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CONCRETE

Matala, Shanaya Jamille P.


Concrete

 Concrete is a mixture of portland cement or


any other hydraulic cement, fine aggregate,
coarse aggregate, and water, with or without
admixtures.
Concrete Popularity as a Universal
Building Construction Material

 Concrete is the second most consumed


substance in the world after water.

 All over the world, approximately for 80% of


the construction concrete is required.

 The cement and water form a paste that


hardens and bonds the aggregates together.
 Concrete is often looked upon as “man made
rock”

 Concrete has strength, durability, and


economy.
3 Factors in Classification for Types of
Concrete

 Type of material used in its making.

 Nature of stress conditions.

 And it’s density.


Different Types of Concrete
 1. Plain or Ordinary Concrete.
 2. Lightweight Concrete.
 3. High-Density Concrete.
 4. Reinforced Concrete.
 5. Precast Concrete.
 6. Prestressed Concrete.
 7. Air Entrained Concrete.
 8. Glass Concrete.
 9. Rapid hardening.
 10. Asphalt.
 11. Lime.
 12. Roller compacted.
 13. Stamped.
 14. Pumped.
 15. Vacuum.
 16. Permeable.
 17. Shotcrete.
 18. Ready-mix.
 19. Self-Consolidated.
Plain or Ordinary Concrete

It is one of the most


commonly used types. In
this type of concrete, the
essential constituents
are cement , sand
and coarse aggregates
designed and mixed with a
specified quantity of water.
Lightweight Concrete

 Any types of concrete


having a density less
than 1920
Kg/meter.cube is
classed as lightweight
concrete.
Reinforced Concrete

In this concrete type


steel in various forms is
used as reinforcement
to give very high tensile
strength.
Prestressed Concrete

It is a special type of
reinforced concrete in
which the reinforcement
bars are tensioned before
being embedded in the
concrete.
Glass Concrete

When the recycled glass is


used as an aggregate in the
concrete

They provide better thermal


insulation and also have a
great appealing look as
compared to other types.
Rapid Hardening Concrete

This type of concrete is


mostly used in under
water construction and
in repairing of roads.
Asphalt Concrete

Asphalt concrete is a
combination of
aggregates and asphalt.