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APRENDIZAJE

APRENDIZAJE
◎ La mayoría de la gente equipara al
aprendizaje con el estudio, pero los
psicólogos lo definen de manera
más amplia, como el proceso por el
cual la experiencia o la práctica
producen un cambio relativamente
permanente en la conducta o
potencial conductual
TIPOS DE
APRENDIZAJE
Varios tipos:
Condicionamiento
Aprendizaje Cognoscitivo
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1.
Condicionamiento
La adquisición de patrones
específicos de conducta ante la
presencia de estímulos bien
definidos.
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Condicionamiento

◎ El condicionamiento es un término general, que se emplea tanto


para animales como para seres humanos, y que se refiere a la
adquisición de patrones muy específicos de conducta en presencia
de estímulos bien definidos. Hay dos tipos de Condicionamiento:
Clásico y operante

◎ Condicionamiento clásico (o pavloviano) Tipo de aprendizaje en el


que una respuesta provocada de manera natural por un estímulo
llega a ser provocada por un estímulo diferente previamente
neutral.

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Condicionamiento clásico

Pavlov intentó enseñar a los perros a


salivar cuando no estuviera presente la
comida. Diseñó un experimento en el
cual sonaba una campana justo antes
de llevar la comida a la habitación. El
sonido de una campana por lo regular
no hace que la boca de un perro se
haga agua pero, después de escuchar
la campana muchas veces justo antes
de ser alimentados, los perros de
Pavlov empezaron a salivar en cuanto
sonaba.

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Condicionamiento clásico en personas

◎ Los seres humanos también aprenden conductas por


medio del condicionamiento clásico. Por ejemplo,
considere los pensamientos y sentimientos positivos que
asociamos con el olor del pan o de un pastel recién
horneado. No nacemos con esas reacciones. Se aprenden
mediante condicionamiento clásico.
◎ De igual manera se aprenden las fobias.

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Condicionamiento operante

◎ Conducta diseñada para operar ◎ Condicionamiento operante o


en el ambiente de forma que se instrumental es un Tipo de
obtenga algo deseado o se evite aprendizaje en el cual las
algo desagradable. conductas son emitidas (en
◎ El condicionamiento operante presencia de estímulos
ocurre cuando una respuesta, específicos) para obtener
llamada la respuesta operante, recompensas o evitar
opera en el ambiente para castigos.
producir consecuencias
específicas.

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Elementos del condicionamiento operante

◎ Reforzador ◎ Castigo
Se llama reforzadores a ese tipo de ◎ La conducta también puede
consecuencias, que incrementan la
ser controlada por el castigo.
probabilidad de que la conducta operante
se repita. Los reforzadores positivos, ◎ Un castigo es cualquier
como la comida o la música agradable, evento cuya presencia
agregan algo gratificante a la situación.
En contraste, los reforzadores negativos
disminuye la probabilidad de
sustraen algo desagradable de una que vuelva a ocurrir la
situación removiendo un estímulo nocivo conducta en curso.
o desagradable

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2.
Aprendizaje Cognoscitivo
Aprendizaje que depende de procesos
mentales que no son directamente
observables.
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◎ Aprendizaje latente ◎ Aprendizaje social
Aprendizaje que no se refleja de Visión del aprendizaje que enfatiza la
inmediato en un cambio capacidad para aprender al observar a
conductual. No es aparente porque un modelo o recibir instrucciones, sin
todavía no se demuestra. experiencia directa del aprendiz.
◎ Mapa cognoscitivo ◎ Aprendizaje por observación (o
Imagen mental aprendida de un vicario)
ambiente espacial que puede Aprender al observar la conducta de
utilizarse para resolver problemas otras personas. Este tipo de es
cuando los estímulos del ambiente bastante común, Pero no imitamos
cambian todo lo que otras personas hacen

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◎GRACIAS

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Hello!
I am Jayden Smith
I am here because I love to
give presentations.
You can find me at:
@username

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Instructions for use

EDIT IN GOOGLE SLIDES EDIT IN POWERPOINT®


Click on the button under the Click on the button under the presentation
presentation preview that says "Use as preview that says "Download as
Google Slides Theme". PowerPoint template". You will get a .pptx
You will get a copy of this document on file that you can edit in PowerPoint.
your Google Drive and will be able to Remember to download and install the
edit, add or delete slides. fonts used in this presentation (you’ll find
You have to be signed in to your Google the links to the font files needed in the
account. Presentation design slide)

More info on how to use this template at


www.slidescarnival.com/help-use-presentation-template

This template is free to use under Creative Commons Attribution license. You can keep the Credits
slide or mention SlidesCarnival and other resources used in a slide footer.

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Big concept
Bring the attention of your
audience over a key concept
using icons or illustrations

16

Quotations are commonly printed
as a means of inspiration and to
invoke philosophical thoughts from
the reader.

17
This is a slide title

◎ Here you have a list of items


◎ And some text
◎ But remember not to overload your slides with content

Your audience will listen to you or read the content, but


won’t do both.

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You can also split your content

White Black
Is the color of milk and fresh Is the color of ebony and of outer
snow, the color produced by the space. It has been the symbolic
combination of all the colors of color of elegance, solemnity and
the visible spectrum. authority.

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In two or three columns

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, Is the colour of the Is the color of blood,
butter and ripe lemons. clear sky and the deep and because of this it
In the spectrum of sea. It is located has historically been
visible light, yellow is between violet and associated with
found between green green on the optical sacrifice, danger and
and orange. spectrum. courage.

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A picture is worth a thousand words

A complex idea can be


conveyed with just a single
still image, namely making
it possible to absorb large
amounts of data quickly.

21
Want big
impact?
Use big image.

22
Use charts to explain your ideas

White Gray Black

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Or diagrams to explain complex ideas

Example text. Example text.


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,
consectetur adipiscing elit. consectetur adipiscing elit.
Nam venenatis nisi at nisl Nam venenatis nisi at nisl
tempor, et luctus diam lobortis. tempor, et luctus diam lobortis.
Nulla sit amet metus consequat Nulla sit amet metus consequat
velit iaculis tempor. velit iaculis tempor.

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And tables to compare data

A B C

Yellow 10 20 7

Blue 30 15 10

Orange 5 24 16

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Maps

our office

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89,526,124
Whoa! That’s a big number, aren’t you proud?

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Presentation design

This presentations uses the following typographies and colors:


◎ Titles: Roboto Slab
◎ Body copy: Source Sans Pro

Download for free at:


https://www.fontsquirrel.com/fonts/roboto-slab
https://www.fontsquirrel.com/fonts/source-sans-pro

You don’t need to keep this slide in your presentation. It’s only here to serve you
as a design guide if you need to create new slides or download the fonts to edit
the presentation in PowerPoint®
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89,526,124$
That’s a lot of money

185,244 users
And a lot of users

100%
Total success!

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Our process is easy

last

first

second

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Let’s review some concepts

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, butter and ripe Is the colour of the clear sky and the Is the color of blood, and because of
lemons. In the spectrum of visible deep sea. It is located between violet this it has historically been
light, yellow is found between green and green on the optical spectrum. associated with sacrifice, danger and
and orange. courage.

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, butter and ripe Is the colour of the clear sky and the Is the color of blood, and because of
lemons. In the spectrum of visible deep sea. It is located between violet this it has historically been
light, yellow is found between green and green on the optical spectrum. associated with sacrifice, danger and
and orange. courage.

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You can copy&paste graphs from Excel or Google Sheets

32
Mobile project
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Tablet project
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Desktop project
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Thanks!
Any questions?
You can find me at:
@username & user@mail.me

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Credits

Special thanks to all the people who made and released


these awesome resources for free:
◎ Presentation template by SlidesCarnival
◎ Photographs by Unsplash

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2.
Extra Resources
For Business Plans, Marketing Plans,
Project Proposals, Lessons, etc
Timeline

Yellow is the color of


Blue is the colour of the Red is the colour of danger Black is the color of ebony gold, butter and ripe White is the color of milk Blue is the colour of the
clear sky and the deep sea and courage and of outer space lemons and fresh snow clear sky and the deep sea

JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

Yellow is the color of White is the color of milk Blue is the colour of the Red is the colour of danger Black is the color of ebony Yellow is the color of
gold, butter and ripe and fresh snow clear sky and the deep sea and courage and of outer space gold, butter and ripe
lemons lemons

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Roadmap

Blue is the colour of the Red is the colour of danger Black is the color of ebony
clear sky and the deep sea and courage and of outer space

1 3 5

2 4 6

Yellow is the color of gold, White is the color of milk Blue is the colour of the
butter and ripe lemons and fresh snow clear sky and the deep sea

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Gantt chart
Week 1 Week 2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Task 1

Task 2 ◆

Task 3

Task 4 ◆

Task 5 ◆

Task 6

Task 7

Task 8

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SWOT Analysis
STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES
Blue is the colour of the clear Yellow is the color of gold,
sky and the deep sea butter and ripe lemons

Black is the color of ebony and White is the color of milk and
of outer space fresh snow
OPPORTUNITIES THREATS

42
Business Model Canvas

Key Partners Key Activities Value Propositions Customer Relationships Customer Segments
Insert your content Insert your content Insert your content Insert your content Insert your content

Key Resources Channels


Insert your content Insert your content

Cost Structure Revenue Streams


Insert your content Insert your content

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Funnel

AWARENESS Insert your content

DISCOVERY Insert your content

EVALUATION Insert your content

INTENT Insert your content

PURCHASE Insert your content

LOYALTY Insert your content

44
Team Presentation

Imani Jackson Marcos Galán Ixchel Valdía Nils Årud


JOB TITLE JOB TITLE JOB TITLE JOB TITLE
Blue is the colour of the clear Blue is the colour of the clear Blue is the colour of the clear Blue is the colour of the clear
sky and the deep sea sky and the deep sea sky and the deep sea sky and the deep sea

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Competitor Matrix
HIGH VALUE 2

Competitor
Compe
titor
Our company

Competitor

HIGH VALUE 1
LOW VALUE 1

Competitor

Competitor Competitor

LOW VALUE 2

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Weekly Planner
SUNDAY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY

09:00 - 09:45 Task Task Task Task Task Task Task

10:00 - 10:45 Task Task Task Task Task Task Task

11:00 - 11:45 Task Task Task Task Task Task Task

12:00 - 13:15 ✔ Free time ✔ Free time ✔ Free time ✔ Free time ✔ Free time ✔ Free time ✔ Free time

13:30 - 14:15 Task Task Task Task Task Task Task

14:30 - 15:15 Task Task Task Task Task Task Task

15:30 - 16:15 Task Task Task Task Task Task Task

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SlidesCarnival icons are editable shapes.

This means that you can:


● Resize them without losing quality.
● Change line color, width and style.

Isn’t that nice? :)

Examples:

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Diagrams and infographics

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Now you can use any emoji as an icon!
And of course it resizes without losing quality and you can change the color.

How? Follow Google instructions https://twitter.com/googledocs/status/730087240156643328

✋👆👉👍👤👦👧👨👩👪💃🏃💑❤😂😉😋
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and many more...

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