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problema8: kimberly clark produce libretas y mide las siguientes variables, con la siguientes especificaciones

Variable Blancura
Unidades % lote blancura
especificacion No tiene 1 79.96
No tiene 2 79.33
LIE= 60 3 78.98
4 77.38
promedio = 69.313 5 76.43
Desviacion estandar= 4.06130232 6 75.86
rango= 14.88 7 74.88
moda= no hay 8 73.77
mediana= 67.99 9 73.37
10 72.73
Kurtosis= 0.642056394 11 72.2
sesgo 1.224535205 12 71.46
13 71.37
14 70.81
15 70.23
conclusión: de acuerdo a los datos obtenidos del sesgo y curtosis 16 69.39
en este problema se puede decir que el tratamiento es efectivo. 17 69.3
18 69.05
19 69.02
20 68.91
21 68.65
22 68.35
23 68.33
24 68.07
25 68.03
26 67.95
27 67.86
28 67.8
29 67.76
30 67.4
31 67.38
32 67.16
33 67.03
34 66.96
35 66.94
36 66.85
37 66.68
38 66.49
39 66.22
40 65.81
41 65.68
42 65.58
43 65.58
44 65.54
45 65.29
46 65.22
47 65.2
48 65.18
49 65.15
50 65.08
ientes especificaciones

(x-promedio) (x-promedio)2 (x-promedio)/ D.E (x-promedio)/ D.E^3 (x-promedio)/ D.E^4


10.647 113.358609 2.6215728755 18.0171379884 47.2332402441
10.017 100.340289 2.4664502201 15.0043457721 37.0074719325
9.667 93.450889 2.3802709672 13.4858771233 32.1000417831
8.067 65.076489 1.9863086678 7.8368261631 15.5663557361
7.117 50.651689 1.7523935526 5.3813958562 9.4303234025
6.547 42.863209 1.6120444835 4.1891997145 6.7531762901
5.567 30.991489 1.3707425752 2.5755364847 3.5303975135
4.457 19.864849 1.09743123 1.3216971233 1.4504716998
4.057 16.459249 0.9989406552 0.996825331 0.9957693493
3.417 11.675889 0.8413557355 0.5955784551 0.5010933491
2.887 8.334769 0.7108557238 0.3592066715 0.2553441185
2.147 4.609609 0.5286481604 0.147740708 0.0781028535
2.057 4.231249 0.5064877811 0.1299292458 0.0658075754
1.497 2.241009 0.3686009763 0.0500805908 0.0184597547
0.917 0.840889 0.2257896428 0.0115109734 0.0025990586
0.077 0.005929 0.0189594357 6.81516253849765E-06 1.2921163562267E-07
-0.013 0.000169 -0.0032009437 -3.2796998457907E-08 1.0498134499908E-10
-0.263 0.069169 -0.0647575529 -0.0002715634 1.7585783300454E-05
-0.293 0.085849 -0.0721443461 -0.0003754974 0.00002709
-0.403 0.162409 -0.0992292541 -0.0009770554 9.6952476715562E-05
-0.663 0.439569 -0.1632481278 -0.0043505546 0.0007102199
-0.963 0.927369 -0.2371160589 -0.0133316193 0.003161141
-0.983 0.966289 -0.2420405876 -0.0141796201 0.0034320436
-1.243 1.545049 -0.3060594613 -0.0286693224 0.0087745174
-1.283 1.646089 -0.3159085188 -0.0315270991 0.0099596792
-1.363 1.857769 -0.3356066337 -0.0377999835 0.0126859252
-1.453 2.111209 -0.3577670131 -0.0457931887 0.0163832923
-1.513 2.289169 -0.3725405993 -0.0517036052 0.0192616921
-1.553 2.411809 -0.3823896568 -0.0559137229 0.0213808293
-1.913 3.659569 -0.4710311741 -0.1045078595 0.0492264597
-1.933 3.736489 -0.4759557029 -0.1078200688 0.0513175766
-2.153 4.635409 -0.530125519 -0.1489827999 0.0789795841
-2.283 5.212089 -0.5621349558 -0.1776322337 0.0998532878
-2.353 5.536609 -0.5793708064 -0.1944777064 0.1126747056
-2.373 5.631129 -0.5842953352 -0.1994790343 0.1165546692
-2.463 6.066369 -0.6064557145 -0.223047458 0.1352684055
-2.633 6.932689 -0.6483142088 -0.2724937966 0.1766616001
-2.823 7.969329 -0.6950972318 -0.335843291 0.2334437419
-3.093 9.566649 -0.7615783699 -0.4417166833 0.3364018716
-3.503 12.271009 -0.8625312091 -0.641688793 0.5534766104
-3.633 13.198689 -0.8945406459 -0.715814079 0.6403247886
-3.733 13.935289 -0.9191632896 -0.7765653566 0.7137903677
-3.733 13.935289 -0.9191632896 -0.7765653566 0.7137903677
-3.773 14.235529 -0.9290123471 -0.8017970575 0.7448793662
-4.023 16.184529 -0.9905689563 -0.9719728639 0.9628061454
-4.093 16.752649 -1.0078048069 -1.0235976412 1.0315866232
-4.113 16.916769 -1.0127293357 -1.0386761776 1.0518978353
-4.133 17.081689 -1.0176538644 -1.053902072 1.0725075163
-4.163 17.330569 -1.0250406575 -1.0770187775 1.1039880359
-4.233 17.918289 -1.0422765081 -1.1322669947 1.1801352895
808.21465 57.6021360507 166.2441106064
lote curling (x-promedio) (x-promedio)2 (x-promedio)/ D.E (x-promedio)/ D.E^3
1 8.56 0.1108 0.01227664 1.4123592302 2.8173157137
2 8.55 0.1008 0.01016064 1.2848899856 2.121279196
3 8.54 0.0908 0.00824464 1.157420741 1.550507181
4 8.54 0.0908 0.00824464 1.157420741 1.550507181
5 8.54 0.0908 0.00824464 1.157420741 1.550507181
6 8.53 0.0808 0.00652864 1.0299514964 1.0925726348
7 8.53 0.0808 0.00652864 1.0299514964 1.0925726348
8 8.52 0.0708 0.00501264 0.9024822518 0.7350485234
9 8.52 0.0708 0.00501264 0.9024822518 0.7350485234
10 8.52 0.0708 0.00501264 0.9024822518 0.7350485234
11 8.52 0.0708 0.00501264 0.9024822518 0.7350485234
12 8.51 0.0608 0.00369664 0.7750130072 0.4655078127
13 8.51 0.0608 0.00369664 0.7750130072 0.4655078127
14 8.51 0.0608 0.00369664 0.7750130072 0.4655078127
15 8.5 0.0508 0.00258064 0.6475437626 0.2715234688
16 8.5 0.0508 0.00258064 0.6475437626 0.2715234688
17 8.5 0.0508 0.00258064 0.6475437626 0.2715234688
18 8.49 0.0408 0.00166464 0.520074518 0.1406684576
19 8.49 0.0408 0.00166464 0.520074518 0.1406684576
20 8.49 0.0408 0.00166464 0.520074518 0.1406684576
21 8.48 0.0308 0.00094864 0.3926052734 0.0605157452
22 8.48 0.0308 0.00094864 0.3926052734 0.0605157452
23 8.48 0.0308 0.00094864 0.3926052734 0.0605157452
24 8.47 0.0208 0.00043264 0.2651360288 0.0186382976
25 8.46 0.0108 0.00011664 0.1376667842 0.0026090806
26 8.46 0.0108 0.00011664 0.1376667842 0.0026090806
27 8.46 0.0108 0.00011664 0.1376667842 0.0026090806
28 8.45 0.0008 0.00000064 0.0101975396 1.0604402352143E-06
29 8.44 -0.0092 0.00008464 -0.117271705 -0.001612797
30 8.44 -0.0092 0.00008464 -0.117271705 -0.001612797
31 8.44 -0.0092 0.00008464 -0.117271705 -0.001612797
32 8.44 -0.0092 0.00008464 -0.117271705 -0.001612797
33 8.43 -0.0192 0.00036864 -0.2447409496 -0.0146595258
34 8.43 -0.0192 0.00036864 -0.2447409496 -0.0146595258
35 8.42 -0.0292 0.00085264 -0.3722101942 -0.0515661599
36 8.41 -0.0392 0.00153664 -0.4996794388 -0.1247597332
37 8.41 -0.0392 0.00153664 -0.4996794388 -0.1247597332
38 8.41 -0.0392 0.00153664 -0.4996794388 -0.1247597332
39 8.41 -0.0392 0.00153664 -0.4996794388 -0.1247597332
40 8.4 -0.0492 0.00242064 -0.6271486834 -0.2466672799
41 8.4 -0.0492 0.00242064 -0.6271486834 -0.2466672799
42 8.38 -0.0692 0.00478864 -0.8820871726 -0.6863324292
43 8.37 -0.0792 0.00627264 -1.0095564172 -1.0289440998
44 8.37 -0.0792 0.00627264 -1.0095564172 -1.0289440998
45 8.35 -0.0992 0.00984064 -1.2644949064 -2.021860803
46 8.33 -0.1192 0.01420864 -1.5194333956 -3.5078822157
47 8.31 -0.1392 0.01937664 -1.7743718848 -5.5864246097
48 8.3 -0.1492 0.02226064 -1.9018411294 -6.8789587598
49 8.26 -0.1892 0.03579664 -2.4117181079 -14.0274791739
50 8.2 -0.2492 0.06210064 -3.1765335755 -32.0523849774
0.301568 -50.3423521919
(x-promedio)/ D.E^4 curling
3.9790618526 Unidades mm
2.7256103955 LSE=9
especificaci No tiene
1.7945891703 ones
1.7945891703 No tiene
1.7945891703
1.1252968201 promedio= 8.4492
1.1252968201 moda= 8.52
0.6633682465 rango= 0.36
0.6633682465 mediana= 8.46
0.6633682465 desviacion estandar= 0.0784503
0.6633682465 kurtosis= 1.15995728
0.3607746098 sesgo= 0
0.3607746098
0.3607746098
0.1758233286
0.1758233286 conclusión:se puede decir que este tratamiento es poco conveniente
0.1758233286 y los rangos son muy bajos
0.0731580803
0.0731580803
0.0731580803
0.0237588007
0.0237588007
0.0237588007
0.0049416842
0.0003591837
0.0003591837
0.0003591837
1.08138812581684E-08
0.0001891355
0.0001891355
0.0001891355
0.0001891355
0.0035877863
0.0035877863
0.0191934504
0.0623398735
0.0623398735
0.0623398735
0.0623398735
0.1546970598
0.1546970598
0.6054050319
1.0387771189
1.0387771189
2.556632687
5.3299933865
9.9123947643
13.0826866972
33.8303255313
101.8154770543
188.6954186585
tratamiento es poco conveniente
lote humedad (x-promedio) (x-promedio)2 (x-promedio)/ D.E (x-promedio)/ D.E^3
1 6.07 0.102 0.010404 2.0292609094 8.356293171
2 6.06 0.092 0.008464 1.8303137614 6.1316398074
3 6.03 0.062 0.003844 1.2334723175 1.8766713395
4 6.03 0.062 0.003844 1.2334723175 1.8766713395
5 6.02 0.052 0.002704 1.0345251695 1.1071926241
6 6.02 0.052 0.002704 1.0345251695 1.1071926241
7 6.02 0.052 0.002704 1.0345251695 1.1071926241
8 6.01 0.042 0.001764 0.8355780215 0.5833927453
9 6.01 0.042 0.001764 0.8355780215 0.5833927453
10 6.01 0.042 0.001764 0.8355780215 0.5833927453
11 6.01 0.042 0.001764 0.8355780215 0.5833927453
12 6.01 0.042 0.001764 0.8355780215 0.5833927453
13 6 0.032 0.001024 0.6366308735 0.2580257731
14 6 0.032 0.001024 0.6366308735 0.2580257731
15 6 0.032 0.001024 0.6366308735 0.2580257731
16 6 0.032 0.001024 0.6366308735 0.2580257731
17 6 0.032 0.001024 0.6366308735 0.2580257731
18 6 0.032 0.001024 0.6366308735 0.2580257731
19 5.99 0.022 0.000484 0.4376837256 0.0838457773
20 5.99 0.022 0.000484 0.4376837256 0.0838457773
21 5.99 0.022 0.000484 0.4376837256 0.0838457773
22 5.99 0.022 0.000484 0.4376837256 0.0838457773
23 5.99 0.022 0.000484 0.4376837256 0.0838457773
24 5.99 0.022 0.000484 0.4376837256 0.0838457773
25 5.98 0.012 0.000144 0.2387365776 0.0136068279
26 5.97 0.002 0.000004 0.0397894296 6.2994573512748E-05
27 5.97 0.002 0.000004 0.0397894296 6.2994573512748E-05
28 5.97 0.002 0.000004 0.0397894296 6.2994573512748E-05
29 5.97 0.002 0.000004 0.0397894296 6.2994573512748E-05
30 5.97 0.002 0.000004 0.0397894296 6.2994573512748E-05
31 5.96 -0.008 0.000064 -0.1591577184 -0.0040316527
32 5.95 -0.018 0.000324 -0.3581048664 -0.0459230441
33 5.95 -0.018 0.000324 -0.3581048664 -0.0459230441
34 5.95 -0.018 0.000324 -0.3581048664 -0.0459230441
35 5.94 -0.028 0.000784 -0.5570520143 -0.1728571097
36 5.93 -0.038 0.001444 -0.7559991623 -0.4320797797
37 5.93 -0.038 0.001444 -0.7559991623 -0.4320797797
38 5.93 -0.038 0.001444 -0.7559991623 -0.4320797797
39 5.92 -0.048 0.002304 -0.9549463103 -0.8708369842
40 5.92 -0.048 0.002304 -0.9549463103 -0.8708369842
41 5.92 -0.048 0.002304 -0.9549463103 -0.8708369842
42 5.91 -0.058 0.003364 -1.1538934583 -1.5363746534
43 5.91 -0.058 0.003364 -1.1538934583 -1.5363746534
44 5.91 -0.058 0.003364 -1.1538934583 -1.5363746534
45 5.91 -0.058 0.003364 -1.1538934583 -1.5363746534
46 5.9 -0.068 0.004624 -1.3528406063 -2.4759387173
47 5.9 -0.068 0.004624 -1.3528406063 -2.4759387173
48 5.9 -0.068 0.004624 -1.3528406063 -2.4759387173
49 5.86 -0.108 0.011664 -2.1486291982 -9.9193775236
50 5.83 -0.138 0.019044 -2.7454706421 -20.6942843501
0.1238 -21.8654164662
(x-promedio)/ D.E^4 variable humedad
16.9570990795 Unidades %
11.2228247196 LSE=6
especificaci No tiene
2.3148221463 ones
2.3148221463 No tiene
1.1454186371
1.1454186371 promedio 5.968
1.1454186371 mediana 5.97
0.4874701559 moda 6
0.4874701559 desviacion estandar 0.05026461
0.4874701559 rango 0.24
0.4874701559 sesgo -0.464826
0.4874701559 curtosis -3.130047
0.1642671733
0.1642671733
0.1642671733 conclusión:este tratamiento no es efectivo ya
0.1642671733 que los rangos son muy pequeños
0.1642671733
0.1642671733
0.0366979322
0.0366979322
0.0366979322
0.0366979322
0.0366979322
0.0366979322
0.0032484475
2.50651814773162E-06
2.50651814773162E-06
2.50651814773162E-06
2.50651814773162E-06
2.50651814773162E-06
0.0006416686
0.0164452656
0.0164452656
0.0164452656
0.0962904012
0.3266519515
0.3266519515
0.3266519515
0.831602565
0.831602565
0.831602565
1.772812662
1.772812662
1.772812662
1.772812662
3.3495504355
3.3495504355
3.3495504355
21.3130641751
56.8155501431
138.7817740845
problema 9. En una empresa quimica se obtuvieron registros de la densidad en gms/cm2 de una sustancia. El gerente de moli
¿Cuántos estuvieron entre 75.1 y 78.8 gms/cm2? ¿Cuántos al menos fueron 93.7 gms/cm2? ¿Qué porcentaje repr
y si la especificacion tecnica es de 76 a 90 gms/cm2 ¿Qué porcentaje de datos estuvo dentro de la especificacion
y su histograma y contestar las preguntas planteadas
DATOS Respuestas
97 1 Rango= Vmayor-Vmenor
94 25.5
93.4 2 Determinar el valor de k
92 n= numero de datos K=numero de clases conclusión:
90.4 menor de 50 5a7
89.7 50 a 100 6 a 10
89.5 100 a 250 7 a 12
89 mayor a 250 10 a 20
88.5
88.2 para este ejercicio de densidad se selecciono k=7
87.3
86.5 3 Determinar la amplitud de las clases
86.3 A= R/K
85.3 A= 25.5 / 7 = 3.6428 redondear a 3.7
85.3
84.8 4 Obtener la frontera o limite inferior de la primera clase con la sig formula:
84.6 F1=Vm-u/2
84.3 F1=71.5-0.1 /2 = 71.45
84.1
83.8 5 Determinar fronteras inferiores Fi y superiores Fs para todas las clases de acuerdo a las formulas
83.5 Fs(i)= FI(i)+ A y FI(i+1)=FS(i)
83.3
82.8 6 calcular la marca o punto medio Xi para cada clase con la sig formula
82.6 Xi=(Fi+ Fs) /2
81.7 Xi= 146.6 73.3
81.4 154 77
81.4 7 determinar por conteo la cantidad de datos que se ubican en cada clase f
81.3
80.2 8 calcular los porcentajes o frecuencias relativas h de cada clase respecto al total de los datos
80 hi= fi/n
79.8
79.8 9 calcular las frecuencias absolutas acumuladas Fi que es una columna que acumula los valores de la
79.2 Fi=f1+f2+f3+…….=∑fi
78.4
78.4 10 calcular los porcentajes o frecuencias relativas acumuladas de Hi de cada clase respecto al total de
76.6 Hi=Fi/n
75.7
74.2 11 calcular las frecuencias absolutas doble acumuladas Gi, que son valores acumulados de Fi con la si
73.9 Gi=F1+F2+F3+……Fi= ∑Fi
71.5
clase Fi Fs Xi f hi
1 71.45 75.15 73.3 3 7.50%
2 75.15 78.85 77 4 10%
3 78.85 82.55 80.7 9 22.50%
4 82.55 86.25 84.4 11 27.50%
5 86.25 89.95 88.1 8 20%
6 89.95 93.65 91.8 3 7.50%
7 93.65 97.35 95.5 2 5%
40 100%
ncia. El gerente de molinos desea saber: ¿Cuántos datos estuvieron menos a 78.8 gms/cm2?
2? ¿Qué porcentaje representan las respuestas de las preguntas anteriores?
tro de la especificacion ? Realizar el analisis con una tabla de distribucion de frecuencia

cuerdo a las formulas

fi
12

otal de los datos 10

cumula los valores de las frecuencias con la sig formula 6

4
ase respecto al total de los datos
2

0
umulados de Fi con la sig formula 71.45 75.15 78.85 82.55 86.25 89.95 93.65
Fi Hi Gi Fi f
3 7.50% 3 71.45 3
7 17.50% 10 75.15 4
16 40% 26 78.85 9
27 67.50% 53 82.55 11
35 87.50% 88 86.25 8
38 95% 126 89.95 3
40 100% 166 93.65 2
116 472
Chart Title
45 120.00%
40
100.00%
35
30 80.00%
25
60.00%
20
15 40.00%
10
20.00%
5
0 0.00%
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
86.25 89.95 93.65 Fi Hi
Fi Hi
3 7.50%
7 17.50%
16 40%
27 67.50%
35 87.50%
38 95%
40 100%
120.00%

100.00%

80.00%

60.00%

40.00%

20.00%

0.00%
7
Muetra Defectuosos
1 3
2 6 promedio 5.6
3 5 n 120
4 8 k 25
5 5
6 5
7 7
8 6
9 6
10 8
11 5
12 6
13 6
14 5
15 6
16 5
17 6
18 5
19 6
20 6
21 5
22 5
23 6
24 4
25 5
Hora 7.00 8.00 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00
Xi 0.822 0.8209 0.8207 0.8015 0.8204 0.8205
R 0.0011 0.0002 0.0008 0.0011 0.0001
n=2 k=6
XX =∑x/k Rx=∑R/K-1
xx=4,926/6= 0,821 RX =0,0033/6-1=0,00066
x=x 0.821 Rx= 0.00066

LSC=xx+E2RX M LIC= xx-E2RX M LSCR= D4RxM


LSC= 0.82275534 LIC= 0.81924466 LSCR= 0.00215622
7 8 9 10 11 12
20 7.5 6 15 4.2 5.8
LSC

Chart Title
25

20

15
xx
10

LIC
0
7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10 10.5 11 11.5 12
LICR=D3RxM
LICR= 0

0.8227

0.821

0.8192
x=1 p=5 n=60 P% Pa
0.01 0.8787
(n/x) n!/x! (n-x) 0.02 0.6618 1
0.03 0.459 0.9
60!/ 1! (60-1)!* (0,05)^1*(1-0,05)^59=0,1454 0.04 0.3021 0.8
0.05 0.1914 0.7
60!/0!(60-1)!*(0,05)^0*(1-0,05)^60=0,0460 0.06 0.1179 0.6
0.07 0.0708
0.5
P=1 0.1454 1 0.08 0.0417
0.4
P=0 0.046 0.09 0.024
0.3
Pa= 0.1914 19.14% 0.1 0.0153
0.2
PR= 0.8086 80.86% 0.11 0.0153
0.1
0
0 0.02 0.0
Pa
1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12
k (subgrupos)Ni (tamaño ddi pi LSC LC LIC
1 595 15 0.02521008 0.022 0.01073168 -0.002
2 593 5 0.0084317
3 607 8 0.01317957
4 596 10 0.01677852
5 602 6 0.00996678
6 599 5 0.00834725
7 600 5 0.00833333
8 590 7 0.01186441
9 599 2 0.0033389 Chart Tit
10 601 4 0.00665557 0.03
11 598 9 0.01505017
12 600 17 0.02833333 0.025
13 597 4 0.00670017 LCS
0.02
14 594 5 0.00841751 LC
15 595 3 0.00504202
0.015
16 597 10 0.01675042
17 599 7 0.01168614 0.01
18 596 5 0.00838926
19 607 4 0.00658979 0.005
20 601 9 0.01497504
21 594 7 0.01178451 0
0 5 10 15 20
22 606 5 0.00825083 LIC
23 601 7 0.01164725
24 598 4 0.00668896 conclusión¨: el proceso es variable y continuo, presen
25 599 2 0.0033389 se considera que cumple con la mayoria de las especific
26 590 3 0.00508475 sobresalientes.
27 588 5 0.0085034
28 597 3 0.00502513
29 604 6 0.00993377
30 605 5 0.00826446
31 597 7 0.01172529
32 603 9 0.01492537
33 596 5 0.00838926
34 597 3 0.00502513
35 607 8 0.01317957
36 596 15 0.02516779
37 598 4 0.00668896
38 600 6 0.01
39 608 8 0.01315789
40 592 5 0.00844595
n= 598.55
P= 0.010731678
LCS=p+3 √p(1-p)/n
LIC=P-3√p(1-p)/n
Lc = p

Chart Title

5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45

es variable y continuo, presenta puntos fuera de nuetros limites superiores,


on la mayoria de las especificasiones a escepcion de los puntos
Muestra Defectuosos LCS LC LIC n= 120
1 9 17.862 9.15 0.426 k= 20
2 6 pi= 0.07625
3 10 promedio= 9.15
4 8 sumatoria total de defectuosos (di)
5 5 ni= 2400
6 5 LCS=np+3√np(1-p)
7 14 LCI=np-3√np(1-p)
8 12 LC =p
9 9
10 8
11 10 muestras defectuosas
12 20 25
13 12
14 10 20
15 10 LCS
16 0
15
17 13
18 5
10
19 6 LC
20 11
5

LIC
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Conclusión: hay puntos fuera de nuestro limites tanto superior como inferior, la mayoria
de nuestro puntos estan dentro de las especificasiones y el proceso es variable.
tal de defectuosos (di) 183

ectuosas

1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

erior como inferior, la mayoria


y el proceso es variable.