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IP ADDRESS AND DNS

NOR ATHIRAH BINTI MAINOR


SYARAHAYU BINTI SUHAIMI
WHAT IS IP ADDRESS ?
An IP address, short for Internet Protocol address, is an identifying number for a piece of
network hardware. Having an IP address allows a device to communicate with other devices
over an IP-based network like the internet.

Example of ip address: 151.101.65.12


WHAT IS DNS ?

 DNS stands for Domain Name System


 DNS is a hierarchical naming system for domain servise, or any resource
connected with internet or private network.
 The DNS translate internet domain and host nae to IP address.
HOW ARE THEY SIMILAR ?
• DNS is an Internet service that translates domain names/hostnames to IP
addresses(forward DNS) and IP addresses to their associated domain
names/hostnames(Reverse DNS) with the help of a DNS server.
HOW ARE THEY DIFFERENT ?
• An IP address is an address assigned to any computer (including servers)
toidentify it on a given network.

• A DNS address is a Domain Name Service which is used to


convert alphabeticreferences into a server's IP address generally for hosting
services
WHERE DO THEY INTERACT ?

• When you type the website name in your browser, the browser
sends a request tothe DNS server, if the website domain name is
registered in the database with the
• DNS, then it’ll reply you with the IP address of the website you
are trying to access,
• which is something like 151.101.65.12
HOW THE IP ADDRESS WORKS ?

• For example When you jump online to


send an email, you’re accessing a network
that is connected to the internet itself or
one that gives you access to the internet.
Perhaps that’s connecting to
whatever internet service provider (ISP) you
have at home or using a company network
in the office.
• To do this successfully, your computer
uses internet protocol, and your IP address
is used as a virtual return address to
establish a connection.
HOW THE DNS WORKS ?

• Computer use DNS to look up domain names and get associated IP address
whichis used to connect computer to the destination on the internet.

• DNS servers are connected in a distributed hierarchy and are divided into
zonessplitting up responsibility for the major domain such as
.org,.com,.netetc.

• More important facts on IP address and DNS from you.
• IP address-There are private IP addresses, public
IP addresses, staticIP addresses, anddynamic IP addresses.
• private IP addresses are used "inside" a network, like the one you probably run at
home.
• Public IP addresses are used on the "outside" of your network and are assigned by
yourISP. It's the main address that your home or business network uses
to communicate withthe rest of the networked devices around the world (i.e. the
internet).
• An IP address that is assigned by a DHCP server is a dynamic IP address.
• If a device does not have DHCP enabled or does not support it then the IP
address mustbe assigned manually, in which case the IP address is called a static
IP address.

• DNS-The DNS server temporarily stores the request queries in the form of Cache, so
asto reduce the response time if any other DNS resolver requests the same query.
• The time for which the Cache information remains valid, called TTL (Time To Live), is
set by the administrator for each query record stored in the cache
• In our opinion, this video can be improved by elaborating on the
explanation of IPaddress and DNS and how they interact with each other
and explain more detail about how DNS work as in this video the explanation
is not too general.