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Diseno de Tanque Elevado

Diseno de Tanque Elevado

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Published by: Edson Flores Rojas on Jun 17, 2011
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GEOMETRIA DEL TANQUE ELEVADO.

DATOS
400.00
25.00 [m]
Geometria de la chimenea:
- Adoptamos el promedio como diametro interno:
1.50 [m]
- El espesor de la chimenea:
e = 0.12 [m]
- El diametro externo es:
1.74 [m]
Geometria cascara cilindrica:
- Para adoptamos: H = 3.50 [m]
0.35 [m]
0.50 [m]
- !alc"lo del diametro:
12.1# [m]
- El diametro interno adoptado: 12.20 [m]
- Espesor de la cascara cilindrica: e = 0.20 [m]
- El diametro medio es: 12.40 [m]
- El diametro externo: 12.$0 [m]
- !alc"lo de %: % = 7.44 [m]
- % adoptado: L = 7.40 [m]
&
tan'"e
=
[m
(
]

a
=
- Para el )alor de d
d
int
=
d
ext
=
- %os )alores de h1 * h2 )arian entre los si+"ientes
)alores:
- Para h
1
adoptamos: h
1
=
- Para h
2
adoptamos: h
2
=
,
int
=
D
int
=
,
med
=
,
ext
=
d=0. 60−2 . 40 [ m]
Para tanques con volumenes entre 75 y 1000 [ m
3
] :
h=2. 0-4. 5 [ m]
[m] 0.$0 0.20 h
1
− =
[m] 1.00 0.(0 h
2
− =
L≃0 . 6⋅D
med
V
2
V
1
,
-
i
h
2
d
h
1
.
h

-
m
α
a
/
c
θ
φο
φ
β
*
e
h
(
a
%
ϕ
ϕο
- El )ol"men total sera:
- ,onde:
142.21 [m3]
400.82
258.62 [m3]
- ,e/e c"mplirse '"e:
400.02 1 400.00 2.3.
Geometria de la cascara esferica de c!ierta :
15
- !alc"lo de .: . = 1.$$ [m] 1.70 [m]
12.4 [m] ϕ = (0.00 4
, linterna = 1.74 [m]

4.02 4
15.33
Geometria de la casacara troncoconica de fondo:
- !alc"lo de /: 2.50 [m]
40.00
- !alc"lo de a: a = 2.10 [m]
- !alc"lo de c: c = 3.26 [m]
Geometria cascara esferica de fondo:
- !alc"lo de -i:
tomando: ⇒ θ = 5$.7$
Ri = 4.42 [m]
- !alc"lo de *: y = 2.42 [m]
V
1
=
V
tan!"
=
[m
3
]
V
2
=
- El )alor de α adoptado es: α =
o
#
a$%&t
=
-
m
=
ϕ
ο
=
- Para . adoptado el )alor de α es: α =
%
'
m
=
- El )alor de β adoptado es: β =
%
o
V
tanque
=V
1
V
2
V
1
=
π⋅h
4

L
2
−d
ext
2

V
2
=
π⋅h
4

D
int
2
−L
2


tanque calculado

tanque nominal
f =
D
med
2
tan !
"i⋅sen#=
L
2
φ=θ
cot $ =
V
1
V
2
cot %
y="i⋅cos#
R
m
=
D
2
4&
2
'&
ϕ=arcsen

D
m
2"
m

DI"E#O DE LINTERNA DE $U%IERTA.
Materiales:
- Hormigon H - 25
- Acero AH- 400
Dise&o de la ta'a (losa):
- Analisis de cargas:
%osa 0.00 25 2.00
0.0( 20 0.$0
5mpermea/ili6ante 0.01 10 0.05
7otal + 2.$5
!ar+a de ser)icio ' 2.00
TOTAL 4.65
- Geometria:
- Solicitaciones de la losa (adoptamos dimensiones de una losa cuadrada que inscribe a la losa circular real)
- !onsiderando los 4 apo*os li/res:
lx = 1.$2 [m]
l* = 1.$2 [m]
ε = 1.00
- ,e ta/las de 8arc"s:
mx = 27.40
m* = 27.40
mx* = 24.00
1.(5
- %a car+a "ni.orme sera: 3 = 12.20
- 8omentos: 8x9 = 8*9 = 0.$01 [3:-m;m]
Espesor
[m]
P. Esp.
[3:;m
(
]
!ar+a <"p.
[3:;m
2
]

o
de pendiente
[3:;m
2
]
[()*m
2
]
κ =
l*
lx
d

m
e
d
i
o
0.1
0.50
0.1
0.12 0.12 1.50 0.12 0.12
d
medio
=1.$2
0.00
* Diseno en estado limite de ser+icio (E.L.".)
- Calculo de las tensiones limite:
→ 2$$.$7 [8pa]
201.$( [8pa]
→ 201.$( [8pa]
→ 2.10 [8pa]
→ 15.00 [8pa]
/ = 1 [m]
h = 0.00 [m] → 0
d = 0.0$ [m]
- &alores de la ta/la E<7A,2 %=857E ,E <E-&5!52: → 0.#5
As = 0.52
* Diseno en estado limite ,ltimo (E.L.U.)
- An>lisis de car+as
+ (.50
' (.00
T%ta+ 6.58
- !onsiderando los 4 apo*os li/res:
lx = 1.$2 [m]
l* = 1.$2 [m]
ε = 1.00
- ,e ta/las de 8arc"s:
mx = 27.40
m* = 27.40
mx* = 24.00
1.(5
- %a car+a "ni.orme sera: 3 = 17.2$
- 8omentos: 8x9 = 8*9 = 0.050 [3:-m;m]
Dat%,-
ateriales:
ormi+on: - 25 1.$7
Acero: ? - 400 (4.70
σ
*
=
µ =
β1 =
[cm
2
;m]
[()*m
2
]
κ =
.
cd
=
3:;cm
2
.
*d
=
3:;cm
2
2
3
fe
110 ⋅1. 6⋅ft , j
¿
fs ≤¿ {¿ ¿¿
¿
ft , j=0. 60. 06⋅fc'
fc=0. 60⋅fc'
μ=
M
b⋅d
2
⋅σ
y
As =
M
β
1
⋅d⋅σ
y
1.5
1.74 @
1.15
Geometr!a:
?ase: / = 100 cm
Alt"ra: h = 0 cm
-ec.8ec: r = 2 cm
S%+icitaci%n",-
0.050 3:-m
Di,".%-
0.01 "ro#undidad del
0.02 e$e neutro:
x = 0.1(
ψ = 0.0
$alclo de As :c = 14.2#$ 3:
10
@
14.2#$ 3:
σ1 = (4.70(
0.4110
- %a c"antAa mAnima ser>:
0.$0
φ $ c; 15
As = 1.00
A4 interr"mpida 4 φ
A4 re."er6o 2 φ
γ
c
= ε
yd
=
γ
s
=
8
d
=
µ =
α =
ε
s1
=
N
s1
=
3:;cm
2
As
nec
=
cm
2
A
min
=
cm
2
- ,e/ido a '"e la armad"ra calc"lada es pe'"eBa por e.ectos de retracciCn adoptamos los
si+"ientes )alores:
cm
2
- ,e/ido a la presencia de la a/ert"ra en la losaD para la inspecciCnD de dimensiones $0 x $0
de/emos colocar "na armad"ra de re."er6o
%as secciones de armad"ras
interr"mpidas de/en reempla6arse
por secciones e'"i)alentes de
re."er6o distri/"idos por i+"al a cada
lado del ori.icio
$0;$0
x
s
y
l
d
x + =
2 d*
Dise&o de +i-a de a'o.o.
- An%lsis de cargas:
!ar+a de losa
1.05 [m]
P. losa = 4.$5 [3:;m2]
= 4.88 [()*m]
Peso propio )i+a
h = 0.12 [m]
/ = 0.1 [m]
P esp. = 25
/ = 0.3 [()*m]
TOTAL 5.18 [()*m]
- <olicitaciones
omneto isost%tico
8t = 0.72 [3:-m]
* Diseno en estado limite de ser+icio (E.L.".)
- Calculo de las tensiones limite:
→ 2$$.$7 [8pa]
201.$( [8pa]
→ 201.$( [8pa]
→ 2.10 [8pa]
d
med
=
[3:;m
(
]
σ
*
=
1.27 1.27 1.27 1.27
1.05 1.05 1.05
0.(0 [3:;m]
5.10 [3:;m]
2
3
fe
110 ⋅1. 6⋅ft , j
¿
fs ≤¿ {¿ ¿¿
¿
ft , j=0. 60. 06⋅fc'
→ 15.00 [8pa]
/ = 0.12 [m]
h = 0.10 [m] → 0.001(2
d = 0.15 [m]
- &alores de la ta/la E<7A,2 %=857E ,E <E-&5!52: → 0.#(00
A, = 0.25
* Diseno en estado limite ,ltimo (E.L.U.)
- An>lisis de car+as
+ 0.41
' 7.(2
T%ta+ 7.73
omneto isost%tico
8t = 1.05 [3:-m]
Dat%,-
ateriales:
ormi+on: - 25 1.$7
Acero: ? - 400 (4.70
1.5
1.74 @
1.15
Geometr!a:
?ase: / = 12 cm
Alt"ra: h = 10 cm
-ec.8ec: r = ( cm
S%+icitaci%n",-
1.04$ 3:-m
Di,".%-
0.02 "ro#undidad del
µ =
β1 =
[cm
2
]
[()*m]
.
cd
=
3:;cm
2
.
*d
=
3:;cm
2
γ
c
= ε
yd
=
γ
s
=
8
d
=
µ =
ft , j=0. 60. 06⋅fc'
fc=0. 60⋅fc'
μ=
M
b⋅d
2
⋅σ
y
As =
M
β
1
⋅d⋅σ
y
0.41 [3:;m]
7.7( [3:;m]
0.0( e$e neutro:
x = 0.52
ψ = 0.0
$alclo de As :c = 7.072 3:
10 @
7.072 3:
σ1 = (4.70(
0.20((
- %a c"antAa mAnima ser>:
0.(#
Armad"ra 2 φ 0
Dise&o de 'aredes
- Analisis de car+as:
- ,e la losa:
diam = 1.#0 [m]
+ = 2.$5
0.1$ [3:]
- ,e la )i+a:
perAmetro = 5.0# [m]
1.5( [3:]
- Precio propio:
E = 4.5 [3:]
14.10 [()]
El diseBo se lo reali6a por c"antAa mAnima: ' = 2.00
/ = 0.12 [m] 1 = 6.16 [()]
l = 0.75 [m]
A min = 6.06

0 φ 12
α =
ε
s1
=
N
s1
=
3:;cm
2
As
nec
=
cm
2
A
min
=
cm
2
[3:;m
2
]
E
losa
=
E
)i+a
=
2
TOTAL
=
[3:;m
2
]
[cm
2
]
Amin='⋅ bl 
0.75
0
.
5
2
pared
- Solicitaciones de la losa (adoptamos dimensiones de una losa cuadrada que inscribe a la losa circular real)
$
12
1.27 1.27 1.27 1.27
1.05 1.05 1.05
DI"E#O DE $/"$ARA E"01RI$A DE $U%IERTA
12.4 [m]
ϕ = (0.00 4
4.02 4
- An%lisis de cargas
- "eso propio
espesor = 0.00 [m]
P. esp. = 25.00
2.00
espesor = 0.02 [m]
P. esp. = 20.00
0.40
/ = 2.40
= 1.00
- allamos el )alor de P: - ,e la )i+a:
F = $.1$ [3:] perAmetro = 5.0# [m]
1.5( [3:]
24.$( [3:] 3 = 5.14
727A% = 2$.1$ [3:]
- ,eterminaciCn de ."er6as en las c>scaras:
+ = 2.40 p = 1.00
p = 5.14 [3:;m]
-
m
=
ϕ
ο
=
[3:;m
(
]
[3:;m
2
]
[3:;m
(
]
[3:;m
2
]
[()*m
2
]
[()*m
2
]
E
727A%
=
F
727A%
=
4ASO 1. ,e/ido al peso propio 4ASO 2. ,e/ido a car+a "ni.ormemente distri/"ida
[3:;m
2
] [3:;m
2
]
4ASO 3. ,e/ido a car+a "ni.ormemente distri/"ida
, = 12.40 [m]
1.74 [m]
-
m
=

1
2
.
4

[
m
]
ϕ
ϕ
ο
0.07 [m]
P P
P=
!
"er#metr$
ϕ
ϕ ϕ
2
1
cos cos
sen
R % &
$

⋅ ⋅ =
1 2
cos & R % & − ⋅ ⋅ = ϕ










=
ϕ
ϕ
2
2
1
1
2 sen
sen R "
&
$
1
2
2
cos & R " & − ⋅ ⋅ = ϕ








=
ϕ
ϕ
2
1
sen
sen
" &
$
1 2
& & − =
TA5LA D6 SOL747TA47O)6S 3ARA 6L D7S68O D6 49S4ARAS
4ASO 1 [()*m] 4ASO 2 [()*m] 4ASO 3 [()*m] S:;ATOR7A [()*m]
4.02 0.00 2#.$# 0.00 12.(4 7(.2$ -7(.2$ 7(.2$
5.00 5.25 24.(# 2.10 10.12 47.40 -47.40 54.#1
10.00 12.5$ 1$.75 5.1# $.04 11.#$ -11.#$ 2#.71
15.00 14.04 14.70 5.74 5.02 5.(0 -5.(0 25.17
20.00 14.72 1(.25 5.#4 5.01 (.00 -(.00 2(.74
25.00 15.20 11.77 $.0( 4.1$ 2.02 -2.02 2(.25
(0.00 15.$5 10.12 $.00 (.22 1.44 -1.44 2(.10
0.00 0.#2 0.5(
2.4 2.4
5.00 0.$# 0.4(
10.00 0.(7 0.2#
15.00 0.(1 0.2$
20.00 0.(0 0.2(
25.00 0.2# 0.20
(0.00 0.2# 0.17
:2 :E!E<57A A-8A,G-AD !2%2!A82< A-8A,G-A !2:<7-G!75&A
ϕ[<]
)
1
)
2
)
1
)
2
)
1
)
2
)
1
ϕ[<] σ1 [8:;cm
2
] σ2 [8:;cm
2
]
As
1
[cm2] As
2
[cm2] A
1
4
φ $c;10








=
ϕ
ϕ
2
1
sen
sen
" &
$
1 2
& & − =
5.14 [()*m]
[3:;m
(
]
[3:;m
2
]
[3:;m
(
]
[3:;m
2
]
[()*m
2
]
[()*m
2
]
,e/ido a car+a "ni.ormemente distri/"ida
P=
!
"er#metr$
S:;ATOR7A [()*m]
7(.2$ -4(.57 -(1.2( 42.0(
54.#1 -2(.00 -12.#$ (4.52
2#.71 4.7# 11.$2 2(.50
25.17 #.(2 15.14 20.5(
2(.74 10.17 15.10 10.2$
2(.25 #.75 1(.#1 15.#(
2(.10 0.$0 11.#0 1(.(4
)
1
)
2
A
2
4
φ $c;10
DI"E#O DEL ANILLO "U2ERIOR DE TRAN"I$I3N

62 [m3] V tanque calculado tanque nom inal ≥V 400.Calculo de y: y=Ri⋅cosφ y= 2.El volumen total sera: .Calculo de f: α = 15 f= o f= D med 2 tan α 12.Calculo de a: .00 [m] [m] o Geometria cascara esferica de fondo: .K.26 [m] 40.El valor de α adoptado es: .74 [m] ϕο = 15.42 .33 º .42 [m] [m] .Debe cumplirse que:   V1 = 142.21 [m3] Vtanque = 400.66 [m] f adopt = 1. Geometria de la cascara esferica de cubierta : .Calculo de b: .Calculo de Ri: Ri⋅senφ= L 2 tomando: φ=θ Ri = ⇒ cot θ = V1 V2 cot β θ= 56.50 β = 2.10 3.4 [m] 1.Para f adoptado el valor de α es: Geometria de la casacara troncoconica de fondo: .76 o 4.70 [m] D 24f 2 Rm= 8f D linterna = Rm = ϕ= arcsen → α =   Dm 2R m 4.Donde: V tanque 1V 2 =V π⋅h 2 L −d 2 ext 4 V 1= V 2= .Calculo de c: a= c= bm = 2.00 O.00 º 1.82 [m3] π⋅h D 2− L 2 int 4   ≥ V2 = 258.El valor de β adoptado es: .02 o ϕ= 30..82 400.

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