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ELECTRICAL HAZARD

Kelompok I
Agustinus Yanuar Mahendratama Dhany Hadiwarsito Ellen Resia Hutagalung Tigor Maruli Manurung Nugroho Rachmadi Alex Tambunan Himawan Prasetya NPM 1006787685 NPM 1006735454 NPM 1006735460 NPM 1006787792

NPM 0906651372 NPM 0906651321 NPM 0906578913

POKOK BAHASAN • • • • • ELECTRICAL HAZARD CAUSE AND EFFECT RISK ANALYSIS RISK MITIGATION WORST CASE EXAMPLE .

• Insulators resist the flow of electricity. even with no water flowing. • Current flows through you and other conductors. • Current can harm you when it flows through your body (electric shock). such as metals. transformer ). • Just as there is pressure in a water pipe. even if current is not flowing. Insulating materials are used to coat copper conducting wires. . earth and concrete.Basic of Electricity • Electric current will not flow unless it has a complete path (circuit) that returns to its source ( battery. there is voltage at a receptacle.

ELECTRICAL HAZARD .

logam. tubuh manusia • Insulator ialah bahan-bahan non Konduktor • Tubuh manusia adalah salah satu Konduktor yang baik • Tingkat bahaya terkena sengatan listrik bergantung pada : – Jumlah / besarnya aliran listrik yang mengenai tubuh – Lamanya aliran listrik tersebut – Jalan / caranya terkena aliran listrik tersebut Tegangan rendah bukan berarti bahayanya kecil .ELECTRICAL HAZARD • Pengertian electrical : • Kita dapat terkena sengatan listrik karena tubuh merupakan salah satu konduktor listrik • Aliran listrik mengalir melalui bahan-bahan Konduktor – Air.

Lumpuhnya paruparu – biasanya sementara • > 50 ma .Fatal • > 4 amps Akibat terkena Milliamperes Current injury sengatan listrik : 1 to 8 Shock sensation . Individual can not let go. bahasannya enakkan yang mana?? ELECTRICAL HAZARD 8 to 15 Painful shock 15 to 20 Painful shock with control of adjacent muscles lost.Pusing-pusing • > 10 ma .Tidak berfungsinya Jantung – biasanya fatal • 100 ma . 50 or more May be fatal • Lebih dari 3 ma .Tolong bandingkan.Penyusutan pada otot • > 30 ma . 20 to 50 Painful shock with severe muscular contractions and difficult breathing.4 amps .

ELECTRICAL HAZARD Apa yang harus dilakukan.? • Recognize (kenali bahaya-bahayanya) • Evaluasi / lakukan penilaian terhadap bahaya tersebut • Lakukan pengendalian ..

ELECTRICAL HAZARD Identifikasi terhadap bahaya yang berhubungan dengan listrik : • • • • • • • • Buruknya sambungan kabel Menggunakan tools elektrik Memakai APD yang salah Menggunakan tools yang tidak sesuai Tangga dan scaffolding yang tidak sempurna Kondisi basah Tidak adanya grounding pada sistem kelistrikan Beban yang berlebih .

Mana gambarnya?? ELECTRICAL HAZARD .

ELECTRICAL HAZARD Analisa terhadap suatu bahaya listrik : • Perhatikan “tanda-tanda” adanya bahaya • Lakukan penilaian terhadap bahaya dengan konsekuensi resiko tinggi • Putuskan segera jika anda ingin melakukan tindakan • Jangan pernah mengacuhkan tanda-tanda peringatan .

ELECTRICAL HAZARD Pengendalian terhadap bahaya listrik : • • • • Lakukan LOTO (lock Out/Tag Out) Hindari beban berlebih Lakukan isolasi pada alat listrik Lakukan grounding pada sistem kelistrikan. .

Mana gambarnya?? ELECTRICAL HAZARD HINDARI BEBAN BERLEBIH GUNAKAN LOTO (LOCK OUT TAG OUT) .

Cause and effect • Event diambil dari sebuah kecelakaan akibat pekerjaan elektrikal di suatu daerah operasi BP(Sumber : BP Process Safety Manual) .

respiratory arrest. severe burns and probable death (10. muscular contraction and nerve damage  death is most likely (1. severe muscular contractions  death is possible (50 – 150 mA) Ventricular fibrillation.ELECTRICAL GENERAL HAZARD IDENTIFICATION HAZARDS CAUSE CONSEQUENCES HAZARDS EFFECT FREQUEN CY     Mild sensation (1 – 3 mA) Slight shock (5 mA) Painful shock (6 – 25 mA for woman and 9 – 30 mA for men) Extreme pain.300 mA) Cardiac arrest.000 mA) PREVENTION AND SAFE GUARDS Proper Insulation system Guarding Proper Grounding and Bonding system Proper electrical enclosure Class Circuit protection device (Groud fault circuit interrupters) Safe practice Regular facilities inspection Training Proper Electrical PPE (electrical ruibber gloves) RESIDUAL RISK    ELECTRIC SHOCK Human body become a part of the electric circuit  On Human Depends on the case. it could be from mild sensation of electrical shock to death   High Minor      .000 – 4.

sizing.ELECTRICAL GENERAL HAZARD IDENTIFICATION HAZARDS CAUSE CONSEQUENCES HAZARDS EFFECT FREQUEN CY PREVENTION AND SAFE GUARDS RESIDUAL RISK       OVER HEATING   Over current (wire too small or load too great) Short circuit Lose contact  Melting cables or electrical device Lead to Fire due to improper classification of design. and classification On Assets Loss of asset/property/ prosess interuption On Human Injured due to fire  Medium  Design/Sizing Circuit breakers Fuse in correct size Ground fault circuit interrupters Regular inspection (infrared thermography) and Maintenance (current assesment and tightening up all loose connection) Proper MCC/ electrical cabinet classification Minor .

electrical ground stick. sizing. RESIDUAL RISK        Emits ultraviolet frequencies that might cause blindness Equipment blast Sound of the blast might easily rupture eardrum (160 dB) Lead to Fire due to improper classification of design. face shield) SOP Follow code and standard Regular Inspection (infra red thermography) and Maintenance (current assesment & tightening up all loose connection) MCC / electrical cabinet proper classification.ELECTRICAL GENERAL HAZARD IDENTIFICATION HAZARDS CAUSE CONSEQUENCES HAZARDS EFFECT FREQUENC Y    Contact between conductors due to dropped object (short circuit) Faulty electrical equipment being used Worn or broken conductor insulation Exposed live parts Loose wire connection Improperly maintained swttches and circuit breakers Obstructed disconnected panels Water or liquid near electrical equipment High voltage cables Static electricity Damaged tools and equipment   PREVENTION AND SAFE GUARDS Proper design/Sizing Proper sizing of current breaker Proper design of electrical enclosure Apply over-current protective device (OCPD) De-energize equipment before working on Qualified and trained worker Wear appropriate electrical PPE (electrical rubber glove. deafness or injured   Medium ELECTRICAL SPARK and ARC-FLASH    Minor          . Blindness. and classification On Assets Loss of asset/property/ process interuption On Human Facial burn.

ARC FLASH ACCIDENT Sumber : http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa5392/is_200702/ai_n21284230/ .

Ensure the proper tools are on hand for safe electrical RESIDUAL RISK  ARC-FLASH Attempted to rack out the breaker even as it was receiving a close command. burned injury.  electrical arc flash and explosion On Assets Loss of asset/property/ process interuption On Human Fatality. When the  breaker is moved. Conduct safety training for all workers. Conduct an electrical system analysis to determine the degree of arc flash hazard. High Medium  Low   . the mechanical bind was relieved and the breaker closed while it was partially racked-out. Ensure there is adequate personal protective clothing and equipment on hand.ELECTRICAL GENERAL HAZARD IDENTIFICATION HAZARDZ CAUSE CONSEQUENCES HAZARDS EFFECT RISK FREQUENCY  PREVENTION AND SAFE GUARDS Establish an electrical safety program with clearly defined responsibiliti es.