Está en la página 1de 44

| 

 
 || 

|


|  


|
  |


T&D Losses: -

  !" # $"% &' "() *++ $ !$


"() & $

AT&C Losses: -

# $"% &' # *,&"  *  "() *++ $


!$ # *,&"  *  "() " '#%# +!),  !%*! )
"%-"$. |(("(! %#%! !$ ,,"%! /| 0  #!
& +"%"&$ ! # +"",!% +!"!," %,&(
$"&*  !$ %,,"%! %%).
%+  | 
T&D Loss

›  ›  ›  


      





Technical Losses Billing Gap

Recovery Gap


  
  


   

 

Units Recovered = Average Tariff =


Amount Recovered/ Average Tariff Amount Billed/ Units Billed
|   

 $", # |   ' $  +"%$   '(


+1

/0   /# $"% &' # * & $ !$ # *
+*  # 
0
/0  % %%) /! # "!  !,* & $  !,*
% %$0
/0  "! 2$ /! # +"$*%  * & $ !$ # % %
%%)0
/-0 |  3 ! # $"% &' * "! 2$ !$
* +*  # 
 ! ! "!  * +*  #

.
|     
|  
   

|   


' 

 

  )
* å 
  
| #$% 
&'  !
 

!& ( |"

|
)  +|,!-!+". (-"(/
|   

´ |  
4 5 6 /  %-"$7 
+*0
4 5 6 / ( %%) 8  % %%)0
´  ( %%)
4   $7 
+*
´  % %%)
4 |,* %-"$7 |,*  $
´ ! 2! +" 
+*
4 |,* %-"$7 
+*
|   

  



@   




 @  
   

 
 
 
 
 

  !
> |  

´ $*%  |   ' ,! " $"!  -.


"*"%.
´ !9( # "&* &* !%! ) -!&  " +"-!
+!"%+!.
´ " * 2!  # ("! %!+!%) !-! !& .
´ " :*! ) !$  !&  *++ ).
´ !! 2!  !" !$ "$*%.
m |  

m

i 
  



* * 
*  
*  




  



|   

`urther Break-
Break-Up of AT&C Loss
components
Technical Billing Process Deficiencies
"# $   
%%&'())&' V    $
*  "  
++&'",    " ( #
" 
Direct theft /  $"  
 #       
 #$ - .     $ 1 
   - / ,- -$ 

Vetering Collection
 (›0        11   
  (,  /$ /$
*1   ?thers
$   " "    
 #$ - .  (22
 
V  1$ 
TECHNICAL `ACT?RS S?LUTI?NS

*  
       !  

    !       
 
   "

w $*% %$*%" (# *+  *!&  2.


w
%"! %$*%" 2.

w
! ' "!",".

w *"%! " "*"%! $".

w "() !*$
TECHNICAL `ACT?RS S?LUTI?NS«

 #$ #! 

w #* %!+!%" !" %%$  # %$!") $


/55 $0  # ;;755  +'" "!",".
w     $"&*  ,!) !  & %$"!& )
"$*%$ &) ! ( #* %!+!%"  +,*, "!(
! -!!( +.

m    

´  "$*% #   %"% ," !" # &


 *
TECHNICAL `ACT?RS S?LUTI?NS«

å > % $  m   &  


   "

´ M !" ! *"%  +'" .


´ %  # "!"," &*#(<,3 $"+ *
*3  !"3 !$  '%# %. #* $ & +"$%! )
+%$
´ + !%,  $""!$ '" !$ "-%
5 = "(
´ " ! !%# -  $"&* '"9 .. !
"!"," !$ %*,"
´ *  5= ,"(  %*," * ) %! #!-
! !%%*  *&$2$ *   %"%) 
%,+!"  # !%*! %*,+  *&$2$
%*,".
a a 


 






 

 


 
 

  
! "#$ "#$ $$ $ %&' &( % "#
(   ($  $ ($$ ) $*( #' $'
! 

)  "$& #*( '# (*' "" $*' %$ (
#+  (* #'* # ''$ (* '() *$ ')
*+   $$' "$" "$ (%% ')%' #*&* "( &
',
+ *% *% $$ $ (") (") $$ $
"- "% "% $$ $ )%( )"# %* $(
&-.  *)$" *)$" $$ $ "#"" '%*" %) *(
%/ 0 )&&& )&&& $$ $ )%" )'( %( )
$/! &*& "'* &% %) *&* *&* $$ $
123 **& ')$ #$ %(& $ # #$ '
(1   #' )%' &' '* '*) #$( '( (*
)3  )*& )*& $$ $ ($#* %'"# &$ ()"
#3
  )($ )($ $$ $ "(( "(( $$ $
*! *''$ *''$ $$ $ '*) #$%& ') (#)
'    "(& '&%' %" ()( #" (&%" && &
"+4  %) #$ ( *) " # &( $)
&
 0 "* $% '( '' '* $") ## $%
%+5  (" %" "' )$ ( $'() *( $'
($   '# '' #$ %& && # ' $"
(6 +  "() #)% &# (&# (#% "#* & #
((!. **' **' $$ $ #'*% #'*% $$ $
()7.  &# &# $$ $ *&#* *#"& %# )"
(#a++ ) ** #% *& $' $)"( '( $(
(*+   )*$& )*$& $$ $ ')) )(* & )$
(' +4  %" %" $$ $ ((& &# & $#
("8! &*$" &*$" $$ $ &&$' &$)& % ""
(&8   "#) "#) $$ $ %$% "%* &" 
(%9 ()#" ((%$ %& *" #"(" #*&% %" #
 

+ ")'"& "$%% %* )#"% )($' )#(" &' ""&
|   1  5> ?

| -" # %*") ,,*, -  |   ! +"


$!! !" !  '1
5. ! ,
. "*%#($
;. #" (!,+! )
@. *$#!!
>. #!
|   1 ? 5> ?
# #(#  '" $  "# !" "(
'# ! #(# ! =. # ' '#%# !" '" 
 -  !" !  ' 1
5. M!,!"!
. !"'!#!
;. !#!"
    ! 
   ! '
-"<"!$ "&* "!"," !$ #% #" $"<  2!
w  !  

w 

w  #(     ) |$$


 !       "
| - !( - $%"!  "*   # %"!  .
$*%  # - !( -  +",$ *+  A7< B=.
w    *    !  "

w
,+"-,  "!"," $( !$ &) ! ( !,"+#*
%" "!","  !++"+"! %!+!%).
   ! '

à  "

" # "$*%  #!",%  # $"&* ),


*  #" !

° 
 
° | ||

C?VVERCIAL `ACT?R S?LUTI?NS

à

´ %% !++"!%#
´ !!(, !++"!%#
%% !++"!%#
´ 5= "(
´ C( +& 
´   /(# - !( $"&* ),0
´ ' - !( $"&* ), / |0
´ $"("*$ %!& 
´ 
),
´ "!%# # $"&*
´ |*,!$ ," "!$( /|01
´ "<!$ ,"
!!(, !++"!%#
´ "%, +!",
´ #"
!-
´  *!") % *" %#, /  0
´ ! !), *"%#!"( %#, / 0
´ MM  *" %#,
u *+ 
m>umm,"
´ 5=  
   
´   


 (+ +  mm


|
+ u "
´  | 
´ |
 | |
´ |

´ | |    |
1
´ 
|  
´   
 | 
> -|
 -
u
  
 ,|
u 
+ 

´  
   ?
 

| 
|
´  


´ <|
  
´ |
´  ?| ||

´ <
 
 

+u ||
u |u à.

/   |

´  
) " !$"
",!
"$% #%9(
´ | | ||
  
   /
0
´ | | ||


|u 0
|,
m|,+ |

u |u 
m|,+ "
´ 
  

´  |
 
 7 !
 0à  "


  !" #(#"    #!  . /|$#"! "!$#  + !( 
"$*% #"  7 "! *+  5.@15  D 9 ' !")!!  ")( 
"$*% "! ", 5.15  5.15  D. ? (! #! .E15 !$
"! ! #! B.5@15 /C% *$(  0  7 "!0

à(
 à )      


%"!  .  *&! !"  !$ %" !$ %"*%  ' 

à(
à )     
   %#%!  !" #(#"3 &*  %! & "$*% &) ,+ ,(
  *+  # %*," $. !$#)! "!$# #!$ !*%#$  
#+! 3 !$ |!,  !  ,+ ,$  ! +  &!.  - #
!#!"!#"!  + !(  !*%#     E ,!F" % !$ ,!)
! !$ *  !"  !   ,+ , .


   ! "!","  ! $  # +  '# $"&* &C & ' 
!$ ", # $"&* &C %*," ( *++ ). 5 %*," %! &
%%$   $"&* &C.
+  "!"," 559-   %%$ !$ ", $"&* &C 
%*," +", @@7;   %%$.  ! "!"," !"
! $ !"  %*,"  $%"!   !$ %"!  .
    !        
    ! # à  "
!%# )!" -") * ) !$   ! !"(  %"! #"
.  *&! !$ .     "$"  "$*% #"
 !$  ,+"- #" %%). ) &* $( *&!
!"  !$ %" &%!*  # +  "$*% 
 
!$ ," -"
  !" *  ",! '  5;9-3
;;9-3559- &* &!".
"7,"  '  7 ! 1

"
´ '
 
´  # +"& ,
´ % & (
´
,+ ,!  | %#,
´ % " "*"! !"!

,"
´
%"! G*+, %
´ !!% C+$*" %"!
´
%"! !%%$ %#!%
'" #HH

´ # !%! ,+!%  # !"


"$*%$ %, ", # !    %"%)
%)  %#!"( ,"  %*,"

´  %"%) # %! & "$*%$ &) !++ )(  * *%# ! +%
!$ ,"(3 !$  , %! ""*%*"( +'" ), '"#+
!$ "(* !.
 %"%) # %! &  # ", 

´ "!*$ /," !,+"(0


´ ! ( / (! %%0
´ & ( ""(* !"
´
%""% !$(
´ *+!$ & 
´ $"% #/#9(0
´ ! !,+"(
´ ," &)+!(
´ ," &*"
´ *!*#"2$ !$$" 7 %%
´ ,"  *$
'" #HH
´   $
w "   '$ /D < +"%   ",! +$0
w | ! "! +!#  +"-$$ $ # ," 
&)+! # %*""
w !,+"$ ," !" &*" !" ! "-!  ,
!$ ! "# %%  !++ $

´        


w ! ( +'" &) *( %""% )+  !$
w  !9 &  $" !" "*%*"

´   


w '"  *$ !&- # !++ $ !$
'" #HH

´  $
w ," !  !" "+ !%$ '# # $*+ %! 
w #) !" $!,!($ &*  !)  "%(2.

´ +$ 
w # %,(  &)+!$ '#* (-( +!#  ," "
,!*",

´ +
w *  #!-) *!(   %"%) ,"  &*" !$
!-"!( &  +!$ /, )  %!  $*"! %*,"0.
'" #HH
´ u    0   
w %  !9 &) #'( $*+ %! $%*,  #
.

´    


w   !" ++$ " +!), &) #'( # +",
%9$ " &) &"&( # ," "!$" .
w # ,"  &*" " $!,!($ !" ' ,#.

´ +      


w ' ," #! & ! $ &* !$$"  #! ," 
 "!%!& .
 #! %! &  #! ,"   $ -"$.
'" #HH
´ u$ 
w !-) &  !"  *+!$ !$ ! ' %% 
!++ $ '# $" !,.
w *," !- #  '# &  +$(.

w    $  #" '#  * & 

´
  ! %
w | $"% %%  ,!$ ", # $"&* '"9.
w # !""!(, ,!) &  ,+"!" ) )+ " +",!
)+
"-( '" #HH
| ! !, !$" -!"* + %! & *$"!9 *%# !1

w
%"!( # "G*%)  %#%9 *+
w
%"!( # ("! !'!"
w
%"!( +! 
w
$) # # +" !"!
w $%"!( "! %""*+
w "-$( ($ %-
w
! !  "  " C
w #%9( ' ) ! $ ,".
„  





| 

w "!  ' *&!  $ ) ++* !$ !"!  ! 
!-$ -" !$(  G*+, !$ ,+"- " !& ).

w "%  ' $"  #!  %!  *!(   ,!) 


!% # #" !$  , # **" $  %"!(
$,!$  !-$ -" !$(  C( ),. *"%! 
$"  , # ,!C,*, !$.

w $*%(  7 "!

w   |,"+#* " "!"," !$ ,$%!.

|"! *%# !&   !-$ #9(  


||
| 

´ ( !% G*!$ %! &  *+ ! $-! - 
%#%9 !$ %*"& # + "!( !$ #  "()
!$ -( !% ! #* $ & !$ '#
!$G*! %*") +" !$ ,!("!
+'".
´ -" +!  ,!) & ,+$ " !,+"(
'# # ," %.
´ +%! %*"  &  *+ " # !" " *
 # " !$ %!

|
| 

´
%"!$
-,  $"&* ), ,+"-, &)
* 2( # -, %#,  |3   !$ !"(
%!+!  ' #"*(# 
"* !$ +"  ,!!(,.
´
-,  +'" ), %! &  *+ #"*(# +%!
+*"+ -#%  /  03 '#%# &"( (#" +"-! +"
!$ #" G*) # $". !F" ! |,"%! %*"
#!- & !&   ,& 2 #*( %"  G*) !$ $&
!%( !$ ! !"(   -*" !"  ++  #
'" $ -".
?  


!++ %!  # +'" %" #!- &
+%,! . # %%+  * ) !*,!$
+"! #!  ) & !++ $  ! !"(
%! . # ,! #!
#! ",* +! 
,+"- # %"I -"! *%(3 ",
("!  "!, !$ $"&*.
´ || ),
´ |$-!%$ ,"( ),
´ "&* "!","
´ |++ %!  
7 ),