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Dog Diseases

Brianna Andrews and Madison Robertson

Infectious Disease
Caused by pathogenic microorganisms.
Canine Distemper

Caused by inhalation of airborne virus

● Symptoms:

Early Vomiting


Later Tremor
Canine Parvovirus Infection

Caused by viral contact of materials contaminated with feces from infected

dogs (affects mostly young pups)

● Symptoms:


Bloody diarrhea

Refusal to eat
Kennel Cough

Respiratory disease contracted in confinement

Contracted in confinement

● Pet shops
● Dog shows
● Kennels

Symptom: cough
“Furious “ rabies

Rabies Act strange when wander off

Viral disease Attack and bite anything

Attacks the central nervous system Frothing at the mouth

All warm-blooded animals can transmit “Dumb” rabies

No wandering but paralysis of lower jaw
Followed by paralysis of body and death
Occur 2 weeks to 3 months after bite

Severe can be within 10 days

Canine Brucellosis

Bacterial disease spread through breeding

Causes abortion in females

Failure to whelp

Enlargement of the lymph nodes

Swelling of the scrotum and testicles


Bacterial disease

Ingestion of food contaminated by feces

Noninfectious Dog Diseases
Heart Disease

Two types

● Congenital (birth)
● Contracted

Most common symptoms:

● Coughing at night during sleep and during exercise

● Inability to exercise
● Open mouth breathing at rest

Causes cloudy, white opacity of the len

Can be hereditary or not

Can cause blindness

Found mostly in older dogs


Degenerative joint disease that causes:

● Pain
● Lameness
● Stiffness

Large, old, obese dogs are more prone

Fungal Diseases

Most common fungal diseases


● Begin as broken hairs around the face ears, or feet

● Reddened skin or scary skin develops
● Crusting and scaling in severe cases

Inhaling infected spores of soil enriched with bird or bat droppings


● Coughing
● Rapid breathing
● Pneumonia
● fever
Internal Parasites
Ascarids or roundworm
May grow 8” in length when mature

Affect mainly puppies

Deprive them from nutrients

Severe infestation will cause a puppy to have a pot- bellied appearance

Transmitted by female dogs to puppies

Danger to children
Blood-sucking parasites that attach to the small intestine causing small
spots of bleeding

Adult 1” long worms attach to the small intestine where they digest a plug
of tissue

Heavy infestations can cause the animal to:

● Appear weak
● Listless
● Anemic

Affect older dogs and puppies


Blood at one end, narrow at the other

The narrow end attach to the cecum and lower digestive tract

2 ½ “ long adults produce “shell” protected eggs that may live in the soil for

Produce watery feces- may result in dehydration and death if untreated


Largest worms that affect dogs, usually reaching 1 foot or more in length

Flat and segmented worms- live in the small intestine

Shed terminal segments in feces

Not harmful to dogs- can cause serious injuries in humans

Thin worms that grow to a length of 14”,
life in major artery carrying blood from
Transmitted by mosquitoes
heart to lungs
Prevention is better that treatment
Serious threat to dogs causing major
injury to vital organs For treatment to be successful, it
Symptoms: must begin in early stages

● Frequent coughing
● Labored breathing
● Fainting in severe cases