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REEMPLAZAMIENTO POR COSTO MINIMO - REEMPLZAZAMIENTO DE EQUIPO Q

EQUIPO A

Inversin
$6,000.00
Ao
1
2
3
4
5
6
Costo operativo
$1,000.00
$1,200.00
$1,400.00
$1,800.00
$2,300.00
$2,800.00
Precio reventa
$3,000.00
$1,500.00
$750.00
$375.00
$200.00
$200.00
Ao
Costo
Precio
Reemplazar Costo
Costo
Costo
Costo
operativo
reventa
al final
total
total
total
promedio
del ao
operacin
capital
medio
ao
1
$1,000
$3,000
1
$1,000
$3,000
$4,000
$4,000
2
$1,200
$1,500
2
$2,200
$4,500
$6,700
$3,350
3
$1,400
$750
3
$3,600
$5,250
$8,850
$2,950
4
$1,800
$375
4
$5,400
$5,625
$11,025
$2,756
5
$2,300
$200
5
$7,700
$5,800
$13,500
$2,700
6
$2,800
$200
6
$10,500
$5,800
$16,300
$2,717
7
$3,400
$200
7
$13,900
$5,800
$19,700
$2,814
8
$4,000
$200
8
$17,900
$5,800
$23,700
$2,963

EQUIPO B

Flota de camiones de 50% + de capacidad

Inversin
$8,000.00
Ao
Costo operativo
Precio reventa
Ao

Costo
operativo
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Equipo A
Equipo B

$1,200
$1,500
$1,800
$2,400
$3,100
$4,000
$5,000
$6,100
100%
$2,700.00
$2,360.00

1
$1,200.00
$4,000.00
Precio
reventa
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$300
$300
$300
50% +
$4,050.00
$3,540.00

2
$1,500.00
$2,000.00

3
$1,800.00
$1,000.00

4
$2,400.00
$500.00

5
$3,100.00
$300.00

6
$4,000.00
$300.00

Reemplazar Costo
Costo
Costo
Costo
$6,000
al final
total
total
total
promedio
del ao
operacin
capital
medio
ao
$5,000
1
$1,200
$4,000
$5,200
$5,200
2
$2,700
$6,000
$8,700
$4,350
$4,000
3
$4,500
$7,000
$11,500
$3,833
4
$6,900
$7,500
$14,400
$3,600
$3,000
5
$10,000
$7,700
$17,700
$3,540
6
$14,000
$7,700
$21,700
$3,617
$2,000
7
$19,000
$7,700
$26,700
$3,814
$1,000
8
$25,100
$7,700
$32,800
$4,100
$0
0

# Equipos totales
Ano
# Equipo
1
2
2
2
3
2
4
2
5
2
6
2

3
Costo
$2,150.00
$2,175.00
$2,475.00
$2,800.00
$3,400.00
$4,000.00

COSTO DE LOS 2 CAMIONES GRANDES

Vida
3 aos
4 aos
5 aos
6 aos
7 aos
8 aos

Variacion
Costo
costo
total
anual
medio
$4,000
$4,000
1
$2,700
$6,700
2
$2,150
$8,850
3
$2,175
$11,025
4
$2,475
$13,500
5
$2,800
$16,300
6
$3,400
$19,700
7
$4,000
$23,700
8
2 equipos de 2 aos y 1 equipo de 1 ao
# Equipo
Costo
Vida
1
S/. 2,700.00
2 aos
1
S/. 2,150.00
3 aos
4 aos
1
S/. 2,175.00
1
S/. 2,475.00
5 aos
1
S/. 2,800.00
6 aos
1
S/. 3,400.00
7 aos
# Equipos
Costo
2
S/. 3,540.00
$7,080.00

Ao

Total
S/. 7,000.00
S/. 6,500.00
S/. 7,125.00
S/. 8,075.00
S/. 9,600.00
S/. 11,400.00

MO - REEMPLZAZAMIENTO DE EQUIPO Q NO SE RECUPERA


7
$3,400.00
$200.00
$4,500

8
$4,000.00
$200.00

Costo promedio ao

$4,000

$3,500
$3,000
$2,500
Costo promedio ao

$2,000
$1,500
$1,000
$500

$0
0

7
$5,000.00
$300.00

8
$6,100.00
$300.00

Costo promedio ao

Costo promedio ao

10

10

EQUIPO A
30 toneladas de capacidad
Inversin
Deterioro
Ao
1
Costo Operativo
$1,600.00
Deterioro
30.00%
Ao
Costo
operativo
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

EQUIPO B
60% + de capacidad
Inversin
Deterioro
Ao
Costo Operativo
Deterioro
Ao

$1,600.00
$1,800.00
$2,100.00
$2,350.00
$2,500.00
$2,700.00
$3,000.00
$3,400.00
$3,600.00
$3,800.00
$4,000.00
$4,200.00
$4,400.00

1
$2,200.00
30.00%
Costo
operativo

$10,000.00
30%
2
$1,800.00
Precio
reventa
$7,000.00
$4,900.00
$3,430.00
$2,401.00
$1,680.70
$1,176.49
$823.54
$576.48
$403.54
$282.48
$197.73
$138.41
$96.89

$16,000.00
30%
2
$2,400.00
Precio
reventa

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

$2,200.00
$2,400.00
$2,700.00
$3,000.00
$3,250.00
$3,600.00
$4,000.00
$4,500.00
$4,700.00
$4,900.00
$5,100.00
$5,300.00
$5,500.00
$5,700.00

$11,200.00
$7,840.00
$5,488.00
$3,841.60
$2,689.12
$1,882.38
$1,317.67
$922.37
$645.66
$451.96
$316.37
$221.46
$155.02
$108.52

Toneladas
Equipo A
Equipo B

30
$3,603.78
$3,173.91

48
$5,766.05
$5,078.26

3
$2,100.00

4
$2,350.00

5
$2,500.00

Reemplazar
al final
del ao
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Costo
total
operacin
$1,600.00
$3,400.00
$5,500.00
$7,850.00
$10,350.00
$13,050.00
$16,050.00
$19,450.00
$23,050.00
$26,850.00
$30,850.00
$35,050.00
$39,450.00

Costo
total
capital
$3,000.00
$5,100.00
$6,570.00
$7,599.00
$8,319.30
$8,823.51
$9,176.46
$9,423.52
$9,596.46
$9,717.52
$9,802.27
$9,861.59
$9,903.11

3
$2,700.00

4
$3,000.00

5
$3,250.00

Reemplazar
al final
del ao
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

Costo
total
operacin
$2,200.00
$4,600.00
$7,300.00
$10,300.00
$13,550.00
$17,150.00
$21,150.00
$25,650.00
$30,350.00
$35,250.00
$40,350.00
$45,650.00
$51,150.00
$56,850.00

Costo
total
capital
$4,800.00
$8,160.00
$10,512.00
$12,158.40
$13,310.88
$14,117.62
$14,682.33
$15,077.63
$15,354.34
$15,548.04
$15,683.63
$15,778.54
$15,844.98
$15,891.48

Ao

Costo
total

CAMIONES
A
B1
B2
B3
B4

TONELADAS
30
48
48
48
48

# Equipos totales
Ao
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

# Equipo
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

# CAMIONES
5
2
3
4
5

5
Costo
$3,379.00
$3,220.30
$3,204.21
$3,352.95
$3,647.06
$3,772.94
$3,921.06
$4,084.74

TOTAL
150
96
144
192
240

Vida
4 aos
5 aos
6 aos
7 aos
8 aos
9 aos
10 aos
11 aos

anual
1
$4,600.00
2
$3,900.00
3
$3,570.00
4
$3,379.00
5
$3,220.30
6
$3,204.21
7
$3,352.95
8
$3,647.06
9
$3,772.94
10
$3,921.06
11
$4,084.74
3 equipos de 3 aos y 2 equipos de 2 aos
# Equipo
Costo
2
S/. 3,570.00
2
S/. 3,379.00
2
S/. 3,220.30
2
S/. 3,204.21
2
S/. 3,352.95
2
S/. 3,647.06
3
S/. 3,772.94
4
S/. 3,921.06
COSTO DE LOS CAMIONES GRANDES
# Equipos
Costo
3
S/. 5,078.26
4
S/. 5,078.26
5
S/. 5,078.26

EQUIPO B
Inversin
Ao
Costo Op.
Deterioro
Ao

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

$4,000.00
1
$2,200.00
30.00%
Costo
operativo
$650.00
$680.00
$750.00
$900.00
$950.00
$1,150.00
$1,450.00

2
$2,400.00
Precio
reventa
$2,500.00
$1,800.00
$1,100.00
$800.00
$600.00
$250.00
$250.00

3
$2,700.00
Reemplazar
al final
del ao
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

4
$3,000.00

5
$3,250.00

Costo
Costo
total
total
operacin
capital
$650.00
$1,500.00
$1,330.00
$2,200.00
$2,080.00
$2,900.00
$2,980.00
$3,200.00
$3,930.00
$3,400.00
$5,080.00
$3,750.00
$6,530.00
$3,750.00

EQUIPO A

5000
400
$250.00
2.7182818
Costo op
Rescate
1
400 S/. 3,894.00
2
400 S/. 3,032.65

$400.00 S/.
$800.00 S/.

1,106.00
1,967.35

$1,506.00
$2,767.35

3
4
5
6
7
8
9

400
400
$650.00
$900.00
$1,150.00
$1,400.00
$1,650.00

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

7500
200
$280.00
2.7182818
Costo op
200
200
200
$480.00
$760.00
$1,040.00
$1,320.00
$1,600.00

S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.

2,361.83
1,839.40
1,432.52
1,115.65
868.87
676.68
527.00

$1,200.00
$1,600.00
$2,250.00
$3,150.00
$4,300.00
$5,700.00
$7,350.00

S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.

2,638.17
3,160.60
3,567.48
3,884.35
4,131.13
4,323.32
4,473.00

$3,838.17
$4,760.60
$5,817.48
$7,034.35
$8,431.13
$10,023.32
$11,823.00

Rescate
S/. 5,841.01
S/. 4,548.98
S/. 3,542.75
S/. 2,759.10
S/. 2,148.79
S/. 1,673.48
S/. 1,303.30
S/. 1,015.01

$200.00
$400.00
$600.00
$1,080.00
$1,840.00
$2,880.00
$4,200.00
$5,800.00

S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.

1,658.99
2,951.02
3,957.25
4,740.90
5,351.21
5,826.52
6,196.70
6,484.99

$1,858.99
$3,351.02
$4,557.25
$5,820.90
$7,191.21
$8,706.52
$10,396.70
$12,284.99

EQUIPO C

7
$3,000.00

Costo
total
medio
$4,600.00
$8,500.00
$12,070.00
$15,449.00
$18,669.30
$21,873.51
$25,226.46
$28,873.52
$32,646.46
$36,567.52
$40,652.27
$44,911.59
$49,353.11

Costo
promedio
por ao
$4,600.00
$4,250.00
$4,023.33
$3,862.25
$3,733.86
$3,645.59
$3,603.78
$3,609.19
$3,627.38
$3,656.75
$3,695.66
$3,742.63
$3,796.39

6
$3,600.00

7
$4,000.00

Costo
total
medio
$7,000.00
$12,760.00
$17,812.00
$22,458.40
$26,860.88
$31,267.62
$35,832.33
$40,727.63
$45,704.34
$50,798.04
$56,033.63
$61,428.54
$66,994.98
$72,741.48

Costo
promedio
por ao
$7,000.00
$6,380.00
$5,937.33
$5,614.60
$5,372.18
$5,211.27
$5,118.90
$5,090.95
$5,078.26
$5,079.80
$5,093.97
$5,119.04
$5,153.46
$5,195.82

Costo
total

8
$3,400.00

9
$3,600.00

Ao
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

8
$4,500.00

9
$4,700.00

10
$3,800.00

11
$4,000.00

Costo
$4,600.00
$4,250.00
$4,023.33
$3,862.25
$3,733.86
$3,645.59
$3,603.78
$3,609.19
$3,627.38
$3,656.75
$3,695.66
$3,742.63
$3,796.39

10
$4,900.00

12
$4,200.00

Costo promedio anual

6
$2,700.00

11
$5,100.00

$5,000.00
$4,500.00
$4,000.00
$3,500.00
$3,000.00
$2,500.00
$2,000.00
$1,500.00
$1,000.00
$500.00

12
$5,300.00

medio
$4,600.00
$8,500.00
$12,070.00
$15,449.00
$18,669.30
$21,873.51
$25,226.46
$28,873.52
$32,646.46
$36,567.52
$40,652.27
de 3 aos y 2 equipos de 2 aos
Vida
Total
3 aos
S/. 17,277.00
4 aos
S/. 16,418.90
5 aos
S/. 16,053.23
6 aos
S/. 16,467.26
7 aos
S/. 17,647.08
8 aos
S/. 18,612.96
9 aos
S/. 23,082.01
10 aos
S/. 27,938.47

CAMIONES GRANDES
Total
$15,234.78
$20,313.04
$25,391.30

6
$3,600.00

Costo promedio ao

7
$4,000.00

$2,500.00

Costo
Costo
total
promedio
medio
ao
$2,150.00
$2,150.00
$3,530.00
$1,765.00
$4,980.00
$1,660.00
$6,180.00
$1,545.00
$7,330.00
$1,466.00
$8,830.00
$1,471.67
$10,280.00
$1,468.57

$2,000.00
$1,500.00
$1,000.00
$500.00
$0.00
0

EQUIPO B

e
$1,506.00
$1,383.67

6000
300
$240.00
2.7182818
Costo op
Rescate
1
300 S/.
4,672.80
2
300 S/.
3,639.18

$300.00 S/.
$600.00 S/.

1,327.20
2,360.82

$1,627.20
$2,960.82

$1,279.39
$1,190.15
$1,163.50
$1,172.39
$1,204.45
$1,252.92
$1,313.67

$1,858.99
$1,675.51
$1,519.08
$1,455.23
$1,438.24
$1,451.09
$1,485.24
$1,535.62

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

300
300
300
$540.00
$780.00
$1,020.00
$1,260.00
$1,500.00

S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.

2,834.20
2,207.28
1,719.03
1,338.78
1,042.64
812.01
632.40
492.51

$900.00
$1,200.00
$1,500.00
$2,040.00
$2,820.00
$3,840.00
$5,100.00
$6,600.00

S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.

3,165.80
3,792.72
4,280.97
4,661.22
4,957.36
5,187.99
5,367.60
5,507.49

$4,065.80
$4,992.72
$5,780.97
$6,701.22
$7,777.36
$9,027.99
$10,467.60
$12,107.49

13
$4,400.00

Costo
Costo
$5,000.00
$4,500.00
$4,000.00
$3,500.00
$3,000.00
$2,500.00
$2,000.00
$1,500.00
$1,000.00
$500.00
$0.00
0

8
Aos

13
$5,500.00

14
$5,700.00

10

12

14

io ao

Costo promedio ao

$1,627.20
$1,480.41

$1,355.27
$1,248.18
$1,156.19
$1,116.87
$1,111.05
$1,128.50
$1,163.07
$1,210.75

EQUIPO A
Inversin
Primeros 5 anos
En los siguientes anos
Interes

$5,000.00
$800.00
$200.00
10%

EQUIPO A
Valor presente unitario
Rn
Ao r
1
$800.00
2
$800.00
3
$800.00
4
$800.00
5
$800.00
6
$1,000.00
7
$1,200.00
8
$1,400.00
9
$1,600.00
10
$1,800.00
11
$2,000.00
12
$2,200.00

0.9091
r-1
V
1.0000
0.9091
0.8264
0.7513
0.6830
0.6209
0.5645
0.5132
0.4665
0.4241
0.3855
0.3505

r-1

V Rn
800.00
727.27
661.16
601.05
546.41
620.92
677.37
718.42
746.41
763.38
771.09
771.09

Pr
5,800.00
6,527.27
7,188.43
7,789.48
8,335.89
8,956.81
9,634.18
10,352.60
11,099.02
11,862.39
12,633.48
13,404.56

R n *(1-V )/(1-V)
800.00
1,527.27
2,188.43
2,789.48
3,335.89
4,790.79
6,426.31
8,215.79
10,135.88
12,166.24
14,289.13
16,489.13

V r-1 R n
1200.00
1090.91
991.74
901.58
819.62
869.29
903.16
923.68
933.01
933.01
925.30
911.28

Pr
3,700.00
4,790.91
5,782.64
6,684.22
7,503.84
8,373.13
9,276.29
10,199.97
11,132.99
12,066.00
12,991.30
13,902.59

R n *(1-V r )/(1-V)
1,200.00
2,290.91
3,282.64
4,184.22
5,003.84
6,707.10
8,568.42
10,563.15
12,669.85
14,869.85
17,146.96
19,487.16

EQUIPO B
Inversin
Primeros 5 anos
En los siguientes anos
Interes

$2,500.00
$1,200.00
$200.00
10%

EQUIPO B
Valor presente unitario
Rn
Ao r
1
1200
2
1200
3
1200
4
1200
5
1200
6
1400
7
1600
8
1800
9
2000
10
2200
11
2400
12
2600

Respt

0.9091
V r-1
1.0000
0.9091
0.8264
0.7513
0.6830
0.6209
0.5645
0.5132
0.4665
0.4241
0.3855
0.3505

Se debe comprar la segunda maquina porque la anualidad sera menor (1738US$)

Rn
Pr
R
V^(r-1)
Rn*(1-Vr)/(1-V)
18,000.00
Ra
16,000.00
RA

Costo de operacin
Valor presente del gasto
Costo opertivo en el ao n
Actualizacin
Costo opertivo actualizado
Anualida fija

14,000.00
12,000.00

10,000.00

Pr

8,000.00

Rn*(1-Vr)/(1-V)

6,000.00
4,000.00

1752.04

2,000.00
0.00
1

10

11

12

25,000.00
20,000.00

RA

15,000.00
10,000.00

5,000.00

1738.11

ue la anualidad sera menor (1738US$)

0.00
1

10

Rn*(1-Vr)/(1-V)

Pr

Rn*(1-Vr)/(1-V)

11

12

REEMPLAZO DE EQUIPOS Q SE DETERIORAN POR COMPLETO (REEMP


HISTORIAL DE FALLAS
Semana
% q' falla

1
10

2
25

3
50

4
80

5
100

NUMERO DE EQUIPO
Reemplazo individual
Reemplazo grupal
Probalilidad de falla

n
Pn

1
10%

2
15%

3
25%

4
30%

5
20%

n0

P0

n1

P1

n0

1000

n1

1000

0.10

n2

1000

0.15

100

0.10

n3

1000

0.25

100

n4

1000

0.30

n5

1000

0.20

n6

n7

n8

n9

10

n 10

SEMANA

n2

P2

n3

0.15

160

0.10

100

0.25

160

100

0.30

100

0.20

n4

0.15

281

0.10

160

0.25

281

0.15

377

160

0.30

281

0.25

377

160

0.20

281

0.30

377

VIDA MEDIA

NUMERO DE EQUIPO
TASA DE FALLA

1 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR SE

2 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CA

3 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CA

4 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CA

PLETO (REEMPLAZO DE EQUIPO Q NO SE RECUPERA)

NUMERO DE EQUIPOS

1000

Reemplazo individual
Reemplazo grupal

$1.00
$0.25

400
350
300
250
200

n5

n6

FOCOS Q FALLAN
1000
100
160

150
100
50

281
377
0.10

350

0.15

350

0.10

0.25

350

0.15

0
0

230
230

0.10

286

VIDA MEDIA
0.1
0.3
NUMERO DE EQUIPOS
TASA DE FALLA

0.75

1.2

3.35
1000
299

1 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR SEGUN VAN FALLANDO
$298.51 DOLARES POR SEMANA

2 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CADA SEMANA
$250.00 DOLARES POR SEMANA

3 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CADA 2 SEMANAS
$250.00
$100.00
$160.00
$510.00
$255.00 DOLARES POR SEMANA

4 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CADA 3 SEMANAS

$250.00

$100.00
$160.00
$281.00
$791.00
$263.67 DOLARES POR SEMANA

Chart Title

4
Series1

REEMPLAZO DE EQUIPOS Q SE DETERIORAN POR COMPLETO


REEMPLAZO EN GRUPOS
REEMPLAZO INDIVIDUAL
REEMPLAZO GRUPAL
PROBABILIDAD DE FALLA

n
Pn

1
1%

2
3%

3
5%

4
7%

n6

n7

5
6
7
8
10% 15% 20% 15%

9
11%

10
8%

11
5%

n9

n10

SOLUCIN
0

n0

1000

n1

1000

1%

n2

1000

n3

1000

n4

n5

SEMANA

n0

n1

n2

n3

3%

10

0.01

5%

10

1000

7%

1000

10%

n6

1000

7
8
9

n7
n8
n9

10
11

n4

0.03

30

0.01

10

0.05

30

10

0.07

30

0.03

51

0.01

0.05

51

15%

10

0.10

30

0.07

1000
1000
1000

20%
15%
11%

10
10
10

0.15
0.20
0.15

30
30
30

n 10

1000

8%

10

0.11

n 11

1000

5%

10

0.08

n5

0.03

72

0.01

51

0.05

72

0.03 104 0.01

0.10
0.15
0.20

51
51
51

0.07
0.10
0.15

72
72
72

30

0.15

51

0.20

30

0.11

51

0.15

n8

0.05 104 0.03 159 0.01


0.07 104 0.05 159 0.03 216 0.01
0.10 104 0.07 159 0.05 216 0.03

179

0.01

72

0.15 104 0.10 159 0.07 216 0.05

179

0.03

156

0.01

72

0.20 104 0.15 159 0.10 216 0.07

179

0.05

156

0.03

146

0.01

0.9

1.4

1.2

0.99

0.8

0.55

VIDA MEDIA
VM 0.01 0.1 0.15 0.3
NUMERO DE EQUIPOS
TASA DE FALLA

0.5

1 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR SEGUN VAN FALLANDO
2 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CADA SEMANA
3 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CADA 2 SEMANAS

4 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CADA 3 SEMANAS

5 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CADA 4 SEMANAS

6 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CADA 5 SEMANAS

7 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CADA 6 SEMANAS

8 POLITICA
REEMPLAZAR CADA 7 SEMANAS
$30.10
$50.60
$71.91
$104.45
$158.85
$216.38
$1,142.29
$163.18

$1.25
$0.50

100%

1000
10
30
51
72
104
159
216
179
156
146
138

6.84
1000
146.19883

AN FALLANDO
$182.75

$500.00

$500.00
$10.00
$30.10
$540.10
$270.05
$500.00
$10.00
$30.10
$50.60
$590.70
$196.90
$500.00
$10.00
$30.10
$50.60
$71.91
$662.61
$165.65
$500.00
$10.00
$30.10
$50.60
$71.91
$104.45
$767.06
$153.41
$500.00
$10.00

$30.10
$50.60
$71.91
$104.45
$158.85
$925.91
$154.32
$500.00
$10.00
$30.10
$50.60
$71.91
$104.45
$158.85
$216.38
$1,142.29
$163.18

Chart Title
250

7, 216

200

8, 179
6, 159

150

9, 156

10, 14611, 138


Series1

5, 104

100
4, 72
50

3, 51
2, 30

1, 10

0
0

10

12

DOLARES POR SEMANA

DOLARES POR SEMANA

DOLARES POR SEMANA

DOLARES POR SEMANA

DOLARES POR SEMANA

DOLARES POR SEMANA

DOLARES POR SEMANA

DOLARES POR SEMANA

REEMPLAZO DE EQUIPO ANTICIPANDOSE A UNA FALLA


Inversin
Aos
de
propiedad
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

24000
Horas de
operacin
por ao
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

Costo
de
operacin
11000
13000
16500
19500
25000
29000
36500
41500

Acumulado Total
Horas
Inversin
Costo
de
de
operacin
operacin
1000
24000
11000
2000
24000
3000
40500
4000
60000
5000
85000
6000
114000
7000
150500
8000
192000

Inversin
por horas
de operacin
24.00
12.00
8.00
6.00
4.80
4.00
3.43
3.00

Costo total unitario por hora


40.00
35.00
30.00
25.00
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
0

Acumulado Unitario
Costo
de operacin
por hora
11.00
12.00
13.50
15.00
17.00
19.00
21.50
24.00

Costo total
unitario por
hora
35.00
24.00
21.50
21.00
21.80
23.00
24.93
27.00

Costo annual Promedio del costo


por
total por
hora
hora acumulada
11.00
35.00
13.00
48.00
16.50
64.50
19.50
84.00
25.00
109.00
29.00
138.00
36.50
174.50
41.50
216.00
Ahorro

o total unitario por hora

Costo total unitario por


hora

10

Costo de
operacin
en el ao
35000
48000
64500
84000
109000
138000
174500
216000
48000

Inver
Primeros 5 aos
En los siguientes ans
Interes
Valor presente unitario
Ao r
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26

S/.
S/.
S/.

12,000.00
600.00
100.00
10%

Rn
600
600
600
600
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
2400
2500
2600
2700

0.9091
Vr-1
1.0000
0.9091
0.8264
0.7513
0.6830
0.6209
0.5645
0.5132
0.4665
0.4241
0.3855
0.3505
0.3186
0.2897
0.2633
0.2394
0.2176
0.1978
0.1799
0.1635
0.1486
0.1351
0.1228
0.1117
0.1015
0.0923

Vr-1Rn
600
545
496
451
410
435
452
462
467
467
463
456
446
434
421
407
392
376
360
343
327
311
295
279
264
249

Pr
12600
13145
13641
14092
14502
14937
15388
15850
16316
16783
17246
17701
18147
18582
19003
19410
19802
20178
20538
20881
21208
21519
21814
22093
22357
22606

Rn*(1-Vr)/(1-V)
600
1,145
1,641
2,092
2,502
3,354
4,284
5,282
6,335
7,435
8,573
9,744
10,939
12,155
13,387
14,630
15,883
17,141
18,403
19,666
20,930
22,192
23,452
24,708
25,960
27,208

RA
12600
6885.71429
4986.70695
4041.49968
3477.7907
3117.76852
2873.46297
2700.89544
2575.64059
2483.05093
2413.81347
2361.72786
2322.51002
2293.10839
2271.29366
2255.4022
2244.1701
2236.62237
2231.99714
2229.69252
2229.22859
2230.21975
2232.3542
2235.37854
2239.08603
2243.30756

inversin
e
Ao

S/.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Capital

5,000.00
2.7182818
Costo Operativo
1500
1600
1800
2100
2500
2900
3400
4000

S/.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.

Rescate
Costo total op.
3,894.00
1500
3,032.65
3100
2,361.83
4900
1,839.40
7000
1,432.52
9500
1,115.65
12400
868.87
15800
676.68
19800

S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1800
3900
6400
9300
12700
16700
20700
24700
28700
32700
36700
40700
44700
48700
52700

2,638.17

1800
2100
2500
2900
3400
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000

2,054.61
1,600.13
1,246.18
970.53
755.85
588.65
458.44
357.04
278.06
216.55
168.65
131.35
102.29
79.67
62.04

Costo total cap.


S/.
1,106.00
S/.
1,967.35
S/.
2,638.17
S/.
3,160.60
S/.
3,567.48
S/.
3,884.35
S/.
4,131.13
S/.
4,323.32

Costo total
S/.
2,606.00
S/.
5,067.35
S/.
7,538.17
S/.
10,160.60
S/.
13,067.48
S/.
16,284.35
S/.
19,931.13
S/.
24,123.32

S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.

S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.
S/.

2,606.00
2,461.35
2,470.82
2,622.44
2,906.87
3,216.87
3,646.78
2,945.39
3,399.87
3,753.82
4,029.47
4,244.15
4,411.35
4,541.56
4,642.96
4,721.94
4,783.45
4,831.35
4,868.65
4,897.71
4,920.33
4,937.96

2,606.00
5,067.35
7,538.17
10,160.60
13,067.48
16,284.35
19,931.13
4,745.39
7,299.87
10,153.82
13,329.47
16,944.15
21,111.35
25,241.56
29,342.96
33,421.94
37,483.45
41,531.35
45,568.65
49,597.71
53,620.33
57,637.96

Costo prom
S/. 2,606.00
S/. 2,533.67
S/. 2,512.72
S/. 2,540.15
S/. 2,613.50
S/. 2,714.06
S/. 2,847.30
S/. 3,015.42

Rescate
S/. 4,500.00
S/. 4,000.00
S/. 3,500.00
S/. 3,000.00
S/. 2,500.00
Rescate

S/. 2,000.00
S/. 1,500.00
S/. 1,000.00
S/. 500.00
S/. 0

10

Costo prom
S/. 4,745.39
S/. 3,649.94
S/. 3,384.61
S/. 3,332.37
S/. 3,388.83
S/. 3,518.56
S/. 3,605.94
S/. 3,667.87
S/. 3,713.55
S/. 3,748.34
S/. 3,775.58
S/. 3,797.39
S/. 3,815.21
S/. 3,830.02
S/. 3,842.53

S/. 3,500.00
S/. 3,000.00
S/. 2,500.00
S/. 2,000.00
S/. 1,500.00
S/. 1,000.00
S/. 500.00
S/. 0.00
0

Rescate

Costo prom

Costo prom

10

turnos
Probabilidad
a partir
de falla
del reemplazo si no falla
10
0
11
4
12
9
13
14
14
19
15
26
16
33
17
40
18
47
19
64
20
66
21
68
22
76
23
84