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Literacy Rate in Pakistan.

STATISTICS & PROBABILITY FOR ENGINEERS


Group Members

 FAHAD AHMED MINHAS 677-FET/BSME/F17


 FAHAD AHMED KHAN 690-FET/BSME/F17
 MUHAMAMAD SAQIB 694-FET/BSME/F17
What is Literacy?

 The Ability to read and write & competence or knowledge in a specified area.
 (OR) Literacy is ability to:
• Write
• Read
• Use numbers
• Make decisions
• Solve Problems.
Education Sector in Pakistan:

 An Overview According to the Pakistan Education Statistics 2016, a total of 7,242 new
institutions were added in a year which has raised the total number to 252,339 in the
country .
 Women are always considered inferior to men in case of education. In past the literacy
rate of women was more less than men but it has considerably improved in recent years.
 Pakistan’s public expenditure on education as percentage of its GDP is estimated at 2.3%
in the fiscal year 2016
The literacy rate for population 2005 to
2014 by gender (15 years or above):

Year Female % Male % Total


2005 35 50 42.5
2006 40 54 47
2008 40 55 47.5
2009 40 54 47
2010 42 54 48
2011 44 53 48.5
2012 43 57 50
2013 41 57 49
2014 44 58 51
Graphical representation
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2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Female % Male % Total


Literacy rate comparison between rural and urban areas:

 In Pakistan there is a big difference of literacy rate in rural areas.


 Despite a very low average literacy rate, however, there are exceptional
cases where the rate is very high; for example, in Lahore, Islamabad and
Karachi etc. In these cities areas, the literacy rate is almost 75%, far above
of those in tribal and other rural areas.
 A 56% literacy rate is very low; this means that almost half of the country is
not educated and can contribute very little to economic
development because the major contribution in that area is made
through education.
Province wise literacy rate of Pakistan
(2007-2015) by gender and provices:

Province Area 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015


Female
Male% Female% Male% Female% Male% Female% Male% Female% Male% %
Punjab 69 47 70 49 71 50 71 52 71 55
Rural 64 38 63 39 65 39 65 43 65 45
Urban 81 67 82 67 83 69 82 71 82 73
KPK 69 29 70 33 69 33 71 35 71 35
Rural 66 25 68 31 68 31 70 32 70 31
Urban 80 49 78 49 77 48 80 49 80 50
Baluchistan 52 19 48 18 52 18 59 25 61 25
Rural 47 13 40 12 41 12 42 13 43 13
Urban 74 41 73 38 76 38 81 42 82 43
Sindh 69 41 68 43 65 42 67 43 70 49
Rural 57 18 55 19 52 18 53 21 55 24
Urban 80 62 79 64 79 64 80 63 82 70
Literacy rate 2013-2015 By Province
and gender
2013-2015
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2013 2015 2013 2015 2013 2015 2013 2015
PUNJAB Baluchstan kpk Sindh
Male FeMALE
Literacy rate by Provinces 2007-2017

Year Punjab (%) KPK (%) Baluchistan (%) Sindh (%)

2007 58 49 36 55

2009 60 51 56 33

2011 61 52 35 54

2013 61 52 43 56

2015 63 53 44 60
Province wise chart
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2007 2009 2011 2013 2015

Punjab KPK Baluchistan sindh


Chart Title
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2007 Male 2007 Female 2009 Male 2009 Female 2011 Male 2011 Female 2013 Male 2013 Female 2015 Male 2015 Female
By 2017 census report:

 Pakistan’s overall literacy rate remains static at 58 percent with literacy


rate of males 70 percent and 48 percent of females,
 According to the Pakistan Economic Survey 2017-2018, the literacy rate for
entire Pakistan, includes ten years old and above is 58 percent. The
national net enrollment for primary level for overall Pakistan stood at 54
percent while Punjab leading the rest with 59%, followed by Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa with 53%, Sindh by 48% and Baluchistan 33%.
Reasons of low literacy in Pakistan

 Figures show that Pakistan has very low literacy rate that’s not good for the
developing countries.
 There are many reasons for low literacy. Poverty is the biggest
disadvantage and the largest resistance in the development of a country.
Over half of Pakistanis live below the poverty line. In Pakistan many
children work and support their families. Now in such conditions, the role
and support of the government becomes unavoidable.
 There are some other reasons like Poor Education system, Wadera system,
Low budget for Education, lack of school in rural areas.