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Rini Novrianti Sutardjo Tui, ST, MBA, MT

Blasting and Rock Fragmentation

heating effect shattering effect waterproof . slurry Slow reaction. Classification of Explosives Low Explosive High Explosive Blasting Agent Deflagrate (burn) Detonate (explode) Detonate (explode) Nitroglycerin. Faster reaction. Black powder dynamite ANFO. Safer in handling.

flame retardants . thickeners. emulsifiers. aluminum. and calcium carbonate. commonly are AN. carbon. and TNT sodium nitrate. Energizers: metallic powders Miscellaneous agents: water.Ingredients of Explosives Principal Reacting Ingredients In an explosive Fuels commonly Oxidizers are fuel oil. stabilizers.

Blasting Properties of Explosives Detonation Strength velocity Sensitive ensity D ness Explosive Borehole pressure Water resistance Detonation Fume class pressure .

Selection of Explosives Explosive cost Charge diameter Other conditions Selection Rock blastability Fume release Water conditions .

Methods of Blasting Simultaneous Blasting Primary Secondary Blasting Blasting Blasting Delay Blasting .

Illustration – Electric Detonator kabel listrik leg wire plastik berwarna selubung kabel penyumbat penyumbat fusehead : elemen .ramuan pembakar tabung silinder isian utama isian dasar SIMULTANEOUS DELAY .kawat halus yg waktu tunda memijar tabung silinder .

Illustration – Secondary Blasting Mud capping Block holing (plaster charge) (popping charge) Snake holing (Snake hole charge) .

Illustration – Blasting System Blasting machine Detonating fuse Detonator High explosive .

hydrogen and oxygen therefore NO2 is therefore CO is could form H2O. and carbon and oxygen could form CO2 . Zero Oxygen Balance Negative Oxygen Zero Oxygen Positive Oxygen Balance Balance Balance There is perfect amount of hydrogen. oxygen. nitrogen could be formed. therefore amount of O2. released as N2. and There is excess insufficient carbon. amount of O2. formed. There is nitrogen.