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ENTRY SLIP

1. Walking into the jewelry store, Maritza’s


necklace dropped into the gutter.

A. NO CHANGE
B. While Maritza walked into the jewelry store, she
dropped her necklace into the gutter.
C. Maritza dropped her necklace into the gutter walking
into the jewelry store.
D. Dropping her necklace into the gutter, Martiza walked
into the jewelry store.
Reading Part II: Strategies for Specific
Types of Questions & Passages

Lesson #1 Line Reference & Supporting Detail


Questions ✔
Lesson #2 Vocabulary in Context Questions
Lesson #3 Inference Questions
Lesson #4 Prose Fiction Passages
Lesson #5 Dual Passages
Lesson #2: Comprehension Questions –
Words – In – Context
A. Word Choice and the CLFU Method
– As it is used in line 58, the word humor most nearly
means…
– As it is used in line 49, the word concentrated most
nearly means
B. Steps to the CLFU Method
When you come across passage – based vocabulary in context question,
complete the following four steps:
First: Cover the answer choices and the word or phrase the
question asks about.
Second: Look for clue words, trigger (transition words).
• note what connotation the missing word should have
• read a line above and below the sentence with the
underlined word.
Third: Fill in the blank or replace the word with your own.
Fourth: Uncover the answer choices to see which choice matches
your prediction.
a) Do any of the answer choices have a different connotation than the word
you chose?
b) Are any of the answer choices antonyms or disagree with the tone of the
passage?
COVER & PREDICT
EXAMPLE PREDICTION

1. Since Jason usually lied about


everything, I expected his 1. What is the most likely
story to be fallacious. meaning of the underlined
word? false, a lie
1. Allie loves hiking so much
because she can get away
from the noisy city and relax 1. What is the most likely
in the serene outdoors. You Try Solving!
meaning of the underlined
1. Tania hadn’t slept in two word? quiet
nights, which is why she
seemed so lethargic at school;
she was quiet and hardly 1. What is the most likely
completed any of her meaning of the underlined
classwork. word? Tired, sluggish
Practice: Now that you have predictions from the previous page,
compare your answer choice to the options given.

1. Since Jason usually lied


about everything, I
expected his story to be
fallacious.
false, a lie = A. a fib
A. a fib You Try Solving!
B. exacerbated
C. accurate
D. humorous
Practice: Now that you have predictions from the previous page,
compare your answer choice to the options given.

2. Allie loves hiking so


much because she can
get away from the
noisy city and relax in
the serene outdoors. serene = quiet = tranquil
You Try Solving!
F. precluded
G.frightful
H.tranquil
J. great
Practice: Now that you have predictions from the previous page,
compare your answer choice to the options given.

3. Tania hadn’t slept in two


nights, which is why she What is the most likely meaning
of the underlined word? Tired,
seemed so lethargic at sluggish = lackadaisical
school; she was quiet and
hardly completed any of If you did not know the meaning
her classwork. of lackadaisical, use POE:
You Try Solving!
A. energetic = opposite
A. energetic
B. cognizant (sounds like
B. cognizant cognition) = aware
C. angry C. angry = does not match, no
D. lackadaisical evidence to support this
choice
The Common Mistake
• Some students read the sentence quickly and
then try each answer choice to find the best
fit. If you do this, all answer choices will seem
to “work.”

Let’s take a closer look at clue words and trigger


(transition words)...
C. Using Trigger/Transition Words
• Sentences have clues that can help you narrow
down the correct answer choice. Underline
them.
• If you can’t find the clue, look for the subject
of the sentence and then determine what is
being said about the subject.
Use Trigger (Transition Words)
• Trigger words help to establish relationships
between the clue and the blank.
Same Direction Change Direction
And, also, further, since, in addition, But, although, yet, rather, despite,
because however

• “Same direction” triggers mean that the clue and the blank
must agree.

• “Change direction” triggers mean that the blank and the clue
must disagree.
Use Trigger (Transition Words)
Use the trigger words and clue words
Example Problem(s) to find the meaning of the underlined
word.

1. Because Judge Judy is Trigger words: BECAUSE


(same direction or cause & effect)
impartial, the verdicts she
delivers are evenhanded. Clue words: impartial = not
biased, always
A. cynical You Try Solving!
B. equitable Likely meaning: fair
C. biased
D. controversial B. equitable
Use Trigger (Transition Words)
Use the trigger words and clue words
Example Problem(s) to find the meaning of the underlined
word.
Trigger word: ALTHOUGH
2. Although the sculptors’ (different direction)
works are typically aberrant,
they have recently become Clue words: conventional =
conventional. not unusual, typical
F. Complacent You Try Solving!
G. Palatial Likely meaning = opposite of
H. Awful conventional, strange
J. Eccentric
J. eccentric
Use Trigger (Transition Words)
Use the trigger words and clue words
Example Problem(s) to find the meaning of the underlined
word.
3. Most of her comments Trigger symbol: ;
were digressive; they
(same direction)
moved the discussion away
from the topic of
conversation. Clue words: “moved away
from…discussion”
A. Obtuse
You Try Solving!
B. Tangential Likely meaning of digressive =
C. Pertinent off – topic
D. Astute
B. tangential
Passage – Based Practice
• Complete questions 1 – 3 on pg. 180.
Passage – Based Practice
Sections cut by the glaciers, displaying some of the internal framework of the
Shasta range, show that comparatively long periods of _______ (2)
intervened between many eruptions. During these periods of calm the
cooling lavas ceased to flow, and took their places as permanent additions to
the bulk of the growing mountain. Thus eruption succeeded eruption with
alternating haste and _______ (1) , until Mount Shasta surpassed even its
present sublime height.

Then followed a strange contrast. The _________ (3) came on. The sky that
so often had been darkened with storms of cinders and ashes and lighted by
the glare of volcanic fires was filled with snow, which, descending upon the
cooling mountain, gave birth to glaciers that eventually formed one grand
conical glacier — a creeping mantle of ice upon a fountain of smoldering fire,
crushing, grinding, and remodeling the entire mountain from summit to base.
Passage – Based Practice
KEY
1.A. a slow, steady pace
2. J. dormant
3. C. to describe a particularly cold winter of
long ago.
Passage – Based Practice
• Read the passage and answer questions 1 – 2
pg. 181.
Passage – Based Practice
Then, the ballots are sent out. According 1. As it is used in line 19, the phrase
to Entertainment Weekly, "Voters are “follow their hearts” most likely
asked to list up to five names, ranked in means:
order of preference. The Academy
F. Academy award winners should
instructs voters to 'follow their hearts'
continue their careers in film.
because the voting process doesn’t G. directors and writers should make
penalize for picking eccentric choices ... films that make them artistically
Also, listing the same satisfied rather than films that will
earn money in the box office.
H. voting members of the Academy
should nominate winners based on
their true feelings and not
popularity.
J. award winners are encouraged to
write acceptance speeches that
reflect their true feelings.
Passage – Based Practice
Say Leonardo DiCaprio reaches the 2. In the context of the last
magic number first for his paragraph (lines 35 – 36), the
performance in The Revenant: the phrase “knocked out” means:
ballots that named him as a first
choice are then all set aside, and A. unconscious.
there are now four spots left for the B. removed from the
Best Actor category. The actor with running.
the fewest first-place votes is
automatically knocked out, and C. stripped of membership.
those ballots are redistributed based D. banned from attending.
on the voters' second place choices
(though the actors still in the running
retain their calculated votes from the
first round).
Part I: Usage & Mechanics (AKA
Grammar)
Lesson #1 Tips & Techniques
Lesson #2 Parts of Speech
Lesson #3 Sentence Basics
Lesson #4 Sentence Construction & the “CHOP” Test
Lesson #5 More about Punctuation
Lesson #6 Nouns
Lesson #7 Verbs
Lesson #8 Pronouns
Lesson #9 Word Choice
Lesson #10 Prepositions & Idioms
Lesson #11 Faulty Comparisons
Lesson #12 Modifiers
Lesson #10: Prepositions & Idioms
• We talked briefly about prepositions earlier:
– A preposition is a part of speech that indicates location
or time.

• Sometimes the ACT will trick you and use the wrong
preposition. Preposition use is often dictated by idioms.

• Some prepositional idiom mistakes are easy to spot


because we use them in everyday speech; however, the
more difficult ones won’t necessarily “sound wrong.”
Prepositions
Example Problem(s) Model Response
1. I am resentful (of/for) her. 1. of

1. I am jealous (of/from) my
2. of
sister.

1. I am worried (for/about) my
daughter.
You Try Solving
3. about (or for, depending on the
context).
1. They argued (over/about)
the election.
4. about (dispute over, argue about)

Try #s 5 – 9 with a partner!


Lesson #10: Prepositions
Prepositions
Example Problem(s) Model Response
5. You have a responsibility (to/for) 5. for
your younger brother.

5. It is your responsibility (to/for) take


care of your younger brother.
6. to

5. The teacher was biased


(toward/towards/to) students that
also participated in her mock trial
7. toward
You Try Solving
events.

5. Look out (to/for/against) idiom 8. for


errors on the ACT!

5. Jennifer looked surprised (by/at) the 9. by


outcome of the event.

Lesson #10: Prepositions


Preposition Usage Drill
• Test your knowledge of prepositional use in
phrases (idioms) by completing the questions
on pg. 82.
5 minutes
• You will have five minutes.

End
Preposition Usage Drill
1. From
2. to
3. for
4. of
5. from
6. for
7. over
8. on
9. by
Class #9 HOMEWORK
• Using ACT Practice Test #1 Section 1,
complete the following questions:

#s 12, 30