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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DIFFERENT RELIGIONS IN INDIA

DILIP KHANDEKAR SONALI KHAROSE APURVA PAVASKAR AKSHATA CHAVAN MOHAMMEDDANISH

MohammedDanish Ismail Shaikh M 4155 Topic On: Islam / Muslim

INTRODUCTION

RELIGIONS IN INDIA The Land of spirituality & Philosophy The most dominant religion in India Din ² E ² Elahi Followers of Non-Indian Religions .

INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM .

BRANCHES OF ISLAM Shia Muslim Sunni Muslim Sufi Muslim Wahabi Muslim .

5 PILLARS OF ISLAM Testimony Hajj Alms Prayer Fasting Giving .

PROPHET MOHAMMED PBUH Founder of Religion of Islam Beginning of Islamic Calendars Prophet Mohammed Life & Tradition .

ISLAMIC HOLY BOOKS TORAH PSALMS .

. GOSPEL QURAN ..CONTD.

FESTIVALS Eid-Ul-Fitr (Ramzan Eid) Eid-Ul-Adha (Bakra Eid) Eid-E-Milad .

Akshata Chavan M 4150 Topic On: Hinduism .

INTRODUCTION TO HINDUISM .

HINDUISM  Religion Of India Its true Hinduism is the most followed religion of India.  No Founder Associated There is no credited founder and there is no specific belief system to Hinduism .

 Symbol That Represent Hinduism The Om is the symbol that is most often used to represent the Hindu faith. ..CONTD..

The two most important of the ancient writings are the Vedas and the Upanishads. Holy Book. .

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CONTD...  Beliefs Hindu people follow its teachings by adhering to prominent beliefs. The text constitutes the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and oldest scriptures of Hinduism. .  Roots of Hinduism (Vedas) Vedas are large body of text originating in ancient India.

 Rituals Focus on devotion to God (perceived as Brahman. . Vishnu etc) or several gods. Shiva.

. Varna Dharma Varna refers to the categorization of the Hindu Society by four castes.

Dilip Kumar Khandekar M 4144 Topic On: Sikhism .

INTRODUCTION TO SIKHISM .

created by the One Creator of all Creation. Most Sikhs speak Punjabi However. Its founder.INTRODUCTION Sikhism. was born in 1469. Sikhs are easily recognized by turban. Urdu or English. is barely five hundred years old. . or self-discipline coupled with a belief in the unity of God. some speak Hindi. Guru Nanak. equality of man. the youngest of the world religions. Guru Nanak spread a simple message of "Ek Ong Kar": we are all one. Sikhism is a way of life. faith in the Guru's word and love for all.

WHAT IS SIKH??? Sikh means ´Studentµ or ´Discipleµ Sikhism is world·s 5th largest religion. Islam. and Buddhism 26 million Sikhs worldwide ± 20 million in India ± 1 million in North America . after Christianity. Hinduism.

BIRTH OF SIKHISM Guru Nanak Dev Ji ² 1st Guru Born in 1469 during a time when: ± Rich exploited the poor ± Women had no role in society ± Land divided by religion Guru Nanak founded Sikhism based on equality and justice for all and taught us that all human beings regardless of skin color. ³Truth is high. caste. still higher is truthful living´ . wealth.Guru Nanak Dev Ji . and gender are created equal.

made of steel worn on right hand ²a reminder of noble actions. a symbol of eternity. liberty and justice.to keep uncut hair neat and clean. Kachera . .ARTICLES OF FAITH 5 K·s ² mandatory articles of faith Kesh Uncut hair: Sikhs do not cut hair or beards to remain in the image that God gave us.Under-shorts (boxers) to represent modesty and fidelity (virtuous character) Kanga . made of wood .Comb.Ceremonial small blunt knife Symbolizing freedom. Kara Bracelet. Kirpan .

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PLACE OF WORSHIP .GURADWARA.

It has 3 components: 1. 3. 2. Langar :.at the same level.GURADWARA. Pangat :-A sense of equality with everyone seated on the ground . .PLACE OF WORSHIP The Sikh religious service follows the traditions started by the 1st Guru to promote equality and alleviate suffering.Community vegetarian meal for all.Community prayer through readings from the Guru Granth Sahib and singing of hymns (Kirtan). Sangat :.

religion. color. . which signifies that people from all over the world are invited irrespective of caste.THE GOLDEN TEMPLE The Golden Temple is the most sacred of places for the Sikhs. and race. 24/7 Langar. To enter one has to descend stairs ² teaches humility. There are doors on all fours sides.

Sonali Kharose M 4152 Topic On: Christians .

INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANS .

2000 year old religion followed by almost one third of the world·s population! Based on the life. believed to be the Christ (messiah. death and resurrection of a first century Jew known as Jesus. teachings.WHAT IS CHRISTIANITY? A diverse. savior) by his followers (thus called ´Christiansµ) .

teaching. took on a mission of preaching. bred. lived.WHO WAS JESUS? ­ THE HISTORICAL JESUS  Born. and healing as an itinerant teacher  Had a following of 12 primary disciples and countless multitudes attracted by his miracles and words of wisdom  A political threat to Roman and Jewish authorities. and died a Jew in first century Roman occupied Palestine  Around age 30. is put to death through torturous crucifixion (a Roman punishment) .

SCRIPTURAL SOURCES ­ .

Communion (Eucharist. Marriage (´Holy Matrimonyµ) 6. Confession of sins. ´Holy Unctionµ. Baptism 2.HOW DO CHRISTIANS PRACTICE THEIR FAITH? ­ IN CHURCH ‡ Sacraments: 1. Ordination (´Holy Ordersµ) 7. Mass. atonement 5. the Lord·s Supper) 3. ´Last ritesµ) . penance. Confirmation 4. Healing (anointing.

WHAT ARE SOME CHRISTIAN HOLY DAYS? Two major seasons in the Christian calendar: ‡ Christmas ² celebrating the birth of Jesus ‡ Easter ² commemorating the resurrection of Christ ‡ Christmas: ± Advent (four weeks leading up to Christmas day) ± Christmas Day (December 25th) ± Epiphany (the ´twelfth day of Christmasµ) .

. date varies) ‡ Pentecost: the 50th day (seven weeks) after Easter (commemorates the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles) .CONTD.. ‡ Easter: (early spring.

Purva Pawaskar M 4147 Topic On: Comparison of Different Religion .

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Israel. 1500 AD. India. 30 AD. Punjab. c.3 billion (Sunni: 940 million) 23 million One Supreme Reality One God (Allah in (Brahman) manifested in Arabic) many gods and goddesses One God (Ik Onkar.Hinduism Origins & History Indigenous religion of India as developed to present day. Nam) One God who is a Trinity of Father. Son.) God(s) and Universe 1. Saudi Arabia Sikhism Guru Nanak. 622 AD. 2 billion Adherents Worldwide (approx. 900 million Islam Muhammad. Christianity Founded by Jesus Christ in c. and Holy Spirit .

Sikhism Overcome the self. for some. Afterlife Paradise or Hell. Purpose is to gain release from rebirth.Hinduism Human Situation and Life's Purpose Humans are in bondage to ignorance and illusion." fighting for good. Reincarnation until resolve karma and merge with God. Eternal heaven or hell (or temporary purgatory). or at least a better rebirth. Islam Humans must submit (islam) to the will of God to gain Paradise after death. Salvation is through faith in Christ and. Christianity All have sinned and are thereby separated from God. sacraments and good works. and become a "saint soldier. . Reincarnation until gain enlightenment. align life with will of God. but are able to escape.

Prayer and meditation on God's name. Ramayana. Eucharist (Communion). Prayer. Mosque services on Fridays. church on Sundays. Ablutions before prayer. No alcohol or pork. Bible study. Upanishads. devotion to a god or goddess. Holidays related to the pilgrimage and fast of Ramadan. turban and five Ks. Fasting. Pilgrimage. Islam Qur'an (Scripture). pilgrimage to holy cities.Hinduism Texts The Vedas. and charity. numerous holidays. Yoga. meditation. etc. . Practices Five Pillars: Faith. worship. Bhagavad Gita. Alms. baptism. live according to one's dharma (purpose/ role). Hadith (tradition) Sikhism Adi Granth (Sri Guru Granth Sahib) Christianity The Bible (Old and New Testaments) Prayer. worship (puja). Balance work. No monasticism or asceticism. services at temple (Guradwara).

except for marriage between God and soul Place of worship Temple Mosque Gurdwara Church .Ishmael Sikhism Guru Nanak and 9 subsequent Christianity Moses.Abraham.John the Bapist Marriages Its built in heaven Man may marry upto 4 Love or arrange women In heaven marriages doesn·t exist .Ram Islam Muhammad.Hinduism Prophet Krishna.

Humanity is the basis Only Islam is right All religion are equal. However not all religions lead to the merging of one·s soul with god Christianity alone contains the fullness if truth .Hinduism Virtues in which religion is based upon Love and truth Islam Peace Sikhism Courage Christianity Love Views on other religion All religions are equal.