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PRESENTATION FOR SYNOPSIS ON

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF WIND ANALYSIS OF


DIFFERENT PLAN CONFIGURATION BUILDING
USING E-TABS

Presented by-
Siddhant Singhal
INTRODUCTION TO
THE TOPIC
Due to rapidly growing urbanization the land become very scarcer, to that
alternate is using vertical occupancy i.e. High-rise and Tall buildings.

Tall buildings are mainly differ with normal building is its lateral load which
is mainly differentiate them

Lateral displacement will cause more discomfort to the occupant and that
is the main concerning problem in tall structures

“Wind” is term used for air in motion and is usually applied to the natural
horizontal motion of the atmosphere. Motion in a vertical or nearly vertical
direction is called a “current”.

Flow of wind is not steady and fluctuates in a random fashion. So wind


loads imposed on buildings are studied statistically.
It becomes necessary to review the computing techniques that are
currently in use for the determination of along and across wind load.
CHARACTERISTICS OF WIND

Variation of wind velocity with height


Wind turbulence
Statistical probability
Vortex shedding phenomenon
Dynamic nature of wind-structure interaction
LITERATURE REVIEW
1. ABHAY GULERIA

The analysis of the multi-storeyed building reflected that the storey overturning
moment varies inversely with storey height. Moreover, L-shape, I-shape type buildings give
almost similar response against the overturning moment. Storey drift displacement
increased with storey height up to 6th storey reaching to maximum value and then started
decreasing.

2. ARVIND Y. VYAVAHARE
In the present study network has been trained for single as well as double hidden
layer. Curves for ANN predicted values for double hidden layer match reasonably well as
compared to the values for single hidden layer which indicates that more number of
hidden layers results in the better training results
3. S.M. AUTA

The study of wind estimation per NSCP and SNiP has been presented

as regard the static behaviour of the building. Even though the NSCP I seems to be
more conservative than SNiP in simplicity and application, it can cause over design of
a structure and hence can be uneconomical if the factors, such as criteria for wind
pulsation, are not fully defined especially for tall buildings

4 . Abdur Rahman

In our country, the numbers of high rise building is increasing here day by
day due to increasing population. Drift is a common phenomenon for high rise and
this may hamper the integrity of the structure and cause serious loss of life and
properties in case of a major earthquake. So every high rise structure should
consider the effect of drift. Then the loss of life and property will be attenuated
5. M.M. ISLAM

Among the different measures, most sustainable approach of reduction of drift


is increasing the moment of inertia i.e. depth of beams is the most effective. Shear walls
provide Mignificant resistance to lateral deflection of tall buildings. Introducing the
outriggers is also a very effective method to reduce the drift. The modification in moment
of inertia of columns and increasing slab thickness has a very small effect on the
reduction of drift..

6. Ravindra N. Shelke
Three types of irregularities namely mass irregularity, stiffness irregularity
and vertical geometry irregularity were considered .All three kinds of irregular RC
building frames had plan symmetry. Response spectrum analysis (RSA) was conducted
for each type of irregularity and the storey shear forces obtained were compared with
that of a regular structure.
7. PRASHANTH.P

From the design results of beams, we may conclude that ETABS gave
lesser area of required steel as compared to STAAD PRO. It is found out from
previous studies on comparison of STAAD results with manual calculations that
STAADPro gives conservative design results Form the design results of column.

8. B.Patidar
It is observed that the across wind moment coefficient and force coefficient
for the square shape are larger compared to other shapes. To understand the excess
magnitude of fluctuating local wind force coefficient in across wind direction, a
parameter EP is calculated.
9. K. M. LAM

This paper reports wind tunnel measurement data of dynamic wind loads on a
number of H-shaped tall buildings with a high-frequency force balance. At most wind angles,
presence of the cavities is found to cause little modifications to the variation of mean and
fluctuating overturning moment coefficients with wind angles. For normal wind incidence on
the building face with a cavity, fluctuations in the across-wind moment on an H-shaped
building are found to have reduced magnitudes than the square building.

10. Ravikumar C M
The equivalent static method doesn’t consider the ir-regular effects in the building
and since it depends only on empirical formula the results obtained will be abnormal in
comparison to response spectrum method. The eccentricity between centre of mass and
centre of rigidity varies even though in the absence of dual systems i.e. shear walls.
11. J.G. ZHAO

They show that strong channeling of wind flow through the building
gaps occurs as a result of the close proximity of buildings. This leads to highly
negative pressures on building walls facing a gap. For the upwind edge building
in the row, this much higher suction on its leeward wall leads to increase in wind
load components acting along direction of the row.

12. Potnuru Avinash

o From the results and graphs it is inferred that the lateral displacement for all load
combinations is increasing with the increase in asymmetry of plan.
o It was also inferred that Base shear and Torsion remains unchanged irrespective
to the plans.
o From the results it was interpreted that the Overturning moment is less for
Rectangular shape and very high for L Shape plans.
BASE PAPER
Comparative Study of Different Plan Configuration
Buildings using Wind Analysis.
- POTNURU AVINASH, SHAIK YAJDANI

After applying wind load the lateral displacements are going to


increase according to its asymmetry. It was decreased by providing
shear wall.
 Story displacement is drastically increasing from fourth to tenth story.
 Percentage difference in torsion and base shear for all models are very
less.
 Moment in columns are going to change drastically. Maximum bending
moment in beams is doubled for L-shape compare with rectangle plan
configuration.
 1.5(DL±WLX), 1.5(DL±WLY) load combinations creating maximum effect
on all structural parameters.
 Over turning moment is very high for L-shape compare with the
remaining configurations.
VIEWS OF THE AUTHOR -
 After applying wind load the lateral displacements are going to
increase according to its asymmetry. It was decreased by
providing shear wall.
 Story displacement is drastically increasing from fourth to tenth
story.
 Percentage difference in torsion and base shear for all models
are very less.
 Moment in columns are going to change drastically.
 Maximum bending moment in beams is doubled for L-shape
compare with rectangle plan configuration.
 1.5(DL±WLX), 1.5(DL±WLY) load combinations creating
maximum effect on all structural parameters.
 Over turning moment is very high for L-shape compare with the
remaining configurations.
VIEWS OF THE AUTHOR -
From the results and graphs it is inferred that the lateral
displacement for all load combinations is increasing with the
increase in asymmetry of plan.
It was also inferred that Base shear and Torsion remains unchanged
irrespective to the plans.
From the results it was interpreted that the Overturning moment is
less for Rectangular shape and very high for L Shape plans.
Maximum Shear force in a beam is changing drastically between
rectangular and L Shape. It was found that the maximum shear
force has been increased to 23.41% in case of L shaped plan when
compared to the rectangular plan.
Maximum Bending moment in a beam for different load
combinations is differ by 17.2% to Rectangular and L shape
building.
Shear force in columns for different load combinations, it is
interpreted that is differ by 30.477%.
It is inferred that the moment in columns are doubled when
compare with rectangle and L shape building.
Lateral displacement in L Shape building is decreased by nearly
55% for all combinations by providing Shear wall.
PROBLEM STATEMENT

o To study the effect of vertical geometric irregularity and performance level of


the structure.
o Comparison between regular and vertical irregular frame on the basis of
shear force, bending moment, storey drift & node displacement etc.
o To obtain the Aerodynamic performances of different irregular buildings
located in severe weather condition in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India and
also identify the most vulnerable building among them.
o Evaluation of design lateral forces on buildings with irregularities namely
vertical geometric irregularity (irregular shear wall), mass irregularity and
stiffness irregularity subjected to biaxial excitation and to compare the
results of different structures.
o A comparative study to be performed on 3-D analysis model in ETABS.
o Implement the proposed multi-scale modeling technique to assess the
performance of the vertical irregularity of RC building frames against wind
loads to evaluate the safety and collapse vulnerability of existing buildings
TIME LINE TO COMPLETE THE
M.TECH DISSERTATION
Selection of topic

Literature review
Wind analysis of them on ETABS

Study of E- TABS
Comparison between different plan configuration

Plan preparation
Discussion

Data collection
Data Compilation

Making of different plan configuration


Conclusion
REFERENCES
 ““Structural Analysis Of A Multi-storeyed Building Using ETABS For Different Plan
Configurations” - Abhay Guleria.
 “Analysis Of Tall Building For Across Wind Response” - Arvind Y. Vyavahare, Godbole.
P.N, Trupti Nikose
 “Wind Load Estimation On Tall Building Part I: Comparison Of Russian And Nigerian
Codes Of Practice”- S.M. Auta∗
 “Analysis Of Drift Due To Wind Loads And Earthquake Loads On Tall Structures By
Programming Language C”- Abdur Rahman, Saiada Fuadi Fancy, Shamim Ara Bobby.
 “Sustainable Development In Drift Control Of Tall Buildings: Study Of The Structural
Parameters”- M.M. Islam , A. Siddique, A. Murshed.
 “Seismic Analysis Of Vertically Irregular Rc Building Frames”- Ravindra N. Shelke, U. S.
Ansari.
 “ Comparison Of Design Results Of A Structure Designed Using Staad And Etabs
Software”- Prashanth.P, Anshuman.S, Pandey.R.K, Arpan Herbert.
 “Across-wind Loading For Structures: An Overview”- B.Patidar, A. R. Patil, K. Thiele ,
S.Mandal.
 “Dynamic Wind Loading Of H-shaped Tall Buildings”- K. M. Lam, S. Y. Wong And A. P. To.
 “Effect Of Irregular Configurations On Seismic Vulnerability Of Rc Buildings”- Ravikumar
C M,*, Babu Narayan K S, Sujith B V, Venkat Reddy D.
 “Interference Effects Of Wind Loads On A Row Of Tall Buildings”- K.M. Lam, J.G. Zhao.
 “Comparative Study Of Different Plan Configuration Buildings Using Wind Analysis”-
Potnuru Avinash, Shaik Yajdani.