Quanta1 min. leídosChemistry
At the Dawn of Life, Heat May Have Driven Cell Division
A mathematical model shows how a thermodynamic mechanism could have made protocells split in two. The post At the Dawn of Life, Heat May Have Driven Cell Division first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min. leídos
The Algorithm That Lets Particle Physicists Count Higher Than Two
Through his encyclopedic study of the electron, an obscure figure named Stefano Laporta found a handle on the subatomic world’s fearsome complexity. His algorithm has swept the field. The post The Algorithm That Lets Particle Physicists Co
Quanta1 min. leídosMathematics
How Quantum Computers Will Correct Their Errors
Quantum bits are fussy and fragile. Useful quantum computers will need to use an error-correction technique like the one that was recently demonstrated on a real machine. The post How Quantum Computers Will Correct Their Errors first appea
Quanta1 min. leídosMathematics
Mathematicians Find Structure in Biased Polynomials
New work establishes a tighter connection between the rank of a polynomial and the extent to which it favors particular outputs. The post Mathematicians Find Structure in Biased Polynomials first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min. leídos
The Brain Can Recall and Reawaken Past Immune Responses
The brain not only helps to regulate immune responses, but also stores and retrieves “memories” of them. The post The Brain Can Recall and Reawaken Past Immune Responses first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min. leídosChemistry
Sponge Genes Hint At The Origins Of Neurons And Other Cells
A new study of gene expression in sponges reveals the complex diversity of their cells as well as some possibly ancient connections between the nervous, immune and digestive systems. The post Sponge Genes Hint at the Origins of Neurons and
Quanta1 min. leídos
An Ultra-Precise Clock Links the Quantum World With Gravity
Time was found to flow differently between the top and bottom of a single cloud of atoms. Physicists hope that such a system will one day help them combine quantum mechanics and Einstein’s theory of gravity. The post An Ultra-Precise Clock
Quanta1 min. leídos
A Hint of Dark Matter Sends Physicists Looking to the Skies
After a search of neutron stars finds preliminary evidence for hypothetical dark matter particles called axions, astrophysicists are devising new ways to spot them. The post A Hint of Dark Matter Sends Physicists Looking to the Skies first
Quanta1 min. leídosIntelligence (AI) & Semantics
Neuron Bursts Can Mimic Famous AI Learning Strategy
A new model of learning centers on bursts of neural activity that act as teaching signals — approximating backpropagation, the algorithm behind learning in AI. The post Neuron Bursts Can Mimic Famous AI Learning Strategy first appeared on
Quanta1 min. leídos
How Wavelets Allow Researchers to Transform, and Understand, Data
Built upon the ubiquitous Fourier transform, the mathematical tools known as wavelets allow unprecedented analysis and understanding of continuous signals. The post How Wavelets Allow Researchers to Transform, and Understand, Data first ap
Quanta1 min. leídosChemistry
Chemistry Nobel Prize Honors Technique for Building Molecules
Benjamin List and David MacMillan received the 2021 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their development of asymmetrical organocatalysis. The post Chemistry Nobel Prize Honors Technique for Building Molecules first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min. leídos
Work on Earth’s Climate and Other Complex Systems Earns Nobel Prize in Physics
Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann have been honored for their work that led to reliable predictions of the effects of climate change. They will share the Nobel with Giorgio Parisi, who has made pioneering studies of chaotic physical systems.
Quanta1 min. leídos
Medicine Nobel Prize Goes to Temperature and Touch Discoveries
David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian were awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of how we detect heat and touch. The post Medicine Nobel Prize Goes to Temperature and Touch Discoveries first appeared on
Quanta1 min. leídosMathematics
In Topology, When Are Two Shapes the Same?
As topologists seek to classify shapes, the effort hinges on how to define a manifold and what it means for two of them to be equivalent. The post In Topology, When Are Two Shapes the Same? first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min. leídos
‘Impossible’ Particle Discovery Adds Key Piece to the Strong Force Puzzle
The unexpected discovery of the double-charm tetraquark has given physicists a new tool with which to hone their understanding of the strongest of nature’s fundamental forces. The post ‘Impossible’ Particle Discovery Adds Key Piece to the
Quanta1 min. leídosMathematics
Mathematician Answers Chess Problem About Attacking Queens
The n-queens problem is about finding how many different ways queens can be placed on a chessboard so that none attack each other. A mathematician has now all but solved it. The post Mathematician Answers Chess Problem About Attacking Que
Quanta1 min. leídos
Mathematical Analysis of Fruit Fly Wings Hints at Evolution’s Limits
A painstaking study of wing morphology shows both the striking uniformity of individuals in a species and a subtle pattern of linked variations that evolution can exploit. The post Mathematical Analysis of Fruit Fly Wings Hints at Evolutio
Quanta1 min. leídos
How Ancient War Trickery Is Alive in Math Today
Legend says the Chinese military once used a mathematical ruse to conceal its troop numbers. The technique relates to many deep areas of modern math research. The post How Ancient War Trickery Is Alive in Math Today first appeared on Quan
Quanta1 min. leídos
How Computationally Complex Is a Single Neuron?
Computational neuroscientists taught an artificial neural network to imitate a biological neuron. The result offers a new way to think about the complexity of single brain cells. The post How Computationally Complex Is a Single Neuron? fir
Quanta1 min. leídosChemistry
The Complex Truth About ‘Junk DNA’
Genomes hold immense quantities of noncoding DNA. Some of it is essential for life, some seems useless, and some has its own agenda. The post The Complex Truth About ‘Junk DNA’ first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min. leídosChemistry
To Learn More Quickly, Brain Cells Break Their DNA
New work shows that neurons and other brain cells use DNA double-strand breaks, often associated with cancer, neurodegeneration and aging, to quickly express genes related to learning and memory. The post To Learn More Quickly, Brain Cells
Quanta1 min. leídosMathematics
Banach-Tarski And The Paradox Of Infinite Cloning
One of the strangest results in mathematics explains how it’s possible to turn one sphere into two identical copies, simply by rearranging its pieces. The post Banach-Tarski and the Paradox of Infinite Cloning first appeared on Quanta Maga
Quanta1 min. leídosMathematics
Computer Scientists Discover Limits of Major Research Algorithm
The most widely used technique for finding the largest or smallest values of a math function turns out to be a fundamentally difficult computational problem. The post Computer Scientists Discover Limits of Major Research Algorithm first ap
Quanta1 min. leídosChemistry
Physicists Create a Bizarre ‘Wigner Crystal’ Made Purely of Electrons
The unambiguous discovery of a Wigner crystal relied on a novel technique for probing the insides of complex materials. The post Physicists Create a Bizarre ‘Wigner Crystal’ Made Purely of Electrons first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min. leídosChemistry
Turing Patterns Turn Up in a Tiny Crystal
The mechanism behind leopard spots and zebra stripes also appears to explain the patterned growth of a bismuth crystal, extending Alan Turing’s 1952 idea to the atomic scale. The post Turing Patterns Turn Up in a Tiny Crystal first appeare
Quanta1 min. leídos
Neither Star nor Planet: A Strange Brown Dwarf Puzzles Astronomers
Brown dwarfs such as “The Accident” are illuminating the murky borderlands that separate planets from stars. The post Neither Star nor Planet: A Strange Brown Dwarf Puzzles Astronomers first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min. leídosMathematics
Galois Groups And The Symmetries Of Polynomials
By focusing on relationships between solutions to polynomial equations, rather than the exact solutions themselves, Évariste Galois changed the course of modern mathematics. The post Galois Groups and the Symmetries of Polynomials first ap
Quanta1 min. leídosMathematics
Proof Assistant Makes Jump to Big-League Math
Mathematicians using the computer program Lean have verified the accuracy of a difficult theorem at the cutting edge of research mathematics. The post Proof Assistant Makes Jump to Big-League Math first appeared on Quanta Magazine
Quanta1 min. leídosChemistry
The ‘Weirdest’ Matter, Made of Partial Particles, Defies Description
Theorists are in a frenzy over “fractons,” bizarre, but potentially useful, hypothetical particles that can only move in combination with one another. The post The ‘Weirdest’ Matter, Made of Partial Particles, Defies Description first appe
Quanta1 min. leídosChemistry
Plasmid, Virus or Other? DNA ‘Borgs’ Blur Boundaries.
Scientists have reported large DNA structures in some archaea that defy easy categorization. The post Plasmid, Virus or Other? DNA ‘Borgs’ Blur Boundaries. first appeared on Quanta Magazine
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