Está en la página 1de 19

SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD

CONSULTING MECHANICAL & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS

IN HOUSE TRAINING

AIR CONDITIONING
PIPING AND DUCTING

JAN 2015

1
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD
CONTENT

• PIPING – CHILLED, CONDENSER, CONDENSATE


– MATERIAL
– INSULATION
– SYSTEM
– CALCULATION
• DUCTING – SUPPLY, RETURN, FRESH AIR
– MATERIAL
– INSULATION
– SYSTEM
– CALCULATION

2
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD
CONTENT

• PIPING - Chilled Water


– SS17/BS 1387/BSEN 10255/Medium/ERW/150-15mm
– API 5L Grade B/ERW/to 600 mm
– Dia 65 mm and above Welding
– Dia 50 mm and under Screw
– Insulation to BS 5422/BS 5970
– Polyurethene Foam, Rigid FG, Rock Wool, Phenol,
Closed Cell Elastomeric
• PIPING – Condenser – GI Seamless - Vitaulic
• PIPING – Condensate
– Under 80 mm – uPVC, SS 414

3
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD
CONTENT

• PIPING Insulation
do x ln do/dp = 2k(ts-tp)/f(ta-ts)
do – pipe dia + 2 x thickness (m)
dp – pipe dia (m)
k – Conductivity, W/mK (0.0335)
ts – Surface temp > wet bulb to avoid condensate
tp – Fluid temp
ta – Ambient temp
f – Transmittance, W/m2K (5.7)

4
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD
CONTENT

• PIPING System
– First In First Out
– First In Last Out

• PIPING – Pressure Test


– ASME B31.9
– 200 psi/13.8 bar/138 m/1400 kpa
– Less than 2% over 24 hours

5
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD
CONTENT

• Pipe Pressure Calculation


– Chiller, Pump, AHU, Pipe
– Equivalent Length, m
– m/m Loss
– Head

6
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD

Chilled Water Routing

6/11/2018 7
7
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD

Equivalent
Length Pipe
with Loss
Factor

6/11/2018 8
8
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD

Fitting

6/11/2018 9
9
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD

Valves

6/11/2018 10
10
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD

Chilled Water
Piping

6/11/2018 11
11
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD

Close System
mm/m factor

6/11/2018 12
12
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD

Condenser
Water Piping

6/11/2018 13
13
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD

Open System
mm/m factor

6/11/2018 14
14
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD
CONTENT

• DUCTING – Material – GI Sheet Metal


– BS EN 10346 Grade DX51D+Z coating to Z275
– Pressure Classification (Historical)
• Low Pressure - to 50 Pa
• Medium Pressure – to 150 Pa
• High Pressure – to 500 Pa
– Duct Fabrication – SMACNA
• Thickness of Sheet Metal and Joints
– Gauge 24/22/20/18 – 0.6/0.7/0.9/1.2 mm
• Test
– DW413
– Leak Limit - C * dp**0.65 or about 5% at 1.25 OP

15
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD
CONTENT

• DUCTING – SUPPLY, RETURN, FRESH AIR


– Insulation
• T = k(ts-td)/f(ta-td)
• T = thickness
• k – Conductivity, W/mK (0.033)
• ts – Wet bulb to avoid condensate
• td – Air temp
• ta – Ambient temp
• f – Transmittance, W/m2K (10.0)
– System
• CAV
• VAV

16
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD
CONTENT

• Calculation
– AHU, Duct, Grille
– Equivalent Length, m
– m/m Loss
– Head

17
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD
Air Side Cals

6/11/2018 18
18
SQUIRE MECH PTE LTD

Duct Layout

6/11/2018 19
19