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14 Mei 2012

Hidro-Elektrometalurgi

Recovery Nickel from Pregnant Solution by Precipitation Gases

Hesga Fadiastian 3334091321

14 Mei 2012

Hidro-Elektrometalurgi

Outline
Introdunction Kinds

of Recovery Recovery Nickel from Pregnant Solution by Precipitation Gases


Aplications
Conclusions

References
Hidro-Elektrometalurgi
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Introduction

Nickel ore in the world are classified into two types, nickel sulfide ores and nickel oxide, commonly called laterite. Melting Point at 1455 C Boiling Point at 2913 C Ferromagnetic

Hidro-Elektrometalurgi

(Cont)
HIDROMETALLURGY

Leaching

Recovery

Hidro-Elektrometalurgi

Leaching

is the process of extracting a soluble constituent from a solid by means of a solvent

Process

recovery of precious metals from leach solution solvent.

Hidro-Elektrometalurgi

Kinds of Recovery
+CRIZTALITATON + ADSORPTION + IONIC PRECIPITATION + PRECIPITATION BY METALS/CEMENTATION + PRECIPITATION BY GASES + ION FLOTATION AND PRECIPITATE +FLOTATION + ION EXCHANGE + SOLVENT EXTRACTION + ELECTROLYSIS
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Recovery Nickel

Hydrogen Sulfide

Hydrogen

Hidro-Elektrometalurgi

By H2S
In Precipitating by H2S the following points should be taken into consideration : + A number of metal sulfides are complexed by H2S to give solube complexes of the types MS.n H2S. Therefore the solubility of metals sulfides in H2S saturated water is much greater than in distilled water + Precipitation may be greatly accelerated by the addition of a catalyst + The faster a precipitation reaction proceeds, precipitate more than smooth

Hidro-Elektrometalurgi

(Cont)
+ Acid is generated during precipitation M2+ + H2S MS + 2H+

At the Moa Bay Plant, Cuba for recovering it was based on H2S precipitation. The ore containing 1.35% Ni and 0,15% Co is leached with sulfuric acid at 230oC and 500 psi.
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Flow Sheet at Moa Bay plant

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By Hydrogen
Precipitation by gas occurred in high temperature and high pressure This method is most economical when applied to concentrated solutions

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Thermodynamics Aspect
M2+ + H2 M + 2H+
aH 2

( a M )( a H 2 ) 2 log a M 2pH (log K log a H 2 ) 2


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Kinetics Aspect
Using The

nickel powder as a catalyst

activation energy in the temperature range 150-175oC is 13,7 kkal/mol And in the temperature range 175-200oC is 5,7 kkal/mol

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Hidro-Elektrometalurgi

Precipitation nickel from an acid medium takes place homogeneusly

In a fact we must used heterogen not homogen because Equlibrium conditions are more favorable At the Sherrit Gordon Plant, the purified leach solution obtained by amonical pressure leaching of Ni-Co sulfide concentrate contains 45g/l Ni, 1 g/l Co, 350 g/l ammonium sulfate and enough free ammonia to give an [NH3]/[Ni2+] + [Co2+]=2 The purified solution is reacted with H2 at 500 psi and 200oC. Ni will be precipitated and Co still in solution

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Hidro-Elektrometalurgi

Flow sheet in Sherrit Gordon Plant

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Conclusions
recovery

nickel by precipitation can directly produce metallic H2S And H2 can be used in recovery nickel

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References
Habashi,

F. 1980. Extractive Metallurgy , volume 2, Gordon and Breach, New York and London. The Canadian Encyclopedia www.google.com

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Thank You for Your Attentions

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