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“Global Cooling”

and the “Return of Ice Age”


Note:
the whole stuff which is mentioned in my ppt, may not be true .This contains basic
information about the common facts we know .I have included many other points which
are shown in movies, science talks and magazines and many of my IMAGINATION.
My thoughts might be wrong,but the concepts which I have shown are pretty believable.
Pictures and other data have been collected from other sources. I submit my sincere
Apology ,if in any case I mislead any of u. I would eagerly awaiting for any of your sugge-
-sstions .
thanking you all,
sahas.
Introduction:

Global climate rapidly shifted


from a relatively ice-free world
to one with massive ice sheets
on Antarctica about 34 million
years ago. What happened?
What changed? The nature of
changing climatic conditions
across this greenhouse-to-
icehouse transition — one that
refutes earlier theories and has
important implications for
predicting future climate
changes.
Now to global warming:

Causes for global


excessive burning of all the fossil
warming:
fuels .
 deforestation.
 Poaching of animals leading to
imbalanced ecosystem.
 Green house effect.
 Geographical misalignment.
We are forcing warming
This is just a cartoon--others will change, but CO2 dominant
Warming over last century:
UNEQUIVOCAL, from cautious IPCC
Direct thermometer measurements:
 In air (including far from cities);
In ocean water;
In ground;
On balloons;
From satellites;
Mass loss from almost all glaciers, including
those getting more snow.
(There still is weather--some people
who should know better look at a La Niña-
cooled year and claim warming stopped.
Silliness.)
Lake Wobegon:
Almost everyone
experiences
above-average
warming (most
people live on
land, which
warms faster Average
than global
average).

Global warming, oC, to 2095

“With chance of a little better, a little worse, or a lot


worse”.
Effects of global warming:

 Rise in temperature , leading to unconditional


lifestyle.
 Unseasonal climatic changes , leading to social &
economic problems.
 Melting of polar ice caps , which result in rise of
water level.
 Occurrence of natural calamities , resulting in
great loss for the society.
 The climax i.e ‘global cooling’…………..
The rise in water level in Atlantic Ocean is expected to be
at around 6m ,which may result in submerge of 62% North
America. (imp cities Washington DC,Philadelphia,Virginia & so
on..
CO2 in atmosphere has
followed IPCC-linked
projections closely.

Temperature rise has


been a bit faster than
central projections, but
well within error bars.

Sea-level rise has been


well above central
projections, and barely
within error bars.
Average temperature
change.
The increased Carbon dioxide ,main component of ‘green
house effect’ , increases the
temperature of Earth
Brief summary of impacts:
Grain-belt drying for crops
Sea-level rise
Tropical diseases no longer frozen
Loss of unique ecosystems, especially with
humans in way of migration
Tropical cyclones that form likely to
become larger (more energy/fuel)
Tendency for more floods and more
droughts (more water in air; faster drying)
GLOBAL COOLING !!!!!

 The basic idea or principle of any body is to attain


‘stability’. Stability arises due to
 1. Symmetry or
 2. balance in all aspects
 (both physically & chemically)

 According to the oceanographers &


environment researchers………………….
 “EARTH gets heated by GLOBAL WARMING & it
has to get cooled by GLOBAL COOLING”
Definition of Global Cooling:
The extreme freezing of Earth(0˚-2˚C) due to
1. prohibition of sunrays due to dense particulate
matter or moisture in atmosphere,
2. increased cold currents,
3. precipitation of carbon (dry ice),
resulting in the formation of “arctic type of
vegetation” or commonly referred to as “ice age”
is described as “global cooling”.

note:
‘Global Cooling’ is just the inversion of warming and is a
pure scientific thought . It has no connection with anything
regarded to ‘2012’ or other events. This phenomenon is
believed by the scientific community to occur after around
100 years(i.e 2090-2120)
UNESCO-CLIMATE
 DEBATE,PARIS
The UNESCO – Climate Debate brought out rare
facts on the next edition of Earth. The Scientists
gave the facts regarding to the final
stage of ‘global warming’.
Many reasons & theories
Considered as the possibi-
-lities for the occurrence
of ‘global cooling’ or ‘the
Return of the Ice Age’.
Warmer

1996 2002 2036

Will global warming stop?


“Global warming is found to be decreasing after reaching peak
values between 2005 to 2036. According to studies warming
will come to halt at around 2090 to 2120, to start the ‘cold era’.
WATCH THE DIFFERENCE...

 The next 2 pictures coming shows of


one minor effect due to cooling.
 The “Muir lake” in ‘Alaska’ is expected
to freeze and form the “Muir glacier”
by 2090.
The complete vegetation will be wiped
out and a cold desert will be formed.
Muir Lake, Alaska, August 31, 2004, photo by B.F. Molnia
Muir Glacier, Alaska, August 13, 2091, artist’s imaginary sketch
Theories in support of ‘global cooling’:

•Pure water to salt water ratio theory.


•Photon energy band theory.
•Carbon drop theory.
There are many concepts or theories put forward by the
Researchers & Scientists. At present 12 theories are
formulated , based on very complicated studies unable to
understand other a man of that field. Out of these 12,
the above 3 are simple & interesting.

(These 3 concepts have also been inspirational for


the movies ‘The Day After Tomorrow’ , ‘Knowing’ etc…)
ure Water to Salt Water Ratio theory

1.Melting of glaciers and ice caps.


2.Increased amount of pure water in seas & oceans
3.Ratio exceeds the required range(0.000036 to 0.0004)
4.Increase of Cold Currents & nullification of Warm currents
5.Mediterranean type of climate at equatorial regions.
6.Further cooling ,leading to complete vegetation loss.

“BEGINNING OF THE ‘ICE


AGE’…………..”
Image showing gradual freezing of river & the surrounding hills getting snow
cover (tropical climate to arctic climate change)
Photon Energy Band Theory:
1.Solar system enters the ‘Photon Band’.
2.Sun gets stimulated (beginning of “Red
Giant state” )
3.Expansion of solar radius & powerful
solar winds.
4.Solar Winds destroying the Earth’s
atmosphere.
5.Intense heating causing complete
melting.
6.Pure to salt water ratio theory or any
other concept is applied.
1.Solar stimulation

2.Red Giant state

3.Intense & strong solar winds.


NSF US Antarctic Program
Sridhar Anandakrishnan
Carbon Drop Theory:

1.Saturation of carbon particles.


2.Act as shield in preventing the sun rays.
3.Absence of sunrays results in large scale ‘Smog’
formation.
4.Precipitation of solid carbon dioxide (Dry Ice).
5.Complete cover by dry ice.

This snow is also known as the “BLACK


CARBON SNOW” as the snow appears
in grey color. This phase is known as
the “LITTILE ICE AGE”.
CONCLUSION:

"Temperatures in some regions, just before


the Antarctic glaciers formed, were
surprisingly higher than current climate
models predicted, suggesting that these
models underestimate high-latitude
warming under high CO2 conditions.
Further, the substantial cooling that
occurred in both Northern and Southern
high latitudes suggests that a decline in
CO2 level, rather than a localized change
of ocean circulation drove the climate
transition.
"Temperatures in some regions, just before
the Antarctic glaciers formed, were
surprisingly higher than current climate
models predicted, suggesting that these
models underestimate high-latitude warming
under high CO2 conditions. Further, the
substantial cooling that occurred in both
Northern and Southern high latitudes
suggests that a decline in CO2 level, rather
than a localized change of ocean circulation
drove the climate transition.
We may not be there to check
whether “global cooling” occurs or
not. But it’s discussion will continue…

THE END.