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Power Transmission and Distribution

The new IEC – redefining Medium


Voltage Switchgear
Author : Jan Teichmann, Siemens A.G

Slide 1
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20 Years Old Most Recent Design

Switchgear Comparisons Slide 2


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Compartment Characteristic of access

Interlock-controlled • Access enabled if HV parts


accessible are dead and earthed • Access for normal
operation and
Procedure-based • Access controlled by locking maintenance
accessible and work instructions

Tool-based • Tools for opening, specific • Not to be opened for


normal operation /
accessible procedure for access
maintenance

• Not possible / not intended for user to open;


Non-accessible opening may destroy compartment
• Accessibilty not relevant ( indication to the user )

Compartments Accessibility Slide 4


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Categories of If one accessible compartment in a


Loss of Service Continuity functional unit is opened …

 adjacent functional units must be


LSC 1
switched off, at least another one

 all other functional units remain


LSC 2A
in service (energized)

LSC 2  all other functional units remain


in service (energized) and the
LSC 2B
cable compartment of the opened
functional unit

Loss of service continuity category Slide 5


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Partition classes Characteristics

Class PM • Metallic partitions and shutters between opened


( Partitions metallic ) compartment and live parts
• Dielectric conditions correspond to
metal enclosure

Class PI • Non-metallic partitions and shutters between


( Partitions non-metallic; opened compartment and live parts
i = insulating material )

Partition Class Slide 6


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Failed Arc Test Slide 8


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Successful Arc Test Slide 9


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• Classification: IAC ( „Internal Arc Classified“ )

• Type of accessibility: A (F, L, R)*


B (F, L, R)*
C

• Test values: current [ kA ] and duration [ s ]

Example 1: IAC A FLR 25 kA 1 s * F = Front


L = Lateral
Example 2: IAC BF-AR 16 kA 1 s R = Rear

Internal Arc Test designation on the nameplate Slide 12


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Accessibility of compartments
 BB: tool-based
 CB: interlock-controlled
or procedure-based
 Cable: tool-based

Loss of service continuity


 Category LSC 2B

Partitions and shutters


 Class PM (metallic)

Internal fault protection


 Classification IAC

Designation of Switchgear – New Standard Slide 14


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Power Transmission and Distribution

The new IEC – redefining Medium


Voltage Switchgear
Author : Jan Teichmann, Siemens A.G

Slide 15