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Apparel Industry

Supply Chain
Management
Submitted By:-
Kopal Goel
Shagun Sehgal
Pushpraj Singh
Apparel Industry Supply Chain
Apparel Supply Chain

Apparel
Fiber Textile Apparel Wholesale
Manufactu Retailer
Producer Mill Company r
ring
Major Apparel Production Steps

Weaving/Knit Finished
Cutting
ting Garments
• Fibers • Grey • Cut
• Yarns Fabrics • Finishe Garmen
d t Pieces
Spinning
Dyeing,
Printing &
Fabrics Sewing
Finishing

If Accepted
Extensive Supply Chain of an Export
House
Raw Material Fabric Manufacturing
• Raw Cotton obtained from • Yarn Spinning
cotton Plant • Knitting
• Silk obtained from • Weaving
silkworms
• Inspection
• Wool obtained from sheep
Extensive Supply Chain of an Export
House
Cutting Sewing
• Layering • Distribution of Bundles
• Cutting according to • Pilot Run
pattern • Inline Checking
• Bundling • Finished Line Checking
• Buyer Quality Check
Extensive Supply Chain of an Export
House
Finishing Packaging
• Softening Agent • Polybags
• Washing • Cartons
• Corrective Dyeing • Final Check by Buyer
Extensive Supply Chain of an Export
House
Shipping Distribution
• Distribution to Retail Stores
• Air/Sea
• Buyer Central Warehouse
• Sub Warehouse
• From one port to another

Retail Stores Consumers


Introduction
• Stands for Hennes & Mauritz
• Founded by Erling Persson in 1947, when he
opened his first shop in Västerås, Sweden.
• Swedish multinational clothing-retail company
• Sales was 232 billion in 2017
• Present in 47 online shopping markets and
over 4,800 stores in 70 markets
• It has womenswear, menswear and kids
• Caters to middle class and high class
• Positioning - high fashion brand
Supply Chain of H&M
Fabric and Tier 2
Raw
Design Yarn
Materials
Production

Garment
Sales Transport Tier 1
Production

Customers
Supply Chain of H&M

Design Raw Materials


• Van den Bosch, H&M's • Sources - Bangladesh, China, India ,
Indonesia, Italy, Myanmar, Pakistan,
fashion oracle and head Portugal, South Korea, Turkey, Taiwan
designer for the last 20 and Vietnam

years leads a team of 100


• Raw materials - cotton, recycled
designers who create each polyester, recycled polyamide, lyocell,
collection recycled wool, organic linen, organic
silk, recycled cashmere and jute
Supply Chain of H&M
Fabric and Yarn
Production Garment Production
• Second Tier suppliers • First Tier Suppliers
• Fabric and yarn mills source
• Manufacturing factories-
fabrics and yarn to their
supplier factories cut and sew factories
• Processing factories-
creating prints, washings or
embroideries
H&M Producers
Supply Chain of H&M

Transport Sales Customers


• H&M uses • The stores of H&M • The customer buys the
ships and are well equipped product from H&M
trains to to sell and uses it
transport merchandise • Customer Satisfaction
over 90% of is very essential for
their • They have an H&M because only
then can they retain
products excellent visual
consumers and
merchandising continue to flourish
which attracts the
customers
Current trends in Supply chain
The current trends in the supply chain management are-
• Direct Delivery Channel
• Transparency
• Collaborations
• Agility and Flexibility
Current trends in Supply chain
• Wearable Devices
• Customer Segmentation
Upcoming trends in Supply
Chain
The future sees the utilization of the following areas to expedite
the process of supply chain management-
• Service chains will become more important than product chains
• Supply chains will serve base of the pyramid
• SCM will have a standard certification process
• Technological changes will be incorporated
Upcoming trends in Supply
Chain
• Globalization
• Micro segmentation will be the key
• Feedback process through feedback process
References
• www.hm.com
• http://
fernfortuniversity.com/term-papers/swot/1433/1059-h-m.p
hp
• https://courses.edx.org/asset-
v1:MITx+CTL.SC2x+3T2015+type@asset+block/theses_2
005_Kumar_Thesis.pdf
Thank You