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POLITICAL

IDEOLOGIES
PREPARED BY: FERDINAND M. JARDELEZA
SST- II
I.OBJECTIVE

1.identify the basic tenets of major political


ideologies (i.e., liberalism, socialism,
conservatism, etc.) HUMSS_PG12-Ib-c-6
What issues are usually found in the
government?

Do we really need bunch of senators or


leaders in order to make the society
peaceful?
The term ideology was conceived in 1796 by
French philosopher Destutt de Tracy to refer to a
new science that endeavoured to uncover origins
of conscious thought and ideas. He called this
science of ideas ideologie
Sociologist, Peter Braham (2013) stress this point by
saying that aside from its neutral definition of being
a set o more or less consistent beliefs, ideology is
also widely used. To describea cluster of beliefs
not only judge false or distorted, but also as
deliberately concealing some hidden interest.
An ideology that pertains to the conduct of
government is called POLITICAL IDEOLOGY.
Political ideology is more or less coherent set of
ideas that provides a basis for organized
political action, whether the ideas are
intended to preserve, modify, or overthrow the
existing power structure.
CHARATERISTICS AND RELEVANCE OF
POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES
The following are the characteristics of a political
ideology.

1.It offers an account of the existing order, often in


the form of a worldview;
2.It provides a model of a desired future, a vision of a
good society; and
3.It outlines how political change can and should be
brought about.
DIFFERENT POLTICAL IDEOLOGIES
LIBERALISM
- It is a political ideology that gives importance to the
fulfillment of the individual thought the satisfaction of his
interest.
Liberals believe that human beings are primarily creatures
equipped with reason. Individuals are born equal and
should have opportunities to realize their goals.
Liberals support the principle of meritocracy, where
individuals are recognized and rewarded according to
their talent and performance.
LIBERAL DEMOCRACY

CONSENT CONSTITUTIONALISM
Implies freedom of Mean adherence, and
choice not merely lip service, to
rule of law

There is observance of the check and balance


principle, and respect for human rights
ELEMENTS OF LIBERALISM
INDIVIDUALISM
is the central principle of liberalism.
FREEDOM
is the principal attribute of liberal ideology.
REASON
individuals have the capacity to correctly
decide matters concerning their interest
EQUALITY
liberals are committed to political equality (
one person, one vote, one value) and to legal
equality ( equality before the law)
TOLERATION
assures individual liberty and social enrichment.
CONSENT
consent or agreement forms the basis of social
relationships and authority in the minds of liberals
CONSTITUTIONALISM
the limited government that liberals
advocate results from the diffusion of
government power through the check and
balance mechanism among the various
institutions of government.
TYPES OF LIBERALISM
CLASSICAL LIBERALISM
is committed to an extreme form of
individualism which underscores he self interest
and self sufficiency of human being.

MODERN LIBERALISM
holds that capitalism which is not subject to
regulation will merely give rise to injustice.
THOMAS HOBBES AND THE SOCIAL CONTRACT
Thomas Hobbes (1588 1679) was an English
philosopher who tutored King Charles II of
England. He wrote the nook Leviathan, wherein
he discussed the social contract theory,
which has served as a pillar of Western liberal
philosophy
JOHN LOCKE AND THE LIMITED GOVERNMENT
Western liberalism owes much of its
beginnings to political philosopher John Locke
(1632 1704), who wrote Two Treaties of
Government. In that book, Locke rejected
Hobbes idea of an all powerful sovereign. In
his view, it would be enough if the government
has enough power to protect life and property