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15.

1 DISEO DEL TANQUE Y LA CISTERNA


A)

CPU UNASAM

DIMENSIONAMIENTO:
Dimensiones libres:
BL

Tanque

V=

30 @ 35

m3

agua

B
Columnas
Hmn = 10 m
vigas

A.1)

A.2)

A.3)

cimentacin

Predimensionamiento del Tanque


B (m)
h (m)
BL (m)

3.90
2.49
0.30

Muros:

t (cm)

25

Columnetas:

b (cm)
25

h (cm)
25

Techo:

t (cm)

15

Losa de fondo:

t (cm)

25

Predimensionamiento del soporte


Columnas:

b (cm)
60

h (cm)
25

Vigas:

b (cm)
25

h (cm)
50

Viga de soporte:

b (cm)
25

h (cm)
75

Predimensionamiento de la Cimentacin
Losa de cimentac

h (m)
0.70

Df (m)
3.10

interior

B)

DISEO ESTRUCTURAL

B.1)

DISEO ESTRUCTURAL DEL TANQUE

B.1.1)

PROPIEDADES MECANICAS DE LOS COMPONENTES


Elemento
Techo
Pared
Fondo
Columnetas

f'c (Kg/cm2)
210
210
210
210

fy (Kg/cm2)

B.1.2)

n
9
9
9
9

fc (Kg/cm2)
94.5
94.5
94.5
94.5

fs (Kg/cm2)
2100
2100
2100
2100

k
0.288
0.288
0.288
0.288

j
0.904
0.904
0.904
0.904

K
12.311
12.311
12.311
12.311

4200

MOMENTOS ACTUANTES
B/h

y=0

x/h

Mx
-29.40
-149.12
-158.15
-40.81
-124.84

My
-364.06
-630.04
-714.17
-353.67
-31.17

0.000
0.975
1.950

0.00
-364.06
102.05
244.58

0.25
-630.04
177.16
304.34

0
1/4
1/2
3/4

1.57

Y
0
B/4
B/2

y = B/4
Mx
My
2.00
102.05
115.70
177.16
238.30
225.27
134.22
152.61
-791.34
-197.83
x/h
0.50
-714.17
225.27
331.36

Verificacin del Espesor de la Pared:


e (cm)

25.00

r (cm)
d (cm)

5.00
20.00

Donde :
M (Kg-m)
K
b (m)

971.15
12.31
100

dmn (cm)

8.88

OK!

Verificacin del Espesor de la Losa del Techo:

Tomando :

Luz int (m)


Luz (m)

3.90
4.15

e = L/36
e (m)

11.53

e (m)

15.00

Segn el RNC en Losas Macizas en dos sentidos el Mmax se da en las fajas centrales.
MA = MB = CWL2
C =

0.036

0.75
-353.67
152.61
260.87

y = B/2
Mx
My
-5.50
244.58
125.96
304.34
323.25
331.36
145.54
260.87
-971.15
-245.38

1.00
-31.17
-197.83
-245.38

Metrando cargas :
PP =
Cv =
W =

460
150
610

Kg/m2
Kg/m2
Kg/m2

378.21

Kg.m

reemplazando :
MA = MB =
Peralte efectivo mnimo :
1/2

d = (M/K.b)
Donde :

donde :

b (cm)
n
fc (Kg/cm2)
fs (Kg/cm2)
k
j
K

100
9
95
2100
0.29
0.90
12.31

dmn (cm)

5.54

r (cm)
d (cm)

7.5
7.50

> d mn ---> OK!

Verificacin del Espesor de la Losa de Fondo:


e (cm)

25.00
M =

1120.00

Kg.m

Espesor mnimo .
1/2

d = (M/K.b)

b (cm)
n
fc (Kg/cm2)
fs (Kg/cm2)
k
j
K

100
9
95
2100
0.29
0.90
12.31

dmn (cm)

9.54

r (cm)
d (cm)

5
20.00

> d mn ---> OK!

B.1.3)

DISEO ESTRUCTURAL

Metodo Elstico

As = M / fsjd
Tomando :
f'c (Kg/cm2)
n
fc (Kg/cm2)
fs (Kg/cm2)
k
j

210
9
95
2100
0.288
0.904

(Flexin)

B.1.3.1) CALCULO DEL ACERO EN LA PARED:


Asmn = 0.0025 be
b (cm)
e (cm)
Asmn (cm2)

100
25.000
6.25

Vertical :
y=0
Mx (Kg-m)
cara
r (cm)
d (cm)
Ascalc (cm2)
As (cm2)
Varilla
Asvar (cm2)
Scalc (cm)
Sreal (cm)

x/h
1
-124.840
interior
5
20.00
0.329
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

3/4
-40.810
exterior
5
20.00
0.107
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

1
-791.340
interior
5
20.00
2.084
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

3/4
134.220
interior
5
20.00
0.354
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

1
-971.150
5
20.00
2.558
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

3/4
145.540
interior
5
20.00
0.383
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/4
Mx (Kg-m)
cara
r (cm)
d (cm)
Ascalc (cm2)
As (cm2)
Varilla
Asvar (cm2)
Scalc (cm)
Sreal (cm)

cara
r (cm)
d (cm)
Ascalc (cm2)
As (cm2)
Varilla
Asvar (cm2)
Scalc (cm)
Sreal (cm)

1/4
-149.120
exterior
5
20.00
0.393
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

0
-29.400
5
20.00
0.077
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

1/4
115.700
exterior
5
20.00
0.305
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

0
2.000
5
20.00
0.005
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

1/4
125.960
interior
5
20.00
0.332
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

0
-5.500
5
20.00
0.014
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

x/h

y = B/2
Mx (Kg-m)

1/2
-158.150
exterior
5
20.00
0.417
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

1/2
238.300
exterior
5
20.00
0.628
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00
x/h
1/2
323.250
interior
5
20.00
0.851
6.250
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

Horizontal :
Asmn = 0.0025 be
b (cm)
e (cm)
Asmn (cm2)

100
25.000
6.25

x/h = 0
My (Kg-m)
cara
r (cm)
d (cm)
Ascalc (cm2)
As (cm2)
Varilla
Asvar (cm2)
Scalc (cm)
Sreal (cm)

y=0
-364.06
exterior
5.00
20.00
0.96
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/4
102.05
exterior
5.00
20.00
0.27
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/2
244.58
interior
5.00
20.00
0.64
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

x/h = 1/4
My (Kg-m)
cara
r (cm)
d (cm)
Ascalc (cm2)
As (cm2)
Varilla
Asvar (cm2)
Scalc (cm)
Sreal (cm)

y=0
-630.04
exterior
5.00
20.00
1.66
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/4
177.16
exterior
5.00
20.00
0.47
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/2
304.34
interior
5.00
20.00
0.80
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

x/h = 1/2
My (Kg-m)
cara
r (cm)
d (cm)
Ascalc (cm2)
As (cm2)
Varilla
Asvar (cm2)
Scalc (cm)
Sreal (cm)

y=0
-714.17
exterior
5.00
20.00
1.88
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/4
225.27
exterior
5.00
20.00
0.59
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/2
331.36
interior
5.00
20.00
0.87
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

x/h = 3/4
My (Kg-m)
cara
r (cm)
d (cm)
Ascalc (cm2)
As (cm2)
Varilla
Asvar (cm2)
Scalc (cm)
Sreal (cm)

y=0
-353.67
exterior
5.00
20.00
0.93
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/4
152.61
exterior
5.00
20.00
0.40
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/2
260.87
interior
5.00
20.00
0.69
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

Calculo del Acero:

x/h = 1
My (Kg-m)
cara
r (cm)
d (cm)
Ascalc (cm2)
As (cm2)
Varilla
Asvar (cm2)
Scalc (cm)
Sreal (cm)

y=0
-31.17
exterior
5.00
20.00
0.08
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/4
-197.83
exterior
5.00
20.00
0.52
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

y = B/2
-245.38
5.00
20.00
0.65
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

B.1.3.2) CONTROL DE GRIETAS:


Se requiere del momento de Servicio:
MSMAX (Kg-m)
2

As (cm )
e (cm)
b (cm)
r (cm)
d (cm)
r
n
c (cm)
db (cm)

6.45
25
100
5
20
0.0032
9
4.27
1.59

fs (Kg/cm2)
dc (cm)
A (cm2)

810.56
5.795
231.8

Z (Kg/cm)

8943.446166

971.15

Grieta:
w (mm)

OK!

B.1.3.3) CALCULO DEL ACERO EN LAS LOSAS:


Asmn = 0.0025 be
b (cm)
e (cm)
Asmn (cm2)

100.00
25.00
6.25

Fondo :
r (cm)
d (cm)
Ascalc (cm2)
As (cm2)
Varilla
Asvar (cm2)
Scalc (cm)
Sreal (cm)

sup, empotr
1120.00
5.00
20.00
2.95
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

M (Kg-m)
r (cm)
d (cm)
As (cm2)

378.21
5.00
5.00
3.98

M (Kg-m)

inferior
600.05
5.00
20.00
1.58
6.25
1/2"
1.29
20.64
20.00

Tapa :

As =
Usar Astapa :

3.985
1/2" @ 0.20

cm2

0.12

OK!

B.1.3.4) VERIFICACION POR CORTE


Pared
V =

2102.47

Kg

v =

1.16

Kg/cm2

4.22

Kg/cm2

v = V/ jbd

vmx = 55% (0.53 f'c 1/2)


vmax =
Como : v < vmax ----->

OK!

Losa de Techo:
Corte :
V = 1.25 WS/3
V =

991.25

Kg

v =

0.50

Kg/cm2

4.22

Kg/cm2

V =

2150

Kg

v =

1.19

Kg/cm2

4.22

Kg/cm2

v = V/ jbd

vmx = 55% (0.53 f'c 1/2)


vmax =
Como : v < vmax ----->

OK!

Losa de Fondo:
v = V/ jbd

vmx = 55% (0.53 f'c 1/2)


vmax =
Como : v < vmax ----->

OK!

Momentos Verticales

x/h
0.00

0.10

0.20

0.30

0.40

0.50

0.60

0.70

0.80

0.90
-1200.00

-1000.00

-800.00

-600.00

-400.00

-200.00

0.00
1.00

M (Kg/m)
y=0

y = B/4

y = B/2

200.00

400.00

My - Horizontales

400.00

200.00

0.00
0.200

0.400

0.600

0.800

1.000

1.200

1.400

1.600

1.800

2.000

-200.00

-400.00

-600.00

-800.00
B (m)
0.00

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.00

My (Kg-m)

0.000