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Auxiliary

Verbs
Auxiliary Verbs
Are used together with a
main verb to give
grammatical information and
therefore add extra meaning
to a sentence, information
that is not given by the main
verb.
Uses:
They are used to form the passive
voice.
Example: A letter is written.
They are used to form the continuous
voice.
Example: I am choosing.
They are used to form the perfect
tense.
Example: I have seen it.
The Verb Be
The verb be can be
an auxiliary or a main verb in
English.

Main Verb: I am from England.


Auxiliary Verb: I am reading a book.
1. be as a main verb in
the Simple Present (am, are, is)
Affirmative Negative
Pronouns Questions
sentences sentences

I am from I am not from Am I from


I
England. England. England?

You are from You are not from Are you from
you
England. England. England?

He is from He is not from Is he from


he, she, it
England. England. England?

They are from They are not from Are they from
we, you, they
England. England. England?
2. be as a main verb in
the Simple Past (was, were)

Affirmative Negative
Pronouns Questions
sentences sentences

I, he, she, it I was here. I was not here. Was I here?

They were not he


we, you, they They were here. Were they here?
re.
3. Progressive Forms
Present Past Present Past Perfect
Progressive: Progressive: Perfect Progressive:
Progressive:

He is He was He has He had


playing playing been been
sepak sepak playing playing
takraw. takraw. sepak sepak
takraw. takraw.
4. Passive
Simple Simple Present Past Future
Present Past Perfect Perfect
The The The The The
house house house house house
is was has had will be
built. built. been been built.
built. built.
The Verb Have
The verb have can be
an auxiliary or a main verb in
English.

Main Verb: I have a new guitar.


Auxiliary Verb: I had seen Peter.
Simple Present
Affirmative Negative
Pronouns Questions
sentences sentences
I
I, we, you, I have a new Do I have a
don't have a
they guitar. new guitar?
new guitar.
She Does
She has a
he, she, it doesn't have she have a
new guitar.
a new guitar. new guitar?

Simple Past
Affirmative Negative
Pronouns Questions
sentences sentences
I
I, he, she, it, I had a new Did I have a
did not have
we, you, they guitar. new guitar?
a new guitar.
Compound tenses- Active Voice
Present Past Perfect Present Past Perfect
Perfect Simple: Perfect Progressive:
Simple: Progressive:

He has He had He has He had


played played been been
sepak sepak playing playing
takraw. takraw. sepak sepak
takraw. takraw.
Compound tenses- Passive
Voice
Present Perfect:
The house has been built.
Past Perfect:
The house had been built.
The Verb Will
It can only be used as an auxiliary. We
use it to form the future tenses.

He will not play sepak takraw.


He will have played sepak takraw.
The Verb Do
The verb do can be an auxiliary
verb or a main verb in English.

Main Verb: She did her homework.


Auxiliary Verb: Did you see Peggy
yesterday?
Affirmative Negative
Pronouns Questions
sentences senteces

I do my I do not do my Do I do my
I
homework. homework.* homework?*

You do not do Do you do yo


You do your
you your ur
homework.
homework.* homework?*
He does not do Does he do
He does his
he, she, it his his
homework.
homework.* homework?*
They do not do Do they do th
we, you, They do their
their eir
they homework.
homework.* homework?*
Do in negative sentences

Simple Present:
He does not play sepak takraw.

Simple Past:
He did not play sepak takraw.
Do in questions

Simple Present:
Does he play sepak takraw?

Simple past:
Did he play sepak takraw?