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y The Exploration History Of The Gambia Basin.
y - Gambia has an upstream industry taking place
offshore Banjul. In 1998 west oil held an offshore block
under a technical operation agreement, offshore block A
and onshore block B.
y - In October 1999 fusion oil and gas NL signed a
petroleum production license for the deepwater offshore
block of Banjul previously held by west oil. In
December 1999 a 1000 km 2-D seismic survey was shot
over the block. The license was issued for 6 years. The
survey showed that Gambia had real offshore
hydrocarbon potential but the production its
neighbouring
y countries were on disrupted vast production.
- Banjul yet again signed a license with Britain's planet oil
over the offshore acreage. The largest prospect, G-8 is
estimated to have oil in place reserves of up to 1.4
billion barrels.
- Still on 1st OCT 2006 the Gambia government issued
two licenses to Buried Hill Energy for the exploration
and production of oil and gas in the off shore areas. The
Alhamdulillah A1 and A4 blocks were evaluated by the
company with a high resolution 3D seismic imaging.
They identified five distinct plates with 26 prospects of
oil production, the result showed more oil potential than
expected. The drilling of the first Gambia wells were set
to start 2009.
- Along the line, African petroleum corporation
announced on the 24th of August 2010 that its subsidy
African petroleum Gambia entered into an agreement
with the Buried Hill Gambia to acquire license for
Alhamdulillah block A1 and A4 licenses covering 2,668
km sq off shore Gambia. The license extended for
another two years until 31st December 2013.
y the location of the offshore Gambia.
Trapping Systems in the Gambia River Basin
Several primary reservoirs and seals in the Mesozoic- Cenozoic
section of the Gambian river basin are as follows:

-Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous carbonate section sealed by


Cenomanian or other lower Cretaceous shale;

-Upper Cretaceous sandstone units and overlying shale units;

-Lower Tertiary clastics and carbonate-rock units and overlying


and intercalated shale units.
-According to Clifford(1986),the Mauritania offshore has rocks
like the cretaceous deltaic sandstone which have porosities
ranging from 17 to 25 percent. He also talked about the Jurassic-
Lower Cretaceous carbonate rock-platform that showed good
porosities ranging from 10 to 23 percent but have not yet been
fully penetrated by drilling. Also the Upper Cretaceous
sandstone sequences in the eastern part of the basin become
interbedded with shale to the western offshore part of the basin.
-The Mesozoic-Cenozoic section in the Gambia River Basin
contains diverse oil and gas trapping configurations. These
include salt-related structures, structures related to volcanic
intrusion, sandstone pinchouts along the eastern margin of the
Gambia river Basin and Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous carbonate
bank deposits. Seals consist of Mesozoic and Cenozoic marine
shales and faults.
Sandstone reservoirs associated with sync-rift rocks might
be present and interbedded with the inferred Permian-
Triassic source rocks underlying the Triassic salt. In the
sync-rift section in the Gambia River Basin ,the thick
Triassic salt is the major seal.
- Potential sandstone reservoirs are abundant in lower
Paleozoic rocks. The Ordovician sandstones are intensely
fractured and could constitute good secondary reservoirs,
whereas the Devonian fine- to coarse-grained sandstone
beds have porosities ranging from 15 to 20 percent. In the
onshore portion of the Paleozoic basin, regional seismic
data have shown that the Paleozoic section has been
faulted and could form traps in conjunction with the
Paleozoic unconformity.
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Hydrocarbons are gotten from two (2) areas in the


Senegal Province.

1. In the offshore Mauritania and Northernmost Northern


sub ± basins

2. In the CASAMANCE sub ± basins and Guinea ±


Bissau offshore

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Migration of hydrocarbons most likely began in


the late Miocene (55 to 38 million yrs ago) and
continues to the Holocene (10000 yrs ago)
Maturity of the source rocks in the basin increases
southward. This may be misleading due to the
lack of data north of Cape Verde.
A zone of salt spreads off the Mauritania coast
more widespread than previously thought and
may have increased maturation of the cretaceous
source rocks.