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Machine And Equipment

Under The Guidance of Ms. Sharmila Sure Ass. Professor, DFT

Presented By: Abhitosk Kumar Akhil Tyagi Amar Kumar Amar Nath Prasad

Spreading Spreading is the process of superimposing lengths of fabric on a spreading table, cutting table, or specially designed surface in preparation for cutting process.
Number of layers of fabric dictated by the number of

garments desired and the fabric thickness

Spreading can be done by hand or machine.

Depending upon the fabric and cutting technology, up to 200 layers of fabric may be cut at one time

Pattern making. Grading (manual, miniaturization using a pantograph/

Making a lay plan ( half garment lay, whole garment

lay, single size lay, multiple size lay: sectional lay, interlocking lay, mixed multi size lay).
Spreading table is covered with a layer of brown

paper before spreading.

Most common for spreading is one in which all the plies of

fabric in a lay are of same length under a complete marker plan. same size or

It may contain different garments parts of same style of

Garment parts of various sizes are scrambled so that the

garment pieces can be interlocked in the most commercial way. single marker.

Spread/ lay up is total amount of fabric prepared for a

Spreading Surfaces Spreading Tables Spreading Machines Fabric Control Devices

Requires flat ,smooth surface. Smoothness is required to lower friction, can be done using laminated top, tempered hardboard, or compressed air floatation Determined by the fabric type, spreading equipment, cutting method and firms quality standards.

Spreading and cutting can be done at the same surface. Available in standard widths corresponding to fabric width. Needs to be about 10 inches wider than the fabric.

Table tracks or rails are placed to synchronize movement of spreading machine with fabric unrolling.

Table With Laminated Top Gerber Spreading Table

Pin table
Vacuum table Air flotation table Conveyor table

Table With Laminated Top

Must Be Smooth,

level and even.

About 10 inches

wider than the fabric.

Should have

strong support.

Gerber Spreading Table

This Model is

available with or without air flotation.

Specially designed

sturdy steel construction capable of withstanding the load of a fully equipped spreader totaling a weight of up to 800kg.

Gerber Spreading Table

Multi Adjustable

height from 75cm to 95cm.

Leveling of table

is done easily and quickly by adjusting the leveling screw in table tags.
Available in

different width sizes.

Pin Table

It has rows of pin

located below the surface to hold fabric in precise location.

Used for accurate

matching of repeating pattern.

PIN table- Advantage

Improving the

Spreading and

matching in one step.

Avoiding of

relaying operations.
Reducing the

fabric consumption.

Vacuum Table

It is used to

compress lay and prevent shifting or movement during cutting.

Spread is

covered with plastic film to form a seal over the lay.

Vacuum Table

It Compress the

lay by 80%.
3 to 4 times the

productivity rate is possible.

Especially with

the fabrics like thick flannel and thick lining for winter apparel.

Air Flotation Table

It reduces

friction and allow easy movement of a lay onto an adjacent cutting area.
Reduces stress

on the fabric or the operators.

Conveyor Table
Table Top is made

in PVC band with textile internal structure is placed over a 3 cm wood plane.
The conveyorized

spreading table speed can be synchronized to the cutter and a single ply feeder.

Conveyor Table

It is conveyorized

surface which carry the fabric to the cutting machine in order to save time.
It may be used

with computerized cutting systems, large die pressers and laser cutters.

Spreading by hand Spreading using machine

Fabric is drawn from package (if its a roll it can be mounted

on a fame and carried along the table where the end is secured by weights and clamps).
Fabrics commonly spread by hand are checks, crosswise

stripes other regularly repeating patterns, repeat designs are placed at the interval of a garment length.
Stacking up is done and then the lay is spiked onto sharp

spikes set vertically n the spreading table.

Cost of hand spreading is partly offset by the ability to cut

fabric in bulk.

Fundamental purpose of spreading machine is to superimpose layers of fabric in a smooth, tension-free manner for accurate and efficient cutting. Automatic spreading machine can spread up to 100-150 yards per minute. Spreading speed can only be utilized on long spreads with few defects. It increases productivity, decreases variability, and is cost-efficient.

Manual spreading machine Semi-automatic spreading machine Automatic spreading machine Spreading machine For tubular knitted fabric

Manual Spreading Machine

Fabric is pulled from roll by

Edge alignment is done by

human operator
Mechanical devices may be

used to facilitate unrolling.

Suitable for short lays and

frequent fabric and color changes.

Used for small businesses

Semi-automatic spreading machine

Cloth unwound and spread

semi-automatically using manually driven carriage.

Edge alignment is taken care

by built in mechanisms.
Suitable for long and broad

Very efficient and suitable for

small businesses.

Automatic spreading machine

Moving carriage is fully

Equipped with photo

cells(alignment of selvedges), fabric loading and threading devices, cutting devices at the end of the lay, a platform(for operator to sit or stand)
More efficient for large scale


Spreading Machine For Tubular Knitted Fabric

It is specially designed to lay

up tubular knitted fabric

A specially designed former is

placed inside the fabric and then threaded through two nip rollers that feed the fabric on to the spreading table.
The former ensures that

control is maintained over the fabric tube and that no differential movement takes place.

The material flow is interrupted between spreading and cutting process because of
Small Orders Short but different ply heights Quickly changing fashion trends Late ordering

The VEITH LAY STORAGE SYSYEM is a micro processor controlled interim store for completed lay which are waiting to be cut.

Improved Material Flow Improved workload for spreading machines and cutters. Space Saving Simple method to increase production capacity.

Mechanism that control fabric as it is carried up and down the table and unrolled by the spreading machine.

It includes:

Tensioning mechanisms Positioning devices Width indicators. End treatment systems

Synchronizes the rate of spreading with the rate fabric is unrolled. Covered roller- driven and timed to the movement of the machine. Momentum of large roll is stopped when machine slows down or stops. Different roll covers can be used for better gripping and for different types of fabric and weights.

Sensors monitor position and control fabric placement during spreading. Electronic edge sensor monitor selvages as fabric is spread. Any deviation is corrected by a motor that shifts the roll to correct position. One-eighth inch tolerance is there with these devices.

Sound an alarm whenever the fabric becomes narrower than the established width. It is necessary to determine whether the fabric will fit the marker or has to be removed as a defect.

Depend on spreading mode: F/F or FOW F/F spread utilizes an end catcher and a folding blade.

They are mounted on opposite ends of the fabric to catch and hold the fabric as the blade shapes and creases the fold. An overfeed device may be built that automatically feeds extra material whenever a fold is to be made.

FOW spread has a knife box and an end catcher. Knife box contains a cutting unit that operates in a track and cuts across the fabric width when engaged. Each ply must be cut at the end of the marker. End catcher simply holds the fabric end in place for cutting.

End catcher with rods

Needle Plates Clamps Weights Paper

NEEDLE PLATES is a very useful utility, which helps to fix. Its needle keep the whole lay from distortion of its single ply. This is especially imp. For the transport of the lay and for the cutting operation itself.

CLOTHING from fabric to fashion. Technology Of Clothing Manufacture : By Carr and