar, pole step.
---- hendida, cotter pin, split pin, spring cotter.
---- sincronizadora (ele), synchronizing plug.
tndem (ele), tandem-biade plug.
clavito m, brad, small nail, tack.
cortado, cut finishing nail.
-----de cabeza cnica, flooring brad.
-----de Paris, wire brad.
para contramarcos, casing nail.
clavo m, nail, spike; (min) chimney; (min)(M)
rich body of ore.
agrio, bright nail ; (C) cut nail.
arponado de techar, barbed roofing nail.
- comn de alambre, common wire nail.
corriente, common nail.
cortado, cut nail.
cuadrado (C), cut nail.
-----de alambre, wire nail.
-----de barquilla, boat spike.
----- de cabeza acopada, cupped-head nail.
-----de cabeza embutida o perdida, countersunk
nail.
-----de cabeza excntrica, offset-head nail.
-----de chilla, lathing nail.
-----de doble cabeza, double-headed nail.
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!I To
Ioro o o
I! ! r Io !O o f I Iu! .
-----de filo de cincel, chisel-point nail.
* de fundicin, foundry nail.
de listonaje, lath nail.
- de muelle, dock spike.
de punta de aguja, needle-point au.
---- de punta diamante, diamond-point nail.
-----de punta excntrica, side-point nail.
-----de punta roma, blunt-point nail.
-----de ripiar, shingle nail.
-----de rosca, screw nail, drive screw.
-----de techar, roofing nail.
-----de tinglar, clout nail.
-----de via, track spike.
-----de 1 pulg, twopenny nail.
-----de i y 4 pulg, threepenny nail.
-----de lYz pulg, fourpenny nail.
-----de l 3/4 pulg, fivepenny nail.
-----de 2 pulg, sixpenny nail.
-----de 2% pulg, sevenpenny nail.
-----de 2Yz pulg, eightpenny nail.
-----de 2% pulg, ninepenny nail.
-----de 3 pulg, tenpenny nail.
-----de 3Ya pulg twelvepenny nail.
-----de 2>Yz pulg, sixteenpenny nail.
-----de 4 pulg, twentypenny nail.
-----de 4 % 'pulg, thirtypenny nail.
-----de 5 pulg, fortypenny nail.
-----de 5Y2 Pulg, fiftypenny nail.
-----de 6 pulg, sixtypenny nail.
-----de 8 pulg, eightypenny spike.
-----espaol (C), cut nail.
-----fechado, dating nail.
-----francs, wire nail; (C) finishing nail.
-----harponado, barbed nail.
-----ingls (C), cut nail.
-----lancero (M), toenail.
-----marcador (min), spud, spad.
-----para bisagra, hinge nail.
-----para hormign, concrete nail.
-----para lanchn, barge spike.
-----para remachar, clinch nail.
-----rielero, track spike.
clavo-pija, fetter-drive lag screw,
clavo-tornillo, drive screw,
clica / (ft) (A), keeper of a lock,
clima m, climate.
clima artificial (M), air conditioning,
climtico, climatic,
climatologa / , climatology,
clingrafo mt clinograph.
clinometria / , clinometry.
cimmetro m, clinometer, slope level, angle
meter,
clnquer m (M), clinker,
clismetro m (M), slope gage,
clistron m (ra), klystron-,
clitmetro m, clinometer,
clivaje m (geol), cleavage, stratification.
-----de disyuncin, fracture cleavage.
-----de flujo, flow cleavage.
cloaca / , sewer:
-----colectora, intercepting sewer.
-----de alivio o de rebose, relief or overflow sewer.
-----de descarga, outfall sewer.
- del edificio, house drain.
-----de empotramiento (Y), house connection to
a sewer.
-----de presin, depressed sewer.
-----derivada, branch sewer; lateral sewer.
-----domiciliaria, house sewer.
-----emisaria, outfall sewer.
-----escalonada, flight sewer.
-----interceptadora, intercepting sewer.
-----maestra o mxima o troncal, trunk or main
sewer.
-----ovoide, egg-shaped sewer.
-----pluvial, storm sewer.
-----secundaria, submain sewer.
-----tubular, pipe sewer.
-----unitaria (C)(A), combined sewer.
cloacal, pertaining to sewerage.
cloaquista m (A), man who lays sewer pipe.
cloche m (V), clutch.
cloque m, grapnel, grappling iron.
cloracin / , chlorination.
-----al punto de saturacin (is), break-point
chlorination.
con residuo combinado aprovechable (pa),
combined residual chlorination.
----- con residuo libre aprovechable (pa), free
residual chlorination.
----- simple (pa), plain chlorination.
dorador m, chlorinator.
----- al vaco, vacuum chlorinator.
----- de alimentacin directa, direct-feed chlo
rinator.
----- de mano, manual chlorinator.
----- de vaco visible, visible-vacuum chlorinator.
cloramida/ (qum), chloramide.
cloramina / (pa), chloramine, ammonia chlorine.r
cloraminacin / , chloramination.
cloramoniar, to treat with chloramine.
clorar, to chlorinate.
clorato m (qum), chlorate.
clorhidrato m, hydrochlorate.
clorhdrico, hydrochloric.
drico, chloric.
clorificar, to chlorinate.
clorimetro m, chlorimeter.
clorinacin / , chlorination.
clorinador m, chlorinator.
clorinar, to chlorinate.
clorinometro m, chlorometer.
clorita/ (miner), chlorite.
cloritico, chloritic.
cloritizacin / , chloritization.
clorito m (qum), chlorite.
clorizacin / , chlorination.
clorizador m, chlorinator.
clorizar, to chlorinate.
cloro m, chlorine.
-----amoniacal, proceso (pa), chlorine-ammonia
process.
----- combinado disponible, combined available
chlorine residual.
-----libre disponible, free available chlorine re
sidual.
-----residual o restante (pa), chlorine residual.
cloroalimentador m (pa), Chlorofeeder (trade
mark).
cloroamonaco m (is), chloramine.
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clorocresol 81 codo
Ioror!oI m I I O J IoroT!oI .
clorof enol m (is), chlorophenol.
cloroficeas (is), Chlorophyceae.
clorofila / , chlorophyll,
clorometria / , chlorometry.
clorometro m, chlorometer.
cloroplatinato m, chloroplatinate.
-----de amonio (lab), ammonium chloroplatinate.
-----potsico (is), potassium chloroplatinate.
cloroso, chlorous.
clorurar (quim)(met), to chloridize.
cloruro m, chloride.
-----urico, gold chloride.
-----de amonio, ammonium chloride, sal ammo
niac.
-----de cal, chloride of lime, bleaching powder.
-----de hidrgeno, hydrogen chloride, hydrochlo
ric acid.
-----sdico, sodium chloride, common salt.
coagulacin / , coagulation.
-----de flujo ascendente (is), upflow coagulation.
coagulador m, coagulator.
coagulante m, coagulant; a coagulant, flocculent.
coagular, to coagulate; to clump; coagularse, to
coagulate, form floe; to clot, clump,
cogulo m, floe, coagulum, clot,
coaltar m (Es), tar, pitch,
coaltarizar, to coat with pitch,
coaltitud / , coaltitude, zenith distance,
coasegurador m, coinsurer,
coaxial, coaxil, coaxial,
cobaltifero, containing cobalt,
cobaltina, cobaltita / (miner), cobaltite, cobal-
tine.
cobalto m, cobalt.
-----arsenical (miner), smaltite.
-----gris, smaltite, gray cobalt.
cobaltoso, cobaltous.
cobertizo ra, shed; penthouse; (Col) lean-to; (ap)
hangar.
-----de trasbordo, transfer shed.
-----de trenes, train shed.
-----para carros, carbarn, car shed.
-----para nieve, snowshed.
cobertura/, cover, covering,
cobijadura / (geol)(A), overthrust; alluvial de
posit.
cobola / , a Costa Rican pine,
cobre m, copper.
-----abigarrado, bornite, purple copper ore.
-----amarillo (miner), copper pyrites, chalcopy-
rite.
-----ampolloso, blister copper.
-----ailado, covellite, indigo copper; azurite,
blue copper ore.
-----azul, azurite, blue copper ore, blue malachite.
----- de acarreo (geol), drift copper.
----- del ctodo (met), cathode copper.
----- de cementacin, cement copper.
-----gris, tetrahedrite, gray copper ore.
-----negro, blister or black copper.
----- piritoso, copper pyrites, chalcopyrite.
-----rojo, red copper ore, cuprite.
-----tenaz, tough-pitch copper.
----------verde (miner), malachite, green malachite.
----- vitreo, vitreous copper, torbernite.
cobreado, copper-plated.
cobreria / , copper work; copper shop.
cobrero m, coppersmith.
cobrizado, copper-plated.
cobrizo, containing copper; copper-colored.
coca/, kink.
coccin/, baking, roasting, burning (brick),
coceo m (M), thrust,
cocer, to bake; to boil,
cociente m, quotient.
-----diferencial, differential coefficient or quo
tient,
coco m (is), coccus,
cocobolo m, cocobolo (hardwood),
cocodrilo ?7i (mee), grab; squeezer,
cocha / (B)(Ec), lake, pond,
coche m, (rr) car, coach; closed automobile.
-----automotor (fc), motorcar.
-----comedor, dining car.
-----de estacin (auto), station wagon.
-----de observacin, observation car.
-----de pasajeros (Ch), passenger car.
----- de remolque, trail car.
-----de tranva, streetcar, trolley car.
----- de turismo (auto), touring car.
-----dormitorio, sleeping car.
-----motor, (rr) motorcar.
saln, chair car.
cochecito lateral, sidecar (motorcycle).
cochera/, carbarn; garage.
cochern m, enginehouse, roundhouse.
cochinilla / (mad), wood louse.
cochino m (met), pig.
cochitril m, crib.
cochura / , baking, roasting.
codal m, strut, spreader, spur, trench brace;
frame of a saw; try square.
-----del eje (cn), shaft strut.
codaste m (cn), sternpost; stern frame.
-----popel, rudderpost, sternpost.
-----proel, sternpost, propeller post, body post.
codecnacin / , codeclination, polar distance,
codera / (nut), breast fast,
cdigo 77i, code.
-----de edificacin, building code.
-----de seales, signal code.
Cdigo Elctrico Nacional, National Electric
Code.
cdigo Morse (tel), Morse code,
codillo m, knee, elbow, bend,
codimero m (pet), codimer.
codo mt (cons) knee; (machy) crank; (p) elbow,
bend.
-----abierto, long elbow.
----- angular, miter elbow.
-----cerrado, short elbow.
-----compensador, expansion bend.
-----con base o con soporte, base elbow.
-----con derivacin o con salida lateral, side-out-
let elbow.
-----con lomo o de copa, bossed elbow.
-----de campanas, bell-and-spigot quarter bend.
----- de curva alargada o de radio largo, long-
radius elbow.
-----de doble ramal, double-branch elbow.
-----de enchufes, socket-end elbow (for welding).
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codo 82
coeficiente
I! I gI!f!O If!r !Io .
-----de orejas, drop elbow.
-----de palanca (maq), crank.
-----de pendiente o de rosca inclinada, pitch
elbow.
-----de reduccin, reducing elbow.
-----de retomo unido, return bend-close type.
-----de servicio, service or street elbow.
-----de tangente larga, long-tangent elbow.
-----de toma particular, service elbow.
-----de tres salidas, three-way elbow.
-----de unin, union elbow.
-----de y 8, eighth bend.
-----de 1/ 4, quarter bend.
-----de 5%, sixty-fourth bend.
-----de 1 1 1 4 o, thirty-second bend.
-----de 22Y2, sixteenth bend.
-----de 45, eighth bend, 45 elbow.
-----de 60, sixth bend.
-----de 72, fifth bend.
-----de 180, return or half bend.
-----doble, offset; return bend; three-way
elbow.
-----en escuadra, right-angle bend.
-----en octavo, eighth bend.
-----en U, return bend.
- falso (as), false knee.
-----macho y hembra, service or street elbow.
-----obtuso (A), eighth bend.
-----para baranda, railing elbow.
-----para inodoro (pb), closet bend.
-----recto con desplazamiento, single-offset quar
ter bend.
-----reductor, taper or reducing elbow.
-----suave, long-radius elbow.
coeficiente m, coefficient.
-----completo de traspaso de calor (aa), over-all
coefficient of heat transfer.
-----de absorcin (ptica), absorption factor, co
efficient of absorption.
- de acidez (geol), acidity coefficient, oxygen
ratio.
-----de acoplamiento (elc), coupling coefficient.
-----de afluencia (hid), runoff coefficient.
-----de amortiguacin, coefficient of damping
(vibration).
-----de amortiguacin viscosa (ms), coefficient of
viscous damping.
- de amplificacin (ra), amplification factor or
constant.
-----de aprovechamiento (elc), load factor.
-----de aspereza (hid), coefficient of roughness.
-----de autoinduccin (lc), coefficient of self-
induction, self-inductance.
-----de cada de tension (elc), drop factor.
-----de cambio de volumen (ms), coefficient of
volume change.
-----de cargamento (tr), load factor.
-----de caudal (hid), coefficient of discharge.
-----de compactacin (ms), coefficient of consoli
dation.
-----de conductividad trmica, coefficient of ther
mal conductivity.
----- de consolidacin, (ea) coefficient of shrink
age, shrinkage factor; (sm) coefficient of
consolidation.
de deformacin (ms), deformation coeffi
cient.
de derrame (hid), runoff coefficient,
de descargue (hid), coefficient of discharge,
de deslizamiento, sliding factor (dam),
de desviacin (ra), deflection factor,
de diagrama, (eng) diagram factor,
de dilatacin, coefficient of expansion,
de dispersin (elc), leakage factor,
de elasticidad, modulus of elasticity,
de entrada (ve), coefficient of entry,
de escamas (pa), coefficient of scale hard
ness.
de escorrentia (hid), runoff coefficient,
de escuadreo (an), block coefficient, coeffi
cient of fineness of displacement,
de escurrimiento superficial (hid), surface
runoff coefficient,
de explotacin (fc), operating ratio,
de extincin (quim), extinction coefficient,
specific absorption index,
de filtracin (ms), coefficient of percolation,
del filtro (fma), filter factor,
de finura, coefficient of fineness,
de flecha (est), deflection coefficient,
de friccin o de frotamiento, friction factor,
coefficient of friction,
de friccin de deslizamiento, coefficient of
sliding friction,
de gasto (hid), coefficient of discharge,
de hinchamiento (ms), coefficient of swelling,
de inflacin (ms) (A), coefficient of swelling,
de luminosidad (il), luminosity factor,
de modulacin (elc), modulation factor or
index.
de mortalidad, death rate,
de operacin (fc), operating ratio,
de pandeo (est), buckling coefficient,
de permeabilidad, (hyd) percolation coeffi
cient; (sm) coefficient of permeability,
de Poisson, Poissons ratio,
de precipitacin, rainfall coefficient,
de produccin, load factor (compressor),
de productividad (pet), productivity index,
de propulsion (an), propulsive coefficient,
de reactancia (elc), reactive factor,
de rectificacin (ra), rectification factor,
de recuperacin o de rechazo (pi), coefficient
of restitution,
de recuperacin elstica (ms), coefficient of
elastic recovery,
de reflexin, (ra) reflection coefficient; (il)
reflection factor,
de relajamiento (met), relaxation factor,
de remoldeo (ms), remolding index,
de rendimiento (aa), coefficient of perform
ance.
de resistencia, coefficient of strength,
de restitucin (ms) (fma)-, coefficient of resti
tution.
de retardo, (hyd) coefficient of retardation;
(wp) drag coefficient,
de retraso (hid), coefficient of retardation,
de riego, duty of irrigation water,
de rozamiento, coefficient of friction,
de rugosidad (hid), roughness coefficient.
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coeficiente
83
cola
I! !gurII IO for o !fM .
-----de sequedad (irr), wilting coefficient.
-----de superficie (ag), surface coefficient, sur-
face-area factor.
-----de trabajo, factor of safety.
-----de transmisin, (ht) coefficient of transmis
sion; (il) transmission factor.
-----de traspaso superficial de calor (aa), film
coefficient of heat transfer.
dielctrico, dielectric constant.
-----espumante, foaming coefficient (water).
----- resistivo (el6c)(A), coefficient of resistance.
-----uniforme (ms)(C), uniformity coefficient.
coeficientes del Almirantazgo (an), Admiralty
constants.
coercitividad / (elec), coercivity, coercive force,
cofa / (cn), top, crow s-nest,
cofactor TO (mat), cofactor,
cofsico, cophasal.
cofre TO, box; crib; bin; (A) concrete form; (auto)
(M) hood,
cogedero TO, handle., grip; bail.
-----indicador de tensin (lev), tension handle,
spring balance,
cogegotas TO, drip pan.
coger, to grasp; to collect; to close up, obstruct;
(mas) (Col) (V) to point,
cogollo to, small end of a pole or pile,
coherencia / (mat), coherence,
coherente to, binder; a cohesive, coherent,
cohesin/, cohesion, bond.
-----aparente (ms), apparent cohesion.
-----verdadera (ms), true cohesion.
cohesivo, cohesive,
cohesor w (ra), coherer.
cohete TO (min), blasting fuse; blast hole; (M)
dynamite cartridge,
cohetear (min)(M), to blast,
coig TO, a South American softwood,
coihue TO, a Chilean hardwood,
coincidencia/, coincidence,
coincidente, coincident.
coincidir, to coincide; to match (rivet holes).
cojear, (eng) to knock.
cojn TO, cushion, pad; pillow block.
-----del embrague, clutch cushion.
-----de vaco (conc), vacuum mat.
-----roscado para soldar (tub), welding pad.
cojinete TO, bearing, pillow block, journal box;
bushing; (th) die.
-----a municiones, ball bearing.
----- a rulemn, roller bearing.
-----acabador (rs), sizer die.
-----autoalineador, self-aligning bearing.
-----autolubricador, oilless or self-lubricating
bearing.
-----axial, axial or thrust bearing.
-----cerrado, solid bearing.
-----cnico, cone bearing.
-----de agujas, needle bearing.
-----de alineamiento, alignment bearing.
----- de anillo esfrico, spherical-race bearing.
-----de asiento (A), step bearing.
-----de bancada, base or main bearing.
-----de bolas axial, thrust-type ball bearing.
de bolas con adaptador, adapter-type ball
bearing.
-----de bolas con anillo de resorte, snap-ring-
type ball bearing.
-----de bolas de contacto angular, angular-con
tact ball bearing.
-----de bolas de empuje, thrust-type ball bear
ing.
-----de bolas de empuje doble, two-direction
thrust ball bearing.
-----de bolas de proteccin doble, double
shielded ball bearing.
-----de bolas de proteccin simple, single-shielded
ball bearing.
-----de bolas doble, double-row ball bearing.
-----de bolas radial, radial ball bearing.
-----de bolillas, ball bearing.
-----de casco recambiable, replaceable-shell
bearing.
-----de cola, tail bearing.
-----de collares, collar bearing.
-----de descanso, pillow block.
-----de doble efecto, two-direction (roller) bear
ing.
-----de efecto simple, single-direction (roller)
bearing.
-----de empuje, thrust or axial bearing.
-----de engrase automtico, self-lubricating bear
ing.
-----de fila nica, single-row (ball) bearing.
-----de filas mltiples, multirow (ball) bearing.
-----de gua, pilot or guide bearing.
-----de manguito, sleeve bearing.
-----de piedra (inst), jewel bearing.
-----de resorte (mh), spring die.
-----de rodillos ahusados, tapered roller bearing.
-----de rodillos esfricos, spherical roller bearing.
-----de rodillos rectos, straight roller bearing.
-----de rolletes, roller bearing.
-----de rolletes cnicos, tapered roller bearing.
-----de roscar, die for threading, screw plate.
-----de suspensin, suspension bearing.
-----de terraja, die for threading.
----- de tope (U), thrust bearing.
-----enterizo, unit or solid pillow block.
-----exterior, outboard bearing.
-----flotante, floating bearing.
-----partido, split pillow block.
----- piloto, pilot bearing.
-----radial, radial or annular bearing.
-----radioaxial, radial-thrust bearing.
-----recalentado, hot bearing.
cok TO, coke.
-----de petrleo, petroleum coke.
-----de retorta, gas coke.
-----para altos hornos, blast-furnace coke.
cola / , glue; tail; (t) tang, fang, shank; stub,
stump.
-----aislante, insulating glue.
-----animal o de huesos, animal glue.
-----de agua fra o de casena, cold-water 01
casein glue, casein cement.
----- de barrena, shank of a drill.
-----de carpintero, joiner s glue.
-----de golondrina (carp) (mec), swallowtail,
dovetail.
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cola
84
colocadora
I! rfIIIoO I !! o J !r .
-----de milano o de pato, dovetail.
-----de pescado, isinglass; fish glue; fishtail (bit).
-----de rata, rattail (file); driftpin.
-----marine, marine glue.
-----para madera laminada, plywood glue.
colas (min), tailings, chats,
colada / , (met) melt; (cone) pour; (eonc) lift;
(conc) batch.
-----de prueba, trial batch.
coladera/, strainer; (M)(PR) leaching cesspool;
(M) sewer, drain,
coladera-punta, well point,
coladero m (min), winze, ore chute,
colado en el lugar (conc), poured in place,
colador m, strainer.
-----a presin, pressure strainer.
-----de cao pluvial (to), leader strainer.
-----de cesta, basket-type strainer.
-----de coque, coke strainer.
------ de lodo (pet), mud screen, shale shaker.
-----para hojas (hid), leaf screen.
colagn m (M), conduit, canal,
colanilla / , door bolt,
colapez / , isinglass; fish glue,
colapsible (M), collapsible,
colapso m (M), failure, collapse,
colar, to pour; to strain; to cast; (tun)(M) to
drive, bore; to sink (shaft): colarse, to
seep, percolate; to sift.
-----en basto, to rough-cast.
colatitud / , colatitude,
colato de sodio (lab), sodium cholate.
colctar m (abrasivo), colcothar, rouge,
colcha / (ais), quilt, blanket,
colchado m (cab), lay.
----- a la derecha, right lay.
-----a la izquierda, left lay.
-----corriente o cruzado, regular or plain lay.
-----lang o paralelo, lang or cable lay.
colchar, to lay rope.
colchn m, cushion, mattress; (elec cab) bedding.
-----amortiguador (hid) (Col), stilling pool.
-----de agua, water cushion, stilling pool.
-----de barro (hid), clay blanket.
-----de cieno (dae), sludge blanket.
-----filtrador (pa), filter blanket.
-----hidrulico (M), stilling pool.
colear, to yaw, buck; (auto) to shimmy,
colectivo m (tr)(A), small public bus.
colector m, collector; catch basin, trap; intercept
ing sewer; (irr) return ditch; (elec) com
mutator; (elec) collector; (min) collector;
(p) (Pan) manifold.
-----cloacal, main sewer.
-----de aceite, oil trap; drip pan; (auto) oilpan.
----- de aguas blancas (A), storm-water sewer.
-----de aire, air trap.
-----de aire comprimido, air receiver (compres
sor).
------ de alivio (M), relief sewer.
---- 1de arco (fe elc), bow trolley.
-----de avenidas (Es), storm sewer.
-----de barro, mud trap, catch basin.
-----de cascajo, grit collector.
-----de condensado, condensate or steam trap.
-----de corriente (elc), current collector.
----- de desage, (pb) main soil pipe, house drain
(Pe) sewer.
----- de escamas (pet), scale trap.
------ de espumas (dac), scum collector.
----- de fango, mud trap.
-----de grasa, grease trap.
-----de humedad, moisture separator or trap.
-----de lodos, sludge collector.
-----de prtiga (fe elc), pole trolley.
------ de polvo, dust collector.
-----de sedimentos (cal), mud drum.
----- de tormentas (Es), storm sewer
----- de tubos, manifold header.
----- de vapor (loco), steam drum.
----- pantgrafo, pantograph trolley
-----pluvial, storm-water sewer.
-----sanitario, sanitary sewer.
-----visitable (Es), sewer large enough for a man
to enter.
colector-cabezal, header of a boiler.
clera (m) asitico, Asiatic cholera.
colero m, gluepot; (min)(M)(Pe) labor foreman.
coleta/, burlap.
colgadero m, hanger.
colgadizo shed, lean-to; a hanging, suspended,
colgador m, hanger.
-----autoalineador, self-aligning hanger.
-----de artefacto (elc), fixture hanger.
-----de cable, (cy) fall-line carrier; (elec) cable
hanger.
------ de canaln (to), gutter hanger.
de mensajero (elc), messenger hanger
----- del revestidor (pet), liner hanger.
-----de tubo, pipe hanger.
----- de vigueta, joist hanger.
colgante m, hanger, pendant; a suspended, hang
ing.
-----de servicio (elc), service drop.
-----giratorio, swivel hanger.
colgar, to hang.
coli-aerogenes (is), coli-aerogenes.
colibacilo m (is), colon bacillus, Bacillus coli.
coliforme, coliform (bacteria).
colillas / (min), tailings.
colimacin / , collimation.
colimador m, collimator.
colimetria / (pa)(U), coliform density.
colina/, hill.
colineacin/ (mat), collineation.
colineal, collinear,
colisa/, slide; (eng) link.
-----de Stephenson (mv), Stephenson link.
colisin/, collision,
colmado, heaped up.
colmatacin / , colmataje m, filling; earth fill;
(A) silting up.
colocabilidad / (cone)(M), placeability.
colocado en fro (ca), cold-laid,
colocador m, setter, placer, positioner; (sa) set-
works.
-----de ladrillos (C), bricklayer.
-----de vagones, car spotter.
-----de via (maq), track layer.
colocadora/, setter, placer.
-----neumtica, pneumatic concrete placer.
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colocar 85 combustleo
oIo rO fo I I !O Io f!O !f fo I T!f .
colodin m, collodion.
colofonia/, resin.
cologaritmo m, cologarithm.
coloidal, colloidal.
coloide m, colloid.
colonia/, (PR) sugar plantation; (A) farm; (lab)
colony,
color m, color.
color de recocido, temper color,
amarillo, yellow,
amarillo claro, light yellow,
amarillo de paja, straw color,
amarillo oscuro, dark yellow,
amarillo plido, faint yellow,
azul, blue.
azul brillante, bright blue,
azul oscuro, dark blue,
azul puro, full blue,
blanco, white.
castao amarillento, brown yellow.
castao purpreo, purple brown.
castao rojizo moteado, spotted red brown.
cereza claro, light cherry.
negro rojizo, black red.
pajizo oscuro, dark straw.
pajizo plido, pale straw.
prpura, purple.
rojo cereza mediano, medium cherry red.
rojo cereza oscuro, dark cherry red.
rojo cereza puro, full cherry red.
rojo de sangre oscuro, dark blood red.
salmon, salmon,
salmn claro, light salmon,
color patrn, standard color,
colorante m, coloring matter,
colorimetria/ , colorimetry,
colorimetrico, colorimetric,
colormetro m, colorimeter,
colpa/, copperas; (min)(Pe) a silver ore.
columna / , column.
-----cerrada, box column.
-----combinada, combination column.
-----compuesta, (str) built-up column; (conc)
composite column.
-----de agua (fc), water column.
-----de asiento esfrico, round-end column.
-----de barras Z, Z-bar column.
-----de burbujeo (pet), bubble column.
-----de caja, box column.
-----de celosa, latticed column.
-----de direccin (auto), steering column.
-----de equilibrio (hid), surge tank.
-----de extremo fijo, fixed-end column.
-----de fraccionamiento, fractionating tower.
----- de fundicin, cast-iron column.
-----de plancha y ngulos, plate-and-angle col
umn.
-----de planchas atiesadoras, battened column.
----- escalonada (est), stepped column.
-----fnix, Phoenix column.
-----H, H column.
-----Lally, Lally column.
-----positiva (elc), positive column.
-----reguladora (hid), surge tank, standpipe.
-----tubular, steel-pipe column.
-----zunchada (conc), hooped column.
columnar (geol) (miner), columnar,
columnata / , row of columns, colonnade,
columpio m, bascule, any device with a swinging
motion,
coluvial (geol), colluvial.
collado 77i, hill; saddle, gap, pass,
collar m (mec), collar, collet.
-----de bolas, ball race (bearing).
-----de cementar (pet), cementing collar.
-----de circulacin (pet), mud collar.
-----del excntrico (mv), eccentric strap.
-----de hincar (pi), drive sleeve.
-----de mstil (cn), mast collar.
-----de perforacin (pet), drill collar.
-----de terraja (mh)(A), threading die.
-----de tope, stop collar.
-----de vaciado (tub)(V), joint runner.
-----micromtrico, micrometer collar.
-----para rueda (fc), wheel seat.
-----poratescobillas (elc), brush ring.
collarn ra, collar.
-----de empuje, thrust collar.
-----del prensaestopas, gland.
collera / (fc)(A), a length of track between two
pairs of opposite joints,
coma / (fma), coma.
cornaln m (elc)(C), come-along clamp,
comando m, control.
-----a distancia, remote control.
-----digital, finger-tip control.
comarca / , region, territory,
comba/, warp, wind, bulge; camber; (rd) crown;
(Pe) maul, sledge; (auto)(A) caster; (ra)
(Sp) antinode, loop.
-----de canto (mad), crook.
-----de piano (mad), bow.
combada de oxgeno disuelto (is), oxygen sag.
combadura/, warping, bulging; camber; sag.
combar, to camber; to bend; (Ch) to strike with
a maul; combarse, to sag, warp, bulge;
(na) to hog.
combersa/ (to)(A), valley,
combs m, waist of a ship,
combinacin / (mat)(quim), combination,
combinado qumicamente, chemically combined,
combinador w (elec), controller.
-----de gobierno, master controller.
-----magntico, full-magnetic controller.
combinarse (quim), to combine,
combo m, maul, sledge,
comburente m a, combustible,
combustibilidad / , combustibility,
combustible m, fuel; a combustible.
-----de seguridad, safety fuel.
-----tipo, reference fuel.
combustion / , combustion.
-----a presin invariable, constant-pressure com
bustion.
-----a volumen constante, constant-volume com
bustion.
-----espontnea, spontaneous combustion.
-----fraccionada, fractional combustion. '
-----fumvora, smokeless combustion.
-----retardada, afterburning.
combustleo m, fuel oil.
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combustleo 86 compreso
de calefaccin, ur ! oII .
-----Diesel, Diesel oil.
-----para buques, bunker oil.
comejn m, termite.
comerciable, marketable; merchantable (grade),
comisara/, commissary,
comisariato m (Ec), commissary,
comisario (m) de averas (seg), average surveyor,
comisin / , committee, commission; (surv)(C)
party, corps; (com) commission.
-----de estudios (C), survey party.
compacidad / (ot)(V)(PR), compaction, com
pactness.
compactacin/ , compacting, consolidating,
compacto, compact, dense,
compaa / , company, corporation.
-----annima, ptock company, corporation.
-----aseguradora, insurance company.
-----colectiva, partnership.
-----fiadora, bonding company.
-----por acciones (C), stock company.
comparador m, comparator; comparer.
-----de banco, bench comparator.
-----de bloque, block comparator.
-----de color, color comparator.
-----de pie, pedestal comparator.
compargrafo m (fma), comparagraph.
compartidor m (A), official charged with the dis
tribution of irrigation water,
compartimiento m, compartment, (rr) stateroom.
-----de calderas (cn)(A), boiler room.
-----de mando (co), driving compartment.
-----de mquinas (cn)(A), engine room.
comparto m (irr)(A), division box.
comps m, compass, dividers, calipers.
-----con arco, wing compass or dividers; quadrant
compass.
-----de agrimensor, surveyor s compass.
-----de biseccin, bisecting dividers.
-----de calibres (Es), calipers.
-----de corredera (Es), slide caliper.
-----de cuadrante (Es), wing compass or dividers.
-----de division, dividers.
-----de divisin a resorte, hairspring or spring
dividers.
-----de espesor, calipers, outside calipers.
-----de espirales, volute compass.
-----de exterior, outside calipers.
-----de gruesos, calipers, outside calipers.
-----de mar, mariner s compass.
-----de marcar, scribing compass.
-----de muelle, bow pencil or pen or dividers.
-----de precisin, hair compass, hairspring di
viders.
-----de proporcin, proportional dividers.
-----de punta fija o de punta seca, dividers.
-----de reduccin, proportional dividers.
-----de regla (B), beam compass.
-----de trazar, draftsmans compass.
-----de tres piernas, triangular compass.
-----de vara, beam compass, trammel.
-----deslizante, beam compass.
-----divisor, dividers.
-----giratorio, rotating or drop spring or rivet
compass.
-----hermafrodita, hermaphrodite caliper.
-----interior, inside calipers.
-----micrometrico, micrometer calipers.
-----para huecos, inside calipers.
-----portalpiz, pencil compass.
-----universal, universal compasses.
compensacin/, compensation; balancing; take-
up. ^
-----de bajos (ra), bass compensation.
-----de la brjula, compass compensation.
-----de la pendiente (fc), grade compensation
(for curvature).
----- de tierra (ra)(Es), counterpoise.
-----de tierras (ot), balancing cuts and fills.
-----por accidentes de trabajo, workmens com
pensation.
compensador m, compensator (all senses) ; equal
izer, adjuster.
----- armnico (auto), harmonic balancer.
-----de arranque (ele), starting compensator.
-----de freno, brake adjuster.
-----de impedancia (ele), impedance compen
sator.
-----de prdida de tension (ele), line-drop com
pensator.
-----de ruedas (auto)(A), wheel balancer.
-----elevador (ele), balancer-booster.
compensar, to compensate (all senses); to bal
ance, equalize,
competencia / , competence, fitness, capacity;
competitive bidding, competition; (r) com
petence,
competente (geol), competent,
complejo m a, complex.
----- fundamental (geol), basal complex.
complementario (mat), complementary,
complemento m (mat), complement,
complexo a, complex.
componente m / , component (all senses) ; (chem)
constituent.
-----desvatada (ele), wattless component.
-----electromagntica (ra), magnetic component.
-----en fase (ele), inphase component.
-----harmonica (ele), harmonic component.
-----negativa de secuencia (ele), negative se
quence component.
-----nula de secuencia (ele), zero sequence com
ponent.
-----positiva de secuencia (ele), positive se
quence component.
-----vatada (ele), active or inphase component.
componer, to repair, overhaul,
composicin / (quim)(mat), composition,
composturas / , repairs,
compound a (mv)(elc), compound.
-----cruzado, cross-compound.
-----en tndem, tandem-compound.
compoundaje m, compounding,
comprador m, buyer,
compregnado, compregnated (plywood),
compresibilidad / , compressibility,
compresible, compressible,
compresimetro m (A), compression gage,
compresin / , compression.
-----de dos etapas, two-stage compression.
compresivo, compressive,
compreso, compressed.
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compresmetro 87 compuesto
oI r!!fro O oI r!Io g g!O oI r!
o!f!r .
compresor m, compressor.
-----de ngulo, angle compressor.
---- de anillo (herr), piston-ring compressor.
-----de chorro (aa), jet compressor.
-----de un grado, single-stage compressor.
-----de volumen (ra), volume compressor.
en lnea recta, straight-line compressor.
-----multigradual, multistage compressor.
compresores gemelos, duplex compressor,
compresora / , compressor.
-----a correa, belt-driven compressor.
a motor, motor-driven compressor.
-----axial, axial-flow compressor.
-----centrfuga de aletas radiales, radial-blade
centrifugal compressor.
-----de aletas corredizas, sliding-vane rotary
compressor.
-----de cinco grados, five-stage compressor.
-----elevadora, booster compressor.
-----mvil, portable compressor.
- neumtica (M), air compressor.
-----rociadora, spraying compressor.
-----rotativa, rotary compressor. *
compresorista m, operator of a compressor,
comprimible, compressible,
comprimir, to compress, compact,
comprobacin (/) del trnsito (Ec), tracing (a
shipment).
comprobador m, checker; tester.
-----de contadores, meter tester.
comprobante m, voucher.
-----de venta, bill of sale.
comprobar, to check, verify; to prove,
compuerta / , (hyd) gate; (bldg) half door; (tk)
gate; (V) bulkhead in a concrete form.
-----abatible (co), down-folding gate.
-----acuada (v), wedge gate.
-----aforadora, metergate.
-----basculante, tilting gate.
-----Broome, Broome or caterpillar gate.
-----cilindrica, rolling or roller gate; ring gate.
-----de abanico (M), Tainter or radial gate.
-----de abatimiento, bear-trap gate; drum gate.
-----de aguja, needle valve.
-----de aletas ajustables (aa), multiple-louver
damper.
-----de alzas, bear-trap gate, roof weir.
-----de anillo, ring gate.
-----de anillo corredor (Col), ring-follower gate.
-----de anillo estancador, ring-seal gate.
-----de anillo seguidor, ring-follower gate.
-----de arco (min), arc or radial gate.
---- de arco inferior (min), underswung arc gate.
-----de arco superior (min), overhung arc gate.
-----de arranque, head gate.
-----de basuras, skimming gate.
-----de bifurcacin (irr), bifurcation gate.
-----de buzn (ag), bin gate.
-----de cabecera, head gate.
-----de cierre anular, ring-seal gate.
----- de cizalla, shear gate.
-----de cola (co), tail gate.
-----de cua, wedge gate (valve).
----- de chapaleta o de charnela, flap gate.
-----de desage o de evacuacin* sluice or waste
gate.
-----de deslizamiento, sliding gate.
-----de doble cua, double-disk gate (valve).
-----de esclusa, sluice gate; lock gate, floodgate.
-----de guillotina, shear gate; sliding gate.
-----de limpia, sluice gate (dam).
-----de marea, tide gate, floodgate.
-----de orugas, caterpillar or Broome gate.
-----de paso, shutoff gate.
-----de perforacin (pet), drill gate.
-----de postigo (turb), wicket gate.
-----de purga, sluice gate.
-----de retencin, backwater gate.
-----de rodamiento, roller gate.
-----de rodillos, fixed-wheel gate, truck-type
gate; Stoney gate; coaster gate.
-----de ruedas fijas, fixed-wheel gate.
-----de sector, sector gate; drum gate.
-----de sector rodante, rolling sector gate.
-----de segmento, segmental or Tainter gate.
-----de servicio (irr), delivery gate.
-----de tablero engoznado, hinged-leaf gate,
shutter weir.
-----de tambor, drum gate.
-----de tiro, damper (flue).
-----de tolva (ag), bin gate.
-----de toma, intake or head gate.
-----de urgencia, emergency gate.
-----de vagn (Es), truck-type or fixed-wheel
gate.
-----deflectora (aa), deflecting damper.
-----derivadora (irr), delivery gate, turnout, divi
sion gate.
-----desarenadora, sand or sluice gate.
-----descargadora, sluice or waste gate.
-----deslizable (A), coaster gate.
-----desripiadora (Ch), sluice gate.
-----desviadora, diversion gate.
-----elevadora o levadiza, rising gate.
----- estranguladora (aa), throttling damper.
-----flotante (ds), caisson.
-----medidora (irr), metergate.
-----partidora (irr), bifurcation or division gate.
-----piloto, filler gate.
-----radial, radial or Tainter gate; (min) arc gate.
-----radial inferior (min), underswung arc gate.
-----radial superior (min), overhung arc gate.
-----rodante, roller gate; rolling sector gate.
-----trasera (co), tail gate.
-----trasera cargadora, tail-gate loader.
-----tubular (Es), gate valve.
compuertas
----- de demasas, spillway gates.
----- de derrame, spillway or crest gates.
-----del-umbral, crest gates.
compuesto m, a compound; a compound, (str)
built up.
-----aditivo (qum), addition compound or
product.
-----aislador, insulating compound.
-----d cortar (mh), cutting compound.
-----de curacin (conc), curing compound.
-----de enfriamiento, cooling compound; (mt)
cutting compound.
-----de pulir, lapping or buffing compound.
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compuesto 88 condensador
I! r!f rO IuI g oI ou I .
-----de sellar (ele), sealing compound.
-----de soldar, soldering paste; brazing com
pound.
-----de tarrajar, thread dope.
-----desincrustante, boiler compound.
-----impermeabilizador, waterproofing com
pound.
-----inflamable (voi), flash compound.
-----para banda, belt dressing.
-----para cable, cable compound or dressing.
-----para enchufes (tub), joint compound.
-----para engranajes, gear compound.
-----para roscas, thread paste.
-----para terminador de cable (ele), pothead
compound.
-----qumico, chemical compound.
-----sellador de juntas (ca), joint-sealing com
pound.
computador? (inst)(M), computer,
computar, to compute, calculate,
computista to, computer,
computo to, computation,
comunicacin / , communication,
concadenamiento m, linkage,
concavidad/, concavity,
cncavo to, cncava / , cavity, hollow,
cncavo a, concave, dished,
cncavo-convexo, concave-convex,
concentracin / , concentration.
-----en seco (min), dry concentration.
hidrogeninica (pa), hydrogen-ion concen
tration.
-----por venteo (min), dry blowing.
concentrado to, a concentrate; a concentrated,
concentrador to, concentrator,
concentrar, to concentrate,
concentricidad / , concentricity,
concntrico, concentric.
concesin/, concession, grant; (mech) allowance.
-----social, corporate franchise or charter. /
concesionar (M), to grant a concession,
concesionario TO, holder of a concession, licensee,
grantee.
conconete to (M), small irrigation ditch,
concordancia (f) de fases (ele), phase coinci
dence.
concrecin / (geol), concretion,
concrecional, concretionary,
concrecionar, to sinter,
concretar, to concrete,
concreter / (C), concrete mixer,
concreto TO, (cons) concrete; (su) concrete, con
crete sugar.
------a soplete (AC), gunite.
-----acorazado, armored concrete.
-----agrio, harsh concrete.
----- aguado, sloppy concrete.
-----armado, reinforced concrete.
----- ciclpeo, cyclopean concrete.
-----de cenizas, cinder concrete.
-----de clavar, nailing concrete, Nailcrete (trade
mark).
-----de escorias, slag concrete; (C) cinder con
crete.
-----en masa, mass concrete.
-----fresco, green concrete.
-----graso, rich concrete.
-----grueso, harsh concrete.
-----magro o pobre, lean concrete.
-----premezclado, ready-mixed or plant-mixed
concrete.
-----premoldeado, precast concrete.
-----reforzado, reinforced concrete.
-----simple, plain concrete.
-----tieso, stiff concrete.
-----trabajable, workable concrete.
concurrente (mat)(seg), concurrent.
concursante, bidder.
concurso m, meeting, assembly.
-----de acreedores, creditors meeting.
-----de competencia (A), competitive bidding.
concusin / , concussion.
^concha / , shell, casing; boiler scale; (V) mill
scale; (V) scale of rust; (ce)(M) scalepan,
skip.
-----de almeja, (bu) clamshell.
conchabador TO (A), labor contractor,
conchabero TO (Col), taskworker, pieceworker,
conchfero, containing shells,
conchudo, shelly, shaly.
condensable, condensable,
condensacin / , condensation,
condensado TO, condensate,
condensador TO (mec)(elc)(fma), condenser,
(elee) capacitor.
-----a vaco, vacuum condenser.
-----acorazado, shell-and-tube condenser.
-----atmosfrico (aa)(rfg), atmospheric con
denser.
-----cermico (ele), ceramic capacitor.
-----compensador (ra), balancing condenser.
-----de acoplamiento (ra), coupling capacitor or
condenser.
-----de aire (ele), air condenser.
-----de bajas prdidas (ra), low-loss condensen
-----de bloqueo (elc), stopping or blocking con
denser.
----- de casco, shell-and-tube condenser.
-----de contraflujo (aa), counterflow condenser.
-----de corrientes opuestas, countercurrent con
denser.
-----de corrientes paralelas, parallel-flow con
denser.
-----de chorro, jet condenser.
-----de chorro mltiple, multijet condenser.
-----de dcadas (ra), decade condenser or capaci
tor.
-----de derivacin (ra), by-pass condenser.
-----de doble flujo, double-flow or two-pass con
denser.
-----de electrolito pastoso, dry electrolitic capac
itor.
-----de Altro (ra), filter capacitor.
----- de inundacin, flooded condenser.
-----de inyeccin, jet condenser.
-----de pasaje (A), by-pass condenser.
-----de paso (elc), by-pass condenser.
-----de paso mltiple, multiflow condenser.
-----de placa (elc), plate condenser.
-----de reflujo, reflux condenser.
-----de rejilla (ra), grid condenser.
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condensador 89 conductor
I! rooO J o!r o I! !r .
-----de superficie, surface condenser.
----- de un paso, single-flow condenser.
----- de vapor acuoso, vapor condenser.
----- fraccionador, fractionating condenser.
-----mltiple (ra), gang condenser.
- neutralizador (ra), neutralizing capacitor.
---- patrn, standard capacitor.
---- radial, radial-flow condenser.
-----regulable (elc), variable or adjustable con
denser.
----- rotatorio (elc), rotary or synchronous con
denser.
------ sintonizador (ra), tuning condenser.
-----sumergido (aa)(rfg), submerged condenser.
- variable (ra), trimmer or variable condenser.
condensar, to condense,
condensita/ (elc), Condensite (trademark),
conduccin / , conduction; transportation, cart
age; (auto) driving.
-----de calor, thermal conduction.
-----delantera (auto) (M), front drive.
-----electroltica (quim), electrolytic conduction.
-----final (auto) (M), final drive.
-----rasante (PR), gravity conduit.
conducir, to carry, conduct, convey; (auto) to
drive.
conductancia / , conductance.
----- andica (ra), plate conductance.
-----de dispersin (elc), leakage conductance,
leakance.
-----de entrada (ra), input conductance.
-----de grilla (ra), grid conductance.
-----electrdica (ra), electrode or grid or plate
conductance.
-----especfica (is), specific conductance.
-----molar (quim), molar conductance, molecular
conductivity.
-----unitaria de conveccin (aa), unit convection
conductance, film coefficient for convec
tion.
conductibilidad / , conductivity.
-----calorfica, thermal conductivity.
conductividad / , conductivity.
-----magntica, magnetic conductivity, perme
ability.
-----molecular, molecular conductivity, molar
conductance.
-----trmica, thermal conductivity.
conductivo (elc), conductive,
conducto m, conduit, flume, aqueduct; duct;
flue; chute; (elee) conduit.
-----celular (elc), conduit (street).
-----de abastecimiento (hid), supply line, aque
duct.
-----de aceite, oil duct or groove; oil pipe.
-----de aduccin, supply line, aqueduct, supply
pipe; supply duct.
-----de alambres, wireway, raceway, electric con
duit.
-----de arcilla vitrificada, clay conduit.
-----de banqueta (hid), bench flume.
----- de barro vitrificado, vitrified-tile conduit.
-----de basuras (hid), trash chute.
-----de caja (hid), box flume.
----- de calibracin (hid), rating flume.
-----de captacin (Pe), intake pipe.
------de cuatro pasos (elc), four-way cable
duct.
-----de desage, sewer, drain.
de desembanque (presa), silt sluice.
-----de desfogue (hid), sluiceway, wasteway.
-----de entrada (ds), filling culvert.
-----de espuma (az), foam canal.
-----de evacuacin, outlet pipe; sluiceway.
-----de fibra (elc), fiber conduit, fiber-duct race
way.
-----de humo, flue.
-----de impulsin (hid), force main.
-----de irrigacin, irrigation canal.
-----de servicio (elc), service conduit.
-----de tormenta (Es)(A), storm-water sewer.
-----de troncos (ef), log slide, dry slide, slip, log
chute.
-----de vaciamiento (ds), emptying culvert.
-----de ventilacin, ventilation duct.
-----de va nica (elc), single-duct conduit.
-----eductor (aa), exhaust duct.
-----elctrico, electric conduit, raceway.
-----fibroso flexible (elc), loom, flexible tubing.
-----forzado (hid), pressure conduit, penstock.
-----metlico flexible (elc), flexible metallic con
duit, flexible raceway.
-----metlico superficial (elc), surface metal
raceway, metal molding, wireway.
-----mltiple (elc), multiple-duct conduit.
-----para barras colectoras (elc), busway.
-----para hielo (hid), ice chute.
-----para zcalo (elc), baseboard raceway.
-----pluvial, storm-water sewer; roof leader.
-----por gravitacin (hid), gravity conduit.
-----portacable (elc), cable duct.
-----simple (elc), single-duct conduit.
-----sin fondo (elc), open-bottom raceway.
-superficial de alambres (elc), wireway, sur
face raceway, molding.
-----superficial de madera (elc), surface wooden
raceway, wood molding.
-----surtidor, supply pipe.
conductomtrico (quim), conductometric.
conductmetro m, conductometer.
conductor m, (elee) conductor; (rr) conductor
(auto) driver, chauffeur; (Sp) motorman
operator of a machine; conveyor, carrier
(w) lead; a (elee) conductive.
-----a tierra, ground wire, grounding' conductor.
-----a tierra de la red, system grounding conduc
tor.
-----compuesto (elc), composite conductor.
-----de alimentacin, feed wire, feeder.
-----de arrastre, drag conveyor.
-----de artesas, pan conveyor.
-----de bagacillo (az), trash conveyor.
-----de bagazo (az), bagasse carrier.
-----de bateas, pan conveyor.
-----de caa (az), cane carrier.
-----de cinta en espiral, ribbon conveyor.
-----de contacto (elc), contact conductor.
-----de correa, belt conveyor.
-----de cubetas, bucket conveyor or elevator.
-----de cubiletes (C), bucket conveyor.
-----de entrada (elc), lead-in wire.
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conductor 90 conmutador
I! ! fr I I! !rTIIo I !I O !rTI! !
fr ! o Iufor .
-----de estera (C), apron conveyor.
-----de gusano, screw conveyor.
-----de husillo (C), spiral conveyor.
-----de locomotora, engine driver, locomotive
engineer.
-----de obras (A) (Ch), construction manager;
resident engineer.
-----de paletas, flight conveyor.
-----de rastrillo (C), drag conveyor.
-----de retorno, (elee) return conductor; (ce) re
turn conveyor.
-----de segmento (elc), segmental conductor.
-----de tablillas, slat or flight conveyor.
-----de toma (elc), collector conductor.
-----de tornillo (C), screw conveyor.
-----espiral, screw or spiral conveyor.
conductores de compensacin (elc), compensa
tory leads.
conductores de derivacin (elc), shunt leads,
condulete m (elc) (V), Condulet (trademark).
conectador m, connector ; (elee) outlet.
-----de elementos, cell connector.
-----de manguera, hose connector.
-----elctrico de carriles (fe), rail bond.
conectar (mee)(elc), to connect,
conector m, connector (all senses).
-----a presin (elc), pressure or solderlesa con
nector.
a tierra (elc), grounding connector.
-----angular (carp), elbow connector.
-----cerrador (elc), locking connector.
-----corrugado (carp), corrugated joint fastener.
-----de anillo dentado (carp), toothed ring con
nector.
-----de anillo partido (carp), split-ring connector.
-----de bridas, flanged connection.
-----de caja (elc), box connector.
----- de cordn (elc), cord connector.
-----de derivacin (elc), tap connector.
-----de entrada (tub), service or house connection.
-----de perno partido, split-bolt connector.
-----de rosca, threaded connection.
-----de torones (cab), strand connector.
-----ele (carp), elbow connector.
-----en cruz, cross connector.
-----sin soldadura (elc), pressure or solderless
connector,
conexin/, connection, joint.
-----de campo o de montaje (est), field connection.
-----de estrella (elc), star or Y or wye connec
tion.
-----de rosea, threaded connection.
-----domiciliaria (tub)(elc), house service.
-----empernada, bolted connection.
en cascada (elc), cascade connection.
-----en delta (elc), delta connection.
-----en serie paralelo (elc), series-parallel or
multiple-series connection.
----- en T (elc), branch or T joint, T or Scott
connection.
-----en tringulo (elc), delta connection.
-----en V (elc), V or open-delta connection.
-----estrella-estrella (elc), star-star connection.
-----para tubera, pipe coupling; pipe fitting.
-----particular (tub)(elc), house connection.
-----perfecta a tierra (elc), dead earth or ground.
-----por enchufe, (elec) plug connection; (p) bell-
and-spigot joint.
-----tringulo-estrella (elc), delta-star connec
tion.
-----tringulo-tringulo (elc), delta-delta con
nection.
configuracin / (qum) (top) (mat), configuration,
confitillo m (M), pea gravel or stone,
conflacin / , smelting, ore reduction,
confluencia / , confluence, junction of streams;
(rr) junction,
confluente m a, tributary, confluent,
confocal, confocal.
conformador m, grader, road shaper; driftpin;
(mt) shaper; contour machine; forming
machine.
----- de bastidor inclinable, leaning-frame grader.
----- de motor, motor grader.
----- de ruedas inclinables, leaning-wheel grader.
conformadora / , grader; shaper; former.
----- de arrastre, pull grader.
----- de caminos, road scraper or grader, sub-
grader.
elevadora, elevating grader,
conformante (mat), conformal.
conformar, to shape.
conforme m, approval; a (math) conformal.
congelar, congelarse, to freeze,
conglomerdico (geol)(A), comglomeratic.
conglomerado m (geol), conglomerate; a con
glomeratic.
----- de boleos, boulder conglomerate.
----- de chinos, cobble conglomerate.
----- de fallas, fault conglomerate.
----- de granito (A), granolithic (floor)
----- de peas (V), cobble conglomerate.
-de peones (V), boulder conglomerate.
----- de trituracin, crush conglomerate.
----- fundamental, basal conglomerate.
conglomerante m, binding material,
conglomertico, conglomeratic,
conglutinador m, coalescer.
conglutinarse, to coalesce, coagulate, cake,
congosto m, canyon, gorge; pass,
congruente (mat), congruent,
conicidad/, taper; conicity.
cnico, conical.
cnicohelicoidal, conico-helicoidal, spiral bevel,
conifera / (mad), conifer,
conifero, coniferous,
coniforme, cone-shaped,
conjugado, conjugate.
conjuntador-disruptor m (auto), make and break,
conjunto m (mec), assembly.
----- de fusible, fuse unit.
----- de la impulsin final, final-drive assembly.
----- de varias salidas (elc), multioutlet assem
bly.
----- motriz (auto) (A), power plant.
conmutador m (elc), transfer or change-over
switch; commutator.
----- al vaco (ra), vacuum switch.
-----antena-tierra (ra), lightning switch.
-----de bandas (ra) (M), band selector or switch.
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conmutador 91 construccin
I! III IroO Iru IfJ .
- de cuatro terminales, four-way switch.
de cuchillas, knife switch.
de derivaciones, tap switch.
de dos direcciones, two-way switch.
-----de escobillas, brush switch.
-----de gobierno, master switch.
---- de polos, reversing switch.
de tres direcciones, three-way switch.
---- de vuelta (mot), direction switch.
---- giratorio, dial switch.
inversor, reversing switch.
----- para rayos (ra), antenna or lightning switch.
-----reductor (auto), dimmer switch.
conmutar, to cummutate; to throw over (eleo
switch),
conmutatriz / (elc), converter,
cono m, cone.
-----aluvial, alluvial cone, cone delta.
basculable (ap), tipover cone.
de depresin de bombeo, cone of pumping
depression.
-----de deyeccin (geol), debris cone.
-----de espigas (tub) (V), reducer with spigot
end's.
-----de pulverizacin, spray cone.
-----de revenimiento (conc)(M), slump cone.
-----de silencio (ap), cone of silence.
---- de viento (ap), wind sock.
dispersor (hid), diffusing cone.
entre cono (geol), cone-in-conc.
- hidrulico, hydraucone.
-----Imhoff (dac), Imhoff cone.
primitivo (en), pitch cone.
--- recto, right cone.
roscado (mo) (A), cone nut.
-----sacabarrena (pet), horn socket.
conocimiento m, bill of lading; voucher.
-----corrido o directo, through bill of lading.
-----de almacn o de depsito, warehouse receipt.
-----de embarque, bill of lading.
---- limpio, clean bill of lading.
-----martimo, ocean bill of lading.
-----negociable, order bill of lading.
-----no traspasable, straight bill of lading.
-----tachado, foul bill of lading.
---- terrestre, inland bill of lading.
-----uniforme (fc), (TJS) uniform bill of lading.
conoidal, conoidal,
conoide m, conoid,
conquilfero (Es), containing shells,
consecuente (mat)(geol), consequent,
consejo m, commission, board, council.
----- de administracin, board of directors.
---- de aseguradores, board of underwriters.
----- de sanidad, board of health.
----- directivo, board of directors.
conservacin/, maintenance; conservation, con
servancy.
de la via (fc), track maintenance, mainte
nance of way.
----- del lecho (fc), roadway maintenance.
-----de material mvil (f c), maintenance of equip
ment.
-----de va y obras (fc), maintenance of way and
structures.
conservador m (elc), conservator, expansion
tank.
conservadora / (maq), maintainer.
-----caminera, road maintainer.
-----de cuchillas mltiples, multiple-blade main-
tamer,
conservar, to maintain.
-----la derecha (ca), to keep to the right.
consignacin / , consignment, shipment; appro
priation.
-----, en, on consignment.
consignador ire, consignor,
consignar, to consign,
consignatario m, consignee,
consistencia / , consistency,
consistente, consistent (material),
consistometro m, consistency meter, consistom-
eter.
consola/, bracket, console.-
-----colgante, shaft or drop hanger.
-----de andamiaje, scaffold bracket, builder's
jack.
-----para poste, post hanger.
consolidar, to compact, consolidate; consoli
darse, to settle, become compact,
consolidmetro m, consolidometer.
consonancia / (elc), consonance, resonance,
consonante (elc), consonant, resonant,
constantn, constantana, constantano m / , con-
stantan (alloy),
constante / a, constant.
-----de amortiguacin (elc), damping constant.
-----de elasticidad, spring constant (vibration).
-----del elemento (az), cell constant.
de fase (ra), phase or wave-length constant.
---- de gravitacin, gravitational constant.
de refraccin, constant of refraction, specific
refractive power.
---- de rejilla (ptica), grating constant.
del retculo (lev), stadia-interval factor.
----- de sintona (ra), tuning constant.
---- de tiempo (elc), time constant.
taquimtrica (lev), stadia constant.
constantes de calibracin (fma), calibration con
stants.
constitucin / (geol) (quim), constitution,
constitutivo, constitutive,
constituyente TO (quim), constituent,
constriccin / , constriction,
construccin/, construction; structure.
---- a tope, end construction (hollow tile).
-----de combustin lenta (ed), slow-burning or
mill construction, heavy timber construc
tion.
-----de puentes, bridge building.
-----esqueltica (ed), skeleton construction
(walls carried on frame).
-----incombustible, fireproof construction.
-----naval, shipbuilding.
-----por etapas, stage construction.
-----resistente al fuego, fire-resistive construc
tion.
---- - reticulada, framed structure.
-----Seale (cab), Seale construction.
------ vial, road building.
I -----Warrington (cab), Warrington construction
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constructor 92
contraatagua
o frufor m, o frufor .
-----de ascensores, elevator constructor.
-----de buques, shipbuilder.
-----de carros, carbuilder.
-----de rasantes (ec), Gradebuilder.
-----de veredas (ec), trailbuilder.
naval, shipbuilder; naval architect.
-----vial, road builder (man).
constructora (/) de caminos (ec), Roadbuilder.
construido en el lugar, built-in-place.
construir, to construct, build, erect,
consultor m, consultant; a consulting (engineer),
consumidor m, consumer.
consumo m, consumption; (elec) current drain.
----- unitario, specific consumption.
contabilidad/, accounting,
contabilista, contable, accountant,
contactador m (elc), contactor,
contacto m, contact (all senses).
-----corredizo (elc), sliding contact.
-----de inversion (elc), reverse contact.
-----de resorte (elc), spring contact.
-----de rosca (elc), screwed contact.
-----de tope (elc), butt contact.
-----perfecto a tierra (elc), dead earth or ground.
-----por humedad (elc), weather contact.
-----rodante, rolling contact.
-----rozante (elc), sliding contact.
contactos del distribuidor (mg), distributer points,
contactos del ruptor (mg), breaker points,
contactor m, contactor.
-----de enfriamiento superficial (aa), surface-
cooled contactor.
-----de leva, cam contactor.
-----de reposicin (elc), reset contactor.
contador ra, accountant; meter; counter.
-----a cantidad, quantity meter.
-----a carga diferencial (hid), head meter.
-----compuesto (agua), compound meter.
-----de altura, altimeter.
-----de amperios-horas, ampere-hour meter.
-----de area variable (hid), variable-area meter.
-----de caldera, boiler (steam) meter.
-----de constriccin (hid), constriction meter.
-----de consumo, service meter.
-----de corriente, (hyd) current meter; (elec)
ampere-hour meter.
-----de costos, cost accountant.
-----de choque (hid), impact meter.
-----de demanda mxima, demand meter.
-----de desplazamiento (agua), displacement-type
meter.
----- de disco rotatorio, rotary-disk meter.
----- de mbolo, piston-type water meter.
----- de enchufe (elc), socket-type or detachable
meter.
----- de energa desvatada (elc), reactive kva
meter.
----- de estacionamiento (auto), parking meter.
-----de expansin de la arena (pa), sand-expan-
sion recorder.
-----de exposiciones (fma), exposure counter.
-----de factor de potencia (elc), power-factor
meter.
- de factor de reactancia (elc), reactive-factor
meter.
-----de flujo o de gasto, flowmeter.
-----de frecuencia, frequency meter, (ra) fre
quency indicator.
-----de hlice, propeller meter.
-----de kilometraje, speedometer.
-----de motor (elc), motor meter.
-----de orificio con placa delgada, thin-plate ori
fice meter.
-----de paletas, vane meter (water).
-----de prueba, testing meter.
-----de radiacin (ra), radiation counter.
-----de reloj, clock meter.
-----de revolturas (conc), batch meter.
-----de tantos (M), batch meter.
-----de tarifas mltiples o de tipo mltiple (elc),
multirate meter.
-----de tiempo, timing device.
-----de turbina, turbine-type meter.
-----de vatio-horas, watt-hour meter.
-----de voltamperios reactivos, varmeter.
-----de volumen (hid), volume or quantity meter.
-----de vueltas, revolution counter, speed indica
tor.
-----indicador, indicating meter.
-----indicador de sintonizacin (ra), tuning
meter.
-----integrador a intervalos, intermittent inte
grating meter.
----- maestro, master meter.
-----positivo (hid), positive or displacement
meter.
-----pblico o titulado, certified public accountant.
-----rgistrador de demanda, recording demand
meter.
-----removible (elc), detachable or socket-type
meter.
-----tipo ilativo (hid), inferential meter.
-----vertedor (hid), weir meter.
contadura/, accounting; accounting office.
contaminacin / , contamination.
contaminador m, contaminant.
contaminar, to contaminate, pollute.
conten m, curb
contenido m, content.
contera/, ferrule; pile shoe.
contingencias / , contingencies.
continuante ra (mat), continuant.
continuidad/, continuity.
continuo m (mat), continuum; a continuous.
contorneador ra (mh), router.
contornear, to saw around, cut a profile; to rout;
to trace a contour; to scribe; to streamline,
contorno ra, outline, contour.
-----baado (hid), wetted perimeter.
-----de deslizamiento (ms), shear pattern.
-----de inundacin (hid), flowage line.
contra, against, counter, opposite to.
contra-amperios-vueltas/, back ampere-turns.
contraaguja m (fc), guardrail at a switch,
contraalabeo ra (sol), prespringing, initial distor
tion.
contraalcanca / (min), counterchute,
contraantena / (ra), counterpoise,
contrarbol ra, countershaft,
contraatagua / , secondary cofferdam; buttress
to strengthen a cofferdam.
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contrabalancear 93
contrapeldao
contrabalancear, fo ou f!r I !O
contrabalancn r O I ! o .
contrabalanza / , counterbalance,
contrabisagra / , leaf of a hinge.
----- de jamba, jamb leaf.
-----de puerta, door leaf.
contrabordo m (M), curb,
contraboterola/ (re), dolly, holder-on. .
contrabveda / , inverted vault or arch,
contrabranque m (cn), apron, stemson.
contrabrazo m (auto), drag link,
contrabrazola / (cn), headledge.
contrabrida / , counterflange; follower (Dresser
coupling).
contracabeza / , lip forming flangeway of a
grooved rail,
contracalibre ra, mating gage,
contracanal ra, branch canal,
contracan ra (min) (M), drift in the footwall.
contracarril ra (fc), guardrail.
-----de resalte (fc), easer rail.
contraccin / , contraction.
-----completa (hid), full contraction.
-----eliminada (hid), suppressed contraction.
-----lateral (hid), end contraction.
----- por desecacin (conc), drying shrinkage.
-----superficial (hid), surface contraction.
contracercos ra, door and window trim,
contracielo ra (min)(M), raise, upraise.
-----de acceso, manway raise.
-----escalonado, stope raise.
----- piloto, pilot raise.
----- ramal, branch or cutout raise.
----- ventilador, ventilation raise.
contracimiento ra, wall or paving to protect a
foundation,
contraclave / , voussoir next to the keystone,
contraclavija / , gib, key, fox wedge,
contracodaste ra (cn), propeller post, sternpost.
contracodo ra (tub), S bend,
contraconducto (min), counterchute,
contracorazn ra (fc), wing of a frog,
contracorriente / , countercurrent, eddy, reverse
current; a contracorriente, upstream,
contracuaderna / (cn), reverse frame,
contracuchilla / , fixed blade of a shear,
contracuneta / , intercepting ditch at top of a
slope, counterdrain, berm ditch,
contracua/, gib.
contracurva / , reverse curve,
contrachapada, madera (M), plywood,
contrachaveta/, gib.
contrachoque ra, bumper, buffer,
contradegello ra (her), bottom fuller,
contradepsito ra (Es), reservoir below a dam.
contraderivacin / (elc), back shunt,
contradiagonales/, (tu) counterbracing,
contradique ra, supporting dike, spur dike, coun
terdike; (A) cofferdam,
contradurmiente ra (cn), clamp,
contrae je ra, countershaft, jackshaft; tail shaft.
-----de velocidades (auto), transmission counter
shaft.
contraelectromotriz, counter electromotive,
contraembalse ra (A), equalizing reservoir,
contraempuje ra, counterthrust.
contraensayo ra, check analysis,
contraerse, to contract, shrink,
contraescaln ra (es), riser.
-----atiesador, false riser.
contraescarpa / (hid), hearth, apron, countcr*
scarp.
contraestampa / (est), dolly, bucker.
contraestay ra (nut), preventer,
contraexplosin / (auto), backfire,
contrafianza / , indemnity bond,
contrafibra / , cross grain,
contrafilo ra (herr), back edge,
contrafiln ra (min), counterlode, countervein.
contraflecha/, camber.
contraflujo m, reverse current, countercurrent,
counterflow, eddy,
contrafondo ra (A), front,
contrafoso ra, counterdrain.
contrafrente ra (A), back,
contrafriccin, antifriction,
contrafuego, fireproof, fire-resisting,
contrafuerte ra, counterfort, buttress; (top) spur;
(M) abutment.
-----de gravedad, massive buttress (Ambursen
dam).
contragalera / (min), countergangway,
contragolpe ra, return stroke (piston); kickback,
contragrada / (es), riser,
contragradiente / , reverse grade,
contragua / , stiffener for elevator guides; (hyd)
steel lining in gate guides; counterguide,
contrahierro ra (cepillo), top iron, frog,
contrahilo ra (mad), end grain; cross grain,
contrahuella / (es), riser.
contraincendios, fireproof, fire-resisting; for fire
fighting,
contraladeo ra (est), sway brace,
contralecho ra (M), lower bed of an. ashlar stone,
contralecho, a (mam)(Es), laid with natural bed
vertical.
contralistonado ra (ed), counterlathing,
contralor ra, controller, auditor; (elec)(A) con
troller.
contraloria/ , auditing; auditor s office,
contramaestre m, foreman; master mechanic;
(naut) boatswain,
contramanivela / , drag link,
contramarcar, to matchmark.
contramarcos m, door or window trim,
contramarcha/, (eng) reverse, reversing,
contramarchar, (eng) to run in reverse,
contramarea / , tidal countercurrent,
contramartillo m (re), dolly, bucker.
contramatriz / , top die.
contramecha / , counterbore.
-----piloto, counterbore pilot.
contramina/, adit; drift connecting two mines,
contramotor m, opposing motor; haulback motor,
contramuro m (A)(Col), wall built against
another.
contraonda / (ra)(A), back wave,
contrapar m, eaves board; rafter,
contrapaso m (Pe), stair riser,
contrapeado m (Es), plywood,
contrapeldao m (es), riser.
de rigidez, false riser.
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contrapendiente 94 control
contrapendiente/, r!T!r! gr I!O IITIfM I Es)
(A) downgrade following an upgrade,
contraperno (V), stop screw,
contrapesador (m) de ruedas (auto), wheel bal
ancer.
contrapesar, to counterweight,
contrapeso m, counterweight; counterpoise, (ra)
balancing capacity.
-----de las tenazas (pet), tong counterbalance.
-----de ventana, sash weight.
contrapilastra / , astragal, molding covering a
door joint,
contrapiso m, subfloor; (A) (rd) subgrade,
contraplaca / , anchor plate,
contraplacado m, plywood.
-----metlico (A), plymetal.
- superprensado, superpressed or high-density
plywood.
contraplancha / , (str) splice plate; (w) backing
strip.
-----de escurrimiento (to), counterflashing.
contrapolea / (Es), tail pulley,
contrapozo m (min), raise, upraise,
contrapresa / , (Sp) downstream cofferdam; (A)
stilling-pool weir,
contrapresin / , back pressure,
contraproducente, unprofitable,
contraprueba / , check test,
contrapuerta / , lining inside of firebox door;
storm door.
contrapunta / (mh), back center; tailstock, pop-
pethead.
-----con cono, cone center.
-----con palanca de mano (mh), hand-lever tail-
stock.
contrapunzn m, counterpunch,
contraquebranto m (cn), hog frame, longitudinal
trussing.
contraquilla / (cn), keelson; false keel,
contrarrampa / (Es)(A), upgrade following a
downgrade,
contrarrasante m (C), adverse grade,
contrarreguera / , subsidiary irrigation ditch;
ditch connecting ends of parallel irrigation
ditches.
contrarremachador m (re), holder-on, dolly,
contrarremachar, to clinch; (re) to buck up.
contrarrestar, to resist (stress); to counteract,
contrarriel m (fc), guardrail,
contrarrobln m, burr, riveting washer,
contrarroblonador m (re), holder-on, bucker,
dolly.
contrarroda / (en), stemson, apron,
contrarrotacin / , counterrotation,
contrasalmer m, arch stone next to the skewback.
contraseguro m, reinsurance,
contrastar, to assay; to compare with a standard
(weights and measures),
contraste m, an assay; comparison with a stand
ard; (tv) contrast,
contrata / , a contract,
contratajamar m (pte), downstream nosing,
contrataladrar, to counterbore,
contrataladro m, counterbore,
contratalud m, counterslope, (rd) foreslope,
contratante s, contracting party.
contratapa / , auxiliary top or cover,
contratar, to contract (a job),
contratensin / (elc)(A), counter electromotive
force.
contraterrapln m (A), any structure to hold a fill,
contratiro m, back draft; (min)(M) auxiliary
shaft.
contratista m, contractor.
-----acarreador, hauling contractor.
----- calefaccionista, heating contractor.
----- camionero, hauling or trucking contractor.
----- de la comisara, commissary contractor.
----- de edificacin, building contractor.
----- electricista, electrical contractor, electragist.
----- general, general contractor.
----- sanitario (ed), plumbing contractor.
contrato m, contract.
----- a costo ms honorario, cost-plus or fee
contract.
------a destajo, taskwork contract; (Ec) unit-
price contract of limited extent, duration,
and number of men employed.
------ a precio determinado, fixed-priee contract.
-----a precio global o a suma alzada, lump-sum
contract.
- a precios unitarios, unit-price contract.
-----de enganche, contract for furnishing work
men.
----- de fletamiento, charter party.
-----de trabajo, employment contract.
----- por medida, unit-price contract.
contratope m, rear stop, back bumper,
contratorcimiento m (sol), counterdistortion,
contratuerca/, lock or set or jam nut; nut lock;
(U) lock washer,
contravapor m, back-pressure steam,
contravstago m, piston tail rod.
contravena, contraveta / (min), counterlode,
countervein,
contraventamientos m (U), wind bracing; guys,
contraventana / , window shutter; storm sash,
contraventanas a prueba de incendio, fire shut
ters.
contraventar, to brace; to guy.
contraventeo m, wind bracing; set of guys.
----- de portal, portal bracing.
contraviaje m (Col), skew, bevel,
contravidriera / , window blind; storm sash,
contravidrio m, glazing molding,
contraviento m, a guy; wind bracing,
contravoltaje m (A), counter electromotive force,
contrete m, stay bolt; (Ec) shore, strut,
control m, control.
----- a cable (tc), cable control.
----- a cristal (ra), crystal control.
- a distancia, remote control.
----- al tacto, finger-tip control.
-----automtico de volumen (CAV)(ra), auto
matic volume or automatic gain control.
-----de avenidas (r), flood control.
-----de las bajas (ra), bass control.
-----de brillo (tv), brightness control.
-----de contraste (tv), contrast control.
-----por tensin regulable (elc), adjustable-
voltage control.
-----remoto, remote control.
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controlador 95 cordn
o froI Ior r O o froI Ior O o froII!r I II
! ! .
----- de gasto (pa), rate controller.
-----de velocidad, speed controller.
controlar, to control; to check, verify,
controler m (ele), controller,
conveccin / , convection,
convectivo, convective,
convector ra (ele) (cf), convector,
convenio ra, agreement, contract,
convergencia / , (surv) (math) convergence, con-
vergency; (auto) toe-in.
convergente, converging,
conversin / (mat)(ele), conversion,
conversor ra, conversora/ , converter (all senses),
convertible, convertible,
convertidor ra (ele) (met), converter.
-----Bessemer, Bessemer converter.
de arco (ele), arc converter.
-----de fases (ele), phase converter.
-----de frecuencia (ele), frequency changer or
converter
- de onda (ra), wave converter.
-----de refuerzo, booster converter.
----- de torsin, torque converter.
----- en cascada (ele), cascade converter.
---- pentarrejilla (ra), pentagrid converter.
----- rotativo (ele), rotary or synchronous con
verter.
convertir (quim)(ele)(met), to convert,
convexidad/, convexity,
convexo, convex.
convoy ra, (A) (M) (Sp) railroad train,
coordenadas / , coordinates.
-----cartesianas, Cartesian coordinates.
-----en el espacio, space coordinates.
----- esfricas, spherical coordinates.
-----planas polares, plane polar coordinates.
----- terrestres (fma), ground coordinates.
coordinatgrafo ra, coordinatograph.
coordinatmetro m (fma), coordinatometer.
copa / , cup ; anything cup-shaped.
-----de inflamacin (di), ignition cup.
-----enfocadora (ra), focusing cup.
copador ra (herr), fuller; creaser.
-----inferior (her), bottom fuller.
-----superior (her), top fuller.
copal m, copal,
copete ra, crest,
copia/, copy.
----- al carbn, carbon copy.
----- al ferroprusiato, blueprint.
------ azul, blueprint.
-----de contacto (fma), contact print.
-----heliogrfica, blueprint, sun print.
-----negrosina, Vandyke print.
copiloto m (fma), copilot,
copilla / , small cup.
-----de aceite, oil cup.
-----de cebar, priming cup.
-----de engrase, grease or oil cup, lubricator.
-----de grasa, grease cup.
copla / (Ch), a coupling.
copiano ra, (pmy) copiane; a coplanar.
-----bsico (fma), basal copiane.
copie m, a coupling.
coplln m (C), a coupling,
coque ra, coke.
-----de alquitrn, pitch coke.
-----de alto horno, blast-furnace coke.
-----de fundicin, foundry coke.
-----de gas o de retorta, gas coke.
-----de petrleo, petroleum coke.
coquificar, coquizar, to coke,
coquimbita / (miner), coquimbite, white cop
peras,
coral ra, coral,
corlico a (V), coral,
coralfero, coralgeno o, coral,
coralina/, corain; a coral,
coraza / , armor, protective covering.
-----reticulada (elc), basket-weave armor.
-----trabada (elc), interlocking armor.
corazn m, core; heartwood; (rr) frog, (A) frog
point.
----- con carril de muelle engoznado (fe), hinged-
spring-rail frog.
------ con insertados de acero endurecido (fe),
anvil-faced frog.
-----con pata de liebre mvil (fe), spring-rail frog.
-----de arcilla (hid), puddle core.
-----de cable, (wr) center strand, core.
-----de plancha (fe), plate frog.
-----de prueba (sx), drill core.
-----de punta mvil (fe), movable-point frog.
-----de riel fijo (fe), fixed-rail frog.
-----de rieles ensamblados (fe), built-up frog.
-----medio (fe), crotch frog.
-----rojo (mad), red heart.
corazonar (sx), to core.
corbata/, (sb)(A) collar; (auto)(M) canvas pro
tector of inner tube,
corchado ra (cab), lay.
-----cruzado, regular lay.
-----directo, lang lay.
corcheta / (Es), rabbet in a doorframe,
corchete ra, cramp; catch, latch; belt clamp,
corcho ra, cork,
cordaje ra, cordage, rope.
cordel ra, rope, cord; belt course; a measure of
length (20.35 m) ; a measure of area (414
centiares); formerly in Cuba a measuring
tape.
de marcar, chalk line.
cordelera / , rigging; rigging yard; ropewalk;
cordage.
cordelero ra, ropemaker; (surv)(C) tapeman,
chainman.
cordera / , storehouse for rigging.
Cordillera / , mountain range.
-----divisoria, divide.
cordita/, cordite (explosive),
cordn ra, cord, strand of rope; belt lacing; side
walk curb; (str) chord, flange; (mas) course,
belt course; (p) spigot end; (carp)(w) bead,
(A)(C) mountain chain; (A)(Ch) windrow.
-----comprimido (viga), compression flange.
-----de alambre, wire strand.
-----de alambre con eje fibroso, fiber-center wire
strand.
-----de andariveles, (wr) tramway strand.
I -----de cerros, range of hills.
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cordn 96 corrido
de lmpara I !I O I I orI .
-----de oropel (elc), tinsel cord.
-----de servicio recio (elc), hard-service cord.
-----de suspensin (elc), drop cord.
-----de traslapo (sol), overlap bead.
-----de vereda, curbstone, sidewalk curb.
-----guardapretil (pte), barrier curb.
-----inferior, (tu) lower chord, (gi) bottom flange.
-----para correa, belt lacing.
-----para tranvas, (wr) tramway strand.
-----plano, (wr) flattened strand.
-----reflector (ca), reflecting curb.
-----sobrepasable (ca), surmountable curb.
-----superior, (tu) upper chord, (gi) top flange.
coribronce m (M)(B), chalcopyrite (copper ore),
corindn m (miner), corundum, corindon.
cornamusa / (cn), cleat, bitt.
-----de gua, chock.
-----de remolcar, towing bitts.
-----escotera, chock, snatch cleat.
tomeana / (geol), hornfels.
cometa (/) de niebla, foghorn,
cornija/, cornice,
cornijal m, corner post,
cornijn m, street corner of a building,
comisa/, cornice; (pet)(V) crown block,
comisa, en (ca)(V), built up on a sidehill.
cornisn m, street corner of a building; (M) cop
ing.
corolario m, corollary.
corona/, annular space; ring gear; (elec) corona;
crest (dam); (auto) rim; tubular drill bit;
crown of a road; (pet) (V) crown block.
-----cortante (pet), boring head.
-----de arco, crown of an arch.
-----de diamantes, diamond bit.
-----de rodillos (cojinete), roller race.
-----dentaia, sprocket, gear; crown wheel; ring
gear; calyx.
- -fija (turb), speed ring.
-----para municiones, shot-drill bit.
coronacin/, crest.
coronadora / (lab), capping machine.
coronamiento m, crest, coping, top.
coronar, to top out; to cap.
corporacin / , corporation.
corral m, corral, yard for stock.
- de almacenamiento, store yard.
-----de maderas, lumberyard.
corraln m, yard, store yard,
corrasin / (geol), corrasion.
correa/, belt, strap; purlin, girt.
-----alisadora (ca), finishing belt.
-----articulada, link or chain belt.
-----cncava, trough belt.
-----conductora, belt conveyor.
- corrugada, cog belt.
-----cruzada, crossed belt.
-----de cadena, chain belt.
-----de siete capas, seven-ply belt.
-----de trallas, whipcord belt.
-----dentada, cog belt.
-----en aspa, crossed belt.
-----en cua, V belt.
-----en V-mltiple, multiple-V belt.
- seleccionadora, sorting belt.
-----sin fin, endless belt.
-----transmisora, driving or transmission belt.
-----transportadora, belt conveyor.
-----trapezoidal, V belt.
correaje m, belting.
-----articulado de cuero, leather link belting.
-----compuesto, composition belting.
-----de alambre tejido, woven-wire belting.
-----de cuero credo, rawhide belting.
-----de suela, leather belting.
correccin/, correction; (inst) adjustment.
-----de estacin (lev), station adjustment.
-----de los lados (lev), side adjustment.
-----del polgono (lev), figure adjustment.
----- por flecha (lev), correction for sag.
-----prismoidal (ot), prismoidal correction.
corredera/, track, slide; (V) screed; slide valve;
skid; (surv) target; (inst) cursor, slide;
(mas) screed board; door hanger; (naut)
log line; (mt) ram; (r)(A) rapids.
-----a municiones, ball-bearing hanger (door).
-----de cablevia, cableway carriage.
-----de calibre, slide of a caliper rule.
-----de cuadrante oscilante (mv), slide block.
-----de gua (ef), fender skid, sheer skid,
glancer.
----- de mira, target of a level rod.
-----de parrilla, gridiron valve.
----- de regia, slide of a slide rule.
----- de Stephenson (mv), Stephenson link.
-----reguladora del cortavapor (mv), cutoff or
expansion valve,
correderas, guides; skids.
-----de compuerta (hid), gate guides.
-----de la cruceta (mv), crosshead guides.
corredero, corredizo a, sliding, traveling,
corredor m, passage, corridor; broker.
-----de aduana, customhouse broker.
----- de cambios, foreign-exchange broker.
-----de lnea (pet), line walker, pipe-line inspec
tor.
-----de maquinaria (cons), equipment broker or
dealer.
-----de via (fc), trackwalker.
-----martimo, ship broker.
corredura/, flow; overflow,
corregible (inst), adjustable,
corregir, to correct; (inst) to adjust,
correlacin / (geol)(mat), correlation,
correntada / , corrental m, swift flow of a river,
correntilneo (M), streamlined,
correntimetro m, current meter,
correntn m (PR), strong current,
correntoso, flowing strongly, torrential,
corren m, heavy strap or belt, (M) clevis,
correoso, tough.
correr, to run; to flow; to travel, slide; correrse
(pint), to sag.
-----niveles, to run levels.
-----una lnea (lev), to run a line.
correspondencia / (fma), correspondence,
corretaje m, brokerage.
corrida/, run, travel; (mas)(Ch) course; (min)
(Ch) outcrop; (min)(M) strike of a vein;
(min)(B) drift; (surv) a run (of levels),
corrido, continuous; lineal, running.
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corriente
97
cortador
orrI! f!O urr! fO Io fr! O rIT!r !I!frI
urr! f I C) slope of a roof; a regular, com
mon, standard, plain.
-----abajo, downstream.
-----alterna (c.a.), alternating current (a.c.).
-----alterna simple, single^phase current.
-----alternada, alternating current.
-----andica (ra), anode or plate current.
-----arriba, upstream.
----- avanzada (ele), leading current.
-----baja (r), low water.
-----catodica (ra), cathode current.
con rotor fijo (mot), blocked-rotor current,
con rotor libre (mot), free-rotor current.
----- conductiva (ele), conduction current.
-----continua (ele), continuous or nonpulsating
direct current.
' cruzada, crosscurrent.
de adelanto (ele), leading current.
-----de atraso (ele), lagging current.
-----de cierre (ele), sealing current.
'de desplazamiento (ele), displacement or
dielectric current.
----- de disparo (ele), drop-out current.
-----de escape o de fuga o de falla (ele), leakage
or fault current.
-----de funcionamiento (ele), pickup current.
- de grilla (ra)(A), grid current.
----- del haz (ra), beam current.
de ionizacin _(ra), gas or ionization cur
rent.
-----de la marea, tidal current, tide.
-----de placa (ra), anode or plate current.
-----de rayos andicos (ra), anode-ray or positive-
ray current.
-----de rejilla (ra), grid current.
-----de remolino (A), eddy current.
-----desvatada (ele), wattless or idle current.
----- desviada (ele), stray current.
-----directa (c.d.), direct current (d.c.).
-----directa con fluctuaciones (ele), ripple cur
rent.
efectiva (ele), effective or root-mean-square
current.
-----en tringulo (ele), delta current.
-----en vaco (ele), no-load or idle or reactive
current.
-----espacial (ra), space current.
-----especfica (ele), current density.
-----fretica (r), subsurface flow, water-table
stream.
-----inductiva (ele), induced current.
----- invariable o permanente (ele), constant
current.
-----momentnea (ele), transient current ; in
stantaneous current.
-----momentnea mxima (ele), rated short-
time current.
-----oscilatoria (ele), oscillating current.
-----parsita (ele), eddy or parasitic or Foucault
current.
-----portadora (elee), carrier current.
-----pulsativa (ele), pulsating current.
-----reactiva (ele), idle or reactive current.
-----retrasada (ele), lagging current.
-----sangradora (ra), bleeder current.
-----sinusoidal (elc), sinusoidal or simple har
monic current.
-----sublvea (r), underflow.
-----subsiguiente (elc), follow current.
-----subterrnea aislada (r), subsurface perched
stream.
-----trmica, thermocurrent.
-----terminadora (elc), finishing rate or current,
-----vaga o vagabunda (elc), stray current.
-----vatada (elc), active or watt current.
-----vectorial (elc), vector or complex sinusoidal
current.
corrientes dispersas (elc), leakage current,
corrientes terrestres (geof), earth currents,
corrimiento m, sliding; landslide; run; (elec)
creepage; (geol)(A) thrust,
de fase (ra)(A), phase shift,
corroer, to corrode.
corromper, (M) to pollute, contaminate,
corromperse, to rot, decompose,
corrosible, corrodible.
corrosin/, corrosion.
con esfuerzo, stress corrosion,
corrosividad / , corrosivity.
corrosivo, corrosive,
corroyente, corrosive; abrasive,
corrugacin/, corrugation; rut.
corrugado, corrugated,
corta/, cutting; (lg) felling,
cortaalambre m, wire cutters, nippers,
cortaarandelas m, washer cutter,
cortabarras m, bar cutter,
cortabilidad / (met), cuttability.
cortabulones, cortacabillas m, boltcutter.
cortacable m, wire-rope cutter,
cortacadena m, chain cutter,
cortacao m, pipe cutter.
cortacircuito m (elc), circuit breaker, switch,
cutout; cutoff.
-----de disparo instantneo, instantaneous-trip
circuit breaker.
-----de fusible, fuse cutout.
-----de fusible de cada, drop-out fuse cutout.
-----de fusible de expulsin, expulsion cutout.
de fusible restablecedor, reclosing fuse cut
out.
-----de tiempo, time-delay circuit breaker.
-----para sobretensiones, overvoltage cutout.
----- trmico, thermal cutout.
cortaclavos m, nail clippers,
cortacorrea m, belt cutter,
cortacorriente (elc), current breaker,
cortacristal m, glass cutter,
cortachapa m, sheet-metal cutter,
cortada / (exc), cut, through cut.
cortadera / , blacksmith chisel.
-----en caliente, hot chisel.
cortado a medida, cut to length.
cortado a troquel, die-cut.
cortador m, cutter, clipper; (sa) slasher.
-----a diamante (mh), diamond cutter.
-----de agujeros ciegos (elc), knockout cutter.
-----de banco, bench cutter. '
-----de brechas (ec), Gradebuilder, trailbuilder.
-----de cable, wire-rope cutter.
-----de carbon (min), coal cutter.
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cortador
98
costalera
I! rrII!I ! O fr u J I!I .
-----de hoja metlica, sheet-metal cutter.
-----de malezas, brush or weed cutter.
-----de races (ec), root cutter.
-----de ramas (ef), knotter, limber, knot "bumper,
busher, swamper.
-----en caliente, hot cutter.
- en fro, cold cutter.
-----mltiple, gang cutter.
cortadora/, cutter, chisel.
-----de engranajes, gear cutter.
-----de ranuras, slot or keyway cutter.
cortadura/, cutting, shearing; shearing stress.
-----con arco metlico, metal-arc cutting.
-----de penetracin, punching shear (stress).
-----doble, double shear (stress).
-----horizontal, horizontal shearing stress.
-----oxiacetilnica, oxyacetylene cutting.
-----por llama, flame-cutting.
-----simple, single shear (stress).
cortaduras, cuttings,
cortaespoleta m, fuse cutter,
cortafierro m, cold chisel.
cortafiletes, mquina, thread-cutting machine,
cortafro m, cold chisel or cutter.
-----con punta rmbica, diamond-nose chisel.
-----de herrero, cold cutter.
-----quitarrebabas, burr chisel.
ranurador, cape chisel.
cortafuego pi, fire wall or stop; (elec) fire cutoff.
cortahierro m, cold chisel or cutter.
-----de ranurar, cape chisel.
-----para canaletas, lantern chisel.
cortahoyo lateral (pet), side rasp, side hole cutter.
cortaladrillos ra, front chisel, bricklayers chisel.
cortamatas ra, brush or bush hook.
cortamecha m (vol), fuse cutter.
cortametal, sierra, hacksaw.
cortamuestras m, sample cutter.
cortante, cutting, sharp.
cortancleos m, core bit or drill.
cortapemo m, boltcutter.
cortar, to cut.
-----al hilo (carp), to rip.
cortarraices m, (t) root cutter,
cortarremaches, rivet buster or cutter,
cortarriel m (fc), track chisel,
cortarroscas / , threading machine,
cortatraviesa m (fc), tie cutter,
cortatubo m, pipe cutter; tube cutter.
-----de caldera, boiler-tube cutter.
-----de pozo (pet), casing cutter.
-----de tres cuchillas, three-wheel pipe cutter.
cortavapor TO (mv), cutoff,
cortavidrios m, glass cutter,
cortaviento m, windbreak, windshield,
cortavolandera m, washer cutter,
corte ra a cut; a section; cutting edge; shearing
stress.
-----a faldeo simple (A), see corte a ladera entera.
-----al hilo en bisel (mad), bevel rip.
-----a ladera entera, cut on a hillside for full
width of roadbed.
-----a media galera (A), sidehill cut with over
hanging roof.
a media ladera, sidehill cut.
-----cerrado, (Ec) cut more than 2 m deep.
-----con arco de carbn, carbon-arc cutting.
----- con arco metlico, metallic-arc cutting.
de acabado (mh), finishing cut.
- de cuSa (tn)(min), wedge cut, V cut.
de desbaste, roughing cut.
----- de empotramiento, fixed-end shear (stress).
de pluma (carp)(A), bevel cut.
de prstamo, borrow pit.
de prueba (mh), trial cut.
en balcn (M), sidehill cut.
en bisel, bevel cut.
en cajn (exc)(A)(M), through cut.
---- en trinchera (A), through cut.
-----especfico, specific shear (stress).
----- esquilante (mh)(A), shearing cut.
-----longitudinal (dib), longitudinal section.
-----pasante (exc), through cut.
-----perimetral (A), perimeter shear.
-----piramidal (tn)(min), pyramid cut.
----- tpico (dib), typical section.
----- transversal, cross section.
----- X (cristal ra), X cut, Curie cut.
-----Y (cristal ra), Y cut.
-----y relleno, cut and fill.
corteza/ , bark; crust; rind (sugar cane),
cortina / , curtain; (hyd) core wall, (A) cutoF
wall; (M) dam, nonoverflow dam.
-----de acero articulada, rolling steel shutter.
----- de agua, water curtain.
----- de arcos mltiples (M), multiple-arch dam.
-----de cabeza (M), roundhead-buttress or diar
mond-head-buttress dam.
-----de enrocamiento (M), rock-fill dam.
-----de inyecciones, grout curtain.
-----de machones (M), buttress dam.
-----enrollable, rolling shutter.
-----impermeable, (hyd) core wall.
-----metlica de enrollar, rolling steel shutter.
-----vertedora (M), spillway dam.
cortina-puerta, rolling steel door,
corto, short.
-----circuito (elc), short circuit.
-----circuito cabal, dead short circuit.
- circuito directo, dead short circuit,
cortocircuitadora / , short-circuiting device,
cortocircuitar (A), to short-circuit,
corundita/ (rfr), Corundite (trademark),
corundo m, corundum, native alumina,
corvadura/, curvature,
corvo, bent, curved,
cosecante TO, cosecant,
coseno TO, cosine.
-----verso, coversed sine, versed cosine.
coser, to make a seam; to laee (belt),
cosinusoide/ (Es), cosine curve,
cosmtico TO, belt dressing,
coso TO, wood borer, timber worm,
costa/, coast, shore.
-----de barlovento, weather shore.
-----de sotavento, leo shore.
-----martima, seacoast.
costado TO, side.
vapor, free alongside (FAS),
costal TO, bag, sack,
costalera / (M), burlap.
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costanera
99
criolita
of !r O IoI ! I Ir I I rI O IIfJ O
IJ I I f!O
of !r I !I O III gO
of !ro a, I !rf I I g fo fJ ! o f IoI I gO
of! m, !! ofoO
of! rO fo I M fJ ! of o .
costeo m, financing, paying for.
costero to (mad), slab; flitch; a (C) coastwise,
costilla / , (str) rib; (tun) poling board; (bldg)
furring strip; lagging strip (arch); (Col)
rafter.
costillaje TO, furring; ribbing; frame of a ship;
(tun) lagging,
costo m, cost.
----- efectivo, actual cost.
----- en plaza, market price.
-----ms honorario fijo, cost plus fixed fee.
ms porcentaje, cost plus percentage.
-----ms sobrecosto (M), cost plus fee.
-----menos depreciacin, cost less depreciation.
-----neto, prime cost, net cost.
-----primitivo, original cost.
, seguro y flete (CSF), cost, insurance, and
freight (CIF).
-----unitario, unit cost.
costra/, scale; crust; (met) scab.
-----de caldera, boiler scale.
-----de forjadura (met), forge or hammer scale.
----- de fundicin, skin of a casting.
----- de herrumbre, rust scale.
----- de laminado (met), mill or roll scale.
costroso, scaly,
costura/, seam, joint.
-----con solapa, lap seam.
-----de pelo (met), hair seam.
-----de soldadura, welded seam.
----- por recubrimiento, lap seam.
cota/ (top), elevation.
-----de altura o de nivel, elevation.
----- de comparacin, datum.
----- de referencia, datum plane, datum.
----- de retenida (hid), storage level.
cotacin/, elevation,
cotana / , mortise,
cotangente / , cotangent,
cote m, half hitch.
cotillo to, poll (ax or hammer); striking face,
cotizacin / (com), quotation,
cotizar, to quote,
coto m, boundary monument,
cotunita / , cotunnite, native lead chloride,
covacha/, a void, small cave,
covelina, covelita/ (miner), covellite, indigo cop
per.
coyunda / (C)(AC), rope.
c o z / , big end of a pole or pile; (min)(M) hitch.
craquear (pet)(A), to crack.
craqueo m (pet)(A), cracking.
crter TO (elcc)(geol)(sol)(pet)(vol), crater.
crece / (Ch), flood.
crecer, to increase; (r) to rise.
crecida / , flood.
creciente / (r), flood, rise.
-----de la marea, flood tide.
crdito TO, (act) credit.
-----confirmado, confirmed credit.
-----irrevocable, irrevocable credit.
crditos pasivos, liabilities.
crema de almina (lab), alumina cream.
cremallera / , rack, rack rail, cograil.
-----de girar (gr), swinging rack.
-----en segmento, segment rack.
-----reguladora (di), control rack.
-----y pin rack and pinion.
cremona / , large door bolt,
crentrix (is), crenothrix.
creosota/, creosote.
creosotado a presin, pressure-creosoted.
creosotar, to creosote.
crepitacin/, crepitation, crackling; (ra)(A) mo-
torboating.
cresa/, maggot,
cresol m (qu!m), cresol,
cresolftalena / (lab), cresol phthalein.
cresta/, crest.
-----de la corriente andica (ra), peak plate cur
rent.
-----de gas (pet), gas cap.
-----divisoria (top), divido.
-----normal (hid), standard crest.
-----vertiente o vertedora (hid), spillway crest.
crestera / (top), ridge, watershed line,
crestn m, outcrop; (top) crest,
creta/, chalk.
cretceo, chalky, cretaceous.
cretcico (geol), Cretaceous.
creyn (m) de marcar, marking or lumber crayon
criadero TO (min), seam, vein, deposit.
-----de mosquitos, mosquito-breeding area.
-----de petrleo, oil pool.
criba/, screen, strainer, grizzly, riddle; cribbel.
-----corrediza, traveling screen.
-----de ala, wing screen.
-----de aspiracin (bm), strainer for foot valve.
------ de barrotes, bar screen.
-----de cesta, basket screen.
-----de correa, band screen.
-----de jaula, cage screen.
-----del lodo (pet), shale shaker, mud screen.
-----de persiana (pozo), shutter screen.
-----de' tambor, drum screen.
----- de vaivn, shaking screen.
-----giratoria, revolving screen.
-----graduadora, gradation screen.
-----hidrulica (min), jig.
-----lavadora, scrubbing or washing screen.
-----para basuras (hid), trash screen.
cribado TO, screening.
-----con lavado, wet screening.
----- en seco, dry screening.
cribador TO, sifter, screen tender.
cribadora/, screen.
cribar, to screen.
cribn m, grizzly.
cric m, jack, crick; ratchet.
-----de cremallera, ratchet jack.
-----de palanca, lever jack.
-----de tornillo, screw jack, jaekscrew.
-----hidrulico, hydraulic jack.
criofilico (is), cryophilic.
crigeno, cryogenic.
criolita/, cryolite (aluminum ore).
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criptocristalino
100
cruzamiento
rII forIf II o I g!oI O rMI forMf III ! .
criptol m (ele), kryptol.
cripton m (quim), krypton,
crique m, (A) ratchet; pawl; jack; (CA) brook,
criseno m (pet), chrysene.
criscola / (miner), chrysocolla.
crisol ffi, crucible, melting pot; hearth of a fur
nace.
crisolada / , charge of a crucible,
crisotilo m (miner), chrysotile (asbestos),
cristal m, glass; flint glass; a pane of glass; crys
tal.
-----armado, wire glass.
-----cilindrado, plate glass.
-----de corte AT (ra), AT-cut crystal.
-----de reloj (lab), watch glass.
-----de roca, flint glass; rock crystal.
-----de seguridad, nonshattering or safety glass.
-----deslustrado o esmerilado, ground glass.
-----estriado, ribbed glass.
-----irrompible (M), safety or nonshattering
glass.
cristalinidad / , crystallinity.
cristalino, crystalline,
cristalizador m, crystallizer.
-----al vaco (az), vacuum crystallizer.
cristalizar, to crystallize.
cristaloblstico (geol) (miner), crystalloblastic.
cristalografa / , crystallography,
cristalogrfico, crystallographic.
cristoln m, crystolon (abrasive),
criterio m, criterion,
crtico, critical.
crocidolita / , crocidolite, blue asbestos,
crocoita / , crocoite, red lead ore.
croch m (V), clutch,
cromado, chromium-plated,
cromatar, to chromate.
cromtica/, chromatics,
cromtico, chromatic,
cromato pi, chromate.
----- de bario, barium chromate or chrome.
-----de plomo, lead chromate, (miner) crocoite-
cromel m, chromel (alloy),
crmico, containing chromium, chromic,
cromita / , chromite (chrome ore).
cromito m (quim), chromite,
cromo m, chromium, chrome,
cromforo m (ele) (quim), chromophore.
cromognico, cronigeno (is), chromogenic.
crommetro m, chromometer,
cromoniquel, chrome-nickel (steel),
cronfero m (ele), chronopher,
cronografa / , chronography.
cronogrfico, chronographic.
crongrafo m, chronograph,
cronometria / , chronometry.
cronomtrico, Chronometrie,
cronmetro m, chronometer,
cronoscopio m (ele), chronoscope.
croquis m, sketch.
cruce m, crossing; (rr) crossing frog; (p) cross.
. a nivel o de via, grade crossing.
. caminero, highway or grade crossing.
-----en arco (tub), crossover.
-----en trbol (ca), clover-leaf intersection.
----- inferior, undergrade crossing.
-----superior, overhead crossing.
cruces de rigidez (M), bridging (wood floor),
crucero m, batten, crosspiece; (elec) crossarm;
(p) cross; (rr) frog; crossing frog; road
crossing; cleavage (stone); (min) cross
heading, crosscut; cross timber; (miner)
cleavage.
-----a nivel, grade crossing.
-----bsico (miner), basal cleavage.
-----cbico (miner), cubic cleavage.
-----de carril continuo (fc), continuous-rail frog.
-----de combinacin (fc), a set of slip switches
and movable-point crossings.
-----de puntas movibles (fc), movable-point
crossing.
en hoja de trbol (ca), clover-leaf intersec
tion.
-----embridado (tub), flanged cross.
-----para soldar (tub), welding cross.
-----reductor (tub), reducing cross.
-----roscado (tub), screwed cross.
cruceros laterales (est), lateral bracing,
cruceta/, crossarm; crosshead; crosspiece.
-----abierta o de alas (mv), wing-type erosshead.
----- atravesada (elc), buck arm, reverse arm.
-----cerrada (mv), box-type erosshead.
-----de cabeza (mv), erosshead.
-----de cuatro espigas (elc), four-pin crossarm.
----- de poste (elc), crossarm.
-----del timn (cn), crosshead.
crucetas, X bracing; bridging (wood floor).
cruciforme, cruciform.
crudeza / , hardness of water.
crudo, crude; raw (untreated); hard (water).
cruja/, corridor, passage; (bldg)(M) bay.
crujido m, creaking, crackling.
cruz/, (p) cross; (min) crossing of two veins.
con salida lateral (tub), side-outlet cross.
-----de campanas (tub), all-bell cross.
----- de curva abierta (tub), long-sweep cross.
-----de limpieza (tub), blowoff cross.
-----de San Andrs (Es) (V), X bracing.
-----de seis pasos (tub), double cross.
-----embridada (tub), flanged cross. /
----- , en, at right angles.
-----filar (inst), cross hairs.
-----intercaladora (tub), cutting-in cross.
-----para escalera (tub), stair-railing cross.
----- para lavabo (pb), basin cross.
-----para soldar (tub), welding cross; solder-joint
cross.
-----para tabiques (tub), partition cross.
-----reductora (tub), reducing cross.
----- reticular (inst), cross hairs.
-----roscada (tub), screwed cross.
-----sanitaria (tub), sanitary cross.
cruzada / (min), crosscut.
cruzadilla/ (AC), grade crossing.
cruzamiento m, crossing; (rr) crossing frog, frog.
-----areo, aerial frog (trolley wire).
-----con cambiava (fc), slip switch.
-----de carril engoznado (fc), swing-rail frog.
-----de plancha (fc), plate crossing, plate frog.
-----enlazado (fc)(C), slip switch.
-----ensamblado (fc), built-up frog.
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ru I! fo

cuarto
r! J Io I ! O rIT!f!I I I f! roI g .
cruzar, to cross; to place crosswise,
cuacuaversal (geol), quaquaversal.
cuaderna/, frame (especially of a ship).
-----invertida (cn)(A), reverse frame.
-----maestra, midship frame.
cuadernas (cn)
-----de escuadra, square frames.
-----de los receles, panting frames.
-----inclinadas, inclined frames.
-----sesgadas, cant frames.
cuadernal m, tackle block; (M) block and tackle,
cuaderno m, notebook, field book.
de hojas sueltas, loose-leaf notebook.
-----de nivelacin, level book.
cuadra/, stable, box stall; city block, square; a
measure of length150 varas in Chile and
Argentina, 100 varas in Uruguay, Para
guay, and Ecuador.
-----de popa (an), quarter.
-----de proa (an), forward quarter.
cuadradillo m, grillage.
cuadrado m, square; (math) square; a square.
cuadral m, knee or diagonal or angle brace.
cuadrangular, quadrangular.
cuadrngulo m, quadrangle; a quadrangular.
cuadrantal, quadrantal.
cuadrante m, quadrant; dial of an instrument.
-----azimutal, azimuth dial.
-----oscilante (mv), Stephenson link.
cuadrar, (math) (carp) to square,
cuadrtico, quadratic.
cuadratura/, squaring; measuring areas; (math)
(elec) quadrature,
de espacio (elc), space quadrature,
de tiempo (elc), time quadrature,
cuadrcula/, grillage; anything in checkerboard
pattern.
---- de azimut (fma), azimuth grid.
de perspectiva (fma), perspective grid.
-----de tanteo (fma), trial grid.
-----de trazar (fma), plotting grid.
cuadriculado m, checkerwork; a in squares,
cuadricular, v to graticulate, mark off iu squares;
a in squares,
cuadrifilar (A), four-wire,
cuadriltero m a, quadrilateral,
cuadrilongo, rectangular,
cuadrilla / , gang, party, squad.
----- aserradora (ef), saw crew.
----- caminera, road gang.
---- de arrastre (ef), skidding crew.
-----de colocacin (conc), placing gang.
-----de dibujantes, squad of draftsmen.
---- de perforacin (pet), drilling crew.
-----de reparaciones, repair gang.
- de salvamento, wrecking gang.
-----de sanitation, sanitary squad.
-----de tramo (fc), section gang.
-----de tumba (ef), felling crew.
de urgencia (fc), wrecking crew,
cuadriviaria a (ca), four-lane.
cuadro mt square; timber frame; table of figures,
tabulation; (elec) switchboard; (tv) frame;
(min)(B) shaft; (min) case, frame, set.
anunciador, indicator board.
-----armado (min), truss set.
-----calculador (elc), calculating board.
-----con mando de frente (elc), live-front switch
board.
-----corredizo (elc), draw-out-type switchboard.
------ de carretillas (elc), truck-type switchboard.
-----de conmutadores (elc), switchboard, panel
board.
-----de contador (elc), meter panel.
----- de distribucin, switchboard.
de enchufes (tel), plug switchboard,
de entibacin (min)(tn), drift frame, square
set.
de estacin (fc) (A), widened rigit of way to
include a station with its sidings, etc.
de frente muerto (elc), dead-front switch
board.
de fusibles (elc), fuseboard.
-----de gobierno, control board.
de instrumentos, instrument board.
-----de propuesta, bidding schedule.
----- de puerta, doorframe.
de pupitre (elc), desk switchbjard.
-----de seales, signal board.
-----estadimtrico (lev), stadia table.
-----indicador, annunciator.
-----provisional (min), false set.
-rgido (est)(U), rigid frame,
cudruple m, (pet) fourble; a quadruple,
cudruplex (elc), quadruplex.
cuadruplo m a, quadruple,
cuajada f, a Costa Rican lumber,
cuajar m (C), a wood used for construction,
cuajarse, to coagulate, clot; to cake,
cualitativo, qualitative,
cuantiar, to appraise,
cuantitativo, quantitative,
cuantmetro m, quantometer.
cuarcfero, quartziferous.
cuarcita / , quartzite, quartz rock,
cuarcitico, quartzitic.
cuarta / , quart; quarter; lineal measure of
vara.
-----caa, quarter round.
cuartedura / , crack, split,
cuartear, to split; to divide into blocks; to quar
ter; cuartearse, to crack, split, (lbr) to
check.
cuartel m, barracks; city district; (sb) hatch
cover.
cuarteo m, crack, fissure; splitting, dividing into
parts, quartering; (min)(M) piecework,
cuartern m, panel; (M) measure of 25 liters,
(Ch) diagonal brace in a partition,
cuarteta / (C), a measure of area, about 2 acres,
cuartillo m, a liquid and dry measure having
various values; in Argentina about 1 US
qt; in Mexico about qt dry and about
H qt liquid; in Spain about 1 qt dry or
liquid; in Costa Uica 4.6 liters,
cuarto m, quarter; room; a quarter.
-----bocel, quarter-round molding.
-----de calderas, boiler room, fireroom, (sb)
stokehold.
-----de caa, quarter round.
-----de galn, quart.
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cuarto
102 cuchara
de mando, o froI roo
-----de mquinas, engine room.
de los tachos I O I roo .
-----de vuelta, quarter turn.
-----hmedo (lab), fog room.
-----oscuro (fma), darkroom.
cuartn m, girder, large beam, timber; (C) parcel
of land; (min) boulder; (M) flagstone,
cuarzo m, quartz.
-----bastardo, bastard or bull quartz.
-----citrino, citrine quartz.
cuarzo-monzonita, quartz-monzonite.
cuarzoso, quartzose.
cuaternario m (mat), quaternion; a (math)(geol)
quaternary,
cuaternio m (mat), quaternion,
cuaterno (mat), quaternary,
cuatrifilar a, four-wire,
cuatro m a, four.
-----capas, de, four-ply.
-----codos, de, four-throw (crankshaft).
-----etapas, de, four-stage.
-----inserciones, de, four-tuck (splice).
-----pasos, de, four-way (valve).
-----pisos, de, four-story (building).
-----tiempos, de, four-cycle (engine).
----- vas, de, four-lane (highway).
cuatropear (M), to break joints,
cuba/, tank, vat, tub; cask; tank car; bucket of
a turbine; conveyor bucket; stack of a
blast furnace.
----- del flotador, float chamber (carburetor).
cubaje m, volume, cubical contents,
cubertura/, cover; (auto) cowl,
cubeta/, bucket, pail; basin; leader head; water-
closet bowl; (A) spillway bucket; keg; tub;
cuvette; (geol)(V) basin.
-----autoprensora, clamshell bucket.
----- del carburador (mg), float chamber.
-----de elevador, elevator bucket.
-----del termmetro, bulb of a thermometer.
-----sacalodo, sand pump.
-----volcadora, dump or contractors bucket.
cubeta-draga, dragline bucket,
cubetada/, bucketful.
cubicacin/, cubical contents, cubage; computa
tion of volumes,
cubicaje m, cubical contents, volume, cubage,
displacement,
cubicar, to cube; to compute volumes; (min) to
block out.
cbico, cubic, cubical,
cubculo m (elc), cubicle.
cubierta/, cover, covering, lid; roof, roof cover
ing; (sb) deck; (str) cover plate; (mech)
casing, hood; (A)(U) tire shoe; (exc)(M)
overburden; face slab (dam).
-----de aire libre (cn), weather deck.
-----a copete o a cuatro aguas, hip roof.
-----a dos aguas, peak roof.
-----biolgica (is), biological film.
-----corrida (cn), flush deck.
-----de abrigo (cn), shelter deck.
- del alczar.(cn), quarter deck.
-----de arqueo (cn), tonnage deck.
-----de bordo libre (cn), freeboard deck.
-----de la bovedilla (cn), poop deck.
-----de castillo (cn), forecastle deck.
-----del cilindro (mv), cylinder lagging.
-----del diferencial (auto)(U), differential hous
ing.
----- de escotilla (cn), hatch cover.
-----de filn (min), hanging wall.
-----de las lanchas (cn), boat deck.
-----de Iona, tarpaulin, canvas cover.
-----de los mamparos (cn), bulkhead deck.
-----de motor (auto), hood.
----- de paseo (cn), promenade deck.
----- de popa (cn), after deck.
----- del puente (cn), bridge deck.
-----del sollado (cn), orlop, orlop deck.
-----de tubera, pipe insulation.
----- de un agua, lean-to roof.
----- flotante, floating roof (tank).
-----guardanieve, snowshed.
-----rasa (cn), flush deck.
cubierto m, cover, roof, shed,
cubilete m (lab), beaker,
cubilote m (met), cupola.
cubo m, pail, bucket, skip; cube; cubical con
tents; hub; socket; boss; brick hod; (math)
cube; (Ch) volume of excavation or con
crete.
-----de aguiln, boom bucket (paver).
-----de almeja, clamshell bucket.
-----de andarivel, tramway bucket.
-----de arrastre, dragline bucket.
-----de bayoneta, bayonet socket.
-----de desmontes, volume of excavation.
-----de extraccin, mine bucket.
-----de garras (pet), spider.
-----de la hlice (cn), propeller boss.
-----de incendio, fire bucket.
-----del inducido (elc), armature hub.
----- de pala, shovel dipper.
-----de rosario, elevator bucket.
-----de trailla (ec), bowl of a scraper.
-----volcador o de volteo, tip or dump bucket.
cubreasiento m (auto)(M), seat cover,
cubrecadena m, chain guard,
cubrecostura m (cn), seam strap,
cubrechasis m (ra), chassis cover,
cubrejunta m, splice plate, butt strap, fishplate,
scab; astragal; (sb) edge strip, seam strip,
seam strap; (p) joint runner.
----- longitudinal (cn), seam strap, edge strip.
cubreneumtico m (auto), tire cover,
cubreplaca m (est), cover plate,
cubrerrueda m, mudguard,
cubretablero m (auto), cowl,
cubrir, to cover.
cuchara / , spoon; bucket; dipper, scoop, ladle;
(mx)(A) skip loader; (A)(C) mason s
trowel; posthole shovel; (pet) bailer;
molder s spoon; (turb) bucket.
agarradera, grab bucket, clamshell.
automtica, clamshell.
cogedora (Es), grab bucket, clamshell.
de albail, trowel.
de arrastre (Es), drag scraper.
de biela (auto), connecting-rod dipper.
de colar, ladle.
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uJ r
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u! f I o
I! u fro g o I M O or g!I !!I uu!f .
de cuerno (lab), horn spoon,
de desnatar, skimming ladle,
de fundicin, casting ladle,
de polvorero (vol), blasting spoon,
de vaciar (fund), pouring ladle.
----- desabolladora (ch), spoon.
limpiapozos (pet), cleanout bailer, swab,
muestreadora (sx), sample spoon,
para horadar, tunneling scoop,
para hoyos, telegraph or post spoon.
-----taladradora (mh), shell bit.
vertedora (pet), dump bailer,
cuchara-draga (Ec), dragline bucket,
cucharada / , bucketful, (sh) dipperful.
cuchareo m (pet), bailing,
cucharin m (A), pointing trowel,
cucharn m, bucket, dipper, scoop, skip; scraper,
aplanador (pi), skimming dipper.
----- bivalvo (M), clamshell bucket.
cargador (mz), skip loader, charging skip.
-----cogedor, scraper bucket, scraper.
-----de almeja excavador, digging clamshell.
-----de almeja para remanejo, rehandling clam
shell.
de arrastre, dragline bucket; drag scraper.
-----de botaln, boom bucket (paver).
-----de colada, ladle.
-----de conchas de almeja (M), clamshell bucket.
de descarga por debajo, bottom-dump or
drop-bottom bucket,
de draga, dredge dipper; dragline bucket.
-----de extraccin, ore or mine bucket.
-----de gajos de naranja (M), orange-peel bucket.
-----de garfios (M), grab bucket.
-----de garras o de mordazas, clamshell bucket.
-----de granada, orange-peel bucket.
de maniobra, rehandling bucket.
-----de pala, shovel dipper.
-----de quijadas, clamshell or grab bucket.
de trailla (ec), bowl of a scraper.
de tres gajos, three-blade orange-peel bucket.
-----de un cable (ec), single-line bucket.
----- de valvas de almeja (M), clamshell bucket.
desencapador (pi), skimmer scoop.
-----excavador, digging bucket.
----- para cajn, caisson bucket.
para muestreo, sampling scoop.
----- para remanipuleo, rehandling bucket.
----- prensor (M), grab bucket.
----- recogedor, scraper bucket.
----- tipo casco de naranja, orange-peel bucket.
----- volcador, dump bucket.
cuchilla/, blade, knife, cutting tool; wall scraper;
moldboard; (Pan) road scraper; (top)(Col)
(U) ridge.
----- de acepillar, planer knife.
-----de arado, colter.
-----de cepillo, plane iron.
de contacto (elc), blade of a switch.
-----de dos mangos, drawknife.
-----de interruptor (elc), switch blade.
de moldurar, molding knife.
-----de rajar (si), slitter knife.
empujadora o niveladora (ec), bulldozer,
Bullgrader, Roadbuilder; moldboard.
-----para ingletes, miter knife.
para masilla, putty knife.
-----para yeseros, wall scraper.
-----quitahielo, sleet cutter.
-----separadora (top)(U), divide.
- zanjeadora, ditcher,
cuchillas de caa (az), cane knives,
cuchillo m, knife, blade; scraper; (Col) rafter;
(top) ridge,
a dos manos, drawknife.
-----de vidriero, putty knife.
para rayos, spokeshave.
perimetral, cutting edge (caisson),
cuchillo-serrucho, saw knife,
cuchilln m (Ch), broadax.
cuele m (min), driving (drift), penetration; sink
ing (shaft) ; (M) blasting hole,
cuelga / , (Col) (Ch) slope, grade (especially river
or canal).
cuelgaballesta m (loco)(auto), spring hanger,
cuelgacable m (ele), cable hanger,
cuelgamuelle m (auto) (A), spring hanger,
cuelgatubo m, pipe hanger,
cuello m, collar, neck, throat; (machy) journal;
gland (stuffing box); (Col) collar beam;
(pet) pipe coupling.
- de cisne o de ganso, gooseneck.
de empuje, thrust collar,
terico (sol), theoretical throat.
-----Venturi, Venturi throat.
verdadero (sol), actual throat.
cuenca/, basin, drainage area, watershed; val
ley; (geol) trough, graben,
alimentadora (hid)(A), watershed, catch
ment area.
-----carbonfera, coal basin.
cerrada (geol), closed basin,
colectora o de captacin, drainage or catcn-
ment area, watershed,
de drenaje (A), drainage area,
de fallas (geol), graben, fault trough,
de retencin, detention basin,
de sedimentacin (geol), sedimentary basin.
-----fluvial, river basin.
-----hidrogrfica o tributaria, watershed, drain
age area.
-----hullera, coal basin.
imbrfera (A)(U), drainage area, water
shed.
-----petrolfera, oil pool.
pluviomtrica (Col), catchment area, water
shed.
: recolectora (A), drainage area, watershed,
cuenco m, pool, basin.
-----amortiguador (hid), stilling pool.
de esclusa, lock chamber,
cuenta (/) de gastos, expense account,
cuentas a cobrar, accounts receivable,
cuentas por pagar, accounts payable,
cuentaemboladas m, piston-stroke counter,
cuentagotas m (lab), dropping tube.
de engrase, sight-feed lubricator,
cuentakilmetros m, speedometer (kilometers),
cuentamillas m, speedometer (miles),
cuentapasos m, pedometer, odometer, passom
eter.
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cuentarrevoluciones
104
cuprosilicio
u! f rr!ToIuIo ! TO, I !!Io!f!rO f J o
!f!rO r!ToIufIo ou f!rO
u! f Tu!If TO, f J o!f!rO ou f!r . _
cuerda/, cord, line, rope; chord; cord of wood;
(gi) flange; (PR) land measure of about
1 acre; (M) screw thread; (Ec) beam,
joist; (sb) ledge.
-----de algodn, cotton rope.
-----de alinear o de marcar, chalk line.
___ de camo, Manila rope.
-----de correa, belt lacing.
-----de plomada, plumb line.
-----de seal, signal cord.
___inferior, (tu) lower chord, (gi) bottom flange.
___ izquierda (M), left-hand thread.
-----larga (fc), long chord.
-----mecha (vol), fuse.
___para ventanas, sash cord.
____ superior, (tu) upper chord, (gi) top flange.
cuerillo TO, a Costa Rican lumber,
cuerno m, horn.
-----de amarre (elc), outrigger.
-----de arco (elc), arcing horn.
___de colgadores (cv), horn of a cableway car
riage.
-----de yunque, horn of an anvil.
cuero TO, leather.
-----cromado, chrome-tanned leather.
-----crudo o verde, rawhide.
-----de cochino, pigskin.
-----de montaa, mountain leather (asbestos).
-----de suela, sole leather.
-----de vaca, cowhide.
cuerpo TO, body; corps, party.
-----central (cn), middle body.
-----compuesto (quim), chemical compound.
-----de agrimensores, survey party.
-----de arco, arch ring.
-----de bomba, pump barrel; pump casing.
-----de cabrestante, barrel of a capstan.
-----de caldera, boiler shell.
-----de carretilla, wheelbarrow ray.
-----de columna, shaft of a column.
-----de mbolo, piston barrel.
----- de fundicin guarnecido de bronce (v), iron
body bronze-mounted.
-----de ingenieros, engineer corps.
-----de polea, shell of a tackle block.
-----de popa (an), afterbody.
-----de proa (an), forebody.
-----de remache, shank of a rivet.
-----de la vlvula, valve body.
-----dividido (bm), split casing.
-----espiral, (turb) spiral casing, scroll case; (pu)
volute casing.
-----maestro (an), middle body.
----- mineral, ore body.
-----muerto, deadman; (pw) permanent moor
ing.
-----simple (quim), element.
cuesco TO, core.
cuesta / , slope, hill, grade.
-----abajo ads, downgrade.
-----arriba ado, upgrade.
cueva/, cave; cellar.
cuezo m, hod, mortar bos; trough, basin.
culata/, butt; haunch; (ge) cylinder head; yoke,
(Col) rear wall; (C)(PR) side wall.
-----abovedada (mg), domed head.
-----antiturbulente (mg), nonturbulent head.
----- de tubos, pipe header.
-----de turbulencia (mg), high-turbulent head.
-----en F (mg), P head.
-----en L (mg), L head.
-----en T (mg), T head.
culatazo m, kick, recoil,
culateo m, backlash, recoil, kick,
culatin TO, shank.
culombimetro to, coulomb meter, coulometer.
culombio to (elc), coulomb,
culote m, base, butt, bottom,
cultivadora / (ec), cultivator,
cumarona/ (pint)(ais), cumar, coumarone resin,
cumbre / , crest, summit, ridge, peak, top.
cumbrera / , ridge; cap; ridgepole; ridge cap,
ridge roll; crown of an arch.
-----para poste (elc), ridge iron.
cumulante TO (mat), cumulant.
cumulativo, cumulative,
cuna / (mee), cradle.
-----de botadura (cn), launching cradle, sliding
ways.
cuneta/, ditch, gutter; (na) waterway.
-----de escape (ca), rundown, escape gutter.
----- de guardia, intercepting ditch, counterdrain,
(rd) berm ditch,
cuneteadora/ (maq)(A), ditcher,
cua / , wedge, chock; key, gib; frog of a plane;
paving stone; gad; (pet) slip.
----- aislante (elc), insulating wedge.
-----con agujas, plug and feathers.
----- de cantero, stone wedge.
----- del colector (elc), commutator bar.
----- de grada (cn), a slice.
----- de talla transversal (pet), crosscut slip.
-----de trozador (ef), bucking wedge.
-----de tumbar (ef), falling wedge.
----- enteriza (v), solid wedge.
----- para hender, splitting wedge.
-----para tubera (pet), casing slip.
-----partida (v), split wedge.
----- sacamecha (mh), drift or center key.
cuas gemelas (M), gib and cotter,
cuar, to wedge.
cuero m, (C) keyway, key seat; (pet) man who
places wedges,
cuete m, keg.
cuota (/) de agua, water rate,
cuota de flete, freight rate,
cupla / , a coupling; (A) torque.
-----antagnica (A), countertorque.
-----de reduccin, reducing coupling.
-----momento (A), torque.
cupo m, tax rate; quota,
cupn TO, coupon; (U) short rail,
cprico, copper-bearing, cupric.
cuprfero, copper-bearing.
cuprita / , red copper, cuprite, ruby copper ore.
cupromanganeso TO, cupromanganese (alloy),
cupronquel TO (aleacin), nickel bronze, cupro
nickel.
cuprosilicio TO, cuprosilicon (alloy).
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cuproso 105
chalcocita
uI rooO oI I !r! rI gO uI rouO
I uI O Io!O uI oI I g!oI I I V Io! .
-----de arena (loco), sand dome.
-----de caldera o de vapor (loco), steam dome.
cura / (conc), curing,
cura m, a Central American hardwood,
curacin/, (conc) curing; (lbr) seasoning; (mot)
aging.
-----hmeda (lab), fog curing.
curado m, curing.
-----al agua (conc), water curing.
-----con saturacin (lab), fog curing.
-----en masa, mass curing.
curar, (conc) to cure; (lbr) to season.
_curiche m (B), lake, pool,
currentilineo, streamlined,
curso m, stroke, throw, course, travel; (sb)
strake.
----- del mbolo, piston travel.
-----fluvial o de agua, watercourse, stream.
cursor m, (machy) slide; indicator (slide rule).
----- del objetivo (inst), objective slide.
----- en ngulo (mh), angular slide.
----- portaherramienta (mh), toolslide.
transversal (mh), cross slide,
curtido al cromo, chrome-tanned,
curtido al roble, oak-tanned,
curtidura, curtiembre / , tannery,
curupaina, curupay m, a South American hard
wood,
curva / , curve, bend.
----- abierta, (rr) easy curve; (p) long sweep.
----- adiabtica, adiabatic curve or line, adia
batic.
-----aguda o brusca, sharp curve.
----- cerrada, (rr) sharp curve; (p) short sweep.
-----compensadora con doble desplazamiento
(tub), double-offset expansion U bend.
-----compensadora en U (tub), expansion U bend.
-----compuesta, compound curve.
----- de acuerdo, (rr) transition curve; (handrail)
ramp, easement.
-----de altura-gasto (r), stage-discharge curve.
----- de cabidas (hid), capacity curve.
-----de deformacin-esfuerzo, deformation or
stress-strain curve.
-----de dilatacin (tub), expansion bend.
-----de enlace, (rr) transition curve; junction
curve; (handrail) ramp, easing.
----- de gastos (hid), flow curve.
----- histresis (elc), hysteresis loop,
----- de nivel, contour Une.
----- de oxgeno colgante (is), oxygen sag.
----- de paso (tub), crossover.
----- de paso con salida atrs (tub), back-outlet
crossover.
----- de persistencia (hid)(A), duration curve.
----- de pie (tub), base elbow.
---- de recorrido-tiempo (vibracin), travel-time
curve.
----- de remanso (hid), backwater curve.
----- de retorno abierto (tub), return bend-open
type.
-----de retorno cerrado (tub), return bend-close
type.
-----de ribera, flow line (reservoir).
-----de transicin, (rr) transition or easement
curve.
-----de velocidades en una vertical (hid), verti-
cal-velocity curve.
-----de 45 (tub), eighth bend.
-----de 90 (tub), quarter bend.
-----de 180 (tub), half bend.
-----clstica, elastica, elastic curve.
-----en IT (tub), XJ bend.
-----en U ancha (tub), return bend-open type.
en U con desplazamiento (tub), single-offset
U bend.
* en U con doble desplazamiento (tub), dou
ble-offset XJ bend.
-----en U estrecha (tub), return bend-close type.
-----en U para soldar (tub), welding return.
entrpica, entropy diagram.
-----estrecha o forzada o fuerte, sharp curve.
-----hipsomtrica (A), contour line.
-----inversa, reverse curve.
-----irregular (dib), French or irregular curve,
-----isbata, depth contour.
-----isocora, isochor.
-----loxodrmica, rhumb lino, loxodromic curve.
-----senoidal, sine curve.
-----suave, easy curve.
-----tipo hoz (pet), sickle bend.
-----vertical cncava (ca), sag vertical.
-----vertical de cumbre (ca), summit vertical.
curvas
del arquitecto naval (dib), ship curvec.
-----freticas, ground-watcr contours.
-----para via (dib), railroad curves.
curvabarras m, bar bender,
curvacion / , curvature,
curvadora/, bender,
curvar, to bend, curve,
curvarricles m, rail bender,
curvatubos m, pipe bender,
curvatura/, curvature; bending
-----escalar, scalar or specific curvature.
-----por arrugas (tub), wrinkle bending.
-----por pliegues (tub), crease bending.
curvgrafo m (C), French or irregular curve,
curvilneo, curvilinear,
curvimetro m, curvometer.
curvo, curved.
cspide/, crest, apex, peak, vertex; cusp,
cuy m (C), a hardwood.
chacarrandal, chacarrandn, chacarranday, Ven
ezuelan lumber,
chafirro m (AC), machete, knife,
chafln m, bevel, chamfer; (M) knee brace; (rf)
cricket, cant.
----- abierto (cn), open bevel.
----- cerrado (cn), closed bevel.
chafianador m, beveling tool,
chaflanar, to chamfer, bevel,
chalana / , scow, lighter, flatboat.
-----cisterna, tank barge.
-----de compuerta, dump scow, hopper barge.
-----de paso (V), ferryboat.
chalcocita/, chalcocite (copper ore).
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chalupa
106 cheque
chalupa O I u J O o fO II T!!I (M) or!
uu!fO uII O
chamarasca/, ruJ ooI.
chamba/, (Ec) sod, turf; (Col) ditch; (M) occu
pation.
chambear, (Col) to dig trenches; (Ec) to sod.
chambranas / (carp), trim,
chamburgo m (Col), pool, backwater,
champa / (A), sod (especially that used to rein
force border of irrigation ditch),
champn m, large flatboat.
chanca/, crushing,
chancado m, crushed stone.
-----sin cribar, crusher-run aggregate.
chancadora/, crusher.
-----de cilindros, roll crusher.
-----de cono, cone crusher.
----- de discos, disk crusher.
----- de mandbulas o de quijadas, jaw crusher.
----- de martillos, hammer mill.
-----giratoria, gyratory crusher.
-----reductora, reduction crusher.
chancar, to crush.
chanchorona/ , an Argentine wood (semihard).
chanfle m, bevel, chamfer; (A) quarter round
(concave),
chanflear, to bevel,
chango m (pet)(M), derrickman.
changote m, steel billet, bloom,
chanto m (Es), flagstone.
chapa/, sheet, plate; veneering; (C) brass check
door lock; (auto)(C) license plate.
abovedada o combada, buckle plate.
-----acanalada o corrugada, corrugated sheet.
-----aplomada o emplomada, terneplate.
-----calada, perforated plate.
-----canaleta (A), corrugated sheet.
de caldera, boiler plate.
de cinc, sheet zinc.
de circulacin (auto)(C), license plate.
de guarda (puerta), finger plate.
de nudo (est), gusset plate.
-----del ojo, keyhole escutcheon.
de palastro, plate steel; sheet iron.
de pared (elc), wall or switch plate.
de patente (auto), license plate.
de relleno (est), filler plate.
- de unin, splice plate.
-----desplegada, expanded metal.
-----escamada (U), checkered plate.
-----estampada, stamped or pressed metal.
-----estriada, checkered plate.
-----etiqueta o de identidad, name plate.
-----lisa, flat sheet metal.
-----matrcula (auto), license plate.
-----metlica, sheet metal; (C) sheet brass.
-----nodal (est), gusset plate.
-----ondulada, corrugated sheet metal.
-----para llave (elc), switch or wall plate.
-----plomo-estao, terneplate.
-----rayada, ribbed plate.
-----tubular (cal), tube sheet.
chapaleta/, flap valve; clapper of a check valve,
chapapote m (M), tar; asphalt,
chapapotear, to coat with tar.
chaparrn m, cloudburst, downpour.
chapeado m, veneering; plywood.
-----de latn, brass-plated.
chapear, to veneer; to line with metal; (C)(PR)
to clear land, grub,
chapeo m (C), clearing, grubbing,
chapera / (Es), ramp of boards with cleats,
chapera/, plate work; sheet-metal work,
chapemo m, a Central American lumber,
chapista m, sheet-metal worker, tinsmith,
chapisteria / , sheet-metal work,
chapistero fra, sheet-metal worker, tinsmith
tinker,
chapita / , brass check,
chapitel m, capital (column),
chapoteo m, splash,
chapuro m (AC), asphalt; tar.
chaquear (A)(B), to clear land,
chaqueta/, casing; jacket.
-----de agua, water jacket.
-----de caldera, boiler lagging or insulation.
-----de cilindro, cylinder lagging.
-----de polvo, dust jacket (screen).
chaquiro m, a Colombian pine.
charca / , charco m, pool, pond, puddle.
charcal m (AC), pond.
charnela / , hinge, knuckle, articulated joint.
-----de direccin (auto), steering knuckle.
-----de piso, floor hinge.
charol m, a coating; varnish; patent leather.
-----japons, japan.
charolar, to varnish, japan; to coat,
charpado m (carp), scarf.
-----en caliente, hot-scarfed.
charpar, to scarf.
charquear (min), to bale out, unwater.
charquero m (min), drainage ditch.
charral m (AC), thicket, underbrush.
chasis m (auto)(ra), chassis; (pmy) plateholder
chasquear (maq), to clatter.
chata/, flat truck; flat barge.
-----alijadora, a lighter.
-----barrera, mud scow.
chatarra/, junk, scrap iron.
chatarreria / , junk shop or yard.
chatarrero m, junk dealer.
chato, flat.
chauti m (M), clay.
chautoso (M), clayey.
chaveta / , cotter, key, gib, wedging piece.
----- cncava, saddle key.
----- de cabeza, gib-head key.
-----embutida, sunk key.
-----hendida o de dos patas, cotter pin, cotter.
y contrachaveta, gib and cotter,
chavetero m (U), key seat.
chaza/, (Pe) inner basin of a port; (Ch) cooper's
driver.
chazo m (Col), nailing block, wood brick.
checar (M), to check; to crack.
chedita/, cheddite (explosive).
cheje m (AC), link.
cheque m, check; (C) check valve.
-----aprobado o certificado o intervenido, certi
fied check.
-----de viajero, traveler s check.
----- propio o de administracin, cashiers check.
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chequeador
107
chuzo
J !I u! Ior fo I A C), checker,
chequear, (Col)(CA)(C) to check, verify; (CA)
to draw a check or draft,
chequeo to (C), checking,
cherardizar (Es), to sherardize.
chicana / , baffle,
chicotes to, packing, junk,
chicuite m (min), small bucket,
chicharra / , ratchet; electric buzzer; (B) jack-
hammer.
chicharrn m (C), a hardwood,
chicharrones (az), tailings,
chichn to (C), (mech) boss,
chifln to, flume; strong draft of air; chamber in
a mine; (min) slide of loose stone; (min)
inclined gallery; (Ch) rapids; (CA) water
fall; (Col) spring (water); (M) nozzle.
----- de agua (M), water jet.
----- de arena (M), sandblast.
chigre TO (Es), crab, winch,
chigua / (Ch), bulge, belly,
chileno TO (min), edge or Chile mill,
chiluca / (M), kind of porphyry used as building
stope.
chilla/, clapboarding; lathing; thin board.
-----de metal, metal lath.
chillado TO, weatherboarding, clapboarding; lath
ing.
chillar, to creak, squeak,
chillido TO, squeaking; (ra) howl,
chilln TO, small nail, lathing nail.
-----real, spike.
chimbuzo m (Ec), funnel.
chimenea / , chimney, stack; fireplace; (min)
ascending gallery, drawhole, shaft.
- de aire, air shaft.
---de equilibrio (hid), surge tank.
de extraccin (min), drawhole.
de visita, inspection shaft.
china / , small stone, cobble,
chinarro to, pebble; cobble,
chinata / (C), pebble; cobble,
chinateado m, paving of small cobbles,
chinche m, chincheta / , thumbtack.
-----de ranura, slotted thumbtack.
-----estampado, stamped-steel thumbtack.
chino m, cobble; (PR) boulder; (min) iron or
copper pyrites,
chipodeado (mam)(M), rock-faced,
chiquero to (C), crib, cribwork.
chirca / , an Argentine lumber (semihard).
chirle m (Col), grout; whitewash,
chirriar, to squeak, creak,
chirrido m (maq), squeaking; (ra) birdie,
chispa / , spark.
-----apagada (elc), quenched spark.
-----atrasada (auto), spark retarded.
-----avanzada (auto), spark advanced.
-----de entrehierro (elc), jump spark.
-----piloto (elc), pilot spark.
chispas de hielo (hid), frazil ice.
chispear, to spark; (PR) to spray, sprinkle.
chispeo TO, sparking.
chispero m, spark arrester; blacksmith.
chispmetro m (elc), measuring spark gap.
-----disparador, triggering gap.
chisporroteador m (vol), spitter.
chisporrotear, to spark; (bl) to spit (fuse),
chisporroteo to, (elec) sparking; (w) spatter,
sputter,
chiva to (min)(M), claw bar.
chivato to (B), helper, apprentice,
chocar, to collide; (naut) to foul,
choco m (Ch), stump,
chfer, chauffeur,
chompa / (V), churn or hand drill,
chompfn m (V), hand drill,
chopo to, poplar.
choque TO, impact, shock, collision.
-----de agua o de ariete, water hammer.
-----elctrico, electric shock.
chorizo to, mud wall; mixture of mud and straw
for plastering a wall,
chorreadero m (min)(M), ore chute,
chorrear, to spout, gush; to drip,
chorreo m, spouting, gushing,
chorro to, jet; stream.
-----contrado (hid), vena contracta.
-----de arena, sandblast.
-----de marcha en vaco (mg), idling jet.
-----de municiones o de perdigones, shot blast.
-----de vapor, steam jet.
choy to (M), kind of soft shale,
chozo m, shed, shanty,
chubasco m, squall, shower,
chuchero m (fc)(C), switchman,
chucho m, (rr) switch; (elec) switch; (rr)(C) sid
ing; (rr)(C) turnout.
-----biselado (fc), lap switch.
-----de aguja (fc), point or split switch.
-----de arrastre (fc), trailing switch.
-----de cuchilla (elc) (C), knife switch.
-----de descarrilar (fc), derail switch.
-----de tope (fc), stub switch.
-----de tres tiros, three-throw switch.
-enfrentado o en contrapunta (fc), facing
switch.
-----muerto (fc)(C), dead-end siding.
chulano m (min), upward drill hole,
chumacera/, bearing, pillow block, journal box;
rowlock (boat).
-----a rodillos, roller bearing.
-----anular, annular or radial bearing.
-----de balines, ball bearing.
-----de bolas encerrada, double-shielded ball
bearing.
-----de camisa, sleeve bearing.
-----del contravstago (mv), tail bearing.
----- de empuje, thrust bearing.
----- del timn (cn), rudder bearing.
-----exterior, outboard bearing.
-----partida, split bearing.
-----recalentada, hotbox, hot bearing.
chumba / , chumbe TO (miner) (B), zinc blende
sphalerite.
chumero, chunero m (AC), helper, apprentice,
chupadero m, suction pipe,
chupador TO, (pu) strainer for foot valve; (lab
nipple; (pet) swab,
chupar (bm), to suck, draw,
chupn TO, plunger; (A) (C) foot valve,
chuzo TO, pike pole; (Ch) crowbar.
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dacita
108
deasaje
I If I g!oI O I If! .
dacitico, dacitic.
dactilgrafa / , typist,
dactilografista m / , typist,
dactilgrafo m, typewriter; typist,
dado m, die; (mas) small pier; capstone; (M)
jackbit.
-----de barrena (M), jackbit.
----- de operacin (v)(V), operating nut.
-----de resorte (rs), spring or prong die.
-----de roscar, die.
dados
___ de amortiguamiento (hid), baffle blocks.
-----deflectores (hid), baffle piers or blocks, den
tals.
-----para tornillos (rs), bolt dies.
-----para tubera (rs), pipe dies.
d a g a / (PR), machete.
dagame TO, a hardwood of Central America and
the West Indies,
dala/, dale, spout, trough; (M) slab,
dama / , dam of a blast furnace; (A) mound of
earth left under an engineer s stake,
damar TO, dammar,
damero-estampa (A), swage block,
daar, to damage,
dao TO, damage.
daos y perjuicios (leg), damages,
dar, to give.
-----alcance, to overtake.
-----bocazo (vol), to blow out.
-----contra, to collide with, strike against.
-----contramarcha o contravapor (maq), to re
verse.
-----cuele (tn)(M), to drive.
-----cuerda (inst), to wind.
-----de baja, to discharge (men); (Ch) to scrap.
-----en un bajo (nut), to run aground.
-----fondo (nut), to anchor, drop anchor.
-----fuego, to put off a blast; to blow in a furnace.
-----inters (A), to bear interest.
-----manija (auto)(A), to crank.
-----manivela (auto), to crank.
-----mechazo (vol), to misfire.
----- presin (cal), to get up steam.
-----vapor (cal), to steam.
-----viaje, to taper.
-----vueltas, to revolve, slue.
daraf (elc), daraf.
dardo TO (pet), dart.
drsena / , basin, dock, inner harbor.
-----de flote, wet dock, basin.
-----de maniobra, turning basin.
-----de marea, tidal basin.
-----para embarcaciones menores, marina, boat
haven, boat harbor,
dato m, datum,
datos, data.
datolita/ (miner), datolite, humboldtite.
davina / , miner s safety lamp,
dbil, weak,
debilitar, to weaken,
decaamperio TO, deca-ampere.
dcada/, decade,
decaedro m, decahedron,
decaestreo m, decastere.
decagonal, decagonal,
decgono TO, decagon,
decagramo TO, decagram.
decalado, decalaje m (elc)(herr), angular dis
placement,
decalador (m) de fase (elc), phase shifter,
decalaje de escobillas (elc), brush shifting,
decalescencia / , decalescence.
decalescente, decalescent.
decalina/, decalin, decahydronaphthalene.
decalitro m, decaliter,
decmetro to, decameter,
decano m (quim), decane,
decantable (hid), settleable.
decantacin / (hid), sedimentation, settling, de-
cantation; pouring.
-----contracorriente (is), countercurrent decan-
tation.
decantador TO, settling tank, catch basin, (sw)
silt basin; (su) settler.
-----de arena, sand trap or separator, catch basin.
decantar, to deposit silt, settle; to pour; to drain
off.
decapitacin / (geol) (A), stream capture,
decarbonatador m (mg), decarbonator.
decarbonatar (M), to decarbonate,
decarbonizar, to decarbonize,
decarburacin / (M), decarburation, decarboni-
zation.
decrea/, decare.
decauville, narrow-gage (especially portable
track and side-dump cars),
deceleracin / , deceleration, negative accelera
tion, retardation,
deciamperio m, deciampere,
decirea / , deciare.
decibelimetro to, decibel meter,
decibelo to, decibel,
deciestreo m, decistere.
decigramo m, decigram,
decilitro to, deciliter,
decimal s a, decimal.
-----peridico o repetidor, recurring or periodic
decimal,
decimtrico (ra), decimetric.
decmetro m, decimeter,
dcimo to a, tenth,
decinormal, decinormal.
declinacin / (brjula), decimation, variation,
declinatorio m, declination compass,
declingrafo, declinograph.
declinmetro m, declinometer,
declive m, slope, grade, incline, pitch.
de subida, upgrade,
declividad/, slope,
declorinacin/ (Pe), dechlorination,
decolaje TO (ap), take-off.
decolar (ap), to take off.
decrecer, to ebb (tide); to fall (level of river); to
decrease,
decremento to, decrement,
decrmetro m, decremeter.
decrepitacin / , decrepitation,
dedal m, cap, ferrule.
dedo (TO) de contacto (elc), contact finger,
defasaje m (elc)(A), phase difference.
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defecacin
109
denudacin
I! ! I O I! ! fIo .
defecador m, defecator.
defecante m, defecant.
defecar, to defecate.
defecto m, defect, flaw.
defectuoso, defective.
defensa/, guard, fender, protection.
-----de la escotilla (en), coaming.
-----de orillas, shore protection.
-----fluvial o de riberas (r), bank protection.
-----martima (A), sea wall.
dficit m, deficit; shortage,
definicin / (fma)(tv), definition.
-----amplia (tv), high definition.
-----escasa (tv), low definition.
definitivo, final, definitive,
deflacin / (geol), deflation,
deflagrador m (Es), blasting machine,
deflagrar, to deflagrate,
defleccin/ (est) (ra) (Es) (A), deflection,
defleccionar (est) (A), to deflect,
deflectmetro m, deflectometer.
deflector m, baffle, deflector; bucket (dam).
-----de aceite (lu), oil thrower.
-----de descarga, belt plow.
-----fumvoro (cf), smokeless arch.
-----separador, separating baffle.
deflegmador m, deflegmator.
deflegmar, to deflegmate.
deflexin/, (str)(surv) deflection.
----- de la aguja, magnetic deviation.
defloculante m (is)(M), deflocculant.
deflocular (C)(M), to deilocculate.
deforestar, to deforest.
deformacin/, deformation, strain; distortion.
-----anelstica (A), plastic flow.
-----armnica (ra), harmonic distortion.
-----de amplitud-frecuencia (ra), attenuation dis
tortion, amplitude-frequency distortion.
-----de corte, shearing strain.
-----del envolvente (ra), envelope distortion.
-----de fase (ra), phase distortion.
-----en fro, cold deformation.
-----lindera o de lmite (ms), boundary deforma
tion.
-----plana, plane deformation.
-----plstica, plastic deformation, (A) plastic flow.
deformar, deformarse, to deform, distort,
deformmetro m, deformeter.
degausaje m (cn), degaussing,
degeneracin / (ra), degeneration, negative or
inverse feedback,
degolladura / (lad)(Es), vertical joint,
degradable, erosible (soil).
degradacin / , erosion; disintegration; (chem)
(geol) degradation,
degradador m (mam), mortar chisel,
degradar, (chem) (geol) to degrade; (mas) to rake
joints.
degello (m) inferior (her), bottom fuller,
degello superior (her), top fuller,
delantal m (mee)(auto)(hid), apron.
-----de embarcar (ap), loading apron.
-----de soldador, welders apron.
-----impermeabilizante (M), face slab of a dam.
delantera / , front end, front part.
delantero m, (st) nosing; a front,
delator de fallas (elc), fault localizer,
delegado m, delegate (union),
deletreo, deleterious.
deleznable, unstable (ground), crumbly, brittle
(soil).
deleznamiento m, slaking (soil).
delfn m, mooring post, dolphin, pile cluster.
delga/, thin sheet; commutator bar.
delgadez / , slenderness.
delgado a, thin, light.
delicuescencia / , deliquescence.
delicuescente, deliquescent.
delineation / , delineation.
delineador, delineante m, draftsman, designer.
delinear, to design, draw.
delta m (r), delta; / (elc), delta.
deltaico, deltaic.
demanda/, demand, load.
bioqumica de oxgeno (is), biochemical oxy
gen demand.
-----de cloro (is), chlorine demand.
de recalefaccin (aa), reheating load,
de transmisin (aa), transmission load.
-----mxima (elc), peak load.
por aparatos (aa), appliance load.
-----por infiltracin (aa), leakage load.
-----por ocupacin (aa), occupancy load.
demarcacin/, laying out; (A) fencing,
demrito m (cont), depreciation,
demodulacin / (ra), demodulation,
demodulador m (ra)(A), demodulator,
demoledor m, building wrecker,
demoledora / , demolition tool,
demoler, to demolish, raze, (bldg) wreck,
demolicin/, wrecking, demolition,
demora/, delay; (rr) demurrage; (naut) bearing
-----del envolvente (ra), envelope delay.
demulsibilidad / , demulsibility.
demulsionar, demulsificar, desemulsionar, to
demulsify.
dendriticismo m (sol), dendriticism.
dendrmetro m (ef), dendrometer.
denominador m, denominator,
densidad/, density.
-----de corriente (elc), current density.
-----de flujo dielctrico, electric induction, dielec
trie flux density.
-----de flujo magntico, magnetic flux density
magnetic force or intensity.
-----en masa (ms), bulk density.
densificacin / (ms), densification.
densimetria / , densimetry.
densimtrico, densimetric.
densmetro m, densimeter; hydrometer,
densitmetro m, densitometer,
denso, dense, thick; (conc)(A) stiff,
dentado m, toothing, indentation, (hyd) dental
(conc) bonding key; a dentated, toothed
indented,
dentador m (si), gummer.
dentar, to tooth, notch, indent,
dentellado, toothed, notched, dentated.
dentelln m, cutoff wall (dam); toothing of a
brick wall,
denudacin / , denudation.
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denuncia
110
derrame
I! u I fo I I O I! ou !! f .
-----de accidente, accident report.
denunciar (min), to denounce,
departamento TO, compartment; department;
apartment; (rr) stateroom.
-----de calderas, boiler room.
-----de caminos, highway department.
dependencia / , branch office; department, bu
reau.
deplecin/(A), depletion.
deposicin / (met) (sol) (geol), deposition.
-----electroltica, electrodeposition.
-----electrnica (met), sputtering.
depositacin/ (hid)(A), sedimentation,
depositar, to deposit; depositarse, to settle
(dregs).
depsito TO, storehouse, warehouse; store; bm;
tank; reservoir; sediment, precipitate; de
posit; (geol) deposition.
----- alimentador, distributing reservoir.
-----aluvial, alluvial deposit.
-----compensador, regulating reservoir.
-----compresor, pressure tank.
-----de acarreos (hid), silt deposition.
-----de acumulacin, storage reservoir.
-----de aduana, customs warehouse.
-----de aire comprimido, air receiver (compres
sor).
-----de baldeo (al), flush tank.
-----de captacin, impounding reservoir.
-----de carbn, coalbin.
-----de carga (hid) (Es), forebay.
-----de compensacin, (ag) surge bin; (hyd) reg
ulating reservoir.
-----de detencin, detention basin.
-----de distribucin, distributing reservoir.
-----de explosivos, magazine.
-----de incrustaciones, deposit of scale.
-----de limpia (al) (Es), flush tank.
-----de locomotoras (fc), enginehouse, round
house.
-----de maderas, lumberyard.
-----de minerales, mineral deposit.
-----de rebose (ag), overflow bin.
-----de retencin (dac)(Pe), detention basin.
-----decantador o de sedimentacin, settling
basin.
-----fiscal, government warehouse.
-----franco, warehouse in a free port.
- r - regulador, regulating reservoir; standpipe.
----- unitario (sol), rate of deposition.
depreciacin / , depreciation.
-----acumulada, accrued depreciation.
-----de desuso (elc), shelf depreciation.
depreciar, depreciarse,-to depreciate,
depresin / , (top) depression, hollow; gap, pass;
(hyd)(V)(Pe) drawdown; (surv) depres
sion.
depresor TO, depressor (all senses),
deprimido TO (hid), drawdown,
depurador m, cleaner, purifier; filter.
-----centrfugo (aa), centrifugal cleaner.
-----de cok, coke scrubber (gas).
-----de vapor, steam scrubber or purifier.
depurar, to purify.
4erecha / , right hand.
derecho to, grant, concession; law; a, straight;
right (hand).
- de bosque o de monte, timber rights.
de paso o de via, right of way.
derechos, taxes, duties, fees; rights.
----- aduaneros o arancelarios, customs duties.
-----consulares, consular fees.
-----de agua, water rights.
-----de almacenaje, storage or warehouse charges.
de anclaje, anchorage dues.
----de atraque, wharfage.
de baliza, beaconage.
----de barrera (ef), boomage.
de depsito, storage dues.
-----de entrada o de importacin, import or cus
toms duties.
-----de esclusa, lockage, locking charges.
-----de exportacin, export duties.
-----de faro, lighthouse dues.
------ de gra, cranage, crane charges.
-----de lanchaje, lighterage.
-----de mineraje, mining royalty.
-----de muelle, wharfage.
-----de patente, patent royalty.
-----de puerto o de quilla, harbor dues, keelage.
-----de remolque, towage, towing charges.
-----de riego, irrigation rights; irrigation dues.
-----de salida, export duty.
-----de salvamento, salvage.
-----de tonelaje, tonnage dues.
petroleros, oil rights.
portuarios, port charges, harbor dues.
deriva/, (naut) (geop) (pmy) drift; (naut) leeway,
derivacin / , diversion; by-pass; branch, service
connection; overflow; (elee) shunt; (math)
derivation.
----- central (ra), center tap.
-----corta (elc), short shunt.
-----del abonado (elc), service connection.
- de cable partido (elc), split cable tap.
de enrollado mltiple (elc), multiple-wrap
cable tap.
- de nudo (elc), knotted tap joint.
-----de servicio (tub), house connection or serv-
iee.
enrollada (elc), wrapped tap joint.
----- larga (elc), long shunt.
-----maestra (elc), master service.
-----particular (tub), house service.
derivada / (mat), derivative,
derivado TO, (chem) derivative; branch,
derivados de coque, coke by-products,
derivador (m) de seguridad (voi), safety shunt,
derivar, to divert; (elee) to shunt; to branch off;
(naut) to drift; (elee)(chem) to derive.
las juntas (Ch), to break joints.
derivativo a (quim) (mat), derivative,
derivmetro m (fma), drift meter,
derramadero m, (hyd) apron; spillway; (M) val
ley of a stream,
derramamiento m (hid), runoff,
derramarse, to overflow; to run off.
derrame m, (hyd) runoff, flow, effluent, overflow :
(bldg) water table; splay of a window or
doorjamb; (C) drip, overhang.
-----slido (K) (A), silt load.
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desatascar
I!rr I I I ufo I M O uIIO uIIII gO
I!rr I r I ufo I M O fo uIIO
I!rr!fIIo foO I u !If I o grouf a !If!IO
oIf! .
I foO I C f groufI g.
IrrfIIor TO, Ifr.
IrrfIrO fo IfO u IrrfIrO fo IfO fJ
fo u.
IrrI roI TO I f O frIor.
IrrI Ior TO, III g uIIII g ru rO
IrrI rO fo ru O IoIIJ fo IIO
IrrIo TO, ru I gO IoIIfIo O III gO
IrrIoO uIIII g ruIJ O IrIO
IrrIo TO I foI I C O gorgO
Irro Ior I A O rou r! u!rO
I!rro I! fo TO, I!oIIfIo I A rou ! T
fIo .
Irro rO fo f r Io O IoIIJ
IrroJ rO fo fO
IrroJ foO fO
Irrof O J II ourO
Irrofro m I uf O ourO roufO
IrruI rO fo roIO J MO
IrruIo foO roIo O u IruffI gO ourO u Ir
I I g frI I roII.
gI I I I A O gI I I IrI f .
Irru rO fo IIO oII I fo III I rfJ O
Irru TO, IIO IIur III O I IIII TI
I IuI O Io I I TO ru .
I or III I fo I uro O IIII g IIur.
I or ToI I fo I uro O fIIfI g IIur.
I oII Ior TO, fooI or fr IgJ f I g J f
f I.
I oII rO fo fr IgJ f ouf I f or uIgO
I orIC O IorI fIo O
I If IoO I u I g IurI fIo O
I Ir r I M O fo IIr fO
I fu Ior TO I r O I fu for.
I III I rO fo ufr II IIO
I oI I rO fo u ouI IO IIo f I r fo
IouI IO
I oI I TO, u ouI II gO fJ ro ouf.
I oI IoO I oI I I fo TO I r O IouI II gO
I fIT rO fo I fIT fO
I u rO fo roT Ig fo u fO
I IoI uI rO fo f r uI I T fO
I r Ior TO, I r forO
I II IoO I f IuIIO
I II rO fo o IuIIO
I orr rO fo roT J fJ I g I fo u
rT.
I g rr rO fo rI I I or IufJ O
I gof rO fo u frO Ir I O
I gof TO I C I M O u frI gO Ir I I gO
I grg IC O III fgr fIo O
I grg IoO III fgr fIO
I gruI IC I r O Iu J I g.
I gu IO Ir I I.
I gu Iro TO, Ir I I II O Ir I I M rO
I gu Ior TO, Ir I Ir I r I frr.
I ur I J II O fr J IuI.
I gu Ior (f) I Cf oO II r Ir I rO
I gu rO fo Ir I O u fr fo IIJ rg I
gu rO fo Ir I O Ir I o .
I gu rO fo Ir I .
I gr TO, Ir I g Ir I O Ir I I II guffr.
-----cloacal, sewer; sewerage.
de azotea I I O roo Ir I .
I II rIIIo I J II I M O f M.
de fondo, IuI MO u IrIuI.
de piso I I O Ioor Ir I .
domiciliario I I O J ou Ir I .
IIfr f I I O IIfr Ir I .
inferior, uIr I gO u IrIr I g.
pluvial, for fr r.
superficial, ur Ir I g.
desahogado I J II O u urgIO
desahogador foO rII T IT or fr I O
desahogar, fo T fO rIIT I rur I SI fo
Ir I .
desahogo foO T fO IIJ rgO rII o I r
l ur.
desahuciar, I CJ I I fo IIJ rg I O
desahucio foO I CJ I I IIJ rg I I
J ufO
desaire fo IA O T! fI gO
desairear, fo I! !r f! .
desaislacin O roT I o I uI fIo O
desajustarse, fo gf ouf o orIrO
desajuste foO I orIrO r u Io O
desalabear, fo fr IgJ f .
desalineado m, IrI f I rITf a oufo II O untrue,
u Ir I J oI O
desalinearse, fo gf ouf o II O
desalmacenar, fo f u ouf o rJ ouO
desalojamiento fo I M O III I fO
desalojar, fo IIIoIgO I r MO
desamoldar I o O fo frII orO
desanchar I I I M O fo ru.
desanche fo I I I M O ruI g.
desangramiento fo I o I M O III gO
desaparejar, fo II fIO frII O u rIgO
desapernar, fo Ioo oIf fo roT oIfO
desaplomado, oufo I IuO
desapretar, fo Ioo O
desapuntalar, fo roT J orO
desarbolar, fo II fO
desarborizacin f, I orf fIo O
desarenador foO I fr I O grIf J rO fJ
I O I IIf I IuI MO I
IuI.
desarenar, fo roT IO I IO
desarmable, oII I IIO If J IO Iou f
I.
desarmado, u ou I Io O II fIIO
desarmador foO I I I rO frII I I g r I M
r IrITr.
de cruz I M O r IrITr or rIJ I
r.
desarmar, fo II fIO II I I o fo
frII .
desarme foO II fII gO
desarraigador fo I O roofrO
desarreglado, oufo orIrO
desarreglo foO I orIrO
desarrollar, fo u roII fo ITIoI O
desarrollo foO ITIoI f.
de potencia, I o r ITIoI f.
desarticular, fo IIoI f.
desasfaltar I I f O fo roT I J IfO I I J If
desasiento foO u fI g I I rur O
desatascar, fo roT ofrufIo .
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desaterrar
112 descomposicin
I! f!rr rO fo r!oT! IIf fo I! uI ruIJ
I I fo r!oT! I! IO
I! fI!rr! rn I I O r!oT I o ruIJ IuI O
I! for rO fo r!oT! ofrufIo fo I! r M
I oII or ruIJ O
I! for III Ior I A C O r IrITrO
I for III rO fo u r O
I oIT r I M O fo roT IIfO
I oIT I M O IIIfI g.
I u r rO fo IuII J urIO I I f f O
I frI IC I A O f!rIII fIo O
I! I !o fo I V O u f I! !I uIIIrIuO
I! I u! foO I M frII I I g foI oII I I II
J III T fIo O
I r f rO fo ru O IoIIJ O
I r f m I CJ O ruIJ ro IoIIJ I
uIIII gO
I r Ior foO J II I I g J IIO
I r Ior O ggI g J I J II I I g J
r.
I r rO fo J II O frIO oofJ o O gO
I r I rO fo roT T r IJ O
I rr rO fo roT IuIg or IIfO
I f Ior O J r M frII g or J I I g
fooI I frIr IrrO
I f rO fo Ir rougJ IMO frIO IO g
fo J .
I f m, J Ig rougJ IrI g.
II gr rO fo u J I g.
Io rO I J M fo r I I I fo Io
ouf.
IorI rO fo oTr Io O
Io rO fo uf Io frO I orfO I rO
IoI u O I rI g I I I O uffI g frO
Iro foO I rI g I I I O gruI gO I Ig
I I g ruJ ooIO r J O
Iro Ior fo I O I rO uJ r.
Iro rO fo I r I I I O fo gruO I Ig fo I O
Iroo foO I rI g I I I ruJ ooIO
Iuf I Ior m I I f O Iuf Ir.
I I fo foO f Io o rITf uffI g
o rITfJ I.
I II rO fo I orf r ro rIu O
I I Ior m, rI g Iro O r TJ oou O rII I I g
Iro .
I I rO fo roT Iu I gO
I I foO roTI g Ig u IrI I gO
I IIr IC I M O uIfM IIr fIo O
I I rO fo roT u IrI I I g fo roT
Ig or J ou fo u IrI O
I Ior m I J rr O IrO
I rO fo I o .
I I rO fo ru o ro IO
I I o O ru I g o ro IO
I IIIIoO I I IS fo I ufo O oofrf.
I IIIo foO f Ir I II gO
I o foO rI gO I IIIo Iou f Ir I II g
ITI frfJ I fI fr I CJ fr
Iof I fr I A ! rI g .
I oI O II rI g.
I roI I fo o I roIIIIoO roIIr rI g.
I oO I rr I r r O
I f rO fo J rO I I M fo rou I o .
I fIII Ior O I f J II I rO
I fIII Iur O J II O I IIO
I fIII rO fo J II o O I II fo TI fJ Ig
I fIIIC fo I CoI O fI I f fr IgJ fIgO
I I of r I CoI O fo frII foI oII.
I ro f rO fo I ro fO
I ro I Ior m I O I ro IrO
I ro I rO fo roT ro fo I ro IO
I rur rO fo I ro IO
I rg O u Io II gO IuI I g I J MI IIJ rgO
oufIf I J M J uf I I IIJ rg.
I o f I IS O I IIJ rgO Io I
fIo .
I rIorO offo IuI I r .
I fr IO II IuI I r .
IuI I f I IS O gIo IIJ rg.
our I IS O I ru IIJ rg.
r II f I IS O ruJ IIJ rg.
uI r II I I IS O ur I u g.
fr r I o O r r IuI .
I rg Iro foO u Io II g I I f orO
I rg Ior m, I J MI f MO oufIfO I
I I IIgJ f I g rrfr I I I f II
J rgr u Io Ir I oI ror .
IIo I IS O IIu IIJ rgr.
I uuI IorO ffrM IIJ rgr.
I rroO r u Io Ir.
I J II I g I I r O I u J I g I .
I o Io I I r O IuI MO IIf IuI.
IfroffIoO Ifrof fI rrfr.
I rg Ior I I T go O r u Io IrO
I rg rO fo u Io I fo IIJ rg I g fo
J uf I rg rO fo IIJ rg fo ru
Io I ffrM O
I rgo O u Io II g I o IIJ rgO
I rgu foO u Io II gO
I rrII Ior fo I O Ir II IfJ O
I rrII rO fo ru o fJ fr u O
I rrIIo m IA O I!r II! fO
I! r r!O fo I IIO I!O I u!O
I!! r! I O fo Io! I rI!O
I!! fr IoO oufo II !O o ! f!rO !! frIO
I!Ir rO fo frIu! ! f!rI rJ O
I!I! f rO fo u I!rI !O
I!I Io foO I!I I I fIo .
II T Ior foO I rO II I uIIrO
II T rO fo I uII IIO
II TI rO fo roT I I or offrO
IIor rO fo IJ IorI f.
IIorI IC O IJ IorI fIo O
IIorI Ior foO IJ IorI for.
Io guI fO IofIIoITI gO
Ior rO fo IoI I rI.
IoJ IC O IoJ r O
IoJ or fo I r O IoJ rr.
IoIJ r I O fo u I MO
IoI f rO fo IIIfO
IoIor IC I I O oIor roT IO
IoIor f foO IoIorIr.
IoIor rO fo roT oIorO I J O IoIorIO
Ior rO fo uu O roT I oIIO I uI .
Ioro foO uu O T fI frI IO ru
IJ .
IoI o rO fo IoI o fo r u Io fo
f u I rf I fJ fo roIT Io
I o rO fo IoI oO I MO rof fo gf
ouf o orIrO
IoI o IIO IoI o IO
IoI oIIC O IoI oIfIo .
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113 desenlodar
I! u!r O r!oIufIo o or! .
fSrI I I f O r u I g.
IoI ofur O I orIrO r u Io O
IoI rIC O IoI rIo O
IoI ror O IoI rorO
IoI ufoO oufo orIr III fgr fIO
Io fr Ior TO, Io fr forO
Io J I fo (TO) oI If I f O I
II g.
Io J rO fo frII o I f fo J II O r
Io J rO fo I IIO I o fo o
II fO I u.
Io f Ior TO, IIo fO IIo fI g
IfJ O IIo for.
uIIO IIo fI g u.
Io f rO fo IIo f I I fo uf ouf.
Io IC O IIo fI g.
f IC I I IS O u IrToIf g r
I .
Io gI IC I O I rofI gO
Io gI Ior O I rofrO
Io gI rO fo fJ O
Io f fo I M O r u I g o f fO
Io f I IC O Io f I fIo O
Io fI uII I O IIo fI uIfMO
Io fI uoO IIo fI uouO
IorrgIIo I I f O oufo Iuf f.
Iorf IorTO I O ru rO rorO I IrO I uI
Ir.
Iorf Ior O ru IIIO
Iorf rO fo frII ru fo frII foI oII.
Iofr Ior O oIIr oI ou IO
Iofr rO fo roT I Iofr rO fo
I II fo IO
IrrO I fI fo fo II I ITI o rITr O
IrII IC I IT O IrII fIo O
Iu rO fo gruO
Iu TO, gruI gO
IuIrfoO I oIO oI .
O IO oT grou IO I IgJ fO I fJ oI O IrO
I oI uf.
IurIIor I I fuoO I II Io forO
IJ Tf rO fo roT u M or offrO
IIoI rO fo fr IgJ f oufO oI uI O f u I rfO
I IC O IrMI gO II fIo I Ir o
I g I M Ir I gO
I Ior O IrIrO IJ MIr forO II for.
roo I O I r M IrIrO
I I o I I O IuIg IrIr.
I o f fo I O o f f IrIr.
I f or rof fITo I O rof rMIru IrIr.
I f f oO I J IrIr.
I f m a, II f.
I rO fo IrMO o O II f I M fo Ir I O
I frO
I fITo O IrIrO
IJ rO fo r I .
IJ o O r I O u u I urT o f I rI I
four.
IJ oO I oIIO fO ruIJ r I rf
I r I I I I I I f III gO J f
I urfIIo I I O f rMO f.
I J IoO ruJ r f.
I u IIIC O ou IrM r I .
I J IrroO r I Iro .
I I T Ir I I O I u IrM ..
I fI forr I I O IM f.
I IIo rO fo f u uI fII I T fO
I I r I A O fo IIJ rg! ro r!!rToIrO
I!! rO fo r!oT! IIfO
I!! I u! TO, IIf r!oT IO
I!! r I!ro O I II g I I !O J r .
Iof fO I II g f g or Io fO
I r rO fo u Io I fo II ru O
I roO I rI u TO, u Io II g I
ru fIo O
I rr rO fo I r o uI or II
Io Iur O oufIfO oufJ O ouf IIO
Io r I r O fo IIoJ rgO I fMO
IoI u TO, oufJ O oufIfO
Ir g rO fo rI IufJ O
Ir gu O IufJ rI O fJ ro ouf.
I or or rg O oTrIo I rIS .
II S Ior TO, I IJ III I rO
II I rO fo I fur f.
II I uf rO fo roT I u I gO
II f rO fo IIoI fO f u I rfO
II Ir rO fo f r uI I TI gO
II r rO fo roT oIfO
II Io O u I IoM fO
II Io rO fo roT I IO
II ofr rO fo Ioo ofJ I g II or
III.
I f rO I rO fo roT J IIO
I I rO fo roT J I O
I rO fo fJ ro ouf o g rO u J O II
oI f.
I I Ior I O frII I I g J oTIO u Ir
ooI .
I I rO fo frII I foI oII .
I I III rO fo frII O u rIgO II fIO
I fr rO fo r ofJ I g III fo
. IIo f orfI oI fO
I II rII I I I O fo Io I rIO
I I C rO fo frII oI.
I I T rO I I uII II fo rI IufJ O
Ir. .I TI IO fo roT Io I or I I .
I o r r I o O fo frII I or.
I oI rO fo roT gIuI g or II gO
I orT rO fo fr IgJ f O
I J u rO fo u J fo u ou f fo u fO
I rgI rO fo I rgIO
I g rO fo IIIfO roT uI.
I o IoO oufo ouO
I r rO fo rI r uO
I g Ig rO fo roT J ou or IgO
I g J rO fo u J oou O IIo fO II g gO
rI O u ouI I..
I g J TO, u J oou I gO u ouI II g I I
rI .
I rfr o I I O fI rI
I go rO fo u J I g.
I gr rO fo fJ ro uf o g rO II g g
u J . .
I gr Ior TO, gr roTr.
I gr rO fo Igr O
I gr O Igr I gO
I grIIIf rO fo u J uI.
I rI rO fo u rIgO
I I IrIII rO fo f u uI rIu I T f.
I
I I m I M O roT I o uI.
I IoI rO fo IIIfO roT uI.
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deslindar
I!! Io rO fo f u! uI I gfo !O
I!! g rO fo r!oT! J II! or J fO
I!! oJ !!rO fo I! o rufO
I!! r ! TO, gruI gO
I!! r I Ior I ! O roof!rO
I!! r I rO fo gru .
I roII rO fo u rIO u I IO u oIIO u I ooIO
I ro rO fo u r O
I roI u TO, u r I gO
I I rO fo u ou Io O II IO
I IIII Ior TO I I O I IfIrO
I IIII r I O fo I IfIO
I orfI rO fo roT uI uO
I f I rO fo frII o o rIO
I f rI rO fo roT I I u I gO
I f rI uI rO fo IIIfO
I fJ r I AC O fo u roo O
I f rO fo frII o roo fIIO
I for III rO fo u r O
I fu rO fo roT oIIr fuO
I Mr rO fo frII O roT gr O
I M rO fo f r o I I frO
II uIIIr IoO u I IO
II uIIIrIo TO, u f I I uIIIrIuO u I
.
I II I I I r O I fJ .
I Ior TO, II g J IIO
I rO fo roT IO
I rJ Ior TO, I rofrO
Ior Ior I I I f rIII O uITrf
I r.
Ior rO fo I r M ruIJ fo uu O
Ioro TO, I I g uI uu I gO
II u rO fo roT uO
If rO fo IfI .
IIf rO fo I rgI.
I IoO I TO I IS O I J III I
f I r oufI J I g.
I Ior TO, I J J I frO
I I fo TO I IS O I J II r O
I fIg rO fo rIIT fr.O
I rrI I rO I rrI rO fo I rrI.
I Ir Ior O J rIIrO III fgr forO
I II Iro TO I foI O g I O I O I IIO
I I Ior O IrM uII O
I IouI Ior TO I I O I IouI for.
I IofII rO fo IouI f.
I Ior r I V O fo III fgr fO r u uI .
I og rO fo T f I J MI fo Ir I o O IuIO
I oguTOO rII I I rur T f oufIf I J MI
I M f MO IuIO
I orf IC O I orf fIo O
I orr Ior I I I IS O I frII I rO
I orr rO fo roT J fJ I g or II I gO
I r rO fo rI r uO
Ig J rO fo u J oou O
Ig rr Ior TO, rII I r I ro I .
Ig rr I fo TO, I f rII I II g II V J ffr
I gO r u I g uI .
Ig rrC TO, r fO f rO uf.
Ig I I Ior O Ig I Ir.
Ig I I rO fo Ig I M.
Ig f rO fo roIO rO r I Ig f rO
fo rO r ouf.
Ig f TO, roIo O r Io O rO IfrIfIo O
Igo rO fo u J I g.
Igr I O II fO
Igr rOfo Igr O
Igu TO I I O rougJ IrI gO
Igu r rO fo frII o IffI gO II fIO
Igu IrO fo u rT fo frII rIggI gO
Igu r I I O fo rougJ Ir.
IJ rO fo III fgr fO
IJ I Ior TO, IIr.
I II If O IM If fJ r.
IJ I rO fo fJ fo II fo u r IJ
I rO fo fJ O
IJ rr rO fo frII Iro oru O
IJ rrur rO fo I o rufO
IJ IIr f Ior TO, IJ MIr forO I frr.
I g I I f O u ou ouf.
IJ IIr f rO fo IJ MIr fO I fr.
IJ IIrog IC O IJ MIrog fIo .
IJ IIrog rO fo IJ MIrog IO IJ MIrog f.
IJ IIo TO, fJ I gO fJ .
IJ Ir rO fo gru.
IJ Ir TO, gruI g.
IJ II J Ior I O J rIIr.
IJ I rO fo I uII I I II .
IJ o Ior TO I J II O I r . T
IJ oIII Ior TO, oof fJ r.
IJ oIII rO fo roT oof.
IJ uf Ior TO I O IJ uIII Ir.
IJ uf rO IJ uIr I O foIJ uIII M.
IJ uIIor fo I O IIIIIIrI IIIIIr.
I rooO I r MfMI IJ uIII Ir.
IJ uIII I r I A O fo I!J III M .
II o r I A O fo II J o O
I!Igu IO u !I u IO
I!Igu II IO I !I u IIfMO
I!I Ior TO, I! I g !fI!r .
II rO II f rO fo I g fIO
II ruf Ior TO, oIIrfu I r II g
J r.
II ruf f TO, oIIr oI ou IO
II ruf rO fo roT IO
II f f TO O III f fO
II f rO fo III fO frIIIO
II I IoO I f I fIrS .
II I rO fo I I f.
II fgr IC O III fgr fIo I I f r u I g.
f IfI O f IMfI r u I g.
fSrI O fJ r I r u I g.
II fgr Ior TO, III fgr for I I f r u I g
u If.
I I I C O J rIIr.
II fgr rO fo III fgr fO
II fo I r I r O fo Ifu O
IIo I rO fo IIo IO
IIouf I r I I f O fo IIouf I.
Iu f rO fo IIoI fO f u I rfO
II IrIII rO fo f r uI rIu I TI gO
II rO fo IIIfO roT uI I I fo I
II.
II fr rO fo roT II fO
II f rO fo frII o I fJ or ff O
II T IO roIIO roIII.
II T rO fo roIO J M fo J O rI O
II T m, roIo roII frI I I I f II
I gO
IIrO fo IIIuf.
III I rO fo ru ou I rI fo urTM.
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115 desplantar
I!II I! m, ruI g ou I rI!O
I!II g rO fo u II g .
III foO III I I gO III .
III Ir O III I J MI g f guII I
III I r I Ig III uIIO
III Iro O J uf I III MO I u J I g
M.
III I fo I IfIo I A O I I fI IoO
I!II rO fo III!O III I rr fo r!!I I r II O
I!IurI Io I A O I uI g IurI fIo O
I!Iur I! fo O gI r!O
I!Iufr IoO IuII I I IJ grou I I gI O
I! g !fI Ior O I! g !fI!
I! g !fI rO fo I! g !fI!O I!! !rgI!O
I! g rO fo r!oT! J II!O
I! Igu r I C I R), to clear land,
desmantelar, to dismantle,
desmejorar, to damage, impair; desmejorarse,
to deteriorate,
desmenuzable, friable; unstable,
desmenuzadora/, pulverizer, crusher, shredder,
desmenuzar, to crush, pulverize; desmenuzarse,
to crumble, disintegrate,
desmezclado (conc), separated, unmixed,
desmineralizador m (pa), demineralizer.
desmineralizar, to demineralize.
desmochar, to cut off, crop; (Col) to unroof,
desmochos to (met), crop.
desmodulacin / (ra), demodulation, detection.
------ por rejilla, grid detection.
desmodulador TO (ra), demodulator,
desmoldador TO, stripper (forms),
desmoldar, to strip forms.
desmontable, detachable, removable, collaps
ible, demountable,
desmontado, knocked-down, dismantled,
desmontador TO, demounter.
- de neumticos (herr), tire remover,
desmontaje m, dismantling, demounting, dis
assembly, teardown.
desmontar, to dismantle, disassemble, take
apart; to demount: to clear (land); to ex
cavate, dig, cut.
desmontavlvulas to, valve lifter,
desmonte to, clearing; excavation, cut; dirt mov
ing.
y terrapln, cut and fill,
desmontes (min), deads.
-----de cantera (Ch), quarry refuse.
desmoronadizo, crumbly, easily disintegrated,
unstable (soil),
desmoronarse, to crumble, disintegrate,
desmultiplicacin / , reduction (gear).
desmultiplicador m, reduction gear,
desmurar, to wreck walls,
desnatador m, skimmer, (su) foam scraper,
desnatar, to skim, remove scum. .
desnevado m, a thaw,
desnitrificar, to denitrify.
desnivel TO, difference of elevation, fall, drop,
(hyd) head.
-----bruto, gross head.
-----de funcionamiento, operating head.
-----efectivo, net or effective head.
- til, useful head.
desnivelacin f. difference of elevation.
desnivelarse, to get out of level,
desnudo, bare (wire),
desocupacin / , unemployment,
desocupados, the unemployed,
desodorante TO, deodorant,
desodorar, desodorizar, to deodorize,
desoxicolato d sodio (lab), sodium desoxy-
cholate.
desoxidar, to deoxidize,
desoxigenar, to deoxyghte, deoxidize,
desozonizar, to deozonize.
despachador TO, sender; dispatcher.
-----del petrleo, oil dispatcher.
-----de trenes, train dispatcher.
despachante d aduana, ustomhouse broker,
despachar, to ship; to fulfill (an order),
despacho m, office; shipping, shipment; dispatch.
-----de billetes, ticket office.
-----de equipajes, baggage room.
-----de telgrafos, telegraph office.
----- telegrfico, telegram.
despachurramiento TO (est), crippling,
despalmador m, dockyard.
despalmar, to clean a vessels bottom; to rgh-
dress.
desparafinaje m (pet), dewaxing.
desparafinar (pet), to dewax, remove paraffin,
desparedar, to throw down a wall,
desparramador to, distributer; spreader,
desparramar, to spread,
desparrame to, spreading (fill),
despasar (cab), to unreeve; to fleet,
despasioso (r), sluggish,
despedazado, shattered, broken,
despedida/, discharge (men),
despedir, to discharge (men), lay off.
despegar, to separate, detach, disunite; despe
garse, to take off (airplane),
despegue to, separation, detachment; take-off
(airplane).
despejar, to strip (topsoil), clear; (math) to
solve for. .
despeje TO(mh)(A), clearance,
despejo m, clearing, stripping; clearance,
despensa / , storeroom,
despensero TO, storekeeper,
despeadro m, cliff, precipice,
desperdicio TO, spoil, excavated material; waste,
desperdicios, wastes.
-----auranciceos (is), citrus wastes.
-----de algodn, cotton waste.
- de cantera, quarry spalls; quarry waste.
-----de hierro, junk, scrap iron.
-----de lana, wool waste.
-----industriales (is), industrial wastes.
desperfecto m, damage, injury,
despezar, to taper,
despez m, taper, (fdy) draft,
despido to (Ec), discharge (employee),
despiezo m, taper; (Col) laying out or bonding of
stones in masonry construction. '
despilar, to remove pillars in a mine; to remove
shores.
despilarar (min), to throw down pillars,
desplantar (M), t excavate; to set, place, lay
out.
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desplante 116
desviacin
I!I I f! I M O ! T fIo ugr I!O
I!I I M Io TO, I fI! f M r!!II g f!rO
I!I I Ior TO I !! O III I !r .
I gr I ufo O g rJ I f.
II I I fo O I goI I I I I M I I II
I I f I rr I TJ J g o II O rIo
fIo I urT o f I f foTr I r IrI f.
rg Io I O Io II III I f..
I o fruIC I O oIII III I f.
I I I O I J III I f or II r
.
I I r I I O I r II fI III I f.
I rIIT I O rII III I f.
I I rg I O Io II III I f.
ro C I rg I O IIgJ f III I f.
I I I J Io I O oIII III I f.
II I rO fo III I O
II Ig Ior I J rr O I r IrO
II IIgu TO, u oIII g I r II g. O
Io I go O I r I.
ru I go O ro I r I.
II Io rO fo ffrO I II II Io rO fo
gf ouf o I Iu fo oII I O
II Io TO, ffr I M oTrJ g oII I
I o IuI O
II Ioo O ITI fIo ro fJ TrfI IO
II o Io I I O u I o .
II o rO I J fo u o I I f fo frII O
II oo TO I O u I g o .
II ooO IrIO ruIJ O I oII.
I I IO g.
I J IrroO r I Iro O u u .
II oI rI IorO II oI rI f TO I I O II o
I rIrO
II oI rI rO fo II oI rIO
II r IrO fo If J O u f fo gIT o O
If II r Ir I of fo III O IIIO gO
IougJ O
II r IIIO If J I.
II r III fo TO, Ioo I g I r IIo
I IIIIO III I IuI O Io .
I rIII O I r O grII IIo .
frIC Io I r O fJ rIo I IIo O III
o O fO
II roI I Ior I I f O II roI IrO
II uIIIoO grou I I gI O
II u IC O u II g II u fIo .
II u Ior TO. I I O o oIIforO
II u f TO, uffI g J orf I o r or
J I .
II ur I I M O J uffrI I rou O
II uII rO fo u J I g fo ..IIIoIgO r u IooO
II uIr rO fo f o O
Ir I rO fo gruO
Ir I f Ior TO, IuI rJ fr.O
IrII rO fo Ir II. .
IrII I Ior I I O grIf J r. .
IrII I rO fo roT gr TIO
IroI rO IroIo rO fo uf ouf rITfO
Iro I fo TO.(A), rou T fIo O
If Ior O frIu I g J rO
If roO If If TO, I I oru r I I
frIufr.
If o TO, f u oru O I I oru I I frIufO
If I Iro TO I I O u ou ouf.
I I I uIf O I rMouf.
If I rO fo u oTrO frII O
IfJ rO fo u roo O
If rO fo roT roo fIIO
IfII Ior TO I I O I J rO
IfI I rO fo I IfI I rO fo Io f
I r.
IfI I TO, II g I I f IIfI rO
IfII IC O IIfIII fIo .
I T oO T uu IIfIII fIo .
I frIf fO I I f O fJ IIfIII fIo .
I IrogS I I I f O r u I g IIfIII fIo .
IfII Ir O IfII Ior TO, fIIIO
IfII Io TO, IIfIII fO
IfII rO fo IIfIII.
IfIIr O IIfIIII g I I f I I f I rM. . .
IfI f rIo TO, o Ig O
IfIfuIC O IIJ rg I O
IfIfuIrO fo IIJ rg I O
IforrO fo u f IfO I u I MO
Ifor III Ior TO, r IrITr r J .
rII uO r fJ f r IrITr.
oI Io o. I fr IoO o f r IrITr.
ufofIoO I Ir I r IrITr.
I rII uO r IrITr If.
I goII o I I ruIC O II f r IrITrO
Ifor III rO fo u r .
Ifr Ior TO I I f O uI r r.
Ifr I TO, J fJ fO
IfrII Ior TO I O o J rIIrO
IfrCgIroO Iou I.
Ifro rO Ifro o r I M I V O fo I r I I
fo I uII fuI O
Ifro Ior I O frIor fuI I uIIrO
Ifro I u TO, I rI gO gruI g fuI I uIII gO
Ifro rO fo IfroM fo J ffrO
IfruIC O IfrufIo O
Ifrufor O IfruforO IfroMr.
I ur O r u Ifrufor.
I I O I uIIIr.
II TCrfI I J II O J IrII ooI r ur.
IfruIrO fo IfroMO IoIIJ IfruIr I f O
fo IO
Ifu IC I I f O f I gO
Ifu IorO IuI ur Ior TO I I f O f rO
f I g fIIIO
IuI ur rO fo IuII J urIO IuII J ur fO I I f
f O
Iu rO fo o ooIfO
Iuo TO, ooIf O
IT Ior TO I r O IrO
IT II fo I r O II gO
IT I or rO fo If o f O
IT I orI rO fo IT I orI.
IT f IoO ITo fI Io I I O ffIO
ITgf IC I M O frII I I g o Tgf fIo O
IT f Ior TO, T fO
IT f rO fo T f.
ITI IC O IITrIo ITI fIo I oI I
IfIo I gI I urT II rfur I rI I
four I fr I C I IfIo I I f IrI f
I J M ru ouf I I III I f
I ruJ O J I f III I f I r u
I r IrI fO I IfIo . O
II ro I oI O r Io .
I I oIII I of O ruJ III I f
or J I f.
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desviacin 117
da
!I!fro g fI I r O !I!fro g !fI I!
I!fIo .
ITI Iro I O III g fur oufO
ITI Ior TO I IforO I IITrIo I
IITrfr MI .
I orr O If J I fr. .
II r Mo I ufo O J IIIgJ f I Ifor.
ITI TO, IITrIo .
ITI rO fo IITrf fo I If I rr fo IfJ
ITI rO fo ITI f fo r J o .
ITo m, IITrIo MI I rr III gO fur
ouf I rI Ifour I r IrI f.
I f o I O fJ III g.
I I oIII I IS I A O ruJ JI fI g .
I ru I I r O rI u M IrI f.
urfoO I I I III gO I ur fr u O fu
fr u .
fr Tr I I O rooTr.
ToI f I O IMI g IfJ .
ITICfro TO I I f O IrI f frO
ITIfrI I IC O ITIfrI I fIo O
IToI r I CoI O fo oII I fo I
froMI.
IToITIor TO, f I r J T II o u M
r J .
ITuI I Ior m, ITuI IrO
ITuI I rO fo ITuI I.
IMr Ior m, grurO
IMr rO fo gruO
IMr O gruI gO
IMuM fo I A O gruI gO
I!f II rO fo I!f IIO
I!f II! O I!f II .
IfIC I r I M O JffIo O IoIuI fIo .
I or IIoIoO IIoI IffIo .
I or I I O I I f IffIo .
I or rIII O grII IffIo .
I or TITuI frIC I O fu IffIo .
Iff Ior m I SIS I CoI O Iffor.
Iffor TO, I I Iffor I rr I A I!f!for r .
IIoIo I r O IIoI Iffor.
IM I u Ir Io I r O I u rI Iffor.
TITuI O T uufuO Iffor.
I rIf I I r O rMf I Iffor or rfI Ir.
I I o I ug O I u or fr f
Iffor.
I g I I f O g Iffor.
I I oI rI IC g fIT I rIII I r O grII
I Iffor.
II I I r O II r or I I f Iffor.
frIC Io I r O T IT Iffor.
Iffor I f I I A O I!f!for r .
If IC O foI O II MO f IfIIIO I J I IIO
If Ior m' I O frfrO fJ .
I rIfO frJ r uI I ror.
I II O I rrfr.
I I oITo I O Iuf rrfr. .
IfrIoro O r I f r. IfrIor fIo O
IfrI IC (J) I o I I O I u Ifr
I fIo .
IfrI IC J IIrog IC I O J MIrog Io I
frI fIo O
IfrI Io I f O IfrI fO
IfrI f m f I f O IfrI f.
o fI u fO o fI u f.
uuI fO uuI f.
Ifo IC O Ifo fIo I ufo u ou I gO I I u
I g.
Ifo Ior m, I fI g J I I fI g I O
Ifo forO I IoIr.
o O I fI g I .
I I IoIC Ior I O II M I fI g I .
ISfrIoO I IoIr.
IS frIo I fII oO II M IfrI I fI g
I .
I f f oO I f f ou I fI g I .
rf rI IoO II M I fI g I .
Ifo Ior O I fI g J I O
Ifo I I g O u ou I gO Ifo fIo O
Ifo fO J IgJ IM I IoITO Ifo fI gO
Ifo rO fo Ifo fO I IoIO
IfrfIo I goI O IfrIf I.
IfrIfo I I II I A O f IuO
I!frIfor TO I I O !frIfor I fr I! ru O
I!frIfoO I!frIfuO I fu uuO
I!uI O I!f .
I rgo I I oO Io gfr If.
o oIII I O u II If.
Iof fO Io fI g If.
IT Ir O rIO I ooI.O
IT Io I IS O I II g.
orfIgu IorO I I r or orfIur I I
I g.
uI r o I IIIoO rI gO I II g.
I rr I u I of O f rfI g I II g.
I I O J I I II g.
I foO Ig I II g. .
I oI IC O oI fI g I II g.
I urI O J orI or J orfI IfJ or r
fIo II IfJ I II g.
I I Ir IfII IO u I I II g.
I I rfII O I IIf.I II . I II g. .
I rJ o I fr o I of O ru I g I I
I g. .
I f orO Iru I II g.
II fr I o I I o froO uIII IfJ I I
I g.
IrIT IC O J u f I II g.
uI O I uIrrI g I II g.
I r IIoO I r III or uIfII I I II g.
rIO rI or T I II g.
Ig gO Ig g I II g.
f III IorO f IIII g or frfI rM I II g.
IrI IoO I I or uIfII I I II gO
I IuIIoO r fur I II g.
o IuI IoO T or u IuI forM I II g.
rguI IorO rguI fI g I II g.
rfIuI IoO u f I II g.
II IO I gI I II g.
IT Ior m, rIO I ooIO
IT Ior O I II g J I rIO
IT rO fo rI fo I IO
IT f Io I IS I A O ffI!O
I!frgIroO I!frogIr forIoO fur I g IouI!O
I!frorrof forIo I O I!frorof forMO
I!froroO IouI! fo rI fJ ! rIgJ fO
I!M!I I g!oI O I!rI .
IMIo J u O J u r f I
ffrO
I O I M.
I I r O fII I M.
I I goO I MI M.
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da 118 diferencial
!rI IoO J oIII M .
J II I A O oruI g I M .
I or I o fIIO oru I g I M.
I I gr I I fr O I M o gr O
II I goI O II O
II IoO II I.
II Io m, I M I A r II ! I!r I CoI u I CJ
I M I Ir o J I or oTI g Iog I SI
rJ ou fruu I I f I M goITII.
II I I goI O II I .
II I IoO r furIO II I fI.
II I uIfoo I goI O II J IfI.
II o I fI O ro f Iu O
II o o O II I J o I Ir O
II r g m, II I J r g I Ig I M u II.
IrIO IrI II I J r g.
II gCfro I IS O II gofr.
II go I a, II go I.
II go I ru I O or II go I r I g.
II gr IoO II gr I J I.
IIgr o O II gr I J .
II gr OT, II gr .
I uuI IC I J II O II gr .
I orf I O J r I ffr .
I ur O or II gr .
II I II IorO I g I II for II gr .
I ToI I of O II gr .
frogr Io I goI O Iou II gr .
TforI IO Tfor II gr .
II gr fro O II gr fr.
III g I I r O II II g I I Mro O
II I gIf I goI O II II gIf.
II g SfIoO II g fIO
II g fIo m, II g fIO
II f m, II o I.
orI o groO orfO I u or ro II
o I.
orf TIIrIo o I TIIrIroO gI Ir II o I.
II fI O II fI I r IT O
II fr I II frI IO II fr IO
IIfro O II fr.
o ug IoO o ug f II fr.
I J uII I M O fr I II fr I J T .
II I o I r O I IfJ II fr.
I roI I foO fr I II fr I J T .
frIorO oufII II frO I fJ or II
fr.
Io I r O or or oufII II fSr
I r uII II fr I uf .
Mor I r O or II fr.
or I r O I or II fr.
Io I r O I or or or II fr I r
I II II fr I uf .
I rIIfITo I r I O I IfJ or fIT II
fr
II g fIT I O II g fIT.
II g fITo a I O II g fIT.
II I oIfIT O II I oIfIT.
III oIfITo a, II I oIfIT.
II rIo ofO Iog oou I f our IO
II f I I O II f
II fo oO II fo ou.
II fo O II fo.
II foIf O II foIfO II fo ou or I uo
rI I rfJ II foIf I I IoIT O
IIrooI uI o I I O IIrooI uI o .
IIu IorO IIu f OT, Ir f O
IIu rO fo Ir O Ir f.
I O fo Ir fo I.
IIuo OT, Ir I gO I I IIg O I ffr .
o I I I C O rJ I Ir I g.
o IIr o I uIoO rJ I Ir I g.
of IoO II Io I Ir I g.
I o fruIC rI O J oI Ir I g.
I If IIO Ir II Ir I g.
I uIC o I fr oO oru I g Ir I g.
I I O II Ir I g.
I o f O rfIo I I .
I roI I fo I ufo O IIg o fJ fIr
fr I.
I f IIrO J oI Ir I g.
I rI fIT O I rI fIT Ir I g.
I T IoO J Ir I g.
I frC O f I rI I I or Ir I g.
IIuo II o fr foO o fr f I I O
IIIIo a, II IIu.
II IIf O I IIf I fr I ru O II fo ou
III .
IIIor I I I uI O IIJ Ior I .
IIIoroII Iuorof o m I r g O IIJ IoroII Iuoro
fJ .
IIro fo I ofIoO I of Iu IJ ro fO
IIII To O o If fJ O
IIISfrIo OT O IIIfrI.
II f OT, foofJ O og I o o II g u M I J MI
ufo IIO fo II I J MI I f I.
rI o I I O gr f A!rI foofJ.
II Io I I O guIIf foofJ .
I III Io I O J I uf foofJ .
o I I O I g or oo or f o or I I I
foofJ .
orf f I I O uffI g foofJ .
I II f I I O II o I foofJ .
I I ofr I fo I J II O ufo II.
I ToIT f or I I O I ToIuf f I
rI foofJ .
I ToIT f fru Io I O fu I ToIuf
foofJ .
I I I I O I foofJ .
I Ioo I I O guIIf foofJ .
M I I O IIgJ f I g foofJ .
r IoO J I uf foofJ .
III I Ior o r I Ior I I O r u r or Ir g
foofJ .
I ofIo I I O IfO I rfI foofJ .
fII o I C I I O J I Io foofJ .
frI guI r I I O III foofJ .
II f I J oI u I J II O I I Ir or Iou O
IIIISIo O o f fJ ou IfJ O
IIIIIfro OT, o f fJ o IIIIfrO
IIIIIo SIo OT, o f IIIIo fJ O
II Io I IS I A O foI J !O
II !r! I I f O II !r! ! .
I f IC I IS O IfrI I of fI I II r
.
O I Iu II r .
oO I u II r O
II r I I I f O II r fI IO
II r I IC . II r fI fIo O
II r I Ior OT I r O II r fI forO
II r I I O II r fI I I II I M J I
Iou II r fI I.
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diferencial 119 dique
I! u fro fIIf! I ufo O ourI I Io II
!r! fI I .
II rIrO fo I rO I ofI o f IO I roIo g fo
II r.
II r IC O II r fIo O
II r f rO fo II r fO
II u IIrO fo II u.
II uIIIII I O II uIIIIfMO I o I J II
uITIfM.
II uIC O II uIo I r ro I fI g. O
II uIToO II uITO
II uoO II uI.
II uor r I I O II urO III rr.
oII f I I O I g II ur.
II uor I r O ro I fI g f fIo O
IgfIC O IIgfIo .
II go o I Io IoIo I I O IuIg IIg
fIo .
I or f I I I O f g IIgfIo .
IIgfor r O IIgfr.
I ur O g r g IIgfr.
I I o I I O IuIg IIgfr.
III f IC O I Io O I rg f.
III f Io O III f fO III f f.
III f I O III f M..
III f rO III f rO fo III fO I I.
III fCfro r O III fofr.
IIIuIC O IIIufIo .
IIIu f r O IIIu f I I f fJ I r.
IIIuIIoO IIIufO fJ I O u.
IIIuIrO fo IIIuf fo uf u I I J If O
IIIufor r O IIIufr.
IIIuTI I I goI O IIIuTI I.
IIIuTIo r O IooI J TM r I .
IIIuTIC r I goI O IIIuTIu.
II IC O II Io I II .
I O II II Io .
of I O IgurI II Io .
fr O oTr II II Io .
II Io IO II Io I.
II Io rO fo I roI orfIo O II Io fo I.
IIfIIoO IIf III.
IIfIIu foI I O IIfJ MI u foI.
II O IM .
II gr o r O IM gr I J .
II fro r O IM fr.
II I O IM .
II I O IM I.
II IoO IM I.
II If O IM If.
o I IO o IOIM If.
orrI fO fr IgJ f IM If.
I Ifo o oO J IgJ o I IM If.
I I II IO Io I IfM IM If.
I I IoIT O fr IM If.
I IfrogIIrI O IfrogIMrI IM If.
gI fI O gI fI IM If. . .
I r I Iof IC orf IO IoggI g IM If.
I r ICgr oO Iogr I J IM If.
II If rO fo I f.
II Ifro r O I frO I o Ir .
Io I go O II J oofr.
I o r O IM o.
II oSfrIoO IfrIr II IM o
fr.
I o r oO IIMurr f r u.
I ooforO ofor g r forO
II oISfrIoO IM oIfrI.
II oSfrIoO IM ofrI.
II Cfro r O IM ofr.
rIIC I gu O fr r u .
I If O r u IM ofr.
I orrI f I rIf O IIMurr f r u.
I rIIC IuII O IuII rIfIo IM o
fr.
I rfr o g SfIoO g fIIr g r u .
I forIC O forIo IM ofr.
I fr IIC O fr IIo IM ofr.
ISfrIo I u O IfrIr II IM o
fr.
rIIo O orI fIo IM ofr.
J IIruIIoO J MIroIM ofr.
II ofor r I I O IM ofor.
II frC r I r O IM fro .
II oIo r I r O IM oI.
II fI r O II fIO I O IoorJ I.
II fI rO fo I I II fI.
IIoIo r I I O IIoI.
IICI IIo r I I r O IIoI II I I Mro .
IIoI fr O IgJ f o I fru f III I.
IIoI fr O IIoI fr I u If o I I o r .
IICI frIoO IIoI frI.
IIorIf I goI O IIorIf.
Io O I IIorIf.
II I O I J IIfIIorIf.
orIuI rO orIfO I oIo If.
IIorIfIoO IIorIfI.
IICIIo r I I uI O IIoIIO IoII.
rC IoO ro IIoIIO ro I II g .
I u rO uII J ur IIoIIO uII J urou J M
IrII.
I IIIIoO IIIo IIoIIO III O
III I I r O III I.
III Iooo I I O III IooI.
III oI rO III oI rO
III oIo r I I O III oI.
g SfIoO g fI IouIf or III oI.
III oIo fo g IoO f u I III oIO
III ofIo a, III of Iu.
III u r O IIu O IT I I goI IIu O rI I A
Iou I C I SI IrM Iou .
rIo I I A O rou IJ ! Iuffr!
I .
o fr urfO uffr I .
gr TI IO gr TIfM I .
TrfIroO I III M or oTr Io I O Ir.
IIgr Io I A O J oIIo I .
I Ior I foO uur I .
I ro IfII IO uIfII I rJ I .
I f I A O o !rI .
I frr I fo I A O I!IIfI g I .
I I f IC O II ou II g I .
I r o I uI uO IrM or gr TI g Iou .
I IrrO uIu J I or o oTr Io I .
I o f IC I rr frO IIIfI g I .
I I O ITO IIu .!
I IToO IITrIo I .
I I o I rI r O II ou II g or
for g I .
I u I foO IT.
I oIIr o I ro I foO rou III I .
I gu O fr I I g IIu .
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120 disparo
I! J o ! I! ! r!Io I O ru I
J ! Iuffr!I .
I rf rIoO rf rIO urr f or fr rf rI.
I rf IC O uIu J I or o oTr Io I
J u .
I rIr I ! O IT.
I fIrr O rfJ or rfJ I! I .
I ufIII IC IfII IO uIfII ISI urI o
I .
I O IIfJ J u .
IrIT for o I fo O IITrIo I .
IIfrIuIIor I A O IIT!rIo I .
roO I gI rJ I O rJ I .
Iof fO Io fI g IrM Iou .
I urgIIO o oTr Io or uIu J I I .
I fr IO III I I g o I .
rgI IO IT.
ITI IorO IITrIo I .
I roTIorIoO o rI O fI or rM I .
rI rfIIor I A O IIT!rIo I .
oO IrM or gr TI g Iou .
o I r O gr TI g Iou O gr TI g IrM
Iou .
urgII o TrfIorO I III M I O IrO
oTr Io I .
f r I A O o !rI .
fII o uro IITI Io I A O rou IJ ! Iuf
fr!I .
IIrIC O g f gr o I I A
I!I rf! fO IITIIo O !fIo o rI o
IIr!for IIr! I ufo f!!rI g IIr!
fIo I frufIo I g!oI frIu! . . .
I II I IC O uIIII g II rf f.
I TI III IO J IgJ M II rf f
g r IO J II u rfr.
rTrII I ufo O rTrII frI g g r.
IIrIo IO IIrfIo I.
IIrfIT O o rI o IIrfor.
IIrfITII I I r O IIrfITIfM.
IIrfITo O IIrfor I r o fJ o rI .
IIrfor IIrf fr IgJ f.
IIrfor TO, IIrforO grO J I I r IIr
for.
I or O o frufIo gr.
ufIToO ufIT IIrfor.
g r IO g r I gr.
IIrforIo m, o rI o IIrforO
IIrfrI I fur M guII T O
IIrfrI O IIrfrI rJ fI I f I fur guII
T .
IIrIgIrO fo gO IIrf I ufo fo fr fo II
rf I Iffr O
II rIIo I I O II J rIIO Io.
IIo TO, IIu .
II f Ior I J O II I I.
II IorO I IS O I g IIu.
fr Ior o r ur O rofJ fr I I fJ .
oI Ior I I O I IIu .
II S oIoO I Ifo J I.
I frII I r I I O I IIr.
I IT O rI g
IS Io II r gu I ufo O IufJ
IrITI g IIu.
II o Io I I f O Tr Ir I I f.
I f I Ir rO IrIII I I I I fJ .
IIfrIuIIor I T O rIf I I f.
I Ior Ior o I orI IIo I fT O I g IIu.
ofor I ufo O IrITI g IIu.
I r gr O g rO I u .
I r fur I I f O I g IIu.
IIo or II I I goI O IIo orIfM.
IIo fI uII I O IIo fI uIfM.
IIo fI uoO IIo fI uou.
IIorI I I goI O u o orIfMO IIorI .
IIorI f I goI O u o or IO IIorI f.
IIrfo a I f O IIrf.
IIrII IC I r O IIrII fIo .
IIrII Ior m I r O IIrII for.
IIrII f m a I f O IIrII f.
IIurrII fo TO I TJ O Io .
IIfor (TO) I Ig I fT O I g IIfor.
II fr O IM frM.
II O oI IM frM.
II rO III rM IM frM.
II Ior O IIg rO
II rO fo IIg fo u fJ O
IIo TO, IIg u fJ O
IIgrg IC O III fgr fIo O I r fIo O
IIgrg Ior TO, uffrJ I I IrIg .
I I o I I O IuIg III fgr for.
IIIII fo TO I I uI O IIIII fO
IIIIIIoO IIIIII.
IIIfr O IIMfrMO
IIISfrIoO u MfrI I.
III II IC I I O IIIII fIo O
IIII IC I I I I r O oI IIII fIo O
IIII Ior fo I J MI III rr a IIII fIT.
I rg I J II O rgM III rr.
I II I I O og III rr.
IIII rO fo IIII f I J f O III rO
IIIo IC O III I goI IIIo fIo O J TO
o f uIf.
I f I goI O uI fJ ro .
I I fO Io fJ ro .
Io gIfuII I I A O frIu! uIf .
ru f I A O frIu! uIf .
fr Tr IO ro uIf.
IIIo Io I goI O uIfIO III I I
IIoI IC I I uI O IIoI fIo O
IICIIo a I I uI O IIoIIuO
IIoIuIO IIoIuI.
IIoIuIC O oIufIo III fgr fIo IIoIufIo .
I IO S foIo I I J II O J I I or fIfr
fIo or IfIIIufIo fJ oI.
IIoIufITo a, oIT f.
IIoIufor TO I O Ifr.
IIoIT f TO, oIT fO IIoIT f IIoIT fO
IIoITrO IIoITrO fo IIoITO
IIo I I IS O IIo O
III r I I I O r I g.
III r Ior O frII I rO rI I frO I o Ir
I goI J oofr.
I Ifro O Ifro gu .
I f IC uI O oToIf gS rI .
III r Ior I I f O I fI g J I O
III r rO fo frII O rI fo I IoI I I fo
J oofO IrO I uf o III r r I I O fo
r O
III roO u T .
III ro TOO IIJ rgO I IoIo I I J oofI g
frII .
Io I go O J oofI g.
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dispersador 121
dobladora
dispersador m I I o O III !r!r .
I J orrCO f III rr.
III rIC O III rIo I I I u g I I
IIII fIo .
anmala I fT O o Iou III rIo .
anormal I fT I I O o Iou III rIo .
IfrCII I r O IfroI IIII fIo .
g SfI O g fI I u gO I u g Iu.
C I I I II I I O o I og III r I.
fSrI I I II I I O fJ r I og II
I r I. .
III rIToO III rIT.
III ror m I I O III rrO II ur.
I rgI I J II O rgM III rr or IIII
for.
fII o I J o go I O uJ roo Ir II ur.
III oIIC O III o I III oIfIo O. rr g f.
II gu I Io O g III o I.
II I I I C O g III o I.
;-----de las basuras, g r g III o I r u or
f III o IO
III oIfITo m, ITIO I I II O IfurO J
I rr g fO I Mouf IIIfM.
I T u IC I J II O oufIf oru Io o
rr g f.
I goIr o I f O o froI or I o r o froI
u If.
I IoO o froI J I.
I rfrooO I g rTrI g g r.
I gurII IO fM ITI.
I ororrI f I I O oTrurr f ITI.
IrIT Ior I ToI O J u f ff J f.
III oIfITo
I IIfrIuIC I I O IfJ g r.
I III I J II O oufIf oru .
I rTIIo I I O rTI I uII f.
I fo I J II O I f u oru .
I r for oO I fJ ff J f.
IIruI IC O IIruI fIo O
IIruI fIToO IIruI fITO
IIf I O IIf .
If IO IfJ IIf .
de gruI IC I r O IrI f I .
I IoI o I I.I gu I I O f u o II
f .
I oI u I O o I I gfJ .
I I frruI IC I I O r u IIf .
I TIIIIII I I O IgJ f or TIIIIIfM II
f .
IIruI fIT I I O I ru g I .
fr O J I O
I IoIT I I O I ru g I .
exterior I O fr I IIf .
o I I ofrIor I O u o I IIf .
I oI rO I oI r IIf O oIII fIo .
I rogrIT I IT O uuI fIT IIf .
f g I I I O f g f IIf .
f I uISfrI O f II IIf .
IIf I I fo m, I I gO I IfJ O
IIf IoSfrIoO fIfrIO
IIf ICfro m I I I A O f!I!!f!rO
IIforI O IIforfIo .
I f u IC ru I I r O ff u fIo
or I IIfuI rI u M IIforfIo .
II I o I I O III IIforfIo .
I rf rIo I r O II M IIforfIo .
IIforIo r I M O fo IIforfO
IIfrIuIC O IIfrIufIo .
del encendido I g O Ig IfIo fII g.
I for I T O II u ofIo .
I or IruIfo rr Io I I O IooI IIfrIufIo .
I or IrIT Io IfII I I I O fr M
f o IIfrIufIo .
I or I rrIII I I O f oru Mf o II
frIufIo .
SfI J o I T O SfI J o II u ofIo .
IIfrIuIIor m, IIfrIufor I II I r Ir
I III T IT I fur I I rI g I rI
IIfrIufI g r I I I oII.
I rIC I O I rur IIfrIufor.
III IrIo o I S oIo I T O I Ifo T IT.
I IIIo I ufo O IIfrIuforO fIr.
IIfrIuIrO fo IIfrIufO
IIfrIufIToO IIfrIufITO
IIuIfo m I I uI I O oIuf a IIoITI. O
IIMu IC I goI O r furO
IIMu for m I I O IruIf r u rO IIu forO
ufouf.
I o fr orrI fO rTrurr f IruIf
r ur.
I Io T O IouIfJ ro IruIf r ur.
I I O oTrIo I IruIf r ur.
I I f IC O u IrToIf g IruIf
r ur.
I f I C O I Iug ufouf.
I T I O I gIfJ ro IruIf r ur.
. IfO oII IruIf r ur.
en el IrO Ir r ur.
IITrg I O IITrg I ufo fooouf.
IITrg fO IITrg fO IITrgI gO
IITrgIrO fo IITrgO
IITII Io m I f I I O IITII IO
IITI O orIg J g or urr MO
IITIIIO IITIII.
IIT IIC O I fJ I rr IITIIo I J I II g.
o fI f IO o fI f I IITII.
II r I I I I O II r fI I I II g.
II I I I O IIrf I II g.
IITIor m, I fJ IITIor I I g I A IITII!r .
I I I O I J I IIffr.
I ru I I I O rI u M IITIIr.
I ur I ufo O I o r IITIIr.
I ufr I I O I I I IIffr.
I ToIf O ToIf g or I of fI I IITIIr.
IITIor I I f IC O ToIf g or I of fI I
IITIIrO
IIT IorI I foI O IITII.
Continental, o fI f I IITII.
I I gu O IITIIO rIIg.
I I gu rfI O grou I fr IITII.
IITorIo I I I gu I foI O IITIIO rIIg.
IoI I O IgJ f J I fO
IoI IIIIo m I J O J .
IoI IoO f.
I ugo o II fO J of f.
roO f oII.
IoI Ior m, I f Ir I r IouIr.
I ru I I r O rI u M IouIr.
I rIIO r II Ir.
I fuoo Iufo I I O J Iu MO o IuIf
Ir.
IoI Ior O II g J I .
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IoI Ior Iur IuI Io
I! J I O or I! r u! .
IoI rO fo I fo IouI fo u I If I ufo
fo fur
IoIO IouIO IuI I.
f O uro IO II rIu fJ Iu .
I I fu O IouI J u.
If r O II rIu fJ Iu .
Ifro I A O ruI! Io g .
foO IO IouI fI g.
u Ir I II O T I u r.
fr urf I fu O IouIfr fro g.
o Io I O IouI offo.
TO I I I ro.
fr O IouIr II I I uI fIo .
fuoO IouI J I f.
IoIg r I f O fo uu IO
IoIf TO I IS I O IouIfO
IoI TO, IO u I u.
Iou fo I rI uO J II I I g Iou f.
ICII TO, IoIIM rITf f.
IoI Ir O ro I J o I.
IoI Ior TO, fo uffr J r frIr.
IoI rO fo J fo frI.
IoIrIf I goI O IoIrIf.
fr I uIfI I goI O fr J MIoIrIf.
IoIor TO, fo J r I III g J rO
I o I o I goI I I r O IoIoIfO
I oIo If I M O IoIoIfO
IoIoIfIoO IoIoIfI.
IoIoIfI rO fo IoIoIfI.
IoI f I f I IS O IoI fO
Ioo TO I rI I goI I I r O Io.
I T I or I Ioo O f Io.
II o I goI O If Io.
Io I uI m IAC O rgo J oIfO I J O
Io fI go O r II IrO
IorIIo foO uIIIIO II r I I I ooI.
Ioro foO u IgO J IO
Io gu O O I u I I roo O
Io o O IO IouI II I r J O
Io I O IO f oI IM f oCo f.
Io oI O IO IouIf g I II O
Io f I O IO f of g I I uI O
Io f I O IO IouIJ I fO
Io TuIf O IO IouIfJ ro I Iou .
Io Ior I A I ! O IoI g or I roI orfIo I g I
I r fu .
Io TO, IfurO I roI orfIo I gO
IoI I IC O IoI g I o I roI orfIo I gO I
fur.
IoI I Ior TO, I roI orfIo rO IoI g I I r fu
I o I A fJ !rO
IoI I rO fo I roI orfIo Ifur!O
Iof I O IufM I f!r O IrrIg fIo r!I uIr!! f
uI I IM r!O I !ro !I .
orrI f I ufo I I O f I rI or rguI r
I uII f.
I gu I ! O fr uI I IM.
u If rI I rIgo I Irr O fr IufMO IIo
I r u If o r .
IoTI O TouoIr.
I I IrIIIoO rJ rIu .
IoTI O f o rJ fo O
IoTI rO fo uf rJ fo . ! . .
Io T IoO f ITIIIO
Ir g O IrIg Ir gII ouf If Ir g.
II I A O I J !II Ir!Ig! .
uJ r O III I r IrIg.
uI f o I Ior o I fO Iu I g
Ir gII .
I Ir f o uIC O ufIo or J MIr uII
IrIgO I IrIgr.
T Ior O Ir gII T for I u II
I M.
I I O I J II IrIg.
I r Iu o I gIIo o I Ir o
I ro rIoO I IIr or uu f or IT for
IrIg.
I rr frO I u II I MO I u IIII
Ir gII I o r Ir g r I r.
I o fr ug O ufIo IrIg.
I uJ rC O III I r IrIg.
I uJ rC I I uI I O I J II IrIg.
I I I I VI O III I r IrIg.
I foIT O J oI I r IrIg.
I T IT I I I M O I J II uu f.
Ir g Io I J IIruIIoO J MIr uII IrIgI g.
Ir g Ior O IrIgS.
Ir g TO, IrIgI g.
Ir g II I I O Ir gII .
Ir g I I M O Ir gII T for.
Ir g rO fo IrIg I uf fo Ir g.
Ir TO, Ir I .
I rIorO u IrIr I .
Ir IIII I O Ir I IIIfM.
Ir IO Ir I I.
Ir TO, Ir I g.
I I oI Io O r g.
Ir rO fo Ir I .
Iu II O Iu II I IM If .
IufIIIII I I A I M O IufIIIfM .
IfIIO IufII.
IufIIII I O IufIIIfM.
IufIICfro TO, IufIIofr.
Iufo (TO) I I I M O I Iuf.
IuJ O J o r fJ .
IuI O f T.
I r I Io I M O IoorI g o rI.
IuI I r IIo I M O III gO
IuIrI O f o f T J I gO frII gO rougJ
IrI g.
IuIO rJ I fr o f I fI I J fO
IuIIf I I O IuIIfoIO IuIIf.
IuIur I O o f I fr O
IuIur rO fo roT If I fr O
Iu O Iu .
Iu If O I goI Iu If Iu If I I IoIT .
IuoII IO IuoII I.
IuoIIoIo I r O IuoIIoIO IouI IIoI.
IuoI fr I I r O Ir oI fr I.
IuofrIoIo TO I r O IuofrIoIO IouI frIoI.
IuI II Ior (TO) I ToIf I r O ToIf g IouIr
IuI II Ior I J O IuI II for.
II IIO IuI IO IouI.
IuI Io TO, IouI.
IuI u I AI O I I Iuf!r o I II!O
Iur IIII I O Iur IIIfMO
Iur I!O Iur I!O ou IO
Iur I I I! !rTIIoO !rTI! II !O
Iur I!roOIur I!O
Iur IIf O ur IIf! I fr I! ru O
Iur IuI Io TO, Iur IuI I IIoM .
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duramen 123
eje
Iur ! m, Iur ! O J ! rfooI .
Iur O J rI J rI o fr.
I I f fIo O I I f fIo J rI .
rI IIO rI II J rI .
ro f I o I ro f I I O ro f
J rI .
ro fI I I I V O ro f J rI .
II IrooI IoO IrooI J rI .
I C I I O o I J rI .
I uI fo I I O uII J f J rI .
IroSfrI I I r O r fJ or Iro
oI J rI .
o ro f I I I O o ro f J rI
.
IurI f TO, uIIIIO grou IIIIO grou I I I fO
oII I I J MI g f III I rr fIO rofI
I I I .
I gu I O IfJ fI.
I IIfO III o frfI f.
I Io o I J uJ o I O IfJ fI.
I gr O IrrIu III.
I I Io I O I oI fI.
I I u f I O rIIg fI.
IurI f I ITo I O IfJ fIrO
IurI f I gr I I O grou I MO
IuroO J rI.
I rooO rIJ rI.
IurCfro O Iurofr.
If TO, oI rO I f u rO
Ifr O oI I gO I f u I g I V frIO
III oru .
S o O o MO
o If O o IfS.
o I rO fo o I.
uIIIIC O uIIIfIo O oIII gO
Ifro TO, II ofrO
II I O I II rO IJ I I f.
guI r o fo r O gI r.
I IITIo o I r IfO r oI f r.
I III I foO rI I g I I f.
ISfrI I CJ O r II o I.
II rO fo I I I II r.
o o fo O oI rM for.
o Cfro TO, o ofr.
o o O o oM TI g.
o oIf I I frCIoO I froIu o oIf.
o oI Ior TO, o oIr.
I oufIIO uI o oIr.
I I frCIoO oII Tr.
o oI Ior I I fr oO I or TI g.
u IC O I u fIo .
I f Io I O I u fIo o f f.
I I rIr gr IoO II I I u fIo .
u Ior I gog I f O I u forO
J Io TO I goI I M O III .
J r I O fo f.
I rO I J M fo f rf.
I II u I uf O fo ru fo I u.
oO fo ru O IoIIJ .
rC O fo foI.
I I O fo IroI J or.
I I IIoO fo f u ou II g.
u rI IoO fo I fJ .
I oICgIoO I I J oIogI I.
II I IC O uIIII g uIIII gO
II I Ior O uIIIrO
II I rO fo uIIIO o frufO rfO
II I forIoO I rf I I g fo uIIII gO
II IIo m, uIIII g.
I II Ifr IC I I O II Ifr fIor
uIIII g.
I oufIC I fO Io ur I g uIIII g
I III o frufIo .
I Ir O r uIIII g.
I oufIIO IrI roo uIIII g.
IuIC O IufIo I g J uf I I u II
J rg.
Iufor O IuforO J ufr f forO
IuIor r I A O fo o f! I f!r O
! !fITo I !! I !I! O ! !fIT!O
! !fo TO I !! I !I! O ! !f .
fr II Ior I r I A O J of ! !f .
I ro I O rJ I g f.
I orI I r O rI g f.
I J I I O f u or J I M f.
I I rI Io I r O IIu r f.
IoIO IO IouI fI g.
IIIo I r O IIIo f I fJ rIo I I
Io .
JouI I I O ouI f.
ITI I II O u I or ITI f.
I IIuI r I I O u I f.
II IO IO I gI fI g.
froISfrIoO fJ rourr fO fJ roI
frI f.
IoO IO I gI fI g.
fII I fr IIC O fr IIo II MO
ToI f I r O IM J I f.
VoIf I I O o f f f Io O VoIf f.
fo
ISfrIo I C O IfrI I uI I II.
rf rI oO rI J rI r or uI I II.
If rIo I C O I IuI g Ifur.
I O fITO
II I O II MO
II fO II f.
Ior I O Ior I I I oufroI .
IorrO fo Ior.
Iu f TO, Iu fO ouf Io .
IuTIo TO I I O IuTIu.
uITo I goI O uITO fruIT.
gIC I M O O I fO J ou O r u f.
gro TO, grO If.
IICgr o TO I II O IIogr I J .
O I J fO IO J T I I or.
I IoO I II J f.
oI Io o Igr IO r u J fO r u I.
uIII rO ou frJ f.
rIS frIo I f O froII I or gr TIfM I.
rIo IoO rI J f.
oI IorO oI fI g I.
oI If f Iof fO uII Io fI g I.
I uf I O f J f.
I frO r r I.
I Io I ufo O J I fr J f.
I o I O J I fr.
I rrfC O Ifr.
I fro o I ufo O IroI fr I.
I oII IC O II o oIII fIo . T
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eje
124 electrofresis
I! o fr I u f I J O f IIfou I I II! .
I oorI I O I o oorII f.
I IIrIC I ufo O frI g J f.
I IoI rIuIC I ufo O IouIrIufIo
I.
II S oIoO I SI I Ifo roI I ufo I Ifo I I .
I I S frI O frI J f.
I S frI I g I A O J f .
I I J S II I O I roI IIr J f.
I J I uS I O J I fr.
I II uIIC O IrITI g J f or I.
I I II IC I O I o fIIf.
I IT O J f.
I I O II J f.
I IoO IrITI g I.
I ITI I C O r u J f.
I o foOO fr o o f.
I oII IC O I o oIII fIo .
I I roI uIIo I ufo O I roI IIr J f.
I Irr O rorO IrI.
I fr IIC O IrITI g or II or fr I
Io J f.
I T I O I uIII J f.
I I TI I O fr II o fr u .
I TI IC I IT O II o IgJ f.
II froO ro f I.
IIrforO frI g I.
IITIIIIoO I IIf J f.
frIor I fr Ifo O oufr I I II.
IrooO Ir fr I Ir fr I .
IIuI I I O IIuI I or I I f or I J ofo
gr I J I.
Iof f I ufo O Io fI g I.
ur I orIo I O f II J f.
II uI IoO IrIT J f.
I frIor I fr Ifo O I r I I II.
I frIIo o I fr IIC I frII O
ou frJ fO u J f.
IIr I f I O I o I rfI or I fo. I f
fII g. . .
IooO IIIr J f.
fro I I O II J f.
g SfIoO g fI I.
r frI I I f I A O Io I !rfI I r II!I .fo
I ffII g.
MorO or I.
orO I or I.
o f oO I f f ou I.
oforO IrITI g J fO IrITI g or IIT I.
urfoO I I IO I fu fr III g I.
ufroO ufr I I.
oII fO .rouJ f
I rfIIoO I IIf J f.
I oI r I O I oI r I..
I orf J SII I O I roI IIr J f.
I r IorO IoI fI g J f.
IoO II I
fr u rfo Iof fO fJ rI u rfr Io fI g
I.
TITo I M O IIT I.
I O rou I g IO
IrII I A O I fJ ! Ir!I .
rIIo O I I M rO
IC r O O I fO J ou O r u fO
I or IC O u furO rI fIo O I ro
I g. .
I Io grg Io I o O ggrg f I ro
I g.
I Ir O ooI oru I g.
I or rO fo oru I frI I O I ro fo u
fur I CJ fo rI fO
I f I I IS O I f .
I I O I fITIfM.
I fIII I O I fIIfMO rIII O I rI g.
ISfrI O IfrI I fIIfMO I fITIfM.
IfIo O I ufo I rI g a I fIO
I fIf O II fIf I fr I ru I I Io
oI f .
I O gI Iro I II Io .
rr I O J orf Io .
o IrIT IC O IIoufIf Io .
I O Io .
I urT Irf O Io gr IIu Io .
I IooO oI Io .
I rIuIC O rIuI g Io .
IfrIII I O IfrIIfM.
II I O IM I I or ToIf I IfrIIfM.
ffI O f fI I IfrIIfM. .
IfrIIf m, IfrII .
I or O rfI g or I f III g IfrII O
Ir .
ISfrIoO IfrIO
IfrI I rO IfrI rO fo IfrI MO
Ifro ro m I M O IfrI fIO
Ifro ufIoO Ifro oufIO
Ifro I II I O Ifro I IfMO
Ifro III r O Ifro IMIO
Ifro II Ior r O Ifro IMrO
Ifroo O oforIrIT I uI O
Ifro I II rO Ifro I III rMO
IfroI SfIoO Ifrou I fI.
IfroIor IC O IfroJ IorI fIo .
Ifroou I IC O Ifroou I fIo O
IfroorroIC O IfroIMfI orroIo O
IfroJ I Io r O IfroI I fI gO
IfroII oIIo O IfroII oIfIo O Ifro
I I fI g.
IfroII I O IfroIM IO
IfroII IoO IfroIM IO
IfroII Cfro r O IfroIM ofrO
IfroIo r O IfroI.
Ir Ior I r O Ir fI g IfroI.
Io I oI O J I or r or IIgJ fIM
o fI IfroI.
uIrfo I oI O oTrI IfroI.
I IoI oO IoI IfroI O
I oI u I fT O ouI g IfroI.
I I I O I I f IfroI.
I fIrr O grou II g IfroI.
I uIo I oI O r or J gJ fIM o fI I
froI.
rTfIIo o u I f I oI O Iuo fI
IfroI.
IrrTfIIo I oI O Io fI IfroI..
IfroIo oI o I r O oI I r IfroIO
IfroJ r rII Io I f O IfroJ r rII
I g. .
IfroffI O Ifrof fIO
IfroffIoO Ifrof fI. .
Ifro IIfr IC I go O IIfr fIo O
IfrC o o r O IfroI J o O
Ifro CrI O IfroI J orI.
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electroforjado
125
eliminador
!I!fro or IoO !I!fro r gu IoO IIfro orgI
I fr I ru .
Ifro uIC O Ifro uIo O
Ifrog IT IoO Ifrog IT I.
Ifrog IT I rO fo Ifrog IT I.
Ifrog r Ior m, IfrI g r forO
IfrCg oO g r fI g IfrIIfMO
Ifrogr IoO Ifrogr I J IO
IfroJ IIruIIoO IfroJ MIr uII.
IfroI m, Ifro g fO
IfroIro O IfroIIrO
IfrCIII O IfroIMIO
IfroIfIoO IfroIMfIO
IfrCIIfo r O IfroIMfO
IfroII rO fo IfroIM.
IfroIo r O IIfroIo I fr I ru I r IT O
Ifro g SfIoO Ifro g fIO
Ifro g fIo r O Ifro g fIO
Ifro I O IfroJ IO
Ifro Io r O oru r o IfrI I J I
rM IfroJ I IO
Ifrof IurgI O Ifrof IIurgMO
Ifrofr O IfrofrM.
IfrofrIoO IfrofrIO
IfrCfro r O Ifrofr.
I I O I or oIuf Ifrofr.
I u Ir fO I u Ir f Ifrofr.
I forIo O forIo Ifrofr.
Ifroofor r O IfrI ofor a IfroofITO
IfroofrIO IfroofITO
IfroCTII r O IfrI ufooII a IA ofor
IrIT! O
!I!fr r O !I!fro O
!I!fro !g fIToO !I!fro !g fIT!O
!I!fro !ufIoO !I!froI !u fIO
!I!fr I O !I!fro IO
!I!fr IoO !I!fro IO
!I!frooI O !I!froooIO
!I!froofIoO !I!frooofI .
IfroI oI rO IfroI oI r.
IfroI oIfIToO IfroI oIfITO
IfroI roI uIIC I O IfrI IrITO
IfroI uI O IfroJ IfrMO
IfroI uIoO IfroJ I IO
IfrorrI fIToO IfrorI fIT.
IfrorrIuIC O IfrorIufIo .
Ifrorr I IC O Ifror I I gO IfroIMfI
r I I gO
IfroCI IoO IfrooI IoO
IfrooI Io r O IfrooI O
Ifro oro m IA O !I!frI IIM oI !r f!I
! I J or! .
IfroIIrurgI O Ifrof IIurgM o Iro I
fI.
IfrCoI O IfrooIO IfroooIO
IfrooII Iur O IfrI III gO
IfroffI O Ifrof fIO
IfroffIoO Ifrof fIO
Ifrof I O IfrI I gI rI gO Ifro
fJ oIogM.
IfrofS I O IfrofJ IO IfrI I gI
rI g.
IfrofS Io r O IfrI I gI r a Ifro
fJ I IO
IfrofS rI O IfrofJ rI.
IfrofSrIoO IfrofJ r IO IfrofJ rI.
Ifrofrof fo r O IfrofJ rof f.
IfrofIfuI IC O IfrofIfr fIo O
I fo r O I J I f I I I fO
II I fr r.
I uuI Ior I I O for g II.
I IIo I IS O IIu or Kfo II.
I IIoO J fI g I f.
II ofITo I O I I f.
I rIf I I I O rIfor I f.
ofor I fI O ofor I f.
ofur Ior I I f O I u o I f.
ffIgo I IS O I IIof II.
I fo I urg I I IS O rg M IIO
I fo J IIruIIoO J MIr uII I fO
IT IC O IT fIo O IfIfuI I I g IT fIo
II f.
of I I foI O I of or IgurI IT fIo .
II fr O ro f IT fIo .
I rroII I O ITIoI I IT fIo O
orfO fIo I IT fIo .
I froO I IT fIo .
I fr IO II IT fIo .
I ofrIorO r r IT fIo .
IT Io m I M I R), elevator. .
elevador ra, elevator, lift; hoist; booster. ;
r cargador, elevating charger.
;-----del aguiln (pi), boom hoist.
-----de automviles, automobile lift.
de bagacillo (az), trash elevator,
de baldes (V)(B), bucket elevator.
-----de caja de camin, truck-body hoist.
-----de cangilones o de capachos, bucket eleva
tor, ladder.
-----del carbon animal (az), char elevator.
-----de carga, freight elevator.
-----de cenizas, ash hoist.
de cienos (dac), sludge elevator.
-----de-la compuerta (hid)(M), gate hoist.
-----de correa, belt elevator.
de cristal (auto), window opener.
-----de cubos, bucket elevator.
-----de cuezos, hod hoist or elevator.
-----de efecto directo (co), direct-lift hoist.
-----de la potential (elc), booster.
de leva y rodillo (co), cam-and-roller hoist.
-----de tensin (elc), booster.
-----de tubera (pet), tubing elevator.
elevador-reductor (elc), reversible booster,
elevadora (/) conformadora (M), elevating
grader.
elevar, to elevate, hoist, raise.
-----al cuadrado (mat), to square.
^ a potencia (mat), to raise to a power,
elevatorio a (Pe), elevating, raising,
eliminacin/, elimination.
-----de las basuras, garbage disposal.
- de olores (is), odor removal.
-----de sabor (pa), taste removal.
eliminador m, eliminator.
-----de aceite, oil separator or eliminator.
-----de antena (ra), antenna eliminator or
adapter.
-----de arena (ec), sand eliminator.
-----de bateras (ra), battery eliminator.
-----de golpe de arietej water-hammer suppres
sor. ?
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eliminador
126 embrague
I! r! o I J II O u f!r uI I r!or .
II T r m, II T r I IIoM . O
III O IIII . O
III Cgr o m, IIII ogr I J .
III oII IO IIII oII I.
III oII O IIII oII.
II fIoO IIII fI I.
Io g IC O Io g fIo .
Io gfro m I I O f ofr.
IufrI IC O IufrI fIo .
IufrI Ior O IufrI for.
IufrI rO fo IufrI f.
IuTI I I goI O IuTI I.
IuTIC m I goI O IuTIu.
IC O I J fIo I I u.
Iur rO fo uffr I rIu .
I m, I u I g I or J II f .
I I fo O I g r I gO ru uI .
I rO fo I u fo I I J M fo r O I I
I rO I J M fo r O
I f rO fo II fO
IIo rO fo I T IfJ fII fo I gO
I Iro O rJ I ooIO
I Io m IA O rJ I ooIO
! I rO fo II ou IO I O I o IO
! I! m, II ou II g I f!r r!!rToIr I SI
I .
I uuI IC I A O for g! r!!rToIr .
I I I fo o I rrT O for g
rrToIr.
I I roTJ I fo IfII IO uIfII urI o
. rrToIr.
I oI IC O I u III g rrToIr.
I If IC O If fIo I .
I rf IC O IooIo froI rrToIr.
I uo II IO I gII urI o rrToIr.
rguI IorO rguI fI g rrToIr.
rf rI IorO rf rII g I or rrToIr.
I fo I I O u fO
rO fo IIf uI I rrToIr O
I u O IIfI g II oIf o IIf I I
u f.
I uf r I M O fo I M II Iu O
rIII r I rI O fo oI O r O IO
r IC O o fO TI.
I IIoO IIgJ fr.
r Iro m, Io II g I I f orO J r rrM
rrM III I Ig M rIO I II g.
Iof fO I II g f gO
r Ior m, J II I r J II I I g g fO
r rO fo J II fo Io IO
r I rO fo T r IJ O
rI u O J II fO Io II gO
rr Io in, uI I I frI g rougJ I I frI gO
rr rO fo fIu I fJ uI I uf fo
ru grou IO
rr rO fo I I fr IfJ uI fo rougJ I I fr
fo I ug.
rrII rO fo I u I rrIO
rrof r I uf O fo ff O
I fo O oofI g ourO I II fJ
our.
Mo f r I f I A fo rII O
!!!rO fo II! I CoI fo IO
Iur O I IrI I rJ O
fII I I I O ro II g.
fu rO fo II rg f IfJ I IfJ fo Ifu
I I.
I gr rO fo J I gO
I IrO I IrO fo o f O
I r I A O fo fr! f IfJ f r or I J If ..
oI r I IS I M O fo I IO
o Iro m, o Iur O oufJ O oufIfO
oI I O I Ifo frou I Ifo III I fO
S oIo O I Ifo .
orfIgu IorO I I I g I Ifo .
uo I I I u fr I I O fr
I u I or I III u I I Iu gr.
uo I I r foI frIor I O oufII
II u I I Iu gr.
oI IorO I I Ifo I fur IuM
I Ifo .
I Irr J IIruIIoO frI u I I Ifo .
I uf O uI fMI I Ifo .
I IIoO IIu I Ifo .
IIfrIuIIor I T O I Ifo T IT.
o oI Ior I ufo O o oIr I Ifo .
I uIIIr Ior I O I I g I Ifo .
IoO I Iu grO r .
S oIo oI ufoO oI I oI I Ifo O
oI Ior O ggI g J I O f I u rO
oI rO fo I uf I g.
o Io m I V O ITII g our o orf r u Ir
roo fIIO
o rO fo rI Ir fo rI orO
o o m I O II rO IIIrO
oI u oufJ .
oI uIII Io m, oufJ O I orf I I I oI fI g
or J I u I g oI fO
oI uIII rO fo I I M I fo I oI f or J I u
oI fO
or I m, uI I rO
of rO fo Iu fO IuIIO
r g rO fo fJ ro I IufJ fo II gO
r gu m, IufJ .
IIIo I ufo I A O IuII IrIT! .
orfIgu IorO uJ Io IufJ .
I IIIoO rI or rI g rIfIo IufJ .
I T o I rJ I I I O fr TI IufJ .
I I o I I f O I IufJ .
I o O uJ Io IufJ .
I oI rIC O oI rIo IufJ .
I IIrIC O frI g IufJ .
I IIo Iof fO Io fI gIIu IufJ .
I IIo oO IrMIIu IufJ .
I IIo IoO I gIIIu IufJ .
I IIo IfII IO uIfII IIIu IufJ .
I I IC I frIorO I fr II II g
IufJ .
I rof I foO rIfIo IufJ .
I g rr O I or Iog IufJ .
I gIro I I I O I gI g IufJ .
I guIfoO IT or ouI II g IufJ .
I orI o I I uI I IufJ .
I I I O IrMI I f IufJ .
I I I frII IO fJ rI I f IufJ .
IS I I foO IIu or I I f IufJ .
I roIIIIoO roIIr IufJ .
I ruI IIr I ufo O oTrru I g or r
J II g IufJ .
I f IoO foofJ I or I f I IufJ .
III fO III IufJ .
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embrague
127
emparrillado
!I Ir IO oII IufJ .
froO fr IufJ .
r Ior I O I IfJ I MrO
r rO fo C f or II rg f IfJ f r.
rII rO fo I g.
roJ I rO fo r IfJ J Ir O
uI Ior mO oII J oI fo J oII u IO
uII or I A O u !IJ I !IO
!uIo m, u !I I! I!r J ! I I M I C J oI I r
I C I I foI J oIIo .
oI IoO o f u I.
I fII fo I I rIC O o o I rur
rII I grou I fr .
I of O I Ir J I.
I I O J oI I r.
I II rIC II ITI rfIoO o o fr
f I II rIo .
Ior I O ggI g I .
I r Ior I I O I r forM u I.
uIIro I J II I A O J f or gIorMJ oI! I III
M.
u r I I I C I A O fo uJ O
!uIo r I A O fo oIfO
!ufII!r O rIT!f !f II !f .
ufIIoO ou fru u III IuJ .
M I r Io I r O ou fru u I J II I I.
ufIIor m, II f I II oIIo r rITf fO
IrITI g II I u J .
I f I o I O fII Iug I u J .
ufIrO fo I fo ou frI u I rI fo If
I .
rg I O rg rg MO
I rIo m, oufIfO ouf IIO
I IC I r O IIo .
I fr I I II O I fr I IIo .
IITII I O IITIfM.
Ior I r O fr IffrO IffrO
Ior O ro I fI g f fIo O
IfIrO fo If I r fo ro I fO O
I IO f IO
I rO fo I u I or J II f O
I Iro rO fo f u u fo rgIfr IrrIg
fIo urIrO
I rO fo oTr IfJ fr O
I II I O I II g O
I II I I A O fr! J J!!fI gO
!I I Ior m, o !forO I I I II!r
!I I Ior I I! orr! O !If I !r .
I I Ior I I r orr O If CI I or
J oou .
I I rO fo I IIO oI O o fO
I I m, I rI oI f I I I II I rr u
fIo I I II I I ouI II gO oI f
I J o fIo O oI f I rI I fr
fIo O u fIo .
oI I r f I IS O r ff III oI f.
II I rI O J ITI oI f.
ro O fJ r II o fIo .
foI O uff oI f.
II Io o I oI I II oO IoTf II
oI f.
II IoO Ifr oI f.
orI I C O uff oI f.
rIf I I IS O rIf I oI f.
rrfroO ro I I frfIo .
orfo I O J orf I II.
uIrfo I IS O J IIII oI f.
J rI Io I IS O r oI f.
I If I I O Iug I II.
I oI rIC I IS O oI rIo I II.
I ru I IS O ro oI f.
I IrIT IC I I O f I oI f or I II.
I roII Io IfII I I IS O uIfII I r I
I I II.
I roII Io II IO I gI r I I I II.
I I Ig M orf I rI O orfI I
f o oI f.
I rIuIC I IS O rIuI g oI f.
I oI I O I I oI f.
I T I O u fIo .
IrJ o I IS O fr IgJ fII I II.
IoI Io I IS O u fur I II.
ru I roII I fo I r IIo I IS O
IouI ro oI f.
I TIII I O II I I frfIo .
I rgo I O Io g or II I II.
I r rf fo I I O Ifur I II.
I r gur O J o ouI II g.
rforIIo I IS O f If I II.
froISfrIoO fJ Srou fIo.
I Io Io I I CoI O IITrIo I o IrM
o rM.
I IIf Io (rn) I J oI uO Ir or oIIIIo
f.
I I rO fo I I fO g.
I I Io m I V O I II gO
I f rO fo I O urg I f
rO fo fIu I fJ uIO og Io O
I f rO fo I I frO
I f O I I fr fuoO
I I rO fo o uO fur fO
I I u m, g ufO I u I gO o u u I I
III g I fr IIIr I I f.
oI IoO fI g uI I oII II I uI .
I r oI If I fu O uII g uf.
I o I I O uJ Io g uf.
I J uI o I rIC I fI O IofJ I rfIo
I u I g.
I Tf goO roI I u I g.
I r I f r I M O Iu I g M .
I I uf Iur O I u I g g u f.
o I rIC I I rO IrI rfIor
I u I g.
I oO J I I u I g.
I I f O g u fI g f I .
I uro ruIoO r J II I u I g.
I I rI foO I MrI fJ I u I g.
I II oO I I u I g.
II IoIo I I f O uI I.
I J O Iu I u I g. .
I I rO J f I u I g.
fII Iro O Irou f III I u I g.
rforII O f If I u I g.
fuuI rO fuuI r g u fI g.
I I uf r I O fo I u .
I rJ rO fo I fJ .
I rI rO fo II uI .
I r Ior O fr IgJ fIgO rI.
I r rO fo gr IO ITI o I rr fo ur
I r fo J II fo rI fo rougJ I I fr.
I rrIII Io O grIII gO gr fI gO gr fO grII I rr
grIIIro fr u .
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----- de bscula, tilting grate.
de piso, Ioor gr fI g .
___ oscilante, shaking grate.
empastar, to paste; (M) to grass,
empatar, to splice, join,
empate m, joint, splice, seam.
ingiete, Ifr oI f.O
----- de solapa, lap joint.
de tope, uff oI f.
I r I O o fI g or rI Ir II u .
para cinta I IT O f I I IIO
empatillar IA O fo I II!O oI O
empavonado, Iu! I f!!I O
empedrado to, fo ! I T!! fO
empedrador to, I T!r .
I Ir rO fo I T IfJ fo .
empegar, to coat with pitch,
empelotarse (C), to spall.
empernar, to bolt, spike, dowel, pin; (str) to fit
up.
empilar I V O fo I IIO I II uI .
empinado, fI J IgJ .
empinarse, to slope up; to stand at a steep slope.
empino to, ro o rJ .
emprico, empirical.
empizarrar, to roof with slate.
emplantillado to (Ch), floor paving.
emplasto m, patch (tire).
emplazamiento to (PR), location, site.
emplazar (A), to set, place, locate.
empleado to, employee; office employee.
emplear, to employ.
empleo O I IoM f.
emplomado, I ourI or o fI IfJ I IO
emplomador O I I oru rO
emplomadura / , I I oru O
emplomar, fo I IO
empolvarse, fo o IufMO
empotrado, III II I .
----- por una extremidad, fixed one end.
(empotramiento to, abutment ; embedding; (p) I V
branch outlet; (V) service connection to a
.... sewer.
empotrar, to embed, to fix in a wall; (carp) to let
in; (B) to mortise,
empotre to (),.house connection to a sewer; tap
in a main.
empozarse, to form pools, become stagnant,
empresa/, undertaking, enterprise; company.
constructora, o frufIo oI M.
----- de acueducto o de agua potable, water com
pany.
----- de servicios pblicos, I uIIufIIIfM o
I M.
----- de transporte, carrier, transportation com-
pany.
- fiadora, bonding company.
-----fiscal, a government enterprise.
-----, por, by contract.
empresas municipales, municipal utilities.
empresario to, contractor; employer, uv
emprstito to, borrowed fill; a loan,
empujador to, pusher.
- de carros, car mover or pusher.
-----de tubos, pipe, pusher.
empujadora / , pusher.
emparrillado
I r
I I O uII I J oTI.
I guIoO gIIor.
I fr III O r I r I uJ r.
ITI Ior O uIIIorO uIIgr IrO Road-
builder.
empujar, to push,
empujatierra / , bulldozer.
empuje TO, thrust, push, pressure; bearing (rivet
or pin); (sh) crowding.
-----a cable (pi), cable crowd.
-----de cadena (pi), chain crowd.
- hidrosttico (pet), water drive.
-----por gas (pet), gas drive.
empuadura (/) de pistola, pistol grip,
emulsificadora / , emulsifier,
emulsificar, to emulsify,
emulsin / , emulsion.
----- de penetracin (ca), penetration or quicks
breaking emulsion.
emulsionadora/ , emulsifier,
emulsionar, to emulsify,
emulsivo, emulsive,
emulsoide rn, emulsoid.
emulsor m, emulsifier ; (hyd) (Sp) air lift,
enaguazar, to flood; to saturate,
enajenacin (f) forzosa, expropriation, condem
nation,
enchanchar, to widen,
enangostar, to narrow,
enarcar (Es), to arch. i _
enarenacin / , sanding; plastering of lime and
sand.
enarenar, to sand; to deposit sand, silt up.
enastar, to put a handle on.
encaballar, to lap.
encabar (C)(PR), to put a handle on.
encabezado TO (PR), foreman,
encabezador TO, heading tool.
-----de pernos, bolt-heading tool.
de remaches, rivet header,
encabezamiento TO, heading; title of a drawing,
n- en fro, cold-heading (bolt),
encabezar, to cap; to place on end; to frame end
to end; to head (bolts),
encabillar, to dowel, pin.
encabriar, to place rafters.
encachado m, (tun) lining; paving of a. culvert;
(C) riprap.
encachar, to line with concrete; to riprap; to
pave a stream bed or culvert,
encadenado to, (mas) bond; (A) bracing; (V)
buttress, retaining wall,
encadenar, to chain; to brace; to buttress; (mas)
to bond,
encajable, nestable,
encajar, to rabbet; to gear; to fit.
encaje m, rabbet, recess; socket; .fitting; (Col)
gear; (Sp) bell end of a pipe.
----- chaflanado (Col), bevel gear.
encajonado to, cofferdam; boxing; a narrow, con
fined by steep hillsides,
encajonar, to box, pack; to cofferdam; to con
fine; encajonarse (r), to run in a canyon,
encalado m (V), finishing coat of plaster, whit':
or skim coat,
encalar, to treat with lime; to whitewash.
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encalladero 129
enchavetar
! II I!ro TO, J o IO I uO
! II rO fo ru grou IO fr IO
! I I I O fI!rI g I ggI gO
! I rO fo I I ! I ggI gO II I gO I!!T!O or
J I g .
I r I I O fo o Iuf I fr f o IIO
II r I I O fo IIO
III I fo TO I ufo I M O gI rO I II gO
I I O Mo .
Io O I SI guffr I SI o IuIf I V
r oru o O
rO fo I II fo Ir I O
I r I I I O oTrurI O
I III r I f I I O fo I rg J II gO
I uI r I I O fo I uIO
rI rO fo I I O
rg Io O I J rg.
II fr Ifo I IT O fr If O I fru f
.
I TI I O ro I frO uI rTIor.
rrII Ir I O ru I g rogO rr IIg
ITI.
rrII Ior TO, ru I g rogO r rI I r.
rrII rO fo rr IIO I I o fJ r II.
rru I fo m I O u I u .
I uIII rO fo uJ fo rruI fo J o J or.
fIII I O fII fI I uf .
fr rO fo I fo If I I r fo ou f.
fr O grooT ou f I rf I ! r.
Irfo I O oI o ou f.
u Io I O Ig ou f.
rr Io I O IoI ou f.
rr Io I r I u f I O IoI rIIg
ou f.
o g J o I O J oou ou f.
o g J o gIr forIo I O ITIJ oou
ou f.
I uC I uf O guIgo O guIgo ou f.
I I u f I O rIIg ou f.
Io Io I O fI I I ou f.
gIr forIo I O ITI ou f.
uJ rO fo fr f IfJ rurO
u rO fo guII I fr O fo IIO
g I fo I A O I!I oIf o uI .
IIor TO, I I I II Ig Ifr OI g I rurO
Ig Ifr I r Ig IfrO Ifr.
J IIo II f I ToI O J of Ir u IIgJ fr.
I J I ToI O u Ig Ifr.
I fII o I ToI O II M Ig IfrO
IrO fo Ig If IrO fo Ig IfO f u
Ir.
IIIo TO, Ig IfIo I I I SI IrI g.
rII fO J ofuI Ig IfIo .
fIII IoO I rIg IfIo .
IoIO Iu I Ig IfIo .
I o f oO I Ig IfIo O I o f ou Ig I
fIo .
I or oI rIC O oI rIo Ig IfIo .
I or J II O I ru Ig IfIo .
I or fuo I I fO J offu Ig IfIo .
I rO fo I I I or J IrO
r Io m, f rI uII O oIIuI O
r rO fo u fI r I orf r .
rr IO I I I IO
rr IoO IoI IIO
rro.I I fo I O I frIou I gO
I I rO fo oIO fur O gr .
I I I uI O M adv oTrJ IO o foI .
I O I o TO, o u .
S I g r I CJ O fo I I g IT II J ff I
. oru .
I f Io TO, ur I I f I I gO
I f r I IS O fo f I .
I T I fo TO, III gO I Iu I g I J I rr
I I I frIou I g.
I I roI IC I O I I ro J Iou I g.
I fII o I O fI Iou I g.
I fr Io I O fr I Iou I g.
I fr o I O fIo Iou I g.
I fr Io I O rouf Iou I g.
T I II Ior I O I II fIo Iou I gO
I T rO fo IIO I Iu fo Iou O I frIou fo
IrIT I II I T rO fo Iou O
I TI rO fo Io IO I I .
or IoO oI I rI I fI oI I r rI gO
orI IoO oI I rI I fI.
o r Io TO, or I Iu u I gO J fI gO r I g
rI oru .
III fO fr TII g or.
o r Ior TO, or rI fr.
o r rO I o fo or fo I I u .
ogrO ogrO fo o fr fO J rI u.
oI Io TO I I I f O II g.
oI Ior O gIuI g J I .
oI O II g gIuI g.
oI I fo TO IA O gIu!O !! fI g f!rI I .
oI rO fo gIu fo IO
orJ f rO fo I I .
orI rO fo I J I o Io IIM fo rT O
oro rO I CJ fo oofJ uI II I CoI fo
III I f O o IIO
orT Io roO f oIIO
orT Ior I I rIIO r II IrO Iro O
orT rO fo IO urT orT rO fo I IfO
uu I.
ofIII Io m, I fJ I g I ggI g I I or fu
I.
ofr rO fo or IO
rI Io m, rI oru O Iou I gO
rIf I Io foO gI I g.
ruI I O frf I frfIo O ro I roI g.
o gIorIf O rof rM I frfIo O ro I roO
I g IfJ fr I IrIO
u Ir Io TO I fT O r I gO
u Ir rO fo I u r fo r O
u Io I I O rII gO fuI gO
uII Iro TO I I f O o u M o rIO
uII Ior TO I I f O J o ouI I I II O Ior.
rIu .
u fro foO oI f u fIo I frfIo O
uf (f If rI I V O If rM urTMO
u rO fo IgO u M.
J I Io o IIoO IIuI I fIO
J I Io I I IooO I Io fIO
J I rO fo T r fo II IfJ J f f I
IA fo I I f! I o I V fo uIII uI M
I I f!rI gO
! J I u!f IoO u!f!IO
! J r IoO I M .
J r rO fo o I MO or I ooIO
I I fo I ooIO
I J Tf rO fo u M.
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! JI r g ! g rg f r
! J I rO fo I T! IfJ oI!O
! J uJ r I I C O fo IfJ O
J u rO fo fIoI fo Sf fo J fo I Iug
I .
J u m, II I o I II II II Igof
oI f I I I Iug I ou f.
Irfo I O oI ou f.
rr Io I O IoI ou f.
I I rIfo I J O grII ou f.
I I O I I II II Igof oI f I I f
II ou f.
I I I I f O oTrJ of.
I I u f I O rIIg ou f.
I Io Ior I I f O rI I g ou f.
II r IIor I I f O rI I g ou f or oTr
J of.
uIIO u I Iug.
J r O II I o I II .
J oO I Igof I o I II I I I A I Iug.
M orIC o M I Ig I fu O II I I IgofO
J u I I IgofO
I f Io TO, I o u M M I foofJ I g
I J MI fo II a foofJ IO I f fI.
I f rO fo u MO foofJ fo J O
Ir Ior O fr IgJ f r rfI Ir.
I o O I r u I u Iro .
I II fO II o I Irr.
I I oo I I f O J oI o IIfIo r.
I ruI I ufo O J I fr IgJ f r.
Ir Ior O fr IgJ f r rfI IrO
Ir rO fo II O fr IgJ f I I fo rfI M
I I M I A fo r!fI MO
! II I! fo TO, IIu!O I!T!!O
! IIrO fo uIII IIu!O
! IoI! TO I I O J I f o IouI! I! gfJ O
! IoII I TO I g!oI O ! IoII ! o ! IoII I .
IoII o I r I I O IoIM .
Io I I I O Io M.
IoI Io TO I I I CJ O o If o Ioor or I Io
oI I g.
IoI rIfo I I O IoI r If.
IuIIo TO IA O ruJ o f o grouf or f!r
I roo I g f!rI I I IJ I g o f o I I f!rO
! IuI rO fo o f! I f!r fo !!f! I oII O
! Iur!!Ir TO, J rI! !r I II ! ! O
! Iur!!rO fo J rI! fo I Iur f! ! Iur!!r!O
fo J rI! O g!f J rI .
rfIIIoO fo J rJ rI .
IurIIoO J rI I.
I IrO IrJ rI I.
rfIIIoO J rJ rI.
uI r II I f I f O J rI I
IurII fo TO, J rI I g J rI .
I fr I f O oru J rI .
I or I or IC I Sf O fr I J rI I g.
I or I IuIC I f O I IufIo J rI I g.
I or I rII If IC I f O I rII If fIo J rI
I g.
rg O rgMO I o r.
orII O I I uf.
o fI u O Ir I o r I rI rM I o r.
I I TJ O Ir I o r I rI rM I o r.
I I or IC O fr I rgM.
I III O oufI uf
I I I J II O I I I rgM.
Ir I M O Ir I o r.
J IIruII O fr I o r.
I Tr O rTr I o r.
I r fO Ir or I rI rM I o r I rI rM
rgM.
I rI rI O Ir I o r I rI rM rgM.
I roTIorI O IuI I o r o I rM I o r.
r II fO r II f rgM.
u I rI O o I rM rgM o I rM or
urI Iu I o r.
fSrI O f g r fI I o r.
rgI rO fo rgIO
SIo I f O fJ I I o r O
I Io I r O I oru O u I roffIo
o r J I M fo rII r I O
g rO fo oTr IfJ uI g rO fo IIf
uI .
rI Ior I I oO f g IrO
rI I I J IIrI I I I V O fror
II .
rI I I ro Io IO ouI fIo I II O
S rr Iur O Iro oru I CJ rI orI g fIO
II rO fo II uI O IIg O r gO
o rO fo ouO
oI u TO, ouI g.
g o IC Io I r O g or Io I ouI g.
o Io TO I M O o f o I I frO
o rO fo I fJ or III IfJ orf rO
r rO fo r u .
r f Io M I r or Io I fu O I I IrIIIIO
r f rO fo O
rI Iro TO, ooIrO
rI IoO ooII
II uIIoO III uIIooII.
I or gu O frooII.
I or IrO IrooII.
rI Ior TO, ooIr ooI f I I f J IIIr.
I frIIoO I frooIr.
u If rIo I O u If ooIr.
rI I fo TO, I g I ooII g r rIgr fIo .
fo SrIo o T I or fIToO foI J rI or
T I or fIT ooII g.
I I or IC O I ro ooII g.
I I u fo I O I of ooII g.
I rooO I r M ooII g.
I uI r II I O ur ooII g.
I IIrfo I O I IIrf ooII g or r rIgr
fIo .
rI rO fo ooI rI rO fo ooIO ooI o .
urgo r I R), to load a box car.
engalabemar (Col), to frame timbers together,
engalgar, to chock, scotch,
enganchador TO, coupler; labor agent; (Ig) hooker,
hook tender ; (min) bottomer, onsetter.
de correa, belt stud.
enganchar, to hook, couple, engage; to employ,
to recruit labor,
enganche TO, coupling, coupler; hooking on;
hitch; recruiting (labor);
-----completamente flotante, full-floating hitch.
de gancho, snatch hitch
de garras, jaw or M.C.B. coupler.
de vuelta, anchor hitch.
giratorio, swivel hitch.*
para remolque, towing hitch; trailer hitch.
- universal, universal hitch.
I engargantar, to mesh, engage.
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! g rgoI Ior
g
! I !
! g rgoI Ior O fJ !rO grooT!rO
! g rgoI rO fo grooT! fo u! I! I !
I! oI fO
! g r rO fo J oouO ouI I!O
! g I! fo m I I !f I M O g I gO
! g f Ior I I! for IIIoO r! J !rO
! g f rO fo !!IO I !O
! g f!O !ffI gO !III gO
! g fIII rO fo I I O r I O
! g! Ir Ior m I f O g! !r for .
I gr O g r g r for.
g Ir r I f O fo g r fO
go IoO rurII guM I oII O
go rO fo gu I oII O
go rO fo J I gO
gr rO fo gr O oI.
gr I rO fo I I fo f I I.
gr Io IIrf fO IIrfg rIO
gr m, g rI g g r.
guI r o C IoO TI g r.
III IrIoO I ur g r.
Iru r I IO gIrfJ g r.
C IoJ IIoII IO I Ir I TI g r.
I u foO I r I g g r.
I T O I g r.
I I ufo O Io g r.
I Io I I TIoII I O J g or J g
I I g r.
I o fr rJ I ufo O rTr g r.
I oro O ro J I g r.
I II f Io IoO fI I I or f g
grIfoofJ g r.
I II f J IIoII I guI rO IouI
J II I g r.
I II f I ofIoO orfI g r.
I IIfrIuIC I g O fII g or IIfrIufr
g r.
I I I I I IoO J rrI go g r.
! I CI r O C T ofIo .
I gIro I gr O uII g r.
I I gIfO Ifr g r.
I I TrIC I J O fuIr g r.
I II fr O I I g r.
I ICuIoO Io g r.
I IoO IrITI g g r.
I guIfoO I uIII g r.
I rJ fr o I rfroo I ufo O r
Tr g r.
I I o orfoO I IfJ g r.
I rIuIC II IO I gIrIufIo g r
I g.
I rTr I ufo I M O rTr g r.
I ro o I for IIIo I I O or g r.
I rof IC I gr O I gI g g r.
I fr I oIIC O fr I oI g g r.
I frII I rIuIC O frII IrIufIo g r.
II I IO IIII g g r.
II r I I I I f rIoO I I f II r fI I.
IoI J IIoII IO J rrI go g r.
IIO TI g r.
I Ir IO I Ir I or J II I g r.
r IoO J I uf g r.
J IIoII IO J II I or or g r r J I.
J II oII IO J MI oII g r.
II uI Io o I IoO IrIT g r.
II uIor o oforO IrIT g rO IrITr.
I frIIo o IooO III g r.
froO fr g r.
oII IoO oIII g r.
uIfII II IorO I r I g g rO oTrg r.
I I f rIo o fSIIfO I I f rM g r.
rI for I A O IrIT! g! r .
rfoO I ur g r.
rIuforO rIuI g g r.
oIO u g r.
f II IoO uffoofJ or J I uf g r.
fr Ior I ufo O Iou I g g r.
fr IorO IrIT g r.
gr I J
I Io rI IIoO I uIu J g g r.
I rTrIC I A O J g! g! r .
fr roO u g rI g.
gr rO fo g rO g g gr rO fo J O
g g I A fo !I!O fIuO
! gr ! m, g! r !J I g I J M I A !II gO
! gr r I A O fo ur ! IfJ gr T!I or ruJ!I
fo !.
gr o r I V O fo ur IfJ gr TI.
gr I Ior O M I I I g ITI.
gr I rO fo I I O r I .
gr Ir O gr uI .
gr Ior m, gr uI gr gu oIIr.
I IfoI O gr gu .
I oI rIC O gr uI .
I gof TIIIO IgJ f I IurI for.
I I IfC O gr gu .
gr m, IurI fIo O gr I gO
gr rO fo gr O IurI fO
gr m, IurI fIo O gr I g.
I or IIIoO rI g IurI fIo .
I or gr TI I I ufo O gr TIfM IurI fIo .
I or J O Iu IurI fIo .
I or I rIC O orI IurI fIo .
gr T rO fo ur IfJ gr TIO
gr TIII rO fo ur IfJ grIf or fo r
I g.
grI rO fo fr f IfJ I M.
grIIIf rO fo ff J ou fO ITIO or J uIO
gro rO fo uI f I r gro rO fo IIO
gruIo m, If IrI g I fO
guI rr rO fo ur IfJ gr TI fo I T IfJ
oI.
J u I Io m, I M rI I ru r fI gO
J u I rO fo r fO
J u rO fo J oIIo ouf.
rI Iur O rIggI gO
rI rO fo rIg.
r m I I I O foofJ I gO
uI r I I O fo Io I I fJ gO
u g rO fo rI I C fo IuJ I M fo u J
I IIfr .
ug Ior m I I f O frII I r.
u I u m, I IgIro II fO u fIIg.
uf O I IrI I .rJ .
uf Io I I O I IrI IIII g.
uf rO fo IrM.
ufoO IrM I o I .
I r I M O fo J II .
I m, I frIou I g I I g II u g o I
I rr rooTr I rr I IIr fr u I I o
fIo . .
IoIIII rIo I fu I A O J ou! o !fIo .
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enlaces
132 ensayar
! I !I! orr! O !If I I gO
! I IrIII Io m, rIu I TI gO rIu oru rIu
I MI g.
r or IoO rI orI rIu oru .
S I IrIII Ior m, rIu I Mr rIu I TrO
I IrIII rO fo I M rIu O fo I T IfJ O rIu O
I gu rO fo IooIO I u I fO
I rO fo I M I gfo O
I rO fo oTr IfJ IIf.
I f rO fo roo IfJ fI fo I fJ fo I g fo I fO
I Ior if) I orr O If I r.
I rO fo oI O o fO I IIO
fJ rO fo grouf.
Ig rO fo oTr IfJ r I Ig rO fo
IIf uI .
IIfo Io I m fIIoO f I I fJ I gO
IIfo rO fo I fJ fo I fO ff foOI g.
IoI I fo m, IIfI g uI oTrI g IfJ uI
I J M ouII gO
IoI rO fo I I uI fo I IfJ uI Io
I rO fo o uIIMO
IoI rO fo oTr IfJ uI.
Io Io (m) J uo I V O J oIIo fII o fru
fIo .
Io Ior m, fII I Tr.
Io rO fo I T IfJ I g or fII.
Io rO fo IO gI .
IuIIo m, I I fr o f II Iu I IJ .
IuIIor m, I I frr.
IuIrO fo I I fr.
II f rO fo I uf fIr o fo rI.
Ir IC I CJ O o rII gO or.
I O fr J fIrI g.
Ir Ior m, fIr O J orr.
Ir rO fo I I u O o rIO fIrO
Ir r I CoI O fo o I rITrO IIO
g rO fo I uf J II o .
III rO fo I uffM
J r I rI I M O fo r f fo orfIO
I rO fo If I f u I fo rTI I I I O
I I if) I I I oO rTIIo o I I O
oJ rO fo rufO
o f IoO ooII I ou frM O
u rO fo ofJ O orfIO
ur IoO uIIf I fo IIO
I uII rO fo J I g.
r o rO fo uIII II IfJ ruI fo rII r I
I C fo J I u oI fO
II Io m, I CoI O fI o ooI fruO
r Io m, ffr o r J O
r rrO fo r r MO
r Ior I fIrr I Irr O I I I I O
r rO fo u ITIO gr I fo rougJ I I fr
fo rIO oofJ uI fo ur fo Iu ouf.
r m, ITII g uI O gr II gO
r III Io m, urrI g IIII g o foI o Ioor
rJ .
r Io O I fr grIII g I fr I ffII gO I I g
I J MI fr J r u O r r grIIM I V
I CoI I I o roo fII a ouI I roI I M
u I uI.
I I rO Ir ffI gO Ir J .
II r II Ior I ufo O r II for J uffr.
II I I f O I I g.
r I r I CoI O fo I M rIu IfJ oI I
. f .
r rO fo I I gr fI g or grIII I fr fo I O
I ffI.
rIII Io m, gr fI gO grIIO
rII Iur O r II I MI g r II I I I O
rII rO fo I M r II fo I uf o fJ r IIO
rII I rO fo ur IfJ gr TIO
ro I fo m, rou IIIO fo rII r I rou
f.
ooI IoO rou III J II I I.
TrfIIoO rou III IuI IO IuI III.
ToIf Io I M O rou I! IuI I.
ro rO fo III IfJ rou fo rII r I O
roIIo I ugoO rIJ of.
roII IO roIII g I J uffr O
roII Io m I I O I II gO
roII Ior m, rI I f oIISr.
roII I fo m I IS O I II g.
I II Io I A O u!I I II g .
uI rI ufo I A O u!I I II gO
! roII rO fo I IO r!!IO oIIO
! ro rO fo Iu fO IuIIO
! ro rO fo fJ r! I fo r! uI .
roI u m, fJ r II g r I g uI .
Io m, r fJ o f o I I frO
rO fo I uf I gO
I IoO IoTf IIIO uIIfuI O r IO
I Ior O oI r r rO
I Ior O II g J I O
I Iur O oI f.
oI I II oO IoTf II oI f.
II Ir I rI O J ITI oI f.
foI O uff oI f.
I M I Ig O orfI If o oI f.
I I gIfO Ifr oI f.
I I gr f O fo gu IgrooT oI f.
I I IorO I I o fI oI f.
r I O IuJ oI f.
oI I I O I I oI f.
oII I O II f.
I m, II gO oI I gO oI fO r
I g.
IIo I gIfO J I Ifr oI f.
J rI IoO r oI f.
I I gr f I ofI O I II I or Ioofo gu
oI f.
I II Ir IIO TII J ITI g.
I r Io I f IoO f II oI f.
IfITo I I O IfIT IM.
I rO fo IO r O oI O o fO
I m, oI fO IMO
J Ior O II r r rO ro J O IrI f
I o fu I Ir I fr IrI fI I I I f
I rgr.
I fr rrII I I IC I O r II oI f
I Ir.
I o Io I I f O u Irr r.
I ufIo I ufo O fIr I r Ir.
J Ior I I I oO ro I II r.
J Ior ICr IIIS I g I IJ rO
J rO fo II O I rg fo r O
J fuo m, I II I IrO
J m, II I gO f Io O I rg I f.
rII Io m I CJ O ro Iou O our o rIu o
Ig.
M Ior mO MrO ffr ffI g J I O
M rO fo MO ff.
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ensaye
133
entresecado
! M! TO, f!fO M .
I or rIfroO uI Ir M or ffO
Mo TO, ffO M.
I J oI uO II f ff.
I r oO r u ff.
I C I I O o I ff.
fI fO IM ff.
I fr IC O f II ff.
I IJ r I I r O I uIIouf ff.
I rr fr I I O IufrI fIo ff. O
I I fo I o O IuI ff.
I I O III ff.
I II I O IM ff.
I Ig f I or ro I foO r Io ff.
I IoI IoO II g ff I r .
I TII fo I f O gI g ff.
I f IIIo I o I A O IuI or o If
! M f!f .
I IIC O II g ff I .
I goII O J ou ff II f ff.
I goII oO r ffIr ff.
I II O IroI ff.
I roII I o O roIII g ff I or
oru IIIfM .
I or gof I O I of ff.
rO fo gr .
I O oTO II MO M f.
r I r O fo MO
orfI I fo m, u I u .
orfI rO orfI rO fo u I uO
f fIf I I r O f fIf.
f I rO fo I rfIfIo fo II uI
f I rO fo J fJ IfJ o rIO fo I I u O
f Ir r I rI I M O fo I IO
f IIII Io m I V O fIII g o I f roo O
f IIII rO fo ff O I fO
f Io Io m, I I u I g.
I o f IC O uIu J I.
f II I O fJ II MO J f o f fO
f II Iur O orfIO ofJ O grooTO I I I
I C I M I oI fI gO
f II rO fo ofJ O I I O orfI fo rTO u
uf I I C I M fo I oI fO
f or Io fo I V O Ioor or I Io frIO
f rI rO fo J fJ IfJ o rIO
f rI uI I fo foO II oIf o uI or IIfO
f rI uI rO fo IIf uI I rrToIr O
f rug rO fo I Iug fo I M ooI Iou O
fJ rO fo roo O
f rO fo I M roo fIIO
f II I r I I r I C O I III g I I O
f II O II TIO
fI r I A O fo oI .
fSrIo I I O frIO
frIfI I I O frIfIO
frIoO I o I IO oIIIO I fgr IO
fro O I fgrO J oI ur a J oIO I f
gr IO oI IfO
fI Io foO fIrI g rI oru O Iou I gO
fI Ior foO fIr I r uurO IoIIMO
fI Ior I ufI I r O J oIIro .
fI rO fo fIrO J orO I roI I r fo uu uI .
fIo foO J orO I roI O
fI f r I II O fo I u I .
fI r I CJ I fo I I frO
for III rO fo fJ r I.
fo r I A O fo III or ur ! IfJ fo O
! fr I O ! fr ! I J MI I f u!O I I!f I rI I
I ro J I I ! frM I o J r!!II f
I oI f o IrIII or r! !r I o !!II!I
! I o ! ! !I I rf o Iou .
I oI r IC O oI r fI g I o.
fr I ruf O gro rII fO
fr I M III O rII f I I IIfurO
fr Io TO, Ioor r I gO r oru fuI
II g rI oru I CoI grIII g.
o fI uo I f I A O o fI uou r ! .
fr f TO, rO r fO fI I foI J oIIo o
r fr f.
fr I O I f I I I g o
grooT or orrug fIo O
fr rrII m, I I V O g g.
oI Ior I O I Io g I .
fr T IoO I rfIM T fIO
frIrr TO, I frIou I rfI I IoI gO
frI f O I fu oII r O
frorfS O ru J o I g I I frIor o fIrO
frru IoO I frroIO
fruIrf TO I O f Iu O
frII f TO I I O guIIfO
frIC TO I C O IIIrO I rO I r for I II
II I I.
fr O IIf f IO J I O
fr I oO IIu I .
frg O IIITrM I CoI fJ I rf o
III I IIO
frg rO fo IIITr fo IO
frJ Irro TO I IS O I r O Ir g I .
I r o I O urg g I .
fru f rO fo I uf fogfJ rO IO If uI .
frI I Io I goI O I frIIIO
frI rO fo I frI fo I frIou fo J oou uI
I I o rO I I f O
frI rO fo I frIO
fr Io m I f O I I gO I ffII gO
frI o foO I I J I .
frI r II TO I I O IIf f ro
fIo .
frI II fr O I I g o I II frO
frI Io O I IIg I I M I A I V uI I !r
Ioor I A Ioor frufur! I I r!I or!I
o r!f! or f!!I r ! uIIII g fJ ! ! r
I g ur ! II IoO fJ ! I I!ro r!f! III
o fr I IoO I fJ ! Ioor frufur! !
fr!I Io I I I f!r!II f! g II!rM !
f!! f o I I!T!I .
I Io I I I A O I fI I o r!f! Ioor .
rTur Io I A O rI!I Ioor .
frI u f TO I O f Iu O
frrr ur TO IA O I ! !f!! grooT!O
I I.
frrrI IIoO IIu fO
frrrorI I I O I fr I gO
frrr gIo r I fT O fo I frI O
frrrII TO I I I O IIf f fr u O
frrro I fu O II I I.
o fur O J go fr II I I.
orf O J orf II I I.
I I rgo IoO Io II I I
I rg O Io g II I I.
I r f I uO f u II I I I I I I fJ r I .
fr IoO I rfIM o I.
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entresuelo
134
equipo
entresuelo m, ! I ! I I (M) I f!r!II f!
g II!rM !f!! f o I I!T!I J IIo
!! fO
entresurco foO I I g o furrows,
entretenimiento m II O I J M I f O
entrevlvula I r O I frT ITO
entreventana O uIIIo O I Ir f I Io O
entrevia I O g g I SI I C I f
fr u .
gof O rro g g.
normal, f I rI g g.
entrevigado foO I f O
entrevigar I I O fo III I f O
entroncar I O fo oI O u u fIo O
entronque foO I rr u fIo I C r or fr
o fIo fo I O
entropa/, froI M.
entubacin O I II I gO fuI gO II I g I M
I II I g I rfJ I O
entubado I de pozos, II I gO
entuhar, fo I II entubarse I M O fo I II I rfJ
I .
entuercadora I J rr O uf ru r or ffr or
fIgJ f rO
entumecerse, fo IIO
enturbiarse, fo o furIIO
envagonar I I R), to load a car.
envarillado ra, (A) grill; (A)(M) concrete rein
forcement,
envasar, to pack (for shipment),
envase ra, packing, boxing; a container,
envejecimiento to, aging (all senses).
-----por sumersin (met) , quench aging.
-----por deformacin (met), strain aging.
envergadura / (ap), span or spread of an air
plane.
enverjado m (est) (Es), latticing; web member.
enviajado m, skew.
enviar, to send, ship, forward.
envigado ra, floor framing, system of beams.
envigar, to set beams.
envo ra, shipment.
envoltorio ra (A), housing, container,
envoltura / , casing, jacket, housing; lagging.
de guitarra (auto), banjo housing.,
-----de neumtico (M), tire shoe.
envolvente ra, casing; jacket; (math) envelope.
- aislador, insulation, lagging.
-----de caldera, boiler shell; boiler lagging.
del embrague (aulo)CU), clutch housing.
del volante (auto), flywheel housing,
enyerbar, to sod, grass,
enyesado ra, plastering,
enyesador ra, plasterer,
enyesar, to plaster.
enzarzado ra, frame of stakes and header used in
river-bank protection,
enzima / (quim). enzyme,
enzimico, enzymic,
enzolvar (hid)(M), to silt up.
enzunchar, to hoop, band,
elico (geol), aeolian.
eosina/ (is), eosin.
eosinato ra (lab), eosinate, eosate.
epicentral (geol), epicentral.
epicentro ra, epicenter.
epidiorita/(geol), epidiorite.
epidoto m, epidota/ (miner), epidote.
---- calizo, lime epidote, zoisite.
-----mangansico, piedmontite, manganese epi
dote.
epipolar (fma), epipolar.
epipolo ra (fma), epipole.
poca / (geol), epoch.
-----de crecidas, flood season.
-----de lluvias, rainy season.
-----de magras (A), season of low water.
---- de sequa, dry season.
epsomita / , epsomite, native Epsom salt.
eptodo ra (ra) (Es), heptode.
equingulo, equiangular.
equiaxil, equiaxial.
equicohesivo (met), equicohesive.
equidepresin / (fma), equidepression.
equidimensional, of equal dimensions, equiaxed.
equidistancia/, spacing, pitch; equidistance.
equidistante, equidistant.
equidistribucin / (M), equal distribution. ;
equigranular, equigranular.
equiltero, equilateral.
equilibrador ra, balancer; equilibrator.
equilibrante ra, equilibrant.
equilibrar, to balance, counterbalance; to equil
ibrate.
equilibrio ra, equilibrium, balance.
-----al deslizamiento (Col), stability against slid
ing (dam).
----- de calor, heat balance.
----- de oxgeno (is), oxygen balance.
-----de sucrosa (az), sucrose balance.
----- dinmico, dynamic or running balance.
----- estable, stable equilibrium.
----- esttico, static or standing balance.
-----indiferente, neutral equilibrium.
----- inestable, unstable equilibrium.
-----plstico (ms), plastic equilibrium.
equilibristato TO (fc), equilibristat.
equimolecular, equimolecular.
equinoccio (ra) otoal, autumnal equinox,
equinoccio vernal, vernal equinox,
equipar, to equip, fit out.
equipo ra, equipment, plant, outfit, rig; kit;
gang, shift.
----- clasificador (ag), screening equipment.
-----de da, day shift.
-----de dosificacin (conc), batching plant.
-----de emergencia, wrecking gang.
-----de ingenieros, engineering party or corps.
-----de machaqueo, crusher plant.
-----de noche, night shift.
-----de ocasin (ec), used equipment.
-----de perforacin, drilling rig.
-----de reparaciones, repair gang.
----- de trabajo, construction plant.
-----de tumbadores (f), falling crew..
------de urgencia, wrecking crew.
-----dragados dredging equipment. >
-----mudador de tierra, earth-moving equipment
-----normal o de norma (auto), standard equip
ment.
-----proporcionador (conc), batcher plant.
-----rodante (fc), rolling stock, equipment.
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equipo 135 escantillar
u TI IorO o f! I g I I f I f!r .
I uII of I IO I uII of fI I.
I uIT I I O I uIT I O
I uIT I f m a, I uIT I f.
fr ugo I J uI I I O frI ug
oIfur I uIT I f.
I J uI I I I o I I C O ISII
oIfur I uIT I f.
Io II IorO J I I I uIT I f
o J f.
r O I TI or gr II r O oru I g r I
I g o rIO
rIC O rfIo .
rfor m, rforO fI oru r rfor I oI fI O
rgIo O rg.
rIgIrO fo rfO f uI O uIII.
rIfrI I I r O rMfJ rIfO o If Ioo.
rIfroI I I O rMfJ roI .
rog IC O I IIfur I I u I A I!IIT!rM .
I oufII I A O u!I o uI fIo .
roIC O roIo O
roIo IO roIo I.
roIo rO fo roIO
roIToO roITO
rrfIo I goI O rr fIO
rror m I f O rror.
I Irr I IT O rror o Iour.
rf f I f O rIIu I rror.
IffIo I f O o f f or Mf fI
rror.
rfIIo I IS I A O o!rf!I .
ruI IC O ruI fIo .
ruI fIToO ToI IO ruI fIT.
If I O rI IC I I f O I Ir r fIo.
o rO fo u fJ .
oo m, u fJ .
rooO rougJ O ruggI I grou I .
IrIf O IITr.
Iro m, IITI g uIf.
II rO fo frI rIu .
I O I IIr I I o Ir I g I
I Ir f g g I orf o II.
oIuf I fI r fur O oIuf or ITI
I.
I gu I J II O I oI f g g.
I rI uIffo I II O rJ Iff I I f
I I J .
I IO roI I IIr.
I I Io I uf O Ir f g g.
I I f I J II O f I g g.
I Iur O I o J rI .
I rg I O Ir I .
I Iu O IIgJ f o Iou .
I Iof Ior I J II O Io f g g.
I g J o I J II O J oou g g.
I g r IoO J oou I IIr.
I g fo I uf O roI or J o I IIr.
I gr Iu IC fof I I II O J I I.
I I g Iro I II O gI r I I II
I .
I IIfo O I f I IIr.
I r O fII g g.
I III O I o II.
I of oO of I.
I I o I I oIIIo I J II O IJ I IIrO IJ
M.
IS I Io I I J II O I Iuo g g.
I uIIoO g I.
IuTIoSfrI o J IIrofrI O fr or
f g g.
r Io rI I II O r fIo I IO rI r
f fIT r fIo .
gr I I II O gr I J I I.
I I fI o o Ifo I I O I I fI u o If I.
r I I O ooI fIo I IIr.
rgIfr Ior II r I I I J II O rorII g II
r fI I g g.
Io r I J II O IJ MO Io I IIr.
I fr I orf Ior O I rofr for IO
I Ior m IA O ! I forO
! I Ior!O II!r .
I C m, I o g rgIfr o I IoMO
I rO v I I g fo I o I rO
I o I f O I O
Ir O f IrO f Ir MO I IIr.
I r oI o I J uIIIoO I Ir I f Ir M.
I urI O roI I IIr.
I I o I IT foO Ir I .
I I uI rIoO I IIr II I J f or
J oI.
I g J oO J oou I IIr.
I II M TuIf o I II TuIf O J I fur
f Ir.
I I rguro orrIIoO f Io I IIr.
I oO I IIrO fI I IIr.
I I I g MoO I oI IfJ I g fI .
I I I J II O IJ M.
I I orf IC I O ooI fIo I IIr.
I fIr O fI I IIr frfI I IIr.
I o CTIIO I for.
r I f I A O r I IfJ I! fO J Iu! I I
I!rO r II g o rI .
roI f I A O ! I for .
I I I C O I for.
ToI II O J gI g f IrO
IrIII O r u I or I I Io r fI .
I r I I IC O I r u .
IrIf m IA O f IruIII!r .
Iro m I I O J o r I fJ fr g gO
Ifro m, ICgr o I II I A O frI gu
I r I! .
II f O II f Ir M oufII f Ir MO
II I CJ O J oI fI O
IC m, fI O ru gO f Ir fr I gr II I
J I II If r I I foI .
I o I I O u IrJ I foI .
I rr O J oI fI .
I IIo I I O oTrJ I foI .
I I uI IC I goI I A O ! rI ! f I ro
Iu!I M !roIo .
I r fur I goI I A O uIf rI .
Io IoO fI I I gr II I gr TI .
Io I fo m, fI I I ofJ I g I g
rou I IIrO
Io rO fo or I fI I urT fo o fO
O oIIr IO I o rufO I uO
Io O I ruf fIo O IO
r I O fo or IO I o .
ooO IMO I u M I goI I I fM.
I II rO fo f u ou II gO
I IIo m, ou II g I IO
fIII rO fo g gO fo ur fo I M ouf.
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escantilln
136
escollera
! fIII m, fr IgJ f!Ig!O r!!IO frIuI!O
r!!I o rI ruI!O g g! f!I I f! I!T!I
o rI I rr g g! r .
I IrI gJ O IrI gJ Ir g g.
I IIO Ifr roI
I r I u f I J O fr g g.
I r ro O r I IfJ g g.
TIr forIo I I T O TIr forM rI.
I TO, I u J uf oufIf I f
I rr I M III g I I u III .
I o Io I CoI O IuI M I I .
I I IIo I M O Ir I .
I rIII I r I A O grII I! u .
I oIIf I I r O I oJ fO rIf.
r o O fI I IM Ir J oI.
I orf I I O ru fI.
I I oIrIIC I I O I o IrI of fI
r uo TO, r IO
r Ior O I IuggI g J II.
I u f O rIu I Mr oI fr.
r r u f I I I O fo r u oI fO
rI Io O r I gO ro J I g.
I I fO rougJ r I g.
I uI r IIO ur ro J I g.
rfIo I A O rougJ r! I g .
rI Ior m, r r.
IorO I IJ I g r r.
I Io o rrug IoO IufI r r.
J u Io o C IoO f I r r r.
uf IO I Io r r.
fr IorO fr r r.
III IrIoO fr IgJ f r r.
oro I A O J!II r! !r .
J foO I f r r.
I orf fO ro r r.
I I I Ir I o I fr I Ir IO I Ir I
IufI r r. . . . . . . . .
I I uO I uJ ro J .
I I Ig III IrI O fr IgJ fJ u r r.
I I Ig C I O f I rJ u r r.
I fr rf O fr IgJ f IufI r r.
I o Io I I f O u Ir r.
TTIO IooO rIIg r r.
I IrIIO J uu I g r r.
I I rI I I oo I I f O II r I r.
I frI I ufO r fJ f r r.
I r Ior o I uIf rr o I r O
urrI g r r.
Io IoO fI I I or rougJ I g r r.
S rIoO II r r.
frufur IO rIIg r r.
J uoO J II r r.
I r IIoO fr IgJ f or uIIoffoI g r rO
rI Ior O ro J I g J I O r rO
rI rO fo r O ro J .
rI I Ior m, J rro O rI IrO rII I rO roofr
I II fO foofJ J rro .
I IIoO IIu J rro .
rI I rO fo rI MO J rro .
rI . O ffr rI f I M II Iu .
I r fur I goI I A O uIf rI .
rI IoO fI ffrIO
rI rO fo rI O IoI .
rI m, rI O rI f I M . ffr I J MI
I ro I A r O
! rI !Io O r I .
rI I O I Iu I urT I I I SI f I I.
o IIo I I IO J III oI fI I Iu .
orf I O uf I Iu .
I IIo I r IIoO rTrI oI f I Iu .
I Ir O fI I IugO ooI I Iu .
I TI O fr u I Iu.
rI I Ior m I O I Iu r.
rI I rO fo I Iu O
r oO g f I I rJ O
r I I O fo TIO
foI fo I I O u foI.
MoI O gIIoI I CoI J If o f o I I fr.
IrCgr o m I I f O Irogr I J .
IroSfrIoO IrofrI.
IrCfro m, Irofr.
IrooI Io m, IrooI .
Iu O IuI Ir Iou TIg fIo Iou .
o fr I r O fII Iou .
I u oO TIg fIo Iou .
I ITI IC O IITrIo IuI.
I rg I O rg M Iou .
I I I f O I Iou .
I III O f II Iou .
T I f O T Iou .
ufI O Ir Iou .
I r r I I r O Iog IuI.
I r oro I f O frI I Iou .
Iu J oI If IO J oI If I or II I Iou O
Iu I O Iou uIO ToIu o fr I Iou O
Iu foO Iou g IuII gO
Iu rO fo Iou I TI fo IuIO
Iuro m, Iou f IrO
o O roo.
I r O ro I roo.
I rr frO Ir g roo.
I uJ oO I ug.
I I I T O roo.
I O I rO I o r roo.
oS TO I O J J oI.
oIII O ruJ I I ruJ .
I I rO Ir ruJ .
I I r I IS O Ir ouf for ruJ .
I rC I IS O ro ruJ .
I I ru I IS O I IIof ruJ .
I fI fII I IS O Irg u ruJ .
II ruf Ior I I O Iu ruJ or I r.
gr IfI I IS O gr I J If ruJ .
III I II O II rI or I r.
III I fuo I I O Iu ruJ or I r.
oIIIC TO, oIIr Iu I r I uJ roo
I I f O
oI O J II O IufO III gO
oI O fo uffr J rO
oI rO fo uf fo .
o I O r I O r I uf II I C f rI II.
f rI O f rI II.
orf I rI I I f O II r I .
I J rr IorO rrIr r I .
I I I Iur II IO Io fuf II.
IuIO oofJ r I .
orT I O rI Ir.
I r Ir O ooI r I .
o I rO fo r I O II.
oIIr O rou III rII r I r u fr.
ooI I o oO rou III I I I M
J I.
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escollera
137
escdete
rro I o T!rfII o gr !I o I I!Ir I !r
III O rou III IuI !IO
!oII!r Io foO rou IIIO rII r I O
!oIIo foO r!! I M r! u f!rO
!or I! fo m I V O IIrf oTI gO
!or rO fo uuO r!oT! I oII fo I! uI
ruIJ.
orr O IuI O I oII u I oIIO uu O
oro (TO) gI I I I A O gI I I IrI fO
!oroO I oIIO uuO ruIJ O I!rIO IIrf
I u rrM f! I I I! I rIT!r IrI fO
!o ! TO II O r fO
oI I Iur O J II uf.
oI I Ior O orfII g or g I I g J I .
I ro J u O J oIIo J II orfIr.
oI I Iur O ofJ O orfI J III g.
o II I g O I gougI gO
oI I rO fo orfIO ofJ O I I fo J IIO
oI Io O J IIO ou f or r I g or orfII g
J II.
J o I for oO IIu J II.
guI rO or r J II.
II IoO TI J II.
I f Ior I foI O M r I g J II.
o r oO f g J II.
I rO I IJ I g J II.
I Iorf rO ru I uI.
I If O I f J II.
I I Ig J u O ou f J II.
I oO I ou f or I rI g J II.
I for oO fur I g J II.
I TIIrIroO gI Ir J II.
Igr I IorO orf r J II.
I r I gr O uff J II.
I r or IorO J II If.
r ur IorO oI J II.
I r IorO I rfI g J II.
oI IoI u C O Irr J IIO
or m I I O J orI g.
or rO I II fo J or I fI fo r J fJ Io I oI f.
or I I O J or.
orI O I gO II u r I A I C I Ir.
I foO f II ur.
I r gu O TII IroO J r I g.
I u IIIC O I g.
I J uII O II ur.
II fo O I r I ooI.
orI I Ifo J or oO I f ur I gO
orI I TO, I g IuI II oIf o ToI I J
I T I.
orI rO orI rO fo I gO II urO
orI I Ior foO orI Ir.
orI I rO fo rIu fo I gO II urO orI MO
orrIro m I I O Ir I g IIfJ O
orrIor m I I O Ir I g IIfJ IuI g fO
orr fI O I J MI I R) (Pe) runoff,
escota/, stone hammer; miners pick,
escotadura/, notch, recess; opening, trap door.
---- de aforo (hid), gage notch.
escotar, to notch, cut out.
escote TO, notch.
-----de descarga, (M) measuring weir.
escotera / (nul), chock.
- con rodillo, roller chock.
-----de espiar, warping chock.
de remolcar, towing chock.
escotilla / , shaft (elevator); hatchway, trap door.
---- de bodega (cn), cargo hatch.
de calderas, boiler hatch, fiddley.
de camarote, companion hatchway, booby
hatch.
de mquinas,' engine hatch.
de muestrear (dac), sampling hatch.
escotilln TO, trap door, hatchway.
de cargar, loading trap.
escotillones de acera, sidewalk doors,
escrepa/ (ot)(M), scraper.
de arrastre, drag scraper.
-- de empuje, bulldozer.
de empuje en ngulo, angledozer.
de ruedas, wheeled scraper.
fresno, fresno scraper.
-----hidrulica, hydraulically operated scraper.
escritorio m, desk; (A) (Ec) office,
escritura/, contract; deed; policy; legal instru
ment.
-----de constitucin, corporation charter.
-----de fundacin, incorporation papers, certifi
cate of organization.
-----de propiedad, title deed.
----- de seguro, insurance policy.
----- de venta, bill of sale ; (C) deed.
-----matriz, notarys original document.
-----pblica, contract registered with the official
notary.
-----social, incorporation papers; partnership
agreement. : '
escrpulo TO, pennyweight,
escuadra / , square; angle iron; (dwg) triangle;
knee, corner brace, gusset plate; (sb)
bracket, beam knee; (Ch) gang (men).
-----, a, square, at right angles.
-----abordonada o con nervio (est), bulb angle.
---- de agrimensor (Es)(A), goniometer.
-----de ajustar (carp), framing square.
-----de dimetros (carp), center square.
-----de ensambladura o de unin (est), gusset
plate.
-----de espaldn (carp), try square.
------ de espejos (lev), angle mirror.
-----de inglete (carp), miter square.
-----de reflexin (Es), reflecting goniometer.
-----en T (dib), T square.
-----falsa (carp), bevel square.
-----, fuera de, out of square.
-----para cabrios (carp), rafter square.
-----prisma (lev), angle prism.
-----rebordeada (est)(A), bulb angle.
-----universal de dibujo (Es), drafting machine.
escuadra-transportador (dib) (A), bevel protrac
tor.
escuadras del cordn, (gi) flange angles,
escuadras de ensamblaje (est), connection
angles,
escuadrar, to square,
escuadreo TO, squaring; sectional area,
escuadra / , a section; sectional area,
escuchador (m) de prueba (ra), monitors
escudete m, (tun) shield; (str)(Sp) gusset plate;
(hw) escutcheon plate; (elec) canopy;
(elec) wall plate, faceplate.
-----de borrar (dib), erasing; shield.
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escudete
138
esmerilador
I! !rr Iur O roo I Iou .
I I IC O I Io J III I oIf . O
I I uI Ior I I O I uJ uffo I I f.
I rI fuIo I I O rI f I I I fO
uIIII O ro I Iou .
uIo O J III ufJ o I I f I I oI M.
I I r or IC O fu I J III.
J IorO I Io J III I oIf .
uIrI I fo TO I fT O I gO
urr f TO, Iu f.
urrIIr I M O fr ru I g o ro IrrI
g fI I I.
urrIIro TO, Ir I J oIO oufIf fJ rI g
IrII I u .
urrII fo O I J MI ru o I M I II I g I rfJ
I I I rI g.
rfIo I J II O rIfI I Io
I Io I Irr O I I I MIII.
I IfIoO I I fI Io O I o rI O fI
MIII.
I IuTIo frIo I CoI O ru o .
oIIIoO IIf ru o .
urrIrO fo ru o O Ir I fo I uO
I O I SI g oII .
I I frCIo I I O g oII uro .
I fr fI O oII o furI fI .
I r IO I SI I r I oII I r I I IrIf
I IO fI I.
IrIf I I r O I J IrIfO I I I.
o TO, I I r O I J O fIf If.
r O I J r II I o g g.
rIII I O I J rIIfM.
S rIoO I J rI I.
roII IO roS IrIoO I J roII I.
roII TO, I J roII.
roIII r I f O fo I J roIII.
rCfro TO, I J rofr.
or r I ! O. fo fr.
uro TO, fr orf.
IIIIOO or IIo I fr.
oI ufoO o I I ou I fr.
orf f I I fr IC O I u J I g J r.
orf f IoIO IouI J r.
orf f II IO I gI J r.
I IJ IC I r O o I fr.
I I I f I foO ruJ I g fr.
I I oMoO rI g fr I .
I III II foO J rI g fr.
I oI rIC O oI rIT fr.
I o fr IC I o O J rI u g fr.
I orf I rI frIoO I rIfr J r.
I IoI Iur I O II g fr.
I I uO rI g fr o rITf or I I .
I f IC O f Io I fr.
I IIC I f O II g fr.
II J I Io I I I O IrITI g fr.
I II fo I roI I I O roIII g II f
fr.
I IIf I O ou I rM fr.
I II uI IC O J III g fr.
I o f OI I f O rfIo fr.
I I ru I roo fr.
I rof IC O forIo I fr.
I ruI fur O r u I g frO uIfI f or ruI
fur fr gfJ .
I gurII IO fr.
I f IC O f II fr.
I fr oO oru I g fr.
I fr IC O fr fIT orf f Io I fr.
I fr IC II go IO II go I f Io .
I fro J Iur I I O J rI g fr.
I u J oO J ooI or f g fI I fr.
IIISfrIoO IfrI or IIIfrI fr.
IfroffIoO Ifrof fI I rur or fr.
I Ir O Ir fr.
I IoO u If fr.
Ior I f O II g fr.
IIf I fr oO IIo I oru I g fr.
II IroO ou I rM fr.
I rI II IO I rI II I fr I A II go I f!
Io.
r fO I SI Io gIfuII I J r I M J r.
rf fO rIIu I fr....
f g I IO f g fI I or J rI g fr
J ooI fr.
fr forO f II fr fr fIT orf.
u If rIoO u If fr.
gu I I r O orI IO
J r rII r I f O fo J r rII.
I C TO, II u.
o IIf o I fr T oO fuI II u .
I oI I I fo I r O II u ouI II g.
I ufO J u fI g II u.
I rr fr I ufo I M Ir g II u.
I oI ofur O II g I r rI Ir II u.
I rf IC O gr II uO III gr .
I gurII I I fur O r u I g II u.
I oI I O I I II u.
uII I IS O u II u .
gIr forIoO ITI.
I frruI for I IS O IIo fI g II u .
I ITof fO I g II u.
rI r IorO o fI g or J I rI Ir II u.
I o I fo O II u gO
II g O II g.
I rII I Io I rfO f oIg rIII II g.
I rII IoIO IouI rIII II g.
I I IfII IO uIfII II rf II g.
I I O J I II g.
I IoI uI IC O u f J IfJ .
I Igu I IC O I u III g II g.
fr guI Ior O J ou r II g or J IfJ O J or
J IfJ .
I I O IIroI II g.
II g TO, II gI g J rg I J II rgo O
II g rO fo II g.
Ior I uf O I gfJ .
I I I I IC O I I I fIo I gfJ .
I Iof IC O frII I gfJ .
fr I rI IIuI rO I gfJ ..f I r
I IIuI r.
fof IO oTr II I gfJ .
If rO fo IO
If OO I.
I IfoO IIII I J IfO I J If I.
IfI O IfIf I I r O IfIf.
rII O rM.
rII Io O grI II g.
I Ir o I I u f O frI grI II g.
J IoO f grI II g.
rII Ior O rM J IO grI Ir.
I TITuI O T IT grI Ir.
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139
espiga
!!rII Ior O grI I!r J o I g J I ! .
I oO J grI Ir.
I I IO I If I grI Ir.
I ro O fJ r I grI Ir.
I TIoII I gr Iu IO Iuf II I
grI Ir.
I r ro O If grI Ir.
I r IrII I for oO J uu I g grI Ir.
I froO frI grI Ir.
rII m, grI II g.
rII rO fo grI I fo I oIIJ IfIrM.
Ifo If O IfJ o IfO I I r.
I I Io TO, I I gO I r I IfJ .
I I Ior O I r forO I rO I u I g Iou .
II I I I f O I r.
I rr I r O r I r.
II I I uO I u I g I r.
I I IO I fI I.
I I I fo TO, I I g f fO I O
I I rO fo I I J fo I IO
I Io TO, I .
IIrO I r .
IIr I I I I A O III r!II! I fIf IrIII .
urfo I r .
oIToO I r I MII Ir .
ouro fCIIo I I O fJ oI or Croou
I ru I O
I IIII O I o I A I I! f I !rO
!I I TO I I I O IfJ I IO
I II O u .
o I II O u fo u O
I IIC TO, J ouIIrO J IO
I oIf O Ioor oIf.
I r TI m, I I frr J u O orf ro rI
I I frr Io fO
I rIIor TO, I r IrO I IJ r.
orrIIo I I O fr TII g IIfrIufr.
I IfoO I J If I r Ir.
I o I O J II I r Ir.
I J orIgC O o rf I r Ir.
gIr forIoO rof rM IIfrIufr.
I rIIor O I r IrO I IJ r.
Ior O I r Ir I IJ r.
I oI O gIuI r II g J I .
I rII fo (TO) I I I r I A O I
I r! I .
I rIrO fo I r IO IIfrIuf.
I rr go TO, I I O I g I fuI I C f M oIf
IA fuI oIfO
!I rr r I A O fo I r! IO
!I fIoO I fJ IO I rrMO
!I fo TO I I !r O I r .
I fI oO I fI I rO oru Iu.
uIO Iu I rO I uIIf.
ru oO ro I r I IoIoIf or g IIf .
Iro o IIoO IIfO II rO I r
ou I r.
I J IrroO IIrIfO I rrM Iro .
I II II O II I I r I IIf .
I g oO g I r I rJ oIo If
or rJ oIoJ roIf .
rr roO IIrIfO I rrM Iro O J IMIf.
IorO Iuor I rO IuorIf.
IufrooO fI I rI IIf or gMI u .
I rIoO ro I r IoIoIfO g If.
I IoO J TM I rO rIf.
rooII IO rJ o I rO IoIoIf.
I fuI O o Io f fro I I uffM u I O
I fuI oIIr I oo I ufo I M fIr
Iro .
I I III I (J) I r T I orO f I I IfIO
I I I IC O I I I fIo .
oIIo o or IO f I rI I I I fIo .
I I I rO fo I I MO
I IoO I I IO
I SI O I I O
I fr IO I fr IO
I fro O I fru.
I O I I fru.
I ru I I orf Ior I IS O rrIr
I fru.
II IO II I fru.
fro ofoISfrIoO I froI J ofoIfrI.
I fro ofoSfrIoO I froI J ofofrI.
I fro ofCfro foO I froI J ofofrO
I frCgr o O I frogr I J O
I frofr O I frofrMO
I frCfro foO I frofrO
I froIrooI Io foO I froIrooI O
I frorr IIoSfrIoO I fror IIofrI.
I frorr IIofro fo I II O I fror IIofr.
I frooI I O I frooI MO
I froCI IoO I frooI IO
I frooI Io m, I frooI .
o orofIoO o oJ ro for.
I uI rO I uI r I Iro .
I o O Irror I f Ir rIr I C f o
III T IT.
I gu O fr ur .
I II o I rIIC I goI O IIu II.
I J orIo f I I f O J orIo gI .
I I oI I O ufJ o .
rfroCI Io o rfroTIor I ufo O r rTIIo
Irror.
I uIo O I CJ I gr TIO grIf I R) a hard
wood; (miner) selenite, (Ch) calcite.
espeque m, lever, handspike,
espera / (carp), dap, notch, rabbet, mortise,
gain.
espesador m (is), thickener.
-----de batea, tray thickener.
de cieno (dac), sludge thickener.
espesar, to thicken.
espesartita/(geol), spessartite.
espeso, thick, heavy, dense.
espesor TO, thickness, gage (sheet), depth (slab).
-----de arco (en), circular thickness.
-----de cuerda (en), chordal thickness.
espesura/, density; thickness,
espetn TO, poker; iron pin.
espa/, warping cable; (mech) telltale,
espiar (nut), to warp,
espiche TO, peg, dowel,
espidmetro TO (M), speedometer,
espiga / , pin, peg, needle, dowel, (sb) setbolt;
tenon; (t) shank, fang; (p) spigot; (re)
sshank.
------ ahusada (herr), taper shank.
------ cilindrica (herr), straight shank.
-----con oreja, lugged shank.
-----cuadrada cnica, square taper shank.
-----de aislador (elc), insulator pin.
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espiga
140
estacin
-----de balsar, raft dog.
de la bisagra I f O hinge pin.
d la excntrica I T O !! frI I I .
de reborde I rr O Iug J u.
I I TITuI I I I C T IT f.
frI I O IufI J u I IrIII .
gu O guII f.
para trinquete, r fJ f J u .
I r O fr IgJ f J u I IrIII .
roscada, Io I r.
___ y campana o M enchufe I fu O I I I Igof.
espigadora O f o r I I T Io IffI g
J I .
doble, IouI I f o r.
simple, I gI I f o r.
espigar, fo Io IO I I fo f o fo J u O
espign m, ffMO I g I O I Ir I O I ur IIu
I IrO Iou O
espigueta O I fI g IIO
espiguilla/, J rrI go I o I O
espilita I goI O I IIIf.
espina f, r fJ or I II fr.
de arenque o de pescado, J rrI go I g r .
espinazo r O I CoI ro o rrI rJ .
de pescado, J rrI go .
espinela I I r O I I I.
espinillo r O Arg! fI ! J rIooI .
espintermetro m I IS O urI g I ru g I .
espiocha O ffou O I Iu .
espira O fur O IooI I Ir I.
cerrada I O Iou I oIIO
espiractor r I I O SI Ir for I fr I ru O
espiral a, I Ir I I I r gMroII I.
de diez cuerdas I O f J orI fr IfIo
urT.
de transicin I I O fr IfIo urT.
espirilos r I I O I IrIII .
espritu I r de petrleo, I r I or J If I IrIfO
espita/; ou O uf I ouf.
de prueba I I O frM ou .
de I urg O Ir I ou .
espoleta/, I I I I u I ufo I TJ J ooI.
de tiempo, fI u.
elctrica I T oI I M O I IoIr.
fulminante I M O I fI g I .
espoln r O uf fr I g I O ffMO I Ir I O
groI oI f rII gO Ir I foI I urO
espolvorizar, fo I r M IfJ I o IrO
esponja/, I o gO
esponjamiento r O III gO
esponjarse, fo IIO
esponjoso^ I o gMO
esporas/I I O I or.
esporifero, o f I I g I orO I or orI gO
esporulacin I I O I oruI fIo .
esporulario, I oruI r.
espuela/, I ur I rr III g I C III g Iro
I f I oI fO foofJ . ...
espuma/, u o O rofJ .
apagadora, Ir o .
espumadera O u Ir I r M oI I Ioo
u ou O
espumadora O o g r forO
espumante r I I O rofJ r.
espumar, fo o fo rofJ I o fo I rIO
espurio I r O I urIou.
I uIfo O r f I u or I o o r
ggrg f I fr r u Ifo O
I u r O u fJ O I I O II gr J O I I .
IrIo I IS O IrI g II gr .
I I rg O Io I II gr .
I ufIoO II gr fIO J fI.
I uI I O T uIfO groI I rJ .
I uI r O u I rrI rJ I M II O uII .
I uII r I J I A O fo J! r .
I uIIo I A O J! rI g .
I uI O or r.
I uI I O u r or r I ofO
I uI r O or r I of or I I u r O
gufO
I uIroI r O frIu r u rO
I uIfo O J IO I fO J If.
IuI ooO Iu J I or J If.
rIIIooO I M I fO uIII .
IorIfIoO J IorIf J If.
I rroO uIfo .
IoO I J If.
I froI roO oII J I.
f IooO f I J If.
I uIfoIIoO J IfoII.
I uIfoII I O J IfoIfM.
I uIfooO I fMO J IMO J IfIO J IfoO
I uIfoo I I O J IfooO
I uIfooI I I I O J IfooI IO
I uIoIfo I I O J IoMf.
f IIII I O f IIIfM.
I III I fo o I r I I foO f II
IfM g I f IIII g I I .
I gIro o I TuIoO f IIIfM g I f oTrfur
I g I I .
I ToIu I f O o f M o ToIu.
f III IC I I uIoO oII f III fIo O
f III Ior r O f I I Ior O f IIIr.
I ro I oI O r f IIIr.
f III rO fo f IIIO
f I a, f I.
f III fo O I A I ! I CJ I I fO I f II
fIo .
I gu orrI f I A O f!roru .
I II ur IC I A O I urI I fIo I I f .
II I urfoO f IIJ f o fJ I orf. .
IIrrgIo I A O f!!I III .
f Io r O f I.
f O f u O I II g I IIO J f I II.
I r O I of.
I IIIT I M O IoI f u .
I r fO gr I f u.
IIrfrIO guII I II.
I II Ior I IT O If f u
IIIf Ior I f IuIO IoI f u.
ToI I I f O I IIO I
f I T I f O I oII g o rIO I IIII gO
f I O J fI gO J f I III g ..
Iof fO Iog oo.
f rO fo f u ouf.
f IC O f fIo O I I f o urTM f fIo .
r I I A O f!rI I f fIo .
ro r O o II g f fIo .
fr I I IS O fr I. f fIo O g r fI g
I I fO I o rJ ou.
I oro I J II O g gI g f fIo .
I ooO I uI I g I I f.
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141
estao
I! rg O r!IgJ f f fIo .
I ur O I o r I I fO I o rJ ou.
I J I uo I I O ruJ I g I I f.
I r IIo IIIO III ro I f f
fIo .
I O IrM o .
I rTIIoO rTI f fIo .
I fo I I O r or I our f fIo .
I fr orIo I O fr r f fIo .
I fr or IC I Ir IIr I I O ouf
Ioor uf fIo .
II fro Ifo I IT O fr If I oI f.
I TI roO I gr f fIo .
II ur Ior O I urI I fIo I I f.
II uor O ro I fI g f fIo .
rroTI rI O r IIro I f fIo .
IIfr Ior O IIfr I I f.
IuTIoSfrI o J IIroSfrI I J II O g gI g
f fIo .
g r frIO fr I f fIo O I o rJ ou.
gr TIfrI I go O gr TIfM f fIo .
IIuTIo o I IuTI IO r I M o .
T IO T I f fIo .
I IuTIo frI O r I g gI g f fIo .
r IIo roO r IIo r g f fIo .
roIf r I I f O g fJ rI g f fIo .
fr Ior I r O II g f fIo .
f Io I fo O I ufo I I I ru I g I o
IA urI g I Ir I M I A ! o I g .
f Io rO I ufo fo I ru I A fo !rfJ I J II
I A I M fo ! o I Iu!r I urT I SI fo
f uI .
f Io rIoO f fIo rMO
f C m, I rg f u I II I M I oIO
f J O J rO fo II .
f I I O ur o I gfJ ouf g .g
I u r ur ouf !!. I I M ITI
roI.
I orrIr O ITI roI.
roII IO III ITI roI.
f IISfrIoO f II roI.
f I Iro r I M O roI I ITI O
f II O f II .
f I O Iurr g f M I uf I M I MO
f IIgr o I I f O f II gr I J .
f IISfrIoO a f II O f II frI.
f IIo m, f IIu urIo gO
f IICfro O f IIofr.
f IfI O f fIfI.
f Io m, f fO o IIfIo I r f g f f fO
rI orf f f f I !SO MO f. I
T r .
I u f O f f f o ou f.
I I goO fI f or I M f I o fr f .
f IIooo I I O f I J MIooIO
f I m I C O f MO
f r I f O fo rII .
f O I fr rII I g I C A I I!!oruO f u
oru.
f r I AC O fo Io oru M fJ f u or I I
Mf.
f ro m IAC O f u orurO I I oru rO
f I gCfro m I I O f I gofr.
f II IIII I O I IoIIIIfM.
f II IO I IoIIO
f II Ior O I fI g J I .
I I uO I uJ Io J I .
I TuIf O f IffMI J I ..
f Iur O I ufo Io ouf I I I fO J of.
I ro I I O rou urf.
f II rO fo I IoIO urf.
f or m I O fr I of.
f I O I r IoIIM I g rITf f f I .
I oII rO oII r g.
I rIorO offo g.
uI rIorO foI g.
f I I I f rO I g IIO
f I Io I ro u IoO II Ir I gO
f I Ior O f I I g J I O
f I rO fo f I fo g.
II fO fo IIof g.
f IoO f g f I IO
f I fo O I I g u I g uI I
fr frI roo I gO
f rO fo I fo u frfIgJ f f
rO fo u uI I fr O fo f g fO
f oO frfIgJ fO IrfIgJ fO fJ SrfIgJ f.
I IfO oIIfIgJ f.
I gu O frfIgJ fO frI roo .
I IrO IrfIgJ f.
I g O g fIgJ f.
I gofoO IrII fIgJ f.
I J uI IO oIfurfIgJ f.
II O I fIgJ f.
I I oIToO IuffIgJ f.
I T I orO f fIgJ fO T I orfIgJ f.
f I r I V I M O f I rI.
f I rII IC I M I A I V O f I rII fIo .
f fo m I I uI O f f.
f Io I I uI O f I.
f If I I r O f IfO fI I MrIf.
f Ifo m I I uI O f If.
f oo I I uI O f ou.
f uro m I I uI O f II.
f I u m, rrToIrO I .
I IorO for g rrToIr.
orfIgu IorO fIIII g or uJ Io I ooI.
I uuI IC I A O for g! r!!rToIr .
I I rI I IC o I II oIIC O ffII g
f u or I .
I IIfrIuIC O IIfrIufI g rrToIr.
I rI I foO ooII g I o I.
I IIITI IC O I J I g f u .
I roI I O I r M I o I.
I f IorO ffII g I .
I IorO II g f u .
I r oI I I O f III g I o I.
rguI IorO rguI fI g rrToIr.
SI fIoO I fI f u.
f I uI I O frfIgJ f O
f I uro m, rrToIr ff I fO
f f I m I ! O uffrO I II frO
f f m, I ofO uI rIgJ f uu .
I I rof I I O fffu r u .
I r r I V O I of.
f fr O J ITI gO r u
f IoO fI I I fIO
f IorO f ro O fI orur.
f Iur O fI oru .
f rO fo fI fo fI I I f fo oIIr fo I J O
f roO o f I I g fI .
f o m, fI .
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!f o

!foI
I! rr!o o I! I I !r I I !r O fr! fI
I If!rIf! .
I Io IoO f I I I f .
II gofO I Ig fI .
o or IoO I J oI J or fI .
Ioo I I r O IfrIfO ooI fI .
I IrIfoo I I r O f IfO fI I MrIf.
TIIrIoo I I r O fI fo O IfrIf.
f Ioo I I uI O f ouO
f I u rO fo f u ouf.
f I uo TO, f u I g ouf.
f I uro TO I IT O .
f I uIII O I gO I I O Io I f u .
I II Ior I IS O I uI for I I .
I ITIO gr I f u .
f I uIII rO fo f u ouf.
f rIIo TO, f IIO
f rIrO fo f IIO
ffI O f fI I r I M I C f fI.
gr I O gr I J I I f fI.
ffI f I IfrI IoO f fI IIM I Ifr
I fO
ffIoO f fIO
ffIo I r I A O f fI .
f fI r I CJ O fo o Trf fo goTr f o r
J II or oI r fIo O
f for TO I IS I fur O f forO
f fCoI oO f fooI Io TO I V O f fooI .
rgIfr IorO rorII g f fooI .
f uroIIf I I r O f uroIIfO rofo O
f M TO, f M f M oIfO
f TO, f.
f fIf I I r O f fIfO o I fo O
f If I fI J IfO rIffI IITr or.
fI I C O f MO
fIIf I f O fIIIfO.
f r I O uffou .
fI I TO, fIr f I I or fu I
frufO fuIIO fI I.
I I O I g fuII.
V I TrfIIoO III u fuII.
f oIo I r O f oI.
f Cgr oO f Cgr O f ogr I J r.
fo I M O frufO J or.
fI O fI I O fr f o rII I I.
fr O f I J I ro I C I f.o TMor.
I frrI I I O I II g f.
I r uro I o O J rI or f.
I f IIII I C O I f o TMor.
I r ToI Iur O I fI g f.
fr O r IrO frI III r fr IO
frC O Sfro I r IT I fr I ru O
fS ro m I I O fr a frooI IO froO
fro ufCgr o m I O fro ufogr I J .
fro rfCgr o fo I O fro rfogr I J .
frooI r Ior fo I O frooI r for.
frooI rgr o fo I O frooI r
gr I J .
fro C Io I r O froI J o IO
fro ofogr I O froI J ofogr I J M
froI J ofogr I J .
fro ofogr foO froI J ofogr .
fro ofogr frI O froI J ofogr frM.
fro ofogr SfrIoO froI J ofogr frI.
frogo ICfro m I O frogo IofrO
frooI I go Iofr.
frogr I II O frogr I J M.
frogr Io I I II O frogr I J I.
frCgr o TO, frogr I J O
frogr TO, I I M frogr I goI Iou
II gr .
froIT f I fo m, frourTMI g.
frofrI I f O frofrMO
froSfrIoO frofrIO
frCfro O frofr.
fSroIrCfro foO froIrofr.
froI I Igr o I O froI I Igr I J .
frooI I I O frooI MO
froCI IoO frooI IO
frooI IoO frCoI o fo I O fro
oI .
froII I I O froII I.
frofISfro fo I O frofIfr.
frofoI O frofoM I fo uffI g .
frofoI ogr Io I O frofoI ogr I J I.
frofoI ogr o fo I O frofoI ogr I J .
frofoI ofro m I O frofoI ofr.
frofr Io fo I O froI IoffI g.
frofr Ior I O froI Ioffr.
r II IO frSor II I I Ioffr.
fSrIIO frIIO I I f IrM I II .
frIII Ior TO, frIIIrO frIIII g g fO
frIII rO fo frIIIO
frIII O J ffI g.
I I rSO Ir J .
I frrI O I II g f I Ir III O
fro foO fu rMO I If I A I M I I V
I o I I CJ II fr O
fI m, I r Io fr I A Io fII!O
!fI O fo g! I A Io II gO
!fI Ior foO f!T!Ior!O Io gJ or! O Iou
I or!r .
fI rO fo fo fo Io I rgoO
fI If I I r O fI IfO gr M fIo MO
fIIf TO, fMIO I II o rorII g I fru
f I I g fMIuO fr rO
fIIo O fMIO g oo O
fIII Iur I R), split, crack; spall,
estillarse (PR), to crack; to s p a l l s p l i n t e r ,
estimacin/, an estimate, estimating.
-----grosera (A), rough estimate.
estimador m, estimator,
estimar, to estimate, appraise,
estimativo, estimated.
estirado, drawn (tubing); expanded (metal);
stretched.
-----en caliente, hot-drawn.
-----en duro, hard-drawn.
en fro, cold-drawn, hard-drawn.
estirador TO, stretcher,
estiraje TO, stretching,
estiramiento TO (A)(V), elongation,
estirar, to draw, stretch.
por presin, to extrude.
estireno TO, styrene.
estivador m (A), stevedore.
estivaje TO (A), stowing, stevedoring.
estoa / , slack tide, stand of the tide.
estopa/, oakum, calking yarn; (C) cotton waste.
-----alquitranada (M), tarred marline.
de acero, steel wool.
de algodn, cotton waste.
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estopa
143
eucalipto
I! I O ooI f! .
I I IooO I I ooIO
foI rO fo I u .
foI r I C I M O fu I g o.
foI ro O Iu I g Iro or J IIO
foI roI TO, Iu I M I Iu I SI Iouf IIO
foI TO I T oI O I IoIrO
for rO fo ofrufO I fJ M.
fr I O I TI ro I MO u MO
fr guI Ior O fJ roffI I ufo J ou I Ig
J ou r.
I Ir I ufo O J ou .
I ofC I ufo O I uJ uffo fJ roffI.
u IO J I fJ roffI.
fr guI I fo TO I foI I A O g I O I O
!fr guI rO fo fJ roffI! fo Ir!Ir I f!
I ufo fo J ou!O
!fr fI I I O fr fI I fIo O fr fuO !III g .
ru I I goI O roIII g.
frru I I A O ro!III g .
fr fI I IoO fr fI IIO
fr fIgr O fr fIgr I J MO
fr fIgr IoO fr fIgr I J I.
fr fo O fr fuO
fr fCfro I O fr f fr.
fr fo r O fr foI J rO
fr T TO I O or oof.
frJ rO fo rro frJ rO fo o fr fO
rro .
frJ o foO fr IfO gufO u g I O I a r
ro O Io J rI I urT .
I I r O fIIr .
frJ ur I foI O g I O J rro .
frII O I J f rO I IIrO Mou I I f r.
I oI rO orfJ f r.
frII IoO I Ir J u I I I r fII fO
fr fCgr o m I O fr fogr I J .
fr r I I O fo ru I .
fr o fo I I O ru I g I .
frI fooo I I O frI fooIO
fr O grooTO IufI g I goI frI .
I IurI IC O oII grooT.
frI IC I goI O frI fIo .
frI IoO IufIO rII J u rI I I I f r
r fI I g u f u urIIO
frI Ior O J I fo uf grooT u urII g
fooI.
frI Iur O IufI g I goI frI fIo .
frI rO fo grooTO IufO u urIO orO
frI IC O ou fr orf I foI I urO
frI r O fo rf o O uf g I fO I o .
frIo TO, uf f uffr I rI fIrruI O
J ooI I IIg oIf J grO rIII Iro
I ufo ru I g o rI I rr r fI fIrruI
I S III .
I guIIC I gr O oo II.
I I II I I f O I If fIrruI .
I I I r I A O J ooI .
I fII I gr O f II.
I I rI I I O II J gr.
I fIro I IS O I uIII gI Iro .
!O ! uf f.
frIor TO I uf O f ro rIO
frI g I M O frI gr.
fro rO fo I I grof fo ur IJ IfJ
u f.
froo O grof u f I C II gO
frooCI IoO froooI IO
froooI Io TO I r O froooI O
froofrC TO I r O froofro .
fro Io TO I I uI O fro fIuO
froI r I VI O fo oI .
froI o TO, oI .
froI IoO rou Io O
froI o TO, I g rougJ J III gO
frufur O frufur I o or I goI
or fIo .
o I I f O Io frufur.
r I o rfIuI I O r I frufur.
rrI I I f O uI frufur.
ofro I uIo O rufI frufur.
I Ig I uIo O ru frufur.
I frro IIIo I uIo O IoIIM frufur.
I uIS fI O u Ifo o frufIo
J rI o I uIo O IourM or Iu M frufur.
I rIorO ufrufur.
uI rIorO uI rfrufur.
frufur I I rg I J II O oufIf oru
frufur IC I ! O o frufIo O
frufur IO frufur I.
orI I I I O rJ f I frufur I.
I or C I I O J rf frufur I
I I rIr III I I I O I rI frufur I.
fru rO fo fruIO
fu IC I r O IooIO rII g.
fu rI o I goI O fu rI .
fu rIo TO, fu rMO I IfO
fu rO fo fuoO
fuo TO, fuoO
fuJ TO, O o.
fuII rO fo fuIM fo I I O IIg O
fuIIo O fuIMO o IIr fIo IIg I gO I I
I gO ITII g urTM IIg .
I II rIIIo I gu O fr f urTMO
I fr IoO Io fIo urTM.
I I IfITo I I M O I I Io fIo .
goIS frIoO goIfrI urTM.
gr TI frIo I gC O gr TIfM urTM
I IfoSfrIoO I Ifofr urTM.
If rIoO If rM urTM.
Iogr IoO Iogr I J urTM.
fu r I I I M O fo o O u II IrM.
fuI u O fuo.
fuI uIf TO, I I frrO f o O
TI TO, u O
TI rO fo u .
f I O f fIo O foI f g o fJ oru I J M
f g.
I II I Ior I r O I II Ir f g.
I fr I I r O I I uf f g.
IoIuI Ior I r O IoIuI for f g.
Iffor I r O Iffor f g.
II uIor I r I A O IrIT!r f g! .
I Ior I r O Ir f gO Irf Iffor.
I r I II I Ior I r O IrITr f g.
f I IfII IO IO uIfII IfI .
Sfr TO I I u I I O fJ r.
I I frCIoO I froIu fJ r.
fr If O Ifr If I fr I ru O
fIIo TO, fJ MIO
fII uf O I IO f gO
u III fo TO, u IMI fu.
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eudimetro
144
expansor
!uII!fro I Io O !uIIo!f!rO
!uI f!ooI Io I O !uI fJ !ooI ! .
ufS fI O uffIO
ufSfo a, uffIO
uffoII I f O uffoII.
T u Ior m, I J MI f MO I O I A I III
M I !J !T u for .
T u rO fo I fMO J ufO T u f I fo
rrM o O IIJ rgO
T Iu IC O T Iu fIo O I I r I I T Iu fIo
oI uf fIo O
T I or IC O T I or fIo O
T I or Ior m, T I or for.
fI r fur If O J IgJ J fITI T I or
for I O
fI r fur O Io J fITI T I or
for I ! .
I uIruI I fo I O I u IruI I f
T I or for.
I fo IfII I I O uIfII I f T I
or for.
I rIII O grII oII T I or for.
I fuo oI IoO ffu T I or for.
I f f oO I J T I or for.
T I or Ior O T I or forO I I T I or fI g
IIJ .
T I or rO T I or rO fo T I or fO
T I or fIToO T I or forIoO T I or fITO
T I orfro foO T I or fIo f u O T I orIfrO
fofr.
T I orI rO T I orI rO fo T I or fO
T I or fro foO T I orofrO fofr.
T I ofr I Ir I I Irr O ST I ofr I Ir fIo O
T fu III I O Co fI g IO
fIfuI O ur MO
Iro TOO J J Iro O
go IO J go IO
go o foO J go a J go IO
IfroII II I O J IfroIII J MI I
I I IoIT O
I oI r I I O II oIO
r I I goI I A O gI I I !roIo O
! T I O ! T fIo O ufO IIggI g .
IIo IrfoO oI uf.
gr I I M O T fIo .
II II o II I Ir O IIJ I!
T fIo .
I orf I fO fJ rougJ ufO
I MoO ff I If or T fIo .
Io I M O IIJ III T fIo .
O T fIo .
O fr J T fIo .
T Ior TO, T for I O IIggr.
I guroO I f I ofJ oI IIggr.
T Ior I O T for I A I M I CoI I o r
J oTI.
gIIo O fr J J I O uu f
T forO
rr Ior O rrM II r I rO
uI fO fr TII g T forO
uI f I I I rr frO Iu I g
Ir gII . .
rg Ior I M O IT fI g gr Ir.
I rIII O I u fI I M I I.
I rr frO I o r r I r.
I IO I M T for.
I I Io I o I I S roO I u
II I MO I u II Ir gII .
I I I rr frO I u II I M or
T for.
I I I fr IC O Ir gII T for
I o r r I r.
I I J o o I ro rIoO uu f T for.
I uJ r O I o r J oTI.
I orI I I O I J II uu f.
I fIro I A O uIIgg!rO I uIIJ oT!I .
I forrO fo r T for.
I fr forO fr for J oTI or T for.
I O fr J IIggrO IIfJ r.
IT Ior I M O IT fI g gr Ir.
I I Ior I I O IT fI g gr IrO
u IuI rO I u II I M.
ufI O I M IIggrO I u fI I M
I I..
I r I ro u III I I A O IIfJ !rO uIIgg!r .
fI rI I IIfO frfI T for.
T rO fo T fO IIg.
I f TO I o f O urI Iu.
S frI I I O frIO
frIII I O frIIfM I f foTr.
S frIo O frI.
o I m.) S rIo I f O I J rI I .
If IC I I O If fIo .
oI uf O oI ou I If fIo .
IrIT IC O J u f If fIo .
rIO rI If fIo .
I or J oI u I r O II f or J ou If fIo .
I roI I O I If fIo .
I uI fIT I r O II uI If fIo .
If Ior TO I I O Ifr.
I IIofoO I IIof Ifr.
If rO fo IfO rgI. T
If frI O Ifr.
IfrC TO I I O IIfro I fr I ru O
I u I J II O Iou IuIO
rIC O rfIo O
r fIIoO r f IO r fIfIou
r fo TO, r fO
rforIo I I O rf I.
rfo O rf .
u Io TO, fr IofO foIIf rooO I rITM I V
foIIfO frIof I Ifur O
IIfr IC O IIfr fIo O
oII IC O II gO oII fIo O
oII rO fo oII fO
J I rO fo If T I or.
O J uf r I C I If O fo J ufO
If I O O I fou O
If I O fou O for gO
oIo TO I r O J oI.
o I I I O o MO fo M.
Cg oO og IO og ouO
O oIC TO, oIo I r IT O
I IIIor TO, I Ir.
I ro I SoIoO I Ifo rI g I Ir.
I r fuo I A O oII!rfu! !I I!r .
I IIrO fo I IO
I IIO I IIO
I IC O I Io .
I Io r I C I O fo I IO
I IToO I ITO
I or m IA I M O !I I!r .
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!I or IMC
I roO I Ifo rI g I Ir.
I ToIu I r O ToIu I Ir.
I IIIor TO, J II I r J II I I g g fO or rIrO
I II f TO, II o I I rO Iou f.
I o fruIC I A O Iou! fo I I II
fIo or uIIII g I !rIfO
!I !IIrO fo J II O or rIO
!I !I!rO fo !!fO !I !IO
!I ! r I M O fo I M fJ ! of o O I !O
!I !rI! I O !I !rI! ! !I !rI! fO f!fO
!I !rI! f IoO !I !rI! !IO !I !rfO
!I !rI! f Ior TO, !I !rI! f!rO
!I !rI! f IO !I !rI! f IO
!I !rI! f rO fo f!f fo !I !rI! f fo !I !rI
! ! .
I rI fo O I rI f.
I rfII I V O I rf ffIo M or ITI.
I rfo aO I rf.
I I IC O gr II g ugr IO ro IIO
I I I O ITI I O
I I Ior O gr Ir r I r.
I r O ro I gr Ir.
rg Ior o IT Ior O IT fI g gr Ir.
I r C I II IO I I g r gr Ir.
I rr frO I uII gr Ir.
I uJ III O ro I r I rO I I gr Ir.
I I uO uIIIor.
I oforO ofor gr Ir.
I ruI rf O fr IgJ f J I gr Ir.
I ruI I II IO I I g J I gr Ir.
I I rO fo ITIO gr IO
I I M rO fo f I I r .
I Ior IC O I Ior fIo O I roI fI g I fT
I g.
Ifo I I I fT I I O II uI
I g.
Ifr I I I fT I I O Ifr fII
I g.
r o I I fT O Io I g.
ISfrI I go O IfrI I I roI fI g.
frI I I fT O I frI I or Ifr fII
I g.
go I O goI J MI I urTM.
I rogrIT I fT O I rogrIT or I u fI I
I g.
I O II I roI fI g.
Iogr I O Iogr I J urTMO
I Ior Ior TO, I roI for I r I IorI g oIIO
I Iorr I fT rO
I Ior rO fo I IorO
I Ior forIoO I Ior forM.
I IoIfro I I I I O II IoIfr I fr I
ru O
I IoIC O I IoIo .
I rfroo I ufo I A O u Ir! .
I IoITo fo a, I IoIT.
I ro Io o I rIIIO I rIII I IoIT.
I I gr fO I I gr fI g I IoIT.
Ifrufor o I f f o o TIoI foO J IgJ or
IIruI fIT I IoIT.
Ifo fO Ifo fI g I IoIT.
I fo o o Ifo fO Io or o Ifo fI g
I IoIT.
I fo Ifo fO Io I o Ir.
I Ioor TO, I IoIr I A I M I SI I fI g
J I I I I ru g I .
fr orf
I Iof IO oru I.
I Iof IC O oI r fIo O oru I g I I oru
I g.
I I I CJ O CoTr f oI r fIo .
orf IO IoggI g.
J IIruII I I O J MIr uIIu I g.
IrrO IoggI gO IurI g.
I rfIuI rO I rIT f oI r fIo .
I Iof Ior TO, oI r for o frI rIO
I Iof rO fo oI r fO oru fo I IoIf I A I C fo
I IoI I M fo I fO
I o I I I f O I o fI IO
I o f O I o fO
I oIIC I O I ourO
I ofro TO I I V O I our frO
I ro TO I fr O I r.
S roO Ir I r.
I rIIrO fo I rO I r ouf.
I roI I IC O I roI rI fIo .
I roI I rO fo I roI rI fO o I .
I ufo I O I oI.
I uI Io TO I I f O or I uJ r.
I uIIC O I uIIo O fIo I g J uf
I I u IIJ rgO
I uIor TO, I IIr.
I IC O I fIo O
f IIor O f IIor O I r Ir.
I I fo I O II f I r Ir.
I uJ III I O I I I r Ir.
I for IIIo I O r I r Ir.
f IrO fo frfJ fo I r I fo I M ouf fo
g I fo Ir I J u fo Ir uI
I o fr f O
f IIIII I O f IIIIfMO
f IIO f II.
f IC O f Io f Io I A !Io g fIo .
I T I fo I J II I CoI O Ir I g or
fJ f r .
I I I oO f Io o fI I o fr f .
f Cfro TO, f ofr.
f or TO, f Io I I.
I uIrf I A O fIr! I r! I!r .
frIorO fr oO oufIIO fr IO frIorO
fI IC O fI guIJ I gO fI fIo O
fI guIIor TO, fI guIJ r I I I u J r.
I u O o Ir fI guIJ r.
I ro IoO I II Ir fI guIJ r I I
I roTI M ! Ir rIfr O
fI guIrO fo fI guIJ O
fI for TO, fI guIJ r.
gr I O gr I Ir fI guIJ r.
I I IIoO Ir fI guIJ r.
fIrI Ior TO I I I O roofr.
or II or I I r O fr f f
I I .
Ifo I I O fr If.
fr If I r O uIfr J IgJ I rI u M O
fr IC O roT I o or ro I O I
I gO I IoIf fIo MIIIO oufI uf o I
I fu uu I g I u fr fIo .
I grg Io I o O ggrg f I rourI g.
I r I f O fr fIo o roof.
fr IuI r I I O fr IIuI rO
fr orrI f I IS O fr urr fO
fr orf I r O uIfr J orf I T .
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extractivo
146
factor
!fr fITo I M O !fr fIT!O
!fr for na, !fr forO I uII!r .
I uO uJ I g I uIIr.
I oI fO rI g I uIISr.
I gr O g r I uIIr.
I gr O gr fr for.
I ufr O I Ir.
I II I I f O If fr for.
I IoO or fr for I IrIII .
I I IC I I Io I uIIr.
II rTfIIor I I f O II r I uIIr.
I rII Io I I f O u u fJ r.
I ruI I ufo O J I I uIIr.
I TITuI O T IT roTr.
fr IC m, fr Io.
fr IT I I r O uIfr J IgJ I rI u M O
fr rO fo fr f fo I uII I I II O
fr I oO fr I .
fr IIIO fr IIIO fr I II IO
fr urfO fr fro gO J TMIufMO
fr gruoO fr fJ Iu O fr J TM.
fr II I I O I I.
fr IITI oO fr IIgJ fO
fr I IoO fr J TMO
fr I oI IC O fr I oI fIo O
fr I CI fO J IgJ I o r.
fr rrIf fO fr fro gO
fr TI rO fo gf ouf o II O
frII I O fro m, I.
fro froO ouffooufO oTr II.
fro (m) urfoO I I I.
fruITo I goI I M O fruITO
uI IC I O III gO
uI rO fo uIO
Mfor m, forO Iufor.
J orro I gu O frf Iufor.
J orro I T I orO f f for.
Ior I O I rII g for.
o I IorO for o I r.
I gu T I orO f oI r fI fr
for.
I gu gr O g for.
I I I O J for.
I uII I IS O u for.
rI O forMO IIIO J oI I I f o rM
uIIII gO
fr I I IS O fr I f fIo .
I roO fI oru .
I rO ug r III.
I fr O J I r o rM.
I foO f III.
I IfrIII IO IfrI I o r I I f.
I g O g oru O g I I f.
I J IrroO Iro oru .
I I IrIIIoO rIu o rM rIu forMO
I I IIr ruf O ruI o rMO
I IIIr O J I r o rMO
g r frIO fr I f fIo O I o rJ ou.
IIrrI O fI III.
rI IC O rI fIo O u furO
rI f m, u furrO rI for
rI rO fo rI fO u fur fo o fruf
fo I ro.
rII uro m I I O u furrO
IIO II mO IIIO
for m, for I II I rr I SI rIgJ f or
gg g g f.
oI Io I IIfr IC I J II O IgJ fI
IIfr fIo for.
o fr I III I foO IIII g for I I .
I orIC O orI fIo o II f.
I uIf I fo I O uIu I g for.
I orfIgu IC I I IS O I I I g
for.
I I II I IC O g I I fIo for I TIr
fIo .
I I IIfuI I IS O I IIfuI or rf or
I u forO
I r uI r II I I g O ur r forO
ur o II fO
I I II I I IS O I IfM or u forO
I I II I I I f IC O I I f I IfM
for.
I rg I IS O Io I for.
I rg I I I I f O I I f Io I for.
I rg I I rIO Mf Io I for.
I I or IC I IS O IIforfIo for
I T .
I I I I IS O I I forO
I ITI IC I IS O ITI fIo for.
I II o I I r O rof Iu for.
I III rIC I IS O I u g or IIII fIo
for.
I III o IIIII I I IS O T II IIIfM forO
I IITrII I I IS O IITrIfM forO
I II I rIfSI I II O rMfJ I forO
I I u I O rfJ I rur forO
I r I fo I O I our for.
I I I O I for.
I urrII fo I J II I CoI O ru o o I
I f.
I I Io I IS O I for.
I f IIII I I I IS O f IIIfM for.
I T I or IC I I O for o T I or fIo .
I I IoITo I O I o Ir for.
I IIfr IC I J II O rI r fIoO I roI fIo
for.
II IIfro I O IIfr for.
I IIo O II g forO u r IIf O
I u Io I foO oI r fIo forO
I g foO Io I for I fr fr O
I I IIfr IC I O I u g forO
I r O fII I o f fO
I II I O oI forO
I I roI IC I J II O IIfr fIo forO rI
r fIo.
I I of I I IS O I o r for.
I I roIuIC O oufI uf for.
I I roI g IC I r O I roI g fIo or fr r
for.
I r IIC I II O r If O r IfIo for.
I r IIC I fr IO SI fr I r IfIo
for.
I r IIC I uI rO rguI r r IfIo
for.
I r III foO I r or forO Io I
for I oI ror O
I rIf I I O rI g I IfM for.
I rIgIIO fI for.
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factor
147
fanal
I! !gurII IO for o !fM .
I gurII I I IO uIf f for o fM.
I IuIf II I I IC O I I for.
I fr IIC O II u I II O II u fr I
Io for.
I fr IIC IIrf I II O rguI r fr I
Io for.
I fr IIC I fr I I II O I fr I fr
IIo for.
I ufIII IC O I I ufIII fIo for I fr
Io I for.
gr T Io I I roI IC I J II O IgJ fI IIfr
fIo forO
for O forM g M I I . ou IrM.
T I I I O J II M rI.
forI I I f O forI IO
forI r I f O fo forIO
fur O IIIO I ToI.
orI IO orI I I ToI.
o uI rO o uI r I ToI.
I rI uO J II I I g or Iu.
IuI I o I ro or O I ro or I ToI.
fur rO fo IIIO I ToI fo fr o III o
I II g fo J u gg gO
uIf fITo I I O uIf fITO
J I O IO ro f o uIIII g.
I IIr O oIIr ro f.
ICfro O Iofr I fr I ru .
O oru I CJ g gO J I f.
ro m, oo I orr.
fC O I rrMI g r I r I o uggM
I ufo I J fo O
O frII O IfO I I rI I I r J I.
fr I I O I r fIo frII O I ru M.
I Ir IC I O Ir fI g I .
I I oMoO oIu frII I I fI o fru
fIo .
I frrI O IIgJ f frII O IIgJ ffoI O I II g
frII O IrfrII .
I ou I IC I r O ou I fIo IO
I o IIo .
I o froI I O o froI frII .
I IIr IC I O IIr fI g I .
I IoI r I O fur I g I .
I f Io I foO I rI I ru I g I I I
I ru I g I ro .
I ru I O r IIo J IO rI u M
I.
I ru I I IIf I r O rI u M
r g.
I gu rII I r O gu rI I.
I o I I r O T I.
I I r I O I I g I .
I rTIIo I r O rTI I.
I fr IIC I O fr IfIo frII .
IITIor I O I rfI g frII O I ru MO I r
fIo frII .
I roI I I I O rIgJ f o M.
I fr I I r O II I.
IIr I r O I r J I.
ToI I I O IIgJ f frII .
Io m, I fIrO
Ior I O frII I g J I O
rO fo I fo frII .
I O I O u II o ruJ ooIO gof
oru O f u .
I I O rTf f o ruJ ooIO
I f m I I O oo I orrO
I I O J o rIO fo rI.
II O IoI O J IIIII.
II S oIoO I Ifo uIrf.
II rO fo u IIJ III T fIo O
IIo TO, IIJ III uf IoI o J III.
II I Ir I A O II!JIII uf I III .
II I I A O uf or uII IIfJ o ro I!I .
IIC O IoI o roo I J u Irf.
II TrfIro I J II I R), spillway apron.
falencia / (A)(Ch), bankruptcy,
falsa
-----acacia (mad), locust.
-----escuadra (carp), bevel square.
-----escuadra en T, T bevel.
-----explosin (auto) (A) (U), backfire.
-----lengeta (carp), spline.
-----quilla (cn), false keel.
falsarregla / (carp), bevel square,
falseado (maq), out-of-line, untrue,
falsear, to bevel; falsearse, (V) to buckle, sag,
give way.
falseo m, beveling, bevel,
falsete TO, chamfered corner,
falso, false.
-----chasis (auto)(U), subframe.
-----flete (nut), dead freight.
-----pilote, pile follower.
falla / , failure, breakdown; (geol) fault; (elec)
fault, failure.
-----acostada (geol), thrust or overthrust fault.
-----corriente (geol), strike fault.
-----de estratificacin (geol), bedding fault.
- de tiro (vol), misfire.
-----diagonal (geol) (A), inclined fault.
- distributiva o escalonada (geol), step or dis
tributive fault.
-----escarpada (geol)(M), fault scarp.
----- estructural, structural failure.
----- girada (geol), rotary or pivotal fault.
----- giratoria (geol), rotational fault.
-----invertida (geol), reverse fault.
----- por deslizamiento (muro), sliding failure.
-----por empuje (geol)(M), thrust fault.
-----por empuje inferior, underthrust fault.
----- por volcamiento (muro), tilting failure, over
turning.
---- - ramificada (geol), branching fault.
----- secundaria (elc), secondary fault.
-----simple (geol), normal fault.
-----transversal (geol), dip or cross fault.
fallado, faulted.
fallamiento m, faultage, faulting,
fallar, to fail; (ge) to miss.
falleba/, door bolt, cremone or espagnolette bolt.
-----de emergencia o de salida, exit or panic bolt.
fallido (vol)(M), missed (hole).
fallir (V), (com) to fail.
fallo m (C), flaw, defect; (met) blowhole.
fanal TO, lamp, lantern, (Sp) headlight.
-----de arrumbamiento (ap), bearing projector.
------ de aterrizaje (ap), landing light.
-----de destellos, flashlight (lighthouse).
-----de trfico, traffic light.
-----giratorio, revolving light (lighthouse).
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fr !ro o I! oI O f IIIIgJ f .
g O IrM ur J TI g M II r f
T Iu f I ! IIfr I M I I
ur o ouf . rO
g I O g I fIrr O I I ur o
T rIou T Iu I !. rO I V !.
rO
g I m, rJ O og.
gIor Io m I goI O gIor f.
go m, uIO uu O IIf IuIg.
fITo I I O fIT IuIg.
I r I I I O II.
go fIT Io I I O fIT fI IuIg.
gooO IIfMO uIIM.
ofrC m I r O I J ofro .
I uI I rI I V O ff .
r I M I I O r I M.
ro IIo I I O r IIo.
r IIfro m I I O r Ifr.
r IIo m I I O r I.
r II Io O r II fIo O r II.
r IIC O II O Iu O J II I I I oufroI .
rI I rI O I CoI I I O ofJ O g I O r f
I SI orfIO
rIo mO IO u IIO
rro m I I f O IrrIu .
ro m, IIgJ fJ ouO o J IIIgJ f.
Ifr fO Ifr fI g IIgJ f.
u Ior I ufo O I ofIIgJ f.
I roI urfoO IrI orf or IrI orfIo fIo
o .
I I uI I ufo I A O I ofIIgJ f .
I IfIIoO I J I g IIgJ f.
I IIrIC I I O rI g I rofor.
I Iu o fI u O II IIgJ f.
I I IIgro I I O J rI o .
I I r or IC I M O oII IrrIu .
I ruf O our IIgJ f.
I ruf Sr O Ir M o .
Iof fO IIgJ fJ II .
gIr forIo I I O rof fI g o O
Io II Ior o I II fI I IC o I r
r I I I O I I ru o O
Io II Ior I I If I I O ru M Io III g
o .
r Ior I I O ru r o .
o IIIrIo I I I O o IIIrfIo I
o .
I r II I ufo O og IIgJ f.
fIfII fO I J I g o .
roI m, I fr O I I .
I r I fo I I O I I ro J IIgJ f.
I frrI I I O I II g IIgJ f.
I Io I O IfJ I I .
I II IC O r g IIgJ f.
I r fO J IIIgJ f.
I rJ frO u I g IIgJ f.
I I If I I O o f f or ru M IIgJ f.
I r Ifor o f IIo I ufo O II
J IIIgJ f.
I I I O Ig I I I .
I fr IoO fr I IIgJ f. .
IIIIf Ior I I O ou I rM IIgJ f.
fr ro o I g I ufo O f IIIIgJ fO f II
I I .
roI O I rg I fr or IIgJ fO J ICgJ f.
fanal ]
roIro m, I I f IrO
roIIfo Iro I ufo O foI IIgJ fO
roIIfo fr ro I ufo O f IIIIgJ f.
I I I I uI I f O I J .
T I I I O I II g I J O
o fI u I I uI O o fI uou I J .
III r I I uI O III rI I J O
oI uf I I O oI I oIf I J O fII J O
I rfII I I O I IIf I J .
rfr I I I O I ggI g I J .
II uIIIr I I I O u I I I J .
I uIIIr I O I I I J .
fro m I I O I J fr.
fI IO J fI I.
fIg O fr fIgu.
IIIIO IIo I frO
o orroIC O orroIo fIguO
orf f o I orfO J rI g fr.
I I oMoO rI g fr I .
I oI rIC O oI rIT fr.
I o fr IC O o fr fII fr.
I I uO rI g fr I rITf .
I IIC O II g fr II g fIgu.
I f IO fIgu o f I.
I ruI fur O r u I g frO uIfI f
fr gfJ .
I gurII I o I fr oO or oru I g
fr.
I f IC o I fr IC O f II or f Io I
fr.
I I o u If rI O u If fr.
I rI II IO I rI II I frO I A II go I f!
Io.
uI r II IO ur fIguO
fIgfro r I M O fr I frO
fIg rO fo frO
O ro fO .
I I oro I O oru I g O
IO I.
IoII I I O IoII.
III fIo I goI O III fJ I.
III fI IC O III fJ I fIo .
III fo m I I r O III r.
IIoO II III r.
I rIf O rMf III rO J M IoI J .
I IO II III rO orfJ If.
I ofIoO I of J III rO orfJ oI .
CIIoO oI III rO IIf.
TIfroO III O gI M III r.
IIf I goI O IIfO I froII.
IIfIoO IIfI.
fr I CoI O I Io .
fr m, fr fIo .
S IoO roIIO I J I.
oI r I I uI O I J oI.
oI f II I I O I J oII J fJ II .
CIIoO I J oII.
oII rO fo I J oIIO I J oI f.
C o r O I J o o .
o r I I O I J o r I .
rrIf O rrIf I fu gf or .
r f Ior I I O r fr.
r f rO fo r f.
roIoO roIo I fr I ru I r u II I g .
rr fo r I I uI O rr f.
S rroO o f I I g Iro O I o Iro O rrou.
8 frreo
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ferreria
149
fieltro
!rr!rI O Iro oru Iro J oI O
!rr!f! m, f!!I ruI g f I O
!rr!f! rO fo I I IfJ Iro fo ru IfJ f!!I
f I.
rrfr O J rI r J rI r for Iro oru .
I II I IC O uIIIr J rI r.
I I ofrI O I oIII J rI r.
gru O J TM J rI r.
rI O rI J rI r.
I r Ifr O I f J rI rO
rrfro m, J rI r I Ir.
rrIIo IoO rrIM I.
S rrIoO rrIO
rr roO o f I I g Iro O
rrII ruI fo m I C O IuI rI fO
rrIf I goI I f O rrIfO
rrIfIoO rrIfI.
rrIfI IC O rrIfI fIo .
rrIfo m I I uI O rrIf.
IIo IIo I f O II IIu rrIf.
rro ro O IfIO
rro ro I I A O r Io fO
!rro I! Io O Iro IIoM .
rro IuI fo ffr IIo m I f O ffr IIu
IuI o rrIf.
rro IuI Io m, rro IuI u.
rro IuI oIII fo O rro IuI oIII f.
rrooro O rrooro .
rro rrII O r IIro IO r II M.
SroO IT fI r II M.
I Iru T I IC O If II .
I r IIr O r u r II M.
I T gof O rro g g r II M.
I TI or IO f I rIg g r II M.
I I o II f IoO goTr f r IIro IO
f f r II M.
u IuI rO I r II M.
ufrr oO u M.
fro IO fru u II r II M.
ur oO frf r II M.
rro rrIIro m, r IIro I a I rf I I g fo
r IIro IO
rrorIo m, rrorIu I IIoM .
rroo rfoO rroIIorIgC m, rI orI o
rf.
rroroo mO rroJ roIu.
rro C oro m, rroI J oI J oru.
rroI Iuf I I I O rroI Iuf .
rroI IufIToO rroI IufIT.
rroI Iufor m, rroI Iufor.
rro g I oO rro g I .
rro g SIo I A O !rro g !I .
rro g fIoO rro g fIO
rro g o m, rro g O
rrooIII o m, rrooIMI u.
rro II uI m, rro Iu I.
rroI ruI fo m I C O IuI rI fO
rrorr f I I I O rror f .
rrorr for m I I O rror for.
rrorro f I I O rroro f.
rroIIIIo O rroIIIo I IIoM O
rrooO rrou.
rrofIf Io m, rrofIf Iu I IIoM O
rrofu gf o O rrofu gf .
rroT IIo O orroT IIu.
rroT I O r IIro I.
rroTI IO I rf I I g fo r IIro IO
rroTI rIo O r IIro I a r IIro IO
rrugI oO o f I I g Iro O
rrugI ooO rrugI ouO
rru r I C O rufO
rruroo I CJ O rufMO
S ruI O rruI f I I fr I .
rII I I fu O Ioor I I f.
I Ior O f rO rf I rO foggIO fJ o I
O urfMO gu r for.
oI IoO Io fJ .
fr T Io I I O foggI.
I ofroI O rITff rf I r.
I I I O J I foI I r.
I r oO r u Iog.
I fur O uf Iou .
I T f O I Io f rO J fO I
Io Iou O
I O o I I urfM .
I I S O rJ ou o I.
I Tr O Tr g o I.
I uI III foO I r or o I.
I IIIII IO IIIIfM o I.
I IIIf IorO II o I.
I I goO I M f I I.
Ir O Ir TI I or gr I I ooI .
fr T I O ro gr I .
orf O J orfI I I I .
I I Ioo I M O I I ooI.
fr O fr Ir.
I O I gr I .
gru O o r gr I .
I rg O Io gI I I I .
I I O fr Ir.
rf O fr IgJ f gr I .
TuI I I O TuI II or J rI Ir.
Ir I TIIrIoO Ir gI O
IrI I I O IrI O
Iro fo O Ir fO
IrooO IrouO
IfIIo I IS O IfIfIou.
IJ O r J u rI I I I Iug I A
I M urT!MorI I O ruI g I I I A Ioor
uff.
I uJ III I r II I IS O I r IIII I
I Iug.
I fr o I V O fI J f.
J r I IS I A O u .
f I I IS O f II I I Iug.
IJ ro m, rI I IO
IIIII I I IS O IIIIfMO
IIuI I I f O IIuI I.
Ir I fI oII O fMI J oII TrO
IIfro m, If.
fIo oroO oufI I If.
If IoO I J If IfO roo I g If.
Ior ugoO Ir If I fr I ru .
I II IC O I uI fI g If.
I foO IfI fo.
I I f rO Iu I g If.
I rI o I I IoO J Ir If.
I I I rr rO I fI g If.
I J II J o I fr I oO r g If.
r IoO f rrI If.
IIfr IorO IIfr If.
II r IO roo I g or frI roo I g If.
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fieltro
150
financiar
I r ur f! I O ugr I! !If .
Irro m, Iro .
guI rO gI Iro .
IO J I Iro .
IuI I O rougJ f Iro .
or IoO rougJ f Iro .
u IIIoO f Iro .
oII Io I CJ O rougJ f Iro .
TIo o I IJ oO u u O r I Iro .
IrroO I C A fooI.
Iguro O Iu IorI Iur.
Igur I II O Igur.
I O fro I I I I f I r.
I IC O f I g I J I fIo .
I Io m I O II g.
I Ior m, f I gO I IrO u I r I I M Ir.
I fur O uf ru r or ffr.
I rO fo f fo I.
IoO f fIo rMO IIO
II O ro O II O r g.
IITIorI I foI I V O IITII.
II fo m, II f.
II fooO II fou.
IIfI O rII O Iu I g or roI M r .
II uIfr I o r I O rII .
I I IooO I I ooI.
IIf m IA O fJ r! II gO
II!f! m, fJ r! I III!f .
I IrJ O rIgJ fJ I fJ r I.
I II uIrI O I fJ I fJ r I.
f rIoO f rI or uffr fJ r I.
I for IIIoO r fJ r I oIf fJ r I.
I for IIIo I I O or fJ r I.
I fuoO I II fJ r I.
I rf IoO r fJ r I I rf.
J oO I fJ r I.
frIO I fJ r I.
SIIrO SIIr fJ r I.
f II IoO uf fJ r I.
fr I oII IO uffr fJ r I.
frI guI rO V fJ r I.
froI uI IoO I rI fJ r I.
KJ If orfJ O KJ If orfJ fJ r I.
IIf Ior O fJ r II g J I J I g fooI.
IIf rO fo fJ r IO J .
IIfo O fJ r II g.
IIIf I goI I I r O I J MIIIf.
IIo O uffI g Ig I foI rIIg.
I I IO J II I oI f.
I orfO uffI g Ig.
IIC m, TI O O IoIO I I r .
fr T IoO ro TI or IoI.
IgoO II I TI or IoI.
oI ufoO oI ou I TI .
I o f foO o f f TI .
u I I O g J or r u TI .
Io IoO fI TI .
I II IoO r u TI .
I r IIo I I fr fI I IC O I or III
TI . .
I rI II IO fr or J I Io or ofJ r IoI.
I Ior I foO II I TI .
fr Tr IO ro TI or IoI.
IIfr IIII I O IIfr IIIfM.
IIfr IO IIfr I.
IIfr IC O IIfr fIo I gO rI I u .
I frIf f I I O I frIff f IIfr fIo .
I or f I O f g IIfr fIo .
IIfr Io m, IIfr f.
IIfr Ior m, IIfr.
IIfr m IA IC O IIfr fIo .
IIfr rO fo IIfr IIfr rO fo I O I u.
IIfro m I J II I IS O IIfr.
gr TIf IC O gr TIfM IIfr.
I rIC O I rur IIfr.
I T oO T uu IIfr.
fIo I r O oufI IIfr.
o or rg I O Io II IIfr.
I I I r O I or II IIfr.
I oI I f I O g IIfr.
I orIO I g Ig IIfr.
I IIIo I O fIITr IIfr.
I ro I I I O J r IIfr.
I orfI ufofI I O uIfII I or
ufo fIurf I Ir IIfr.
I urI I I O orI IIfr.
I IIrIC I r O IIrfIo I IIfr.
II Iu f I I O Iu f IIfr.
I fr I I go O I I uf IIfr.
I urrII foO frIu II g IIfr.
I I r O I or II IIfr.
I ur ruf I r O ruf or IIfr.
I gr TI IO gr TIfM IIfr.
I gu r I o I O uI fr I r.
I Iu I O IIfr.
I II I ufo O IIfr r O
I I o Ifo I r O J IgJ I IIfr.
I I o o I r O Io I IIfr.
I I o I I I r I A O II or I
IIf!r .
I I uI Io I r I A O rII I I! IIf!rO
I! r Iur I r I I O r fJ IIfr.
I rg Ir O I rI u II g IIfr.
I rIf I I II I I r O rIf
I IfM IIfr.
I ruIIo I I I r O r fJ IIfr.
I III I go O oufI uf IIfr.
I f orO Iru IIfr.
I foIo I o I r O III IIfr.
I u u rfo I o I I r O I u rfr T
IIfr.
I If IorO oIIroT I IIfr.
I f Ior I I I A O rougJ I g IIf!rO
I! !rrI Ior I I O Iro r!oT I IIf!rO
I!oIorI Ior I I O oIorr!oT I IIf!rO
!III Ior I r O I!III fIo IIf!r .
gof f I M O frIu II g IIfr.
I frIf f I r I I O I frIff f
I IIfrO
I TrfIIo I J II O I TrfI or rTr IIfrO
I Ifo I r I A O J IgJ I IIf!rO
I o I r I A O IoI IIf!rO
I !roI Ior I I O frIuII g or I !roI fI g
IIf!r .
rI IIo I r I I O r I II I IIfr.
roI Ior I I O I rI u II g IIfr.
rof fITo I O rof rMI or rof rM IIfr.
o I O IrMfMI IIfrO Ir f.
u TI Ior I I O o f I g IIfrO
IIfroI r I II f IC fr IO fr
I IIfr I rO
I I rO fo I .
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financista 151
flujo
I If m, I I!rO I I I u!r .
I O I .
I IfoO I If.
I oO I .
I o m, I .
I ur O I O gr I .
II oIIIo I f O I o grI II g.
Ir m, ro IIO ou I fIo our a IrO
oIIIO f IO oI fO
I IO I rf I I g fo fJ fr urM or fJ goTr
f I IO
I II IC O o froIO uI rTIIo O I I fIo O
I II Ior m, I I forO uI rTIorO
I II rO fo o froI fo I I fO
Io m, fIo I fr urMO
I O I J MI.
I uIoO oII I J MI.
Io m, I J MIIf a I J MI IO
IIIO III.
IIIII I I goI O IIIIfM.
Iur O O Iur.
Aur r! I A I M O fo r uO
IfoO !! J Ifo .
IfoI I fo m I I O I J MfoI I u fo O
I gIo I I O I gII .
I O I .
I fO r I O u uI I Iu I I O
I rO fo uu I fo I IfO
I o m, uu II gO I IfIo O
I o m, II IoI o II I goI II I f
I fJ I g r I u II II I fIr O
I J m I I f I V O I gO
I I u rO fo I uO
I f J r I A O fo fro!I fo Io fO
I f J o I A O o Io f fro!IO
I!J O I! I!fIo O g IIII! orII f! rI!
I rJ ro I ro I I oI! I go I M
J fO I! I M I I! o o r!f! TIr r
for I A I!rrIu oo .
I I roI uIIC I ufo I M O I roI IIr or IrIT
J f.
ofrI I ufo I M O I roI IIr J f.
IJ If I II O rro J IO
I O IO Iro fr I O J ooI I f frII O
If Ior O rIgJ frO J rfrrO
If foO If I fo m, J rfrO rIgJ f
f.
If f O o J o o M o fr I orf
or J Ir I o fO fruu O f o urI O
f. .
If rO fo J rfrO J Ir fo rIgJ fO rIgJ fO
If O rIgJ f rIgJ f r f rIgJ f J rg.
IIIo o I or or rO rIgJ f oIIf.
I g IoO rIgJ f I rI II.
Ifro m, rIgJ f rrIr o r o o
fr I orf or J IrO
I rO fo IO I IfO
IIIIII I O IIIIIfMO I II IIIfMO
IIIO III.
Ifro m I I O I Ifofr.
IIC O II gO Iur.
oI uf O oI ou I Iur.
I ur o II IO I ur II g.
IIo IO Iur I.
IIo rO fo I IfO IO uu IO
ICfro O IofrO
Ior oO II g.
Iur O IurO II g I goI I A oIII g .
IouI IC O IouI fIo .
IouI Ior m I I O IouI for.
IouI f O IouI f.
IouI rO fo IouI f a I C IouI f.
IouI fo a, IouI f.
ICuIo m, Io.
Iou m I I I O Io.
IogoI If O I J IogoI IfO ro I .
IoI I O I u Ioo .
IooO I u O Ioo u f I I grou I .
Ior IO O IuJ IfJ O ITI IfJ .
Ior I gu O O J .
Ior I IIuTI I A O J o!r J ! I .
Ior
I fIo Io I I r O fIo M IooO
J If fIo MO T I fI If.
I I O I oIIO Io r o I .
I o IfoO o If IooO rMfJ rIf.
I I uIO Iu I IooO rgIf.
Iof (J) I Ir I O o Io fO
Iof IIII I O uoM M.
I rrT I O rrT uoM M.
I rTIIo I O oru I g uoM M.
Iof I I r O TIg I or r fO
Iof IC O I uf I I Iof fIo uoM M.
IfIT I I O IfIT or II r fI I
Iof fIo O
Iof Ior m, Io f.
I fC I J II O roI Io f.
fuuI r I J II O fu Io f.
Iof m, Iof fIo O Io fI gO
Iof f m, Io f a Io fI gO
Iof rO fo Io f.
Iufu IC I r O Iufu fIo .
Iu I I I I O Io .
IuII I I goI I A O IuII I .
IuII O IuIIIfMO III uIIIfM.
IuIII I f m, Iu.
IuIII I rO fo III u MO IuO IuIII.
IuIIIfro m, IuIIIfr.
IuIIo m, IuII a IuII I goI IuII I.
I orf rO uffI g IuII.
I I r or IC I I f O IrIIII g IuII.
rI Ior I f O I u J IuII.
IuIICfro O IuIIofr I fr I ru I C
Io frO
IuIfro I CJ O Io frO
IuIrO fo Io O I I f fo g.
roO fo oII Io .
Iuo O Io Iu I f rI .
I ro I oI O r fr .
I III rIC I IS O I u g Iu.
I I J S II I I O I roI IIr J .
I I r O IooI fII.
IfroffIo o ISfrIoO IfrI or Ifro
f fI Iu.
rIfSIo I II O rMfJ I Iu.
I Iufor o g SfIoO g fI Iu.
I I r I J II O I I r or TIou Io.
IuI ooO IuI ou Iu or I o r IooIIIgJ f.
furuI fo I J II O furuI f or I uou or
forfuou Io .
TIoo I J II O I I r or TIou or fr
II IoO
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flujmetro 152
frmula
Iu!fro foO Iu!f!r .
Ior m I I u O IuorI .
I fo I I r O Ior I rO IuorIf.
Iuor IC O IuorI fIo .
Iuor I fIf I I r O Iuor I fIf.
Iuor I O Iuor O I I f IooO I I f
f.
Iuor fO Iuor fO
IuCrIo I I u O IuorI.
IuorIf O IuorI I I r O IuorIfO Ior I rO
Iuoruro TO,- IuorIIO Iuor f.
Iu TO, IuO fu.
I ro frIoO I fuI g.
I IIr O oIIr fuO
IurI O f o oIIr fuO
IuTI IO I rf I I g fo rITrO IuTI IO
IuTIoCIIo I goI O IuTIo oII .
IuTIogI I I I goI O IuTIogI I I.
IuTICgr o m I J II O rorII g fr g g Iu
TIogr I J . O
IuTIoI ufr I goI O IuTIoI ufrI .
IuTIo rI o I goI O IuTIo rI .
IuTICfro m I J II O urr f fr IuTIogr I J
Io fr.
rgIfr IorO rorII g urr f fr.
IuTIoToI Io I goI O IuTIoToI I.
IuCfro m, IA Iu!f!r I M Iuo!f!r .
IuM IoO Io I gO
o IO o I.
oo TO, ou o I I oI f.
fCIIo I r O fJ oI I of.
ISfrIo I A I M O I I!! f I .
I I f I M I CoI I O I I f
I I .
I IIofo I M O I IIof I I .
I rI II I I I f O I rI II I ou.
r IO r I ou.
TIrfu IO TIrfu I ou.
ogC mO IroO ur .
ogo Iur I O f J oI.
ogo o I I rfor o I oI O u Ir.
ogo r I ufofI O J I I four.
ogo roO oguIf O I I O Ir O fou r.
ogu r I M O fo fou ur .
oguo I M O fou I g.
oII IC I goI O oII fIo .
oII IoO oII fI.
o f rO fo I roof I I rof O
o fo m, ITIoI f I roofIo O
oIf O o If I Ir fI guIJ r .
o O I J o I u If o IouI . .
o I fo I J II I C O II fO
o I Iro foO J or gO rfJ O
o I rO fo J orO IroI J orO
o Io foO J orI gO oorI gO
o Io O offoO r IO O I u I II fJ
I fT u grou I.
I orfI IC O I uI g u I.
I rrIIO rrIJ I.
I I IIr O oIIr J I.
II III IroO MII Ir J IO u MII Ir
J I.
II S oIoO I Ifo J I.
I I oro I f I I O oru I g .
I r oT IC O rI I f u I.
II roO rITr I.
I I ro O roof o fJ r I.
I I oII Iur O roof o II.
IoI I O IouI offo.
rof fIToO rToITI g u I.
o IoO u IO
C IoO I J o I.
o o I I f Ior TO I r O I J o o I I fr.
o o I for TO I IS O I J o ogr I J I Iu uI .
o oIS frIoO J o oIfrI I fr I ru .
o C oro I fI O I J o oI J or.
o oIIf I goI O I J o oIIfO II ufo .
o Cfro TO, I J o ofr.
o f r O I II oru O I II I gO I IuI g.
o f ro m, I II O I Iur.
oI uIfo TO IA O II I I!! f I .
or rO fo or.
orIf I ToI O orIf.
orf IC I M O orf fIo .
orf IO I rf I I g fo orf.
or O org orgI g.
o rfI fO IroI orgI g.
o rfI f T I orO f J r org
I g.
o frI Irf O IfJ or oI II org
I g.
o I rIC o I I r O I r orgI g.
I oO J org.
I J rrroO I u IfJ org.
I r I rO uI ffI g org.
I oII rO III g or r I g org.
I fIro J I oO Io Ir f org.
or IIII I O II IIIfMO org IIIfM.
or IO II IO org IO
or IoO orgIO rougJ f.
rfI f o froI uIO IroI orgI.
II fO J of orgI.
roO oII orgI.
or Ior TO, I u IfJ O org IfJ O
or rO fo org fo rougJ I I fr I CoI fo III
f o II.
I rIC O fo I r org.
or O orO J I I o or I CoI roo
fru.
or IIII I O or IIIfM.
or IC I goI O or fIo O ou frM I I
orI gO
or Ior O J I r orrO
or Ior I I gr O g r J I rO
or IIJ IIo TO, or IIJ MIO
or If O II orO frI gO or or o
rf I II I C fr IgJ fIgO
or rO fo or.
CrI I IS O orI I fr I ru O
orC m, J IIO orfII g or Irr or r I g
J II.
o J IO f J II.
I guIoO or r J II.
I uIIIoO ou f J II.
I uJ r O f frI g J II.
I I Ig O f g J II.
I IIo oIIuoO II or u J II.
I I u f I I O I rI oI f J II.
I I u f rIo I O rou I o J II.
I for roO fur I g J II.
CruI O oruI I A I u or .
I CJ SM I J II O CJ S M oruI .
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I! M I g I II O M I g oruI .
II I rIoIIO I rIoII I oruI .
I I IC II I of O Tr g I r
oruI .
II I I I I O IM I oruI .
ffI I I I O f fI oruI O
oruI rIo O I u or.
I o fr foO o fr f or.
I I O or o urfM o I.
I I roI uf O IIII g or or I u O I ro
I o I or.
or II O IroO ur I C J I If I ur O
or O II ur .
orr rO fo II O J fJ O oTrO IIO o fO O I g.
orro O II I gO I ggI gO J fJ I g uJ I g.
II fO I uI fIo .
frI ug Io I fu O I u II I g.
I III IroO MII Ir II r.
I oI fO rI g ITO uJ I g.
I J I O Iu II I g.
I J u r O uJ I gO II r.
I r oO r u II I g.
J Io I II O ffMI MII Ir II r.
orro I O J fI gO J f I III g.
orfrIf I I r O orfrIf I g Iu III
f .
orf IrO fo fr gfJ O
orf I O fr gfJ .
orfI I IC I I O Mf o uI I orfO fIr
I g.
orfI I rO fo fr gfJ O r O uffrO J or.
or rO fo or.
o O I If Ir I I f o.
I rf O I ooI.
SI fI O I fI f u .
o f rO o fI rO fo I J oI J fO I J oI J fI.
o fIoO I J oI J fI.
o fo O I J oI J f.
o Ifo m, I J oI J If.
or m I r O I J oI J or.
o or IoO I J oI J fI.
o or rO o orI rO fo I J oI J or fO I J oI J orI.
o or I O I J oI J or .
o or fO I J oI J or f.
o orrO fo I J oI J or.
o CrIoO I J oI J orI.
o orIf I goI I I r O I J oI J orIf.
C oro TO, I J oI J oru I r I SI I J oI J or.
o orooO I J oI J orou.
o uro TO, I J oI J II.
oo O fr J O IIfJ O I If.
oIfor I I f O g fJ rI g I If.
I fII fo I oufII I I O uI
I g I If.
I rr rO I If.
I IIo I f O o u I g I If.
I I O J I If.
I I fur O rgI I or I frI fI g IIfJ .
I oI I I u I O fI g I If.
II IoIo I I f O uI IIfJ .
I I rSf o I of O orro I If.
I r I f r I f O o uI g I If.
I rTIIo I I O rTI I If.
I uIC I O ufIo I If.
I ToI fO IM J I I If.
.SI fIo CI O I fI f u .
frmula 153
ofrIf I I O ofrIf I fr I ru O
of TO I II O I J ofO
ofo fIToO I J ofo fIT.
ofo S ro I M O I rf I I g fo rI I I J ofogr I J MO
ofo III I I O I J ofo III I.
ofouIo TO IA O ofofu!O
ofo I rO fo Iu!rI f .
ofo Io TO, u I rI f I J ofogr I J I oI M I J ofo
I rI f.
uIO IuI rI f.
I oO J If I rI f.
ofo rf O I J ofo I .
ofo rfogr I O I J ofogr I J I I I I gO I J ofo
I I I gO
ofo rfCgr o O I J ofo rfogr I J .
ofofoIo I r O I J ofo fJ oIO
ofoII I M I A O ofo!I!frI !IIO
ofoSIuI O ofo!IIO ofo!I!frI !IIO
ofoII !fro TO, ofoII o!f!rO
ofoo IufITII I I !I! O ofoo IufITIfMO
ofoo IufITo I r O ofoo IufIT! .
ofooI I O I J ofooI MO IuI rI f.
uIO IuI rI f.
I O J If I rI f.
gr O I u I rI f.
I rI O ro I rI f.
ofooI I rO fo IuI rI fO u I J ofooI MO
oforoI uI I O o IO I J ofou fJ O
ofoII fgr IC O I J ofoIII fgr fIo O
ofoI fIII I O I J ofoI fIIfMO
ofoIo fIoO I J ofoI fIO
ofoIfrIII I O I J ofoIfrIIfMO
ofoIS frIoO I J ofoIfrIO
ofoIfrC O I J ofoIfro O
ofoIIToO ofoIor I r O I J ofoIIT.
ofofo fIo I M O I J ofof fIO
ofofrCgr o TO I O I J ofofrogr I J O
ofC o o TO, I J ofoI J o O
ofogS IoO I J ofog IO
of g o TO, I J ofog I oI .
ofogo IofrI I O I J ofogo IofrM.
ofogo ICfro I O I J ofogo IofrO
ofogr Io O I J ofo gr TI gO
ofogr O I J ofogr I J M I J ofogr I J .
oI uf I O oI oIf I J ofogr I J .
ofogr I rO fo I J ofogr I J O
ofCgr o I O I J ofogr I J rO r O
ofogr TO I O I J ofogr O
ofogr frI O I J ofogr frMO I J ofogr I J I
urTMI g.
Sr O rourTMI gO rI I I J ofogr
frM.
r O Io I J ofogr frM.
I or I g I O I gII g I J ofogr
frM.
I or Ig IoIO f oI g I J ofogr
frM.
frrfrO frrfrI I I J ofogr I J I urTMI gO
ofogr SfrIoO I J ofogr frI.
ofogr frIf TO, I J ofogr I J I urTMorO I J o
fogr frIf.
ofogrfro TO, I J ofogr frO I J ofofJ oIo
IIf.
ofoIo I IC O I J ofoIo I fIo O
ofoI or forIo TO, I J ofogr I J I I or forMO
ofoII r I A O ofo!I!frI !II .
fotolmpara
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ofoIuI I! I O ofoIuI !! !O
ofo m, ofoI O ofo .
ofo IoO I J ofoJ I IO
ofofr O I J ofofrMO
ofo frIoO I J ofofrI IO I J ofofrIO
ofCfro m, I J ofofrO I V I our fr.
I III rIC O III rIo I J ofofr.
I gIooO I J r I J ofofr.
I fgr IorO I fgr fI g I J ofofr.
I or IfIIoO IIu r I J ofofr.
ofoIrogr O I J ofoIrogr I J MO
ofoIrCgr o O I J ofoIrogr I J O
ofoIrooI Io m, I J ofoIrooI O
ofC I CI fI O I J ofo .
ofoI rI fCgr o m I O I J ofoI rI fo
gr I J .
ofoI I o m I O I J ofoI I .
oforrI roIuIC O I J oforI roIufIo O
oforrIf I O I J ofoIfrI rIf O I J o
forIf O
oforrfIfuIC I O I J oforfIfufIo O
oforrfIfuIIor m I O I J ofogr I J I rfIfu
fIo J I O
ofo IIO I J ofo IfITO
ofo fI I I uI O I J ofoM fJ IO
ofoI fSfIoO I J ofoM fJ fIO
ofof f rO fo I J ofof fO
ofofo fIoO I J ofof fIO
ofCf fo m, I J ofof fO
ofof I uIfr I I O I J ofogr frM.
ofof I uIfro m, I J ofofJ oIoIIf IfJ f II
J Ir.
ofofIgr O I J ofofIgr I J MO
ofofoIoIIfo m I O I J ofofJ oIoIIfO
ofofoI ogr I O I J ofogr I J I foI ogr I J MO I J o
fogr frM.
ofofoI ogro IoO I J ofofoI ogr I J I.
ofofoI Cgr o m, I J ofofoI ogr I J rO
ofofrI guI rO fo I J ofofrI guI f.
ofofuo m, I J ofofuO I J ofoIfrI fu.
g O g or o f I J ofofu.
uIfII II IorO uIfII IIr or Ifro uIfI
I IIr I J ofofuO
ofoTITuI I A O ofofu!O
ofoToIf IoO ofoToIf IO ofo!I!frIO
ofr Io I II O ofro I I fr I! ru O
r rO fo ! u u! uI fo II fo !
r!u!IO
r o m, IIur! r! uIo O
r I O r fIo .
o fI u O o fI uI r fIo .
II roI I O II roI r r fIo .
I roI I O I roI r r fIo .
rI r f fIT I II O rI r f fIT r
fIo O r fIo I IO
r Io IoO r fIo IO IITIII rou O
r Io Ior m I I f O r fIo for.
r Io I fo I TIoII I I I f O TIoIfM
r u I g.
r Io rO fo r u Io O IITII I fo I rf fo
r fIo fO
r Io rIoO r fIo IO
r fur O r furO r u I g.
fIIIo I I r O I II frM r fur.
o oII I I r O o J oII I r fur.
I oI I f O uI r fur.
fotoluminiscencia
Io I I goI I A O f! uIf .
II I I I r O J u IM r fur.
r fur rO fo r furO
r g f I C O o rO r oIMO
rgIIO rIffI r IIO
r gIIII I O rIffI r IIfM.
ufI O ufI rIffI f.
II fO J ofJ orf .
r g f IC O r g f fIo O
r g f rO fo r u uI O J ffrO
r g f rIoO r g foo I goI O r g f IO
r gu O org I u IfJ J oI I f ffI g.
O IoorM.
I r I rO uI ffI g org.
I oII rO III g or r I g org
I I I f O I I f.
I II I I f O I IfI I f.
r gu Io O orgI g I f ffI g.
fSrIoO fJ roffI g.
r gu Ior mO I u IfJ O org IfJ O
r gu rO fo org I f fo f fo ur I I J If
I CoI fo groufO
r gr m, ffI gO f.
r oO oI O rO I r I f.
orIo o or T gC I A I fr O r!! o
o rI I O .
orIo I I A O r!!o rI .
I Tr II I I g O r o I rfIuI r
Tr g.
I IrJ oO IufM r.
I I orfO I rI II I rrI g .
ur II uI uO r oTrII.
or uII I fr O r Io gII I AS.
r O frII O I.
I II r I A O III rM rI g! .
r u II If O r u II If I or o g O
r I u rO fo I O I r fo I r MO
r I uo m, I of g I rI M f I r O
I J M rII O u I go I fu I I
u u MI g.
I fr IO II I r .
uI rIorO J IrooO TrfI I I r .
r I uII O r J I f I fIo O
r o m, I uO offIO TI I.
I IIfr rO IIfr I u.
gofro I I O IroI I I g offI.
I r Ior I I O I rfI g I u.
r I uIfo m I I O TI IO
r f J o I A O o Io fO
r f m, I f!r!r fro!IO o Io fO
r f rO fo fro!IO fo Io fO
r!fIoO r! fIO uur !O
r! fI!fro m I A O I!TI! or g gI g grou I
f!r.
r fo If I J II O I J r foI J Mf.
ru I O rI u M I II .
orfIgu Ior I r O I u J I g rI u M.
guI r o I r II I r O guI r or r II
rI u M.
uIII I r O uIIo rI u M.
rfI I I O fJ rJ oII or rIfI I r
I u M.
I orf I r I A O ufo r!I u! M .
I u Iro I fT O r rI u M.
I I g I r O I g rI u M I fT I I
fur rI u M.
154 frecuencia
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frecuencia 155
fresar
I! I ! I fT O II ! r!I u! M .
I TIIC I r O TIIo or TIu I rI u M.
J froII o I I uI IC I r O f or
J froIM rI u M.
oI IO r fI rI u M.
I frC O f I rI rI u M.
I orf Ior I I O rrIr rI u M.
I orf Ior I I o I orf Ior Ig I I r O
fr or rfI g rI u M.
I roI I I r O fur I rI u M or T I gfJ .
uI rIT I I r O uI rJ IgJ rI u M.
uIfr IT I O uIfr J IgJ rI u M.
To I I r I A O ToI! r!I u! M .
ru fro r O rI u M fr.
I I gr f O TIr fI grI rI u M
fr.
J froII oO J froIM Tfr.
rgIfr IorO rI u M rorIr.
rg Iro r I I O I uO
rg Ior m I O I uO
r I I A O r uI gO
r! ! m, r uI g .
I ruI r IC o I rg r IC O rg r
fIT r uI g.
rofo fIoO rIf or rJ of fI r u I g.
r rO fo r uO
r r m, r u .
r o m, r u .
o f I rIf O IIMurr f r u.
I rI I ufo I A O fr IIo r u! .
I T oO T uu r u.
roII IoO Ir r u I IrI I .
I IfO oII r u.
I IrO Ir r u .
I IoJ IIII O Iou r u .
I ufouIfII II IC I ur O I r
gII g r u.
I I o I I f O I r u .
I ruIo oI IfoO uII r I r u.
I IIrIC O frI g r u.
I IIo IfII IO uIfIIIu r u .
I IoI I f O f oJ o r u.
I IfroI O Ifro g fI r u.
II r gu I ufo O IufJ r u.
I f Io I fo I ufo O I ru I g r u.
I I IC I frIorO I fr II II g
r u.
I rIIC O rIfIo r u ro M r u.
I I f I O III I r r u O
I I I I o I rTIIC I ufo O oof or rTI
r u .
I gurII I o I urg I O rg M
r u .
I fIC I O ruIIr r u.
II o frIoO IM ofr or ro M
r u.
u IO J I r u.
IIIor I I of I O orI fIo IM o
fr.
ufIoO Ir r u.
I r I urf O Ioor J u .
r f r O O ro fO I I J II g.
orrIIo I I O Io g II.
I f I uO oru I g O orr f.
I O IfM Iou I IIf f
frf .
urfoO I I ro f I IfJ o rI .
TIToO IIT ro f I IfJ o rI .
r f rO fo O IIIO J I O
r fo O I gO IIII g.
r fro r I I O I r I IoMI f fJ oru
I g .
r fIf m IA I ! O !! f o or fuo
oru.
rC I r g O ro I fr I ru O
r O IfO IIII g fooIO IIIr I C r r I A
ou f!rI uI g If .
III IrI J IIoII IO I I g uffr.
oI I I IoO IJ f II uffr.
orf Ior O uffr If.
I orf I fr IO II IIII g uffr.
I uJ III I ofI O I rfII I uffr.
I II f Io IoO f ggrIfoofJ uf
fr.
I II f gr IO o rfoofJ uffr.
I IIoO II uffr.
I I Ig O I III.
I r ur rO g I I g J I.
I r r f rO uffr.
I ro rO fJ r I IIII g uffrO fJ r Iuf
fI g fooI.
I f Ior O rougJ I g or fou I g uffr.
ru I I f O ro uffr.
rI Ior O I III.
rI Ior J u O J II I III.
frI Ior O IufI g uffr.
IrO J o.
IfII IO g g uffr.
I rfIIor O I rfI g fooI.
I r II I O I ro II or orI uffr.
I r II I II IO IM uffr.
r ur Ior O offr III.
rorf Ior O uffI go fooI I I fJ .
rof fIT I r ur rO I Io or grooTI g or
g I I g J I.
I rI O ro III or uffr.
r I IIo oI I I O fr III IIIO
r f I Ir Ior O orI g I fur I g IIIO
r IIII I O J I IIIfM.
r IO J I IO
r Io r O IIII g.
g O g or I J I I g.
I uI O J I uf.
guI rO guI r IIII g.
I r fO IIII g.
I Ir IO I Ir I IIII g.
M f I Ir Io I fu O I I IrIIII.
r Ior O IIII g J I J oI g J I O
J I r I C r r I A ou f!rI uI g If .
I III Ior O I I rfMI IIII g J I O
rof rM I I rO I I oIIIrO IIII g I I r.
I oO J IIIr.
I I f rO rougJ rO rougJ I g r r.
I gr O g r IIIr or J or.
I I u foO I of r.
I ro rO fJ r I IIIr.
I uI r IIO I IIIr.
I r IT O uffr.
r ur Ior O I II IIII g J I .
r rO fo O IIIO J I fo J o I C fo
r I A fo ou f!rI u .
I r I frO fo u .
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fresar 156 funcionar
r I fu!r O fo of ! .
r o m I I O J .
rI IIII I O rI IIIfM rIffI O
rI IO rIffI rI IO
rIIC O rIfIo .
I SfI O u I fI or IIII g rIfIo .
I rr I uO f rfI g or r u M rIfIo .
I III I foO IIII g rIfIo .
I roI I foO roIII g rIfIo .
I rO r u M rIfIo .
fo fI O f fI or f rfI g rIfIo .
I IIuI r I A O uI rIfIo .
rIgo fr I I A O r! rIg!r fIo I fO
rIgor Io O oIIfor g! I f ! f uI g
I f a rIgorI I!O
rIgorIg! oO roIuI g oIIO
rI Io foO I V ! rIoO
rIo O I ofO I Io I V r f o f or
ro o f o I f!rO
rog I CoI O ruI IIII g f J I r O
rog r I CoI O fo III oI f fo grouf fJ fo I
IIO
ro f I a, ro fO J IO
ro fr I I O ro f IIO
ro fI foO I IO
ro fII IIo foO IO ro f IIO
ro fC foO I II f I I oru I g O or
r f.
rof O f o Io f.
rof Ior m, rur I I I ! o f f ruJ .
rof I fo O rIfIo O J I gO ruI g.
I III I foO IIII g rIfIo .
I roI Iur O roIII g rIfIo .
rof rO fo ru fo J .
f I fo I I of Io I I O I of Iu I J fJ I f.
fo IIo I I u O I J fJ II.
uI I I O uJ I .
ugo O Ir.
uII rO fo Io IfJ IIo O
uII O IIo O Io r o fIo f
r TfIuI I C ufooII foI I
Io o r O
u f O ou f I I rI g our.
Ir Ior I g O Ir fI g II.
rfI O rfI I rI g.
I fII fo o I I roTIIC O our o
fr uI I IM.
I Ior I foO gr TIfM I rI g.
I rO IrI u I g ou f I .
I rg O I II.
I o f foO o f f I rI g.
I rgI A I O C I r O A I O C I o r
uI I IM.
I Iur O r fur or Iur I rI g.
I J o Io I O II rIo I rI g
I r Ior I A O I fr .
IuI o I II O IuI ou our.
urfIIor O our o uI I IM.
u f IuTI IO I ! f!r r!our!O
u!r adv, oufO oufII! .
I ufO oufo Iuf f.
I I IooO oufo I Iu.
I orIoO oufo rI.
II I oO o fJ ro I I J uII g .
I froO o frO oufo fr.
I u Ir O oufo I u r.
I O oufo I J .
I ugo I C O oufo g r.
I I O oufo II .
I rIo IoO oufo rou I.
I rTIIoO oufo rTI.
I fo O oufo g rO u J I.
urfO fro gO I o r uI J rI I urT J TM
I gr I O
ur O orO I o r.
I r oO r u J orI o r.
T I orO f I o r.
II rO J orI o r.
I II rO I III rM or.
fr ug O frI ug I or.
orIfIT I IS O orIT or.
o fI u O Ir or I rI rM I o r.
o fr IfroofrIO u IfroofIT
or.
I gu O fr I o r.
I rr frO fr fIT or.
I r oO J I I o r I o r.
I IT IC O II fI g I o r.
I IIfr IC I O I g or.
I IT f I foO uI II f I I .
I grO I I I o r.
IIo fI u O IuI or o I rM I o r.
IfroofrIO IfroofIT or.
IfroofrI I II I O II rI or I I III
IfroofIT or.
J IIruII O fr I o r.
J IIroofrI I A O f!r o!r .
I II I I IIoO I II fI J orI o r.
g SfI O g fI fr gfJ or or or
I f IfM.
g foofrIO g fII g or g foo
fIT or.
MorO or urO f o CoI.
ofrIO I o rO ofIT I o r.
I r fO Ir or I rI rM I o r.
I orf fIT I r I A O rrI!r o!r .
I rI rI O I rI rM I o r.
I roTIorI O IuI I o r.
froIfroofrIO fJ roIfroofIT
or.
fr for O fr fIT or.
uf o TO, J II I I g o IO
ug O I J MI I u g I I uIfO
uIro TO, uIruO
uIgor uI I r I A O Iu! gIoO
uIgur I O uIgur fIo .
uIgurIf I goI I ToI O uIgurIfO
uIIofC TO, gu offo .
uII f TO, I fI g I O I IoIr Ifo for.
uII rO fo u fo I IoI fo IIJ rg.
uII fo O uII f.
uI IoO uII I.
u ugoO ouI.
uToroO ou o uI gO ouI.
u IC I f O u fIo .
I II I T Iu IC O I gIT IuI u fIo .
I T Iu IC IfII IO uIfII IT IuI u
fIo .
I rO I r u fIo .
TforI IO Tfor u fIo .
u Io I fo TO, oI r fIo O
u Io rO fo ru O oru O oI r f.
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funcionario 157 galera
u Io rIo O o II IO o I!rO
u I O !O ! f .
I fo I ! O !! f g .
I ufIo I ufo O fIr oTr.
I r J rr I f O fooI roII.
u I IC O ou I fIo .
orrII O o fI uou oofI g.
I C O I u fI Io ou I fIo .
J I O I r I oofI g.
Io I O fI I I oofI g.
u I f I O I r u I f I a u I f I
I II O
u I f rO fo I M ou I fIo O
u I fo TO, ou I fIo O oofI g I goI
fO
u I rO fo ou I.
u I f O III g oI ou IO Iu.
I r oII Iur O oIIrI g or III g Iu.
I r oII Iur I I fC O r I g Iu.
u Ir O ou IrM fI gO
u IIIO uII.
u IIIC O ou IrM fI g fI g IfI g
oru .
I oI uO ou Iro .
I rIC o froI uIO II fI g.
rgS f O IITrM Iro .
fruJ I O offII Iro .
I O J If f Iro O J If Iro .
ruf I A O Ig Iro .
frI ug I O frI ug I fI g.
I roO fI fI g fI ou IrM.
I I IC O IIoM f Iro .
I J IrroO Iro ou II g Iro ou IrM f
Iro .
I J Irro grIO gr MIro fI g.
I J Irro I IO rougJ fIro fI g.
I I fC O r fI g r ou IrM.
I IIg O IIoM f Iro .
I gu I uIC O gr M f Iro .
orIo O I Ir I Ig Iro .
grIO gr MIro fI g ou IrM I Ig.
I IO II I fI gO II I f
Iro .
fruJ I O offII Iro .
u IIIoO f uIO IfI.
fr ug fO frI ug IIM f.
r O I f.
IoI u I ufo O fI Iou .
oo I oI I O I If f.
u IIIor m, ou IrM O ou Ir Ifr.
u IIrO fo f fo IfO If fo Io ouf I u
u IIrO fo IfO uO
u gIII foO u gIIIO
u gI or oO uJ roo I oIu J I O
u gIffIoO u gIf fIO
u IuI r in. I r II M a u IuI r.
S roO rI I fr M.
urgC O gg g r fruu IfJ IoI oIMO
T I M o r I A gg g!O !r!O or
II r.
I rg I A O r!Igf r .
I oI O oo.
I I uII O gg g r.
urgo I O rIo IO fruu Io IO
ur I I C O uI O
uro m, orI I I foI J I.
uI Io foO IrI gO fr II I g a fr II IO
uI O uI g.
ufrC I IS O ufro I fr I ru I fII g
u .
uIIIII I O uIIIIfM.
uII O u I C r II o I a uII.
I IC rf rI I O fIII M or fII g
u.
I Mo f I C O u I u.
I rfuJ o I uIIIoO rruIfMI r
frIIg u.
I rfuJ o uJ IIIoO u I I IfMI r
frIIg u.
I I f O II u or frII u.
I uJ III O u I u.
I II r III foO IroI ouf u.
I rIrrO rIoI g u.
I f I C O I Iug u.
I fII oO fII g u.
r oT IO r I u.
uI orO uI orO I I IIJ I I fr
II IO
uIC O uIo O
uIo r I A O fo u!O
uII I I I A O !If!r .
uf TO, J f o oIu J u o rITf or
oIf.
g rIO g rIfO g rIfo m I O I r g g
fr u g gO
g rr O o O rg.
I gr O IrrIu rg.
g rr m, IIgJ fr gO
g rrro m, rg O
g r I CoI O rIu oII.
g I f foO I or forMO o IO fuIM I rr f f
rooO I rr I M Ir I g roo I r I M
I fO
g IC O m I r O g Io O
g If foO g IO
grIoO g roI.
g ro fo I goI O g ro.
g O f J oou I C g .
I I I O f J oou .
g I oII IorO III g goggIO
g If O urfo !I Iu!rO
g o TO, I! o or g!!!I uu!f r
ou f I I O
g I I g!o O g I .
g I fIf O uIIr rfJ .
g II go TO, frI g I rJ III I IgO I gofO
o I J fJ ff O
g I O g I I I I or O
g IS IoO g I I.
g Iof I O rII gO rII O gIrIrO
g Ir O go O T u I I I C A !IO
fMO
g I!r I O go Io IO
g I!r O g II!rMO ! II gO I I IrI f .
I f f I J II O oIIfI g g IIrM.
S frI I T I f O fr IrI f.
I gof I fo I I Ir I I g IIf.
I rr fr I I O J uI g M IuJ I
IrI f.
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galera 158 gancho
de ataque I f I I O ! II g .
de avance, J II g I IIof or.
de avance superior I fII O foI J II g.
de captacin I J II O I IIfr fIo or oIIfI g
g IIrM. O
I rg I I O Io II g IrI f.
de coleccin, I J MI oIIfI g g IIrM I I
g fJ rI g IrI f.
de desarrollo I I O ITIoI f IrI f.
de descarga, IuI M I I .
de direccin, I fu IT J II g I I
IrI f M.
-----de empino I f O ro IrI f.
de escombrar I I O uu I g IrI f.
de evacuacin I J II O IuI MO u IrIuIO
IIf IuI.
de extraccin I I O IIf.
de pala de arrastre I I O IuJ I g IrI f.
----- - de revisin, I I fIo g IIrM.
de servicio I I O rTI IrI f.
de servicios I I O frf fu I or I II I
o IuIf.
de sondeo, I Ior fIo g IIrM.
de toma I J II O I f u fu I.
desarenadora I I r O IIf IuIO u Ir
IuI.
filtrante, IIfr fIo or I IIfr fIo g IIrM.
inferior de avance I f O offo IrI f or
J II g.
lateral de avance I f O II IrI f or J II g.
galerna O galerno toO g IO
galern fo I M I AC O rr u J IO
galgas/I M O III rO
galibador fo I O Io f .
galibar, fo oru fo fI I fO
glibo O fI I fO Ig fr IgJ fIg I r
II gr .
de ajuste I O Io fI g fI I f.
de caja, o jig.
de fijacin, J oIII g Ig.
de inclinacin, IoI g g I IIITIfM
o rI.
de muones I J O fru Io Ig.
de perfil normal I O I r g g.
de silletas I O fII I f g g.
para guardacarril I O gu rIr II g g.
galn foO g IIo .
imperial, II rI I g IIo O
galpn foO forJ ouO I IoI J IO J fM.
de cargas, rIgJ f J I.
de removido IA O fr !r !I .
galponista m IA O !r!for o Iro !IO
galvnico, g IT IO
galvanismo O g IT I .
galvanizacin I por inmersin en caliente, J of
or J ofIII g IT II gO
galvanizado al fuego o en caliente, J ofg ITf
II.
galvanizar, fo g IT IO
galvano-recocido, g IT II.
galvanometra O g IT ofrM.
galvanomtrico, g IT ofrI.
galvanmetro foO g IT ofr.
amortiguado, I I f g IT ofr.
de gu O II g IT ofr.
de bobina mvil, oTI goII g IT ofr.
de cuerda, frI g g IT ofr.
de dinamitero, I fI g g IT ofr.
de espejo o de reflexin, r IfI g g IT
ofr.
de senos, I g IT ofr.
de tangentes, f g f g IT ofr
galvanoplastia O g IT oI I fI O IfrofMI MO
Ifrof IIurgMO
galvanoplstico, g IT oI I fI
galvanoscopio O g IT ooI .
gallego fo I I C O ITIr or uIu rO
galleta/, f I f oII u f rgf I roI O
galletera O u I I o rIu u I g J I O
gallito m I M O ufO IO
galln foO oI.
gama O r gO IIIf.
de onda I r I A O T! I .
gambota/ I O ou fr fIrO
gambusino O u IIII I r I roI forO
gamella O Mou or o I I frr J u
frougJ J fu I CJ J uf I I
I .
de lavar I I O J frougJ .
fija I I O II I g f I.
gamma/, g .
g I O I ro IfO r I g I r I A g I.
-----bruta, gro I ro If.
-----lquida, f I ro If.
ganancias
-----de explotacin, oI r fI g I ro If.
-----no distribuidas, u IITIII I ro If.
y prdidas, I ro If I Io.
g J o TO, J oou .
agarrador I O r fI g IogO f II J oou gr
J oou .
centrador I I f O II J oou .
de abrazadera, ITI J oou .
de amarrar, oorI g J oou .
de arrastre I o I f O I uII J oou .
-----de cable de izar, hoist hook.
-----de carga, rgo J oou .
de cerrojo, fM J oou I J oIf .
de clavija, I I fI J oou .
de deslizamiento, III hook.
de disparo, frII J oou .
de estibador, o J oou .
de estibar, rgo J oou .
de estrangulacin I O J ou r J oou .
de gaza, I Ig J ou r J oou .
de grillete, ITI J oou .
de maderero, Iog J oou .
de mosquetn o de resorte, I J oou .
de motn, J oou o fJ II Iou O J oIf J oou .
de ojo, M J oou .
de pared I I f O II J oou .
de retencin de cadena, gr J oou .
de seguridad, fM J oou .
de traccin, I uII J oou O I Ig Ir J oou .
de volteo I M O f J oou .
giratorio, ITI J oou .
para trozas, I J oou .
sacatapa, J oI J oou .
soltador, rI or I II J oou O I Ig IuI
J oou .
y hembra o y picolete, J oou I uI rO J oou
I M.
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ganchos 159 gastar
g o
I! orr! O !If oou or I .
I rIoO I J oou .
I IorO III g Iro .
gIoO fJ or Ifr J oou .
I r IIC O J oou .
g II g I I O o fr fO
g g O g gu.
u ro O TI I u rf.
g guII m, IuI o .
g O I u MO I Iu Iou u Ifo u M I SI
J oou r J O
g r fIIIo TO, II TIO I I O
g r fo O gr I IO gr I I II g Iro O
g r TO, g r gO
g r Iu I A O rg!O IIgf!rO
g r f! TO, gu r forO o I O
g r f O gu r fMO
g r fI rO fo gu r f!! .
g r IIIo TO, I M uu J of o I I SI I
gr TIO grIfO
g r o TO I M O I o IO
g r Io O J oou O I C g f J oou O
g r Io I frI rO III g Iro O IIrO
g rg f O I J grooTO J IO I foI g I O
rro O gorg guIIf I I I J
fJ ro f I fu I A ! .
II V furIO V furI fJ ro f.
grgoI TO, grooTO ofJ O g I O
g rIf O o J oTI or fruu fJ
o I A !I!T for r .
I fII I O ro f.
I I I O Ig I fo r.
I oII rO III g oofJ .
I TIf oI If I I I O uIITIIo .
g rIf I I O I fo f.
g rI J O g I I I CoI I I f I rO
g rIoI O u or oI fI g or or I I O
g rIoI O u or or or frMI g I I O
g IrIf O g r IrIf I Iu I or O
g rr O IufJ O fJ O I O grII .
I I I IS O I grII .
I oI rIC O oI rIo IufJ .
I rIIC O rIfIo IufJ .
I gurII IO fM IufJ .
I I f I or O grour.
g rr I r orr O If J oou or I I or I I g.
g rr J I CoI O J oou .
g rr I fo TO IA O rIooI .
g rroJ I M O I Iu I oI.
g rrof TO, I CJ I M r u.
g rrofro m I M O r u .
g rruJ O J TO I uIIM I M f u I Iou .
g rr Ior O grII J T.
r I I f O ro J T.
rr Ior I uJ O IoI g J T.
I I gr I M O fJ Iou .
I I O J I Iou or J oIf.
I I uJ r I I f O I J T.
II fu Io I I f O I g J T.
I g rg f rI I O I ou f or J I J I.
I gu O guII or I IfI g J TO IrI I
Iou .
I r MoO I ou J T.
III fO IIII g or IfI g J T.
ITI Ior O I IfI g or u uu I J T.
II r I I I M O II r fI I J oIf.
Igu I Ior O I u III g J T.
I ofrIor I I f O J I J T.
g rruJ o TO, rI gIO
g TO, g .
fII oO fMI g .
Io IO r g .
our fO oufIo g .
oufIIO uI g .
I If I C O oII g .
I gu O fr g .
I IrO Ir g .
I Ifo J ooO I f ur g .
I Iur IoO IIIuI fI g g .
I o I I ooO I gJ I g .
I rC O o I g .
I I o I I O IuIg g .
I II rIIIoO f g .
I IIgfIC I I O IIgfr g .
I I or IC I I f O or fIo I g .
I J oo I oI uI IC O ou oT g .
I J uII O o I g .
I Io IoIo I I O IuIg g .
I Io I f oO rJ g .
I Ir O ooI g .
I I frCIoO oII g .
IIu Io I I frCIoO III u II I froIu g .
fur IO fur I or I gJ I or oII II
g O gr g .
I orO I roIur or g r for g .
rIIu I o o I I f O IrM or rIIu g .
rIoO IIIuI fI g g .
TrI I I f O gr or fur I g .
g I IJ oO f g O
g I I O J uf g O
g I I I rO Ir g uO
g I orO g ouO g I orO
g ooO g ou.
g roO g IfrO g If TO, g IffrO I II .
g IfrI O I II oru O g IffI g.
g roO o f I I g g .
g I I rO fo g I M.
g oIufo TO IA O I! II ! or g .
g Cg o TO, g og g I roIur.
I fII oO fMI g r for.
I fIro I I fO Io Ir f I roIur.
orI I IorO I ggI g I roIur.
g oI o O g oII O
g CIo TO, g oII.
g oII O g oII .
I Ifo of O J IgJ of g oII .
I If ToI fIIII IO J IgJ ff g oII .
I IfII IC IIrf O fr IgJ fru g oII .
I IfII IC I IO II oI f g oII .
f III I O frII I I g oII .
I I O I II g oII .
fur IO fur I or I gJ I g oII .
r or I O r u I g oII .
g oII r O I M IIII g f fIo I C g oII
I u J O
g ofr O g ofrM.
g oSfrIoO g ofrI.
g Cfro O g ofrO g f u g frO
g f IO roII I oII .
g f rO fo rO r oufO r M fo u uI
fo I I g f rO fo rO r ouf.
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gasto
160 geodsico
g fo m, ToIu! o IoO II rg! !! IIfur!
o ufIo ! r .
rfIoO rIfI I Io .
I rII O IooI Io .
I Irr I J II O ru o r f.
I f f oO o f rM Io .
CIIIo I J II O I Io IO frI I I uI Io .
uI rrIfIoO uI rrIfI I Io .
g foO J rgO ofO I .
I II Ifr IC O II Ifr fIo I .
I o rT IC O I f J rg.
I rI uO J II I I g J rg.
I f III fo I I O I If I or II
J rg.
I I Iof IC O oI r fI g I .
g r IO g r I I O oTrJ I.
II rTIfoO o fI g I.
g f O I uf f I CJ I u I CJ r u O
g fIIIo m, r I I IO IogO frII O frIggrO I fJ .
o IIIoO rI g Iog.
I o I O I Iog.
I I rg O frII I fJ O
g fIIIo o I O J I IogO
g fo m, u I M r II Ir I CoI rIIgI g
f oIf.
rII uO r fJ f u .
oI IorO J orI g u .
I IorO J orI g u I u .
I fuo I I f O I II u .
ufo IorO I Io rI g u .
orrIIoO fr TrI g or J II u .
I uIIIoO ru I g u .
I I O J I u .
I r IIr O r fJ f or r u II I Io
u .
I g r I ufo O rTI u .
I gu oO r u .
I J uIIIo I C O r u .
I IoIoO uI u .
I ITI O I II u .
I or O I u O grou III fI g u .
I I I O ITr u .
I I r or Ior I I f O oII II u .
I I I I IorO oofII f u .
I I u fO rIIg u .
I roII uO fo I g u .
I ro o I foIIIoO r u O u r .
I fIr rO I uIII g u .
I for IIIo orrIIoO fr TrI g r u O
I g u .
I for IIIo gr IoO g rI r u .
I for IIIo I TrfIIoO I TrfI r u .
I TIoII I rguI I T rI II I u .
IS TI O fr u u .
I u Ior I fuoO I II I uJ r.
rrII Ior I O ru I g u .
J IIruIIoO J MIr uII u .
IT f fuo I I f O I g u .
I roO I u .
I r rrfO IrI u .
I r uo O our I u .
I r I ofO I oI u .
I r O fr J u O Iuf I fr J
r .
I u f IO fr J u O
g uI o I f O C uI .
g uIoO g uIo m I IS O g uO
g Tr O I or or uI II I V I CoI rIu
oII I V o or urI g o rf g
grg f.
g Tf O Ir rO Iou rO I ufo gIoT oI rf
f.
g TIf m I uf O fJ I.
g TII O fr r o rI fr If O
fJ oII I O
g TIC TO I r O g Io .
g O IooI I I I rI J oou I Ig J ou rO
gI fo m IA O !! f g!I .
gI fI O gI fI .
o I I I ToI O o I gI fI .
I ro I I ToI O I rIII gI fI .
I IoIT O I IoIT or I fI g gI fI O gI
fI IM If.
I IoIT orrI fO fr IgJ f gI fI .
ufrIfIT I I O ufrI f gI fI .
gI fI I rO fo gI fI I.
gI fI ooO gI fI ou.
gII m, Iu IorI Iur.
gIIg If O gIIg IfO gI fI IM If.
g I rI O .
gIoO f I O IuI IO IouI.
gIo (m) I IIf I ufo O I rI g J u I.
gIo I I O III gI .
g ofor m I r O g ofor.
g r Ior m, g r for.
I ro I r O r g r for.
TI fo I IS O I I J rgrO I IIrIT
g r for.
I rC IoO I IufIo g r for.
oI ou I I I oO I foI ou I g r for.
I fII oO fMI g r for.
I rC IoO J ro I g r for.
I oIfor IfII IO uIfIouf for
g r for.
I orf IrIT IC O J orfJ u f g r for.
I I u O o g r for.
I g O g I roIur.
I I I r fO I r f g f
g r for.
I o I I IS O urg or II uI g r for.
I I I r O Ig I or II T g r forO
II T oIII for.
I ororrI f I IS O urg g r for.
I f IC o f fO o f fI of fI I g
r for.
I frr oIII O fJ IrIruJ g r for.
I foI o I I r O Ig I g r forO II T
g r for.
I TITuI I r O fu g r for.
I TIoII I gor I I O o froIII
I I g r for.
frrrI IIoO IIuI I g r for.
g foISfrIoO g foO g foIfrI
g r for.
fII o I r gu O urII fMI g r for.
g r IorToI fO IM J I g r forO
g r rO fo g r fO
g r frI O g r frI I I g r forO
gS ro m, rIO IofJ r I fIr O
g oI m I O uffou .
goII O goIM.
goIS IoO goIS fIoO goIfIO goII.
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geodesta
161
gndola
g!oI!f TO, g!oI!IfO
g!o!ISfrIoO g!o!I!frI I .
go I O goI J MI.
ISfrI O IfrogoI J MI.
go Io O goI J MIIf a goI J MI IO
gC o o m, goI J o .
go ofogr fr O frrfrI I I J ofogr frM.
gogr IoO gogr I J I I.
goJ IIroIog O goJ MIroIogM.
goIog O goIogM.
goICgIoO goIogI I.
gCIogo m, goIogIf.
o uIforO o uIfI g goIogIf.
I froIroO I froIu goIogIf.
gofr O gofrM.
IfI O IMfI I or oorII f go
frM.
IrII fIT O IrII fIT gofrM.
frIII Io IO oIII gofrMO
goS frIoO gofrIO gofrI IO
goffIoO gof fI.
gr I O gr o I II Ifr fIo O
g fO
gr f TO, gr.
I oI r I M O I urJ I g g f.
uI I fO fI g gr.
gr foO grO
grIII O grIII IO
gfor O I roofr g fO rI r f fITO
gIIf I I r O gIIf.
gIg f foO gI fO o IforO
gIIrfIo m I IS O gIIrfO
gIr IO rof f IO
gIr rI Ior foO r r r J O
gIr J o m, f I r J O
gIr rO fo rToITO fur O IuO ITIO I gO rof f
fo Ir I Ir f .
IooO fo I I I J I .
gIr forIoO rToITI gO gMr forMO rof rMO
gIro TO, rToITI gO IuI g fur I J M rToIu
fIo oTrfur I g I I I J I gI g
I o Ir f fr IO II o uI .
I IrJ I ufo O rIgJ f fur .
I II uIrI I ufo O I f fur .
I TIf O IgJ f Ir f.
I Ir O Iur uI .
gIrogr TIII Ior I I O rof rM gr TI r O
gIrCfro O gMrofr.
gIrC foO frII o ooIO fII g I I gfJ o
IfM Iou O
gIroCI IoO gMrooI IO
gIrooI Io foO gMrooI O
gIroffI O gMrof fI.
gIroffIoO gMrof fI.
gIrCf fo foO gMrof fO
gI m, r Mo O
gI I IO gI I IO
gI I r foO gI IrO
gI Io IuTI I I goI O gI Io IuTI I.
gI I foO gI I.
gI IuI O o Io IIM uI I g I u I g
gI I.
gI Io O gI I g a gI IO
gIIrI O gIMrI O
gIIroI I I uI O gIMroIO
gIII I O gIMI .
glicol fo I I uI O gIMoI.
de etileno, fJ MI gIMoI.
-----etilnico dinitrato (voi), ethylene glycol di-
Ifr fO
gliclico, gIMoIIO
globo fo I II O gIoO
globular, gIouI rO
glbulo foO gIouI.
glbulos reflectores I O reflector beads.
glorieta O fr I IrI.
gIo Ior TO I M O uIIfor.
gneis fo I goI O g I.
gnisico, g II.
g IoIIO g IoII.
gnomon foO g oo carpenters square.
gnomnico, g oo I.
goa O I Ig I Iro O Ioo o .
gobernalle fo I O ruIIr.
gobernar, fo o froI.
gobierno foO goTr f management, IIr
fIo o froI.
a distancia, rof o froI.
goetita/, gofJ If I Iro or O
gola/, og I A III Muu!fO
goI o tu, guI.
golilla O J r I CJ pipe flange; (Sp) sleevei
oII r.
I oI fO rI g r .
golpe TOO Io O J ou I g frou I C fJ ro .
de ariete o de agua, fr J r.
de aspiracin, ufIo frou .
de compresin, oI rIo stroke.
-----de compuerta (M), water hammer.
I I uIIC O J uf frou .
de retardo, u I J .
de retroceso, rfur frou backlash.
elctrico, IfrI J ou .
golpeador foO frIu r I IfJ J r O
golpear, fo frIu O I ou I I g fo u ou O
golpeo foO frIu I gO I ou II g I g u ou .
por encendido, I ru u ou .
golpetear, I g fo u ou O J rO
golpeteo foO u ou I gO I ou II gO I fI thump.
del mbolo, I Ifo I I .
gollete foO I J fJ ro fO u our IO
goma O gu rur fIr r r.
aisladora I IS O I III g gu.
I IC O IIoo fIr.
de borrar, r r.
de la caa I O gu.
de cuerdas, orI fIr.
de empalme I IS O I III g gu.
de tela, rI fIr.
elstica, rur.
-----esponjosa de borrar (dib), sponge rubber.
. Io O I f fIr.
laca, J II .
I r IO I r I rur.
recuperada, rI II rur.
gomaguta/ I II O g og.
gomar, fo fr f IfJ rur.
go rI I A O fIr!r! Ir o .
gomero (m) vulcanizador IA O tire vulcanizer.
gomoso, guM.
gndola/, I rr go IoI r I I M narrow-gage
IuI r o Iu.
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gonigrafo m I I O I ! f I!O
goniometria O goo!frM .
goniomtrico, go IofrIO
goniometro m, go IofrO gI fr.
de aplicacin, o f f go Iofr.
---- de refleccin, r IfIo go Iofr.
gordo, I oII rIJ J rI I fr oIIM uIu MO
gorrn foO guIgo I I ITof j our IO fru o
u I gI I .
II O our I.
-----de manivela motriz, crankpin.
gorupo foO J r I.
gota O IroI I I f f r.
goteadero foO IrII .
gotear, fo I u fo IrII .
gofo m, I u gO I u I g IroI I I g.
gotera/, I u I I guffr I foI I SI J I.
gotero foO IrII I III I J oI.
gofrC TO, o I fIo guffr I u MIIgJ f IrII .
gozne foO J I gO fr I J I g.
amortiguador de piso, J u I g Ioor J I g.
de paleta, fr I J I g.
de piso, Ioor J I g.
de placa, I I f J I g.
TO T J I g.
grabador O grabadora O gr TrO uffI g fooIO
grabar, fo gr T fo rTO
grada O fI gr II fI I IIr J rro J II
MO III I I foI I II If r I Ig
uoO goITII I IIg I V II I I f.
al revs I I O oTrJ I foI .
abierta I I O oI foI .
---- de astillero, J II MO I u J I g M.
de dientes, foofJ J rro .
de discos, IIu J rro .
de espiguilla I I O J rrI go foI .
de halaje I O III M.
de relleno I I O IIII foI .
derecha I I O u IrJ I foI .
ramai I I O r J foI O foI ufoufO
gradacin/, I I M gr I fIo I g I CoI gr I
fIo O
gradar, fo J rro .
gradera/, rI o fI f IIuO gr If IO
gradiente m O gr IO IoI O gr II f I CJ uI
gr I.
de la energa, rgM gr II f.
de potencial, I of fI I gr II f.
de la presin I O I rur gr II f.
de tensin I I O ToIf g gr II f.
de velocidad I J II O TIoIfM gr II f.
gravimtrico I go O gr TIf fIo I gr II f.
hidrulico o piezomtrico, J MIr uII gr II
f.
gradilla O rIu oII fI I IIr C fu
r u .
gradino O fo uffr J IIO gr TrO
gradimetro ofO gr IIofr.
grado ofO gr IO I O r f I J M f g
I fJ Igr.
antidetonante, fIu ou r fI g I g oII .
de agudeza I I V O Igr o urT.
de calor, Igr o J f.
de curvatura I O Igr o urT.
de latitud, Igr o I fIfuI.
de octano, of r fI g I g oII .
gonigrafo
I I ur I f O I .
I TIoII IO r f o I I.
O I u I O I gIf g.
IS frIoO IfrI I Igr.
IoO IO I gIf g.
gr ICfro OT, gr Iofr.
gr Iu IO Iuf I.
gr Iu IC O gr I fIo O gr Iu fIo O gr II g
I I gr II gO ITII g I J M f gI g.
f I O f r fI g.
I I rIC I fur O I rur f gI g.
I TIoII I I fur O TIoIfM f gI g.
of I O of r fI g I g oII .
gr Iu Ior TO, g g gr Iu for IufrO
gr Iu Ior I J O gr Iu for.
gr Iu rO fo gr Iu f fo I I M I g fo gr I
I J fo I I I I fo ITIO gr I fo
Iuf I J M fo f gO
gr I O gr I J I II gr O gr I J .
II I II IorO I g I II for rI.
I I r O fII I gr I J .
I IroSfrI O I MJ rofrI J rf.
gr IIo TO I I O gr I J IO
gr Io OT, II gr O gr I J O J rf gr I J IO
gr I J I I.
IuTIoSfrIo o J IIruIIoO J MIrogr I J .
gr Io TO, fo uffr J II I M ruII g I .
gr If rO fo I I IM gr I J If fo gr I J IfI.
gr IfIoO gr I J IfI.
gr IfI r I A O fo IM gr If! fo gr IfI! .
gr Ifo TO, gr I J If.
ooO I u gr I J If.
rI IoO rfI II I gr I J If.
gr Ifoo I V O gr I J IfIO
gr oSfrIoO gr I J ofrI.
gr Cfro TO, gr I J ofr.
gr offI O gr I J of fI.
gr offIoO gr I J of fI.
Cr g fITo I I O Cr g fIT.
Cr I oIfITo I I O Cr I oIfITO
gr O gr .
gr II TO, I rI ru I g or r fJ g g roufr
I SI g g II o rITf I fr I M g g II
f .
IoIO orfI g g.
I r I gr O uff g g.
I r orf O orfI g g.
I r r rO r f g g.
gr II rO fo ru oufO I M ouf.
gr IC I I uI O gr Io .
gr o O gr O
gr ofroO gr fr.
gr o Ior I M O IorIO II or gr I
orI.
gr I O I I O III O r I f I I.
I O J I TI.
I IfIo I ufo O I rI g III .
I gu rI rrII I O gu rIr II I I .
I rII o O fJ u I I .
I r IO I III I I I .
I r r O f I I.
I r gur O J o I I .
I r oIIO or I I .
gr I I r orr O If I I or J oou or
I I g.
gr I I fI for O gr I Ir fI guIJ r.
162 granada
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gr IIIIo m I V O rIooIO
gr II O gr uI f!I !f I of .
I rC I fI O ro gr uI.
gr guI rO II gI I r .
gr f m, g r f.
gr f ro I goI O o f I I g g r fO
gr III O fo r I gO
gr IO O IooO I uIu O
gr f o m, I u J ru O
gr f m, I u J O fr I u J .
I O II or I frI g fr
I u J .
I I Ior o I rorfO Io fI g fr
I u J .
gr f rO fo ru IfJ fr I u J O
gr II Cr IIo m I goI I V O gr oI J Mr.
gr fIoO gr IfIO
gr IfI roO gr IfI rou.
gr IfI orO gr IfI or.
gr IfIf I goI O gr IfIf.
gr IfI IC O gr IfI fIo .
gr Ifo foO gr If.
I ofIoO I of J gr If.
gr IfoII TO, gr IfoII.
gr IfoIIo a, gr IfoII.
gr IfuIIo m IA O II gr If! TI g Iou .
gr I I A O grIfO II gr T!I .
gr Io m, J II.
gr o m, gr I gr I I IgJ f .
Irfo I C O o r gr I .
rr IoO Io gr I .
I oO I gr I .
gorIo I C O o r gr I .
gruoO o r gr I .
gr oI fIo I goI O gr oI fI.
gr oIIorIf I goI O gr oIIorIf.
gr o IrIoO gr oI J MrI.
gr o Iro TO I goI O gr oI J Mr.
gr og ro rn I goI O gr og ro.
gr oIIfIo I I T O gr oIIfJ I.
gr oIIfo TO, gr oIIfJ .
gr oII I O gr uI rIfM.
gr ooO gr uI r.
gr uIo I I I M O gr uI r.
gr uI IC O gr uI fIo I g I A gr II g .
gr uI IoO gr uI fI.
gr uI Ior TO, gr uI for.
gr uI Ior I A O I ru!r or roII .
gr uI rO gr uI r.
gr uIIf I goI O gr uIIf.
gr uIIfIoO gr uIIfI.
gr uIIfI IC O gr uIIfI fIo .
gr uIo m, gr uI.
gr uIofrI I M O gr II gO gr Iu fIo O
gr uIoSfrIoO gr uIofrIO
gr uIoII I O gr uI rIfMO
gr uIooO gr uI r.
gr O fo r I g I C gr TI I A
ru!I fo !O
gr TO, fo ! r!! I g gr T!IO grIf I V
ru o u gr T!IO
gr O IIO I O r f I! I Iog .
I I I IS O I I I I I .
I rr IroO III Iog.
I oO J I I .
I I I O IroI Iog.
granadillo
I urI I IS O orI grII .
II r o I I f O r u f I I.
I Ir O J I r O rI fr I I .
I I ru I IS O ff III .
I f IC I IS O fr I I I .
goII Ior fI f O IrIT I I .
I r IO I III I I I .
I r I II f I IS O gr I I I .
gr I I r I O If J oou O
gr I C TO, r I Iro O I I O IogoIf.
I J I r I f O J fI g I O I I u I .
gr O gr I g.
I I I Iu O I I f.
I rIoOI rI.
I oI O uI gr .
I C I IuI IoO IuI uo I gr .
I C I IO IIo I gr .
gr IfI O gr I J If gr .
IurI fO uI or IurI fI g gr .
I O I gr .
I r IO I oI ou IO roI gr .
I r I gr O fr IIo gr .
I r oI III I I rIC O uI gr .
I r oO I gr .
I r gr O g r oI ou I.
I r I MforO gu gr .
Tgf IO Tgf I f.
gr r I I oI rIC O gr uI .
gr ro TO I M O I g IuI O
gr I foO gr MO oIIMO
gr oO oIIM I o rIJ f I Ifur O
gr f O r I Ir ruJ O
gr fI I IC O o u fo I IoMO
gr uT I goI O gr M u .
gr T O gr TI.
I oIoO ouIIr gr TI.
I fr o I I O I If gr TI.
I guI I V O gr uI gr TI.
I I I M O J gr TI.
rufo I M O I Ifru gr TI.
IuTI IO rITr gr TI.
gr Iu I O gr II gr TI.
I roTJ o I I O I M gr TI.
I rI r o f I oo IO ru o u or
u r I gr TIO
gr T Ior I I O gr TI r O
gr TI I O gr TIfM.
I I O I I I gr TIfM.
gr Tr O gr TI I If or u O
gr T Io I M O gr TIf fIo IO
gr TIII O I or I gr TI grIfO
gr TIII Ior I I O gr TI r O
gr TIfr O gr TIfrMO
gr TISfrIoO gr TIfrIO
gr Tfro O gr TIfrO gr TIfM frO
gr TIf IC O gr TIf fIo O gr TIfMO
gr TIf fIo I I M O gr TIf fIo IO
gr TIf rO fo gr TIf fO
gr TIfCfro TO, gr TIfofr.
rgIfr IorO rorII g gr TIfofr.
gr Too I M O gr TIIM.
grI O Io O I MO rIO uIIr rfJ .
r o O IM Io .
grI I TO, I M I If.
grIooO I MMO Io M.
grIo TO, I or u Io r f u Io fr IO r fO
163 gremio
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gremio
164
gruesa
I!I o IIoO r f u Io .
I IufrI IO I IufrI I u Io .
orroO fr Iu Io I or u Io .
gr oI uIf O gr ou If I IIu or O
gr TO, I ugO I M Ifur or u I g r I II O
rIu O f. .
T I I r I I o O gI I fII I I II O gI I frr
off O
grf I M O IIfJ rg.
grIf O r u O O J I u I Ir J u I goI
oI f
I II rO J Ir r u .
I o fr IC O J rI u g r u .
I I IC I I O o J u .
I f I I O fJ rougJ J u
fSrI I TI O Ir r u .
grIf rO fo r u O
grIfooO r u IO M.
grI O I I I ffr O fI I f I A fr Igf!
I g fooI.
grI r O fou or orf f o ou or IO
grI o O ou O ufO I I J MIr f.
I I r I fo I ufo O I rII g ou .
I Irr ufofIoO I IoI g uf.
I III IroO MII Ir ou .
I oI rIC O oI rIo ou .
I orI or IC O orI or fIo ou .
. I I gr O uI or Ir I ou .
I I J ogoO Io o ou .
I I rg II II foO uI T IT.
I II u f I I C O I II g ou .
I If IC I I O J u T IT.
I Iof Ior I I I I O Io f T IT.
I J oO I Iug ou .
I r I O ou or T IT.
I I ru I I O frM or g g ou .
I I urg O Ir I or Io o ou .
I rorfO I rI g uf.
I fr o IufoO fJ r M ou .
IoI ror I ufo I I O I rII g ou .
I II Ior I ITIO g g ou .
I r I IIoO Ir I Iug.
I r gur O J o I.
I urg Ior I I u O u ou .
grIII I A O grIIIO gr f! I !I! grII .
I o froI I r O o froI grII.
uI ror I r O uI I ror grII.
grIII I f II I r O r grIIO
grIII m IA I CoI O grIII gO
grIIIro IA O gr f! I! !rO
grIII!f! foO uI! ou!f I!TI .
Irfo I O oI ou f.
rr Io I O IoI ou f.
o I r o ro IoO r I I J u I.
I gu rII I O Mgu rI J u I.
I II TuIf O J I fur I J u I.
I ofC O Iou J u I.
I I r o oT I IoO oT II I J u I.
I I u f I O rIIg ou f.
I rorfO I J u I.
I gurII IO fM J u I.
J orI uIII I O oI ou f.
Io Io I O fI I I ou f.
or or C O J rf J u I.
gIr forIoO ITI J u I.
I r I O II g or J or J u I.
grI TO I I O IrI I O
grIfro O ffI g ITI or IrI I O
grIu If O grIou If I I IoIT O
grIuooO o f I I g IrI I O
grIufI O grIoufI I I IoIT O
groor TO, fJ Iu I g o r O
gr O r IrrIu J oIf.
II f Ior I O fr r .
o fo Ior O fIrI g or f u I g r .
rruI Ior O fTIorI g or rouf ouf or
rgo r .
fIr f I O guM IrrIu .
ufoCTII o ufo IC I ! O fruu r .
o I I I g IIo I M O fI Ig IrrIu .
orrIr o orrII O fr TII g r fr T
II g IrrIu .
I guIIC O IrrIu I r .
I r IorO rfor IrrIu .
I rr fr I M O Ir gII T for.
I uIIIo I O ru I g r .
I of I O I TIf.
I r oO I r .
I r o rgIIoO fI Ig IrrIu .
I IIfO g frM r .
I I r II IO r II I I M.
I I fr I I IO fr TII g I M.
I I I A O I IouO II !r! fI I
oIf.
I IC O fruu r .
I rrIIO r Ir or frI III r r .
I oIu O I III r r .
I o fr TI fo I IO guM IrrIu .
I II I IC O uIIIr IrrIu .
I fr I C O r Ir r .
I gr I O J II uIIII g r .
I rfIIIoO J rJ I r .
I S uI O r u f r .
I o f O rfor IrrIu .
I uIIO Iou or J r r .
I orug O r Ir r .
I I IoO gI I oI.
I I rIO II or I r .
I I fO I r .
I I Ir rgII I M O fI Ig IrrIu .
I I CrfIo o I I orf IO g frM or rIIg or
I orf I r .
I I ofO I III r r gI I oI.
I I u fO fr TII g r rIIg r .
I rf II O guM IrrIu .
I rof IC oI If O r I J IrIr.
I IT fo I O ru I g r .
I fIr O J r IgO J r.
I forrO fo r IrrIu .
I fr forO fr for r .
I fr orIo I O fr r r .
I frI oIO frII oI IrrIu .
II r I IO II r fI I J oIf.
I O IrrIu .
gIg fO fIf r .
J IIruII o J IIr f I A O I rr f!r r !O
fr u f II! .
Iooofor o IooCTIIO IooofIT r .
fr I orf Ior I fro oO IoggI g rJ .
TI r O fr TII g IrrIu .
gr I o fC O IrrIu rgO Io fI g r O
gru O gro.
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gru!o foO fIu ! a fIuO I! !O ! TMO
o r! rI I f!r r I o r!f! O
gruIIor foO gI I!r I!rO
gruo foO Io!O !IofO u O
gruo foO grou !fO ff!rM .
oI Ior I IS O I I g f.
I I I oo I I f O IIJ I IM.
I IIr O ffrM o oIIr.
I rg O ffrMJ rgI g f.
I ofor M g r IorO ofor g r for f.
II ofur Ior I O J uffr IM.
II T fII IorO IM.
IfrCg o o g r IorO g r fI g f.
ofoo O I uI I gI .
ofoI roI uIorO IfrI IrIT I ufo I A
o!r I f .
ofor I ufo O I o r I I f.
gu Iro O Arg! fI ! Iu!r I !I rI .
gu J II II TO IAC O J rI ooIO
gu I I I r rufoO ruJ MfJ O
gu TO I C O II J r O
gu IoO J u Io.
gu IIr O f Ir . frI gO frI grO rrI g
I J M J rouIO
I ofS I O ur frI gO IoI frI g.
II ofC O J u o f u I Iou .
I I rI I O II frI g.
gu IIrI TO, fJ r frII .
gu If o TO I I O J rI ooI.
gu II TO I CJ O J rI ooI.
gu fIf TO, g u fIf.
gu f (TO) I oII IorO IIr gIoT.
gu r TO I CoI O If.
gu r I TO I CoI I V O IIgJ f roI .
gu r I rI I V O I r.
gu r I o TO I O uI.
I II IoO III uI.
ruIoO III or r uI.
gu r furo TO I V O II f I u rfO
gu rI O gu rI rI o Iou or u M.
gu rI TO I O o IuforO r u O gu rI.
orf IO orf rI .
gu rI gu TO I I O I J I gO
gu rI gu TO I O IfJ O
gu rI I S O foruI rO
gu rI IuI O J I fo I roff r IIro I fr u
ro I IIIIO
gu rI I I TO I O ffI gu rIO
gu rI r TO, I fr I O fJ I O
gu rI I TO, If gu rIO
gu rI Ir TO I IT O I g O
gu rI rrr TO I O roI g fJ O g f
f Ir.
gu rI rro TO, uIgu rIO I ufo IrO
gu rI orI TO, ur r.
gu rI oI u TO, orf rI O
gu rI rI TO, I IJ III I C I Ir u O
gu rI Io I I O T o rIO
gu rI I TO, I gu rIO
gu rI o I O fJ II.
I f J O J r fJ II.
I Igu I IC O I u III g fJ II.
I IrroO IoggI g fJ II.
frIoO oIII fJ II.
forI I I IS O I I I fJ II.
g rI I m, J I gu rI.
grueso
gu rI Io m I O IfJ O
gu rI I o foO ro I or J IgJ M or fr I
gu rI.
gu rI fo TO, ur r or r IO oI g
I I IM ooI II gO r III gO
gu rI rrfr TO, J IgJ M or ro I or fr I
gu rI.
I I I O fII I f J IgJ M gu rI.
I rorfO I rI gfI J IgJ M gu rI.
I fIr IfII IO uIfIfrII J IgJ M
gu rI.
gu rI rrII fo I O gu rIr IIO
gu rI rfr foO r u gu rIO
gu rI III fo I IS O If J ooIO
gu rI I foO J I .
gu rI oS O frIf J IIIO
gu rI orr O If gu rIO
gu rI ruro fo I O roI g fJ O
gu rI urI o O r III gO
gu rI J II foO I ru rrfrO
gu rI J oI u fo I ufo O uI rO
gu rI Ir O ufoII o Iou or I O
gu rI Irru foO frufur or I roffIo
g I f TI .
gu rI III uO ufoII o I .
gu rI gr foO g r gu rIO
gu rI IC m I I A O . fM fr IO
gu rI f I u fo I CJ O rrToIr ufoII O
gu rI go foO uIgu rIO
gu rI roI foO I I gu rIO
gu rI Irro m, I M O fooI uI rO
gu rI IIfro m, IIfr ff I fO
gu rI r o I O r u .
gu rI ugo foO I or Irgu rI I I Ir ufo
a IrrIfI gO
gu rI g II C fo I ! O foru I rO
gu rI g Io fo I O ffI gu rI I Ioo I M
I IIofO o fJ rO
gu rI gr O gr rf I rO
gu rI gu I ro I TITuI I ufo O T ITguII
u I r.
gu rI J rr I f TO, fooI uI rO
gu rI J IIo TO I J II O I I ro O
gu rI J IIo TO I IS O II O
gu rI rorIg TO, f gu rIO
gu rI J uo TO, ou J If ou foI O
gu rI u f I O oI f J IIIO
gu rI I Io TO, I r I fO r III gO
gu rI II r O I I gu rIO
gu rI I fr I I CJ O ur fo rf I II fO
gu rI I O II O
gu rI IoIo TO, uIgu rIO
gu rI IIuTI TO, J ooI oTr Ioor or I Io O
gu rI o TO I oI O J IJ III.
gu rI I O I gu rIO
gu rI o f TO, orfrO orf rI O
gu rI ofor O I roffIT ITI or oforO
gu rI uI TO, gu rI oTr grI II g J IO
gu rI IT TO, o J I.
gu rI o I TO, f I grof.
gu rI I ro TO I IS O IrI gu rIO
gu rI I IS I O oof gu rIO
gu rI I oI O I uIIM gu rIO
gu rI I oITo TO, Iuf gu rI Iuf I or J III
oTr II I SI I J I g or J ooI oTr Ioor
I or I Io .
165 guardapolvo
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gu rI of!
guardaposte foO !!I gu rI fr I I f! guM
I.
guardapretil I I f O ur fo I roff I r I fO
guardapuente O rIIg gu rIO
guardapuerta O for IoorO
guardarradiador m I ufo O r II for gu rIO
gu rI rr fo I O gu rIr II f rogO
guardarratas fo I uf O r f gu rIO
guardarraya I M I C I ! O ou I rM o u
! f ou I rMII !O
guardarretenida fo I !I! O guM gu rI guMIr!
rof!for . . . O
guardarriel fo I O gu rIr IIO gu rI fIrO guII
r II.
-----exterior I O gu rI fIr.
guardarrienda I A O guMgu rIO
guardarrosca O fr! I rof!forO
guardarruedas foO !!I gu rI I V gu rIr IIO
guardasierra foO gu rIO
guardasillas O Ir r IIO
guardatestigo TO (SX), or! rr!IO
guardatiempo fo I I O fI!u!!!rO
guardatierra m (M)O I g IIO
guardatoma fo I II O I f u! ufoII O
guarefetrn fo I A O r u! O o IuforO
guardavaca/ I O ffI! gu rIO
guardaventana O I Io gu rI for I IoO
guardaventilador foO gu rIO
guardavia fo I O fr u Iu!r I A roI g
f O I g O
guardaviento foO I II!IIO
guardaviyo O or !r ! IO ur rO !Ig! ro
f!for .
guardavolante OI!!I gurIO
guarder IC O J III I J M J rouI.
-----contra hormigas (C), ant guard.
guardin fo I I I ! O fJ O ufoII O I o
II .
guardin fo I O ruIIr J I or IO
guaribo fo I M O o f ooIO
guarismo foO IgurO urO II J rO
guarnecer, fo frIO If ouf fo fuo fo II
I r u fo uJ I rI g O
guarnecido foO fuoO I A ro o f o I f!r .
de bronce, If rfrIIg.
guarnicin/, IuIggu!fIIIgIrI frI
IM ur I ! I !rf .
de amianto, !foIuIg.
de cerradura, IoufrI.
I!I !rgu!OIuf IIIg.
de freno, ru!IIIg.
de motn, frI o fuI!Iou.
I!!IIr I!I!O!IIg gu!f.
espiraloide, IrIf IuIg.
guarniciones, IffIgOfrIIg.
de conducto I!I!OoIuIf IffIg.
de grapa I!I!OII IffIg.
IITIIIII!I!OIIIf IffIg.
terminales de conducto I!I!Or!f!r
II IffIg.
gurIrOfo r!!T!fo rIgffrI.
guarrusca ICoI O J f.
guata O I CJ uu II gO rI I gO I IfIo I A
offo f! . .
guataca/IC O J o.
neumtica I C O I M I IO Ir I I.
gu f TO, SoufJ A!rI ooIO
gu M I V O Ir! ro! .
guIOguII TO, Souf A!rI rI
ooI. .
gu TO, guo TO, IIguTIf!OguIu.
gurof!I ! O uI I o !I rO
gu Mo TO IC I CJ O J rI ooI.
guI O goug I rI fr I Iro oru r .
oI I O f goug.
o I Ig J u O ou f goug.
o r oO f g goug.
I f O Irr goug.
I oO I rI g or rII g goug.
I for oO fur I g goug.
guI I u C O Irr gougO
gu O I J guIIO IrI Ir I I u I goI
r J TI I I I Ir I rr MIII
I rr fIf I I rIf.
oIorISfrI I I O oIor J rf.
I I I A O MIII .
I!rg IfrOIII.
I!orfr I IIo I!OrII gg!.
I! I!ICIfo o I! ISO r!ou!
r!!IIf.
I!!rIu!IAOIII o IIIg.
I!!IuII!IOggg!r!!IIf.
I!!IIgrOIo!IIg Ig.
I!IIC IIOIfr!uI!I!r
I!IIr IIOIIIg guII!.
I!oIIrOT!guII!.
I!rofuIr IIIOI!ff!rIg guII!.
I!I!rrOguII!or gg!.
I!fror I!Oufo gg!.
I!fror IgI!f!OIf!r ufo gg!.
I!I TITuIOTIT!guII!.
I!I Tfgo I!SoIoOIIforoIguII!.
! VOA.
Ir I!IrO!r gg!.
guI . . O I
oIgf!IIIOIgIg or gIg I!I.
I!I ofrI!o I!Oouf!r!Igf rII.
I!I rfI!f!OIII!IrIT!r I!I.
guIrr! m II!fOIIfou.
guuIII I!ISOII!guII!.
guII!r I I!oI!f!O!rIg r!.
guII!rOguII!.
guIrOfo guII!Iufo fo IrIT!.
guIoIII!fOIIfou.
guIOI!I!.
guIrrI OgrT!I !I.
guIrr!oOguIrrooOguI!oOguIooOgrT!IIO
guIrrIIIo TO, I!I!O
guIrro TO, I!I!OoI!OouII!rO
guIo TO, grT!I I ourIOguIg!o Iu
IC roII J f I J o frufIo IurO
guIII TO, r f I I O IIIIfr.
I I rO IufI g I I .
I of IoO II IIIIfr.
I I gIfO J r I I .
J r O J oIIo I I .
J oO grooTI g I I .
guIIIofI O J r IouIJ u g I Io .
I I I I M O ITr J r.
I r I r o I M O oIf III I r.
guI If TO, I uI u or I r u I
o If r .
guimbalete
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guimbarda
167
hectovatio
guI rI O r !fI g or rouf!r or ouI g
I !.
guIIor m IAOoIf ru!rOoIfIg !gI
!!r.
guIr IAOfo II! Irgo If oIfIg
!gI!.
guI! m IA I! I CoI O J oIfI g gI O I J O
I II r .
rrIIO IooofIT r .
oIg fO froIIM J oIf.
orrIIoO fr TII g J oIf.
II I I O J or I J .
I oI urf O g f J oIf.
I oO I II O I J .
IooCTIIO IooofIT r .
fr I I I I A O fr T!II g oIfO
guI !ro m I A I CoI O J oIf ru rO
gr I J ro m I C O J oIf ru rO
guI I I C O IoI o roo O
guI If O II roI O orIO
guI I I O J rO
guI I f m IAC O I r O
guI Io m, Arg! fI ! Iu!r I !I rI .
guIIoIOofIIrII!Ir!!rT!rO
guIC OIA uIrIgffu!or IgfIgI CJ
r frO
guIrI m, I I g I rf.
guIr II I uf O IrO ruI g frII O IoII J I O
gu If O gu If.
gu IfIf m, fgu oru rO
gu IIIo O gIIfO f If IrIIIO
gu o mO IrIII If or I V I Ir I rI or
fO
gufo m, f fO
guf I rJ O guff I rJ O
guf I rJ Io I A O ru!roT!r!I .
!r OIf r!IIf.
IIIfICOoufIfO!IuII!fIffIg ouf.
IIIfIo m II IVOoIII o II!o!O
If!rO
IIIfrOfo !IuIIOIf oufOrIg.
!rOfo u!fo Io.
gu IufOfo I!u.
I!foOfo !ffI!.
!!fIToOfo OoII!f.
!I !Ofo II fOfoI f.
!fIC II!TOfo I frIf IoIffo !f
uI f!frIf.
I!ISOfo grouI.
IuI!rOfo go Ifo uruIf.
Ifr IToIOfo Ir!Ooof.
I!IOfr!urII!I!ff!oruOIIf
IIffIoOr IA ffI!OIIT!fou.
I!r I ! O ug r III .
I!!!IIo o I!uIIICO!If!r.
I!IurICOII!IIf.
IIIOIuIIfr!ur.
IIor m, fu!rO
IrOfo fuOIII!O
O.
OroI.
I!IoIIoOIouI!If .
I!oOf!fOI.
I!rIOII rI!f!r.
I!!II IorOI roI.
I!of!o I!fuOIIIg or !IIIg .
!IOIo!r OooIIIIff!r.
Ir I!orf!rOI!!IIg .
Ior m IAO.
guII M O u!I I I ! fI!rI g .
o m, Ioo .
u!I I M O I .
!rOfo !Ouf If .
!ro m, OooIuff!r.
!f Of!f.
C m IOu!!.
u!IOf!f I C I.
J O ro I or J I gII g J fJ f.
I oO J J fJ f.
I f rI rO IoorI g J fJ f.
I IIfo IorO I fJ I g J fJ fO
I rfIIIoO J fJ f IfJ J r O
I II I orO J I or I fJ I g J fJ fO
I or o I u O I J fJ f.
J J ur r I II I CJ O fo J fJ .
J J ur I II I CJ O J fJ I gO J J ur.
J I Ior (m) I T go O r I uIIr.
J I m, J uII gO J uI g.
J I rO fo J uIO I uII.
J I T go m, r I uIIr.
J IIf O J IIfO fIT or rou If.
J Io m I O J I fIo .
J g r O J g r I A r!ou!O !I .
I!rIIIOo!gr.
rI!If I!fOrI!If!.
rI IOIour.
oIIOoII IourOuI!!IgurOIIfo!ou
!rf.
I!rI IOI!rI III!r.
rIooOIourIoIIO
rCIo m a I!ISIfOroIO
r!r I CoI I CJ O fo I fO r O
J r rro m, r f Ir.
J r ro O r .
orrIIoO fr TII g r .
I I O I g r .
gIr forIoO rToITI g r .
TIr forIoO J u I g r .
J fI I m, ro f II g IO I II f I SI II
II o rIu r.
I I Io I I I O oof II.
I fJ o I I I O J gI g IIO
J fI I I I O II II o g IIrMO
J M O J O
J O u II gof.
I rJ I ufo O IrITI g or ou frM r..
I r IIoO r IIo .
I r MoO u II o IIgJ f r MO o o r MO
I fr Io I ufo O fr I I o IIgJ f .
IfrC IoO Ifro fr r IIo .
Iu IoO u II o IIgJ f r M.
J O ur I.
J r O gr I I ooI TI o or fJ r I I
I CJ fr IO
J fr O J f rO
J fogr o m, J fogr O
J foIIfro m, J foIIfrO
J fCfro m, J fofr.
J foT fIo m, J fo ff.
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!o
168
hecho, I!.
a mano, II!.
------ a mquina, machine-made.
en sitio, rfIII!.
hechura OoruIIOuIgO
hechurar IAOfo u!O
heladaOrof. . O
heladera Or! rIg!rfg IIf .I!o.
!IrO!Ir!Ofo r!!!.
!I!ro TO, gII!r.
heliantna IIO!fO!fI org!O
hlice/, r!IroI!II!r!II.
____de aletas fijas IfurOI!III!IroI!II!r.
___de aletas regulables IfurOoTI!II!
IroI!II!rO
hlices gemelas, fI r!O
hlico, !IIIO
helicoidal, !IIoIIIO
helicoide O!IIoIIO
helicptero foO!IIoIf!rO
helio TOIIuIO!IIu.
heliografia/, !IIogrIIu!IrIfOu IrIfO
heliogrfico, !IIogrII.
heligrafo O!IIogrIO!ofroI!.
heliograma foO!IIogr.
heliosttico, !IIoffI.
helistato foO!IIofroI!O!IIoff.
heliotropista OoI!rfor o !ofroI!.
heUotropo O IIf !IIofroI! II!r !o
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