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Page 158 Realidades 1

The Verb SER

SER VS. ESTAR


You

already know the verb ESTAR. It means to be

SER VS. ESTAR


There

is another verb in Spanish that means to be. It is the verb SER.

SER VS. ESTAR


SER

is an irregular verb, just like ESTAR, so you must memorize all its forms.

SER VS. ESTAR


There

are certain occasions in which you will use either SER or ESTAR.

Lets review ESTAR first!

ESTAR
Used

for telling LOCATION. For example:

ESTAR
El libro est en la mesa. The book is on the table. Yo estoy en Guatemala. I am in Guatemala.

ESTAR
Used

to tell CONDITION. For example:

ESTAR
Eduardo est ocupado. Eduardo is busy. Ana y Luisa estn enfermas. Ana and Luisa are sick.

TO BE (In English)
I
You He She It

am
are

We

are

They

are

is

ESTAR
Yo
T Ud. l Ella

estoy
ests

Nosotros
Vosotros Uds. Ellos Ellas

estamos
estis

est

estn

Ok, now lets see what the verb SER looks like. Remember, all its forms are totally irregular and they follow NO pattern. You must memorize them!

SER
Yo
T Ud. l Ella

soy
eres

Nosotros
Vosotros Uds. Ellos Ellas

somos
sois

es

son

SER

Used to tell TIME and DATE. Son las dos y media. It is two thirty. Es el veinte de noviembre. It is the twentieth of November.

SER

Used to tell NATIONALITY. For example: Yo soy americana. l es puertorriqueo.

SER

Used to tell WHERE SOMEONE OR SOMETHING IS FROM. T eres de Nicaragua. Ellas son de Costa Rica.

SER

Used to connect a noun or pronoun to another noun or pronoun. Eduardo es un hombre. Coqu y Sultn son gatos.

SER

Used to describe CHARACTERISTICS. Rebeca es alta. Enrique y yo somos guapos.

SER

You CANNOT use un or una with SER when describing someones profession. Yo soy profesora. T eres estudiante.

LETS REVIEW AGAIN!

SER
Yo
T Ud. l Ella

soy
eres

Nosotros
Vosotros Uds. Ellos Ellas

somos
sois

es

son

SER

Used to tell TIME and DATE. Son las dos y media. It is two thirty. Es el veinte de noviembre. It is the twentieth of November.

SER

Used to tell NATIONALITY. For example: Yo soy americana. l es puertorriqueo.

SER

Used to tell WHERE SOMEONE OR SOMETHING IS FROM. T eres de Nicaragua. Ellas son de Costa Rica.

SER

Used to connect a noun or pronoun to another noun or pronoun. Eduardo es un hombre. Coqu y Sultn son gatos.

SER

Used to describe CHARACTERISTICS. Rebeca es alta. Enrique y yo somos guapos.

SER

You CANNOT use un or una with SER when describing someones profession. Yo soy profesora. T eres estudiante.