TREDTRI Wisdom Books C40 Mrs. Estolloso, Perla M.

Wisdom Books Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes The Song of Songs Wisdom Sirach Wisdom Reporters: -Stephen Tin -Jude Sagum -Jaime A Gaisano -Jerome Abesamis -May Kim -Chara Merza -Donghun Lee

Why Wisdom Books? 


Chief purpose is Instruction The fruit of a movement among ancient oriental people to gather, preserve and express the results of human experience as an aid toward understanding and solving the problems of life. Deals with Man's origin and destiny, his quest for happiness, the problem of suffering, of good and evil in human conduct, of death, and the state beyond the grave. 

The Books of Job .

Important Verses Š Job 13:15 Though he slay me. Job 37:23 Touching the Almighty. we cannot find him out: he is excellent in power. Š Š . and in judgment. yet will I trust in him: 3:15 but I will maintain mine own ways before him. Job 37:24 Men do therefore fear him: he respecteth not any that are wise of heart. and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict.

What is Job about? Š Š Š Earliest book Lyyob in Hebrew means ´persecuted one in hebrew or to come back/ repent in arabic Loses: ƒ ƒ ƒ Wealth Family Health .

Ask the Questions ŠWhy? .

and Bildad the Shuhite. and Zophar the Naamathite: Debates .Story Š Š Š Š God and Satan Assault of Satan Eliphaz the Temanite.

24. (2) God is punishing me (6:4. 7:20. 23:3-5. 9:17). 19:7. . 30:20).3 Complaints Š Š Š (1) God does not hear me (13:3. (3) God allows the wicked to prosper (21:7).

.Eye opener Š Elishu tells Job that he needs to humble himself before God and submit to God's process of purifying his life through trials.

and I will speak: I will demand of thee.Job Repents ƒ Job 42:4 Hear. ƒ Job 42:5 I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee. and repent in dust and ashes. and declare thou unto me. . I beseech thee. ƒ Job 42:6 Wherefore I abhor myself.

The Book of Psalms .

Author ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ David listed as author in 73 instances. Another group of 12 psalms (50) and (73 83) is ascribed to the family of Asaph. David's son and successor. Two of the psalms (72) and (127) are attributed to Solomon. Psalm 90 is a prayer assigned to Moses. .

8485. 44-49. all these additional authors were priests or Levites who were responsible for providing music for sanctuary worship during David's reign. Psalm 88 is attributed to Heman. while (89) is assigned to Ethan the Ezrahite.‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ The sons of Korah wrote 11 psalms (42. With the exception of Solomon and Moses.87-88). Fifty of the psalms designate no specific person as author .

Date: They span a period of many centuries. ‡ ‡ ‡ . The oldest psalm in the collection is probably the prayer of Moses (90) The latest psalm is probably (137).

and the coming of the Messiah.Purpose of Writing: ‡ The Book of Psalms is the longest book in the Bible. with 150 individual psalms. wisdom. since the psalms deal with such subjects as God and His creation. justice. war. worship. judgment. It is also one of the most diverse. . sin and evil.

they have pierced my hands and my feet. I shall not be in want. a band of evil men has encircled me. people stare and gloat over me." . They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing. Psalm 22:16-19. I can count all my bones." Psalm 23:1. "Dogs have surrounded me.Key Verses: ‡ ‡ ‡ Psalm 19:1 The heavens declare the glory of God. "The LORD is my shepherd. the skies proclaim the work of his hands.

I can count all my bones." Psalm 23:1." . I shall not be in want. they have pierced my hands and my feet. Psalm 22:16-19. a band of evil men has encircled me. "The LORD is my shepherd. "Dogs have surrounded me. the skies proclaim the work of his hands. They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.Key Verses: ‡ ‡ ‡ Psalm 19:1 The heavens declare the glory of God. people stare and gloat over me.

" . and hymns that focus the worshiper's thoughts on God in praise and adoration. The musical heritage of the psalms is demonstrated by its title.Brief Summary: ‡ The Book of Psalms is a collection of prayers. Parts of this book were used as a hymnal in the worship services of ancient Israel. It comes from a Greek word which means "a song sung to the accompaniment of a musical instrument. poems.

. Psalm 2:1-12 portrays the Messiah s triumph and kingdom. Prophetic pictures of the Messiah are seen in numerous psalms.God s Intervention: ‡ God s provision of a Savior for His people is a recurring theme in the Psalms.

God s Intervention: ‡ God s provision of a Savior for His people is a recurring theme in the Psalms. Prophetic pictures of the Messiah are seen in numerous psalms. Psalm 2:1-12 portrays the Messiah s triumph and kingdom. .

God s Intervention:
‡

God s provision of a Savior for His people is a recurring theme in the Psalms. Prophetic pictures of the Messiah are seen in numerous psalms. Psalm 2:1-12 portrays the Messiah s triumph and kingdom.

The Book of Proverbs

"the fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge" (Proverb 1:7; cf Proverb 9:10).

ranging from matters purely secular to most lofty moral and religious truths        God's omniscience (Proverb 5:21. 16:20 . MISHLE ~ Wisdom ~Proverbs Purpose: Teach Wisdom -covers a wide field of human and divine activity. 21:30) Providence (Proverb 20:1-24) Goodness (Proverb 15:29) The Joy and Strength resulting from abandonment to God (Proverb 3:5.The Book of Proverbs  The first word of this book. 15:3-11) Power (Proverb 19:21.

The Ideal Wife (Proverb 31:10-31)        . The Words of Lemuel (Proverb 31:1-9) 9. First Collection of the Proverbs of Solomon (Proverb 10:1-22:16) 3. Numerical Proverbs (Proverb 30:7-33) 8. Sayings of the Wise (Proverb 22:17-24:22) 4. The Words of Agur (Proverb 30:1-6) 7. Introduction: The Value of Wisdom (Proverb 1:1-9:18) 2.The Book of Proverbs into sub topics by USCCB   1. Other Sayings of the Wise (Proverb 24:23-34) 5. Second Collection of the Proverbs of Solomon (Proverb 25:129:27) 6.

The Book of Ecclesiastes .

scientific discovery (1:10-11).SUMMARY: The first seven chapters of the book of Ecclesiastes describe all of the worldly things ³under the sun´ that the Preacher tries to find fulfillment in. .mirth (2:1) .moral codes (including chapters 8-9) . .architecture (2:4) .luxury (2:8) .property (2:7-8) .alcohol (2:3) .materialism (2:19-20) .wisdom and philosophy (1:13-18) .

He found that everything was meaningless. . ‡ Chapters 8-12 of Ecclesiastes describe the Preacher¶s suggestions and comments on how a life should be lived. had no purpose or longevity. a temporary diversion that. without God.

So he advises the reader to acknowledge God from youth (12:1) and to follow His will (12:1314). . He has seen many evils and realized that even the best of man¶s achievements are worth nothing in the long run.‡ He comes to the conclusion that without God. there is no truth or meaning to life.

According to Ecclesiastes 3:17. without Christ we would lose our souls and what profit is there in that (Mark 8:36)? Ultimately. the answer is Christ. every disappointment and vanity described in Ecclesiastes has its remedy in Christ. the wisdom of God and the only true meaning to be found in life. but even if we could attain it. God judges the righteous and the wicked. We are reminded that striving after the world¶s wealth is not only vanity because it does not satisfy (Ecclesiastes 5:10).How God Intervened to the People For all of the vanities described in the Book of Ecclesiastes. . God has placed the desire for eternity in our hearts (Ecclesiastes 3:11) and has provided the Way to eternal life through Christ (John 3:16). and the righteous are only those who are in Christ (2 Corinthians 5:21).

The Book of Song of Songs .

He wants us to love Him with all our heart (Mt. These chapters emphasize how God views and desires her. We seek something from Him. but He also seeks something from us. The two primary sections of the Song are Song 1-4 and Song 5-8. 22:37). . The last four chapters focus on Jesus¶ inheritance in the Bride.INTRODUCTION  .  King Solomon is the author of this eight chapter love Song in approximately 900 BC. It was probably written before his spiritual decline (1 Kings 11:3-4). The focus of the book completely shifts in the middle (4:16-5:1). The first four chapters of the Song focus on the Bride understanding and enjoying her inheritance in Christ.

King Solomon: in the spiritual interpretation he is a picture of the triumphant resurrected Jesus Christ who is King of Kings. They are not an actual group that we can identify in history (but personify immature believers) . 1.INTRODUCTION THE THREE MAIN CHARACTERS OF THE BOOK 1. They look to the Shulamite for answers on how to grow close to the King. Shulamite maiden: in the spiritual interpretation she is a picture of the Bride of Christ. She is introduced as a young maiden who grows up to become a Bride in mature partnership with King Jesus. Daughters of Jerusalem: in the spiritual interpretation they speak of sincere yet spiritually immature believers. 1. The Shulamite is mentioned once by name (6:13). She lived in Shunam (north of Jezreel).

They related the book of Ecclesiastes to the inner court of Solomon¶s temple. C. A. B. They related the book of Proverbs to the outer court of Solomon¶s temple. .INTRODUCTION  Solomon wrote 3 books in the Old Testament: Proverbs. Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon. It was common for the Jewish fathers to relate the 3 books of Solomon to the temple he built.They related the Song to the Holy of Holies in Solomon¶s temple.

 The Vulgate was a popular Bible translation written in the 4th century by Jerome who translated the Scripture into Latin so that the common people could understand it. The Latin word for song is canticum from which we get the word Canticles. the Song of Solomon is called the Canticles.  Some English translations have kept the title "Song of Songs³. but many have changed it to "Song of Solomon" based on 1:1.INTRODUCTION  In the Hebrew Bible the title of this book is "The Song of Songs. In the Vulgate. another title for this book." The Septuagint and Vulgate translators adopted this title.  .

1-4)  Song of Solomon: The divine kiss and the bride's life vision(1:2-4) Her journey begins with the paradox of grace(1:5-11) Understanding her identity in God's beauty(1:12-2:7) Challenging the comfort zone(2:8-17) She experiences God's loving discipline(3:1-5) A fresh revelation of Jesus as a "SAFE SAVIOR"(3:6-11) The prophetic heart of the bridegroom God(4:1-8) The ravished heart of the bridegroom God(4:9-5:1)        .Summary-Part I (Chap.

Part II (Chap. 5-8)  The ultimate 2-fold test of maturity(5:2-8) The bride's response to the 2-fold test(5:9-6:5) Jesus praises her after the season of testing(6:4-10) The vindication of the persecuted bride(6:11-7:9A) The bride's mature partnership with Jesus(7:9B-8:4) The bridal seal of mature love(8:5-7) The bride's final intercession and revelation(8:8-14)       .Summary.

  Love. and sex are all gifts from God.  .GOD¶S INTERVENTION God inspired the captivating Song of Songs to bless the lives of every man and every woman regardless of their age or upbringing by teaching them how to find true love. marriage. relationships. we can infer much about him from the book. and build a successful marriage. enjoy a lifelong sexual partner. Although God is not directly mentioned in Song of Songs.

Shulamite maiden .

Daughters of Jerusalem .

Some emphasize how sinful we are (darkness of our heart) and others emphasize how beautiful we are to God (lovely in Christ). but lovely (to God)« my own vineyard (heart) I have not kept. . Both truths must be held in tension to understand who we are before God.VERSES FROM THE BOOK I am dark (in heart). (Song 1:5-6)  The paradox of our faith is that we are dark in our heart yet we are lovely to God.

The Book of Wisdom .

Living in the midst of pagans. or their own superficial versions of those. . other Jews were in danger of following their example. which some Jews had abandoned. the Jewish community was in frequent contact with all the elements of the new society that was the Hellenistic world. secular philosophies. There existed the new cosmopolitan and individualistic mentality. skepticism. replacing it with pagan religions. Conquests in science were opening up to people the beauty and mystery of the world around them. It was a time of crisis for faith.       The Book of Wisdom is also entitled The Wisdom of Solomon. and dissatisfaction with traditional ideas. A variety of religious and philosophical systems offered wisdom or salvation or a view on the real meaning of life. The author's purpose was to strengthen the faith of his fellow Jews in Alexandria.

which is more needful to them than ordinary mortals .     the book contains two general parts comprised of 19 chapters the first nine chapters treat Wisdom under a more speculative aspect the last ten chapters deal with Wisdom from an historical standpoint according to the author. the frame of mind of the ungodly is contrary to man's immortal destiny the authors exhorts kings to seek wisdom.

Content The Book of Wisdom can be divided into three parts: Wisdom's gift of immortality. Divine Wisdom or justice in the Exodus . the nature and power of Wisdom and Solomon's quest for her.

Chapter 3 The happiness of the just: and the unhappiness of the wicked. especially the Son of God. who cannot be deceived.Chapter 1 An exhortation to seek God sincerely. and desireth not our death. Chapter 2 The vain reasonings of the wicked: their persecution of the just. Chapter 5 The fruitless repentance of the wicked in another world: the reward of the just. Chapter 4 The difference between the chaste and the adulterous generations: and between the death of the just and the wicked. .

Abraham. Chapter 10 What wisdom did for Adam. Jacob.Chapter 6 An address to princes to seek after wisdom: she is easily found by those who seek her. Chapter 7 The excellence of wisdom: how she is to be found. Noe. Lot. . Chapter 8 Further praises of wisdom: and her fruits. Chapter 9 Solomon's prayer for wisdom. Joseph and the people of Israel Chapter 11 Other benefits of wisdom to the people of God.

Chapter 14 The beginning of worshipping idols: and the effects thereof. Chapter 16 God's different dealings with the Egyptians and with his own people. . Chapter 13 Idolaters are inexcusable: and those most of all that worship for gods the works of the hands of men.Chapter 12 God's wisdom and mercy in his proceedings with the Chanaanites.. condemning both the makers and the worshippers of idols. Chapter 15 The servants of God praise him who hath delivered them from idolatry.

 God did not make death and does not take pleasure in destruction of the living. He wants his people to thrive and live in happiness Ungodly men brought about the destruction of the living and God wants His people to be on a path of Holiness so that we may reach heaven God helps us to overcome our own sinful inclinations so that we may do what is right and good and therefore keep us on a Holy path   .

His favor to the Israelites. . All creatures obey God's orders for the service of the good. in the sedition on occasion of Core. and the punishment of the wicked.Chapter 17 The Egyptian darkness. Chapter 18 The slaughter of the firstborn of Egypt: the efficacy of Aaron's intercession. Chapter 19 Why God shewed no mercy on the Egyptians.

" Wisdom 1:12 "For glorious is the fruit of good labours: and the root of wisdom shall never fall away. like a thin froth that is driven away with the storm." Wisdom 3:15 "For the hope of the Godly is like dust that is blown away with the wind." Wisdom 7:26     . "For into a malicious soul wisdom shall not enter. and the image of his goodness. like as the smoke which is dispersed here and there with a tempest. nor dwell in the body that is subject unto sin. and passeth away as the remembrance of a guest that tarrieth but a day. the unspotted mirror of the power of God." Wisdom 1:4 " Seek not death in the error of your life: and pull not upon yourselves destruction with the works of your hands." Wisdom 5:14 "For she is the brightness of the everlasting light.

" Wisdom 1:11    . and refrain your tongue from backbiting: for there is no word so secret. God gives his people Wisdom through the words of the Bible God acts through the Holy Spirit to give his people the stregth to overcome sin Through the Holy Spirit God gives Wisdom and understanding God tells his people to "beware of murmuring. which is unprofitable. that shall go for nought: and the mouth that belieth slayeth the soul.

 God created man to be an image of His own eternity The souls of the righteous are in the hand of God. and no torment shall touch them God's mercy is never ending and His forgiveness knows no bounds God gives Wisdom to those who truly seek it    .

The Book of Sirach .

it offers instruction on how to conduct oneself wisely in all areas of life ƒ Contains several long poems that celebrate wisdom. much in the manner of the Book of Proverbs. praise God and his wonderful works.Summary of the Book ƒ Mainly consists of a series of loosely related maxims and other sayings of a proverbial nature. and praise the venerable patriarchs and prophets of Israel . ƒ Throughout.

ƒ ƒ .5 verses from the book ƒ 6:6 Let those who are friendly with you be many. when it has aged. 9:10 Do not abandon old friends. which was created by the Most High. but let your advisors be one in a thousand. for new ones cannot equal them. 7:15 Do not hate hard labor or farm work. you can drink it with pleasure. A new friend is like new wine.

but let your advisors be one in a thousand. when it has aged. 7:15 Do not hate hard labor or farm work. which was created by the Most High. you can drink it with pleasure. ƒ ƒ .5 verses from the book ƒ 6:6 Let those who are friendly with you be many. A new friend is like new wine. 9:10 Do not abandon old friends. for new ones cannot equal them.

and although His greatness and mercy exceed all human comprehension. yet He makes Himself known to man through His wonderful works.God and the people As according to all the other inspired writers of the Old Testament. ƒ He is the creator of all things. stamping them all with the marks of greatness and goodness. ƒ . He is a living and eternal God. God is one and there is no God beside Him. which He produced by His word of command.

ƒ He is the creator of all things.God and the people As according to all the other inspired writers of the Old Testament. and although His greatness and mercy exceed all human comprehension. stamping them all with the marks of greatness and goodness. He is a living and eternal God. which He produced by His word of command. ƒ . God is one and there is no God beside Him. yet He makes Himself known to man through His wonderful works.

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