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VISUS-MULTIHAZARD
Implementation Partner Agreement
Contract N°: 4500267919

TRAINING FOR
VISUS-SURVEYORS

Prof. ing. Stefano Grimaz

University of Udine (Italy)


Director of Safety and Protecton
Intersectoral Laboratory
Department of Chemistry
Physics and Environment
© prof. ing. Stefano Grimaz – Director of SPRINT-Lab – Department of Chemistry Physics and Environment - University of Udine (I) 1
VISUS Multi-hazard Training AGENDA
5/10 MON 6/10 TUES 7/10 WED 8/10 THURS 9/10 FRID 10/10 SAT
Days
day1 day2 day3 day4 day5 day6
where VIENTIANE Where ? Where ? Where ? Where ?
time New Rose hotel Pagsan in Bolikhan district Pagsan in Bolikhan district Vienthong and Khamkert Vienthong and Khamkert
7.00 Travel BACK TO VTE

8.00 OPENING TRAVEL to Pagsan Preparation P1


TRANINING COURSE in Bolikhan district refresh on the VISUS
8.30 survey form and data entry
9.00 Module T1 (1:30 h) 7:00 -Departure form of data collected
No training (district 1 – facilitators 1-3)
Introduction to Vientiane
activities (district 2 – facilitators 2-4) Practice S3
CSS Multihazard assessment 10:00 - Arrival at Pagsan in
9.30 Bolikhan districts Parallel surveys
10.00 on site 5 schools in total
Break 30 min Preparation P0
Meeting of
10.30 facilitators/observers
Module T2 (2 h) Module T5 (2h)
11.00 Introduction to VISUS The VISUS Survey for preparing
11.30 Methodology and to VISUS (how organize the survey surveys of Days 4 and 5
survey tools and how to fill the forms) 1.Stefano, 2.Jair Practice S2
12.00 LUNCH:
3.Sengathit, 4.Krishna Parallel surveys
12.30 LUNCH : from 12:00 to 12:45pm
5.STC on site 4 schools in total
from 12:30 to 13:15 (45 min)
LUNCH: (4 groups in 2 districts)
12.45 (45 min)
from 12:30 to 13.30 (1 hour) DEPARTURE DAY
13.15 Practice S1
(all together–on field) TRAVEL back to Paksan
13.30 Module T3 (2h) in Hadyeun Primary School (around 2-3 h drive)
14.00 General information to collect School ID: 0011 1104 006
for VISUS assessment Latitude: N 18° 39'25" Travel to Vienthong
14.30
Longitude: E 103° 35'17" and Khamkert
15.00 Break 30 min Altitude: 157,02m Data entry D1 Data entry D2
15.30 Bolikhan district Data entry and upload of Data entry and upload of
14:00 Departure
16.00 Module T4 (2 h) Module T6 17:00 Arrival data collected during Day 4 data collected during Day 5
16.30 Overview on the VISUS-obs Data entry of collected data Comments and
for the different hazards Final comment per group
17.00 clarifications
Wrap up/comments (challenged/suggestion)
(with facilitators)
17.30 GENERAL CLOSURE
Closure of the Day 1 Closure of the Day 2 Closure of the Day 4
OF THE TRAINING COURSE
After Night in Khamkerd and Night in Khamkerd and
Night in VTE Night in Paksan Night in Paksan
17.30 Viengthong Viengthong
VISUS-MULTIHAZARD
TRAINING FOR SURVEYORS

SESSION T1
VISUS for Comprehensive School Safety
VISUS-MULTIHAZARD
TRAINING FOR SURVEYORS

SESSION T1.1
VISUS in the CSS framework
 CSS FRAMEWORK THE ROLE OF VISUS

THE THREE PILLARS OF THE


COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY

PILLAR 1

EXISTING
SCHOOLS

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS in the CSS framework 1.1
 CSS SAFETY GOALS THREE MAIN GOALS

R#1

R#2

SAFETY GOALS
R#3 LIFE SAFETY (CHILDREN)
CONTINUITY (EDUCATION ACTIVITIES)
LOSS PREVENTION (SAFEGUARD OF INVESTMENTS)

R#4

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS in the CSS framework 1.2
 FOCUS ON PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT PILLAR 1

The components of the physical environment

Pillar 1
PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT

Site
Buildings
Facilities
Courtyards

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS in the CSS framework 1.3
 LIFE SAFETY PRACTICAL MEANING

A SIMPLE CONCEPTUAL MODEL

ADVERSE LIFE SAFETY


EFFECTS

ADVERSE EVENT
(HAZARD/THREAT) “OK”

NO VICTIMS AND NO INJURIES


as consequence of the adverse
effects produced by an hazard/threat

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS in the CSS framework 1.4
 UNSAFE CONDITIONS CASES

WHEN COULD THE SITUATION BE “NOT OK”?


DIRECT EFFECTS
outside/inside

INDIRECT EFFECTS
Something collapses or falls
on people from above
The adverse effects
impact directly on people Something collapses, falls,

Someting collapses,
overturns on people from

on people laterally
falls or overturns
above or laterally

inside outside

The support falls or collapses under the feet

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS in the CSS framework 1.5
 MAIN FOCUS OF PILLARS AN «IT» INTERPRETATION

THE THREE PILLARS OF THE COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY

hardware
PHYSICAL
SCHOOL
SAFETY
ENVIRONMENT
1
Learning
No deaths and injuries
Continuity
facilities Loss prevention

software ability
2
Disaster
3
Risk reduction
Planning management Resilience education
Knowledge
Response Awareness
Continuity Prevention

ORGANIZATION CULTURE/ATTITUDE

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS in the CSS framework 1.6
QUESTIONS?

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS in the CSS framework 1.7
VISUS-MULTIHAZARD
TRAINING FOR SURVEYORS

SESSION T1.2
Safety assessment:
a multidimensional problem
 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS LEARN FROM THE EXPERIENCE

R#31 R#32

What to evaluate? Main issues?


SEISMIC SAFETY
Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Safety assessment: a multidimensional problem 2.1
 THE STRUCTURAL RESPONSE LEARN FROM THE EXPERIENCE

L’Aquila (Central Italy) 06/04/2009 03.32, Mw=6.3

R#33

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Safety assessment: a multidimensional problem 2.2
 THE STRUCTURAL RESPONSE LEARN FROM THE EXPERIENCE

L’Aquila (Central Italy) 06/04/2009 03.32, Mw=6.3

R#33

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Safety assessment: a multidimensional problem 2.3
 THE NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS LEARN FROM THE EXPERIENCE

L’Aquila (Central Italy) 06/04/2009 03.32, Mw=6.3

Post office

R#33

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Safety assessment: a multidimensional problem 2.4
 THE FUNCTIONALITY (ESCAPE ROUTE) LEARN FROM THE EXPERIENCE

L’Aquila (Central Italy) 06/04/2009 03.32, Mw=6.3

R#33

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Safety assessment: a multidimensional problem 2.5
 LOCATION LEARN FROM THE EXPERIENCE

R#34

R#34

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Safety assessment: a multidimensional problem 2.6
 FORM EXPERIENCE FINAL CONSIDERATIONS

Life Safety assessment requires to


consider every situation that can cause
injuries or deaths as a consequence of an
adverse event (earthquake).
SAFETY ISSUES

LOCATION/SITE Site effects, soil amplification, landslides, …

GLOBAL Response of structure (global behaviour)


STRUCTURE
LOCAL Response of structural elements (local response)

NON-STRUCTURAL ELEM. Response of non-structural elements

FUNCTIONAL Emergency systems, escape ways (internal and external)

SAFETY ASSESSMENT IS A MULTIDIMENSIONAL PROBLEM


A SINGLE NUMBER OR INDICATOR IS NOT SUFFICIENT FOR AN EXHAUSTIVE SAFETY-CHARACTERIZATION

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Safety assessment: a multidimensional problem 2.7
QUESTIONS?

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz- SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Safety assessment: a multidimensional problem 2.8
VISUS-MULTIHAZARD
TRAINING FOR SURVEYORS

SESSION T1.3
VISUS indicators
 JUDGE THE PERFORMANCES THE ANALOGY

CLASS SCHOOL COMPLEX

TEACHER INSPECTOR

CRITERIA CRITERIA
STUDENT SCHOOL BUILDING

REPORT REPORT
SCHOOL SUBJECTS

SAFETY ISSUES
LOCATION/SITE
FOR EACH STUDENT GLOBAL
FOR EACH BUILIDNG
STRUCTURE
LOCAL

NON-STRUCTURAL ELEM.

FUNCTIONAL

FINAL GLOBAL JUDGEMENT FINAL GLOBAL JUDGEMENT

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS indicators 3.1
 SAFETY MULTIDIMENSIONAL PROBLEM

WHAT TO ANALYSE GLOBAL


PERFORMANCE

SAFETY ISSUES
SITE STRUCTURAL NON-STRUCTURAL OPERATIONAL
RESPONSE ELEMENTS ASPECTS
site effects, response of structural response of non-structural Emergency systems,
soil amplification, elements elements escape ways
landslides,
(internal and external)
natural threats GLOBAL LOCAL Weakness
collapses, falling,
Site suitability Structural Local critical overturning, Escape difficulites
performance effects dangerorus releases

1
2
Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS indicators 3.2
 PERFORMANCE VISUS ROBUSTNESS LABELS

1 STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE CLASSIFICATION


PERFORMACE CRITERION

poor data good data


rude statistical correlations good statistical correlations
observations fragility curves
experience simplified models
evalutation
EB - evaluation QS - evaluation
expert-based judgement quantitative simplified
NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES

NEGLIGIBLE  Pi≥0.8
EXPECTED

MODERATE  0.4≤Pi<0.8

HEAVY  Pi<0.4

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS indicators 3.3
 CONCERNS AND INTERVENTION NEEDS VISUS ROSE OF WARNINGS

2 UNDERSTAND THE PROBLEMS FOR DEFINING THE RIGHT SOLUTIONS


ROSE OF INTERVENTION NEEDS (WARNING NEEDLES)

Level 0
No retrofitting is needed
Absence of elements of concern

FUNCTIONAL Level 1
Retrofitting is needed to avoid
difficult situations for people
safety
Level 2
Retrofitting is needed to avoid
heavy consequences for people
safety

PRELIMINARY ESTIMATION OF THE COST OF INTERVENTION

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS indicators 3.4
 GLOBAL JUDGEMENT VISUS PERFORMACE STARS

3 GLOBAL SAFE-INDICATOR (PERFORMANCE BASED)

GLOBAL JUDGEMENT ON
SCHOOL FACILITIES SAFETY
Criteria for the progressive assignment
of the safety stars (scenario-dependent)
Unsuitable site
(Level 2 of concern for site)
Suitable site
(absence of Level 2 of concern for site)
Stability of the building
(absence of Level 2 of concern for structural global)

Life safeguard
(absence of Level 2 of concern for all issues)

Rapid resume of operations


(absence of Level 1 of concern for structural global and local)
Immediately operational
(absence of Level 1 of concern for all issues)

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS indicators 3.5
QUESTIONS?

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS indicators 3.6
TECHNICAL ANNEX

STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE
EVALUTATION METHODS

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS indicators A
 PERFORMANCE METHODS OF QUANTIFICATION

QS - evaluation

Structural computation TIME CONSUMING


INPUT DATA

Fragility curves

observed
damage
AVAILABILITY OF
DATA BASE
REPRESENTATIVITY
typologies OF TYPOLOGIES

Damage of reference
i.e. 10% of collapse MS-T1  0,22g
Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS indicators A.1
 PERFORMANCE METHODS OF ESTIMATION

database
(systematic data collection)

corrispondence AVAILABILITY OF
DATA BASE

REPRESENTATIVITY
Pseudo statistical OF TYPOLOGIES

b - procedure

observations
experience
empirical expert estimation
Empirical AVAILABILITY
Characteristic 3-points OF LOCAL
LC TC UC
EXPERTS
TRIPOINT LOWER value TIPICAL value UPPER value
EXPERTS REFERENCES

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) VISUS indicators A.2
VISUS-MULTIHAZARD
TRAINING FOR SURVEYORS

SESSION T1.4
Why multi-hazard assessment?
 HAZARD AND SAFETY HAZARD OR HAZARDS?

HAZARD

R#5
EARTHQUAKES

WINDSTORMS

FLOODS
R#1

R#4

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Why multi-hazard assessment? 4.1
 SAFETY CONDITIONS MULTIHAZARD APPROACH

REQUIRES

MULTI-HAZARD ASSESSMENT

…..

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Why multi-hazard assessment? 4.2
 SCHOOL DAMAGE (UNSAFE) EXAMPLES

EARTHQUAKES WINDSTORMS

R#5 R#7

R#6 R#2

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Why multi-hazard assessment? 4.3
 SCHOOL DAMAGE (UNSAFE) EXAMPLES

FLOOD
OTHERS

TSUNAMI

R#9

R#4

LANDSLIDES

R#10

R#8 R#11 FIRE

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Why multi-hazard assessment? 4.4
 HANDOUTS REMARKS

SESSIONS T1.1-T1.4: REMARKS


LIFE SAFETY IS A FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENT OF THE CSS SCHOOL
SAFETY GOALS
UNSAFE SITUATIONS COULD BE STRICTLY RELATED TO THE
CHARACTERISTICS/CONDITIONS OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
(INFRASTRUCTURES COMPONENTS)
SAFETY IS NOT ONLY RELATED TO THE STRUCTURAL RESPONSE
SCHOOL SAFETY IS A MULTIDIMENSIONAL CONCEPT

SAFETY EVALUATION REQUIRES A HOLISTIC APPROACH

COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY EVALUATION REQUIRES A MULTI-


HAZARD APPROACH
SAFETY EVALUATION REQUIRES A PERFORMANCE-BASED EVALUATION
(FOR INSTANCE, LIFE SAFETY)

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Why multi-hazard assessment? 4.5
QUESTIONS?

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Why multi-hazard assessment? 4.6
VISUS-MULTIHAZARD
TRAINING FOR SURVEYORS

SESSION T1.5
New vs existing schools
 THE PROBLEM DISCUSSION

SCHOOL SAFETY

VS

NEW CONSTRUCTION EXISTING

HOW CAN WE FACE THE TWO CASES?


SIMILARITIES/DIFFERENCES?

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.1
 SAFE LEARNING FACILITIES THE RIGHT DESIGN

NEW CONSTRUCTION

1
Learning
facilities

2
Disaster
3
Risk reduction
management Resilience
education
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURES

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.2
 NEW BUILDINGS THE RIGHT DESIGN

CONSTRUCTION OF NEW SCHOOL FACILITIES

DEMOGRAPHIC INCREASE

MOTIVATIONS
ICREASE IN ATTENDANCE

UNSAFE EXISTING SCHOOLS


POST-DISASTER RECONSTRUCTION
INVOLVED SUBJECTS

EDUCATION AUTHORITIES
ARCHITECTS ENGINEERS

BUILDERS
SCHOOL COMMUNITY MEMBERS

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.3
 KEY POINTS NEW BUILDINGS

SAFE SITE minimize hazards and threats


SELECTION access to school free from physical risks

adopt standards, codes, guidelines
impacting hazards
utilization as temporary community shelter?
DESIGN access and safety for people with disabilities
water and sanitation facilities
climate-smart intervention

control used materials and work execution
CONSTRUCTION superintend the construction

MAINTENANCE plan continuous monitoring


Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.4
 WIND HAZARD (EXPERIENCE) IMPACTS SCENARIOS (IS)

IS

IS

R#1

IS

R#12

R#3

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.5
 WIND SAFETY CODES AND GUIDELINES

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.6
 EARTHQUAKE HAZARD (EXPERIENCE) IMPACT SCENARIOS (IS)

IS
IS

R#17
R#18
IS
IS

R#19 R#20

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.8
 SEISMIC SAFETY CODES AND GUIDELINES

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.9
 FLOOD HAZARD (EXPERIENCE) IMPACT SCENARIOS (IS)

IS
IS

R#25
R#26

IS IS

R#4 R#8

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.11
 FLOOD SAFETY CODES AND GUIDELINES

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.12
 INTERDEPENDANCE BETWEEN PILLARS PILLAR 1 AND PILLARS 2&3

THE POORER THE RESPONSE OF INFRASTRUCTURES (PILLAR 1),


THE MORE DIFFICULT (AND SOME TIME IMPOSSIBLE) THE
MANAGEMENT BECOMES (PILLAR 2)
R#1
AND THIS CONSEQUENTLY LOWERS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF
PREPAREDNESS (PILLAR 3)

R#3

R#17 R#21 R#15

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.14
 MULTI-HAZARD SAFETY DESING FEMA P-424

PERFORMANCE-BASED APPROACH

PF The term “PERFORMANCE,” as it relates to exposure to


natural hazards, usually refers to a building’s condition after
a disaster, i.e., it signifies a level of damage expected or a
load that can be resisted. Building performance is an
indicator of how well a structure supports the defined needs
of its users. (FEMA P-424)

Collapse prevention

Life safety

Immediate occupancy

Operational
(Uninterrupted functionality)

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.15
 BUILD THE SAFETY PERFORMACE-BASED DESIGN

PERFORMACE-BASED DESIGN AND BUILDING CODES


building codes, based on the performance based approach, define the minimum
design requirements to ensure the safety of occupants, or other levels of
performance (i.e. prevention of collapse, uninterruption of functionality, etc.)
during specific design events (dE).

DESIGN PROCESS AIMS TO


OBTAIN A BUILDING WITH
dE PREDEFINED PERFORMANCES PF
FOR SPECIFIC DESIGN EVENTS

IMPACT
PERFORMANCE PF IS SCENARIO

PERFORMANCE AND IMPACT (FEMA P-424)


The performance-based design process begins with establishing the acceptable
risk and appropriate performance levels for the building and its systems.
Acceptable risk is the maximum level of damage to the building that can be
tolerated from a realistic risk event scenario or probability.

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.16
 SAFE LEARNING FACILITIES EXIXTING SCHOOLS

EXISTING SCHOOLS

1
Learning
facilities

2
Disaster
3
Risk reduction
management Resilience
education

PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURES

USE OF THE GUIDELINES ?

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.17
 AN IMPORTANT OBSERVATION DESIGN vs ASSESSMENT

TWO DIFFERENT PROBLEMS


NEW EXISTING
SINGLE BUILDING LARGE NUMBER OF BUILDINGS

ASSESSMENT
SEISMIC CODE
≠ PRIORITIZE
INTERVENTION

“PRO-ACTIVE CONTROL” OF RISK RISK REDUCTION

CAN WE TRANSFER THE APPROACH “TOUT COURT”?


?
NO! WE NEED CRITERIA AND METHODS
FOR ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCES
Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.18
 DESIGN & ASSESSMENT TWO SIDES OF A MEDAL

PERFORMANCE-BASED PERFORMANCE-BASED
DESIGN ASSESSMENT

vs

PERFORMANCE-BASED DESIGN

DESIGN PROCESS AIMS TO IS


OBTAIN A BUILDING WITH
dE PREDEFINED PERFORMANCES PF
FOR SPECIFIC DESIGN EVENTS

VISUAL PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT

VISUAL ASSESSMENT AIMS TO


PF FORMULATE A PRAGMATIC EVALUTION
OF THE PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS rE
IS AS RESPONSE OF SPECIFIC
EVENT OF REFERENCE

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.19
 HANDOUTS REMARKS

SESSION T1.5 – REMARKS

THE COMPLIANCE WITH GUIDELINES ENABLES THE AVOIDANCE OF


CRITICAL CONDITIONS IN CASE OF HAZARD
SPECIFIC GUIDELINES COULD BE CONTRADDICTORY WITH RESPECT
TO DIFFERENT HAZARD
SUBSTANTIAL DIFFERENCES EXIST IN THE MANAGEMENT OF
SAFETY BETWEEN NEW AND EXISTING SCHOOL FACILITIES
THE SAFETY OF NEW SCHOOLS IS MANAGED THROUGH
CODES/GUIDELINES. THE SAFETY OF EXISTING SCHOOLS REQUIRES
SPECIFIC ASSESSMENTS
SAFETY EVALUATION REQUIRES A PERFORMANCE-BASED EVALUATION
(FOR INSTANCE, LIFE SAFETY)

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING SAFETY: NEW AND EXISITING SCHOOLS T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) New vs existing schools 5.20
QUESTIONS?

Implementation Partner Agreement VISUS MULTIHAZARD TRAINING VISUS FOR COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL SAFETY T1
Contract N°: 4500267919 Prof. Stefano Grimaz - SPRINT-Lab University of Udine (Italy) Why multi-hazard assessment? 5.21