Copenhagen ± Cancun ± Durban What happens at the UN Climate Negotiations?

Kjell Kühne 28.8.2011

UN Climate Negotiations - History I

1990: First IPCC Report Summarizing climate science 1992: UN "Earth Summit" in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Outcomes: Agenda 21, Convention on Biological Diversity, UNCCD, & UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Objective: ³avoid dangerous interference with the climate system´ Principle: ³common but differentiated responsibilities´ Annex I / Non-Annex-I 1997: Kyoto Protocol Later USA dropped out

UN Climate Negotiations - History II

2007 COP13 Bali, Indonesia ³Bali Roadmap´ - 2 tracks Kyoto Protocol & Long-term Cooperative Action AWG-KP & AWG-LCA include USA & non-Annex-I deadline Copenhagen 2009 COP15, Copenhagen, Denmark Copenhagen Accord: offer whatever you like Results: 2020 targets COP16 Cancun, Mexico: "Institutionalize Copenhagen Accord" COP17 Durban, South Africa: Green Climate Fund?

UN Climate Negotiations - How it works I

Written Text Counts ‡ 193 governments, one text ‡ Consensus needed (but Cancun ³Agreement´, although Bolivia did not agree) ‡ Text is written in small informal groups ‡ Negotiators have to be creative - texts get very complicated (impossible to understand for outsiders) ‡ Negotiator is NOT decision-maker, gets instructions from superior (minister, president)

UN Climate Negotiations - How it works II

Talking & Media ‡ Statements in plenary ± often known positions, procedure questions ‡ ³Stakeholders´ (NGOs, Youth, Business,...) only observe, sometimes allowed to make a 1-minute-statement, no important role (only direct lobbying, watchdog of own government) ‡ Side Events, visited by negotiators, media and observers for introducing new topics ‡ Media are often bored Youth Actions! common

UN Climate Negotiations - Results

Kyoto Protocol (1997) 2008-2012 -5% (Annex I) Copenhagen Accord (2009) Meager pledges Some money (100bn USD/year in 2020) Dirty industries/countries pushing for: CDM, CCS, REDD+ ³Clean´ Development Mechanism (offsets) Carbon Capture and Storage (dreaming) Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (+ A, B, C) - in developing countries (offsets)

UN Climate Negotiations - Challenges



USA (highest per capita emissions + historical responsibility) vs. China ‡ 1.5°C/350ppm is the goal!

Emergency Pathway vs. Climate Action Tracker Stop short of tipping points (but where are they?) ‡ End the fossil age ± transformation not reduction

(mis)perception: mitigation=economic loss, limit on development Fossil fuels still lifeblood of the economy - transformation to a climate friendly (=zero emissions, 100% renewable) economy not yet underway ‡ Leave it (almost all) in the ground ± not on the agenda

UN Climate Negotiations - Plant-for-the-Planet

3-Point-Plan to Save Our Future Stop talking photos Trees for climate justice with COP16 delegates in Cancun Side event in Bonn COP17 Campaign