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Configurando EIGRP

CCNP ROUTE V6 - Captulo 2

Presentation_ID 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 1
Contenido de este captulo

Terminologa y operacin bsica de EIGRP


Planeando una implementacin con EIGRP
Implementando y comprobando EIGRP
Autenticacin en EIGRP

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 2
Un vistazo rpido a EIGRP

Propietario de Cisco
Combina las ventajas de los protocolos de vector
distancia y estado de enlace
Fcil de configurar
Adaptable a una variedad de topologas

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 3
Caractersticas principales de EIGRP

Convergencia muy rpida


Actualizaciones parciales
Soporte a mltiples protocolos de capa de red (IP,
IPv6, IPX, AppleTalk)
Uso de unicast y multicast en lugar de broadcast
Soporte a VLSM
Mtrica combinada muy sofisticada

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 4
Tecnologas clave en la operacin de EIGRP

Mecanismo de descubrimiento y recuperacin de


vecinos
Protocolo de Transporte Confiable (RTP)
Mquina de estado finito DUAL
Mdulos dependientes de protocolo

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 5
Terminologa bsica de EIGRP

Tabla de vecinos
Tabla topolgica
AD y FD
Successor
Feasible successor
Tabla de enrutamiento

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 6
Como se toman las decisiones de
enrutamiento?

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 7
Tipos de paquetes intercambiados por
EIGRP

Hello
Update
Query
Reply
Ack

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 8
Paquetes tipo HELLO

Intercambiados a travs de la direccin de multicast


224.0.0.10
Enviados cada 60 segundos en enlaces con un BW
menor o igual a una lnea T1
Enviados cada 5 segundos en enlaces LAN y seriales
de alta velocidad
Los temporizadores son ajustables

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 9
Vecinos en EIGRP

Handle SRTT
Interface RTO
Hold time Queue count
Uptime Seq num

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 10
Proceso de descubrimiento inicial

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 11
Eleccin de la mejor ruta

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 12
Utilidad de un feasible successor

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 13
El proceso de DUAL (1)

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 14
El proceso de DUAL (2)

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 15
El proceso de DUAL (3)

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 16
El proceso de DUAL (4)

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 17
El proceso de DUAL (5)

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 18
El proceso de DUAL (6)

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 19
El proceso de DUAL (7)

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 20
Clculo de mtricas en EIGRP

Mtrica compuesta
Factores utilizados por defecto:
Ancho de banda
Retardo

Opcionales
Confiabilidad
Carga
MTU

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 21
Otras caractersticas de la mtrica

Utiliza 5 constantes K1,K2,K3,K4,K5 con valores


K1=K3=1 y K2=K4=K5=0
Con las constantes por defecto la frmula de clculo se
reduce a: mtrica = ancho de banda + retardo
Interoperable con la mtrica de IGRP
Vara entre 1 y 4,294,967,296

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 22
Ejemplo de clculo de mtrica

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 23
Planeando la implementacin de EIGRP

Plan de direccionamiento IP
Topologa de red
Optimizacin de parmetros para clculo de mtricas
*NOTA: dos enrutadores deben tener valores de K
idnticos para establecer una relacin de vecinos

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 24
Configuracin bsica de EIGRP

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 25
Otro ejemplo de configuracin

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 26
Resumen de comandos show (EIGRP)

show ip eigrp neighbors [detail]


show ip route [eigrp]
Show ip protocols
show ip eigrp interfaces
show ip eigrp topology
show ip eigrp traffic

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 27
Resumen de comandos debug (EIGRP)

debug eigrp packets


debug eigrp neighbors
debug ip eigrp
debug ip eigrp summary

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 28
Estados de ruta en la tabla de topologa

Passive (P)
Active (A)
Update (U)
Query (Q)
Reply (R)
reply status (r)
stuck-in-active (s)

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 29
Interfaces pasivas en EIGRP

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 30
Redistribucin de rutas por defecto

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 31
Sumarizacin de rutas en EIGRP

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 32
Topologas especializadas

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EIGRP en distintos escenarios de FR

Interface fsica de Frame-Relay (con mapeo esttico o


dinmico)
Interfaces multipunto
Vecinos unicast
Interfaces punto a punto

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 34
EIGRP sobre una VPN MPLS L3

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 35
EIGRP sobre una VPN MPLS L2

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 36
Balanceo de carga en EIGRP (equal cost)

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 37
Balanceo de carga (un-equal cost)

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 38
Ancho de banda usado por EIGRP

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 39
Autenticacin MD5 en EIGRP

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 40
Consultas, dudas y
comentarios

Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 41
Presentation_ID 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 42

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