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Chapter 2 Introduction to Workbench

ANSYS Explicit Dynamics

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

B. ANSYS Workbench Overview


What is ANSYS Workbench?

Training Manual

ANSYS Workbench provides powerful methods for interacting with the ANSYS family of solvers. This environment provides a unique integration with CAD systems, and your design process.

ANSYS Workbench is comprised of various applications (some examples):


Mechanical for performing structural and thermal analyses using the ANSYS solver Explicit Dynamics for performing non-linear dynamic analyses using the AUTODYN solver. Geometry (DesignModeler) for creating and modifying CAD geometry to prepare the solid model for use in Mechanical. Meshing for generating Structural and CFD meshes Advanced Meshing for generating Structural and CFD meshes using ICEM CFD Design Exploration for optimization Finite Element Modeler (FE Modeler) for translating a NASTRAN and ABAQUS mesh for use in ANSYS AUTODYN for explicit dynamics simulations featuring modeling of nonlinear dynamics

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

ANSYS Workbench Overview

Training Manual

The Workbench environment supports two types of applications:


Native applications (workspaces): Current native applications are Project Schematic, Engineering Data and Design Exploration.
Native applications are launched and run entirely in the Workbench window.

Data Integrated Applications: current applications include Mechanical, Explicit Dynamics (Mechanical), Fluent, CFX, AUTODYN and others.

Native Application Data Integrated Application


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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

Starting Workbench
There are two methods of launching Workbench:
From the Windows start menu:

Training Manual

From the CAD system

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

The Workbench Environment

Training Manual

For most situations the Workbench GUI is divided into 2 primary sections (there are other optional sections well see in a moment):

The Toolbox

The Project Schematic

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

The Toolbox
The toolbox contains 4 subgroups: Analysis systems: predefined templates that can be placed in the schematic. Component systems: various applications that can be accessed to build, or expand, analysis systems. Custom Systems: predefined analysis systems for coupled applications (FSI, thermal-stress, etc.). Users can also create their own predefined systems. Design Exploration: Parametric management and optimization tools.

Training Manual

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

The Toolbox
The systems and components displayed in the toolbox will depend on the installed products. Using the check boxes in the View All / Customize window, the items displayed in the toolbox can be toggled on or off. The toolbox customization window is normally left closed when not in use.
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

Training Manual

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

The Project Schematic

Training Manual

The Workbench project schematic is a graphical representation of the workflow defining a system or group of systems. The workflow in the project schematic is always left to right. There are currently several applications which are native to Workbench, meaning they run entirely in the Workbench window:
Project Schematic, Engineering Data and Design Exploration

Non-native applications (called data-integrated) run in their own window:


DesignModeler, Mechanical (formerly Simulation), Mechanical APDL (formerly ANSYS), ANSYS AUTODYN, ANSYS Fluent, ANSYS CFX, Etc . . .

Blocks of cells can be deleted by RMB menu selection.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

The Project Schematic

Training Manual

In this example an Explicit Dynamics analysis type is selected for the project schematic. From the toolbox the selection can be dragged and dropped onto the schematic or simply double clicked.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

The Project Schematic

Training Manual

By dropping applications and/or analyses into various locations in the schematic, an overall analysis project is defined. Connectors indicate the level of collaboration between systems. In the example below a structural system is dragged and dropped onto a thermal system at the Model cell (A4). Before completing the operation notice there are a number of optional drop locations that will provide various types of linkage between systems (continued next page).

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

The Project Schematic

Training Manual

By completing the operation from the previous page, notice the linkage here is only at the Model level and above. In this case there would be no thermal/structural coupling.

Notice each system block is given an alphabetic designation (A, B, C, etc)

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

The Project Schematic

Training Manual

By dropping the structural system at the Solution level we obtain a structural system that is coupled to the thermal solution.

Notice, the candidate drop location indicates data will be shared from fields A2 to A4, and transferred from A6.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

The Project Schematic

Training Manual

A schematic can also be constructed by RMB and choosing to Transfer Data To New or Transfer Data From New. In using the RMB transfer feature all transfer possibilities (upstream and downstream) are displayed. These selections will vary depending on which cell in a particular system you highlight.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

The Project Schematic


Identifying cell states:
Unfulfilled: missing upstream data. Attention required: may need to correct this or upstream cells.

Training Manual

Refresh required: upstream data has changed. Need to refresh cell. An update will also refresh the cell and regenerate any output data (e.g. mesh, results). Update required: the data has changed and the output of the cell must be regenerated. Up to date. Input changes pending: cell is locally up to date but may change when the next update is performed due to upstream changes. Interrupted: solver was manually stopped before it finished. Can use Resume or Update to continue to solving. Pending: a batch process is in progress
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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

Optional Workbench Windows

Training Manual

The View menu (and RMB) allows additional information to be displayed in the Workbench environment.
Below, the geometry is highlighted and the properties are displayed.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

Workbench File Management

Training Manual

Workbench creates a project file and a series of subdirectories to manage all associated files. Users should allow Workbench to manage the content of these directories. Please do NOT manually modify the content or structure of the project directories. When a project is saved a project file is created (.wbpj), using the user specified file name (e.g. MyFile.wbpj). A project directory will be created using the project name. In the above example the directory would be MyFile_files. A number of subdirectories will be created in the project directory (explained next).

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

Workbench File Management


Directory Structure:
dpn: this is the design point directory. This essentially is the state of all parameters for a particular analysis. In the case of a single analysis there will be only one dp0 directory. global: contains subdirectories for each application in the analysis. In the example at right the Mech directory will contain the database, and other associated files from the Mechanical application. SYS: the SYS directory will contain subdirectories for each system type in the project (e.g. Mechanical, Fluent, CFX, etc.). Each system subdirectory contains solver specific files. For example the MECH subdirectory would contain the results file, the ds.dat file, solve.out file and so on. user_files: contains input files, user macro files etc. that may be associated with a project.

Training Manual

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

Workbench File Management


From the Workbench View menu activate the Files option to display a window containing file details and locations.

Training Manual

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

Workbench File Management


Archive: quickly generates a single compressed file containing all pertinent files.
File is zip format and can be opened using the Restore Archive . . . utility in WB2 or any unzip program.

Training Manual

Several options are available when archiving systems as shown here.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

Working With Units


The Units menu in Workbench:
Allows access to predefined unit systems. Allows the creation of custom unit systems. Controls unit display for Engineering Data, Parameters and Charts. Activate the Units System dialog to control.

Training Manual

Units can be displayed in the active Project system or as they were defined in their source (e.g. CAD system).

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

. . . Working With Units

Training Manual

Create custom unit systems by duplicating existing systems then modifying. Custom unit systems can be exported and imported.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

License Preferences

Training Manual

Workbench license control is handled through the user interface shown below, activated from the Workbench project page (Tools > License Preferences . . . ).

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

License Preferences

Training Manual

With the available licenses displayed, the activation and use order can be specified using the up/down arrows.
0 = off, 1 = on License order represents the preference order for license use.

The license control allows Workbench users to specify whether a single license is used when multiple applications are open, or if all open applications access their own license.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

License Preferences

Training Manual

In the example shown, a user could have 3 Mechanical models open simultaneously. Using the license control they may choose to open 3 licenses or use only 1 that is shared. In the shared scenario, only the active Mechanical session uses the license (the remaining will be read only).

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

Processing an Explicit Dynamics analysis


From the Toolbox, select Explicit Dynamics (ANSYS) and drag and drop it onto the Project Schematic (or simply double click). Follow the steps in the Project Schematic to setup, solve and post-process the analysis. Engineering Data (Native)
Define material data

Training Manual

Geometry (DesignModeler)
Create, import, modify geometry

Model (Mechanical Explicit Dynamics)


Mesh the geometry

Setup (Mechanical Explicit Dynamics)


Set control parameters, initial conditions and boundary conditions

Solution (Mechanical Explicit Dynamics)


Solve the Analysis

Results (Mechanical Explicit Dynamics)


Look at results
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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

Importing CAD Geometry from files

Training Manual

RMB Geometry in the Project Schematic Select Import Geometry Select Browse and search for the geometry file to import

File types that can be imported DesignModeler (.agdb) files will be imported and used for all hand-on examples used for this course
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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

Using DesignModeler to Create, Import, Modify Geometry

Training Manual

Double click Geometry in the Project Schematic to open Design Modeler


If a geometry has already been imported from a file, the geometry will automatically be opened in DesignModeler

DesignModeler

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

DesignModeler
DesignModeler (DM) is a component system of ANSYS Workbench. A CAD-like modeler with analysis modeling goals: Performs unique geometry modification capabilities for simulation: Feature Simplification Enclosure Operation Fill Operation Spot Welds Split Surfaces Surface Model Extraction Planar Body Extraction Beam Modeling

Training Manual

DesignModeler

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Introduction to Workbench

DesignModeler
Contains parametric modeling capability: 2D Sketcher with Dimensions and Constraints Integrates directly with Ansys Workbench modules Mechanical (Explicit Dynamics) Meshing Advanced Meshing (ICEM) DesignXplorer

Training Manual

DesignModeler

This course does not cover DesignModeler. ANSYS provides an independent 2 day training course for DesignModeler. If you intend to use DM, you should consider taking this course
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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665