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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DIFFERENT RELIGIONS IN INDIA

DILIP KHANDEKAR SONALI KHAROSE APURVA PAVASKAR AKSHATA CHAVAN MOHAMMEDDANISH

MohammedDanish Ismail Shaikh M 4155 Topic On: Islam / Muslim

INTRODUCTION

RELIGIONS IN INDIA
The Land of spirituality & Philosophy The most dominant religion in India Din ² E ² Elahi Followers of Non-Indian Religions

INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM

BRANCHES OF ISLAM
Shia Muslim

Sunni Muslim

Sufi Muslim

Wahabi Muslim

5 PILLARS OF ISLAM

Testimony Hajj

Alms Prayer Fasting Giving

PROPHET MOHAMMED PBUH
Founder of Religion of Islam Beginning of Islamic Calendars Prophet Mohammed Life & Tradition

ISLAMIC HOLY BOOKS

TORAH

PSALMS

CONTD...

GOSPEL

QURAN

FESTIVALS

Eid-Ul-Fitr (Ramzan Eid)

Eid-Ul-Adha (Bakra Eid)

Eid-E-Milad

Akshata Chavan M 4150 Topic On: Hinduism

INTRODUCTION TO HINDUISM

HINDUISM 
Religion Of India Its true Hinduism is the most followed religion of India. 

No Founder Associated There is no credited founder and there is no specific belief system to Hinduism

CONTD... 
Symbol That Represent Hinduism The Om is the symbol that is most often used to represent the Hindu faith. 

Holy Book. The two most important of the ancient writings are the Vedas and the Upanishads.

CONTD... 
Beliefs Hindu people follow its teachings by adhering to prominent beliefs.  Roots of Hinduism (Vedas) Vedas are large body of text originating in ancient India. The text constitutes the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and oldest scriptures of Hinduism. 

Rituals Focus on devotion to God (perceived as Brahman, Shiva, Vishnu etc) or several gods. 

Varna Dharma Varna refers to the categorization of the Hindu Society by four castes.

Dilip Kumar Khandekar M 4144 Topic On: Sikhism

INTRODUCTION TO SIKHISM

INTRODUCTION
Sikhism, the youngest of the world religions, is barely five hundred years old. Its founder, Guru Nanak, was born in 1469. Guru Nanak spread a simple message of "Ek Ong Kar": we are all one, created by the One Creator of all Creation. Sikhs are easily recognized by turban. Sikhism is a way of life, or self-discipline coupled with a belief in the unity of God, equality of man, faith in the Guru's word and love for all. Most Sikhs speak Punjabi However, some speak Hindi, Urdu or English.

WHAT IS SIKH???
Sikh means ´Studentµ or ´Discipleµ Sikhism is world·s 5th largest religion, after Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism 26 million Sikhs worldwide ± 20 million in India ± 1 million in North America

BIRTH OF SIKHISM
Guru Nanak Dev Ji ² 1st Guru Born in 1469 during a time when: ± Rich exploited the poor ± Women had no role in society ± Land divided by religion Guru Nanak founded Sikhism based on equality and justice for all and taught us that all human beings regardless of skin color, wealth, caste, and gender are created equal.
³Truth is high; still higher is truthful living´ - Guru Nanak Dev Ji

ARTICLES OF FAITH
5 K·s ² mandatory articles of faith
Kesh Uncut hair: Sikhs do not cut hair or beards to remain in the image that God gave us. Kachera - Under-shorts (boxers) to represent modesty and fidelity (virtuous character) Kanga - Comb, made of wood - to keep uncut hair neat and clean. Kara Bracelet, made of steel worn on right hand ²a reminder of noble actions, a symbol of eternity. Kirpan - Ceremonial small blunt knife Symbolizing freedom, liberty and justice.

GURADWARA- PLACE OF WORSHIP

GURADWARA- PLACE OF WORSHIP
The Sikh religious service follows the traditions started by the 1st Guru to promote equality and alleviate suffering. It has 3 components:

1. Sangat :- Community prayer through readings from the Guru Granth Sahib and
singing of hymns (Kirtan).

2. Pangat :-A sense of equality with everyone seated on the ground - at the same
level.

3. Langar :- Community vegetarian meal for all.

THE GOLDEN TEMPLE

The Golden Temple is the most sacred of places for the Sikhs. To enter one has to descend stairs ² teaches humility. There are doors on all fours sides, which signifies that people from all over the world are invited irrespective of caste, color, religion, and race. 24/7 Langar.

Sonali Kharose M 4152 Topic On: Christians

INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANS

WHAT IS CHRISTIANITY?
A diverse, 2000 year old religion followed by almost one third of the world·s population!

Based on the life, teachings, death and resurrection of a first century Jew known as Jesus, believed to be the Christ (messiah, savior) by his followers (thus called ´Christiansµ)

WHO WAS JESUS? ­ THE HISTORICAL JESUS 
Born, bred, lived, and died a Jew in first century Roman occupied Palestine  Around age 30, took on a mission of preaching, teaching, and healing as an itinerant teacher  Had a following of 12 primary disciples and countless multitudes attracted by his miracles and words of wisdom  A political threat to Roman and Jewish authorities, is put to death through torturous crucifixion (a Roman punishment)

SCRIPTURAL SOURCES ­

HOW DO CHRISTIANS PRACTICE THEIR FAITH? ­ IN CHURCH
‡ Sacraments: 1. Baptism 2. Communion (Eucharist, Mass, the Lord·s Supper) 3. Confirmation 4. Confession of sins, penance, atonement 5. Marriage (´Holy Matrimonyµ) 6. Ordination (´Holy Ordersµ) 7. Healing (anointing, ´Holy Unctionµ, ´Last ritesµ)

WHAT ARE SOME CHRISTIAN HOLY DAYS?
Two major seasons in the Christian calendar: ‡ Christmas ² celebrating the birth of Jesus ‡ Easter ² commemorating the resurrection of Christ ‡ Christmas:
± Advent (four weeks leading up to Christmas day) ± Christmas Day (December 25th) ± Epiphany (the ´twelfth day of Christmasµ)

CONTD...
‡ Easter: (early spring, date varies) ‡ Pentecost: the 50th day (seven weeks) after Easter (commemorates the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles)

Purva Pawaskar M 4147 Topic On: Comparison of Different Religion

Hinduism
Origins & History Indigenous religion of India as developed to present day. 900 million

Islam
Muhammad, 622 AD, Saudi Arabia

Sikhism
Guru Nanak, c. 1500 AD, Punjab, India.

Christianity
Founded by Jesus Christ in c. 30 AD, Israel. 2 billion

Adherents Worldwide (approx.) God(s) and Universe

1.3 billion (Sunni: 940 million)

23 million

One Supreme Reality One God (Allah in (Brahman) manifested in Arabic) many gods and goddesses

One God (Ik Onkar, Nam)

One God who is a Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

Hinduism
Human Situation and Life's Purpose Humans are in bondage to ignorance and illusion, but are able to escape. Purpose is to gain release from rebirth, or at least a better rebirth. Reincarnation until gain enlightenment.

Islam
Humans must submit (islam) to the will of God to gain Paradise after death.

Sikhism
Overcome the self, align life with will of God, and become a "saint soldier," fighting for good.

Christianity
All have sinned and are thereby separated from God. Salvation is through faith in Christ and, for some, sacraments and good works.

Afterlife

Paradise or Hell.

Reincarnation until resolve karma and merge with God.

Eternal heaven or hell (or temporary purgatory).

Hinduism
Texts The Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, etc. Yoga, meditation, worship (puja), devotion to a god or goddess, pilgrimage to holy cities, live according to one's dharma (purpose/ role).

Islam
Qur'an (Scripture); Hadith (tradition)

Sikhism
Adi Granth (Sri Guru Granth Sahib)

Christianity
The Bible (Old and New Testaments) Prayer, Bible study, baptism, Eucharist (Communion), church on Sundays, numerous holidays.

Practices

Five Pillars: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Pilgrimage, Fasting. Mosque services on Fridays. Ablutions before prayer. No alcohol or pork. Holidays related to the pilgrimage and fast of Ramadan.

Prayer and meditation on God's name, services at temple (Guradwara), turban and five Ks. Balance work, worship, and charity. No monasticism or asceticism.

Hinduism
Prophet Krishna,Ram

Islam
Muhammad,Ishmael

Sikhism
Guru Nanak and 9 subsequent

Christianity
Moses,Abraham,John the Bapist

Marriages

Its built in heaven

Man may marry upto 4 Love or arrange women

In heaven marriages doesn·t exist ,except for marriage between God and soul

Place of worship

Temple

Mosque

Gurdwara

Church

Hinduism
Virtues in which religion is based upon Love and truth

Islam
Peace

Sikhism
Courage

Christianity
Love

Views on other religion

All religions are equal. Humanity is the basis

Only Islam is right

All religion are equal. However not all religions lead to the merging of one·s soul with god

Christianity alone contains the fullness if truth