Cccc c|cmL(e eje(ce unc fue(zc ceLicc c

|c: ccmpc: mccnéIicc: fc(mccc: en cccc
c|cmL(e.
P Coso 1 : A|ombre 2
:Ie ccncuce unc cc((ienIe i2. |c cuc| c(ec
un ccmpc mccnéIicc l8 2 e| |c pc:icicn ce|
c|cmL(e 1
P c fue(zc mccnéIicc :cL(e |c |cnciIuc
ce| c|cmL(e 1 e::
P Coso 2: A|ombre 1:
$i ccn:ice(cmc: e| ccmpc e:IcL|ecicc
en e| c|cmL(e 2 pc( e| c|cmL(e 1. |c
fue(zc F2 e: icuc| y cpue:Ic c F1
F 12 = - F 21
P CcncucIc(e: pc(c|e|c: cue ccncucen
cc((ienIe en |c mi:mc ci(eccicn :e cI(cen
enI(e :i. en IcnIc ccncucIc(e: pc(c|e|c: cue
ccncucen cc((ienIe: en ci(eccicne: cpue:Ic:
:e (epe|en enI(e :i. e:Ic : cemc:I(c
expe(imenIc|menIe pc( /mpe(e y Ce(:Iec.
EJEMFLO:
&n c|cmL(e |c(cc hc(izcnIc| ||evc unc cc((ienIe
i1=100 / ci:pe(:cmenIe encimc ce| pc(c|e|c c
é| :e |e cc|ccc cI(c c|cmL(e |c(cc cue ||evc
unc cc((ienIe i2=20 / en |c mi:mc ci(eccicn y
cue Iiene unc fue(zc pc( uniccc ce |cnciIuc
ce 0.073 N/m. ¿ cuc| e: |c ci:Icncic cue
:epc(c c |c: cc: c|cmL(e: °
P c: ||nec: ce un ccmpc mccnéIicc fc(mcn
c|(cu|c: c|(ececc( ce| c|cmL(e. y pc(
:imeI(|c y |c mccniIuc ce l8 e: |c mi:mc en
Iccc: |c: punIc: :cL(e unc I(cyecIc(ic
ci(cu|c( cenI(ccc en e| c|cmL(e y cue
ycce en un p|cnc cue e: pe(pencicu|c( c|
c|cmL(e.
P Cc:c 1 cucncc ( >= F Cucncc l8
e:Ic pc( fue(c ce| c|cmL(e
Cc:c 2 cucncc (<F e| l8 e:Ic cenI(c
ce| c|cmL(e
P oto : |c |ey ce cmpe(e e: vc|icc :c|c
pc(c cc((ienIe: e:IcL|e: y úIi| pc(c
cc|cu|c( e| l8 ce ccnficu(ccicne: cue
Iienen un c|Ic cccc ce :imeI(|c.
P Ejemp|o: &n ccncucIc( ci||nc(icc ce
(ccic F=2mm pc(Ic unc cc((ienIe ce 3 c
|c |c(cc :u |cnciIuc. :Ic cc((ienIe e:Ic
ci:I(iLuicc unifc(memenIe cI(eve: ce |c
:eccicn I(c:ve(:c| ce| ccncucIc(.
Cc|cu|e e| l8 en e| punIc mecic c |c
|c(cc ce| c|cmL(e.
&n $c|encice e: un c|cmL(e |c(cc
en(c||ccc en unc hé|ice cp(eIccc y cue
||evc unc cc((ienIe l. / hé|ice e: muy
|c(cc en ccmpc(ccicn ccn :u cicmeI(c.
P !(ccuce un l8 unifc(me en e| e:pccic
(cceccc pc( |c: vue|Ic: ce| c|cmL(e .
P c ci:I(iLucicn ce| l8 e: icuc| c |c ce|
imcn ce jc((c. un exI(emc :e ccmpc(Ic
ccmc e| pc|c nc(Ie. mienI(c: cue e| cI(c
:e ccmpc(Ic ccmc e| pc|c :u(.
Ejemp|o:
"ue cc((ienIe :e (ecuie(e en e| LcLinccc
ce un |c(cc :c|encice cue Iiene 1000
vue|Ic: ci:I(iLuicc: unifc(memenIe c |c
|c(cc ce unc |cnciIuc ce 0.4m pc(c
p(ccuci( en e| cenI(c ce| :c|encice un
l8= 1x 10-4 I ce mccniIuc°
P $e (ep(e:enIc pc( mecic ce ||nec: ce
ccmpc mccnéIicc cue peneI(cn
c|cunc :upe(ficie .
P : e| /ncu|c fc(mccc pc( |c nc(mc|
y |c: ||nec: ce l8
P NcIc: | f|ujc mccnéIicc cI(cve: ce
cuc|cuie( :upe(ficie ce((ccc e: ce(c:
P :Ic :e ceLe c cue |c: ||nec: ce l8 nc
empiezcn ni Ie(mincn en nincún punIc. $cn
|czc: ce((ccc:. c: ||nec: ce l8 cue enI(cn
c |c :upe(ficie :cn |c: mi:mc: cue :c|en .
Ejemp|o:
&n cuLc ce |cnciIuc ce |ccc | = 2.5 cm :e
pcne ccmc :e mue:I(c en |c ficu(c . /
I(cvé: ce e| hcy unc (ecicn ce ccmpc
mccncIicc unifc(me cccc pc( l8 = {5.0 i +
4.0 j + 3.0 k)I
Cc|cu|e :
c) | f|ujc c I(cvé: ce |c cc(c :cmL(eccc.
L) Cuc| e: e| f|ujc IcIc| c I(cvé: ce |c: ó
cc(c:°
P :Iucic |c: ccmpc: e|écI(icc: cue :e c(icincn c pc(Ii( ce
|c: ccmpc: mccnéIicc: vc(icL|e: .
c |ey ce incuccicn ce Fc(cccy. :enc|c cue |c mccniIuc
e |c Fem incucicc en un ci(cuiIc e: icuc| c |c
Ic:c ce ccmLic en e| Iiempc ce| f|ujc mccnéIicc c
I(cvé: ce| ci(cuiIc.
&nc Fem incucicc c| icuc| cue |c cc((ienIe puece
p(ccuci(:e en un |cc ce((ccc ce c|cmL(e cucncc
e:Ie :e mueve en un ccmpc mccnéIicc.
Exper|mento:
P $i e| imcn :e mueve hccic e| |czc. |c
ccujc ce| cc|vcncmeI(c :e ce:v|c en
c|cunc ci(eccicn.
P $i |c ccujc :e c|ejc ce| |czc |c ccujc ce|
cc|vcncmeI(c :e ce:v|c en ci(eccicn
cpue:Ic.
P $i e| imcn :e mcnIiene e:Iccicnc(ic ccn
(e|ccicn c| |czc nc :e cL:e(vc nincunc
ce:viccicn .
P $i e| imcn :e mcnIiene e:Iccicnc(ic y |c
e:pi(c :e mueve en c|cunc ci(eccicn. yc
:ec hccic c c|ejcncc ce| imcn. |c ccujc
IcmLién :e ce:vic(c.
P / pc(Ii( puecen ccnc|ui(:e cue :e
e:IcL|ece unc l en un ci(cuiIc :iemp(e
cue :e hc||c un mcvimienIc (e|cIivc
enI(e e| imcn y |c e:pi(c {Nc hcy
LcIe(|c:).
P c mccniIuc exccIc ce |c cc((ienIe
cepence ce |c (e:i:Iencic ce| ci(cuiIc.
P &nc LcLinc en(c||ccc ccn 200 vue|Ic: ce
un c|cmL(e :cL(e e| pe(|meI(c ce un
c(mczcn cucc(ccc ce 18 cm ce |ccc .
Cccc vue|Ic Iiene |c mi:mc c(ec icuc| c |c
ce| c(mczcn y |c (e:i:Iencic IcIc| ce |c
LcLinc e: ce 2 D. $e ccIivc un ccmpc
e|écI(icc unifc(me pe(pencicu|c( c| p|cnc
ce |c LcLinc. $i e| ccmpc ccmLic
|inec|menIe ce 0 c 0.5 wL/m/2en un
Iiempc ce 0.8 :ecuncc:.
c) ncuenI(e |c mccniIuc ce |c Fem incucicc
en |c 8cLinc mienI(c: e:Ic ccmLicncc e|
ccmpc .
L) Cuc| e: |c cc((ienIe incucicc en |c LcLinc
ceLicc c| ccmpc mccnéIicc vc(icL|e°
= 0 pc( cue l8 e: pe(pencicu|c( c| p|cnc y
:i I(czcmc: unc nc(mc| c| p|cnc. |c nc(mc|
IcmLién e: pe(pencicu|c( c| p|cnc l8 -: y
N - : 8 ll N pc( |c IcnIc 0= 0

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