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ME3200 INDUCTION PROGRAM

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ACKNOWLEDGMENT

These PowerPoint slides are reproduced with permission


from Keysight Technologies, from their
Electronic Instrumentation Part I course.

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3: Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator

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Agenda
• Introduction
• Core Technology and Waveform Capabilities
• Instrument Advanced Functions

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Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
• A device acting as a source/stimulus to test, verify,
and characterize
– Apply signal
– Measure response of DUT

• Utilize a variety of signals


– Sine, square, ramp, triangle
– AM, FM, PM, FSK, PWM
– Variable edge-time pulses
– Arbitrary waveforms

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Users and Their Requirements
• Users
– Industries: Electronics, industrial, automotive,
communications, aerospace, info tech products,
medical electronics, government
– Product lifecycle: R&D (bench), design verification
(small system), and manufacturing (medium or large
systems)
• Typical requirements
– Stability, accuracy, low distortion
– Sweep and modulation functions
– Ability to produce (or reproduce) real-world signals
– Basic pulse capabilities

6
Agenda
• Introduction
• Core Technology and Waveform Capabilities
• Instrument Advanced Functions

7
Core Technology and Waveform Capabilities
• Direct digital synthesis (DDS)
• Basic signal types
• Complex signals
• Arbitrary waveforms

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Core Technology
Direct digital synthesis (DDS)

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Basic Signal Types
• Sine

• Square

• Ramp

• Triangle

• Pulse

• Noise

• Arb

• DC offset

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Control of Basic Signal Types
• Amplitude
– Varies voltage difference between high and low voltage of
the output signal

• Direct Current (DC) Offset


– Varies average voltage of a signal relative to ground

• Frequency
– Controls rate at which output signal oscillates

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Basic Signal Types
amplitude

• Sine
Freq = 1/period

DC offset
Vpp
time

amplitude
period

• Square
DC offset
Vpp
time

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Basic Signal Types (cont’d)
amplitude

• Ramp
Freq = 1/period

DC offset
Vpp
time

amplitude
Freq = 1/period

• Triangular
DC offset
Vpp
time

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Basic Signal Types (cont’d)
Pulse
width
amplitude

• Pulse period

DC offset
Vpp
time

amplitude

• Noise
DC offset
Vpp
time

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Complex Signals
Modulation
• Amplitude modulation
(AM)

• Frequency shift keying


(FSK)

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Complex Signals (cont’d)
Sweeps

• Linear sweep from low


to high frequency

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Complex Signals (cont’d)
Bursts
• Three-cycle burst of a
sine wave signal

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Arbitrary Waveforms
IntuiLink™ Arbitrary Waveform software
• Standard waveform libraries
– Sine, square, triangle, pulse,
noise, DC, sinc and more
• Waveform editor
– Create and edit waveforms for
download
• Math operations
– Manipulate new or modulated
waveforms
• Waveform checking
– Verify frequency and
amplitude before downloading

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Output Units
• Output units:
– Vpp
– Vrms
– dBm

• The default is Vpp

• dBm unit will not apply to ‘high impedance’ output


termination

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Agenda
• Introduction
• Core Technology and Waveform Capabilities
• Instrument Advanced Functions

20
Output Termination
• The default output termination is 50 Ω
• The output signal amplitude is twice the setting value if terminating into
an open circuit

1 Vpp 1 Vpp 1 Vpp 2 Vpp

50Ohm

The output termination can be changed to “high impedance”


– Press <Utility>  select the ‘Output Setup’ softkey 
– Press the ‘Load’ softkey and then choose “High Z”

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External Frequency Reference

– Synchronisation allowed to an external clock (typically10 MHz),


to another function generator
– Phase adjustments can be made from the front panel or via a
computer interface, allowing precise phase calibration and
adjustment
– Connect two or more Function Generators to create a multi-
channel waveform generator

The generators using common


clock signals and common
trigger signal

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Arbitrary Waveform Software

– Creating, editing, and


downloading complex
waveforms using the waveform
editor is easy
– Example: Keysight IntuiLink™
Waveform Editor
– Capturing a waveform using
IntuiLink™ for Oscilloscope
before sending it to the Keysight
33220A for output is possible

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Remote Interface
Hardware interface
– GPIB (IEEE-488) interface, RS-232, LAN, and USB

Programming support: Direct I/O


– SCPI (Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments)
keeps programming fast and simple

Software support: Instrument driver


– VXIplug&play driver available to support LabView™, VEE,
and LabWindows™
– VISA-COM and IVI-COM Driver

IntuiLink™ for Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator


– IntuiLink™ Waveform Editor

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Reference
• Product pages
www.keysight.com/find/source
– Scroll down to “Key Library Information”
– View the online video demo
– List of Application Notes, Manuals and Drivers & Software, example:
• Application notes:
– The ABC’s of Arbitrary Waveform Generator
– How to Generate Low Duty-Cycle Pulses with a Function
Generator
• Manual:
– Keysight 33250A 80 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform
Generator
• Others
– DreamCatcher Consulting short course, “Electronic Instrumentation”

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Q&A Session

courtesy of Keysight Technologies

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Appendix
• Keysight Family of Function and Arbitrary Waveform
Generator

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Keysight Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generators
Model Description & Features
Price/performance positioning
• 20 MHz
function/arbitrary
waveform generator
10
• Pulse to 5 MHz
• AM, FM, PM, FSK, PWM
33220A 8
• Sweep & burst
• Monochrome graphical display
33250A
• GPIB, LAN, USB 6

Performance
• LXI Class C Compliant
4
33220A
• 80 MHz
function/arbitrary 2
waveform generator
• Pulse to 50 MHz 0
33250A • AM, FM, FSK $0 $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000
• Burst
• Color graphical display Price
• GPIB, RS-232

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33220A 20 MHz and 33250A 80 Mhz
Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generators

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Closer Look: 33220A
20 MHz function/arbitrary waveform generator
• Low-distortion basic waveforms
• Built-in modulation
• Sweep and burst operation
modes
• Arbitrary waveforms up to
64K points
– Create, edit, and download
waveforms with IntuiLink™
software
• Variable edge-time pulses up to
5 MHz
• Open connectivity via GPIB,
LAN and USB, and LXI Class C
compliant

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High Performance AWG
Product Waveforms Frequency Arbitrary Sample Price
and Modulation Range Waveforms Rate
(Sine,
Square)
N6030A Any arbitrary 1 µHz to 64 to 16 1.25 from
Arbitrary waveform 500 MHz Mpoints GS/s US$
Waveform 51,050
Generator,
500MHz
N6031A, Any arbitrary 1 µHz to 64 to 16 1.25 from
Arbitrary waveform 500 MHz Mpoints GS/s US$
Waveform 30,630
Generator,
500MHz

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N6030A AWG 1.2 GS/s 15 bits

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