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# PREDIMENSIONAMIENTODELAESTRUCTURA

Luzdecalculo(lc):
lc 14 := m
NmerodeVas(Nl):
Nl 2 :=
AnchodelPuenteocalzada(W):
W 3.65 Nl :=
Usar:
W 7.3 = m
NmerodeVigas(Nv):
Nv
W
1.80
:= Nv 4.056 = Nv trunc Nv ( ) :=
Usar:
Nv 4 =
AlturaMnima(hmin):
h
min
0.05 lc := h
min
0.7 = h
min
round h
min
1 ,
( )
:=
Usar:
h
min
0.70 = m
AnchodeViga(bw):
1.5p
e
p
r
1.5p
bw
*AnchoMnimo20(cm)envigassinductosparapostensado
r 5 := cm

p
2.5 := cm
*Recubrimiento(r)mnimo50(mm)paraexposicinexterior

e
1.0 := cm
1.5
p
3.75 =
N
p
5 :=
bw 2 r 2
e
+ N
p

p
+ 1.5
p
N
p
1
( )
+ :=
Sep.min:
1.5 TM
bw 39.5 = cm bw round
bw
100
1 ,
|

\
|
|
.
:= bw 0.40 = m
Usar: 0.40

m
CalculodeladistanciaentrevigasAplicandoleydemomentos
fi
S
1.80
:= fi 0.55555555555555555556 S
P=1Tn P=1 Tn
0,61m 1,83m S+a-0.61-1.83
fe fi
Articulacin
Ficticia
a S
A
SumadeMomentosenlepuntoA
0 fe S 1 1.83 S + a + 0.61 1.83 ( ) 1 S a + 0.61 1.83 ( ) [ ] 0 = fe
fe S 1 1.83 S + a + 0.61 1.83 ( ) 1 S a + 0.61 1.83 ( ) simplify S fe 2 a 2 S 3.05 +
fe S 2 S 2a + 3.05 := fe S
Geometria W1 2 a 3 S + := a a
W1 3 S ( )
2
:=
W1
a
7.3 3 S ( )
2
:=
3 S
fi fe := fe
0.55 S
2
2 S 2
7.3 3 S ( )
2

(
(

+ 3.05 := 0.55 S
2
2 S 2
7.3 3 S ( )
2

(
(

## + 3.05 simplify 4.25 S

0.55 S
2
S + 4.25 0 = solve S ,
2.0155832622082568104
3.8337650803900749922
|

\
|
|
.

Usar:
S 2.00 := m
a1
7.3 3 S ( )
2
:= a1 0.65 =
Usar:
a 0.65 := m fi 0.55 2.02 := fi 1.111 = fe
2 S 2a + 3.05 ( )
S
:= fe 1.125 =
EspesordelaLosa(hf):
hf
S 3 + ( )
30
:= hf
2.0 3 + ( )
30
:= hf 0.167 = m hf round hf 2 , ( ) := %fi
1.111 100
2
:= %fi 55.55 = % %fe
1.104 100 ( )
2
:=
*
%fe 55.2 = %
Usar:
hf 0.17 = m
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312
DISEODEPUENTEVIGADEHA
1.DATOSTCNICOS
Reglamento: AASHTOLRFD2007
ReglamentoparaDiseodeHormignArmado:
ACI
TipodeVehculo: HL93
CargadeCarril:
q
Carril
950 :=
kg/m/Carril
LuzdeClculo(Lc):
lc 14 = m
0
NmerodeVas(NL)
Nl 2 =
NmerodeVigas(NV)
Nv 4 =
EspesordeDiafragma(eD)
eD 0.20 := m
Numerodepasamanos
Np 4 :=
NmerodeDiafragmas
Nd 4 :=
Anchodelpasamanos
ap 0.15 := m
AnchodelPuenteoGalibo=(W)
W 7.3 = m
Alturapasamanos
hp 0.12 := m
EspesordelaLosa(hf)
hf 0.17 =
Areadelposte:
Aposte 0.189 := m
2
EspesordelaCarpetadeDesgaste(e):
e 0.030 := m
Espesordelposte
ep 0.20 := m
RecubrimientodeLosa,Bordillo,acerasypostes
rec 0.025 := m
Numerodefranjasdeposte
NFr_Pos 2 :=
Anchodelbordillo:
ab 0.20 := m
Separaciondeposte:
Sep_Postes 2 := m
AlturadelBordilloaparrdelacarpetadedesgaste:
hb 0.25 := m
Anchodeacera:
ac 1.03 := mm
Alturadelaacera:
ha 0.15 := m
AlturaMnima(h.min):
h
min
0.7 =
Anchodeviga:
bw 0.4 = m
Alturadelaviga:
hv h
min
hf := hv 0.53 = m
2.MATERIALES.
Hormign
Resistenciadelconcreto:
fc 250 :=
kg
cm
2

H
2400 :=
kg
m
3
Pesoespecicodehormignsimple:

HA
2500 :=
kg
m
3
Pesoespecicodelhormignarmado:
Mdulodeelascidad:
Ec 0.14
H
3
2
|

\
|
|
.
fc := Ec 0.14 2400 ( )
3
2
|

\
|
|
.
250 := Ec 260264.481 =
kg
cm
2
Ec round Ec 0 , ( ) := Ec 260264 =
kg
cm
2
Acero
Otros
Fluenciadelacero:
fy 4200 :=
kg
cm
2
Factorderesistenciaaexion
0.9 :=
FactodeResistenciaacorte

v
0.9 :=
Mdulodeelascidad:
Es 2000000 :=
kg
cm
2
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312
3.CargasyEstadosdeCarga
DeterminaciondeMomentosporcargamuertaenlaseccindediseo"MDC1"
Cargas
0,17m
0.90m
0,15m
0,12m
0,31m
0,12m
0,31m
0,04m
0,15m
0,12m
Pesopropiodelaviga:
Ppv Nv bw hv
HA
:= Ppv 4 0.40 0.53 2500 := Ppv 2120 =
Kg
m
PesoPropioTablero:
Ppt W hf
HA
:=
Ppt 7.3 0.17 2500 := Ppt 3102.5 =
Kg
m
Pesopropiodebordillo
Ppb 2 ab hf e + hb + ( )
HA
:= Ppb 2 0.20 0.17 0.03 + 0.25 + ( ) 2500 := Ppb 450 =
Kg
m
Pesopropiodeacera:
Ppa 2 ac ab ( ) ha
HA
:= Ppa 2 1.03 0.20 ( ) 0.15 2500 := Ppa 622.5 =
Kg
m
Pesopropiopasamanos:
Pppas Np ap hp
HA
:= Pppas 4 0.15 0.12 2500 := Pppas 180 =
Kg
m
PesopropioPoste
Pppos Aposte ep
HA

NFr_Pos
Sep_Postes
:= Pppos 0.189 .20 2500
2
2
:= Pppos 94.5 =
Kg
m
PesoPropiototal:
Pt Ppv Ppt + Ppb + Ppa + Pppas + Pppos + 6569.5 = :=
Kg
m
Carga"DC"porviga:
Nv 4 =
q
DC
Pt
Nv
1642.375 = :=
kg
m
|

\
|
|
.
viga
MomentoPorcargamuerta:
lc 14 = m
M
DC1
q
DC
lc
2

|
\
|
.
8
40238.188 = :=
kg m
viga
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312
MomentoporCargaMuertaNoEstructural"MDW"(Carpetaderodadura)
q
DW
e W
HA

( )
Nv
:= q
DW
0.03 7.30 2500 ( )
4
:= q
DW
136.875 =
kg
m
|

\
|
|
.
viga
M
DW
q
DW
lc
2

|
\
|
.
8
:= M
DW
136.875 14
2

|
\
|
.
8
:= M
DW
3353.438 =
kg m
viga
CargaMuertadebidoaDiafragmas:
aD 0.80 := m hD 0.53 := m eD 0.2 = m
HA
2500 =
kg
m
3
Pesopropiodeldiafragma
D aD hD eD
HA
:= D 0.80 0.53 0.20 2500 := D 212 = kg
MomentodebidoaDiafragmaenlavigaexterior(Ve).
M
Dve
4.67 D :=
si:
D 212 = kg
M
Dve
4.67 212 :=
M
Dve
990.04 = kg m
MomentodebidoaDiafragmaenlavigainterior(Vi).
M
Dvi
9.33 D :=
si:
D 212 = kg
M
Dvi
9.33 212 :=
M
Dvi
1977.96 = kg m
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312
Resumenparcialparalavigaexteriorx(ccl)=7m Resumenparcialparalavigainteriorx(ccl)=7m
M
DC1
40238.188 = kg m M
DC1
40238.188 = kg m
M
DW
3353.438 = M
DW
M
DW
1000
:= M
DW
3.353 = T m M
DW
3.353 = T m
M
Dve
990.04 = kg m M
Dvi
1977.96 = kg m
M
DCve
M
DC1
M
Dve
+ := M
DCve
M
DC1
M
Dve
+
( )
1000
:= M
DCvi
M
DC1
M
Dvi
+ := M
DCvi
M
DC1
M
Dvi
+
1000
:=
M
DCve
41.228 = T m M
DCvi
42.216 = T m
MOMENTOPORCARGAVIVA(HL93)OTANDEMDEDISEO
Factordecarga[01]
SiNv<4Usarfactordedistribuciondecarga
SiNv>=4UsarNormaLRFD
SegnTeoremadeBarre
R 2 14.51 3.63 + :=
R 32.65 = T
Si:
R X ( ) 14.51 4.27 ( ) 3.63 2 4.27 ( ) + = solve X , 2.8471026033690658499
X 2.847 := m
Si:
X 2a1 + 4.27 = solve a1 , X 2a1 + 4.27 = solve a1 ,
a1 0.712 := m
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312
SegunTeoremadeBarreubicareltrendecargasdemaneraquelaseccindeanlisiscoincidaconlamitaddeladistanciamenorentrelaresultanteycargamayormasproxima
lc 14 = a1 0.712 =
Y
lc
4
:= Y
14
4
:= Y 3.5 =
Y2
Y
lc
2
a1
|

\
|
|
.

lc
2
:= Y2 3.144 = m
Y1
Y
lc
2
a1 4.27 + ( )

(
(

lc
2
:= Y1 1.009 = m
Y3
Y
lc
2
4.27 a1 ( )

(
(

lc
2
:= Y3 1.721 = m
M
Camion
3.63 Y1 14.51 Y2 + 14.51 Y3 + := M
Camion
74.254 = T m
Si:
q
Carril
950 =
kg
m
lc 14 = m
M
Carril
q
Carril
lc
2

8
:= M
Carril
23275 = kg m
MomentocuandoP=14.51T,estaenelcentrodelclaro:
Y4
Y
lc
2
4.27
|

\
|
|
.

lc
2
:= Y4 1.365 = m Y5
Y
lc
2
4.27
|

\
|
|
.

lc
2
:= Y5 1.365 = m
M
CAMION
3.63 Y4 14.51 Y5 + 14.51 Y + :=
M
CAMION
75.546 = T m
Y 3.5 = lc 14 =
MOMENTORESPECTOALTANDEMDEDISEO:
Y6
Y
lc
2
1.20
|

\
|
|
.

lc
2
:= Y6 2.9 = m
M
Tandem
11.20 Y 11.20 Y6 + :=
M
Tandem
71.68 = T m
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312
CALCULODEFACTORDEDISTRIBUCINDECARGA"g"ENLADETERMINACIONMOMENTOPORCARGAVIVA.
gi=factordedistribuciondecargapormomentovigainterior
ge=factordedistribuciondecargapormomentovigaexterior
gvi=factordedistribuciondecargaporcorteenlavigainterior
gve=factordedistribuciondecargaporcorteenlavigaexterior
Clculodefactordedistribucindecargapormomentoectorvigainterior"gi".
S 2 = m S1 S 1000 := S1 2000 = mm
1100 S1 s 9000 s S1 "Cumple" 1100 S1 s 9000 s if
"NoCumple" otherwise
:= S1 "Cumple" =
hf 0.17 = m hf1 hf 1000 := hf1 170 = mm
110 hf1 s 300 s hf1 "Cumple" 110 hf1 s 300 s if
"NoCumple" otherwise
:= hf1 "Cumple" =
lc 14 = m lc1 lc 1000 := lc1 14000 = mm
6000 lc1 s 73000 s lc1 "Cumple" 6000 lc1 s 73000 s if
"Nocumple" otherwise
:= lc1 "Cumple" =
Si:
Ec 260264 =
Kg
cm
2
bw 0.4 = m bw1 bw 1000 400 = := mm hv 0.53 = m hv1 hv 1000 530 = := mm
S1 "Cumple" =
hf 0.17 = m hf1 hf 1000 170 = := mm eg
hv1
2
hf1
2
+ := eg 350 = mm n
Ec
Ec
1 = :=
I
bw1 hv1
3

12
:= I 4962566666.667 = mm
4
A bw1 hv1 := A 2.12 10
5
= mm
2
kg n I A eg
2
+
|
\
|
.
:= kg 1 6.203 10
4
2.12 10
5

2
+
|
\
|
.
:= kg 3.093 10
10
= mm
4
4 10
9
kg1 s 3 10
12
s kg1 "Cumple" 4 10
9
kg s 3 10
12
s if
"Nocumple" otherwise
:= kg1 "Cumple" = mm
4
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312
Distribuciondesobrecargasporcarrilparamomentoenvigasinteriores"gi".
UncarrildediseoCargado:
si:
S 2 = m S1 S 1000 := S1 2000 = mm
lc 14 = m lc1 lc 1000 := lc1 14000 = mm hf1 170 = mm
kg 3.093 10
10
= mm
4
gi 0.06
S1
4300
|

\
|
|
.
0.4
S1
lc1
|

\
|
|
.
0.3

kg
lc1 hf1
3

\
|
|
.
0.1
+ := gi 0.44 =
DosomascarrilesCargados
gii 0.075
S1
2900
|

\
|
|
.
0.6
S1
lc1
|

\
|
|
.
0.2

kg
lc1 hf1
3

\
|
|
.
0.1
+ := gii 0.576 =
gii 0.576 = M
CAMION
75.546 = T m
M
CAMIONvi
gii M
CAMION
:= M
CAMIONvi
43.481 = T m
Si:
M
Carril
23275 = kg m
MCarril_vi
gii M
Carril

( )
1000
:= MCarril_vi 13.396 = T m
Carga:
M
IMvi
0.33 M
CAMIONvi
14.349 = := T m
M
LLvi
M
CAMIONvi
MCarril_vi + M
IMvi
+ := M
LLvi
71.226 = T m
DISTRIBUCIONDESOBRECARGASPORCARRILPARAMOMENTOENVIGASLONGITUDINALESEXTERIORES"ge".
Uncarrildediseocargado
Delaleydemomentos:
fi 1.111 = fe 1.125 =
Dosomascarrilesdediseocargados:
300 de s 1700 s
gii 0.576 = d
e
400 := mm de1 "Cumple" 300 de1 s 1700 s if
"Nocumple" otherwise
:= de1
e 0.77
d
e
2800
+ := e 0.77
400
2800
+ := e 0.913 = g
e
e gii :=
Usar:
g
e
0.525 =
M
CAMION
75.546 = T m
M
CAMIONve
g
e
M
CAMION
:= M
CAMIONve
39.692 = T m
M
IMve
0.33 M
CAMIONve
13.098 = := T m
M
CARRIL_ve
g
e
M
Carril

( )
1000
12.229 = := T m
M
LLve
M
CAMIONve
M
CARRIL_ve
+ M
IMve
+ := M
LLve
65.019 = T m
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312
RESUMENDESOLITICIONES:
VIGAENTERIOR VIGAINTERIOR
M
DCve
41.228 = T m M
DCvi
42.216 = T m
M
DW
3.353 = T m M
DW
3.353 = T m
M
LLve
65.019 = T m M
LLvi
71.226 = T m
M
IMve
13.098 = T m M
IMvi
14.349 = T m

D
0.95 :=
R
1 :=
I
1.05 :=
Mu
i
M
i
:=
D

R

I
:= 0.997 =
Mu1 1.25 M
DCvi
1.5 M
DW
+ 1.75 M
LLvi
M
IMvi
+
( )
+

:=
Mu1 207.037 = T m
ANCHOEFECTIVOALA(TABLERO).
VIGAINTERIOR: VIGAEXTERIOR:
bw 0.4 = m hf 0.17 = m lc 14 = m S 2 = m
be
bw
2
6hf + 1.22 = :=
bi bw 12 hf + 2.44 = :=
be
lc
8
1.75 = :=
bi
lc
4
3.5 = :=
be a 0.65 = :=
bi
S S + ( )
2
2 = := be 0.5 bi min be ( ) + := be 1.65 = m
be round be 2 , ( ) :=
bi min bi ( ) := bi 2 =
Usar:
be 1.65 = m
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312
SUPONIENDOSECCINRECTANGULAR:
DISEODEVIGAEXTERIOR.
Mu1 207.037 = T m Mu Mu1 1000 100 20703721.34 = := kg cm 0.9 = fc 250 =
kg
cm
2
fy 4200 =
kg
cm
2
d h
min
0.15 := d 0.55 = m d d 100 55 = := cm
be 1.65 = m be be 100 := be 165 = cm hf 0.17 = m hf hf 100 := hf 17 = cm
Mu Mn = Mn be d
2
fc w 1 0.59w ( ) := w Ru
Mu
be d
2
fc
:= Ru 0.184 = w 1 0.59w ( ) Ru := w 1 0.59w ( )
0.59w
2
w Ru + 0 = solve w ,
1.4844169192544584468
0.21049833498282968877
|

\
|
|
.
w 0.210 :=
A
s
w be d
fc
fy
:=
C T := 0.85 fc be a2 A
s
fy = a2
A
s
fy
0.85 fc be
:= a2 13.588 = cm
si:
a2 hf s a2 "DiseoSeccionrectangular" a2 hf s if
"DiseoSeccinT" otherwise
:=
a2 "DiseoSeccionrectangular" =
A
s
113.437 = cm
2

25

2.5
2
4
4.909 = := cm
2
N
A
s

25
23.109 = :=
Usar:2325 Vigaexterior
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312
0
UNIV.:HUBERT VIDAL MAMANI PUENTE VIGA PUENTES - CIV312