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1-||
2  1-|     

÷ 1
 ( 2  1)„ 
 ( )   ( ) J  ( ) 
0  2 ÷ 
2    |  

÷ 1
 ( 2  1)„ 
 ( )  J  ( ) ( ) 
 0  2 ÷ 
1-||
2  
2 0,1,««-1
2 u0,1,««-1

 1
   0
 ÷
 ( )  
 2
   1, u , ÷  1
÷
1-||
2 , 1-||  u
 !"
2 #(ʌu/8);(3ʌu/8);(5ʌu/8);(7ʌu/8)}u
0,1,2,3
2    

 1 1 1 1 
092 0383  0383  092

0707  0707  0707 0707

0383  092 092  0383
1-D DCT basis vectors for N=8
2-||
2  2-||$ %u& '"
÷ 1 ÷ 1
 (2  1)„   (2   1)„ 
 (, )   ( )()JJ  ( ,  )    
0  0  2÷   2÷ 

 ( , ) 
÷ 1÷ 1
 ( )  (  ) ( ,  )   ( 2 1)„ 
  ( 2  1)„ 
 0  0 
 2÷   2÷ 

,   0,1,u , ÷  1
2-||( & 
2  2-|&  u 1-|
 
1 1 1 1  0  92 0  92 0  92 0  92 
1 1 1 1  0  383 0  383 0  383 0  383

1 1 1 1   0  383  0  383  0  383  0  383
 
1 1 1 1   0  92  0  92  0  92  0  92 
 0707 0707 0707 0707   0383 0383 0383 0383 
 0707  0707  0707  0707  092  092  092  092
 
 0707  0707  0707  0707  092 092 092 092
 
 0707 0707 0707 0707   0383  0383  0383  0383
0-D Basis Images for N = 4

0 1 2 3

3
|- & 
2  |  
2  |     &'$
$$  
2     & $u  
|  


2 $ "())123*
$ "
2 (k)  )5 -223 0 -016*
2  u !  2   
2 ()  )10 189 310 396*

2  |
"
2 +(k)  )10 -2+ 2 -2 -2- 2*
2  u !  2   
2 ()  )15 15 35 35*
$ "2-|
1 2 3  10  6 0  032
1 2 3  0 0 0 0
( ,  )    (1,  2)  
1 2 3  0 0 0 0
 
1 2 3  0 0 0 0 

1029 1896 31036 39571


1029 1896 31036 39571
' ( ,  )  
1029 1896 31036 39571

1029 1896 31036 39571
$ "2-|

U&2-||
 0  8  8R  8  8  8R 
0 0 0 0
(1,  2)  
0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 

15 15 35 35


15 15 35 35
( , )  
15 15 35 35

15 15 35 35
||

2   |
|! ||

u&  !&  
÷  $ 2÷  $ |
 2÷  $ ÷  $
()  ()  ( )   ( )

2   %u  ()  '()'
2 '()()+(2-1-)
(), 0    ÷ 1 
'()  
2
(2 ÷  1  ), ÷    2 ÷  1
||


2  $ ()'()
& ,

DCT

DFT
ºº º º
||

2  2$|
& '
2 ÷ 1
 ( )  J  () 
0

2÷ , 0  2÷ 1

÷ 1 2 ÷ 1
 (  ) 
( )  

(2 ÷  1  )2÷ , 0    2 ÷  1
 0  ÷
||

2   &     & 
$u ! & ,
÷ 1
„ 
 ( )   / 2

 0
2 ()  
 2÷
 2 1 , 0    2 ÷  1
l


2  -$|(),(k)  


,(k)
 2÷/ 2  (  ), 0  ÷  1
 ( )   
0  R
 
||
$ 
2  |
       ' k&  $ 
    $u  %u  ( &  1-|  %u  )
2  $      $u  %u  u 
 $  u  !    -& 
 &&   $   $u  %u  
2   u  u  &'  &  %u  
  u   |
.  '   &' $
2  2 $  %u  u    u  |
 |
  '    .  ' 
u'   u |.  '   &'
$  $