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6

Radicacin
Marco terico
Ejemplos:

n: ndice
b: cantidad subradical
m: raz
ZZ

, porque 62 = 36

ZZ

, porque 33 = 27

ZZ
ZZ

impar
impar
par

+ = +
=

+ =+

YY =
32

5
3

125 = 5

4 16 = 2

34

a = n.m a

Ejemplos:

YY

=
x12

2.2 12

x12=

6 12

=
x

4 12

=
x
x3

2
3 = 3=
9

4.2 16 40 8 16 40
YY 4 =
a16 .b40
=
a b
=
a b
a 2 b5

4. Raz de un cociente

Ejemplos:

10
5 10
5 x 2
YY
x= x=

n
na = a
b nb


Ejemplo:
81

YY

YY =
144

9 3
81
=
=
144 12 4

3 12
a12 =
a
94
3
=
YY
b 9 3 9 b3

=
25 2

2. Raz de un producto

160
160 5 32 2
YY 5 = 5 = =
5
5

n a.b = n a . n b

39
X_1Ao_S6_Radicacin.indd 39

nm

YY

1
3 3=
YY 8=
8 2

=
17.2

3. Raz de raz

243 = 3

16=
2 4 2

3
3 4 3 1 7 4 3 12
YY 3 x . x 7 . =
x
x .x =
.x
=
x
x4

x =xm

2
=
YY 25

=
162

YY 17=
. 2

1. Exponente de fracciones
m n

=
x . y
x6y 4

YY 4 16.81
= 4 16 . 4 81
= 2.3
= 6

Ley de signos
ZZ

5 30 5 20

30 20

YY =
5 x y

LGEBRA

24/02/2014 05:56:40 p.m.

1.er ao

RADICACIN

Trabajando en Clase
Integral

=
M

1. Calcula:
F = 5 32 4 16 3 64

2. Calcula:

1
1
1
3
4
=
T 8 + 81 25 2

B=

x .

8 + 50 18

50
=

25.2
=

18
=

9.2
=

4=
. 2 2 2

25=
. 2 5 2

M = 7 2 3 2
M=4 2

lgebra

X_1Ao_S6_Radicacin.indd 40

UNI

Resolucin:
=
P 4 81x 8 y16 + 36x 4 y 8

4
=
P 4 81 x 8 4 y16 + 36 x 4 y 8

31 = 1
3
1 1
4 =
4
1 1
5 =
5

=
P 3x 2 y 4 + 6x 2 y 4
P = 9x 2 y 4


13. Reduce:
1

=
A 64 3 + 81 4 32 5

M 2 2 + 5 2 3 2
=

=
A 3 9 .3 3 + 5 8 .5 4

=
P 4 81x 8 y16 + 36x 4 y 8

=
A 643 + 814 325

9=
. 2 3 2

6
4
N = 128 64 27
6
4
3
4
2

12. Reduce:

Resolucin:

Resolucin:
=
4.2

8. Calcula:

4. Calcula:

11. Calcula:

=
8

6 4 2

UNMSM

PUCP

M
=

x14 .

N = 5 32 4 625 3 64
243
81
27

=
M 83 + 492 646

10. Calcula:

4 7 12

E = x5 . x7 . x 4 . x8

7. Calcula:

27 + 12 75



6. Reduce:

3. Reduce:

9. Calcula:

5. Calcula:

A 3 64 + 4 81 5 32
=
A= 4 + 32
A =5

=
Q

32x10 + 81x 8

14. Calcula:

S 1 4 52 + 13
=
16

40
24/02/2014 05:56:41 p.m.