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REPUBLIC ACT NO.

9231
AND THE ROLE OF DOLE
Cashier 14 years old
What is a child?
 A person under eighteen (18)

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years of age
 One who is 18 or above but
unable to fully take care or
protect oneself due to a
physical or mental disability
or condition
What is the minimum employable age?

15

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years old
When is a child below 15 employable?

The child works Work permit is obtained from DOLE


directly under the
sole responsibility
of his/her parents
or legal guardian Work done by the child complies with the
hours of work provided by law

The child’s Employer shall provide working child with


employment or access to primary and secondary education
participation in
public
entertainment or No employer shall make a child work
information is during school hours or hinder access to
essential education during school days
Hours of Work

Child is 15 or older but below 18


maximum of 8 hours a day, 40 hours a week
should not work from 10 pm to 6 am

Child is below 15
maximum of 4 hours a day, 20 hours a week
should not work from 8 pm to 6 am
III. PROHIBITED EMPLOYMENT OF
CHILDREN
What forms of employment of children
are prohibited?

Child labor

Prohibited advertisements

Worst forms of child labor


Child Labor
 any work or economic activity

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 performed by a child
 that subjects him or her to any
form of exploitation
 or is harmful to his or her
health and safety or physical,
mental or psychological
development.
(IRR, Section 3[b])
Prohibited Advertisements
No child shall be employed as a model in any advertisement
directly or indirectly promoting:
 alcoholic beverages or
intoxicating drinks
 tobacco and its
byproducts

 gambling
 any form of violence or
pornography
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Worst Forms of Child Labor
 Slavery or practices similar to

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slavery
 Prostitution or pornography
 Illegal or illicit activities
 Work which is hazardous or
likely to be harmful to the

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health, safety or morals of
children
Hazardous or Likely to be Harmful
 Degrades the dignity of a child as a human being;
 Exposes child to physical, emotional or sexual abuse, or is
found to be highly stressful psychologically or may prejudice
morals;
 Performed underground, underwater or at dangerous
heights;
 Involves use of dangerous machinery, equipment and tools;
 Exposes the child to physical danger, such as dangerous feats
of balancing, physical strength or contortion, or requires the
manual transport of heavy loads;
Hazardous or Likely to be Harmful
 Performed in an unhealthy

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environment exposing the child to
hazardous working conditions,
elements, substances, etc.;
 Performed under particularly
difficult conditions;
 Exposes the child to biological
agents; or
 Involves the manufacture or
handling of explosives and other
pyrotechnic products.
SPECIFIC PROVISIONS ON THE WORKING CHILD’S
INCOME
Ownership Usage Administration

The wages, Primarily for his/her Child’s parents or


salaries, earnings support, education guardian shall:
and other income or skills acquisition - administer the
of the child belong child’s income
to him/her in Secondarily, for the - set up Trust Fund
ownership collective needs of
or Savings Account
the family but
should not exceed - render semi-annual
20% of the child’s accounting of the
income Trust Fund to the
DOLE
DOLE’s Administrative
Sanction
Closure of Firms or Establishments
Types of Closure
Close now hear later process
1) IMMEDIATE &
PERMANENT
2) IMMEDIATE &
TEMPORARY
3) after due NOTICE
& HEARING
Immediate and Permanent Closure

GROUNDS
 Violation has resulted in the death, insanity or
serious physical injury of an employed child;
OR
 The establishment is engaged or employed in
prostitution or in obscene or lewd shows.
Immediate and Temporary Closure
Imminent danger to the life
and limb of the child in
accordance with the
occupational safety and
health standards.

Imminent danger – Condition


or practice that could
reasonably be expected to
cause death or serious
physical harm
Closure with Prior Notice & Hearing
Requisites:
1) Violation of other provisions of R.A. No. 9231
2) Closure is ordered on the 4th violation

Grounds:
1) Employment of Children below 15 years old
not otherwise allowed by law
2) Violation of hours of work of a child
3) Participation of a child in prohibited
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