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# Clculos Experimentales

CH3COOH

N1 xV1 = N2 x V2

Donde:

## 17.4 N xV1 = 0.1 N x 0.1L

V1 = 5.747 x 10-4 L

CH3COONa

=NxV

Donde:

## V: Volumen que se pide

= 0.1 N x 0.1L
82.03

= 0.8203 g
Preparacin de buffer bsico

NH4OH

N1 xV1 = N2 x V2

Donde:

V1 = 1.19 mL

NH4Cl

=NxV

Donde:

## m: Masa que se necesita utilizar

V: Volumen se pide

= 0.1 N x 0.1L
53,5

= 0.535 g
Valoracin de NaOH

=NxV

Donde:

0.2025
= N x 10.6 mL
204.22

N = 0.09354 N

Valoracin de HCl

N1xV1 = N2 xV2

Donde:

## N1 x 10mL = 0.09354 N x 0.1L

N1 = 0.09915 N
Valoracin de CH3COOH

N1xV1 = N2 xV2

Donde:

N1 = 0.065 N

## SUSTANCIA pH TEMPERATURA (oC)

Buffer acido 4.43 24.3 OC
Buffer bsico 9.7 22.8 OC
CH3COOH 3.05 21.7 OC
NH4OH 11.35 21.3 OC
NaOH 13.45 21.5 OC
HCl 1.09 21.8 OC
Volt con maca 2.69 21.3 OC
a) Calcular los pH tericos con las concetraciones medidas y hallar el

porcentaje de error:

Buffer cido

[CH3COOH] = 0.065 M

[CH3COONa] = 0.1 M

pK CH3COOH = 4.75

Ec. Henderson-Hassebalch:

[]
pH = pKa + log( )
[]

0.1
pH= 4.75 + log( )
0.065

0.1
pH= 4.75 + log( )
0.065

pH= 4.937

4.43 4.937
%e=| | 100 =11.44%
4.43

Buffer bsico

[NH4Cl] = ?

[NH4OH] = ?

pK NH4OH = ?

Ec. Henderson-Hassebalch:

[]
pOH = pKb + log( )
[]
CH3COOH

[CH3COOH] = 0.065 M

pK CH3COOH = 4.75

pH = - log(Ka x [cido] )

pK a= - log Ka

## pH = - log(1.778 x 10-5 x 0.065)

pH = - log(1.1557x 10-6)

pH = - log(1.074x 10-3)

pH = 2.968

3.05 2.968
%e=| | 100 =2.69%
3.05

NH4OH

[NH4OH] =?

pK H4OH = ?

## pOH = - log(Kb x [base] )

NaOH

[NH4Cl] = 0.09354

pH + pOH = 14

pH + (-log [OH+]) = 14

pH + (-log[0.09354]) = 14

pH + (1.029) = 14

pH= 12.971

13.45 12.971
%e=| | 100 =3.56%
13.45

HCl

[HCl] = 0.09915

pH = -log [H-]

pH = -log [0.09915]

pH= 1.003

1.09 1.003
%e=| | 100 =7.98%
1.09
TABLA DE RESULTADOS DEL LOS pH MEDIDOS

NH4OH
11.35

NaOH 3.56%
12.971 13.45

HCl 7.98%
1.003 1.09