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CHE 185 – PROCESS

CONTROL AND
DYNAMICS

WORKSHOP 3
P-Only Control of Jacketed
Reactor Temperature
• OBJECTIVE
• TO DESIGN AND TEST A P-ONLY
CONTROLLER FOR TRACKING
CHANGES IN SET POINT AND
REJECTING DISTURBANCES. ALSO,
TO EXPLORE HOW CONTROLLER
GAIN IMPACTS P-ONLY
PERFORMANCE.
P&ID FOR WORKSHOP

P&ID FOR WORKSHOP

P-Only temperature control
• REACTOR EXIT TEMPERATURE (THE
MEASURED PROCESS VARIABLE) OF
91°C
• PVSETPOINT =
• IN MANUAL MODE, MOVE THE
CONTROLLER OUTPUT SIGNAL UNTIL
THE MEASURED VARIABLE READS 91°C
• COBIAS =
P-Only temperature control
• COMPUTE AND RECORD THE FOPDT
PROCESS MODEL PARAMETERS:

• PROCESS GAIN, Kp =
• TIME CONSTANT, Τp =
• DEAD TIME, Θp =
P-Only temperature control
• THE ITAE (INTEGRAL TIME WEIGHTED
ABSOLUTE ERROR) DESIGN CORRELATION FOR
SET POINT TRACKING
P-Only temperature control
• CHANGING YOUR CONTROLLER GAIN TO
SEARCH FOR A PERFORMANCE THAT
BALANCES OFFSET AGAINST OSCILLATORY
BEHAVIOR. CALL THIS YOUR "BEST“ KC:

• “BEST” KC =
TYPICAL RESULTS
• THE SET POINT SHOULD BE AT THE DESIGN
LEVEL OF THE MEASURED PROCESS VARIABLE:
• PVSETPOINT = 91 oC
• A P-ONLY CONTROLLER DESIGN REQUIRES
THE CONTROLLER BIAS. :
• UBIAS = 45%
• FOPDT PROCESS MODEL PARAMETERS:
• PROCESS GAIN, KP = - 0.33 OC/%
• TIME CONST, P = 2.1 MIN
• DEAD TIME, P = 0.5 MIN
TYPICAL RESULTS
TYPICAL RESULTS
TYPICAL RESULTS
TYPICAL RESULTS
• ITAE FOR SET POINT TRACKING TUNING
RELATION:

• KC = - 3.52 %/OC
TYPICAL RESULTS
• USE
CALCULATED
PARAMETERS
TO ACTIVATE
AUTOMATIC
CONTROL.
ENTER SET
POINT, BIAS
AND
CONTROLLER
GAIN:
TYPICAL RESULTS
TYPICAL RESULTS
STEP THE SET POINT FROM 91 TO 95 TO 99 TO 103 oC
TYPICAL RESULTS